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Energy: Power-saving Conventional Systems

Increasing energy efficiency of conventional systems

THE PROBLEM STATEMENT
India faces a gigantic energy crisis. However, there is a crying need to protect the environment to ensure that we leave a healthy environment to our future generations. The need of the day is to innovate and make more efficient machines that consume lesser energy. Technologies like energy-efficient motherboards, super hybrid engine, and energy processing units ensure lower consumption of power than conventional products. These are some of the ways to conserve energy. According to the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), India’s energy efficiency is the fifth lowest in the world, but there is room for substantial energy savings. The industrial sector consumes about half of the total commercial energy available in India and 70 percent of this is by energy-intensive sectors like fertilizers, aluminum, textiles, cement, iron and steel, and paper and 15-25 percent of this is avoidable. The report says that 5-10 percent of energy saving is possible simply by better housekeeping measures. Another 10-15 percent saving is possible with small investment like low cost retrofits and use of energy efficient devices and controls. The saving is much higher if high cost measures are included (major retrofit, process modifications). Industry and transport sectors have the highest potential for energy savings. While there are already some energy efficiency measures like ban on import of second-hand machinery such as sponge iron plants and paper mills, there is also support for use of cleaner fuels, co-generation, and tapping waste heat for process heat. There is also a need to adopt sub-sectoral technology options for large-scale energy savings. The way forward is to improve the energy efficiency by over 30 percent compared to the present levels. Further, BEE has been promoting the use of high-quality CFLs to domestic consumers for about Rs 15 per lamp, a rate comparable to that of incandescent bulbs. This CFL price is currently Rs 80-100 per lamp and is the stumbling block in its penetration into households. It targets replacement of about 400-million

HVAC systems. The major components of the building which are being addressed through this code are walls. and windows.7 billion units.000 MW of electricity demand and about 24 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions every year.000 crore a year by 2015. which officials estimate could be worth Rs 74. Mandatory compliance of the ECBC is expected to yield annual saving of approximately 1. roofs. All these clearly indicate that technologies in the conventional systems can be revamped to take advantage of. leading to a possible reduction of about 6. The plan is to help energy-intensive firms set energy efficiency targets. . and water heating and water pumping systems. The scheme sets minimum energy standards for commercial buildings. India is also moving ahead with plans to create a market in energy efficiency credits modeled on carbon emission cap-and-trade schemes. lighting systems. electrical distribution systems.incandescent bulbs in use in the country. BEE has also launched Energy Conservation Building Code and Energy Efficiency in Existing Building Scheme (ECBC). Those firms that exceeded the targets would be awarded credits that they would be able to sell on power exchanges to those companies that fail to meet their targets. These codes define norms of energy requirement per square meter of area and takes into consideration the climatic regions of the country where the building is located.

higher and lower party offices etc are affected The main problem is concerned with overuse of energy Ie consumption exceeds production. the problem exists throughout the world but there it is not up to this extent This is a problem because there are limited natural resources available for the production of energy or power thus leads to inadequate power supply to the world Why is it a problem? . lower production rate of power and transportation or grid loss of power or energy This is a problem in a perspective that in future resources or natural resources are getting exhaust.PROBLEM DEPTH PROBLEM BREADTH QUESTIONS ANALYSIS Who is affected? In present generation lower and middle class are affected Later in future everyone is affected due to this problem Other than government sectors like police academy. petroleum etc for power generation leads to lower power production This is a problem when the power consumption exceeds power production thereby creating a shortage and no alternative solution is found What is the problem? How is it a problem? When is it a problem? Where is it a problem? Considering small sectors it is a problem in India while considering as large or whole. Depletion of natural resources like coal.

WHY? Why there is need for energy conventional system? REASONS Because India is facing energy crisis and this is a major or critical problem in India Why energy or power crisis Because India is second highest populated and fifth Is a major or critical lowest energy efficient country in the world Problem in India? Why is India fifth lowest energy efficient in the world? Because the society is not conserving energy or not minimizing the power consumption. and not using efficient power conventional systems Why the energy or power consumption must be minimized or use efficient conventional power systems? Because today consumption is exceeding the production thus there occurs shortage of power Why will power production Because the natural resources used for power decrease in future or shortage of power occurs? generation or production depletes in the future .

wind power and husk power systems…………… .1 The chart explains some solutions including retrolight concept.THE CHART . CFL . solar power.liqid led bulbs.

2 ECOSYSTEM is shown above SUBSYSTEM.it contains the part we can do or it is within our range such as Using CFL. use LEDs SUPERSYSTEM-this part doesn’t come our range like wind power systems Hydropower systems.THE CHART . nuclear energy etc . retro light.