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supporting your answer with an example.QUESTION 1  State One meaning of the term ‘culture’. .

forms of dress.RESPONSE  Culture refers to the ways of life of a people e. .g.

QUESTION 2  Describe TWO ways in which Rastafarianism has had an impact on cultures outside of the Caribbean region. .

.QUESTION 3  Explain what is meant by ‘social stratification’.

.RESPONSE  This refers to the ranking of different groups in the society according to criteria that are valued.

QUESTION 4  Explain Two ways in which education influences social stratification. .

 With educational qualifications one can access elitist social clubs and professional circles. .RESPONSE  Individuals who have minimal education are usually confined to manual or working class jobs.  Highly qualified and learned individuals can become members of the intelligentsia.

QUESTION 5  Explain the meaning of ‘cultural pluralism’ in the context of Caribbean societies. .

.QUESTION 6  Describe ONE negative and ONE positive impact of emigration on Caribbean countries.

RESPONSE Negative impact:  Emigration results in a brain drain from Caribbean countries  The country very often suffers from the loss of many professionals and many skilled personnel to the big countries  The country also loses investment after training a number of persons who leave at the end of training (for example nurses and teachers) .

RESPONSE Positive Impact:  The country benefits economically through the remittance of funds to the home country by the migrants  The festivals staged by the new or newly adopted countries aid the Caribbean as Caribbean artistes often have to be imported for these festivals.  Less population pressure in the Caribbean. . less competition for jobs and other resources.  Recognition of Caribbean people and their potential through the achievements of the Caribbean diaspora. for example.

QUESTION 7  Explain what is meant by ‘indentureship’ in the context of the Caribbean experience. .

RESPONSE  This refers to the contracting of mainly East Indians and Chinese to work on sugar plantations in the period after emancipation. .

.QUESTION 8  State TWO ways in which indentureship differed from slavery in the Caribbean.

 Indentureship was confined to certain territories such as Trinidad and Guyana whilst slavery was widespread. tortured and murdered as were Africans.RESPONSE  Indentureship involved East Indians and Chinese while slavery involved West Africans  Indentured labourers were contracted to work for a time and paid a wage. . African slaves were regarded as chattel. they were not systematically beaten.  While indentured labourers were treated harshly.