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going to hearJacktalking to his I.."" ",.e grandmother. Beforeyo" tirt.rrfl"oor. ut questions 1-g and guim who djJwnat.

1r". ' Y:i:" _frt: mother). bia 1".f.,' ! (t9rJack's


his Gran or his Mum: 1 go to London?..J.. 2 go to the cinema? ........ 3 seea famousfootballer? ....... 4 collectautographs? ........ 5 go up to tor4m alone?......... 6 screamat pop concerts? ........ 7 worry about homework? ........ 8 go to a club?........

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m Listen and checkif you wereright. root at youranswers to Exercise 1 and answer thesequestions.
1 \{hich things did Jackdo last Saturday?

2 What tensedoeshe use? 3 \{hich things did Gran do when she was young?
4 Did she do them regul arly? ............. tr

........

Listen again and complete m these sentences. 1 We did somerevisionfor our exams while we ..........................
2 r|dhen we .....................,.... fbotballer. . c^,. _1 . for the cinerria, we saw a really famous

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3 He a burger and all the crowds nobody noticed him except me. U.fti.fr tense is in the gaps in Exercise4? 8

pastbut

tast simple
terb + -ed* didnot + verb ilid ... + verb? I wanted it. I didn't wunt it, Wat ili.d.youwant?

hope--+ hoped far verbs add-edor -d to the verb:want --+ wanted; y common verbs are irregular: thinle --> thougftt;make --->made > SeeAppendix 2 -+ were (not) be is irregular: am, is (not) --->was (not)i are (not)

rfre use the past simple: e for completedactionsand eventsin the past: ',1-e hail an examon ThursdaY. \l-ecausht the coach. of actionsor events: o ior a sequence then I went to the cinema. I went round the shops, o fbr permanentor long-term situationsin the past: I reallyenjoyeil myselfwhenI was a teenager. r for repeatedevents: grandmotherwent to lots of concerts. JacLls famous. Shealwaysasleed. for an autographwhen shemet someone - SeealsoUnit 3 for further usesof the past simple.

2 Past continuous
was/ were+ verb + -ing was/ wne not + verb + -ing was/were... + verb+ 'in* Theywere waiting. Shewasn't waiting. Wercyou woiting?

We use the past continuous: r for an activity beginningbefore a past action and continuinguntil or after it. The action is usualiy in the past simple: we diil some revision Weitiit somereuisionwhile we were trauelling. u)eswtw \\rhenwe were queuingfor the cinem&, ___Y" -r' I"AAA^ a reallyfamousfootballer'
ae were traaelling

r for two things happeningat the sametime: He was bt rying a burgerand all the uowds were ualleing pest.

he uas buying a burger V?VVV A.lA,r. }

the crowds were walk:ing Past

r for repeatedevents,with a word like arwaysor continuaily, especially if the speakeris criticisingthe activity: Yourmotherw&s al-ay, lringhu ho*r*orle. (= She did her homework regularlyand often. Jick's g.Jna-otrrer thinks ,rr" *".t.a too hard!) o for unfulfilled plans,with verbslike hope, plan etc.: I wqs hoping tofind a newjacleer. (= U.rt I didn,t find one) a state verbsare usedin the pastsimple, not the pastcontinuous (>seep.4): I diiln't lanowhim. (not@.1

3 Used to (do) and woutd (do)

about past habits when we are emphasising ,T:,11'#';f.'i:i:#:1,XJ:,'"t*


i:::X,:'^:'rii{"2:#, autographs offitm stars when r was a tuenaser (=she
I woulil go up to town on my own. (=she doesn,t do this now) used to can describe actions and states, but wourdcan only describe actions: All the teenagersused to / would scream at pop concerts. They used to be crazy about the Beqtl,es;. (not ) A Used, ro is much more common than would. 'fi oo not confuse used to (do), whichis a past tense, with be/ get used to (doing), Be/ Get used to (doing) means ,be / become accustomed to doing,. Compare: I used' to worh at weereends. (= in the past I worked at weekends, but I don't now) I'm used.to woileing at weekends. (= I often work at weekends, it doesn,t worry me) The question form is: Are you used to wofleing st weel?ends? Be/ Get used to can be followed by a noun: He ruasn't used to criticism and found it hqrcr to accept. (= people hadn,t criticised him before so he didnt fif.. jrj

*ti:ixim':j:",:.::xi,:i,y; W mt{*#"#nf:i:' ffi

whichcanbe pr.r.rri'puri o. f.rru...

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in the gapsntth the past simple of the verbs in the box. be++ come drink eat explain feed find get glve go have know learn read seem speak spread tie write

J.... ead .:.,: td .. . :.'

Themystery ofCaSpar Hauser


ofCaspar Hauser ',.fu.g*n....(1) !he mystery I in Nuremburg, Germany, about 200 years ago. One morning, people the of the town
(2) a young man standing alone in thesquare. Hewasholding a piece of paper in his hand. Thepaper ............. (3) onlythathe (4) the sonof a soldier. Caspar (5) howto say a fewwords and given when a paper pencil and he......,.................. (6) his name, but he (7) completely ignorant about everyday life. At first he (8) only bread and (9) only water, but hegradually .......... ... .... (10)used t0any0ne 0r..................... . (18)other children. In toordinary meals. He also ........................... (11)totalf spite of thisextraordinary childhood, Caspar was properly. not stupid. He .................. ... (19) books and Nooneever ................ . .... . (12) outthereal (20) discussions with teachers truth about his birth, butir isprobable that his father a n d p h i l o s o p h e rN se . ws about Caspar kept him inone small room forthewhole of his early . . (21) through Europe andvisitors life.He (13) himon bread and ... (22) fromabroad to meet him. (14) him waterro drink.He Unfortunately, he lived onlya few years, but hrs (15) Caspar up andCaspar never strange life story still fascinates people. many (16)out, henever ... . ............(17)
{
*' * '*- --* ^l
!

L1r

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niff in the gapswith the past simple or past conrinuousof the verbs in brackets.

My parents . .gAt to knoweachotherwhenthey @et) p.! ,....VW.g,. sdy.:ng..... (st udy) ar universi ry.
Doctor Fisher I .................... Lily ............. it to the receprionist. While I ............... ... (work) in Rome, I ...................... (look) just like your sisrer. (meet)a girl who (trauel) widely as a young man and (always keep) a diary.

(see) my brother and his girlfriend when I .............. (wait) for the bus, but they .............. ... (not see)me. (fill) in the application fbrm and ............ . (giue)

Simon (finish) with his girlfriend because she (always cancel) datesat the last moment. 7 Anna'sfeelingdepressed because she ................ last week,but she (not get)one. f,$ Und"rline the correct form of the verbs. . (hope) fbr a pay rise

Ada Atkins, 93, explains LalJysbe bas come to liue in toun ago, nobody in my village uould, lock / uas locking 0) their fiont doors. We useclto feel/would, Jbel (2) safe in those days. Last month, I met/uas nxeeting (3) my neighbour in the street when I was walking/woukl ualk (4) home from the shops and she tolct/wa; telling (5) me some bad news. Thieves were brealeing/usecl. to break (6) inro people's houses while they Llere sitting/Luould sit (7) in their back gardens. I realised./was realising (8) that I wasn,t uanting/didn't tLtnnt (9) to live there any more. Solastweek I wrumouing/mouect(10) Years

MAKING CHANGES
{ to tfris little flat.I am not used/dirl,n'tuse(11) to Lreingin the town yet, but people are more friendly than I utas tbinlcing/thought (12) they might be, and I feel much happier and safer.

Fill in the gaps with a suitable form of be/get used to' (not)goingto bed late' 1 Rita'svery tired this morning.She .................i5n':f'..\ffid...I.A............... """""" goingto school 2 Don't worry about the children,they by bus. 3 My new boss 4 She 5 ....................
ilp\

giving orders,not receivingthem. ............. (not) drinking wine and it made her ill' ........'....

(tou) out climate or do you miss the sunshine? hotel before,but I soon 6 I had never stayedin such an expensive
1t.

iho

ft

using your own ideas' Co-plete these sentences 1\{henourneighbourswenttoItaly,theyl.*P...99n9...|pI.^q,f*|'.p..*inJins: 2 I was hoping to finish my homeworkby eight o'clockiast night, but """""""'

3 The film star shoutedat the director' then she """"""' 4 As a small child, I would sometimes
We were coming out of the caf6when 6 A hundred yearsago people 7 \,[hile you were lying on a beach,I ...."""""""""
5

but now they go by car'

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\

8 When my father was young' he was always"""""""""""""

u.e(11)$
re more $

,!:r(12) \
>ierand $
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Use of English

Forquestions 1-15, readthe text berow and decide whichanswer (A, B, c or D) bestfits eachspace. There is an example at the beginning (O).
Example: O @ spent B made C held D went

This task te6tsgrammar from the rest of the book as well as the grammar in this unit.

A MUSICIAN IS DISCOVERED whenwiiliamwasa smalrboy, the famiry (o) a theirhoridays on his grandfather,s farmin the mountains. on theirarrival, the chirdren (1) .. racearound the yardand orchard, overjoyed to be freefromthe stricily (2) ..... expected correct of themin the city'As the dayspassed, parents their also(3) ... increasingty relaxed, andthe house rangwiththe laughter of old friends. lt wasduring one of thesevisitsthat william,s (4) ... to remember a tune ledto the suggestion that the boyshould (5) ........ up a musical instrument. one evening everyone wasgathered in the riving_room, anda discussion (6) "'...' aboutthe differences between a pieceof musicwhichwas popular at the timeanda well-known folksong. Various adults triedto (7) . the similarity of the two tunesto thosewho(g) . . withthem,but without success. (g) . . feil,ano thenwilliam, whowasabout five,madehis (1o) ... to the piano andprayed firstone tune andthenthe other. parents His andtheirfriends wereastonished (11) ........ no one hadevenheard 'That wi'iam (,.2r . to pray before. chiromustgo to a music teacher,' (13) ..... one neighbour, andthe othersagreed. William,s parents were persuaded to (14) ........ herpwith payment of the fees,and his musicar (15) .. began.
L A would 2 A manner 3 A showed 4 A talent 5 A take

B were

C might

D had D attitude D found D skill D bring D arose D test D resisted

B behaviour G style B acted C became B gift G ability B start


C pick C entered C pretend C disagreed

6 A happened B came 7 A prove B claim 8 A refused

B varied

L4

lrgurnent
lq B atrotrgh B dm:de B s:ated I attain B iiving

C Doubt C route C when G try C achieve C career

D Conclusion D direction Das Dgo D apply D study

C confirmed D expressed

task, there are some irregular past simple verbs.Without looking text, write the past simple form of theseverbs. arc4.

2 become 6 find ...................... 10 make

4 come 8 hold 1 2 spend

'Memories'. fngazrne is running a competition called Readers are asked to sendin stories clt 1.20-180 words abouta significant your eventin theirearly childhood. Write story.

This task gives you a chance to practise: using the past simple and past continuousfor eventsin the past. ttsing usedto and would for past hahits. Usefulwords and expressions at the time,by chance, I clearlyremember, I now realise, in rhose days,luckily, oneday,therewas/were,unfortunately, whenI wasX yearsold

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