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08/10/2013

The High Middle Ages

The Byzantine Emperor asks the Pope for help.

Turks gain control of Palestine and threaten Constantinople. Pope Urban II asks the European lords to free the Holy Land from the Turks.

Some 10,000 Europeans take up the cause.

Effects of the First Crusade
Political
Europeans control Holy Land. European institutions spread. Crusaders set up small states.

Economic
Feudalism spread. Trade between Europe and the Holy Land. Italian shipping business grew.

Cultural
Europeans wore Eastern clothes and ate Eastern foods. Christians learned to respect Muslims.

The Other Major Crusades and their outcomes

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• %an# #oungsters died on their a# to the &ol# 'and. lemons. Viking ships brought Asian goods to northern Europe. Flanders became a meeting center of different trade routes. Italian ships brought goods back from Asia. Results of the Crusades Weapons and warfare: The crossbow The catapult The use of powder Political changes: Kings and Church gained more power. melons rice and sugar. Print and paste. Revival of Trade The Hanseatic League set up trading posts. • !enetians gained control of the "#$antine trade. • Richard I of England negotiates a truce ith Saladin. Goods from the East: apricots. 2 . The Crusades stimulated trade. • Third • Fourth • Children’s Crusade Ideas and trade: New knowledge from the Byzantines and the Muslims.08/10/2013 Crusade • Second Outcomes • Combined European forces returned in disgrace in 1149.

and also for mone# lending.08/10/2013 The domestic manufacturing s#stem is born( )or*ers did the +ob at home. 3 . "an*ing as born. so people didn’t ha-e to carr# mone# from one place to another. Commerce as mainl# through the barter s#stem. but mone# as also used.

plaining the process to belong to a guild. but also social and cultural e-ents. and the chart e. hich not onl# ere for the e. +ustice( T o n courts to tr# T o n +ustice to nspeople.08/10/2013 The most important centres for commerce ere the fairs. )atch the follo ing -ideo.change of goods.emption or* in the manor. 0toll1 outsiders ho anted to trade there. pri-ileges( Freedom to sell Commercial pri-ileges their goods and to ta.emption( T o nspeople didn’t ha-e to E. http://www. Guilds Freedom( Freedom /fter a #ear and a da# of li-ing in to n. )rite a definition of 2uild.com/watch?v=vnQlHeee9Dw 4 .youtube. E.

08/10/2013 "eginning in 1344. a plague called "lac* 5eath spread through Europe from /sia transported b# the fleas hosted in the blac* rats hich usuall# tra-elled on the merchant ships. 5 . /bout 163 of the European population died because of it.

morality.08/10/2013 Spread of the first a-e of the "lac* 5eath. but the uneducated people spo*e -ernacular 0local1 languages. and mystery plays Short dramas with religious or biblical themes E.ed ith 'atin and ga-e a# to most of the European 'anguages. Vernacular Literature in the Middle Ages 7ind of 'iterature Characteristics Poems about love and chivalry Fictional stories. hich mi. Troubadour songs Romances Fabliaux “Reynard the Fox” The Song of Roland The Poem of Mio Cid “Noah’s Flood” 6 .ample Love songs King Arthur and his Knights of the Round Table %ost educated people spo*e 'atin. sometimes of heroes Short comic stories written in rhymed verse Long poem about a hero National epic Miracle.

This attempt is called Scholasticism. who wrote Summa Theologie and Summa Contra Gentiles. The main exponent of Scholasticism is St Thomas Aquinas. then came the 2othic st#le.08/10/2013 Education in the Middle Ages Teachers and pupils formed guilds which were called universitas. Philosophy in the Middle Ages tried to make Aristotle’s ideas work with those of the Church. architects follo ed the Romanes:ue st#le. The most important buildings of the %iddle /ges are religious ones. lighter and taller. Cathedral of Milano Cathedral of Pisa 7 . "et een 1888 and 1198. Between 1000 and 1200 the universities in Paris (Université de Paris or La or!onne" and at #$ford% in &ngland% as well as the Universit' of alerno% in (tal'% were famous for their teachings.

cannons and gunpo der. 7nightl# arfare as ea*ened b# the use of longbo s. the English soldiers robbed the French people and destro#ed their propert#. Wars and the growth of nations Conse:uences( England lost all of its French lands e.08/10/2013 Homework: Take photographs of Templo Expiatorio or Templo del Padre Galvan and paste them on your scrapbook. The French *ing became more po erful. In France. 8 . French people star-ed e-en during peace time.cept Calais. < arliament gained more po er o-er the *ing. onus points if you appear in the photo.

she led the French arm# to se-eral important -ictories during the &undred >ears? )ar. &enr# !II made the English monarch# strong again. it was the year 14 !. Claiming di-ine guidance. We took power from the Chur#h and for#ed the *ews to #on)ert or lea)e +pain.08/10/2013 Jeanne d’Arc )as a 38 #ears’ ar bet een the house of >or* and the house of 'ancaster. hich pa-ed the a# for the coronation of Charles !II of France. our two kingdoms united. In 14!". on the ar and became &enr# !II. &enr# T udor. It as during his reign that the Cne &undred >ears’ ar ended. In 14@9. &e made the French monarch# e-en stronger. he married Elisabeth of >or*. 9 . She as born to a peasant famil# in east=central France. we #aptured $ranada and ended the %oor o##upation of our #ountry. T o end the ri-alr#. When we got married. We are Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon. of the house of 'ancaster. died in 14B1. Charles I!. 'ouis AI became the *ing of France after his father. and in 1&1& we anne'ed the kingdom of (a)arre.

More well-planned marriages gave the Habsburgs control of much of the empire’s territory. print. Homework: Download. The Habsburgs used their position to arrange marriages with powerful families.08/10/2013 A Habsburg was elected emperor in 1273. The Rise of the &absburgs and the &ol# Roman Empire 10 . (next class!) Remem er to attach everything in its place. Through marriage the Habsburg family gained control of Austria and nearby lands. answer and deliver chapter 5’s Test and Geography activity. The Habsburgs became the most powerful family in Europe.