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1. INTRODUCTION
People now in the age of a!&an$e ent of $o o!e"n #$ien$e an! te$hnolog% nee! the "eal ti e o(ile phone# an! the i!ea fo" ho e

info" ation whene&e" the% !e#i"e' Thi# $an (e a$hie&e! (% the &a"io)# te$hnologi$al )ni$ation #%#te ' Int"o!)$tion of of int"o!)$ing SMS *#ho"t e##age #e"&i$e+ ha! lai! a new platfo"

a)to ation' Nowa!a%#, people nee! a $o#t effe$ti&e #ol)tion that will $ont"ol ho e applian$e# "e otel% an! that will ena(le ho e #e$)"it% again#t int")#ion in the a(#en$e of ho e owne"' The ho e applian$e $ont"ol #%#te wa# tho)ght to (e ()ilt, that #ho)l! (e with an affo"!a(le $o#t a-o" i##)e whe"e o(ile p"o&i!ing "e ote a$$e## to the ea#)"e# to p"e&ent

applian$e# an! allowing ho e #e$)"it%' Ho e #e$)"it% ha# (een a $"i e i# in$"ea#ing an! e&e"%(o!% want# to ta.e p"ope"

int")#ion' In a!!ition, the"e wa# a nee! to a)to ate ho e, #o that the )#e" $an ta.e a!&antage of the te$hnologi$al a!&an$e ent in #)$h a wa% that a pe"#on getting off the offi$e !oe# not get #%#te elte! with the hot $li ate' The"efo"e thi# pape" p"opo#e# a e##age #e"&i$e+ )#ing GSM that allow# the )#e" to $ont"ol ho e applian$e# )(i/)ito)#l% an! al#o p"o&i!e anage ent+ te$hnolog%'

#e$)"it% on !ete$tion of int")#ion &ia SMS *#ho"t *glo(al #%#te Mobile Phones: A

o(ile phone i# an ele$t"oni$ !e&i$e )#e! fo" f)ll !)ple0 two1 wa% "a!io )ni$ation o&e" a $ell)la" netwo". of (a#e #tation .nown a# $ell #ite#' A a.e an! "e$ei&e telephone $all# to an! f"o a o(ile# an! fi0e! line phone# a$"o## o&ing o(ile o(ile phone allow# it# )#e" to

tele$o

p)(li$ telephone netwo". whi$h in$l)!e othe"

the wo"l!' Mo(ile ena(le# #ea le## telephone $all# e&en when the )#e" i# of a o(ile phone i# a.ing an! an#we"ing $all#' In a!!ition to thi#, o!e"n

a"o)n! wi!e a"ea# &ia a p"o$e## .nown a# han! off o" han!o&e"' The (a#i$ ope"ation

NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE

HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE phone# #)ppo"t an% a!!itional #e"&i$e# an! a$$e##o"ie# #)$h a# SMS*#ho"t e##age e##age

#e"&i$e+,e ail,ga ing,(l)etooth,inf"a"e!, $a e"a, "a!io MMS* )lti e!ia p"e#ent wo"l!, one of the The $o o#t $o onl% )#e! ele$t"oni$ !e&i$e i# a )ni$ation i# )ni$ation fiel!'

#e"&i$e+, MP2pla%e" an! GPS *glo(al p"o$e##ing #%#te +' So it i# $lea" that in the o(ile phone' )ni$ation p"o$e##, e#pe$iall% !i#tant $o a!e #o ea#% (%

the a!&an$e! te$hnolog% )#e! in tele$o Background: A "e ote $ont"ol i# pe"hap# the f"o

o#t pop)la" ga!get )#e! in $o

)ni$ation' Right

the inten#e $"eati&it% of "e otel% $ont"olling la#e" $hip

a".e"# to the highl%

!e#t")$ti&e "e otel% ignita(le (o (#, f"o

the pin# to the plane#, "e ote $ont"ol i#

not onl% o$$)p%ing a o nip"e#en$e #tate, ()t i# al#o enhan$ing it# #$ope an! !o ain#' 3hile )#ing inf"a"e! "e ote $ont"ol#, whi$h wo". o&e" &e"% #ho"t !i#tan$e#, an! "a!io wa&e "e ote $ont"ol#, whi$h wo". o&e" la"ge" !i#tan$e#, the $o #o e $a#e#, a #ingle &en!o" $lient an! #e"&e" will $o e f"o on feat)"e i# that the t"an# itte" an! "e$ei&e" #ho)l! )#e #o e .in! of wi"ele## wa&e#' In a% p"o&i!e (oth the $lient an! the #e"&e"' In othe"#, !iffe"ent #o)"$e#' Th)# the "ange of the $ont"ol i# on 'F"o a few !e$a!e#,

li ite!' Cont"olling !e&i$e# )#ing #wit$he# a"e $o

$ont"olling !e&i$e# )#ing "e ote $ont"ol #wit$he# li.e inf"a"e! "e ote $ont"ol #wit$he#, light a$ti&ate! #wit$he# a"e (e$o ing pop)la"' T%pi$al #ol)tion# in$l)!e a #e"&e" $o ponent, whi$h #en!# o)t on the han!#et, "e$ei&e# an! i ple ent# the anage ent $o a"e ha" f)l to an!#' The#e te$hnologie# ha&e thei" own li itation#' La#e" (ea # an.in! 'So e te$hnologie# li.e inf"a"e! "e ote $ont"ol i# )#e! fo" o(ile !e&i$e anage ent i# to opti i4e ini i4ing )ni$ation #o)"$e o(ile $o )ni$ation netwo"., while

#ho"t !i#tan$e appli$ation#' The intent of the f)n$tionalit% an! #e$)"it% of a $o#t an! !ownti e'Hen$e a #ingle a# well a# a $ont"olling !e&i$e'

o(ile phone $an a$t a# a $o

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HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE Objec i!es: A lan! line telephone ha# (e$o e le## an! le## pop)la" an! people now p"efe" $o )ni$ating while on the o&e' Mo(ile phone# a"e now la%ing !own thei" own -)#t #o eti e netwo".# to p"o&i!e ea#% a$$e## to the $)#to e"#' One of the (a#i$ e0a ple# of a )tilit% off thi# #%#te ho e' The #%#te i# #wit$hing on the ai" $on!itione" in the "oo (efo"e "ea$hing ho e, #o that the "oo an! le## $o ple0it%' It i# #)ffi$ientl% $ool (% the ti e the )#e" "ea$h ane)&e"a(ilit%, high fle0i(ilit% )$h !ela%' The onito"ing' The e##age #e"&i$e+

po##e##e# feat)"e# #)$h a# ea#%

a.e# an a$$)"ate #wit$hing witho)t too p"o&i!e# the "e ote #e$)"it%

applian$e $ont"ol #)(#%#te "e otel% whe"ea# the #)(#%#te #%#te f"o

)#t ena(le the )#e" to $ont"ol ho e applian$e#

)#t (e $apa(le eno)gh to in#t")$t the )#e" &ia SMS *#ho"t

a #pe$ifi$ $ell n) (e" to $hange the $on!ition of the ho e applian$e a$$o"!ing allow#

to the )#e"5# nee!# an! "e/)i"e ent#' The #e$on! a#pe$t i# that of #e$)"it% ale"t whi$h i# a$hie&e! in a wa% that on the !ete$tion of int")#ion the #%#te a)to ati$ gene"ation of SMS *#ho"t #e$)"it% "i#.' Th)# the p"opo#e! #%#te GSM*glo(al #%#te The Re"or : The "epo"t $on#i#t# of fo)" $hapte"#' The% a"e int"o!)$tion, lite"at)"e #)"&e%, #%#te !e#ign an! p"o-e$t o)t$o e'The fi"#t $hapte" i# int"o!)$tion in whi$h (a$.g"o)n! an! o(-e$ti&e# a"e entione!' The #e$on! $hapte" i# lite"at)"e #)"&e% whi$h gi&e# a !etaile! !e#$"iption a(o)t the #o)"$e# of info" ation an! the thi"! $hapte" i# #%#te !e#ign whi$h e0plain# the &a"io)# $o ponent# )#e! an! the wo".ing of the $i"$)it' The fo)"th $hapte" i# the p"o-e$t o)t$o e' In p"o-e$t o)t$o e, the o)tp)t o(taine! f"o the p"o-e$t, the #e$)"it% le&el, f)t)"e an! #$ope a"e !i#$)##e!' NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE anage ent+' e##age #e"&i$e+, th)# ale"ting the )#e" again#t allow# the )#e" to $ont"ol ho e applian$e# e##age #e"&i$e+ )#ing

)(i/)ito)#l% an! al#o p"o&i!e #e$)"it% &ia SMS *#ho"t

HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE

#. $IT%R&TUR% 'UR(%)
*eneral: The p"o-e$t i# (a#e! on the topi$ ho e applian$e $ont"ol )#ing o" GSM o!e i# inte"fa$e! with the o(ile' The o(ile i$"o$ont"olle" with the help of !ata $a(le the ho e an! a$hine, te0tile a$hine# #)$h a# p"inting

an! RS626 logi$al $on&e"te"' Fo" e0a ple, when the )#e" i# awa% f"o want# to #wit$h 7on5 an% one of the $ontain# the $o""e#pon!ing "e$ei&ing the the fo" p"og"a e##age, the

a$hine"% o" in!)#t"ial applian$e# li.e fan, ai" $oole", an! he ha&e to #en! SMS that a$hine n) (e" an! t%pe of o!e to on o" off the i$"o$ont"olle" o(ile phone' Thi# i# inte"fa$e! with the i$"o$ont"olle" in in!)#t"% o" ho e'Afte"

o(ile #en!# the !ata #ignal to the i$"o$ont"olle"' The

th"o)gh the !ata $a(le an! RS626 le&el $on&e"te"' Le&el $on&e"te" gi&e# the #ignal in of 89 an! :9 p)l#e to the i$"o$ont"olle" i# the a$hine $ont"ol e (e!!e! !e&i$e whi$h ha# on $hip p"og"a e o"% in whi$h the

i# #to"e!' S)ppo#e if one #en! the SMS li.e

a$hine ; ON, in in!)#t"% o"

ho e $o""e#pon!ing info" ation i# !i#pla%e! in the LCD !i#pla% th"o)gh i$"o$ont"olle"' Then the $o""e#pon!ing i$"o$ont"olle" a$ti&ate# the "ela% whi$h i# $onne$te! to a$hine ; i# #wit$he! ON (% "ela%' Rela% i# i$"o$ont"olle"' a$hine' Now the

a$ti&ate! th"o)gh "ela% !"i&e" $i"$)it whi$h i# $ont"olle! (% +o,e &""liance Con rol:

<hi%al et.al. *688=+ #tate# that one $an $ont"ol the in!)#t"ial a)to ati$all% )#ing GSM te$hni/)e' The ai

a$hine"%

of the pape" i# to in&e#tigate a $o#t

effe$ti&e #ol)tion that will p"o&i!e $ont"olling of ho e applian$e# "e otel% an! will al#o ena(le ho e #e$)"it% again#t int")#ion in the a(#en$e of ho e owne"' The ho e applian$e $ont"ol with an affo"!a(le $o#t wa# tho)ght to (e ()ilt )#ing a o(ile p"o&i!ing "e ote a$$e## to the applian$e# an! allowing #e$)"it% fo" the ho e'Ho e NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE

a" an! B)h)" *688:+ p"opo#e! an inte"net (a#e! wi"ele## ho e a)to ation #%#te B)t thi# #%#te )ltif)n$tional )nit' Thi# pape" p"opo#e# a low $o#t an! fle0i(le we(1(a#e! #ol)tion' ha# #o e li itation# #)$h a# the "ange an! powe" fail)"e' M)"th% anage ent fo" the ")"al pop)lation' *688>+ e0plo"e# p"i a"% health1$a"e Mobile . Al. <h%ial et al' *688=+ &iewe! ho e a)to ation #%#te # a# #%#te ho e *MAS+' In the pape" ho e a)to ation #%#te anage ent' The that in$l)!e# ho e applian$e# an! !e&i$e# that a"e $ont"olle! an! )ltiple agent aintaine! fo" fo" ha# (een p"opo#e! a# a #%#te a-o" ta#.e p"ope" a-o" i##)e whe"e $"i e i# in$"ea#ing an! e&e"%(o!% want# to ea#)"e# to p"e&ent int")#ion'In an ea"lie" pape".en $o NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE .the a)tho" #ol&e! the p"o(le # of ho e #e$)"it% with the i ple entation of ho e a)to ation #%#te ' F)"the" o"e the po##i(le #ol)tion# a"e !e&i#e! th"o)gh &a"io)# netwo".: In the pape".a" et al' *688>+ p"opo#e! a "e ote o(ile phone in&ol&ing the )#e of #po. of "o()#tne##.en #e"&i$e# to the ")"al pop)lation' ?awa". $o pati(ilit% i##)e an! a$$epta(ilit% a ong the ol! an! !i#a(le! people a"e to (e $on#i!e"e! in $on$e"n along with ho e #e$)"it%'The pape" p"e#ente! a !e#ign an! i ple entation of SMS (a#e! $ont"ol fo" ha# th"ee )#e# a o!)le# in&ol&ing #en#ing )nit fo" o!e p"o$e##ing )nit that $on#i#t# of onito"ing #%#te #' The pape" )ni$ation o!)le that e##age onito"ing the $o ple0 appli$ation#' A i$"o$ont"olle" an! a $o o" $ell phone &ia #e"ial po"t RS1626' The SMS*#ho"t #e"&i$e+ i# )#e! fo" #tat)# "epo"ting #)$h a# powe" fail)"e' Mul i"le &gen '-s e. te$hnologie#' Se&e"al i##)e# affe$ting ho e a)to ation #%#te # #)$h a# la$.eb Technolog-: A #ol)tion p"opo#e# the )#e of the #%#te th"o)gh o(ile we(1te$hnologie# p"o&i!ing the PHC onito"ing an!#' The #po.HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE #e$)"it% ha# (een a ta. i# to i p"o&e pe"fo" an$e' In thei" pape".

'In an ea"lie" pape" it wa# #)gge#te! the )#e of #pee$h to inte"a$t "e otel% with the ho e applian$e# to pe"fo" )#e"' The app"oa$h i# in$line! fo" people with !i#a(ilit% to pe"fo" ope"ation# at ho e (% !i"e$ting applian$e# th"o)gh #pee$h' Mas er De!ice '-s e. et$' The lowe" le&el# of #%#te la%e" $on#i#t of an% #)(1 a#te" i$"o$ont"olle"# !epen!ing on the pa"ti$)la" nee!#. hotel# an! ho#pital#' It i# ne$e##a"% to a!! new o!if% the $o )ni$ation p"oto$ol'The $o (a#e! on the#e p"oto$ol# an! (a#e! on the#e p"oto$ol# the a#te" !e&i$e# an! to i$"o$ont"olle" i# i$"o$ont"olle" ' an!# gi&en to the e##age #en! i# !e$o!e! in o"!e" to $ont"ol the applian$e# $onne$te! to the "ela% $i"$)it &ia a NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE .: Spa#o& et al. SPI. #wit$he#. the #%#te info" hi #wit$h off it "e otel% &ia p"e#ent we( inte"fa$e witho)t an% p"o(le ' Thi# #%#te $an i# in ti e (efo"e fi"e o" te$hni$al !a age $o)l! happen' The )#e" will &e"% )#ef)l an! ha# the $apa(ilit% to (e enhan$e! with a la"ge n) (e" of #)(1 a#te" $ont"olle"# an! en! !e&i$e#' It will wo". (688:+ !e#igne! a #%#te )nit to an% # a"t ho e' The #%#te whi$h $an (e a$$e##e! f"o a $ent"al a#te" a#te" ha# a th"ee1la%e" a"$hite$t)"e in whi$h a $ont"olle" on top le&el will p"o&i!e the e0te"nal a$$e## to the enti"e #%#te ' It will #)ppo"t &a"io)# $onne$tion# to the inte"net fo" "e ote a$$e## an! fa#t ethe"net o!)le# fo" lo$al $onne$tion#' Ne0t #%#te RS626.e# a !e$i#ion a pa"ti$)la" a$tion on (ehalf of the "eal1life of a pa"ti$)la" ta#. a"$hite$t)"e a"e en!1!e&i$e# #)$h a# !iffe"ent t%pe# of #en#o"# an! $ont"olle"#. IRDA t"an# itte"# an! #o on' The #%#te will help the people to (e in to)$h with thei" ho e' It will (e helpf)l fo" people with ph%#i$al !i#a(ilitie# an! to thei" "elati&e#' Fo" e0a ple when #o eone i# going to wo".HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE $o an!# a"e gene"ate! an! #ent in the fo" an! then the of te0t SMS*#ho"t e##age #e"&i$e+ to the $ont"ol #%#te i$"o$ont"olle" on the (a#i# of SMS ta. witho)t an% lit$he# in # all ho e#. o" fo" a &a$ation an! fo"got to #wit$h off !o e#ti$ applian$e. with !iffe"ent inte"fa$e#. la"geho)#e#.

e% #%#te an! t"an#late to)$h1tone $o ente"e! into a phone to the ho e applian$e p"oto$ol #tan!a"!' 3ong *688@+ !e#$"i(e! a p)"po#e1()ilt inte"fa$e )nit that appea"# in the phone netwo". an! pe"fo" #%#te . a ho e owne" on &a$ation $an a" lighting. inte"fa$e' '. ()t one that )#e# a PC $a"! a# a telephone netwo".e% telephone to $ont"ol ho)#ehol! !e&i$e#' Thi# )nit atta$he# to the !e#$"i(e! . an% p"io" effo"t# !e#$"i(e! the )#e of a an!# to a "e otel% $ont"olle! phone a# a "e ote $ont"ol fo" ho)#ehol! applian$e#' In #)$h a #%#te . # a"t ho e i# a ho e e/)ippe! with #pe$ial fa$ilitie# to ena(le o$$)pant# to $ont"ol o" p"og"a an a""a% of a)to ate! ho e a ho e #e$)"it% an% othe" ele$t"oni$ !e&i$e#' Fo" e0a ple. #)$h a# e1 ail o" #ho"t e##age #e"&i$e an!# *SMS+' O)" app"oa$h ena(le# an% . #wit$h applian$e# on o" off.ar +o.p"og"a a ho e theat"e o" ente"tain ent #%#te . the )#e" p"e##e# ()tton# on the telephone .61. lo$all% "e#i!ent !e&i$e#. $ont"ol NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE . whi$h $o pli$ate an! in$"ea#e the $o#t of !eplo% ent' Man% p"io" #%#te # ena(le the )#e"# to $ont"ol !e&i$e# "e otel% #)$h a# ho)#ehol! applian$e#.HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE Dual Tone Mul i /re0uenc-: A$$o"!ing to B)"ge" an! F"ie!e *688@+. a# a telephone. ()t p"e#ent# a to)$htone1 (a#e! )#e" inte"fa$e to allow a "e ote phone to $ont"ol a #et of #wit$he! powe" #)ppl% o)tlet#' The% int"o!)$e the $on$ept of a lo$al phone whi$h !oe# not "e/)i"e )#e" a)thenti$ation (% &i"t)e of (eing lo$all% $onne$te!' The pape" !e#$"i(e! effe$ti&el% the #a e #%#te . offi$e e/)ip ent# o" e/)ip ent# at )n anne! lo$ation#. howe&e". $ont"ol te pe"at)"e ga)ge#. &ia non telephon% #ignaling e$hani# #.e%pa! to #en! $o !e&i$e' Mo#t #)$h #%#te # "e/)i"e e#ta(li#hing a &oi$e path to $a""% !)al1tone )lti1f"e/)en$% *DTMF+ #ignal# (etween a "e ote telephone an! the !e&i$e' The#e p"io" "e ote $ont"ol effo"t#. "e/)i"e the $on#) e" to int"o!)$e a!!itional #pe$ial1p)"po#e.e: A$$o"!ing to Shah"i%a" et al' *688>+.

$o#tle##.ing an! $onne$ting with the inte"net' The #%#te ol!e" o!el that )#e# the e ail ena(le! o(ile !e&i$e# "e/)i"e $o p)te" lang)age ena(le! !e&i$e# (e$a)#e the #%#te )#e# $lient -a&a applet#' Con#e/)entl%. a.# with in!i&i!)al !e&i$e' The#e !e&i$e# a"e $apa(le of #to"ing !ata a# well a# ")nning $)#to o"e people a!opt the#e !e&i$e# an! (egin to )#e the o" ()#ine## ta#. that ea#% to #)(#$"i(e to the tele$o appli$ation' A# )ni$ation (e$a e &e"% #i ple. fa#t.e# the wo"l! a glo(al &illage' So it i# &e"% o(ile phone fo" pe"#onal )ni$ation netwo".HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE ta#.e# the $ont"ol of the ho e (e%on! the ho e an! to the han!# of the people' If a #i ple o(ile phone ta.#' S a"t ho e (e$o e # a"te" if the $ont"olling $an (e !one f"o pla$e' The ain fo$)# i# to $ont"ol the ho e applian$e# f"o an% "e ote a "e ote pla$e' The oti&ation# (ehin! the goal to "e ote $ont"ol of ho e applian$e# a"e #i ple' It5# not alwa%# fea#i(le to (e ph%#i$all% nea" to the ho e #till #o eti e# it5# &e"% i po"tant to $ont"ol the applian$e# fo" an% p)"po#e#' So the "e ote $ont"olling ta.#. o(ile !e&i$e# that a"e e ail ena(le! $annot (e )#e! fo" thi# #%#te ' NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE .e# the a!!e! "e#pon#i(ilit% to $ont"ol the # a"t ho e then the $ont"ol i# "ea$ha(le f"o al o#t all pla$e#' Thi# #o"t of high en! te$hnolog% i# #)ppo#e! to fa$ilitate the !iffe"ent life ea#ing )tilitie# to a new age an! ("inging thing# o)t of the (o0 to a# nea" a# one5# pal ' PC Re.o e Con rol: A$$o"!ing to Fa!hil *688=+ $o inte"a$ti&e an! o"e $o pa$t. the nee! fo" $ont"olling a$$e## to the !ata #to"e! within the !e&i$e# will (e$o e &ital'PC "e ote $ont"ol with # all of o(ile !e&i$e i# a $hallenging topi$ etho!# ha&e (een o(ile o(ile o" )(i/)ito)# $o p)ting' Se&e"al #%#te # an! p"opo#e! an! !e&elope! fo" $ont"olling "e ote pe"#onal $o p)te"# with phone#' The #%#te whi$h i# e plo%ing fo" t"an#lation "e/)i"e# $on&e"#ion of i age !ata to te0t !ata' B)t thi# will (e &e"% e0pen#i&e' The e&al)ation of the $ell phone# )#e! fo" ho e applian$e $ont"ol nee!# $ontin)o)#l% wo".

the ha"!wa"e i# an ele$t"oni$ $i"$)it that at$he# with the $o p)te"5# po"t p"oto$ol #ignal' In thi# pape". it i# p"efe"a(le to )#e pe"#onal $o p)te"#' A# the pe"#onal $o p)te"# a"e p"o&i!e! with inp)t o" o)tp)t po"t#. fo" the p)"po#e of inte"fa$ing with the "eal ti e $ont"ol appli$ation#..e an o"!ina"% ho e a# a # a"t ho e. it i# ea#% to inte"fa$e $o p)te"# with the "eal wo"l! $ont"ol appli$ation#' The inte"fa$e i# the $o (ination of ha"!wa"e an! #oftwa"e e (o!ie#. p"a$ti$al an! &e"% low $o#t SMS te$hni/)e that i# al"ea!% a&aila(le in all t%pe# of 'M' %ncoding and Decoding: A$$o"!ing to Rah an et al*68.e $o )ni$ation o(ile phone# in gene"al )#e onl% th"o)gh SMS an! then goe# to the ne0t #tep' The o&e"all #%#te o(ile phone# )#e# RS626 p"oto$ol' Data in !igital fo" &oltage le&el# of 29 to 6:9 an! 129 to 16:9' B)t 29 o" .HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE Thi# pape" p"e#ent# a #i ple. all applian$e# )ni$ation' The"efo"e.+. the pa"allel po"t inte"fa$ing i# )#e!' The pa"allel po"t pin# a"e TTL*t"an#i#to" t"an#i#to" logi$+ logi$ le&el#' Thi# ean# that the% p)t o)tp)t 8 to 8'> !$ &olt to logi$ 8 an! 6'B to : !$ &olt to logi$ .SMS *#ho"t !e$o!ing fo" #en!ing an! "e$ei&ing in #e"&i$e+ gatewa%' In thi# $a#e the o(ile $o e##age #e"&i$e + en$o!ing an! )ni$ation i# )#)all% !one (% PC e##age etho! whi$h applie# the o(ile phone !e&i$e#' *pe"#onal $o p)te"+ (a#e! #oftwa"e whe"e it i# )#e! a# a SMS *#ho"t $ont"olling an% !e&i$e# o" applian$e#' He"e $o#tl% an! powe" $on#) ing' The #e"ial $o i$"o$ont"olle" pla%# an i po"tant "ole in i$"o$ont"olle" al#o get# in#t")$tion then (e$o e# (oth )ni$ation (etween the $o p)te"# an! a"e "ep"e#ente! (% the a.' A$$o"!ing to NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE .'>9 fo" it# inte"nal $o (etween the GSM MAA626 pla%# an i po"tant "ole' PC In er1acing '-s e.: To a. to o(ile# an! $o p)te"# a &oltage $on&e"#ion !e&i$e $alle! )#t (e $o p)te" $ont"olla(le' To !o thi#.

$o p)te" i# inte"fa$e! with the NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE .unica ion: Gho#e et al' *68. $an a$$e## the po"t# lang)age#' The"e a"e wa%# that $o)l! (e )#e! to $ont"ol all ho e applian$e# (% #en!ing app"op"iate #ignal# to the $o p)te"5# po"t' Then the#e #ignal# a"e in#e"te! to the inte"fa$e ha"!wa"e #%#te that i# p"epa"e!. the an i po"tant "ole in $ont"olling an% !e&i$e# o" applian$e#' The in#t")$tion th"o)gh $o p)te" an! (e$o e# (oth $o#tl% an! powe" $on#) ing' The #e"ial $o alf)n$tion' Thi# $an (e a$hie&e! (% )#ing an% a&aila(le t%pe of e##age# an! then goe# to the ne0t #tep' The o&e"all #%#te o(ile )#e# #o e p"oto$ol#' In o#t of the $ent"ali4e! !e&i$e1 o(ile an! then )#e! a# a #e"&e" $ont"olling #%#te .. the inte"fa$e ha"!wa"e $ont"ol one o" applian$e#' The !e#igne! p"og"a appea" a# app"o0i atel% : &olt# at one o" the"e a"e #wit$h f"o an% a. the"e a"e > (it# fo" !ata inp)t o" o)tp)t whi$h $an p"o!)$e 6:@ !iffe"ent $ont"ol #ignal le&el#' The !ata (it #ignal# $an (e #oftwa"e w"itten p"og"a o"e effi$ientl% than othe" a&aila(le $o p)te" p"og"a anage! (% an% e#' The powe"f)l #oftwa"e lang)age.e the pa"allel po"t to #en! #ignal# whi$h o"e (it# of eight !ata (it# on the pa"allel po"t' The#e &olt# will $hange the #tat)# of the inte"fa$e ha"!wa"e'Ino"!e" to !o that.+ #tate! SMS en$o!ing an! !e$o!ing fo" #en!ing an! "e$ei&ing in o(ile $o )ni$ation i# )#)all% !one (% $o p)te" (a#e! #oftwa"e whe"e it i# )#e! i$"o$ont"olle" pla%# i$"o$ont"olle" get# then )ni$ation (etween a# an SMS *Sho"t Me##age Se"&i$e+ gatewa%' In that $a#e.HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE the pa"allel po"t (eha&io"#. o" the )#e" o#t $a#e# the gene"al t"an#i#to" i# )#e! a# a i# !i"e$tl% $onne$te! to the en!e! to p"ote$t the $o p)te" an! it# po"t# o!e ope"ation' A# the inte"fa$e #%#te $o)l! ()il! the "e/)i"e! $i"$)it#' In $o p)te"5# pa"allel po"t. it i# "e$o ()ffe"ing' 'erial Co. !e#igne! an! will at$he! with the o)tp)t #ignal#' o"e ho e Then !epen!ing )pon the #ignal.. an% ele$t"oni$ $i"$)it# whi$h $an (e )#ef)l fo" thi# p)"po#e.

#o that )#e" $an $ont"ol the applian$e# th"o)gh the inte"net' The#e $hip# a"e al#o ine0pen#i&e a# well a# the% nee! not "e/)i"e with an% $o p)te" o" #oftwa"e.HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE to $ont"ol the !e&i$e# th"o)gh the !e&elope! #oftwa"e' Co p)te" (a#e! #oftwa"e i# ea#% to !e&elop an! $ont"ol' So people )#)all% !epen!# on $o p)te"#. RS1626 $o )ni$ation# ha&e a &e"% (ig !"aw(a$. thi# netwo". whi$h effe$t of the #e"&i$e $o)l! (e i$"owa&e o&en# an! wa#hing p"o&i!e high (it1"ate !ata #e"&i$e# (% )#ing the powe" g"i! "e#i!ing in the &a#t ean# that the potential )$h highe" than that of an% othe" wi"e line alte"nati&e' a$hine#' Bl)etooth te$hnolog% p"o&i!e# a )ni&e"#al The powe" line $ont"olle"# a"e )#e! to $onne$t lighte" applian$e# li. Single $hip i$"o$ont"olle"# a"e #)ffi$ient eno)gh to en$o!e an! !e$o!e the #en!ing an! "e$ei&ing e##age th"o)gh o(ile phone# an! $ont"ol the !e&i$e# a$$o"!ing to the e##age' The i$"o$ont"olle" $an al#o (e )#e! a# a we(1 )$h in#t")$tion gi&en (% the #e"&e" (% "e o&ing the ene"g%' Blue oo h Technolog-: A$$o"!ing to Lien an! Bai *688C+.' It often gene"ate# ele$t"i$al noi#e an! t"an#ient# whi$h $an $a)#e e""o"# in t"an# i##ion an! $an $a)#e !a age to the inte"fa$e $o ponent#' Anothe" !"aw(a$.: ' A t%pi$al powe" !e&i$e $an $ont"ol all powe" #wit$he# of ele$t"i$ o!)le i# witho)t li itation an! i# $on&enientl% applie! o!)le $an (e $onne$te! to an% $o p)te"' Ho e )ni$ation# ho e applian$e#' A# thi# o(ile !e&i$e. the )#e" nee! not open the $o p)te" $ha##i#' B% )#e of the inte"net $onne$tion. !e&i$e# a"e $atego"i4e! a# wi"e! !e&i$e#' The powe" line $o inf"a#t")$t)"e al"ea!% in pla$e fo" powe" !i#t"i()tion.e "ef"ige"ato"#. RS1626 ha"!wa"e i# an inte"fa$e of ea#% !e#ign an! i# pop)la" in to!a%5# in!)#t"ial en&i"on ent' Howe&e". NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE . of RS1626 i# it# point1to1point $ha"a$te"i#ti$ an! a !i#tan$e li itation of .

e the lin. the (l)etooth te$hnolog% )#e# a fa#t a$.: 3aha( *68. inf"a#t")$t)"e#' A# it i# !e#igne! to ope"ate in a noi#% "a!io f"e/)en$% en&i"on ent #)$h a# a ho e. lea! to ene"g% wa#tage' to fa$ilitate the ho e owne" to e##age' Rela% i# )#e! in the Th)# thi# p"o-e$t i# p"opo#e! to !e&elop a #%#te opti i4e )#age of ele$t"i$it% "e otel% )#ing a #ingle "ela% in thi# #%#te $i"$)it (e$a)#e it i# an ele$t"i$al ope"ate! #wit$h that i# $onne$te! to the o)tp)t' A i# an ele$t"i$al #wit$h that open# an! $lo#e# )n!e" the $ont"ol of a on i$"o$ont"olle"' The "ela% #wit$h $onne$tion# a"e )#)all% la(ele! a# $o no" all% $lo#e! an! no" all% open' The "api! #p"ea! of ("oa!(an! te$hnolog% in ?apan i# !"i&ing the !e&elop ent of netwo". "e ote netwo". "o()#t' Bl)etooth te$hnolog% wo)l! o#t "epla$e the $) (e"#o e $a(le# )#e! to!a% to $onne$t an% othe" !igital !e&i$e whi$h i# a pa"t of the (l)etooth netwo". a pe"iphe"al inte"fa$e an! a e$hani# to fo" # all p"i&ate g"o)ping# of $onne$te! !e&i$e# awa% f"o a fi0e! .8+ !e#$"i(e! #ho"t #%#te ' The p)"po#e of )#ing ele$t"i$al !e&i$e at ho e f"o ene"g% a# one of the awa% f"o The"efo"e the )#e of SMS *#ho"t e##age #e"&i$e te$hnolog% a# a wi!el% a$$epte! ini al $o#t' e##age #e"&i$e+ wo)l! fa$ilitate in $ont"olling the aintenan$e' It i# in!epen!ent e##age i# to p"o&i!e wi!e#t $o&e"age at long !i#tan$e an! low of an% ph%#i$al an! geog"aphi$al (o)n!a"%' At the p"e#ent ti e.#.e! applian$e# fo" the ho e' The#e NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE .' Mo(ile phone# ha&e (e$o e one of the pop)la" $o #ho"t $on&enient )ni$ation !e&i$e# a ong etho! of $o )ni$ating' e##age #e"&i$e i# pop)la" a ong o#t of the people a"o)n! the wo"l! an! the o(ile phone )#e"# a# a $heap an! *'M Mode. people )#e ele$t"i$al ain #o)"$e of powe" of ene"g% to ope"ate an% ele$t"i$al !e&i$e o" applian$e' Mo#t of the people t)"n on the light fo" 6B ho)"# pe" !a% when the% a"e ho e' Lea&ing the light t)"ne! on $ontin)o)#l%.nowle!ge ent an! f"e/)en$%1hopping #$he e to a.HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE ("i!ge to e0i#ting !ata netwo".

the o(ile phone p"og"a a file. &lgori h. we !one an! e##age that will !elete the $ontent of the file an! o ent' If the p"og"a o!e"n fo)n! the a$$epta(le $o!e#. $he$. the p"og"a it i# p"epa"e! to "e$ei&e a new !a%#. the #en!ing )#t $ontain $ont"ol wo"!# that #ho)l! $o e (etween the #pe$ifie! $o!e#' Afte" the o(ile phone whi$h i# $onne$te! to the $o p)te" "e$ei&e# the #ent thi# e##age to the $o p)te"' Th)#.en!' Th)# a #%#te onito"ing SMS en$o!ing an! !e$o!ing fo" #en!ing an! "e$ei&ing in NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE .: Fa!hil *688=+ !e#igne! a #%#te the (e an% an o"!ina"% The p)"po#e of )#ing to "e$ei&e the e##age f"o an% o(ile !e&i$e to a% o(ile phone whi$h i# !i"e$tl% $onne$te! to the $o p)te"' He"e the phone o(ile phone that ha# SMS *#ho"t e##age i# to p"o&i!e wi!e#t $o&e"age at an% othe" i$"owa&e o&en whi$h $an the inte"net. then $a""% the wo"!# (etween the#e $o!e#' In )#t )#e &a"io)# high1te$h a.HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE a!&an$e! applian$e# $an eet &a"io)# nee!#. thi# file wo". #)$h a# fa$ilitating ho e $a"e fo" ?apan5# "api!l% g"owing pop)lation an! #a&ing ene"g%' So e of the p"a$ti$al appli$ation# in$l)!e an inte"net1$onne$te! !ownloa! "e$ipe# f"o online o"!e"# fo" "e/)i"e! foo!#' '-s e. what i# in the "ef"ige"ato" an! pla$e e##age #e"&i$e+ $apa(ilit%' ini al $o#t' In o"!e" e##age to p"e&ent an% o$$)""en$e of e##age li.elihoo! $ont"ol wo"!#.e the life ea#ie"' The#e a$hine"ie# an! e/)ip ent# to get o)" -o(# a$hine"ie# #ho)l! (e $ont"olle! (% the ight (e awa% f"o ho e at of "e ote o(ile'The ho eowne" f"o an% lo$ation a# the ho eowne" wo". and Progra.# a# te po"a"% file 'Thi# p"og"a whole #%#te ' The p"og"a o(#e"&ing the "e$ei&e! enti"e e##age f"o e##age. it #en!# e##age to anaging the #ea"$he# the #a&e thi# i# "e#pon#i(le fo" i# )#ing the inte"nal #%#te ti e" fo" $ontin)o)#l% o(ile phone# an! o(ile phone' Then the #%#te at$he# (etween the two a% #en! at an% e##age fo" a$$epta(le $o!e# that the )#e"' If the"e a"e no #)$h $o!e#.pla$e o" t"a&eling in a !iffe"ent pla$e in the wee.

s Design Procedure: A$$o"!ing to Fah % et al' *68. one (it fo" ea$h !io!e' i# "e/)i"e! to han!le =B: The goal of thi# pape" i# to $"eate a !i#pla% $ontaining app"o0i atel% 6C $ontaining of 66 $ha"a$te"#' Thi# light e itting !io!e# at a ti e' 'ecuri . ea$h ini ) o!)le )#)all% $on#i#ting of a : 0 C at"i0 of light e itting !io!e#' The n) (e" of $ont"ol o!)le# o!)le !i#pla% i# =B: . get# p"og"e##e#' Th)#.8+.8+.'-s e. . the initial #tep wa# the e&al)ation of the "e/)i"e ent#' The te$hni$al feat)"e#.&lloca ion: Da# et al'*68. #tate! that the ho e applian$e $ont"ol #%#te The ho e applian$e# $ont"ol #%#te p"o-e$t an! th)# a ean# the $ont"ol #%#te i# a $o#t effe$ti&e #ol)tion that will p"o&i!e $ont"olling of ho e applian$e# "e otel% a&aila(ilit% !)e ' with an affo"!a(le $o#t wa# the ai of the o(ile p"o&i!ing "e ote a$$e## to the applian$e# an! allowing ho e #e$)"it% i# )#e!' Tho)gh !e&i$e# $onne$te! a# ho e an! offi$e applian$e# $on#) e ele$t"i$al powe"' The#e !e&i$e# #ho)l! (e $ont"olle! a# well a# t)"n on o" off if "e/)i"e!' !)al tone )lti f"e/)en$% *DTMF+ gene"ation i# a $o po#ite a)!io NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE .intent of o(ile $o o(ile !e&i$e HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE anage ent i# to opti i4e the f)n$tionalit% an! #e$)"it% of a ini i4ing $o#t' )ni$ation netwo".while Dis"la. ph%#i$al ope"ation an! po##i(le appli$ation# fo" the !e#ign an! the f)n$tional #pe$ifi$ation# that o)tline! the p)"po#e an! feat)"e# that the !e#ign wo)l! )lti atel% f)lfill we"e al#o a!!"e##e!' The wa# initiall% te#te! on a ("ea!(oa"! (e$a)#e the $onne$tion# $o)l! ea#il% (e alte"e! a# "e/)i"e!' The # alle" #%#te o!)le# a""ange! togethe" to fo" ha# to a!!"e## fo" a # all 6C ain $ont"ol $i"$)it i$"o$ont"olle" po"t# )#e! fo" i$"o$ont"olle" "e/)i"e# &e"% &a"io)# ta#.# wo)l! )lti atel% $hange a# the wo". the pin few e0te"nal pa"t# fo" t%pi$al ope"ation' An ill) inate! !i#pla% )#)all% $on#i#t# of a la"ge" #$"een.

' Fig)"e . powe" #)ppl% an! #)(#%#te a !i#tant pla$e nee!# &a"io)# !e&i$e# #)$h a# i$"o$ont"olle"' The applian$e $ont"ol #)(#%#te onito"ing' The #%#te i# $apa(le eno)gh to ena(le# the )#e" to $ont"ol ho e applian$e# "e otel% whe"ea# the #e$)"it% ale"t p"o&i!e# the "e ote #e$)"it% in#t")$t )#e" &ia SMS f"o a #pe$ifi$ $ell n) (e" to $hange the $on!ition of the ho e applian$e a$$o"!ing to the )#e"5# nee!# an! "e/)i"e ent#' The #e$on! a#pe$t i# that of #e$)"it% ale"t whi$h i# a$hie&e! in a wa% that on the !ete$tion of int")#ion the #%#te allow# a)to ati$ gene"ation of SMS th)# ale"ting the )#e" again#t #e$)"it% of the p"opo#e! #%#te ' "i#.HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE #ignal of two tone# ha&ing a f"e/)en$% of @=CH4 an! . ')'T%M D%'I*N The $ont"ol of ho e applian$e f"o "ela% $i"$)it.@22H4 'The DTMF . !iag"a /igure.1.' #how# the (lo$.Basic Block Diagra.e%pa! i# a""ange! in #)$h a wa% that ea$h "ow will ha&e it# own )ni/)e tone f"e/)en$%' 2. NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE .

It $on#i#t# of a $ont"ol the HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE i$"o$ont"olle".a "ela%.nowle!ge ent to the )#e"5# #%#te $an $ont"ol )p to B !e&i$e# 'The o(ile o" GSM i$"o$ont"olle" with the help of !ata $a(le an! RS626 logi$al $on&e"te"' Fo" e0a ple NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE . in#t")$tion #et an! pino)t'S)ppo#e if the )#e" #en!# the SMS li. high1pe"fo" an$e CMOS >1(it a(le fla#h non&olatile e o"% te$hnolog% an! i# $o pati(le with the in!)#t"%1#tan!a"! >8C:. "e$ogni4e# the the "ela%# atta$he! to it# po"t to $ont"ol the applian$e#' Afte" #)$$e##f)l ope"ation. in i$"o$ont"olle" with >< (%te# of in1#%#te of 89 an! :9 p)l#e to the e o"%' The !e&i$e i# powe". o(ile an! a LCD*li/)i! $"%#tal !i#pla%+ to a. $ont"olle" #en!# (a$.e i$"o$ont"olle"' Then the $o""e#pon!ing a$hine' in!)#t"% o" ho e $o""e#pon!ing info" ation i# !i#pla%e! in the LCD !i#pla% th"o)gh i$"o$ont"olle" a$ti&ate# the "ela% whi$h i# $onne$te! to Theor. ON. !e$o!e# it. Descri" ion: The o(ile o" GSM o!e i# inte"fa$e! to the i$"o$ont"olle" with the help of !ata $a(le an! RS626 logi$al $on&e"te"' RS1626 i# a #tan!a"! fo" #e"ial (ina"% !ata inte"$onne$tion (etween !ata te" inal e/)ip ent an! a !ata $i"$)it1te" inating e/)ip ent' It i# $o #ignal in the fo" p"og"a onl% )#e! in $o p)te" #e"ial po"t# 'Le&el $on&e"te" gi&e# the i$"o$ont"olle"' The AT>=S:6 i# a low1 an)fa$t)"e! )#ing at el5# high1!en#it% a$hine . o(ile phone to !e$o!e the i$"o$ont"olle" p)ll# the SMS e##age an! !o the "e/)i"e! a$tion' The p"oto$ol )#e! fo" the o(ile n) (e" an! then #wit$he# on o(ile th"o)gh SMS'The o!e i# inte"fa$e! to the "e$ei&e! (% phone.o1 O"era ion: The ho e applian$e $ont"ol $an (e a$hie&e! (% )#ing two i$"o$ont"olle" i# inte"fa$e! with no. the a$.ia @8>8 GSM "e$ei&e! $o )ni$ation (etween the two i# AT $o an!' The o(ile#' >8:.e the $i"$)it $onne$t o" !i#$onne$t the ho e i$"o$ont"olle"' e##age !e$o!e! (% the a$hine#'The "ela% i# to applian$e# (a#e! on the Block Diagra.

"eg)late! )#ing a &oltage "eg)lato" to o(tain a !e#i"e! fi0e! !$ &oltage' The "eg)lation i# )#)all% o(taine! f"o an IC &oltage "eg)lato" )nit. applian$e# the )#e" ha&e to #en! SMS that $ontain# the $o""e#pon!ing i$"o$ont"olle" in in!)#t"% o" ho e' Afte" "e$ei&ing the o(ile #en!# the !ata #ignal to the i$"o$ont"olle"' The i$"o$ont"olle" th"o)gh the !ata $a(le an! of 8 an! :9 p)l#e RS626 le&el $on&e"te"' Le&el $on&e"te" gi&e# the #ignal in the fo" e o"% in whi$h the a$hine $ont"ol p"og"a i$"o$ont"olle" i# the e (e!!e! !e&i$e whi$h ha# on $hip i# #to"e!' S)ppo#e if the )#e" i$"o$ont"olle" a$hine . in in!)#t"% o" ho e $o""e#pon!ing info" ation i# i$"o$ont"olle"' Then the a$hine' Now the !i#pla%e! in the LCD !i#pla% th"o)gh a$ti&ate# the "ela% whi$h i# $onne$te! to $o""e#pon!ing $ont"olle! (% i$"o$ont"olle"' i# #wit$he! ON (% "ela%' Rela% i# a$ti&ate! th"o)gh "ela% !"i&e" $i"$)it whi$h i# +ard3are I. o" the o)tp)t loa! $onne$te! to the !$ &oltage $hange#'Sin$e the )#e" nee! a p)"e !$ #o)"$e he i# )#ing a ("i!ge "e$tifie" $i"$)it $on#i#ting of fo)" !io!e#' Po3er su""l-: NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE . an! finall%.e a$hine ."le.en a ion: The $i"$)it #ta"t# with an a$ &oltage' A #tea!% !$ &oltage i# o(taine! (% "e$tif%ing the a$ &oltage' Then it i# filte"e! to a !$ le&el. #en! the SMS li. whi$h "e ain# the #a e e&en if the inp)t !$ &oltage &a"ie#. whi$h ta. ON .e# a !$ &oltage an! p"o&i!e# a lowe" !$ &oltage.when %o) a"e awa% f"o n) (e" an! the t%pe of inte"fa$e! with the the to the p"og"a HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE %o)" ho e an! %o) want# to #wit$h 7on5 an% one of the a$hine o!e #)$h that ON o" OFF to the o(ile phone' Thi# i# e##age .

A (lo$. o" the loa! RECTIFIER TRANSFORMER FIL TER IC REGULATOR LOAD /igure. o1 Po3er 'u""l- Trans1or. !iag"a HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE $ontaining the pa"t# of a t%pi$al powe" #)ppl% an! the &oltage at &a"io)# point# in the )nit i# #hown in Fig)"e 6' The a$ &oltage. i# $onne$te! to a t"an#fo" e".#. whi$h #tep# that a$ &oltage !own to the le&el fo" the !e#i"e! !$ o)tp)t' A !io!e "e$tifie" then p"o&i!e# a f)ll1wa&e "e$tifie! &oltage that i# initiall% filte"e! (% a #i ple $apa$ito" filte" to p"o!)$e a !$ &oltage' Thi# "e#)lting !$ &oltage )#)all% ha# #o e "ipple o" a$ &oltage &a"iation' A "eg)lato" $i"$)it $an )#e inp)t to p"o&i!e a !$ &oltage that not onl% ha# $onne$te! to the o)tp)t !$ &oltage $hange#' )$h le## "ipple &oltage ()t al#o "e ain# the #a e !$ &al)e e&en if the inp)t !$ &oltage &a"ie# #o ewhat.er: NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE . t%pi$all% .68 9 " # .Block Diagra.

ing p"ope"l% an! the"e i# a po#iti&e potential. a"e fo"wa"! (ia#e! an! will allow $)""ent flow to pa## th"o)gh the E DB an! D6 a"e "e&e"#e (ia#e! an! will (lo$. "e#t of the $i"$)it# will gi&e onl% RMS*"oot a$$)"ate &oltage le&el# a"e o(taine!' Bridge Rec i1ier: 3hen fo)" !io!e# a"e $onne$te! a# #hown in Fig)"e 2' the $i"$)it i# $alle! a# a ("i!ge "e$tifie" If the t"an#fo" e" i# wo". at point A an! a negati&e potential at point B' The po#iti&e potential at point A will fo"wa"! (ia# D2 an! "e&e"#e (ia# DB'The negati&e potential at point B will fo"wa"! (ia# D. whi$h i# $on#t")$te! with the help of opDa p' The a!&antage# of )#ing p"e$i#ion "e$tifie" a"e it will gi&e pea.HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE A t"an#fo" e" i# )#e! fo" #tepping )p o" #tepping !own the powe" #)ppl% to f)lfill the )#e"5# nee!#'It $an (e a #tep )p t"an#fo" e" o" #tep in t"an#fo" e"'Sin$e the )#e" i# o(taining a high &al)e of &oltage f"o the ain# . an! D2' In (oth $a#e# The $)""ent flow th"o)gh RL i# alwa%# in the #a e !i"e$tion' ean #/)a"e+ o)tp)t 'Hen$e o"e NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE .#tep !own t"an#fo" e"# a"e )#e! in thi# $i"$)it'The potential t"an#fo" e" will #tep !own the powe" #)ppl% &oltage *81 6289+ to *81@9+ le&el' Then the #e$on!a"% of the potential t"an#fo" e" will (e $onne$te! to the p"e$i#ion "e$tifie". &oltage o)tp)t a# !$. $)""ent flow'One1half $%$le late" the pola"it% a$"o## the #e$on!a"% of the t"an#fo" e" will "e&e"#e $a)#ing fo"wa"! (ia#ing of D6 an! DB an! "e&e"#e (ia#ing of D. an! "e&e"#e D6' At thi# ti e D2 an! D.

$ont"ol !e&i$e.2.6 IC whi$h i# $onne$te! to p"o&i!e &oltage "eg)lation of the o)tp)t NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE h)n!"e!# of illi a pe"e# to ten# of illi watt# to ten# of watt#' . a fi0e! negati&e &oltage. $o""e#pon!ing to powe" "ating# f"o /i4ed Posi i!e (ol age Regula ors: The #e"ie# C> "eg)lato"# p"o&i!e fi0e! "eg)late! &oltage# f"o :9 to 6B 9' Fig)"e :' #how# an C>. $o pa"ato" a plifie".HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE /igure. o" an a!-)#ta(l% #et &oltage' The "eg)lato"# $an (e #ele$te! fo" ope"ation with loa! $)""ent# f"o a pe"e#. o1 a Bridge Rec i1ier IC (ol age Regula ors: 9oltage "eg)lato"# $o p"i#e a $la## of wi!el% )#e! IC#' Reg)lato" IC )nit# $ontain the $i"$)it"% fo" "efe"en$e #o)"$e.Circui Diagra. an! o&e"loa! p"ote$tion in a #ingle IC' IC )nit# p"o&i!e "eg)lation of eithe" a fi0e! po#iti&e &oltage.

()t it $an (e a# NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE .5.69 "ela%.6789 (ol age Regula or Magne ic '3i ch: A agneti$ #wit$h i# an ele$t"i$all% ope"ate! #wit$h' C)""ent flowing th"o)gh the $oil agneti$ fiel! whi$h att"a$t# a le&e" an! $hange# the #wit$h of the "ela% $"eate# a $onta$t#' The $oil $)""ent $an (e on o" off 'Rela%# ha&e two #wit$h po#ition# an! the% a"e !o)(le th"ow *$hangeo&e"+ #wit$he#' Rela%# allow one $i"$)it to #wit$h a #e$on! $i"$)it whi$h $an (e $o pletel% #epa"ate f"o the fi"#t' Fo" e0a ple. t%pi$all% 28 A )$h a# . an! $onne$te! to the IC5# IN*inp)t+ te" inal' The IC5# OUT*o)tp)t+ te" inal p"o&i!e# a "eg)late! F .f"o HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE an inp)t of F.69 !$' An )n"eg)late! inp)t &oltage 9i i# filte"e! (% $apa$ito" C.69 whi$h i# filte"e! (% $apa$ito" C6' The thi"! IC te" inal i# $onne$te! to g"o)n! *GND+' 3hile the inp)t &oltage &oltage "ange. the o)tp)t &oltage "e ain# $on#tant within #pe$ifie! &oltage &a"iation li it#' /igure. i# e$hani$al' The $oil of a "ela% pa##e# a "elati&el% la"ge $)""ent. a low &oltage ain# $i"$)it ' The"e i# no agneti$ (atte"% $i"$)it $an )#e a "ela% to #wit$h a 6289 AC an! ele$t"i$al $onne$tion in#i!e the "ela% (etween the two $i"$)it# an! the lin.88 A fo" "ela%# !e#igne! to ope"ate f"o fo" a . an! the o)tp)t loa! a% &a"% o&e" #o e pe" i##i(le a% &a"% o&e" #o e a$$epta(le "ange.

ing the "ela% DPDT' NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE .HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE lowe" &oltage#' Mo#t IC# $annot p"o&i!e thi# $)""ent an! a t"an#i#to" i# )#)all% )#e! to a plif% the # all IC $)""ent to the la"ge" &al)e "e/)i"e! fo" the "ela% $oil ' The a0i ) o)tp)t $)""ent fo" the pop)la" ::: ti e" IC i# 688MA ' So the#e !e&i$e# $an #)ppl% "ela% $oil# !i"e$tl% witho)t a plifi$ation ' Rela%# a"e )#)all% SPDT o" DPDT ()t the% $an ha&e an% o"e #et# of #wit$h $onta$t# .9.ing "ela% with it# $oil an! #wit$h $onta$t# ' The )#e" $an #ee a le&e" on the left (eing att"a$te! (% agneti# when the $oil i# #wit$he! on' /igure.Magne ic '3i ch Fig)"e C' #how# the $i"$)it #% (ol fo" "ela% ' Thi# le&e" o&e# the #wit$h $onta$t#' The"e i# one #et of $onta$t# *SPDT+ in the fo"eg"o)n! an! anothe" (ehin! the . fo" e0a ple "ela%# with B #et# of $hangeo&e" $onta$t# a"e "ea!il% a&aila(le' The Fig)"e @' #how# a wo". a.

the t"an#i#to" i# t)"ne! OFF' Now . COM i# $onne$te! to thi# when the "ela% $oil i# on' . t"an#i#to"#.HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE /igure. it i# the o&ing pa"t of the #wit$h'NC i# no" all% $lo#e!. alwa%# $onne$t to thi#. no" all% $lo#e *NC+ an! no" all% on pin i# $onne$te! to #)ppl% &oltage ' The no" all% open *NO+ pin $onne$te! to loa!' 3hen high p)l#e #ignal i# gi&en to (a#e of the H.Circui '-.69 i# gi&en to (a#e of H6 t"an#i#to" #o that the t"an#i#to" i# $on!)$ting an! NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE . COM i# $onne$te! to thi# when the "ela% $oil i# off'NO i# no" all% open.orking o1 a Magne ic '3i ch: Thi# $i"$)it i# !e#igne! to $ont"ol the loa!' The loa! a% (e oto" o" an% othe" loa!' The loa! i# t)"ne! ON an! OFF th"o)gh "ela%' The "ela% ON an! OFF i# $ont"olle! (% the pai" of #wit$hing t"an#i#to"# *BC :BC+' The "ela% i# $onne$te! in the H6 t"an#i#to" $olle$to" te" inal' A "ela% i# nothing ()t ele$t"o agneti$ #wit$hing !e&i$e whi$h $on#i#t# of th"ee pin#' The% a"e $o open *NO+'The "ela% $o on. NC an! NO'COM i# $o on..:.bol 1or Magne ic '3i ch The "ela%G# #wit$h $onne$tion# a"e )#)all% la(ele! COM . the t"an#i#to" i# $on!)$ting an! #ho"t# the $olle$to" an! e itte" te" inal an! 4e"o #ignal# i# gi&en to (a#e of the H6 t"an#i#to"' So the "ela% i# t)"ne! OFF #tate' 3hen low p)l#e i# gi&en to (a#e of t"an#i#to" H.

eaning that info" ation $o)l! onl% it' Se"ial !e&i$e# )#e !iffe"ent pin# to "e$ei&e an! t"an# it !ata 11 )#ing the #a e pin# t"a&el in one !i"e$tion at a ti e' The a!&antage i# that a #e"ial po"t nee!# onl% one wi"e to t"an# it the > (it#. a"e (i1!i"e$tional' )ni$ation allow# ea$h !e&i$e to "e$ei&e !ata a# well a# t"an# it )ni$ation to half1!)ple0. while a pa"allel po"t nee!# >' 'erial Binar. the $o p)te" i# a !ata t"an# i##ion e/)ip ent *DTE+' $a(le# a"e !e#igne! fo" thi# #it)ationE "athe" than ha&ing the pin1 to1pin o!e $a(le#. N)ll o!e eaning of #ignal#. the Howe&e". n)ll o!e $a(le# ha&e !iffe"ent inte"nal wi"ing to $onne$tion# of allow DTE !e&i$e# to $o )ni$ate with one anothe"' In the Fig)"e >' the MAA 626 IC )#e! a# le&el logi$ $on&e"te" i# #hown' The MAA626 i# a !)al !"i&e"K"e$ei&e" that NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE . al#o $alle! $o )ni$ation *COM+ po"t#.HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE "ela% i# t)"ne! ON' Hen$e the $o on te" inal an! NO te" inal of "ela% a"e #ho"te!' Now loa! get# the #)ppl% &oltage th"o)gh "ela%' Reco. an! the ph%#i$al #i4e an! pin o)t of $onne$to"#' A# in an% inte"fa$e p"o!)$t# a"e not !ata $o )ni$ation# e/)ip ent *DC+' the !efinition of RS1626.. while !ata $o e/)ip ent *DCE+ i# the Bi!i"e$tional $o wo)l! li it $o Se"ial po"t#.'ingle %nded Da a: In $o )ni$ation#.#2#: RS1626 i# !efine! a# the IInte"fa$e (etween !ata te" inal e/)ip ent an! !ata $o )ni$ation# e/)ip ent )#ing #e"ial (ina"% !ata e0$hange'J Thi# !efinition )ni$ation# )ni$ation' o!e ' RS1626 )#e# the p"in$iple of #e"ial $o !efine# !ata te" inal e/)ip ent *DTE+ a# the $o p)te". RS1626 *Re$o en!e! Stan!a"! 626+ i# the t"a!itional na e fo" a #e"ie# of #tan!a"!# fo" #e"ial (ina"% #ingle1en!e! !ata an! $ont"ol #ignal# $onne$ting (etween a !ata te" inal e/)ip ent *DTE+ an! a !ata $i"$)it1te" inating e/)ip ent*DCE+' The #tan!a"! !efine# the ele$t"i$al $ha"a$te"i#ti$# an! ti ing of #ignal#.en ed ' andard.

6.:+' Po"t 2 $ontain# #pe$ial p)"po#e "egi#te" #)$h a# #e"ial inp)t "e$ei&e" "egi#te" SBUF..#2# Microcon roller: AT>=C:.6> (%te# inte"nal RAM an! 26 IKO pin a# a""ange! a# po"t 8 to po"t 2 ea$h ha# > (it (in 'Po"t 8 $ontain > !ata line*D81DC+ a# well a# low o"!e" a!!"e## line*AO1AC+'Po"t 6 $ontain highe" o"!e" a!!"e## line *A>1A. T. i# a B8 pin#.INT. > (it fla#h t%pe "ep"og"a e"a#e the p"og"a a(le i$"o$ont"olle" an)fa$t)"e! (% at el g"o)p' It i# the e o"% i# we $an e o"%' A!&antage of thi# fla#h with in few in)te#' It ha# B. an! ti e"# T8 . inte"")pt INT8.( on $hip ROM an! .HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE in$l)!e# a $apa$iti&e &oltage gene"ato" to #)ppl% EIA 626 &oltage le&el# f"o a #ingle :9 #)ppl%' Ea$h "e$ei&e" $on&e"t# EIA1626 to :& TTLKCMOS le&el#' Ea$h !"i&e" $on&e"t# TLLKCMOS inp)t le&el# into EIA1626 le&el# ' In thi# $i"$)it the i$"o$ont"olle" t"an# itte" pin i# $onne$te! in the MAA626 T6IN pin whi$h $on&e"t# inp)t :& TTLKCMOS le&el to RS626 le&el' /igure.Reco.en ed ' andard. the pin# ha&e an% of )lti f)n$tion# whi$h $an (e )#e! a# gene"al p)"po#e IKO pin# *o"+' The NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE .

i# an >1(it (i!i"e$tional IKO po"t with inte"nal p)ll1)p#' The po"t .HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE AT>=C:. high1pe"fo" an$e CMOS >1(it i$"o$o p)te" with B< (%te# of fla#h p"og"a a(le an! e"a#a(le "ea! onl% e o"%' /igure.7. eight TTL inp)t#' 3hen . an! o)tp)t# the $o!e (%te# !)"ing p"og"a &e"ifi$ation' E0te"nal p)ll1 )p# a"e "e/)i"e! !)"ing p"og"a &e"ifi$ation'Po"t .# a"e w"itten to po"t .K#o)"$e fo)" TTL inp)t#' 3hen . i# a low1powe". o)tp)t ()ffe"# $an #in.# a"e w"itten to po"t 8 pin# . o1 7891 Descri" ion o1 (arious Por s: Po"t 8 i# an >1(it open !"ain (i!i"e$tional IKO po"t' A# an o)tp)t po"t ea$h pin $an #in.Pin Diagra. the pin# $an (e )#e! a# high i pe!an$e inp)t#' Po"t 8 a% al#o (e $onfig)"e! to (e the an! !ata )ltiple0e! low e o"%' In thi# o"!e" a!!"e##K!ata ()# !)"ing a$$e##e# to e0te"nal p"og"a o!e P8 ha# inte"nal p)ll1)p#' Po"t 8 al#o "e$ei&e# the $o!e (%te# !)"ing fla#h p"og"a ing. pin# the% a"e p)lle! high (% the inte"nal p)ll1)p# an! NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE .

HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE $an (e )#e! a# inp)t#' A# inp)t#.# often )tili4e! in (atte"%1powe"e! ele$t"oni$ !e&i$e# (e$a)#e it )#e# &e"% # all a o)nt# of ele$t"i$ powe"' Ea$h pi0el of an LCD t%pi$all% $on#i#t# of a la%e" of ole$)le# aligne! (etween two t"an#pa"ent ele$t"o!e#. po"t .K#o)"$e fo)" TTL inp)t#' 3hen . an! two pola"i4ing filte"#. pin# that a"e e0te"nall% (eing p)lle! low will #o)"$e $)""ent *IIL+ (e$a)#e of the inte"nal p)ll1)p#' O"era ions o1 Por s: Po"t .@1 (it a!!"e##e#' D)"ing a$$e##e# to e0te"nal !ata e o"% that )#e# >1(it a!!"e##e#. Po"t 6 pin# that a"e e0te"nall% (eing p)lle! low will #o)"$e $)""ent *IIL+ (e$a)#e of the inte"nal p)ll1)p#'Po"t 6 e it# the high1o"!e" a!!"e## (%te !)"ing fet$he# f"o e0te"nal p"og"a e o"% an! !)"ing a$$e##e# to e0te"nal !ata e o"% that )#e# . light pa##ing th"o)gh the fi"#t filte" wo)l! (e (lo$.# a"e w"itten to po"t 6 pin# the% a"e p)lle! high (% the inte"nal p)ll1)p# an! $an (e )#e! a# inp)t#' A# inp)t# . al#o "e$ei&e# the low1o"!e" a!!"e## (%te# !)"ing fla#h p"og"a ing an! &e"ifi$ation'Po"t 6 i# an >1(it (i!i"e$tional IKO po"t with inte"nal p)ll1)p#' The po"t 6 o)tp)t ()ffe"# $an #in. flat !i#pla% !e&i$e of $olo" o" a!e )p of an% n) (e" ono$h"o e pi0el# a""a%e! in f"ont of a light #o)"$e o" "efle$to"' It i# &e"ifi$ation' Po"t 2 i# an >1(it (i!i"e$tional IKO po"t with inte"nal p)ll1)p#' 3hen . po"t ing an! 6 e it# the $ontent# of the P6 #pe$ial f)n$tion "egi#te"' Po"t 6 al#o "e$ei&e# the high1 o"!e" a!!"e## (it# an! #o e $ont"ol #ignal# !)"ing fla#h p"og"a a"e w"itten to Po"t 2 pin# the% a"e p)lle! high (% the inte"nal p)ll1)p#' $i0uid Cr-s al Dis"la-: A li/)i! $"%#tal !i#pla% *LCD+ i# a thin. the a0e# of t"an# i##ion of whi$h a"e *in o#t of the $a#e#+ pe"pen!i$)la" to ea$h othe"' 3ith no li/)i! $"%#tal (etween the pola"i4ing filte"#.e! (% the #e$on! *$"o##e!+ pola"i4e"' The #)"fa$e of the ele$t"o!e# that a"e in $onta$t with the li/)i! $"%#tal ate"ial a"e t"eate! #o a# to align NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE .

#)$h that the top an! (otto ole$)le# pa"allel to the ele$t"i$ fiel!. an! the !e&i$e appea"# g"a%' If the applie! &oltage i# la"ge eno)gh.the li/)i! $"%#tal HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE ole$)le# in a pa"ti$)la" !i"e$tion' Thi# t"eat ent t%pi$all% $on#i#t# of a thin pol% e" la%e" that i# )ni!i"e$tionall% ")((e! )#ing.ne## than that in the &oltage1off #tate' Be$a)#e of thi#. o" twi#t' Be$a)#e the li/)i! $"%#tal (i"ef"ingent. allowing it to pa## th"o)gh the #e$on! pola"i4e! filte"' Half of the in$i!ent light i# a(#o"(e! (% the fi"#t pola"i4ing filte". fo" e0a ple. a to"/)e a$t# #t")$t)"e *thi# i# "e#i#te! (% ela#ti$ fo"$e# #in$e the #)"fa$e#+' Thi# "e!)$e# the "otation of the pola"i4ation of the in$i!ent light. the#e !e&i$e# a"e )#)all% ope"ate! (etween $"o##e! pola"i4e" #)$h that the% appea" ("ight with no &oltage *the e%e i# )$h o"e #en#iti&e to &a"iation# in the !a". a $loth' Bire1ringing in Polarisers: The !i"e$tion of the li/)i! $"%#tal align ent i# then !efine! (% the !i"e$tion of ")((ing'Befo"e appl%ing an ele$t"i$ fiel!. the #)"fa$e align ent !i"e$tion# at the ole$)le# a""ange ate"ial i# two ele$t"o!e# a"e pe"pen!i$)la" to ea$h othe". the li/)i! $"%#tal ole$)le# in the $ente" of the la%e" a"e al o#t $o pletel% )ntwi#te! an! the pola"i4ation of the in$i!ent light i# not "otate! a# it pa##e# th"o)gh the li/)i! $"%#tal la%e"' The opti$al effe$t of a twi#te! ne ati$ !e&i$e in the &oltage1on #tate i# fa" le## !epen!ent on &a"iation# in the !e&i$e thi$. !i#to"ting the heli$al ole$)le# a"e $on#t"aine! at the pola"i4e"# a"e $"o##e!' 3hen a &oltage i# applie! a$"o## the ele$t"o!e#. #tate than the ("ight #tate+' The#e !e&i$e# $an al#o (e ope"ate! (etween NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE . an! #o the the #el&e# in a heli$al #t")$t)"e. the o"ientation of the li/)i! $"%#tal ole$)le# i# !ete" ine! (% the align ent at the #)"fa$e#' In a twi#te! ne ati$ !e&i$e *#till the o#t $o on li/)i! $"%#tal !e&i$e+. ()t othe"wi#e the enti"e a##e (l% i# "ea#ona(l% t"an#pa"ent' LCD with top pola"i4e" "e o&e! f"o to align the li/)i! $"%#tal !e&i$e an! pla$e! on top. light pa##ing th"o)gh one pola"i4ing filte" i# "otate! (% the li/)i! $"%#tal heli0 a# it pa##e# th"o)gh the li/)i! $"%#tal la%e".

an! ea$h g"o)p get# it# own &oltage #o)"$e'The hea"t of the i$"o $ont"olle" i# the $i"$)it"ie# whi$h gene"ate the $lo$. RK3 an! 7E5 $ont"ol line#. thi# ioni$ ate"ial i# att"a$te! to the #)"fa$e# an! !eg"a!e# the !e&i$e pe"fo" an$e' Thi# i# a&oi!e! eithe" (% appl%ing an alte"nating $)""ent o" (% "e&e"#ing the pola"it% of the ele$t"i$ fiel! a# the !e&i$e i# a!!"e##e! *the "e#pon#e of the li/)i! $"%#tal la%e" i# i!enti$al.' The in#tallation of the $ont"ol #e$tion i# NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE . ele$t"o!e# on one #i!e of the !i#pla% a"e g"o)pe! an! wi"e! togethe" *t%pi$all% in $ol) n#+. #tate# a"e "e&e"#e!' The &oltage1 off !a". !i#pla% i# )ltiple0e!' In a )ltiple0e! !i#pla%. p)l#e AT>=CS. #tate in thi# $onfig)"ation appea"# (lot$h%. (e$a)#e of # all &a"iation# of thi$. then the. in whi$h $a#e the ("ight an! !a". howe&e".ne## a$"o## the !e&i$e' O" ical %11ec : If an ele$t"i$ fiel! of one pa"ti$)la" pola"it% i# applie! fo" a long pe"io! of ti e.HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE pa"allel pola"i4e"#. #etting the 7E5 (it #i )ltaneo)#l% with RS an! RK3 wo)l! &iolate the o!)le5# #et )p ti e' A #epa"ate in#t")$tion #ho)l! (e )#e! to a$hie&e p"ope" inte"fa$ing ti ing "e/)i"e ent#' 5. PRO<%CT OUTCOM% The total #%#te $o ha# (een !e#igne! an! the GSM "e$ei&e" ha# te#te! fo" #)$$e##f)l a!e )ni$ation with the netwo". > (it i$"o$ont"olle" an)fa$t)"e! (% at el g"o)p' +ard3are o1 $CD: LCD !i#pla% i# !e&elope! (% a )ni/)el% !e$o!e! 7E5 #t"o(e p)l#e whi$h i# a$ti&e high. "ega"!le## of the pola"it% of the applie! fiel!+' 3hen a la"ge n) (e" of pi0el# a"e nee!e! in a !i#pla%. i# the B8 pin#. to a$$o pan% ea$h o!)le t"an#a$tion' A!!"e## o" $ont"ol line# $an (e a##igne! to !"i&e the RS an! RK3 inp)t#' If a pa"allel po"t i# )#e! to !"i&e the RS.

wa# pe"fo" e! onl% when the p"e1$onfig)"e! n) (e" in#t")$te! the #%#te ' S%#te #ent ("ea$h ale"t when the int")#ion wa# !ete$te!' '-s e. #)ppo"t fo" a&aila(le feat)"e# an! e$hani# . afte" "e$ei&ing the i$"o$ont"olle" th"o)gh the !ata $a(le an! of 89 an! :9 e##age. no a$tion i$"o$ont"olle" atta$he! to the $i"$)it "ea!# the gi&en'The #%#te the applian$e $onne$te! to the "ela% eithe" get# on o" off. Ca"abili -: Re ote $ont"olling $apa(ilit% of the #%#te The #%#te allowe! )#e" to #wit$h on o" off th"o)gh e##age #e"&i$e+ a$$o"!ingl%' Thi# o(ile #i )lating the applian$e a# !i"e$te! (% the in$o ing SMS * #ho"t e##age #en!ing an! "e$ei&ing $apa(ilit% an! $onfig)"e! #%#te p"o-e$t int"o!)$e# a new phone# $an (e le&e"age! to $o a)to ati$all% pe"fo" # te#t# an! $he$.# "o)n! the $lo$. #o that the o"!ina"% #e"&i$e# of the of "e ote )ni$ate with an! $ont"ol the ho e applian$e# an! onito"ing SMS en$o!ing o(ile $o )ni$ation i# )#)all% !one (% a. #en!# the !ata #ignal to the p)l#e to the i$"o$ont"olle" ' The RS626 le&el $on&e"te"' The le&el $on&e"te" gi&e# the #ignal in the fo" on $hip p"og"a e o"% in whi$h the a$hine $ont"ol p"og"a i$"o$ont"olle" i# the e (e!!e! !e&i$e whi$h ha# i# #to"e! an! the e##age e##age' The "ela% i# #ele$te! an! too. (a#e! on the allowe! the p"o&i#ion of #e$)"it% #)$h that #%#te again#t the in#t")$tion# "e$ei&e! f"o the )na)tho"i4e! n) (e"' The "e/)i"e! ta#.e the ho e a "eall% # a"t one' The #%#te an! !e$o!ing fo" #en!ing an! "e$ei&ing in PC (a#e! #oftwa"e whe"e PC i# )#e! a# an SMS gatewa% an! $ont"olle! (% the IC' The i$"o$ont"olle" al#o get# in#t")$tion th"o)gh SMS an! then goe# fo" the ne0t then (e$o e# (oth $o#tl% an! powe" $on#) ing a# the PC a% not ")n fo" all the ti e an! #tep' The o&e"all #%#te wo".' If that PC i# a $lone. then it NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE .HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE pe"fe$t to "e$ei&e #ignal f"o "e ote #e$tion' Now the SMS *#ho"t e##age #e"&i$e+ i# #en! (% the )#e"' The #e$on! o(ile $onne$te! to the $i"$)it.

$o $o#t' 'ecuri . a &oltage $on&e"#ion !e&i$e $alle! MAA626 pla%# an i po"tant "ole' In o(ile an! then )#e! a# a #e"&e" to $ont"ol the !e&i$e# th"o)gh the !e&elope! i$"o$ont"olle"# a"e the #)ffi$ient eno)gh to en$o!e e##age th"o)gh GSM o(ile an! $ont"ol i$"o$ont"olle" $an al#o #oftwa"e' PC (a#e! #oftwa"e i# ea#% to !e&elop an! $ont"ol an! hen$e people )#)all% !epen!# on PC' The #ingle $hip an! !e$o!e the #en!ing an! "e$ei&ing (e )#e! a# a we( #e"&e" (% "e o&ing the !e&i$e# a$$o"!ing to the in#t")$tion gi&en (% the )#e"'The o(ile !e&i$e at the en! )#e! pa"t #o that e"$iall% the )#e" $an al#o $ont"ol the applian$e# th"o)gh the inte"net' S a"t ho e i# whe"e one of the p"e#$"i(e! #%#te # e/)ippe! with ho e p"o!)$t#. i# t"igge"e! (% SMS an! thi# will help the owne" to notif% an% in$i!ent happene! a"o)n! the ho)#e #)$h a# "o((e"% o" fi"e' The #%#te NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE . than it i# #)ppo#e! to (e' In #ea"$h of a t")e "e ote an! a!e/)atel% #e$)"e #ol)tion to (e "eall% effe$ti&e o(ile telephon% i# (ette" than an% othe" #ol)tion#' A# the e!i) of ini al te$hnolog% g"ow#. people )#e ele$t"i$al ene"g% a# one of the ain #o)"$e of powe" of a% (e awa% f"o ene"g% to ope"ate an% ele$t"i$al !e&i$e o" applian$e' The )#e" a&aila(le that allow "e ote ho e applian$e $ont"olling th"o)gh inte"net whi$h i# o(ilit% an! #e$)"it%.powe" i# a GSM to HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE atte" of a&aila(ilit% an! $o#t too' To a.# the t")e #en#e of "eal a.$e!el: At p"e#ent ti e. SMS ha# (een wi!el% a$$epte! a# a pa"t of )ni$ation' The p)"po#e of )#ing SMS i# to p"o&i!e wi!e#t $o&e"age at ho e.at a !i#tant pla$e an! fo"got to #wit$h off the #)ppl%. PC i# inte"fa$e! o(ile an! PC.e $o )ni$ation (etween the o#t of the $ent"ali4e! !e&i$e1$ont"olling #%#te . a #ingle SMS will help ho)#e owne" to #a&e the ene"g%' Th)# thi# #%#te ene"g% $"i#e#' The #%#te i# a $o#tle## etho! to o&e"$o e wo".ing the "e ote ho e applian$e $ont"olling a li ite! te" an! p"a$ti$a(le. a"e $o )n!o)(te!l% e e"ging' B)t it la$.

(% )#ing a #ingle ho e a# well a# a (ig fa$to"%. one $an $ont"ol a # all a0i ) i$"owa&e o&en to a n)$lea" powe" plant'Thi# will (e a (oo ing #e$to" in the $o ing %ea"# whi$h en#)"e CONC$U'ION NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE .ilowatt1ho)" ete"' It )tili4e# the GSM netwo". a #ingle #%#te effi$ien$% with ini ) $o#t' etho! in#tea! o(ile. then the $i"$)it a)to ati$all% a$ti&ate the $o p)te" to #en! SMS to the owne" )#ing phone o!e 'The #%#te !e&elope! i# a)to ating powe" "ea!ing o!e #en! the ene"g% $on#) e! )#ing the e1(illing #%#te wo". to #en! powe" )#age "ea!ing )#ing SMS ete" "ea!ing to gene"ate the (illing $o#t an! then #en! (a$.HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE a$$o"!ingl% when the #en#o" i# a$ti&el% t"igge"e! (% an% a(no" al a$ti&it%. the $o#t to the "e#pe$ti&e $on#) e"#' /u ure and 'co"e: The #%#te anage the will (e helpf)l fo" the !e&elop ent of integ"ate! wate" (illing #%#te ' i# !e#igne! to fa$ilitate the wate" a)tho"i4e! to witho)t the )#e of h) an #e"&i$e# 'The #%#te again #en!# a SMS notifi$ation to $an (e )#e! fo" onthl% (illing #%#te the 3ith SMS $apa(ilit% the #%#te "e$ei&e# SMS f"o ete" on #e&e"al !ata (a#i# an! the info" ation "e$ei&e! i# p"o$e##e! to gene"ate $)""ent (illing' The #%#te &ehi$le #pee! !ete$tion 'The !e#igne! #%#te the )#e" "ega"!ing the total a o)nt that ha# (een (ille!' The #%#te #en!# SMS when the #pee! e0$ee!# an! thi# will (e helpf)l fo" t"affi$ "eg)lation' Mo"eo&e" the p"o-e$t# fo" a$/)i"ing wate" le&el an! te pe"at)"e #tat)# &ia a SMS al#o ha&e A #i ila"it% with the p"o-e$t'Milita"% an! !efen$e #e$to" too $an )#e thi# a# an alte"nati&e of )#ing "e ote $ont"ol#' Hen$e.# (% integ"ating the GSM powe" e##age that $ontain# the o(ile ete" whi$h will at a)tho"i4e! offi$e' The #%#te that wa# e (e!!e! with !igital .

p"o&i!e ho e #e$)"it% an! i# $o#t1effe$ti&e a# $o pa"e! to the p"e&io)#l% e0i#ting #%#te #' The (a#i$ le&el of ho e applian$e $ont"ol an! "e ote onito"ing ha# (een i ple ente!' The #%#te f)"the" !e&elope! )#ing a)to ati$ i# e0ten#i(le an! o"e le&el# $an (e otion o" gla## ("ea. )(i/)ito)#l% a$$e##i(le.HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE In the p"o-e$t low $o#t. then the $ont"ol i# "ea$ha(le f"o en! te$hnolog% i# #)ppo#e! to fa$ilitate the !iffe"ent life ea#ing )tilitie# to a new age an! ("inging thing# o)t of the (o0 to a# nea" a# one5# pal ' An inte"net1$onne$te! i$"owa&e o&en whi$h $an !ownloa! "e$ipe# f"o wa#hing the inte"net. a$hine# an! !"%e"# that $an "ea! info" ation f"o ga" ent# an! !ownloa! $lothing1$a"e info" ation f"o the #%#te will (e # all (o0 $o (ining the PC an! GSM app"op"iate wa#h an! !"% $%$le# a"e the f)t)"e p"o-e$t# "elate! to thi# topi$' In f)t)"e o!e ' R%/%R%NC%' NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE . #e$)"e.ing what i# in the "ef"ige"ato" an! pla$e online o"!e"# fo" "e/)i"e! foo!. a)to ati$all% RFID tag# ()ilt into the inte"net to )#e $he$.e# the a!!e! "e#pon#i(ilit% to $ont"ol the al o#t all pla$e#' Thi# #o"t of high # a"t ho e. a)to1$onfig)"a(le.ing !ete$to"# #o the #ol)tion onito"e! #)$h that if the le&el of will $an (e integ"ate! with the#e an! othe" !ete$tion #%#te #' In $a#e of "e ote onito"ing othe" applian$e# $an al#o (e te pe"at)"e "i#e# a(o&e $e"tain le&el then it #ho)l! gene"ate SMS o" #en#o"# $an al#o (e applie! that $an !ete$t ga#. "e otel% $ont"olle! #ol)tion fo" a)to ation of ho e# ha# (een int"o!)$e!' The app"oa$h !i#$)##e! in the pape" i# no&el an! ha# a$hie&e! the ta"get to $ont"ol ho e applian$e# "e otel% )#ing the SMS (a#e! #%#te #ati#f%ing )#e" nee!# an! "e/)i"e ent#'GSM te$hnolog% $apa(le #ol)tion ha# p"o&e! to (e "e otel% $ont"olla(le. # o.e o" fi"e in $a#e of e e"gen$% the #%#te a)to ati$all% gene"ate SMS'The #%#te applian$e#' If a #i ple !e#igne! i# $apa(le of #wit$hing ON an! OFF !e&i$e# at "e ote pla$e# an! $an $ont"ol )p to > ele$t"i$ o" ele$t"oni$ o(ile phone ta.

Ma"$h 6216:."u er 'ciences>=?=.N'Ha!4hini.In erna ional <ournal On %lec rical and Co.+'JDe#ign an! De&elop ent of Mi$"o$ont"olle" Ba#e! SMS Gatewa% fo" GSM Mo(ileJ.M'B'Mah"an an! A'E'A Nafeh .:.H'.S'Rah an.81.a ion Technolog-=:=pp'>>C1>=B' C' Lien C.han.(a" an! M'< .816.=G"ana!a..pp'. pp'6.Issues in In1or. In erna ional <ournal on 'ciences and Technolog-=:.er %lec ronics 92..3'.M'Sana)llah.HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE .' A)la F. an! O' F"ie!e".an! M'B Lin.S. M'A.*68.In erna ional <ournal o1 '.B.<'.T'.G.B pp' :C:1:>6' 2' Da#C..ar +o.P'Mai.' :' Gho#e.@B' >' Spa#o&.pp'2C1B2' B' Fah % F.JIn erna ional <ournal On %lec rical and Co.pp'.2 pp'2C1B@' NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE . I'Nai .I'Stan. S'M Sohan.Spain . *688=+'JU#ing SMS in Mo(ile Phone fo" Ho e Applian$e# Cont"olling Th"o)gh PC Pa"allel Po"t Inte"fa$ingJ.8+'JMi$"o$ont"olle" Ba#e! Mo&ing Me##age Di#pla% Powe"e! (% Photo&oltai$ Ene"g%J."u er 'cience= # .M'Shopo&.o&.o.A'<han an! E'She#h4a!i.B' 6' B)"ge" E.pp':@1@.H'.N'M'Aha e!...In erna ional <ournal On Digi al IP Phones =2 .an! T'<'No)#f4ai*68.olo&. In erna ional Con1erence On Rene3able %nergand Po3er @uali . *688>+'J Re ote Cont"olling of Ho e Applian$e U#ing Mo(ile Telephon%J.E' Ho/)e. S'M Sa!e.R'. In erna ional <ournal on %lec ronics=5=.ing 'cience and In1or.:' =' Shah"i%a".e #.N'3 Bai. *688:+'JDe&elop ent of a S%#te Fo" Ho e Cont"ol on Finge" Tip#J.@2B1.*688=+'JSMS Ba#e! 3i"ele## Applian$e Cont"ol S%#te *HACS+ fo" A)to ating Applian$e# an! Se$)"it%J.H'M'GSa"owe"an! M'M Ha##an.8.*688C+'JRe ote Cont"olla(le Powe" O)tlet S%#te Fo" Ho e Powe" Manage entJ.I'H)##ain. I%%% Transac ions on Consu. pp' =81=>' @' <hi%al M.H'. *68.*688@+'JA No&el S%#te Fo" Re ote Cont"ol of Ho)#ehol! De&i$e# U#ing Digital IP Phone#J .S'.D'Sha" in.8+'JDe&elop ent of a CellPhone Ba#e! Re ote Cont"ol S%#te Lan Effe$ti&e Swit$hing S%#te fo" Cont"olling Ho e an! Offi$e Applian$e#.

<ournal o1 Con!ergence In1or.HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE ..H.TP.iE &oi! #e"ial*&oi!+ inte"")pt B X if*RITT.A'?oha"i an! H'A <a!i". *68.A'.8' 3aha( M.U2E )n#igne! $ha" V=8W.U.E #(it "ela%2TP. Code Oin$l)!ePat>=0:6'hQ Oin$l)!eRATS#e"ial'hR Oin$l)!eR# $lSl$!>'hR #(it "ela%.a ion Technolog-=9. pp'2212=' &PP%NDIA I Progra.N'A(!)llah.U6E #(it "ela%BTP.+ X ViWTSBUFE if*iP=8+iFFE RIT8E Y Y &oi! ain*+ X NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE ..8+'JGSM Ba#e! Ele$t"i$al Cont"ol S%#te Fo" S a"t Ho e Appli$ationJ.U8E #(it "ela%6TP..

RMo(ile Ba#e! Dela%*@8888+E Se"ialSInit*=@88+E Re$ei&e*8+E while*.R..@+E L$!>SDi#pla%*80$8..+ X EST8E Se"ialSO)t*GAG+ESe"ialSO)t*GTG+E Se"ialSO)t*808!+ESe"ialSO)t*808a+E Dela%*@:888+EDela%*B8888+E Se"ialSCono)t*RATFCMGFT.+E Dela%*@:888+EDela%*B8888+E Dela%*@:888+EDela%*B8888+E Dela%*@:888+EDela%*B8888+E Dela%*@:888+EDela%*B8888+E Dela%*@:888+EDela%*B8888+E Dela%*@:888+EDela%*B8888+E Re$ei&e*8+E NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE R.@+E .=+E Se"ialSO)t*808!+ESe"ialSO)t*808a+E Dela%*@:888+EDela%*B8888+E Se"ialSCono)t*RATFCMGRT.HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE L$!>SInit*+E L$!>SDi#pla%*80>8.R.=+E Se"ialSO)t*808!+ESe"ialSO)t*808a+E iT8E Re$ei&e*.RHo e A)to ationR.

F6WTTGNG+ R.@+E R.i+E if*iQ@8+ X fo"*.T8E L$!>SDi#pla%*80>8.P=8E.F6WTTGNG+ R..RRela% ..FF+ Xif* V.@+E V.WTTGOG ZZ V.HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE KKL$!>SDe$i al6*80$8... ON L$!>SDi#pla%*80$8.R goto en!E Y if* V.@+E V.R goto en!E Y if* V.R goto en!E Y if* V.WTTGOG ZZ V.@+E R.TB8E.F.WTTG6G ZZ X "ela%6T8E L$!>SDi#pla%*80>8.RRela% 2 ON L$!>SDi#pla%*80$8.F6WTTGNG+ NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE .WTTGOG ZZ V.WTTG2G ZZ X "ela%2T8E L$!>SDi#pla%*80>8...WTTG.WTTGBG ZZ V.F6WTTGNG+ R.G ZZ X "ela%.F.RRela% 6 ON L$!>SDi#pla%*80$8.WTTGOG ZZ V.@+E R.F.@+E V.F.

.RRela% 6 OFF L$!>SDi#pla%*80$8.R goto en!E R.WTTGOG ZZ V..F.@+E V.@+E V.E L$!>SDi#pla%*80>8.@+E R.F.E L$!>SDi#pla%*80>8..F6WTTGFG+ R.T.@+E R.R goto en!E Y if* V..WTTGOG ZZ V..WTTGOG ZZ V.HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE X "ela%BT8E L$!>SDi#pla%*80>8.RRela% .F.@+E R.E L$!>SDi#pla%*80>8.R goto en!E Y if* V.@+E Y NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE .WTTG. OFF L$!>SDi#pla%*80$8.G ZZ X "ela%.RRela% B ON L$!>SDi#pla%*80$8.RRela% 2 OFF L$!>SDi#pla%*80$8.WTTG6G ZZ X "ela%6T.F6WTTGFG+ R.@+E R...@+E V.WTTG2G ZZ X "ela%2T.R goto en!E Y if* V.F6WTTGFG+ R..

@+E &PP%NDIA II NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE .if* V.WTTGBG ZZ X "ela%BT.WTTGOG ZZ V.F.RRela% B OFF R.F6WTTGFG+ L$!>SDi#pla%*80>8.E HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE V..

HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE .

HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE &PP%NDIA III NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE .

HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL USING MOBILE &PP%NDIA I( NEHRUCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE NEHRU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH CENTRE .