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Biology and ecophysiology of hairy fleabane (Conyza bonariensis) and horseweed (Conyza canadensis)

Author(s): Lazaroto, CA (Lazaroto, Carlos Alberto) ; Fleck, NG (Fleck, Nilson Gilberto) ; Vidal, RA (Vidal, Ribas 2 Antonio) Source: CIENCIA RURAL Volume: 38 Issue: 3 Pages: 852-860 Published: MAY-JUN 2008 Times Cited: 6 (from Web of Science) Cited References: 50 [ view related records ] Citation Map
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Abstract: Conyza bonariensis (L.) Cronquist and Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronquist are two weed species belonging to Asteraceae family. Frequently, they occur in orchards, vineyards, and in other crops, such as corn, soybean, and cotton and, also, in forage crops and pastures, as well as in fallow areas. This literature review has as objectives to describe and discuss botanical, biological, and ecopysiological characteristics of Conyza species that may facilitate adoption of strategies for their management in crops or to limit their establishment. Conyza canadensis is art annual or biennial species, native of North America; whereas, C. bonariensis is an annual species, native of South America. Spreading of both species occurs by seeds, which are easily dispersed through wind and water. Seeds do not present dormancy and can germinate promptly under favorable conditions of temperature and humidity. In various countries, including Brazil, Conyza biotypes resistant to herbicides were found. Adoption of diversified cultural practices, integrated to were found chemical control, may minimize the negative effects of Conyza, as well as, prevent cases of resistance. Accession Number: WOS:000255842000045 Document Type: Review Language: Portuguese Author Keywords: weeds; botanical characteristics; interference; integrated management; herbicide resistance KeyWords Plus: GLYPHOSATE-RESISTANT HORSEWEED; ERIGERON-CANADENSIS; CANADIAN WEEDS; GERMINATION; TRANSLOCATION; POPULATIONS; HERBICIDES; ASTERACEAE; DISPERSAL; TILLAGE Reprint Address: Lazaroto, CA (reprint author), Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Fac Agron, Programa Posgrad Fitotecnia, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Addresses: 1. Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Fac Agron, Programa Posgrad Fitotecnia, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil 2. Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Fac Agron, Dept Plantas Lavoura, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil E-mail Address: calazaroto@yahoo.com.br Publisher: UNIV FEDERAL SANTA MARIA, UNIV FEDERAL SANTA MARIA, SANTA MARIA, RS 97105.9, BRAZIL Web of Science Categories: Agronomy Research Areas: Agriculture IDS Number: 300RD ISSN: 0103-8478