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Chapter 3

Lecture 13

Stresses in Soil Mass-3

Topics

1.1.7 Uniform Vertical Loading on an Infinite Strip on the Surface of a Semi-infinite

Mass

1.1.8 Uniform Horizontal Loading on an Infinite Strip on the Surface of a Semiinfinite Mass

1.1.7 Uniform Vertical Loading on an Infinite Strip on the Surface of a Semiinfinite Mass

Figure 11 shows the case where a uniform vertical load of q per unit area is acting on a flexible infinite strip

on the surface of a semi-infinite elastic mass. To obtain the stresses at a point (, ), we can consider an

elementary strip of width located at a distance from the center line of the load. The load per unit length

of this elementary strip is , and it can be approximated as a line load.

The increase of vertical stress, due to the elementary strip loading can be obtained by substituting

for q in equation (13), or

[ 2 + 2 ]2

(30)

The total increase of vertical stress, , due to the loaded strip can be determined by integrating

equation (30) with limits of = = ; so,

=

+

3

[ 2 + 2 ]2

2 ( 2 2 2 )

= 1 1 + ( 2 + 2 2 )2 +4 2 2

(31)

=

+

2

[ 2 + 2 ]2

2 ( 2 2 2 )

= 1 1 + + ( 2 + 2 2 )2 +4 2 2

=

+

2

[ 2 + 2 ]2

4 2

= ( 2 + 2 2 )2 +4 2 2

(32)

(33)

The expressions for , , and given in equations (31) to (33) can be presented in a simplified form:

= [ + sin cos + 2 ]

= [ sin cos + 2 ]

(34)

(35)

(36)

Semi-infinite Mass

If a uniform horizontal load is applied on an infinite strip of width 2 as shown in figure 12, the stresses at a

point inside the semi-infinite mass can be determined by using method of superposition for vertical loading.

For an elementary strip of width , the load per unit length is for x in equations (20) to (22). Thus,

Table 2 Influence values for vertical stress due to a line load [equation 29]

/

0

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

1.0

1.25

1.5

1.75

2.0

2.5

3.0

4.0

6.0

8.0

1.0

2.634

2.539

2.573

2.471

2.400

2.291

2.144

2.021

1.840

1.711

1.525

1.389

1.223

1.092

0.954

0.830

0.721

0.615

0.536

0.447

0.357

0.294

0.121

0.111

0.010

0.043

-0.030

0.024

-0.042

0.025

-0.025

0.027

-0.010

0.022

0.006

0.008

0.005

0.000

0.002

-0.001

2.566

2.580

2.503

2.508

2.331

2.312

2.075

2.023

1.774

1.689

1.462

1.350

1.168

1.039

0.906

0.771

0.683

0.553

0.507

0.390

0.338

0.241

0.123

0.079

0.027

0.026

-0.006

0.018

-0.014

0.024

-0.003

0.034

0.004

0.032

0.005

0.019

0.000

0.006

-0.000

0.001

0.9

2.787

2.787

2.713

2.702

2.505

2.477

2.203

2.145

1.855

1.773

1.504

1.397

1.179

1.061

0.898

0.774

0.661

0.547

0.479

0.375

0.306

0.224

0.091

0.059

-0.005

0.011

-0.036

0.005

-0.042

0.015

-0.022

0.002

-0.007

0.019

0.006

0.006

0.005

-0.000

0.002

-0.001

2.759

2.865

2.682

2.774

2.471

2.528

2.162

2.170

1.810

1.766

1.455

1.365

1.130

1.008

0.850

0.711

0.619

0.478

0.443

0.309

0.279

0.162

0.082

0.020

0.003

-0.013

-0.019

-0.006

-0.019

0.010

-0.004

0.027

0.004

0.028

0.005

0.017

0.000

0.005

-0.000

0.000

0.8

2.980

3.025

2.885

2.920

2.627

2.642

2.261

2.245

1.857

1.810

1.465

1.387

1.117

1.021

0.827

0.718

0.592

0.485

0.417

0.314

0.254

0.167

0.062

0.020

-0.018

-0.014

-0.040

-0.010

-0.041

0.006

-0.019

0.018

-0.005

0.017

0.007

0.005

0.005

-0.000

0.002

-0.001

2.975

3.113

2.877

3.001

2.614

2.703

2.240

2.279

1.828

1.815

1.429

1.365

1.077

0.978

0.785

0.661

0.553

0.421

0.380

0.251

0.224

0.106

0.047

-0.023

-0.016

-0.042

-0.029

-0.027

-0.022

-0.003

-0.004

0.020

0.004

0.023

0.004

0.015

0.000

0.004

-0.001

0.000

/

0.7

3.249

3.312

3.118

3.171

2.774

2.810

2.311

2.318

1.830

1.808

1.391

1.338

1.024

0.951

0.733

0.644

0.508

0.416

0.345

0.254

0.199

0.117

0.035

-0.010

-0.028

-0.031

-0.042

-0.021

-0.039

-0.001

-0.016

0.014

-0.003

0.014

0.007

0.004

0.005

-0.001

0.002

-0.001

3.256

3.391

3.122

3.243

2.773

2.876

2.302

2.349

1.812

1.815

1.365

1.320

0.993

0.916

0.698

0.594

0.473

0.360

0.311

0.195

0.169

0.062

0.018

-0.055

-0.031

-0.064

-0.036

-0.046

-0.026

-0.014

-0.004

0.001

0.004

0.015

0.005

0.013

0.000

0.004

-0.001

0.000

0.6

3.641

3.704

3.443

3.498

2.948

2.990

2.335

2.352

1.751

1.744

1.265

1.231

0.889

0.837

0.611

0.543

0.408

0.335

0.267

0.192

0.144

0.075

0.013

-0.028

-0.033

-0.040

-0.039

-0.026

-0.035

-0.005

-0.013

0.011

-0.000

0.012

0.008

0.003

0.005

-0.001

0.002

-0.001

3.653

3.772

3.452

3.562

2.954

3.040

2.333

2.383

1.741

1.755

1.247

1.223

0.867

0.814

0.584

0.509

0.379

0.294

0.237

0.149

0.116

0.032

-0.005

-0.064

-0.040

-0.070

-0.038

-0.049

-0.026

-0.020

-0.004

0.009

0.004

0.015

0.005

0.011

0.000

0.004

-0.001

0.000

0.4

5.157

5.201

4.516

4.585

3.251

3.283

2.099

2.117

1.301

1.307

0.803

0.792

0.497

0.476

0.308

0.276

0.185

0.150

0.108

0.070

0.045

0.010

-0.016

-0.037

-0.035

-0.035

-0.032

-0.021

-0.025

-0.005

-0.006

0.007

0.003

0.008

0.009

0.001

0.005

-0.001

0.002

-0.001

5.127

5.234

4.505

4.586

3.217

3.305

2.081

2.128

1.257

1.307

0.774

0.786

0.443

0.466

0.270

0.264

0.124

0.137

0.066

0.057

-0.020

-0.005

-0.057

-0.057

-0.097

-0.061

-0.064

-0.047

-0.131

-0.026

-0.042

-0.000

0.005

0.008

0.005

0.008

0.000

0.003

-0.001

-0.000

0.2

9.891

9.905

5.946

5.957

2.341

2.351

0.918

0.923

0.407

0.409

0.205

0.201

0.110

0.105

0.062

0.053

0.032

0.023

0.015

0.005

-0.000

-0.007

-0.014

-0.015

-0.019

-0.011

-0.017

-0.005

-0.013

0.002

0.000

0.006

0.006

0.005

0.009

0.000

0.005

-0.001

0.002

-0.001

9.899

9.911

5.952

5.960

2.347

2.343

0.922

0.907

0.409

0.389

0.204

0.187

0.107

0.099

0.056

0.058

0.024

0.035

0.006

0.020

-0.11

0.005

-0.024

-0.021

-0.026

-0.034

-0.019

-0.034

-0.011

-0.025

0.002

-0.006

0.006

0.003

0.004

0.007

0.000

0.002

-0.001

-0.001

Source: H. G., Poulos and E. H. Davis, Elastic Solutions for Soil and Rock Mechanics, Wiley, New York, 1974.

The four values given under each entry are for different Poissons ratio as follows: top left, = 0; top right, = 0.2; bottom left, = 0.4; bottom right = 0.5

Table 3 values of /, /, and for vertical strip loading [equations (31) to (33)

(1)/

0

2 /

0

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

3 /

1.000

0.9594

0.8183

0.6678

0.5508

0.4617

4 /

1.000

0.4498

0.1817

0.0803

0.0410

0.0228

5 /

0

0

0

0

0

0

0.5

0

0.25

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

1.000

0.9787

0.9028

0.7352

0.6078

0.5107

0.4372

1.000

0.6214

0.3920

0.1863

0.0994

0.0542

0.0334

0

0.0522

0.1274

0.1590

0.1275

0.0959

0.0721

1.0

0.25

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

0.4996

0.4969

0.4797

0.4480

0.4095

0.3701

0.4208

0.3472

0.2250

0.1424

0.0908

0.0595

0.3134

0.2996

0.2546

0.2037

0.1592

0.1243

1.5

0.25

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

0.0177

0.0892

0.2488

0.2704

0.2876

0.2851

0.2079

0.2850

0.2137

0.1807

0.1268

0.0892

0.0606

0.1466

0.2101

0.2022

0.1754

0.1469

2.0

0.25

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

0.0027

0.0194

0.0776

0.1458

0.1847

0.2045

0.0987

0.1714

0.2021

0.1847

0.1456

0.1256

0.0164

0.0552

0.1305

0.1568

0.1567

0.1442

2.5

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

0.0068

0.0357

0.0771

0.1139

0.1409

0.1104

0.1615

0.1645

0.1447

0.1205

0.0254

0.0739

0.1096

0.1258

0.1266

After L. Jurgenson, The Application of Theories of Elasticity and Plasticity to Foundation Problems,

Contribution to Soil Mechanics, 1925-1940,Boston Society of Civil Engineers, Boston, 1934.

=+

() 2

= [ 2 + 2 ]2

4 2

= [ 2 + 2 2

2 +4 2 2 ]

(37)

=

=+ ()3

= [ 2 + 2 ]2

(+)2 + 2

= 2.303 ()2 + 2

4 2

2 + 2 2 2 +4 2 2

(38)

=

=+

()2

= [ 2 + 2 ]2

2 ( 2 2 2 )

= 1 1 + + ( 2 + 2 2 )2 +4 2 2

(39)

Note that equation (37) is in the same form as equation (33) and equation (39) is in the same form as

equation (32). So the nondimensional values given in col. 5 of Table 4 can be used for equation (37), and

those given in col, 4 of table 4 can be used for equation (39). Some nondimensional values for equation

(38) are given in table 5.

The expressions for stresses given by equations (37) to (39) may also be simplified as follows:

Dept. of Civil Engg. Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur

= [sin + sin

+ 2 ]

2

= [ sin cos

( + 2)]

(40)

(41)

(42)

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