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Naya Raipur Development Plan -2031

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Existing Land Use – NRDA Planning Area

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The NRDA planning area consists of 41 villages covering a total of 23742.63 Ha. The Existing Land Use Plan of these 41 villages was adopted under the provisions of section 69(B) read with section 15 (3) of the Chhattisgarh Nagar Tatha Gram Nivesh Adhiniyam 1973 (no. 23 of 1973) by the Housing and Environment Department, Government of Chhattisgarh vide notification ref. no. 37, dated 20.06.2002. The following table shows the existing land use distribution in the NRDA Planning Area (Refer Map 4.1).
Table 4.1: Land Use Distribution in the NRDA Planning Area S.No. Land Use 1 Residential 2 Commercial 3 Industrial 4 Public & Semi Public (Public amenities and facilities) 5 Transportation - Roads and Streets 6 Recreational 7 Water Body 8 Agriculture Total Area ( in Ha) 257.48 6.50 29.07 20.59 1131.44 107.73 1846.70 20343.12 23742.63 Percentage 1.08 0.04 0.12 0.08 4.77 0.45 7.78 85.68 100

Post- publication period of the existing land use plan for NRDA Planning Area has seen many new developments coming up like the Muktanagana Open Air Museum, FCI Godowns, Shradhani Durbar, and a number of facilities and utilities like schools, petrol pumps etc.

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Naya Raipur Development Plan -2031

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5.1
5.1.1

The Vision and Concept
Vision and Concept for Naya Raipur
The Vision

Naya Raipur would be a planned and designed new city of the 21st century to be a focus of socioeconomic and cultural life of the state of Chhattisgarh having its role and recognition at national and international levels. The new city would be eco-friendly integrated in its inspiring existing landscape; efficient, healthy; modern, but caring for its traditional values. The new city of Naya Raipur would be:       Set in its natural surroundings thus conserving its existing landscape to include major city park, botanical park, jungle safari, theme parks, integrated sports complex and a golf course. Accessed by an eight-lane expressway, shall be equipped with modern mass transit system coupled with a city wide pedestrian corridor linking all major urban activities. Lively and vibrant in character with shopping malls, multiplexes, food courts, restaurants and other intensive urban activities and recreational areas. An intelligent city with full use of information and communication technology. A visually pleasing cityscape in tune with the aesthetic principles of urban design and landscaping Equipped with state of the art physical, social and economic infrastructure – providing the city with high degree of urban convenience & cleanliness and thus with investor friendly environment. Precincts

5.1.2

The city is designed for a population of 5.6 lakh. The city has two prominent gateways that mark entry to the Naya Raipur City – one to the north and the other to the west. Naya Raipur has the following precincts: i. Government Complex to include Secretariat, Assembly, Government offices, and Police Headquarters area. ii. Cultural Heart to include Museum, Art Gallery, Library, Theatres, Convention centre and International Centre. iii. City Centre to include city level shopping malls, commercial offices, restaurants, multiplexes and other areas of recreation. iv. University including research and institutional complexes. v. Software Technology, Exhibition and Business centers vi. Central City Park around an existing vast water body as one of the biggest city parks in the country. Park and Sports Centre in the North end to include urban forest, theme park and sports complex. City Park South to include Theme Park, Jungle Safari, Golf Course and Film City. vii. Transport and integrated freight complex to service the city and its industrial area. viii. Living areas with medium density development for the creation of a peaceful environment envisaged for the city.

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Naya Raipur Development Plan -2031

Fig. 5.1: Conceptual location of the Precincts

These precincts will be interlinked by: i. An efficient and smooth Mass Rapid Transit System running linearly along the North-South axis of the city. ii. City level pedestrian corridor, and iii. A continuous green and open-space spine running centrally along the city spine and containing sub-city level facilities. 5.1.3 The Form

The physical form of the Naya Raipur has been developed in conformity with the overall vision of a Smart and eco-friendly city. The physical form of the transport network system is a blend of three forms: • Linear • Cruciform and Transport Hub • Grid
Software Technology Park Capital Complex

CBD cum Central Park

Recreational Green

1. Linear

2. Cruciform

3. Grid

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Naya Raipur Development Plan -2031

The linear form is enabled by the proposed rail based, medium capacity system supported by the main north-south activity green corridor. The two axial road corridors provide the cruciform. The longer axial corridor runs along the activity green corridor. The minor axial corridor runs orthogonal to the longer axial at about its mid length. At the termini of the above corridors are located the major activities like the Capitol Complex, the Software Technology Park, the University and Education & Research Complex, the Transport and Logistics Hub and the Integrated Freight Complex. Along the two axial corridors, at their mid sectors are the Central Business District, the government offices, the City Centre Park and other Social & Cultural Institutions. A grid of residential sectors is superimposed on these two forms, providing the necessary flexibility and integrating people with activities. The minor axial corridor provides the grand vista. A grid of 800 m x 800 m forms the typical minor residential sector housing a population of 16,000. Four such grids together form the major grid. The concept establishes a hierarchical system of urban development in terms of physical and social infrastructure, transportation network, institutional, commercial, and recreational and other activities. The central zone of proposed development becomes the heart of the city and is framed by green belts that serve as an interface between the city centre and the planning units and neighbourhoods 5.1.4 The Peripheral Region

A peripheral region includes 28 surrounding villages referred to as the Naya Raipur Peripheral Region (NRPR) to act as a buffer between the proposed Naya Raipur City and Raipur with an idea to control and regulate development in the region. A balanced Settlement Development Strategy for this area is evolved by providing access to infrastructure through a well-defined Settlement Pattern.

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Naya Raipur Development Plan -2031

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6.1
6.1.1

Demographic Profile
Population
Chhattisgarh: Population Growth Trends

As per 2001 Census, the total population of Chhattisgarh is 20.83 million. The state of Chhattisgarh has registered a population growth rate of 15.5% during 1991-2001, as compared to the average all India growth rate of 21.54 % during the same period (Refer table 6.1).
Table 6.1: Population growth in India and Chhattisgarh
Year
1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001

India (in Million)
238.3 252.09 251.32 278.97 318.66 361.08 439.23 548.15 683.32 846.30 1028.61

Growth Rate (%)
5.80 -0.30 11.00 14.20 13.30 21.60 24.80 24.70 23.90 21.54

Chhattisgarh (in Million)
4.18 5.19 5.26 6.02 6.81 7.45 9.15 11.63 14.01 17.61 20.83

Growth Rate (%)
24.2 1.3 14.4 13.1 9.4 22.8 27.1 20.5 25.7 15.5

Source: Census of India, 2001- Chhattisgarh; Provisional Population Totals Paper 1 of 2001

6.1.2

Population of Naya Raipur

Naya Raipur city is planned for a population of about 5.6 lakh in 2031. This new city would attract population from Raipur, the adjoining region and to some extent other parts of India. An exercise in this respect has been conducted with respect to the broad region, which is 50 km radius around Raipur.
Table 6.2 Future Population of the Region
Year 1991 2001 2011 2021 2031 Population of the Region 2,285,044 3,060,485 4,099,076 5,490,117 7,353,216 Percentage of Region’s Population to Total Population of the State 12.97 14.69 16.90 20.08 23.75

Source: Census of India and Consultant’s Projection

The percentage share of the region’s population to the total population of the state is likely to increase from 12.97 % in 1991 to 23.75 % in 2031.

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Naya Raipur Development Plan -2031

Fig 6.1: Composition of Population in the Region w.r.t. Chhattisgarh
COM POSITION OF POPULATION IN THE REGION WRT CHHATTISGARH
309.62 273.37

350.00 300.00 250.00

242.58 208.34 176.15

Population in Lakhs

200.00 150.00 100.00

73.53

50.00
22.85

30.69

40.99

54.90

1991 2001 2011 2021 2031

Years

Chattisgarh

Region Population

6.1.3

Rural – Urban Composition of the Projected Population of the Region

The rural – urban population for the region has been given in Table 6.3. This has been worked out considering the rural population increasing at the present growth rate up to the year 2031.
Table 6.3 Rural Urban Population Composition of the Region Year Rural Urban Urban Percentage 1991 1,137,007 1,148,037 50.24 2001 1,281,814 1,778,671 58.12 2011 1,445,063 2,654,013 64.75 2021 1,629,104 3,861,013 70.33 2031 1,836,583 5,516,633 75.02
Source: Census of India and Consultant’s Projection

6.1.4

Population Projection of Urban Areas in the Region

The urban population has been divided into three sections: Raipur Urban Agglomeration, Durg – Bhilai Urban Agglomeration and other urban areas in region. As per 2001 census the population in these categories are as follows:
Table 6.4 Urban Population Composition of the Region Urban Areas 2001 Raipur UA 699,264 Durg – Bhilai UA 923,559 Other Urban Areas TOTAL
Source: Census of India, 2001

Percentage to the Total Population 22.85 30.18 5.09 58.12

164,425 1,787,248

It is proposed to maintain the present balance in the urban components of the region through keeping the same proportion by a balanced regional development. Thus, the projected population of the three components is worked out as follows. Total urban population of region in 2031 will be 55.16 lakhs. Table 6.5 Population Projection of Urban Areas
Urban Areas Raipur UA Durg – Bhilai UA Other Urban Areas TOTAL 2001 699,264 923,559 164,425 1,787,248 2011 1,043,395 1,378,073 232,546 2,654,013 2021 1,517,913 2,004,796 338,304 3,861,013 2031 2,168,801 2,864,462 483,370 5,516,633

Source: Census of India and Consultant’s Projection

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Naya Raipur Development Plan -2031

6.1.5

Population Component of Naya Raipur

Naya Raipur would be taking functions from the Raipur city and also would have impact in the region. Being a special intensive activity in the new town it may also attract population from other parts of Chhattisgarh and also from other states of India. The population of Naya Raipur would affect the population projection in Raipur and Durg – Bhilai Urban Agglomeration. The population of Naya Raipur is planned as 150,000 in 2011 to 560,000 in 2031 (Refer Table 6.6).
Table 6.6 Population Projection of Naya Raipur Sr. Total Population No. Additional Population Natural Growth of the Existing Population Additional Population deducting Natural Growth Population from Raipur UA (40%) Population from Durg- Bhilai UA (30%) Population from Other Areas of State (20 %) Other Parts of India (10 %) 2011 150,000 2021 365,000 215,000 22,400 192,600 77,040 57,780 38,520 19,260 2031 560,000 195,000 40,800 154,200 61,680 46,260 30,840 15,420

1 2 3 4 5

60,000 45,000 30,000 15,000

Source: Census of India and Consultant’s Projection

The population estimates for Naya Raipur are related to and dependent on the development of various economic activities and other socio-economic and physical conditions. These may be reviewed after the decadal census. 6.1.6 Age-Sex Composition

A study of the Age Sex Structure of new city of Chandigarh and the present day State capital of Raipur reveals that the age category 15-59 i.e., the working age group is higher as mostly the population is attracted for jobs to the new city. The age-sex pyramid of Raipur gives an idea of the age-sex structure of Raipur in 1991.
Table 6.7 Age Structure of Chandigarh and Raipur, 1991 Chandigarh Age 0 ~ 14 31.87 15 ~ 59 63.79 60+ 4.34 Raipur 35.54% 58.86% 5.60%

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Fig 4.1: Age Sex Pyramid of Raipur City, 1991

Source – Census 1991
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Naya Raipur Development Plan -2031

6.1.7 Sex Ratio The migration to new cities is usually male biased as single men move in to take up jobs (refer table 6.8).
Table 6.8: Sex ratio in Chandigarh Year Chandigarh 1961 652 1971 749 1981 769 1991 790 2001 773
Source – Census of India

Punjab 854 865 879 882 874

Haryana 868 867 870 865 861

Table 6.9: Sex ratio for Chhattisgarh and Raipur Year Chhattisgarh 1971 998 1981 996 1991 985 2001 989

Raipur 958 927

Since, Naya Raipur has a similar function as that of Chandigarh, Naya Raipur may have a low sex ratio as compared to that of Chhattisgarh or the present day State Capital of Raipur. To deal with such a situation and to work for better balance of sex ratio, it is important that housing and other social infrastructure such as schools and health facilities be provided ahead of or simultaneous with job creation.

6.2

Population Distribution in Naya Raipur
Gross Sector Area (Ha) 141 114.63 61.16 63.55 84.4 94.08 136.56 64.5 65.8 97.75 80.66 97.17 62.59 58.82 61.1 60 60.31 60.29 267.39 88.35 91.74 1911.85 Net Residential Area (Excl. of waterbody, plantation & abadi) (Ha) 117.49 109.71 58.86 63.15 84.4 94.08 121.69 64.5 65.45 84.03 79.97 96.11 62.59 58.82 61.1 52.56 50.65 56.92 206.56 88.35 91.74 1768.73 Sector Population (Exclusive of abadi population) 29,373 27,428 14,715 15,788 21,100 23,520 30,423 16,125 16,363 21,008 11,996 24,028 15,648 14,705 15,275 13,140 12,663 14,230 51,641 22,088 22,935 434,192

The population distribution in Naya Raipur city in 2031 is as follows –
Table 6.10: Population distribution in Residential Sectors
Sector Number 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. Total

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Naya Raipur Development Plan -2031

As regards village population, abadi area of village Rakhi shall be acquired and the population relocated to sector adjacent to the capitol complex. The population of Khandwa abadi falling under the golf course shall be relocated in the peripheral area only.
Table 6.11: Population distribution in Abadi Areas Sr.No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Abadi Tuta Uparwara Nawagaon-1 (Nawagaon south) Chhatouna (Chhatouna) Riko Chicha Kayabandha Khapri-2 (Khapri) Nawagaon (north) Kotrabhata Sendh Jhanj Area (Ha) 42.34 53.13 18.88 8.65 18.54 8.54 8.45 6.34 7.2 11.75 9.45 3.54 196.81 Population* 3455 4900 1525 2150 1950 1650 1160 274 1500 9060 1300 600 29,524

Total Population in Abadi Areas *57% growth rate has been adopted over the next 30 years Table 6.12: Total Population in Naya Raipur Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Use Zone CBD Composite Use Zone Special Industry Area (Software Park, Gems and Jewellary Park) Facility Corridor Institutional housing Residential Sectors Abadi Areas Cantonment/Police Academy and NCC Total Population

Population 20,000 2,250 10,000 19,000 35,000 434,192 29,524 7,406 557,372

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