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Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah ‘s only lost case is remarkably a heart touching story of Martyr Ilm Deen

. It all started with the publishing Of publishing of an inflammatory book named RANGEELA RASUL vilifying Prophet Muhammad (SAW) thereby adding fuel to the existing Muslim/Hindu tensions during the 1920 s . The book was published by a Hindu named RAJ PAL . However as the book got circulated , it aroused the sentiments of MUSLIMS community . Pressure from the Muslim community resulted in the matter being taken to Session court Lahore which found Raj Pal guilty and sentenced him. Subsequently Rajpal appealed against the decision of Session Court in the Lahore High court. The appeal was heard by Judge Daleep Singh who gave leave to appeal on the grounds that on the basis of criticism against the religious leaders, no matter how immoral it is, is not covered by S.153 of the Indian Penal Code. Thus Rajpal could not be sentenced as law did not cover blasphemous criticism against religion. The High Court decision was widely criticised and protests were made against it by Muslims of India. Little did anyone suspect that one young man’ s course of action would bring about a significant change in the Law, ensuring that Islam would be covered by blasphemy laws. Ilm Din was an illiterate teenager from Lahore. His father was a carpenter. One day he was passing near Masjid (mosque) Wazir Khan. There was a huge crowd shouting slogans against Rajpal. The speaker thundered: "Oh Muslims! The devil Rajpal has sought to dishonour our beloved Prophet Muhammed (S.A.W) by his ****** book!” Ilm Din was deeply affected by this passionate speech and vowed to take action. On 6th September 1929 Ilm Deen set out for the bazaar and purchased a dagger for one rupee. He hid the dagger in his pants and waited opposite Rajpal’ s Shop. Rajpal had not arrived yet. His flight had arrived at Lahore airport and he proceeded to phone the police in order to request them to provide him security. Ilm Deen did not know what the publisher looked like. He asked a few passer-by’ s as to Rajpal’ s whereabouts and said that he needed to discuss something with him. Rajpal entered the shop without detection but soon after a man alerted Ilm Din that Rajpal was inside. The young man entered the shop, lunged forward and attacked him. He stabbed his dagger into the chest of Rajpal with such force that his heart was ripped from his body. Rajpal fell dead on the ground. Ilm Deen made no attempt to escape. Rajpal’ s employees grabbed him and shouted for help. The police arrived at the scene and arrested Ilm Deen. He was kept in Mianwali jail. The case went to
court and Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was his defence lawyer. Jinnah fought Ghazi Ilm Deen's case on a special request from Allama Iqbal. Jinnah urged Ilm Din to enter a plea of not guilty plea and to say that he had acted due to extreme provocation. The fact that Ilm Din was only 19 years old would have also worked in his favour. Ilm Din refused to offer such a plea and insisted that he was proud of his actions. This case was the only one that Jinnah ever lost. The Session Court awarded Ilm Din the death penalty. Against his wishes, the Muslims lodged an appeal, but it

was rejected. Ilm Din's execution occurred on 31st October 1929. When asked if he had any last requests, he simply requested that he be allowed to pray two rak’ at (units) nafl (voluntary) prayer, thus following the example of Khubaib (RA) who also prayed 2 rak’ ats nafl before the pagan Quraish executed him. As the noose was put around the neck of Ilm Din, he repeated before the huge crowd: "O people! Bear witness that I killed Rajpal to defend our last Prophet Muhammed S.A.W, and today they are going to hang me. I am sacrificing my life whilst reciting the kalimah (shahadah -

Muhammed Allama Iqbal and Mian Abdul Aziz —campaigned to have the body of Ilm Din returned to Lahore for the Janaza prayer. The inhabitants of Lahore wanted Ilm Din’ s body returned in order to give him an Islamic janaza (funeral). Mass demonstrations broke out and there the tension between the Hindu and Muslim communities was palpable. the body arrived in Lahore. he tearfully declared: "This uneducated young man has surpassed us. As Iqbal placed the body of Ilm Din into the grave. Allama Iqbal who replied that I am a sinful person not competent to do this job to lead the funeral of such a matchless warrior.000 Muslims attended the funeral prayer which led by the Imam of masjid Wazeer Khan. the educated ones. Imam Muhammed Shamsuddeen. Muslims from the whole city and millions from adjoining areas attended his funeral. Ilmuddin's father requested Allama Muhammad Iqbal to lead the funeral prayer and this shivered Dr." The young man was killed and the authorities buried him without any Janazah (funeral) prayer being offered for him. it was found to be the intact without any change whatsoever. 200. When the body of Ilm Din was exhumed from its grave. was permission given. Only after Allama Iqbal gave his assurance to the British that no riots would erupt." . This occurred on 14th November 1929 —a full 15 days after the hanging. The British were worried that this would incite unrest. The kaffan (shroud) had not changed its colour. After a two-day journey. Mawlana Zafar Ali Khan said ahead of the burial: "Alas! If only if I had managed to attain such a blessed status!" Allama Iqbal carried the funeral bier along its final journey.testimony of faith). Two celebrated activists —Dr.