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(1) The loading for each condition consists of an upward component and a side component equal, respectively, to 0.75 and 0.

5 tan ! times the resultant load in the corresponding symmetrical landing condition" and ( ) The point of application and direction of the upward component of the load is the same as that in the symmetrical condition, and the point of application of the side component is at the same longitudinal station as the upward component #ut is directed inward perpendicularly to the plane of symmetry at a point midway #etween the $eel and chine lines. (c) %nsymmetrical landing" twin float seaplanes. The unsymmetrical loading consists of an upward load at the step of each float of 0.75 and a side load of 0. 5 tan ! at one float times the step landing load reached under & '.5 7. The side load is directed in#oard, perpendicularly to the plane of symmetry midway #etween the $eel and chine lines of the float, at the same longitudinal station as the upward load. ()oc. *o. + +,, 5- ./ 0 1+1, 1ug. +, 1,,'2 & '.5'1 3ull and main float ta$eoff condition. .or the wing and its attachment to the hull or main float 44 (a) The aerodynamic wing lift is assumed to #e 5ero" and (#) 1 downward inertia load, corresponding to a load factor computed from the following formula, must #e applied6 7here 44 n8inertia load factor" 9T:8empirical seaplane operations factor equal to 0.000" ;<18seaplane stalling speed ($nots) at the design ta$eoff weight with the flaps e=tended in the appropriate ta$eoff position" !8angle of dead rise at the main step (degrees)" and 78design water ta$eoff weight in pounds. ()oc. *o. + +,, 5- ./ 0 1+1, 1ug. +, 1,,'2 -0 & '.5'' 3ull and main float #ottom pressures. (a) >eneral. The hull and main float structure, including frames and #ul$heads, stringers, and #ottom plating, must #e designed under this section. (#) ?ocal pressures. .or the design of the #ottom plating and stringers and their attachments to the supporting structure, the following pressure distri#utions must #e applied6 (1) .or an unflared #ottom, the pressure at the chine is 0.75 times the pressure at the $eel, and the pressures #etween the $eel and chine vary linearly, in accordance with figure ' of appendi= @ of this part. The pressure at the $eel (p.s.i.) is computed as follows6 where 44 A$8pressure (p.s.i.) at the $eel"

The area over which these pressures are applied must simulate pressures occurring during high locali5ed impacts on the hull or float. ( ) The unsymmetrical pressure distri#ution consists of the pressures prescri#ed in paragraph (c)(1) of this section on one side of the hull or main float centerline and one4half of that pressure on the other side of the hull or main float centerline.i. in accordance with figure ' of appendi= @ of this part.<08seaplane stalling speed ($nots) with landing flaps e=tended in the appropriate position and with no slipstream effect" and !8angle of dead rise at appropriate station. in accordance with figure ' of appendi= @ of this part. in accordance with figure 1 of appendi= @ of this part. $eel.s. the pressure at the #eginning of the flare is the same as that for an unflared #ottom. . (c) )istri#uted pressures. determined in accordance with figure of appendi= @ of this part" . The pressure distri#ution is the same as that prescri#ed in paragraph (#)(1) of this section for an unflared #ottom e=cept that the pressure at the chine is computed as follows6 where 44 Ach8pressure (p.) at the chine" 9'80. in accordance with figure of appendi= @ of this part" .5 7)" B 8hull station weighing factor.91 (with 91 computed under & '.or a flared #ottom.s.<18seaplane stalling speed ($nots) at the design water ta$eoff weight with flaps e=tended in the appropriate ta$eoff position" and !8angle of dead rise at appropriate station.07. #ut need not e=tend over an area that would induce critical stresses in the frames or in the overall structure.9 80. ( ) . and the pressure #etween the chine and the #eginning of the flare varies linearly. and chine structure.001+" B 8hull station weighing factor. #ut need not #e transmitted in a fore and aft direction .)" 9080.or the design of the frames. The loads o#tained must #e carried into the sidewall structure of the hull proper. the following pressure distri#utions apply6 (1) <ymmetrical pressures are computed as follows6 -1 where 44 A8pressure (p. in accordance with figure of appendi= @ of this part" . (') These pressures are uniform and must #e applied simultaneously over the entire hull or main float #ottom.00 1'" B 8hull station weighing factor.i.<18seaplane stalling speed ($nots) at the design water ta$eoff weight with flaps e=tended in the appropriate ta$eoff position" and !B8angle of dead rise at $eel.

1./ 0 1+1.75 times the load specified in paragraph (#) of this section and a side component equal to 0. The resultant limit load is computed as follows. 1. The side load must #e applied perpendicularly to the plane of symmetry at a point midway #etween the $eel and . The resultant limit load must #e applied in the plane of symmetry of the float at a point one4fourth of the distance from the #ow to the step and must #e perpendicular to the tangent to the $eel line at that point.as shear and #ending loads. 1u=iliary floats and their attachments and supporting structures must #e designed for the conditions prescri#ed in this section. The resultant water load consists of a component equal to 0./ 51.. The side load must #e applied perpendicularly to the plane of symmetry of the float at a point midway #etween the $eel and the chine. (d) %nsymmetrical step loading.. :ct.. The resultant water load must #e applied in the plane of symmetry of the float at a point three4fourths of the distance from the #ow to the step and must #e perpendicular to the $eel. The resultant water load consists of a component equal to 0.70.5'5 1u=iliary float loads. using #ottom pressures not less than those prescri#ed in paragraph (g) of this section. 5 tan ! times the load specified in paragraph (c) of this section. (c) Dow loading. the prescri#ed water loads may #e distri#uted over the float #ottom to avoid e=cessive local loads.'2 & '. 1ug.. +. @n the cases specified in paragraphs (#) through (e) of this section. #ut need not #e less than 15 degrees" and ry8ratio of the lateral distance #etween the center of gravity and the plane of symmetry of the float to the radius of gyration in roll. The magnitude of the resultant load is that specified in paragraph (#) of this section. 5. (a) >eneral. ()oc.75 times the load specified in paragraph (a) of this section and a side component equal to 0.<08seaplane stalling speed ($nots) with landing flaps e=tended in the appropriate position and with no slipstream effect" 78seaplane design landing weight in pounds" !s8angle of dead rise at a station 'C0 of the distance from the #ow to the step.'" 5. *o. + +. (#) <tep loading. 5.005'" ..0 5 tan ! times the load specified in paragraph (#) of this section. (e) %nsymmetrical #ow loading. e=cept that the value of ? need not e=ceed three times the weight of the displaced water when the float is completely su#merged6 where 44 ?8limit load (l#s.)" 9580.

'2 & '.0.. 1.'" 5.1''" 9y8coefficient of side force. 1ug.8volume of float (ft.10+" B80.. +. <eawing design loads must #e #ased on applica#le test data. e=cept that lower values may #e used if it is shown that the floats are incapa#le of su#merging at a speed of 0.. 5.-. The limit load components are as follows6 where 44 A8mass density of water (slugsCft. e=cept that the value of B in the formulae may #e ta$en as 1. 1. :ct..so in normal operations" . The float #ottom pressures must #e esta#lished under & '. ()oc. 5../ 0 1+'. 1ug. +.so8seaplane stalling speed ($nots) with landing flaps e=tended in the appropriate position and with no slipstream effect" and g8acceleration due to gravity (ftCsec ). ()oc./ 51. equal to 0. 5. *o.5''..the chine.'2 .. *o. + +. (f) @mmersed float condition.. ')" 9E8coefficient of drag force. The resultant load must #e applied at the centroid of the cross section of the float at a point one4third of the distance from the #ow to the step.70. The angle of dead rise to #e used in determining the float #ottom pressures is set forth in paragraph (#) of this section.5'7 <eawing loads. (g) . ') ../ 0 1+ .loat #ottom pressures.. + +. 1. equal to 0.