EWSD

Digital Line Unit

1.1 Introduction The DLU is used as a digital concentrator for the connection of subscribers to the EWSD. Connectivity : Analog connectivity is for : • Main station lines with pulse dialing, pushbutton dialing, call charge display • Coinbox telephones • Small analog private branch exchanges with/without direct-inward-dialing Digital connectivity is for : • ISDN Basic Accesses • Small digital private branch exchanges • Connection of an access network (AN ) via V5.1 interface Connection capacity and expansion possibility of a DLU Depending on used module types and required traffic volume : • • • • up to approx. 900 analog subscriber lines or up to approx. 800 digital subscriber lines (ISDN BA) up to 32 V5.1 interfaces Misture of analog subscibers, digital subscribers and V5.1 interfaces in view of the fact that max. 120 calls can be held simultaneously

Expansion in small modular steps : • • • Each with an analog subscirber line module (SLMA for 16 subscribers) Each with an digital subscriber line module (SLMD for 16 subscribers) Each with a subscriber line module (SLMX) for two V5.1 interfaces with 32 subscribers each (access network-AN)

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

Analog 2 wire interface for a/b connection Analog subscribers Small PSTN P (A) BX Digital 2 wire interface for basic access (BA) Digital subscribers Small ISDN (A) BX 2 Mbit/s PDC V5.1 interface to the AN
a/b or U or

DLU Concentration of the subscriber accesses Analog/digital conversion for analog subscribers Modules SLM for the connection of - a/b interfaces (SLMA with 16 subscriber line circuits - SLCA) - U interfaces (SLMA with 16 subscriber line circuits - SLCD) - v5.1 interfaces (SLMA with two V5.1 interfaces)

V5.1 interfaces

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

Structure of the DLU interface to LTG : • • The DLU can be used locally in the exchange or remotely in the vicinity of the subscriber. All features are regardless of whether the DLU is operated locally or remotely. The DLU is connected to the LTG by a maximum of four primary digital carriers (PDC), whereas a DLU is linked with two LTG as a rule for reasons of availability. It is also possible to connect the local DLU to the LTG by two 4096 Kbps routes instead of four 2Mbps routes. Each of the max. 4 PDC offers 30 use channels (each 4 Mb/s interface offers 60 user channels) Each use channel can be used by any subscriber of the DLU Common channel signaling (CCS) :

• • •

Channel 16 in the first and third PDC is used for the transmission of control information messages between the DLU and the line/trunk groups (LTG). Here channel 16 on the first PDC transmits the control information messages for the 60 user channels to PDC 0 and 1, and channel 16 on the third PDC the control information messages for the user channels to PDC2 and 3. For the local DLU interface, channel 32 on both 4096-kbps connections is used for CCS. • The specific HW-type DLUV provides only one PDC per LTG, i.e. a maximum of 60 user channels.

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

Local application
CCS PDC0 & PDC1 DLU PDC2 & PDC3 LTG

Remote application
PDC0 PDC1 DLU PDC2 PDC3 CCS LTG CCS

CCS PDC0 PDC1

DLU

DLU

- 60 user channels - one CCS time slot between DLU control DLUC and LTG control GP - alternative. 1 x 4 Mbps for local DLU interface

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

1.2

Overview : DLU HW Types

Since the first issue of a DLU the frame and rack hardware was redesigned several times in order to optimize the DLU HW concerning the required size and the number of connected subscriber lines. DLU A : This is the oldest DLU HW type. It contains SLM modules with max. 8 subscriber circuits ( e.g. SLMA : COS or SLMDB ). One fully equipped DLU A is housed in one rack R : DLU. A maximum of 952 analog or 928 digital subscribers with a traffic volume of 0.1 ERL each can be connected to a DLU A. One DLU A can consist of: • • 1 frame F:DLU (A) 0,1,2 or 3 frames F:DLU(B) depending on the number and the traffic volume of the subscribers

DLU B : This is the DLU HW type currently used in most EWSD switches. It contains SLM modules with max. 16 subscriber circuits (e.g. SLMA:FPE or SLMD:QFB) or SLMX for connection of V5.1 interfaces. Two fully equipped DLU B are housed in one rack R:DLUB. A maximum of 1760 analog or 1536 digital subscribers with a traffic volume of 0.1 ERL each can be connected to a rack R:DLUB. One DLU B can consist of: • • 1 frame F:DLU(D) 0 or 1 frame F:DLU(E) depending on the number and the traffic volume of the subscribers (alternatively frame F:DLU(F) for less high construction )

DLU D (also called DLU B type D) : This is the latest DLU HW type. The main difference to the DLUB is a new more integrated solution for the central parts of the DLU. This offers mounting locations for 4 additional SLMA:FPE modules or for transmission technology to connect one or several remote DLU to EWSD. One DLU D can consist of : • • 1 frame F : DLU(G) 0 or 1 frame F:DLU(E) depending on the number and the traffic volume of the subscribers (alternatively frame F:DLU(F) for less high construction)

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

DLU V The new DLU type DLUV can be used as an alternative to SLMX in the standard DLU. Access networks can be connected to a DLUV exclusively by V5.1 interfaces (max. 10 *V5.1 per DLUV). The maximal 30 *10 subscribers are concentrated to up to 60 user channels. One DLUV consists of one module only. One frame F:DLUV(A) can containe up to 16 DLUV. This frame can be housed in LTGM or LTGN racks.

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

R:DLU for 952 analog or 928 ISDN subscriber lines

R:DLUB for 1760 analog or 1536 ISDN subscriber lines
up to 1536 ISDN subscriber lines

R:DLUD for 1904 analog or 1536 ISDN subscriber lines
up to 1536 ISDN subscriber lines

Fuse pencil
Shelf 0 F:DLU(A) Shelf 1

Fuse pencil Fuse pencil
Shelf 0 F:DLU(D) Shelf 1

Fuse pencil
Shelf 0 F:DLU(G) Shelf 1

Shelf 2 F:DLU(B) Shelf 3

Shelf 2 F:DLU(E) Shelf 3

Shelf 2 F:DLU(E) Shelf 3

Shelf 4 F:DLU(B) Shelf 5

Shelf 0 F:DLU(D) Shelf 1

Shelf 0 F:DLU(G) Shelf 1

Shelf 6 F:DLU(B) Shelf 7

Shelf 2 F:DLU(E) Shelf 3

Shelf 2 F:DLU(E) Shelf 3

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

DLU Shelter 400 : Shelters are metal enclosures which can be installed in the open air or in any room. One DLU Shelter 400 contains the following equipment : • • • • Basic frame of DLUB (368 analog subscribers) or DLUD (432 analog subscribers ) Transmission equipment Main distribution frame Standby battery

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

DLU Shelter 400 for up to 432 subscriber lines

Basic trame D (F:DLU(D) or G F:DLU(G)) Fan

Connector panel

-------------------DC distribution DC distribution --OFDC modem --------AC/DC converter (48 V/30 A) cable TV ODF SBS60 connector panel ---------------------------------------16 internal, 16 extermal SBS60 SBS60 SBS60 -------------------Fan

1.3

Hardware

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

1.31

Overview : Structure of DLUB

In functional terms, the DLUB is subdivided as follows : • Central functional units

The central functional units in the DLUB are duplicated and together form DLU systems 0 AND 1.A DLU system consists of : control for DLU (DLUC) digital interface unit for DLU (DIUD ) or alternatively digital interface unit for local DLU interface, module D (DIU:LDID) group clock generator for DLUB (GCG) bus distributor (BD) • Signal distribution

Communication with the central and peripheral functional units of the DLUD is realized by means of the bus distributors BD using the duplicated bus systems 0/1. The DLU bus systems consist of: 4096-kbps buses (speech/data buses) The 4096-hbps buses 0/1 transmit speech/data information between the SLM and the DIUD/LDI Control buses The control buses 0/1 carry control information, i.e. line signals and commands from the DLUC to the SLM, line signals and messages in the other direction. Collision detection buses The duplicated collision detection bus is used for control purposes when packetized*.25 data is transmitted over the D channel of the ISDN basic access. • Ringing and metering generators (optional ,required only for special SLMA types)

The RGB generates the required sinusoidal ringing voltages and the synchronizing ring pulse in the DLUB for analog subscriber line circuits with external ringing voltage.

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

The MGB provides the meter pulses for analog susbcriber line circuits with external metering voltage generation. • Peripheral functional units

subscriber line module, analog (SLMA), for connecting analog subscribers subscriber line module, digital (SLMD), for connecting ISDN subscribers V5.1 interface (SLMX) for connecting non-system hardware (Access network AN) The external alarm set module (ALEX) forwards external alarms (e.g., power supply failures ) to the network node. Stand-alone service control (SASC-E) controls during emergency service in the DLU call setup and release for analog and ISDN subscribers (single remote DLU or remote control unit (RCU) ) and enables DTMF dialing for push-button users. • Test equipment

The test unit (TU) can be used to perform tests and measurements of lines and line circuit modules. It is not needed in cases where exclusive use is made of the integrated line test function ILTF. The metallic test access (MTA) allows external line testing systems to access the analog lines connected to the DLUB.

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

DLU- System 0/1 BD SLMA SLMD BD0/2 belong to system 0 DLUC

to LTG

SLMX

DIUD/ LDID BD 1/3 belong to system 1 GCG

TU

SASC

ALEX

MGB

4006 Kbit/ s - Bus 0/1 Control Bus 0/1

RGB

1.32

Overview : Structure of DLUD

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

• Central Functions (DLU system) The central functions in the DLUD are implemented on functional unit DLUS (DLU system). The functional unit DLUS is duplicated and contains the following components: control for DLU (DLUC) digital interface unit for DLU (DIUD) or local DLU interface (LDI) group clock generator (GCG) bus distributor (BD) external alarm set (ALEX), only used in remote DLUD without extra ALEX module • Signal distribution Communication with the central and peripheral functional units of the DLUD is realized by means of the bus distributors BD using the duplicated bus systems 0/1.The DLU bus systems consist of: 4096-kbps buses (speech/data buses) The 4096-kbps buses 0/1 transmit speech/data information between the SLM and the DIUD/LDI Control buses The control buses 0/1 carry control infromation, i.e. line signals and comands from the DLUC to the SLM, line signals and messages in the other direction. Collision detection buses The duplicated collision detection bus is used for control purposes when packetized * .25 data is transmitted over the D channel of the ISDN basic access. • Ringing and metering generators (optional, required only for special SLMA types)

The RGB generates the required sinusoidal ringing voltages and the synchronizing ring pulse in the DLUB for analog subscriber line circuits with external ringign voltage. The MGB provides the meter pulses for analog subscriber line circuits with external metering voltage generation. • Test equipment

The tet unit (TU) can be used to perform tests and measurements of lines and line circuit modules. It is not needed in cases where exclusive use is made of the integrated line test function ILTE.

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

The metallic test access (MTA) allows external line testing systems to access the analog lines connected to the DLUD. • Transmission technology in the DLU (optional). It necessary, the DLUD can be equipped with transmission technology :

Optical Terminal Multiplexer for 16*2 Mbps (OMX 16D) Line/network termination for optical fiber, 2*2 Mbps (LTOD) Line/network termination for optical fiber, 2*2 Mbps (LTCD) • DLUV (optional) F:DLU(G) may contain DLUV modules as separate technical units. • Peripheral functions

subscriber line module, analog (SLMA), for connecting analog subscribers subscriber line module, digital (SLMD), for connecting ISDN subscribers V5.1 interface (SLMX) for connecting non-system hardware (Access network (AN)) Stand-alone service control SASC-E controls during emergency service in the DLU call setup and release for analog and ISDN subscribers (single remote DLU or remote control unit (RCU ) and enebles DTMF dialing for push-button users. The external alarmset module (ALEX) forwards external alarms (e.g., power supply failures ) to the network node.

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

OMX-16D DLU- System 0/1 SLMA BD DLUC BD0/2 belong to system 0 DIUD/ LDID BD 1/3 belong to system 1 GCG SASC MGB LTCD LTOD

SLMD

LTG

SLMX

TU

ALEX 4096 Kbit/ s - Bus 0/1 DLUV Control Bus 0/1

RGB

1.3.3

Functions of the different DLUB/DLUD Subunits

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

• Control for DLU (DLUC) The control for DLU (DLUC) controls internal DLU functional sequences and distributes or concentrates signaling flows to and from the line circuits. To ensure reliability and to increase through put, the DLU contains two DLUC. They work independently of each other in task-sharing mode, so that the second DLUC can take control of all tasks if the first fails. The DLUC is the point of departure for the DLU-internal control bus to the shelves. All functional units that incorporate their own microprocessor are accessed via this bus. The units are polled for messages to be sent and accessed directly for the transfer of commands and data. The DLUC also executes test and supervision routines and is thus able to detect errors. • Digital Interface Units Digital interface unit for DLU (DIUD): The DIUD has two interfaces for connecting two PCM30 (PCM24) highways or primary digital carriers (PDC). The PDC link the DLU with LTGB, LTGF(B), LTGG(B), LTGM(B) or LTGN(B); PCM24 is not used with LTGM(B).Balanced-pair or coaxial cables can be connected. Digital interface unit for local DLU interface, module D (DIU:LDID) :The DIU:LDID has one 4096-kbps interface for the connection of a locally deployed DLU to LTGF(B), LTGG(B), LTGM(B) or LTGN(B). Balanced-pair copper cable is used. When the DIU:LDID is employed, the contents of 60 speech/data channels and one CCS signaling link are carried over a single 4096-kbps highwy (instead of two PCM30 highways). The DIUD reads the control information from channel 16 of a PDC and forwards it to the DLUC. In the opposite direction, control information from the DLUC is inserted in channel 16 of the same PDC and sent to the LTG. In the cases of DIU:LDID, signaling is carried in channel 32. There is no need for conversion from 2048-kbps to 4096-kbps. In addition, the DIUD and DIU:LDID provide interfaces to the DLU-internal 4096-kbps bus for the shelves. This 4096-kbps bus is used to distribute speech/data information to the subscriber line modules (SLM) and to receive information from the SLM. A signal for synchronizing the clock generator is derived from the PDC’s line clock. To detect errors, the DIUD and DIUD:LDID execute test and supervision routines. When a remote DLU is operating in stand-alone mode (because all connections to both LTG have failed), the DIUD generates call progress tones (dial tone, ringing tone and busy tone). These tones are injected inot the 4096-kbps bus via the PDC interface. In stand-alone mode, the transmit and receive channels have a fixed setting (loopback of the speech/data channels). Stand-alone service is not provided for locally deployed DLU. In such cases, the DIU:LDID does not inject tones or loop back the channels.

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

• Group Clock Generator (GCG) The group clock generator (GCG) generates the 4096-khz system clock and the associated frame synchronization signal required for the DLU from the regenerated 2048-khz line clock timing of PDC0 or PDC2 and the frame alignment signal (FAS). Tp emsire dependability, the group clock generator is duplicated. The two GCG operate according to the master/slave principle. Normally, the clock generator designated as master is active, while the slave generator is in standby mode. The master clock genertor defines the timing signals for both DLU system. If the master clock generator fails, the system switches over to the slave generator, which then also defines the timing signals for both DLU systems. The clock generator can aslo be switched over by the operator (switch on the front panel of GCG1).

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

DLU 64 channels 1a 1b SLCA, SLCD 15a 15b ----17a 17b 4096 kbit/s bus 31a 31b

DIUD

PDC 32 channels (2048 kbit/s) FAS 1a 15a S 17a

LTG

DIU
31a

only for call progress tones during stand-along service and for tones used in the routine loop test CCS DLUC

FAS 1b

15b

17b

31b

CCS between LTG and

S
SLMCP, SAP Control bus (136 kbit/s, effective)

SDLUC over channel 16
Frame alignment FASsignal

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

• Signal Distribution in the DLU The bus distributor (BD) links the subscriber line modules (SLM) with the central functional units DLUC and DIUD or DIU:LDID in the DLU system. Each BD is assigned to one DLU system half as regards the control bus, 4096-kbps bus and collision detection bus. Central and peripheral functional units communicate over a duplicated bus sustem. Bus system 0 is used to transfer data in DLU system 0 with the aid of bus distributors BDO and BD2. Bus system 1 is used to transfer data is DLU system 1 with the aid of bus distributors BD1 and BD3. Each BD serves 32 SLM. Control buses The control buses carry control infromation, i.e. customer line signaling and commands from the DLUC to the SLM, customer line signals and messages in the other direction. The control buses operate at a bit rate of 187.5 kbps in both direction, with an effective data rate of about 136 kbps. Control buses 0 and 1 originate at DLUC0 and DLUC1 respectively. A DLUC has four interfaces (one for each possible shelf) at which the control lines to the BD in the shelves originate. After the BD, the control bus fans out in groups to the mounting locations for those functional units that contain mecroprocessors. Both control buses, 0 and 1, extend to every mounting location in the shelves, enabling the second bus to serve all mounting locations if the first should fail. In the BD, the signals are regenerated and either fanned out again to other outputs to the periphery or, in the case of signals originating at the periphery, concentrated onto fewer lines. 4096-kbps buses The 4096-kbps buses carry speech/data information to and from the SLM. Each bus has 64 channels in each direction. Each channel opertes at a bit rate of 64 kbps (64*64 kbps=4096 kbps). There is a fixed assignment between the channels of the 4096-kbps buses and the channels of the PDC, determined through the DIUD or DIU:LDID. The 4096-kbps buses 0 and 1 originate at DIUD0 and DIUD1 (DIU:LDID0/1) respectively. A DIUD has four interfaces (one for each possible shelf) at which the lines to the BD in the shelves originate. In the shelf, the information flowing over each of the two bus systems 0/1 is delivered to all mounting locations for SLM via the BD. This means that every SLM can be reached by either of the two DLU systems. The signals traveling over the buses are synchronized with the clock. Collision detection buses The collision detection bus is duplicated and runs parallel to the 4096-kbps bus. It is only relevant for SLMD or SLMX, preventing simultaneous accesses to the BD-channel. A time slot is fixed on the 4096-kbps bus for the Bd- channel.

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

DIUD0 DLUC0

4096-kbit/s control bus 0
BD0 (for shelf 0,1) BD2 (for shelf 2,3)

Shell 2

Shell 3

SLM 0....15

SLM 0...15

in shelf 2,3

BD3 (for shelf 2,3) BD1 (for shelf 0,1)

DIUD1 DLUC1

Analog Subscriber Line Modules (SLMA)

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

SLMA:FPE The subscriber line module SLMA:FPE the DLUB and DLUD contains 16 analog subscriber line circuits and one common control unit with the processor (SLMCP). The SLMA:FPE does not require an RGB or MGB; these functions are implemented on the modules themselves (exception:the SLMA:FPE with external ringing does require an RGB for injection of unbalanced ringing). The SLMA:FPE replaces the previous SLMA for ordinary subscribers e.g. subscriber line modules: for ordinary subscribers (SLMA:COS) with eight subscriber line circuits with silent reversal for coinbos telephones (SLMA:CSR) with four subscriber line circuits. with 12-khz/16-khz meter pulse injection (SLMA:CMRL), hard reversal and loop oped with six subscriber line circuits. The ILTF-SLMA replaces the standard SLMA:FPE and the Test Unit (TU). The functions otherwise performed by the TU are implemented in the subscriber line circuits (ILTFSLCA) of the SLMA. In other words, each line circuit ILTF-SLCA performs self-tests and tests the line and subscriber terminal. Two varants of the ILTF-SLMA can be used: -Subscriber Line Module, Analog, with ILTF, no classical MTA (SLMA:ITF) -Subscriber Line Module, Analog, with ILTF, for classical MTA (SLMA:ITM) The TU is still required in cases where subscribers have special ports or where the variant SLMA:FPE with external ringing generation (i.e. by the RGB) is employed. SLMA with special functions : for direct inward dialing (SLMA:DID ) with eight subscirber line circuits (loop singaling) for two party lines (SLMA:TPL) with four subscriber line circuits for connecting eight subscribers via front-end relay (secrecy box) for emergency telephone (SLMA:FPS) with four subscriber line circuits for direct inward/outward dialing (SLMA:DIOD) with four subscriber line circuits pulse signaling) • Ringing Generator (RGB)

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

For analog subscriber line modules (SLMA) that require external ringing or synchronization pules, up to two ringing generators (RGB) are ised. The SLMA are accessed directly by the RGB in a star configuration. No RGN is necessary for subscriber line modules with internal ringing (e.g. SLMA:FPE) generation. The RGB also supply ringing voltage to the test unit (TU) is shelf 0, if installed. • Metering Generator (MGB)

The metering generator (MGB) consists of a direct current converter connected in series with a sine-wave generator and provides metering pluses for analog subscriber line modules (SLMA) with external metering systems (e.g. SLMA:TPL). The SLMA:FPE does not require an MGB. The MGB provides the metering pulses for the SLMA in shelf 1 (max). 15 SLMA) only.

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

Analog subscriber line 0 15 Test bus to the TU

SLMA:FPE

4096-kbps bus 0 (DIUD0 or DIU:LDID0) 4096-kbps bus 1 (DIUD 1 or DIU:LDID1) Control bus 0 (DLUC 0)

Battery Supply Overvoltage Protection Ringing Signaling Coding Hybrid 2/4 - Wire Testing

SLCA

Control part SLMCP

Control bus 1 (DLUC 1)

SLMA type SLMA:FPE (internal ringing) SLMA:FPE(external ringing) SLMA:FPS

RGB MGB Shelf Sync. Unbalanced Meter pulse ringing Pulse 0.3 0.3 0.3 *

Functions not covered by SLMA:FPE

Closed-circuit current monitoring, supplementary indication * One-way direct dialing, floaling Two-way direct dialing, pulse signaling * * * Unbalanced ringing a/b wire to ground

SLMA:DID SLMA:DIOD SLMA:TPL

1 0.3 1

Extension module, V5.1 interface (SLMX)

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

The extension module, V5.1 interface (SLMX) is used to connect non-system hardware (Access network (AN)) to the DLU. The SLMX services two V5.1 interfaces (V51 IF). These interfaces correspond electrically to the PCM interface of the DIU (2048 kbps as per ETSI). The following subscriber configurations are possible for each V5.1 interface: ISDN subscriber/PBX with 1B channel= > max. 30 subscribers ISDN subscriber/PBX with 2 B channels = > max. 15 subscribers PSTN with 1B channel = > max. 30 subscribers Of the 32 timeslots on the V5 link, a maximum of 30 are used as user channels. Timeslot 0 is used for frame synchronization, and the control protocol and, if nothing else is defined, the signaling run in timeslot 16. For V51 IF on the DLU, channels 15 and 31 can be used in addition to channel 16 as signaling channels or as a channels for packet data. These channels (16,15 and 31) are designated as Communication Channels (C channels). This can reduce the number of user channels to 28. From the system side (DLU) the SLMX obtains the normal DLU interfaces to the two 4096-kbps buses and collision detection buses of DLU side 0 and 1 and to control buses 0 and 1. A switching matrix chip allocates the timeslots of the V5.1 interfaces to the 4096-kbps buses. The HDLC controller provides up to three Communication Channels per V5.1 interface between the SLMX and AN. The micro controller (QUICC) controls all the functions on the SLMX.

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

SLMX V5.1 subscriber lines 2048 kbit/s collision detection bus 0 Switching network Microcontroller (QUICC) Interface collision detection bus 1 V5.1interface 4096-kbit/s bus 0 4096-kbit/s bus1

V5.1subscriber lines 2048 kbit/s

V5.1interface

Control bus 0 HDLC
Controller

Control bus 1

Digital Subscriber Line Module SLMD

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

An SLMD contains 8 or 16 digital subscriber line circuits SLCD. Each SLCD provides a two wire inteface for ISDN basic access BA. It can be used to connecte an ISDN subscriber or an ISDN PBX line (used for small PBX). The SLMD contains beside the SLCD a control section to handle the interface to the SLMD contains beside the SLCD a control section to handle the interface to the DLU control, collision detection and 4096-kbps bus sytems. There are different SLMD types existing for serving the 2 different coding standards on a BA.

DLUD

S
ISDN terminals

U Basic
Bus 0 access 2B+D NT subscriber SLMD SLCD

Digital telephone ISDN PC Fax machine

> >

line
SLCD

>

Conventional terminals
A/B terminal TA

Main Function of the SLMD Overvoltage protection Provisioning of the time multiplex interface with the 2B and D channel with a total of 144 kbit/s and the 16 kbit/s for the clock synchronization (layer 1 of the DSS1( Echo compensation for the bidirectional digital transmission on the 2-wire subscriber line (layer 1 of the DSS1) 2-wire/4-wire conversion and adaption of the line code used on the subscriber line (layer 1 of the DSS1) Separation of the DSS1 signaling messages from the X.25 data packets of the subscriber (layer 2 of the DSS1) Protection of the transfer of the DSS1 signaling messages in the D channel (layer 2 of the DSS1) ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA F12-DLU/1.1.2001 Test access to the subscriber line/circuit

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

• • • • • • • • • • • • • ISDN subscriber lines 0
SLCD 4096 kbit/s bus 0 SLMD 4096 kbit/s bus 1 Collision detection bus 0 Collision detection bus 1

15 Test bus Reset function
Control section with line card processor (LCP), system adapter processor (SAP) and SLMD Control ASIC, Version 1 (SCA1)

Control bus 0 Control bus 1

SLMD type

Subscriber line circuits

Line code * (dependent on ISDN BA)

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

SLMDA SLMDB SLMD:TFB SLMD:QFB

8 8 16 16

4B3T 2B1Q 4B3T 2B1Q

*

2B1Q = 2 binary signals to 1 quaternary signal 4B3T = 4 binary signals to 3 ternary signal

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

Test Equipment

Test Unit (TU) The test unit (TU) is used to carry out tests and measurements on subscriber lines (comprising the line termination, the subscriber line and the subscriber line circut). The test unit TU consists of two modules : function test module of test unit (FMTU) line circuit measuring module (LCMM) Tests must be initiated by the operator using the operation and maintenance terminal (OMT/BCT). The following can be teste : analog line circuits analog lines and terminals feed to digital subscribers digital lines The TU can measure voltage, current, resistance and capacitance; timing can also be evaluated in the case of voltage and current measurement. Metallic Test Access (MTA) The metallic test access (MTA) allows external line testing systems to access the analog subscriber lines connected to a DLU. There are two MTA variants : test access and signaling via a common interface (MTA A) separate measuring and control interfaces (MTA B) • Power supply in the DLU The power supply in the DLU is decentralized. Various types of current converters DCC are ised to feed the subscriber line modules. The SLMX does not require a DCC as it is powered directly with- 48V/-60V. The direct current converters generate the dc voltages required by the SLM from the exchange voltage -48 V/-60 V. The current converters DCC.. have the following voltage values : DCCCR-48 V/-60 V to +12 V,-12V,+5V,-5V DCCDC-48 V/-60 V to +12V,-12V, +5V, -5V, +51 V/+53V,-67V DCCDD-48 V/-60V to +12V,-12V, +5V, -5V, -97V DCCDF, DCCDM-48 V/-60V to +5V,-5V, -68V, +52V

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

DCCDP -48 V/-60V to +5V, -68V DCCDK, DCCDN-48 V/-60V to +5V, -97V DCCDQ-48 V/-60V to +5V, -5V, +12V, -12V, -68V, +52V

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

Power Supply DLUB
SLM types SLMA:ITF SLMA:ITM SLMA:FPE (external einging) SLMA:FPB (indefication tone) SLMA:FPS SLMA:FPC/FPC8 SLMA:DID SLMA:DIOD SLMA:TPL SLMDA/SLMDB SLMD:QFB/ SLMD:TFB SLMPA Port range. (subscribers per DCC DCC voltage values shelf 0......3 0......3 0......3 0 0......3 1 1 0....3 1 1.....3 1.....3 0....3 max. 64 +5V. -5V. -68V. +52V. max.128 +5V. -5V. -68V. +52V max.128 +5V. -68V DCCDF DCCDN xc) x c) DCCDM xc) x c) x c) Power supply DCCDP DCCCR DCCDC x a) x a) x a) x x x x x x x x x max. 64 +5V. -5V. +12V. -12V. x max. 64 +5V. -5V. +12V. -12V. +51V/+5 3V. -67V x max. 64 +5V. -5V. +12V. -12V. -97V max. 64 +5V. 97V x max.128 +5V. -97V DCCDD DCCDK

x x x xb)

a) in shelf 0 b) if the feed is taken from the exvhange battery in an SLMDA equipped half shelf c) not in shelf 0

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

Power Supply DLUD
SLM types SLMA:ITF SLMA:ITM SLMA:FPE (external einging) SLMA:FPB (indefication tone) SLMA:FPS SLMA:FPC/FPC8 SLMA:DID SLMA:DIOD SLMA:TPL SLMDA/SLMDB SLMD:QFB/ SLMD:TFB SLMPA Port range. (subscribers per DCC DCC voltage values shelf DCCDQ 0......3 0......3 0......3 0 0......3 1 1 0....3 1 1.....3 1.....3 0....3 x x x x x x x x x b) x max. 64 +5V. -5V. +12V. -12V. x max. 64 +5V. -5V. +12V. -12V. +51V/+5 3V, 67V DCCDF xc) x c) Power supply DCCDM DCCDP x c) x c) x c) DCCCR DCCDC x a) x a) x a) x x x DCCDD DCCDK DCCDN

x c)

x

x x x max. 128 +5V, -97V x max. 64 +5V. -5V, +12V, -12V, -97V

x max. 96 +5V. -5V. +12V. -12V. 68V. +52V.

max.64 +5V. -5V. -68V. +52V

max.128 +5V. -5V, -68V, +52V

max. 128 +5V. -68V.

max.64 +5V. -97V

DCCDQ only in shelf 0 a) in shelf 0 b) if the feed is taken from the exvhange battery in an SLMDA equipped half shelf c) not in shelf 0

1..3.4 Functional Units for Remote Operation of DLUB and DLUD

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

• Emergency operation for remote DLU and RCU A DLU operates in emergency service if it can not communicate with at least one LTG via a PDC with common channel seganling (CCS), e.g. in the event of total failure of the links to the LTG. The stand-alone service control module (SASC-E) handles signaling and speech paths from DLU to DLU (maximum of six DLU in a remote control unit (RCU) or users within a remote DLU. During emergency service for a remote DLU the SASC-E allows connected subscribers to set up connections to and from each other (internal DLU traffic). In emergency sevice for pushbutton subscriber in the DLU the SASC-E activates the tone receivers to facilitate DTMF dialing. Emergency operation does not entail any major limitations for the subscriber on the DLU. The stand -alone service control SASC-E replaces the former emergency control (SASC) and the emergency service equipment for pushbutton subscribers (EMSP). Depending on the application program system (APS), the former SASC and EMSP modules can continue to be use. For stand-alone service of the DLU within an RCU a distinction is made between: Failure of the links between RCU and network node In the event of failure of the links between RCU and network node, the SASC-E of the DLU control call setup in the RCU and also internally in each associated DLU. During emergency service, all subscribers connected to the RCU can communicate with each other. Failure of the links from one or more DLU in an RCU to the network node In the event of failure of both PDC (with CCS) of one or more DLU in an RCU to the network node, the subscribers connected to the affected DLU can communicate with each other in emergency service ; the subscribers connected to the other DLU in the RCU continue to have normal service. An Stand-alone service control SASC-E contains : an interface for up to five interconnecting links to other DLU in an RCU a channel assignment unit an interface to 4096-kbps nerworks 0 and 1 and to control networks 0 and 1 a control section with CNP and SASCP a code receiver processor (CRP) for pushbutton subscribers of DLU

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

The main functions of the SASC-E in emergency service are: controlling call setup and release for subscribers within one DLU controllinc call setup release for subscribers in other DLU of an RCU ending stand-alone service when the connection between one DLUC and the network node has been reestablished checking the database, updating it where neccessary (after transition to normal mode) performing internal hardware routine tests and some supervisory functions (the same supervisory functions performed in normal mode) controlling the code receivers.

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

Remote control unit (RCU)
Analog and ISDN subscriber lines

PDC0 PDC1 PDC2 PDC3

DLU1

LTG

Links between the DLUS of an RCU

DLU2 DLU3 DLU4 DLU5

PDC0 PDC1 DLU6 PDC2 PDC3 LTG

with CCS without CCS 0 1 2 3 4
Control section with CNP and SASCP Interface Code receiver functions with CRP

channel assignment unit Interface

4096 kbit/s bus 0 4096 kbit/s bus 1 Control bus 0 Control bus 1

Alarm Handling

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

The external alarm set (ALEX) is used to forward external alarms (e.g. power failure) to the network node. Since, in the case of a remote DLU, it is not possible to connect systemexternal alarms to the system panel control (SYPC), the external alarm set module (ALEX) is used. The functions of the ALEX are to : identify, store and evaluate the state of up to 16 alarm contacts exchange data with DLUC0 and DLU1 test its own firmware and end communication with the DLUC if a firmware error is detected test its own hardware and report the detection of hardware faults • Transmission technology in the DLUD The DLUD can be equipped with separate transmission devices. The optical or electrical link can be used to connect the remote DLU to the network node or to create a transmission network with further remote units. For a transmission capacity of 2 Mbps to 34 Mbps, the following functional units can be used in the DLUD: Optical Terminal Multiplexer for 16*2 Mbps (OMX16D) The OMX16D is a multiplexer which concentrates 16*2 Mbps signals to 34 Mbps. For transmission on optical fiber (OF), the 34 Mbps signals are converted into an LWL line code (36 Mbps). The monomode optical fibers permit bi-directional data transmission with little loss and operate reliaby up to a link length of approximately 30 km. Line/network terminal for optical fiber (LTOD) The LTOD facilitates 2*2 Mbps line access to optical fibers. The LTOD operates on the bases of the wave length multiplex method and uses one line for both transmission directions. A distance of approximately 30 km can be reached with the LTOD. Line/network terminal for copper cable (LTCD) The LTCD facilitates 2*2 Mbps line access to copper cable. The LTCD for copper cable uses a line code of 2B1Q in accordance with HDSL (High-bit rate digital subscriber line). For bi-directional 2 Mbps transmission (in accordance with ETSI), 2-pair copper cabnle is required. A distance of approximately 2.5 up to 12 km (depending on the line diameter of 0.4 up to 1.4 mm) can be reached with the LTCD.

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

The interface for transmission devices to the DIU component on the DLU is balanced in accordance with CCITT recommendation G.703. The transmission devices LTOD, LTCD, OMX16D obtain the required direct current (+5v) via the current converters (DCC).

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

max. 15 alarms DLUC function 0/1 Control buses 0/1 max. 15 SLMA alarms 4096 kbit/s buses 0/1 Transmission device OMX 16D and/ dependent or LTCD/L TOD -co on the
nfiguration

ALEX

DLUD

1 15

analog 0 subscriber 15 lines digital 0 subscriber 15 lines 0

SLMD SLMX SASC-E TU
Digital interface DIU/LDI 0/1

2xV5.1 15
Interface
emergency operation control (optional)

PCM30 G.703

nx2 Mbit/s,

34 Mbit/s

Test unit

to OFDC

COTU + OFDIU Optical fibre distribution concentrator (OFDC) DLUV PCM30 G.703

10xV5.10 interface9 to next DLU HDLS, LWL

* only in DLUV as a functional unit in the basic frame G

1.3.5

Frame Layouts for DLUB

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

The functional units of the DLUB are implemented by means of a number of moduless. These modules are accommodated in shelves. Each shelf is subdivided into a left and a right half shelf (seen facing the module side of the module frame). • Basic frame F:DLU(D) In the basic frame, the following modules are provided as basic equipment : two DLU controls DLUC0/1 two digital interface units DIUD 0/1 or DIU:LDID0/1 two bus distributors BD0/1 one test unit TU comprising FMTU and LCMM The TU is also used if only SLMD are installed. If only SLMX are installed, the TU is not needed. In the basic equipment, two current converters, type DCCDC, are provided in shelf 0 (one DCCCR may also be sufficient if no SLMA or TU are installed in this half shelf). • Estension frame F:DLU(F) (extension frame with one shelf only, used e.g. for smaller racks in container exchanges) In the extension frame, two bus distributors BD2/3 are provided in each case as basic equipment. In the extension frame F:DLU(F), both bus distributors (BD2/3) are intalled in the right half shelf. • The DLUB may also contain different equipment depending on whether it is intended for local or remote use. For remote use, additional modules can be installed (SASC-E, ALEX).These modules are installed in place of SLM (see figures for module frames). The maximum number of subscriber lines that can be connected to a DLUB is reduced when special modules are used e.g. SASC-E ALEX.

TIP Note on mixed equipment configuration: 2 DDCDF or DCCDK per half shelf: A quarter shelf must always be equipped uniformly with SLMA:FPE or SLMD:TFB/SLMD:QFB (different power supply required, DCCDF or DCCDK). Quarter shelves can be combined.

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

1 DCCDM or DCCDN per half shelf A half shelf must always be equipped uniformly with SLMA:FPE or SLMD:TFB/SLMD:QFB (different power supply required, DCCDM or DCCDN). The DCCDP is used to supply the SLMA:FPE (SLMA:FPE with external ringing). SLMA with up to 8 SLCA, SLMDA/SLMDB or SLMX must always be equipped uniformly per half shelf.

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

Basic Frame F:DLU(D)

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

1.3.6

Frame Layouts for DLUD

The functional units of the DLUD are implemented by means of a number of modules. These modules are accommodated in shelves. Each shelf is subdivided into a left and a right half shelf (seen facing the module side of the module frame). • Basic frame F:DLU(G) In the basic frame, the following modules are provided as basic equipment: two DLU controls DLUS0 and DLUS1 possible test unit (TU) consisting of FMTU and LCMM The TU is also used if only SLMD are installed. If only SLMX are installed, the TU is not needed. In the basic equipment, two current converters, type DCCDC, are provided in shelf0 (one DCCCR may also be sufficient if no SLMA or TU are installed in this half shelf). For extended applicatopm (max. SLM equipping in shelf 0), a DCCDQ is plugged in to provide the necessary performance. • Extension frame F:DLU(E), F:DLU(F) In the extension frame, two bus distributors BD2/3 are provided in each case as basic equipment. In the extension frame F:DLU(F), both bus distributors (DB2/3) are installed in the right half shelf. • The F:DLU(G) can be equipped differently depending on whether it is in a local or remote DLU. For the remote DLU additional modules are necessary : SASC-E, possibly ALEX (in shelter DLU : alarm indication via the ALEX function on the DLUS). The modules are used instead of an SLM. The SASC-E occupies a slot for SLM. The maximum number of subscriber lines which can be connected to a DLUD decreases when special modules are used e.g. SASC-E or special SLMA (with up to 8 ports) The line termination device LTOD or LTCD occupy a slot for SLM. The terminal multiplexers OMX16D are plugged into the SLM intermediate position. The DLUV is used to connect ten V5.1 interfaces to the AN. Up to four DLUV can be plugged into the SLM intermediate position in the F:DLU(G) ; only the-48 or -60 V power supply is used here. The DLUV is a separate DLU and has no logical connection to the DLUD.

• •

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

TIP Note mixed equipment configuration: 2 DDCDF or DCCDK per half shelf: A quarter shelf must always be equipped uniformly with SLMA:FPE or SLMD:TFB/SLMD:QFB (different power supply required, DCCDF or DCCDK). Quarter shelves can be combined. 1 DCCDM, DCCDN or DCCDQ per half shelf A half shelf must always be equpped uniformly with SLMA:FPE or SLMD:TFB/SLMD:QFB (different power supply required, DCCDM or DCCDN). The DCCDP is used to supply the SLMA:FPE (SLMA:FPE with external ringing). SLMA with up to 8 SLCA, SLMDA/SLMDB or SLMX must always be equipped uniformly per half shelf.

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

2.1

Creation of DLU

The DLU is created by the command CR DLU. The parameter SHELF contains the identification of the type DLU. DLUB : SHELF = B DLUD : SHELF = D CR DLU : DLU SHELF [,DLUC0 [,DLUC1 = 10,20,......,2550, =D = <TS> - <LTG>- <LTU1> - <LTU2>] = <TS> - <LTG> - <LTU1> - <LTU2>];

By the parameters DLUC0 and DLUC1 you assign up to 2 PDC per DLUC each leading to an LTU position in an LTG (one LTG per DLUC). With help of the command CR DLU the following modules in the DLUD are automatically created : DLUB : DLUC/DIUD DLUD : DLUS RGB GCG MOD = 0-5/0-6 and 0-10/0-9 MOD = 0-7 and 0-8 in shelf 0 in shelf 0 MOD = 0-7 and 0-8 in shelf 0

and all BD-modules and DCC modules With help of the command EXT DLU / RED DLU the amount of PDC links can be modified.

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

LTU

2 DLU

MML Commands

0 1 2 3

LTGX

PDC0 with CCS PDC1 without CCS PDC2 with CCS PDC3 without CCS LTU
0 1 2 3

LTGY

Example : DLUD cards created with CR DLU
D R 0 1 2 C G C B 0 3 4 5 6 7 D L U S 0 8 9 D L U S 1 10 11 12 13 14 15 D R C G C B 1

CR DLU : created cards in

Shelf 0

D D C C C C

0 1 2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10 11 12 13 14 15

D D C C C C

Shelf 1

D D C C C C

0

1

2

3 4

5

6

7

B 8 9 10 11 12 13 D

14 15

D C C

D C C

Shelf 2-3

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

CR DLU :

DLU = 10, 20, ........, 2550, SHELF =D [, DLUC0 = <TS> - <LTG> - <LTU1> - <LTU2>] [, DLUC1 = <TS> - <LTG> - <LTU1> - <LTU2>];

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

2.2

Creation of DLU Modules

A card at a DLU module position is created by the command CR DLUMOD : DLU = 10,20,.....2550, MOD = a-b, a : shelf number 0...3 b : module number 0...15 TYPE = SLMAFPE, SLMDQFB, SASC, FMTU, LCMM,.... [,PACC = y/n] [,SLMXID = 0...15] [,remote = y/n]; The parameter PACC gives the authorization for packet data access, SLMXID defines the SLMX identifier (see V5.1 interface), REMOTE specifies, if the DLU module is a remote module or not (only OFDC; not discussed in this course).

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

Example: DLUMOD positions in DLU

CR DLUMOD : created cards

in
D R 0 1 C G C B 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 D R C G C B

Shelf 0

D D 0 1 C C C C

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 D D C C C C

Shelf 1

D D 0 1 C C C C

2

3

4

5

6

7

B D

8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 D D C C C C

Shelf 2-3

CR DLUMOD:

DLU = 10, 20,......, 2550, MOD = a-b , a: shelf number 0...3 b: module number 0......15 TYPE = SLMAFPE, SLMDQFB, SASC, FMTU, LCMM,...... [ , PACC = y/n] [ , SLMXID = 0 .....15] [ , REMOTE = y/n ];

Interpreatation of SUL : DLU

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Name of the controlling exchange Document serial number for configuration documents of the controlling exchange Number of the digital line unit (DLU) Position 1-4 DLU Sequence number Subscriber lin circuit type e.g. SLCD, SLCAFPS, Number of existing subscriber line circuits Increase/reduction in number of subscriber line circuits due to expansion (difference from previous installation stage) 8. Number of shelves belonging to one DLU Position 1 fron shelf number Position 2 hyphen (-) Position 3 to shelf number 9. Number of the DIU in the basic frame with LTG connection Position 1 number of DLU system Position 2 number of primary digital carrier 10. Number of the line/trunk group (LTG) to which the DLU is connected Position 1 TSG area Position 2 2-3 LTG number within a TSG area 11. Number of the LTU with which the DIUD is connected in the LTG 12. LTU type e.g. : D30 for DIU with PCM 30 PMA for DIU with PHMA 13. Number of ports for code receivers in the LTG for the subscribers with DTMF signaling connected to the DLU 1.....16 With DTMF signaling no entry or 0 without DTMF signaling 14. Supplementary infromation

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

DLU

CONTROLLING EXCH. 1) SERL. NO. 2) LTU-TYP S SUB-TYP EXIST EXT SHELF DIU LTG NO APPL M:CRPC REMARKS

DLU

3)

4)

5)

6)

7)

8)

9)

10) 11) 12)

13)

14)

0010 1 2 3 4

SLMD

512

0-3

00 10 01

11

003 004 003 004

0 0 2 2

D30 D30 D30 D30

8 8

2.3

Creation of RCU

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

The SASC has to be created as a DLU module CR DLUMOD : DLU = ...., TYPE = SASC;

Afterwards you have to define, which DLU belong to the RCU CR RCU : RCU = <rcu>, RCUMBR=<dlu> - <mbr> &.....& <dlu> - <mbr>;

Modification, i.e. extension or reduction of the emergency cluster can be done by EXT RCU : RED RCU : RCU = <rcu>, RCUMBR = <dlu> - <mbr> &......& <dlu> - <mbr>; RCU = <rcu>, RCUMBR = <dlu> - <mbr> &.....& <dlu> - <dlu>;

the cancellation of the whole cluster by per DLU CAN RCU : RCU = <rcu>;

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

max. 4x PCM30

Remote Line Unit SASC

Renite Line Unit SASC

Renite Line Unit SASC

Remote Line Unit SASC

Parcent exchange

Renite Line Unit SASC

Renite Line Unit SASC

RCU cluster DLU

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

CR DLUMOD :

DLU = .., MOD =...., TYPE = SASC;

CR RCU : <mbr>;

RCI = <rcu>, RCUMBR = <dlu> - <mbr> & ....& <dlu> -

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

2.4

Configuration, Test and Diagnosis for DLU

2.4.1

General Meaning of Operational State OST

ACT (active) STB duplicated (standby)

Sub-unit is in operation Sub-unit is ready for operation if the according sub-unit gets faulty

CBL Sub-unit is prepared by the operator for being blocked from (conditionally blocked) mainteneance - no further call set ups are accepted via the sub-unit MBL now (maintenance blocked) NAC is not (not accessible) Sub-unit is blocked by the operator, diagnostic can be started Sub-unit cannot be used because higher ranking unit in operation Sub-unit is faulty and therefore out of srvice, no is possible, after fault clearance the reactivated by the operator Sub-unit is created in the database, but no higher unit tries to use this sub-unit -no diagnostic is initial state after creation and

UNA diagnostic (unavailable) sub-unit has to be PLA ranking (planned) possible; precondition for deletion

TIP The current OST of any sub-unit may be displayed by using a STAT-CMD.

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

Furhter values for OST : MAS/SPR ACT, (master / spare) SEZ diagnosis-state (seized) CP only: Sub-unit is in operation (special variants of compare chapter CP) Sub-unit is reserved by the system, e.g. for is entered and ended automatically by the system

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

ACT PLA MBL CBL

STB UNA

ACT NAC STB UNA

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

2.4.2

DLU States in Printouts of STAT Command

In STAT-CMD printouts for DLU there is made a difference between the semipermanent and the transient state. • Semipermanent State: OST

“should be” state, only changed by CONF-CMD this state is not altered by the sfeguarding SW • Transient State : ACCESS DEGARDING

real current state supervised and altered by the sfeguarding SW the access degrading informs you, if a DLU sub-unit with OST=ACT is working properly

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

OST ACT ACT

ACCESS DEGRADING NON DST

meaning for the DLU subunit working free of fault out of service because falty, automatic reactivation after fault is cleared out of use because higher ranking unit is not in service

ACT

NAC

CONF and STAT-CMD for DLUD DLU system : DLU EQuipment : DLU MODule : CONF/STAT DLU CONF/STAT DLUEQ CONF/STAT DLUMOD & CONF/STAT DLUPORT

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

DLU SYS S h DLU EQ e i DLU MOD f

D R S S R C G L L C B M M
B

S

S

S

S

S

D L
U

D L
U

S L
M

S L
M

S L
M

S L
M

E M
S

S L
M

S L
M

D C
C

L L L
M M M

L L
M M

G

D T C 00

0 or E M S P or S A S or S A S or or L F C M M T

S 0

S 1 or A L E

P or f or or M L T T T B A 0 A A or E M S

D C or D C

0

C CM U 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
D D S S S S S S S S C C L L L L L L L L C C M M M M M M M M D D F F or M G B

8

9 10
S L M S L M

X M M M P C 11 12 13 14 15 R 0.2
S L M S L M S L M S S L L M M S D L C M C D F D C C D F S

F:DLU(G) h e i f 1

D D S S D C C L L C C M M
C

S

S

S

S

S

S

B

S L
M

S L
M

S L
M

S L
M

S L
M

S L
M

S L
M

S L
M

D C
C

L L L
M M M

L L
M M

L D
M 2

C

Mounting location (MOLOC)

D D F D F F F 001 007 013 019 025 031 037 043 049 055 061 067 073 079 085 091 097 103 109 115 121 S h e I f

2-0 2-10 1 2 3

4 5 6 7

8
S L M

9 10
S L M

11 12 13 14 15 2-2
S L M S L M S L M S S L L M M S L M

2-3
D C C D F

D D S S S S S S S S B C C L L L L L L L L D C C M M M M M M M M 3 D D F F F:DLU(E)

D 2 C C D F

S h

2.4.3

Examples for Printouts of STAT Command

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

STATDLU : DLU = [,OST=];

Example printout:

STATDLU :

DLU=10; DLU SIDE - 0 SIDE - 1 ACCESSACCESSDLUC-OST DEGRADING LTG PER-OST DLUC-OST DEGRADING LTG PER-OST ACT NON 0-10 ACT ACT NON 0-11 ACT

EXEC’ D

10

STATDLUEQ : DLU =

,DCC = [, OST = ];

Example printout :
STATDLUEQ : DLU=10, DLU DCC OST 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 0-0 0-2 1-0 1-1 1-2 1-3 2-0 2-1 2-2 2-3 3 - 03-1 3-2 3-3 ACT ACT ACT ACT ACT ACT ACT ACT ACT ACT ACT ACT ACT ACT DCC=0 - 0 & & 3 - 3 ; ACCESS SIDE0 NON NON NON NON NON NON NON NON NON NON NON NON NON NON EXEC` D DEGRADING SIDE 1 NON NON NON NON NON NON NON NON NON NON NON NON NON NON

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

0 - 0, 0 - 2 1-0, 1-1, 1-3

(in Shelf 0) (in Shelf 1)

2 - 0, 2-1, 3-0, 3-1,

2-2, 3-2,

2-3 3-3

(in Shelf 2) (in Shelf 3)

The physically non-existent DCC 0-1 and 0-3 cannot be (logically) configured and therefore do not appear in the status display. The physically non-existent DCC located in the extension shelves must be configured and therefore appear in the status display. Before it is possible to configure the first module in the appropriate half-shelf or quarter shelf, the corresponding DCC must be configured from PLA to ACT via MBL. Reconfiguration from ACT to MBL of the DCC will not be possible before all modules in the half - shelf or quarter-shelf are in the PLA state.

STATDLUEQ : DLU =

,RGB = [, OST=];

Example printout :
STATDLUEQ : DLU = 10 , DLU RGB/ OST RGMG 10 10 0 1 ACT ACT RGB = X ; ACCESS SIDE0 NON NON EXEC`D DEGRADING SIDE1 NON NON

STATDLUMOD : DLU = ,MOD = [,OST=];

Example printout
STATDLUMOD : DLU MOD 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 DLU=10, MOD=X-X ; TYPE SLMAFPE FMTU LCMMACT BDCG/GCG BDCG/GCG SLMAFPE EMSP ACT SLMAFPE EXEX ` D PACC SIDE0 SIDE1 NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO

OST ACT ACT NON ACT ACT ACT ACT ACT

ACCESS - DEGRADING SIDE0 SIDE1 NON NON NON NON NON NON NON NON NON NON NO NON NON NON NON NON

0-0 TO 0-2 0-3 0-4 0-7 0-8 0-11 TO 0-12 0-13 0-14

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

STATDLUPORT : DLU =,LC = [, OST = ]

Example printout :
STATDLUPORT : DLU LC 10 DLU=10, LC=0-14-0&&0-14-15 ; MOD-TYPE SLMAFPE EXEC ` D OST ACT ACCESS-DEGRADING SIDE0 SIDE1 NON NON

0-14-0 TO 0-14-15

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

2.4.4

Remarks for CONF Comman

Configuration of the DLU System An active DLU system may be configured to MBL for maintenance only by way of CBL. As long as the DLU is CBL, no new calls are accepted, but existing calls are retained. If the state of the DLU system is DST or the LTG has an operating state other than ACT/CBL, the system can be configured directly to MBL. In these cases no STARTED message is issued and no warning is given. There is no such warinig on configuration to ACT either. Example : Configure DLU system 0 from ACT to CBL and then to MBL (LTG=ACT/CN;). Input
CONF DLU =dlu, DLUC0 = Y, OST =CBL;

Display on screen: STARTED After configuration to CBL wait approx. 6 minuts, so that calls that ae currently in progress can be terminated. In 6 minutes approximately 90 % of the existing calls will be cleared down. Then configure to MBL. However, if the response EXEC’D is issued before the 6 minutes have expired, all calls are cleared down and configuration to MBL can tke place immediately. Enter the following MML-command:
CONF DLU: DLU =dlu , DLUC0=Y,OST =MBL;

If an attempt was made to configure the system to MBL before the EXEC’D message for the configuration to CBL had appeared, the following message is issued:

CAUTION: THIS SWITCHOVER-REQUEST MAY RESULT IN LOST CALLS! DO YOU WANT IT TO BE EXECUTED? (YES: +/NO: -)<

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

Warning on configuring to MBL Enter plus sign for YES: + Output on screen EXEC’D
CONF DLU: DLU=dlu, DLUC0=Y, OST=CBL;

Display on screen : STARTED After configuration to CBL wait approx. 6 minutes
CONF DLU: DLU=dlu, DLUC0=Y, OST=MBL;

If an attempt was made to conifgure the system to MBL before the EXEC’D message for the configuration to CBL had appeared, the the following message is issued :
CAUTION: THIS SWITCHOVER -REQUEST MAY RESULT IN LOST CALLS! DO YOU WANT IT TO BE EXECUTED? (YES : +/NO: -)<

Enter plus sign for YES: + Output on screen EXEC’D Configuring the DLU Equipment

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

The DLU equipment comprises the direct current converter modules DCC and the ringing generator modules RGB. In the operating state MBL the RGB still permits ringing, but it is no longer supervised by the routine test. Enter one of the following MML commands: for RGB:
CONF DLUEQ: DLU=dlu, RGB = rgb, OST = ost:

for DCC: The DCC is only configured at the time of installation. This configuration command is not required for maintenance.
CONF DLUEQ: DLU = dlu, DCC = dcc, OST = ost ;

for RGB:
CONF DLUEQ : DLU=dlu, RGB = rgb, OST = ost ;

for DCC:

CONF DLUEQ :

DLU=dlu, DCC = dcc, OST = ost ;

Configuration of the DLU Modules

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

Configuring a module is different form configuring a module range. A module range consists of at least 2 module addresses. Example: Enter MML command in order to configure from ACT to CBL and then to MBL:
CONF DLUMOD : DLU = dlu, MOD = shf-mod , OST = CBL;

Output on screen : STARTED Enter the following MML command;
CONF DLUMOD : DLU = dlu, MOD = shf-mod & shf-mod, OST =MBL;

This results in the following output:
CAUTION: THIS SWITCHOVER-REQUEST MAY RESULT IN LOST CALLS! DO YOU WANT IT TO BE EXECUTED? (YES: +/NO:-)<

Warning on configuring DLU modules to MBL Enter plus sign for YES: + Output on screen EXEC’D If a module or a module range has the state ACCESS DEGRADATION=DST for both sides, it is possible to configure directly to MBL. No warning is issued with this configuration.

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

Modules not used for switching operations (e.i. ALEX, TU or MTA modules), can be configured directly from ACT to MBL. For most of the DLU modules it is also necessary to configure the ports:
CONF DLUPORT : DLU=dlu, LC=shf-mod-port, OST=ost;

it is possible to configure with one command a range of ports.

CONF DLUMOD :

DLU=dlu, MOD=SHF-MOD, OST=CBL;

Output on screen: STARTED Enter the following MML command:
CONF DLUMOD : DLU=dlu, MOD=SHF-MOD& shf-mod, OST=MBL;

This results in the following output:
CAUTION: THIS SWITCHOVER-REQUEST MAY RESULT IN LOST CALLS! DO YOU WANT IT TO BE EXECUTED? (YES: +/NO:-)<

Enter plus sign for YES: + Output on screen execd’D CONF DLUPORT : DLU = dlu, LC = shf - mod - port, OST = ost; 2.4.5 Remarks for DIAG-CMD and TEST-CMD

Requirements for starting DLU diagnosis

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

Diagnosis can only be performed if the higher ranking units involved have the following operating state: LTG : ACT or CBL MB : ACT SN : CP : ACT or STB basic functions must be possible

The following diagnostic areas are used in the maintenance manual: Diagnosis of the DLUD system Diagnosis of the DLUD equipment Diagnosis of the DLUD modules

Diagnosis of the DLU System Perequiste : The DLUD system under diagnosis must be MBL. Enter one of the following MML commands: For system side 0:
DIAG DLU : DLU = dlu, DLUC0 = Y;

or for system side 1:
DIAG DLU : DLU = dlu, DLUC1 = Y;

For explanations of the command parameters see interrogating Operating State.

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

Diagnosis of the DLU Equipment Perequisite: Both DLUD systems must be ACT or CBL. The equipment to be tested must be MBL. Diagnosis can be performed for a single RGB or both RGB modules. Enter the following MML command :
DIAG DLUEQ : DLU = dlu, RGB = rgb;

Diagnosis of the DLU Modules Prerequisites: Both DLUD systems must be ACT or CBL. The modules to be tested must be MBL. Diagnosis can be performed for a single module or a module range. Enter the following MML command.
DIAG DLUMOD : DLU = dlu, MOD = shf - mod;

Testing of Subscriber Line Circuits • TEST SUBSCRIBER LINE CIRCUIT

This command tests analog subscriber line circuits in the DLUD designated by the directory number.

TEST DLU LINE CIRCUIT

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

This command tests analog subscriber line circuits in the DLUD designated by the equipment number.

For system side0:
DIAG DLU: DLU=dlu, DLUC0=Y;

for system side 1:
DIAG DLU: DLU=dlu, DLUC1=Y;

DIAG DLUEQ: DLU=dlu, DLUC1=Y;

DIAG DLUMOD: DLU=dlu, MOD=shf-mod;

TEST SLC: [LAC=,] DN= [TYPE=] [SCHED=] [ , PERM= ] [STEP=] [OPMOD = ] [, LNO=] ;

TEST DLULC: DLU= .LC = [TTYPE=] [SCHED=] [PERM=]

[STEP=];

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

2.5

CONF and STAT - CMD for RCU

To enable the SASC of a DLU to take ove the call processing in case of stand alone service it has to be configured to ACT by the command CONF DLUMOD (CONF DLUPORT is not required).

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

The operational state of the RCU equipment may be displayed by STAT RCU. (This command is only displaying the states as long as the DLU is not running in stand slone service. In the stand alone service you can check the operation state of the SASC and the inter DLU links only by interpreting the LED of SASC.)

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

STATRCU : CLUST1; RCU : CLUST1 SIDE - 1 ACCESSACCESSRCUMBR DLUC0_OST DEGRADING DLUC1_OST DEGRADING SASC_OST + + + + + + 10-1 ACT NON ACT NON ACT 20-2 ACT NON ACT NON ACT RCULNK RCUMBR<->RCUMBR STATUS + + + 10-1 20-2 ACT SIDE - 0 ACCESSDEGRADING + NON NON

Exercise 1

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

Title : Objectives :

Status of DLU function units The participant is able to • display the status of the functional units of the DLUB or DLUD • interpret the status of the functional units of the DLUB or DLUD

Pre-requisite :

DLUB or DLUD in operation

Task Write down all MML commands to get a display of the operational status of the following units: • • • • • PCM links DLU-LTG DLU systems DLU equipment DLU modules DLU Subscriber line circuits

Exercise 2

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

Title : Objectives :

DLU LED Interpretation The participant is able to • interpret the LED of the DLU in different situations

Pre-requisite : Task

MMN: Construction is available

Complete the follwoing table according to the graphic by using the MMN: Construction!

DLUS NS CCS RES

DLUV

flashing every 10 seconds

on

flashing

ALD AL1

examples for DLU LED
LCM DCM MS 12

FLT

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

regarded LED DLUS flashing LED DLUS LED in status on

Color

meaning

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

DLUV combination of LED

upper. lower:

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

Exercise 3 Title : Objectives: manager Pre-requisite: • Training exchange or Computer Based Simulator is available • MMN, CML and ECD is available Standard HW Fault Clearance DLU: Hands On Training The participant is able to • perform the DLU fault clearance tasks of a network element

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

Task Perform fault clearance for a given example! Query List the MMN procedures (s) which have to be performed!

Solution 1 Title : Objectives: Status of DLU functional units The participant is able to • display the status of the functional units of the DLUB or DLUD • interpret the status of the functional units of the DLUB or DLUD Pre-requisite: DLUB or DLUD in operation

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

Task Write down all MML commands to get a display of the operational status of the following units. • • • • • PCM links DLU - LTG DLU systems DLU equipment DLU modules DLU Subscriber line circuits

X544 /CTYCPZ1V1150 / P21 / 110 6514 CA EWSD0 3102/01272

98-05-14

15 : 05 : 25

DISPDLU : DLU=10 DLU + 10 B SHELF + 0-10-0-2 DLUC0 + 0-11-0-2 DLUC1

END JOB 6514 98-05-14 15 : 05 : 29

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

X544 / CTYCPZ1V1150/P21/110 6515 CA EWSD0 3081/00045 ACCEPTED

STATDIU : LTG=0-10; END TEXT 6515 X544 /CTYCPZ1V1150/P21/110 6515 CA EWSD0 3080/04515 98-05-14

15 : 05 :31

STATDIU : LTG=0-10; LTG DLU LTU TYPE APPLIC OST LTG OST DIU

EXEC’D OST PCM

+
0-10 0-10 0 2

+
D30 D30

+
CCSDLU EXTDLU

+
ACT ACT

+
ACT ACT

+
ACT ACT

END JOB 6515 X544 / CTYCPZ1V1150 / P21 / 110 6516 CA EWSD0 3081/00045 ACCEPTED 98-05-14 15: 05: 35

STATDIU : LTG=0-11; END TEXT 6516 X544/CTYCPZ1V1150/P21/110 37 6516 CA EWSD0 3080/04515

98-05-14

15: 05:

STATDIU : LTG=0-11; LTG + DIU + LTU TYPE + APPLIC + OST LTG + OST DIU +

EXEC ’ D OST PCM

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

0-11 0-11

0 2

D30 D30

CCSDLU EXTDLU

ACT ACT

ACT ACT

ACT ACT

END JOB 6516 X544/CTYCPZ1V1150/P21/110 6517 CA EWSD 98-05-14 3080/04127 HF . ARCHIVE-03246 EXEC ‘D SIDE - 0: + SIDE 15:05:42

STATDLU : DLU=10 + : + ACCESS +

ACCESS -

DLU + DLUC-OST DEGRADING LTG LTG-OST + DLUC-OST DEGRADING LTG LTG-OST + 10 ACT + NON + 0-10 + ACT + ACT + NON + + 0-11 ACT

END JOB 6517 X544/CTYCPZ1V1150/P21/010 1876 CA LOLO1 STATDLUEQ:DLU=10, RGB=X; DLU RGMG/ RGB OST ACCESS - DEGRADING SIDE0 SIDE1 98-05-19 HF. ARCHIVE-03511 14:35:24

3080/01211

EXEC ‘ D

10 10

0 1

ACT ACT

NON NON

NON NON

END JOB 1876 X544/CTYCPZ1V1150/P21/110 6518 CA EWSD 98-05-14 3080/01211 HF . ARCHIVE-03247 15:05:46

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

STATDLUEQ : DLU=10, RGMG=X; DLU RGMG/ RGB OST ACCESS - DEGRADING SIDE0 SIDE1

EXEC ‘ D

10 10 10

0 2-0 1

ACT SLMAFPB ACT

NON ACT NON DST

NON NON NON

END JOB 6518 X544/CTYCPZ1V1150/P21/110 54 6520 CA EWSD0 98-05-14 15 : 05:

3080/01210 HF. ARCHIVE - 03249 EXEC ‘ D

STATDLUEQ : DLU = 10, DCC=X-X; DLU DCC OST ACCESS - DEGRADING SIDE0 SIDE1

10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10

0-0 0-2 1-0 1-1 1-2 1-3 2-0 2-1 2-2

ACT ACT ACT ACT ACT ACT ACT ACT ACT

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

10 10 10 10 10

2-3 3-0 3-1 3-2 3-3

ACT ACT ACT ACT ACT

END JOB 6520 X544/CTYPZ1V1150/P21/110 6519 CA EWSD 98-05-14 3080/01638 HF. ARCHIVE-O3248 ESEC ‘ D ACCESS - DEGRADATION DLU MOD TYPE OST SIDE0 SIDE1 PACC SIDE0 SIDE1 15:05:50

STATDLUMOD : DLU=10 , MOD=0-8 ;

10

0-8

BDCG/GCG

ACT

NON

NON

NO

NO

END JOB 6519

X544/CTYCPZ1V1150/P21/110 6521 CA EWSD

98-05-14

15 : 05 : 59 EXEC ‘D

ACCESS - DEGRADATION DLU + 10 10 0-0 0-1 TO 0-2 MOD + SLMAFPB SLMAFPE TYPE + ACT ACT OST + NON NON SIDE0 + NON NON SIDE1 + NO NO

PACC SIDE0 + NO NO SIDE1

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

10 10 10 10

0-3 0-4 0-7 TO 0-8 1-0

LCMM FMTU BDCG/GCG SLMX

ACT ACT ACT ACT

NON NON NON NON

NON NON NON NON

NO NO NO NO

NO NO NO NO

END JOB 6521 X544 / CTYCPZ1V1150/P21/110 6522 CA EWSD STATDLUPORT : DLU=10, LC=2-0-0&&2-0-7; DLU LC MOD TYPE OST ACCESS - DEGRADING SIDE0 SIDE1 + + NAC + NUC-STATUS 98-05-14 3080/04104 15:06:03

+ 10

+ 2-0 - 0 TO 2-0 -7

+

SLMAFPB ACT NAC

END JOB 6522

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

Solution 2 Title : Objectives : DLU LED Interpretation The participant is able to • interpret the LED of the DLU in different situations Pre-requisite : Task Complete the following table according to the graphic by using the MMN : Construction! MMN : Construction is available

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

DLUS NS CCS RES ALD AL1 FLT LCM DCM MS 12

DLUV

flashing every 10 seconds

on

.. .. .. ..

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

regarded LED DLUS flashing LED DLUS LED in status on

color red green

meaning CCS link is not disturbed clock generator of this module is master BoST (Board Self Test) or Runup module is still not in use, but trying to get into operation

DLUV combination of LED upper : red lower : green

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

3

Functional Structure of the Digital Line Unit (DLU)

3.1

Function Overview DLU

The DLU is used as a digital concentrator for the connection of subscribers to the EWSD. Connectivity : • • • • • Main station lines with pulse dialing, pushbutton dialing, call charge display Coinbox telephones Small analog private branch exchanges with/without direct-inward-dialing Digital connectivity is for : ISDN Basic Accesses Small digital private branch exchange

Connection of an access network (AN) via V5.1 interface

Connection capacity and expansion possibility of a DLU Depending on used module types and requird traffic volume : • • • • up to approx. 900 analog subscriber lines or up to approx. 800 digital subscriber lines (ISDN BA) up to 32 V5.1 interfaces Mixture of analog subscribers , digital subscribers and V5.1 interfaces in view of the fact that max. 120 calls can be held simultaneously

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

Expansion in small modular steps : • • • Each with an analog subscriber line module (SLMA for 16 subscribers ) Each with an digital subscriber line module (SLMD for 16 subscribers) Each with a subscriber line module (SLMX) for two V5.1 interfaces with 30 subscribers each (access network -AN)

Note : The New DLU type DLUV can be used as an alternative to SLMX in the standard DLU. Access networks can be connected to a DLUV exclusively by V5.1 interfaces (max. 10 *V5.1 per DLUV).

analog or digital

digital

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

DLU • a/b or U or V5.1 interfaces - Uinterfaces (SLMD with 16 subscriber line circuits - SLCD) - V5.1 interfaces (SLMX with two V5.1 interfaces) • Concentration of the subscriber accesses Analog/digital conversion for analog subscribers Modules SLM for the connection of -a/b interfaces (SLMA with 16 subscriber line circuits SLCA)

maximum 120 user channels with 64 kbps

3.2

Connecting Capability of the DLU to EWSD

The DLU is connected to the LTG by a maximum of four primary digital carriers (PDC), whereas a DLU is linked with two LTG as a rule for reasons of availability. As an exception the HW type DLUV provides up to two PDC which may be regarded as PDC0 and PDC2 in the following text. The DLU can be used locally in the exchange or remotely in the vicinity of the subscriber.

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

It is possible to connect the local DLUB to the LTG by two 4096 kbps routes intstead of four 2Mbps routes. All features are regardless of whether the DLUB is operated locally or remotely.

Common channel signaling (CCS)

Channel 16 in the first and third PDC is used for the transmission of control information messages between the DLUB and the line/trunk groups (LTG). Here channel 16 on the first PDC tranmits the control information messages for the 60 user channels to PDC 0 and 1 , and channel 16 on the third PDC the control information messages for the user channels to PDC 2 and 3. For the local DLU interface, channel 32 on both 4096-kbps connections is used for CCS. • High reliability

High reliability is yielded by : the connection of the DLUB to two LTG The doubling of DLU units with central functions constant self testing

Local application PDC0

CCS

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

PDC1 PDC2
DLU

PDC3

CCS

LTG

PDC0 CCS

PDC1
DLU

CCS
LTG

PDC2 PDC3

CCS PDC0 DLU PDC1 LTG

- 60 user channels - one CCS time slot between DLU control DLUC and LTG control GP - alternative : 1 * 4 Mbit/s for local DLU interface

3.3

Central Functional Units of the DLU
Control unit for DLU (DLUC)

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

The control unit for DLU (DLUC) controls the DLU internal functional sequence and distributes or concentrates the signaling from and to the subscriber line circuits. For reasons of reliability and to increase the throughput rate, there are two DLUCs in the DLU. They work independently of each other in load sharing so that the one DLUC takes on all tasks should other DLUC fail. Every DLUC is responsible for two PDC (60 use channels, one CCS). Each DLUC has access to the processors of all subscriber modules and other DLU functional units via the DLU internal control bus. Present messages are cyclically requested of the modules; the modules are selected directly for transfer of commands and data. • Digital interface units of the DLU (DIUD or DIU:LDID)

The DIUD has two interfaces for connecting two PCM30 primary digital carriers (PDC). The PDC link the DLU with the LTG. Symmetrical or coaxial lines can be connected. The DIU:LDID has a 4096 kbps interface for connecting a DLU in local use to the LTG. The connection ensues via a symmetrical copper line. With the DIU:LDID, the contents of 60 user channels and of one CCS signaling channel are transmitted via a single 4096 kbps primary digital carrier (instead of two PCM30) primary digital carriers). The diud gathers the control information message from channel 16 of a PDC and relays it to the DLUC. In the reverse direction, the control information messages coming from the DLUC are inserted into channel 16 of the same PDC and then transmitted to the LTG. With the DIU:LDID, the signaling in channel 32 is transmitted. Furthermore the DIUD or the DIU:LDID forms the interface between the channels of the DLU internal 4096 kbps user information network and the channels of the 2 or 4 Mbps routes to the LTG. The user infromation is distributed to the subscriber line modules (SLMs) or relayed from them to the LTG via the 4096 kbps bus. • Test unit (TU)

The TU carries out manual or routine testing of the subscriber lines and subscriber line circuits. No TU is necessary if exclusive use is made of ILTF (integrated line test function).

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

DLU

PDC 0 1 DLU-System 0

Control network 0 Control network 1 User information network 0 User information network 1 SLM DIUD

2 3

DLUE-System 1
ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

Subscriber accesses

DLUC

SLM Testbus to all SLM TU

DIUD

DlUC

3.4
3.4.1

Subscriber Line Modules
Subscriber Line Module SLMA

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

The standard modules for connecting analog subscribers (SLMA:FPE or ILTF-SLMA respectively ) have 16 analog subscriber line circuits (SLCA), an SLMCP control unit, and a duplicated interface to the two control and user information bus systems. They generate the ringing current and the charge pulses for the analog telephones. The SLMA with integrated test function for subscriber lines (ILTF = integrated line test function) replaces the SLMA:FPE and the Test Unit (TU). The functions otherwise performed by the TU are implemented in the subscriber line circuits (ILTF- SLCA). Therefore no Test Unit (TU) is needed in cases where exclusive use is made of ILTF-SLM. The ILTF-SLMA is implemented in two variants : - SLMA:ITF (without Metallic Test Access) - SLMA:ITM (with Metallic Test Access) Special SLMA modules are available for special cases (e.g. connection of subscribers via pair gain, connection of non-ISDN PBX with direct-inward-dialing). If use is made of those special SLMA modules or of SLMA:FPE with external ringing generartor, the TU is still needed. TIP ILTF-SLMA may provide the test functions needed by digital ports for appropriate SLMD types, the so called ILTF-SLMD. Thus an ILTF-SLMA may be used in stead of a Test Unit.

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

Analog subscr-

Standard SLMA

4096-kbps-bus 0 DIUD0 or DIU:DID0) 4096-kbps-bus 1 DIUD1 or DIU:DID1)

ber line 0

15 SLCA
Test bus (not in case of ILTF-SLMA)

Control bus 0 (DLUC0) Control Part SLMCP Control bus 1 (DLUC1)

Battery Supply Overvoltage Protection Ringing Signaling Coding Hybrid 2/4 - Wire 3.4.2 Subscriber Module SLMD Testing

The standard module for connecting digital subscribers (SLMD:QFB) has 16 digital subscriber line circuits (SLCD), a control section, and a duplicated interface to the two control and use information networks.

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

Depending on the project specific encoding on the digital 2 wire subscriber line, the module SLMD:TFB can also be used.

TIP ILTF-SLMA can provide the necessary test functions which otherwise are performed by the TU. This works for the so called ILTF-SLMD (ILTF = integrated line test function). Therfore no additional SLMD-modules are necessary for ILTF.

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

ISDN SLMD subscruber 0 4096-kbps - bus 0 (DIUD0 or DIU:LDID0) 4096-kbps - bus 0 (DIUD0 or DIU:LDID0)

15
Test bus (not in case of ILTF-SLMD)

SLCD Control Part

Control bus 0 (DLUC0) Control bus 1 (DLUC1)

Overvoltage protection Provisioning of the time multiplex interface with the 2B and D channel with a total of 144 kbps and the 16 kbps for the clock synchronization (layer 1 of the DSS1 ) Echo compensation for the bidirectional digital transmission on the 2- wire subscriber line (layer 1 of the DSS 1) 2- Wire/4-wire conversion and adaption of the line code used on the subscriber line (layer 1 of the DSS 1) Separation of the DSS1 signaling messages from the X.25 data packets of the subscriber (layer 2 of the DSS1) Protection of the transfer of the DSS 1 signaling messages in the D channel (layer 2 of the DSS 1) Test access to the subscriber line/circuit

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

3.5

Stand Alone Service of a DLU

If both control units of a DLU lose their signaling channel to the LTG owing to transmission faults (failure of the PDC) or LTG failures, a DLU can continue to work in stand alone service. This feature is as a rule available to all remote DLU. For this the DLU must be equipped with a stand alone service control module (SASC-E). This module assumes the control of the call setup between subscribers of the same DLU when in stand alone service. The through-connection of the voice communication follows internally in the DLU. Metering does not take place. If several remote DLU are next to one another, they can be aggregated to a remote control unit (RCU). Up to 6 remotes DLU are linked to one another for this. If the individual DLU of an RCU go into stand alone service, calls between subscribers on different DLU of the RCU are still possible.

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

EWSD

Digital Line Unit

Remote control unit (RCU) Analog and ISDN subscriber lines PDC0
DLU 1

PDC1 PDC2 PDC3

LTG

Links between the DLUs of an RCU

DLU2 DLU3 DLU4 DLU5 PDC0
DLU 6

PDC1 PDC2 PDC3
LTG

with CCS without CCS

ALTTC/EWSD/V13/PKA

F12-DLU/1.1.2001

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