Systemnotes.org RHCE Study Guide for RHEL5 v1.

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Systemnotes.org RHCE Study Guide for RHEL5 v1.1 RHCE Study Notes – Systemnotes.org Cron and at Jobs RedHat Linux Flash Cards, v 1.1, 2009/07/29 • copy script to /etc/cron.daily, /etc.cron.monthly Stuff to remember: • Modify /etc/crontab: crontab -e • Look at the latest objectives for the exam. • List cron jobs: crontab -l • Remember the commands required. • Add an at job: at [-f file] TIME • If you don't understand a section, take that as a • View at queue: atq clue that you need further study. • Remove at jog: atrm job • Practice, practice, practice! Install NIS or LDAP Boot Single • Install ypbind, portmap boot into single user mode • system-config-authentication • at grub screen, "a", "space", "1", enter • check: Enable NIS Support, or Enable LDAP Support Network Configuration • click: Configure NIS..., or Configure LDAP... • system-config-network • configure firewall, if required Files • /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 Test NIS or LDAP • /etc/sysconfig/network • ypwhich Hostname Resolution • /etc/resolv.conf • /etc/hosts X Window System • /etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc.d • /etc/X11/xorg.conf • /etc/inittab • system-config-display • /tmp and /home have enough space • Ctrl-Alt-F1 to F8 • Ctrl-Alt-Backspace Hard Disk Commands • fdisk /dev/hda • partprobe • mdadm -C /dev/md0 -l 5 -n 3 /dev/hda6 /dev/hda7 /dev/hda8 • mke2fs -j /dev/md0 • e2label /dev/hda2 /data • mount -t ext3 /dev/hda7 /data7 Configure Printing • system-config-printer • /etc/cups/cupsd.conf • lpadmin • lpstat, lpq • reject disable • accept /usr/bin/enable • • • • nisdomainname -y genent services getent passwd smith rpcinfo -p

NIS or LDAP Files • /etc/yp.conf • /etc/sysconfig/network • /etc/pam.d/system-auth • /etc/nsswitch.conf Configure autofs • /etc/auto.master ◦ /home/guests /etc/auto.guests timeout=60 • /etc/auto.guests ◦ * -rw,soft,intr server1:/home/guests/& • service autofs restart • chkconfig portmap on • chkconfig autofs on Manage Users, and Groups • groupadd -g 1000 groupname • useradd username • usermod -G groupname username ◦ (-G for primary group)

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Systemnotes.org RHCE Study Guide for RHEL5 v1.1 Manage Quotas • quotacheck -cuf /home • quotaon /home • edquota username • quota username • repquota /home Filesystem Permissions • mkdir -p /depts/finance • chgrp sales /depts/finance • chmod 770 /depts/* • chmod g+s /depts/* • chown sam /depts/managers • ls -l /depts/ Diagnose and Correct Boot Failures • /etc/rc.d/rc.sysinit • /etc/rc.d/rc adn /etc/rc.d/rc?.d • /etc/rc.d/rc.local • /boot/grub/grub.conf • filesystem • /etc/fstab • fsck /dev/hda

Create a Logical Volume • First create physical volume, then volume group, then logical volume PV -> VG -> LV • pvcreate /dev/hda6 /dev/hda7 /dev/hda8 • vgcreate vg0 /dev/hda6 /dev/hda7 • lvcreate -L 500M -n data0 vg0 Install and Update rpms • ext2online /dev/vg0/data0 • rpm -ivh filenamex.i386.rpm • SELinux • rpm -Uvh filenamex.i386.rpm • getenforce • Verify an RPM: • setenforce 1 ◦ rpm --import /usr/share/rhn/RPM-GPG-KEY • check context with ls -Z ◦ rpm -K /tmp/rpmversion.i386.rpm • chcon -R --reference /var/www/html /var/www/html/wwwnew Install from yum Repository • /etc/yum.conf Configure HTTP • /etc/yum.repos.d/ • install httpd • modify /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf file System Bootloader • service httpd restart /boot/grub/grub.conf • chkconfig httpd on • # root (hd0,0) • service httpd configtest • # kernel /vmlinuz-version ro root=/dev/vg00/lv00 crashkernel=128M@16M Configure Samba Share • # initrd /initrd-version.img • Install samba • vi /etc/samba/smb.conf Implement Software RAID • configure firewall • partprobe • mdadm -C /dev/md0 -l 5 -n 3 /dev/hda6 NFS /dev/hda7 /dev/hda8 • Modify /etc/exports • mke2fs -j /dev/md0 • start nfs & portmap • /etc/fstab • verify config, & check mounts • mdadm --detail /dev/md0 • exportfs -v • fail, recover, add: • showmount -e localhost ◦ mdadm /dev/md0 -a /dev/sda1 • rpcinfo -p localhost • service nfs reload Set Kernel Run-time Parameters • vi /etc/sysctl.conf • xxx.xx.xxx=1 • sysctl -p • sysctl -a | grep xxx
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Systemnotes.org RHCE Study Guide for RHEL5 v1.1 Automount • mkdir /net • vi /etc/auto.master • start services -- portmap, autofs FTP • • • • • • install vsftpd create incoming directory mkdir -p /var/ftp/incoming vi /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf start vsftpd service vsftpd start NTP • /etc/ntp.conf • ntpstat • service ntpd restart Firewall • /etc/sysconfig/iptables • iptables -L • iptables -F • service iptables save • service iptables restart • chkconfig iptables on PAM • /lib/security/ • /etc/pam.d/ Configure Service • Install RPM • rpm -ivh servicename.rpm • Modify Configuration and Firewall • Start Service • service servicename restart • Set Service to Start on Reboot • chkconfig servicename on

Web proxy • Install squid, and start the service • vi /etc/squid • service squid reload • Configure browser to test SMTP • Install sendmail, sendmail-cf, sendmail-doc • modify /etc/mail/sendmail.mc • m4 sendmail.mc > sendmail.cf (or make) • service sendmail restart IMAP, IMAPS, and POP3 • install dovecot • vi /etc/dovcot.conf • protocols = xxx • service dovecot restart • chkconfig dovecot on SSH • • /etc/ssh/ ~/.ssh/

DNS Install bind, bind-utils, and caching-nameserver • vi /etc/named.conf To verify: • named-checkconf • named-checkzone example.com example.com.zone • Check /etc/resolv.conf on client machines

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Systemnotes.org RHCE Study Guide for RHEL5 v1.1

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