Figure 1

Wednesday, September 16, 2009


the accidental landing of a Portuguese ship in 1542 at Kagoshima Prefecture, the zealous Christian missionary Francis Xavier arrived in another part of the territory in 1549. Xavier, left for China in 1551 (dying soon after departure), but his followers converted a number of daimyo (warlords), the most notable of whom was Omura Sumitada. His conversion was to prove profitable, as a deal was struck in which he would receive a proportion of the trade from Portuguese ships at a port that the two parties established in 1571. This port was Nagasaki. It would not take long before the little harbor village bloomed into a diverse port city. Its cosmopolitan fame spread quickly, with people all over Japan craving things Portuguese, such as tobacco, bread, tempura, sponge-cake and clothing. The Portuguese also brought with them many goods of Chinese origin. The port's prosperity was threatened, however, in 1587, when a new Japanese shogun, Hideyoshi Toyotomi, came to power. His anxiety over the extent of Christian influence in southern Japan caused him to order the expulsion of all missionaries. Nagasaki's administrative control, which had been given in part to Jesuits by Omura, returned to imperial control. Nevertheless, Portuguese traders were not ostracized, and the city's culture continued to thrive. In 1596, the captain of a Spanish galleon crashed in Shikoku, only to have his ship impounded. He boasted that with the increased numbers of Christians, he could oust the shogun. To discourage such threats, Hideyoshi lost no time in marching the captain around the country in disgrace. Later, in Nagasaki City he would crucify 26 Christians-Franciscans and a few Japanese - as a further deterrent.

Some of the write up is deleted for correction will be posted after rectified. Please bear with us.if u want any information you may contact us at Yours Friend In NUMISMATICS Chang Matsukata 一些记载被删除为更正将被张贴在矫正以后。 熊与 us.if u 请想要你可以与我们联系在的任一信息 你的朋友在钱币学 Chang ·Matsukata 書き立ての一部は訂正のために調整されるの後で掲示される削除される。 Us.if u のくまはあなたが私達にで連絡するかもしれないどの情報でもほしいと思 う あなたの NUMISMATICS の友人 Chang Matsukata Posted by Yokuhama banknote 1866 History, at 1:55 PM 0 comments Labels: banknotes, hansatsu, indianbanknote, japan banknotes, perry, rare indian banknotes, rare japan banknotes, The Central bank of Western India, USA rare banknotes, world rare banknotes, yokohama specie banknotes


Nagasaki during World War II The Bockscar and its crew, who dropped the "Fat Man" atomic bomb on Nagasaki. The city of Nagasaki had been one of the largest sea ports in southern Japan and was of great wartime importance because of its wide-ranging industrial activity, including the production of ordnance, ships, military equipment, and other war materials. In contrast to many modern aspects of Hiroshima, almost all of the buildings were of oldfashioned Japanese construction, consisting of wood or wood-frame buildings with wood walls (with or without plaster) and tile roofs. Many of the smaller industries and business establishments were also situated in buildings of wood or other materials not designed to withstand explosions. Nagasaki had been permitted to grow for many years without conforming to any definite city zoning plan; residences were erected adjacent to factory buildings and to each other almost as closely as possible throughout the entire industrial valley. Nagasaki had never been subjected to large-scale bombing prior to the explosion of a nuclear weapon there. On August 1, 1945, however, a number of conventional highexplosive bombs were dropped on the city. A few hit in the shipyards and dock areas in the southwest portion of the city, several hit the Mitsubishi Steel and Arms Works, and six bombs landed at the Nagasaki Medical School and Hospital, with three direct hits on buildings there. While the damage from these bombs was relatively small, it created

considerable concern in Nagasaki and many people—principally school children—were evacuated to rural areas for safety, thus reducing the population in the city at the time of the nuclear attack. To the north of Nagasaki there was a camp holding British Commonwealth prisoners of war, some of whom were working in the coal mines and only found out about the bombing when they came to the surface. At least eight known POWs died from the bombing and as many as thirteen POWs may have died: PEOPLE AND PLANE WHO BOMBED NAGASAKI Posted by Yokuhama banknote 1866 History, at 1:49 PM 0 comments Labels: banknotes, hansatsu, indianbanknote, japan banknotes, perry, rare indian banknotes, rare japan banknotes, The Central bank of

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