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ABSTRACT Animal Husbandry Department - Cultivation and procurement of dry fodder for undertaking drought mitigation efforts in 8 delta

Districts Ensuring fodder availability for livestock Guidelines issued. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries (AH4) Department G.O.(Ms)No.64 Dated: 05.03.2013 Thiruvalluvar Aandu 2044 Sri Nandhana Varudam Masi 21 Read:1. 2. G.O (Ms) No.48 Revenue (NCIII) Department, dated 13.02.2013 From the Director of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Services letter Roc. No.3510/PP1/2013, dated 19-02-2013. **** ORDER: In the Government Order first read above, orders were issued for cultivation and procurement of dry fodder for undertaking drought mitigation efforts in 8 delta Districts at a total cost of Rs.15.00 crores. 2. The Director of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Services in his letter second read above, has furnished the guidelines to be followed for the implementation of the above scheme in 8 delta districts namely Ariyalur, Cuddalore, Karur, Nagapattinam, Pudukottai, Thanjavur, Tiruvarur and Tiruchirappalli at a total cost of Rs.15.00 Crores and requested the Government to approve the guidelines.

P.T.O.

3. The Government, after careful consideration, accept the guidelines of the Director of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Services and permit him to implement the above scheme at a total cost of Rs.15.00 crores based on the Guidelines Annexed to this order. 4. This order issues with the concurrence of the Finance Department vide its U.O.No.32/JS(AR)/2013 dated 25.02.2013. (By order of the Governor) GAGANDEEP SINGH BEDI, SECRETARY TO GOVERNMENT. To The Director of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Services, Chennai 6. The Commissioner for Milk Production and Dairy Development, Chennai 51. The Accountant General, Chennai 18 The Pay and Accounts Officer (South), Chennai 35. Copy to: The Senior Personal Assistant to Honble Minister (Animal Husbandry), Chennai- 9. The Senior Personal Assistant to Honble Minister (Milk & Dairy Development) Chennai- 9. The Finance (AH&F) Department, Chennai 9. SF/SC // Forwarded by order// SECTION ICER Section Officer

Annexure to G.O (MS) No.64, Animal Husbandry Dairying and Fisheries (AH-4) Department, dated 05.03.2013 GUIDELINES FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF FODDER AUGMENTATION AS A PART OF DROUGHT MITIGATION EFFORTS TO BE TAKEN IN THE 8 DELTA DISTRICTS INTRODUCTION: In Tamil Nadu, feed given to cattle comprises of dry fodder, green fodder and concentrates, of which dry fodder forms the major share. The dry fodder requirement is covered by crop residues of paddy, sorghum, maize, groundnut, sugarcane, pulses etc. The delta districts viz.,Thanjavur, Pudukottai, Ariyalur, Tiruvarur, Nagapattinam, Cuddalore, Karur & Tiruchirapalli being traditionally rice intensive Districts, generally produce adequate quantity of dry fodder in the form of crop residues like paddy straw. There is a gap between dry fodder production and requirement and the shortage is felt during current drought situation. In order to mitigate the drought like situation, the Government of Tamil Nadu has announced an allocation of Rs.15 crores for provision of dry fodder as a part of drought mitigation efforts in the eight delta districts. 2) NEED TO HAVE ADDITIONAL FODDER A total of about 30.70 lakh cattle are available in the eight delta districts, out of which, nearly 8.81 lakh animals are animals in milk. Among these, a total of 3.44 lakh cattle in milk are under the Cooperative ambit. 3) STRATEGY ADOPTED Generally, fodder cultivation is not seen to be a commercially viable enterprise. In delta districts, the farmers preference will be to grow crops that will fetch higher income in crop like paddy, sugarcane etc than fodder. In the absence of assured marketing facilities, the farmers are further reluctant to cultivate fodder crops. Hence it is suggested to go for less water requirement crop, which can be also harvested early with adequate nutritive value. The preference of such a crop can be both as green fodder and dry fodder. Further the objective of the Scheme is also to make available fodder at the village level so that unnecessary transportation of the fodder can be avoided

4 and panic is not created due to shortage of fodder at village level. Besides, distress sale of the livestock can be avoided. Among the fodder crops, Sorghum is a relatively short term crop that can be harvested within 60 days and can be utilized for fodder. Being an annual cereal fodder with relatively better nutritive value compared to grass fodders, Fodder sorghum is proposed in the delta region to overcome dry fodder shortage during the ensuing months. The overall strategy is summarized as below: To Develop Short term fodder crops (55 - 60 days) such as Fodder Sorghum in 700 acres of each delta district in farmers own land holdings. Farmers who are willing to grow fodder crops are to be identified by a team of officials from Animal Husbandry and Agriculture Department and they are to be provided with fodder seeds. 50% subsidy will be provided on the total cost of cultivation or Rs.6800/ac. whichever is less. A letter of consent will be obtained from these farmers and the fodder raised will be procured at the prevailing market rate. The fodder thus procured will be distributed to the other needy farmers at 50% subsidised cost through MPCS.

4) METHODOLOGY FOR FODDER CULTIVATION The strategy is to provide input subsidy to the tune of 50% to willing farmers which also covers the cost for cultivation. It is proposed to extend 50% subsidy to the farmers who are willing to grow fodder Sorghum under irrigated condition. In order to ensure an assured market for the fodder thus produced, an assurance of buy-back will be provided to the farmers through the local Milk Producers Co-operative Society (MPCS). The selling price of fodder will be worked out based on the actual cost of production/kg. and by including a profit margin of 50% of production cost/Kg. The profit margin provided to the farmer is for the purpose of motivation as well as for utilizing the resources like water ,electricity etc., in distress situation like drought. The fodder thus procured will be sold at 50% subsidy through the MPCS (Milk society). This will ensure that the farmers who are already milk pourers do not sell their animals under distress for want of fodder. Another advantage is that new milk pouring members will also be enrolled under the co-operative ambit.

Table 1:COST OF CULTIVATION OF FODDER SORGHUM (Rupees per acre) FARME RS COST CONTRI SUBSIDY NAME OF THE COMPONENT REQUIR (50%) ED BUTION (50%) A. Field preparation Ploughing @ Rs 650/hr - 2 hours 1300 650 650 Working with tiller @ Rs 650/hr 650 325 325 Formation of ridges and furrows @ Rs 650 325 325 650/hr) Rectification of ridges and furrows @ 3 600 300 300 labour @ Rs 200 Total (A) 3200 1600 1600 B. Fertilizers N - 24 kg (Urea 52kg @Rs. 5.5/kg) 286 143 143 P-16 kg (Super 100kg @Rs. 7.62/kg) 762 381 381 K - 8 kg (Potash 14kg @ Rs. 16.5/kg) 232 166 166 Application of fertilzers (@2 labours) 400 200 200 Total(B) 1680 840 840 C. Seeds and Sowing Cost of seeds (16 kg @ Rs 45/kg) 720 360 360 Cost of sowing (6 labours@Rs.200) 1200 600 600 Total(C) 1920 960 960 D. Weeding Cost of weeding (8 labours @Rs.200) 1600 800 800 Total(D) 1600 800 800 E. Irrigation Irrigation (6 irrigations @ 2 labours 1200 600 600 @Rs.200) Total(E) 1200 600 600 F. Harvest and processing Harvest and bundling (20 labours 4000 2000 2000 @Rs.200) Total(F) 4,000 2,000 2,000 GRAND TOTAL 13,600 6,800 6,800

It is proposed to go for fodder cultivation in about 700 acres of land with irrigation facilities in each of the delta districts declared as drought affected. A total area of 5,600 acres of irrigated land will be brought under fodder cultivation with short term fodder crops that can be used both as green fodder and as dry fodder (10 kg green fodder is equivalent to 2 kg dry fodder) and stacking by the farmers at their premises. The fodder thus produced by the farmers at 50% subsidy will be procured and distributed through the milk societies (MPCS) which will handle the transportation and distribution of the fodder. The fodder will be sold at 50% cost to the milk pourers on priority. COST OF CULTIVATION Total cost of cultivation for one acre of Sorghum Subsidy to the beneficiaries @ 50 % of cost of cultivation Beneficiary contribution @ 50 % of cost of cultivation Total area proposed to be covered Cost to be incurred towards subsidy for 5600 acres Total fodder yield expected from 5600 acres(@ 10 tons/ac.) Total dry fodder yield expected (assuming 80 % moisture) Number of animals that can be fed with 0.560 lakh MT of green fodder or 0.112 lakh MTof dry fodder for 2 months SALE OF FODDER Cost of production of fodder from one acre Green fodder yield from one acre Dry fodder yield from one acre Cost of production of one kg of green fodder : Rs 13600 : 10 tones : 2 tones : Rs. 1.35/: Rs.13600/: Rs. 6800/: Rs. 6800/: 5600 acres : Rs. 3.808 crores : 0.560 lakh MT : 0.112 lakh MT

: 0.933 lakh

7 Purchase price of green fodder : Rs. 2.00/kg. Cost of production of one kg of dry fodder : Rs. 6.80/Purchase price of dry fodder. : Rs. 10.00/kg VII. COST REQUIRED FOR PROCUREMENT OF DRY FODDER Total cost required to procure fodder(green / dry) (5600 acres x 2 Mt of dry fodder/acre x Rs 10/Kg) Total amount to be allocated for Cultivation Total amount to be allocated for Procurement Total amount to be allocated for IEC Total amount to be allotted 5. DISTRIBUTION OF FODDER The fodder will be procured as mentioned above by the local MPCS who shall arrange to transport the fodder from the field to the societies and then distribute it. The farmer who wants the fodder shall procure it at 50% cost and the money thus collected by the MPCS shall be used for transportation cost, IEC, other contingencies. The MPCS should not sell the fodder to such farmers who purchase the fodder under this Scheme since the aim of the Scheme is to provide the fodder to the needy farmers and also this will avoid the same farmers from getting double subsidy. Fodder usage: G. The amount allocated for procuring fodder to MPCS is Rs.11 Crores H. The MPCS procures the fodder and sells it to the milk pourers at 50% cost. I. Since the fodder is sold to the milk pourers at 50% cost, a total amount of approximately Rs.5 crores will be available with the MPCS. J. The amount will be utilized to procure paddy straw and other crop residues from the State Seed farms of Agriculture Department/ Tamil Nadu Agricultural University farms so as to benefit more number of animals. The cost of transport for fodder from the farmers field to the MPCS will be fixed at the district : Rs.11.2crore

:Rs. 3.8 crores :Rs.11.0 crores :Rs. 0.2 crores :Rs. 15.0 crores

8 level by the District collector at unit cost per kilometer per tonne. 6.MODALITIES OF IMPLEMENTATION 1) SELECTION OF FARMERS FOR CULTIVATION: K. The District collector will conduct a Special Farmers Grievance Day meeting along with Regional Joint Director of Animal Husbandry and Joint Director (Agriculture). During the meeting, the details of the programme will be explained to motivate the farmers to take up cultivation. The advantages of growing fodder as a commercially viable crop will be explained to the farmers jointly by the Joint Directors of Animal Husbandry and Agriculture. L. Pamphlets and other IEC materials will be distributed in vernacular language to the farmers. M. Adequate publicity will be given among the farmers by the Joint Director of Animal Husbandry and Joint Director (Agriculture). ii) ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA

N. The farmer must be willing to raise fodder sorghum under the conditions stipulated and supply the entire quantity of fodder produced to the nearest MPCS O. The farmer must be willing to raise fodder in a minimum of 0.5 acre of land under irrigated condition. iii) CONDUCT OF DISTRICT LEVEL CO-ORDINATION MEETINGS:

A team consisting of Veterinary Assistant Surgeon and Agriculture Officer of concerned Block will select the eligible farmers who are willing to participate in the Scheme and forward it to Joint Director (Animal Husbandry). A District level Committee chaired by the District Collector and comprising of the Joint Director, Animal Husbandry, Joint Director Agriculture, General Manager of District Milk Producers Union (DMPU) and DR (Dairying) will finalize the list of farmers . The details of the farmers and the MPCS that will procure the fodder will be tied up and finalized during the meeting and will be communicated to the respective MPCS.

iv) A letter of consent will be obtained from the selected farmer by Assistant Director, Animal Husbandry indicating that the farmer will produce the fodder using the inputs provided by the Joint Director Animal Husbandry and the fodder thus produced will be sold only to the Co-operative Milk Society which shall procure the fodder @ around Rs.2/kg (green fodder) or Rs.10/kg (dry fodder). However, the District level Committee will have the discretion to decide on the cost of procurement based on the market forces. v) After obtaining the consent letter, the Assistant Director, Animal Husbandry shall provide the seeds to the farmers according to the extent of proposed area of cultivation of fodder crop The indent for the total quantity of Fodder Sorghum seed for 5,600 acres will ordinarily be directly placed by the Director of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Services with National Seeds Corporation or KVK or Tamil Nadu Agricultural University or TANUVAS or any other State or Central Government Agency and the bills will be settled by the Regional Joint Director concerned. The Director of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Services may for sake of convenience, also delegates this to the Regional Joint Directors concerned who may, procure seeds after getting orders of Collector. This methodology of seed procurement stated above is resorted to since a) seed procurement by tendering process will be time consuming b) the provision of 16 (a) clause of the Tamil Nadu Tender Transparency Act 1998 is applicable during natural calamities and emergencies declared by the Government.

vi)

vii)

viii) The cost for cultivation will be provided in stages. 1) The first installment will be provided after sowing is completed. The Joint Director of Animal Husbandry will cause an inspection and after ascertaining that sowing is completed, a sum of Rs.3,040 that includes cost for ploughing, cost of fertilizers and its application and cost for sowing will be given. 2) A self-certified voucher will be obtained from the beneficiary and the funds will be released by means of cheque by the concerned Assistant Director Animal Husbandry identified for the purpose.

10 3) The second instalment will be released after completion of weeding operations. A sum of Rs 1,400 per acre will be given by means of cheque by the Assistant Director Animal Husbandry after ascertaining that weeding operations are completed and ensuring the availability of standing crop. 4) The third installment of Rs.2,000 will be released after harvest of the crop and after ensuring transportation to DMPU.

ix) The quantity of fodder that has been harvested from the particular farmer will be recorded at the field itself. The farmer will intimate the concerned Assistant Director Animal Husbandry and the MPCS about the date of harvest in advance. The Assistant Director Animal Husbandry will depute a Veterinary Assistant Surgeon / livestock inspector to check the quantity of fodder harvested at the premises itself and record it in a register maintained for the purpose. Simultaneously the MPCS will arrange to lift the fodder so that there is no loss in terms of moisture content resulting in mismatch in weight and losses if the fodder is taken as green fodder. A record indicating the quantity of fodder produced at the farmers field and the quantity of fodder lifted by the MPCS and the value in terms of money given to the farmer by MPCS must be maintained in the form of a register. x) The District Collector should conduct weekly meetings relating to this growth of fodder and review the progress. A team of officials consisting of Animal Husbandry, Agriculture and Dairy Development will be constituted by the District Collector to inspect the farmers fields to check the growth of fodder and Quantum of fodder procured by MPCS periodically and the amount provided against the fodder procured and distributed. xi) The release of payment will be made after ascertaining the quantum of procurement by the team. xii) The District Collector should also cross check the quantity procured by MPCS to avoid malpractice.

xiii) PROCUREMENT AND DISTRIBUTION BY THE MPCS: A sum of Rs.11 crores will be provided to the Commissioner for Milk and Managing Director Tamil Nadu Milk Producers Co-operative Federation for the procurement and distribution of the fodder to the milk pourers at 50% subsidy.

11 The concerned MPCS will procure the fodder produced by the farmer at the rate fixed by the Committee. The fodder will be transported by the MPCS at their own cost and distributed to the milk pourers who, in any case, will not be the farmers who produce fodder under this subsidised fodder scheme The milk pourers will be charged at 50% of the cost fixed and this amount will be used for (a) transportation cost (b) purchase/hiring of weighing machine for weighment (c) contingency expenses and (d) procuring and distribution of paddy straw in times of need at a later date. The modus operandi for this purchase will be decided by the District level committee constituted for the purpose under the chairmanship of the district Collector. The 50% cost of fodder i.e about Re.1/ in case of green fodder and Rs.5/ in case of dry fodder from the farmers will be deducted from the milk money. The detailed guidelines in this regard will be issued by Commissioner of milk and Managing Director, Tamil Nadu Co-operative Milk Producers Federation Limited. xiv) IEC CAMPAIGNS CONTINGENCIES. ON FODDER PRODUCTION AND

Intensive IEC campaigns will be conducted enlightening the farmers on fodder cultivation practices, the importance of fodder cultivation, optimum utilization of fodder resources by distribution of Pamphlets and leaflets printed in local vernacular language to the farmers. Posters/ hoardings / banners/ boards and other display materials will be displayed in Government institutions. The services of Tamilnadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University / Tamil Nadu Agricultural University will also be utilized. The contingency will include Purchase of Registers, cost towards Photographic documentation of the scheme, Cost for redistribution of seeds to the farmers, collection and preparation of success stories of the scheme etc. The financial requirement for the above component is Rs.20.00 Lakhs upto Rupees two lakhs per district), which will be distributed by the Director of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Services to the Districts in required proportion. A sum of Rs. 4.00 lakhs will be retained at the Directorate to meet contingencies. The Director of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Services, in consultation with the Government, shall also resort to direct procurement of dry fodder from within or outside the State for distribution through MPCS if the above methodology does not bring in the desired results.

12 In case of reluctance on the part of the farmers to procure fodder at the cost mentioned at para 6(xiii) from MPCS, the Commissioner of Milk and MD,TCMPF and the Director of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Services may decide to further enhance subsidy and accordingly issue orders in consultation with the Government. The Director of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Services is permitted to draw the amount earmarked for cultivation expenses and IEC (i.e.) Rs.4 crores and make payment to the concerned. The Director of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Services is also permitted to draw the amount of Rs.11 crores earmarked for procurement of fodder and disburse to the Commissioner of Milk and Managing Director, TCMPF, which will be provided to the MPCS for procurement of fodder and other activities mentioned in para 6. (xiii) 5) The Director of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Services in consultation with the Commissioner of Milk and Managing Director, Tamil Nadu Co-operative Milk Producers Federation Limited, may change or modify the guidelines at any point of time during the Scheme implementation based on the prevailing field conditions in consultation with the Government. Cost for Cultivation of Fodder Crops (Rs. In lakhs)
Total Cost / District

Sl. No

District

Area proposed under fodder crops

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Ariyalur Cuddalore Karur Nagapattinam Pudukottai Thanjavur Tiruvarur Trichy Total

700 700 700 700 700 700 700 700 5600

Cost for cultivation Cultivation State Farmers cost/acre subsidy contribution 0.136 0.068 0.068 0.136 0.068 0.068 0.136 0.068 0.068 0.136 0.068 0.068 0.136 0.068 0.068 0.136 0.068 0.068 0.136 0.068 0.068 0.136 0.068 0.068 1.088 0.544 0.544

47.60 47.60 47.60 47.60 47.60 47.60 47.60 47.60 380*

*Amount rounded off to Rs.380 lakhs as production cost likely to vary and will be adjusted between Districts.

13 COST FOR PROCUREMENT OF FODDER THROUGH MPCS (Rs. In lakhs) Sl. No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 District Expected yield@10 tons/ acre 7000 7000 7000 7000 7000 7000 7000 7000 56000 Procurem ent cost / tonne 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 1.6 Total Cost / State Farmers subsidy contribution District 0.1 0.1 140 0.1 0.1 140 0.1 0.1 140 0.1 0.1 140 0.1 0.1 140 0.1 0.1 140 0.1 0.1 140 0.1 0.1 140 0.8 0.8 1100*

Ariyalur Cuddalore Karur Nagapattinam Pudukottai Thanjavur Tiruvarur Trichy Total Cost

*Amount rounded off to Rs.1100 lakhs as production quantity is likely to vary and will be adjusted between Districts Cost for IEC expenditure @ Rs.2 lakh per District Cost for Contingencies Rs 4 lakhs TOTAL COST Rs.16.00 lakhs Rs.4.00 lakhs

Rs.1500 lakhs

GAGANDEEP SINGH BEDI, SECRETARY TO GOVERNMENT.

// True Copy//

SECTION OFFICER.

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