This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
dynasty visited by Persian merchants who referred to Koryŏ (Goryeo) as Korea. The term Koryŏ also widely became used to refer to Goguryeo, which renamed itself Koryŏ in the 5th century. Despite the coexistence of the spellings Corea and Korea in 19th century publications, some Koreans believe that the Japan, around the time of the Japanese occupation, intentionally standardised the spelling on Korea, making Japan appear first alphabetically. Korean history begins with the founding of Chosun (often known as "Gojoseon" to prevent confusion with another dynasty founded in the 14th century; the prefix Go- means 'older,' 'before,' or 'earlier') in 2333 BC by Dangun, according to Korean foundation mythology.Gojoseon expanded until it controlled northern Korean Peninsula and some parts ofManchuria. After many conflicts with the Chinese Han Dynasty, Gojoseon disintegrated, leading to the Proto– Three Kingdoms of Korea period. King Taejo declared the new name of Korea as "Joseon" in reference to Gojoseon, and moved the capital to Hanseong (old name of Seoul). The first 200 years of the Joseon Dynasty were marked by relative peace and saw the creation of Hangul by King Sejong the Great in the 15th century and the rise in influence of Confucianism in the country. However, the latter years of the Joseon Dynasty were marked by a dependence on China for external affairs and isolation from the outside world. During the 19th century, Korea's isolationist policy earned it the name the "Hermit Kingdom". The Joseon Dynasty tried to protect itself against Western imperialism, but was eventually forced to open trade. After the First Sino-Japanese War and theRussoJapanese War, Korea was occupied by Japan (1910–45). At the end of World War II, the Japanese surrendered to Soviet and U.S. forces who occupied the northern and southern halves of Korea, respectively.
South Korea and the European Union concluded a free trade agreement (FTA) to reduce trade barriers. The judicial branch operates at both the national and local levels. . In 2010. a body of observers. In November 2009 South Korea joined the OECD Development Assistance Committee. South Korean Foreign Minister Ban Kimoon assumed the post of UN Secretary-General. South Korea hosted the G-20 Summit in Seoul in November 2010. South Korea is a constitutional democracy. On January 1. The executive and legislative branches operate primarily at the national level. It has also developed links with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations as both a member of ASEAN Plus three. and legislative.However. and the East Asia Summit (EAS). when it became a member state at the same time as North Korea. The country has also been a member of the United Nations since 1991. marking the first time a former aid recipient country joined the group as a donor member.Under its current constitution the state is sometimes referred to as the Sixth Republic of South Korea. including a government run $84 billion five-year green growth project that aims to boost energy efficiency and green technology. little effort was made to preserve the environment. and contain executive and legislative bodies of their own. During the first 20 years of South Korea's growth surge. Like many democratic states. Local governments are semi-autonomous. and another with New Zealand. South Korea maintains diplomatic relations with more than 188 countries. Unchecked industrialization and urban development have resulted in deforestation and the ongoing destruction of wetlands such as the Songdo Tidal Flat. judicial. there have been recent efforts to balance these problems. 2007. South Korea is also negotiating a Free Trade Agreement with Canada. although various ministries in the executive branch also carry out local functions. South Korea has a government divided into three branches: executive.
identifying it as one of the G-20 major economies. which begins end of June through the end of July. Singapore. with temperatures exceeding 30 °C(86 °F) in most parts of the country.South Korea tends to have a humid continental climate and a humid subtropical climate. South Korea had one of the world's fastest-growing economies from the early 1960s to the late 1990s. South Koreans refer to this growth as the Miracle on the Han River. South Korea is the only developed country so far to have been included in the group of Next Eleven countries. It is a high-income developed country and is a member ofOECD. the average January temperature range is -7 to 1 °C (19 to 34 °F). and the average August temperature range is 22 to 30 °C (72 to 86 °F). Winters can be extremely cold with the minimum temperature dropping below −20 °C (−4 °F) in the inland region of the country: in Seoul. South Korea has a market economy which ranks15th in the world by nominal GDP and 12th bypurchasing power parity (PPP). Summer can be uncomfortably hot and humid. It is the most industrialised member country of the OECD. and South Korea is still one of the fastestgrowing developed countries in the 2000s. with precipitation heavier in summer during a short rainy season called jangma . and in 2010 South Korea was the sixth largest exporter and tenth largest importer in the world. The South Korean economy is heavily dependent on international trade. and Taiwan. the other three Asian Tigers. Winter temperatures are higher along the southern coast and considerably lower in the mountainous interior. and is affected by the East Asian monsoon. along with Hong Kong. .
A team in the Korea Institute of Industrial Technology developed the first Korean android. Robotics are also incorporated in the entertainment sector as well. as well as incidents that occurred in 2009.000 new cybersecurity experts by 2017. The winners will be announced on September 29. but Pyongyang denies the accusations. HUBO.000). with the robots being deployed to most preschools and kindergartens by 2013. The South Korean government blamed its northern counterpart on these attacks. 2011. EveR-1 in May 2006. . and 2012. the Korean Robot Game Festival has been held every year since 2004 to promote science and robot technology. a computer-security competition jointly sponsored by the defense ministry and the National Intelligence Service was announced. and bank websites were compromised. whereby government. the national government committed to the training of 5. television station. Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) developed the world's second walking humanoid robot. Plans of creating English-teaching robot assistants to compensate for the shortage of teachers were announced in February 2010. In late September 2013. In 2009. 2013 and will share a total prize pool of 80 million won (US$74. In 2005.Cyber security Following cyberattacks in the first half of 2013. Robotics has been included in the list of main national R&D projects in Korea since 2003. news-media. EveR-1 has been succeeded by more complex models with improved movement and vision. the government announced plans to build robot-themed parks in Incheon and Masan with a mix of public and private funding.
ceramics and the performing arts. through funding and education programs. The Korean tea ceremony. pansori. which can be seen in the many traditional paintings. sculptures. as well as modern forms. with many participating in intense outside tutoring to supplement classes. South Korea shares its traditional culture with North Korea. Using this infrastructure. which will be distributed for free to every primary and secondary school nation-wide by 2013. but the two Koreas have developed distinct contemporary forms of culture since the peninsula was divided in 1945. The South Korean Ministry of Culture. In the 2006 results of the OECD Programme for International Student Assessment. it has nevertheless managed to develop a unique cultural identity that is distinct from its larger neighbor. third in mathematics and seventh in science. South Korea's education system is technologically advanced and it is the world's first country to bring high-speed fibre-optic broadband internet access to every primary and secondary school nation-wide. while the culture of Korea has been heavily influenced by that of neighboring China. such as Joseon's baekja and buncheong. . Historically. and competition is consequently fierce. Sports and Tourism actively encourages the traditional arts. Korean art has been highly influenced by Buddhism and Confucianism. South Korea came first in problem solving. the country has developed the first Digital Textbooks in the world. talchum and buchaechum are also notable Korean performing arts. Korean pottery and porcelain.Education in South Korea is regarded as crucial to financial and social success. and Goryeo's celadon are well known throughout the world.
5 million inhabitants making it the world's second largest metropolitan area and easily the most densely populated city in theOECD. modern rules were standardised and taekwondo became an official Olympic sport in 2000. kumdo and subak.5million). Kimchi. Seoul had a population of 9. In the 1950s and 1960s. banchan . more than 10 times the global average. hapkido. which is 487 per square kilometer. because of rapid migration from the countryside during the country's quick economic expansion in the 1970s. . soy sauce. Traditional Korean meals are noted for the number of side dishes. 1980s and 1990s. Dae jeon (1. Other major cities include Busan (3. Other Korean martial arts include taekkyeon. The martial art taekwondo originated in Korea. Daegu(2. South Korea is noted for its population density.Korean cuisine is largely based on rice. ginger.5million). doenjang. a type of fermented soybean paste. Every meal is accompanied by numerous banchan. The capital city of Seoul is also the country's largest city and chief industrial center. a fermented. which accompany steam-cooked short-grain rice. Most South Koreans live in urban areas. kuk sool won. Incheon (2.4 million). fish and meats. tofu. usually spicy vegetable dish is commonly served at every meal and is one of the best known Korean dishes. noodles.5million). tang soo do. The Seoul National Capital Area has 24. salt. garlic.1 million).8 millioninhabitants. Gwangju (1. Korean cuisine usually involves heavy seasoning withsesame oil.4 million) and Ulsan (1. and gochujang a hot pepper paste. vegetables. According to the 2005 census.
3% identified themselves as Protestants. Korean literature is the body of literature produced in the Korean language. history. world's earliest known printed document and the world's first featural script. freedom of religion is guaranteed by the constitution.2% of the population at that time was Christian (18. Other religions include Islam and various new religious movements such as Jeungism.9% as Roman Catholics). 10. According to the 2007 census. education. culture. Korea is home to the world's first metal and copper type.8% were Buddhist.their official script is HANGUL History TRAITS OF KOREANS Government RELIGION EDUCATION CLIMATE LANDMARKS LANGUAGE . 29.000 years of literary history. although this distinction is sometimes unclear. All Koreans naturally have brown or black hair. Today. Korean Personality is very good/excellent even though Koreans are direct(Only applies to most Koreans). Koreans think and act very simple and direct. For much of Korea's 3.As of 2005. Cheondoism andWonbuddhism. just under half of the South Korean population expressed no religiouspreference. Koreans have a TON of respect toward family. most are Buddhist or Christian. Of the rest. and there is no state religion. It is commonly divided into classical and modern periods. it was written both in Hanja and in the Korean script Hangul. The earliest religion practiced was Korean shamanism. and 22.
She is the first woman to be elected asPresident in South Korea. President of South Korea from 1963 to 1979. starting her fifth term as a proportional representative from June 2012. Park was also a member of the Korean National Assembly.born 2 February 1952) is the eleventh and current President of South Korea. She also is the first woman head of state in modern history of Northeast Asia.DEMOGRAPHICS ECONOMY CULTURE ENVIRONMENT PRESIDENT PARK GEUN-HYE COSTUME CURRENCY CUSINE Park Geun-hye. she was the chairwoman of the conservative Grand National Party (GNP) between 2004 and 2006 and between 2011 and 2012 (the GNP changed its name to "Saenuri Party" in February 2012). and had served four consecutive parliamentary terms as a constituency representative between 1998 and 2012. She is generally considered to be one of the most influential politicians in Korea since the presidencies of the two Kims: Kim Young-sam and Kim Dae-jung. Her father was Park Chung-hee. . and is serving the 18th presidential term. Prior to her presidency.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.