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BHUTAN

NAT IONAL T IG E R R E C OV E RY P L AN (NT R P )

Long Term Strategic Goal

By 2022, tiger meta-population in Bhutan thrives and co-exists harmoniously with people through habitat conservation and compatible development activities and livelihoods

Priority Components
Habitat and species conservation Integrating tiger conservation and rural livelihoods Institutional capacity building ustainable !inancing mechanisms

"b#ective $% &o establish a nationwide monitoring program !or tigers and prey
Activities:

nationwide tiger and prey surveys to establish baseline based on camera trapping and occupancy'distance surveys (stablish routine monitoring protocols !or tigers, preys, and habitats )*I &+

Expected outcomes ,ational baseline and database to assess the status o! Bhutan-s tiger population

"b#ective 2% &o classi!y and de!ine tiger habitat at a landscape scale in Bhutan
Activities

Identi!y and delineate tiger habitats in landscape (stablish management .ones /eview 0 revise corridors in light o! tiger distribution 1evelop tool to assess impacts o! development pro#ects on tiger habitats 2ssess impacts o! climate change on tiger habitat and land use

Expected outcomes Conservation and management o! a tiger meta-population in Bhutan Proactive measures to prevent impacts !rom development pro#ects on tiger habitats in the protected areas and corridors 2 pro#ection o! the impact o! climate change on tiger habitat !or adaptation strategies

"b#ective 3% Participatory management o! tiger habitats

Activities

1evelop community-based natural resource management programs in the protected areas )e4g4, community !orestry+ 1evelop #oint anti-poaching programs and intelligence networ5s with the communities

Expected outcomes

Community stewardship !or tiger conservation ustainable natural resources !or the local communities

"b#ective 6%
Activities

trengthen trans-boundary conservation lin5ages

*onitor cross border movement o! animals et up cross border administrative coordination mechanisms !or #oint patrolling, intelligence sharing, and policing !or wildli!e trade *eta-population lin5s between tigers in India and Bhutan /educed 5illing, tra!!ic5ing, and trade o! tigers

Expected outcomes

"b#ective 7%
Activities

trengthen anti-poaching and wildli!e en!orcement

trengthen anti-poaching and wildli!e en!orcement with the ,ature Conservation 1ivision as the coordinating body trengthen intelligence networ5s )including at community levels+ with database !or poachers4 1evelop lin5s with Customs, Police, 2rmed 8orces, 9udiciary, and B28/2 )Bhutan 2griculture and 8ood /egulatory 2uthority+ /educed 5illing and trade o! tiger parts and derivatives

Expected outcomes

"b#ective :4 &o provide alternative !orest resource use practices to reduce anthropogenic pressure on tigers and tiger habitat4
Activities

Provide alternative energy sources )especially biogas in lowlands+ to reduce !uel wood consumption 1evelop better !odder and pasture, and herd management to reduce gra.ing pressure and livestoc5 depredation Promote and help start up community-based eco'nature tourism operations )tre5s, accommodation, guides, produce etc+ Initiate a micro-credit scheme !or !inancing and supporting rural livelihoods and micro-enterprise pro#ect start-up P( % compensate local communities !rom revenue !rom hydroschemes and other pro#ects !or conserving habitat and ecosystem services

"b#ective :4 &o provide alternative !orest resource use practices to reduce anthropogenic pressure on tigers and tiger habitat4
Activities

Cont.

Promote micro-enterprise schemes )mushroom cultivation, medicinal plant growing and sustainable harvest, etc4+ Implement awareness program on the lin5s between ecosystem services, sustainable resource availability, and tiger conservation4 Implement community-based livestoc5 insurance program Human wildli!e coexistence education and awareness programs ;reater awareness o! conservation needs and actions Community stewardship !or tiger conservation with less habitat degradation ustainable livelihoods and better livestoc5 management practices /educed human-tiger con!lict and greater tolerance to depredations

Expected outcomes

"b#ective <4 &o enhance institutional capacity o! the 1o8P to deal with the national par5 and wildli!e protection issues4
Activities

ynchroni.e and enhance mandates o! existing units )1ivision, national par5s, programs+ o! the 1o8P !or intra-unit lin5ages trengthen 1o8P partnerships with other relevant government sectors )law en!orcement agencies, national environment commission, =>IC(, ,/&I, ,;", ?ocal communities, B&8(C, etc4+ /ecruit, train, and provide logistical support to 1o8P !ield sta!! 1o8P capable o! developing and e!!ectively executing wildli!e'biodiversity conservation programs and pro#ects

Expected outcomes

"b#ective @4 &o have an Integrated 8inancing Plan' trategy by the end o! 20$0'$$
Activities

Prepare a !inancing strategy'plan with range o! activities !or tiger recovery program, including expected impact, cost and !und sources4 1onor *apping - external'traditional donors (xplore innovative !inancing sources )e4g4, payments'revenue !rom hydro and ecotourism, carbon trade !rom !orest and alternative energy sources, biodiversity credits, P( etc4+ *ainstream tiger conservation plans into the national and local plans Create synergy through harmoni.ation o! related activities Conservation activities implemented as per plan4

Expected outcomes

Policy ;aps
8inali.e Protected 2reas and >ildli!e 2ct Bilateral policy and *o= between India and Bhutan !or collaborative

management o! transboundary protected areas &ourism policies to bene!it local communities through ecotourism Policy !or decentrali.ation'co-management o! conservation areas involving local communities and local institutions Intelligence sharing within Bhutan and in region P( integrated into overall government conservation policies and acts4 8ramewor5s !or P( , access and bene!it sharing, and carbon trading

Capacity ;aps
&raining !or conservation'P2 sta!! !or tiger surveys, data analysis, and

monitoring &raining !or communities in participatory management and antipoaching >ildli!e intelligence networ5s ;I and database management Capacity building !or partner law en!orcement agencies )customs, police, B28/2+ 1evelop better coordination within 1o8P to execute national par5 and wildli!e conservation program

ta5eholders
Bhutan ;overnment% political will and support crucial >>8% critical role in bringing in !unds !or tiger conservation activities =,1P% !unds pro#ects related to reducing human-tiger con!licts B&8(C% !unds many activities related to tiger conservation CI&( , &/288IC, and 2>(,% curbing trade o! tiger parts'derivates Bhutan 8oundation, >orld Ban5, Helvetas, 1 , ;&I, ;&8, Panthera

8oundation, &8, 1anida, ;&A, etc4 ?aw en!orcement agencies ,;"s and local community groups

Costs/budgets

Activity (combined for objectives) 1. Nationwide surveys for tigers and prey 2. Classifying & zoning tiger core areas (PAs corridors! #. Participatory $anage$ent of tiger %a&itats '. (trengt%en trans)&oundary conservation lin*age ". (trengt%en anti)poac%ing and wildlife enforce$ent +. Alternative forest resource use practices for local co$$unities ,. -n%ancing institutional capacity of .o/P( 0. Preparing sustaina&le financing plan strategy TOTAL (over 5-8 yrs)

Costs 1,000,000 1,"00,000 "00,000 100,000 #00,000 1,"00,000 1,#00,000 12,000 6,212,000

TAS HI DE LE K