OBLIGATIONS AND CONTRACTS Case Syllabus By: Atty. Lielanie C. Yangyang-Espejo, C.P.A. ARTICLE 1106. Miguel vs. Catalina (G.R. No.

L-23072) Agra Et. Al. vs. PNB (G.R. No. 133317, June 29, 1999) ARTICLE 1157. Navales vs. Rias (G.R. No. L-3489, September 7, 1907) Virata vs. Ochoa (G.R. No. L-46179, January 31, 1978) Hospicio De San Jose De Barili Cebu City vs. Department of Agrarian Reform (G.R. No. 140847, September 23, 2005) People of the Philippines vs. Paniterce (G.R. No. 186382, April 5, 2010) ARTICLE 1158. Serrano vs. Central Bank of the Philippines (G.R. No. L30511, February 14, 1980) Santos vs. CA (128 SCRA 428) The Office of the Solicitor General vs. Ayala Land Incorporated, et. al. (G.R. No. 177056, September 18, 2009) ARTICLE 1159. Spouses Inocencio vs. Court of Appeals (G.R. No. 121810, December 7, 2001) William Golangco Construction Corporation vs. Philippine Commercial International Bank (G.R. No. 142830, March 24, 2006) Metropolitan Bank and Trust Company vs. Mariñas (G.R. No. 179105; 26 July 2010) Philippine Charter Insurance Corporation vs. Philippine National Construction Corporation (G.R. No. 185066, October 2, 2009) Delos Reyes vs. Alejado (16Phil.499 Molina vs. de la Riva (6 Phil. 12) ARTICLE 1161. Maniago vs. CA (253 SCRA) San Ildefonso Lines (289 SCRA) Joaquin, et al. vs. Aniceto (G.R. No. L-18719, October 31, 1964) Pacis vs. Morales (G.R. 169467, February 25, 2010) ARTICLE 1162. Picart vs. Smith, 37 Phil 809 BPI Express Credit Card vs. CA 496 SCRA 260 Urbano vs. IAC, 157 SCRA 1 Rodriguez vs. Manila Railroad Company (G.R. No. L-15688, November 19, 1921) ARTICLE 1163. Ongsiako vs. IAC Bishop of Jaro vs. De la Peña (26 Phil 144) ARTICLE 1164. Norkis vs. CA (193 SCRA 694)

Cruzado vs. Bustos and Escaler (34 Phil 17) Nielson and Co., Inc. vs. Lepanto Consolidated Mining Co. (125 Phil 204) Equatorial Realty Development, Inc. vs. Mayfair Theater, Inc., (G.R. No. 133879, November 21, 2001) Gonzalez vs. Haberer (G.R. No. L-22604, February 3, 1925) ARTICLE 1165. Gutierrez Rapide vs. Alzelius (39 Phil 190) Central Bank vs. CA (139 SCRA 46) Vda. De Lacson vs. Diaz (87 Phil 150) Bunge Corporation and Universal Commercial Agencies vs. Elena Camenforte and Company (G.R. No. L-4440, August 29, 1952) Jimmy Co vs. Court of Appeals and Broadway Motor Sales Corporation (G.R. No. 124922 June 22, 1998) Equatorial Realty Development, Inc. & Carmelo & Bauermann, Inc. vs. Mayfair Theater, Inc. (G.R. No. 106063, November 21, 1996) ARTICLE 1167. Chaves vs. Gonzales (32 SCRA 547) Tanguilig vs. Court of Appeals (G.R. No. 117190, January 2, 1997) ARTICLE 1168. Fajardo, Jr. vs. Freedom to Build, Inc.(G.R. No. 134692, August 1, 2000) ARTICLE 1169. La Compania General de Tobacos de Filipina vs. Araza (February 9, 1907) Dela Rosa vs. Bank of P.I. (51 Phil 926) Rodriguez vs. Belgica (111 Phil 200) Veloso vs. Fontanosa Central Bank vs. CA (139 SCRA 46) Price Stabilization, Inc. vs. Relloraza (97 Phil 153) Trans-Asia Shipping Lines, Inc. vs. Court of Appeals (G.R. No. 118126, March 4, 1996) PAL vs. Court of Appeals (GR L-46558, 31 July 1981) Diño vs. Jardines (G.R. No. 145871, January 31, 2006) Rodriguez vs. Caoibes (G.R. No. 34147, September 24, 1935) Tanguilig vs. Court of Appeals (G.R. No. 117190, January 2, 1997) Santos Ventura Hocorma Foundation, Inc. vs. Santos (G.R. No. 153004, November 5, 2004) The President of Philippine Deposit Insurance Corporation As Liquidator Of Pacific Banking Corporation vs. Hon. Wilfredo D. Reyes (G.R. No. 154973, June 21, 2005) Vazquez vs. Ayala Corporation (G.R. No. 149734, November 19, 2004) ARTICLE 1170. Ledesma vs. CA (160 SCRA 449) Lee vs. De Guzman (G.R. No. 90926 July 6, 1990) Lopez vs. Pan Am (16 SCRA 431)

No. vs. 142943. No.R. Inc. 2011 ARTICLE 1175. Court of Appeals and Encarnacion Valdes-Choy (G. No. 103577. De Mistica vs. Inc. Manila Electric Company (MERALCO) (G. May 17. No. Court of Appeals (G. 1998) ARTICLE 1182. CA (175 SCRA 656) . 2003) Trade & Investment Development Corporation of the Philippines vs.R.R. December 14. vs. and Dev. Roblett Industrial Construction Corporation (G. Paredes (March 17. 96505. February 17. 119255. R. October 7. Belo (G. Talisay (52 Phil 440) Valdez vs. No. RCPI vs. vs. March 18. No.R.R. Court of Appeals (G. No. 94761. 2007) RCPI vs. Inc. Ley Const. 102316. 2000) Tan vs.R. 2006) ARTICLE 1176. 140715. December 8.R. No. Court of Appeals (G. No. Navidad (G. CA (205 SCRA 729) Picart vs. 2001) Philippine Airlines. 137873. Chua vs.R.R. May 8. April 27.R. No. vs. 125678. Court of Appeals (G. 2009) Solidbank Corporation/ Metropolitan Bank and Trust Company vs. Spouses Naguiat [G. 137909.R. 1996) ARTICLE 1191. 119255. Court of Appeals and Encarnacion Valdes-Choy (G. October 7. No. 1961) Rizal Commercial Banking Corporation vs. vs.R. 2005) Savellano. April 9. May 19. Court of Appeals (G. Court of Appeals (G. Court Of Appeals and JULITA TRINOS (G. 167346. 1999) ARTICLE 1181. 2003) Coronel vs. 125585. Del Castillo Vda. January 26. 2010) ARTICLE 1177.R. Medel vs. September 24. October 7. 124221. 129760. Consunji. May 29. Corp vs Philippines Realty and Holding Corp. 140715. Medialdea (121 SCRA 418) Meralco vs. Court of Appeals (G. 2005) Nancy Go and Alex Go. April 2.Magat vs.R.R.R. Medina (G. No. Manila Trading & Supply Co. February 6. 2000) Samar II Electric Cooperative. vs. al. vs.R.. 162467. No. No. Siguan vs. vs.R.R. Court of Appeals (G. June 08. 146224.et.R. No. Court of Appeals (G.R. 2004) Coronel vs. 2003) Light Rail Transit Authority & Rodolfo Roman vs. CA (143 SCRA 657) PSBA vs. Spouses Tan (G. No. No. No. Delos Angeles Froilan vs. Inc. Air France vs. 103577. Court of Appeals (G. 2006) Real vs. April 9. 1993) Magat. 146942. November 19. vs. Court of Appeals (G. CA (March 29. Jr. No.R. Genato (G. NO. 1997) YHT Realty Corporation vs. Quijano (G. June 13. 126780. Buenaventura (G.R.R. RFC (103 Phil 444) Labayan vs. Phoenix Assurance Company of New York/Mcgee & Co. No. No.R. 164349. 2001) Padilla vs. vs.. 1999] ARTICLE 1186. 167879. Court of Appeals (G. 1996) Philippine Airlines. Court of Appeals (G.R. July 1. CA (299 SCRA 481) Ruiz vs. Inc. 97347. No. Interphil (148 SCRA 635) Angeles vs. Court of Appeals (G. Inc. 2006) Spouses Quisumbing vs. December 11. Inc. Verchez (G. L-16477. 1997) Heirs of Eduardo Manlapat vs. CA (G. 103577. August 4. (RCPI) vs. 2004) Valdez vs. Northwest Airlines (G. No. 1998) Radio Communications of the Philippines. 123672. 2003) Philamcare Health Systems.R. Mangaldan Rural Bank.R. 127473. No. October 6. 2007) Philippine Realty Holding Corp. Pan Oriental Shipping Boysaw vs. 1996) ARTICLE 1187. 1996) D. 119706. CA (July 6. July 8.R. No. 2005) Coronel vs. Court of Appeals (G. No. No. and Baltazar Dacula vs. No. 144474. July 6. vs. Mindanao Terminal And Brokerage Service. No. 2002) ARTICLE 1173. 2003) Carrascoso.R./Ley Cons and Dev.R. September 24. Jr. no. No. No.R. Verchez (G. G. 164349. No. 1993) Valenzuela Hardwood and Industrial Supply Inc.R. No. Valencia vs. No.R. Lim (G. January 31. March 14. 2003] Ong v. 134685. April 22. CA (157 SCRA 243) Maersk Line vs. Smith (37 Phil 813) PCIB vs.R. 119121 August 14.R. CA (236 SCRA 643) Jaime Ong vs. Calasanz (135 SCRA 323) Velarde vs.R. Inc. June 30. 1999) UP vs. (G. vs.M. CA (July 11. 2003) Legaspi Oil Co. CA [G. Chua vs. April 3. December 29. Yubido vs. No. 114791. 1997) National Power Corporation vs. 145804. Corp. Inc. No. 2002) ARTICLE 1172. Areola vs. Court of Appeals (G. 165548/G. vs. 176479. Court of Appeals (G. Carrascoso (18 SCRA 155) Bautista vs. 1996) Cheng vs.R. April 20. 139290. May 31. 2007) ARTICLE 1174. 151783. January 31. No. CA (Oct 17.

Management & Development Corporation (G. (92 Phil 110) Compania General de Tabacos vs. LL and Company Development and Agro-Industrial Corporation vs. CA (G. January 15. De Castro vs. Manaois (106 Phil 1015) F. CA (232 SCRA 307) ARTICLE 1242. No.R. 137909. Inc. Agoncillo vs. Massive Construction vs. Javier (30 Phil 124) ARTICLE 1203. CA (139 SCRA 46) ARTICLE 1193.S. CA (G. 2003) Del Castillo Vda. Cebu vs. De Mistica vs. Palma (49 Phil 7) Rivera vs. 2003) Central Bank vs. Culaba vs. 1997) Ace-Agro Development Corporation vs. 1992) Tayag vs. (G.R. Huang Chao Chun and Yang Tung Fa (G. No. Spouses Naguiat (G. Valencia (G. 2004) Uraca vs. No.R. vs. 164748. 144934.R. 125862. 127206.R. Divinagracia Agro-Commercial Inc. (G. Dimaporo (107 SCRA 266) Central Bank vs. April 15. Araza (7 Phil 455) ARTICLE 1196. February 6.. 2005) Korea Exchange Bank vs. Honrado. CA (March 3.R. CA (173 SCRA 102) Cosmic Lumber Company. 1960) Pacific Banking vs. Casa Montessori Internationale and Leonardo T. Nos. No. CA (June 20. CA (G. 1961) ARTICLE 1200. No.. November 25. San Francisco del Monte. Carrion (March 30. May 28. Lambert vs. BPI vs. Hon. vs. 2004) ARTICLE 1235. September 12. Masada Security Agency. CA and RCBC ARTICLE 1251. Berg vs. J.R. No. April 21. Dominion Insurance Corporation vs. vs. 152346. De Umali vs. 2005) Manila International Airport Authority (MIAA) vs. No.R. 163448. (154 SCRA 738. March 20.R.R. Asia Pacific Finance Corporation. 163075.M. American Biscuit Co. January 27.. 2003) Cordero vs. CA (October 12. April 15. October 31. 2002) ARTICLE 1197 Deudor vs. Inc. NLRC (331 SCRA 640) ARTICLE 1207. 167213. No. 115158. vs. 1987) ARTICLE 1226. Inc. Del Rosario (G. CA (164 SCRA 339) ARTICLE 1231. Pineda (197 SCRA 1) Caltex vs.R. Bañas vs. March 08. 2006) ARTICLE 1198 Gaite vs. October 18. vs. IAC (November 13. Fonacier (G. Heirs of Rufino Dulay. Magdalena Estate. L-47350. CA (198 SCRA 326) Perez vs.R. vs. Rogelio C. 142286-87. Gonzales (G. CA (175 SCRA 142) Rios vs. 2002) ARTICLE 1236. 1996) Tibajia vs. CA (138 SCRA 536) ARTICLE 1228. Benito Tumamao vs. Panganiban vs.R. PNB vs. 2000) Siy vs. Yabut (G. CA (223 SCRA 163) Papa vs.R.R. 115838. CA (139 SCRA 46) Palma Gil vs. No. Miailhe (88 Phil 637) ARTICLE 1206. 1988) Serra vs. NAWASA (May 3. . 1997) Fabrigas vs. No. October 23. (2 SCRA 129) Calero vs. March 7. January 23. 105188. (G.R. Fox (26 Phil 588) ARTICLE 1229. No. 2006) Ayala Life Assurance.R.R. 2004) Almira vs. 2005) Bank of the Philippine Islands vs. 2002) ARTICLE 1240.R. L-11827. 142378. Cuevas (7 Phil 477) ARTICLE 1245. Inc. No.R. No. No. Inimaco vs. CA (G. 129919. July 18.R.R. Inc. Inc. S. F. Inc.Vda. Filipino Pipe vs. CA (223 SCRA 1) Grace Park Engineering Co.CA (G. No. Operators Inc. February 13. Sr. No. 1999) Mandarin Villa vs. ALA Industries Corporation (G. 1998) ARTICLE 1250. CA (G. 1981) The Secretary of Education and Dr. Jison vs. September 5. No. No. vs. No. Jr. Legarda vs. 115966. 1993) ARTICLE 1249. Tuason & Co. 128703. No. 147349. No. 119729. (G. December 11. Gutierrez (53 SCRA 149) ARTICLE 1211. January 23. 2004) National Food Authority (NFA). July 31. Court of Appeals (G. January 21. 149454. CA (G. Ray Burton Development Corporation (G. 2006) ARTICLE 1192.

PNB (42 Phil 182) Associated Bank vs. Gaw vs. CA (October 19. CA (196 SCRA 795) Martinez vs. IAC (163 SCRA 296) ARTICLE 1292. Bank vs. Gilchrist vs. Dizon vs. vs. 1986) ARTICLE 1357. Burke (46 Phil 217) Batañgan vs. Vda. Espina vs. vs. August 17. CA (223 SCRA 163) Tayag vs. 1999) De Mesa vs. March 5. Rigos (45 SCRA 368) ARTICLE 1326. CA (August 20. Inc. Ong (October 8. Ng Fat ARTICLE 1253. CA (334 SCRA 186) Elsa Reyes vs.) ARTICLE 1311. IAC (220 SCRA 405) ARTICLE 1304. CA (291 SCRA 513) ARTICLE 1314. vs. 1985) Velez vs. Inc. Inter. Trans-Pacific Industrial Supplies. L-40424. Pilar Development Corp. Rodriguez (18 SCRA 967) ARTICLE 1256. June 30. Inc. Torres vs. Victor Yam Yet Lent vs. vs. De Espiritu vs. Apacionado (316 SCRA 688) . 1996) Integrated Packing Corp. Ong vs. vs. Veloso (31 Phil 160) ARTICLE 1345. Trinidad (67 Phil 682) ARTICLE 1356. Magdalena Estates. Cebu vs. Royal Lines. CA (333 SCRA 684) Litonjua vs. Caddy ARTICLE 1315. CA (329 SCRA 666) Everett Steamship Corporation vs. CA (320 SCRA 428) ARTICLE 1318. IAC (162 SCRA 753) ARTICLE 1279. CA (October 12.R. CA (333 SCRA 170) DKC Holdings vs. CA (219 SCRA 480. Dizon vs. No. Corp. CA (G. Ramas (40 Phil 787) ARTICLE 1351. Francia vs. September 5. Cenido vs. Songco vs. CA Manalac vs. June 20. Gimedez vs. Tibajia vs.R. CA (240 SCRA 565) Jardine Davis vs. Quasha (318 SCRA 370) ARTICLE 1350. Grijaldo (15 SCRA 681) ARTICLE 1270. Inc. 1999) ARTICLE 1261.Ramos vs. 112796. Inc. Cavives (25 Phil 581) ARTICLE 1293. CA (G. (312 SCRA 611. 1980. vs. Arias (43 Phil 270) ARTICLE 1324. CA (October 24. Republic vs. L & R Corporation Sanchez vs. Adelfa Properties. 1993) Velez vs. CA (316 SCRA 340) ARTICLE 1307. 95252. Gaborro (83 SCRA 688) Corpus vs. CA (November 4. 1999) Young vs. CA (102 Phil 577) Gonzales vs. March 3. Liguez vs. 1998) Rosenstock vs. 1978) ARTICLE 1319. CA (February 11. Lagazo vs. CA (G. CA ARTICLE 1278. Cojuangco (78 Phil 481) Laudico vs. CA (333 SCRA 684) ARTICLE 1340. CFI of Cavite (47 SCRA 354) ARTICLE 1358. Jardine Davis vs. 1999) Manila Fashion vs. Seliner (37 Phil 254) ARTICLE 1342. 1997) Mandarin Villa. vs. Azarraga vs. PINCC vs. No. CA (247 SCRA 538. Blanco vs. No. 1994) ARTICLE 1263. La Vista Association. Hill vs. 1996) Bautista vs. Caboro (June 22. Avelino (127 SCRA 602) ARTICLE 1258.R. Inc.CA (297 SCRA 496) Kauffman vs. Gay (52 Phil 599) ARTICLE 1341. NLRC ( ARTICLE 1271.

116635. Vda. (36 Phil 960) Fielmen’s Insurance Co. CA (317 SCRA 696) ARTICLE 1416. Guiang vs. CA (319 SCRA 200) Sy Guan vs. Development Corp.R. July 24. Nos. Spouses Lim (G. Inc. China Banking vs. Metropolitan Bank vs. Ochoa (103 Phil 950) ARTICLE 1434. March 27. Hernaez vs. Nilo vs. Government of the Phils. July 24. February 1. No. 116635. CA (297 SCRA 287) Fuentes vs. Chua (G. (239 SCRA 126) Ong vs. 1997) Rongavilla vs.R. (1 Phil 63) ARTICLE 1376. Adorable vs. (G. Ong Chua vs.R.R. Wolfson vs. Medina vs. (40 Phil 674) ARTICLE 1362. Rojas (30 Phil 602) Dumasug vs. MWSS vs. CA (299 SCRA 141) ARTICLE 1387. 2005) ARTICLE 1422. No. Bank of P.R. 1999) ARTICLE 1383. Perez Pastor (38 Phil 785) Abaya vs. Nool vs. vs.. Gomez (50 Phil 810) ARTICLE 1439. (76 SCRA 543) ARTICLE 1409. Sim and Co. CA (July 6. CA (129 SCRA 645) ARTICLE 1375.R. 2010) ARTICLE 1412. Inc. Donaldson. Tuason and Co. 2001) BF Corporation vs. Adil (130 SCRA 406) ARTICLE 1410. German and Co. Lim (318 SCRA) Ocampo vs. September 30. Leanda ARTICLE 1381. vs. CA (G. Municipality of Cavite vs. CA (96 SCRA 342) ARTICLE 1398. 1998) Cruz vs. Law Union and Rock Insurance Co. De Villa Abrille (105 Phil 456) Development Bank vs.ARTICLE 1359. Goldenrod vs. Muñoz (12 Phil 328) ARTICLE 1437. Nool vs. Rosencor Development Corp. vs. Carr (53 Phil 975) ARTICLE 1374.R. Roldan (99 Phil 393) ARTICLE 1403. Inc. 150773 & 153599. Inquing (March 8. vs.I. Enriquez. Jayme vs. No. Estate of Martinez (20 Phil 340) Braganza vs. Bundalian vs. CA (291 SCRA 383) Cavite Development Bank and Far East Bank and Trust Company vs. 761 vs. CA (333 SCRA 212) Manila Lodge No. Kintanar. (47 Phil 795) ARTICLE 1377. Alampay (62 SCRA 131) ARTICLE 1361. No. (101 Phil 1210) ARTICLE 1397. 131679. vs. De Songco (25 SCRA 70) ARTICLE 1369. Yolanda Rosello-Bentir vs. July 25. Modelo (34 Phil 252) Philippine Trust Co. Earth Minerals Exploration. CA (G. 178902. Llacer vs. CA (March 7. 49634-36. Sadorra (64 SCRA 310) Alpuerto vs. vs. CA (73 SCRA 162) Lopez vs. No. 120105. Macaraig. Romero (1 SCRA 926) Amor Tierra . CA (294 SCRA 289) Marin vs. 1981) Ras vs.M. 2000) Bricktown Development Corp. Andreas vs. vs.. Sua (25 SCRA 153) ARTICLE 1420 Carpo vs. Hernaez (32 Phil 214) Cristobal vs. J. San Miguel Brewery vs. CA (233 SCRA 551) ARTICLE 1385. April 21. Roca (G. Jr. 2000) ARTICLE 1431. Derham Bros. No. 1997) Guiang vs. Jr. Cabaliw vs. CA (G.

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