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2013

GROUP OF 20 DELEGATES MANUAL TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION TO GROUP OF 20 (G20) OPERATING PROCEDURES VOTING- TYPES AND RIGHTS FOREIGN POLICY STATEMENT PROCEDURES FOR DECLARATION DECLARATIONS AGENDA LIST- PRACTICE DEBATE AND MAIN CONFERENCE ACCEPTED SOURCES OF INFORMATION BEST DELEGATE AWARD CONTACT DETAILS 3 4 8 10 12 15 19 22 20 21

SISHMUN 2013

The G8 was replaced by the G20 in order to accommodate the emerging economies of the world. It also replaced the G23. more than 80% of the world GDP and world trade are contributed by the members of the G20. SISHMUN 2013 page 3 . This helps all the economies of the globe progress and develops. better known as the G20. both advanced and emerging to discuss the issues faced by these economies and find solutions for them. Currently. formerly the G22. It accounts for two-thirds of the population. It was proposed by the former Canadian Prime Minister Paul Martin. The main aim of the G20 is to bring together the major economies of the world. was formed in 2008.INTRODUCTION The Group of 20. The current members of the G20 are:           Argentina Australia Brazil Canada China European Union France Germany India Indonesia           Italy Japan Mexico Russia Saudi Arabia South Africa South Korea Turkey United kingdom United states of America Along with these countries and the European Union representatives of important financial institutions such as the President of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the Chairman and Managing Director of the World Bank are also members.

ROLL CALL OF DELEGATES VOTING ON THE ORDER OF THE AGENDA ITEMS OPENING OF THE SPEAKER LIST SPEECHES BY THE DELEGATES ON THE SPEAKERS LIST MODERATED CAUCUS UN-MODERATED CAUCUS ON THE AGENDA DRAFTING A DECLARATION VOTING ON DECLARATION RESUMPTION OF SPEAKERS LIST OR A SETTING NEW AGENDA SISHMUN 2013 page 4 .OPERATING PROCEDURES The following rules of procedures are to be adhered to strictly by all delegates. once the session is declared open by the director.

if required. the director can SISHMUN 2013 page 5 . MODERATED CAUCUS If an important or a related issue comes up in delegate’s speech.’ However.minute speech on the agenda at hand. SPEECHES BY THE DELEGATES ON THE SPEAKERS LIST Each delegate on the speakers list is entitled to give a two. Please note that all delegates may not be able to speak on both agendas due to time constrain. any observer delegations are only eligible to respond as ‘present. Speakers have a right to choose if they are open to questions and comments’ or just ‘comments. the director has discretionary powers to yield the floor to point of inquiry. Delegates can also add their names to the speakers list through writing. The director may also grant permission to ask a follow up question in case the delegate’s response was not gratifying. This motion will be passed by a simple majority after the speeches of a selective number of delegates.’ as they are not eligible to vote on substantial items.’ However. VOTING ON THE ORDER OF THE AGENDA ITEMS The director may open the floor to motions to change the order of discussion of agendas.ROLL CALL Once the committee is in session there will be a roll call of delegates to which they may respond as ‘present and voting’ or just ‘present. However. Delegates can speak on the topic(s) by raising the placards when asked to do so by the director. the director will open the speakers list. The director can also grant permission to reply to comments. OPENING OF SPEAKERS LIST Once the order of the agenda items have been decided. every delegate will be given the opportunity to speak on at least one of the agendas.

when there are no limitations on the number. RESUMPTION OF SPEAKERS LIST OR A SETTING NEW AGENDA Once a Declaration has been passed the speakers list may be resumed. and are always non-binding. it automatically fails. A motion for moderated caucus may be put forth by any delegate and the motion must include a time limit for the caucus. with the exception of an emergency. specifying in the proposal the time of the un-moderated caucus and the purpose of it. the motion can be passed by the director’s discretionary powers.keep aside the speakers list and begin a moderated caucus. If simple majority is not acquired. Any number of Declarations can be drafted by the G20. DRAFTING DECLARATIONS Declarations are written solutions proposed by delegates during the unmoderated caucus on the agenda at hand. and must display a consensus among the nations of the G20. The Declaration must follow the specified format to be considered valid. VOTING ON DECLARATIONS As the G20 recognises all the present nations as sovereign. the Declaration must be voted on unanimously. UN-MODERATED CAUCUS ON THE AGENDA A delegate may propose a motion for an un-moderated caucus. other SISHMUN 2013 page 6 . Although a number of Declarations may be drafted only a one can be passed per agenda. If a Declaration does not receive unanimous votes. This motion is put to vote and passed by a simple majority. A moderated caucus is a formal debate of matters of urgency and importance with respect to the committee. During this time all intra-committee formalities are suspended. speaking time per delegate. An un-moderated caucus is an informal session where delegates interact with one another and form a Declaration.

SISHMUN 2013 page 7 . this requires a ‘second’ by another delegate as passes through a simple majority vote.items on the agenda list may be discussed or a new agenda may be set by a motion proposed by a delegate.

PROCEDURAL VOTING refers to the type of voting employed for passing motions. Voting on Declarations and amendments are solely reserved for member delegates marked ‘present ‘or ‘present and voting. observer delegations are not eligible to vote. In this case.’ In a substantive vote all delegates must reach a consensus and therefore issues eligible for substantive voting requires a unanimous agreement by all twenty delegates. The delegates may choose to respond as: SISHMUN 2013 page 8 . the director will proceed to the second round.VOTING. All delegates present in the room are eligible to vote and is done by raising their placards when asked to do so.TYPES AND RIGHTS There are two types of voting recognised in the G20. It can be done with a simple majority or two-thirds majority as the case may require. with rights No No. Under substantive voting. Irrespective of the results of the first round of voting. procedural and substantive voting. a delegate has the right to respond in the following ways:      Yes Yes. with rights Pass Delegates are not allowed to abstain from voting. SUBSTANTIVE VOTING refers to the type of voting used when the floor is open to voting on Declarations and amendments.’ and only those delegates will be addressed in this round. if delegates have responded ‘pass.

Foreign Policy Statement or speech. SISHMUN 2013 page 9 . ‘Voting with rights’ privilege is only given to those delegates going against their national policy. Once the announcement is made delegates voting ‘with rights’ are called upon by the director and allotted 30 seconds each to explain their vote. Yes  No After the two rounds of voting director will declare the amendment or Declaration as passed/ failed.

conventions ratified by the nation. What is your country doing to support or condemn this issue? III. the accuracy of the statement presented and whether the delegates divagate from it. These two factors and the FPS itself play a crucial role in the decision made by the directors for the best delegate award. The format to be followed by the delegates for the FPS is as follows: I. The FPS will help the directors in judging the delegates’ understanding of the agenda and his/her awareness of the countries stance. What does your country further plan to support or condemn the issue? SISHMUN 2013 page 10 . support demonstrated for any UN Resolution. The FPS’ will be specifically written with regard to the issues or agendas prepared for discussion in the committee. Treaties. When preparing an FPS must keep in mind the following guidelines:  A massive essay with information that is not clearly presented in an organised manner will neither impress the directors nor put forth the countries stance on the issue. Two factors are primarily considered by the directors from the FPS. Does your country support or condemn the issue? II.  The length of the FPS should not exceed two pages per agenda.  Include relevant information that will help to clearly exhibit your countries stance on the topic. bilateral or multilateral agreements with other nations.FOREIGN POLICY STATEMENT The Foreign Policy Statement (FPS) is a written statement prepared by the delegates for their respective countries in order to express the countries stance on the issue. and even steps taken within the country at a domestic level.

For the FPS format please refer to the common delegate manual: http://www.pdf SISHMUN 2013 page 11 .sishmun.It is mandatory that all delegates follow the given FPS format.org/Delegate%20Manual%202013%20(1).

INTRODUCTION AND SPEECHES FOR AND AGAINST VOTING ON AMENDMENTS SPEECHES FOR AND AGAINST DECLARATIONS VOTING ON DECLARATIONS SISHMUN 2013 page 12 .PROCEDURE FOR DECLARATIONS UN-MODERATED CAUCUS ACQUISITION OF REQUISITE NUMBER OF SIGNATURE INTRODUCTION OF DRAFT DECLARATIONS APPROVAL OF THE DECLARATION BY THE DIRECTOR SPPECH ON THE OPERATIVE CLAUSES AMENDMENTS.

APPROVAL OF DECLARATION BY THE DIRECTOR Once the director has read and approved the Declarations on the basis of format. in case there is more than one Declaration. During this time all intra-committee formalities are suspended. the time limit for this speech 4 minutes and can be delivered only by a single delegate and the floor will not be open to questions and comments SISHMUN 2013 page 13 . it simply states the delegate’s interest in the discussion of the Declaration. relevance to topic and differentiation from the Declaration presented prior to it. If simple majority is not acquired. specifying in the proposal the time of the un-moderated caucus and the purpose of it. the motion can be passed by the director’s discretionary powers. INTRODUCTION OF DRAFT DECLARATION A draft Declaration is presented to director for approval before formally debating for and against the Declaration. An un-moderated caucus is an informal session where delegates interact with one another and form a Declaration. ACQUISITION OF REQUISITE NUMBER OF SIGNATURES The requisite number of signatures required for drafting a Declaration is one third the delegates present or five delegates. Delegates must note that being a signatory does not express their support towards the Declaration.UNMODERATED CAUCUS A delegate may propose a motion for an un-moderated caucus. This motion is put to vote and passed by a simple majority. SPEECH ON THE OPERATIVE CLAUSES The delegate that proposes the motion may choose to give the speech on the operative clauses of the Declaration. whichever is greater. another delegate may speak on the clauses. If not.

Just as the amendments. speakers list is once again drawn up. as long as two speakers each have spoken for and against the amendments. the committee will move onto voting on these amendments. VOTING ON THE DECLARATION A motion may be proposed to move to voting on the Declaration.INTRODUCTION AND SPEECHES FOR AND AGAINST Delegates may propose amendments in writing to the director. SPEECHES FOR AND AGAINST THE DECLARATION After the amendments are put to vote and those that pass are included in the Declaration. the Declaration requires all twenty delegates present to vote unanimously to display the consensus among the nations of the G20. When the floor is open to amendments the speakers list is drawn up for speeches for and against each amendments. SISHMUN 2013 page 14 . VOTING ON THE AMENDMENTS Once the speakers list has concluded for the amendments. These amendments are substantive and therefore require unanimous votes either for against each amendment.AMENDMENTS. The floor will remain open to questions and comments. A motion to close debate on the amendments can be proposed. entertaining a minimum of two speakers for and two speakers against the Declaration.

It is followed by the OPERATIVE CLAUSES.DECLARATIONS A Declaration is the solution proposed by the delegates of the G20. It acts as an instrument to show the consensus amongst the member nations and their aim for the future specifically pertaining to the agendas being discussed in committee. else it will be deemed invalid. when.’ It acts as an introduction to the Declaration. where. Delegates are also required to remember that if any Declaration seems irrelevant to the agenda being discussed or the format is not being followed the director will not apporve the draft. why and what. The operative clauses should be organised according to their chronology (actions already taken precedes those to be taken) and urgency. which states the actions taken by the G20 and those that they will in the future. The format is as follows: The PREAMBLE consists of the basic five components. SISHMUN 2013 page 15 . The Declaration has to strictly follow the format. ‘who.

held an initial meeting in Washington on November 15. We are determined to enhance our cooperation and work together to restore global growth and achieve needed reforms in the world’s financial systems  We face the greatest challenge to the world economy in modern times.SAMPLE DECLARATION SUMMIT ON FINANCIAL MARKETS AND WORLD ECONOMY THE PREAMBLE  We. too. the leaders of the Group of Twenty. to be sustained. a crisis which has deepened since we last met. men and children in every country. strengthen the capital of financial institutions. We have taken strong and significant actions to date to stimulate our economies. that growth. repair the financial system to restore lending. SISHMUN 2013 page 16 . and that our global plan for recovery must have its heart the needs and jobs of hard-working families. growth and jobs. amid serious challenges to the world economy and financial markets. strengthen financial regulation to rebuild trust. not just in developed countries but in emerging markets and poorest countries of the world. ACTIONS TAKEN AND TO BE TAKEN 1. 2008. fund and reform our international financial institutions to overcome this crisis and prevent future ones.  We have today therefore pledged to do whatever is necessary to: restore confidence. has to be shared. provide liquidity.  We start from the belief that prosperity is indivisible. which affects the lives of women.

and our central banks have pledged to maintain expansionary policies for as long as needed. are still experiencing good growth but increasingly are being adversely impacted by the worldwide slowdown. Interest rates have been cut aggressively in most countries. unfreeze credit markets. SISHMUN 2013 page 17 . and address decisively the problem of impaired assets. 4. Economic momentum is slowing substantially in major economies and the global outlook has weakened. Many emerging market economies. Our actions to restore growth cannot be effective until we restore domestic lending and international capital flows. 2.protect savings and deposits. But more needs to be done to stabilize financial markets and support economic growth. recapitalize financial institutions. We have provided significant and comprehensive support to our banking systems to provide liquidity. RESTORING GROWTH AND JOBS 3. and are working to ensure that international financial institutions (IFIs) can provide critical support for the global economy. Our central banks have taken exceptional action. which helped sustain the world economy this decade. address regulatory deficiencies.

AGENDA LIST PRACTICE DEBATE Limiting speculations in the World Food Market MAIN CONFERENCE Agenda 1: Eurozone crisis Agenda 2: Aid for developing countries SISHMUN 2013 page 18 .

csis.un.rand.state.org) • Permanent Missions to the United Nations (http://www.gov/frd/cs/cshome.ca/home) • The United Nations (http://www.gov/cia/publications/factbook) • US Background Notes (http://www.state.int) • CIA World Factbook (https://www.un.org) • The Toronto Summit (http://g20.org) • Issues and Press (http://www.org) • Center for Strategic & International Studies (http://www.g20.loc.com) SISHMUN 2013 page 19 .ACCEPTED SOURCES OF INFORMATION The G20 accepts information from credible sources such as: • The Group of Twenty (G20) (http://www.gov/www/background_notes) • Country Studies (http://lcweb2.html) • RAND Corporation (http://www.gc.cia.gov/issuesandpress) • Reuters (http://reuters.

AWARD LIST The G20 will be awarding delegates who display exemplary skills during committee and in their FPS’. SISHMUN 2013 page 20 .  Best Foreign Policy Statement.  High Commendation . Delegates who do not attend the conference on all three days (2nd. G20 will present three awards in total:  Best Delegate. 3rd and 4th of October 2013) are not entitled to receive nominations or awards.

com Phone: +91 8056229693 ASSISTANT DIRECTOR.rangaraj@gmail.com Phone: +91 9962786040 DIRECTOR. SISHMUN 2013 page 21 .Mihika Jeyanth Email id: mihikajeyanth@gmail.Arthi Rangaraj Email id: ar.CONTACT DETAILS For any queries please contact us on: SECRETARY GENERAL.com by the 24th of September 2013.Farasha Pharis Email id: farasha@pharis.info Phone: +91 9176988888 Foreign Policy Statements to be submitted to sishmun2013g20@gmail.