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Four Hymns to Gula Author(s): C. J.

Mullo-Weir Reviewed work(s): Source: Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, No. 1 (Jan., 1929), pp. 1-18 Published by: Cambridge University Press Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25221482 . Accessed: 08/10/2012 14:22
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JOURNAL ROYAL

OF

THE SOCIETY

"ASIATIC 1929
Part L?JANUARY

Four Hymns
By Tub REV. C. J.

to Gula
M.A., B.D.

MULLO-WEIll,

II YMNS article treated

to Gula

are

few and

scattered.

some of these

in the

(a) King, the variants 341. A

following and Sorcery, No. Bab. Magic there cited and a new variant

are brought order :?

In the present together. They are 6, 11. 71-95, with in Ebeling, KAR.

?u-il-la prayer. ibid., No. 4, 11. 24 ft'. A su-il-la prayer. (b) King, (c) Craig, Religious Texts, i, 18 (ed. Martin, Textes Religieux, a variant a kisub. in KAR. 41. p. 70), with Probably Bilingual. (d) K. 232 hymn. (= Craig, Semitic. ibid., ii, 16-18). Perhaps a dedication

of the authorities the kindness in the British Through Museum, Smith, especially Dr. H. It. Hall and Mr. Sydney I have had the privilege of collating Nos. (c) and (d), and of the latter I have made a fresh copy. I am further indebted this article to Professor Langdon, throughout the interpretations, and notes. restorations, (a) Kino,
Vnr. A KAR. King, No. 7, ?-33 aro printed in ordinary 71.1 ilat Hptu a-H-bat JHAS.

for many

of

No.

6,

11. 71-95

341 ; varr. B, C, I), and K us in King, ibiil. (Var. B = ? No. 7 restorations ; var. C 37, King, fl.) Conjectural type. 2 b?ltum ell?ti 1 ?ur-bu-tum ummu ri-mez-ni-tum 4

Gu~la samc-e

JANUARY

1929.

2
4

four

hymns

to
5

gula
6

72.

al-si-ki

b?ltl

i-ziz-zi-im-ma

H-me

3-c

ia-a-ti

73. 74.

e?-e-ki as-hur
a?-bat

1-ki kima ulinni 8 da-a-ni

ili-i?

u ?tari-i?

ulinna-ki

? puruss? par?-si n Sul-lu-mu ba-Su-? 12 itti-ki 75. dS-Sum bul 10-lu-tu u 1314 16 u Su-zu-ba 16 t?-oY-6 76. di-ium e-ti-ra ga-ma-la 17 ilat b?ltum ?ur- [bu-tum]18 ummu 10ri-mi ^-ni-tum Gu-la 77. 22 ma-'-du-ti kakkabdni 23 ?a 2*-ma-mi 78.21 ina dS-Sum di-in 79.
80.

[fciftti26 A^-a-?f? 20] as-hur-ki27


mashata 28 muh-ri-in-ni-nm li-ki-e

ib-H-ki
20

uzn?-i?

un-ni-ni-j,a

31 ?tari-i? zi-ni-ti lu-uS-pur-ki ana ili-i? zi-ni-i 82.32 ana ?it aii-?a &i ?ab-su-ma kam-lu itti-ja33 35 u36 ?w?t 83. |>na 34 6i-ri 30] ? 37~?a-|)ia-a? 3*-ht-nam-ma 84.40 [^i-?a-to-M# 41] a-ia-[nam-dar42] 81.30 3543 86. 87.61 88. 89. 90. ina a-mat b?ltum Sur-bu-tumi? ?a<(?w.ia44 4fl 4 47 <l"/?W 47 ina M ?-k?r 48] [sir-ti ? an-ni-ki ki-nim 40M [la en? 50]-?

39]

ki-bi-ti-ki

?i-iiu-uh 63] ill ?ab-su li-tu-ra ?tari zi-ni-t[umB2 84 td ?ab-su-ma kam-lu ilu ali'i? itti-ja 8B] [libba-s? ?d 66 i-zi-za li-nu-ha ?d i-gu-ga [li-ip-Sah 67] ilaf b?ltum ?ur-bu-tum68 Gu-la u $a-bi-ta-at a-[bu-ti-ja [a-bu-ut-H
e7|

at-ti69] 91.60 ana el iluMarduk $ar 62 il?ni bel ri-mi-niia fl3 ki-bi-i balaba 64] ?ab-ti
92. ?u ?5-lul-ki fle rap-?u ta-j?-ra-tu-ki kab-[ta-a-tuin

93. gi-mil dum-ki u ?* ba-la-ti cli- [?a suk-ni lud-lul 94. nar-bi-ki lu-?d-pi d?-l?-l-ki dinoir Gu-la-kam Su-il-ld 95. inim-inim-ma

fl9J

a BE ? CE mi. 1 Lines ?*<Be lit Ml. linos in A. 71, 72 form tinco 5 7 4 Hero A me A wa, a now I ?. ashur. A B lino. CE begins 10 A ? B it. " CE baM-u. til. hu.nl. omits D B [paj-ra-?u. X1 B 16 B l* le B *'"? 18 B w. Siizuba. inserts ? cf?ra. gam?la. *l Lines ? D ?0D " wie. ?m-mit. M-kutum. ABDE Z?e-/t? M?. 98 mul-mul *2 A ono B mu/. in B. lino i-na. form 79 78, ? Bead M B1)E B hos ?a-[a-J?]> Bead A. B. A reads b?lt?. ai. a7 DE seem to read at-kal-ki, cf. King, cf. King, 4, 33 [b?ltu ka]>a-?i. 9l A 2? /iH-t. so Lino 81 forms two linos in A. M A t?rt?Aa?f. 4, 33. s8 E -tdf. 84 Read M Lines D. insorts ?. 82, 83 form one lino in B.

FOUR HYMNS TO GULA


A roads ana.

37 Read 86 Read ADE. ? Read AD. has ADE. King 89 88 40 to King, Read Read DE. E. da. Ace. BDE omit copied ? Cf. KAR. 41 Read A. and CT. xxvii, lino 84. 02, edgo a-ta-nam-da-ru 48 BE insert in thrco lines tho common %4a-nam>da-ru. 30, 10, eclipse annannu this by tho lino [ana-ku E precedes m?r annanni formula. Id] u 46 ilat iStar-Sh annanni-tum. B il-Sk annannu Be-lit I) tu. ML 47 48 48 Restored from 4, 43. Read A. cf. also King, "?BAD, by King 60 Restored 48 D ni. see King, D has traces of BAD, 4, 43. 7, 23. by 61 Lino 87 forms two lines in AD. 63 Res from 4, 44. Read A. King 64 " ta. but tho senso is clear. A toration Restored uncertain, by 6* A fa. *7 Restoration from 4, 37. uncertain ; cf. King, 4, 46 King to ndhu. is gonorally used parallel Tho senso and 47 ; pafafru is clear. *9 Cf. 88 A tu. ? KAR. Lino 91 58, Obv. 35. i, 2, 35 Quellen, Ebeling, 81 B a-na. 8a 88 Read A reads fat A. forms two lines in A. lugal. 84 Cf. for sab?tu, and reads sab-t[i a-bu-ut-ti]. King has tho ideogram King, A has 4, 49 ; or restore US-me zik-ri, cf. King, i, 43 (var. 33, 25, zik-ri-ia). ? A zu I 68 B 87 Cf. of ki or lie. tho beginning 40, 6. S?, A S?. King, 88 B il. 88 Cf. 1918, 108, 17 = King, PSBA., i, 22 ; Ebeling, Langdon, ? KAR. i, 3, 40 58, Obv. 40. Quellen,

Translation Gula,1 lady magnified, mother compassion in the pure heavens, dweller ate, I have cried to thee, lady ; stand forth and hear me ! I have sought thee, I have turned to thee, like the robe of my god and my goddess thy robe have I clasped. 2 as to judge a cause, to make a decision? Forasmuch 75 Forasmuch thee, Forasmuch art able 3 Gula, as to make as alive and to bring peace to spare and are with thou Incantation.

to preserve,

to save

mother lady magnified,4 compassionate, multitudinous the stars of heaven Among Unto thee, lady, have I turned ; my ears are unto thee. 80 Fine meal accept from me, receive my supplication, Let me To the
against

send, thee god


6

to my city

of my
me.

angry god, my angry is wrathful who and that have

goddess, incensed occurred

By I am afraid,

reason

of a vision so that

and a dream I am cast

into gloom.

FOUR

HYMNS

TO

OU LA

at the word 85 Gula, lady magnified, mother compassionate, in Ekur is Enlil of thy renowned command which that changeth not And thy steadfast mercy May my rest; wrathful god be reconciled, my angiy goddess

and whose heart May the god of my city who is wrathful, 6me is enraged against is furious, rest, who is enraged, relent I Who one who maketh for 90 Gula, intercession lady magnified, me Unto art thou, king of the gods, my merciful life ! e for me ; command lord, make Marduk, intercession

is wide, thy reconciliation is mighty.7 Thy protection for me ! A bounty of welfare and of life provide Thy greatness verily I will extol, thy praises verily I will " to Gula. The Lifting of the Hand seems to be arranged in four almost The above hymn of the invocation. equal sections, marked by the repetition insertion of a type common Lines 83, 84, are an occasional in prayers of this class.8 Here they occur, sometimes with 95 Incantation of " in the very centre of the hymn. insertions, The hymn which follows, King, 4, 24 f?.t is in part a variant is Aim, In King, No. 6, the order of prayers of the last. ; in No. 7, Marduk, Gula, Ishara. Nusku, Sin, Gula, Shamash other Damkina, Ninurta, 4, the order is Ea [= Enlilbanda), at of obverse the the end the Gula, gap being partially to the rubric of the restored by No. 3. No. 4 corresponds In No. 26. iii, 44-51, and series, Zimmern, Ritualtafeln, II of the series tablet ; King, No. 41, is tablet undoubtedly and King, No, 1, is tablet III. (Anu-Antu-Enlil-Ninlil) bit rimki
1 Var. *' Dclit'ili construe this sing.

is I

*' * a tillo of Gula. ", i.o. Queen of tlio Gods", Perhaps " soke of tho tr. For with the and lino better preceding, 8 Lit. "thou a decision". a oauso, of making Cf. King, 4, 28. judging " " e 6 Lit. " with ". 4 Var. ho hear sublime ". ". knowest Or, may ? Cf. ? Lit. " ". OECT. 38 IT. ; vi, 83, D ; 4, King, weighty my speech." PBS. it 2, 23, 6.

FOUR

HYMNS

TO

CIULA

(b) King, The restorations

No.

4,

II. 24 ff.

in italics are from the preceding hymn, 71-95. King, 6, 24. Hptu im Gu-la b?l-tu ?ur-bu-t? a-si-bat ?am?-e [i,MA-nim *] 2 rim-ni-tum ka-i-?at 25. [il-tu]m b[a-la-ti3] 26. [iiEL])]-lu-us-sa ta?-mu-? ki-bit-sa ?ul-[mu] 27. 28. 29. 30.
31.

[al]-si-ki [ana4] [ashur]-ki i?tari-i? [di]-ni


[??-?um]

b?ltu i-ziz-zi-ma di-ni

ka-ba-[ii?\ 6 ?ullu-mi da-ni puruss? par?-si ?ulma(\) a-$e~'-ki ulinna-ki as-bat k?ma ulinni ili-i? u a-lak-ti
ti-di-[e\

?i-me-i

di-ni puruss?-i?
e-ti-ra ga-ma-la

puru-si
?u-zu-ba

?i~[m\)

32. 33. 34. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40.


42.

??-[?um? hul-lu-lu ?ul-lu-mu ha-?u-? it-ti-[ki\ b?ltu [ka]-a-?i at-kal-ki ?um-ki a? fl-k[?r(?)] ib-??-ki uzn?-i? it-ri-n?-in-ni-ma ilu-ut-ki ?w?-[ta-id] k?ti-{? muh-ri-ma lu-u?~pur-ki ana ili-i? liki-i un-ni-ni-i?

35. ms

ana Hi ali-i?

zi-ni-i istari-ja zi-ni-[ti) ?? ?ab-su kani-lu libba-?? it-ti-[i?] ?? iltana?ka-n\am-ma] iluSin M ina arhi annanni limn?ti u m?ti-i?
u

ina ?utti u bi-ri ina lumun altal?


?ak-na

?mi annanni

lumun

id?ti

itt?ti

la t?b?ti ba??-a

4L7 M 43.

ina ekalli-\?
ad-ra-ku

pal-ha-ku

?u-ta-du-ra-ku

ina a-mat ki-bi-ti-ki ki-nim 44.7 u an-ni-ki 45. VU ?ab-su lit?-ra ilu ali-j? [?? i\zi-zu [ana] iluMarduk

sir-ti ?? ina ?-k?r ?? la en? ? i?tar-l

[iluEnlil]

46. 47. 48. 49. 50.

zi-ni-t? [li-nu-uhj ?? i-gu-ga l[i(?)-ip-ah] ilat Gu-la b?ltu ?ur-bu-t? lip[pa-sir] bel Ci) [ri-mi-ni-ia] mari

ummu ??

[ri-mi-ni-lum] ilu Marduk

ris-ti-e

[?"IS-a] sab-ti] ki-bi-i [balai a] [a-bu-ut-ti ... is missing.) (The rest of the hymn
iii, fil. 9, 39. 2 Kcsfoicd from 7, 35 ; by King 4 Or cf. King, 0, 74, but ?i-?um,

1 Cf. 20, Zimmern, llitiialtafeln, 3 Cf. or restore ra-bi-tum. King,

6
King, ana.

four

hymns

to

oula

p. 28, noto, says thero scorns to bo room for only ono sign and restores 6 s= Sulmu, scorns which to bo tho word Idg. dhg-gun, perhaps ? = much. in hero. Cf. tho parallel dUg good ; gun pnssngo required e aS for at. the tablet is unfortunately iv R. 00, Obv. 37, whoro broken. 7 var. B. 11. 40, 41, and 43, 44, each form ono line in King's

Translation Gula, lady magnified, of Aim, 25 Goddess compassionate, bestower Whose regard is acceptance,1 I have cried to thee, lady; speech ! the sake of judging my Incantation. dweller of in the heavens

whose stand

life, word

is peace, forth and hear my a decision and

For

cause, making

bringing peace I have turned to thee, I have sought thee, thy robe have I clasped like the robe of my god and of my goddess. 30 Judge my cause, make my decision, fix my path ! Forasmuch able,2 Forasmuch thee, Lady, My in thee have I trusted, thy name have I invoked ; ears are unto thee. Preserve me, and I will verily as to preserve, as to give to spare and to save to bring peace thou art are with

life and

glorify thy divinity. 35 The lifting of my hand receive, accept my supplication. Let me send thee to my angry god, my angry goddess, To the god of my city who is wrathful and whose heart is incensed By By reason against3 of a dream such me. that have occurred, an of eclipse of the moon, which a month on such and such a day and signs, evil and not good, and my land, and a vision

reason of the disaster in such and


occurred,

40 A disaster are

of omens in my

Which I am afraid, At the word is Enlil,

palace I am gloomy and I am cast into gloom. in Ekur of thy renowned command which

FOUR

IIVMNK

TO

(IIILA

that changeth not, thy steadfast mercy 45 May my wrathful god be reconciled, my angry goddess rest; May the god of my city, Marduk, who is enraged, relent, is furious, be appeased ! Gula, Who lady magnified, mother compassionate, lord of my compassion, Unto Marduk, first son of Ea, intercession for me, command life . . . Make And
1 Lit. " hearing ". 3 Lit. " thou knowest ". 3 Lit. " with ".

(C) CltAIG, RT. Var. KAR. 11. 1-3. 41, from which its literary

i, 18

last line of the Sumerian in . . . from is probably to be restored ? m[?-e] In that text a rubric designating it a OECT. 6, 48, 1. 6. before the commencement of the Semitic ki?ub intervenes column II
?u-il-la prayer.

Judged by a ki?ub,1 and is accordingly in column II. The prayer,

the beginning of is this style, hymn probably followed by a Semitic ?u-il-la

is restored

2-si 3-in-na 4 [ama sag g?g-ga]-6ge um-mc 2. [l,atNin-k|?r-ra-ak [sal-mat l<ak-k]a 6-d[iJ of the dark-headed,8 mother Ninsinna,7 ama sag [g?g*-g]a-ge 3. [dNin]-tin-?g-ga 1. [?\n [dNi]n
4. i,atNintinugga 10 urn 2-me sal-mat kak-ka-di

mother of the dark-headed, Nintinugga, ?ub-ba ?ag u gig l2-ga-ge 5. dBa-? t? nam-til-la 13 na-cla-iit 14 ki-is 16 lib-bi 6. UatBau ?i-pat ba-l?-^i ana Bau, who casts the incantation of life for the sick heart, le 7. dDa-mu galu kud-da sa d?-d? ll-ge
8. l,atDamu 18 ?a sir-a-na le bat-ka 20 i-k?s-sa-ru 21

Damu,
9. 10. dGu-nu-ra ,,alGunura

who
23

binds up the man


22a eiti-d? kalam-ma-ge 24-da-at pa-kid

whose

sinew

is severed,22

ma-a-ti

the overseer of the land, 2b 2* 11. dAma-?u-ma{j-a abrig ?-k?r-ra-ge Gimura,

s 12.

FOUR HYMNS TO GULA i,atAma?umaha27 ab-rak-ldfc ?-k?r

of Ekur, Amashiunaha, apothecary 13. dAma-?u-ljal-bi ama nig-nam gdl-la-ge 14. UatAma?uhalbi28 um-me 20 ?ik 2-na-at 2 napi?-tim of whatsoever mother Amashubalbi, exists,31 15. ?T?-b?-inM-t?M-ba-?dg233 sukal2 ?ag matj 16. ma?-ge i,at< TubeintubaSag
l<?-gal-mah

30

?-gal

>

34 suk-kal-lu

?i-i-ru of

3? ?t? ki-rib the heart of

Tubeintubashag, Egalmah,

far-famed

messenger

37 17. 3Bsag gig sil gig ?ag gig lipe? gig


18. mu-ru-us2 ki-i? Headache, 19. 20. [igi gi]g [ kak-ka-di lib-bi toothache, heart-sickness, bowel-sickness, d-stg sa-ma-nd tura ?ul-g\dl-l?\40 mur-su i-ni a-sak-ku sa-ma-nu41 ] : murus 39 . . . 4a ofi.) minus38 Sin-ni muru?38 lib-bi

1[im-nu] 21. itch(?), evil disease plague, Eye-disease, . . . (The rest of the tablet is broken
1 For

of this term, seo ho,ngi\ont-O?CT. the meaning vi, Proface. Ibid., B a number of kiSub texts aro edited. be copy should Craig's 8 Var. * Ninisinna are here and Ninsinna Nin-i^si-in-nd]. a well-known of Gula and Hau. In KAR. Ninknrrak, epithet 10 (var. KAR. i, 62 IT.,wo havo a hymn to Ni-in Quellen, 15), cd. Ebcling, = is likowiso translated Niiikarrak. Ninisinna si-an-na, who Consequently = Ninsianua = " Ninsinna fills who Queen Nin-ana-s?-an-na) (orig. " " the heavens of Isiu ; ", i.o. Venus Queen (IStar), and docs not mean 5 et cf. Langdon, Tammuz and Ishtar, p. 175, Cf. 1. 3. Cf. 1. 4. passim. " 7 So tho Sumcrian 8 i.o. " mankind has Niiikarrak ". ". ; tho Semitic " n V. I0 V. Restored. translated I lib-bi heart" sag, iUunin4i-?g-ga. 18 18 V. "?'Ba-?. u V. is ovidontly for gig. Tho sign in Var. intended 15 Tho root is kss ana. bo angry ; sco Langdon, press, harass, bo harassed, 18 Damu AJSL. as of tho as well is a titlo of Tammuz 34, 207, 208. ,7 V. Tammuz and Ishtar, ; see Langdon, p. 0 f. et pas. Earth-goddess For this use of ge, sco Langdon, OEOT. 0, p. 30, n. 1. d?-d? ? kejf-da-ge. " ? " kas?ru only horo. Prb. du assemblo Sum. Or., (die 7 in Langdon, ? V. Da-mu. 21 V. i-k?s-sar " So l9 V. nu. *? V. ku. p. 210). (?). " the Sumcrian has Damu who binds up tho severed siuow ", ; tho Somitic 2S Var. ,,A Seo 24 Bab. Liturgies, ki. Var. p. 130. Langdon, iMgu-nu>ra. 18 i.o. " mother u Cf. "' of tho far-famed Var. ". *>Su-maj. might pp. 44-60, amended. translated

FOUR HYMNS TO GULA

In BA. v, 044, 828, 1. 5. 15, Gula of Isin is called abrig in Johns, ADD. a7 88 See ? list of Var. ila'8U'?nah. sir]>tum. abrig maj [ab-rak-?ca-tu 29 Var. in Craig, RT. ""'Amt-Su-hal-bi. corrections ii. p. ix. Var. 80 Var. & So umme. has tho Sumcrian ; the Semitic na-piS- \tim). " 32 Var. tu. 33 Var. za. mother of tho creation of the breath (of life) ". 35 Var. 84 Tho text si-ru. omits has "?'Tu-be-in-tu-ha-za. ; Var. 88With 37 Seo RA. =-11. 17-20, cf. CT. 10, 31, 04-0. 17, 100, UpeS libbi, " " " " or ". womb but probably does not mean bowels heart ", but rather *9 88 Var. 40 mu-ru-us. Restoration Restored from CT. 16, 31, 96. 41 Sumcrian ? Mediad uncertain. cf. Thompson, Texts, 1, 2, 10 loan-word, " " itch ", skiiwliseaso ". It is also used for calcium nitrate, a scaly deposit that forms on walls ; seo Proceedings of the Royal Hociely of Medicine, 4a Traces of of 1. 21. 17, p. 4. jxd occur in tho middlo

{d) K. 232
Obvi?ksio

1.DI

2.KI 3.[ni??(?) a(?)]-pa-a-ti .pale-faced 4. . [iltt^A8ar(iyi]?(iyd?g


.Marduk,

peoples,

6.-hatCi)

2 a-li-da-at

5.[ilH ^[Asar-glr .Marduk (?),

3 il[?ni(i.)] of the gods, .mother Sin,

7.[m?]-?ap-?i-hat

iluNanna[ri] .who appeaseth

8.k?t Hi
.'. . who removeth(?) affliction,4

9.-bil(l.)-ti
10.ra~yi-mat

Hi u sarri .god and king,

iluUtug?l-lus

11.

[na-di-na-at

halti]

u pa-li

of Ninurta, 6 ?? ina ?am?-e man-za-as-sa .lover whose station 7 in heaven

SAL-S?
Giver
is

of sceptre
... ,

and hatchet,

K.

232

?bvciso

?ym-

. <FJBI * tf ??T ftp ?H ' *4 ?k i^l ff *? * Hfl ?4 ??[<- IETT.*** ??T ?]?$| HK * M^H^^r-^if

?ff if Hpt

# * ^*n * m? ?it ?f? 4? wir* v <r>U hit -<THt? ^ ;?p($| *h? w- * **-?$$&$&&}!&? *r ?f^ U *j[

?-<. 4^*r???*^V?r\^^^ PST ??m p?


?

iVfWPs.^-vvv*vVii'?^5?r:iHr
V? ! * * .'

<r <im
tfff ?? *T l*i?

?jar ^
mSJTT T? Jg|
80

? ;v:5/;:-:,v:?/.-.;>--::y^^;v^v:->.;iar

l^s?:".-^?-r^:Avl-:-?.?;:-:-:^N!?^/,Hi\-:v.?:;-Xi

?*?"T

FOUR HYMNS TO GULA


K. Obverso 232 (continued)

H ''.V:.\*

t?*4

:= M^

A&

12.

w am?ii mu?-?i-pat917? [ab-kal-lat ba-ra *]-at mul-li-la-at9 seer, Counsellor, purifying priestess, magician-priestess of god and man,
ilalNin-tin-'?g-ga be-el-tu mu-?ap-?i-hat gi-mir ni?e mu

13.

bal-lit-ta-at

m?ti all peoples,


e-pi-sat

Nintinugga, lady who appeaseth life to the dead man,


14. ilatNin-k?r-ra-ak a-ri-e be-lit rik-si

who

giveth

?r-??-?e-e

nik-ka-si

Ninkarrak, casteth
16. la-ba-at1Z

mistress up the
uz-za-at

of the spell 10 against sorcery, of multiplication,11 reckonings


? mu-ma--ir-rat

who

Crying
16. a-ti

in rage and directing,


13 ka-?i-da-at ik-su-ti mu-nak-ki-ral uz-za

ilatK?r-rib-ba

Kuribba, conqueror of the violent, opposer iiatMe^ne ba-nit 17. par-si ilatMe-me-?ig-ga irsi-tim ??-ma-mi

of rage, ??-pi-kal

14

12

FOUR HYMNS TO GULA M?me, creatress of ordinances, earth and heaven, moulder of

Memeshigga,

18.

ilQtAma-?u-hal-bi zu-um-ri

um-mu

ri-mi-ni-tum

mu-?ap-si-hat

Amashuhalbi, body, 19.

mother

compassionate, kak-ki16 " weapons irsi-tim

soother na-di-na-at

of

the ??di

ilatGigim-?ig-ga1S dum-ki Gigimshigga,

ba-nit of

creatress

", giver

of a good lamassi of a good

protecting-deity, 20. ilatLamma-?ig-ga dum-ki Lammashigga,


guardian-genius,

?d-pi-kdt moulder

mu-?at-li-mat bestowcr

of the earth,

21.

iluAsur ilatMah ?i-rat Hani [a-li-kat] pu-ut Mali, far-famed one of the gods, who goeth before Asliur,
ilatNin-mah.Hat Nin-tu

22.

Ninmah,.Nintu,
23. ilatLUM ........ mu-?ak-li-mat ta-liUi

.
24. be-l?.da-?d-me

who

granteth

17

offspring

Mistress

of.abodes,
25. mu-.ma-ha-zi

Who.holy
26.[in(1]]-nam-ma-ru

places,
me

i-sar-ru-ru

.are made

(erasure) ?ikaruls(2.) to shine, water and beer flow,


27.i-ba-u

come in, .they 28.e-li? ? ?ap-li? and below, .above 29.[ma(?)]~ha-ri? ?d-di-id-ma .in front (?) it is pulled,10 da-?d-me KAL 30.[I]B{1)
.abodes,

31.[ra-H-mat]

iluUtu-g?l-lu

FOUR

HYMNS

TO

OULA

J3

.lover 32.
33.

te-rit20.RU Nurse(?).

?S?

ZI

of Ninurta, . .

ki-rib.tu-??-ha-am-mat

The midst

of.she
....

causes

to be set on

fire(?),
34. . . -?ar(1)-?i[?u-ba]t-sa D?-kug21

.her
. 35. . . BIT I . . . . a-?i-bat

dwelling
?ub-ba-a-ti

is Dukug, 22 . .

.dwelling 36. . . tna(?) NI.BAD 37.DA RA

in sanctuaries IJUR

.bearer

na-?at giz\illi(i.)} of the torch (?).

38.[U]N(i) i Sam Si mat su


. 39. ..NI BIT

40.KI

LAM DA

Rkvku.se

1.

. TI .

ila?Nin-?ig-[ga] Ninshigga
2.-ta ir-si-ta

.the 3. . . . ,. SA RI E

earth SA[R]

4.AM
. 5.

SE-GU-N[A]2*
[ri-i]-ta u ma?-ki-ta.

Shewho(?) .

the pasturage .

and drinking-place

6.na-pi?-ti.

the soul

14

FOUR HYMNS TO GULA . .

7.ba-ri

nap-ha-ri . .air.

8.SAD
9. HE-NUN
.

DA LAT(?)
. :
.

. TUK-KAN
.the decree

*?
.

puruss?
. .

.
.

.
.

.
.

10.

tin?ri27

nu-um-mu-ra

kut-rin-m

?u-[us-$u-na

ti-di-c] The oven

how

to firo(i),

how

to cause

incense

to be smelt

sho knowcth,
K. 232

Rovorao

r-:^:-?Vf.vv;.:5--v.\

vfeur^

#fr mfre^iy^vj^cV&/;?:

>:.;.?.?^V?'^?

v:^:^.-,?A;

\^Ho;^y'^^:0^7:^ ^T W *T;Vs?y.MWr * Wf

Jl^my^^^^ ft ^iVi-iVWK iv ?VAS: ?$* iftt?/?V/ <y :;;

PT ftp HR??
v?^?

^ Jfc

<?* ^:: i?-ti-r?&*>v?-?:-r^/il^i


^^;r^:>^^<^?^^S^<:

W|

HH-^Wtf 4^*?\??V3r?(*t<

^ Vf $&"? ?< Hr *?Hi AyfF

*ftS&?7?^^^

FOUR HYMNS TO GULA


K. Reverso 232 {continued)

15

^ir

?-< wa 4W ?ir Mtf^tf V^ttflr* <Ytf?F

?hm tits ?- ^wy^rvi^v^K^v


tfi IT -U Kww'i'M-iW.'.?.'t?/-?.:.;:.';:.:;

*?r*- ?w ??ff ^ rr r-

Jtr* *?m? rt2 <r jzyr <P wff *? &s ^

*=-

<tht?. #l M

^f im

p$3 w

&- *t Hf t ?ft ^r* <? *v

?K

?^r

fer fr J?- ?Tl A* ?? ^JTTf-q?- HF"

Wfff

tMtfT *

>-^>:*W:?.i:;V,V.v.V-^.v.:?qfc?

AT

?T

^^?

>>:>Y^? #

IT

;V^.?V.?V:: fct?TT *

'Av..r:':j5? r

M>

11. a-?far ri-kis In


. .

?amni ki-i-ni i?-ka-ti tlu-u?-ta-din]28 the place of the cult-installation of sure oil29 fixeth the portions (of men),
. . . . -27 . iluA-nim Anu, Enlil, iluEn4il and Ea. u ilu?-[a). . .

she
.

12.

16 13.
14.

FOUR HYMNS TO C?ULA iluSamaS nuAdad ?. Sin, Shamash,


i-b?r-ra.

a-Sar

ilu8in
ilu

In the place where


kan-su-ma u

and Adad. .

tloti?-ta-ri

God and Goddess 15. 16. "?Marduk Marduk,

bel ne-me-ki

are bowed down, beholding i-SA T MA(1). . . .

lord of wisdom. . ??ri30 imm?ri ?-?u-rat , the flesh of lambs, bird

inakut-rin-ni?amniC\)
i?sur?31.

By 17.
18.

incense, oil,
omens, .

ina di-ni u jmrussi ma-har-?d. By judgment and decision before her.


a-?ar sa-U-me ?d harr?nu u pa-da-nu ?u-te[?u-ra]

In the place
straight, 19. . -pat-ti

of peace,
.... uz-ni-?i-na

where

way
dr-kdt-si-na

and path

are made

i-\j)ar-ra-as(1)]

20.
21.

He(?) opens their ears, the r future he decides, i-nu-?u lib-bi-?d SI (?)-te-li? u?-. At that time, her heart
?-su-ra-a-te

(?).
[t?r?ti].

dal-ha

?u-ta-bu-la-te

Confused
22. ta-mit

were

the fates,
ta-*-it-turn

the omens were darkened


32 piri[?tum 33 um-ma]

(?)

it-mu-u

An answer
23. ?i-i-ma

they gave, be the

counsel,

decision,

as follows, the sufficient, the

mu?-ta-lat

"

ma-$a-at

ma-la-kat.

She

shall

contemplative,
i-pat-tar ar-ni

counsellor,. 24. u?-ta-pi-il kil-lat-si-na

She shall suppress


sins, 25. be-lit ri-e-?i ut-nin-ni

their 34 shame,
a-na si-si-it

she shall annul

(their)

ha-an-da-at

She shall be the lady of joy and prayer cry (of the people), 26. i-?im-me She 27. tas-lit ni?? i-nam-din the imploration bul-tu shall hear

hastening

to the

of the peoples,

she shall

give life, i-nam-din te-e ?d ?up-?u-hi

Si-pat bal?ti

FOUR

JIYMNH

TO

GULA

17

She shall give the incantation

of alleviation

and the spell

of life,
28. i-pat-tar ri-kis nam-ra-?i mu-ru-us ta-as-siih-ti36

She

shall

loosen
ba-ra-at

the

band

of disease,
mu-us-sa-at

the distress
ka-la-ma

of

tribulation,
29. ab-kal-lat mu?-?i-pat

the seer, the magician, She shall be the counsellor, 36 of all tilings, purifier (?)
30. $a-ni-kat ri--a-ta a-?i-rat mu?-ta-lat

the

The
31.

establisher

of rulership, . . the

the musterer,
ri-me-na-at

the adviser

sa-ki-pat.b?ltu

lady, the compassionate, 37 32. mu-kal- [li-mat itt?ti] sa-bi-ta-at mu-pat-ti-rat the forgiver,38 The revealer of signs, the intercessor, ?? ta-a-bu na-as-hur-?? 33. 30] [ri-mi-ni-tum 40 is whose reconciliation The merciful, good, 34.?i-tul41-?? The overwhelmer .her counselling,

35.[ilYt-g\-gl .the Heaven-spirits,


36..-ta-lat 37. . . . . . -lu-ta . . da-?d-me abodes,

38..-di-?? 40.-rat

39.-lid 41. . off.) . (Remainder broken

is intended, cf. Langdon, alim vii, 3 iluAsar Epic of Creation, = Marduk. See ibid., note on alim. alim, and vii, 5, ""Asar-aUm-nun-na a 3 The name tho end of another Cf. also CT. 24, 27, 26. sign. Perhaps " * 8 This have stood here. tho hand of God ". of some god may Lit. " " 8 = " hatchet to Norgal. is also applied name palu (not ring ") as an embloin and is prb. a loan-word of royal power, from Su mer. bal = " 7 The reference ". See Langdon, hatchet p. 130, n. 1. Epic of Creation, of Von us, i.e. Pisces is to the Hypsoma ; see Langdon, Epic of Creation, is sometimes identified with Venus ; the mulGula identified p. 149, n. S. Gula is not tho goddess Gula ; seo Langdon, Archiv, f?r Orient with Aquarius 8 Restored there cited. from Rev., 1. 29. iv, 96, and literature forschung, 9 of priests, Muss-Arnolt, 549 and 608. Titles Hero we havo the feminine ,0 i.e. " ritual ". ll are not in tho dictionaries. forms, which nikkasu, tho is nig-Sid. Sumerian nikasu ? reckoning, ; counting, bookkeeping JltAS. JANUARY 1929. 2

1 Prb.

18
Cf.

FOUR HYMNS TO QULA

nikkasa YOS. it~ti>?U-nu e-pi?, and ibid., 40, 21, nikkasa iii, 17, 4f. as niksayy?, os Tho word in Hebrew in Syriao appears e-pu-uS-ma. " " ; a-ra = is a loan-word Aru from Sumcr. n'kastm. multiplication " a-ra =^ a-ru : M nikkasi ^ to cf. SAI. 8839, applied multiplication,

in GT. RA. is Gula 11, 30, I). Cf. Thureau-Dangin, 19, 90. reckoning", sco Langdon, of numbers, here with Nidaba, tho goddess thus confounded 12 lab? ? and Ishtar, p. 151. Tammuz lab?bu, growl, rago ; cf. Zimmern, " " iada-bi-a of ; cf. KAR. 07, 379, 5-9, 20, ilbi-u, cry out Neujahrsfeste ls SAI. as Igigi. oxen and pigs. dKkr-rib-ba 6374, explains wrongly in CT. 25, IS, 0, ns Ishartum, i.o. Gula It is explained ; cf. also rightly ? Ninisinna, root rib i.e. Guia. Tho CT. 23, 2, 17, where ?Kiu-rib-ba " ~ u to pour out metal means into a mould, honco excel ". Sap?ku 18 Tho 102 and 105-7. mould ote.) ; cf. Clay, Gilgamesh, (weapons, " " le name means refers to a sign kakku ", prob, weapon good ghost ". " 17 Lit. " causoth on the liver and hence = to appear ". liver omen ". * Translation 20 te-rit = " oraclo 18 Doubtful. uncortain. ", but perhaps wo should we havo hero tho feminine of tint guardian, though expect 2a Lit. " 28 Re ? Tho of tho gods. ". tarttu. assembly-hall dwellings i? a kind of is Seo ZA. grain. Ungnad, storing GI-I[ZI-LAL]. ?egun? ,B = nuMu this is the abundance. 38, 80. rfe-Mun ideogram Perhaps 27 In GT. 16 tukkannu =* a leather 12, 26, 49b, bag, used for divination. In Clay, Miscel. is rendored also by ti-nuur. the sign rendered by didi-na = = GT. didi-im li-nu-ru. is rendered 35, 2, 05, the same 63, 76 sign Sumer. tin?ru. and di-li-im both = di-li-na Hence Dclitzsch, 01., p. 285? reads dili-en, cites a Berlin which ti-nu-ur, dili-na, ninindu, syllabary 28 ad?nu is a tu-nu-ur = tt-HU- [ru). denominal verb from ad?nu fixed timo, some noun intervened OECT. of. Langdon, vi, 100, 140, note. Perhaps 2* A reference 80 = tho liver ? 31 Lit. to oil-divination. after i?k?ti. 83 32 = taimtum birds". made || f?mu. Restoring by "designations 35 Tho 3* i.e. men's. has tho values NE sah, safyf zah, sign fcal-h[al]. it has also tho valuo But see Ungnad, ZA. 38, 80. suh, cf. Muss-Arnolt = with Boissier, Choix de Textes, 170,2, ta-as-NE-tum 1180a, ta-as-su-uhdum 38 Lit. " blotter 37 Sc. abdti. 3< Doubtful. out ", so. of ta-as-siih-tum. " ? Lit. ? Cf. OECT. 12. vi, 81, turning ". for) sin. (tho penalty 41 Tho to be read here form, tul, is ovidontly sign is lagar, but tho gunuiicd under bo id, the second-last Tho Correction: sign on p. 16, 1. 36, should sign for five. ordinary It variant of a). No. Noto: Additional 0, is another Scheil, Sippur, It for tho use of iShamush-shum-ukin. and was written 11. 71-80, duplicates llovuo was edited by Boissior, 1898, 143 f., cf. also ibid., 1890, S?mitique, a few unimportant variants. 101, and contains