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# IE300 CL1 – Analysis of Data Assignment #1 Due Date: September 20, 2013

INSTRUCTIONS: This assignment must be turned in during the first ten minutes of lecture (2:00-2:10PM in 217 Noyes Lab) on the due date. No late submissions will be accepted. As stated in the syllabus, this assignment may be submitted in groups of up to three students (see the syllabus for guidelines and restrictions). As a result, discussion of each of the questions is strongly encouraged among your group. Present and explain your solutions clearly. QUESTIONS: 1.) A password consists of six characters. Count the number of possible passwords that can be created in each of the following scenarios. (a) Each character must be a letter (“a” through “z”, all lower case) (b) Each character must be a number (“0” through “9”) (c) Each character can be either a letter or a number (d) The first three characters must be letters, and the last three must be numbers 2.) Consider a student who owns twenty books. (a) If the books are all distinct, how many ways can the student order all of them on a bookshelf? (b) Reconsider part (a), if the student can only place five books on the bookshelf. (c) Reconsider part (a), if the books are of three types (four of the first type, ten of the second type, and six of the third type), where books of a given type cannot be distinguished from each other. (d) If the books are all distinct, how many ways can the student select four books to donate to a library? Suppose that you roll a fair die. Define three events as follows: E1: The result is less than six E2: The result is an odd number E3: The result is greater than three Answer the following questions about this random experiment: (a) What is P(E1 ∩ E2)? (b) What is P(E2 ∪ E3)? (c) Are events E1 and E2 independent? (d) Are events E1 and E3 independent? Laptop computer are sold to customers who will operate them in one of four different climates: cold (30% of customers), moderate (35% of customers), warm (25% of customers), and hot (10% of customers). The probability that a computer breaks in the first year of operation depends on this climate, with the following conditional probabilities: Climate Probability that the computer breaks in the first year of operation in this climate Cold 0.25 Moderate 0.15 Warm 0.40 Hot 0.63 One computer is chosen randomly. Define the following events: W: The chosen computer was sold to a customer in a warm climate C: The chosen computer was sold to a customer in a cold climate B: The chosen computer breaks in the first year of operation Compute the following probabilities: (a) P(B) (b) P(W | B) (c) P(C | B’) HINT: For two events E1 and E2, P(E1’ | E2) = 1 – P(E1 | E2)

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