M1
M2
GIVEN DATA:
M1 = 10kg.
M2 = 5kg.
Ө = 60°
μ = 0.10
REQUIRED:
1. tension when the body is sliding down from rest
2. acceleration
SOLUTION:
Downward acceleration
N
T
M1 Ff
Wx W Wy
Wx
EQUATIONS:
Wx = m*g *Sin Ө
Wy = m*g *Cos Ө
Wy = N
N = m*g *Cos Ө
Ff = μN or Ff = μ (m*g *Cos Ө)
T = Tension or force
COMPUTATION:
 
Wx Ff F = Ma
 
m*g *Sin Ө μ (m*g *Cos Ө) T = 10a
 
10*9.8*Sin 60° .10(10*9.8*Cos 60°) T = 10a
 
84.87048957 4.9 T=10a
79.97048957T=10a equation 1
M2
T – W = Ma
T  mg = Ma
T 5*9.8 = 5a
T – 49 = 5a equation 2

(79.97048957 T) + (T – 49) = 10a + 5a
30.97048957 = 15a
a = 30.97048957
15a
a = 2.064699305 m/s2
Plug in a to equation no. 2 to get the tension
T – 49 = 5a equation 2
T – 49 = 5*2.064699305 m/s2
T49=10.32349652
T = 10.32349652 + 49
T = 59.32349652 N
TENSION in mass 1 is lesser than the weight since object is accelerating downhill.
TENSION in mass 2 is greater since the object is accelerating upward.
2. T
Ө Ty
Tx
Ty
Ff Ө
Tx
W
DATA: REQUIRED: tension when μk = .2
M1 = 15 kg
μk = .2
Ө = 20°
EQUATIONS:
Ty = m*g*Cos Ө
Tx = m*g*Sin Ө
T = mg
Fk = μ (m*g *Cos Ө)
W = m*g
N+ TyW = 0
N = WTy
N = mg  TCos 20
N = 15*9.8 – TCos 20
N = 1470.32020143T Normal force
Tx = Fk
T Sin Ө = μkN
0.93969265T = 29.40.068404028T
T = 29.4
0.93969265 + 0.068404028
T=29.163 N