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SUVIDYA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

Mumbai : 400055

SAMPLE DESIGN CALCULATION - SKIRT SUPPORT DESIGN OF VERTICAL COLUMN
REFERENCE Pressure Vessel Design Manual by Dennis R. Moss

VESSEL DESIGN DATA AND WEIGHT CALCULATION CODE P T E CA SHELL SKIRT D H h ASME SEC. VIII, DIV. 1 LATEST DESIGN PRESSURE DESIGN TEMPERATURE WELD JOINT EFFCIENCY CORROSION ALLOWANCE SA 515 GR. 70 IS : 2062 GR. A SHELL ID Overall Column Height SKIRT HEIGHT 1.5 Met 30.4 Met 5 Met 6.0 / F.V Barg 250 Deg. C 0.85 1.5 mm

MATERIAL OF CONSTRUCTION

CONSTRUCTION DETAILS

OTHER INFORMATION Liquid Hold up : 1500 mm from Bottom T.L. Type of dished end : 2 : 1, Ellipsoidal Insulation : Yes (HOT) 100 mm. Internals : 30 Trays (Valve Type) Complete column is divided into 6 section as shown in the sketch below Sr. No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 LEVELS Mean Diameter Height Shell/Dish Body Flange Nozzles Trays /Packing Liquid Hold up Water Total Erection Weight Operating Weight Testing Weight Shut Down weight units mm mm Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg kg I 1536 5000 2750 0 100 0 0 0 500 2850 3350 3350 II 1512 5000 2240 0 160 400 3530 9200 300 2400 6630 3100 III 1512 5000 2240 0 160 2700 910 8830 300 2400 6310 5400 IV 1510 5000 1860 0 160 600 780 8830 300 2020 3700 2920 V 1510 5000 1860 0 160 700 910 8830 300 2020 5930 3020 VI 1508 5390 1655 0 160 600 780 9200 300 1815 3495 2715 13505.00 29415.00 63395.00 20505.00 Total

Insulation/AttachmentKg

2850 12000 13930 11450 11550 11615

Calculation is based on a b c d Erection Weight : 3 + 4 +5 Operating Weight : 3 + 4 +5+6+7+9 Test weight : 3 + 4 + 5 +6+8 Shut Down weight : 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 +9 Kg Kg Kg Kg 13505.00 29415.00 63395.00 20505.00

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500 2. ( Vb .56 8.12 160.56 8.00 22.08 0.IV Level .695 1371. Hx Mt Kg.59431 87352.hi .01 10.02 1. ( Pz .08211 23601.39 5.1 1. [ V -( 0.98357 58225.56 8.57 Pz Kg/m2 167.98 1.712 Met 44 .500 1135.73 5.71051 123102.784 Kg.47 46. ( 0.00 V Topography Factor Design Wind speed .145 8515. Af ) Height from base to plane under consideration Height from base to C.V Level . 123102.15728 36663.43 1135.6.712 1.81 Height of each section Cross section area subjected to wind load Wind Load .8 lb.512 Met 0.III Level .5793 123102.18 49. Vz ) / 9.ft Kg.00 5.10 25.712 5.05 1.00 5.077 1.27 51.5.712 1.804 22810. Hx Total Shear load 1542.met Af m2 9.6 lb-in 2 1.00 17.64 De H met 1. hi ) ] Vz m/sec VI V IV III II I 52.27 143.64 132.500 1230.00 0.32 20. Pz.1 Met 1. K2 .712 1.500 Mb 2 OF 11 .00 5.met 889924.98 0.00 27.m/s 1. Met 19567.7843 10679097.43 15.56 8.69 132.0 m/Sec Kg / m2 Met m2 S Fx Moment at the base S Fx .00 12.VI K3 Vz Pz H Af Fx hi hx V Mb Mb Mt LEVELS Mb .00 7.56 Fx Kg hi met hx met 42708. K3 ) Wind Pressure .712 1.23 8.500 1303.78 Fx.90 48. De . In) Near Mumbai Basic Wind speed (From IS : 875 for site near Mumbai) Risk Factor Terrain Height Factor Level .20 152.43 7717.I Level .SKIRT SUPPORT DESIGN OF VERTICAL COLUMN REFERENCE Pressure Vessel Design Manual by Dennis R. Moss WIND MOMENT CALCULATION CODE Do In De Site Vb K1 K2 IS : 875 Vessel Outside Diameter Insulation Thickness Effective Vessel diameter = ( De + 2.012 15375.II Level .505 30854. K1.712 1.57 46.00 5.73 Kg.7379 2838.G of respective section met met 7717.SUVIDYA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Mumbai : 400055 SAMPLE DESIGN CALCULATION .

SUVIDYA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Mumbai : 400055 Mt lb.34 420919.78 170615.81 631483.80 3 OF 11 . Ft 141452.23 889924.60 265048.

H Period of Vibration = 0.IS:1893 .4.0433728 Sec Comparing Mb & Mb' -.016 563. 4 OF 11 .IS:1893-2002) RESPONSE REDUCTION FACTOR (Table .Ft ) Overturning Moment at base .SKIRT SUPPORT DESIGN OF VERTICAL COLUMN REFERENCE Pressure Vessel Design Manual by Dennis R.251976 feet 1. (F. INDIA 0. ( Vh ) SITE ZONE Z I R Sa/g III ZONE FACTOR IMPORTANCE FACTOR (Table .969491 lb 1.69 lb 1242.451809 lb 18.IS:1893-2002) AVERAGE RESPONSE ACCELERATION CO-EFFICIENT Cl. Use Mb for further calculation. Moss SEISMIC MOMENT CALCULATION (Uniform column) FIND OUT BASE SHEAR .92 feet 0.SUVIDYA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Mumbai : 400055 SAMPLE DESIGN CALCULATION .7 .43 lb 1364.5 (As per procedure given in IS:1893-2002) MUMBAI.Medium soil sites Ah Ah w Vh H D t ht T DESIGN HORIZONTAL ACCELERATION SPECTRUM (Z x I ) / ( R x (Sa/g)) Weight of vessel per foot of ht. (w. ( Ft . ( Vh .25*Vh Ft F Mb' Governing Lateral Force applied at C.5 . ( Ah .2002.88 lb 99.31 in 13. Soil .9376 lb.G of vessel . ( H/ D)2 .07 .16 1 4 2. H) + 2/3 .451809 lb 4. Ft 0.Governing Moment is effective due to wind. Wo ) Overall Height of vessel Uniform column Diameter Thickness of shell (2/3). D / t) Ft Lesser of followings 0.0000265 .37 lb 19. T. Vh 0.5 0. H) 1.6 .37 feet 4. 6. Horizontal Seismic Force .

000504 0 1.0000 0.0365 0.541500 0 Dg E(D/10)3.329 0.954130 0.00 0.19 0.0000 0.099800 0.85 196.51 0.47 0.992885 0.40 64830.103000 0.0000 0.80 0.25 0.00 0.2875 0.80 13907.165 2.00 1.310 inch 25.5 Ksi @ 500F 4.09 0.37 4.494 0.9414 1.010293 0.00 0.0003 0.00 0.0000 0.98 13069.00 0.24 14612.0068 0.44 0.829010 0.08 0.1081 sec.85 196.85 0.0000 0.20 196. Da b Wb/H g 1.12 0.0388 0.01 0.0000 0.92 Dia in Ft E Dia (FT.45 Period Sec=(H/100)(H/100) SQRT(Sw Da +Swb/H)/SE(D/10)(D /10)(D/10).46 wx=Wo/lx lb K/ft 0.59 0.5415 0.999674 0.72 8154.00 0.SKIRT SUPPORT DESIGN OF VERTICAL COLUMN PERIOD OF VIBRATION CALCULATION (NON UNIFORM VESSEL) Thickness 0.1178 0.) Height Ft LOADING CONDTION : OPERATING Weight of each LEVELS lx Section= Wo inch lb VI V IV III II I 7702.92 99.349700 0. 5 OF 11 .00 0.Dg hx/H a Da wx .89 0.52 7383.t.000 0.66 212.658 0.SUVIDYA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Mumbai : 400055 SAMPLE DESIGN CALCULATION .939000 0.16 0.000000 0.1251 0.0003 0.2707 0.823 0.Dy 1.85 1196.85 196.50 0.t.85 196.00 0.0064 0.01 0.5098 0.

72 4313462.86 Fx lb 640.SAMPLE DESIGN CALCULATION SKIRT SUPPORT DESIGN OF VERTICAL COLUMN SEISMIC MOMENT CALCULATION (NON UNIFORM VESSEL) Ft=0.63 1114490.38 lb LEVELS VI V IV III II I Weight of each Section= Wx lb 7703 13069 8154 13906 14612 7383 hx inch 1090.448 hi inch 1196.2 984.8 ∑Mx= Mx lb-inch 240122.38 lb Ft=0.59 lb Max.916 883.5 3105793.82 688. Fx=(V-Ft)(Wx.1 787.35 883.156 55.97 492.40 726634.07 1583864.4 393.58 5617861.05 11550643.4 9045971.392 428.07T.2 590.12 295.2 2388873.35 612827.hx)/ ∑Wxhx Mx=Ft(H-hi)+ ∑Fx(hx-hi) From above & comparing with wind moment we conclude that governing moment is wind moment .38 6843420.15 753830.42 Wxhx lb-in 8398966.25Vh Ft=810.Vh Ft=249.6 196.193 329.649 522.20 98.9 lb-ft. Ft=810.

ft 141452.81 3990.472 1.74 1996.23 889924.00 -9100.394 0.24 14612.81 631483.40 Shear Load Wh lb 5983.315 0.73 2133.47 -4981.21 -2820.31 5498.53 59.46 106993. WELD EFFICIENTY : 0.81 631483.53 59.95 -7077.85 -2400.53 59.78 170615.335 0.22 37809.53 59.26 4452. t) STRESS SHALL BE CALCULATED INDUCED DUE TO dxt dxc LOADING CONDTION : ERECTION LEVELS Weight of each Section lb 4000.53 59.472 0.86 12639.23 889924.78 170615.14 1175.53 59.53 59.08 4452.50 42834.85 LOADING CONDTION : TEST LEVELS Weight of each Section lb 25599. D2.53 59.34 12904.34 420919.31 2978.53 t (Corroded) in 0.73 -3720.59 Allowable Limit Factor B PSI -8700.74 57447.00 -9300.00 EFFECT DUE TO INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL PRESSURE TO BE IGNORED DURING ERECTION STAGE ALLOWABLE STRESS CALCULATED AT AMBIENT CONDITION WELD EFFICIENTY : 0.335 0.23 889924.62 29765.4 Shear Load Wh lb 4000.70 28927.00 -9100.36 -7367.34 420919.42 18194. t ) .34 420919.19 Allowable Limit S1E1 PSI 14875 14875 14875 14875 14875 14875 dxc PSI -2602.40 7383.53 59.00 -9300.417 dxt PSI 1868.394 0.00 -9100.00 -11500.00 -11500.22 2307.51 VI V IV III II I NOTE Allowable Limit S1E1 PSI 17000 17000 17000 17000 17000 17000 dxc PSI -2004.80 D in 59.09 2728.335 0.417 dxt PSI 2258.00 -9100.85 1554. t) ( .34 420919.ft 141452.40 Shear Load Wh lb 25599.00 -9100. D / 4 t ) + (48.78 170615.61 2526. t ) .37 Allowable Limit Factor B PSI -8700.72 8154.6 6281.53 59.60 265048.00 VI V IV III II I NOTE ALLOWABLE STRESS CALCULATED AT DESIGN TEMPERATURE.67 2537.80 D in 59.08 5289.ft 141452. D.97 Allowable Limit Factor B PSI -8700.40 6098.472 0.53 t (New) in 0.06 4253.99 6060.335 0.256 0.63 -4048.SKIRT SUPPORT DESIGN OF VERTICAL COLUMN COMBINED STRESS ANALYSIS COMBINED STRESS ANALYSIS TO BE CARRIED OUT FOR FOLLOWING CONDITION A B C A B C ERECTION CONDITION OPERATING CONDITION TESTING CONDITON DEAD WEIGHT INTERNAL PRESSURE WIND OR SEISMIC EFFECT Longitudinal stress.53 59.08 -2962. Mt / pi .00 -9300. D / 4 t ) .80 D in 59.34 1866.56 3220.(48.00 -9100.417 dxt PSI 1952.00 -11500.74 -3078.ft 141452.60 6832.94 19075.53 59.00 -9300.00 VI V IV III II I NOTE ALLOWABLE STRESS CALCULATED AT DESIGN TEMPERATURE.80 30701.00 -9100.40 Shear Load Wh lb 7702.( Wh/ Pi.85 LOADING CONDTION : SHUTDOWN LEVELS Weight of each Section lb VI V IV III II I NOTE 5983.417 dxt PSI 2571.53 59.00 -9100.76 -1983. Tension Longitudinal stress.46 25456.66 Mt lb.394 0.) ( Pe. D2.72 26448.19 4052.53 t (New) in 0.26 64830.26 8452.81 631483.60 265048.53 59.62 45193.94 -2575.30 Allowable Limit S1E1 PSI 17000 17000 17000 17000 17000 17000 dxc PSI -2508.18 -3922.00 EFFECT DUE TO INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL PRESSURE TO BE IGNORED DURING ERECTION STAGE ALLOWABLE STRESS CALCULATED AT AMBIENT CONDITION WELD EFFICIENTY : 0.53 t (Corroded) in 0.60 265048.02 Mt lb.256 0.315 0.25 -6030.82 2265.53 59.78 170615.66 76291.413 1.413 0.98 13069.00 -9300.71 3110.18 133441.80 13907.79 4617.15 Allowable Limit Factor B PSI -8700.53 59.20 25235.68 11901.00 -9300.02 Mt lb. Compression ( Pi .6 5289.54 -4791.( Wh/ Pi.85 HYDROSTATIC TEST PRESSURE IS 1.00 6281.472 1. D.413 1.60 265048.46 51055.80 D in 59. WELD EFFICIENTY : 0. Mt / pi .52 7383.52 2595.86 6656.91 1754.74 2180.03 3636.08 6435.94 2631.58 Mt lb.18 139722.53 59.02 23483.53 59.00 -9300.53 59.62 30977.02 -2878.85 LOADING CONDTION : OPERATING LEVELS Weight of each Section lb 7702.81 631483.00 -11500.5 TIMES DESIGN PRESSURE + EFFECT DUE TO STATIC HEAD SUCH BIG COLUMN HYDROTESTD IN HORIZONTAL CONDITION IN WORKSHOP EXTERNAL PRESSURE WILL BE ZERO IN ABOVE CALCULATION CONCLUSION STRESSES INDUCED DURING DIFFERENT CONDITIONS ARE WELL WITHIN IN ALLOWABLE LIMITED AND HENCE PROVIDE THICKNESS ARE ADEQUATE 7 OF 11 .00 Allowable Limit S1E1 PSI 14875 14875 14875 14875 14875 14875 dxc PSI 1502.394 0.SUVIDYA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Mumbai : 400055 SAMPLE DESIGN CALCULATION .413 0.53 59.98 20772.00 -9300.23 889924.

Cc ) [ 1 / ( 1 + (fs / n.EQUIVALENT AREA METHOD REFER TABLE 3.ts )+n.387 lb.Fc))] CO-EFFICIENT FROM CHART 1. r .SUVIDYA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Mumbai : 400055 SAMPLE DESIGN CALCULATION . d / Fs .00 0.OF ANCHOR BOLTS N NO. ( C ) EQUIVALENT COMPRESSIVE STRESS IN CONCRETE . ( T ) T Ab Ra (Mb .80 139722. ( ts ) ts fs C fc K ( N.58 64. ( fc ) RECHECKING ' K ' USING ACTUAL' fs' and ' fc' SINCE THIS VALUE OF ' K ' IS DIFFERENT THAN THAT WAS ASSUMED.34) ALLOWABLE COMPRESSIVE STRESS FOR CONCRETE.Wb .35) Mb OVERTURNING MOMENT DUE TO WIND Wb WEIGHT OF VESSEL AT BASE .302 in2 REQUIRED ROOT AREA .427 59. ts]. pi .r.124 in2 0.fc))] 0. d ) T / (ts .97 lb 2. Ct ) T + Wb C / ([ (w .45 in 8 Nos 12 Nos. Moss ANCHOR BOLT CALCULATION .0120 in 16705.55 lb 574. Fs (REFER TABLE 3.ft lb in in in 8 OF 11 .d )/ J.TEST WEIGHT d OUTSIDE DIAMETER OF SKIRT r OUTSIDE RADIUS OF SKIRT w WIDTH OF BASE PLATE APPROXIMATE VALUE OF ' K ' K Cc Ct J Z TENSILE LOAD IN STEEL . SA36 19000 PSI 1000 PSI 12 889924.783 0.d ( T.64 2.292 lb EQUIVALENT TENSILE STRESS IN ANCHOR BOLT . OF BOLTS SHELL O/D RECOMMENDED MINIMUM NO.Z. HENCE RECALCULATE [ 1 / ( 1 + (Fs / n.34 lb 0. r . Fc (REFER TABLE 3.00 32.33 FOR NO. Ra ) / ( pi. Ct ) PROVIDED ROOT AREA 14969.75" HENCE OK STRESS IN EQUIVALENT STEEL BAND .33 0.OF ANCHOR BOLTS RECOMMENDED MAXIMUM NO. 8 Nos.7 PSI 154692.00 5.SKIRT SUPPORT DESIGN OF VERTICAL COLUMN REFERENCE Pressure Vessel Design Manual by Dennis R. (Ab) ROOT AREA OF ONE BOLT : Ab / N SELECTED BOLT DIAMETER : 0. ( fs ) COMPRESSIVE LOAD IN CONCRETE . OF BOLTS ASSUMED MATERIAL OF CONSTRUCITON FOR ANCHOR BOLTS ALLOWABLE TENSILE STRESS FOR ANCHOR BOTLS.35) RATIO OF MODULUS OF ELASTICITY OF STEEL TO n CONCRETE (REFER TABLE 3.2655 in2 0.

4 PSI 154730. (Ab) ROOT AREA OF ONE BOLT : Ab / N SELECTED BOLT DIAMETER : 0.300 12 1.442 0.SUVIDYA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Mumbai : 400055 SAMPLE DESIGN CALCULATION .50 in SA36 9 OF 11 .75" HENCE OK STRESS IN EQUIVALENT STEEL BAND .51 2.55 lb 0.Wb . r .r.SKIRT SUPPORT DESIGN OF VERTICAL COLUMN REFERENCE Pressure Vessel Design Manual by Dennis R.438 NOW CALCULATED VALUE OF 'K' IS VERY CLOSE TO ASSUMED VALUE AND SIZING IS ADEQUATE SUMMARY db N w SIZE OF BOLT DIAMTER NO. pi . 5. d / Fs . ( C ) EQUIVALENT COMPRESSIVE STRESS IN CONCRETE .EQUIVALENT AREA METHOD TRIAL . Moss ANCHOR BOLT CALCULATION .032 in2 0. Ra ) / ( pi.302 in2 REQUIRED ROOT AREA . ts]. ( T ) T Ab Ra (Mb . Ct ) T + Wb C / ([ (w .fc))] 0.35) CO-EFFICIENT FROM CHART Cc Ct J Z TENSILE LOAD IN STEEL .0120 in 15980. ( fs ) COMPRESSIVE LOAD IN CONCRETE . ( ts ) ts fs C fc K ( N.ts )+n.781 0. OF BOLTS WIDTH OF BASE PLATE MOC OF SELECTED BOLTS 0.3 lb 2. d ) T / (ts .50 in 0. Ct ) PROVIDED ROOT AREA 15008.2540 in2 0.75 in 8 Nos. r .87 lb 568.d )/ J.Cc ) [ 1 / ( 1 + (fs / n. ( fc ) RECHECKING ' K ' USING ACTUAL' fs' and ' fc' 5.Z.d ( T.299 lb EQUIVALENT TENSILE STRESS IN ANCHOR BOLT .2 APPROXIMATE VALUE OF ' K ' w WIDTH OF BASE PLATE K RATIO OF MODULUS OF ELASTICITY OF STEEL TO n CONCRETE (REFER TABLE 3.

1.472 in 2 in 1.SKIRT SUPPORT DESIGN OF VERTICAL COLUMN REFERENCE Pressure Vessel Design Manual by Dennis R.75 in 21.34) PROVIDED ROOT AREA 1.00 in 5.5 in 1.TYPE -3 R tsk a c e h l tc tb w b A tg d N db bs Fs Ra OUTSIDE RADIUS OF SKIRT SHELL SKIRT SHELL THICKNESS 30.500 in 4. (REFER TABLE 3.63 in 19000 PSI 0.5 in c .302 in2 10 OF 11 . Moss DESIGN OF ANCHOR CHAIR SELECTED TYPE OF ANCHOR CHAIR .125 in 12 in 3.OF ANCHOR BOLTS DIAMTER OF BOLT HOLE IN BASE PLATE SPACING BETWEEN ANCHOR CHAIR ALLOWABLE TENSILE STRESS FOR ANCHOR BOTLS.5 in 2.5 in 64 in 8 Nos.5000 in 0.00 in 1.(db/2) a+c COMPRESSION PLATE THICKNESS BASE RING THICKNESS Width of Base Ring SPACING BETWEEN TWO GUSSETS COMPRESSION PLATE WIDTH GUSSETS THICKNESS BOLT CIRCLE DIAMETER NO.000 in 0.SUVIDYA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Mumbai : 400055 SAMPLE DESIGN CALCULATION .

Mo) / Fs ]0. Ra P.125 lb.00 PSI S SINCE S < 25000 PSI.389 in 0.385 in 1.375.011 in 1.36 REQUIRED THICKNESS . ( tb ) COMPRESSION PLATE THICKNESS CHECK .00 in BENDING MOMENT .63 lb. A.6257 lb. fc. ( tg ) tg P / ( 18000.00 in PROVIDED TOP COMPRESSION PLATE THICKNESS .162 13.00379.TYPE -3 REQUIRED GUSSET THICKNESS .5 2 0.47 lb.5 l / bs 0. (tg) SKIRT SHELL THICKNESS CHECK .TYPE 3 CHECKING THICKNESS BETWEEN TWO GUSSETS MAXIMUM ANCHOR BOLT FORCE .5 0. in 0. e )(0. Moss DESIGN OF ANCHOR CHAIR BASE PLATE DESIGN . Mo) / ( (w-db).b . b2 -0.77 .5 GREATER OF ABOVE 5738 lb 1793. l) > 3/8 " 0. ( tb) CHECKING THICKNESS BETWEEN TWO ANCHOR CHAIR BENDING MOMENT PER UNIT LENGTH .50 in PROVIDED GUSSET PLATE THICKNESS .TYPE 3 Z 2 1 [(1.000732 424. (tc) GUSSET PLATE THICKNESS CHECK . in -3238. l2 GREATER OF Mx or My [ ( 6 . tsk) ] [(tb / tsk) ] + 1 0.REFER TABLE 3. h )/ (R. fc.0911 in 0.22 db) ]0.011 in 1.SKIRT SUPPORT DESIGN OF VERTICAL COLUMN REFERENCE Pressure Vessel Design Manual by Dennis R. tc tc [ ( P / Fs. (P) P Mo tb RATIO Mx My Mo tb tb Fs . ( tb) PROVIDED BASE PLATE THICKNESS .in -3238.in 1.TYPE 3 MINIMUM THICKNESS OF TOP PLATE .0.465. b / 8 [ ( 6 . (Mo) REQUIRED THICKNESS .Fs) ]0.SUVIDYA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Mumbai : 400055 SAMPLE DESIGN CALCULATION . HENCE PROVIDED SHELL THICKNESS IS ADEQUATE 11 OF 11 .