Junia

1

Junia
Junia

Andronicus, Athanasius of Christianopoulos and Saint Junia Honored in Eastern Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodox Churches Feast May 17, 23 Pashons (Coptic Orthodox)

Junia or Junias (Greek: €•‚ƒ„… / €•‚ƒ„…†, Iounia[s]) was a 1st-century Christian highly regarded and complimented by apostle Paul. Paul refers to Junia as an apostle .[1] That Junia was a woman is seldom contested today among Christian theologians. Apostle Paul wrote in the Romans 16:7 [2]: Salute Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen, and my fellow prisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me. € Romans 16:7 KJV [3]

Scholarly debate
The translation of the verse presents two problems: ‡ The majority of Greek New Testament manuscripts give a female name Junia; a minority give a masculine name Junias.[4] ‡ The phrase translated "of note among the apostles" (KJV) can be read two ways, as illustrated by the two readings in the NIV; "outstanding among" (NIV main text) or "esteemed by" (NIV footnote).[5] These two questions are still under scholarly debate.

Junia's apostleship
Grammatical issue: "prominent among" or "well known to"?
The meaning of "outstanding among the apostles" is rendered by some translations as "well-known among the apostles"€suggesting that the couple were not apostles but enjoyed a high reputation among the apostles. Some New Testament scholars consider that the Greek phrase epis€mos en + dative (literally "noted among") does not automatically demand that the noted person is a member of the group among whom the person is noted. A well-known example of this grammatical construction is found in Euripides' Hippolytus 101:3 where the goddess Aphrodite is "famous (episˆmos) among mortals," but evidently is not included as being among the mortals.[6] For this reason some versions, such as the ESV, translate the Greek phrase as "well known to", unlike other versions such as NRSV which translate "prominent among." Those who have argued for the ESV translation include Michael Burer and Daniel Wallace[7] who agree that Junia was a woman but assert that the correct rendition of the Greek text

indicates that the couple's apostleship did not hinge on Paul's recognition of their status.[8] That translation would indicate that the pair were not apostles. cognatos et concaptivos meos. and others.." ‡ Vulgate "salutate Andronicum et Iuniam... He points out how improbable it would be for Paul to have six "kinsmen" in Rome at the same time. but as members of the larger group commonly called "apostles" such as Silas. she needed to have a . but that they enjoyed a high reputation among the apostles." 2 Gender bias Gilbert Bilezikian[9] sees gender-bias in the KJV..." ‡ NRSV "Greet Andronicus and Junia.. who are of note among the apostles. The evidence points to Junia belonging to this movement and her geographical location indicates that Junia would have been one of the earliest founders of the Roman Christian community.[16] which was a group of Greek-speaking Jews that belonged to the Synagogue of the Freedman. Timothy. Martin Hengel has proposed that the Roman congregation was originally founded by the Hellenists. ‰Š•Š†…Ž …Š‚Š† •‚ƒ„…†‡ƒ •ˆ •‰ŠŽ •ƒ‰‚•‰’‰ŠŽ. In chapter 5 of his book. and other translations of Romans 16:7 that provide the masculine term "kinsmen" for the gender-neutral term for "relatives" or "compatriots".21] [10] Linda Belleville. and correcting the Burer and Wallace article. The phrase epis€mos en is in bold italics in the following comparison of translations of Romans 16:7: ‡ Greek "•‚ƒ•‚•‚„… •†‡ˆ‰†Š‹‰† ‹•Š Š‰Œ†Š•†." ‡ KJV "Salute Andronicus and Junia. refuting. They are well known to the apostles.. In that scenario Paul is seen to be reinforcing the couple's gospel by praising them.. qui sunt nobiles in apostolis. There are two main discussions regarding Paul's intentions behind his greeting to Junia and Andronicus: ‡ The first discussion proposes that Junia was a Hellenised Jew. Professor Bauckham develops a case for identifying Junia with Joanna. the way Paul acknowledges the apostleship of Andronicus and Junia in Romans 16:7 [2]. the wife of Chuza.Junia places her as well known to the apostles rather than prominent among the apostles. and my fellow-prisoners. coupled with his stating they "were in Christ before me" (converted to Christ before Paul was). He writes that Paul would have little interest in deferring to the opinion of others as a source of credentials. all the conjecture about her allegiances presupposes Junia to have been a woman of great prestige. Frank Stagg believe that Paul is competent to endorse the couple as "apostles" on the basis of his own involvement with them.. and that she belonged to Paul's Law-free mission to the Gentiles.11. •‰ŒŽ ‚Œ••…†…ŠŽ •‰Œ ‹•Š ‚Œ†•Š‘••’“•‰ŒŽ •‰Œ.[15] ‡ The other possibility is that Junia belonged to the more conservative element of the early Christian movement such as Jewish Christianity (Jews that still maintained the importance of the Jewish Law). associated with Stephen. and "Junia" her Roman.." ‡ ESV "Greet Andronicus and Junia. 6:7.. Paul and Andronicus and Junia Classicist Evelyn Stagg and New Testament scholar Dr. they are prominent among the apostles.. [Rom..[14] Bilezikian:p.301•302 #54 agrees.. my kinsmen. However. "Joanna" being her Jewish name. my relatives who were in prison with me. no matter with whom Junia associated.. who openly abandoned the Jewish Law.[12] and Eldon Epp[13] have taken on the task of correcting some findings pertaining to Junia.[11] Richard Bauckham. Gilman claims that for her to have been called an apostle. Bauckham devotes several pages to interacting with. Moving past the name and gender debate. The Staggs and Bilezikian maintain that both the context and the content of this verse require that it be read naturally as Paul's commendation of Andronicus and Junias not only as remarkable Christian workers. ESV. Paul's references to the couple's imprisonment with him and to the time of their conversion relative to his own would give him no need to defer to the opinion of others as a source of credentials. my kinsmen and my fellow prisoners.

Paul addressed a number of women as "leaders. even though in the Latin translation available to him the name was clearly feminine. The overwhelming choice of the male form (Š•‚ƒ„Œƒ)." Finlan finds it significant that Paul greeted her as an "apostle" in a straightforward.[25] The opposing interpretation of this verse disavows both Junia's apostleship and her female gender.S. Paul addressed a number of women as "leaders". "And since Paul often has been viewed as someone who wanted to keep women quiet. in 1512. it was common place during this period for Greek-speaking Jewish families to give their daughters Latin names and their sons Greek names. when the New Testament was composed. though without explanation. A popular work exploring Junia has been published by journalist Rena Pederson.[23] Further." but Junia is the only female apostle named anywhere in the New Testament. Stephen Finlan notes that in the Corinthian and Roman letters. [1 Cor 15:1-11] [17][18] Bilezikian disagrees and places her among the post-resurrection Christian disciples who had never seen Christ but who were pioneer missionaries. No conclusion can be drawn from the masculine gender of the associated words in the same verse. The first credible reference to Junia as male comes from Aegidius of Rome (ca. they could have been siblings or simply a team of evangelists. it is "Junias" (a man's). even if Junia(s) is a woman.[1] U. the rules of Greek grammar put those words in the masculine form. He believes she was most likely among the 500 that Paul mentions to have received a Christophany. Finlan also affirms that Junia is ‚the only female apostle named in the New Testament. What is important is that Junia is referred to in her own right. 3 Junia's gender That Junia was a woman is seldom contested today among Christian theologians. may have been influenced by the grammatical gender of these words.‰1:1.[27] She opines that the growing acknowledgment of Junia's female apostleship will establish an important precedent for women preaching and teaching."[28] Pederson adds. This means that she earned her title and position on her own merit. the name is "Junia" (a woman's name). not as an attachment to someone else. such as Apollos. 1243-1316) in the late Middle Ages.‰4:6-9] [19] Epaphroditus.ƒ[29] He writes that Junia is clearly a female name that was changed to the male "Junias" in the Latin translations of the New Testament. It is also of note that Junia possesses a Latin name which could have stemmed from servile origins.[24] Junia's relationship with Andronicus is somewhat ambiguous. as a reflection of an institutional prejudice against women that stretched back to ancient Greek scholars. 2:25] [20] Sylvanus and Timothy. This could mean that she was a freed slave who adopted the name of her patron. cf. Junia could have belonged to a family of Hellenized Jews.[22] Alternatively as previously mentioned. and requires male leadership/female submission in marriage. as being "in Christ" before him and being "prominent among the apostles. However. if with a circumflex accent on the final syllable (Š•‚ƒ„Œƒ). hence the Greek name of Andronicus. 75% of the 517 names found in the six Jewish catacombs of ancient Rome are Greek names. [1‰Thes. While it is generally supposed that they were husband and wife. In the Corinthian and Roman letters. his praise for Junia seems to show that he was much more broadminded in practice. although these already had been invented. Greek was normally written without accents. If written with an acute accent on the penultimate syllable (Š•‚ƒ‹…ƒ). [Phil. [1‰Cor. 2:6] [21] Junia was a popular name for nobility. matter-of-fact way as if there was nothing unusual about a female apostle.Junia post-resurrection experience of Jesus and a divine commissioning. This book has been reviewed in the Toronto Star. when in the 9th century accents were added in manuscripts.[26] Complementarians believe that the Bible limits or prohibits women's leadership roles in the church.[30] . Accordingly. since they apply also to the male Andronicus. but it has also been attributed to a supposed bias on the part of scribes against the idea of a female apostle. journalist Rena Pederson argues that medieval translators such as the 13th-century Archbishop Giles changed her name to Junias. In Paul's identification of her as a relative. Jacques LeFevre also considered her a man. Two centuries later. The problem of translating the name arises because. rather than it being simply a natural derivation from her husband's status. According to Harry Leon.

though this ignores the evidence of the Greek manuscripts about how the name was actually interpreted at least from the 9th century onward. with not one single case proven to be the abbreviated form of Junianus to Junia. which names him as the bishop of Apameia of Syria. Epp gives a textual critical evaluation of the history of Junia in the Greek text and also the search in non-Biblical Greek literature for "Junias"€the alleged masculine form of the name which has not been found in writings from New Testament times and only rarely thereafter. which was not uncommon both in Greek and Latin. There are also tentative connections between Junia and Joanna. the earliest texts are inconclusive and we are very dependent on Patristic interpretation for the gender of Junia. but not "Junias". in the earliest extant commentary on Romans. with the exception of Alford's 1858 edition. The Coptic Synaxarium reading for the twenty-third of Bashans identifies Junia the apostle as being a man of the tribe of Judah. This remained the case until the 1998. One is papyrus P46 of about the year 200. . And in a Latin quotation from Origen (died AD 252). preserved in a Latin translation by Rufinus. which matches the 27th edition of the Nestle-Aland text (the latest editions of each text). Hence. historical studies on the name "Junia" as a contracted form of "Junianas" has shown there are over 250 citations of the name Junia in antiquity all of which have been found to refer to women. However.Junia In his book Junia: The First Woman Apostle. ca. When the minuscules (using lower case Greek letters) appeared. the masculine form is preferred in the UBS New Testament..[34] Meanwhile the name Junia is attested multiple times on inscriptions. "an almost universal sense that this was a woman…s name surfaces€at least through the twelfth century. Three Greek uncial manuscripts have the inverse substitution. on the same page is the reason why. Three clear occurrences of "Junia" have been found. in one tradition of Coptic manuscripts and in Ethiopic manuscripts. was a common enough name in Latin. The importance of this is that the gender of the name depends on the accentuation. the textual weight seemed to be for the feminine name Junia. He points out that the earliest copies of the Greek texts for Romans 16:7 [2] are majuscules (capital letters). "Julia" is also the reading in some Latin manuscripts. Junia was accented with a character which indicates the feminine form of the name. "Junia(s)" and "Julia". While earlier searches for "Junias" in Latin also yielded no evidence.403 AD). the United Bible Societies The Greek New Testament only cites Jerome as having read the name "Julia" in Romans 16:7 [2] and Chrysostom as having understood the name as the feminine "Junia".. Junia. in Index of Disciples says. Chrysostom wrote: "O how great is the devotion of this woman that she should be counted worthy of the appellation of apostle!"[36] Although among the Fathers. Thus. it is reported that "Junias" has been found as a Latin nickname or diminutive for the name "Junianas". Two Greek manuscripts have "Julia" (clearly a woman's name) instead of "Junia(s)" in this verse. the phrase "of whom" is a masculine relative pronoun (hou) and shows that Epiphanius considered Junias to be a man. General Brutus… half sister. in both cases. says that Paul refers to "Andronicus and Junias and Herodian. The other is the 13th-century minuscule manuscript catalogued as "6". It has even been claimed that the first known mention of Junia as a male is by Aegidus of Rome (1245•1316). Hence. This raises the question whether the proximity of the two names. tombstones and records. [Luke 8:3] [32] suggesting that Junia could be the Latin form of the Hebrew Joanna. ("Junia(s)" in place of "Julia") in Romans 16:15 [31]. until 1928 when Nestle inexplicably (read: he didn't explain it in the apparatus) went to the masculine form. 4th edition. 4 . when the edition just as inexplicably went back the other way and the masculine was dropped as even an alternative (not in the apparatus)." and "Junia". which text critic Eldon Epp in 2005 believed most scholars accept. The feminine form of the name appeared in Erasmus' critical Greek text in 1516 and continuously thereafter in all other critical Greek texts. all of whom he calls relatives and fellow captives" (Origen's Commentary on Romans. There are no accent marks in them. it is feasible that Junia is „Joanna." In Greek.[35] Among the early Church Fathers.…[33] Only one record of the male name "Junias" has been discovered in extra-biblical Greek literature. While this is a possibility. the majority of these are Latin fathers. most notably. this must be couched tentatively because although at least seventeen fathers discuss the issue (see Fitzmyer…s commentary on Romans for the data). "Junias. of whom Paul makes mention. became Bishop of Apameia of Syria. Epiphanius (315 . a few scribes replaced one name with the other.

as early manuscripts were written without accents. Wallace.‰4:6-9] [19] Epaphroditus. 2:6] [21] The description of "apostles" as one of the three higher spiritual gifts that Christians should desire [1‰Cor. 4:2-3] [43] Notes [1] [2] [3] [4] Epp.. 31] [41] is evidence of continued accessibility to this ministry for qualified persons. whose name is ascribed to fourteen epistles in the New Testament. biblegateway. however..:pp. or as reckoning them in the number of apostles.[37] The female identity of Junias was accepted without objection during the first twelve centuries of the church. cf. Patrologia Graeca. [Phil. Junia and Andronicus are believed to have suffered martyrdom for Christ.3:5] [39] Initially. in J.‰12:28. such as Apollos.197•198 The apostle Paul also refers to some of his associates as "co-workers" or "fellow workers". Bilezikian writes that the term "apostle" was still used in this broad sense in the post-apostolic writing of the Didache. 5 Orthodox traditional views Orthodox traditions say Junia and Andronicus of Pannonia traveled extensively and preached the Gospel to pagans. A number of more recent translations present both Andronicus and Junias as males. The name Junias here is a Latin masculine singular nominative.she would be even counted worthy of the appellation of apostle. the designation was given to missionaries involved in establishing churches and who saw the resurrected Christ before his ascension. The latter is the sense. many of whom were converted to Christianity. in the presence of which she is declared "conspicuous" (episˆmos) among mortals (101-3). and in their place Christian churches were built.P. " [7] Burer. This included more than "five hundred of the brothers and sisters at the same time" and then Paul himself. vol. 2:25] [20] Sylvanus and Timothy.[] Most recent studies. if "apostle" be understood here in the more general meaning. only the original disciples (meaning "students". in Phil. according to the writings of the church fathers. 16:3] [42] Euodia and Syntiche. or teachers. encouraged female leaders in the Church. Bromiley -1939 revised 1979 "are referred to as "of note among the apostles.E. [1‰Cor." [5] H. and Daniel B.ƒ[] Some scholars see Romans 16:7 [2] as proof that Paul the Apostle.‰1:1. Migne. Augsburg Fortress.. 14. 2005. [Phil. in 2 Cor. ISBN 0-8006-3771-2 http:/ / www. com/ passage/ ?search=Romans+ 16%3A7& version=KJV Keith Elliott. They could aspire to become apostles. 1289). and not so much with apostleship. The same people he calls "apostles" are also referred to as his "coworkers"€suggesting an intent to provide some interchangeability between the terms apostles and co-workers.7. prominent Church Father. [Rom. Ian Moir -Manuscripts and the Text of the New Testament: An Introduction 2000 Page 66 "GNB and REB also note the alternatives Junia'/'Junias' at Romans 16:7.Junia 345-ca. col.‰9:6-8] [40] After that. Junia. Michael. who was one of the ancient world's most proficient scholars.‰12:28] [38] [Eph. biblegateway. [1‰Thes. 8:23 of Titus. used in Acts 14: 14 of Barnabas. 2:20. the appellation of apostle was extended to Christian disciples who had never seen Christ but who were pioneer missionaries. Many of the pagan temples were closed. [1‰Cor. 2:25 of Epaphroditus. prophets. The difference between the genders in the Greek depends on the accents and. cf." this may be interpreted either as designating the high esteem in which they were held by the Twelve. "learners") of Jesus were called "apostles" (meaning "those sent forth with a mission). Jacobs Andronicus in International Standard Bible Encyclopedia: A-D . are preoccupied with the gender of the name. "Was Junia Really an Apostle? A Re-Examination of Rom 16. "Apostle" in the New Testament The term "apostle" connotes the highest level of leadership and authority in the early church.198 Paul applies the title "co-worker" to several women€Priscilla. implying that Origen. Eldon. com/ passage/ ?search=Romans+ 16%3A7& version=NIV http:/ / www. or as reckoning them in the number of the Twelve." New Testament Studies 47 [2001]: 76-91 .:p.Page 123 Geoffrey W. . Paul's "enthusiastic acclamation" of Junia prompted Chrysostom. [1‰Cor. thought Junias was a man.. to marvel at her apparent devotion such that ". 410 AD. After Jesus' resurrection." [6] Charles Segal Euripides and the Poetics of Sorrow 1993 Page 124 "Aphrodite has a temple at the city's summit and a statue before the house. the First Woman Apostle.

Gospel Women: Studies of the Named Women of the Gospels (Grand Rapids: William B. from Josephus (B. Woman in the World of Jesus. the first is impersonal (Lycurgus. Crossan & J... as quoted on (http:/ / www. the First Woman Apostle. F. September 11. "Names of the Jews of Ancient Rome. biblegateway. pp. Aphrodite is described as "prominent/splendid among/to mortals".7: in New Testament Textual Criticism and Exegesis: Festschrift J. antiochian. htm) also available at CCEL (http:/ / www. 1956. 2009). l03. pp. Rena Pederson. [16] Hengel. 2002. biblegateway. "The Roman Christians of Romans 16". Web: 7 Jan 2010 Junia Among the Apostles (http:/ / www. " [9] Bilezikian Beyond.. com/ passage/ ?search=1thes+ 1%3A1%2C2%3A6& version=NIV [22] Lampe. 205-224.. com/ passage/ ?search=1cor+ 4%3A6%2C9& version=NIV [20] http:/ / www. Pierce & R. + 2%3A25& version=NIV [21] http:/ / www. IL: InterVarsity Press. Against Leocrates.7 in Light of Primary Source Materials". com/ passage/ ?search=Luke+ 8%3A3& version=NIV [33] R.68. org/ studies/ womenhistory/ rissjunia. The Romans Debate. bible. „Joanna: Apostle of the Lord • or Jailbait." Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association. 2005. From classical literature three examples were given. Bowden. B." in G. Evelyn and Frank Stagg. 2002). Luckensmeyer & L. New Testament Studies.. rev. + 16%3A3& version=NIV [43] http:/ / www. 1995[1960] p. Prayer and Spirituality in the Early Church: Poverty and Riches. ISBN 0-7879-8443-4 [26] A study on Junia (http:/ / www. ISBN 978-1-56563-671-2. Junia...94. Junia. Donfried (ed. Eldon. . biblegateway. + 2%3A20%2C3%3A5& version=NIV [40] http:/ / www. [36] Chrysostom. 2006. Gospel Women : Studies of the Named Women in the Gospels. Eerdmans Pub. Cross (ed. Jo•l Delobel" p287.P. 2: 12-47 [34] J. . org/ questions/ 38. 110-126. (2005). ISBN 978-1-59244-190-7. 59.D. biblegateway. biblegateway.. 109-202. Richard. in K. Harry J. Co. Merill Groothuis (Downers Grove. martyred along with the Seventy. [24] Leon. "Wealthy Widows and Female Apostles: The Economic and Social Status of Women in Early Roman Christianity. Peabody. 107-108.. Harry J. p. "in Euripides. Web: 7 Jan 2009. php) by the Council on Biblical Manhood and Womanhood [27] Pederson. Grand Rapids: Wm. 5 (Strathfield: Paulist Press. 134 [30] Wallace. London: SCM Press. ed. jstor. The fifth example. Liturgical Press. T.4l8). D. Bauckham. The Lost Apostle.… in Discovering Biblical Equality: Complementarity without Hierarchy.1017/S0028688505000135. 1992. asp?page_id=1163) [31] http:/ / www. biblegateway. pp 231-249. Reed. com/ passage/ ?search=1cor+ 12%3A28%2C31& version=NIV [42] http:/ / www.. ISBN 978-0-8146-5271-8..episamoi en tois apostolois: A Re-examination of Romans 16.. 2004). doi:10. 2. D. B. ed. Collegeville MN: Liturgical Press. [19] http:/ / www. Hippolytus. Bacchae. p. biblegateway. p. Augsburg Fortress. 2005). Peter. 2008. org/ node/ 18620) [38] http:/ / www. com/ passage/ ?search=1Cor+ 9%3A6-8& version=NIV [41] http:/ / www.8 [29] Finlan. Ed.J.. godswordtowomen. "Iounian. com/ passage/ ?search=Phil.… BR 21. „Women Leaders in the Bible. Vol. Witherington III. Acts and the History of Earliest Christianity. The Jews of Ancient Rome. Daniel B. M. Stephen. 1979. com/ passage/ ?search=Phil. where the exclusive view is apparent because she is not a mortal". 967).. com/ passage/ ?search=Rom+ 16%3A15& version=ESV [32] http:/ / www. vol. com/ passage/ ?search=Rom. 1995.226 [23] Leon. in Philip Schaff. org/ ccel/ schaff/ npnf111/ Page_554. org/ page. cbmw. tr. In Search of Paul. 555. com/ passage/ ?search=1Cor+ 15%3A1-11& version=NIV [18] Gillman. II." Orthodox Church in America. Junia. [17] http:/ / www.Junia [8] Eldon Jay Epp The Junia/Junias Variation in Romans 16. A Select Library of the Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers of the Christian Church. J. 51 (2005) [12] Bauckham. com/ passage/ ?search=1Cor+ 12%3A28& version=NIV [39] http:/ / www. Homily on Romans 16. ISBN 0-8006-3771-2 [14] Stagg. p. + 4%3A2-3& version=NIV 6 . the second personal (Euripides. Dunn. pp. 1978. How Jesus… Apostle Opposed Rome…s Empire with God…s Kingdom (New York: HarperCollins. com/ passage/ ?search=Eph. Eerdmans Publishing Company. (1928). Burer and Wallace viewed the inscriptions as furnishing four personal en + dative instances . The Apostle Paul and The Pauline Tradition. p.)."Though questions remain. Delobel. MA: Hendrickson. Linda. Web: 7 Jan 2009 Names of the Jews of Ancient Rome (http:/ / www. ISBN 0-664-24195-6 [15] Hammer. + 6%3A7%2C11%2C21& version=NIV [11] Belleville. org/ stable/ 282986) [25] The Lost Apostle: Searching for the Truth About Junia. 128-130 [28] Pederson. l29). html) [37] "St. com/ passage/ ?search=Rom. 51. biblegateway. ISBN 0-8028-4999-7 [13] Epp. Junia Among the Apostles: The Double Identification Problem in Romans 16:7.. L.301 #54 [10] http:/ / www. biblegateway.. The Lost Apostle. p. Adelbert Denaux. ccel. Women Who Knew Paul. biblegateway. 115 [35] Belleville. biblegateway. R. Jossey-Bass. Philadelphia: Westminster. martyred along with the Seventy (http:/ / www. ed. Hendrickson Publishers. biblegateway. biblegateway. 65-74. ISBN 978-0-8146-5674-7.). Eerdsmans.

What Paul Meant (http://books.google. 2002.godswordtowomen. Rena. 2006. Penguin. pp. The Lost Apostle: Searching for the Truth about Junia. Web: 7 Jan 2010. ISBN 978-0-470-18462-2 ‡ Riss. Kathryn J. . The Apostle Junia (http://www.) Scepter Publishers. ISBN 978-1-59417-078-2 ‡ Pederson." Women in Church History: Women's Ministries in the Early Church. Michael E.org/rissjunia. "The Apostle Junia. Garry (2007).com/books?id=NrPqV9f2OEgC). Wiley Press.‰90•92.Junia 7 Other references ‡ Giesler. Junia (The Fictional Life and Death of an Early Christian.htm) ‡ Wills.

Emperorbma. StAnselm. Magioladitis. Margin1522. Telpardec. Jbribeiro1. Lima. John of Reading.wikipedia. 27 anonymous edits Image Sources. Alleborgo. Jdlyall.of. Filll. Bill.org/w/index. Evrik. Marnanel.php?title=File:0517andronikos-athanasius. Meatsgains.0/ . Rbullerman. Soronia09.Article Sources and Contributors 8 Article Sources and Contributors Junia ‰Source: http://en. Rjwilmsi.jpg ‰License: Public Domain ‰Contributors: Evrik. Davidiad. Afaprof01.of. Bucksburg. Ephilei. Dankarl. Koavf. Rickyrab. Carsrac.jpg ‰Source: http://en. Smith609. Hmains. Paxsimius. CapHammer. Good Olfactory.0 //creativecommons. Zozo2kx. Shouriki. Derek R Bullamore. Ceplm.org/licenses/by-sa/3.php?oldid=582562904 ‰Contributors: Abdul Muhib. Mangostar. Adpete. Licenses and Contributors File:0517andronikos-athanasius.org/w/index. In ictu oculi. Pgym. Lanternix.albing. LilHelpa. Roscelese. Charles Matthews. Crocodealer. Westonmr. Leewonbum. Vanished user ewfisn2348tui2f8n2fio2utjfeoi210r39jf.christianopoulos-junia. Nhoj. Hafspajen. R'n'B. Khazar2. Jbribeiro1 License Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3. LoveMonkey. Flominator.wikipedia. INeverCry. Henrikhenrik. Andronicus. Goontah. Paynell1. EamonnPKeane.christianopoulos-junia. Tiggerdude.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful