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INITIAL TESTING

PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE & CONTINUOUS CONDITIONAL PHRASE 1


I. Present Perfect Continuous + FOR/SINCE a) Helen ( study ) English ... last summer. b)We ( talk ) about that horrible accident ... half an hour. c)They ( phone ) the manager ...the last five minutes. d)Mary ( live) in Manhattan ...June !!". e)#t ( rain ) ...morning. f)$he ( cook ) a chiken soup ... hour. II. FOR+ the last + Present Perfect Continuous M : He e!an "atchin! #$ % hours a!o. He has een "atchin! #$ for the last % hours. a) We began %atering the flo%ers & days ago. b) 'aul and Jim began %riting their home%ork half and hour ago. c) Mother began going to the doctor ( months ago. d) )ather began cooking for his family * minutes ago. e) The poet beagn composing that poem month ago. III. Present Perfect Continuous & 'escri e a (er) recent acti(it) "here the results can e seen a) Why is +i, crying - ( chop onions ) b) Why does .ngie feel sick - ( eat too many chocolates ) c) Why has /eorge got a black eye - ( fight ) d) Why is your hair %et - ( s%im ) e) Why is $imon looking dreamy - ( think about his girl0friend ) I$. #ranslate into Ro*anian :

. 1aca iti cumperi o masina atunci vei invata sa conduci . &. 1aca iei o nota buna atunci iti voi face un cadou . (. 1aca iti este frig atunci voi inchide fereastra . $. #ranslate into Ro*anian :

. #f you like literature2 you read books . &. #f it rains2 %e3ll stay at home . (. #f you don3t study hard2 you %on3t pass the e4ams . 1

$I. +here is the *ista,e . #f you %ill be cold # %ill lend you a s%eater . &. #f it sno%2 %e3ll stay at home . (. # %ill lend you some moneys if you need .

PRESENT SIMPLE
.. +rite the HE/SHE/I# for*s catch cook fetch live rush copy play %. +rite the (er in the ri!ht for* . 6hildren ................................ (ask) a lot of 7uestions. &. $he .................................. (go) to college on her bike. (. . lot of birds .............................. (fly) south in the %inter. 8. $he ..................................... (study) very hard at the %eekends. 9. My father .............................. (%atch) television most evenings. :. He ................................... (understand) .rabic. ;. He ........................................ (fight) %ith his brother. ". <ig dogs............................ (like) a lot of e4ercise. !. He=s very naughty > he ............................ (push) other children. *. +essons ................................. (start) at ".(9 every morning. /. Choose one (er to *a,e each sentence ne!ati(e e.g. #t doesn=t sno% very often in $an )rancisco (sno%2 sing2 play) . # like football2 but # ............................................ cricket at all. (think2 like2 remember) &. $he lives in Japan2 but she ...................................... a %ord of Japanese (sing2 %ork2 speak) (. #=m sorry > # ................................. your name. (eat2 remember2 %ork) 8. He %orks in ?e% @ork2 but # .................................... %hat he does. (kno%2 use2 come) 9. Mary=s really tired2 but she ...................................... to go to bed. (help2 %ant2 %alk) :. We .......................................... a big flat > 5ust one bedroom. (%ork2 play2 %ant) ;. 'hil ..................................... very hard2 but he makes a lot of money. (%ork2 stand2 stop) ". .nn=s parents ................................... #=m the right man for their daughter. (%rite2 read2 think) 0. a1 Ma,e 2uestions . &. (. 8. 9. :. ;. ". !. Ho% A you pronounce A this %ordHo% A you spell A thatWhat A this %ord A meanHo% much A they costWhere A you liveWhat A you doHo% A you doWhat time A the plane A leaveWhat timeA the class A start3 read smoke start %atch %rite en5oy study come drink fi4 miss buy fry try run stand touch %ish carry marry

*. What time A the train A arrive1 Ma,e 2uestions. +rite the short ans"er 3 + an' 41 . &. (. 8. 9. :. ;. $he A live A %ith her parents@ou A like A your ne% 5ob# Aspeak A good #talianThey A%ork A hard A at universityWe Ausually giveA her a birthday present@our sister A help A you A very much.lan Asmoke-

PRESENT CONTINUOUS
.. +rite the &IN5 FORM of these (er s. <reak clean 6ome Make Write <egin Bob $hout Turn die play start put shop sit open %ash en5oy sing get hit dream stand visit live go 5ump feel rain sleep talk forget

%. Fill in the lan,s "ith the (er s in the 6resent continuous tense . John and # ...................................... (stay) in a beautiful hotel. &. Cevin .......................................... (%ork) at home today. (. # ...................................... (%ait) for a very important letter. 8. @ou ...................................... (%alk) too fast. 9. We ........................................... (plan) our ne4t holiday. :. The girls ............................................ (visit) their grandmother today. ;. $he ....................................... (read) in her bedroom at the moment. ". The baby ...................................... (learn) ho% to %alk. /. Re"rite the sentences in the ne!ati(e. 7se the 6resent continuous . They .......................................... (buy) a ne% car. &. He ............................................... (learn) to read. (. # .................................................. ( look) for your keys. 8. We ............................................... (sell) the house. 9. They ........................................ (drink) tea. :. @ou ....................................... (%ork) very hard. ;. Jack and Jill ....................................... (run) do%nhill. ". # ....................................... (go) home no%. 0. 81 +rite the 2uestions. 7se the 6resent continuous . What AJessica A do&. Why A John and 'atrick A laugh(. What book A you A read8. What A %e A %atch4

9. Where A they A stay:. Why A %e A sit in the dark;. Where A they A %ait". What A you A sell1 Ma,e 2uestions. +rite the short ans"er 3 + an' 41 . &. (. 8. 9. :. ;. ". #t A rain@ou A learn A )rench A at school# Aspeak A clearly.ngela and )red A dance A togetherThe plane A landA no%The $miths A plan A a partyThe children A study A in their bedroon6hris A %aveA at us-

PRESENT SIMPLE & CONTINUOUS


..PRESEN# SIMP9E Ma,e POSI#I$E: IN#ERRO58#I$E an' NE58#I$E sentences. 8'' SHOR# 8NS+ERS 3 + 8N; & 8NS+ERS1 . They (smoke) &. .nn (teach) chemistry. (. The D4ford bus (stop) here. 8. The teachers (kno%) her. 9. @ou (play) the piano. :. John (%ork) in a restaurant. ;. We (need) more eggs. ". Mary (like) parties. !. 'eter (speak) English %ell. *. The ticket (cost) E9. . @ou (speak) .rabic. &. We (agree) about most things. (. .lan and John (live) near me. 8. My father (%rite) novels. 9. John (fly) to ?@ every Monday. :. That child (never Asay) Thank you. ;. .ndy (al%aysA%ash) his clothes at the %eekend. ". My father (teach) English. !. My boss (think) you=re %onderful. &*. $he (try) to go skiing every %inter. %. PRESEN# CON#IN7O7S Ma,e POSI#I$E: IN#ERRO58#I$E an' NE58#I$E sentences. 8'' SHOR# 8NS+ERS 3 + 8N; & 8NS+ERS1 5

. .nn (read) the ne%spaper. &. The baby (cry). (. #t (sno%). 8. @ou (look) very beautiful today. 9. # (play) a lot of football this year. :. We (%ait) for a phone call. ;. He (listen) to me. ". $he (%ear) a coat. !. They (learn) very much. *. @ou (eat) bread these days. . @our boyfriend (en5oy) the concert. &. We (go) too fast. (. The children (make) something. 8. <ill (%rite) something on the %all. 9. # (cook) rice tonight. /. Ma,e 2uestions for the ans"ers 6ro(i'e' . The 'resident and his %ife live in Madrid. &. 'eter and .nn=s children play football on $aturdays. (. The film about skiing in ?e% Fealand starts at ".**. 8. The second %ord in the first sentence means Gkind=. 9. The man in the flat do%nstairs %ants to change his 5ob. :. . ticket for $aturday=s concert costs H 9. 0. Co*6lete the con(ersation 6uttin! the (er s into the 6resent continuous an' co*6letin! the short ans"ers "ith 8M: IS : 8RE 3NO#1 .I $o %hat ........................................ (happen)- ........................................... (theyAhave) a party<I @es2 they ...................... .I .nd %hat ................................................................ (theyAdo)<I Well2 a fe% of them .............................................. (dance) .I ........................................................................ (Mum and 1ad) dance<I @es2 Mum ............................ but 1ad ........................ He .......................................(talk) to Jncle Jack and they ..............................................(laugh) a lot. .I #s .unty +inda there<I @es2 she ...................... $he ......................................(dance) %ith <rian from ne4t door. Dh2 and 1ad ......................................(give) everyone a drink. .I ...............................................(theyAeat)<I Dnly crisps and nuts and some cheese. .I and %e..................................................(notAeat) anything. #t=s not fair. <. +OR; OR;ER. a1 Re"rite these sentences inclu'in! the "or' in rac,ets . My brother speaks to me (never) &. $usan is polite. (al%ays) 6

(. 1o you finish %ork at 9 o=clock- (usually) 8. # go to bed before midnight. (rarely) 9. The bus isn=t late. (usually) :. # don=t eat fish. (often) ;. What do you have for breakfast- (usually) ". #s Tina here- (already) !. They stay in the same hotel. (al%ays) *. 1oes Janet %ork in the same place- (still) 1 +rite the follo"in! sentences in the correct or'er . &. (. 8. 9. :. ;. ". !. *. . (to %ork A every dayA %alks A +i,) (goes A every year A to #taly A Julia) (.nn A very %ell A )rench A doesn=t speak) (every dayA do A the same thing A %e) ( football A don=t like A very much A #) (%atchA %hen A you A TKA do)( hungryA# A the Ain A am A morning A al%ays) ( 1ave A in A Jane A that A never A restaurant A and A eat) ( %eekend A tennis A do A play A the A you A at A ever)(sometimes A park A $unday A the A %e A on A to A go) (usually A the A 6laire A bus A gets A to A school)

PRESENT SIMPLE / PRESENT CONTINOUS


.. Put the ti*e e=6ressions un'er the ri!ht hea'in!. #ranslate the* Every dayA 5ust no% A nearly al%ays A on )ridays A these days A this afternoon A hardly ever A today A very often A %hen #=m tired A in the evening A at present A at the moment A rarely A usually A never 'BE$E?T $#M'+E 'BE$E?T 6D?T#?JDJ$

&. Put the (er s in the PRESEN# SIMP9E/PRESEN# CON#IN7O7S . aI What ................................................. (youAdo)- bI #=m an architect. &. aI What ................................................. (youAdo)- bI # .................... (%ant) to get this car started. (. aI Where .............................................. (youA%ork)- <I # ............................ (%ork) in a big insurance company. 8. aI Where .............................................. ( youA%ork)- <I #=m in 6ardiff this %eek. 9. aI .................................................................. (your sonAplay) the violin- <I ?o2 the piano. :. aI ............................................................. (your sonAplay) the violin- <I .ctually2 that=s the radio. ;. aI What language .............................................. (sheAspeak)- #t .......................... (sound) like Bussian. ". aI What language ............................................... (sheAspeak)- bI )rench0 she=s from <elgium. 7

!. aI Who ............................................... (drink) champagne- <I Me2 %hen # can afford it. *. aI Who ............................................... (drink) champagne- <I Me2 can # have some more. /. Put the (er s in the PRESEN# SIMP9E or the PRESEN# CON#IN7O7S . Kegetarians are people %ho .................................................. (not A eat ) meat. &. +ook outL My father ........................................... (come) (. $ome people still ................................... (think) the sun ............................. (go) round the earth. 8. # .................................. (play) tennis every %eekend. 9. Who .................................... (sit) in my chair:. What ........................................... (happen) in golf if you ............................. (lose) the ball;. +ookL $he ............................................ (%ear) the same shoes as me. ". aI What ................................................ (youAlook) at- <I . strange birdL !. # ........................................ (stay) %ith John for a fe% %eeks until my flat is ready. *. We ....................................................... (usuallyAstay) %ith 'eggy %hen %e go to 6hicago. . What time .................................................. (youAgo) to bed on $aturdays&. Why ............................................. (youA%ait) outside the door. (. 1on=t ask Tim. He ...................................... (notAkno%) the ans%er. 8. # .................................. (have) lunch at the moment. 9. When ......................................... (he A leave) the house:. # ............................................... (notAunderstand). What ...................................... (happen);. E4cuse me2 ............................................ (youAkno%) the time". This is a great party. # .................................... (have) a lovely time. !. We can=t use the lift because it ................................... (notA%ork) &*. aIWhat ......................................... (youAdo) here- <I ?othing. & . aI ......................................... ('ennyAlike) cheese sand%iches- ?o2 ................................... &&. aI What time ............................................ (the sunArise)- <I #t ............................... (rise) at &(. We ......................................... (notA%atch) videos at school. &8. +ook out of the %indo%L #t ................................. (sno%). &9. aI ...................................................... (youA%ear) a uniform at your school- <I @es2 /. Ma,e >7ES#IONS for the follo"in! ans"ers . Mark and /eorge are engineers. 8 ........................ ;.(*.

&. (. 8. 9. :. ;. ". !. *.

'am starts school at nine o= clock. <ob is %riting a letter. John hates football. @es2 # do. ( @ou like hip hop) ?o2 she isn=t (Beggie is listening to the teacher) #t is half0past seven. ?o2 # haven=t (got any brothers or sisters) @es2 she does. ('aula %alk to school every morning) Dur children visit their grandparents t%ice a %eek.

PAST TENSE EXERCISES


Change to past tense.
to school yesterday. their homework last night.

1. He (walk) to school yesterday. He 2. They (do) their homework last night. They 3. You (are) lazy last week. You

lazy week. a new book this morning. the blackboard yesterday.

4. That woman (buy) a new book this morning. That woman . The !anitor (clean) the blackboard yesterday. The !anitor ". #y mother (cook) $ood yesterday. #y mother

$ood yesterday. &nglish.

%. This morning my teacher (teach) &nglish. This morning my teacher '. ( (am) hungry yesterday. ( hungry yesterday.

). The gardener (cut) the trees last month. The gardener 1*. +he (drink) milk this morning. +he

the trees last month.

milk this morning. a horse.

11. ,ast month the man (ride) a horse. ,ast month the man 12. +akda (go) to Hong -ong last year. +akda 13. The birds ($ly) in the sky this morning. The birds 14. ( (know) Tom.s house last year. (

to Hong -ong last year. in the sky this morning.

Tom.s house last year. tables and chairs yesterday.

1 . The !oiner (make) tables and chairs yesterday. The !oiner 1". The $armer (grow) rice last year. The $armer

rice last year. a new bicycle.

1%. Two weeks ago the boy (has) a new bicycle. Two weeks ago the boy 1'. He ($eel) ha//y yesterday. He 1). 0e (work) hard last week. 0e ha//y yesterday. hard last week.

2*. The students (meet) in the hall last week. The students

in the hall last week.

Simple Past / Past Continuous

1sing the words in /arentheses2 com/lete the te3t below with the a//ro/riate tenses2 then click the 45heck4 button to check your answers. 1. 97 ( 67 0hat (try) (you2 do) to change a when light bulb the that accident had occurred8 burnt out.

2. 6$ter ( ($ind) (turn)

the wallet $ull o$ money2 ( (go2 immediately) it in.

to the /olice and

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3. The doctor (say) to 4. +ebastian (arri:e) there. +he (study2 at the stay

that Tom (be) at home $or

too sick to go to work and that he (need) a cou/le o$ days.

at +usan.s house a little be$ore )7** ;#2 but she (be2 not) library) $or her $inal e3amination in <rench.

. +andy is in the li:ing room watching tele:ision. 6t this time yesterday2 she (watch2 also) tele:ision. That.s all she e:er does= ". 67 ( (call) 97 ( (work) you last night a$ter dinner2 but you (be2 not) out at the there. 0here were you8 $itness center. on the /hone with a

%. 0hen ( (walk)

into the busy o$$ice2 the secretary (talk)

customer2 se:eral clerks (work2 busily) methods '. ( (watch) out ). +haron (be) because 1*. 11. (t.s The strange Titanic she that you (call) the how to

at their desks2 and two managers (discuss2 >uietly) im/ro:e customer ser:ice.

a mystery mo:ie on T? when the electricity went out. @ow ( am ne:er going to $ind the mo:ie ends. in the room when Aohn told me what ha//ened2 but she didn.t hear anything (listen2 not) because 6tlantic ( (think2 it !ust) (strike) . about an you.

(cross)

when

iceberg. and (try)

12. 0hen ( entered the bazaar2 a cou/le o$ merchants (bargain2 busily) to sell their goods to nai:e tourists who (hunt) (lead)

$or sou:enirs. +ome young boys

their donkeys through the narrow streets on their way home. 6 cou/le o$ men (argue) o:er the /rice o$ a leather belt. ( (walk) o:er to a man who (sell) a banana. tra//ed on the third $loor o$ the her dirty dishes in the sink. ( think she (e3/ect2 to do them $or her. there

$ruit

and

(buy) the old woman who (be) building.

13. The $iremen (rescue) burning

14. +he was so annoying= +he (lea:e2 always) actually) 1 . +amantha (li:e) when the 9erlin 0all came down. me

in 9erlin $or more than two years. (n $act2 she (li:e)

Verb Tense Exercise 4 - Simple Past / Past Continuous

1sing the words in /arentheses2 com/lete the te3t below with the a//ro/riate tenses2 then click the 45heck4 button to check your answers. ,ast night2 while ( was doing my homework2 6ngela (call) . +he said she (call) me $or class2 but she to me. ( couldn.t asked what was going on.

on her cell /hone $rom her biology classroom at 15,6. ( asked her i$ she (wait) said that the /ro$essor was at the $ront o$ the hall lecturing while she (talk) belie:e she (make) a /hone call during the lecture. (

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+he said her biology /ro$essor was so boring that se:eral o$ the students (slee/2 actually) class. +ome o$ the students (talk) (draw) class2 ( (mention) switch

in

about their /lans $or the weekend and the student ne3t to her me she was not satis$ied with the that she

a /icture o$ a horse. 0hen 6ngela (tell) to

that my biology /ro$essor was >uite good and (suggest) my class.

0hile we were talking2 ( (hear) the line went dead. ( (hang)

her /ro$essor yell2 4#iss2 are you making a /hone call84 +uddenly2 u/ the /hone and went to the kitchen to make dinner. 6s ( (cut) 6ngela2 but this time she

:egetables $or a salad2 the /hone rang once again. (t (be) wasn.t sitting in class.

Nasreddin and the Pot

One day Nasreddin borrowed a pot from his neighbour !i" #he ne$t day he brought it ba%& with another !itt!e pot inside" '#hat(s not mine)' said !i" '*es) it is)' said Nasreddin" '+hi!e your pot was staying with me) it had a baby"' ,ome time !ater Nasreddin as&ed !i to !end him a pot again" !i agreed) hoping that he wou!d on%e again re%ei-e two pots in return" .owe-er) days passed and Nasreddin had sti!! not returned the pot" /ina!!y !i !ost patien%e and went to demand his property" '0 am sorry)' said Nasreddin" '0 %an(t gi-e you ba%& your pot) sin%e it has died"' '1ied2' s%reamed !i) 'how %an a pot die3' '+e!!)' said Nasreddin) 'you be!ie-ed me when 0 to!d you that your pot had had a baby"' 0" #rans!ate the te$t into 4omanian"

00" 5nder!ine the -erbs" 6roup them as regu!ar and irregu!ar" 000" 7ar& the %orre%t answer8
1 0ho was the owner o$ the /ot8 @asreddin 6li the baby

2 How many times did @asreddin borrow the /ot8 once twice three times

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3 How many /ots did he gi:e back the $irst time8 none one two

4 0hy was the neighbour ha//y to lend his /ot a second time8 He was greedy. He was a good neighbour. He had lots o$ s/are /ots.

How many /ots did @asreddin return the second time8 none one two

" 0hat /robably ha//ened to the /ot8 (t died. The neighbour took it back. @asreddin ke/t it.

09" Ba/C$ill e3ercise. <ill in and translate into Domanian7 @asreddin a /ot $rom his neighbour 6li. He him back the same /ot and a

one2 saying that the /ot had had a

. Then he asked to borrow the /ot again. 6li was ha//y

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to

it to him2

to get another baby /ot. Howe:er2 @asreddin did not .

his /ot

again. He told 6li the /ot had

ADVERBUL
8'(er e 'e *o' 0 arata modul in care se petrece o actiune Mod de formareI de obicei2 aceste adverbe se formea,a prin adaugarea terminatiei 0ly la finalul unui ad5ectiv. E4empleI

beautiful MN beautifully sad MN sadly capable MN capably slo% MN slo%ly easy MN easily

8'(er e 'e loc 0 arata locul in care se petrece o actiune E4empleI here2 there2 upstairs2 do%nstairs2 any%here2 every%here2 outside2 inside 8'(er e 'e ti*6 0 arata timpul in care se petrece o actiune E4empleI today2 yesterday2 tomorro%2 $aturday2 Monday2 no%2 finally2 later2 soon2 5ust2 still 8'(er e 'e 'urata 0 arata perioada de timp a unei actiuni E4empleI forever2 shortly2 long2 permanently 8'(er e 'e co*6aratie

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0 arata gradul de intensitate al unei actiuni E4empleI e4tremely2 greatly2 hugely2 partially2 perfectly2 strongly2 totally2 almost2 very2 entirely 8'(er e 'e frec(enta 0 arata gradul de repetabilitate al unei actiuni E4empleI al%ays2 constantly2 often2 rarely2 regularly2 seldom2 sometimes2 occasionally2 rarely2 never 8'(er e 'e 6ro a ilitate 0 arata gradul de probabilitate a unei actiuni E4empleI certainly2 perhaps2 maybe2 possibly2 definitely

PRACTICE
.. Cunoscan' ur*atoarele 6rocente cores6un?atoare a'(er elor 'e frec(enta: reali?ati 6ro6o?itiile 'e *ai @os: confor* *o'elului.

never MN *O rarely MN *O sometimes MN &9O often MN 9*O usually MN ;9O al%ays MN **O

E4empluI $am A have A sho%er A evening (;9O) $am usually has sho%er in the evening.

# A eat A cake A afternoon. (&9O) Tim A sleep A living 0 room (9*O) # A go A school A $unday (*O) 1ennis A play A tennis A %eekends ( **O) $he A run A park A morning ( *O)

%. #ransfor*ati ur*atoarele a'@ecti(e in a'(er e:

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horrible MN careful MN nervous MN desperate MN slo% MN sudden MN bright MN proud MN

/. Su liniati ter*enul corect 'in ur*atoarele 6ro6o?itii si tra'uceti:


1enisa %as %earing a pretty A prettily dress at the %edding. # had a terrible A terribly dream last night. )inal A )inally2 she passed the e4am. $he %as %alking rapid A rapidly. $am is fluent A fluently in )rench. Was your grammar test easy A easilyThey %ere talking loud A loudly so everybody could hear them.

8) .legeti varianta corectaI . 'lease don=t talk so .................... . #=m trying to sleep. a) louderP b) loudestP c) loudly &. We .................... go on picnics on %eekends. We love fresh air. a) neverP b) usuallyP c) seldom (. The bou7uet %as .................... . $he loved it. a) beautifulP b) beautifullyP c) ugly. 8. James .................... put the broken glass into the rubbish bin. a) carefulP b) more carefullyP c) carefully

NUMERALUL
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#ra'u An li* a en!le?B: . & au mers la QcoalR. &. Sn clasR sunt pre,enTi doar 8 copii din & . (. ; fete2 9 bRieTi Qi " pRrinTi sunt la mare. 8. .m fost Qi eu la munte pe data de " mai !;(. 9. +a QcoalR am 8 note de ;2 & note de "2 ( note de ! Qi :. .cum este ora &I ". #ra'u in en!le?a . 6omisia e4aminea,R cUte cinci candidaTi pe ,i. &. 'ropun sR formRm grupuri de lucru de cUte patru. (. 1ecanul nu aprobR decUt cererile a cUte trei din fiecare grupR. 8. .m distribuit materiale la cUte trei din fiecare grupR. 9. 6opii2 mergeTi doi cUte doiL :. 'roiectul prevede restaurarea a circa &* de clRdiri. ;. Sn salR sunt Vn 5ur de 9* de studenTi. ". 6Ut am fost plecat- ?u mai Qtiu precis2 cam patru luni. !. Trebuie sR luRm vreo douR kilograme de fursecuri pentru atUta lume. *. #a Qi tu douR0trei kilograme de mere2 sa ne TinR pUnR luni. . $tRm la $inaia o ,i0douR Qi pe urmR mergem la <raQov. &.SntUlnirea a durat puTin peste douR ore. (. .ici trebuie sR fie mult peste patru kilograme de fRinR. 8. $unt mai bine de opt kilometri pUnR la cabanRL 9. #0ai dat mai mult de un milion2 ai gri5a cum numeri baniiL :. 'UnR la cabanR sunt opt kilometri Qi mai bineL ;. ?u e aQa de mult de citit2 te4tul Rsta are sub o sutR de pagini. Scrie 'atele ur*atoare: *(.*9. !:92 ".*". !9;2 &(.* . !;*2 &8. &. !8(2 * . .&***2 &!. *. !!!2 ".*&.&**92 *(.* .&** 2 & .*(. ""82 ( .*;. & #ra'u: . Translate the first page of this te4t into Bomanian2 please. &. My friends3 daughter is in the first grade. (. The fifth one (masc.) is a very interesting guy. 8. The fourth one (fem.) impressed me very much. 9. M 1o they live on the first floor- M ?o2 they live on the third floor. :. .t first # could not understand %hat he %as saying. The second time he spoke to me2 # understood almost everything. ;. # like the third part of this symphony very much. ". They did 5ust one0third of their home%ork. They said they %ould have done it all2 had they had more time. !. The &9th e4ercise %as very difficult. *. ?obody read the ( st story2 because it %as too long. note de *.

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TEST PAPER
#. . &. (. 8. 'JT THE KEB<$ #? '.BE?THE$E$ #?TD THE $#M'+E '.$TI

# ( pay ) in cash. The shop assistant (say) it (be) reduced. He (have) a big knife in his hand. $he (leave) a big fortune to her grandson. 9. When he (see) me2 he (start) to cry. ##. 'JT E.6H D) THE )D++DW#?/ $E?TE?6E$ #?TD THE $#M'+E '.$T J$#?/ THE .1KEB<#.+$ D) T#ME /#KE? #? '.BE?THE$E$I . # have seen this film. ( t%o months ago) &. He=s broken his leg. (last summer) (. # have spoken to your son . ( yesterday) 8. # have given him some advice (yesterday) 18

9. The baby has fallen asleep. (immediately after breakfast)

###. . &. (. 8. 9. #K. . &. (. 8. 9.

'JT THE KEB<$ #?TD THE '.$T $#M'+E DB THE '.$T 6D?T#?JDJ$I The teacher ( %rite) something on the blackboard %hile the children ( thro%) paper balls at one another. # (see) +isa in the theatre last night. $he (sit) in the first ro%. He ( not hear ) the bell because the radio ( play). He ( peep) through the keyhole %hen the door suddenly ( open). Tim ( crush) into the street light because he (drive) too fast. .$C WJE$T#D?$ .<DJT THE J?1EB+#?E1 WDB1$ I Mother said X?DY. $ergeant <riggs stood near the general. My brother sho%ed me the trick. This T0shirt cost E 8.9* $he did not come to the party because she %as ill.

WORKSHEET
. 6omplete the story as you %antI G=Dne $unday afternoon last %inter inZZZZZZZZZZZZ(Which month-) # decided to go to a friend of mine2calledZZZZZZZZ(%ho-) for a bike ride. (%here to-)ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ..#t %as very cold. We %ere cycling along a country lane %hen %e sa% some children playing on a fro,en pond. (Ho% old %ere they-.................................................................................... (What sort of things %ere they doing-) ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ... $uddenly %e heard a shout .To our horror one of the boys (Which one-) ZZZZZZZZhad fallen through the iceL (Why - What happened-) ZZZZZZZZZ.ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ... We immediately rushed over to help but it %as too dangerous to %alk across the ice. (What %as the boy doing-) ZZ ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ.. My friend and # %ent to borro% a ladder (%here from-)ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ# put the ladder on the ice and cra%led (Ho%-) ZZZZZZZZZZZZZ..across it to%ards the boy. (What %as the boy doing no%-)ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ.ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ # 19

caught hold of his hand and finally managed to pull him out of the icy %ater .+uckily the boy %as not hurt25ust very frightened. His parents turned up above about ten minutes later. When they sa% him (Where-Ho% did he look-) ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ. ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ2they %ere shocked and very angry %ith himL # felt a bit sorry for the boy. He certainly learnt a lesson0the hard %ayL +adder[scara 'ond[ia, +ane[banda

PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS


6ratE o acFiune Gnce/utE Gn trecut Hi care $ie sCa terminat recent2 $ie mai continuE. ;une accent /e durata acFiunii. Formele !irmati" Negati" #nterogati"

# / $ou / %e / the$ ( ha:e been s/eaking. ( ha:e not been s/eaking. Ha:e ( been s/eaking8 he / she / it He has s/eaking. been He has not been s/eaking. Has he s/eaking8 been

Excep&ii de ortogra!iere Excep&ii la ad'ugarea termina&iei -ing eCul $inal (dar7 ee nu este schimbat) dis/are Exemplu come I coming (dar7 agree I agreeing)

Ju/E o :ocalE scurtE2 accentuatE2 se dubleazE consoana $inalE sit I sitting Consoana final l este dublat dup o vocal (Gn 9ritish &nglish) tra:el I tra:elling ie $inal de:ine y lie I l$ing

20

Folosirea Pre(entului Per!ect Continuu ;une accent /e durata nu /e rezultatul acFiunii7 &3em/lu7 +he has been writing $or two hours.

6cFiune recent GncheiatE sau care GncE mai dureazE7 &3em/lu7 ( have been living here since 2**1.

PRACTICE Present perfect c nt!n" "s


I. Write the ing-form of the following verbs. 1" cry \ 2" prepare \ 3" lie \ 4" %in \ 5" dial \ II. Choose the correct form: have or has and since or for. 1" Emma 2" My friends 3" # been learning English been living here been %aiting for 1anny five years. &**(. &* minutes. si4 %eeks.

4" Boss and /avin 5" 6arol

been travelling around .ustralia been e4ercising in the gym & o3clock.

III. Write sentences in present perfect progressive. 1" Cevin A read \ 2" you A TK A %atch A all day \ 3" 'aul A to the radio A listen A not \ 4" the men A cards A play \

21

5" the girls A cycle A not \ IV. Write questions in present perfect progressive. 1" 6arol A shout \ 2" you A dance \ 3" Cevin A run \ 4" they A on the phone A talk A ho% long \ 5" these books A lie A on the floor A ho% long \

D!feren#$ %!ntre pre&ent perfect s!'p(" )! c nt!n""


Pre?ent Perfect Si*6lu .ccent pe re?ultat Pre?ent Perfect Continuu .ccent pe durata sau cursul acTiunii .cTiune din trecut Vnspre pre,ent .cTiune terminatR dar care influenTea,R pre,entul I. Pune (er ele la 6re?ent 6erfect si*6lu sau continuu Ci tra'u: 1" # (play) 2" My team (%in A only) 3" The others (be A al%ays) 4" .re %e not there yet- We (%alk) 5" <ut %e (cover A only) 6" # (finishA5ust) 7" # (%ork) 8" Jane (go out) 9" Martin (date) 10" Ho% long (%ait A you) football for five years. t%o matches so far. better. for hours. an area of five miles so far. my home%ork. on this essay since t%o o3clock. %ith <ob for seven years. three girls this %eek. for us22

Ro inI # think the %aiter (forget) nobody (take)

us. We (%ait) our order

here for over half an hour and yet.

MicheleI # think you3re right. He (%alk) already) Ro inI +ook at that couple over there2 they (be2 only) have their MicheleI He must reali,e %e (order2 not) staring at Ro inI # don3t kno% if he (notice2 even) orders and MicheleI That3s true2 and he (look2 not)

by us at least t%enty times. He probably thinks %e (order2 . here for five or ten minutes and they already food. yetL We (sit) him. us. He (run) serving in our direction once. from table to table taking food. here for over half an hour

PRACTICE E*erc!t!! c" Present Perfect S!'p(e s! C nt!n" "s


1.Folositi Present Perfect Simple in locul infinitivelor din paranteze si traduceti: . Where you (be)- # (be) to the market. &. @ou (%ater) the flo%ers(. He 5ust (leave) home. 8. # (lend) him some money today. 9. There isn=t any train service because the engine > drivers (go) on strike. 23

:. Would you like a cake;. ?o2 thank you2 # 5ust (have) one. ". # already (see) this film. !. He (not come) home yet. *. # (not be) to the seaside this year. . # (buy) a ne% house. @ou must come and see it. &. @ou (visit) the Killage Museum(. @ou ever (eat) caviar8. # (not %rite) to my friend for three months. 9. #t (not rain) since 1ecember. :. @ou ever (drive) a car;. He al%ays (rely on) his friend. ". @ou (read) $orescu=s last book!. @ou (pay) the telephone bill&*. He (not go) to bed yet. & . Ho% long you (live) here&&. # (live) here for one year. 2.Folositi Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous in locul infinitivelor din paranteze: . He (fish) for t%o hours but he (catch) nothing yet. &. We (kno%) each other for several years. (. The radio (play) since ; a.m. #=m tired of it. 8. # (shop) all day and # %ant to have a rest no%. 9. Ho% long you (%ear) glasses:. # (cook) all the morning. ;. Ho% many dishes you (cook)". Why you (be) in the garden so long!. # (%ater) the flo%ers. *. He (sleep) for * hours no%. #t=s time %e %oke him up. . # (ask) you to clean your room for t%o days. When are you going to do it24

&. Ever since that %oman came to %ork here2 she (try) to make trouble. 3.Folositi Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau Past Tense Simple in locul infinitivelor si traduceti: . # (lose) my pen. @ou (not see) it any%here- 0?o2 # haven=t. When you (use) it last&. @our ever (try) to give up smoking- 0@es2 # (try) last year but # (not succeed). (. @ou (see) your mother this %eek- 0?o2 she (leave) for <rasov a %eek ago. 8. @ou (be) out of %ork long9. # am not out of %ork no%. # (get) a 5ob last month. :. # (%ear) my hair long since # (be) a little girl. ;. $he (change) a lot since # (see) her last. ". # (do) a lot of %ork since # (get up) in the morning. !. The child (play) the piano since # (return) from school. *. #t (rain) since %e (leave) <ucharest. . He (be) very ill since the holidays (begin). 4.Traduceti in lim a engleza folosind Past Tense Simple sau Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous: . 6ine te0a invatat sa vorbesti engle,a atUt de bine&. Jnde ti0ai petrecut vacanta anul acesta(. M0am gUndit adesea sa0mi iau carnet de conducere. 8. 1e cUt timp inveti engle,a9. Kremea s0a incal,it in ultimul timp. :. El este ministru de doi ani. ;. Traduc un te4t de doua ore si nu l0am terminat inca. ". El a scris numai doua scrisori de cUnd a plecat in strainatate. !. Jn copil a spart geamul. Trebuie sa0l inlocuim. *. ?inge de doua ore. . .m mers pe 5os * km pUna acum. &. Mergem pe 5os de la ora (. (. 1e cUnd mi0am cumparat masina2 am mers arareori pe 5os la slu5ba. 8. +a ce te0ai uitat9. . fost un accident. 25

:. 6u cine ai votat la ultimele alegeri;. ?u am mers la vot. .m stat acasa si nu am regretat nici o clipa. ". .i va,ut ,iarul de a,i!. . plecat John&*. 1a2 a plecat acum o ora. & . Ti0ai luat de5a micul de5un&&. 1a2 l0am luat la ora ". &(. .i mai fost in acest oras&8. 1a2 am petrecut o luna aici2 acum doi ani. &9. Ei lucrea,a la aceasta casa de un an si nu au terminat0o inca.

TEST PAPER
.. Fill in an' translate: # ]] ]] by Mr. J. /erald 6o%camper=s house one day and %as greeted by a rather old looking dog. $he %as a gentle beast %ho ]]&]] her tail as she pushed her nose against my hand. XWhat=s her ]](]]-Y # asked. X# call her G1og )ace2=Y replied the old ]]8]]. X]]9]] do you call her that-Y # in7uired. X#sn=t it obvious-Y asked Mr. 6o%camper. X?ot really.Y Mr. 6o%camper cradled the old animal=s head in his hands. X#f you ]]:]] at 5ust the right angle2 you can see that she seems to have a dog=s face2Y he ]];]]. X<ut she is a ]]"]]LY # said. X$hhhhLY Mr. 6o%camper responded %ith the loudest %hisper # have ever ]]!]]. X1on=t let her hear you say thatLY # said ]] *]]2 because # didn=t kno% %hat to say.

26

. stopped &. chased (. breed 8. dog 9. Ho% :. listen ;. e4plained ". person !. spoken *. here

ran bit problem co% Why look asked female seen yes

%ent %agged age lady Where call smelled dog found %ords

carried lost name gentleman When %onder kne% potato heard nothing 0 92

&. 6omplete 7uestions 0 * belo% %ith the appropriate tenses2 ans%er 7uestions . When 6arol (call) &. # (%ork) (. $haron (love) plans to go to 'eru. last night2 # (%atch) my favorite sho% on television.

for this company for more than thirty years2 and # intend to stay here until # retireL to travel. $he (go) abroad almost every summer. ?e4t year2 she mystery novels and travel memoirs. He (%rite) seven novels2 three collections of short stories and to the train station2

8. Thomas is an author. He (%rite) since he %as t%enty0eight. .ltogether2 he (%rite) a book of poetry.

9. We %ere late because %e had some car problems. <y the time %e (get) $usan (%ait) :. $am (try) ;. Everyday # (%ake) for us for more than t%o hours. to change a light bulb %hen he (slip) up at : o3clock2 (eat)

and (fell) breakfast at ; o3clock and (leave) up at :I(*2 (skip)

for %ork at " o3clock. Ho%ever2 this morning # (get) breakfast and (leave) alarm. ". Bight no%2 Jim (read) time2 they (do) the ne%spaper and Cathy (make) the same thing. $he (cook)

for %ork late because # (forget)

to set my dinner. +ast night at this

and he (read) the same thing. $he (prepare)

the

ne%spaper. Tomorro% at this time2 they (do2 also) dinner and he (read) !. <y this time ne4t summer2 you (complete) the other hand2 (accomplish2 not) 27

. They are very predictable peopleL your studies and (find) anything. # (study2 still) a 5ob. #2 on and you

(%ork)

in some ne% high paying 5ob. taught by Mrs. Monty. Ho%ever2 this %eek they (teach)

*. The students (be2 usually) taught by Mr. Tan,er. ^^^^^^^^^^^^ . Jane talks on the phone. <ob has been talking on the phone for an hour. Mary is talking on the phone. Who is not necessarily on the phone no%&. #3m going to make dinner for )rank. #3m making dinner for Judy. #3ll make dinner for Mary. # make dinner for Ted. # %ill be making dinner for Tony. Who are you offering to make dinner for(. Jane left %hen Tim arrived. <ob left %hen Tim had arrived. Tim arrived %hen Mary %as leaving. John had left %hen Tim arrived. .fter Tim arrived2 )rank left. Who did not run into Tim8. Jane is talking in class. <ob al%ays talks in class. Mary is al%ays talking in class. Whose action bothers you9. Jane never left Jamesto%n. <ob has never left Jamesto%n. Who is still alive-

28

TENSE RE+IEW
I. Co*6lete the follo"in! sentences accor'in! the *o'el: # usually get up early2 butZ( late-this week) # usually get up early2 ut ID* !ettin! u6 late this "ee,. ) We usually go to school by bus2 butZ( b car-toda ) &) Mother usually drinks coffee in the morning2 butZ( tea-this morning) () The children play in the garden in the afternoon2 butZ( in the park-this afternoon) 8) They usually study in the morning2 butZ( in the afternoon !this ear) 9) My father %orks in +ondon2 butZ( in "ristol-for a fortnight) :) <etty generally listens to classical music2 butZ( pop music-now) II. Fill in the lan,s "ith the 6ast tense of the (er s in italics. 29

#$ample: 'aul tells stories %ell. +ast night he tol' us a funny one. ) Mary makes her o%n clothes. $heZZZZZ.a pretty dress last %eek. &) 'eter al%ays knows the lesson. @esterday he got a ten2 as heZZZZthe lesson very %ell. () # am feeling %ell no%2 much better than # ZZZZZ.yesterday. 8) $tephen spends a lot of money on books. @esterday heZZZZZZ9* lei. 9) Dur class football team wins most of the games2 but yesterday the other classZZZZ.the match. :) # usually wake up early2 but last $unday # ZZZZZZZ.up at * o=clock. ;) The %ind blows hard in autumn. +ast night itZZZZZZZZ....some trees do%n. III. Put the (er s in rac,ets in the 6ast tense continuous. %odel: He (read) for four hours yesterday. He "as rea'in! for four hours yesterday. ) )ather (work) &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&on a building site throughout !!:. &) What ( ou' do)&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&from July to $eptember- # (make) ]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]the tour of the country. () The builders (install) ]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]plumbing and electricity all last %eek. 8) Jack2 %hat ( ou' do)&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& all yesterday afternoon9) )rom ( to 9 # (pla )&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& tennis. :) <et%een 9 and ; my brother (do) ]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]his home%ork I$. Put the (er s in rac,ets into the Present Perfect #ense: ) @ou ever (ride) a Honda motorbike&) Ho% long you (kno%) your best friend() The sho% 5ust (begin). 8) We (miss) the last train. What shall %e do9) Mary (phone) yet:) #t (not rain) here for three years. ;) Why you (not bring) your sister %ith you") My dog never (eat) mice. $. 7se the 6resent 6erfect + 89RE8;E for an action completed at a time earlier than e!pected. %odel: %other: ?o%2 1iana2 you must clean your room. (iana: #=(e alrea') cleane' it2 mum. .nd you must dust the furniture. 1on=t forget to make the beds. .nd the dishes0you must %ash them. .nd you must iron the tablecloth. 30

.nd you must buy some fruit2 too.

PRESENT PERFECT - PRACTICE


A.SIMPLE
.. Pune (er ele 'in 6arante?a la Pre?entul Perfect Si*6lu: ca in e=e*6lul 'e *ai @os: E4empluI Tom .......... (%rite) .......... his home%ork. Tom has 5ust %ritten his home%ork. . # .......... (fi4) .......... my car. &. )ather .......... (leave) .......... home. (. They .......... (arrive) .......... to the theatre. 8. We .......... (see) .......... our Math teacher. 9. He .......... (begin) .......... to cry. %. Construieste 6ro6o?itii la ti*6ul Pre?ent Perfect Si*6lu: cu a@utorul e=6resiilor 'in 6arante?a: ca in e=e*6lele 'e *ai @os: E4empleI # .......... arrive .......... home. (5ust) # have 5ust arrived home. He .......... paint .......... this picture. (never) He has never painted this picture. They .......... do .......... their home%orks. (yet) They haven3t done their home%orks yet. Mary .......... cook .......... the soup. (already) &. John and Tom .......... %atch .......... TK. (5ust) (. We .......... close .......... this %indo%. (never) 8. 'upils .......... miss .......... the English class. (never) 9. @ou .......... lie .......... to your mother. (often) /. Ras6un'e la ur*atoarele intre ari folosin' ti*6ul Pre?ent Perfect Si*6lu: ca in e=e*6lele 'e *ai @os: E4empleI Have you ever heard this song before- (never) We have never heard this song before. Have you ever eaten this food before- (often) We have often eaten this food. . Has he ever spoken to his cousin before- (never) &. Have they ever played football- (often) (. Have you ever lied to your mother- (never) 8. Has she ever skated before- (often) 9. Have you ever drunk %hisky- (never) 0. Construieste intre ari si ras6unsuri ca in e=e*6lul 'e *ai @os: E4empluI drive the car Have you driven the car yet31

#3m afraid # haven3t driven it yet. . have breakfast &. buy the buster (. send the letter 8. clean the bathroom 9. %ash the dishes <. Co*6letea?a ur*atoarele 6ro6o?itii ca in e=e*6lul 'e *ai @os: folosin' ti*6ul Pre?ent Perfect Si*6lu: E4empluI This is the most beautiful girl # .......... (see) This is the most beautiful girl # have ever seen. . That is the most interesting movie he .......... (see) &. This is the best book she .......... (read) (. This is the biggest mall they .......... (visit) 8. These are the most attractive souvenirs they .......... (buy) 9. Those are the most %onderful monuments they .......... (see)

B. CONTINUOUS
.. Pune (er ele 'in 6arante?a la ti*6ul Pre?entul Perfect Continuu: ca in e=e*6lul 'e *ai @os: E4empluI # (travel) abroad for & %eeks. # have been travelling abroad for & %eeks. . He (%rite) poems since !!;. &. The children (dra%) this map for half an hour. (. The pupil (recite) the poem for ten minutes. 8. # (study) English for 8 years. 9. $arah (do) her home%ork for & hours. %. Refor*ulea?a ur*atoarele 6ro6o?itii folosin' FOR + the last + Pre?entul Perfect Continuu: ca in e=e*6lul 'e *ai @os: E4empluI He began %atching TK & hours ago. He has been %atching TK for the last & hours. . We began %atering the flo%ers & days ago. &. 'aul and Jim began %riting their home%ork half an hour ago. (. Mother began going to the doctor ( months ago. 8. )ather began cooking for his family * minutes ago. 9. The poet began composing that poem month ago. /. Pune la for*a intero!ati(a a ti*6ului Pre?ent Perfect Continuu: 6ro6o?itiile 'e *ai @os: E4empluI He has been listening to the radio for hour. Has he been listening to the radio for hour. 6hildren have been staying in the bus for * hours. &. 'upils have been playing in the schoolgarden since noon. (. The detective has been investigating this case since &***. 32

8. The theatre sho% has been starting for ( hours. 9. # have been %atching _@oung ` Bestless_ since &** . 0. Co*6letea?a s6atiile !oale cu FFORF si FSINCEF. Pune (er ele 'in 6arante?a la Pre?entul Perfect Continuu: E4empluI Helen (study) English .......... last summer. Heleng has been studying English since last summer. . We (talk) about that horrible accident .......... half an hour. &. $he (cook) a chicken soup .......... hour. (. They (phone) the manager .......... the last five minutes. 8. Mary (live) in Manhattan .......... June !!". 9. #t (rain) .......... morning. <. Refor*ulea?a ur*atoarele 6ro6o?itii folosin' FSINCEF si Pre?entul Perfect Si*6lu: ca in e=e*6lul ur*ator: E4empluI #t is raining. #t started on Wednesday. #t has been raining since Wednesday. . He is crying. He began at noon. &. )ather is sleeping. He %ent to bed at ! o3clock in the evening. (. We are travelling by train. We left <ucharest yesterday evening. 8. The artist is dra%ing. He started his %ork in January. 9. We are %atching the football game. #t began at " o=clock.

TESTING TENSES
English Test Simple Present and Present Progressive
For* Write the verbs in 'resent 'rogressive. 1" 2" 3" 4" 5" speak 0 # 5ump 0 you bake 0 she play 0 they run 0 %e Write the verbs in $imple 'resent2 (rd person singular. 33

1" 2" 3" 4" 5" 7se

be 0 it have 0 he eat 0 she can 0 he %ash 0 she

When to use %hich tense1" 2" 3" 4" 5" )or actions happening regularly2 often or never2 %e use )or actions happening no%2 %e use The verbs 3be32 3have32 3like3 and 3%ant3 are normally only used in The signal %ord 3usually3 indicates that %e have to use The signal %ord 3no%3 indicates that %e have to use Positi(e sentences 6omplete the sentences. Jse $imple 'resent or 'resent 'rogressive. 1" 2" 3" 4" 5" +ookL They (leave) <rian (cycle) $amantha (do) My parents (shop) He usually (get up) Ne!ati(e sentences the house. (* km every day. her home%ork at the moment. right no%. early in the morning. . . . . .

6omplete the sentences. Jse $imple 'resent or 'resent 'rogressive. 1" 2" 3" 4" 5" @ou (see A not) The baby (sleep A not) # (read A not) We (go A not) He (%atch A not) >uestion her every day. at the moment. a book no%. to school on $undays. the ne%s every day.

6omplete the sentences. Jse $imple 'resent or 'resent 'rogressive. 34

1" 2" 3" 4" 5" #e=t

(you A go) (they A play) (she A eat) What (they A do) (she A visit)

on holiday by plane sometimescomputer games every daydinner at the momentright no%her grandma very often-

What is Jenny 1oing- 'resent $imple and 6ontinuous 1" 2" 3" 4" 5" 6" +ookL Jenny (go) Dn her back2 Jenny (carry) The school bag (be) ?ormally2 Jenny (%ear) .nd look2 she (%ear) Jenny (not A %ant) to school. her school bag. very heavy black shoes2 but today she (%ear) a raincoat because it (rain) to get %et. outside. red %ellies.

English Test Present Perfect Simple Present Perfect Progressive


For* )ill in the correct form (pronoun a verb). 'resent 'erfect $imple 'resent 'erfect 'rogressive

# A speak

he A %rite

they A do

35

you A s%im

she A live 7se When to use %hich tense1" 2" 3" 39 times3 is a signal %ord for ... 3for t%o hours3 is a signal %ord for ... 3since ! o3clock3 is a signal %ord for ... Positi(e Sentences )ill in the correct form ('resent 'erfect $imple or 'resent 'erfect 'rogressive). 1" 2" 3" 4" 5" # (practise) <ob (run) The children (be) The dog (bark) We (miss) Ne!ati(e Sentences the piano for (* minutes. * km. on holiday for si4 days. since midnight. the bus t%ice this %eek.

)ill in the correct form ('resent 'erfect $imple or 'resent 'erfect 'rogressive). 1" 2" 3" 4" 5" @ou (eat A not) He (speak A not) They (%ork A not) We (kno% A not) $he (hang A not) >uestions up yet. on the phone for half an hour2 5ust a couple of minutes. since 9 o3clock. They 5ust started an hour ago. them for a long time. up all the pictures yet.

)ill in the correct form ('resent 'erfect $imple or 'resent 'erfect 'rogressive). 1" 2" Ho% long (%ait A she) Ho% many times (tell A #) for usyou36

3" 4" 5" #e=t

Ho% often (clean A you) Ho% many months (take A you) (stay A you A ever)

the %indo%s this yearpiano lessonsin a castle-

)ill in the correct form ('resent 'erfect $imple or 'resent 'erfect 'rogressive). 1" 2" 3" 4" 5" TomI Hi .na. # (try) to ring you several times today. Where (you A be) the house all day2 so -

.naI # (be) at home all the time. <ut # (clean) maybe # didn3t hear the phone ring. TomI (you A clean) .naI ?o2 not yet. # (tidy A not) TomI 1on3t you remember- Jane (invited) a present for her yet. everything no%-

up the kitchen yet. <ut %hy are you hereus to her birthday party and %e (buy A not)

6" 7" 8"

.naI Dh2 that3s right. (you A find out A already) TomI Well2 she (learn) Maybe %e could get her a guide book.

%hat she %ants-

$panish for a year and %ants to spend her ne4t holiday in Me4ico.

.naI That3s a good idea. There is a good bookshop in the big shopping centre. # (see) some nice books about Me4ico there recently.

Simple Past or Past Progressive


'ut the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or past progressive). 1" 2" 3" 4" 5" 6" When # (do)
w as doing broke

the %ashing0up2 # (break)

a plate. the %ashing0up. a fe% chips. a loud bang. by to see him.

While Tom (play) He (drink) # (have) When my father (%ork) $he (go) to learn.

the piano2 his mother (do) some 5uice and then he (eat) dinner %hen # suddenly (hear)

in the garden2 an old friend (pass) to school2 (take) out her te4tbook and (begin)

7" 8"

When it (start) When Jane (do)

to rain2 our dog (%ant)

to come inside. <larney 6astle.

a language course in #reland2 she (visit) 37

9" 10"

When # (be) # (not A understand)

on my %ay home2 # (see) %hat they (talk)

an accident. about.

English Test Simple Past Present Perfect Simple


For* Write do%n the correct form (pronoun a verb). $imple 'ast 'resent 'erfect $imple

# A open

he A %rite

they A do

you A s%im

she A give 7se When do %e use %hich tense1" 2" 3" 4" 5" 3.lready3 is a signal %ord for ... 3Just3 is a signal %ord for ... 3& years ago3 is a signal %ord for ... 3@et3 is a signal %ord for ... 3@esterday3 is a signal %ord for ... Positi(e Sentences 'ut the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple).

38

1" 2" 3" 4" 5"

Mary (%in) We (prepare A already) James (find) He (come A 5ust) They (buy) Ne!ati(e Sentences

the lottery last year. dinner. your ring in the garden yesterday. home. their car t%o years ago.

'ut the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple). 1" 2" 3" 4" 5" # (see A not) 'hil (go A not) We (be A not) $he (arrive A not) Emily (visit A not) >uestions anyone yet. to the cinema last night. to the ,oo so far. yet. me last %eek.

'ut the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple). 1" 2" 3" 4" 5" #e=t 'ut the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple). 1" 2" 3" 4" 5" .I (you A taste A ever) <I @es2 # (eat) .I When (you A eat) sushisushi at least five times so far. sushi for the first time(you A read) the book yetso faryou thatat home last nightabroad till no%-

Ho% many letters (they A %rite) When (he A tell) (you A be) Ho% often (you A travel)

<I # (eat) sushi for the first time on my dad3s 9*th birthday. He (invite) the %hole family to a Japanese restaurant. .I (you A like) it-

39

6"

<I .bsolutely. #n fact2 it (be) three times yet. .nd on my mum3s birthday2 %e (order) at home.

so good that %e (be)

to that restaurant it

some sushi and (have)

INTERMEDIATE LANGUAGE PRACTICE VOCABULARY TEST


) Complete each sentence %ith a %ord !ormed !rom the %ord in capitals. * 1 2 3 4 " #y alarm clock didnKt go o$$ and so ( overslept this morning. L?&D+,&&; <LD&(B@ H6;;Y <D(&@J HL#& +HLDT

( had been in the country $or a year2 but ( still $elt like a MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM . ( ha:e ne:er $elt such great MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM since the day ( got married. HeKs only been in the !ob $or one week so heKs a bit MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM . (K:e known him since school days. Lur MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM is :ery strong. (t hasnKt rained $or months and thereKs a great water MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM .

&N;&D(&@5&

(t makes me $eel bad to see so manyMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM /eo/le slee/ing in the street.

40

% ' ) 1*

( donKt like this !ob. (Km MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM and o:erworked. +moking can be :ery MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM to your health. 0eK:e got all the modern MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM in our $actory. (Km really sorry2 ( think there has been a MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM .

;6Y #65H(@& 1@J&D+T6@J

J6@B&D

* Complete each compound %ord %ith a %ord !rom the box. about ache coat doors ground makers /ath table washer

* 1 2 3 4 " % '

#ake sure you walk on the $ootpath 2 because the road is dangerous. Turn le$t at the ne3t roundMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM. #y timeMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM this year is >uite good I (K:e got nothing on <riday a$ternoon. (Kd /re$er to stay in a hotel with holidayMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 2 rather than business /eo/le. Has anyone got an as/irin8 (K:e got a terrible headMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM . (tKs cold outside2 ( think youKll need an o:erMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM . To get into ,ondon $rom Heathrow air/ort !ust take the 1nderMMMMMMMMMMMMM . You donKt need to clean the /lates yoursel$2 we ha:e a dishMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM . (tKs a lo:ely day. ,etKs eat our lunch outMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM in the /ark.

+ ,nderline the correct %ord or phrase in each sentence. * 1 2 3 4 " % ' ) 1* 9y 11.** ( $elt so tired/tiring that ( went to bed. How many /hotos did you make/take on holiday8 ( read a really interested/interesting article in the news/a/er today. That meal we had yesterday was horrible. ( particularly/properly disliked the $ish. Ha:e you got any more clothes to /ut in the dishwasher/washing machine8 (K:e told you now/time and again to do your homework= Aohn hates waiting more than ten minutes $or a bus. He gets :ery impatient/unpatient. +haron was early $or her a//ointment so she read a magazine to lose/pass the time. +hall ( turn the central conditioning/heating o$$. (tKs :ery hot in here. #arcus always said/told the truth. (t was im/ossible $or him to lie. (t was awful/awfully di$$icult to read the sign as it was so dark.

4 Choose the %ord on the right that best matches the descriptions. * 1 2 3 4 " % ' ) in the kitchen I you $ind /lates and cu/s in it in the kitchen I turn it to get water MMM MMM MMM MMM MMM d MMM a) bin b) car/et c) ceiling d) cu/board e) cushion $) $ence g) gate h) /illow i) roo$ !) rug MMM

in the wall2 where you get /ower $or electrical e>ui/ment in the corner o$ the room2 $ull o$ /a/er

the to/ /art o$ the house I where the chimney is around the garden MMM

the to/ /art o$ the room I where the lam/ hangs down

between the $ront door and the garden2 to hel/ you get down at the end o$ the garden /ath2 !ust be$ore the street co:ering the $loor2 $rom one wall to the other MMM

41

1* 11 12

co:ering a small area o$ the $loor2 in the middle o$ the room on a bed2 to make your head com$ortable on a so$a2 to make your back com$ortable MMM MMM

MMM

k) socket l) ste/ m) ta/

- ,nderline the correct %ord in each sentence. * 1 2 3 4 " % ' ) 1* 11 12 0hen her bicycle was stolen2 Aill became e3tremely angry/nervous. Jo you like/fancy going out $or a /izza this e:ening8 6 lot o$ my relatives/parents li:e in 6merica. Those gra/es look delicious. (Kll ha:e a large packet/bunch2 /lease. +he always shows good !udgment. +heKs :ery sensible/sensitive. #y brother would really look good in that shirt/blouse. 5an you borrow/lend me some money until tomorrow8 ( was absolutely fascinated/fascinating by his story about 6$rica. Ha//y anniversary/birthday, Lli:er= +i3 years old today. 6re you ha:ing $un8 YouKll $ind better prices/values in the sho/s i$ you wait until the sales. #y car has broken down. 5ould you gi:e me a hand/help8 0aiter2 here is my credit card. 5an ( ha:e a receipt/bill /lease8 This /ullo:er is much too big $or me. (t $eels really lose/loose.

. Complete each sentence %ith a %ord !rom the box. /ne o! the %ords is used t%ice. a$ter * 1 2 3 4 away back down $or in on out u/ with

(Km longing for a $ew weeks holiday. &3cuse me2 (Kd like to try MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM this !acket. 0here are the changing rooms8 (Kll lend you the money but you must /ay me MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM by <riday. 5hristine said sheKd dro/ MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM to see her aunt on the way home $rom +cotland. Jo you think my new shirt will go MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM these trousers8 ;aul /romised to hel/ me with the decorating today but heKs gone to a $ootball match instead. HeKs really let me MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM .

" % ' ) 1* 0a

Aoanna /ut MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM a thick /air o$ boots as it was snowing outside. ,etKs go MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM to ;aris $or the weekend. (K:e ne:er been there. Jid you know that ,ouise is going MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM with my e3Cboy$riend8 Dobbie wanted to dress MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM as 9atman $or the /arty. Aack takes MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM his $ather. TheyK:e e:en got the same ears= 1atch the %ords in the box %ith the de!initions. cruise !ourney tour tra:el tri/ :oyage travel

* 1 2 3 4

the general acti:ity o$ mo:ing $rom /lace to /lace (uncountable noun) going to a /lace2 staying there2 and coming back again a circular !ourney during which you :isit se:eral /laces a holiday on a large shi/ MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM a long !ourney by sea or in s/ace

going $rom one /lace to another2 usually o:er a long distance or long time MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM

42

b * 1 2 3 4

No% complete each sentence %ith a %ord !rom the same box. <oreign travel is :ery /o/ular these days. The sightseeing MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM costs O1 . You see 9ig 9en2 the Tower o$ ,ondon and +t ;aulKs. 0e dro:e $rom Bermany all the way down to (taly. (t was a twoCday MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM . The MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM $rom &ngland to 6merica across the 6tlantic took se:eral weeks. #y /arents are going on a MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM around the 5aribbean (slands. TheyK:e !ust come back $rom a MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM to (reland. They had a wonder$ul time.

2 The %ords in italics are in the %rong sentences. Find the best %ord !or each sentence. * 1 2 3 4 " % ' 0e werenKt sure what to order $or lunch2 so we asked $or the whistle. There are no cars in the city centre I itKs a tra$$icC$ree menu. ($ you canKt a$$ord a hotel2 why not stay in a youth crossing8 The morning rush tyre lasts $rom se:en until hal$ /ast nine. +orry (Km late. ( was stuck in a tra$$ic zone. menu

MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM

0e canKt dri:e to (taly in one day. 0eKll need to make an o:ernight hour. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM (tKs sa$er to walk along the road a bit and use the /edestrian hostel. ( had to /ush my bike all the way u/ the hill. ( got a $lat stop. The /layers must sto/ when they hear the re$ereeKs jam.

MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM

MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM

MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM

3 4ecide %hich ans%er 5 6 76 C or 48 best !its each space. Hi Aames 0eKre on holiday at the moment and weK:e brought our (*) B with us. (tKs small but >uite com$ortable. 0eKre (1) MMMMMM in <rance $or two weeks2 right in the middle o$ the <rench (2) MMMMMM . ThereKs some wonder$ul (3) MMMMMM around here. ThereKs e:en a small (4) MMMMMM where ( can ( ) MMMMMM $ishing. The /lace has certainly (") MMMMMM u/ to our e3/ectations. 6ctually2 weKre lucky to be here as a car (%) MMMMMM into a lorry in $ront o$ us on the motorway in &ngland and we nearly (') MMMMMM the boat. +arah was ill $or a short while and ( had to go to the ()) MMMMMM in the nearest :illage to get her some as/irin. +he seems to ha:e got (1*) MMMMMM her illness now2 but ( had to make all the (11) MMMMMM $or a cou/le o$ days. 6s you know2 (Km not the best (12) MMMMMM in the world and while ( was (13) MMMMMM some bacon the /an was set (14) MMMMMM $ire. ,uckily2 we had a $ire (1 ) MMMMMM with us and it soon brought the $ire under control. 0eKre o$$ to the beach now. Ho/e youKre kee/ing well. 6ll the best Jominic * 1 2 3 4 bungalow /assing country look canal do " ke/t 7 cara:an 7 remaining 7 countryside 7 scenery 7 ri:er 7 go 7 li:ed C castle C s/ending C land C sight C sea C make C seemed 4 cottage 4 staying 4 ground 4 :iew 4 stream 4 take 4 was

43

% ' ) 1* 11 12 13 14 1

colla/sed arri:ed chemistKs $rom courses che$ baking in brigade

7 crashed 7 caught 7 /hysician 7 o$$ 7 $ood 7 chie$ 7 boiling 7 $rom 7 engine

C hit C lost C surgeon C on C meals C cook C grating C on C e3tinguisher

4 struck 4 missed 4 hos/ital 4 o:er 4 /lates 4 cooker 4 $rying 4 o:er 4 $ighter

)9 Complete each sentence %ith a %ord !ormed !rom the %ord in capitals. * 1 2 3 4 " % ' ) 1* @owadays itKs :ery im/ortant to get a good education . &J156T& -@L0 +H6D; 6;;,Y ;L,,1T& &#;,LY +155&&J &@B(@& ;L,(T(5+ ,60 5L#&

( donKt ha:e much MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM o$ &uro/ean history. #y /encil has broken= Ha:e you got a MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 8 Her brother works in the $actory as an MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM .

Tomorrow (Km going to send o$$ my MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM $orm $or the !ob.

The MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM in this city has got worse. ( $ind it di$$icult to breathe. Tony 9lair is one o$ 9ritainKs most $amous MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM . ($ you go to court you will need a good MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM . (K:e been out o$ work $or ages. (tKs not much $un being MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM .

Lur team is :ery MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM . 0eK:e won three international com/etition this year. (tKs :ery di$$icult to li:e in ,ondon on a low MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM .

)) Choose the %ord on the right to complete each sentence. * 1 2 3 4 " % ' ) 1* 11 12 ,ook= (tKs not working because the /lug isnKt in the #y shirt got :ery creased in the suitcase. ( need an Hang your coat o:er there on that MMM . 0hen a lam/ suddenly goes out2 we need to change the MMM . ($ you need to climb onto the roo$2 use a MMM . ($ you get lost in the $orest2 use your MMM . This key doesnKt work. They must ha:e changed the MMM . To sto/ the alarm working2 the burglars cut the MMM . (n case o$ /unctures2 cars always carry a s/are MMM . ( need to ha:e a sha:e2 but ( ha:enKt got a MMM . #y mobile /hone isnKt working. ( need to recharge the MMM . The en:elo/e wonKt stick down /ro/erly. ( need some MMM . j . a) battery b) bulb c) glue d) hook e) iron $) ladder g) lock h) razor i) screw !) socket l) com/ass l) tyre m) wire

MMM .

($ the shel$ is coming o$$ the wall2 try to tighten the MMM .

)* ,nderline the correct %ord in each sentence. * 9e$ore we set o$$2 we listened to the climate/weather $orecast.

44

1 2 3 4 " % ' ) 1*

#y favourite/preferred time o$ year is +/ring. Lur main bureau/office is in +windon. 5an ( !ust write that date down in my agenda/diary8 Your hair is too long. Bi:e me those cutters/scissors and (Kll cut it. (Km always /ulling u/ crops/weeds in the garden. They get e:erywhere. 6t /resent /eo/le resign/retire at " . (n the $uture it may be di$$erent. The car has got a small engine/machine and is :ery economical to use. ,ots o$ chemicals $armers use harm/spoil the en:ironment. AulieKs studying to become a /rimary school professor/teacher. 9ill thanked the guest/host $or the /arty and went home.

THE PASSI+E +OICE


, %!$te&$ p$s!-. ,
1iate,a pasivR se foloseQte atunci cUnd ne interesea,R cel asupra cRruia se rRsfrUnge acTiunea2 cel care suferR acTiunea Qi nu cel care face acTiunea. Mother .6T#KE $J<JE6T makes .6T#KE KEB< a good cake .6T#KE 1#BE6T D<JE6T

'.$$#KE $J<JE6T . good cake

'.$$#KE KEB< is made

./E?T by mother

45

1iate,a pasivR se formea,R cu a5utorul verbului TD <E care aratR timpul predicatului Qi cu verbul la forma a ###a care aratR sensul propo,iTiei. TD <E + K(

The tense TE?$E 'resent simple 'resent continuous 'ast tense 'ast continuous 'resent perfect 'resent perfect continuous .6T#KE K .mAareAis a King K& WasA%ere a King HaveAhas a K(

the meaning '.$$#KE .mAareAis a K( .mAareAis a being a K( WasA%ere a K( WasA%ere a being a K( HaveA has a been a K( HaveAhas a been a being a K(

HaveAhas a been a King

PRACTICE
, t/e p$ss!-e ,
I. #ranslate into En!lish: . Toate aceste case au fost distruse de recentul cutremur. &. Mi s0a spus cR s0au discutat multe probleme interesante atunci. (. )e *tie cR norman,ii au cucerit .nglia Vn secolul al b#0lea. (It is known) 8. ci se va permite sR vi,ite,i toate camerele acestui palat. 9. .ceastR fetiTR a fost crescutR de niQte oameni nevoiaQi. :. .ceste cRrTi se citesc cu uQurinTR Qi de aceea sunt preferate de turiQti. ;. <RtrUna era Vngri5itR cu mult devotament de una din nepoatele sale. ". # s0a poruncit sR pR,eascR intrarea Vn clRdire. 46

II. Chan!e the follo"in! acti(e sentences into the 6assi(e. Pa) attention to the 6re6ositions: . We ga,ed at the strange man. &. # shall send for the doctor. (. @ou %ill not interfere in his business. 8. They %ill speak of this programme tomorro%. 9. # must comment on this matter. :. The girl listens to a ne% record every $unday. ;. # never dealt %ith such problems. ". They have arrived at an agreement. !. Teachers insist much on discipline. *. We have counted on his promise. III. #ranslate into En!lish: . .m fost de,amRgit de cel mai bun prieten al meu. &. ?i s0a servit piftie de curcan. (+ell ) (. 'UnR acum nu am fost pre,entaTi ambasadorului. 8. +aptele este livrat Vntre cinci Qi Qase. 9. Ea a fost determinatR sR ia parte la concursul de frumuseTe. :. El a fost convins sR demisione,e. ;. )lorile aceste n0au mai fost udate de o sRptRmUnR. ". .r fi fRcut mai multe fotografii Vn timpul ceremoniei de ieri dacR i s0ar fi cerut. !. 1e cUnd s0a stricat aparatul de aer condiTionat2 camera a trebuit sR fie aerisitR de douR ori pe ,i. *. .ripa maQinii era VnfundatR Qi farurile sparte2 dar Qoferul nu era rRnit. I$. #urn the follo"in! sentences fro* acti(e to 6assi(e: . .ll the people kno% the president %ell. The president ZZZZZZ. &. They close the gates at * o=clock. The gates ZZZZZZZZ (. ?o one has %arned me about the danger. # ZZZZZZZZZZZ. 8.When did 6olumbus discovered .mericaWhen ZZZZZZZZZ. 9.The criminals are 5ust being 7uestioned by the police. The police ZZZZZZZ.. :.Everyone thinks Jim is a very la,y student. Jim ZZZZZZZZZZ. ".)e% people speak /aelic in 1ublin. /aelic ZZZZZZZZZ !.+earners suppose that the passive voice is very difficult. 47

The passive voice ZZZZ $. #urn the follo"in! sentences fro* 6assi(e to acti(e an' translate into Ro*anian: . &. (. 8. 9. :. ;. ". !. *. The lecture %as given by the famous historian. The biography %ill be %ritten by Michael $tone. The crime is believed to have been solved by the police. The fa4 is being sent no%. When it started to rain2 the roof %as being fi4ed. The Haitian refugees %ere re5ected by the border guards. .#1$ is caused by a virus. . sharp rise in drug use is being caused by a drop in price. That ne% film %as not directed by $pielberg. Thatcher=s telephone number must not be given out.

PRACTICE 2 THE PASSIVE


Put the (er s in rac,ets into the correct for*: the acti(e or 6assi(e 6resent si*6le. 7se: to 6ro'uce: to su6er(ise: to recor': to !i(e: to 'e(elo6 . The entire production of a film............................................by the producer. &. The directorZZZZZZZZZZZZZ.Z..instructions to the actors and camera operators. (. $ometimes a %hole day3s filmingZZZZZZ..ZZZZZZZZ.only about three minutes of finished film. 8. ?ormally2 only the actor3s dialogueZZZZZZZZZZZZZ.during filming. 9. The pictures taken during filmingZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ..in a darkroom. +rite in the 6assi(e. . 'eter bought the house ]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]. &. Mary %ill bring the %ine 48 .

(. My friends are repairing the car 8. Most students speak English in this class 9. .n elderly couple sheltered her :. . policeman helped him ;. $he finished her %ork by nine o3clock ". ?obody can repair this broken chair !. They carried him into the hospital *..re they typing the letters.They have not taken the car into the garage &.$omeone has spilt some milk on the carpet (.1id anyone ans%er your 7uestion8.They sho%ed me the cathedral 9.They told the children to leave the room :.They allo%ed her to go to the dining room ;.They didn3t tell me the truth ".$omeone %ill give you a ne% notebook !.$omeone is teaching him English &*.They had offered me a 5ob & .$omeone has read her the letter &&.?obody has slept in this bed &(.They looked after the baby &8.They have been looking at her for hours &9.They smiled at the girl as she %alked by &:.'eople speak %ell of your friend

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

49

&;.We must look for the key &".'eople say that the president %ill arrive on Monday &!.'eople think that money is the most important thing in life (*.They thought that he %as an artist ( .They think # come from #taly (&.'eople feared that the criminals %ould escape ((.'eople hope that prices %on3t go up this year (8.'eople generally assume that the J$. is the richest country in the %orld Co*6lete the sentences "ith a 6assi(e construction: usin! the (er s !i(en in the for* su!!este'. . Much of +ondon (destroy) ]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]] by fire in the seventeenth century. ('ast $imple) &. . leader should be a man %ho can (respect)]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]. (#nfinitive) (. Many slums (demolish) ]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]] to make %ay for ne% buildings. ('resent 6ontinuous.) 8. The police (instruct) ]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]] to take firm action against hooligans. ('resent 'erfect) 9. He (save)]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]] from bankruptcy by the kindness of a friend. ('ast $imple)

. . . . . . . .

:. . cease0fire (e4pect) ]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]] (declare) ]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]] later this %eek. ('resent $imple2 #nfinitive) ;. . great deal of research (do)]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]] into possible causes of cancer ('resent 'erfect) ". The %orker claimed that he (victimi,e)]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]] by his employers. ('ast 6ontinuous) !. The tenant (evict)]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]] for not paying his rent. ('ast $imple) *. The passengers ought (inform) ]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]] the train (%ithdra%) ]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]] from service. ('erfect #nfinitive. 'ast 'erfect) . 6ustomers (ask) ]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]] to ensure that they (give) ]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]] the correct change before leaving the shop2 as mistakes cannot after%ards (rectify)]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]. ('resent $imple2 'resent 'erfect2 #nfinitive) &. The man %as sent to prison for si4 months2 (find) ]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]] guilty of fraud. ('erfect 'articiple) Re"rite the sentences in the 6assi(e: *a,in! the "or's in italics the su @ect of the sentence or clause in "hich the) a66ear. 50

They gave the oldest councillor the freedom of the city.

&.

They denied access to the secret documents to all but a fe%.

(.

$omeone sho%ed the child ho% to use the telephone.

8.

They declared him persona non grata and allo%ed him only forty0eight hours to leave the country.

9.

They gave him artificial respiration.

:.

Why didn3t they offer him the 5ob-

;.

1idn3t they promise ou a rise in salary at the beginning of the year-

".

$omeone left him a legacy of 2 *.***.

!.

When he looked at the stamps2 he found they had sold him forgeries.

*.

What did they pay ou for doing the 5ob-

$omeone should tell him never to do that again.

&.

They asked ou to meet me here at

o3clock2 not half past.

51

(.

Will someone send me the details-

8.

We shall send you the goods as soon as they are available.

9.

$omeone must teach that bo a lessonL

:.

We must give slum-clearance priority over the building of ne% properties.

52

REPORTED SPEECH
. Turn into Beported $peech I $ean saidIY # have no idea %here # put my glasses and # simply can=t read this prescription. X His sister saidIY # kno% you are going to the s%imming pool 2not to the library. X The librarian saidIY @ou may take these books home2 but you %ill have to bring them back tomorro%.Y # said angrilyI X # gave you the type0%riter three days ago2 but you have not brought it back yet and # need it today.Y e) My friend saidI Y# shall be a%ay for a %eek. Take care of my cat2 please.Y a) b) c) d) a) b) c) d) e) Turn into Beported $peechI The reporter asked himI X%hat is your name 2 ho% old are you and %here do you live-Y $he saidIY Tell me 2%ill you move house by the end of the month or %ill you still stay in this flat until %inter is over-Y Mother asked JimIY What %ill you give your sister on her birthday-Y 'aul asked his friendIY 1id you see GTitanic =yesterday-Y # asked )atherI YWill you come to my recital ne4t $aturday-Y

&.

(. Turn into 1irect $peechI a) b) c) d) e) .lice asked her friend %hat she %as doing there so early. .nne told 'aul that she %ould pay him a visit the ne4t day. He asked me if # remembered Jack. $he asked me if # had seen the ne% theatre. $he told me that she thought that she had heard me speaking on the radio a month before. <

I. "rite these reported statements in direct speech: . He said it %as rainingZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ & .$he said she liked %atching televisionZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ.. (. He asked %ho her name %as. ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ.. 8. $he said she hadn=t understood the 7uestionZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ 9. $he asked him if he %ould %alk the dog the ne4t dayZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ. #. $he said she didn=t have any moneyZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ. ;. He said he %ould leave earlyZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ ". He said he=d spoken to his mom the %eek before. ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, -. $he asked him ho% he had done thatZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ *. He said he had called her that morningZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ 53

$$. %e&rite the follo&ing sentences in reported speech and translate: (#) . YJill has broken my computerLY Thomas said. ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ..ZZZZ &. XTracy has been studying here all dayY2 he said. ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ..ZZZZZZ (.YJames %ill make dinner tomorro%Y2 she said. ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ.ZZZZZZ. 8.Y# broke my nose last %eekY2 Helen said. ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ... 9. XHe likes horror filmsY2 she said. ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ.. :.Y#=m celebrating my birthday this $aturdayY2 /reg said. ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ. ;.Y'ut all your things in the closetLY2 mother told .lison. ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ. ". X#=ll go to the doctor ne4t %eekY2 'aul said. ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ. !. XHave you seen this film-Y2 .nn asked her friend. ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ *. G1on=t speak so loudly in the classLY. the teacher told the students. ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ (##) . Y# ordered a pi,,a for dinner ten minutes agoLY Tom said. ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ..ZZZZ &. XThis is the best holiday # have ever hadY2 he said. ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ..ZZZZZZ (.YWhy do you say this to me- she asked him. ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ.ZZZZZZ. 8.Y1on=t speak to your brother like thatY mother said to her son. ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ... 54

9. XThe ne% guests %ill arrive tomorro%Y2 she said. ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ.. :.Y# had an argument %ith Mark yesterdayY2 /reg said. ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ. ;.Y'ut all your things in the closetLY2 mother told .lison. ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ. ". X#=ll go to the doctor ne4t %eekY2 'aul said. ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ. !. XJack %as playing in the garden yesterdayY2 .nn said. ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ *. GWhere is the post0office- the old man asked $ara. ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ

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