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CURTAIN WALLING

TECHNICAL MANUAL

Issue C July 2009 Part No. 994634

MANUAL STRUCTURE

CURTAIN WALLING TECHNICAL MANUAL

Contains specific information common to the CURTAIN WALLING system i.e. Surveying, Design, Product Guide etc.

ELITE 70 TECHNICAL MANUAL

ELITE 63 TECHNICAL MANUAL

REVERSIBLE 70 TECHNICAL MANUAL

Individual product manuals contain information specific to that product ie. Detail sheets, Cutting calculations & Hardware fitting etc.

Issue C Amendments Page no. Amendment. 1.1 Reference to standards for determining deign wind pressure added 1.3 Reference to CP3 Chapter IV for determining deign wind pressure removed 2.2 Reference to CP3 Chapter IV for determining deign wind pressure removed 2.4 Reference to CP3 Chapter IV for determining deign wind pressure removed 3.3 900571 & 900572 butyl tapes replaced with 900570 4.2 900571 & 900572 butyl tapes replaced with 900570 4.3 900571 & 900572 butyl tapes replaced with 900570 4.4 900571 & 900572 butyl tapes replaced with 900570 4.5 900571 & 900572 butyl tapes replaced with 900570 11.1 BPF W362/2 replaced with BS 8213 11.10 900571 & 900572 butyl tapes replaced with 900570 11.13 900571 & 900572 butyl tapes replaced with 900570

The following terminology is used throughout this manual:

TERMINOLOGY
INSERT DEPTH

PROFILE DEPTH PROFILE HEIGHT

SWR670/C TRANSOM OR MULLION NOSE

SWR670/C

SYSTEM

The system consists of a number of extruded aluminium components, which, when connected together and fastened to the main structure of the building, provide an engineered grid or framework which receives PVCu windows inserts.

PVCu WINDOW INSERT

PVCu window inserts are fitted between the mullions and transoms and are retained by the pressure plates. PVCu window inserts can be various depths and designs to suit the particular requirements of the contract.

MULLION

POCKET FILLER

Mullion box sections vary in depth and are used to span floors vertically, the size being dependent on the distances between floors. Charts are used to arrive at the appropriate mullion according to span and given load conditions. Mullions are fixed at the head and cill and intermediate floor levels. They can incorporate expansion sleeves to accomodate movement.

Pocket filler is an extruded aluminium section used to fill the void around the perimeter of the grid where mullions and transoms butt to the building structure. It also provides a seating for the pressure plate seal around the perimeter of the curtain wall.

FACE CAPS

TRANSOM

Face Caps are a PVC-U extrusion over the external pressure plate to complete the PVC-U exterior.

Transom box sections are used to span horizontally between mullions. They are attached by means of a transom block fastened to the mullions. Transoms occur at the head and cills and any pre-determined point where necessary. Transoms vary in depth according to external forces and the direct load they support. Charts are used to arrive at the correct transom. Different “depth” transoms to mullions can be used for aesthetic reasons, but design considerations are paramount.

TRANSOM BLOCK

An Aluminium ‘U’ shaped block, pre-drilled, to connect transoms to mullions.

GLAZING TAPE

A compressible butyl sealing tape. Inserted into the aluminium grid, and used to seal the grid internally.

THERMAL BREAK

PRESSURE PLATE

The pressure plate is a mill finish aluminium extrusion which is fixed by means of screws to the mullion/transom. Its purpose is to retain and seal the PVCu window inserts into the curtain wall grid. The extrusion is pre-drilled for fixing and contains grooves to receive specially designed gaskets which compress under pressure.

A semi rigid extrusion which reduces thermal transmission. Placed between the pressure plate and mullion nose.

PRESSURE PLATE GASKETS

A flexible extrusion fed into grooves in the pressure plate, in order to achieve an external seal

7 5. Accordingly this manual is supplied on the basis that the user accepts all risks associated with the use of the information contained within it.1 8. CURTAIN WALLING MANUAL Page No.1 .1 .9.14 12.s Section 1 Section 2 Section 3 Section 4 Section 5 Section 6 Section 7 Section 8 Section 9 Section 10 Section 11 Section 12 Section 13 Survey Design Product Guide Estimation Detail Sheets Cutting Calculations Handling & Storage Mullion & Transom Preparation Mechanical Joints Quality Control Installation Finishing Appendices 1.4.1 11.5.1 .11.Curtain walling should only be estimated.3 4.1 .1 .1. Spectus does not accept any liability for damage resulting (whether directly or indirectly) from the use of the information contained in this manual. Please contact the commercial department for more information on curtain walling.9 6.13. manufactured or installed by specialist commercial fabricators who are fully conversant with the curtain walling system. Although reasonable care has been taken in the preparation of this manual.4 10.1 13.1 .8 3.3.1 .1 .8.1 .5 2.6. .5 Note :.5 7.2.2 9.1 .INTRODUCTION This manual contains information of a technical nature and consequently is only intended for use in the course of a business by persons who are skilled in the subject matter covered.

Infill panels are used to provide external colour.1).1.1 . for example on tilt & turn windows. It should be emphasised that the grid is a severe rated system structurally designed for proper performance in its own right. (c) TRANSOM SPAN The transom span is defined as the distance between mullion centres. and to mask floor slabs and internal walls.1 .2). Internal box members are white epoxy coated (RAL9016 semi-gloss) to match the PVC-U.1.8). If calculating the design wind pressure. If the design wind pressure is not specified this can be determined from BS 6375-1 or BS 6399-2. 1200 pa). care must be taken to ensure that any window hardware. that both the windload and transom dead load charts are read in conjunction with each other (see pages 2. and a new design submitted for approval. (b) vertical span. Whilst able to support PVC-U inserts the grid does not rely on them for strength. On multiple level applications. units comprising 2 panes 6mm glass with a 16mm air space) It is important when a mullion or transom is under consideration. will still function within the curtain walling grid (see page 6. which must be supplied.e.3 . will allow the curtain walling designer to access which mullion or transom in the curtain wall system is suitable for a particular application (see pages 2. 28mm d. Window Style Fixed Top Hung Casement Side Hung Casement Tilt & Turn Fully Reversible Maximum Height 2000mm 1356mm 1356mm 1584mm 1600mm Maximum Width 2000mm 1256mm 756mm 1584mm 1586mm GENERAL INFORMATION The Spectus curtain walling system consists of a number of extruded aluminium components. tilt & turns or fully reversible windows. the architect/client must be consulted.e. frame packers can be fitted to the windows.1 . 6. In this type of situation. Site surveys should only be carried out by experienced surveyors. when connected together and fastened to the main structure of the building.1 . (a) design wind pressure (see pages 1. opening casements. On single level applications (i. At this point consideration must be given to the minimum and maximum limitations of the window inserts that are to be used. When specifying PVC-U window inserts. the calculations and results must be agreed with the engineer/architect. the vertical span can be reduced by fixing a tie back to intermediate floor levels (see Fig 1.8. and more exact dimensions can be found in each product technical manual SURVEY INFORMATION The following information. (b) VERTICAL SPAN The vertical span is defined as the distance between vertical fixing points.g. PVC-U WINDOW INSERTS PVC-U window inserts can be fixed windows . The table below gives the maximum sizes* for the various PVC-U window styles. the vertical span will be between the base and eaves of the structure. A case might occur where the curtain wall mullion and transom spans are greater than the limitations of the window insert. The curtain walling grid will accept PVC-U window inserts of either 63mm or 70mm frame depth.5). If a case does arise.2. (a) DESIGN WIND PRESSURE The design wind pressure will usually be specified by the engineer/architect and will be expressed as pa (i. (= distance between vertical fixing points) (c) transom span. * -The table is only intended as a guideline. (= distance between mullion centres) (d) glass specification (e.8). insulation value.2.2.g. which. but the frame packers must be deducted from the PVCu window insert sizes. 1.SURVEY This section covers basic survey information and principles. structures without intermediate floors). For information on mullion centres see pages 2. provide an engineered grid or framework which receives PVC-U window inserts. Fig.

1) Typical Aluminium Door Aluminium pressings should be used at the cill detail with an approx 10mm allowance (depending upon site conditions) made for the aluminium pressing and bedding compound (See Fig 1. These must be used to tie back the curtain wall (See Fig.3 Pocket Filler If PVCu doors are installed.4 10mm Fixing Silicone mastic pointing Fig 1.SURVEY (d) GLASS SPECIFICATION The glass specification (type and thickness) is essential information as its weight can determine both the curtain walling construction and the PVCu window insert design suitability. the cill transom is not required and a 20mm packer should be fitted to the door jambs. They must also be used to allow long vertical mullions to be jointed where required.2 1. 1. Intermediate floor Fixing Fixing bracket Fig 1.5 10mm .1 A clearance of approx 10mm (depending upon site conditions) should be allowed at both the head (See Fig 1. Packers should be used at fixing points and an external silicone mastic pointing used. the perimeter cill transom is not required and the aluminium pocket filler should be used as the door surround (See Fig.3). EDGE CLEARANCE Fig 1.4) and jamb (See Fig 1. A further seal should be applied between the aluminium cill pressing and the bottom transom. CILLS DOORS If doors are installed in curtain walling. Bedding Compound Fixing Aluminium pressing Floor Slab Fig 1.5) details. 1. When installing aluminium doors into curtain walling. PVCu doors are not suitable for high usage and aluminium doors are more suitable.2 Fig 1.2) and therefore reduce the load span on wind-load calculations. Silicone mastic pointing Fixing Head INTERMEDIATE FLOORS Special attention should be paid to the position of any intermediate floors or structural steelwork within the structure. they are often high usage entrance doors.

SURVEY
CORNER DETAILS
Corner details, where required, should be designed to suit each individual contract. There are no specific corner posts or details for the curtain walling system. However, typical external (See Fig 1.6) and internal (See Fig 1.7) corner details using aluminium pressings, plywood and insulating material are commonly specified.

COMMENCEMENT ON SITE PRE-START SURVEY
Prior to commencement of installation a site survey should be carried out to check whether the site conditions agree with the details and sizes on the approved drawings (this is usually carried out approximately 10 days before site commencement). The surveyor should arrive at site with a full set of up-to-date, approved drawings along with any measuring devices required.

SITE STORAGE

The surveyor should check that if required a storage area can be provided. This is usually agreed earlier with sizes and details and is often mentioned in the preambles section of the bill of quantities on larger contracts, in the estimating and design stage. The surveyor should check that the storage area would protect the material from the elements and other construction trades. Aluminium pressing with plywood and insulation bonded to the rear

OPENINGS

Fig 1.6

Using the drawings, the surveyor should check that the buildings opening sizes agree with those on the drawings. Check that the openings are plumb, level and square. If there are any major discrepancies, outside normal tolerances, notify the builder in writing.

FLOOR SLABS / STEELWORK

The surveyor should check that the positions of floor slabs and structural steelwork, agree with the drawings.

SCAFFOLDING

Aluminium pressing with plywood and insulation bonded to the rear

On site scaffolding is usually provided by the builder, for use by other trades. The surveyor should check that this is the case, at the same time checking its suitability for the contract along with any relevant health and safety requirements.

POWER

The surveyor should check the availability of 110 volt power and sufficient lighting.

Fig 1.7

LIFTING GEAR

The surveyor should check that lifting gear, if required, can be located within easy reach of the curtain wall fixing area.

1.3

DESIGN
TYPICAL CURTAIN WALL ELEVATION
Perimeter Head Transom Intermediate Mullion Perimeter Head Transom Intermediate Mullion Perimeter Head Transom

Perimeter Mullion

Perimeter Mullion

Intermediate Transom

Intermediate Transom

Perimeter Cill Transom

Perimeter Cill Transom will not deflect beyond the maximum allowed 15mm. For example if the mullion length is 4000mm, the deflection ratio is L/267 (4000mm/ 267 = 14.98mm). These deflection ratios are shown in the tables on pages 2.2 & 2.3.

MULLION DEFLECTION

BS EN 13830:2003 states that a maximum deflection ratio of length divided by 200 (L/200) or a maximum of 15mm must be used. For example, at a length of 2000mm the maximum allowed deflection would be 10mm (2000mm/ 200 = 10mm). The L/200 ratio can only be used up to a maximum length of 3000mm (3000mm/ 200 = 15mm). If the length of the mullion increases beyond 3000mm, then a different ratio must be used to ensure that the mullion

TRANSOM DEFLECTION

BS EN 13830:2003 states that a maximum deflection ratio of L/500 or a maximum deflection of 3mm must be used for transom dead loads.

2.1

DESIGN
WIND LOADING
When selecting a suitable mullion/transom for the application, a design wind load is required. If a design wind load is not specified, it must be calculated using either BS 6375-1 or BS 63992. 2a a b 2b

TRANSOM/MULLION SELECTION

Once the design wind load is known, the tables on pages 2.2 and 2.3 can be used to establish the required strength in N.mm². The required strength for every unsupported member of the curtain walling must be worked out, see Fig 2.2
LOAD Length SPAN Ratio ‘L’ L/200 L/200 L/200 L/200 L/200 L/200 L/200 L/200 L/200 L/200 L/200 L/207 L/213 L/220 L/227 L/233 L/240 L/247 L/253 L/260 L/267 L/273 L/280 L/287 L/293 L/300 L/307 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000 3100 3200 3300 3400 3500 3600 3700 3800 3900 4000 4100 4200 4300 4400 4500 4600

Intermediate Fixing

2a a b

FIG 2.2
550 600 12.91 15.17 17.66 20.39 23.39 26.65 30.20 34.04 38.19 42.65 47.43 54.31 61.90 70.25 79.41 89.43 100.4 112.3 125.2 139.2 154.3 170.6 188.2 650 13.62 16.03 18.71 21.65 24.88 28.39 32.22 36.36 40.82 45.63 50.80 58.20 66.38 75.39 85.26 96.07 107.8 120.7 134.6 149.7 166.1 183.7 700 14.23 16.81 19.67 22.81 26.26 30.02 34.11 38.55 43.33 48.49 54.03 61.95 70.71 80.36 90.94 102.5 115.2 128.9 143.9 160.1 177.6 196.5 750 14.76 17.50 20.53 23.87 27.53 31.53 35.89 40.61 45.71 51.20 57.11 65.55 74.87 85.15 96.43 108.8 122.3 136.9 152.9 170.2 188.9 209.1 800 15.20 18.08 21.28 24.81 28.68 32.92 37.53 42.53 47.94 53.77 60.03 68.97 78.86 89.75 101.7 114.8 129.1 144.7 161.6 180.0 199.9 850 15.55 18.57 21.93 25.64 29.72 34.18 39.04 44.32 50.02 56.18 62.80 72.23 82.65 94.15 106.8 120.6 135.7 152.2 170.1 189.6 210.6 900 15.80 18.95 22.46 26.35 30.62 35.30 40.41 45.95 51.95 58.43 65.39 75.29 86.25 98.34 111.6 126.2 142.1 159.5 178.3 198.8

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Load width ‘a’ or ‘b’ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 300 7.23 8.40 9.68 11.09 12.63 14.31 16.12 18.09 20.20 22.47 24.90 28.42 32.30 36.57 41.24 46.34 51.90 57.95 64.51 71.61 79.28 87.55 96.45 106.0 116.3 127.2 139.0 350 8.32 9.68 11.17 12.81 14.61 16.55 18.67 20.95 23.41 26.05 28.89 32.98 37.50 42.46 47.89 53.83 60.31 67.35 74.99 83.26 92.19 101.8 112.2 123.3 135.3 148.0 400 9.37 10.91 12.61 14.48 16.52 18.73 21.14 23.74 26.55 29.56 32.79 37.46 42.60 48.25 54.45 61.22 68.60 76.63 85.34 94.77 104.9 115.9 127.8 140.5 154.1 168.7 450 10.35 12.08 13.98 16.07 18.36 20.84 23.54 26.46 29.60 32.98 36.61 41.84 47.60 53.94 60.89 68.49 76.77 85.78 95.56 106.1 117.6 129.9 143.2 157.5 172.7 500 11.28 13.18 15.29 17.60 20.12 22.87 25.86 29.09 32.57 36.31 40.33 46.11 52.50 59.51 67.21 75.62 84.80 94.78 105.6 117.3 130.0 143.7 158.4 174.2 12.13 14.21 16.51 19.04 21.80 24.81 28.08 31.62 35.43 39.54 43.94 50.27 57.26 64.95 73.38 82.61 92.66 103.6 115.5 128.4 142.2 157.3 173.4 190.8

Can be achieved using SWR650/C with equal mullion centres (Max EIyy value = 80.2) Can be achieved using SWR670/C with equal mullion centres (Max EIyy value = 128.0) Can be achieved using SWR688/C with equal mullion centres (Max EIyy value = 188.6) Can be achieved using SWR611/C with equal mullion centres (Max EIyy value = 297.6) The maximum possible using SWR611/C with unequal mullion centres (Max EIyy value = 297.6)

2.2

L

L

78 60.Required ratios are listed in the tables To determine the total EIyy required.3 70.18 27. EIyy .7 126.91 32..11 + 40.g.. If a different pressure is required e..30 79..5 179.43 for ‘a’ & ‘b’ and SWR670/C is suitable.g.4 186.41 = 74.71 60.4 61.82 43.1 217.30 111..4 157.0 172.43 53.3 19.8 164.17 38.8 81.42 27..81 78.0 210.46 70.88 94.55 94.2 shows which mullions and transoms are suitable for different wind loads at various equal mullion centres.44 23.61 52.36 52. a = 700mm and b = 900mm Required EIyy = EIyy (a) + EIyy (b) EIyy = 34. then EIyy = 47.3 129.73 64..5 45. the transom values must be calculated before finally selecting the required mullion and transom.8 185.9 27.5 33... The key below the table on page 2.4 153.2) can achieve this value.39 36.3 168.43 111. 1600 Pa then EIyy = 1200 x 1600 LOAD Length SPAN Ratio ‘L’ L/200 L/200 L/200 L/200 L/200 L/200 L/200 L/200 L/200 L/200 L/200 L/207 L/213 L/220 L/227 L/233 L/240 L/247 L/253 L/260 L/267 L/273 L/280 L/287 L/293 L/300 L/307 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000 3100 3200 3300 3400 3500 3600 3700 3800 3900 4000 4100 4200 4300 4400 4500 4600 Therefore SWR650/C (Max EIyy = 80..20 91.64 73..98 33.88 26.75 44.. If the distance between fixings is 3000mm.7 1000 16..35 50.6 136.7 192.1 148.0 120.98 45..3 159.78 109.8 128. E. The charts on page 2.82 106. However.93 31.31 62.93 110.8 182.06 45.6 166.36 27.00 105.8 216.3 116. This can be used as a quick reference to show which mullions and transoms are suitable if specifying equal mullion centres.0 115.9 174.1 143.42 103.DESIGN L/200 can only be used up to a maximum length of 3000mm .20 92.34 107.2 118..9 53.58 69.45 108.4 189.5 148.64 102.2 and 2.7 39.6 194.31 109.50 67..3 .2 196.0 173.62 80.55 87. add the respective EI values for the widths ‘a’ & ‘b’ Example: For a span of L= 2600.52 (BS EN 13830: 2003 STATES THAT A MAXIMUM DEFLECTION OF L/200 OR 15mm MUST BE USED) REQUIRED RIGIDITY EIyy AT A DESIGN WIND LOAD OF 1200 Pa The tables shown are for 1200 Pa.98 75..32 59.72 32..39 32.4 201.1 160.60 49.00 19.72 80.57 98.7 191.3 214.3 have different shaded areas..05 78.5 135.0 169.69 59.50 112.53 37.5 201. and must achieve the required wind load and dead load for the transom.36 44.78 79.8 132.7 141.05 61.8 170.61 101..99 93..07 69.5 163.28 41.32 95.04 80.2 141.98 89.0 147..1 214.6 154.8 186.3 196.6 220.950 15. as any transoms attached to the mullion must be the same depth (or smaller) than the mullion.11 76.5 23.9 95.2 121.12 42.6 128.0 193.7 1050 1100 1150 1200 1250 1300 1350 1400 1450 1500 1550 The tables on page 2.12 72.5 220..39 23..1 150.7 129.90 68.5 226.7 145.10 38..95 19. 2.0 123.40 70.5 206...Load width ‘a’ or ‘b’ .2 131.85 92.08 83.17 89.03 66.36 70.94 51.2 166.8 150.14 61.69 48.2 207..0 138.1 231.89 38.03 37. If the curtain wall specifies 1200mm centres this means load width ‘a’ & ‘b’ are 600mm.4 125.5 124..97 65.00 95.90 56.4 show which mullions and transoms are suitable at different wind loadings with equal mullion centres.5 145..88 57..5 178..75 55.0 224.69 53.4 207.22 22.62 47..92 85.

SPAN BETWEEN MULLION CENTRES (m) 1 2 3 2.8.4 .2. it is important that the windload charts are read in conjunction with the transom dead load information on pages 2. The maximum limitation curve for each of the windloads specified is based upon an allowable deflection at the centre of the mullion span being not greater than L/200 with a maximum deflection of 15mm. 50 CURVE ‘A’ SWR650/C 5 4 3 2 1 WIND LOAD = 1200 Pa.5 . CURVE ‘D’ CURVE ‘C’ CURVE ‘B’ CURVE ‘A’ SPAN BETWEEN MULLION CENTRES (m) WIND LOAD = 1800 Pa. The windload charts apply to the mullions and transoms in the system shown below.DESIGN SPAN BETWEEN MULLION FIXING CENTRES (m) WIND LOAD CHARTS The charts show the maximum allowable centres for mullions and transoms based on equal mullion centres. When a design windload is not specified it must be calculated using either BS 6375-1 or BS 6399-2. The curves on the charts represent the limitation of each mullion at various windloads. 1 2 3 CURVE ‘C’ SWR688/C 5 4 3 2 1 110 CURVE ‘D’ SWR611/C CURVE ‘D’ CURVE ‘C’ CURVE ‘B’ CURVE ‘A’ Note: When considering a mullion for a particular application. 1 2 3 SPAN BETWEEN MULLION FIXING CENTRES (m) 5 4 3 2 1 CURVE ‘D’ CURVE ‘C’ CURVE ‘B’ CURVE ‘A’ 70 CURVE ‘B’ SWR670/C 88 SPAN BETWEEN MULLION FIXING CENTRES (m) SPAN BETWEEN MULLION CENTRES (m) WIND LOAD = 2400 Pa.

6 17.8 27.2 1800 7.2 2.7 0..2 9.0 2.2 1..3 25.2 24.3 11.2 4.3 3..9 0.9 4.7 0.9 6.3 1.1 4.6 5..4 30.2 16.8 10.9 26.7 2.3 1.7 11.0 1.7 0.9 7.5 19.5 29. If a dead load is not specified.4) Can be achieved using SWR670/C (Max EIxx value = 25.9 11.2 1.6 25.3 25.1 1.0 4..9 4.4 3.6 15.. or any updates subsequent to this manual..8 5.3 23.5 3. h = height of sealed unit 2300 15.0 19.3).7 7.0 12.2 3.3 2..2 3.4 5.7 17..6 1.0 2..9 8.3 16.2 5.5 2.0 25.8 3.5 13.4 1.3 l = length of sealed unit gw x h x l x a EIxx = ------------------.0 15.0 22.1 25....6 24.4 2..2 19.9 10.3 2.9 1..0 3.6) Can be achieved using SWR688/C (Max EIxx value = 32. 323/1).0 32.0 16.5 1900 8.3 1.3 7.5 23.6 5.7 2.9 20.1 4.1 6.6 22..2 13.6 8.9 0. This method assumes that calculating the PVCu window insert area as though it were all glass will mean there is no requirement to include the weight of the PVCu profile..3 5.4 DEAD LOADS glass weight a support block a glass weight a TRANSOM SELECTION The easiest way to establish the dead load is to calculate the PVCu window insert area.0 7..9 9.8 1.5 1.9 20.3 7.8 2.4 1600 5.9 2..4 9.2 16..9 3.1 10.0 18. the transom dead loads must be taken into consideration...9 12.4 3.9 1.3 22.6 6.7 9.5 6.2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000 3100 3200 3300 3400 3500 3600 3700 3800 3900 4000 0.9 2.1 1.8 10.4 6.0 3.7 21.4 2. Appendix 5.5 1.DESIGN When selecting the correct transoms and mullions for the curtain walling.4 6.3 4.9 0.1 2..5 1..9 2.6 1.2 10.6 11.2 2...0 10.7 6.8 23.2 25.7 7.1 1.9 1.7 3.3 19.5 11.0 1.5 3.4 15.7 9.0 8.4 12.1 32.0 15.2 2.6 19.1 13.7 11.6 0.2 1700 6.8 13.2 3.4 7..2 4.1 14.2 4..9 7..6 6.4 2.6 4.2 1. it can be calculated using the same method as described in the BPF Code of practice (REF.2 5.3 5.7 14.2 1.6 12.3 8..1 6.7 34.3 1300 2..3 6.6 4.0 22.7 13.2 9.0 3.0 11.8 5.5 15.4 9..1 12.4 x a²) 48 x f f = maximum deflection (3mm) gw = glass weight (N/m²) h = height of sealed unit (mm) l = length of sealed unit (mm) a = centre of support blocks (150mm) .4 14.1 1.6 2400 17.7 3..3 10.7 1.0) 2.0 16.6 23.8 1000 1..5 .8 1.6 4.3 6.8 10.9 8.0 14.1 2.3 13.8 33.0 15.7 4.1 5.4 4.2 14.4 1.0 5.0 12.3 18.6 21.0 19.1 2200 13.0 5.2 8.4 1..7 1.1 7.9 5.0 22.8 6.5 18.0 16.9 3.5 17.2 31.1 3.3 2.9 8.9 6.5 16.1 3.5 21.1 6.6 7..3 11..6 12..1 28.6 20.5 2.3 17.5 1.4 13..8 17.5 9.2 7.7 13..2 16.8 1500 4.4 28.1) Can be achieved using SWR611/C (Max EIxx value = 40. Using this method the required strength for every unsupported transom member can be worked out (see Fig 2.0 13.3 5.5 15.3 2.9 18.1 6..8 0.1 2.9 24.7 17.6 30.8 0.6 3.4 22.2 8.4 1100 1..5 12.1 19..9 18..6 8.1 7.0 12.6 27.0 1..x (3 x l² ...8 3. support block a FIG 2.0 14.0 5.5 18.9 5..0 2.8 14.0 9..8 1.4 5.1 3.6 2.6 8.6 16.8 21.4 3.5 7.4 10.9 0..1 4.3 17.9 9.4 8.8 26.PVCu window insert width in mm .6 2.0 17.3 22..7 3.5 12.4 4.6 5.PVCu window insert height in mm .9 4.4 2.8 4.8 16.6 1.6 7.6 1.5 19..3 14.1 1.5 9. reinforcings and hardware.5 23..2 900 0.1 19.1 2.5 19.1 9.4 1400 3.2 1.9 14..0 1..9 29.4 6.4 15. as though it were all glass.1 11.6 0.6 3.8 3.2 20.9 2100 11.6 1.0 19.0 1.7 1..1 1.3 12.8 2.6 28.5 4.1 2000 10..6 Double glazing 4/20/4 Weight = 201 N/m² Can be achieved using SWR650/C (Max EIxx value = 19.5 1.4 9.7 1.1 8.3 1200 2..0 11.8 20.9 26.800 .8 0.3 1..5 10..

.074 = 20.6 8..6 8.0 26.6 29.2 12.5 19.6 2. This can be used as a quick reference to show which transoms are suitable for different dead loads.0 2. 2.5 3. Page 2.7 22.9 2.0 32.9 18.009) 144 EIyy = 19.5 7.6 11.12 x (1.6 1.5 29.5 13.5 38.6 14.2 6.2 23.1 21.4 9.2 2.7 21.083 .7 10.0.4 29.2 7..3 1.5 1..7 11.8 2400 25.9 23.6 6.8 13.9 8.9 5.8 39..5 2.6 15..1 7..8 36..1 26.5 6. The charts on page 2.2 27.9 6.6 2.0 8.5 11.4 2.7 1.7 1. then EIxx = 22.8 17.1 5.8 34.6 6..8 13..9 18.7 1.6 have different shaded areas.9 12.3 3.7 34.2 17.4 2.9 24.3 7..9 1.2 3.3 5.1 5..2 12.9 9.4 24.9 25.7 5.4 12.1 23.9 2100 17.8 2.8 22.9 27.0 13.3 1.0 4. However. SWR670/C is suitable.5 2.4 16.8 12.4 17.0 25.4 20.5 21.4 3.7 1100 2.2 1.8 1.3 17.7 2.4 8.6 4.8 23.5 1.2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000 3100 3200 3300 3400 3500 3600 3700 3800 3900 4000 0..9 26.6 34.3 36.7 19.2 28.5 4..1 20.1 3.3 4.1 14.4 x 150²) 48 x 3 2745.9 29.7 3.7 9...2 15.4.5 1600 7.1 4..3 5.3 31.9 7.47 Therefore SWR670/C (Max EIxx = 25..3 2.2 14.9 13.8 900 1.2 3....7 14.0 10.7 2.8 16.4 2.4 1300 4.3 1.9 11.0 6.. E.6) can achieve this value.06 x 1.8 8.5 23.1 29.7 39.4 11.1 8.0 16.1 7.3 25.2 1.9 18.5 1.0 11..4 30.2 19..5 9.6 3.3 11..7 15.4 7.800 .1 4.2 2..6 2200 19.9 3.9 32.1 1400 5.8 2.7 3.5 3.3 6..7 24.0 12. use the calculation shown on page 2.1 9.1 15.4 23.0 34.8 Double glazing 6/16/6 Weight = 301 N/m² The tables on pages 2.2 37.1 8.1 9.5 16..6 25.5 4.0 3.0 19..9 28. as any transoms attached to a mullion must be the same depth (or smaller) than the mullion.9 7.0 32.8 2.8 33.4 29..9 15.3 28.7 1.5 38.2 1700 9.PVCu window insert width in mm .2 25.9 20..3 16..3 4.4 4..2 21.9 1200 3.0 10. the transom values must be calculated before finally selecting the required mullion and transom.9 27.8 37.3 4.4 5.8 15.8 33.7 28.3 33.6 5..6 19.6 1.1 20.7 16.1 1.9 17.3 10.9 12.6 .2 19.9 7..5 1.7 15. By using the table.9 10.1 6.3 6.3 3.0 1.2 2.8 4.4 23.1 32.4 1.9 8.5 8.5 7..1 5.4 17.9 20..8 31.6 12..7 show which transoms are suitable for different glass specifications..9 10.8 21.9 30.4 9.9 27.3 10.9 25.4 17.0 3.6 22.0 26.6 30.6 1000 1.4 8.1 26.5 and 2..6 5.5 3.2 3..4 26.9 21..PVCu window insert height in mm .5.5 4.. and must achieve the required wind load and dead load..8 9.4 14.1 4.0 2.9 21.8 20.8 18.1 1500 6....8 2300 22.7 1.4 11.0 1.4 37.6 1.1 6.7 4.9 36.6 16.8 shows the dead load and wind load properties for each curtain walling section.0 2.5 14.8 4. the wind load value must also be taken into consideration.1 2..7 1900 12.6 28.9 3.8 6.7 5.5 shows which transoms are suitable for different dead loads at various PVCu window insert sizes.0 11.. .8 35..0 16. Example: Calculation: Sealed Unit (6/16/6) gw = 301 N/m² h = 3200mm l = 1900mm 301 N/m² x 3200 x 1900 x 150 x (3 x 1900² .7 6.6 20.3 12. If the PVCu window insert is 2000mm wide and 3000mm high using 6/16/6 double glazed units.6 4.9 31.7 14.9 5.6 11...3 13.1 14.8 27.9 24...8 38..2 6.6 10.4 1.7 7.4 1..0 2.0 19.1 9. However..8 9..9 4.3 2.6 2.6 17.8 1.1 14.4 3.3 3.8 1.4 2. The key below the table on page 2.0 4.9 22..6 2000 14.6 2.1 1.G.0 11.9 6.8 3.1 35.9 33.3 13.1 2.8 4.3 5..5 5.1 1.6 7.3 18.DESIGN (BS EN 13830: 2003 STATES THAT A MAXIMUM DEFLECTION OF L/500 OR 3mm MUST BE USED) REQUIRED RIGIDITY EIxx AT VARIOUS DEAD LOADS To determine the EIxx value required.3 1800 10.1 9.7 31.

323/1). 2. Appendix 5. will apply in assessing the dead load.2 .2. it is important that the dead load charts are read in conjunction with the transom wind load information on pages 2.4. 50 CURVE ‘A’ SWR650/C 5 4 3 GLASS SPEC = 4/20/4 CURVE ‘D’ 2 1 CURVE ‘C’ CURVE ‘B’ CURVE ‘A’ SPAN BETWEEN MULLION CENTRES (m) 1 2 3 SPAN BETWEEN TRANSOM FIXING CENTRES (m) 5 4 3 2 1 GLASS SPEC = 6/16/6 70 CURVE ‘B’ SWR670/C 88 CURVE ‘C’ SWR688/C CURVE ‘D’ CURVE ‘C’ CURVE ‘B’ CURVE ‘A’ 110 CURVE ‘D’ SWR611/C SPAN BETWEEN MULLION CENTRES (m) 1 2 3 Note: When considering a transom for a particular application.DESIGN DEAD LOAD CHARTS SPAN BETWEEN TRANSOM FIXING CENTRES (m) The charts show the maximum allowable lengths for transoms based on various mullion centres. The maximum limitation curve for each of the dead loads specified is based upon an allowable deflection of the transom span being not greater than L/500 with a maximum deflection of 3mm. When a dead load is not specified the relevant factors contained in the calculations in the BPF Code of practice (REF. The curves on the charts represent the limitation of each transom at various dead loads. The dead load charts apply to the mullions and transoms in the system shown below.7 .

2.7 DEAD LOAD PROPERTIES EIxx (x10 9 N. To select the correct mullion or transom for each member see pages 2.1 .2 Y SWR670/C X Y X 25.6 128.6 2.0 297.mm²) WIND LOAD PROPERTIES EIyy (x10 9 N.4 80.8 .6 Y SWR611/C X Y X 40.1 188.0 Y SWR688/C X Y X 32.DESIGN DEAD LOADS & WIND LOADING The Eixx and EIyy values for the curtain walling members are shown in the table below.mm²) ILLUSTRATION Y SWR650/C X Y X 19.

5 POCKET FILLER SWR603 65 SWR673 3.5 28.1 73 110 70 69 .PRODUCT GUIDE TRANSOM/MULLION AND POCKET FILLER 62 62 69 119 139 SWR650/C TRANSOM/ MULLION 50 SWR670/C 62 62 69 69 157 179 SWR688/C 88 SWR611/C 28.

5 650071 99 . PRESSURE PLATES & EXPANSION SLEEVES 61 PVCu FACE CAPS MCC 18 61 24 SW600 56 650001 .5 55 42 .5 79 .2 55 .PRODUCT GUIDE FACE CAPS.2 .8 650089 650111 3.8 56 PRESSURE PLATES 650002 .4 ALUMINIUM VERTICAL EXPANSION SLEEVES (200mm) 650051 55 .5 61 55 .

FACE CAP SLEEVE AND ANCILLARIES 10 79 0.5 TRANSOM BLOCKS 650050 650070 650088 650110 FACE CAP EXPANSION SLEEVE SW601 Screws are referred to throughout this manual as the following types:- (note : screws are not stocked by Spectus) SCREWS (TYPE 1) 10 x 1⁄2” posi pan self tap (TYPE 2) 10 x 11⁄4” posi c/sk self tap (TYPE 3) 8 x 1⁄2” posi c/sk self tap (TYPE 4) 12 x 20 hex head ‘B’ self tap THERMAL BREAK AND GASKETS 654001 105240/T 900570 FRAME SETTING BLOCK 655000 DRILLING JIGS 653001 653000 3.5 42 .3 .PRODUCT GUIDE TRANSOM BLOCKS.5 62 .

The estimator should clearly state in the quotation exactly what is included and the reasons. Note: Design windload. 4. Details regarding the selection of the correct mullions and transoms are contained in section 2. and painted with a bituminous paint to avoid electrolytic contact with the aluminium mullions. Alternatively. Sometimes sectional details are not satisfactory in that they do not always show clearly the position of the tie backs. expansion sleeve screws (TYPE 3) Brackets and bolts are not available from Spectus and are to be sourced by the fabricator from alternative suppliers. (e) PVC-U window insert design (f) hardware for window inserts (g) glazing requirements (h) special conditions (i) that drawings and bill of quantities contain the same specifications. Check through the drawings and bill of quantities and determine the following:(a) overall style and design (b) design wind pressure (c) perimeter details (d) position of floor slabs/steel to determine if intermediate tie backs are required. Fig.1 . if not already in the specification. or bolted into the concrete floor slabs using special masonry bolts (see Fig 4. if no details are available from the architect or engineer. The architect or structural engineer involved in the contract should be able to give details on brackets and bolts.ESTIMATION RECEIPT OF ENQUIRY/DRAWINGS On receipt of an enquiry. TIE BACKS The estimator should include steel fixing brackets to tie back to the structure. to act as a fixing back up sleeve.2 . Regardless of whether the brackets are tied back to structural steel or pre-cast concrete floor slabs.1 4. These can vary depending upon whether the transom or mullion is an intermediate transom/mullion or a perimeter transom/mullion and the frame depth of the PVCu window inserts. should be obtained from either the architect or structural engineer for the contract. The brackets are then fixed to the structural steel using stainless steel bolts. On larger contracts the drawings may be accompanied by a bill of quantities.4. Pages 4. In these instances the estimator may have to assume positions of floors and steelwork etc. The brackets are attached to the mullion with two stainless steel bolts.1) If tie backs are required the estimator should include the following. design. per tie back position:1 No. in order to cost for brackets and to establish which mullions and transoms to use. galvanized.5 give details on what should be included in the quotation. The brackets should be mild steel with a heavy coat of zinc chromate sheradized. the size of bracket will vary to suit site conditions. expansion sleeve (650051/071/089/111) 4 No. the first task should be to determine if the contract is both feasible and practical. the estimator must include several other components. TRANSOMS & MULLIONS Once the correct transoms and mullions have been identified. advice can be offered to the fabricator in the selection of the bolts and the design of the tie back brackets by the Spectus Technical Department.

62 transom length x 2 transom length x 2 transom length transom length transom length 6 per metre + 1 4. PVCu Face Cap MCC Aluminium Pressure Plate 650002 For each intermediate transom include the following Requirements mullion centres .ESTIMATION 70mm Profiles Head & Cill Perimeter Transom Thermal Break 654001 Pressure Plate Screw TYPE 4 70mm Pocket Filler SWR673 110mm 88mm 70mm 50mm Transom SWR650/C SWR670/C SWR688/C SWR688/C SWR611/C SWR611/C Pressure Gasket 105240/T PVCu Face Cap MCC Aluminium Pressure Plate 650002 Pressure Gasket 105240/T Butyl Tape 900570 For each perimeter transom include the following Description Part No.62 transom length transom length x 2 transom length transom length transom length transom length 6 per metre + 1 transom to suit requirements butyl glazing tape pressure gasket 70mm pocket filler thermal break aluminium pressure plate PVCu face cap pressure plate screw 70mm Profiles Intermediate Transom Thermal Break 654001 Pressure Plate Screw TYPE 4 110mm 88mm Pressure Gasket 105240/T Butyl Tape 900570 70mm 50mm Transom SWR650/C Pressure Gasket 105240/T Butyl Tape 900570 Description transom to suit requirements butyl glazing tape pressure gasket thermal break aluminium pressure plate PVCu face cap pressure plate screw 900570 105240 654001 650002 MCC TYPE 4 Part No.2 SWR670/C . 900570 105240 SWR673 654001 650002 MCC TYPE 4 Requirements mullion centres .

3 . Requirements opening .tolerances mullion length x 2 mullion length x 2 mullion length mullion length mullion length 6 per metre + 1 4.tolerances mullion length mullion length x 2 mullion length mullion length mullion length mullion length 6 per metre + 1 Description mullion to suit requirements butyl glazing tape pressure gasket thermal break aluminium pressure plate PVCu face cap pressure plate screw PVCu Face Cap SW600 For each intermediate mullion include the following Part No. 900570 105240 654001 650002 SW600 TYPE 4 Requirements opening .ESTIMATION 70mm Profiles Perimeter Mullion SWR611/C SWR688/C 110mm 88mm 88mm SWR670/C 70mm 50mm Transom SWR650/C 110mm 70mm Profiles Intermediate Mullion SWR611/C SWR688/C SWR670/C 70mm 50mm Transom SWR650/C 70mm Pocket Filler SWR673 Butyl Tape 900570 Butyl Tape 900570 Butyl Tape 900570 Pressure Gasket 105240/T Pressure Gasket 105240/T Thermal Break 654001 Pressure Gasket 105240/T Pressure Gasket 105240/T Thermal Break 654001 Aluminium Pressure Plate 650002 Pressure Plate Screw TYPE 4 Aluminium Pressure Plate 650002 Pressure Plate Screw TYPE 4 PVCu Face Cap SW600 For each perimeter mullion include the following Description mullion to suit requirements butyl glazing tape pressure gasket 70mm pocket filler thermal break aluminium pressure plate PVCu face cap pressure plate screw 900570 105240 SWR673 654001 650002 SW600 TYPE 4 Part No.

62 transom length transom length x 2 transom length transom length transom length transom length 6 per metre + 1 transom to suit requirements butyl glazing tape pressure gasket 62/63mm pocket filler thermal break aluminium pressure plate PVCu face cap pressure plate screw 63mm Profiles Intermediate Transom Thermal Break 654001 Pressure Plate Screw TYPE 4 110mm 88mm Pressure Gasket 105240/T Butyl Tape 900570 70mm 50mm Transom SWR650/C Pressure Gasket 105240/T Butyl Tape 900570 For each intermediate transom include the following Description transom to suit requirements butyl glazing tape pressure gasket thermal break aluminium pressure plate PVCu face cap pressure plate screw 900570 105240 654001 650001 MCC TYPE 4 Part No.ESTIMATION 63mm Profiles Head & Cill Perimeter Transom Thermal Break 654001 Pressure Plate Screw TYPE 4 62/63mm Pocket Filler SWR603 110mm 88mm 70mm 50mm Transom SWR650/C SWR670/C SWR688/C SWR688/C SWR611/C SWR611/C Pressure Gasket 105240/T PVCu Face Cap MCC Aluminium Pressure Plate 650001 Pressure Gasket 105240/T Butyl Tape 900570 For each perimeter transom include the following Description Part No.62 transom length x 2 transom length x 2 transom length transom length transom length 6 per metre + 1 PVCu Face Cap MCC Aluminium Pressure Plate 650001 4. Requirements mullion centres .4 SWR670/C . 900570 105240 SWR603 654001 650001 MCC TYPE 4 Requirements mullion centres .

tolerances mullion length mullion length x 2 mullion length mullion length mullion length mullion length 6 per metre + 1 Description mullion to suit requirements butyl glazing tape pressure gasket thermal break aluminium pressure plate PVCu face cap pressure plate screw PVCu Face Cap SW600 For each intermediate mullion include the following Part No.tolerances mullion length x 2 mullion length x 2 mullion length mullion length mullion length 6 per metre + 1 4.ESTIMATION 63mm Profiles Perimeter Mullion SWR611/C SWR688/C 110mm 88mm 88mm SWR670/C 70mm 50mm Transom SWR650/C 110mm 63mm Profiles Intermediate Mullion SWR611/C SWR688/C SWR670/C 70mm 50mm Transom SWR650/C 62/63mm Pocket Filler SWR603 Butyl Tape 900570 Butyl Tape 900570 Butyl Tape 900570 Pressure Gasket 105240/T Pressure Gasket 105240/T Thermal Break 654001 Pressure Gasket 105240/T Pressure Gasket 105240/T Thermal Break 654001 Aluminium Pressure Plate 650001 Pressure Plate Screw TYPE 4 Aluminium Pressure Plate 650001 Pressure Plate Screw TYPE 4 PVCu Face Cap SW600 For each perimeter mullion include the following Description mullion to suit requirements butyl glazing tape pressure gasket 62/63mm pocket filler thermal break aluminium pressure plate PVCu face cap pressure plate screw 900570 105240 SWR603 654001 650001 SW600 TYPE 4 Part No.5 . Requirements opening . 900570 105240 654001 650001 SW600 TYPE 4 Requirements opening .

A 6mm gap must be left between the pressure plate ends.3) The estimator should include the following per vertical expansion joint:1 No.5) Aluminium pressing with plywood and insulation bonded to the rear EXTERNAL CORNER INTERNAL CORNER Staggered Face cap joint Aluminium pressing with plywood and insulation bonded to the rear Fig 4. pressure plate and face cap are staggered.6 . The upper mullion then slides over the sleeve and a 6mm gap is left for expansion. the cill transom must be the same depth as the mullion. The size of the pressing may vary to suit the different site conditions. thermal break. insulation and treated hardwood timber battens along with any other internal trims or covers that may be required at all internal and external corners (see Fig 4. Bedding Compound 6mm Vertical expansion sleeve Fixing Aluminium pressing Silicone seal joint Floor Slab Fig 4. expansion sleeve screws (TYPE 3) 1 No. Where a face cap joint occurs. which must be sealed with silicone (see Fig 4.3 Fig 4. Note: In order to accomodate the drainage requirements of the curtain walling system.2). face cap back up sleeve (SW601) Silicone sealant Staggered Pressure plate joint Mullion joint The estimator should include for Aluminium pressings.5 4. The joint is then sealed with silicone (see Fig 4.ESTIMATION VERTICAL EXPANSION JOINTS In cases where the curtain wall frame spans 6m or more than one floor vertically. to run the full width of the curtain walling grid (see Fig 4.4). plywood. This slides into the top of the lower mullion and is fixed in position. expansion sleeve (650051/071/089/111) 4 No.2 Care must be taken to ensure the joints of the mullion.4 INTERNAL/EXTERNAL CORNERS Fig 4. ALUMINIUM CILL PRESSING Allowance shall be made for an aluminium cill pressing. a back up sleeve (SW601) is utilised (see Fig 4. a vertical expansion sleeve is used.3).

7 . NE11 0ZF . Unit A Station Approach. Horizontal expansion joints do not require any extra components for estimation purposes. SK11 0PS . 6. Spectus do not stock low tack protection tapes. Cheshire. Earls Way. page 6. site storage. PERIMETER FIXINGS These should be a minimum of No. 12 stainless steel screws used at 600mm centres (depending on site requirements).3 x 20 S *Fully Reversible *Note : The fully reversible window can only be manufactured using the Sightline 70+ window system. TYPE 1 TYPE 2 TYPE 3 TYPE 4 4. lifting gear.Tel: 0191 487 3255 Side Hung Casement Tilt & Turn Window SITE CONSIDERATIONS Although scaffolding. etc may not incur cost. For perimeter seals consult the architect for the specification. the estimator should take the following into account when compiling the quotation.2. Bosley.ESTIMATION PVCu WINDOW INSERTS The size and design of the PVCu window inserts should be checked using the technical manual for the window system specified. The dimensions of any projecting hardware used on the windows should be checked to ensure that the windows can be installed into the curtain walling grid. the architect may specify a horizontal expansion joint. Tyne & Wear. Buxton Road. frame setting blocks (655000) per transom. SUNDRIES Finally. WINDOW FRAME SETTING BLOCKS Fixed Light Top Hung Casement Allow 2 No. or whether frame packers will be required (See Fig. they can be bought direct from UK Industrial Tapes Ltd. the estimator should take them into consideration and check supply.Tel: 0870 3003313 SCREW IDENTIFICATION TABLE TYPE LOCATION Transom Block Fixing Transom Fixing Pocket Filler Fixing Pressure Plate Fixing DESCRIPTION 10 x 1⁄2” Posi pan self tap 10 x 11⁄4” Posi c/sk self tap 8 x 1⁄2” Posi c/sk self tap 12 x 20 Hex Head ‘B’ self tap RAPIERSTAR FST 10 x 1/2 S GST 10 x 11⁄4 S GST 8 x 1/2 S Hex head B point self tap 6. Gateshead. Macclesfield.1) The drawings below indicate the various designs of windows that can be manufactured from each of the window systems available. SCREWS Spectus do not stock curtain walling screws. HORIZONTAL EXPANSION JOINTS In cases where the curtain wall spans more than 6m. SEALANTS All silicones for aluminium to aluminium joints must be of low modulus type. They can be bought direct from RapierStar Ltd. Team Valley Trading Estate. LOW TACK PROTECTION TAPE A low tack protection tape is required to protect all visible paint surfaces.

1 .DETAIL SHEETS DESIGN CRITERIA The details on the following pages are based around the overlaps and clearances shown below.5 5.0 18.0 3. 3.0 12.

to determine curtain walling application.5 SWR650/C MCC 654001 61 650002 62 SWR673 5. Refer to section 2.2 51 . B03 B50 51. Refer to the product technical manual to determine application. Typical window profiles and reinforcements are shown for illustration purposes only.DETAIL SHEETS FULL SIZE 70mm PROFILES Typical curtain walling profiles are shown for illustration purposes only. design.

3 51 51 .DETAIL SHEETS FULL SIZE 70mm PROFILES B03 B50 51.5 SWR650/C MCC 654001 61 650002 62 B03 B50 51.5 5.

4 .5 61 5.DETAIL SHEETS FULL SIZE 70mm PROFILES 51 62 SWR670/C B50 SWR673 B03 650002 SW600 51.

5 61 51.5 .DETAIL SHEETS FULL SIZE 70mm PROFILES 51 62 51 SWR670/C B50 B50 B03 B03 650002 SW600 51.5 5.

5 SWR650/C MCC 654001 650001 61 62 SWR603 5.6 51 .DETAIL SHEETS FULL SIZE 63mm PROFILES A03 A50 51.

7 51 51 .DETAIL SHEETS FULL SIZE 63mm PROFILES A03 A50 51.5 SWR650/C MCC 654001 650001 61 62 A03 A50 51.5 5.

8 .DETAIL SHEETS FULL SIZE 63mm PROFILES 51 62 SWR670/C A50 SWR603 A03 650001 SW600 51.5 61 5.

DETAIL SHEETS FULL SIZE 63mm PROFILES 51 62 51 SWR670/C A50 A50 A03 A03 650001 SW600 51.5 5.9 .5 61 51.

5). including frame packers if required.70mm Pressure Plate Frame clearance 6mm.Centre to centre distances of transoms where more than one is required.5 cover curtain walling with the following characteristics : SWR650/C . This will give the correct bar lengths for fabrication and the correct window insert sizes allowing clearance for frame setting blocks.70mm Pocket Filler.3 .157mm Deep Transom/Mullion.1 HINGE FIXING DEDUCTIONS The tables on pages 6. SWR603 .1 . window inserts in curtain walling may be subjected to greater wind-loads than usual. WINDOW REINFORCEMENT Reinforcement requirements for the window style required are contained in the technical manual for the window system. SWR673 .Overall curtain wall size.139mm Deep Transom/Mullion. 6. (see fig.6.1) WINDOW INSERTS Sizes given for window inserts are for finished outer frame sizes. CRITERIA Basic dimensions for manufacturing calculations are : .CUTTING CALCULATIONS PROFILES The tables and calculated examples on pages 6. SWR688/C .63mm Pocket Filler.Top left corner of outer jamb to the centre line of the first mullion.Vertical PVCu Face Cap. FRAME PACKERS EXPANSION JOINTS Where required. MCC . 6.2 6. 6. .119mm Deep Transom/Mullion. Allow for these when deriving basic dimensions for window manufacturing (see fig. .5 show the amounts to be subtracted from the basic dimensions. .6. cutting sizes for vertical mullions and horizontal transoms can include an expansion joint allowance of 6mm between mullions (see page 11. SWR611/C . 650001 .2) 6mm FRAME CLEARANCE Fig.Horizontal PVCu Face Cap. SW600 . It is essential to check with the architect or engineer if any specific wind-load is required. 20mm FRAME PACKER Frame packers can be fitted to the windows within the curtain walling and are sometimes required to ensure correct operation of the hardware and openers. 650002 . Refer to the selected window system technical manual for cutting calculations for the particular window style required. 6.179mm Deep Transom/Mullion.Centre to centre distances of mullions where more than one is required.3 . . Fig.Top left corner of outer jamb to the centre line of the first transom.63mm Pressure Plate. However. SWR670/C .

6.2 .3 DIMENSION FOR ALLOWANCE 6.3 . TRANSOMS & MULLIONS EXAMPLES The examples on page 6.CUTTING CALCULATIONS DATUM Fig 6.3. DATUM REFERENCE POINTS END MULLION TO END MULLION WINDOW INSERT DIMENSION DIMENSION FOR ALLOWANCE CL END MULLION TO MULLION WINDOW INSERT DIMENSION DIMENSION FOR ALLOWANCE CL MULLION TO MULLION CL WINDOW INSERT DIMENSION Fig 6. the details for end mullion to mullion are the same as for head transom or cill transom to transom. In Fig 6.5 relate to the profiles. the details for transoms are the same as for mullions. For example.3 details how the tables and examples on pages 6.4 .6.5 show the cutting sizes for a typical curtain wall contract.

96 . VERTICAL MEMBERS ALUMINIUM MULLIONS All vertical mullions should be cut to the site opening size minus tolerances and expansion joints if required (see page 11.124 .93 .62 CUTTING SIZES FOR ALUMINIUM PRESSURE PLATES BETWEEN SECTIONS END MULLION TO END MULLION END MULLION TO MULLION MULLION TO MULLION DEDUCTION .95 .126 . The tables do not make any allowances for horizontal expansion joints (see page 11. the pressure plates and PVCu face caps should be cut to length to suit the position of the joint in the aluminium mullion (see page 11.5).86 .62 PVCu WINDOW INSERTS CUTTING SIZES FOR ALUMINIUM PERIMETER POCKET FILLERS BETWEEN SECTIONS END MULLION TO END MULLION END MULLION TO MULLION MULLION TO MULLION The vertical deductions for PVCu window inserts are the same as the horizontal deductions for PVCu window inserts. If vertical expansion joints are required.55 .3 .10). CUTTING SIZES FOR ALUMINIUM TRANSOMS BETWEEN SECTIONS END MULLION TO END MULLION END MULLION TO MULLION MULLION TO MULLION DEDUCTION .127 .65 CUTTING SIZES FOR PVCu FACE CAPS BETWEEN SECTIONS END MULLION TO END MULLION END MULLION TO MULLION MULLION TO MULLION DEDUCTION . DEDUCTION .124 .CUTTING CALCULATIONS HORIZONTAL MEMBERS The tables below show cutting calculations for horizontal members within curtain walling.11).24 6.64 CUTTING SIZES FOR PVCu WINDOW INSERTS BETWEEN SECTIONS END MULLION TO END MULLION END MULLION TO MULLION MULLION TO MULLION DEDUCTION . All other components should be cut to the mullion length.93 .

96 Note: PVCu window insert calculations are for finished outer frame sizes. 1 No.62 X . 2 No.93 X .1 . Bar SWR670/C SWR670/C SWR650/C SWR670/C SWR650/C SWR670/C SWR650/C Calculation H U .93 V .95 V . 2 No.65 X . 3 No. MAIN PROFILE CUTTING CALCULATIONS Quantity 4 No.CUTTING CALCULATIONS TYPICAL SINGLE LEVEL CURTAIN WALLING EXAMPLE W PERIMETER SWR670/C 70mm SYSTEM SWR670/C SWR650/C WINDOW INSERT MULLION 1 H 2 3 Y TRANSOM 4 5 6 U V X Note: The perimeter main profiles and the mullions must be the same section. Transom profiles can also be the same section or a smaller section for aesthetic purposes. 2 No. 3 No. 2 No.64 X . 6. Bar SWR673 SWR673 SWR673 SWR673 Calculation H U . 3 No. Bar SW600 MCC MCC MCC Calculation H U .95 Z PVCu WINDOW INSERT CUTTING CALCULATIONS Panel 1 Width=U-55 Height=Y-55 Panel 4 Width=U-55 Height=Z-55 Panel 2 Width=V-24 Height=Y-55 Panel 5 Width=V-24 Height=Z-55 Panel 3 Width=X-55 Height=Y-55 Panel 6 Width=X-55 Height=Z-55 ALUMINIUM PERIMETER POCKET FILLER CUTTING CALCULATIONS Quantity 2 No. 3 No.93 V .93 U . 3 No. 2 No. 2 No. 1 No.62 X . 1 No.96 V . 3 No.93 PVCu FACE CAPS CUTTING CALCULATIONS Quantity 4 No. Bar 650002 650002 650002 650002 Calculation H U . Refer to the selected window system technical manual for cutting calculations for the particular window style required.2. providing they are suitable for the required wind loads and dead loads (see pages 2.93 ALUMINIUM PRESSURE PLATE CUTTING CALCULATIONS Quantity 4 No.62 V .8).4 .

62 T .64 S . 4 No.93 R .62 T . 4 No.In cases where the curtain wall frame spans 6m or more than one floor vertically. 11. 4 No. 2 No.93 Q . 2 No.93 R .5 . 6 No.62 R .64 T . 2 No.95 R . 6 No. MAIN PROFILE CUTTING CALCULATIONS Quantity 5 No. 2 No.65 S . 6 No. 2 No. 13 14 15 16 V 6 No.93 T . 2 No. 2 No. Panel 13 Width=Q-55 Height=V-24 Panel 14 Width=R-24 Height=V-24 Panel 15 Width=S-24 Height=V-24 Panel 16 Width=T-55 Height=V-24 Bar SWR603 SWR603 SWR603 SWR603 SWR603 Calculation H* Q . 2 No.62 S . a vertical expansion sleeve is used and a 6mm gap left for expansion (see pages 4.CUTTING CALCULATIONS TYPICAL MULTIPLE LEVEL CURTAIN WALLING EXAMPLE W * . 6 No. Bar SW600 MCC MCC MCC MCC Calculation H* Q .95 Q R S T 6 No. PVCu FACE CAPS CUTTING CALCULATIONS 17 18 19 20 U Quantity 5 No. 6 No.65 T .5 & 11. Bar SWR611/C SWR611/C SWR688/C SWR611/C SWR688/C SWR611/C SWR688/C SWR611/C SWR688/C Calculation H* Q .93 PVCu WINDOW INSERT CUTTING CALCULATIONS Panel 1 Width=Q-55 Height=Z-55 Panel 2 Width=R-24 Height=Z-55 Panel 3 Width=S-24 Height=Z-55 Panel 4 Width=T-55 Height=Z-55 Panel 5 Width=Q-55 Height=Y-24 Panel 6 Width=R-24 Height=Y-24 Panel 7 Width=S-24 Height=Y-24 Panel 8 Width=T-55 Height=Y-24 Panel 9 Width=Q-55 Height=X-24 Panel 10 Width=R-24 Height=X-24 Panel 11 Width=S-24 Height=X-24 Panel 12 Width=T-55 Height=X-24 ALUMINIUM PERIMETER POCKET FILLER CUTTING CALCULATIONS Quantity 2 No.62 S .93 Panel 17 Width=Q-55 Height=U-55 Panel 18 Width=R-24 Height=U-55 Panel 19 Width=S-24 Height=U-55 Panel 20 Width=T-55 Height=U-55 6.6.62 S .10) PERIMETER SWR611/C 63mm SYSTEM SWR611/C SWR688/C 1 2 3 4 Z WINDOW INSERT MULLION TRANSOM 5 6 7 8 Y ALUMINIUM PRESSURE PLATE CUTTING CALCULATIONS Quantity Bar 650001 650001 650001 650001 650001 9 10 11 12 H Calculation H* Q . 6 No. 4 No.96 R .96 X 5 No.

This will minimise damage that may be caused during manufacture. PVCu WINDOW INSERTS Refer to the the selected window system technical manual for guidance on handling and storage for PVCu window inserts. When removing sections from boxes. NE11 0ZF Tel No: 0191 487 3255 7. Gateshead. Do not pull out sections from part opened boxes. After cutting it is recommended all exposed surfaces of PVCu face caps are covered with a low tack protective tape. open the box fully to avoid scratching. Prior to cutting and preparation. transportation and installation. Unit A Station Approach.HANDLING & STORAGE ALUMINIUM SECTIONS Aluminium sections should be stored on racks on a firm base with supports at a maximum of 1 metre centres. LOW TACK PROTECTIVE TAPE Spectus do not stock low tack protective tapes. PVCu FACE CAPS PVCu profiles should be stored on racks on a firm base with supports at a maximum of 1 metre centres. however they can be bought direct from UK Industrial Tapes Ltd. Team Valley Trading Estate. GASKETS AND ANCILLARIES Gaskets and ancillaries should be stored in their plastic bags or boxes until ready for use.1 . This will minimise damage that may be caused during transportation and installation. it is recommended that all paint finished surfaces of aluminium sections are covered with a low tack protective tape. Earls Way. Tyne & Wear.

Mark and drill 3.2 After the pocket filler has been fixed.1 Locate the required pocket filler (SWR603 for 63mm frames or SWR673 for 70mm frames) in position on the external side of the perimeter mullion or transom (see Fig. Fig.MULLION & TRANSOM PREPARATION PERIMETER MULLION/TRANSOM AND ALUMINIUM DOOR SURROUND SWR603/SWR673 POCKET FILLER The pocket filler can only be fitted to perimeter transoms and aluminium door heads after the transoms have been assembled. the perimeter mullions/transoms should have a low tack tape applied to all visible faces for protection during transportation and installation.3 Silicone Seal Countersinks SWR603/ SWR673 Pocket Filler Fig. Apply a silicone seal along the serrated face on the external side of the perimeter mullion or transom (see Fig. Countersink the holes in the mullion/transom (see Fig. 8. Silicone Seal Fig. 8. Silicone seal the countersinks in the mullion/ transom and fix the pocket filler to the mullion/ transom with TYPE 3 fixing screws (see Fig. 8. and any transoms fixed and dismantled. 8.4 8.3).4).2).1 30 600 max 600 max 600 max 30 .75mm dia holes through the mullion/transom into the pocket filler at 30mm from each end of the mullion/transom and at maximum 600mm centres. 8. 8. 8.1). Fig. 8.

8. Drill and countersink a 3.6 8. through the mullion and expansion sleeve.5 Insert the fixing back-up sleeve (650051/071/ 089/111) down the mullion until it rests on the screw.7). Vertical Expansion Sleeve e ntr Ce ne li Silicone Seal Countersinks 102 Fig. Silicone Seal Countersinks Fixing Back-up Sleeve e ntr Ce ne li 25 Fig. 75mm above and below the centre line of the tie back position.75mm dia hole. Drill and countersink a 3. 8.2 75 75 75 100 100 .FIXING BACK-UP SLEEVE Mark the centre line of the tie back position on the mullion. 8. 8. through the mullion and back-up sleeve. the mullions/ transoms should have a low tack tape applied to all visible faces for protection during transportation and installation. Silicone seal the countersinks and fix the expansion sleeve with TYPE 3 fixing screws ensuring the screw head is flush with the mullion face (see Fig. Silicone seal the countersinks and fix the back-up sleeve with TYPE 3 fixing screws ensuring the screw head is flush with the mullion face (see Fig. Drill and countersink a 3.7 After any fixing back-up sleeves or vertical expansion joints have been fixed. 8. 8.MULLION & TRANSOM PREPARATION MULLION PREPARATION TIE BACK .75mm dia hole 102mm below the centre line of the tie back position.6). Fig. Insert a TYPE 3 fixing screw ensuring the screw head is flush with the mullion face (see Fig. 25mm and 75mm below the top of the mullion.75mm dia hole. MULLION PREPARATION VERTICAL EXPANSION JOINT Insert the vertical expansion sleeve (650051/ 071/089/111) 100mm down the top of the mullion so 100mm of sleeve protrudes from the top of the mullion. and any transoms fixed and dismantled.5).

Using the 653000 drilling jig.5 20 SWR670/C MULLION HEAD 31 31 16.1 . drill the required number of 4. drill the required number of 4. Note: Double check the number of holes required for intermediate transoms.5 20 20 Transom Centres Mullion Length Transom Centres Mullion Length CILL SWR650/C 31 31 Transom Centres Transom Centres SWR670/C Using the 653000 drilling jig. as these may not be the same as the perimeter 9. Holes only required in one side for perimeter mullions. SWR650/C MULLION 16.2mm dia holes as shown above.2mm dia holes as shown above.MECHANICAL JOINTS MECHANICAL JOINT PREP DETAIL .650050 & 650070 TRANSOM BLOCKS Preparation shown for intermediate mullions.

drill the required number of 4.650088 & 650110 TRANSOM BLOCKS Preparation shown for intermediate mullions. SWR688/C MULLION 16.5 20 20 20 20 Transom Centres Mullion Length Transom Centres Mullion Length CILL SWR688/C 31 31 Transom Centres Transom Centres SWR611/C Using the 653000 drilling jig. drill the required number of 4. Using the 653000 drilling jig. as these may not be the same as the perimeter 9.2mm dia holes as shown above.2 .MECHANICAL JOINTS MECHANICAL JOINT PREP DETAIL . Holes only required in one side for perimeter mullions.5 20 20 20 HEAD 31 31 SWR611/C MULLION 16. Note: Double check the number of holes required for intermediate transoms.2mm dia holes as shown above.

9. Note :. Transom Length 20 14 20 14 SWR650/C 14 Using the 653001 drilling jig.Horizontal Expansion When using horizontal expansion transoms.MECHANICAL JOINTS MECHANICAL JOINT PREP DETAIL . the above preparation is only required at one end of the transom. Check the countersinks with screws (TYPE 2) so that the screw head will be flush in the transom when fixed into place. The same detail is required for all other transoms. drill and countersink 2 No. 5mm dia holes at each end of the transom as shown.3 14 .TRANSOMS Preparation shown for SWR650/C transom.

4 . 9. the mullion and transom should be referenced.4).4). 650050 650070 650088 650110 2 3 4 5 Check that the screws securing the transom block to the mullion are tightened adequately (see Fig. 9. 9.2). Fig.1 Transom Transom Block No.1 .3 DISMANTLING THE JOINT Remove the screws securing each transom to the transom block. on a non-visible surface to aid re-assembly on site (see Fig. holes are drilled into the mullion / transom as shown on pages 9. screws/block SWR650 SWR670 SWR688 SWR611 Locate the required transom onto the screw fixed transom block (see Fig. 9. The required transom block (650050/070/088/ 110) is then secured to the mullion using TYPE 1 fixing screws (see Fig. 9. As each transom is dismantled. Apply a low tack tape to all visible faces for protection during transportation and installation.4 9. 9.3).3. TYPE 2 screws (see Fig. Check screws are tightened adequately Fig.9. Locate transom onto transom block MUL-01 TR A-0 1 Fig.MECHANICAL JOINTS MECHANICAL JOINT ASSEMBLY The curtain walling grid should be assembled in the factory and then dismantled for transportation.1). in accordance with the approved drawings if possible. The joint is then secured using 2 No. 9. 9. 9.2 Fig. Mechanical joints are carried out in the following manner: Using the drilling jig.

QUALITY CONTROL Quality control checks should be carried out at intermediate stages of manufacture. Quantities of the following materials for despatch should also be checked to avoid delays on site: PVCu window inserts (including glass/panels) Aluminium pressings Mullion/transom pressure plates Mullion/transom face caps Perimeter fixings Tie back brackets and fixings Transom fixing screws Setting blocks and glazing tape Packing shims Mastics and joint sealants 10. PREPARATION FOR DESPATCH Check that all transoms and mullions have been taped adequately to avoid possible damage during transportation. Transom block positions .1 . etc. Ensure that mullions and transoms are referenced in accordance with approved drawings if required. pocket fillers. Inspection should cover the following: Dimensions Preparations to mullions and transoms. Sealing points Finish Taping for despatch References (if required) Quality control checks of PVCu window inserts should be completed with reference to the product technical manual. and check the materials for quantity.check screws are tightened adequately. to discover non-conformance at the earliest point in the process and so minimise costs due to defective work. site storage and site fixing.

eye protection. Health and safety executive (HSE) Safe use of lifting equipment . gloves.Lifting operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations (LOLER) 1998.Code of practice for The Survey and Installation of Windows and External Doorsets. 11. As curtain wall installation conditions on site can vary. should be followed.Code of practice for temporarily installed suspended scaffolds and access equipment. Hard hats. The installers should also check with the builder or site foreman as to any other specific health and safety requirements of the site. power. control procedures and details of co-ordination with other trades. Careful checks should also be made for materials damaged in transit. before commencing. NON-CONFORMANCE The curtain walling should be installed to the dimensions in the working drawings with agreed permissible deviations. the installers should check that the openings are in accordance with the drawings. METHOD STATEMENT On larger curtain walling contracts there may be an agreed method statement along with the working drawings and contract documentation. 3) Quantities and Damage Check that the correct materials. i. If on checking. Remedial proposals should be reviewed and agreed upon as soon as possible. HEALTH AND SAFETY The installers should be fully conversant with the following:British Standards Institute (BSI) BS 5974: 1990 . which elevation to fix first. Approved code of practice and guidance L22. it constitutes acceptance of other trades work. All non-conforming work should be recorded. The permissible deviations should be agreed prior to installation and be appropriate for the materials used. etc and should check its suitability for the contract. Safe use of work equipment . steel toe-capped footwear. or any subsequent updates following this manual.e. the installer should notify the builder or site foreman in writing before they proceed with installation. SEQUENCE The installers should liase with the builder or site foreman as to any preferred sequence of installation for the curtain walling. and BS 82134 : 2007 . This may contain information on preferred methods of installation. warning signs. even though this may have been checked earlier by the surveyor. etc PRE-START CHECK ARRIVAL AT SITE On arrival ensure that the following steps are carried out before proceeding with the installation of the curtain wall. 2) Working Drawings The installers should have completely familiarised themselves with the working drawings and be fully aware of the fixing sequence required. work done by other trades is unacceptable. Approved code of practice and guidance L113.1 . i. This can prevent any delays when installation commences and minimise damage to materials. quantities and types have been delivered. USE OF SITE EQUIPMENT The installers should check who is providing site equipment including scaffolding.e. 1) System Recognition The installers should have familiarised themselves completely with the curtain wall system prior to arrival on site. lifting gear. If not. ear protection. and that they fully comply with these requirements. or the openings are not prepared satisfactorily. high-visibility vests. 4) Openings Finally. this section gives the installers instructions for installing the curtain wall in typical applications. The procedures in the Centre for window and cladding technology (CWCT) Guide to good practice for facades: Installation.INSTALLATION The following section is designed to give guidance on the installation and maintenance of Spectus aluminium curtain walling and PVCu window inserts.Provision and use of work equipment regulations 1998. informing them of the necessary operations to ensure good installation practice.

For more information on installation brackets see Appendix 2. Fixing Bracket Continue this method along the length of the curtain walling ensuring all joints are silicone sealed.4). Outline of opening LADDER INSTALLATION METHOD The ladder installation method can be used for smaller contracts or where suitable transport is available. The curtain walling is pre-assembled into sections in the factory before being transported to site. The curtain walling is sent to site as individual members (see page 11. if possible. Fix the second ladder to the structure using steel brackets as shown on page 11. be used for perimeter mullions (see page 11.2 . the size of the curtain walling screen and the transport available.9).5.3) Lift the first ladder into position and align vertically ensuring at the same time it is square with the cill pressing.6.INSTALLATION INSTALLATION METHODS There are two main installation methods for curtain walling. perimeter fixing can be used for the head transoms to support the mullions (see page 11. which are dependant on the site conditions. STEP 1 Apply and fix the cill pressing as shown on page 11.14. Typical Fixing Brackets STEP 3 Silicone seal and fit the transoms to the end of the 2nd mullion as shown on page 11.4. Cill Pressing STEP 2 STICK INSTALLATION METHOD The stick installation method is normally used on larger contracts where the ladder method is not suitable. Apply perimeter seal as shown on page 11. LADDER INSTALLATION METHOD The following example gives guidance on a ladder installation method using bracket fixing. If a suitable fixing is available directly above the curtain walling. Fixing Bracket Perimeter Mullion Fixing Bracket FIXING METHODS BRACKET FIXING METHOD The bracket fixing method uses pre-fabricated steel brackets to support the mullions if perimeter fixing is not suitable for the contract. and fix the 2nd mullion using steel brackets as shown on page 11. Fit head transom Top Bracket Fit transom Fit cill transom STEP 4 Bottom Bracket Lift the second ladder into position and fix to the transoms ensuring the joints are silicone sealed. The two installation methods (ladder installation and stick installation) can use different methods of site fixing (bracket fixing or perimeter). 11. Fixing Bracket 2nd Ladder Fixing Bracket PERIMETER FIXING METHOD The perimeter fixing method should. Fix the perimeter mullion as shown on page 11.4.6. This method often reduces the site installation time.

Floor Slab STEP 5 Work across the opening locating one bay and fixing the previous bay as detailed in step 4.8 . Stand into position.7). Fix the first bay at the head.INSTALLATION STICK INSTALLATION METHOD The following example gives guidance on a stick installation method using perimeter fixing. Assemble and locate the first intermediate mullion and fix it to the transoms. Fix into position using the fixing details on page 11. Align the first intermediate mullion vertically and position and fix the intermediate tie back fixings as shown on pages 11. STEP 4 STEP 1 Apply and fix the cill pressing as shown on page 11. Floor Slab Note: Depending upon the installation. Do not fix the last intermediate mullion until the last perimeter mullion has been sprung into place.14. Align vertically ensuring at the same time it is square with the cill pressing. other installation methods can be used. Assemble and locate the second intermediate mullion and fix it to the transoms. Outline of opening Floor Slab Apply and fix the transoms to the second bay. work back across the opening checking all transom to mullion and mullion/transom to cill seals.4.3 .11.9. Apply cill fixings to the first bay.4. Floor Slab When all bays are fixed. Apply perimeter silicone seal as shown on page 11.4. Ensure mullions and transoms are sealed to the cill as shown on page 11. 11.5. Floor Slab Cill Pressing STEP 2 Assemble the upper and lower sections of the first perimeter mullion. Floor Slab Perimeter Mullion STEP 3 STEP 6 Fit the transoms to the perimeter mullion as shown on page 11. ensuring the vertical expansion gap is maintained (see page 11.

if required. at 150mm from each end of the mullion and at maximum 600mm centres. 11. through the perimeter mullion and pocket filler.2).1). as shown on page 8. Insert packers between the opening and pocket filler at the fixing centres and fix the mullion using suitable perimeter fixings. 11.3). ensuring any vertical expansion joints are maintained.4). Mark and drill holes to suit the perimeter fixings. Fix at 600mm centres ensuring the screws are sealed with silicone (see Fig. Stand into position and align vertically ensuring at the same time it is square with the cill pressing. 11. Silicone seal all joints between the mullion and aluminium cill pressing (see Fig. Fig.3 Fig. 11.1 Cill packers must be placed below all mullion positions (see Fig.INSTALLATION CILL FIXING Aluminium cill pressings should be designed for each individual contract as cill conditions can vary from site to site (see Appendix 1). 11. 11. 11. Butyl Bedding Compound Fixing 6mm 6mm Packers PERIMETER MULLION FIXING Assemble the upper and lower sections of the perimeter mullion.2. Butyl Bedding Compound Mullion 6mm Packers 6mm 150 600 max 600 max 600 max 600 max 600 max 150 Transom Block Fig. 11. Joints in the aluminium cill should not occur at mullion positions (see Fig. Silicone Seal Vertical Expansion Joint Transom Block 3m m Silicone Silicone Seal Seal Fig.4 .2 All joints in the aluminium cill pressing must be sealed as shown using a pre-pressed aluminium joint strap and sealed with silicone. Bed down the aluminium cill full width of the opening (except where door openings occur) on butyl bedding compound.4 11.

except where a horizontal expansion joint is required (see below right & page 11.5 . 6m m Spacing shim Fig. HORIZONTAL EXPANSION JOINTS Horizontal expansion transoms are fixed to the mullions at one end as described previously.8).5). Silicone Seal Countersinks The transoms should be fixed to the mullions at both ends.5 Perimeter seal the transom end with silicone and slide the transom into position over the transom block (see Fig. 11.6). Check that the screws securing the transom blocks to the mullions are tightened adequately The transom blocks should be sealed around their perimeter with silicone (see Fig. 11. Perimeter Seal Transom ends with Silicone At the expansion joint end of the transom. Silicone Seal Perimeter Fig. 11. This will maintain a 6mm expansion joint once the transom is slid into position over the transom block (see Fig. Fig.7). 11. 11. both Silicone seal the countersunk holes in the transom and fix the transoms into place using 2 No. 11. 11.INSTALLATION TRANSOM FIXING The following method is used for intermediate and perimeter transoms. a 6mm spacing shim should be placed between the end of the transom and the mullion face. Fig.7 Clean off any excess silicone around the transom and mullion joint. Silicone should only be applied when the transom is being fixed on site.8 Silicone seal the 6mm gap between the transom and mullion face. TYPE 2 screws (see Fig. 11.13).6 With the transom in position over the transom block check the countersunk holes in the transom line-up with the screwports in the transom block. 11.

drill through the final fix hole in the bracket into the mullion. 6mm Fixing Bracket Bracket projects as required Fig. 11. (see Fig.10).13). 11. Fig.11 Fig. 11.9 With the mullion in the correct position.9). Insert nylon shims between the bracket and the mullion and fix the bracket to the mullion using minimum M10x100mm stainless steel bolts. 11. 6mm 6mm Pack the bracket as necessary and bolt to the structure (see Fig. 11.10 Drill hole through bracket & mullion Temporarily pack between the bracket and the mullion and drill through the slotted hole in the bracket through the mullion (see Fig. 11.11). locate the bracket around the mullion ensuring a minimum 6mm gap between the mullion and bracket with the bracket projecting as required past the end of the mullion (see Fig.13 11.6 10mm . Insert nylon shims and fix the mullion using minimum M10x100mm stainless steel bolts through the brackets (see Fig. 11. ensuring the mullion is aligned vertically and square to the transom (see Fig. Fig. 11.12 When exactly aligned.10). 11. 11.12) Fig. 11.5.INSTALLATION BRACKET FIXING Fix the mullion to the transom and silicone seal the joint as shown on page 11.

Silicone Seal Fig. remove it and seal the 6mm expansion joint with silicone (see Fig. Seal around the perimeter of the expansion sleeve and mullion surface with silicone (see Fig. Silicone Seal 6mm Fig.15 Staggered Face cap joint Fig.7 . Staggered Pressure plate joint Mullion Joint Fig.16 Upper Mullion The expansion joints in the pressure plates and PVCu face caps should be staggered (see Fig. 11. 11. 11.14 Slide the upper mullion over the expansion sleeve (see Fig.14).17 11. Expansion Sleeve Maintaining a 6mm expansion gap between the upper and lower mullion (a 6mm spacing shim can be used to maintain the gap). Place the lower mullion into its correct position and fix to the structure as required. The lower mullion should be supplied to site with the expansion sleeve fitted.INSTALLATION VERTICAL EXPANSION JOINTS Where the mullions span more than one floor vertically or the elevation is more than 6m high. 11. 11. 11. 11. If a temporary spacing shim has been used. 11. tie back the upper mullion to the structure at the head. a 6mm expansion gap is required on the mullions.16).15).17 and page 11. pressure plates and face caps.12).

18). 11. All brackets must be shimmed with nylon shims between the mullion tie back brackets.18 With the mullion is in its correct position. 11.19). With the mullion in exact alignment.8 . 11. Fix the mullion using minimum M10x100mm stainless steel bolts through the brackets (see Fig.21). 11. 11.20 Fig. Pack the brackets as necessary and bolt them to the floor slab or structural steel (whichever is applicable (see Fig.19 Fig. drill through the slotted hole in the bracket into the mullion and back up sleeve. and aligned vertically to ascertain the position of the tie back brackets (see Fig.INSTALLATION TYPICAL TIE BACK FIXING The following details show a typical tie back fixing. fixed at the cill. 11.21 11. The mullion is placed in its correct position. angle brackets should be located either side of the mullion. 11. Nylon Shims Bracket Bracket 6mm 6mm Fig. allowing approx 6mm gap between mullion face and bracket (see Fig. 11.20) Fig.

22). Insert the required nylon shims and fix the mullion using minimum M10x100mm stainless steel bolts through the brackets (see Fig.9 . 11. The perimeter head transoms and perimeter cill transoms are fixed in the same manner as the perimeter mullions at 50mm from the end of the transom and at 600mm maximum centres (see Fig. If an alternative method of installation is required.INSTALLATION TYPICAL TIE BACK FIXING (cont) When exact alignment has been attained. Nylon Shims PERIMETER FIXINGS The perimeter mullion fixing details are shown on page 11. The fixings. drill through the final fix hole in the bracket into the mullion and back up sleeve. 11.22 Note: The tie back fixing guidelines are to suit typical installation details only. 11.23 shows a plan of a typical finished tie back installation. 11.24) 600 max 50 600 max 50 50 Fig. 11. 150 50 600 max 600 max 600 max 600 max 600 max 600 max 150 50 600 max 50 Fig. the method must be agreed with the builder or site foreman. fixing centres and required method should be agreed with the builder or site foreman. Fig. Fig.24 Note: The above shows recommended typical fixing centres for perimeter mullions and transoms. 11.4.23 11.

11. FITTING THE THERMAL BREAK Fit the thermal breaks (654001) into the nosing of all mullions and transoms (see Fig.10 .26).26 & 11. NEVER use any solvent based cleaners on the painted surfaces of the aluminium grid. 11.INSTALLATION PVCu WINDOW INSERT FIXING PREPARATION Before proceeding to install the PVCu window inserts check that all joints and fixing screw points have been sealed satisfactorily. and locate the frame setting blocks (655000) in their correct positions (see Fig. At this point do not remove the paper backing from the butyl tape. 11.25). ax M 0 15 APPLICATION OF BUTYL TAPE Apply the butyl tape (900570) to the serrated faces on the mullions and transoms (see Fig. with a mild detergent and warm water. Pinch the tapes together at the tape joints and seal with silicone. Place the setting blocks maximum 150mm from the end of the transom (see Fig.26 & 11.27). Glass Packers Setting Blocks PVCu Insert Aluminium Transom M ax 15 0 Pinch tapes together and seal Max 150 Max 150 Fig.25 Fig. 11. 11. Clean down all surfaces of the aluminium grid.27 11. 11.26 SETTING BLOCK LOCATION Butyl Tape (900570) Thermal Break (654001) Frame Setting Block (655000) The location of the setting blocks is critical to ensure that the dead load is passed via the transoms onto the mullions of the curtain wall. 11. Thermal Break (654001) Fig. Position the tape 1mm in from the sight line of the mullion or transom. that are to receive the butyl tape.27).

11 . Secure in place. and working across the opening. using 200mm pieces of pressure plate (see Fig.28) fixed onto the When all the PVCu window inserts are in place. Centralise the window insert within the opening. 11. Apply pressure around the perimeter of the window. ensuring a good seal onto the tape. temporarily.29 Fig. 11.28 11. at the same time locating it onto the frame setting blocks. 11.INSTALLATION PVCu WINDOW INSERT FIXING INSTALLING THE WINDOW Remove the paper backing from the butyl tape one opening at a time. fix the vertical pressure plates through the pre-drilled holes. Remove the temporary 200mm pressure plates and then fix the horizontal pressure plates through the predrilled holes (see Fig. 11.29). fit the pressure plate gasket (105240/T) into all the pressure plates. PVCu Window Insert Vertical Pressure Plate 200 PVCu Window Insert Horizontal Pressure Plates 200 PVCu Window Insert held temporarily in position by pieces of pressure plate Fig.

MCC Fig. Glaze the PVCu window inserts in accordance with the relevant product technical manual.31 PVCu FACE CAPS MCC Snap the face cap expansion sleeve (SW601) into place over the gap in the pressure plates.32 11. Seal the 6mm expansion gap with silicone.32).30 Expansion Sleeve Face Cap Fig. The square face cap (SW600) should always be fitted to the vertical pressure plates. 11. Pressure Plates SW600 Fig.30).INSTALLATION PVCu WINDOW INSERT FIXING INSTALLING THE WINDOW Clip the PVCu face caps onto the pressure plates. 11. VERTICAL EXPANSION JOINTS When installing curtain walling with vertical expansion joints. the following procedure must be followed for the pressure plates and PVCu face caps. The angled face cap (MCC) can be fitted to the horizontal pressure plates (see Fig. 11. 11. making sure that the expansion gap (6mm) in the pressure plates is offset by a minimum of 25mm from the expansion gap in the mullion (see Fig.11. PRESSURE PLATES Fix the pressure plates as described on page 11. Fit the face caps (SW600) making sure that the expansion gap (6mm) in the face caps is offset by a minimum of 25mm from the expansion gap in the pressure plates (see Fig. 11.31).12 31 25 6 6 6 25 6 . 11. Seal the 6mm expansion gap with silicone.

the following procedure must be followed for the butyl tape.35 PVCu FACE CAPS Run Tape Over Joint To Meet Vertical Tape Snap the vertical PVCu face cap (SW600) on to the mullion (see Fig.36 Snap the horizontal PVCu face cap (MCC) on to the transom pressure plate.35).33 PRESSURE PLATES Fit the pressure plate gasket (105240/T) into the pressure plate ensuring the gasket extends 7mm past the end of the pressure plate.INSTALLATION HORIZONTAL EXPANSION JOINTS When installing curtain walling with horizontal expansion joints.10. Seal the 6mm gap at the end of the PVCu face cap with silicone. 11. 11. maintaining a 9mm gap at the expansion joint end (see Fig.36). 11.13 . 11.34).34 11. Fig. Silicone Sealed Expansion Joint Seal Between Pressure Plates Fig. Run the butyl tape over the 6mm silicone sealed expansion joint (see page 11. Join gaskets and seal with silicone SW600 Face Cap Fig. as shown on page 11. 11. Fix the pressure plate. 11.5) to meet with the vertical tape (see Fig.pressure plates and PVCu face caps. 11. Seal between the pressure plates with silicone (see Fig. 9 d 7 nde et e k xt s E Ga Fig.11. ensuring that the 6mm expansion gap in the PVCu face cap is at the opposite end to the expansion gap in the pressure plate. APPLICATION OF BUTYL TAPE Apply the butyl tape to the serrated faces on the mullions and transoms as shown on page 11. 11.33).

The installers should consult the silicone supplier as to which type of silicone is suitable for any particular site application.INSTALLATION SEALING THE PERIMETER Care should be taken when sealing the perimeter to ensure the silicone is kept behind the PVCu face caps.14 . Note: Ensure that the cill has been sealed during the installation of the curtain wall grid (see page 11. to facilitate future removal.4) Ensure silicone seal is kept behind PVCu face caps HEAD DETAIL Fixing JAMB DETAIL Ensure silicone seal is kept behind PVCu face caps Fixing 11.

with the main contractor to eventually pass on to the client. c) If other trades are to follow on after completion of the curtain wall. For painted aluminium surfaces. once the glass is cleaned a suitable protective film is applied to the glass.FINISHING INSPECTION DURING INSTALLATION As the curtain walling is being installed. but nothing harsher than a natural bristle brush. the company who applied the paint to the PVCu surfaces should be contacted for guidance as to what cleaning agents are suitable. CLEANING OF GLASS AREAS Generally. For all PVCu surfaces. PVCu WINDOW MAINTENANCE PVCu window inserts should be maintained strictly in accordance with the details contained in the relevant product technical manual. The glass manufacturers instructions should be strictly followed in the case of specialist or coated glass. If this occurs. If other trades are to follow. it is advised that. clean down with PVCu cleaner. GENERAL MAINTENANCE OF PAINT AND PVCu FINISHES In order to maintain the best possible appearance of the Spectus Curtain Wall and PVCu window and door products. a) Clean down all surfaces of the PVCu and aluminium paint surfaces with recommended cleaners. FINAL CLEANING DOWN Following fixing of the curtain walling. they should leave a copies of any maintenance information relating to the windows and doors. once the installers have cleaned down and are satisfied with the workmanship. d) Finally. it is recommended that the surfaces are cleaned at regular intervals with a solution of mild detergent and warm water. only use a mild detergent to clean down. the installer should check with the builder or site foreman if any other trades are to immediately follow on after the cleaning process.1 . glass should be cleaned using water with added mild cleaning agent or detergent. it should be agreed with the builder or site foreman that the curtain walling be inspected prior to commencement of works by other trades. NEVER USE A SOLVENT BASED CLEANER. Before the final cleaning down of the curtain walling. the installer must ensure that all surfaces of the PVCu and aluminium paint surfaces are adequately protected. using a soft cloth or sponge. b) The installers should satisfy themselves that all works have been carried out in accordance with the detailed working drawings. it is essential that the builder or site foreman is immediately informed of this. 12. and if other trades are also present on site. If other trades are to follow. PAINT FINISH PVCu FRAMES If the contract has an external paint finish to the PVCu frames and cappings. the following steps should be taken by the installer to ensure acceptance of the finished installation. or with a proprietary glass cleaner. it is possible for the curtain walling to become accidentally marked by substances used by other trades. to ensure that the curtain walling installer is not held responsible for the cleaning of these substances.

2mm = 18mm = (77.2. if the corner detail is known. Dim A Mullion Frame depth+3 box depth CORNER POST PRESSINGS Corner post pressings should run the full height of the end mullion. the following calculations can be used to determine the dimensions of the pressing. Details shown are for guidance only. 13. this must be added to the size of the corner pressing.1 Aluminium pressing = Frame depth + 3 + Mullion box depth + Pressing overlap Example: If using 70mm PVCu windows and the SWR670/ C mullion. Pressing overlap Aluminium pressing Dim C Overall angle Pressing overlap Fig. SWR670/C mullion and the overall angle is 45°. semi gloss.5 Pressing Overlap Aluminium pressing = 59.5°. 13. as shown above. 13. then:Dim A = 73mm + 70mm = 143mm Angle B = 45°/2 = 22. However.13. 13.2)77mm x 77mm Fig. 90° CORNERS The size of pressing required for 90° corners can be determined as shown in Fig.1. as shown above.APPENDIX 1 ALUMINIUM PRESSINGS ALUMINIUM PRESSINGS To colour match the aluminium curtain walling sections and the PVCu framing. this must be added to the size of the corner pressing. Dim C = 143 Tan 22. OTHER ANGLES The size of pressing required for other angles can be determined as shown in Fig.1 . It is the responsibility of the surveyor / fabricator / installer to ensure that all items are suitable for each specific instance. then:Frame depth + 3 Mullion box depth Pressing overlap Aluminium pressing = 73mm = 70mm = 18mm = 161mm x 161mm If there is a gap between the mullions at the corner detail.2 Aluminium pressing = Dim C + Pressing overlap Aluminium pressing Frame Mullion depth+3 box depth Dim A = (Frame depth + 3) + Mullion box depth Angle B = Overall angle/2 Dim C = Dim A Tan Angle B Example: If using 70mm PVCu windows. The dimensions for corner post pressings can be measured on site once the curtain walling screens have been installed. Aluminium Pressings If there is a gap between the mullions at the corner detail. Aluminium pressings should be powder coated to RAL 9016.

The joint between the internal cill upstand and the end return should either be welded or silicone sealed. Fig. 13. It is the responsibility of the surveyor / fabricator / installer to ensure that all items are suitable for each specific instance. based on the site conditions.3. 13. 13. Weld or silicone seal joint Example: If the required overhang is 30mm. then:Required overhang Set-back Frame depth + 3 Mullion box depth Aluminium cill depth = 30mm = 40mm = 73mm = 70mm = 213mm 90° Note: The cill pressing should be flat for the combined frame depth + 3 and mullion box depth (in this example 143mm) before being angled at a minimum of 5° for the depth of the required overhang and set-back as shown in Fig. 13. Details shown are for guidance only. 13.APPENDIX 1 ALUMINIUM PRESSINGS CILL PRESSINGS Aluminium cill pressings should be determined for each individual contract. Aluminium pressing = Required overhang + Set-back + Frame depth + 3 + Mullion box depth CILL END RETURNS Wherever a perimeter mullion is being fitted or in certain situations.6.6. etc) but should be a minimum of 20mm as shown in Fig. Overhang Frame depth + 3 & & set-back mullion box depth Minimum 5° Flat area Fig. internal flooring thickness.4. 13. CILL SIZE The size of the pressing required for the cill detail can be determined as shown in Fig. Aluminium Pressings Fig.2 .4. 13. 13. eg. 13. The size of the internal cill upstand can be determined by several different factors (screeding. as shown above. Minimum 20mm 90° Fig.5. the aluminium cill should form an end return at 90° as shown in Fig. Required overhang Aluminium cill pressing SetFrame Mullion back depth + 3 box depth INTERNAL CILL UPSTAND The internal cill upstand should be formed at 90° to the cill pressing. the set-back is 40mm and if using 70mm PVCu windows and the SWR670/C cill transom.5.3. an aluminium door opening.

the same fixing plate height can be used for the top fixing bracket if the detail is suitable. Note: The fixing plate depth should be big enough to allow the installer to drill through all fixing holes on site.8. 13. 13. then:Edge clearance Transom height Bracket clearance Bracket height Fixing plate height = 10mm = 62mm = 15mm = 60mm = 147mm Fig.3 .8. Bracket clearance BRACKET SIZE The size of the bracket can be determined as shown in Fig. bracket clearance is 15mm and the bracket height is 60mm. as shown above. The fixing detail at the top of the mullion is sometimes different to the fixing detail at the bottom of the mullion. 13.7.7.APPENDIX 2 FIXING BRACKETS FIXING BRACKETS MULLION BRACKETS Depending upon site conditions. It is the responsibility of the surveyor / fabricator / installer to ensure that all items are suitable for each specific instance. it may be necessary to fix the curtain walling mullions using pre-fabricated steel brackets at the top and bottom of the mullions. Fixing Brackets Details shown are for guidance only. Mullion box depth Cover Bracket height Fixing plate height Transom height Bracket clearance Bracket height Side Clearance Internal bracket depth Cover Back Clearance Edge clearance Fixing plate depth Fixing plate height = Edge clearance + Transom height + Bracket clearance + Bracket height If the edge clearance is 10mm. Internal Bracket Width Final fixing hole dia + Fixing slot dia + spacings Internal bracket depth = Cover + Back clearance Internal bracket width = Side clearance + Mullion width + Side clearance The bracket manufacturer should be consulted regarding the fixing plate and bracket design. FIXING PLATE SIZE The size of the fixing plate can be determined as shown in Fig. Bracket height = Side Clearance Example: Mullion Width Fig. However. 13. and the sizes must be determined separately. Brackets should be determined for each individual contract. 13.

Packing shims should always be used between the brackets and the intermediate steel angle. Mullion box depth Back Cover clearance STEELWORK FIXING BRACKET SIZE The size and design of brackets required for fixing back to steelwork can be determined in a similar manner to the brackets required for fixing back to a concrete slab. 13.4 .10. based on the site conditions. and between the steel angle and the steelwork. which is in turn fixed back to the steelwork as shown in Fig.11. It is the responsibility of the surveyor / fabricator / installer to ensure that all items are suitable for each specific instance. Bracket depth = Fixing Brackets Note: The bracket width should be big enough to allow the installer to drill through all fixing holes on site. 13. Intermediate steel angle Bracket depth Cover Bracket width Back clearance Steelwork Fig. 13. 13. 13. Steelwork Bracket fixed directly back to steelwork Fig.11.APPENDIX 2 FIXING BRACKETS FIXING BRACKETS TIE-BACK BRACKETS The size and design of brackets for fixing back to the structure at intermediate levels can vary depending upon site conditions. Details shown are for guidance only. Bracket height Alternatively.10. 13. Depending upon the building design. 13. The fixings can vary whether the structure is tied-back to a concrete slab or steelwork. the brackets can be fixed to an intermediate steel angle. Bracket height = Final fixing hole dia + Fixing slot dia + spacings Cover + Back clearance Fig.9. SLAB FIXING BRACKET SIZE The size and design of brackets required for fixing back to a concrete slab can be determined as shown in Fig. the brackets can be fixed directly back to the steelwork using appropriate packing shims as shown in Fig. Tie-back brackets and appropriate fixings should be determined for each individual contract.9.

5mm 18mm 18mm 18.5mm 31mm 31mm 31.5mm 11.5mm 31. and in the table shown below.5mm 22.5mm 12.5mm Note .5mm 24.5mm 11.5mm 24mm 24mm 24mm 24. Drill and countersink 5mm holes (as described on page 9.14.5mm 43mm 44. Frame angle Dim ‘A’ Dim ‘B’ 2mm Dim ‘D’ Dim ‘C’ Fig. 13.5mm 30mm 30mm 29. The fixing position of the transom blocks varies depending upon the angle of the framing as shown in Fig.5mm 15.5mm 36mm 38. 4mm TRANSOM END PREPARATION The preparation at the end of each angled transom varies depending upon the angle of the framing as shown in Fig. 13.5mm 29mm 30mm 30.5mm 21. 13.5mm 31.1 & 9.5mm 50° 49. Remove corner Frame angle Lower block fixing centre Higher block fixing centre Dim ‘D’ Dim Dim ‘B’ ‘C’ Dim ‘A’ Fig.5mm 12mm 10mm 9mm 8mm 7mm 6mm 5. 13.12. at the centres shown in the table below.2) at the centres shown in the table below.5mm 52. 13.5mm 24mm 25mm 25.4.5 .5mm 3mm 22.12.4.5mm 33mm 34mm 35mm 36mm 37mm 38mm 39mm 40mm 41mm 42.2mm holes (as described on pages 9.5mm 45.5mm 16mm 15mm 14.5mm 29mm 29mm 29mm 29mm 29mm 29.13.5mm 11.The same dimensions are used at each end of the angled transom.5mm 26.5mm Fig.5mm 11.5mm 49. 13.13.5mm 31.5mm 14mm 13. Transom blocks and transoms should be screw fixed as described on page 9.5mm 47.5mm 41mm 43. a small section of the transom blocks must be removed as shown in Fig. 13.5mm 4. Frame Lower Block Higher Block Remove Angle Fixing Centre Fixing Centre Corner 10° 12° 14° 16° 18° 20° 22° 24° 26° 28° 30° 32° 34° 36° 38° 40° 42° 44° 46° 48° 50° 32. 13. However.3) at each end of the transom as shown in Fig.5mm 14.5mm 31. Angle 10° 12° 14° 16° 18° 20° 22° 24° 26° 28° 30° 32° 34° 36° 38° 40° 42° 44° 46° 48° Dim ‘A’ 23mm 23.5mm 12mm 12mm 12mm 12mm 12mm 12mm 12mm 12mm 12mm Dim ‘C’ 17mm 17mm 17mm 17.5mm 12mm 12mm 13mm 13.APPENDIX 3 ANGLED FRAMES TRANSOM BLOCKS Typical angled top frames can be manufactured using the standard transom blocks fixed in staggered positions to the top of the mullions.5mm 14mm 23mm 23.5mm 46mm Dim ‘B’ 11.5mm 27mm 28mm 29mm 30mm 31mm 32mm 33mm 34. for certain angles.5mm 11.5mm n/a n/a Remove Remove Remove Remove Remove Remove Remove Remove Remove Remove Remove n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 19.5mm 31.5mm 19mm 20mm Dim ‘D’ 17.5mm 25mm 1. Remove corner Drill 4.5mm 55mm 58mm 61mm 65mm 30.14.5mm 20.5mm 17mm 16.5mm 3.