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www.onlinemetals.com P: 800-704-2157 F: 206-285-7836 The OnlineMetals Guide to Stainless Steel OnlineMetals.com currently stocks eighteen (18!) grades of stainless steel in various shapes and sizes: 303 Stainless Steel (available in Hex, Rectangle, Round, Square) 304 Stainless Steel (available in Angle, BACKSPLASH, Foil, Hex, Perforated Sheet, Pipe, Plate, Rectangle, Rectangle Tube, Round, Sheet, Square, Square Tube, TILE, Tread Plate, Tube) (available in Angle, Foil, Hex, Pipe, Plate, Rectangle, Round, Sheet, Square, Square Tube, Tube) (available in Sheet) (available in Sheet) (available in Sheet) (available in Hex, Plate, Round, Sheet) (available in Hex, Plate, Round, Sheet) (available in Plate, Rectangle, Round, Sheet, Square) (available in Round) (available in Rectangle, Square) (available in Sheet, TRIM STRIP) (available in Rectangle, Round, Square) (available in Hex, Round, Sheet) (available in Plate, Rectangle, Round, Sheet) (available in Sheet)

316 Stainless Steel 301 Stainless Steel 302 Stainless Steel 310 Stainless Steel 321 Stainless Steel 347 Stainless Steel 410 Stainless Steel 416 Stainless Steel 420 Stainless Steel 430 Stainless Steel 440c Stainless Steel 15-5 Stainless Steel 17-4 Stainless Steel 17-7 Stainless Steel

Nitronic 50 Stainless Steel (available in Round) Nitronic 60 Stainless Steel (available in Round) 303 Stainless Steel T-303 is one of the 3 main alloys of commercially available stainless steel. It has mechanical properties that are comparable to both 304 and 316 stainless. The primary reason to use 303 is when you need a stainless steel with machining capabilites better than that of 304 and 316. It has roughly the same corrosion resistance as 304, but not as good as 316. The main drawback with the alloy is that it is not generally considered to be weldable. This material is hardenable by cold work. 303 stainless steel (cold drawn annealed, room temperature) Minimum Properties Ultimate Tensile Strength, psi Yield Strength, psi Elongation Rockwell Hardness Chemistry Iron (Fe) Carbon (C) Chrome (Cr) Manganese (Mn) Molybdenum (Mo) Nickel (Ni) 89,900 34,800 50% B83 69% 0.15% max 18% 2% max 0.6% max 9%

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Phosphorus (P) Sulphur (S) Silicon (Si)

0.2% max 0.15% min 1% max

304 Stainless Steel T-304 is the most commonly used stainless in the world. You can find it in everything from forks and knives to backsplashes. It is weldable, machinable with the right techniques, and has good corrosion resistance, but is not for use in salt water environments. This material is hardenable by cold work. 304 Stainless Steel (annealed condition) Minimum Properties Ultimate Tensile Strength, psi Yield Strength, psi Elongation Rockwell Hardness Chemistry Iron (Fe) Carbon (C) Chrome (Cr) Manganese (Mn) Nickel (Ni) Phosphorus (P) Sulphur (S) Silicon (Si) 73,200 31,200 70% B70 66.5 - 74% 0.08% max 18 - 20% 2% max 8 - 10.5% 0.045% max 0.03% max 1% max

316 Stainless Steel Also known as marine-grade stainless steel, T-316 is similar in machinability and weldability to T-304, but has far superior corrosion resistance. It has a far higher yield strength than both 303 and 304, meaning that it will not bend as easily. This material is hardenable by cold work. 316 stainless steel (annealed condition) Minimum Properties Ultimate Tensile Strength, psi Yield Strength, psi Elongation Rockwell Hardness Chemistry Iron (Fe) Carbon (C) Chrome (Cr) Manganese (Mn) Molybdenum (Mo) Nickel (Ni) Phosphorus (P) Sulphur (S) Silicon (Si) 89,900 60,200 45% B91 65% 0.08% max 17% 2% 2.5% 12% 0.045% 0.03% min 1%

301 Stainless Steel There are a lot of stainless steel alloys. We're still trying to think of something interesting to write about this one This alloy is normally used for decorative or ornamental applications, as it has a bright surface finish. Its yield strength is comparable to T-304. This material is hardenable by cold work. 301 stainless steel Minimum Properties Ultimate Tensile Strength, psi 74,700 min

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(annealed condition)

Yield Strength, psi Elongation Rockwell Hardness

29,700 min 40% min B85 125,000 min 75,000 min 25% min C25 150,000 min 110,000 18% min C32 185,000 min 140,000 min 9% min C41 75% 0.15% max 16 - 18% 2% max 0.1% max 6 - 8% 0.045% max 0.03% max 0.75% max

Minimum Properties (1/4 hard condition)

Ultimate Tensile Strength, psi Yield Strength, psi Elongation Rockwell Hardness

Minimum Properties (1/2 hard condition)

Ultimate Tensile Strength, psi Yield Strength, psi Elongation Rockwell Hardness

Minimum Properties (full hard condition)

Ultimate Tensile Strength, psi Yield Strength, psi Elongation Rockwell Hardness

Chemistry

Iron (Fe) Carbon (C) Chrome (Cr) Manganese (Mn) Nitrogen (N) Nickel (Ni) Phosphorus (P) Sulphur (S) Silicon (Si)

302 Stainless Steel Under normal circumstances T-304 can be dual-certified as T-302 because the standards overlap. T-302 has better corrosion resistance than T-301. This material is hardenable by cold work. 302 Stainless Steel (annealed condition) Minimum Properties Ultimate Tensile Strength, psi Yield Strength, psi Elongation Rockwell Hardness Chemistry Iron (Fe) Carbon (C) Chrome (Cr) Manganese (Mn) Nickel (Ni) Phosphorus (P) Sulphur (S) Silicon (Si) 89,900 39,900 55% B85 70% 0.15% max 18% 2% max 9% 0.045% max 0.03% max 1% max

310 Stainless Steel This alloy of stainless is chosen primarily for its high resistance to scaling at temperatures up to 2000 F. This material is hardenable by cold work. 310 Stainless Steel (annealed condition) Minimum Properties Ultimate Tensile Strength, psi 89,900

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Yield Strength, psi Elongation Rockwell Hardness Chemistry Iron (Fe) Carbon (C) Chrome (Cr) Manganese (Mn) Nickel (Ni) Phosphorus (P) Sulphur (S) Silicon (Si)

45,000 45% B85 48 - 53% 0.25% 26% 2% 19 - 22% 0.045% max 0.03% 1.5%

321 Stainless Steel This material has similar properties to alloy 304, but its titanium content limits carbide precipitation, making it somewhat easier to machine. This material is hardenable by cold work. 321 Stainless Steel (annealed condition) Minimum Properties Ultimate Tensile Strength, psi Yield Strength, psi Elongation Rockwell Hardness Chemistry Iron (Fe) Carbon (C) Chrome (Cr) Manganese (Mn) Nickel (Ni) Phosphorus (P) Sulphur (S) Silicon (Si) Titanium (Ti) 89,900 34,800 45% B80 68% 0.08% 18% 2% 11% 0.045% max 0.03% 1% 0.15%

347 Stainless Steel Like T-321 stainless, T-347 is comparable to to T-304, with limits on carbide precipitation provided by the addition of Niobium and Tantalum. Yes, Niobium and Tantalum. Who the heck thinks of these things? Then again, we shouldn't be ones to talk. We came up with this crazy idea for a metals service center, then went and built it. Oh, by the way, this material is hardenable by cold work. 347 Stainless Steel (annealed condition) Minimum Properties Ultimate Tensile Strength, psi Yield Strength, psi Elongation Rockwell Hardness Chemistry Iron (Fe) Carbon (C) Chrome (Cr) Manganese (Mn) Nickel (Ni) Niobium (Nb) + Tantalum (Ta) Phosphorus (P) 95,000 39,900 45% B85 68% 0.08% max 17% 2% 11% 0.8% 0.045% max

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Sulphur (S) Silicon (Si) 410 Stainless Steel This material is hardenable by heat treatment. 410 Stainless Steel (annealed condition) Minimum Properties Ultimate Tensile Strength, psi Yield Strength, psi Elongation Rockwell Hardness Chemistry Iron (Fe) Carbon (C) Chrome (Cr) Manganese (Mn) Phosphorus (P) Sulphur (S)

0.03% 1%

65,000 30,000 20 - 34% B82 86% 0.15% max 12.5% 1% max 0.04% max 0.03%

416 Stainless Steel This material is hardenable by heat treatment. The addition of Silicon makes for easier machining. 416 Stainless Steel (annealed condition) Minimum Properties Ultimate Tensile Strength, psi Yield Strength, psi Elongation Rockwell Hardness Chemistry Iron (Fe) Carbon (C) Chrome (Cr) Manganese (Mn) Molybdenum (Mo) Phosphorus (P) Sulphur (S) Silicon (Si) 74,700 39,900 30% B82 84% 0.15% max 13% 1.25% max 0.6% max 0.06% max 0.15% min 1% max

420 Stainless Steel Hardenable stainless steel which can be hardened to approximately Rockwell C50. 420 Stainless Steel (annealed condition) Minimum Properties Ultimate Tensile Strength, psi Yield Strength, psi Elongation Brinell Hardness Chemistry Iron (Fe) Carbon (C) Chrome (Cr) Manganese (Mn) Phosphorus (P) Sulphur (S) 95,000 50,000 25% 241 84% 0.15% min 12 - 14% 1% 0.04% max 0.03%

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430 Stainless Steel This is one of the few magnetic grades of stainless steel. Its corrosion resistance is less than the more common alloys of 303 and 304. In addition, welding this material is possible, but the welds are not suitable for applications with constant stress or strain on them. This material is not hardenable by heat treatment or by cold work. 430 Stainless Steel (annealed condition) Minimum Properties Ultimate Tensile Strength, psi Yield Strength, psi Elongation Rockwell Hardness Chemistry Iron (Fe) Carbon (C) Chrome (Cr) Manganese (Mn) Phosphorus (P) Sulphur (S) Silicon (Si) 75,000 50,000 25% B85 87% 0.12% max 11% 1% max 0.04% max 0.03% max 1% max

440c Stainless Steel A high carbon type of stainless, this is the alloy most often used for knife-making. Can be heat treated for high strength and hardness. Greater abrasion and wear resistance for use in bearing and bushing applications. Corrosion resistant only in the hardened condition. 430 Stainless Steel (annealed condition) Minimum Properties Ultimate Tensile Strength, psi Yield Strength, psi Elongation Rockwell Hardness Chemistry Iron (Fe) Carbon (C) Chrome (Cr) Manganese (Mn) Phosphorus (P) Sulphur (S) Silicon (Si) 75,000 50,000 25% B85 87% 0.12% max 11% 1% max 0.04% max 0.03% max 1% max

15-5 Stainless Steel Also known as a PH, or precipitation-hardening, grade of stainless, this alloy is used a great deal in the aircraft industry in part due to its strength, and also because there are a wide range of heat treatments to choose from to reach a specified hardness or other properties. 15-5 PH Stainless Steel Condition A (annealed) Minimum Properties Ultimate Tensile Strength, psi Yield Strength, psi Elongation Rockwell Hardness Chemistry Iron (Fe) Carbon (C) Chrome (Cr) 161,000 140,000 7.6% C35 71.91 - 79.85% 0.07% max 14 - 15.5%

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Manganese (Mn) Niobium (Nb) + Tantalum (Ta) Nickel (Ni) Phosphorus (P) Sulphur (S) Silicon (Si)

1% max 0.15 - 0.45% max 3.5 - 5.5% 0.04% max 0.03% min 1% max

17-4 Stainless Steel Also known as a PH, or precipitation-hardening, grade of stainless, this alloy is used a great deal in the aircraft industry in part due to its strength, and also because there are a wide range of heat treatments to choose from to reach a specified hardness or other properties. This alloy is very similar to 15-5 except that 17-4 tends to have more ferrite, and is slightly more magnetic. 17-4 PH Stainless Steel Condition A (annealed) Minimum Properties Ultimate Tensile Strength, psi Yield Strength, psi Elongation Rockwell Hardness Chemistry Iron (Fe) Carbon (C) Chrome (Cr) Manganese (Mn) Niobium (Nb) + Tantalum (Ta) Nickel (Ni) Phosphorus (P) Sulphur (S) Silicon (Si) 160,000 145,000 5% C35 69.91 - 78.85% 0.07% max 15 - 17.5% 1% max 0.15 - 0.45% max 3 - 5% 0.04% max 0.03% min 1% max

17-7 Stainless Steel Also known as a PH, or precipitation-hardening, grade of stainless, this alloy is used a great deal in the aircraft industry in part due to its strength, and also because there are a wide range of heat treatments to choose from to reach a specified hardness or other properties. 17-7 has exceptionally high strength and hardness, as well as the corrosion resistance normally associated with stainless. It is one of the more formable of the PH grades. 17-7 PH Stainless Steel Condition A (annealed) Minimum Properties Ultimate Tensile Strength, psi Yield Strength, psi Elongation Rockwell Hardness Chemistry Iron (Fe) Carbon (C) Chrome (Cr) Aluminum (Al) Manganese (Mn) Nickel (Ni) Phosphorus (P) Sulphur (S) Silicon (Si) Nitronic 50 Stainless 130,000 40,000 35% B85 70.59 - 76.75% 0.09% max 16 - 18% 0.75 - 1.5% max 1% max 6.5 - 7.75% 0.04% max 0.03% min 1% max

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This specialized alloy has better corrosion resistance than alloy 316, but twice the strength of that alloy. It can be hardened by cold working, but unlike most 300 series alloys, it does not become magnetic when cold-worked. Nitronic 50 Stainless Steel (annealed condition) Minimum Properties Ultimate Tensile Strength, psi Yield Strength, psi Elongation Rockwell Hardness Chemistry Iron (Fe) Chrome (Cr) Manganese (Mn) Molybdenum (Mo) Nitrogen (N) Nickel (Ni) Silicon (Si) 116,000 57,000 47% B91 58% 22% 5% 2.25% 0.3% 12.5% 1% max

Nitronic 60 Stainless There are a lot of stainless steel alloys. We're still trying to think of something interesting to write about this one. Nitronic 60 has a corrosion resistance somewhere between T-304 and T-316, but with roughly twice the strength of those materials. Nitronic 60 Stainless Steel (annealed condition) Minimum Properties Ultimate Tensile Strength, psi Yield Strength, psi Elongation Rockwell Hardness Chemistry Iron (Fe) Chrome (Cr) Manganese (Mn) Nitrogen (N) Nickel (Ni) Silicon (Si) 103,000 60,000 64% B95 62% 17% 8% 0.14% 8.5% 4% max

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Mailing Address Phone-in Orders Welcome! E-mail 1138 West Ewing Phone: (800) 704-2157 OR (206) 285-8603 sales@onlinemetals.com Contact Us | Will Call and Pickup Info Seattle, WA 98119 Fax: (800) 533-6350 OR (206) 285-7836 Since 1998, OnlineMetals.com has been the Web's dependable online metal store for small quantity metal orders including metal orders by phone and complete metal sales and support. OnlineMetals' wide selection of industrial metals includes aluminum, copper, brass, stainless steel, bronze, hot roll steel, cold roll steel, titanium, tool steels, invar, and most industrial plastics. OnlineMetals specializes in cut to length materials, so you buy only what you need, and there are no minimum orders. Same day UPS shipping for orders by noon.

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