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The Wonderful World of Words: The Babble of Apes or Inspired by God?

Billy Ioannidis

The Wonderful World of Words: The Babble of Apes or Inspired by God?

by Billy Ioannidis
2nd Edition 2009

Dedication
This book is dedicated to my Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, God, who loves me, a sinner, so much that he laid down his sinless life and shed his own precious blood to pay for and wash away my sins, so that by turnin away and repentin of my unbelief and now believin in him, who died on the cross at Calvary for our sins accordin to the scriptures! and who was buried, and then rose a ain the third day accordin to the scriptures, that I would have, throu h his lovin race, eternal life" #men"

pecial Than!s
I would like to e$tend my heartfelt thanks""" to my best friend and sister, Soultana, whom has always been there for me whenever I needed her and whom listened very patiently as I tried to e$plain the lan ua e discoveries that I was inspired to reveal" Soultana is someone whose heart is always ivin and whose life is a bri ht and shinin e$ample of the love that is in our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ" She is someone who loves me very much and whom I love very much, and whom lives by and instils in others faith, love, and hope", to my ood lon %time friend, Louie, whom was the first one to hear of some of the ideas that are presented in this book and whom is someone who was always willin to ive an ear to hear what I had to say", to my &number one fan&, Christina, whom has been very supportive as I have been writin this book and whose enuine interest has meant a lot to me" That ta poume", to Charles, #'am%Gyana, Shannon, (ela, Isis, Corina, )arren *au%)arrenson, +ick, Steve &Stephano& Burrell, (halil, James, #nthony and *ohannes", to Goo le"ca and Goo le Books, BlueLetterBible"or , ,hyme'one"com, and *ahoo Babel -ish", and to .om and /ad, for your love, sacrifices, character and leadin by e$ample"

Table of Contents
"rolo#ue $ A %east of &uestions' a &uest for Truth )hapter * $ ettin# the ta#e ( *0 ** 20 29

)hapter 2 $ +e said: +u,an -easonin# on the .ri#in of /an#ua#e )hapter 0 $ o,e %acts that 1a!e 2ou Wonder and o,e Truths to "onder )hapter 3 $ God said : 4In the be#innin# 5as the Word6667 )hapter 8 $ Ada, and E9e )reated in the I,a#e of the Word 03 )hapter ( $ In the be#innin# there 5as one lan#ua#e 09 )hapter : $ The To5er of Babel' of Babble' and the )reation of ;e5 /an#ua#es )hapter < $ .n the Trail of /oo!in# for "arallel /e#ends to the Bible=s To5er of Babel tory )hapter 9 $ A /oo! Bac! Before 5e /oo! %or5ard )hapter *0 $ earchin# for the /an#ua#e of God' Ada, and E9e

32 3( 88 (( :3 <*

)hapter ** $ /oo!in# for )lues as to the True .ri#ins of En#lish Words )hapter *2 $ ee!in# )lues that the En#lish /an#ua#e is Desi#ned by God )hapter *0 $ 4Belie9e7666 4Word7 *03 )hapter *3 $ The Gospel: The Blessed 1essa#e of al9ation 28*

"rolo#ue 0 A %east of &uestions' a &uest for Truth


12mer, 345, ,, )oorden, .ots, )6rter, 789:;<, , =arole, , , =alavras, >?@AB, =alabras, Laf

#s you may be wonderin , what I have shown you above, it is how to spell the word C)ordsD in a EfewF of the more common lan ua es of today" #nd I emphasis the word few, for there are, believe it or not, over G,HII lan ua es spoken all over the world in this present day and a e" So what I have shown you is really but a tiny portion of the thousands of different ways to you could write the word C)ordsD" Some of the G,HII plus lan ua es spoken around the planet like Jebrew, Greek, #ramaic, 2 yptian, BasKue, #rabic, #lbanian, Chinese, and Ledic Sankrist have been around for thousands of years" Mn the other hand, modern day 2n lish, is in comparison one of the CbabiesD of lan ua es and has only been spoken for NII years or so" #nd from the uniKue and elaborated click sounds familiar to some of the #frican lan ua es to the widely held romantic -rench lan ua e, diversity of sounds is ever present in the realm of lan ua es"

Definition of /anu#a#e
Thou h weFve seen the word Elan ua eF, and weFve spoken the word but what does the word Elan ua eF meanO Lookin into the #merican lin uist +oah )ebsterFs PQRQ #merican /ictionary of the 2n lish Lan ua e the followin words appearS LAN'GUAGE, n. [L. lingua, the tongue, and speech.] 1. Human speech; the expression of ideas by words or significant articulate sounds, for the communication of thoughts. Language consists in the oral utterance of sounds, which usage has made the representatives of ideas. hen two or more persons customarily annex the same sounds to the same ideas, the expression of these sounds by one person communicates his ideas to another. !his is the primary sense of language, the use of which is to communicate the thoughts of one person to another through the organs of hearing. "rticulate sounds are represented by letters, mar#s or characters which form words. Hence language consists also in $. ords duly arranged in sentences, written, printed or engraved, and exhibited to the eye. %. &tyle; manner of expression. 'thers for language all their care express. (. !he inarticulate sounds by which irrational animals express their feelings and wants. )ach species of animals has peculiar sounds, which are uttered instinctively, and are understood by its own species, and its own species only. *. "ny manner of expressing thoughts. !hus we spea# of the language of the eye, a language very expressive and intelligible. +. " nation, as distinguished by their speech. ,an. -. #nother definition of lan ua e is leaned from a modern source which is the online .erriam%)ebster dictionaryS 1 a: the words, their pronunciation, and the methods of combining them used and understood by a community b .1/: audible, articulate, meaningful sound as produced by the action of the vocal organs .$/: a systematic means of communicating ideas or feelings by the use of conventionali0ed signs, sounds, gestures, or mar#s having understood meanings .-/: the suggestion by ob1ects, actions, or conditions of associated ideas or feelings 2language in their very gesture 3 &ha#espeare4 .%/: the means by which animals communicate

httpSTTwww"merriam%webster"comTdictionaryTlan ua e

&uestions
The subUect matter of lan ua es, its development, and ori ins is one that has captured the curiosity of the minds of many a prominent man over the a es from diverse persuasions and vocations" .en such asS =lato, 2picurus, Lucretius, Litrivius, Cicero, /iodorus, Mri en, Jerome, #u ustine, Conrad Gesner, /ante, Leibni', Bu$torf, .a$, .uller, John 2lliot, Bentley, Mtto Jespersen, +oah )ebster, #lfredo Trombetti, Joseph Greenber , .erritt ,uhlen, Steven =inker, +oam Chomsky, and Isaac .o'enson, have all thrown in their intellectual wei ht on the study of lan ua es, which is commonly known today as the science of lin uistics" The mystery that surrounds lan ua e and words is somethin that my adolescent mind would ponder form time to time, thou h my curiosity was only recently peaked in my late RIFs" #nd from that point forward it was a subUect that rew more important to me, and I be an to spend Kuite a lot of time in a dictionary thinkin about words, and studyin words, and lookin at words, and hearin words" #nd from there, as life works out, one thin led to another where I felt inspired to look at this clue and that clue, and to research this book here and that website there, and the rest of the story is this book and the pa es in your hands" #nd althou h I have nothin of the educational pedi ree of the above list of distin uished intellectuals and thinkers, or any formal academic trainin in lin uistics, what I do brin to the table, is a love for a ood mystery, and an inspired earnest seekin of the truth, an open mind to o, like a ood detective, wherever the evidence and clues lead me, and a healthy curious appetite to know the answer to the followin list of lin uistic Kuestions that were stirred within me alon the wayS )here are we to believe that the ability to move our ton ue and share and speak words like, 56 love you7, came fromO #nd when did human bein s posses the ability to speak these words one to anotherO #nd how did it happenO #nd why did it happenO )hat is the story, what is the history of lan ua e, of spoken wordsO /id lan ua e evolve from the CMMMJ, MMJ, ###J, ###JD of apes to the C8hhh ur h u hD of cavemen and then towards the ele ant lan ua e of Shakespeare, or, is lan ua e a divine, beautiful ift from above, from GodO #nd how did this word CwordD come to be named CwordDO )here did even the word CwordD come fromO /id we simply stumble across the word CwordD by accidentO /id man invent the word CwordDO Mr did we take a vote on it, sometime in the distant past, or, is there a divine inspiration behind the word CwordDO #nd how did the words that I am writin to you ri ht now and the words that you are readin this moment come to have even the meanin s that you and I have for them, and the spellin s that we have for them, and the pronunciations that we have for themO These are the types of Kuestions that not only I, but many a person, both schooled and unschooled, lin uist and laymen, creationist and evolutionist, and people from all other faiths, have pondered and debated throu h the passa es of the a es" #s one would suspect, the beliefs and opinions that these Kuestions raise vary on every side and this book will obUectively present the Kuest for the evidence, for the facts, for the truth"

And Then 1ore &uestions


-urther and other more specific Kuestions that will be looked into to resolve the mystery of lan ua e include the followin S )hat others ideas and theories from ancient times up until today have been proposed by philosophers and lin uists on the ori ins of lan ua e and the diversification of lan ua eO Is the ori in of lan ua e still a CmysteryD to evolutionists and lin uists of todayO Is lan ua e uniKue only to humansO Jas there ever been a lan ua e less communityO )hat do the archaeolo ical findin s reveal about the worlds oldest lan ua esO /o the findin s support the evolution of lan ua es theory or do we see that the oldest lan ua es are as fully developed and as sophisticated, if not more, then our modern lan ua esO )hat does the Bible have to say in re ards to the ori ins of lan ua e, is it attributed to bein a ift from GodO /id God create the worlds by speakin wordsO /id the )ord, God, have to teach #dam and 2ve lan ua e, or, were #dam and 2ve speakin to their creator from the very day that he created them O )hat is the si nificance of the tower of Babel story, as told in Genesis PP of the Bible, in relation to lan ua esO /oes this story help to account for the thousands of lan ua es that e$ist todayO #re there similar le ends and myths of the tower of Babel story in other ancient writin sO #re there similarities between todayFs thousands of lan ua esO #re humans pro rammed, ChardwiredD for lan ua eO #re humans born with built in Cuniversal rammerDO /oes the human brain contain special areas devoted to lan ua eO )hat does the study of the Bible identify as the first lan ua e as ever bein spokenO Jas this lan ua e of #dam and 2ve, what is often referred to as the lan ua e of 2den or the #damic lan ua e, been preserved, and is it still bein spoken todayO Is there consensus in re ards to what this first lan ua e is, if not, what other lan ua es have been thou ht to be as bein the lan ua e of 2denO )hat is the modern day evidence that is leadin many prominent creationists, evolutionists, and lin uists into the believin in the mono enesis of lan ua e Vthat there was once a Cmother ton ueD or Cproto%world or #damic lan ua eDWO )hy is the work done by Isaac .o'eson in re ards to tracin the etymolo y of 2n lish words challen in some lin uists to re%think the BibleFs story of the tower of Babel and the belief of a Cmother ton ueD as bein trueO /oes the study of 2n lish words reveal en ineered like patterns and codes that o beyond mere CcoincidenceD and CchanceD and provide ample evidence that lan ua e is desi ned by GodO )hat are these patterns and codes, embedded within 2n lish wordsO Jow do we reco ni'e these patterns and codesO )hat CtoolsD do we need to see themO #re there multiple layers of meanin encoded within 2n lish wordsO )hy are these patterns and codes even presentO

)here do we o to test themO /o some of these patterns and codes only come to life in the li ht of lookin at Bible versesO

>eepin# the -i#ht %ra,e of 1ind


Before we tackle these Kuestions to ether, keep in mind, that you need to be willin to challen e your respective beliefs and step outside the proverbial Cbo$D" -or I will be presently facts and evidence that is enerally not tau ht, at all, in our education system Vboth public and privateW" The pursuit of truth needs to be an earnest endeavour! whereupon one is willin to seek all the clues, even if it oes a ainst what you have believed in the past" )ith such a open mindset you will be able to look at and wei h the evidence and allow the evidence to speak for itself -or when a close minded attitude is brou ht to the table, no new truth will be discovered by that person when they leave the table" They will leave the same way as they came without iven what is presented before them a sample, a taste" The answers to these Kuestions outlined above, as you are able to ima ine, will have some deep and powerful aftershocks, albeit if your worldview%belief system isS # nostic, #theist, Buddhist, Jindu, Jehovah )itnesses, Jewish, .ormon, .uslim, +ew # e, +eopa an, ,oman Catholic , Taoist, )iccan, Xoroastrian or another" Seekin the truth to these Kuestions has been a rewardin Uourney" The discoveries that been revealed to me have forever chan ed my understandin of the ori ins of lan ua es, of the vary words we use to communicate, to share our ideas, beliefs feelin s, dreams, and hopes" # Uourney, I hope that you will share with me throu h the passa e of these followin pa es" I happily invite you to take a seat with me as we will eat to ether" I hope you enUoy the words that have been prepared for you" Y Y Y

Some words to ponder and keep in mind as you are readin this bookS He that answereth a matter before he heareth it, it is folly and shame unto him. .9ro 1:;1- <=>/ "s#, and it shall be given you; see#, and ye shall find; #noc#, and it shall be opened unto you; ?or every one that as#eth receiveth; and he that see#eth findeth; and to him that #noc#eth it shall be opened. .@at +;+A: <=>/ Bome now, and let us reason together... .6sa 1;1: <=>/ ZMne point that I need to raise to your attention before we o on any further, and perhaps you have already cau ht on, is that rammar isnFt one of my stren ths and so you many find rammatical errors from time to time" I hope you accept my apolo ies for that"[

10

)hapter * ? ettin# the ta#e


5 hatever you thin#, there is a word; whatever you conceive, there is reason. Cou must needs spea# it in your mind; and while you are spea#ing, you admit speech as an interlocutor with you, involved in which there is this very reason, whereby, while in thought you are holding converse with your word, you are .by reciprocal action/ producing thought by means of that converse with your word. !hus, in a certain sense, the word is a second person within you, through which in thin#ing you utter speech, and through which also .by reciprocity of process/, in uttering speech you generate thought.7 A Tertullian

/an#ua#e &uotes
Edda Wei#land: 5!here are today approximately *DEE languages spo#en in our world.7 2dda )ei land, ,ialogue and Bulture VJohn BenUamins =ublishin Company, RII\W p " i$ Willia, )ho,s!y: 5Language is not merely a means of expression and communication; it is an instrument of experiencing, thin#ing, and feeling ... 'ur ideas and experiences are not independent of language; they are all integral parts of the same pattern, the warp and woof of the same texture. e do not first have thoughts, ideas, feelings, and then put them into a verbal framewor#. e thin# in words, by means of words. Language and experience are inextricably interwoven, and the awareness of one awa#ens the other. ords and idioms are as indispensible to our thoughts and experiences as are colors and tints to a painting.7 )illiam Chomsky, Hebrew; the )ternal Language V=hiladelphiaS Jewish =ublication Society, PHN\W, p "] ;or, )ho,s!y: 5&ome intellectual achievements, such as language learning, fall strictly within biologically determined cognitive capacity. ?or these tas#s, we have Fspecial design,G so that cognitive structures of great complexity and interest develop fairly rapidly and with little if any conscious effort.7 +orm Chomsky, Heflections on Language V+ew *orkS =antheon, PH\NW, p " R\" )harles Au#ustus Bri##s' Ale@ander Bal,ain Bruce: 5?or language is a living thing, and has its birth, its growth, its maturity, its decline, and its death.7 Charles #u ustus Bri s, #le$ander Balmain Bruce, Iiblical &tudy; its principles, methods and history, together with a catalogue of boo#s of reference VCharles Scribner1s Sons, PQQ^W, p " ^N Willia, )hauncey %o5ler: 5!he birthAplace of language is the birthAplace of the human race.7 )illiam Chauncey -owler, )nglish Jrammar; !he )nglish Language in 6ts )lements and ?orms. ith a History of 6ts 'rigin and ,evelopment. ,esigned for 8se in Bolleges and &chools VJarper _ Brothers, PQQNW, p " ]\ 5!H) >"L8) '? L"KJ8"J). L *. !he gift of reason to the human race derives its great value from the gift of speech. )ach is a complement of the other. )ach would be nearly valueless without the other. =ust conceive for a moment of a soul swelling with large thoughts and strong emotions in the body of a man without the gift of utterance. &uch a soul, thus confined within walls of flesh, struggling in vain to come forth into communication with others, must, to a large extent, be isolated from human #ind. 6n native intellect he may be angelA

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bright, in affections angelA lovely, but the wor#ings of that intellect and those affections must be the wor#ings of one in solitary confinement; and the consciousness of this impotence must be as is the ineffectual struggle to spea# when the nightmare sits brooding on the sleeper. " single instance, however, furnishes but a faint illustration of what would be the wretched condition of the human family if they were all so many mutes. @utum et turpe pecus would they be. Ieing mute, they would, of course, be degraded. &peech is the deliverer of the imprisoned soul. 6t brings it into communion with another soul, so that the two become one. 6t leads the thoughts and the emotions into light and liberty. ords reaching from the spea#erMs tongue to the listening ear are the lin#s of that electric chain upon which thought flies from mind to mind, and feeling from heart to heart, through the greater or the smaller circles of human society. !H) 9)H@"K)K! >"L8) '? L"KJ8"J). L +. !he gift of speech to the human race derives its permanent value from letters; or, to use eNuivalent terms, spo#en language derives its permanent value from written language. &ummon to your memory some tribe of men gifted li#e others with reason and speech, but without the aid of letters. However correct and bright their thoughts may be, however strong and graceful their emotions, however distinct and eloNuent their expression, they must all die with the individual, or be but faintly transmitted to future generations, at last to fade entirely from the memory of man, or be mingled up with fables. Iut let those same thoughts, and emotions, and expressions be recorded by letters and transmitted to the future, and they become the seedA corn in the minds of the next generation, to bear a glorious harvest of new thoughts and new emotions, or, at least, a profitable harvest in the application of #nowledge to those arts of life which minister to human improvement. >ox volat. !he voice flies from the lips to mingle with the winds, to be lost without an echo to the thought which it conveyed. &cripta manenl. ritten down, it may continue sounding on, as from a trumpetAtongue, through all time, spea#ing still to the common heart of man li#e Homer, or to the conscience li#e 9aul.7 Ibid, p "Fs ]H%^I 5)arly theories of language were preoccupied with its origins. Iefore the 1:th century, theories attributed the origins of language to divine intervention. Language was considered a gift from Jod. @ost cultures have a story or myth about the creation of language and the nature of the first language. "ll cultures have a language origin story. ...the sun goddess, "matera0u, was the creator of language in =apan. 6n Bhina, the &on of Heaven was !MienAt0u, and he gave language and the power of words to man. Breation myths almost always have a god from the heavens or the god of light both creating man and giving him speech powers. !hese tendencies are recurring in the creation myths of the "merican 6ndians. @ichabo was the god of light in "lgonNuian mythology, and the culture god of the 6roNuois was the god of the dawn. ?rom these collection of stories and myths come reports of similar experiences and behaviors. 6t is possible to interpret the myths as saying that language accompanied reason....6t must have been impossible for the ancients to conceive of human life without language, so language must have coincided with the birth of human beings.7 Donald G6 Ellis' ?rom language to communication ALawrence 2rlbaum #ssociatesW,PHHH, p " ] Y Y Y

#s you can probably ima aine thou h, not everyone throu hout the a es, has held unto the belief, as captured above, that lan ua e is Ca ift from GodD" #s such, in the followin chapter, we will look into some of the more popular alternative views that have been theori'ed by man, from both ancient and modern times, as to Uust how they believe this awesome human ability of lan ua e came to be"

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)hapter 2 ? +e said: +u,an -easonin# on the .ri#in of /an#ua#e


5!here are almost as many models of how language originated and evolved as there are scholars addressing this Nuestion.7 A -obert >6 /o#an

Ideas fro, AntiBuity


)e will be in by lookin into some of these many models and see what ideas were bein postulate thousands of years a o within the minds of Greek and Latin philosophers" -irst off, is the Greek philosopher Epicurus, who lived from ]^P B"C"0 R\I B"C", whose thou hts about the first sta e in the development of lan ua e as stated within his Letter to Herodotus are captured in /eborah Levine GeraFs book "ncient Jree# 6deas on &peech, Language, and Bivili0ation VRII], P\IWS 5"""in the beginning names did not come into being by coining. Hather, the very nature of humans O in their different tribes O experienced individual feelings and received individual impressions. )ach of these feelings and impressions caused them to exhale and dispatch air in their own individual manner and also according to ethnic differences from place to place.7 Gera ives an account as to 2picurusF second sta e of lan ua e, where Creason and convention play a part as wellD VRII], P\PWS 5Later words were coined 1ointly within each tribe in order to ma#e designations less ambiguous and more succinctly expressed. "lso the men who were aware introduced certain unseen entities and brought words for them into usage. Hence some men gave utterance under compulsion and others chose words rationally an it is thus as far as the principal cause is concerned that they achieved selfAexpression.7 .Letter to Herodutus P ,iog. Laert.1E. +*/ Commentin on 2picurusF beliefs on the sta es of lan ua e development, /eborah says VRII], P\P,P\]WS Here )picurus argues for a natural origin of language in the strongest sense of the term; names are evo#ed O actually prompted O by nature, with menGs feelings and impressions giving rise directly to sounds. )picurusG first men spea# under the compulsion of natures. ...and it is only at a later age that humans use reason. "ncient authors who cite )picurusG views will spea# of words bursting forth from primitive humans according to circumstance; their speech is said to be instinctual, a#in to snee0es, coughs, and groans. !hus first words are doubly natural; they arise directly and naturally, and there is a natural fit between word and ob1ect, since impressions and feelings shape the very vocal sound. ...in the )picurean scheme they [humans] master language from the beginning. "nother important innovation found in )picurus is that he imagines a series of original, natural languages rather than one single universal tongue. ...Blimate, circumstances, and races vary in different places, and divergent languages simply reflect the disparate, natural responses evo#ed by these varying factors of environment, ethnic group, and surroundings. 9g 1+1A1+/ucretius, who was a ,oman =oet and philosopher who lived in the Pst century B"C", voiced his belief in re ards to the be innin of speech as bein S QIut nature impelled them to utter the various sounds of the tongue and use struc# out the names of things, much in the same way as the inability to spea# is seen in its turn to drive children to the use of gestures, when it forces them to point with the finger at the things which are before them.Q T" Lucreti Cari /e ,erum +atura Libri Se$ By Titus Carus Lucretius, 2ditionS R, =ublished PQGG, p " P^P These are /eborah GeraFs comments on Lucretius views on the ori in of lan ua e VRII], ]QWS

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Q hen discussing the origin of language, Lucretius argues that man learns language instinctively or naturally; he compares a child learning to spea# to a calf growing horns, a whelp growing claws, and a bird learning to use his wings. =ust as animals emit different cries to express their pain, fear, or happiness, so man possessed of voice and tongue, used different sounds to express his varying emotions. Lucretius, then, sees the earliest form of human language as an expression of feelings, and manGs first use of speech is not dissimilar to animals use of diverse sounds to convey their varies emotional responses. !his #ind of communication may have been Nuite basic in form, for Lucretius, primitive man signifies his feelings in stammering fashions, by means of cries and gestures...Q Citru9ius, a Pst century B"C" ,oman writer, architect, and en ineer described the development of lan ua e as such, as noted in /eborahFs book VRII], PNQWS Q6n this gathering of men, as they breathed forth different sounds, they fixed articulate sounds by chance in the course of their daily routine. Kext, signifying the things they used more freNuently, humans began to spea# by chance accruing to the event.Q /eborah retells the thou hts of Diodorus iculus, who was a Pst century B"C" Greek historian, on the ori ins of lan ua e as bein VRII], PG]WS Q?rom meaningless and confused cries by slow degrees they articulated forms of speech and by agreeing among themselves on expressions for every ob1ect in front of them created a mutually intelligible mode of communication about everything...Q /eborah further elaborates on /iodorus views on lan ua e by sayin VRII], PG^WS Q""",iodorus posits a series of first languages, rather than a single original tongue, and he thin#s, that different groupings of men went through the same phases of creating languages in different areas of the inhabited world. ?or each grouping developed its own form of speech. Kot everyone spea#s the same language; ,iodorus explains, for each group composted words by chance. ...!his is why there is every conceivable form of language, he concludes.Q )icero VPIG B"C" 0 ^] B"C"W was a ,oman statesman, lawyer, philosopher and his account of the be innin of lan ua e is stated as such within /eborahFs book VRII], PG^WS Q"nd when [reason] found men with stammering voices uttering unformed and confused sounds, she separated these sounds into distinct classes, assigning words to things as a #ind of distinguishing mar#. !hus with the most pleasant tie of speech she bound together previously solitary men. Q

Ideas %ro, the *9th )entury $ "resent The followin section covers some of the more prominent and fantastic ideas, in relation to the ori in of lan ua e, that were spawned in the PHth century and onwards by philosophers, lin uists, scientists, and by most notably, )harles Dar5in"

-or the theory of evolution%natural selection, as advocated by Charles /arwin, has since the PHth century heavily shaped the ideas of lin uists in search of the ori in of lan ua e, as attested by the followin KuoteS

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5Iut it was the wor# of ,arwin, including his own speculation on the origin of language, that gave particular impetus to attempt to construct an evolutionary theory of the origin of language in the late nineteenth century. "t that time linguistics was very strongly influenced by the theory of evolution.7 John Lyons, &emantics; >olume 1 .Cambrid e `niversity =ress, PH\\W, p " QN -irst, we will be readin from an online article that summari'es and critiKues some of the more common wild theories that ran rampant in the PHth century" Two of these theories, which .a$ .aller coined Cbow%wowD and Cpooh%poohD, were advanced by Charles /arwinS CMver the centuries, many theories have been put forward%%and Uust about all of them have been challen ed, discounted, and often ridiculed" 2ach theory accounts for only a small part of what we know about lan ua e" Jere, identified by their dispara in nicknames, are some of the oldest and most common theories of how lan ua e be an" The Bo5?Wo5 Theory #ccordin to this theory, lan ua e be an when our ancestors started imitatin the natural sounds around them" The first speech was onomatopoeic %%marked by echoic words such as moo, meow, splash, cuc#oo, and bang" hatMs wrong with this theoryR ,elatively few words are onomatopoeic, and these words vary from one lan ua e to another" # do 1s bark, for instance, is heard as au au in Bra'il, ham ham in #lbania, and wang, wang in China" In addition, many onomatopoeic words are of recent ori in, and not all are derived from natural sounds" The Din#?Don# Theory This theory, favored by =lato and =ytha oras, maintains that speech arose in response to the essential Kualities of obUects in the environment" The ori inal sounds people made were supposedly in harmony with the world around them" hatMs wrong with this theoryR #part from some rare instances of sound symbolism, there1s no persuasive evidence, in any lan ua e, of an innate connection between sound and meanin " The /a?/a Theory The /anish lin uist Mtto Jespersen su with love, play, and%%especially%%son "

ested that lan ua e may have developed from sounds associated

hatMs wrong with this theoryR #s /avid Crystal notes in How Language or#s V=en uin, RIINW, this theory still fails to account for &the ap between the emotional and the rational aspects of speech e$pression"& The "ooh?"ooh Theory This theory holds that speech be an with interUections%%spontaneous cries of pain V&Muchb&W, surprise V&Mhb&W, and other emotions V&*abba dabba dob&W" hatMs wrong with this theoryR +o lan ua e contains very many interUections, and, Crystal points out, &the clicks, intakes of breath, and other noises which are used in this way bear little relationship to the vowels and consonants found in phonolo y"& The 2o?+e?+o Theory #ccordin to this theory, lan ua e evolved from the runts, roans, and snorts evoked by heavy physical labor" hatMs wrong with this theoryR Thou h this notion may account for some of the rhythmic features of lan ua e, it doesn1t o very far in e$plainin where words come from"

15

#s =eter -arb says in ord 9lay; hat Happens hen 9eople !al# VLinta e, PHH]W, &#ll these speculations have serious flaws, and none can withstand the close scrutiny of present knowled e about the structure of lan ua e and about the evolution of our species"& ,ichard +ordKuist, =h"/", CBow )ow, /in /on , _ *abba /abba /oS The Mri ins of Lan ua eD httpSTT rammar"about"comTbTRIIQTI^TRPTthe%ori ins%of%lan ua e"htmOpcP /r" Clarence L" .eader, in an article found within !he )ncyclopedia "merican, commented on the &pow%wow&, &bow% wow&, &din %don & and &pooh%pooh& theories VPH]H, p "1s ]QR%]Q^WS 5"ll of these theories must be regarded as attempts to con1ecture how speech might conceivably have arisen instead of as anything even remotely approaching a scientific demonstration of how speech actually did arise.Q

#nd as you will be readin the followin Kuotes about modern day ideas as to the ori ins of lan ua e from prominent lin uists and evolutionists you will notice that many of these theories are the fruits of seeds that have been sowed in the soil of Charles /arwinFs theory of evolution" I will be showin Kuote after Kuote and will allow these Kuotes to speak for themselves """for now" #uthors .orten J" Christiansen, Simon (irby, point in their book Language )volution that it was a paper published by Steven =inker Vprominent Canadian%#merican e$perimental psycholo ist, co nitive scientistW and =aul Bloom V=rofessor of =sycholo yW that ot the lan ua e ori ins by means of natural selction wheels oin in our times VRII], ]WS 5!he landmar# paper FKatural Language and natural &electionG, published in 1DDE by &teven 9in#er and 9aul Iloom...is considered by many to be the catalyst that brought about the resurgence of interest in the evolution of language.1 !he paper proposed the theory that the human ability for language is a complex biological adaptation evolved by way of natural selection.7 te9en "in!er and "aul Bloo, 5"ll we have argued is that human language, li#e other speciali0ed biological systems, evolved by natural selection. 'ur conclusion is based on two facts that we would thin# would be entirely uncontroversial; language shows signs of complex design for the communication of propositional structure, and the only explanation for the organs with complex is the process of natural selection. Human language, li#e other speciali0ed biological systems, evolved by natural selection. hile there are no doubt aspects of the system that can only be explained by historical, developmental, or random processes, the most li#ely explanation for the complex structure of the language faculty is that it is a design imposes on neural circuitry as a response to evolutionary pressures.7 .1DDE, %:/

16

-urther thou hts by Steven =inker on lan ua e areS 5Bhoms#y and some of his fiercest opponents agree on one thing; that a uniNuely human language instinct seems to be incompatible with the modern ,arwinian theory of evolution, in which complex biological systems arise by the gradual accumulation over generations of random genetic mutations that enhance reproductive success. )ither there is no language instinct, or it must have evolved by other means. &ince 6 have been trying to convince you that there is a language instinct but would certainly forgive you if you would rather believe ,arwin than believe me, 6 would also li#e to convince you that you need not ma#e that choice. !hough we #now few details about how the language instinct evolved, there is no reason to doubt that the principal explanation is the same as for any other complex instinct or organ, ,arwinMs theory of natural selection" ... [Language] is composed of many parts; syntax, with its discrete combinatorial system building phrase structures; morphology, a second combinatorial system building words; a capacious lexicon; a revamped vocal tract; phonological rules and structures; speech perception; parsing algorithms; learning algorithms. !hose parts are physically reali0ed as intricately reali0ed structured neural circuits, laid down by a cascade of precisely timed genetic events. ... ?irst, if language involves, for its true expression, another individual, who did the first language mutant tal# toR 'ne answer might be; the fifty percent of the brothers and sisters and sons and daughters who shared the new gene by common inheritance. Iut a more general answer is that the neighbours could have partly understood what the mutant was saying even if they lac#ed the newfangled circuitry, 1ust using overall intelligence.7 Steven =inker, !he language instinct V)" .orrow and Co"W, PHH^, p "1s ]]], ]GR, ]GN ;oa, )ho,s!y V#merican lin uist, philosopher, co nitive scientistW 5Bhoms#y, for instance, speculates that at one time there must have existed Man ancient primate with the whole human mental architecture in place, but no language facultyM. )ventually Ma mutation too# place in the genetic instructions for the brain, which was then reorgani0ed in accord with the laws of physics and chemistry to install a faculty of languageM .Bhoms#y 1DD:; 1+/.7 John 2arl Joseph, +i el Love, Talbot J" Taylor, Landmar#s in linguistic thought 66; the century V,outled eW, RIIP estern tradition in the twentieth

56Mve said nothing so far about the production of language. !he reason is that there is little to say of any interest. "part from peripheral aspects, it remains largely a mystery.7 +oam Chomsky, 9owers and 9rospects; Heflections on Human Kature and the &ocial 'rder, VLondonS =luto =ressW, PHHG, p" PG te9enGould Vprominent #merican palaeontolo ist, evolutionary biolo ist, and historian of scienceW 5Ces, the brain got bigger by natural selection. Iut as a result of this si0e, and the neural density and connectivity thus imparted, human brains could perform an immense range of functions Nuite unrelated to the original reasons for the increase in bul#. !he brain did not get big so we could read or write or do arithmetic or chart the seasons3yet human culture, as we #now it, depends upon s#ills of this #ind. . . . !he universals of language are so different from anything else in nature, and so Nuir#y in their structure, that origin as a side conseNuence of the brainGs enhanced capacity, rather than a simple advance in continuity from ancestral grunts and gestures, seems indicated. .!his argument about language is by no means original with me, though 6 ally myself fully with it; this line of reasoning follows directly as the evolutionary reading for Koam Bhoms#yGs theory of universal grammar./7 Steven J" Gould, CTires to Sandals,D Katural History V#pril PHQHW, pp" Q0PN, Kuoted in /aniel C" /ennett, ,arwinGs ,angerous 6dea V+ew *orkS Simon _ Schuster, PHHNW, p" ]HI"

17

%rans de Waal V/utch =rofessor, psycholo ist, primatolo ist and etholo istW 5Humans are Nuite different because they possess language, which underlies every ma1or intellectual achievement of humanity. !his discontinuity theory is implausible because evolution cannot proceed by inspired 1umps, only by accretion of beneficial variants of what went before. Language is a uniNue yet highly complex adaptation. 6f it is completely unrelated to the cognition of other species, a remar#ably .and improbably/ rapid adaptive process must have gone on in the few million years since we last shared an ancestor with a living ape. @ore li#ely, the flowering of human intellect in language is built upon, and composed of, many other abilities A which may histories independent of one another.7 -rans de )aal, !ree of origin; what primate behavior can tell us about human social evolution VJarvard `niversity =ressW, RIIR, p " P^Q Terrence W6 Deacon: V#merican anthropolo ist and =rofessor of Biolo ical #nthropolo y and +euroscienceW 5!he worldMs languages evolved spontaneously. !hey were not designed. ...Languages are social and cultural entities that have evolved with respect to forces of selection imposed by human users.7 Terrence )" /eacon, !he &ymbolic &pecies; !he BoAevolution of Language and the Irain VJarmondsworthS =en uinW, PHH\, p " PPI -obert >6 /o#an V=rofessor , media ecolo istW Mne thin that is common and certain amon st secular lin uists pursuin the answer to the ori in of lan ua e from an evolutionary paradi m is that there is no consensus in re ards to their theories amon them as shown a ain by =rofessor ,obert (" Lo an, who poses the followin Kuestion in his book VRII\, PG]" PG^WS 5Question 1: as the origin and evolution of language a purely ,arwinian process governed by natural selection acting on the human genomeR !here is no uniform answer to this Nuestion within the linguistic community. !here are almost as many models of how language originated and evolved as there scholars addressing this Nuestion. &ome linguists are highly sceptical of a ,arwinian explanation of the origin of language while some are extremely supportive of the idea and believe that all of the features of language, including the 8niversal Jrammar postulated by Bhoms#y, can be explained in terms of biological natural selection operating on the hominid genome. !hen there is the middle ground, in which 6 place myself, of those who ta#e the position that biological natural selection played an important, perhaps even a dominant, role in the origin of language but that this alone does not .or cannot/ explain all aspects of the phenomenon. )ven ,arwin admitted the possibilities of other mechanisms when he wrote, M6 am convinced that natural selection has been the main but not the exclusive means of modification, .1:(DS1D*:, *D/. !hose in the middle group...accept natural selection as the mechanism responsible for the emergence of language but maintain that there were two forms of natural selection operating, one biological acting on the hominid genome and the other cultural operating on the language itself.7 9erhaps the most prominent sceptic of the natural selection approach is Koam Bhoms#y, who maintains that natural selection can explain certain things but not the origin of speech; M)volutionary theory appears to have very little to say about speciation, or about any #ind of innovation. 6t can explain how you get a different distribution of Nualities that are already present, but does not say much about how new Nualities can emergeM .1D:$, $-/.... Human language is an embarrassment for evolutionary t eory be!ause it is vastly more "o#erful t an one !an a!!ount for in terms of sele!tive fitness' .1D:*, 1-$A-, emphasis mine/.7

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1ichael )orballis V=rofessorW #uthors Christiansen and (irby outlines as to what .ichael Corballis believes in re ards to the ori ins of lan ua e VRII], QWS 5@ichael Borballis...sees language as originating with a system of manual gestures, but comes to this conclusion from the viewpoint of cognitive and evolutionary neuroscience ... He argues that whereas nonA human primates tend to gesture only when others are loo#ing, their vocali0ation are not necessarily directed at othersAperhaps because of differences in voluntary control over gestures and vocali0ations. Borballis suggest that one of the first steps in language evolution may have been the advent of bipedalism, which would have allowed the hands to be used for gestures instead of locomotion. He follows 9in#er in pointing to a gradual evolution of a capacity for grammar, though Borbalis maintains that language remained primarily gestural until relatively late in our evolutionary history. !he shift from visual gestures to vocal ones would have been gradual, and he propose that largely autonomous vocal language arose following a genetic mutation between 1EE,EEE to (E,EEE years ago.7 -obin Dunbar VBritish anthropolo ist and evolutionary biolo istW Mnce a ain, Christiansen and (irby point out that this theory, as others, is met with opposition as hi hli hted by ,obin /unbar VRII], Q%HWS 5!he gestural theories of language origin as outlined by...Borballis are not without their critics. Hobin ,unbar argues...that the arguments in favour of a gestural origin of language are largely circumstantial. He moreover contends that gestural language suffers from two ma1or disadvantages in comparison with spo#en language; it reNuires direct line of sight, and it cannot be used at night. 6nstead, ,unbar proposes that language originated as a device for bonding in large social groups. He notes that grooming is the mechanism of choice among primates to bond social groups. However, human social groups tend to be too large for it to be possible for grooming to bond them effectively. Language, on this account, emerged as a form of groomingA atAaAdistance, which is reflected in the large amount of time typically spent verbally FservicingG social relationships. ,unbar sees the use of primateAli#e vocali0ations in chorusingAa #ind of communal singingAas a #ey intermediate step in the evolution of language. 'nce such cooperative use of vocali0ations was in place, grammar could then emerge through processes of natural selection.7 EliDabeth Bates Vwas a =rofessor of psycholo y and co nitive scienceW 56f the basic structural principles of language cannot be learned .bottom up/ or derived .top down/, there are only two possible explanations for their existence; either 8niversal Jrammar was endowed to us directly by the Breator, or else our species has undergone a mutation of unprecedented magnitude, a cognitive eNuivalent of the Iig Iang.7 2li'abeth Bates Kuoted in Steven =inker, !he Language 6nstinct; How the @ind Breates Language V+ew *orkS Jarper =erennial, PHH^W, ]NI" Y Y Y

#s you have Uust read there are many different ideas, theories and speculation from the secular world, from times of antiKuity ri ht up to modern times, in re ards to the ori ins of human lan ua e and as to how lan ua e evolved" )e have read of the beliefs that attributed the ori in of lan ua e, in ancient timesS to the reasonin of men, by the promptin and impellin of nature, by men needin to e$press themselves, and by chance" In more modern times, we read of numerous theories likeS 5IowA ow7, 5,ingA,ong7, 5LaALa7, 59oohA9ooh7, and 5CoA HeAHo7, where, to reiterate in the words of =eter -arb 0 5"ll these speculations have serious flaws, and none can withstand the close scrutiny of present #nowledge about the structure of language and about the evolution of our species.7.

19

)e also read of contemporary theories where the ori ins of lan ua e is the result of evolutionary means ofS Cnatural selection7, 5genetic mutations7, and 5as a side conseNuence of the brainGs enhanced capacity7, to name a few" #nd based on lookin at the sum of all the theories that we have looked into, it appears apparent that tacklin the Kuestion of how human lan ua e ori inated and CevolvedD is still a most challen in one for secularists, who are in many, many ways, no closer to answerin this mystery since the times of 2picurus who lived more than R,]II years a o" In the followin chapter we will look into what evidence, I dare say if any, is out there to support the secular views on lan ua e ori ins and evolution"

20

)hapter 0 ? o,e %acts that 1a!e 2ou Wonder and o,e Truths to "onder
5&cientists, historians, and detectives observe data and proceed thence to some theory about what best explains the occurrence of these data. e can analy0e the criteria which they use in reaching a conclusion that a certain theory is better supported by the data than a different theory3that is, is more li#ely, on the basis of those data, to be true.7 A -ichard 5inburne

)onfessions fro, E9olutionist=s


)e have Uust read in the previous chapter some of the plentiful theories that have been proposed by both man from ancient times and by leadin contmeporay evolutionists, lin uists, and scientists in re ards to the ori in of lan ua e, and so now will be seekin to see if there is any empirical evidence that supports the ideas that they have presented so far" This first Kuote that we will be lookin at is from evolutionist Terrence /eacon, whom we have already read from in the previous chapter" This Kuote does not look promisin in the least and is in fact Kuite dama in in our search for empirical evidence that supports the secular claims of lan ua es ori ins from an evolutionary conte$tS 5T eories of language origins ave almost universally been embarrassments to em"iri!al s!ien!e. !his is because they are typically li#e narratives exemplifying certain linguistic theories and deep philosophical commitments rather than efforts to understand the processes involved in generating this uniNuely complex phenomenon. !he reasons for this tendency are not hard to find. !here is an almost complete absence of direct evidence of the process itself; and in incomprehensibly complex organ .the brain/ underlying the capacity to acNuire and use language; and many competing philosophical preconceptions that all ma#e strong claims about the nature of language and its role in human cognitive uniNueness. !hese are serious constraints and biases .though in least one these areas A neuroscience A there has been considerable progress in developing critical tools and compiling relevant evidence/. !hese limits have licensed the acceptance of considerably more speculation in this field than in many others. Iut even as some of these limitations are becoming removed, as relevant comparative and developmental linguistic and neurological data are becoming available, 6 believe we are still crippled in a more fundamental way by theoretical biases and naivete.7 [emphasis mine] Bruce J" )eber, /avid J" /epew, )volution and learning; the Ialdwin effect reconsidered V.IT =ressW, RII], p "1s QP% QR This ne$t Kuote from Christine (enneallyMs book !he first word; the search for the origins of language looks at lan ua e from both a Chomskian and Lieberman perspective and their respective problems VRII\, p "1s GQ%GHWS 5 hen it comes to the idea of language as an adaptation, the challenge of grasping evolution is further compounded by our inability to imagine ourselves without language. Language not only fills our lives, but we do our imagining, to a large extent, with language. ... 6n addition to the natural obstacles to imagining how language, or anything, evolved, the way language was defined by generative linguistics made its evolution seem even more incomprehensible. "lthough Bhoms#y forswore explicit discussion of the language evolution Nuestion, many scholars thought the answer was implicit in his model of language. 6ndeed, Bhoms#y spo#e often of innateness, and when you invo#e innateness, itMs hard not to ma#e a few assumptions about genetics and evolution. "s a result, it seemed to many linguists and other cognitive scientists that the only way an innate universal grammar could exist, the only way humans could be born with a language organ, was if it was genetically endowed. !he implication was that the language organ was specified in the genome, and generally it was assumed that there was a gene or genes specifically for language. "t the same time, Bhoms#y saw language as a perfect, formal system. &o it appeared that a gene for this mathematical entity must have appeared out of nowhere with no precursors in other animals. T is !ontribute$ to t e #i$es"rea$ vie# t at language evolution #as im"ossible an$ language's very e%isten!e #as mira!ulous. ... 6n the 1D:Es and 1DDEs, while Bhoms#y expressed no interest in its study [9hilip] Lieberman was examining s#ulls, listening to apes, and testing brains, all in search of clues to languagMs origins. Lieberman argues that not only should you study language evolution, but you canMt even begin to understand language if you donMt start with evolution. His research is grounded in the basic tenets of messy biology.

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hen you loo# at the problem through his eyes, it becomes harder to see language evolution as either mystical or impossible. 6nstead, it loo#s merely insanely complicated.7 The followin Kuotes sum up the problems, difficulties and perple$ities that an evolutionary account to lan ua e arise as captured by the words of evolutionists themselves" -ichard Da5!ins: Vevolutionary biolo istW 5@y clear example is language. 5Kobody #nows how [language] began. !here doesnGt seem to be anything li#e syntax in nonAhuman animals and it is hard to imagine evolutionary forerunners of it. ...)Nually obscure is the origin of semantics; of words and their meaning.7 8nweaving the Hainbow VBoston, Jou hton%.iflin Co", PHHQW, p" RH^" 1a##ie Taller,an: V=rofessor of Lin uisticsW 5Language is an extremely complex phenomenon and evolutionary accounts of it are therefore often considered problematic.7 .a ie Tallerman, Language origins; perspectives on evolution VM$ford `niversity =ressW, RIIN, p " PII

-onald >6 6 1acaulay: 5!he emergence of human language as an efficient system of vocal communication, however, presents a challenge to evolutionary theory, since there is a fundamental problem in even imagining how the #iinds of calls primates use could have developed into human language. !he problem lies in the segmental nature of language and particularly the segments #nown as phonemes. &ince phonemes are meaningless in themselves, it is hard to see how they could have developed out of a system in which individual calls had separate meanings. "nother problem in trying to understand the evolution of language is the lac# of fossil evidence. 8nfortunately, bone structure is not the most important aspect of the vocal tract and the softer parts of the body do not survive as fossils. "ttempts have been made to extrapolate the si0e of the vocal tract from s#ull fossils in order to determine when human beings first began to use language. )ven if successful .and they have been challenged/, these efforts would still not provide any explanation of how language evolved.7 ,onald (" S" .acaulay, !he &ocial "rt; Language and 6ts 8ses VM$ford `niversity =ress `SW, PHHG, p " P\I Wendy >6 Wil!ins A"rofessor of /in#uistics and )o#niti9e cienceE and Fennie Wa!efield A/in#uistE: 5,espite the lac# of evidence for intermediate stages in linguistic evolution, the alternatives are hard to accept. 6f some speciesAspecific characteristic did not evolve in piecemeal fashion, then there would seem to be only two ways to explain its appearance. )ither it was put in place by some stillAundiscovered force, "er a"s t roug $ivine intervention, or it was the result of some relatively abrupt change in the development of the species, perhaps some sort of spontaneous and widespread mutation . . . but the fortuitous nature of such a happenstance mutation ma#es that explanation seem suspect. "s has been pointed out .9in#er and Iloom, 1DDE/, the chances against a mutation resulting in a system as complex and apparently so ideally suited to its tas# as is language are staggeringly high.7[emphasis added] )endy (" )ilkins and Jennie )akefield, &Brain 2volution and +eurolin uistic =reconditions,& Behavioral and Brain Sciences PQ VPWS PGP%RRG" 1orten +6 )hristiansen' i,on >irby: 5!o understand language, we need to #now where it came from, why it wor#s the way it does, and how it has changed. !o some it may be a surprise that, despite rapid advances in many areas of science, we still #now relatively little about the origins and evolution of this peculiar human trait. ... 8nderstanding the evolution of language is a hard problem...7 .orten Christiansen, Simon (irby, Lan ua e 2volution VM$ford `niversity =ress `SW, RII], p "Fs P%R, P^

22

+u,ans 5hen )o,pared to all Ani,als are Words Apart

1a@ 1Gller: VGerman philolo istW 5 here, then, is the difference between brute and manR hat is it that man can do, and of which we find no signs, no rudiments, in the whole brute worldR 6 answer without hesitation; the one great barrier between the brute and man is Language. @an spea#s, and no brute has ever uttered a word. Language is our Hubicon, and no brute will dare to cross it. !his is our matter of fact answer to those who spea# of development, who thin# they discover the rudiments at least of all human faculties in apes, and who would fain #eep open the possibility that man is only a more favoured beast, the triumphant conNueror in the primeval struggle for life. Language is something more palpable than a fold of the brain, or an angle of the s#ull. 6t admits of no cavilling, and no process of natural selection will ever distill significant words out of the notes of birds or the cries of beasts.7 -riedrich .a$ .aller, Lectures on the &cience of LanguageV Lon man, Green, Lon man, and ,obertsW,PQGP, p " ]^I te9en "in!er: 5Language is obviously as different from other animalsM communication systems as the elephantMs truc# is different from other animalsM nostrils. Konhuman communication systems are based on one of three designs; a finite repertory of calls .one for warnings of predators, one for claims of territory, and so on/, a continuous analog signal that registers the magnitude of some state .the livelier the dance of the bee, the richer the food source that it is telling its hivemates about/, or a series of random variations on a theme .a birdsong repeated with a new twist each time; Bharlie 9ar#er with feathers/. "s we have seen, human language has a very different design. !he discrete combinatorial system called QgrammarQ ma#es human language infinite .there is no limit to the number of complex words or sentence in a language/, digital .this infinity is achieved by rearranging discrete elements in particular orders and combinations, not by varying some signal along a continuum li#e the mercury in a thermometer/, and compositional .each of the finite combinations has a different meaning predictable from the meanings of its parts and the rules and principles arranging them/. ... )ven the seat of human language in the brain is special. !he vocal calls of primates are controlled not by their cerebral cortex but by phylogenetically older neural structures in the brain stem and limbic systems, structures that are heavily involved in emotion. Human vocali0ations other than language, li#e sobbing, laughing, moaning, and shouting in pain, are also controlled subcortically. &ubcortical structures even control the swearing that follows the arrival of a hammer on a thumb, that emerges as an involuntary tic in !ouretteMs syndrome, and that can survive as IrocaMs aphasicMs only speech. Jenuine language . . . is seated in the cerebral cortex, primarily in the left perisylvian region.7 Steven =inker, !he language instinct V)" .orrow and Co"W, PHH^, p " ]^R

23

;oa, )ho,s!y 5... human language appears to be a uniNue phenomenon, without significant analogue in the animal world.7 +oam Chomsky, Language and @ind VChica oS Jarcourt, Brace _ )orld, Inc", PHGQW, p" NH" +enry 1orris: V#merican youn earth creationist and Christian apolo ist" Je is considered by many to be &the father of modern creation science"&W 5!here are no normal humans that cannot spea# and no animals that ever can. !his is the great unbridgeable gap between all man#ind and every component of the animal #ingdom. )volutionary scientists have made many attempts to teach chimpan0ees to spea#, but all to no avail.7 Jenry .orris, =h"/", CThe .ystery of Juman Lan ua eD, httpSTTwww"icr"or TarticleTmystery%human%lan ua eT "hilip /ieber,an: VLin uist and =rofessorW 5Iut though animal trainers and investigators have tried since the seventeenth century to teach chimpan0ees to tal#, no chimpan0ee has ever managed it. !rue, a chimpan0eeMs soundAproducing anatomy is fundamentally different from our own. Iut chimpan0ees might still produce a muffled approximation of human speech if their brains could only plan and execute the necessary articulate maneuvers. !o do this, they would have to have our brains.7 =hilip Lieberman, &=eak Capacity,& !he &ciences Vvol" ]\, +ovT/ec PHH\W, p" R\" tephen 1atthe5s' Bernard )o,rie' and 1arcia "olins!y: 5Language is perhaps the most important single characteristic that distinguishes human beings from other animal species. . . . Iecause of the different structure of the vocal apparatus in humans and chimpan0ees, it is not possible for chimpan0ees to imitate the sounds of human language, so they have been taught to use gestures or to#ens in place of sounds . . . but chimpan0ees never attain a level of linguistic complexity beyond the approximate level of a twoAyearAold child. 7 Stephen .atthews, Bernard Comrie, and .arcia =olinsky, editorsS "tlas of Languages; !he 'rigin and ,evelopment of Languages !hroughout the orld V+ew *orkS -acts on -ile, Inc", PHHGW, p" PI" Brad +arrub' Bert Tho,pson: 5!he fact is, no animal is capable of spea#ing in the manner in which people can spea#. &peech is a peculiarly human trait. 6n an article titled 5BhimpA&pea#7 that dealt with this very point, !revor @a1or wrote, ?irst, chimps do not possess the anatomical ability to spea#. &econd, the sign language they learn is not natural, even for humans. Bhimps have to be trained to communicate with this language; it is not something they do in the wild. "nd unli#e humans, trained chimps do not seem to pass this s#ill on their young. !hird, chimps never #now more than a few hundred wordsAconsiderably less than most young children...[)]volutionists have no way to bridge the gap from innate ability to language relying on natural selection or any other purely natural cause. hyR Iecause language is complex and carries informationAthe trademar#s of intelligent design .1DD%, 1%[-];1/.7 Brad Jarrub, Bert Thompson, !he !ruth about Human 'rigins; "n 6nvestigation 'f !he BreationSevolution Bontroversy "s 6t Helates !o !he 'rigin 'f @an#ind V#polo etics =ress Inc"W, RIIN, p "Fs PHQ%PHH Continuin futher, Jarrub and Thompson point outS 5)ven though apes, dogs, and birds can be 5trained7 to do certain things, they cannot arson and communicate ideas with others so as t have true mental communion. !he intelligence of animals is unli#e that of human#ind. "s @oore went on to discuss,

24

[t]he purest and most complex manifestation of manGs symbolic nature is his capacity for conceptual thought, that is, for thought involving sustained and high order abstraction and generali0ation. Bonceptual thought enables man to ma#e himself independent of stimulus boundness that characteri0es animal thin#ing. "nimals, especially primates, give undeniable evidence of something analogous to human thought O analogous yet medically different in that their thought is bound to the immediate stimulus situation and to the felt impulse of the organism. "nimal thin#ing, too, is riveted to the realm of survival Tbroadly ta#en/ and therefore encompasses a variety of needs pertinent to the species as well as to the individual. !hese differences account for the distinction between !on!e"tual thought, which is the exclusive prerogative of man, and "er!e"tual thought, a cognitive function based directly upon sense perception, which man shares with other animals .p. -%, emp. in orig./. !hus, the issue is not 5can animals thin#R,7 but rather 5can they thin# the way humans doR7 !he answer, obviously, is a resounding 5KoU7 6n summari0ing his thoughts on this sub1ect, !revor ma1or offered the following conclusion concerning the intelligence of chimpan0ees. "re chimps intelligentR !he answer is yes. ,o chimps possess the same &in$ of intelligence as humansR !he answer would have to be no. Humans are more intelligent, an$ they possess additional forms of intelligence. hat w must remember, also, is that the greatest capabilities of the apes belong to a handful of superstars li#e <an0i and &heba. )ven these animals lac# the empathy, foresight, and language capabilities of all but the youngest or most intellectually challenged of our own species .1DD(, 1(;::, emp. in. orig./.7 Ibid, RII%RIR Dere! Bic!erton: 5!ime after time, in sorting through the countless proposals put forward by language evolutionists, ,eacon ma#es the right choices. Bould language have come directly out of some prehuman traitR Ko. ,oes it resemble forms of animal communicationR Ko. . . . no ape, despite intensive training, has yet acNuired even the rudiments of syntax, and many language acNuisitionists insist that syntax is there even at infantsM oneA word stage. . . . ,eacon does not begin to grapple with the really difficult problems3how words emerged, how syntax emerged. Iut these problems lie at the heart of language evolution.7 /erek Bickerton, &Babel1s Cornerstone,& Kew &cientist Vvol" PNG, Mctober ^, PHH\W, p" ^R" %rans de Waal: How could we move from communication systems in nonhuman primates to human language in a manner consistent with evolutionary principlesR "rguments that humans are fundamentally different from nonhuman animals either set the stage for creationist explanations or simply avoid the attempt to develop a persuasive evolutionary argument. Iic#ertonGs proposal of a singleAgene mutation is, 6 thin#, too simplistic. !oo many factors are involved in language learning3production, perception, comprehension, syntax, usage, symbols, cognition3for language to be the result of a single mutation event. -rans de )aal, !ree of origin; what primate behavior can tell us about human social evolution VJarvard `niversity =ressW, RIIR, p " RR^

Absolutely ;o E9idence of There Bein# a H"ri,iti9e= /an#ua#e


5 e #now that man is never found without speech. !he discoveries of our day, whether directed to distant oceans and iceAbound continents, or to monuments of hoary antiNuity and annals of times beyond the memory of man, reveal to us no new variety of the race without its speech, no un#nown period of the history of man without its language.7 .a$imilian Schele de Lere, )alt )hitman, Charles 2" -einber , 'utlines of Bomparative 9hilology; ith a &#etch of the Languages of )urope, "rranged 8pon 9hilologic 9rinciples, and a Irief History of the "rt of riting VG"=" =utnam _ Co"W, PQN], p "Fs R^%RN

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Fohn +o5land )a,pbell' F6 Willia, chopf: 5"re there any primitive human languages that could similarly represent an intermediate stage from &ha#espeareMs sonnets to the bar#ing of dogsR 6n the 1Dth century there were periodic reports by )uropean explorers claiming to have discovered, in some remote corner of the world, a tribe of people so primitive that they had no real language and 1ust grunted QughQ to each other. 6n fact, all such reports proved false. "ll existing normal human languages are fully modern and eNually expressive; technologically primitive people do not have primitive languages. 6f any languages were to be rated primitive, they would have to include )nglish and Bhinese, languages with simple structures but spo#en by people usually thought of as having developed advanced civili0ations. "ll the languages of the Kew Juinea tribes with which 6 have wor#ed are much more complex than )nglish. 6n addition, the oldest languages of which we have any firm evidence are the first written languages .)gyptian and &umerian/ preserved from about (,EEE years ago, and those were already typical complex languages.7 John Jowland Campbell, J" )illiam Schopf, Breative evolutionRU VJones _ Bartlett =ublishersW, PHH^, p " QI tephen "in!er and "aul Bloo,: 5"ll human societies have language. "s far as we #now they always did; language was not invented by some groups and spread to others li#e agriculture or the alphabet. "ll languages are complex computational systems employing the same basic #inds of rules and representations, with no notable correlation with technological progress; the grammars of industrial societies are no more complex than the grammars of hunterAgatherers; @odern )nglish is not an advance over 'ld )nglish. ithin societies, individual humans are proVcient language users regardless of intelligence, social status, or level of education. Bhildren are Wuent spea#ers of complex grammatical sentences by the age of three, without beneVt of formal instruction. !hey are capable of inventing languages that are more systematic than those they hear, showing resemblances to languages that they have never heard, and obey grammatical principles for which there is no evidence in their environments.7 Stephen =inker and =aul Bloom, 5Katural Language and Katural &election,7 in !he "dapted @ind, ed" Jerome J" Barkow, Lida Cosmides, and John Toby V+ew *orkS M$ford `niversity =ress, PHHRW, p " ^NP" 1orten +6 )hristiansen' i,on >irby: 5"lmost all linguists ta#e it for granted that in some important sense, all languages are eNual. !hat is, there is no such thing as a FprimitiveG language O the language of a nomadic tribe of hunterAgatherers is no less complex than the language spo#en in an industriali0ed society.7 .orten J" Christiansen, Simon (irby, Language )volution, p " ^ -ichard Da5!ins: 5...all the thousands of languages in the world are very complex .some say they are all exactly eNually complex, but that sounds too ideologically perfect to be wholly plausible/. 6 am biased towards thin#ing it was gradual, but it is not Nuite obvious that it had to be. &ome people thin# it began suddenly, more or less invented by a single genius in a particular place at a particular time.7 ,ichard /awkins, 8nweaving the Hainbow VBoston, Jou hton%.iflin Co", PHHQW, p" RHN" Geor#e Gaylord i,pson: 5@any other attempts have been made to determine the evolutionary origin of language, and all have failed. ... )ven the peoples with least complex cultures have highly sophisticated languages, with complex grammar and large vocabularies, capable of naming and discussing anything that occurs in the sphere occupied by their spea#ers. ... !he oldest language that can reasonably be reconstructed is already modern, sophisticated, complete from an evolutionary point of view.7 Geor e Gaylord Simpson, 5!he Iiological Kature of @an7, Science, Lol" PNR, RR #pril PHGG, p" ^\\"

26

Fohn /yons: 5...no sign of evolution from a simpler to a more complex state of development can be found in any of the thousands of languages #nown to exist or to have existed in the past.7 John Lyons, &emantics; >olume 1 VCambrid e `niversity =ressW, PH\\, p , QN 1atthe5s' tephen' Bernard )o,rie' and 1arcia "olins!y: 56t would seem li#ely that further light could be thrown on the evolution of human language by studying more and less complex human languages spo#en today. However, while it is possible to find parts of one language that are simpler than the corresponding parts of another language, no evidence has ever been produced that would suggest that one particular language as spo#en by modern humans is more or less complex than any other.7 .atthews, Stephen, Bernard Comrie, and .arcia =olinsky, eds", #tlas of Lan ua esS The Mri in and /evelopment of Lan ua es throu hout the )orld V+ew *orkS -acts on -ile, Inc", PHHGW, pp"PP%PR" -alph /inton: 5!he soAcalled primitive languages can throw no light on language origins, since most of them are actually more complicated in grammar than the tongues spo#en by civili0ed peoples.7 Linton, ,alph, The Tree of Culture V+ew *orkS #lfred #" (nopf, PHNNW, p" H

cientific .bIections to the E9olutionary 1odel on /an#ua#e


The followin subheadind looks at the kind of scientific obUections that the evolutionary model on lan ua e raises as presented by /r" )erner GitS 51. !he morphological reNuirements for speech do not rely on the existence of a single organ, but depend on the simultaneous availability of a voiceAproducing mechanism, a suitable throat cavity .together with the tongue/, and a highly complex control system .the brain/. How is it possible that such a diverse and exactly matching set of components could have developed together, when A in the words of <onrad Loren0 A mutation and selection are the Qdriving forcesQ of evolutionR 6t is totally unreasonable to believe that such a marvelous structure could have originated without purpose. $. hen a child is born, it has no command of language, but it is able to learn the language of its parents. !he language QsupplyQ is available, and must be QinstalledQ in the babyMs brain. Iut the soAcalled primitive people, as postulated by evolution, did not have a language source. !he situation can be compared to a computer with no software A it can accomplish nothing; no speech could have developed. -. H Jipper, a linguist of @Xnster, Jermany, voiced his misgivings as follows [J1, p. +-]; "ll assumptions that human speech developed gradually from animal grunts .the soAcalled woofAwoof theories/ or that gestures changed incrementally into audible language, cannot be sustained. &uch erroneous hypotheses compare the specifics of human speech with the communication systems of animals. 6t can be stated emphatically that the essence of human speech is not communication. Bommunication exists everywhere in the animal #ingdom. Iut human language is in the first place a #nowledge medium; this encompasses an intellectualSspiritual access to the observable world. !he essence of speech lies in the possibility of assigning specific meanings to articulated sounds, thereby ma#ing them mentally accessible. %. Language has no selection value. Jipper states [J1, p. +-]; Q6n her dissertation on human speech and its biological prereNuisites, Ieate @arNuardt assumes that language was not at all necessary for survival in the existence struggle. &peech is regarded as a luxury. ...?urthermore, . von Humboldt expressed the opinion that human beings did not reNuire speech for mutual help, and referred in this respect to elephants which are extremely social animals without using any form of speech.Q

27

(. 6n various experiments with chimpan0ees, "merican researchers .e.g., the Jardner couple with ashoe; 9reAmac# with &arah/ attempted to confirm an evolutionary development of speech. !hey rendered science a similarly good service as, in an earlier era, those who tried to discover perpetual motion. !he impossibility of building a machine that can run without reNuiring a source of energy consistently reinforced the law of energy conservation. !he ape experiments confirmed that real speech exists nowhere in the animal world; even the most diligent training never resulted in anything possessing the essential characteristics of human speech. Bertain concepts could only be developed in cases where the primary survival instincts of the animals were involved. *. &peech is a nonAmaterial phenomenon; that is why all evolutionary hypotheses for its origin fail.7 /id God `se 2volutionOS Mbservations from a Scientist of -aith By )erner Gitt =ublished by +ew Leaf =ublishin Group, RIIG, p "Fs RQ%RH Y Y Y

Come no#, an$ let us reason toget er, sait t e L'()... .6sa 1;1: <=>/ /espite todayFs leadin evolutionists, scientists and secular lin uists earnestly seekin for the true ori ins of lan ua e, the picture that has been painted, based on their own words, is that they have merely theories without much, if any, empirical evidence for any of their ideas" #nd recallin the words of evolutionists .orten J" Christiansen, Simon (irby VRII], P%R, P^WS 5!o understand language, we need to #now where it came from, why it wor#s the way it does, and how it has changed. !o some it may be a surprise that, despite rapid advances in many areas of science, we still #now relatively little about the origins and evolution of this peculiar human trait. ... 8nderstanding the evolution of language is a hard problem...7 There own words and confessions attest to the fact that they are no more closer today to understandin the ori ins of lan ua e as from the time that men be an to try to e$plain it with humanistic philosophy and reasonin , and by lookin at lan ua e from a purely material viewpoint" Come now, and let us reason to ether, why else have they but mere theories with all their considerable efforts and time spent on ponderin and seekin O Just maybe it is because there do matic and reli ious like 'eal for believin in the evolutionary account has kept them from truthfully seekin all the clues, from lookin at all the evidence, and from pursuin all the leadsb # true scientist, as I understand to believe, is to be concerned with the pursuit of truth and truth alone, no matter what road it leads them to" But when you put your beliefs before truth, your beliefs will keep you from findin the truth you are seekin for" By lookin at solvin the Kuestion of the ori ins of lan ua e from their ri id atheistic belief system they have knowin ly decided to turn their respective backs as to even considerin what the Bible says in re ards to this issue, as attested to by )erner Gitt VRIIG, p " RHWS 5&peech researcher Jipper came to the significant conclusion [J1, p. *(]; Q"nybody who as#s Nuestions about the origin of speech...has already separated himself from the Iible.Q 6ndeed, theories on the origin of speech, which have been increasing steadily since the Qenlightenment,Q are all directed against biblical pronouncements.7 -or the Biblical account on this issue has since the rise of the so called # e of ,eason been mostly pushed aside, i nored, mocked at, ridiculed, and viewed by most in the field of lin uistics as bein nothin more than the mere fairy tales and myths of men" #nd why is this position held as soO It is because that is what they believe! it is because that is their opinionb But is there belief and opinion based on facts or is it based on preUudiceO Let me ask you this KuestionS #re not the evolutionary theories that you have Uust read in re ards to the ori in of lan ua e more akin to bein fairy tales and the myths of menO

28

In li ht of this, and placin ourselves in the shoes of a scientist and detective seekin answers, seekin truth, we will in the ne$t chapter turn our focus and look at the Biblical account on the ori ins of lan ua e to see what clues and truths are within it in order to solve this mystery" Y In the words of evolutionist =hilip LiebermanS 5?or with speech came a capacity for thought that had never existed before, and that has transformed the world. 6n the beginning was the word.7 Lieberman, =", =eak capacity, !he &ciences, ]\SR\, +ovemberT/ecember, PHH\ Creationist Jenry .orris e$pounds on LiebermanFs conclusionS 5"lthough ,r. Lieberman had no such intent when he Nuoted =ohn 1;1 in this way, he actually was giving the true explanation for the origin of language. 6t was, indeed, by Qthe ordQ that Qall thingsQ were created in the beginning .note =ohn 1;-/, and that would include human language. !here is no better3in fact, no other3 wor#able and plausible explanation.7 Jenry .orris, =h"/", CThe .ystery of Juman Lan ua eD, httpSTTwww"icr"or TarticleT\\IT Y Y

29

)hapter 3 ? God said: 4In the be#innin# 5as the Word6667


56n the beginning was the ord, and the ord was with Jod, and the ord was Jod. !he same was in the beginning with Jod. "ll things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. 6n him was life; and the life was the light of men. ...!hat was the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world. He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world #new him not. ... "nd the ord was made flesh, and dwelt among us, .and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the ?ather,/ full of grace and truth.7 .=hn 1;1A%, DA1E, 1% <=>/

Fesus )hrist is God


In case you are not familiar with the above verses from the Joly Bible, 5the ord7 is one of the titles of Jesus Christ" Mther verses that attest to this include P John PSP%], P John NS\, ,evelation PHSPP%P]" #nd as you Uust read it should be apparent from these verses that 5the ord7, Jesus Christ, Vwho is the Son of God, or the second person within the Christian Trinity% e$plained as bein three persons in one SpiritS the -ather, the Son, and the Joly SpiritW is God, and that C"ll things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made7

Fesus )hrist is the )reator


These are some of the other verses in the Bible that clearly reveal that Cthe world was made by him7, Cthe ChristS ordD, Jesus

"nd to ma#e all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in Jod, # o !reate$ all t ings by *esus C rist; .)ph -;D <=>/ Zemphasis added[ Jod, who at sundry times and in divers manners spa#e in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, Hath in these last days spo#en unto us by his &on, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by # om also e ma$e t e #orl$s; ho being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, an$ u" ol$ing all t ings by t e #or$ of is "o#er, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the @a1esty on high; .Hbr 1;1A- <=>/ Zemphasis added[ ho hath delivered us from the power of dar#ness, and hath translated us into the #ingdom of his dear &on; 6n whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins; ho is the image of the invisible Jod, the firstborn of every creature: +or by im #ere all t ings !reate$, t at are in eaven, an$ t at are in eart , visible an$ invisible, # et er t ey be t rones, or $ominions, or "rin!i"alities, or "o#ers: all t ings #ere !reate$ by im, an$ for im; An$ e is before all t ings, an$ by im all t ings !onsist. .Bol 1;1-A1+ <=>/ Zemphasis added[

4The Word7
.aybe you are wonderin why Jesus Christ is even iven the name Cthe Cthe ordD, si nifiesO ordD in the Joly Bible, and what that name,

)ell to answer that Kuestion let us be in by lookin at what a popular #merican theolo ian #le$ander Campbell wrote in the PHth century on Cthe ordDS CThe Joly Spirit selected the name )ord, and therefore we may safely assert that this is the best, if not the only term, in the whole vocabulary of human speech at all adapted to e$press that relation which e$isted &in the be innin ,& or before time, between our Saviour and his God" These postulata bein stated, I proceed to inKuire what sort of a relation does this term representO #nd here every thin is plain and easy of comprehension" I shall state numerically a few thin s universally admitted by the reflectin part of mankindSd

30

Pst" # word is a si n or representative of a thou ht or an idea, and is the idea in an audible or visible form" It is the e$act ima e of that invisible thou ht which is a perfect secret to all the world until it is e$pressed" Rd" #ll men think or form ideas by means of words or ima es! so that no man can think without words or symbols of some sort" ]d" Jence it follows that the word and the idea which it represents, are co%etaneous, or of the same a e or antiKuity" It is true the word may not be uttered or born for years or a es after the idea e$ists, but still the word is Uust as old as the idea" ^th" The idea and the word are nevertheless distinct from each other, thou h the relation between them is the nearest known on earth" #n idea cannot e$ist without a word, nor a word without an idea" Nth" Je that is acKuainted with the word, is acKuainted with the idea, for the idea is wholly in the word" +ow let it be most attentively observed and remembered, that these remarks are solely intended to e$hibit the relation which e$ists between a word and an idea, and that this relation is of a mental nature, and more akin to the spiritual system than any relation created, of which we know any thin " It is a relation of the most sublime order! and no doubt the reason why the name )ord is adopted by the apostle in this sentence was because of its superior ability to represent to us the divine relation e$istin between God and the Saviour prior to his becomin the Son of God" By puttin to ether the above remarks on the term word, we have a full view of what John intended to communicate" #s a word is an e$act ima e of an idea, so is &The )ord& an e$act ima e of the invisible God" #s a word cannot e$ist without an idea, nor an idea without a word! so God never was without &The )ord,& nor &The )ord& without God! or as a word is of eKual a e, or co%etaneous with its idea, so &The )ord& and God are co% eternal" #nd as an idea does not create its word, nor a word its idea! so God did not create &The )ord,& nor &The )ord& God" Such a view does the lan ua e used by John su est" #nd to this do all the scriptures a ree" -or &The )ord& was made flesh, and in conseKuence of becomin incarnate, he is styled the Son of God, the only Be otten of the -ather" #s from eternity God was manifest in and by &The )ord,& so now God is manifest in the flesh" #s God was always with &The )ord,& so when &The )ord& becomes flesh, he is 2manuel, God with us" #s God was never manifest but by &The )ord,& so the heavens and the earth, and all thin s were created by &The )ord"& #nd as &The )ord& ever was the efful ence or representation of the invisible God, so he will ever be known and adored as &The )ord of God"& So much for the divine and eternal relation between the Saviour and God" *ou will easily perceive that I carry these views no farther than to e$plain the nature of that relation uncreated and unori inated which the inspired lan ua e inculcates" """ The first sentence of John I paraphrase thusS -rom eternity was the )ord, and the )ord was with God, and the )ord was God" Je was, I say, from eternity with God" By him all thin s were made, and he became flesh and dwelt amon ua" Je became a child born and a son of man" #s such he is called 2manuel, Jesus, .essiah, Son of God, Mnly Be otten of the -ather"D #le$ander Campbell, The Christian Baptist, V/"S" BurnetW, PQ]N, p " ]]^ #nd the !yndale Iible ,ictionary has this followin entry for 5the ord7;

The Word of God /eliberately recallin Genesis P, the Gospel writer, John, named the Son of God &the )ord"& #s the )ord, the Son of God fully conveys and communicates God" The Greek term logosS it was used in two ways by the Greeks" The word mi ht be thou ht of as remainin within a person, when it denoted his thou ht or reason" Mr it mi ht refer to the word oin forth from a person, when it denoted the e$pression of his thou ht, i"e", speech" #s a philosophical term the logos denoted the principal of the universe, even the creative ener y that enerated the universe" In both the Jewish conception and the Greek, the logos was associated with the idea of be innin s % the world be an throu h the ori ination and instrumentality of the )ord VGn PS]ff", where the e$pression &God said& is used a ain and a ainW" John may have had these ideas in mind, but most likely he ori inated a new term to identify the Son of God as the divine e$pression in human from VJh PSP^W" Je is the ima e of the invisible God VCol PSPNW, the e$press ima e of God1s substance VJeb PS]W" In the Godhead, the Son functions as the revealer of God and the reality of God, which is a central

31

theme throu hout John1s Gospel" John used a similar title in his first epistle& &the )ord of life& VP Jn PSP%]W" #nd in ,evelation PHSPP%PG, Jesus is presented as the (in s of kin s and Lord of lords, who has name on himS &the )ord of God"& )alter #" 2lwell, =hilip )esley Comfort , !yndale Iible ,ictionary VTyndale Jouse =ublishers, Inc"W, RIIP, p " P]PI

Words EBual Worlds


There are additional passa es from the Bible that clearly illustrate and act as further witnesses that the )ordFs words are commands of creation .Iolded text my emphasis/S ,y t e #or$ of t e L'() #ere t e eavens ma$e- and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth. He gathereth the waters of the sea together as an heap; he layeth up the depth in storehouses. Let all the earth fear the L'H,; let all the inhabitants of the world stand in awe of him. +or e s"a&e, an$ it #as $one- e !omman$e$, an$ it stoo$ fast. .9sa --;*AD <=>/ T roug fait #e un$erstan$ t at t e #orl$s #ere frame$ by t e #or$ of Go$, so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear. .Hbr 11;- <=>/ 6t is the spirit that Nuic#eneth; the flesh profiteth nothing; t e #or$s t at . s"ea& unto you, t ey are s"irit, an$ t ey are life. .=hn *;*- <=>/

In the be#innin# God aid


+ow that we have read that 56n the beginning was the ord7 and have hopefully come to reali'e that Cthe ordD, spoken of here is Jesus Christ, the revealer of God, and that Cthe world was made by him7, and CIy the word of the L'H, were the heavens made7, it is time to o back to the book of be innin s in the Bible" -or within the book of Genesis, you will see and hear for yourselves Uust what those words were that Cthe ordD spoke C6n the beginning7, those words which are words of life, of creation, and where life sprin s to bein as Cthe ordD verbally commanded itS 6n the beginning Jod created the heaven and the earth. "nd the earth was without form, and void; and dar#ness was upon the face of the deep. "nd the &pirit of Jod moved upon the face of the waters. An$ Go$ sai$, Let t ere be lig t: an$ t ere #as lig t. "nd Jod saw the light, that it was good; and Jod divided the light from the dar#ness. "nd Jod called the light ,ay, and the dar#ness he called Kight. "nd the evening and the morning were the first day. An$ Go$ sai$, Let t ere be a firmament in t e mi$st of t e #aters, an$ let it $ivi$e t e #aters from t e #aters. "nd Jod made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament; and it was so. "nd Jod called the firmament Heaven. "nd the evening and the morning were the second day. An$ Go$ sai$, Let t e #aters un$er t e eaven be gat ere$ toget er unto one "la!e, an$ let t e $ry lan$ a""ear; and it was so. "nd Jod called the dry land )arth; and the gathering together of the waters called he &eas; and Jod saw that it was good. An$ Go$ sai$, Let t e eart bring fort grass, t e erb yiel$ing see$, an$ t e fruit tree yiel$ing fruit

32

after is &in$, # ose see$ is in itself, u"on t e eart ; and it was so. "nd the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed after his #ind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his #ind; and Jod saw that it was good. "nd the evening and the morning were the third day. An$ Go$ sai$, Let t ere be lig ts in t e firmament of t e eaven to $ivi$e t e $ay from t e nig t- an$ let t em be for signs, an$ for seasons, an$ for $ays, an$ years: An$ let t em be for lig ts in t e firmament of t e eaven to give lig t u"on t e eart ; and it was so. "nd Jod made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night; he made the stars also. "nd Jod set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth, "nd to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the dar#ness; and Jod saw that it was good. "nd the evening and the morning were the fourth day. An$ Go$ sai$, Let t e #aters bring fort abun$antly t e moving !reature t at at life, an$ fo#l t at may fly above t e eart in t e o"en firmament of eaven. "nd Jod created great whales, and every living creature that moveth, which the waters brought forth abundantly, after their #ind, and every winged fowl after his #ind; and Jod saw that it was good. An$ Go$ blesse$ t em, saying, ,e fruitful, an$ multi"ly, an$ fill t e #aters in t e seas, an$ let fo#l multi"ly in t e eart . "nd the evening and the morning were the fifth day. An$ Go$ sai$, Let t e eart bring fort t e living !reature after is &in$, !attle, an$ !ree"ing t ing, an$ beast of t e eart after is &in$; and it was so. "nd Jod made the beast of the earth after his #ind, and cattle after their #ind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his #ind; and Jod saw that it was good. An$ Go$ sai$, Let us ma&e man in our image, after our li&eness: an$ let t em ave $ominion over t e fis of t e sea, an$ over t e fo#l of t e air, an$ over t e !attle, an$ over all t e eart , an$ over every !ree"ing t ing t at !ree"et u"on t e eart . &o Jod created man in his own image, in the image of Jod created he him; male and female created he them. An$ Go$ blesse$ t em, an$ Go$ sai$ unto t em, ,e fruitful, an$ multi"ly, an$ re"lenis t e eart , an$ sub$ue it: an$ ave $ominion over t e fis of t e sea, an$ over t e fo#l of t e air, an$ over every living t ing t at movet u"on t e eart . An$ Go$ sai$, ,e ol$, . ave given you every erb bearing see$, # i! is u"on t e fa!e of all t e eart , an$ every tree, in t e # i! is t e fruit of a tree yiel$ing see$- to you it s all be for meat/ An$ to every beast of t e eart , an$ to every fo#l of t e air, an$ to every t ing t at !ree"et u"on t e eart , # erein t ere is life, . ave given every green erb for meat; and it was so. "nd Jod saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. "nd the evening and the morning were the sixth day. VGen PSP%]P (JLW Zemphasis added[ So these are the words that are recorded in the book of Genesis, in the (in James Bible, that Cthe be innin as CJod created the heaven and the earth7. ordD, spoke in the

33

Early )onclusions Dra5n About /an#ua#e fro, the Bible


The followin are some of the maUor conclusions that are drawn in the li ht of what we have Uust read from the openin verses from the book of Genesis in order to understand lan ua e, and its ori ins, from a Biblical point of viewS P" Before any human bein is recorded speakin in the Bible, it is God who is speakin "

2. Lan ua e, words, is the means wherewith God, Jesus Christ, Cthe


e$ception of manW

ord7, created everythin Vwith the

3. Lan ua e, spoken words, is a part of the ima e, the likeness of God, Cthe 4. Lan ua e has always been with God, Cthe

ordD"

ordD! and thus lan ua e is, like God, eternal"

5. The Godhead % Joly Trinity communicates throu h Lan ua e" The first chapter of Genesis also paints a picture
to us, as witnessed by Gen PSRG, that the -ather, the Son VJesus ChristW and the Joly Spirit, also known as the Joly Trinity, communicate one to another in lan ua e" "nd Jod said, Let us ma#e man in our image, after our li#eness; ... Gen PSRG (JLW

6. #nother wonderful revelation that God has iven to us is that he speaks to his creation" God is actively
involved and communicatin with his creation V#dam and 2veW, from the very be innin as attested to in Chapter P, verse RQS "nd Jod blessed them, and Jod said unto them, Ie fruitful, and multiply... #nd if God is speakin to #dam and 2ve then the obvious deduction to be made is that God made them fully capable to speak and understand him from the day that they were created" Lo ically, #dam and 2ve must have been iven the ift of lan ua e directly from God and thus the mystery of the ori ins of lan ua e is, from a Biblical point of view, revealed to us in the be innin , in the book of Genesis" -urther proof of this is provided in Chapter R of Genesis which we will e$plore in the followin chapter"

34

)hapter 8 ? Ada, and E9e )reated in the I,a#e of the Word


5"nd Jod said, Let us ma#e man in our image, after our li#eness...7 .Jen 1;$* <=>/

&uic! -ecap
To recap Kuickly from the previous chapter, one of the conclusions that was drawn from the Bible in re ards to lan ua e and its relationship with God is thatS Language, spo#en words, is a part of the image, the li#eness of Jod, 5the ord

Lo ic should dictate that if lan ua e is part of the ima e of God and if man is made in GodFs ima e and likeness, then when God created man he must have created man endowed with lan ua e" #nd if this is the case, then the Bible would have to support this and provide witnesses to this" #nd what do you know, this is e$actly the case as you will see and hear as we will be readin from chapteres P and R from the book of Genesis"

The Boo! of Genesis -e9isited


Lookin back at chapter P from the book of Genesis, this strikin statement is made which I will elaborate on furtherS An$ Go$ blesse$ t em, an$ Go$ sai$ unto t em, ,e fruitful, an$ multi"ly, an$ re"lenis t e eart , an$ sub$ue it: an$ ave $ominion over t e fis of t e sea, an$ over t e fo#l of t e air, an$ over every living t ing t at movet u"on t e eart . An$ Go$ sai$, ,e ol$, . ave given you every erb bearing see$, # i! is u"on t e fa!e of all t e eart , an$ every tree, in t e # i! is t e fruit of a tree yiel$ing see$- to you it s all be for meat/ VGen PSRQ%RH (JLW Zemphasis added[ #nd in chapter R from the book of Genesis it oes on to describe in reater detail GodFs creation of #dam and 2ve on day si$, and about lan ua eS "nd the L'H, Jod formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul. "nd the L'H, Jod planted a garden eastward in )den; and there he put the man whom he had formed. "nd out of the ground made the L'H, Jod to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of #nowledge of good and evil. ... "nd the L'H, Jod too# the man, and put him into the garden of )den to dress it and to #eep it. An$ t e L'() Go$ !omman$e$ t e man, saying, 'f every tree of t e gar$en t ou mayest freely eat: ,ut of t e tree of t e &no#le$ge of goo$ an$ evil, t ou s alt not eat of it: for in t e $ay t at t ou eatest t ereof t ou s alt surely $ie. "nd the L'H, Jod said, 6t is not good that the man should be alone; 6 will ma#e him an help meet for him. "nd out of the ground the L'H, Jod formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto "dam to see what he would call them; and whatsoever "dam called every living creature, that was the name thereof. An$ A$am gave names to all !attle, an$ to t e fo#l of t e air, an$ to every beast of t e fiel$; but for "dam there was not found an help meet for him.

35

"nd the L'H, Jod caused a deep sleep to fall upon "dam, and he slept; and he too# one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof; "nd the rib, which the L'H, Jod had ta#en from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man. An$ A$am sai$, T is is no# bone of my bones, an$ fles of my fles : s e s all be !alle$ 0oman, be!ause s e #as ta&en out of 1an/ T erefore s all a man leave is fat er an$ is mot er, an$ s all !leave unto is #ife: an$ t ey s all be one fles / "nd they were both na#ed, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed. VGen RS\%H, PN%RN (JLW Zemphasis added[

%urther )onclusions about /an#ua#e fro, a Biblical "erspecti9e


These above verses are full of additional clues towards puttin to ether the ori ins of lan ua e from a Biblical perspective" #s such here are the maUor conclusions that I have drawn from piecin to ether the evidence supplied by chapterFs P and R from the book of GenesisS *6 1an!ind is co#nisant of lan#ua#e fro, the day they 5ere created6 -rom readin the first two chapters we see that God is speakin to his creation from the day he created them" It is lo ical to believe that #dam and 2ve must have been aware and were consciously listenin to God when he was ivin them commands" This is witnessed to by multiple verses be innin with Genesis chapter P, verses RQ%RH which I will recap a portion of belowS "nd Jod blessed them, and Jod said unto them, Ie fruitful, and multiply,Y... VGen PSRQW "nd Jod said, Iehold, 6 have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat. VGen PSRHW #nd in Genesis chapter R verses PG%P\ we read the followin S "nd the L'H, Jod commanded the man, saying, 'f every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat; Iut of the tree of the #nowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it; for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die If God, the )ord, is communicatin via words to #dam and 2ve then, reasonably speakin , they must be able to fully comprehend the commands that the )ord is sayin to them, and thus, mankind must have already been endowed with lan ua e from the day that they were created" It would not make sense for God to be speakin to his creation if they are not able to understand what their ears are hearin , and if they do not possess the ability of lan ua e" 26 1an!ind is spea!in# fro, the day they 5ere created )e see this most evidently by two events that occurred and were recorded in the book of Genesis" The first one involves #dam namin all the animals that God brou ht to himS "nd "dam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field;... VGen RSRI (JLW

36

The second witness are the first recorded words spoken by #dam to 2veS "nd "dam said, !his is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called oman, because she was ta#en out of @an. .Jen $;$- <=>/

3. /an#ua#e to ,an!ind is a #ift fro, God6


In li ht of what we have Uust read in this chapter, there is no other reasonable and lo ical conclusion, from a biblical perspective, then to believe that the source of lan ua e was a ift ivin to mankind from God" Thus lan ua e is not the invention of mankind, but was bestowed upon man as he was created in the ima e of God" To put this lan ua e idea as bein a ift from God within a computer analo y, I would describe it as God physiolo ically ChardwiredD #dam with the ability to speak" #nd when God, the )ord, Jesus Christ, breathed his spirit, the breath of life, into #dam, that action resulted in the Cuploadin D into #dam of GodFs CsoftwareD pro ram called CLan ua eD and the Cpowerin onD of #dam" There is no evidence whatsoever from scripture that God had to teach #dam, or 2ve, how to speak, or that mankind created lan ua e or tau ht himself lan ua e by his own reasonin " Mn the contrary, the clues from the scriptures above, from chapters P and R of the book of Genesis, is paintin a picture of #dam and 2ve havin the knowled e and capability of speakin from the moment they became alive" To reiterate, the only lo ical deduction from these scriptures is that the Bible is tellin us a story where the ori ins of lan ua e is a divine ift from God and not the invention of manMs reason"

upport for /an#ua#e as Bein# a Gift fro, God


Jere are some Kuotes from various Christians that also share my belief that lan ua e as bein a ift from God Fohn Earl Foseph' ;i#el /o9e' Talbot F6 Taylor: 5"fter all, it reNuires no stretch of the imagination to interpret the linguistMs insistence that human language is unrelated to any animal ability as confirmation of the claims of present day creationists; that is, those who, as @ax @uller did, continue to maintain what was for centuries the dominant view in the estern tradition A that human language and reason are the gifts of Jod.7 John 2arl Joseph, +i el Love, Talbot J" Taylor, Landmar#s in linguistic thought 66; the century V,outled e, RIIPW, p " RRG &uintilian: 5Jod, that allApowerful Breator of nature and architect of the world, has impressed man with no character so proper to distinguish him from other animals, as by the faculty of speech.7 estern tradition in the twentieth

37

Da9id )ollyer: 5!he same great Breator, who distinguished man from the other creatures by so large a degree of reason, and a dominion over them, did also distinguish him in two other regards, vi0. by the erect posture of his body, not bending downwards li#e other living creatures, but as loo#ing up towards heaven; as also by speech, having adapted proper organs, as the tongue and lips, thereto. !he first language was given by Jod to "dam and )ve; and was derived to their posterity as from one common stoc#, by imitation and use, and continued the same, until the destruction of Iabel after the flood.7 /avid Collyer, !he sacred interpreter; or, " practical introduction towards ... understanding of the holy Iible, VM$ford `niversityW,PQPN, p " P]^ ;oah Webster: 5 e read in the &criptures, that Jod, when he had created man, Q Ilessed them; and said to them, Ie fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it; and have dominion over the fish of the sea,Q Zc. Jod afterward planted a garden, and placed in it the man he had made, with a command to #eep it, and to dress it; and he gave him a rule of moral conduct, in permitting him to eat the fruit of every tree in the garden, except one, the eating of which was prohibited. e further read, that Jod brought to "dam the fowls and beasts he had made, and that "dam gave them names; and that when his female companion was made, he gave her a name. "fter the eating of the forbidden fruit, it is stated that Jod addressed "dam and )ve, reproving them for their disobedience, and pronouncing the penalties which they had incurred. 6n the account of these transactions, it is further related that "dam and )ve both replied to their @a#er, and excused their disobedience. 6f we admit what is the literal and obvious interpretation of this narrative, that vocal sounds or words were used in these communications between Jod and the progenitors of the human race, it results that "dam was not only endowed with intellect for understanding his @a#er, or the signification of words, but was furnished both with the faculty of speech and with speech itself, or the #nowledge and use of words as signs of ideas, and this before the formation of the woman. Hence, we may infer that language was bestowed on "dam, in the same manner as all his other faculties and #nowledge, by supernatural power; or, in other words, was of divine origin; for supposing "dam to have had all the intellectual powers of any adult individual of the species who has since lived, we cannot admit as probable, or even possible, that he should have invented and constructed even a barren language, as soon as he was created, without supernatural aid. 6t may, indeed, be doubted, whether, without such aid, men would ever have learned the use of the organs of speech, so far as to form a language. "t any rate, the invention of words and the construction of a language must have been by a slow process, and must have reNuired a much longer time than that which passed between the creation of "dam and of )ve. 6t is therefore probable that language, as well as the faculty of speech, was the immediate gift of Jod.7 Charles /e$ter Cleveland, " Bompendium of "merican literature; chronologically arranged, with biographical s#etches of the authors and selections from their wor#s V=arry _ .c.illanW,PQNH, p " P^] )harles De@ter )le9eland: #fterwards, in his book, Charles comments on the above Kuote from )ebsterS 5Kot only Qprobably,Q but, to my apprehension, undoubtedly true; for to suppose that man without language taught himself to spea#, seems to me as absurd as it would be to suppose that without legs he could teach himself to wal#. Language, therefore. must have been the immediate gift of Jod.7 Ibid, p "P^] Willia, ,ith: 5!he fact of "damMs naming the animals proves that he was endowed from his first creation with the power of language.7 )illiam Smith, !he 'ld !estament History; ?rom the Breation to the Heturn of the =ews from Baptivity VJarper _ BrothersW, PQQG, p " R]

38

+erbert /oc!yer: 5!his much we do #now, that the faculty of speech and the words of the first language were divinely created and given. "dam could not have invented the language he used in conversing with his creator. Ioth "dam and )ve instinctively understood the divine language and gave to the animals expression of their habits and nature.7 Jerbert Lockyer, "ll the @iracles of the Iible VXondervanW, PHQQ, p " ]^ -e#ina "sa!i' )harles +indley: 5Language cannot be considered to be born of reason, either, since in the beginning "dam spo#e to Jod and to )ve in a language which was already complete, without forming it progressively through his relationship with things and by comparison with other expressive modes.7 ,e ina =saki, Charles Jindley,!he )arthly paradise; the Jarden of )den from antiNuity to modernity VGlobal #cademic =ublishin W, RIIR, p " ]I^ Feffery /6 Fohnson and Foyclynn "otter: 5&omething must account for a universal, biologically hardwired, disposition for humans to acNuire and use natural language, as well as to thin# in some NuasiAlinguist manner. Katural selection, in this narrow context, faces huge explanatory hurdles, while the theistic account is remar#ably robust. Language may well provide surprisingly good evidence for the existence of Jod.7 Jeffery L" Johnson and Joyclynn =otter, CThe #r ument from Lan ua e and the 2$istence of GodD httpSTTwww"eou"eduTfUUohnsonTlan od"pdf Werner Gitt: 5!he Iible affirms that Jod spo#e to "dam, who understood what he was told. !his confirms that the first man, "dam, already possessed the JodAgiven gift of speech in all its fullness. He was able to converse intelligently .Jen. $;$-; Jen. -;$, 1E,1$,1-/ and even had the ability to create new words....Jen. $;$E/.7 )erner Gitt, ,id Jod 8se )volutionR;'bservations from a &cientist of ?aith .+ew Leaf =ublishin GroupW, RIIG, p " ]I +enry 1orris: 56t was Jod who, as the eternal ord himself, created the marvellous gift of human language along with the mouth and tongue and all the intricately complex vocal and mental apparatus with which to use it. 6t is eminently reasonable to conclude that JodGs gift of language to man was so that he could reveal his ord and will to us and that we could then respond in faith and praise to Him.7 Jenry .orris, ?or !ime and ?orever V+ew Leaf =ublishin GroupW, RIIN, p " P^P Feff A6 Benner: 5 hen Jod created "dam he spo#e to him .Jenesis $;1*/ indicating that Jod gave "dam a language and this language came from Jod himself, not through the evolution of grunts and groans of cave men.7 Jeff #" Benner, !he 'rigin of the Hebrew Language7, http;SSwww.ancientAhebrew.orgS11[language.html

39

)hapter ( ? In the be#innin# there 5as one lan#ua#e


5"nd the whole earth was of one language, and of one speech.7 .Jen 11;1 <=>/

1ono#enesis of /an#ua#e
-rom the first two chapters of the Bible what we have witnessed from a Judeo%Christian belief is that lan ua e was from the be innin , its be innin is with the )ord, with God, that Cthe worlds were framed by the word of Jod7, that lan ua e is part of the ima e of God, and that lan ua e is a divine ift iven by God to #dam and 2ve" +ow our attention will turn towards seein if there is support amon st lin uists who believe that ori inally mankind knew and spoke but one lan ua e, as attested to by the above Kuote" This belief that all modern day lan ua es stem from and descend from one lan ua e is known by those who study it by different names includin S

.ono enesis proto%lan ua e =roto%Juman .other ton ue #damic lan ua e 2denic

)hristians 5ho Ad9ocate the 1ono#enesis of /an#ua#e


;oah Webster: 5... @en had originally one and the same language ...7 http;SS1:$:.mshaffer.comSdSwordSlanguage

Dr6 +arold ti#ers: 5!hough there are countless languages and dialects yet ultimate derivation from a parent language is revealed through the continuing studies being made across the boundaries of the ma1or language families. Bommon features of syntax and vocabulary, which are similar enough, yet different enough not to be labeled borrowings, indicate that one must posit a common ancestor .1D+*, 1-E/.7 )ayne Jackson, !he !ower of Iabel O Legend or History httpSTTwww"christiancourier"comTarticlesTP^I%the%tower%of%babel%le end%or%history Foseph "6 %ree' +o5ard %rederic Cos: 56 see no reason for doubting the biblical indication concerning the original unity of language, or the implication that human#ind had speech from the beginning. Ko discovery, ancient or modern, has shown otherwise.7 Joseph =" -ree, Joward -rederic Los, "rchaeology and Iible history VXondervanW, PHHR, p " ^]

40

;on?)hristian cholars 5ho upport the 1ono#enisis of /an#ua#e


1a@ 1uller: 5?irst, language studies have led many scholars to the conclusion that the varied human tongues ultimately can be traced to a common source. @ax ?. @uller .1:$-A1DEE/ was one of the worldGs foremost comparative philologists, i.e., one who studies ancient languages and observes their similarities and differences. He taught at 'xford 8niversity. 6n his boo#, Science of Lan ua e, the celebrated professor wrote; 5 e have examined all possible forms which language can assume, and we now as#, can we reconcile with these three distinct forms, the radical, the terminational, the inflectional, the admission of one common origin of human speechR 6 answer decidedly, Ces77 .@uller %*A%+/. )ayne Jackson, !he !ower of Iabel O Legend or History httpSTTwww"christiancourier"comTarticlesTP^I%the%tower%of%babel%le end%or%history "hilip E6 -oss: 5!he hypothesis of the monogenesis of language is one that most linguists believe to be plausible.7 =hilip 2" ,oss VStaff writerW in &Jard )ords&, pp" P]Q%P^\, SCI2+TI-IC #.2,IC#+, #pril PHHP" 1erritt -uhlen: 5!he branches of this tree can represent different language families. !he leaves on the branches, if we had leaves today, would represent different languages. "nd by tracing these branches bac#, one can arrive at larger branches, such as 6ndoA)uropean, and by tracing the 6ndoA)uropean branch bac#, one arrives at even larger branches. )ventually, we believe that you arrive at the main trun# of this tree into which all of the language or from which all of the language families have derived.7 .2,,ITT ,`JL2+ In Search of the -irst Lan ua e' +ML# Show gRPRI, #ir /ateS /ecember R\, PHH^ 1orris 5adesh' Foseph 6 -ouce!: 5&ecular scholars in the science of linguistics are split over the origin of language; some favour monogenesis, others polygenesis. ith increased study, the trend is toward monogenesis. !here is evidence for uniformity of language with regard to phonology, grammatical structure, and vocabulary. !his would mitigate against a plurality of origins, [&wadesh] Qwhile the case for a single beginning seems fairly strong.Q Houce# writes, Q&cholars speculate that most languages originated in one universal parent language.Q 7 e Jenry Clarence Thiessen, Lernon /" /oerksen, Lectures in systematic theology V)m" B" 2erdmans =ublishin W, PH\H, p " PNH Citaly C6 he9orosh!in: 5!he dramatic turn towards the @onogenesis of Language theory would come from godless Hussia, where the Iible is irrelevant, and where scientists had no such obsessive pre1udice, Bover stories of several maga0ines bro#e the electrifying news that a team of &oviet linguists wor#ing since the 1D*Es had concluded that much of the worldMs languages were lin#ed by a common past. !hese maga0ines include; !he &ciences .@ay S =une 1DDE/, 8.&. Kews Z orld Heport .Kovember 1DDE/, and !he "tlantic @onthly ."pril, 1DD1/. 6t too# decades of academic battles before the old guard relinNuished their ,arwinian myths. !hey still insisted that languages must have naturally evolved, but they had to admit that there was strong evidence for @onogenesis of Language A that there once was a single human language spo#en by nearly all of humanity. \!his new ancestral superlanguage was called Kostratic A and, yes, it even lin#ed 6ndoA)uropean languages li#e )nglish with &emitic tongues li#e Hebrew. !his flew in the face of the old racist linguistics that assumed that )uropeans and &emites developed language from different mon#eys. .!he betterAgroomed ones becoming the "ryan or 6ndoA)uropean people./ @oreover, the &oviet scientists traced the geographical homeland of this one, common, prehistoric, ancestral language to a site very

41

close to the @t. "rarat landing site of KoahMs ar#. 6f only some fundamentalist Bhristians or =ews were behind this research, estern academia could have torn them apart. Iut what could be said about atheist &oviets led by a >italy >. &hevorosh#inR7 Isaac 2" .o'eson, !he 'rigin of &peeches; 6ntelligent ,esign in Language VLi htcatcher BooksW, RIIG, p "1s RR, R^ 16)6 Ba!er: 56n the boo# review section of ,iscover maga0ine, @arch $EE$, is found the following paragraph in review of @.B. Ia#erGs boo#, 5!he "toms of Language; !he @indGs Hidden Hules of Jrammar;7 "re the worldGs *,EEE languages fundamentally different from one another, or do they share a common underlying structureR Ia#er, a cognitive scientist, argues that most, if not all, languages conform to a common set of rules. @apping these rules, says Ia#er, could produce a periodic table of language, a single framewor# from which all tongues are derived. 7 CTower of BabelD, httpSTTwww" odsaidmansaid"comTtopic]"aspOCatPcQP_CatRcRGR_ItemIdcHGI 1ichael )6 )orballis: 5 hat do we #now of 9rotoA orld, or )veGs lexiconR !here are a number of words that appear, with fairly minor modifications, in a wide range of the worldGs languages, which suggests that they might derive from our mother tongue. ?or example, variants of mama and papa occur in a great many languages, perhaps they each have a common origin.7 .ichael C" Corballis, ?rom Hand to @outh; !he 'rigins of Language V=rinceton `niversity =ressW, RII], p " P]P G5ynne Dyer 5@aybe the Iible is right, and there really was a !ower of Iabel. 'r at least, maybe there really was once a single human language, before we were all cursed with a confusion of tongues7 /yer, Gwynne" PHHI" Seekin the .other Ton ue" Kew ]ealand Herald, September P\" Y Y Y

#s you have Uust read there is definately support from both Christian and Secular scholars and lin uists in re ards to the belief that all lan ua es ori inated from a mother ton ue" In a forthcomin chapter we will e$plore and try to discover Uust what this lan ua e is" But for now our attention will switch to a very important story from the Bible that deals with the Tower of Babel, rebellion, and which describes how mankind went from knowin but one lan ua e to a multitude of new lan ua es in a sin le breath" #nd as such we will be hopefully closer to understandin the mystery of the diversification of lan ua es! and account for how mankind went from C"nd the whole earth was of one language, and of one speech.7 to the almost \,III lan ua es spoken today"

42

)hapter : ? The To5er of Babel' of Babble' and the )reation of ;e5 /an#ua#es
5!he Nuestion whether all of the worldGs languages are related, i.e., whether we can establish a 59rotoA orld7 from which all human languages are descended, has intrigued human#ind for centuries, even millennia. 9erhaps the earliest, and certainly the most famous testimony to this interest in the western world is the story about the tower of Iabel.7 A +ans +enrich +oc!' Brian D6 Foseph

!he !ower of Iabel by =ieter Brue hel the 2lder VPNG]W 5Let us begin by exploring the history of the idea of the monogenesis of language .all languages from a single, created @other !ongue/. !he oldest passage in recorded history about historical linguistics is Jenesis 11;1. Katurally, it is the last place that historical linguists will loo# for answers to the mysteries of the existence and dispersion of human language. ...8ntil the "ge of Heason, most people never doubted Jenesis incidents li#e the ,eluge or !he !ower of Iabel .and its ramifications of an involved Breator/. !hen, Kineteenth Bentury modern linguists re1ected the Iabel story as a typical primitive myth to explain a phenomenon .the existence of many languages/. !hose maveric# linguists who suggested a single 9rotoA )arth language which bro#e up were harshly suppressed, and lumped together with the religious lunatics.7 Isaac 2" .o'eson, !he 'rigin of &peeches; 6ntelligent ,esign in Language VLi htcatcher BooksW, RIIG, p "es P%R

The 1eanin# of the Word Babel


Before readin the details of the tower of Babel story lets us first look at the meanin and etymolo y of the word Babel! by doin so, it will provide us with a better understandin of the events that took place there about N,III

43

years a o" To do this, here is a passa e taken from Isaac .o'esonFs book !he 'rigin of &peeches; 6ntelligent ,esign in Language .$EE*, %-/; 5!he Hebrew etymology of Iabel is li#ewise given A in Jenesis 11;D. 6t is supposed to be from IaLaL .confused\/. Iut this doesnMt prevent the scholars from insisting that Iabel means QJate of Jod,7even though "ssyrian words donMt combine words that way A without an element for Qof,Q and using the suffix A)L .instead of the cityMs local god/. !here arenMt other Iabylonian cities so named. 9lus, language diversion happened at &hinar, not Iabel. Iabel is the later name that would be recogni0able. !he locals have a right and an incentive to rename a place with the pe1orative IaLaL / or IiLIooL .mixed up/ as Iabel.7 #s we have read from IsaacFs Kuote above, most scholars have attributed the etymolo y of the word Babel as bein a composite or combination of two #ssyrian wordsS P" Bab c ate R" el c God .ost Bible dictionaries, a ree with Isaac, and define the word Babel to mean confusion as wellS 2ing *ames )i!tionary B#1B2L, n. Heb. Bonfusion; disorder. httpSTTwww"studyli ht"or TdicTkUdTview"c iOwordcBabel_search"$cR\_search"ycPG_searchcLookup_actioncLo okup Holman ,ible )i!tionary B#B2L Vbay1 behlW Babel is a Jebrew word meanin CconfusionD, derived from a root which means Cto mi$"D """Babel is also the Jebrew word for Babylon" httpSTTwww"studyli ht"or TdicThbdTview"c iOnumbercTG]] I believe that it is very fittin and appropriate that the word Babel could be broken down to two words CBabD h CelD, that when combined mean CGate of GodD" To me both of the meanin s that have been historically attributed to the word Babel VCconfusionD, CGate of GodDW brilliantly capture the essence and the meanin of the story of the tower of Babel as you we will see by readin the account"

The Biblical Account of the To5er of Babel


Below you will be readin of the most compellin account from the Judeo%Christian faith that supports that God, the )ord, as bein the one who creates lan ua es" It is a story that is found very early within the book of Genesis that tells of a united rebellion a ainst God that occurred shortly after the floodS An$ t e # ole eart #as of one language, an$ of one s"ee! . "nd it came to pass, as they 1ourneyed from the east, that they found a plain in the land of &hinar; and they dwelt there. "nd they said one to another, Jo to, let us ma#e bric#, and burn them throughly. "nd they had bric# for stone, and slime had they for morter. "nd they said, Jo to, let us build us a city and a tower, whose top may reach unto heaven; and let us ma#e us a name, lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth. "nd the L'H, came down to see the city and the tower, which the children of men builded. "nd the L'H, said, ,e ol$, t e "eo"le is one, an$ t ey ave all one language; and this they begin to do; and now nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do. Go to, let us go $o#n, an$ t ere !onfoun$ t eir language, t at t ey may not un$erstan$ one anot er's s"ee! . &o the L'H, scattered them abroad from thence upon the face of all the earth; and they left off to build the city. T erefore is t e name of it !alle$ ,abel- be!ause t e L'()

44

$i$ t ere !onfoun$ t e language of all t e eart : an$ from t en!e $i$ t e L'() s!atter t em abroa$ u"on t e fa!e of all t e eart . .Jen 11;1AD <=>/ Zemphasis added[ This story of the tower of Babel tells a story that be ins by relayin to us how at one point in the history of mankind that 5the whole earth was of one language, and of one speech7. This statement dovetails perfectly with both the secular and Christian beliefs that were presented in previous chapter, of the there bein a mother ton ue from whence all other lan ua es stem from" The openin line of Genesis PP is a clear statement from the Bible that reveals that all of mankind at one point in time all spoke and knew but one lan ua e" The action God choose to hand down to these united builders was the perfect remedy for the situation" In one momentFs time, all those rebellious people who knew but one lan ua e, and who were busyin around with the buildin proUect and ivin and takin orders found themselves now in the ne$t momentFs time in complete and utter chaos" -or you now had a multitude of new lan ua es bein spoken by different roups of people" )hat were once a united people under one totalitarian ruler, +imrod, the Cmi hty hunterD Vas attested to by Gen" PISQ%PIW, who shared a united oal and a united lan ua e became the complete opposite" #ll of these diverse lan ua es ended up dividin the once united people which led to the rindin of the entire production of the Tower of Babel to a permanent and screechin halt"

The ;u,ber of /an#ua#es Belie9ed to ha9e been )reated at the To5er of Babel
-or starters, there is certainly been throu hout time no consensus when it comes to the number of lan ua es believed to have been created at the Tower of Babel by God, thou h, traditionally most support either \R or \I lan ua es" )ith this bein said, there seems to be a stron er case from lookin at various scriptures to support the number of lan ua es as bein seventy" This belief of the ori inal one lan ua e bein broken into \I different Cton uesD%lan ua es is held by Isaac .o'eson" Jere a ain is a Kuote from his book that reveals this and also looks into the symbolic pattern of \I runnin throu h the Mld Testament, as well as the how the Tower of Babel incident accounts for the G,HII plus lan ua es spoken today .RIIG, P^/; !his Iig Iang of language diversity was to have happened at Iabel A traditionally brea#ing up the language of )den into +E urA.original/ language families. !o follow the +E, see Jenesis 1E where +E urA nations are listed. !hen see Jenesis %*;$+ .where there is a symbolic count of +E children of =acob enter the ,iaspora/ and ,euteronomy -$;: .where this symbolic number is eNuated to the original nations/. &eventy also comes up as +E trees at a wilderness oasis, and with +E !abernacles sacrifices A both times repeating the theme that the tiny Hebrews are a teaching metaphor, a uniNue but universal people. "ll these seventies echo the preAHebrew #ey event of preAhistory, where our )denic language was diversified into +E national streams. !he seventy original spinAoffs have since continued to deA evolve into the *,EEE QlanguagesQ counted today. .$EE*, 1%/ Isaac further states in the same book VRIIG, QWS 5!he original +E urAlanguages were variants of )denic much li#e a spectrum bends one light source into different colors. =ust as there are many #inds of 5blue,7 one urAlanguage would ultimately deAevolve into many hues or dialects. !he analogy may be all the more appropriate if one reads the Jenesis record with the rainbow only being manifest after prehistoryGs ,eluge and brea#ing of the human community. !he rainbow becomes a symbol or 5sign7 of diversity. ...Keither randomness nor fitness diversified the urAlanguages, before migrations and millennia splintered them exponentially.7 Jewish tradition upholds the belief that seventy lan ua es were created by God at the Tower of Babel as seen by the followin KuoteS 5!here is one inNuiry ... on which we shall briefly touch; namely, how many languages arose from the confusion of Iabel. !he =ews ma#e them seventy, imagining there were seventy different nations then planted in the world, a notion which they ground on the following passage in ,euteronomy; Q hen the @ost High divided to the nations their inheritance, when he separated the sons of "dam, he set the bounds of the people according to

45

the number of the children of 6srael;Q chap, xxxii. :. !hat is, say they, he divided them into seventy nations, seventy being the number of the children of 6srael when they came into )gypt. Jewish antiKuities ! or, # course of lectures on the three first books of Godwin1s .oses and #aron" To which is anne$ed a dissertation on the Jebrew lan ua e By /avid Jennin s, 2ditionS H =ublished by =rinted for T" Te and son, PQ]\, p " ^Q\ #uthor Jenry .orris in an online article titled 5!he @ystery of Human Language7 states 5!he people scattering from Iabel probably represented about +E basic languages, 1udging from the seventy ancestral tribes listed in the !able of Kations .Jenesis 1E/. !hese have, in time, proliferated into many others.7 httpSTTwww"icr"or TarticleT\\IT In the same article from Jenry .orris is a Kuote from /r" Les Bruce, who is a research lin uist with )ycliffe Bible translators and a professor in the Graduate School of #pplied Lin uistics in /allas, who says thatS 56t is not too difficult to imagine that +E languages have in (,EEE years diversified into 1EE distinctAloo#ing families today.7 So the result of GodFs intervenin action at the Tower of Babel is that he ave each of these \I different nations a uniKue lan ua e" 2ach nation became identified with a separate lan ua e and no two nations had a clue as to what the other nations were speakin " #ll this hectic confusion and babblin led to all the nations bein scattered Cabroad upon the face of all the earth; and they left off to build the city7 thereby fulfillin the commandment that God ave to +oah and his sons to 5replenish the earth7S "nd Jod blessed Koah and his sons, and said unto them, Ie fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth. .Jen D;1 <=>/

Identifyin# so,e of the /an#ua#es 4 pun off7 %ro, the /an#ua#e of Eden
I will now briefly touch upon tryin to identify some of those very lan ua es that God Cspun offD from the ori inal ton ue when he confounded the lan ua e of mankind" #nd to do so I will a ain turn to the research of /r" Isaac .o'eson" Isaac mentions throu hout various pa es of his book !he 'rigin of &peeches; 6ntelligent ,esign in Language some of the lan ua es that he believes were spinoffs from the 2denic lan ua e at the tower of Babel VRIIG, $, P^, PH/S 5!raditionally, the initial trauma created seventy spinoffs. !hese were languages li#e &ans#rit, IasNue and Hellenic .Jree#/\"rabic \as were =apanese\and Bhaldean.7 Y Y Y

The Tower of Babel story is a real lin uists 5treasure chest7, if they are willin to research it" -or within this biblical record, the lin uist is able to find clues from history that we all, once upon a time, spoke but one lan ua e, as well as clues as to how the diversification of lan ua e resulted" +ow, we will, like ood scientific lin uistic detectives, look for kloos to support and collaborate this tower of Babel event from sources outside of Judeo%Christian beliefs by di in into other ancient cultures and there writin s" -or if indeed this story is true, you would lo ically think, that in one shape or another that the story would be echoed in the beliefs and writin s of ancient civili'ations all over the world"

46

)hapter <: .n the Trail of /oo!in# for "arallel /e#ends to the Bible=s To5er of Babel tory
56t is suggested that !he !ower of Iabel story is a myth invented to explain why there are so many foreign languages. ...there are reasons to Nuestion this easy dismissal as 5myth7. 9arallel legends in Bhinese, @ayan, and other remote and ancient lore suggest that there was some similar primeval linguistic trauma experienced by these isolated peoples. An original universal language is #i$ely re"orte$ as aving been bro&en u".7 A Isaac E6 1oDeson

The above is another Kuote from Isaac .o'eson VRIIG, vi 0introductionW that captures his belief that the Tower of Babel story is not merely a myth that the isolated peoples of the ancient world created but are stories that echoes a common memory of an ori inal lan ua e bein broken up" The focus of this chapter is to investi ate and read some of the more compellin ancient te$ts and le ends written down by our ancestors and to determine if a common le acy to the Tower of Babel story e$its"

The Boo! of Fasher


The first book we will look into is the Book of Jasher, which tells a story that is remarkably similar to the Genesis account within the Joly Bible" The followin Kuote provides with a bit of back round and historically information about the Book of Jasher before oin into the details that interest usS &Is not this written in the Book of JasherO&AA=oshua, x. 1-. &Behold it is written in the Book of Jasher"&AA66 &amuel, i. 1: This is one of the apochrypal Ioo#s of =asher" There are several Vas many as fiveW separate works by this title, all composed much later than Biblical times" This particular one is a translation of a Jebrew book printed in PGP]" Sepir Ja *asher, the Jebrew title of this book, means the 1Book of the `pri ht1, or 1the `pri ht or Correct ,ecord1" This title was misread as 1Jasher1, and at some point Jasher was treated as a proper name! however the pronoun 1the1 Vhebrew 1ha1W never preceeds proper names"

47

This te$t covers much of the same round as the traditional .osaic books of the Bible, from the creation of the world to the death of .oses, albeit with several minor variations" RI #nd kin +imrod rei ned securely, and all the earth was under his control, and all the earth was of one ton ue and words of union" RP #nd all the princes of +imrod and his reat men took counsel to ether! =hut, .it'raim, Cush and Canaan with their families, and they said to each other, Come let us build ourselves a city and in it a stron tower, and its top reachin heaven, and we will make ourselves famed, so that we may rei n upon the whole world, in order that the evil of our enemies may cease from us, that we may rei n mi htily over them, and that we may not become scattered over the earth on account of their wars" RR #nd they all went before the kin , and they told the kin these words, and the kin a reed with them in this affair, and he did so" R] #nd all the families assembled consistin of about si$ hundred thousand men, and they went to seek an e$tensive piece of round to build the city and the tower, and they sou ht in the whole earth and they found none like one valley at the east of the land of Shinar, about two days1 walk, and they Uourneyed there and they dwelt there" R^ #nd they be an to make bricks and burn fires to build the city and the tower that they had ima ined to complete" RN #nd the buildin of the tower was unto them a trans ression and a sin, and they be an to build it, and whilst they were buildin a ainst the Lord God of heaven, they ima ined in their hearts to war a ainst him and to ascend into heaven" RG #nd all these people and all the families divided themselves in three parts! the first said )e will ascend into heaven and fi ht a ainst him! the second said, )e will ascend to heaven and place our own ods there and serve them! and the third part said, )e will ascend to heaven and smite him with bows and spears! and God knew all their works and all their evil thou hts, and he saw the city and the tower which they were buildin " R\ #nd when they were buildin they built themselves a reat city and a very hi h and stron tower! and on account of its hei ht the mortar and bricks did not reach the builders in their ascent to it, until those who went up had completed a full year, and after that, they reached to the builders and ave them the mortar and the bricks! thus was it done daily" RQ #nd behold these ascended and others descended the whole day! and if a brick should fall from their hands and et broken, they would all weep over it, and if a man fell and died, none of them would look at him" RH #nd the Lord knew their thou hts, and it came to pass when they were buildin they cast the arrows toward the heavens, and all the arrows fell upon them filled with blood, and when they saw them they said to each other, Surely we have slain all those that are in heaven" ]I -or this was from the Lord in order to cause them to err, and in order! to destroy them from off the face of the round" ]P #nd they built the tower and the city, and they did this thin daily until many days and years were elapsed" ]R #nd God said to the seventy an els who stood foremost before him, to those who were near to him, sayin , Come let us descend and confuse their ton ues, that one man shall not understand the lan ua e of his nei hbor, and they did so unto them" ]] #nd from that day followin , they for ot each man his nei hbor1s ton ue, and they could not understand to speak in one ton ue, and when the builder took from the hands of his nei hbor lime or stone which he did not order, the builder would cast it away and throw it upon his nei hbor, that he would die" ]^ #nd they did so many days, and they killed many of them in this manner"

48

]N #nd the Lord smote the three divisions that were there, and he punished them accordin to their works and desi ns! those who said, )e will ascend to heaven and serve our ods, became like apes and elephants! and those who said, )e will smite the heaven with arrows, the Lord killed them, one man throu h the hand of his nei hbor! and the third division of those who said, )e will ascend to heaven and fi ht a ainst him, the Lord scattered them throu hout the earth" ]G #nd those who were left amon st them, when they knew and understood the evil which was comin upon them, they forsook the buildin , and they also became scattered upon the face of the whole earth" ]\ #nd they ceased buildin the city and the tower! therefore he called that place Babel, for there the Lord confounded the Lan ua e of the whole earth! behold it was at the east of the land of Shinar" ]Q #nd as to the tower which the sons of men built, the earth opened its mouth and swallowed up one third part thereof, and a fire also descended from heaven and burned another third, and the other third is left to this day, and it is of that part which was aloft, and its circumference is three days1 walk" ]H #nd many of the sons of men died in that tower, a people without number" http;SSwww.sacredAtexts.comSchrSapoS1asherSindex.htm

The Assyrian Account of The To5er of Babel


5!he first city mentioned in the Iible as being among the cities of Kimrod is ,abel. "nd in fact the cityGs name as well as the !ower of Iabel account is recorded outside of the Iible. ?ragments of an "ssyrian tablet were discovered at Kineveh by "usten Henry Layard during the middle of the 1:th century that closely parallel the Iiblical account. !he artifacts now reside in the Iritish @useum .registration number <.-*(+/ and reads as follows; 5his heart was evil against the father of all the gods . . . Iabylon was brought into sub1ection, small and great ali#e. He !onfoun$e$ t eir s"ee! . . . t eir strong "ala!e 3to#er4 all t e $ays t ey built; to their strong place in the night He completely made an end . . . 6n His anger His word was poured out . . . to s!atter aboar$ He set is fa!e, He gave t is !omman$, an$ t eir !ounsel #as !onfuse$. . .He saw them and the earth. . . of stopping not . . . Iitterly they wept at ,abi3l4. . very much they grieved . . at their misfortune.7 httpSTTwww"biblehistory"netTnewsletterTtoweriofibabel"htm

The u,erian Account of the )onfusion of Ton#ues


The Sumerians account of the Genesis PP story is found within an epic poem dealin with +imrod, the rebel leader of the Tower of Babel, titled, )nmer#ar and the Lord of "ratta, as retold by author =eter Good ameS 5!he &umerian account of this event can be pieced together by clues found within a large epic narrative of *-* lines #nown as Enmer&ar an$ t e Lor$ of Aratta .c.$EEE IB/. ithin this epic poem there is a section #nown as the Q6ncantation of KudimmudQ located in lines 1-*A1((. !hese lines spea# about a longA ago age when human beings lived without fear, when man was united in monotheistic worship, and when human speech was unified in a single language. !his text is important because it clearly points to )n#i .Kudimmud/ as the force behind the scenes who helped to bring about the confusion of tongues [1%]; 'nce, then, there was no sna#e, there was no scorpion, there was no hyena, there was no lion, there was no wild dog, no wolf, there was no fear, no terror; human had no rival 'nce, then, the lands of &huburAHama0i, polyglot &umer, that land great with the me of overlordship,

49

8ri, the land with everything 1ust so, the land @artu, resting securely, the whole world3 the people as one3 to )nlil in one tongue gave voice. !hen did the contender3the en .lord/ the contender3the master the contender3the #ing the contender3the en the contender3the master the contender3the #ing )n#i, en of hegal, the one with the unfailing words, en of cunning, the shrewd one of the land, sage of the gods, gifted in thin#ing, the en of )ridu, ! ange t e s"ee! of t eir mout s, e aving set u" !ontention in it, in t e uman s"ee! t at a$ been one/ ... !he figure #nown in the Iible as Kimrod, who opposed the Jod of the 'ld !estament, was #nown to the &umerians as )nmer#ar. He is the hero of the Enmer&ar an$ t e Lor$ of Aratta epic. 6n Hebrew the four letters that ma#e up the name Kimrod roughly translate to nAmArAd. 6n &umerian the name )nmer translates to nAmAr, while the suffix A#ar simply means Qhunter.Q 6n the Iible he is QKimrod the HunterQ and in &umerian myth he is Q)nmer the Hunter.Q "fter the Jreat ?lood the &umerian <ing List gives the #ings who ruled the ?irst ,ynasty of 8ru#. ?irst on the list is the #ing @es#iag#asher who, as we explained in 9art ?our, was in fact the Iiblical Bush. !he second name given is that of )nmer#ar [1(]; Q)nmer#ar, son of @es#iag#asher, #ing of 8ru#, the one who built 8ru# O reigned %$E years...Q !he &umerian <ing List records that )nmer#ar built 8ru#, and according to Jenesis the center of KimrodMs #ingdom was Iabylon .Iabel/ and )rech, which is 8ru# .modernAday Q6raNQ/.7 =eter Good ame, CThe Spirit )orld and Civili'ationD, httpSTTwww"redmoonrisin "comTGi'aTSpiritCivN"htm

.ther To5er of Babel /e#ends fro, the A,ericas to Asia


The followin Kuotes talk similar le ends to the Tower of Babel as found in the peoples of .e$ico, the TibetoABurman tribes of #ssam, and from the island of Jao in =olynesiaS 5" story li#e the Iiblical narrative of the !ower of Iabel is told of the great pyramid of Bholula in 1e%i!o, the vastest wor# of aboriginal man in all "merica..." legend concerning the foundation of this huge monument is recorded by the &panish historian ,uran, who wrote in 1(+D. Q6n the beginning,Q says he, Qbefore the light and sun were created, the earth was in dar#ness and gloom, void of all created things, Nuite flat, without hill or dale, encircled by water on every side, without trees and without any other created thing. "s soon as the sun and the light were born in the east, some men appeared there, ungainly giants who possessed the land. ishing to see the rising and the setting of the sun, they agreed to go in search of it ; so dividing into two bands they 1ourneyed, the one band toward the west, and the other toward the east. &o they 1ourneyed till they were stopped by the sea. !hence they resolved to return to the place from which they had set out ; so they came bac# to the place called 60tac^ulin ineminian. Kot #nowing how to reach the sun, and charmed with its light and beauty, they decided to build a tower so high that its top should reach the s#y. 6n their search for materials with which to carry out their design they found a clay and a very stic#y bitumen with which they

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began in a great hurry to build the tower. hen they had reared it as high as they could, so high that it is said to have seemed to reach the s#y, the lord of the heights was angry and said to the inhabitants of heaven, M Have you seen how the inhabitants of the earth have built a tower so high and so proud to climb up here, charmed as they are with the light and beauty of the sunR Bome, let us confound them ; for it is not meet that the people of the earth, who live in bodies of flesh, should mix with us.M 6n a moment, the inhabitants of heaven, setting out towards the four Nuarters of the world, overthrew as by a thunderbolt the edifice which the men had built. "fter that, the giants, scared and filled with terror, separated and scattered in all directions over the earth.Q ...!he Iiblical story of the !ower of Iabel and the confusion of tongues reappears also among the @i#irs, one of the many !ibetoAIurman tribes of "ssam. !hey say that in days of old the descendants of Ham were mighty men, and growing dissatisfied with the mastery of the earth they aspired to conNuer heaven. &o they began to build a tower which should reach up to the s#ies. Higher and higher rose the building, till at last the gods and demons feared lest these giants should become the masters of heaven, as they already were of earth. &o they confounded their speech, and scattered them to the four corners of the world. Hence arose all the various tongues of man#ind.7 James Geor e -ra'er, ?ol#lore in the 'ld !estament &tudies in Bomparative Heligion Legend and Law V(essin er =ublishin , RII]W, p "Fs P^Q%PNI 5"s an example, consider the following account from 1e%i!o, mentioned by >eli#ovs#y in his unpublished wor# 6n the Ieginning. "fter narrating the story of the ?lood which brought to a close the first world age, 6xtlilxochitl described the catastrophe which ended the second age or )hecatonatiuh, the Qsun of windQ. 5"nd as men were thereafter multiplying they constructed a very high and strong ]acualli, which means Fa very high towerG in order to protect themselves when again the second world should be destroyed. "t the crucial moment their languages were changed, and as they did not understand one another, they went into different parts of the worlds7 " very similar story, >eli#ovs#y noted, is recorded in 5olynesia. 'n the islan$ of Hao, for instance, part of the 9uamotu islands, it was said that after a great ?lood the sons of Hata, who had survived the disaster, made an atempt to erectt a builiding by which they sought to reach the s#y and see the creator god >atea. QIut the god in anger chased the builders away, bro#e down the building, and changed their language, so that they spo#e divers tongues.Q 7 The Genesis of Israel and 2 ypt By 2mmet John Sweeney 2ditionS illustrated =ublished by #l ora =ublishin , RIIQ, p " G\

The To5er of Babel as -ecorded by +istorians


#nd bein that these stories are all witnesses that most likely are echoin a real event, it should be no surprise as well that the Tower of Babel has been written about by both a famous Jewish, and Greek historian" Fe5ish +istorian %la9ius Fosephus 5Kow the plain in which they first dwelt was called &hinar. Jod also commanded them to send colonies abroad, for the thorough peopling of the earth, 3that they might not raise seditions among themselves, but might cultivate a great part of the earth, and en1oy its fruits after a plentiful manner; but they were so ill instructed, that they did not obey Jod; Kow it was Kimrod who excited them to such an affront and contempt of Jod. He was the grandson of Ham, the son of Koah, 3a bold man, and of great strength of hand. He persuaded them not to ascribe it to Jod, as if it was through his means they were happy, but to believe that it was their own courage which procured that happiness. He also gradually changed the government into tyranny, 3seeing no other way of turning men from the fear of Jod, but to bring them into a constant dependence upon his power. He also said he would be revenged on Jod, if he should have a mind to drown the world again; for that he would build a tower too high for the waters to be able to reachU and that he would avenge himself on Jod for destroying their forefathersU

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Kow the multitude were very ready to follow the determination of Kimrod, and to esteem it a piece of cowardice to submit to Jod; and they built a tower, neither sparing any pains, nor being in any degree negligent about the wor#; and, by reason of the multitude of hands employed in it, it grew very high, sooner than any one could expect; but the thic#ness of it was so great, and it was so strongly built, that thereby its great height seemed, upon the view, to be less than it really was. 6t was built of burnt bric#, cemented together with mortar, made of bitumen, that it might not be liable to admit water. hen Jod saw that they acted so madly, he did not resolve to destroy them utterly, since they were not grown wiser by the destruction of the former sinners; but he caused a tumult among them, by producing in them divers languages; and causing that, through the multitude of those languages, they should not be able to understand one another. !he place wherein they built the tower is now called Iabylon; because of the confusion of that language which they readily understood before; for the Hebrews mean by the word Iabel, Bonfusion. !he &ibyl also ma#es mention of this tower, and of the confusion of the language, when she says thus; 35 hen all men were of one language, some of them built a high tower, as if they would thereby ascend up to heaven; but the gods sent storms of wind and overthrew the tower, and gave every one his peculiar language; and for this reason it was that the city was called Iabylon.7 # ain, Josephus on the formation of nationalitiesS 5"fter this they were dispersed abroad, on account of their languages, and went out by colonies everywhere; and each colony too# possession of that land which they light upon, and unto which Jod led them; so that the whole continent was filled with them, both the inland and maritime countries. !here were some also who passed over the sea in ships, and inhabited the islands; and some of those nations do still retain the denominations which were given them by their first founders;7 The )orks of -lavius Josephus By -lavius Josephus, )illiam )histon Translated by )illiam )histon 2ditionS R =ublished by #lden _ Beardsley, PQN\" p "Fs ]N%]G Gree! +istorian Abydenus: 5Iut there are some who say that the men who first arose out of the earth, being puffed up by their strength and great stature, and proudly thin#ing that they were better than the gods, raised a huge tower, where Iabylon now stands; and when they were already nearer to heaven, the winds came to the help of the gods, and overthrew their structure upon them, the ruins of which were called Iabylon. "nd being up to that time of one tongue, they received from the gods a confused language; and afterwards war arose between Bronos and !itan7 2usebius of CaesareaS =raeparatio 2van elica V=reparation for the GospelW" Tr" 2"J" Gifford VPHI]W %% Book H http;SSwww.tertullian.orgSfathersSeusebius[pe[ED[boo#D.htm_1*

)onfusion of Ton#ues /e#ends Around the World


The followin Kuote shows the respectice #rmenian tradition and Jindoo le end of the CConfusion of Ton uesD, as well similar stories amon the .on olian Tharus from +orthern India, the #fricans of Lake + anu, the ancient 2stlionians, and from the ancient inhabitants of #ustralia, as recounted by author Thomas )illiam /oaneS CThe #rmenian tradition of the & Confusion of Ton ues & was to this effectS The world was formerly inhabited by men & with stron bodies and hu e si'e & V iantsW" These men bein full of pride and envy, & they formed a odless resolve to build a hi h tower! but whilst they were en a ed on the undertakin , a fearful wind overthrew it, which the wrath of God had sent a ainst it" 8n#nown words were at the same time @own about among men, wherefore arose strife and confusion"1& The Jindoo le end of the & Confusion of Ton ues,& is as followsS

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There rew in the centre of the earth, the wonderful & orld !reeQ or the &<nowledge !reeQ It was so tall that it reached almost to heaven" & It said in its heartS 1 I shall hold my head in heaven, and spread my branches over all the earth, and ather all men to ether under my shadow, and protect them, and prevent them from separatin "1 But Brahma, to punish the pride of the tree, cut off its branches and cast them down on the earth, when they spran up as ata trees, and made differences of belief, and speech, and customs, to prevail on the earth, to disperse men over its surface"1& Traces of a somewhat similar story have also been met with amon the @ongolian !harus in the north of India, and, accordin to /r" Livin ston, amon the #fricans of Lake Kganu` The ancient )stlionians` had a similar myth which they called & The Cookin of Lan ua es!& so also had the ancient inhabitants of the continent of "ustralia`D Thomas )illiam /oane, Iible @yths, and !heir 9arallels in 'ther Heligions; Ieing a Bomparison of the 'ld and Kew !estament @yths and @iracles with !hose of Heathen Kations of "ntiNuity, Bonsidering "lso !heir 'rigin and @eaning VJ" )" BoutonW, PQQ^, p , ]G The followin Kuote tells of the Greek tradition, and that of the juiches of Guatemala, in re ards to the diversity of ton uesS 5Kot a few peoples have attempted to explain the diversities of human speech without reference to a !ower of Iabel or similar structures. !hus the Jree#s had a tradition that for many ages men lived at peace, without cities and without laws, spea#ing one language, and ruled by ]eus alone. "t last Hermes introduced diversities of speech and divided man#ind into separate nations. &o discord first arose among mortals, and ]eus, offended at their Nuarrels, resigned the sovereignty and committed it to the hands of the "rgive hero 9horoneus, the first #ing of men. ... !he auiches of Juatemala told of a time, in the early ages of the world, when men lived together and spo#e but one language, when they invo#ed as yet neither wood nor stone, and remembered naught but the word of the Breator, the Heart of heaven and of earth. However, as years went on the tribes multiplied, and leaving their old home came to a place called !ulan. 6t was there, according to auichb tradition, that the language of the tribes changed and the diversity of tongues originated ; the people ceased Ato understand each otherMs speech and dispersed to see# new homes in different parts of the world.7 -olklore in the Mld Testament Studies in Comparative ,eli ion Le end and Law By James Geor e -ra'er =ublished by (essin er =ublishin , RII], p "Fs PNI%PNR

Archaeolo#ical E9idence for the To5er of Babel


#ccordin to writer =eter Good ame and British 2 yptolo ist and historian /avid ,ohl there is archaeolo ical evidence found in IraK in the late PH^IFs that validates that the Tower of Babel once e$isted in historyS 5!he story of the !ower of Iabel is dismissed by modern historians as fiction because there is no historical evidence that Iabylon existed as a city at that early date, circa $:EEA-EEE IB, and because there is no archaeological evidence for the !ower itself, which must have been one of the most significant wonders of the world, even if it was never fully completed. !he fact is that the city of Iabylon did not become important until prior to the rise of Hammurabi around 1:EEA$EEE IB, and Iabylon did not possess a ma1or 0iggurat until one was built by Hammurabi in honor of the new god @ardu#. !his problem disappears, however, once it becomes clear that the !ower of Iabel was actually the !ower of )ridu. 'nce again, ,avid Hohl comes through with evidence that too many historians have misplaced or ignored. 6n the late 1D%Es the ancient site of )ridu3modern !ell "bu &hahrain3was excavated by a 1oint Iritish and 6raNi team led by ?uad &afar. hat &afar found was evidence for a continuously maintained cult center of the god )n#i. !he very first shrine was a simple affair probably made of reeds, but a sNuare bric# structure was soon built and after this the inhabitants made continuous renovations and expansions. !he excavation revealed seventeen different levels of construction for this temple, )n#iMs ab0u, which during the 8ru# 9eriod became the holiest site in all of @esopotamia.

53

!he most impressive discovery was #nown as !emple 6, a massive structure with a huge temple built on a massive platform, with evidence of an even larger foundation behind it that would have risen up almost to the height of the temple itself. ,avid Hohl believes that whatever was built on top of this massive foundation was probably the structure that is described in Jenesis as the !ower of Iabel. hat was even more intriguing for the excavators was their discovery that precisely at its highest point of architectural achievement, the )ridu settlement was abandoned. Hohl writes that QNuite suddenly, the island of )ridu suffered some un#nown but cataclysmic fate.Q ?uad &afarMs academic analysis of the site states, Q ... the 8ru# 9eriod ... appears to have been brought to a conclusion by no less an event than the total abandonment of the site. ... 6n what appears to have been an almost incredibly short time, drifting sand had filled the deserted buildings of the templeAcomplex and obliterated all traces of the once prosperous little community. ... "t this point, there is a considerable hiatus in the history of the site, as it is #nown to us from the results of our excavations. ... t e *em$et Nasr e"o! /// is not re"resente$ at Eri$u/ ,uring the )arly ,ynastic period also, there is reason to suppose that the fortunes of )n#iMs shrine at )ridu had reached an extremely low ebb. 6n fact, the only meager remains of this period, were indications on the slopes of the mound which now represented the ruins of the prehistoric shrine, that some #ind of impoverished sanctuary still survived at its summit.Q [1D] &o what happened to )riduR @ore importantly, what happened to )n#iR hat could have caused the abandonment and desolation of the primary holy site of @esopotamiaMs most revered and influential godR 6f the Jenesis account is correct, and Kimrod was somehow involved, then what happened to )nmer#arR &trangely, the &umerian myths and legends do not offer straightforward or satisfactory answers to any of these Nuestions. &umerian myth may not offer good answers, but the boo# of Jenesis does. 6t tells us that the attempt to build the !ower of Iabel caused Jod to intervene and confuse the languages of the builders, after which the different tribes and groups set out from @esopotamia to claim and settle lands of their own.7 =eter Good ame, CThe Spirit )orld and Civili'ationD, httpSTTwww"redmoonrisin "comTGi'aTSpiritCivN"htm Y Y Y

-rom the above le ends, historical writin s, and archaeolo ical findin s that you have Uust read, it is pretty clear that numerous cultures from across the world, spannin the #mericaFs to #sia, have stories that are remarkable similar in many key elements to the Tower of Babel record told in the Bible" This body of evidence makes it very hard to ar ue a ainst the biblical Tower of Babel account as bein anythin other than the tellin of a true story" The Tower of Babel event helps lin uists, and us all, to better understand how we went from one lan ua e to the thousands of lan ua es that are spoken around the world today" I believe that it is not reasonable for us to simply dismiss all these parallel le ends and the Tower of Babel story as bein mere myths" I believe that we need to seriously e$plore the idea that there is truth to these le ends and that the Biblical Tower of Babel story is truth and not Uust some myth that evolutionists want to paint it as so"

In the words of Isaac .o'eson VRIIG, PRWS

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5&ome 5myths7 may become facts, and some currently taught 5facts7 may become myths. 9erhaps it is time for the Jenesis language thesis to be reAexamined.7 To decide to i nore the Tower of Babel story, as witnessed to by the other parallel le ends, and historical writin s, and put them in a bo$ labelled as CmythD would be a reat tra edy" -or I believe, within these stories is an echo of a real event that occurred thousands of years a o that describes GodFs creation of lan ua es, and they provide additional evidence to support that indeed, Eonce upon a timeF, there was a mother ton ue Vas we looked into in Chapter GW"

55

)hapter 9 ? A /oo! Bac! Before 5e /oo! %or5ard


#= Content SS ,eason _ ,evelation The Mri in of Lan ua e and Communication by /ave .iller, =h"/", Brad Jarrub, =h"/", and Bert Thompson, =h"/" Z2/ITM,FS +MT2S This is the first article by our newest staff member, /r" /ave .iller, who Uoins us this month as the chairman of our recently established /epartment of +ew Testament Studies" /aveFs doctorate is in speech communications, which makes him especially Kualified to write on the topic of the ori in of lan ua e and communication" See my C+ote from the 2ditorD for an introduction to this talented addition to our staff"[ In PHH^, an article appeared in !ime ma a'ine titled CJow .an Be an"D )ithin that article was the followin bold assertionS C+o sin le, essential difference separates human bein s from other animalsD VLemonick, P^]ZPP[SQPW" *et, in what is obviously a contradiction to such a statement, all evolutionists admit that communication via speech is uniKuely humandso much so that it often is used as the sin ular, and most important, dividin line between humans and animals" In his book titled )ve &po#e, evolutionist =hilip Lieberman admittedS Speech is so essential to our concept of intelli ence that its possession is virtually eKuated with bein human" #nimals who talk are human, because what sets us apart from other animals is the C iftD of speech VPHHQ, p" N, emp" in ori "W" In !he Bambridge )ncyclopedia of Human )volution, editors Jones, .artin, and =ilbeam conceded that CJtKhere are no non?hu,an lan#ua#es,D and then went on to observe that Clan ua e is an adaptation uniKue to humans, and yet the nature of its uniKueness and its biolo ical basis are notoriously difficult to defineD VPHHR, p" PRQ, emp" addedW" In his book, !he &ymbolic &pecies; !he BoA)volution of Language and the Irain, Terrance /eacon notedS In this conte$t, then, consider the case of human lan ua e" It is one of the most distinctive behavioral adaptations on the planet" Lan ua es evolved in only one species, in only one way, without precedent, e$cept in the most eneral sense" #nd the differences between lan ua es and all other natural modes of communicatin are vast VPHH\, p" RNW" )hat events transpired that have allowed humans to speak, while animals remain silentO If we are to believe the evolutionary teachin currently takin place in colle es and universities around the world, speech evolved as a natural process over time" *et no one is Kuite sure how, and there are no known animals that are in a transition phase from non%speakin to speakin " In fact, in the "tlas of Languages, this remarkable admission can be foundS C+o lan ua eless community has ever been foundD V.atthews, et al", PHHG, p" \W" This represents no small problem for evolution" In fact, the ori in of speech and lan ua e Valon with the development of se$ and reproductionW remains one of the most si nificant hurdles in evolutionary theory, even in the twenty%first century" In fact, many evolutionists simply have stopped discussin the matter completely" Jean #itchison notedS In PQGG, a ban on the topic was incorporated into the foundin statues of the Lin uistic Society of =aris, perhaps the foremost academic lin uistic institution of the timeS CThe Society does not accept papers on either the ori in of lan ua e or the invention of a universal lan ua eD VRIII, p" NW" That is an ama'in Valbeit inadvertentW admission of defeat, especially comin from a roup of such eminent scientists, researchers, and scholars" The truth of the matter is, however, that the ori in of human lan ua es can be discerneddbut not 9ia the theory of e9olution" )e invite your attention to the discussion that follows, which demonstrates conclusively that humans were created by God with the uniKue ability to employ speech for communication" EC./LTI.;A-2 T+E.-IE .; T+E .-IGI; .% "EE)+ .any animals are capable of usin sounds to communicate" Jowever, there is a colossal difference between the hoot of an owl or the runt of a pi , and a human standin before an audience recitin ,obert -rostFs CThe ,oad +ot Taken"D

56

This enormous chasm between humans and animals has led to a multiplicity of theories on e$actly how man came upon this uneKualed capability" But there is a sin le, common theme that stands out amidst all the theoriesS CThe 5orld=s lan#ua#es e9ol9ed spontaneously6 They 5ere not desi#nedD V/eacon, p" PPI, emp" addedW" /esi n implies a /esi ner! thus, evolutionists have conUured up theories that consider lan ua e nothin more than a fortuitous chain of events" .ost of these theories involve humans rowin bi er brains, which then made it physiolo ically possible for people to develop speech and lan ua e" -or instance, in the foreword of her book, !he &eeds of &peech, Jean #itchison hypothesi'edS =hysically, a deprived physical environment led to more meat%eatin and, as a result, a bi er brain" The enlar ed brain led to the premature birth of humans, and in conseKuence a protracted childhood, durin which mothers cooed and crooned to their offsprin " #n upri ht stance altered the shape of the mouth and vocal tract, allowin a ran e of coherent sounds to be uttered VRIII, p" $W" Thus, accordin to #itchison, we can thank Ca deprived physical environmentD for our ability to talk and communicate" #nother evolutionist, John .cCrone, put it this wayS It all started with an ape that learned to speak" .anFs hominid ancestors were doin well enou h, even thou h the world had slipped into the cold rip of the ice a es" They had solved a few key problems that had held back the other branches of the ape family, such as how to find enou h food to feed their rather oversi'ed brains" Then manFs ancestors happened on the trick of lan ua e" Suddenly, a whole new mental landscape opened up" .an became self% aware and self%possessed VPHHP, p" HW" juestionS Jow Vand whyW did that first ape learn to speakO It is easy to assert that Cit all started with an ape that learned to speak"D But it is much more difficult to describe ho5 this took place, especially in li ht of our failure to teach apes to speak today" In his book, ?rom Hand to @outh; !he 'rigins of Language, .ichael Corballis statedS .y own view is that lan ua e developed much more radually, startin with the estures of apes, then atherin momentum as the bipedal hominins evolved" The appearance of the lar er%brained enus Homo some R million years a o may have si naled the emer ence and later development of synta$, with vocali'ations providin a mountin refrain" )hat may have distin uished Homo sapiens was the final switch from a mi$ture of estural and vocal communication to an autonomous vocal lan ua e, embellished by esture but not dependent on it VRIIR, p" PQ]W" The truth however, is that evolutionists can only speculate as to the ori in of lan ua e" 2volutionist Carl Ximmer summed it up well when he wroteS +o one knows the e$act chronolo y of this evolution, because lan ua e leaves precious few traces on the human skeleton" The voice bo$ is a flimsy piece of cartila e that rots away" It is suspended from a slender C%shaped bone called a hyoid, but the rava es of time usually destroy the hyoid too VRIIP, p" RHPW" Thus, theories are plentifuldwhile the evidence to support those theories remains mysteriously unavailable" #dd to this the fact that humans acKuire the ability to communicate Vand even learn some of the basic rules of synta$W by the a e of two, and you be in to see why #itchison admittedS Mf course, holes still remain in our knowled eS in particular, at what sta e did lan ua e leap from bein somethin new which humans discovered to bein somethin which every newborn human is scheduled to acKuireO This is still a pu''le Vp" i$W" # Cpu''leD indeedb ADA1MT+E %I- T +L1A; T. TA/> A;D ).11L;I)ATE In a chapter he titled C)hat, )hen, and )here did 2ve Speak to #dam and Je to JerO,D =hilip Lieberman commentedS In the five%million%year%lon linea e that connects us to the common ancestors of apes and human bein s, there have been many #dams and many 2ves" In the be innin was the word, but the vocal communications of our most distant

57

hominid ancestors five million years or so a o probably didnFt really differ from those of the ape%hominid ancestor VPHHQ, p" P]]W" `sin biblical terminolo y, Lieberman had written a year earlierS C-or with speech came a capacity for thou ht that had never e$isted before, and that has transformed the world" In the be innin was the wordD VPHH\, p" R\W" )hen God created the first human bein sd#dam and 2vedJe created them in Jis own ima e VGenesis PSRG%R\W" This likeness unKuestionably included the ability to en a e in intelli ible speech via human lan ua e" In fact, God spoke to them from the very be innin of their e$istence as humans VGenesis PSRQ%]IW" Jence, they possessed the ability to understand verbal communicationdand to spea! the,sel9esN God ave very specific instructions to the man before the woman was even created VGenesis RSPN%P\W" #dam ave names to the animals before the creation of 2ve VGenesis RSPH%RIW" Since both the man and the woman were created on the si$th day, the creation of the man preceded the creation of the woman by only hours" So, Ada, had the ability to spea! on the 9ery day that he 5as brou#ht into e@istenceN That same day, God put #dam to sleep and performed historyFs first human sur ery" Je fashioned the female of the species from a portion of the maleFs body" God then presented the woman to the man Vno doubt in what we would refer to as the first marria e ceremonyW" Mbserve #damFs responseS C#nd #dam said, EThis is now bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh! she shall be called )oman, because she was taken out of manF D VGenesis RSR]W" Jere is #damdless than twenty%four hours olddarticulatin intelli ible speech with a well%developed vocabulary and advanced powers of e$pression" +ote also that 2ve en a ed in intelli ent conversation with Satan VGenesis ]SP%NW" #n unbiased observer is forced to conclude that #dam and 2ve were created by God with oral communication capability" Little wonder, then, that God said to .osesS C)ho had made manFs mouthO""" Jave not I, the LordO +ow therefore, o, and I will be with your mouth and teach you what you shall sayD V2$odus ^SPP%PRW" This circumstance should not surprise us, since the rest of the created order also was brou ht into e$istence fully formed and operational" #damFs body was that of a mandnot a child" Jis body possessed reproductive capability VGenesis PSRQW" Jis mind was mentally and psycholo ically functional on the level of an adult" Likewise, trees and plants were completely operational in their photosynthetic, reproductive, and fruit%bearin capability VGenesis PSPP%PRW" #nimals, too, were created fully functional VGenesis PSRI%RNW" #nd, the Sun, .oon, planets, and stars were created instantaneously to provide the services they were intended to provide VGenesis PSP^%PQW" Mnce a ain, the biblical e$planation of the be innin of the human race and lin uistic functionality is lo ical, reasonable, and scientifically feasible" The evolutionary model is not" T+E T.WE- .% BABE/M A;D L;ICE- A/ /A;GLAGE +obody knows e$actly how many lan ua es there are in the world, partly because of the difficulty of distin uishin between a lan ua e and a sub%lan ua e Vor dialects within itW" But those who have tried to count usually end up around the N,III mark V#itchison, RIII, p" RGW" The BibleFs e$planation of the ori in of multiple human lan ua es is provided in the Tower of Babel incident recorded in Genesis PPSP%H" Scripture simply and confidently assertsS C+ow the whole earth had one lan ua e and one speechD VPPSPW" )hen +oah and his family stepped off the ark, they spoke a sin le lan ua e that was passed on to their offsprin " #s the population increased, it apparently remained locali'ed in a sin le eo raphical re ion" ConseKuently, little or no lin uistic variation ensued" But when a eneration defiantly reUected GodFs instructions to scatter over the planet, God miraculously intervened and initiated the maUor lan ua e roupin s of the human race" This action forced the population to proceed with GodFs ori inal intention to inhabit the 2arth Vcf" Isaiah ^NSPQW by clusterin accordin to shared lan ua es" This depiction of the ori in of lan ua es coincides with the present status of these lan ua es" The available lin uistic evidence does not support the model postulated by evolutionary sources for the ori in of lan ua es" 2volutionary lin uists believe that all human lan ua es have descended from a sin le, primitive lan ua e, which itself evolved from the runts and noises of the lower animals" The sin le most influential Chopeful monsterD theory of the evolution of human lan ua e was proposed by the famous lin uist from .IT, +oam Chomsky, and has since been echoed by numerous lin uists, philosophers, anthropolo ists, and psycholo ists" Chomsky ar ued that the innate ability of children to acKuire the rammar necessary for a lan ua e can be e$plained only if one assumes that all rammars are

58

variations of a sin le, eneric Cuniversal rammar,D and that all human brains come Cwith a built%in lan ua e or an that contains this lan ua e blueprintD V/eacon, PHH\, p" ]NW" 2$plainin this Cinnate ability,D a Cuniversal rammar,D and the Cbuilt%in lan ua e or anD of humans has proven to be, well, impossibleb Steven =inker, the eminent psycholo ist also of .IT, candidly lamented this very fact in his best% sellin book, How the @ind or#s" In addressin the failure of Cour speciesF D scientists to solve these types of pla uin , perennial problems, he wroteS ZT[he speciesF best minds have flun themselves at the pu''les for millennia but have made no pro ress in solvin them" #nother is that they have a different character from even the most challen in problems of science" "roble,s such as ho5 a child learns lan#ua#e or how a fertili'ed e becomes an or anism are horrendous in practice and ,ay ne9er be sol9ed co,pletely VPHH\a, p" NGR, emp" addedW" Jowever, the e$istin state of human lan ua e nevertheless su ests that the variety of dialects and sub%lan ua es has developed from a relatively few Vperhaps even less than twentyW lan ua es" These ori inal Cproto%lan ua esDd from which all others alle edly have developeddwere distinct within themselves, with no previous ancestral lan ua e" Creationist Carl )ieland ri htly remarkedS CThe evidence is wonderfully consistent with the notion that a small number of lan ua es, separately created at Babel, has diversified into the hu e variety of lan ua es we have todayD VPHHH, p" RRW" T+E B-AI;= /A;GLAGE )E;TE- M )-EATED B2 G.D In contemplatin how lan ua e arose, evolutionists freKuently link the development of the brain to the appearance of lan ua es" But when one considers that more than N,III lan ua es e$ist, it is incomprehensible to su est that the invention of lan ua e could be viewed as some sort of simple, clear%cut addition to human physiolo y made possible by an enlar ed brain uniKue to Homo sapiens" Terrance /eacon commented on the intricacy of evolvin a lan ua e when he saidS -or a lan ua e feature to have such an impact on brain evolution that all members of the species come to share it, it must remain invariable across e9en the ,ost drastic lan#ua#e chan#e possible Vp" ]RH, emp" in ori "W"

Left hemisphere of human brain with lan ua e centersd BrocasFs area and )ernickeFs aread hi hli hted The comple$ity underlyin speech first revealed itself in patients who were sufferin various communication problems" ,esearchers be an noticin analo ous responses amon patients with similar inUuries" The ancient Greeks noticed that brain dama e could cause the loss of the ability to speak Va condition known as aphasiaW" Centuries later, in PQ]G, .arc /a$ described a roup of patients that could not speak normally" /a$ reported that all of these patients e$perienced dama e to the left hemisphere of their brain" In PQGP, =aul Broca described a patient who could utter only a sin le worddCtan"D )hen this patient died, Broca e$amined his brain and observed si nificant dama e to the left frontal corte$, which has since become known anatomically as CBrocaFs area"D While patients 5ith da,a#e to Broca=s area can understand lan#ua#e' they #enerally are unable to produce speech because words are not formed properly, thus slurrin their speech"

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In PQ\G, Carl )ernicke discovered that lan ua e problems also could result from dama e to another section of the brain" This area, later termed C)ernickeFs area,D is located in the posterior part of the temporal lobe" Da,a#e to Wernic!e=s area results in a loss of the ability to understand lan#ua#e" Thus, patients can continue to speak, but the words are put to ether in such a way that they make no sense" Interestin ly, in most people Vappro$imately H\kW both BrocaFs area and )ernickeFs area are found only in the left hemisphere, which e$plains the lan ua e deficits observed in patients with brain dama e to the left side of the brain" 2volutionists freely acknowled e that Zt[he relationship between brain si'e and lan ua e is unclear" =ossibly, increased social interaction combined with tactical deception ave the brain an initial impetus" Better nourishment due to meat%eatin may also have played a part" Then brain si'e and lan ua e possibly increased to ether V#itchison, RIII, p" QNW" Jowever, the human brain is not simply lar er" The connections are vastly different as well" #s /eacon admittedS CLookin more closely, we will discover that a radical re%en ineerin of the whole brain has taken place, and on a scale that is unprecedentedD Vp" ^NW" In order to speak a word that has been read, information is obtained from the eyes and travels to the visual corte$" -rom the primary visual corte$, information is transmitted to the posterior speech area Vwhich includes )ernickeFs areaW" -rom there, information travels to BrocaFs area, and then to the primary motor corte$ to provide the necessary muscle contractions to produce the sound" To speak a word that has been heard, we must invoke the primary auditory corte$, not the 9isual corte$" /eacon commented on this comple$ neuronal networkd 5hich does not occur in ani,alsdwhen he wroteS There is, without doubt, somethin special about human brains that enables us to do with ease what no other species can do even minimally without intense effort and remarkably insi htful trainin " )e not only have the ability to create and easily learn simple symbol systems such as the chimps Sherman and #ustin stru led to learn, but in learnin lan ua es we acKuire an immensely comple$ rule system and a rich vocabulary at a time in our lives when it is otherwise very difficult to learn even elementary arithmetic" .any a treatise on rammatical theory has failed to provide an adeKuate accountin of the implicit knowled e that even a four%year%old appears to possess about her newly acKuired lan ua e Vp" PI]W" A;AT.12 .% "EE)+ The specific mechanics involved in speakin have anatomical reKuirements that are found only in hu,ans" There is no animal livin presently, nor has one been observed in the fossil record, that possesses anythin close to the Cvoice bo$D Vas we commonly call itW present in humans" #s information scientist )erner Gitt observed in his fascinatin book, !he onder of @anS Mnly man has the ift of speech, a characteristic otherwise only possessed by God" This separates us clearly from the animal kin dom"""" In addition to the necessary CsoftwareD for speech, we have also been provided with the reKuired ChardwareD VPHHH, p" PIPW" -urthermore, the complete lack of any CtransitionalD animal form Vwith the reKuisite speech hardwareW in the fossil record poses a si nificant continuity problem for evolutionists" #s /eacon notedS This lack of precedent makes lan ua e a problem for biolo ists" 2volutionary e$planations are about biolo ical continuity, so a lack of continuity limits the use of the comparative method in several important ways" )e canFt ask, C)hat ecolo ical variable correlates with increasin lan ua e use in a sample speciesOD +or can we investi ate the Cneurolo ical correlates of increased lan ua e comple$ity"D There is no ran e of species to include in our analysis Vp" ]^W" To simplify the anatomy reKuired for human speech by usin an analo y, think of a small tube restin inside a lar er tube" The inner tube consists of the trachea oin down to the lun s, and the laryn$ Vwhich houses the voice bo$W" #t the laryn$, the inner tube opens out to the lar er tube, which is known as the pharyn$" It carries only sound up to the mouth, but it also carries food and water from the mouth do5n to the stomach" # rather simplistic description of how humans utter sounds in speech can be characteri'ed by the control of air enerated by the lun s, flowin throu h the vocal tract, vibratin over the vocal cord, filtered by facial muscle activity, and released out of the mouth and nose" Just as sound is enerated from blowin air across the narrow mouth of a bottle, air is passed over the vocal cords, which can be ti htened or rela$ed to produce various resonances" The physiolo ical components necessary can be divided intoS VPW supralaryn eal vocal tract! VRW laryn$! and V]W sub lottal system Vsee illustration at belowW" In PQ^Q, Johannes .uller demonstrated that human speech involved the

60

modulation of acoustic ener y by the airway above the laryn$ Vreferred to as the supralaryn eal tractW" Sound ener y for speech is enerated in the laryn$ at the vocal folds" The sub lottal systemdwhich consists of the lun s, trachea, and their associated musclesdprovides the necessary power for speech production" The lun s produce the initial air pressure that is essential for the speech si nal! the pharyn eal cavity, oral cavity, and nasal cavity shape the final output sound that is perceived as speech"

BI-D .% A %EAT+E-M.- ;A>ED A"E? Ima ine the conundrum in which evolutionists find themselves when it comes to speech and lan ua e" The animal that comes closest to producin anythin that even va uely resembles human speech is not another primate, but rather a bird" /eacon observedS In fact, most birds easily outshine any mammal in vocal skills, and thou h do s, cats, horses, and monkeys are remarkably capable learners in many domains, vocali'ation is not one of them" Mur remarkable vocal abilities are not part of a trend, but an e$ception Vpp" ]I%]PW" -or instance, a famous #frican ray parrot in 2n land named Toto can pronounce words so clearly that he sounds rather human" Like humans, birds can produce fluent, comple$ sounds" )e both share a double%barreled, double% layered system involvin tunes and dialectsda system controlled by the left side of our brains" #nd Uust like youn children, Uuvenile birds e$perience a period termed Csub%son D where they twitter in what resembles the babblin of a youn child learnin to speak" *et Toto does not have a Clan ua eD as humans understand it" Jumans use lan ua e for many more purposes than birds use son " Consider, too, that it is mostly male birds that sin " -emales remain son less unless they are inUected with the male hormone testosterone Vsee +ottebohm, PHQIW" #lso consider that

61

humans freKuently communicate intimately between two or three people, while bird communication is a fairly lon % distance affair" Mne of the bi CsuccessD stories in lookin at the human%like Kualities of non%human primates is a male bonobo chimpan'ee known as (an'i Vsee Sava e%,umbau h and Lewin, PHH^! Skoyles and Sa an, RIIR, pp" RP\%RRIW" (an'i was born Mctober RQ, PHHI, and be an his lon Uourney to learn to CspeakD as a result of the trainin provided for his mother, .atata, via a Ctalkin D keyboard" .atata never did master the keyboard, but (an'i did" Throu h many years of intense trainin and close social contact with humans, this remarkable animal attained the lan ua e abilities of an avera e two%year%old human" By a e ten, he had a CspokenD vocabulary Vvia the keyboardW of some two hundred words" In fact, (an'i was able to o beyond the mere parrotin or Capin D of humans! he actually could communicate his wants and needs, e$press feelin s, and use tools" Inasmuch as (an'i could accomplish such thin s, does this prove that chimps are merely hairy, child%like versions of humansO Jardly" To use the words of the famous #merican news commentator, =aul Jarvey, someone needs to tell Cthe rest of the story"D -or e$ample, in their RIIR volume, 8p from ,ragons, John Skoyles and /orion Sa an discussed (an'i at reat len th" #mon other thin s, they wroteS (an'i shows that while chimps may have the potential to learn lan ua e, they reKuire a C iftedD environment to do so" (an'i was surrounded by intelli ent apes with =h/s Zi"e", humansd/.TBJTBT[ who spoke to him and ave him a stream of rich interactions" They ave (an'iFs brain a world in which it could play at developin its ability to communicate"""" Therefore, as much as in his brain, >anDi=s s!ill lies in the en9iron,ent that helped shape it Vpp" RPN,RPG, emp" addedW" (an'i does not possess the anatomical eKuipment reKuired for speech" Truth be told, no animal does" #s Skoyles and Sa an went on to noteS CChimps lack the vocal abilities needed for makin speech soundsdspeech reKuires a skilled coordination between breathin and makin movements with the laryn$ that chimps lackD Vp" RP^W" Jumans, however, do possess the anatomical eKuipment reKuired for speech" But there is more" ,e ardless of how much instruction such animals receive, there appear to be built%in limits on their pro ress" Mn -ebruary PN, PHH^, the public television pro ram +ML# aired the show titled CCan Chimps TalkOD Vfor a full transcript of the show o to www"primate"wisc"eduTpinTnovaThtmlW" The show be an with a CconversationD with (an'i, who was reKuired to use a talkin keyboard to respond to Kueries from his human counterpart" #s the television pro ram demonstrated Kuite effectively, (an'i freKuently responded incorrectly when asked a Kuestion" -or instance, one of the humans asked, CIs there any other food youFd like me to brin in the backpackOD (an'iFs talkin keyboard response wasS Cball"D The pro ram then focused on )ashoe, a chimpan'ee that, in the PH\Is, was tau ht a portion of #merican Si n Lan ua e by #llen and Beatrice Gardner at the `niversity of +evada" By the time )ashoe was five, the trainers reported that she could use P]] si ns" Jeadlines were Kuick to report that a non?hu,an primate was usin hu,an lan ua e" This spurred other scientists, such as Jerb Terrace, to be in e$perimentin with animal lan ua e" Terrace set out to replicate some of the GardnersF study by usin his own ape, +im Chimsky Vsarcastically named after .IT scientist +oam Chomsky, who believes lan ua e is confined strictly to humansW" The main oal of the proUect was to determine if a chimpan'ee could create a sentence" In the documentary, Terrace statedS CI have concluded that, unfortunately, the answer to that Kuestion is no"D +imFs si n usa e could best be interpreted as a series of Cconditioned discriminationsD similar to behaviors seen in many less%intelli ent animals" This work su ested that +im, like circus animals, was usin words only to obtain food rewards" Terrace reali'ed that while +im seemed to be usin a combination of si ns, he actually was imitatin the trainer" This prompted Terrace to e$amine some of the GardnersF films" Je decided that )ashoe, too, was bein led by his teacher and was merely imitatin " #s Skoyles and Sa an candidly admitted, (an'iFs skill was Cin the environment that helped shape it"D That is precisely what Terrace discovered" Such an assessment always will be true of Ctalkin animals"D But it is not al5ays true of hu,ansN Consider the followin case in point" #s we mentioned earlier, the eminent lin uist +oam Chomsky has championed the idea that humans are born with a built%in Cuniversal rammarDda series of biolo ical switches for comple$ lan ua e that is set in place in the early years of childhood" This, he believes, is why children can rasp elaborate lan ua e rules, even at an early a ed5ithout adults to teach the," =owerful support for ChomskyFs theory emer ed from a decade%lon study of NII deaf children in .ana ua, +icara ua, which was reported in the /ecember PHHN issue of &cientific "merican VJor an, PHHN, R\]ZG[SPQ%PHW" These children started attendin special schools in PH\H, but none used or was tau ht a formal si n

62

lan ua e" )ithin a few years, and under no direction from teachers or other adults, they be an to develop a basic Cpid inD si n lan ua e" This Kuickly was modified by youn er children enterin school, with the current version takin on a comple$ and consistent rammar" If Chomsky is correct, where, then, did humans et their innate ability for lan ua eO Chomsky himself will not even ha'ard a uess" In his opinion, Cvery few people are concerned with the ori in of lan ua e because most consider it a hopeless KuestionD Vas Kuoted in ,oss, PHHP, RG^Z^[SP^GW" The development of lan ua e, he admits, is a Cmystery"D The fundamental failin of naturalistic theories is that they are inadeKuate to e$plain the ori ins of somethin so comple$ and information%rich as human lan ua e, which itself is a ift of God and part of manFs havin been created Cin Jis ima eD Vsee Lyons and Thompson, RIIRW" The fact is, no animal is capable of speakin in the manner in which people can speak" Speech is a peculiarly hu,an trait" Steven =inker, director of .ITFs Center of Co nitive +euroscience, stated in !he Language 6nstinct; !he Kew &cience of Language and @indS #s you are readin these words, you are takin part in one of the wonders of the natural world" -or you and I belon to a species with a remarkable abilityS we can shape events in each otherFs brains with remarkable precision" I am not referrin to telepathy or mind control or the other obsessions of frin e science! even in the depictions of believers, these are blunt instruments compared to an ability that is uncontroversially present in every one of us" That ability is lan#ua#e" Simply by makin noises with our mouths, we can reliably cause precise new combinations of ideas to arise in each otherFs minds" The ability comes so naturally that we are apt to for et what a miracle it is"""" J+Ku,an lan#ua#e is based on a 9ery different desi#n"""" 2ven the seat of human lan ua e in the brain is special""" VPHH\b, pp" P,]GN, emp" addedW" )ithout detractin anythin from primates like (an'i and )ashoe, fundamental differences between animals and humans nevertheless remain" `nlike human children, animalsS VPW do not have a special re ion in the brain devoted to lan ua e! VRW possess a much smaller brain overall! and V]W lack the anatomy to speak the words they may think" In summary, humans have an innate, built%in, hard%wired ability to acKuire and communicate comple$ lan ua e from the moment of their birth" #nimals do not" #dmittedly, animals do possess a measure of understandin " They can learn to respond to commands and si ns, and in some instances even can be trained to use minimal portions of human si n lan ua e" But even thou h apes, do s, and birds can be trained to do certain thin s, they cannot reason and communicate ideas with others so as to have true mental communion" )hyO The intelli ence of animals is, Kuite bluntly, unlike that of humankind" #s biolo ist John +" .oore observedS #nimals can think in several ways"""thou h only on the perceptual, not on the conceptual level" The key difference here is one between conceptual and perceptual thinkin " The latter, which is typical of animal thinkin , reKuires the actual or nearly immediate presence of the pertinent obUects" .anFs thinkin , on the other hand, is independent of the presence of pertinent obUects" It is, in fact, independent of obUects alto ether, as is the case with lo ical or mathematical e$ercises" Secondly, the difference between human and animal thinkin resides in the fact that, whether or not the obUect of the mental operation is present, animals cannot make Uud ments or en a e in reasonin " -or e$ample, animals are unable to conclude that such and such is or is not the case in a iven situation or that if such and such is the case, then so and so is not VPHQ], p" ]^^, emp" and ellipses in ori "W" The issue is not Ccan animals thinkO,D but rather Ccan they think the way humans doOD The answer, obviously, is a resoundin C+obD #lthou h animal trainers and investi ators since the seventeenth century have tried to teach chimpan'ees to talk, no chimpan'ee has ever mana ed it" # chimpan'eeFs sound%producin anatomy is simply too different from that of humans" Chimpan'ees mi ht be able to produce a muffled appro$imation of human speechdif their brains could plan and e$ecute the necessary articulate maneuvers" But to do this, they would have to have our brains, which they obviously do not Vsee Lieberman, PHH\, p" R\W" ).1"/EOIT2 .% /A;GLAGEM L;I&LE/2 +L1A; ;o !no5n lan#ua#e in the 5hole of hu,an history can be considered 4pri,iti9e7 in any sense of the 5ord" In her book, hat is LinguisticsR, Su'ette 2l in wroteS The most ancient lan ua es for which we have written te$tsdSanskrit for e$ampledare often far more intricate and complicated in their rammatical forms than many other contemporary lan ua es VPH\], p" ^^W" Lewis Thomas, a distin uished physician, scientist, and lon time director and chancellor of the Sloan (etterin Cancer Center in .anhattan, acknowled edS C"""Lan ua e is so incomprehensible a problem that the lan ua e we use for

63

discussin the matter is itself becomin incomprehensibleD VPHQI, p" NHW" It appears that, from the be innin , human communication was desi#ned with a tremendous amount of comple$ity and forethou ht, and has allowed us to communicate not only with one another, but also with the Desi#ner of lan ua e" In a paper titled C2volution of `niversal GrammarD that appeared in the January RIIP issue of &cience, ."#" +owak and his collea ues attempted to discount the ulf that separates human and animals V+owak, et al", RIIPW" This paper, which was a continuation of a PHHH paper titled CThe 2volution of Lan ua eD V+owak and (rakauer, PHHHW, used mathematical calculations in an effort to predict the evolution of rammar and the rules surroundin it" )hile +owak and his team inferred that the evolution of universal rammar can occur via natural selection, they freely admitted that Cthe Buestion concernin# 5hy only hu,ans e9ol9ed lan#ua#e is hard to ans5erD VPHHH, HGSQI]P, emp" addedW" Jard to answer indeedb The mathematical models presented in these papers do not tell us anythin about the ori ination of the multitude of lan ua es used in the world today" If man truly did evolve from an ape%like ancestor, how did the phonolo ic Zthe branch of lin uistics that deals with the sounds of speech and their production[ component of our lan ua es become so diverse and varie atedO +owakFs paper also did not clarify the ori ination of written lan ua es, or describe how the lan ua e process was initiated in the first humans, considerin we know today that parents teach lan ua es to their offsprin " +owak and his collaborators believe that the Cfirst stepD in the evolution of lan ua e was Csi nal%obUect associations"D They speculate that common obUects, freKuently utili'ed, were iven a representative si nal or si n Vin a manner similar to modern si n lan ua eW" These researchers also believe that early in evolution, these si nals were Clikely to have been noisyD and therefore Cmistaken for each other"D +owak su ests that these errors necessitated the formation of words, and describes this step in the evolution of lan ua e as oin Cfrom an analo ue to a di ital system"D Jowever, there is no evidence that demonstrates how these CprehistoricD people made the Kuantum leap from si nals to words" The last step +owak describes is the evolution of basic rammatical rules in an effort to convey even more information than Uust simple words" )hile these speculations make a nice, neat, pro ressive path toward human lan ua e, they do little to e$plain adeKuately the anatomical differences found in animals and humans" The human supralaryn eal airway differs from that of any other adult mammal, and is essential for speech" )hile it is true that chimpan'ees have been tau ht to communicate by means of si n lan ua e, they cannot speak, and do not appear to use any comple$ synta$ in communication" +owak and his collea ues be an with the assumption that lan ua e Cevolved as a means of communicatin information between individualsD VPHHH, HGSQI]IW, and then went on to speculate that natural selection favors the emer ence of a universal, rule%based lan ua e system" But if it is true that natural selection CfavorsD a comple$ lan ua e, how do we account for the non%vocal communication observed in animals, and why hasnFt this communication Cemer edD into a formal lan ua e in those animalsO In an effort to e$plain this embarrassin lack of understandin , +owak, et al" offered several speculations as to why animals have not evolved a better form of communication" In their e$planation, they listed the followin S Si nal%obUect associations form only when information transfer is beneficial to both speaker and listener" In the presence of errors, only a very limited communication system describin a small number of obUects can evolve by natural selection" #lthou h rammar can be an advanta e for small systems, it may be necessary only if the lan ua e refers to many events" Thus, animals may not possess the need to describe CmanyD events"

But such speculations leave apin holes in re ard to potential e$planations as to why animals cannot use speech" #s /eacon notedS Jow could anyone doubt that lan ua e comple$ity is the problemO Lan ua es are indeed complicated thin s" They are probably orders of ma nitude more complicated than the ne$t%most%complicated communication system outside of the human sphere" #nd they are indeed almost impossibly difficult for other species to acKuire VPHH\, p" ^IW" #lso, consider that when lan ua e first appears on the scene, it already is fully developed and very comple$" The late Jarvard paleontolo ist Geor e Gaylord Simpson described it this wayS 2ven the peoples with least comple$ cultures have hi hly sophisticated lan ua es, with comple$ rammar and lar e vocabularies, capable of namin and discussin anythin that occurs in the sphere occupied by their speakers" The oldest lan ua e that can be reconstructed is already modern, sophisticated, complete from an evolutionary point of view VPHGG, p" ^\\W"

64

Chomsky summed it up well when he statedS Juman lan ua e appears to be a uniKue phenomenon, without si nificant analo ue in the animal world"""" There is no reason to suppose that the C apsD are brid eable" There is no more of a basis for assumin an evolutionary development from breathin to walkin VPH\R, pp" G\%GQW" ).;)/L I.; The fact of the matter is that lan ua e is Kuintessentially a human trait" #ll attempts to shed li ht on the evolution of human lan ua e have failedddue to the lack of knowled e re ardin the ori in of any lan ua e, and due to the lack of an animal that possesses any CtransitionalD form of communication" This leaves evolutionists with a hu e ulf to brid e between humans with their innate communication abilities, and the runts, barks, or chatterin s of animals" /eacon lamentedS So this is the real mystery" 2ven under these loosened criteria, there are no simple lan ua es used amon other species, thou h there are many other eKually or more complicated modes of communication" )hy notO #nd the problem is even more counterintuitive when we consider the almost insurmountable difficulties of teachin lan ua e to other species" This is surprisin , because there are many clever species" Thou h researchers report that lan ua e%like communication has been tau ht to nonhuman species, even the best results are not above le itimate challen es, and the fact that it is difficult to prove whether or not some of these efforts have succeeded attests to the rather limited scope of the resultin behaviors, as well as to deep disa reements about what e$actly constitutes lan ua e%like behavior Vp" ^PW" #nother scholar who reco ni'ed this chasm between humans and animals commentedS The very fact"""that human animals are ready to en a e in a reat C arrulityD over the merits and demerits of essentially unprovable hypotheses, is an e$citin testimony to the ap between humans and other animals VJolloway, PH\G, RQIS]]IW" Gap indeedb Jumans are capable of communicatin in human lan ua e because God created them with the ability to do sob The Bible still offers the only plausible e$planation for the ori in of human lan ua e when it recordsS CThen God said, ELet `s make man in Mur ima e, accordin to Mur likeness!F"""So God created man in Jis own ima e! in the ima e of God Je created him! male and female Je created themD VGenesis PSRG%R\W" -E%E-E;)E #itchson, Jean VRIIIW, !he &eeds of &peech; Language 'rigin and )volution VCambrid e, 2n landS Cambrid e `niversity =ressW" Chomsky, +oam VPH\RW, Language and the @ind V+ew *orkS Jarcourt, Brace, JovanovichW" Corballis, .ichael C" VRIIRW, ?rom Hand to @outh; !he 'rigins of Language V=rinceton, +JS =rinceton `niversity =ressW" /eacon, Terrance VPHH\W, !he &ymbolic &pecies; !he BoA)volution of Language and the IrainV+ew *orkS )")" +ortonW" 2l in, Su'ette J" VPH\]W, Gitt, )erner VPHHHW, !he hat is LinguisticsR V2n lewood Cliffs, +JS =rentice JallW" onder of @an VBielefeld, GermanyS Christliche Literatur%Lerbreitun 2"L"W"

Jolloway, ,"L" VPH\GW, C=aleoneurolo ical 2vidence for Lan ua e Mri ins,D 'rigins and )volution of Language and &peech, ed" S"," Jarnad, /" Jorst, /" Steklis, and J" Lancaster, "nnals of the Kew Cor# "cademy of &cience, RQIS]]I" Jor an, John VPHHNW, C# Si n is Born,D &cientific "merican, R\]ZG[SPQ%PH, /ecember"

65

Jones, Steve, ,obert .artin, and /avid =ilbeam, eds" VPHHHW, Bambridge )ncyclopedia of Human )volution V+ew *orkS Cambrid e `niversity =ressW" Lemonick, .ichael /" VPHH^W, CJow .an Be an,D !ime, P^]ZPP[SQI%Q\, .arch P^" Liebereman, =hilip VPHH\W, C=eak Capacity,D !he &ciences, ]\SR\, +ovemberT/ecember" Lieberman, =hilip VPHHQW, )ve &po#e; Human Language and Human )volution V+ew *orkS )")" +ortonW" Lyons, 2ric and Bert Thompson VRIIRW, CIn the EIma e and Likeness of God,F D Heason Z Hevelation Z=arts I and II[, RRSP\%R],RN%]P, .arch and #pril" .atthews, Stephen, Bernard Comrie, and .arcia =olinsky, eds" VPHHGW, "tlas of Languages; !he 'rigin and ,evelopment of Languages !hroughout the orld V+ew *orkS -acts on -ileW" .cCrone, John VPHHPW, !he "pe !hat &po#e; Language and the )volution of the Human @ind V+ew *orkS )illiam .orrowW" .oore, John +" VPHQ]W, How to !each 'rigins +ottebohm, -" VPHQIW, CTestosterone Tri Hesearch, PQHS^RH0^]G" ithout "BL8 6nterference V.ilford, .IS .ott .ediaW"

ers Growth of Brain Local Control +uclei in #dult -emale Canaries,D Irain

+owak, .artin #" and /avid C" (rakauer VPHHHW, CThe 2volution of Lan ua e,D 9roceedings of the Kational "cademy of &cience, HGSQIRQ%QI]], July G" +owak, .artin #", +"L" (omarova, and =" +iyo i VRIIPW, C2volution of `niversal Grammar,D &cience, RHPSPP^%PPQ, January N" =inker, Steven VPHH\aW, How the @ind or#s V+ew *orkS )")" +ortonW"

=inker, Steven VPHH\bW, !he Language 6nstinct; !he Kew &cience of Language and @ind VLondonS =en uinW" ,oss, =hillip 2" VPHHPW, CJard )ords,D &cientific "merican, RG^Z^[SP]Q%P^\, #pril" Sava e%,umbau h, Sue and ,o er Lewin VPHH^W, C#pe at the Brink,D ,iscover, PNZH[SHI%HG,HQ" Simpson, Geor e Gaylord VPHGGW, CThe Biolo ical +ature of .an,D &cience, PNRS^G\%^\\, #pril RR" Skoyles, John ," and /orion Sa an VRIIRW, 8p from ,ragons V+ew *orkS .cGraw%JillW" Thomas, Lewis VPHQIW, CMn Science and `ncertainty,D ,iscover, PSNH, Mctober" )ieland, Carl VPHHHW, CTowerin Chan e,D Breation )x Kihilo, RRZP[SRR%RG, /ecember PHHH0 -ebruary RIII" Ximmer, Carl VRIIPW, )volution V+ew *orkS JarperCollinsW" Copyri ht l RIIR #polo etics =ress, Inc" #ll ri hts reserved"#polo etics =ress R]I Landmark /rive .ont omery, #labama ]GPP\ `"S"#" =hone V]]^W R\R%QNNQ httpSTTwww"apolo eticspress"or httpSTTwww"apolo eticspress"or TarticlesTprintTRNI\

66

)hapter *0 ? earchin# for the /an#ua#e of God' Ada, and E9e


5 hat was the first language3the language of paradiseR Q has been as#ed a thousand times. 6t would be gratifying to #now.7 A 1ethodist Episcopal )hurch General )onference' General )onference' )airns )ollection of A,erican Wo,en Writers

The earch for the /an#ua#e of Eden


Javin presented from a Biblical worldview that God is the Creator and #rchitect of lan ua e, and that #dam and 2ve were iven the ift of lan ua e by GodFs Joly Spirit%Breath of Life, and that both #dam and 2ve were speakin with God in the Garden of 2den, and with one another from the very day they were created, it is now time to find out, if possible, our first lan ua e" 5!he search for this )denic language has played a significant role in estern theories of language from ancient times to the present, and it has even contributed to the rise of modern linguistics and philosophy of language. !he )denic language was presumed to be a language of perfect clarity, a 5pure conceptual notation7 O that is, a language so transparent and unambiguous that confused or deceptive statements in it would be impossible.7 Geor e #ichele, !he control of biblical meaning; canon as semiotic mechanism, VContinuum International =ublishin GroupW, RIIP, p " PPP

E9ery /an#ua#e has had its ay


-rom the research that I have done it is Kuite evident that there are those that, throu hout time, have had different beliefs as to what this 2denic%#damic lan ua e is" To show this I have taken the followin e$cerpts from an online =/- articled titled ?rom the Language of "dam to the 9luralism of Iabel by author .aurice Mlender" This artile depicts Uust how varied the ideas have been throu h the centuries in re ards to the lan ua e of 2den, and how many a times the identification of a lan ua e as bein the mother ton ue was more based on nationalistic pride then by any evidenceS /I/ #/#. S=2#( -L2.ISJ M, T`SC#+, /#+ISJ M, -,2+CJO #t times, the most humble villa er dreams of lorious ori ins" .ore than one people % in fact, Kuite a few nations % have sou ht to place their own ancestors at the sources of 1civili'ation1, or even at those of humankind" This bein the case in cultures inspired by commentaries on the Biblical Jenesis, how could they refrain from attemptin to ascribe #damic ori ins to their own lan ua eO )hy not identify their mother ton ue with the divine idiom spoken by the pro enitor of all mortalsO )hat if the lan ua es of =aradise were -lemish or Tuscan, Syriac or Mld GermanO /iverse te$ts % from the 1Church -athers1 to Leibni' and ,enan % pose these Kuestions, freKuently no less politically hin ed than theolo ically" """Thus it was that in PGHI =mre Thomassin, 1reducin 1 all lan ua es to Jebrew, sou ht to demonstrate that the pro$imity between Jebrew and -rench is such that 1one may truthfully say, basically, they are no other than one and the same lan ua e1" Thus a ain, in the )ncyclopedia compiled by /iderot and d1#lember, the author of the entry on 1Lan ua e1, BeKu'ne, affrimed, in P\GN, that -rench is linked 1by Celtic to Jebrew1" """Two centuries earlier, in PNGH, a -lemish scholar named Jan Lan Gorp e$pressed the opinion that the lan ua e of =aradise was his own mother ton ue" This proclamation % often discussed by authors of the si$teenth and seventeenth centuries % was particularly disseminated by Leibni', amon others, who noted that Lan Gorp was not so wron to claim that the Germanic lan ua e, which he called Cimbric the idiom of his ancestors, founders of #ntwerp, has as many, if not more, marks of the primitive, than Jebrew itself" /iver in Valon with othersW from the clerical orthodo$y of the 1Church -athers1, the reat maUority of whom sou ht to reco ni'e Jebrew as the universal mother ton ue, Leibni' was amon those who contributed to the development of the initially re ional, then subseKuently national, idea in 2urope" `ndoubtedly, the passion of the mother ton ue, so often allied with that of the nation, incited Leibni', otherwise reco ni'ably rather

67

cosmopolitan, to identify, in PGH\, the ori in of the peoples and lan ua es of 2urope with the archaic German lan ua e" """Louis le Laboureur who, in PGG\, stated that it had formerly been said that Spanish, Italian and -rench 1were all three Zpresent[ at the creation of the world, that God used Spanish to forbid #dam to touch those fatal apples, that the /evil used Italian to persuade them to eat of them, and that #dam and 2ve, after they had believed him, used -rench to God to apolo i'e for their disobedience 1" """the Christian Mccident was shaken by the first words of Sanskrit, import, alon with several varieties, of spice, in the pouches of Italian, 2n lish and -rench Jesuits toward the end of the si$teenth century" This may have led, at the conclusion of the ei hteenth century, to the invention of the Indo%2uropean idea" .aurice Mlender, ?rom the Language of "dam to the 9luralism of Iabel, www"tau"ac"ilThumanitiesTcmcTmhrTPRRmhrI]"pdf #s you see, there have been Kuite a few dissentin voices in re ards to what the lan ua e of 2den has been" I believe, thou h, there are enou h clues within the )ord of God, the Joly Scriptures that reveals Uust what this divine ton ue is" #nd hopefully after readin throu h the evidence, this Kuestion, and its resultin debate and confusion will be put to rest"

A 1an ;a,ed +eber


I believe that this lan ua e that we are seekin for was first endowed to #dam and 2ve by God, and that #dam and 2ve tau ht their children this divine lan ua e, whom in turn tau ht and spoke this mother ton ue to their children, and that this continued on from one eneration to the ne$t eneration and survived the confusion of lan ua es at the Tower of Babel" I believe that this lan ua e has not disappeared completely from the face of the earth, from the lips and the minds of mankind" I believe that this lan ua e is alive and bein spoken today Vthou h perhaps somewhat differently due to the passa e of timeW, Uust as it was in the be innin in the Garden of 2den by #dam and 2ve, and by God" #nd the name of this lan ua e that we are seekin has its etymolo y, its roots, from the name of a man that lived after the -lood more than ^,III years a o" #nd the name of this man in the Mld Testament is 2ber, and in the +ew Testament he is called Jeber, the reat% randson of Shem and father of =ele and Joktan" #nd the lan ua e that is named after 2ber%Jeber is none other then Jebrew, and as you have already read from MleanderFs article, Jebrew has been one of the lan u ae s thou ht to be the very lan ua e that we are searchin for"

Buildin# the )ase that 4In the Be#innin# 5as +ebre57


#lthou h the Bible doesnFt specifically state in any particular verse that Jebrew ZBiblical Jebrew, to be specific[, is the Clan ua e of paradiseD, I have thou h, like a ood detective pieced to ether all the evidence both within and without the Bible that has led me to believe that Jebrew is the divine ton ue, spoken by God, and #dam and 2ve in the Garden of 2den, and preserved by 2ber%Jeber at the Tower of Babel" *ou will also be readin many Kuotes in addition to the one from the above article that will support that this is a belief that many prominent Christians have held for almost R,III years, and is a belief that is still held today by both Christians and Jews" )e will start off from readin further from the book that was Kuoted in the be innin of this chapter, !he LadiesM Hepository .PQ^P, PG]%PG^W; CThis Kuestion Z hat was the first language3the language of paradiseR ] """ has been learnedly discussed" Larious writers have supported the claims of the Teutonic, the Chaldee, the Chinese, the #rabic, and the Jebrew to so reat a distinction" There is stron presumption in favor of the Jebrew" `ntil the buildin of the

68

tower of Babel, the ori inal lan ua e was preserved" The confusion of ton ues inflicted on the builders, ori inated the many lan ua es of mankind" f But it should be considered that this punishment fell only upon the uilty" #nd is it probable that it involved all mankindb Certainly not! for it is incredible that all were uilty" #mon the lineal descendants of +oah was Jeber, who was probably innocent, and who of course retained the lan ua e of his ancestors" #nd from him descended #braham, the father of the faithful, in whom and in his Jebrew posterity, the primitive lan ua e was preserved" If so, the decalo ue was iven in that lan ua e, which would afterwards be uarded from material corruption" -or their occasional captivities would not blot from the minds of a people tenacious as the Jews were of national customs, the knowled e of a lan ua e in which their history, laws, and reli ion were recorded" Thus there is historical presumption that the Jebrew was the primitive ton ue" To this we may add a philolo ical presumption" I mean that the enius of the lan ua e indicates its seniority" Its simplicity, force, and fertility, are such as mi ht be e$pected in a divine tongue. Its proper names possess a si nificancy which enabled #dam to distin uish the peculiar characteristics of each livin creature" Comparin it with other lan ua es, it seems to bear to many of them a maternal relation" It is an affluent source of roots to its co nates" True, the #rabic and other oriental ton ues partially reciprocate this favor" They seem at least to contain the roots of some Jebrew words" But it is believed by the best scholars that these #rabic and other roots were ori inally Jebrew, which not bein preserved in the Mld Testament, Vthe scanty survivin depository of Jebrew words,W were lost to the mother ton ue, and found their way into other lan ua es, where they now appear indi enous, while to their native soil they are become e$otics" Still it is indisputable that the #rabic borrows moredten to onedfrom the Jebrew, than the Jebrew does from it" If radical dependences, then, are to decide this Kuestion, Jebrew is the primitive ton ue" #dd to these considerations the well known fact, that the most ancient literature of the world is in Jebrew, and it stren thens the evidence of its priority" .any of the ablest critics incline to this view" Thou h /r" Clarke admits Vwhat others have ur ed in favor of the Chinese lan ua eW that the ori inal ton ue was composed of monosyllables, yet he says the Jebrew, stripped of its points, prefi$es, suffi$es, and postfi$es, would nearly answer this character" But /r" Clarke does not ar ue the Kuestiondhe merely lances at it" Calmet deems it highly probable that the Jebrew lan ua e survived the confusion of ton ues in Jeber and his descendants" .r" )atson saysS &It is unnecessary to suppose, that the primitive lan ua e was completely obliterated, and entire new modes of speech at once introduced" It was Kuite sufficient, if such chan es only were effected, as to render the speech of different companies or different tribes unintelli ible to one another, that their mutual co% operation in the mad attempt in which they had all enra ed mi ht be no lon er practicable"& But rantin that this was the lan ua e of paradise, we should be aware that it was not anciently called Hebrew. #mon the heathens it was known as the =hoenician, Syriac, or Judaic" Jow it came to be called Jebrew is not certainly knowndperhaps from Jeber, in whose family it was preserved" The ancient Jebrew alphabet bein lost by the Jews is retained in the Samaritan pentateuch" )hat are now called Jebrew letters are not such" They are properly the Chaldean" But this has no particular bearin on the above Kuestion" # ain, we must not suppose that the Jebrew ton ue is now what it was ori inally" It is not the primitive lan ua e in its purity" There are words in the Mld Testament whose ori inals do not belon to the Jebrew" Indeed, portions of it are in Chaldee" )e can only say, at last, rantin all that has been ur ed, that there is more of the lan ua e of 2den retained in the Jebrew than any where else" Some have insisted that inasmuch as Jebrew was the lan ua e of paradise, and was communicated from God, we are warranted to conclude that it is the lan ua e of heaven" """ )hether it is, God has not seen fit to assure us, and &secret thin s belon unto the Lord"& Mne thin we knowdGod understands all lan ua es and dialects, and will not fail to notice every e$pression, profane and devout, that may fall from human lips" Mf the sounds or characters of lan ua e he takes small account! but the breathin s of purity in any ton ue attract his beni nity and secure his racious smile" Such as seek from him sanctified affections, and sincerely love and serve and praise him, will ere lon be brou ht to share his e$cellent lory" They shall know the lan ua e and the deli hts of the celestial paradisedshall be familiar with its son s and partakers of its raptures"

69

ur9i9in# the Test of Ti,e


The followin is an e$cerpt take from an online article titled 'rigin of the Hebrew Language, by /onald =" .oss, which provides another stron ar ument that indeed Jebrew is the lan ua e of 2den, of God, of #dam and 2veS

CMne of the most important validations for the Bible as the true word of God is understandin the ori in of the Jebrew lan ua e, includin literal, fi urative and implied meanin s of root words" There was a lan ua e spoken between God and #dam" It was the same lan ua e spoken between #dam and 2ve" /id the lan ua e chan e at a later dateO #fter the flood when +oah and his family left the ark, there was only one lan ua e spoken at that time by +oah and each of his sons and their wives" This lan ua e was the lan ua e spoken between God and #dam and between #dam and his descendents, includin +oah" It was the lan ua e of Godb The /an#ua#e +as ur9i9ed the +istory of 1an +oah was a descendent of #dam1s ri hteous son, Seth" Seth died P^ years before +oah1s birth" 2nosh, Seth1s son, was Q^ years old when +oah was born" 2nosh lived HIN years and +oah lived HNI years" The flood occurred when +oah was GII years old and he died ]NI years later" So, +oah spent all of his pre%flood life with his father, his randfather and five enerations of 2nosh" 2nosh, (enan, .ahalalel, Jared, 2noch Vfive reat randfathersW, .ethuselah V randfatherW and Lamech Vhis fatherW were alive at the same time as +oah was alive" I don1t think the lan ua e of +oah chan ed very much from the lan ua e #dam and 2ve spoke in the Garden of 2den, as they conversed with each other and with God" It would have been difficult for the ancestors1 children to chan e the ori inal lan ua e because the elders lived for such a lon time" -ormin new words in the ori inal lan ua e would be difficult because new words would e$pand the lan ua e beyond the vocabulary of the elders, makin the teachin of livin history difficult" In the pre%flood #damic society, &livin history& was passed alon by the elder1s recount of the history told to them by #dam" The elders1 knowled e of history was the most influential teachin element in pre%flood society" So, e$pandin the lan ua e by formin new words would be met with some resistance because new words would affect the elders1 accurate communication of livin history" If any one of the elders varied the historical account, even sli htly, the other elders would correct him" So, to preserve historical inte rity, the ori inal lan ua e spoken in the arden was preserved" In post%flood times +oah was the oldest man on the earth" Je was the one to whom his descendents went to ain wisdom and seek uidance" +oah had reat favor with God and all post%flood descendents were aware of his status with God" +oah, the eldest of his people after the flood, was ruler of his enerations in post%flood times for as lon as he lived" +oah tau ht and instructed his descendents in ri hteousness until the day he died" +oah preserved the ori inal lan ua e, as he was the reference and source of pre%flood livin history" #dditionally, Genesis chapter PI outlines the nations of the earth accordin to the bloodlines of +oah1s sons, Jam, Japheth and Shem" #ll of +oah1s sons and their descendents still spoke only one lan ua e" Genesis PPSP%H describes God confusin the ability of all descendents communicatin with each other by chan in the lan ua e spoken at Babel" The descendents of Jam spoke a different lan ua e and the descendents of Japheth spoke a different lan ua e and scattered throu hout the middle east and northern #frica accordin to their lan ua e" Throu h lan ua es God rouped bloodlines to ether in post flood times" But, Shem and +oah still spoke the ori inal lan ua e of pre%flood times" This lan ua e also kept the bloodline of Shem to ether" Shem1s descendents later became known as the Semites Vknown as Israelites todayW" Jenesis 11;DA1E .<=>/ A !herefore is the name of it called Iabel; because the L'H, did there confound the language of all the earth; and from thence did the L'H, scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth. .1E/ !hese are the generations of &hem; &hem was an hundred years old,....... Lerse H speaks of scatterin the people accordin to their lan ua e" Lerse PI speaks of the be innin of recordin the enealo y of Shem, which introduces #bram into the historical narrative in Jenesis 11;$*. Since #bram was a resident of `r of the Chaldeens, which is located on the 2uphrates ,iver opposite of the city Babel! +oah, Shem and #bram remained in the eneral area and did not spread to other far away places" It

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appears God kept +oah, Shem and #bram1s locality, lan ua e and bloodline intact for a special purpose % the covenant promise and the establishment of the nation of Israel" #bram was there listenin to +oah" #bram was fifty years old when +oah died" So, #bram heard the account of Genesis directly from +oah and #bram believed in God" Twenty five years after +oah1s death God called #bram" #t that time #bram was seventy five years old" #s a descendent of +oah and the Seth blood line #bram, like all others before him, spoke the lan ua e of God" If he spoke the lan ua e of God, then Ishmael and Isaac spoke the lan ua e" So did Isaac1s children, 2sau and Jacob" God chan ed Jacob1s name to Israel, therefore the lan ua e was preserved and spoken by the twelve sons of Jacob Vthe nation of IsraelW" Thus, the .osaic Law was written in God1s lan ua e" Therefore, if the the Law and the =rophets is the lan ua e of God, then the Law and the =rophets VMld TestamentW is the voice of God" The lan ua e and voice cannot be separateb #dditionally, Christ did not speak of Jis own, Je only spoke what the -ather told him to speak" Therefore, the +ew Testament is also the voice of God" The Word of God ABibleE is the lan#ua#e and 9oice of GodN It is ali9e because e9ery5here it is read or spo!en and by belie9in# 5hat God spo!e' eternal life pre9ails6 Jenesis 1;- .<=>/ A "nd Jod said, Let there be light; and there was light. The )ord of God has creative power when spoken in faith by a heart fully committed to Jim" It is most important to see the )ord of God as the voice of God" So when one with a heart fully co,,itted and de9oted to Jim speaks the )ord of God, God speaks throu h him"D /onald =" .oss, C'rigin of the Hebrew Language7, http;SSwww.biblebigpicture.comSbiblelessonsSoriginofthehebrewlanguage.htm

Fe5ish Belief in +ebre5 as the .ri#inal /an#ua#e


#uthor Judith Mls'owy%Schlan er captures the Jewish belief on the Jebrew lan ua e as bein as suchS C,uring the @iddle "ges Habbanite =ews held firm beliefs about the holiness of the Hebrew language. !hese beliefs were developed at least since !annaitic times [1st and $nd century ",], and were expressed in specific opinions concerning the origins and nature of Hebrew. Hebrew was believed to be of divine origin; primarily the means of communication between Jod and His angels, it was revealed to "dam and became the first and uniNue language of humanity until the ?all of Iabel .Iereshit Habba 66;$-/. "s a language of divine origin, and the pristine lingua adamica, Hebrew was believed to be a Fperfect languageG, a language in which there is a motivated, necessary and natural relationship between the word and thing it designates. Iy virtue of being the prefect and divine tongue, Hebrew was thought since Late "ntiNuity to be set apart for religious matters, such as prophecy or prayer, while secular matters should be expressed in less dignified languages. 6n this respect, it is relevant to note that it was believed in the @iddle "ges that "braham used "ramaic .the vernacular of 8r <asdin where he was born/ in daily conversations, and Hebrew to address Jod. Hebrew was thus associated with the Iible and religion, as such it was submitted to a number of Habbinic hermenutic rules, intended to protect its holiness.D Judith Mls'owy%Schlan er, <araite @arriage ,ocuments from the Bairo Jeni0a; Legal !radition and Bommunity Life in @ediaeval )gypt and 9alestin VB,ILLW, PHHQ, p HR"

Additional )hristians 5ho Belie9e +ebre5 to be the 1other Ton#ue


Etienne 1orin A*(28?*:00E: 5However, @orinMs main interest lies elsewhere, in such Nuestions as, has "damMs language #ept its original purityR "ccording to Jregory of Kyssa, Jrotius and Huet, it could not have survived in its integral form, but only in oral traces in the peoples that came after the ?lood. @orin is certain that the language of "dam was Hebrew, handed down to his descendents by &hem and by his son Heber, shut into their dwelling on the slopes or "rarat at the time of the construction of the tower and therefore immune to punishment. ,e ina =saki, Charles Jindley, !he )arthly paradise, VGlobal #cademic =ublishin W, RIIR, p " ]I^

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A6F6 Fohnson: 56t was the universal belief among the rabbins, the Bhristian fathers, and the older theologians that the Hebrew was the language of "dam and )ve, and that it prevailed among all man#ind till the dispersion of Iabel ; many of them even held that it was the medium of communication between Jod and the angels. !hey called it lingua ,ei, cdefg anyelorum, lingua prophetarum.7 #"J" Johnson, =ohnsonMs Kew 8niversal Byclopaedia, V#"J" Johnson _ sonW, p " QN^ Willia, Whita!er' Willia, %itD#erald: 5!H) Hebrew is the most ancient of all languages, and was that which alone prevailed in the world before the deluge and the erection of the !ower of Iabel. ?or it was this that "dam used, and all men before the flood, as is manifest from the scriptures, and as the ?athers testify. D )illiam )hitaker, )illiam -it' erald, " ,isputation on Holy &cripture "gainst the 9apists, )specially Iellarmine and &tapleton V`niversity =ressW, PQ^H, p " PPR Fohn Eliot: 5' that the Lord would put it into the heart of some of his religious and learned servants to ta#e such pains about the Hebrew language as to fit it for universal useU Bonsidering that above all languages spo#en by the lip of man, it is most capable to be enlarged, and fitted to express all things, and motions, and notions that our human intellect is capable of in this mortal life, considering also that it is the invention of Jod himself; and what one is fitter to be the universal language, than that which it pleased our Lord =esus to ma#e use of when he spa#e from heaven unto 9aulU7 +ehemiah #dams, !he Life of =ohn )liot Vs"nW, PQ\I, p " NH Da9id )ollyer: 5!he first language was given by Jod to "dam and )ve ; and was derived to their posterity as from one common stoc#, by imitation and use, and continued the same, until the destruction of Iabel after the flood, at which time Jod divided their language, and gave one sort to one family, and another to another, for the putting an end to their pride and vanity in building the tower of Iabel; and for sorting them into several companies, for the better peopling of the earth. !he first language is by very learned men supposed to be Hebrew; 1st, Iecause of the names given to some men and places, at the beginning, from the Hebrew original, as of "dam, from a Hebrew word which signifies red dust, because he was made of the dust of the earth ; and )ve, from a Hebrew word which signifies to live, because )ve was the mother of all living, Zc. $dly, Iecause those people who live nearest to Iabel, where the language was divided, still retain great remains of the Hebrew language, as the Bhaldeans, &yrians, "rabians, Zc. insomuch that the Hebrew tongue being first understood, the language of the others is easier obtained. hen we read this history of the creation, we ought to adore and admire the infinite power, and wisdom, and goodness of Jod, especially his love to man#ind.7 /avid Collyer, !he sacred interpreter, PQPN, p "es P]^%P]N

+ebre5Ps Influence in A,erica and En#land


The Jebrew lan ua e and the belief of it bein the first lan ua e was held by many =uritans and was part of the curriculum in various prominent #merican universities, as attested to by author%freelance writer%researcher% teacher +orman Berdichevsky in an online articled titled !he @other of Languages A!he 6nfluence of Hebrew on other Languages; CIoth because of a desire to read the Iible in its original tongue and a belief in Hebrew as Q!he @other of Languages,Q it figured prominently in the 9uritan movement in )ngland, culminating in the Bommonwealth under 'liver Bromwell. ... )nglish 9uritan emigrants were also instrumental in promoting Hebrew as part of the curriculum in such prominent "merican universities as Harvard, Bolumbia, Cale, Irown, 9rinceton, =ohns Hop#ins, ,artmouth and 9ennsylvania .Cale, Bolumbia and ,artmouth still bear Hebrew inscriptions on their seals/. 6n HarvardGs

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early years, more time was devoted to the study of Hebrew than Latin or Jree#. !his role of Hebrew in the curriculum endured until the 1:$Es. Jraduates of the &chool of ,ivinity had to be able to read the 'ld !estament in the original Hebrew A a practice still reNuired in ,enmar#. ...@any scholars during the Henaissance and later under the sponsorship of several monarchs, such as =ames 6> of &cotland, tried to establish Hebrew as Qthe mother of all languages.Q !hey believed that Hebrew was the original source from which all other languages developed.D httpSTTwww"mfa" ov"ilT.-#T.-##rchiveTRIIIiRIIHTRIIITNTThekRI.otherkRIofkRILan ua eskRI% kRIInfluencekRIofkRIJebrewkRIonkRIM )e have Uust witnessed from all the above Kuotes that there have been many people over the centuries of both the Judeo and Christian faith whom have firmly believed in Jebrew as bein the lan ua e of God, the lan ua e of #dam and 2ve, and the lan ua e preserved durin the Tower of Babel"

The +ebre5 4Alephbeth7 -ecorded in the Bible


#s I have stated earlier, the scriptures reveal, that the same day that God created #dam and 2ve they were already endowed with lan ua e and were verbally communicatin with one another" There is no support in the Bible where one is able to posit that God had to sit down #dam and 2ve like little children in a classroom, and the host of an els for that matter, and teach them there C#, B, CFsD or #leph%Beth%Gimel in Jebrew" I am not sure how many people know, but that the 2n lish word Calphabet has its ori ins, its etymolo y, in the combinin of the two first Jebrew lettersS #leph h Beth c #lephBeth c alphabet The Jebrew CalephbethFsD importance is witnessed to by God makin sure that he preserved a record of it in the Bible" In the book of =salms in Ch PPH the entire RR letters of the Jebrew alphabet or CalephbethD appearsS

1. ALE5H. Ilessed are the undefiled in the way, who wal# in the law of the L'H,. 2. ,ETH. herewithal shall a young man cleanse his wayR by ta#ing heed thereto according to thy word. 3. G.1EL. ,eal bountifully with thy servant, that 6 may live, and #eep thy word. 4. )ALETH. @y soul cleaveth unto the dust; Nuic#en thou me according to thy word. 5. HE. !each me, ' L'H,, the way of thy statutes; and 6 shall #eep it unto the end. 6. 6AU. Let thy mercies come also unto me, ' L'H,, even thy salvation, according to thy word. 7. 7A.N. Hemember the word unto thy servant, upon which thou hast caused me to hope. 8. CHETH. !hou art my portion, ' L'H,; 6 have said that 6 would #eep thy words. 9. TETH. !hou hast dealt well with thy servant, ' L'H,, according unto thy word. 10. *'). !hy hands have made me and fashioned me; give me understanding, that 6 may learn thy
commandments.

11. CA5H. @y soul fainteth for thy salvation; but 6 hope in thy word. 12. LA1E). ?or ever, ' L'H,, thy word is settled in heaven. 13. 1E1. ' how love 6 thy lawU it is my meditation all the day. 14. NUN. !hy word is a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path. 15. 8A1ECH. 6 hate vain thoughts; but thy law do 6 love. 16. A.N. 6 have done 1udgment and 1ustice; leave me not to mine oppressors. 17. 5E. !hy testimonies are wonderful; therefore doth my soul #eep them. 18. T7A)).. Highteous art thou, ' L'H,, and upright are thy 1udgments. 19. 2'5H. 6 cried with my whole heart; hear me, ' L'H,; 6 will #eep thy statutes. 20. (E8H. Bonsider mine affliction, and deliver me; for 6 do not forget thy law. 21. 8CH.N. 9rinces have persecuted me without a cause; but my heart standeth in awe of thy word. 73

22. TAU. Let my cry come near before thee, ' L'H,; give me understanding according to thy word.
.9sa 11D;1, D, 1+, $(, --, %1, %D, (+, *(, +-, :1, :D, D+, 1E(, 11-, 1$1, 1$D, 1-+, 1%(, 1(-, 1*1, 1*D <=> I believe these above verses within the Bible provide us with a hu e clue that to God, the Jebrew alphabet, and the Jebrew lan ua e, is a very important" It seems that by God leavin a record of the Jebrew alphabet in the Bible that he is purposefully tryin to draw our attention to it" I also find it awesome that the subUect matter of all the above RR verses, and in fact the entire PPHth =salm, is centered on Gods law, wordVsW, statutes, commandments, Uud ementVsW, and testimonies" )hat is also revealin , in li ht of the above, is that all of these were ivin to mankind, by God, and written and preserved in the Mld Testament in Jebrew words formed of Jebrew letters" Mne also has to also keep in mind that the vast maUority of the Mld Testament, with the e$ception of a few chapters, was written in Jebrew, which also seems to draw attention to the importance of Jebrew, and Uust perhaps its place, as attested to the various Kuotes above, as the lan ua e of God, and #dam and 2ve" There is also some additional clues that I provide in Chapter PR that I believ stren thens the case that EIn the be innin was JebrewF" Jowever, for now, let us turn our attention to another lan ua e, a lan ua e that has become a lobal one, 2n lish"

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)hapter ** ? /oo!in# for )lues as to the True .ri#ins of En#lish Words


Q)nglish is widely regarded as having become the global languageQ A Da9id Graddol

The E@ponential Gro5th of the En#lish /an#ua#e


This above Kuote from /avid Graddol, that is found within a =/- titled 5!he ?uture of )nglishR7 is truly ama'in , especially when seen in the li ht of the followin KuotationS C"bout %EE years ago, in &ha#espeareGs times, )nglish was spo#en by about five to seven million spea#ers, the vast ma1ority of them living on the Iritish 6sles. )nglish was not much appreciated elsewhere in )urope and un#nown beyond it. Kowadays )nglish is used by an estimated 1.: billion spea#ers .about %EE million of them being native spea#ers/. 6n other words, the population of users of )nglish has been multiplied by the factor $(E. !oday, )nglish is spo#en O or rather, )nglishes are spo#en A on every continent of the world, in both the northern and southern hemispheres. Lecture \S )orld%)ide 2n lish httpSTTwww"ehistlin %pub"meotod"deTIPilecIG"phpgPP In the space of only ^II years, the amount of people who are now speakin 2n lish has rown tremendously" The followin Kuotation from i#ipedia helps us to understand to what this skyrocketin rowth is attributed toS 5@odern )nglish, sometimes described as the first global lingua franca,[:][D] is the dominant international language in communications, science, business, aviation, entertainment, radio and diplomacy.[1E] 6ts spread beyond the Iritish 6sles began with the growth of the Iritish )mpire, and by the late nineteenth century its reach was truly global.[11] 6t is the dominant language in the 8nited &tates, whose growing economic and cultural influence and status as a global superpower since orld ar 66 have significantly accelerated the languageMs adoption across the planet.[D] " wor#ing #nowledge of )nglish has become a reNuirement in a number of fields, occupations and professions such as medicine and computing; as a conseNuence over a billion people spea# )nglish to at least a basic level...7 2n lish lan ua e httpSTTen"wikipedia"or TwikiT2n lishilan ua egciteinote%Graddol%Q

En#lish: A /an#ua#e of 1any' 1any Words


The followin e$cerpt from ,ichard Lederer1s book, !he @iracle of Language, describes Uust what Kuality about the 2n lish lan ua e that makes it stand out from othersS 56t is often said that what most immediately sets )nglish apart from other languages is the richness of its vocabulary. ebsterMs !hird Kew 6nternational ,ictionary lists %(E,EEE words, and the compendious 'xford )nglish ,ictionary lists *1(,EEE. ... 6n comparison, Jerman, according to traditional estimates, has a vocabulary of about 1:(,EEE, Hussian 1-E,EEE, and ?rench fewer than 1EE,EEE.7 The miracle of lan ua e By ,ichard Lederer =ublished by =ockets Books, PHHP, p " R^

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The )on9entional Cie5 on the +istory of the En#lish /an#ua#e


juotin a ain from the popular online encyclopaedia )ikipedia, it states this about the history of the 2n lish lan ua eS 5)nglish is a est Jermanic language which originated from the "ngloA?risian dialects brought to Iritain by Jermanic settlers and Homan auxiliary troops from various parts of what is now northwest Jermany and the northern Ketherlands. 6nitially, 'ld )nglish was a diverse group of dialects, reflecting the varied origins of the "ngloA&axon <ingdoms of )ngland. 'ne of these dialects, Late est &axon, eventually came to dominate. !he original 'ld )nglish language was then influenced by two waves of invasion; the first by spea#ers of the &candinavian branch of the Jermanic language family, who conNuered and coloni0ed parts of Iritain in the :th and Dth centuries; the second by the Kormans in the 11th century, who spo#e 'ld Korman and ultimately developed an )nglish variety of this called "ngloAKorman. !hese two invasions caused )nglish to become QmixedQ to some degree, though it was never a truly mixed language in the strict linguistic sense of the word, as mixed languages arise from the cohabitation of spea#ers of different languages, who develop a hybrid tongue for basic communication. Bohabitation with the &candinavians resulted in a significant grammatical simplification and lexical enrichment of the "ngloA?risian core of )nglish; the later Korman occupation led to the grafting onto that Jermanic core of a more elaborate layer of words from the Homance languages. !his Korman influence entered )nglish largely through the courts and government. !hus, )nglish developed into a QborrowingQ language of great flexibility, resulting in an enormous and varied vocabulary. """ @odern )nglish is often dated from the Jreat >owel &hift, which too# place mainly during the 1(th century. )nglish was further transformed by the spread of a standardised LondonAbased dialect in government and administration and by the standardising effect of printing. Iy the time of illiam &ha#espeare .midAlate 1*th century/, the language had become clearly recogni0able as @odern )nglish. )nglish has continuously adopted foreign words, especially from Latin and Jree#, since the Henaissance. 7 Jistory of 2n lish http;SSen.wi#ipedia.orgSwi#iSHistory[of[the[)nglish[language_)arly[@odern[)nglish

The Traditional .ri#ins of En#lish Words


Lookin to )ikipedia once more we find the followin entryS C" computerised survey of about :E,EEE words in the old &horter 'xford ,ictionary .-rd ed./ was published in 'rdered 9rofusion by !homas ?in#enstaedt and ,ieter olff .1D+-/[%E] that estimated the origin of )nglish words as follows;

Langue dMohl, including ?rench and 'ld Korman; $:.-i Latin, including modern scientific and technical Latin; $:.$%i 'ther Jermanic languages .including words directly inherited from 'ld )nglish/; $(i Jree#; (.-$i Ko etymology given; %.E-i ,erived from proper names; -.$:i "ll other languages contributed less than 1iD

2n lish lan ua e httpSTTen"wikipedia"or TwikiT2n lishilan ua eg+umberiofiwordsiini2n lish

Is there a +ebre5?En#lish )onnection?

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+ow it is time to switch our focus from what convention history says, as to where the ori ins of 2n lish words stem from, to see if there are any clues out there that point to whether the Jebrew lan ua e Vwhich, as we saw in the previous chapter is believed to be the mother of all ton uesW, has played a maUor role in the formation of 2n lish words" To start off with, the followin e$cerpt is from an internet article titled !he @other of Languages A !he 6nfluence of Hebrew on other Languages; 5Hebrew words from the Iible could not always be translated but were simply QadoptedQ with only a minor alteration in pronunciation A alphabet, sabbath, amen, abbot, messiah, hallelu1ah, hosanna, manna, cherubim, seraphim, satan, shibboleth, leviathan, mammon, horn, camel, 1ubilee .from the (Eth year Covel celebration when all slaves were to be set free/, scallions .after "sh#elon/, gau0e .after Ja0a/, and sodomy .after &odom/, "rmageddon .from @egiddo/, behemoth .the term for wild animals which was probably the source of the name Iahama islands/ and most surprising of all A probably )urope itself A after the Hebrew erev A setting sun, or evening. )urope was the land of the setting sun for the ancient Hebrews and 9hoenicians. ... @any of the most common personal .Bhristian/ names used throughout the world are directly derived from Hebrew, such as =onathan .Conatan/, =oseph .Cosef/, ,avid, 6saac .Cit0ha#/, =acob or =ac# .CaMa#ov/, &arah, )sther, )ve, Hachel, ,eborah, Hebecca .Hiv#a/ and Leah. !he influence of the Hebrew language, however, extends far beyond the field of linguistics and religion. 6ts contribution is much more profound than the borrowing of individual words and concepts. Hebrew mental patterns have been so long encased in )nglish words and phrases that we scarcely give a thought to their origins. Blassics of )nglish literature A both prose and poetry, political oratory, the popular stage, song and screen, and inscriptions on historical monuments, are strewn with titles lifted directly from the pages of the 'ld !estament where they appeared for the first time in Hebrew. !heir ability to serve as allegories, proverbs and parables for modern situations and events that recall the Iible has been a hallmar# of great literature, debate and oratory. =ust a few examples will suffice; the writing on the wall .,aniel, (;$(/, the mar# of Bain .Jenesis, %;1(/, scapegoat .Leviticus, 1*;$*/, the mee# shall inherit the earth .9salms -+;11/, the grapes of wrath .,euteronomy, -$;-$/, out of the mouths of babes and suc#lings .9salms :;-/, the good earth .,euteronomy, *;1:/, the way of all flesh .Jenesis, *;1$/, dust to dust .Jenesis, -;1D/, feet of clay .,aniel, $;-%/, )ast of )den .Jenesis, %;1*/, how are the mighty fallen .$ &amuel 1;1D/, man shall not live by bread alone .,euteronomy, :;-/. !hese expressions and hundreds more have become so ingrained in the )nglish language and so freNuently used that we scarcely give a thought to their Hebrew origin. !o imagine the )nglish language without them is as unthin#able as to imagine )nglish without the influence of &ha#espeare.7 The .other of Lan ua es % The Influence of Jebrew on other Lan ua es +orman Berdichevsky httpSTTwww"mfa" ov"ilT.-#T.-##rchiveTRIIIiRIIHTRIIITNTThekRI.otherkRIofkRILan ua eskRI% kRIInfluencekRIofkRIJebrewkRIonkRIM

The /in! Bet5een +ebre5 and En#lish is a tron# .ne


The followin lon list of Kuotes is from a website that referenced various books in order to build a stron case that indeed there is a Jebrew%2n lish connectionS 56n @issing Lin#s ,iscovered in "ssyrian !ablets .1D:(/, Bapt states, 5"ll etymologists #now that the Jree#, Latin, Jerman, 6celandic, Korse, ,anish, ,utch and several other languages figure in the structure and vocabulary of the present "ngloA&axon .)nglish/ language. hile Jree# and Latin words have contributed to the )nglish language more t an 9: "er!ent of Englis #or$s !ome $ire!t from Hebre# #or$s or t eir roots. 'f course, many of these old Iritish words are used in modern dress; their spelling and...the pronunciations, have been varied as time has passed. .p. 1:+/ Bapt offers a long list of identical )nglish and Hebrew words .pp. 1:+A1D1/ from JodGs Bovenant @an .1D1*/ by 9rofessor )dward 'dlum. Hev. =ohn Heslip, in ho "nd here "re !he Lost !en !ribesR, records,

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5"nother has written, Fscarcely any Hebrew root can be discovered that has not its corresponding derivative in the ancient Iritish language.G "n eminent Bornish scholar of the last century, who devoted a great deal of time to prove the affinity between the Hebrew and elsh languages, observes. 5F6t would be difficult to adduce a single article or form of construction in the Hebrew grammar, but...the same is to be found in elsh, and that there are many whole sentences in both languages exactly the same in the very words. Canon Lyson fin$s :,;;; Hebre# roots in t e Englis tongue...this is Nuite understandable in... light of the fact...!he Iritish 6sles were peopled by...descendants of the !en !ribes. 'n any other premise it is hardly understandable.G7 .p. 1+A1:/ illiam !yndale .1%D$RA1(-*/, the )nglish reformer .who was strangled to death and then burned for his translation of Holy &criptures into )nglish/, announced his remar#able discovery that because of the similarities between Hebrew and )nglish, )nglish was the most suitable language for a translation of the &criptures. He said, 5T e "ro"erties of t e Hebre# tongue agreet one t ousan$ times more #it t e Englis t an #it t e Latin or t e Gree&/ T e manner of s"ea&ing is in bot one, so t at, in a t ousan$ "la!es, t ere nee$est not be but to translate t e Hebre# #or$ for #or$.7 !his is no mere coincidence, for Jod declared .6saiah $:;11/ that He would spea# to His people in another language; and truly, no language has so spo#en to JodGs people greater than the )nglish language, through hundreds of Iible translations and untold millions of boo#s, pamphlets, sermons, and films. 6t is important to note that !yndale is still highly regarded for his remar#able expertise in Hebrew, and also for his command of his own tongue .)nglish/, and the Jree#, and many other languages. .!hough modern )nglish is altogether a different language than ancient Hebrew, the intermediary languages mentioned clearly form a lin# between the two/ Jladys !aylor, in 5'ur @other !ongue,7 .published in >ol. ), Ko. -; =une 1DD% of !he Bovenant Heport .I6 ? $%$ ,ominion Hd., @ount )den, "u#land, -, Kew ]ealand/ states, 5...)arly 1Dth century philologists had arrived at the conclusion, which they firmly maintained, that the early Beltic languages were derived... from a parent tongue of central "sia...and...came to the conclusion that the roots of the Jaelic tongues were both &emitic and preAHebrew.7 !aylor continues; 5" close study shows the Jaelic of the ancient bards to be more ancient than that of the Hebrew 'ld !estament, although obviously derived from the same parent language. !he fact that the elsh is so close to Hebrew as to be understood by a Hebrew scholar...is an indication that the tribes who brought the elsh language were HebrewAspea#ing and were later arrivals than the earliest settlers in 6reland. !he &ilurus of ales were a dominant and artistic people whose literary style may well have been adopted from earlier settlers in that region.7 6t was reported that in 1:$+, the Iritish Z ?oreign Iible &ociety sent Hebrew .obviously K'! modern 5Hebrew7/ Iibles to 6reland for the JaelicAspea#ing peasantry to read. "lthough they could not read )nglish, they could read Hebrew. !aylor also draws parallel to the Hebrew names of people prominent throughout the Iritish 6sles. 6n the 6rish and &cottish annals, the name of several princes in the genealogies of the royal house of !ara was 5Heber7 or 5)ber;7 the very name of the father of the Hebrews. ?urther, the name is preserved in the very names of the tribes who peopled these islands the Hibernians .6berich/ and Hebrideans .)brideans/. 9lace names of Hebrew origin are also common. !he significance of this becomes more apparent when one reali0es that the word Hebrew means 5one who crosses over,7 that is, 5a coloni0er.7 )ven as the Hebrew 6sraelites 5crossed over7 the =ordan Hiver into the 9romised Land, so too after the 6sraelitesG captivity, they crossed over into )urope, then across the )nglish

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Bhannel into the 6sles, and later across the oceans to "merica, "ustralia, &outh "frica, etc., in the new 9romised Lands to which Jod promised to lead them. ...BolNuhoun, in 'ur ,escent ?rom 6srael 9roved ....1D-1/, states, 5&everal other scholars have noted the extraordinary affinity between the Hebrew and the elsh languages. ,r. ,vies, in his elsh Jrammar tells us that almost every page of the elsh translation of the Iible is replete with Hebraisms, in the time, sense and spirit of the original. "nother authority, ,r. ,uncan @G,ougall, writing in the )vangelical Bhristian, says FCou can ta#e any sentence in Hebrew and change it into Jaelic, word for word, without altering the order of a single word or particle .of speech/, and you will have the correct Jaelic idiom in every case...7 ...Bapt .@issing Lin#s...pp. 1D*A1D+/ also Nuotes Ieale 9oste; 5 ith respect to the derivation of the elsh language...there is so much admixture of the Hebrew...that Howlands, in his @ona "ntiNua pp. -1*A-1+...might almost be said to regard it .Hebrew/ as his mother tongue, and the elsh to be an immediate derivation from it..." foreign savant pronounced some years ago that it .the )nglish/ comprised within its compass six thousand pure Hebrew words .Beltic 6nscriptions on Jaulsh and Iritish Boins; p. 1%:/ 'ther wor#s that contain much proof that Hebrew is identical with are; elsh, 6rish, and other Beltic languages

Bomparative >ocabulary of ?ortyA)ight Languages, Hev. =acob !omlin. )nglish ,erived ?rom Hebrew .1:*D/ by H. Jovett. JodGs Bovenant @an; Iritish 6srael .1D$+/, 9rof. )dward 'dlum. Hebrew and )nglish; &ome 9sychic Li#eness .a series of articles that appeared in !he Kational @essage in 1D%+/ by Hev. =. Bourtenay =ames, I.,., @."., 9h.,. 'ur Iritish "ncestors .1:*(/ by Banon &amuel Lysons contains an extensive glossary of )nglish words that are derived from Hebrew roots. !he ord !he ,ictionary !hat Heveals !he Hebrew &ource 'f )nglish, by 6saac ). @o0eson which contains an extensive glossary of )nglish words that are derived from Hebrew roots.7 Zemphasis mine[ )illie .artin, httpSTTwww"israelect"comTreferenceT)illie.artinTjuotesibyi-amousi.en"htm

The Word: The Dictionary That -e9eals The +ebre5 ource .f En#lish
The work done by Isaac .o'eson in the book with the same title as the subheadin above clearly reveals that thousands of everyday 2n lish words are traced back to Jebrew ori ins" The followin is from an online article by Isaac where he elaborates on his bookS C!H) 'H, is a uniNue reference text that traces the vast ma1ority of )nglish words bac# to their ultimate origins in Iiblical Hebrew. !en years of original research revealed a bold new vision of the dynamics of human language. !hrough the primal Hebrew root hidden behind every )nglish word a whole new world of order and meaning unfolds. Headers of !H) 'H, discover that;

@any more words should be ac#nowledged as borrowings from the Hebrew. &ome of these giant oversights include ;ogre .from mighty 'g, <ing of Iashan/ and colossus .the Jree# Jollius or Joliath/.

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!he few ac#nowledged borrowings from Hebrew, li#e @)K and =8I6L)), should be extended to words li#e "@)K"IL) and =8I6L"!). !here are hundreds of )nglish and Hebrew words that sound remar#ably ali#e and mean the same but are not cited by linguists. " few of these are abash and Ioo&Ha, albino and LaIHaK, evil and ">eL, lic# and La<a< and regular and HaJeeL. !he same rules that connect the related vocabularies of &panish, ?rench and 6talian apply to HebrewMs clear connection to )nglish. @any names of animals only have meanings in Hebrew. Jiraffe means Qnec#Q and s#un# means Qstin#Q in the language of )den.

!H) 'H, gives you the tools to dig all the way bac# to the !ower of Iabel, yet it is an easy boo# to use and en1oy. !he extensive Hebrew and )nglish indices guide you to any word you see#. 6n each entry you will find all Hebrew and foreign words clearly transliterated. CouMll see each word bro#en down to its elemental building bloc#s and discover a whole family of close and distant relatives, synonyms and antonyms. 6n each entry Iiblical verses verify the meaning and authenticity of each Hebrew root word. !H) 'H, allows you to easily learn the language of the Iible as thousands of the featured word pairs sound so much ali#e. "re you a hardcore s#eptic, a religious fundamentalist or somewhere in betweenR Let the millions of QcoincidencesQ in !H) 'H, challenge you to believe that )nglish and Hebrew are profoundly connected and that your language is but a scrambled form of your ancestors "dam and )ve.7 Isaac .o'eson, 5!he ord; "n 6ntroduction7, http;SSedenics.homestead.comSword[intro1.html

E@a,ple of En#lish Words fro, +ebre5 .ri#ins


#fter scourin throu h IsaacFs book, I have produced the followin short list of PQI words that, I believe, is compellin evidence that indeed many words from the 2n lish ton ue are ultimately traced back and have there etymolo y in JebrewS #/M+IS c ah%/M#+ #/M,2 c JM/%#,2 #LL c (MLL #L=J#B2T c #L2=JB2T #+TIj`2 c #J%T22( #,( c #,G`X #,. c #.#J #,*#+ c #,2%*#* #SJ c #ISJ #SI# c #*SJ #SS`.2 c SJ`.2 #L2,#G2 c #%L#*%,# B#BBL2 c B`BJ%2LL B#B* c BMM%B#J B#LL c B#LL%`L B#,2 c B22%#I, B2 c B#J B2#T c B22%#T2 B2J2.MTJ c BIJ%J#*%.M)JT B2T c B2T%#J BIBL2 c B22BJ BL#.2 c BILL%`. BL2#( c B#LL%L`C( BLM#T c BML%`T BM,2 c BM,2 BMTJ c B2TJ B,2#( c BF,#(J B,`SJ c B#*%,`SJ B`BBL2 c B`B%BMM%#J B`LL* c B#)%`LL C,I.SM+ c (2,2%2. C`T c C`T C*CL2 c (J22%GMLL /#)+ c #J%/`.B /2LT# c /2L2T /I,2CTIM+ c /2,%2(J /M,. c ,M/%`. 2#,TJ c 2,2TX 2IGJT c (J2T 2LIL c #J%L2LL 2*2 c 2*2%I+ -#C`LT* c -#)%(`L -L#G c -2L%2G -,`IT c -#*%,MT2 -`L-ILL c -`L%#*2 G#L# c G22%L#J GMM/ c G`/ G,#I+ c G#,%22+ G,#SS c G2,%2SJ G,M#+ c G#%,M#+ G,M`+/ c GM,2%2+ J#LM c J22L%#J J#T2 c J`T J#`+T c J#`+%#J J#X2 c J#%X22X J2 c JMM J2#LTJ c J2#L%MMTS JMLLM) c JMLL%ML JM,,I/ c JM,%,#I/ JM`S2 c J`S%MMS2

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B`,ST c BM,`TS C#BL2 c (2BJ2L C#LL c CM#L C#L. c (J`. C#.2L c G#.#L C#+M2 c CM+%2J C#, c (J#, C#,#T c C#,%,`T C#,L2 c (J2,%2L C#`S2 c (J#S# CI++#.M+ c (I+%#%.M#+ CMLMSS`S c GML%2MS CM..M+ c (I.%M CM`=L2 c CM`GJ%`LL CML2, c C`--%#,2 C,#C( c (J#,%`C( C,2#. c (,MM. C,2#S2 c CM,2%`S .I,,M, c .#,%,#) .M+2* c .M#+%2J .MM+ c .M#+%2J .*ST2,* c .2%ST#, +2C( c J2J%+2C( +2) c +ML2 +M c +MM +`.B c +`.B +`TS c +`J%`TS M#TJ c M#TJ MB2S2 c MBJ`S M.2+ c M%.2+ ML2, c ML%#,2 =#,( c =#,%`( =#,T c =,`T =I,#T2 c =#,%2#TS =L2# c =2#L%#L2 ,#. c ,#I. ,2G`L#, c ,`G%22L S#LL#TIM+ c SJ#L%L#J SCM=2 c SJ(M=J S2#T c SJ#T2 S2C`,2 c S`G%M,, S22( c S22(%MM* S2LL c SJ22L%#J SJ2/ c 2J%SJ2/ SJI2L/ c SJ2L%2/T SJIL2, c SJ2L2, SJ,I2( c SJ,I2(%#J SI2G2 c S22%#IG SI, c S#, S(ILL c S#*%(J2LL SL#LM. c SMML%L`. S+2#( c XI+%22(%#J SM c XM SM#( c SM(J SM/ c SM/%2J SM/M.* c SF/M.2 SML2 c SJ#%`LL SML2.+ c SJ#%L#.2 SMLL2 c SJ#L#SM.2 c SJMM. SM`+/ c SJ#%M)+

J`SJ c J`SJ%#J I/2# c *I/%22%#J I- c `IT c 2T (ILL c (`LL%(#L2 (+MC( c +M(J%#J L#/ c *2J%L2/ L#`GJ c L#J%`G L#L# c LFJ#L# LIC( c L#J%`CJ LIGJT c L#J%J`T LML2 c L2#L2%#J .#.# c 22.%.#J .#+ c .#%`+ .#,( c .MM%(#, .#,(2T c .#J%(J#, .2T2, c .22/T%#J .IGJT c .IJ%M/T2 S`,- c SMM)S)2,L2 c SLMM, T#B c T`BJ T#BMM c TM2%#*2%BJ# T#C( c TMC(%#J T#IL c T`L%T`L T#(2 c J2%T2#( T#LIS.#+ c TS2L%2. T#LL c T#LL%MML T#= c TM=J2 T2#. c TIJ%M.2 T2,. c T2,,%2. TJ2. c M%TJ`. TJ2,#=* c TI,MM%=J#J TI#,# c #T#,# TIL2 c T22%L#* TI.I/ c T#.2%#J TI+ c TI+%22 TI,2 c TM,2 TMIL c TIL%#%#J TMSS c TMMS TM`, c TM`, TM)2L c TIL%MML T,#C( c /M,%#(J T,2( c /T2,%2(J L#C#T2 c L`C(%`C( L22, c #J%LM,2 L2TM c L22T%#L2 LILI/ c #%L22L LMC#LIX2 c LM(%2J LMT2 c #J%LMT2 )#IL c #J%L#IL )2#( c ),#(J )J2#T c J2#T%#J )JM c )JM )M.#+ c ),2J%2J. *2LL c *IL%#L2

81

S=J2,2S c S=J2,2%MS2 ST2#L c J2%TS2#L STM+2 c TSMM+%`. STM= c SJ#BJ%#T S`=2, c SJ`J%=22, S`==2, c S`=J%#J S`==L2 c SJ`J%=J#IL

82

)hapter *2 $ ee!in# )lues that the En#lish /an#ua#e is Desi#ned by God


5!hrough faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of Jod, so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear.7 .Hbr 11;- <=>/

Tic! toc! tic! toc!666


"""is the sound that I hear from the clock on the wall as I am half asleep lyin down on the sofa with a lead pencil in my hand writin down these words" I am hopin that the previous chapters have laid down a solid enou h foundation for the bold statement that this chapterFs title is statin " There are many people nowadays, and probably more today then in any other point in the history of mankin , whom have come to believe in the /arwinian theory of evolution that eKuates that everyone we see is the result of chance" # theory where a creator God is removed from the eKuation of the ori ins of life" #s you probably come to reali'e I am not one of those who believe in !he Ilind atchma#er, as is the prominent evolutionist ,ichard /awkins, who has written a book, by the same title, in which he presents an e$planation of, and ar ument for, the theory of evolution by means of natural selection" In complete contrast, from my Christian belief, and from all the evidence that I have looked at, I am a believer in a /esi ner, in an #rchitect, in a creator God, by the name of Cthe )ordD 0 Jesus Christ" -or when I look at the world around me, even from the vanta e point of my sofa, I see all the clues that witnesses to that behind what I am seein with my eyesS from those tiny ants walkin around the apartment, to the hand that is holdin this lead pencil, to the tree across the street that I see throu h the window, and the beautiful sky, that there is an eternal, and all mi hty, and all knowin God who created me and you, and all this that I am seein and everythin else in this awesome universe" #nd this belief is shared by many and was held by, no less then, Isaac +ewtonS 5&ir 6saac Kewton arguably is the greatest scientific genius of all time. ... &ir 6saac Kewton, unli#e many of his scientific contemporaries, strongly felt that the universe and life itself were the handiwor# of a supreme

83

power or intelligence and not the results of happenstance events. 6t is #nown that &ir 6saac devoted countless hours to studying the Holy Iible and left, for posterity, thousands of pages of notes and observations relating to his wor# in this area. Kewton in 5rin!i"ia .a threeAvolume wor# containing explanation of his laws of motion and his of universal gravitation/; 5!his most beautiful system Mof the sun, planets, and comets, could only proceed from the counsel and dominion of an intelligent and powerful Ieing. "nd if the fixed stars are the centres of other li#e systems, these being formed by the li#e wise counsel, must be all sub1ect to the dominion of 'ne.7 5"nd from his true dominion it follows that the true Jod is a living, intelligent, and powerful Ieing; and, from his other perfections, that he is supreme, or most perfect. He is eternal and infinite, omnipotent and omniscient; that is, his duration reaches from eternity to eternity; his presence from infinity to infinity; he governs all things, and #nows all things that are or can be done.7 7 Christopher J" (" =ersaud, )volution; Ieyond the Healm of Heal &cience Voulon =ressW, RII\, p " G^

4In the be#innin# God created the hea9en and the earth7
The followin are some of the more powerful and revealin verses from the Joly Bible that capture God as bein the Creator, the #rchitect of everythin that we see, and do not seeS 6n the beginning Jod created the heaven and the earth. .Jen 1;1 <=>/ "nd Jod said, Let us ma#e man in our image, after our li#eness; and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. .Jen 1;$* <=>/ "nd the L'H, Jod formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul. .Jen $;+ <=>/ !he heavens declare the glory of Jod; and the firmament sheweth his handywor#. ,ay unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night sheweth #nowledge. !here is no speech nor language, where their voice is not heard. .9sa 1D;1A- <=>/ 6 have made the earth, and created man upon it; 6, even my hands, have stretched out the heavens, and all their host have 6 commanded. ...?or thus saith the L'H, that created the heavens; Jod himself that formed the earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to be inhabited; 6 am the L'H,; and there is none else. .6sa %(;1$, 1: <=>/ "nd to ma#e all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in Jod, who created all things by =esus Bhrist; .)ph -;D <=>/ ?or by him [=esus Bhrist, the ord] were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers; all things were created by him, and for him; "nd he is before all things, and by him all things consist. .Bol 1;1*A1+ <=>/ herefore let them that suffer according to the will of Jod commit the #eeping of their souls to him in well doing, as unto a faithful Breator. .19e %;1D <=>/ !hou art worthy, ' Lord, to receive glory and honour and power; for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created. .Hev %;11 <=>/

84

Eyes Which ee

-or like the clock, that I still hear tickin and tockin in the back round, it brin s to mind that someone at some point in time thou ht about creatin it, and desi nin it" Someone was the architect behind it! for the clock did not make itself, someone created it in its ri htful time Vpardon the punW, as was the universe and all thin s, visible and invisible, created by the )ord, by God" #nd how intricate and small are the parts of a clock that fit and move in perfect synchronicity to show with its two hands that the time is 0 as I sKuint, without my lasses, to see 0 now H am"

#nd what an awesome ift, what an awesome sense, is eyesi ht in and of itself" Mh how beautiful it is to have vision, to see what God, the Creator has created with our eyesS 5"n illustration can only hint at the marvelous complexity of a living organism or its various parts. Bonsider the human eye, diagramed here, with its carefully designed muscles to move the eye about, arteries and veins to nourish the entire structure, cornea to admit light, lens to focus it, retina to catch the picture, end optic nerve to pass it on to the brain.7

)volution )ncyclopedia >ol. 1 , httpSTT odrules"netTevolutioncruncherTaP]a"htm

85

#nd to think, to believe, as many do, includin Charles /arwin, that our eyes is the by%product of chance, of evolution, of natural selection, in the li ht of how comple$ the eyes are, is a hu e leap of ima inary faith as attested to by /arwinFs own wordsS 5'rgans of extreme perfection and complication.3!o suppose that the eye, with all its inimitable contrivances for ad1usting the focus to different distances, for admitting different amounts of light, and for the correction of spherical and chromatic aberration, could have been formed by natural selection, seems, 6 freely confess, absurd in the highest possible degree. Cet reason tells me, that if numerous gradations from a perfect and complex eye to one very imperfect and simple, each grade being useful to its possessor, can be shown to exist; if, further, the eye does vary ever so slightly, and the variations be inherited, which is certainly the case ; and if any variation or modification in the organ be ever useful to an animal under changing conditions of life, then the difficulty of believing that a perfect and complex eye could be formed by natural selection, though inseparable by our imagination, can hardly be considered real.7 Mn the ori in of species by means of natural selection or the preservation of favored races in the stru By Charles /arwin 2ditionS G =ublished by .urray, PQG^, p " PG\ le for life

To ee or ;ot to ee
Javin read of /arwinFs belief that the 5complex eye could be formed by natural selection7, I then ask you the Kuestion, could the eye in fact function at all unless it is EperfectF and wholeO To help us answer this Kuestion, I will a ain Kuote from Christopher =esuadFs book )volution; Ieyond the Healm of Heal &cience where VRII\SP^P%P^RWS 5!he human eye is an organ given to unbelievable precision and coordination. )volutinists are at a loss to explain how such an elaborate composition of intricate parts could have evolved autonomously to function the way it does; each of its components wor#ing in perfect cohesion and agreement with one another when, if a single part malfuncioned, there would be total failure. ...&ir 6saac Kewton ac#nowledged the indisputable logic of design and creation in relation to the eye and other complex organs when he wrote, QHow came the Iodies of "nimals to be contrived with so much "rt, and for what ends were their several partsR as the )ye contrived without &#ill in 'ptic#s, and the )ar without <nowledge of &oundsR "nd these things being a rightly dispatched, does in not appear from 9haenomena that there is a Ieing incorporeal, living, intelligent and omnipresentR Q .auoted in 'ptic#s, A a boo# by &ir 6saac Kewton on optics and refraction of light and considered one of historyMs great scientific writings, 1+E%/ ...!he li#elihood of complex organs such as the eye, the brain, the ear, the nose, the heart and do0ens of other such marvels resulting from evolutionary procedures that were entirely accidental and yet somehow occurring in orchestration to produce, along with innumerable other organs, a living, coordinative creature such as man must be infinitely miniscule. 6t is a notion that borders on complete absurdity, yet such clapAtrap is being taught the world over as scientific truth. !he implication the the entire evolutionary process was precipitated by a hapha0ard emergence of life from nonAliving matter ma#es the hypothesis all the more preposterous. 9rofessor H.&. Lipton, member of the Iritish 6nstitute of 9hysics wrote, Q... e must go further than this and admit that the only acceptable explanation is creation. 6 #now tha this is anathema to physicists, as indeed it is to me, but we must not re1ect a theory that we do not li#e if the experimental evidence supports itQ .H.&. Lipton, 9hysics Iulletin, 1D:E, >ol. -E, p. 1%E/7 To believe that our eyes, and for that matter our ears and body itself is the result of evolutionary processes and enetic mutations is a belief system whre much faith indeed is a prereKuisite" -or in truth, our .aker, our Creator reveals to his own creation that it is he who formed the eyesS He that planted the ear, shall he not hearR he that formed the eye, shall he not seeR .9sa D%;D <=>/

86

Desi#n is E9ery5here
)ell maybe youFre wonderin what does all the above ot to do with seekin clues as to the 2n lish lan ua e bein desi ned by GodO )ell, I was hopin to provide a foundation to build upon to show that Christians see the evidence for desi n everywhere and that they attribute this desi n to a /esi ner" )e have all seen, hopefully, up to this point Vfrom various previous chaptersW that there is no imperical evidence to support the many different notions that the uniKuely human phenomenon of lan ua e is the result of evolutionary processes, and in actuality, the scientific evidence, seems to support a Creator endowin mankind with lan ua e" )ith all the above and precedin chapters servin as an aforementioned EfoundationF, it is time to look into the specific clues and evidence, that God has inspired the 2n lish Lan ua e" -or I believe that God has shaped and desi ned these very words that you and I communicate with, these very words that you are seein with your eyes and hearin with your ears" (eep in mind that from a biblical perspective, and in the li ht of what we have already looked at, that it is not a stretch of the ima ination that we should be able to see the )ordFs desi n, GodFs fin erprint, and GodFs architecture, reflected in words themselves, bein that lan ua e%words are indeed one of GodFs creations as well" The Kuestion then is how do we see evidence of GodFs desi n of 2n lish wordsO

4The "atterns7' 4the )odes7


The answer that was iven to me, in due time, is to simply use our very eyes and ears and look within the very words themselves and to hear the words" #nd by lookin at a word and all the individual letters that make up the spellin of a word, and by listenin to how a word phonetically sounds like, it is possible, I believe, to see that indeed that there are patterns and codes embedded within words that indicate desi n, and thus a desi ner and architect" #nd after researchin many 2n lish words it appears that a word is truly a picture unto itself worth a thousand words" -or within many of the words that I looked into there are many words that are hidden within a word" #nd these words that are found within a word end up bein not merely random words but words that have a powerfully association and relevance to the very word itself, which helps to support that they are desi ned, and that there is a /esi ner behind them In order to help you see how I have come to these above conclusions, I will be showin you over the ne$t two chapters the evidence that I have come across" #s you can probably ima ine, some of these codes%patterns that reveal the words within a word are simple and some are more comple$" I will be in than with the easier ones and provide plenty of e$amples for each code%pattern to help you make up your own mind as to what you will be seein as bein either the result of coincidence or the fruits and the desi n of an unseen #uthor"

1/ Anagrams #na rams is the first pattern%desi n that we will look into and is probably the most commonly known one" -or those unfamiliar with ana rams and what an ana ram is it would be defined asS 5"n anagram is a rearrangement of the letters in either a word or a phrase .using each letter exactly once in the word or phrase created/. 6deally the anagram created relates in some .perhaps humorous/ way to the original word or phrase. &uch anagrams are described as !ognate. !he best anagrams are grammatically correct and use techniNues such as abbreviating and to MnM only minimally.7 )hat #re #na rams O httpSTTwww"fun%with%words"comTana ie$plain"html

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I definitely do not take credit for ana rams, as they have been known of and used since ancient times, as stated in the followin Kuote from the website httpSTTwww"fun%with%words"comS 5"nagrams are not Nuite such a modern idea as you might imagine. "ccording to some historians, anagrams originated in the %th century IB with the Gree& "oet Ly!o" ron who use them to flatter the rich and mighty. 'ther sources suggest that 5yt agoras, in the *th century IB, used anagrams to discover deep philosophical meanings. 6n Homan and early Bhristian times, anagrams were often believed to have mystical or prophetic meaning. "fter this, anagrams appear to have been little used until the 1-th century ",, when the =ewish Babalists also attributed a mystical significance to them. "nagrams started to become popular in )urope in the @iddle "ges. 6n the days of ?rench royalty, Louis <... actually appointed a (oyal Anagrammatist, T omas ,illon, to entertain the Bourt with amusing anagrams of peopleMs names. However, the principal activity of anagrammatists in the @iddle "ges was in forming anagrams on religious texts .see Iiblia "nagrammatica by alter Iegley on the "nagram Ioo#s page/. 6n the past authors have anagrammed their names to create pseudonyms. ?or example, +ran!ios (abelais became Al!ofribas Nasier and Calvinus became Al!uinus. 1o$ern Uses of Anagrams 6n the 1*th and 1+th centuries, scientists, such as Galileo, Huygens and (obert Hoo&e, often recorded their results in anagram form to sta#e their claim on a discovery and prevent anyone else claiming the credit. !he 1Dth century brought about the vogue of anagramming the names of famous people .see also celebrity anagrams/, something which is still very popular today. !his era also gave us the cognate anagram, where the anagram has some relevance to the original, e.g. an anagram of Astronomer is 1oon starer.7 2arly `ses of #na rams httpSTTwww"fun%with%words"comTana ihistory"html

%a,ous Ana#ra,s
Jere are some of my favourite ana rams as found on the website God save us all c Salva ed soul Television pro rammin c =ermeatin livin rooms -rom Jamlet by ShakespeareS To be or not to beS that is the Kuestion, whether tis nobler in the mind to suffer the slin s and arrows of outra eous fortune" c In one of the Bard1s best%thou ht%of tra edies, our insistent hero, Jamlet, Kueries on two fronts about how life turns rotten" .by Bory Balhoun/ C#na ram Jall of -ameD, httpSTTwordsmith"or Tana ramThof"html ordsmith.orgS

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The followin ana rams are my other favourite ones from the website http;SSwww.anagrammy.com. They are taken from a collection of P,III famous and historic ana rams that are drawn from a variety of sources" .any of these ana rams are dated from the PHth and early RIth centuriesS #lphabetically c I play all the #BC #ction c # tonic #ctions speak louder than words" c Talk or airs can not show up deeds" The active volcanos" c Cones evict hot lava" #ctors fco%star" #ctors c Mr cast" #irfields c #id fliers" #n aisle c Is a lane" #nathema c # man hate" #na rams c #rs .a na" ZLatinS &Great #rt&[ #pple .acintosh c Laptop machines" The artesian wells c )ater1s in all these The #ssassination of =resident #braham Lincoln c # pistol in an actor1s rebel hands! a fine man is shot" #stronaut c `nto a star" #ye c *ea Bar ain sale c #n aisle rab" Brush c Shrub Buryin the hatchet c They curb the hatin Butterfly c -lutter by" The cafeteria c -actS I eat here Caste c # sect Charisma c is a charm" The checkmatin c ThemeS Catch (in " Christianity c Charity1s in it" Christianity c I cry that I sin" Circumstantial evidence c #ctual crime isn1t evinced" Cleanliness c #ll niceness" Committees c Cost me time" Considerate c Care is noted Contemplation c Mn mental topic The dawnin c +i ht waned" /ecimal point c I1m dot in place" /eclaration c #n oral edict The /eclaration of Independence c # co%penned edict held nation free /eparted this life" c Je1s left it % dead % ,"I"=" /estination c It is to an end The /etectives c /etect thieves" /etour c ,outed

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/evotional son s c God loves not a sin /iscretion c Consider it /omesticated animal c /ocile, as man tamed it /ormitory c /irty room" 2arnestness c # stern sense The ears c Jearest Clint 2astwood c Mld )est action" The earthKuakes c That Kueer shake 2leven plus two c Twelve plus one" 2lvis c Lives 2vil c Lile #n evil mind c /evil in man" The eyes c They see" -aint%hearted c Jinted at fear" -alsehood c Jas fooled -alsities c -it as lies" -latteries c -alse % trite" -lirtin c Triflin " -loat c #loft # for ed si nature c Great fraud oes in" -ra ile c e" ", frail" Garba e man c Ba mana er" # entleman c 2le ant man" The olden days c They ladden so # ood name is better than reat riches c Be not a hoarder! ri ht acts ain esteem Grand finale c # flarin end" Greyhound c Jey, do , runb Jarvestin season c Save the rain, sons" Jei hts c Ji hest Jibernates c The bear1s in" Jibernated c Bear hit den" Jibernated c Bed in earth" #dolf Jitler c Jated for ill" The Joly Gospel c Jelps Theolo y In the be innin God created the Jeaven and the 2arth" c +othin " Then divine heated breath enerated chan e" Income ta$es c 2$act monies" Inconsiderateness c Is in sense &/on1t care& Intrusion c Is to run in It1s all Greek to me c Gee, talker, I1m lost" Jesus Christ, the savior of the world c 1Tis the Uust child who saves of error"

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The le islature c I see le al truth" The lips c Lispeth The Lord1s /ay c #dd holy rest" The Lord1s =rayer c Thy errors plead" Lubrication c #ct, rub oil in" .atrimony c Into my arm .easured c .ade sure" .easurements c .an uses meter" .isrepresentation c Interpret one amiss" The .orse Code c Jere come dots" The overcoat c Cover to heat" =arental c =aternal =ast due c /ate1s up" =ayment received c 2very cent paid me" =oint c Mn tip" =ostponed c StoppedS +o" =recaution c I put on care" =redestination c I pertain to ends" =remeditation c I ponder it, mate" =remeditations c #t times I ponder" =roduce c /ue crop" # promissory note c =ayor remits soon" =urchasin c ,in up cash =sychiatrist c Sit, chat, pay, sir The railroad train c Jib I rattle and roar ,aise c #rise ,ealistic c It is clear" ,eceived payment c 2very cent paid me ,ecipes c =recise ,ed Ta Sale c Great /ealsb ,e ulation c To ain rule" ,escue c Secure ,esort c Mr rest" ,evised edition c 2dited revision ,idiculous c Ludicrous, I" ,ocky .ountains c M, man, ski country" Seclusion c Close us in # sentence of death c -aces one at the end Separation c Mne is apart" The Si n of the Cross c Je1s ri ht to confess" Slot machines c Cash lost in 1em"

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Slow readin c # sin le wordb" The smith c Jits them" Snoo'ed c /o'es on Softheartedness c Mften sheds tears" Soverei nty c *e it overns" Spiritual%mindedness c # true mind dispels sin" Sprin , Summer, #utumn, )inter c &Time1s runnin past& we murmur" Stalemate c Lame state" Star of Bethlehem c Jalts before them" Statement c Testament" Stormy weather c Showery matter Subtly c But sly" # telescope c To see place" Television news c It1s now seen live" Tennis c In nets" That settles it c Let this attest" This ear c It hears" # thunder shower c Mne hard wet rush" Time card c I1m traced" Train c It ran" Tribulations c Is but on trial" Trustworthiness c I now stress truth" `niformity c I form unity" `nited c In duet" The `nited States of #merica c #ttaineth its cause, freedom" Lacation times c I1m not as active" Lersatility c Lariety list Lillainousness c #n evil soul1s sin" Lirtue is its own reward c Is truer view toward sin" Lirulent c Lile turn" # volcanic island c Land is conic lava" # Lolcanic mountain c Lava in a conic mount" )estern `nion c +o wire unsent" C#na rammy #wards p Jall of -ameD, httpSTTwww"ana rammy"comTinde$"htm To me, when I look at all these above ana rams they seem to be reflectin somethin deep, and somethin profound" # Kuestion that I have ask myself in the past in re ards to ana rams is somethin alon the lines of S Is it a coincidence, it is Uust by CchanceD, that these ana rams are revealin somethin important about the word%words, or is this more likely evidence of desi n, of God inspirin the words, and the letters O Based on my own research and findin s, I whole heartedly believe in the latter" Jere are some further ana rams that I have come across in doin my own research and time spent in lookin into words that you are able to ponder in order to help you answer the above Kuestion, if you have not alreadyS

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anta onist c ot in Satan archaeolo ist c M ot, has a relic #tlantis c Satan lit Creator c art core devil c lived evolution c o evil nut%cra'y evolution c o vile nut%cra'y od c do ood c M God ood c o do hated c death heart c earth leader c are led listen c silent live c evil live c veil lust c slut mercy c me cry nature c an true +)M c )M+ +)M c +M) +)M c M)+ Kuestion c Kuest I on reality c relay it reality c I rely at repulsive c pure evils revelation c an veil tore revelation c I reveal ton revelation c in to reveal revolve c rev love root c M rot Santa c Satan solve c loves sword c words television c vote sin lie television c I set evil on television c M I sent evil television c M I sent live television c I evil notes television c I evil tones television c M is evil net

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to ether c ot there to ether c to et her vampire c am viper vote c veto =/ 5artial Anagrams Like the name su ests, =artial #na rams are incomplete ana rams! however, they are also a means of lookin into a word that, I believe, yields stron evidence that words are indeed desi ned, and inspired by an unseen /esi ner, Creator, and God" #nd so, here is the list of partial ana ramsS a ainst c sin about c out alone c one an er c ra e another c one babble c babe back c cab beautiful c life believe c live believe c evil believe c belie believe c lie blow c low breath c heart breath c hear breath c rate bri htness c shine broken c bone brou ht c out chosen c ones chosen c son commandments c ten commands commandments c command men commandments c stone condemn c men cover c over craft c art crash c cash crash c car create c art Christian c in Christ

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dan er c an er dan er c ra e deceive c vice deceive c 2ve deliver c evil depression c deep depression c rise depression c dire depression c rid depression c pride desi n c si n desi ned c indeed despair c dire despair c spare determined c mind devil c evil devil c vile devil c lieVdW devil c veil devil c vied devil c live devil c led doubt c bout drive c ride enemies c mine endure c end eyes c see fall c all fallen c leaf fantasy c Satan father c hear father c fear feast c eat feast c sat fi hter c fire finished c is end firstborn c son fli ht c fi ht for iveness c for sins for iveness c of sins enesis c enes

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enesis c si n enesis c sin God c o God c do oin c on oin c in overn c over round c du harvest c starve harvest c earth harvest c eat hear c ear heareth c heart heart c hear heart c tear heart c hate heart c rate heart c eat heaven c haven heaven c heave hidden c den history c short hour c our infernal c fire inheritance c thine Jesus Christ c is Just Jesus Christ c is true Jesus Christ c is sire%Lord Jesus Christ c thus rises Jesus Christ c risen Jesus Christ c is cure Jesus Christ c cures this Jesus Christ c is sure Jesus Christ c tries us Uump c up Uustifies c I Jesus Uoined c one kin dom c God know c now know c no knowled e c 2den

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learn c real learn c earn learn c ear line c in li ht c lit look c ok lon c o Lucifer c cruel Lucifer c lie Lucifer c fire market c meat mean c man mean c men meat c eat mechanical c a machine mother c home mother c her mouth c hum mouth c hot name c man never c ever olive c oil open c one Msiris c Isis overthrown c throne pattern c art perished c dieVsW pierced c pride plead c deal plate c eat point c to position c post preach c each preached c peace preached c reach prevail c real prevail c evil pride c dire pride c die proof c poor puffed c up

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pump c up punish c sin push c us push c up put c up rapid c aid race c car ,at'in er c na'i refine c fire reli ions c ri lies remission c sins resurrection c rescue resurrection c true I rose rifle c fire ,ussia c `S# sadly c say salvation c via son c by way of Son salvation c sin salvation c son Saviour c our secret c sect serpent c tree servant c sent scriptures c is true scriptures c pictures shepherd c sheep shot c hot shout c out show c how si n c in sin c in sin c is sin c I sinister c sin rise smile c lies society c sect society c city solve c love sou ht c out speak c apes

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speak c ask spirit c trips stain c sin sta e c set stare c art stares c stars still c sit stress c rest stone c set stone c ton stubborn c born stubborn c stop stubborn c son stubborn c not sufferin c rief table c eat television c evil noise television c vile noise television c M evil sin television c tis evil on television c it love sin tempt c me tennis c set them c met there c here throne c on the touch c hot trans ression c treason sinVsW trouble c out trust c strut c strut, brace, support, stren then a structure Zdefinition[ trust c rust trust c us truth c hurt use c us virtue c true violence c evil violence c vile violence c live water c wet waves c sea

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weather c earth weather c heat weather c water weather c hate weather c wet where c here wicked c die wonderful c fun world world c lord world c old

3. 8ynonyms for Clarity an$ Ease


Thou h I would not necessarily classify this section as seein patterns within a word, I do feel that utili'in synonyms Va word havin the same or nearly the same meanin as another word or other words in a lan ua eW is helpful to understand some of the words that are found within words" -or I noticed that some of these partial ana rams discovered within words are either old, archaic words, and or words that are uncommonly used today" #nd thus usin a synonym in its place is somethin that I have personally found to be useful in seein some of the patterns%codes more clearly and easily" #nd so here are some e$amples that hopefully illustrate thisS #tlantis c titans c iants Christ c rist c rist, riseth, risen, rose Zsynonyms[ c riseth, risen, rose Christ c sir c Lord heaven c heave c heave, cast, thrown c cast, thrown Jollywood c holly wood c holly wood Zmaterial used by /ruids to make their ma ic wands[ c ma icians wand ladder c adder c adder, snake c snake ZCSnakes and LaddersD[ media c am die c am cast, mold salt c last c last, preserve praise c sire c Lord

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,at'in er c ,at rei n c ,at, Traitor Zsynonym[ h rei n, rules, controls Zsynonyms[ c Traitor rei nVsW, rules, controls ,at'in er c ,at 'in er c traitor h 'in er, sudden shock, revelation Zsynonyms[ c traitor revelation real c era c time reality c ye trial c you trial resurrection c our sire c our Lord risen c sire c Lord Saviour c Sir c Lord serpent c present c ifts ZChristmas[ serpent c present c is here, is amon mankind spell c sep ll c September ll, H%PP spirit c stir c stirred stone c notes c write strive c sire c Lord strive c vie c contend, compete treason c rats c rats, traitors Zsynonym[ c traitors truth c ruth c mercy, compassion, friend, companion universe c serve uni c serve one Latican c vain cat c vain, empty, unreal, proud Zsynonyms[ h cat, prostitute, whore, Zsynonyms[ c empty, unreal, worthless, proud whore%prostitute vote c tv c tv, television

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4. Anagrams an$ 5artial Anagrams +oun$ by Utili>ing 5 oneti!s


Mne of the more advanced patterns%desi ns that is prevalent within a word is somewhat hidden, even thou h it is ri ht in front of your eyes" In order to see it revealed you mi ht need to start lookin at words somewhat differently then you are accustomed to and you need to learn to use your hears to see them" It is somethin that is commonly used in this day and a e of electronic communications such as email and te$t messa in , and is also utili'ed within the advertisin and media industries" The code that I have been cryptically referrin to is based on phonetics and the hidden phonetic words within a word" The easiest way to understand them is R C and hear them ^ yorcelfS #tlantis c Satan til c Satan till, cultivate #tlantis c natsi c +a'i broken c rok c rock depression c sse pride c see pride cancer c c ancer c see answer clause c la c law clue c ce ul c see all coincidences c i ci dense ccon c I see dense%thick con%lie c I see thick lie creationist c o cristian c o h cristian, Christian c o Christian culture c u r cult c you are cult devil c b evil c be evil evil c liev c leave evolution c no liev out c no leave out evolution c no liev on out c know leave out

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evolution c u ton ov lie c you ton of lie evolution c no ov to lie c know of to lie evolution c o tu no evil c o to know evil evolution c u evil toon c you evil toon%cartoon evolution c o one luv it c o one love it evolution c no ov elite c know of elite evolution c u vein tool c you vain%worthless%empty%unreal tool evolution c o into evul c o into evil eyes c seey c see eyes c ys c wise faith c fait c fi ht fallen an els c aleeans c aliens father c hert c hurt fear c frea c free fire c fri c fry freedom c feer c fear oin c on c one hail c al c all Jebrew c weredh c word holiness c oh sinles c oh sinless

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Jesus c Ju c Jew harmony c y no harm c why no harm heart c hert c hurt heart c rath c wrath illusion c o sin u lli c o sin you lie illusion c o li ul sin c o lie all sin keeper c kee c key law c wal c wall look c kloo c clue look c kool c cool lon c on c one lost c sol c soul lost c stol c stole love c ol c all Lucifer c lier c liar Lucifer c u cir fel c you sir fell Lucifer c c i lure c see I lure mercy c cryme c crime mouth c thum c thumb morph c phorm c form

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music c um sic c um sick +imrod c dor c door, ate ZTower of Babel[ +)M c )M+ c M+2 oar c ro c row occult c o c cult c o see cult pardon c pon c pun park c kar c car poverty c pore c poor power c worp c warp power c wor c war Kuest c tu seK c to seek Kuestion c i seK tu no c I seek to know reality c y al rite c why all write, ri ht reality c y al tire c why all tire reason c anser c answer reli ions c r lies o in c are lies o in reli ions c so i lure c ee so I lure reli ions c so i rule c ee so I rule reli ions c o li rei ns c o lie rei ns reli ions c iron lies c ee iron lies

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resurrection c crist c Christ root c o tor c o tore rule c ul c all sail c si c sea salvation c liv son c live son salvation c an its lov c an its love salvation c an it solv c an it solve salvation c sol c soul Santa Claus c Satan Claws scripture c pure crist c pure Christ scripture c r true pics c are true pics%pictures scripture c r pictures c are pictures scriptures c spiret c spirit secret c seec c seek seek c kee c key serpent c eet c eat slave c sel c sell sleep c spel c spell smile c sli c sly speak c kase c case strive c tri c try

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supernatural event c aleeans turn up c aliens turn up supernatural event c aleeans turn up tv c aliens, turn up tv%television sword c wor c war tale c tel a c tell a television c se so evil c se, see h so h evil c see so evil television c o i tel sin c o I tell sin Tower of babel c a rebel fo bowt c a rebel foe bout trans ression c saten sin c Satan sin trans ression c r treason sin c ee are treason sin treason c o saten c M Satan tree c eet c eat trust c tru c true tube c u c you value c luv c love victorious c o i vu crist c M I view Christ violence c o ce vile c o see vile violence c o ce evil c o see evil wise c ies c eyes word c wor c war

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:/ 5 oneti! Alternate 8"elling of 0or$s Sounds pretty strai ht forward and self e$planatory, pardon the pun" Simply buildin up on the previous section, I be an lookin at the whole word to see and hear for a different phonetic spellin of a word and then seein what words were hidden within them" -or this pattern, I will mostly show you how else you could spell some words! however, this pattern really comes to life and reveals many hidden words by combinin one of the other forthcomin patterns%code, as you will see fairly soon in a later sectionS clue c kloo c look commandments c kommandments God c Gawed c awed evil c evol c love Jebrew c Jebru history c hisstree holiness c wholiness love c luv c u, you market c markhet nephilim c nephalim one c won real c reel ,ome c ,home Satan c Saten serpent c sirpent serpent c surpent c sun Zpa an worship associated with the serpent[ si ht c site son c sun soul c sole c lose spirit c spearit television c tellavision c tell a vision

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throne c thrown word c wered word c wurd world c whirled worship c woreship

?/ 0or$s 0it in 0or$s +rom )ifferent Languages )hen upon lookin at various words what I be an to notice is that I was comin across a portion of a word with letters like elD, CenD and CveD that I could not find a definition for in the 2n lish lan ua e" So the idea that came to mind was to try to see if I could find a definition for these words CelD, CenD and CveD in a different lan ua e" #nd upon utili'in such online resources like Joogle and Cahoo Iabel ?ish the results ended up bein olden" The definitions that I was findin proved to be si nificant and deep and as a result this line of research opened up new avenues to e$plore and I was soon to discover a whole new world within words" I decided to limit the amount of lan ua es I would be usin for two obvious reasonsS P" Time constraints R" Law of avera es The first reason is probably obvious as there are over G,HII lan ua es spoken" The second one is also based on the number of lan ua es spoken in the world today, because if I were to look into, say even only a PII lan ua es, then I would have probably have very little problems findin plenty of words which would end up makin the research and findin s less believable" So it came to be that I would limit the number of lan ua es to the followin S

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Jebrew Greek Latin Italian -rench Spanish German

Q" /utch H" Mld +orse PI" #ramaic PP" #rabic PR" Turkish P]" Sumerian P^" .ayan

The reason why I choose these above lan ua es is mostly because ofS

a. the role that one of the respective lan ua es played in the development of the 2n lish lan ua es Vas
seen in the first nine lan ua es listedW,

b. the role the lan ua e as related to the Joly Bible VMld Testament was written mostly in Jebrew, a little bit in
#ramaic, the +ew Testament was written in Greek, some #ramaic words are used as well, and the Joly Bible was translated into Latin in the Nth century #"/"W,

c. the antiKuity of the lan ua e Vthe above lan ua es are all ancient, or the CchildrenD of an ancient
lan ua e%as seen by the splittin of Latin intoS Italian, -rench, SpanishW,

d. the commonality of the lan ua e as bein spoken today V2n lish, Spanish, -rench, Italian, German,
Turkish, #rabicW

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I would like to note that the vast maUority of the time I spent researchin was with the first seven lan ua es, and very few words are from the last seven lan ua es" #s a result here are some of the more powerful and easier to understand e$amples of the words within a word from different lan ua esS barren c ben c ben Zchildren, son, Jebrew[ c children, son believe c leb c leb Zheart, Jebrew[ c heart bled c leb c leb Zheart, Jebrew[ c heart bless c el c el ZGod, Jebrew[ c God bless c leb c leb Zheart, Jebrew[ c heart blessed c be el c be h el ZGod, Jebrew[ c be God commandments c deo c deo, /eo ZGod, Latin[ c God cover c vero c vero Ztruth, Latin[ c truth dwell c el c el ZGod, Jebrew[ c God eternal c art en el c art h en ZLord, Sumerian[ h el ZGod, Jebrew[ c art Lord God evil c vie c vie Zlife, livin -rench[ c life, livin fear c ra c ra Zevil, Jebrew[ c evil heal c el c el ZGod, Jebrew[ c God hear c ra c ra Zevil, Jebrew[ c evil

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heir c re c re Zkin , Italian[ c kin heart c ra c ra Zevil, wickedness Jebrew[ c evil, wickedness help c el c el ZGod, Jebrew[ c God humble c leb c leb Zheart, Jebrew[ c heart Jesus Christ c is Uust re c is h Uust h re Zkin , Latin[ c is Uust kin Jesus Christ c cures ish c cures h ish Zman, men, Jebrew[ c cures man, men lan ua e c un e c un Zone, -rench[ h e Zearth, Greek[ c one earth leader c ra led c ra Zevil, wicked, Jebrew[ h led c evil, wicked, led leader c able re c able h re Zkin , Italian[ c able kin led c el c el ZGod, Jebrew[ c God look c kol c kol Zwhole, all, #ramaic[ c whole, all love c el c God love c leo c leo Zsay, Greek[ c say loveth c theo c Theo ZGod, Greek[ c God life c el c God

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+imrod c mord c mord Zmurder, German[ c murder one c neo c neo Znew, Greek[ c new one c en c en ZLord, Sumerian[ c Lord people c el pope c el ZGod, Jebrew[ h pope Zfather, Latin[ c God father plead c leb c leb Zheart, Jebrew[ c heart power c re c re Zkin VsW, Italian[ c kin VsW prevail c vera c vera Ztruth, Latin[ c truth prophet c theo c theo ZGod, Greek[ c God prove c vero c vero Ztruth, Latin[ c truth real c ra el c ra Zevil, Jebrew[ h God c evil, God receive c vere c vere Ztruth, Latin[ c truth rei n c in re c in h re Zkin , Italian[ c in kin research c each res c each h res Zthin , Latin[ c each thin sire c is re c is h re Zkin , Italian[ c is kin ,ome c orme c orme Zserpent, Mld +orse[ c serpent

112

rule c re c re Zkin VsW, Italian[ c kin VsW serpent c sene Zhate, Jebrew[ c hate serve c re c kin VsW serve c vere c vere Ztruth, Latin[ c truth spirit c pisti c pisti Zfaith, Greek[ c faith spirit c spiti c spiti Zhome, house Greek[ c home, house strive c ve tri c ve Zand, Jebrew[ h try c and try theory c theoq c Theo ZGod, Greek[ c God q iven to me by Steve &Stephano& Burrell throne c theo c Theo ZGod, Greek[ c God throne c re on c re Zkin VsW, Italian[ h on c kin VsW on truth c hur c hur Zliberty, free, Turkish[ c liberty, free truth c ruh c ruh Zspirit, #rabic[ c spirit universe c uni vere c one vere Ztruth, Latin[ c one truth Latican c vati Zseer, prophet, diviner, Latin[ h can Zserpent, .ayan[ c prophet serpent c serpent prophet Latican c vita can c vita Zlife, Latin[ h serpent c life serpent

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war c ra c ra Zevil, Jebrew[ c evil word c owr c owr Zli ht, Jebrew[ c li ht

7. 0or$s +oun$ by 8#it! ing Letters 8 aring t e 8ame 8 a"e


bcdcp .c)crcs ncu

This is perhaps the most ama'in pattern%code and perhaps the most difficult one to understand, which is why I provided the visual e$ample above first before I try to e$plain it" )hat the above ] sets of letters all have in common is that within each respective set they all share the same letter% symbol" The letter%symbol is merely been inverted or turned on its side" So for instance within the Pst set of the letters VbcdcpW if the letter CbD was placed in front of a mirror then it would reflect the letter CdDS b Id Similarly, if the letter CbD had a mirror placed underneath it then it would reflect the letter CpDS b s p )ithin the Rnd set of letters V.c)crcSW you have the same relationship within the letter C.D and the letter C)D, as with the letters CbD and CpD, if a mirror was placed between themS . s ) The letter CrD, which is Si ma within the Greek alphabet, is the precursor to the 2n lish letter CSD, and is found, for instance by takin the letter C)D and turnin it on its ri ht sideS ) t r

Mr by takin letter C.D and turnin it on its left sideS ru. I hope these above dia rams have been helpful in clarifyin this ama'in pattern%code"

114

The first e$ample that is shown is one of my favourite words that captures this code very well and is one of the more powerful ones" It is the word C#bbaD, which is of #ramaic ori ins and it means C-atherD" The word is found in the +ew Testament and has many other words that mean CfatherD that are embedded within itS #bba c baba #bba c dada #bba c papa #bba c dad #bba c ba #bba c pa #bba c ab Z-ather, Jebrew[ #bba c bad alarm c mar c war aliens c ns a lie c us a lie army c mar c war ascended c nd c up back c pack be in c enb c end brainwashed c brain washed c brain mashed commandments c ten commandsm c ten commandsr c ten commands commandments c mosem c moser, .oses c .oses barter c trabe c trade blood c dool c pool bomb c bobm c popr, pops c pops bottom c tob to c top to

115

broken c np c up brou ht c ub c up build c up buried c dieb c died dominion c min c rin, sin c sin descend c deed c deep desi n c de si n c be si n destruction c end iu c end in di eth c dit c pit

disciple c diple c bible, Bible c Bible disciple c diep c died doubt c uo c no down c dow c bow down c nd c up du c ud c up end c np c up endin c de in c be in famous c mau c man freedom c merf c rerf, serf c serf%slave hands c nd

116

c up Jollywood c wold c mold hope c he po c he do impute c miu c rin, sin c sin inhabitants c bnnish c punish Jerusalem c Jesum c Jesur, Jesus c Jesus Uud ment c ment c rent, sent c sent Uud ment c Uumt c Uurt, Uust c Uust Uud ment c met c ret, set c set keeper c pee c bee leader c de real c be real lined c ud c up martial c artm c artr, arts c arts me c me c we media c ideam c idear, ideas c ideas mercy c me cry c we cry mind c min c rin, sin c sin mind c nd c up

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mouth c mhout c rhout, shout +imrod c drimon c priron, prison obey c ye bo c ye, you do open c np c up paper c pap c pad paper c reap c read pattern c pna c dna, /+# pay c pay c day point c ont c out poor c rop c rob power c worp c word power c wore c more power c rowe c rome praise c saip c said pray c pay c day pride c pride c bride pride c pe rid c be rid promise c mord c word problem c morld c world purpose c poru c born

118

Kuest c seut c sent ransom c snm c sum reason c nse c use reli ions c reli ions c reli ious responsible c peoble c people responsible c biple c bible, Bible revelation c i a trne love c I a true, love riddle c didle c bible, Bible ri hteous c rei u c rei n ri hteous c shiue c shine ri hteous c sou c son round c ud c up Saviour c Sou c Son Saviour c siu c sin Serpent c epen c eden, 2den shinin c snn c sun simple c mise c wise sprin c np c up stand c nd c up stream c maters c waters

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table c blate c plate tempt c temt c tert, test temptation c min c rin, sin c sin terrible c bire c dire time c met c ret, set c set understand c drudent c prudent war c arw c arm war c raw c ram war c ram c ram Zastrolo ical symbol for #ries, the od of war in Greek mytholo y[ warnin c wi n c ri n, si n c si n wars c mars c .ars Z od of war, ,oman mytholo y[ c .ars% od of war watch c match watch c wat c rat, sat water c wea c rea, sea water c rateVwW c rateVrW, rateVsW water c tearw c tearr, tears wealth c wteal c rteal, steal within c win c rin, sin wicked c wide c ride, side

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wicked c kidw c kidr, kids wicked c wick c rick, sick wilderness c derilVsW c perilVsW wind c nd c up womb c wom c mom wolves c woles c moles, spies, double a ents

@/ Combining 1ulti"le 5atterns Toget er )hen lookin and searchin into a word, I freKuently be an to notice that there was found multiple patterns%codes hidden within" I found this to be awe%inspirin and so this section hi hli hts some of those ama'in discoveriesS #dam c am ad c am ab Zfather, Jebrew[ c am father aliens c as in el c as h in h el ZGod, ods, Jebrew[ c as in God, ods alone c a one l c a h one h l, el Zphonetically[ c a h one h el ZGod, Jebrew[ c a one God #rma eddon c war da deo c war, battle Zsynonym[ h da Zday, /utch[ h /eo ZGod, Latin[ c battle day God army c arm c rar c sar Zcaptain, eneral, Jebrew[ c captain% eneral be innin c bien in c dieu, /ieu ZGod, -rench[ h in c God in betray c y be rat c y, why Zphonetically[ h be h rat, traitor Zsynonym[ c why be traitor Bible c el ibe c el ZGod, Jebrew[ h ipe Zsaid, Greek[ c God said

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Bible c el bib c God bid, command, order, summon Zsynonyms[ c God command, order, summon Bible c be bil c be h bil, bill Zphonetically[ c be h bill, law Zsynonym[ c be law Bible c b bi el c b, be Zphonetically[ h bi, by Zphonetically[ h God c be by God bomb c bob c dod, dud Zphonetically[ c dud Zdefinition S # bomb, shell, or e$plosive round that fails to detonate"[ brainwashed c brainws head c drainrs, drains h head c drains head brimstone c bur c pur Zfire, +ew Testament Greek[ c fire broke c bor c por, poor Zphonetically[ c poor broken c ebno c epno Zsleep, Greek[ c sleep cancer c c a cnre c c, see Zphonetically[ h a h cure c see a cure collapse c o c a sep ll c o h c, see Zphonetically[ h a h sep, September ll c o see a September ll commandments c etsda c etsba Zfin er, Jebrew[ c fin er commandments c kommandments Zphonetically[ c kead mon c keap h mon Zmy, -rench[ c keap, keep Zphonetically[ h my c keep my clue c ce ul c ce, see Zphonetically[ h ul, all Zphonetically[ c see all desi n c dien c dieu, /ieu ZGod, -rench[ c God devil c vi el c vi, vie, contend, war Zsynonyms[ h el ZGod, Jebrew[

122

c contend, war God

devil c vi led c vi Zyou, Italian[ h led c you led devil c vi h d h el c you h b, be Zphonetically[ h od c you be od evil c vie l c vie, compete, contend Zsynonyms[ h l, el Zphonetically[ c compete, contend h el ZGod, Jebrew[ c compete, contend God dominion c diom c dior, dios, /ios c /ios ZGod, Spanish[ c God dominion c nmo c nwo, new world order Zsynonym[ c new world order down c won c ron, son, sun Zphonetically[ c sun 2n lish c si n el c si n h el ZGod, Jebrew[ c si n God evidence c ive ceen c iFve h ceen, seen Zphonetically[ c I have seen evolution c no it u ov el c no h it h u, you Zphon"[ h ov, of Zphon"[ h el ZGod, Jebrew[ c no it you of God evolution c no it u ov el c no, know Zphonetically[ h it h you h of h God c know it you of God evolution c ev it loon c ev Zand, Jebrew[ h it h loon, cra'y c and it loon%cra'y fantasy c satan fy c Satan h fy, %fy Zmake, build, cause, produce, Suffi$[ c Satan make, build, cause, produce fantasy c satan fy c Satan h fy, fi Zphonetically[ c Satan h fi Zfiction, #bbreviation[ c Satan fiction enesis c eesns c eesus, Jesus Zphonetically[

123

c Jesus

God c Gawed Zphonetically[ c wed, red c red, sed c sed, said Zphonetically[ c said God c Gawed c wade, made c made harmony c y no mar c why no war Jebrew c Jebru Zphonetically[ c Je h bru, brew Zphonetically[ c Je h brew, mi$ Zsynonym[ c Je mi$ Ztower of Babel, Gen PP[ Jebrew c Jebru c pure Jebrew c Jebruw Zphonetically[ c beuw, deur, deus c deus, /eus ZGod, Latin[ c God hope c peo c deo, /eo ZGod, Latin[ c God history c o ish ryt c o h ish Zman, Jebrew[ h ryt, write Zphonetically[ c o man write history c ish tyro c ish h tyro, novice, be inner Zsynonyms[ c man novice%be inner history c ish tory c man h tory, conservative, orthodo$ Zsynonyms[ c man conservative%orthodo$ history c ish tory c man h tory Zprobably from Irish tvraw, meanin pursuer or robber[ c man robber history c y ish tor c y, why Zphonetically[ h man h tor, tore Zphonetically[ c why man tore%rip history c hisstree Zphonetically[ c hiss Zserpent[ h tree c serpent and the forbidden tree in the Garden of 2den, #dam and 2ve history c hisstree c ish Zman, Jebrew[ h tree c man tree

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history c hisstree c ish eet c man eat holiness c wholiness Zphonetically[ c elohiw, elohim c elohim ZGod, Jebrew[ c God Jollywood c y whol lood c y, why Zphonetically[ h whol, whole Zphon"[ h lood, lewd Zpho"[ c why h whole h lewd, bad, evil, wicked devices, harlotry Zsynonyms[ c why whole bad, evil, wicked devices, harlotry Jollywood c y how lood c why how bad, evil, wicked devices, harlotry Jollywood c y lood how c why h bad, evil h hor, hos, prostitutes, whores Zsyn1s[ c why bad%evil prostitutes%whores Jollywood c y wol lood c why h rol, soul Zphonetically[ h bad, evil, wicked plans c why soul bad, evil, wicked plans holy c wholey Zphonetically[ c o el c M h el ZGod, Jebrew[ c M God inspired c dens c deus, /eus ZGod, Latin[ c God Jesus Christ c rist eu c rist, risen Zsynonym[ h en Zlord, Sumerian[ c risen Lord Uud e c u de c u, you Zphonetically[ h be c you be Uud ment c tn Uud e c tu, to h Uud e c to Uud e Uud ment c deum c duer, deus c deus, /eus ZGod, Latin[ c God knowled e c ond c oud, ood Zphonetically[ c ood knowled e c dowe c bore, bose c bose Zevil, German[ c evil leader c ader

125

c ader, adder Zphonetically[ c adder, snake, serpent, viper Zsynonyms[ c snake, serpent, viper leader c ra led c evil h leb Zheart, Jebrew[ c evil heart led c led c leb Zheart, Jebrew[ c heart life c el fi c el ZGod, Jebrew[ h fi, fy Zphonetically[ c God h fy, %fy Zto make, made, suffi$[ c God made live c vil c vil, ville Zphonetically[ c ville Zcity, town, -rench[ c city, town love c ov el c ov, of Zphonetically[ h God c of God market c markhet Zphonetically[ c kramh, krah, krash c krash, crash Zphonetically[ c crash market c markhet Zphonetically[ c kamh, kah, kash c kash, cash Zphonetically[ c cash merciful c miuer c iner, siner, sinner Zphonetically[ c sinner mercy seat c cryst ema c cryst, Christ h ema Zblood, Greek[ c Christ blood moon c o mon c M h ron, son c Mh son,sun Zphonetically[ c M sun money c yn ome c yu, you Zphonetically[ h owe c you owe morals c o r lams c o, oh Zphonetically[ h r, are Zphonetically[ h laws c oh are laws morals c or lams c or laws morph c morp

126

c worp, warp Zphonetically[ c warp music c c sium c c, see Zphonetically[ h sinr, sins c see sins music c i cusm c I h cusr, cuss c I cuss, swear Zsynonym[ c i swear nephilim c i phel min c i h phel, fell Zphonetically[ h rin, sin c I fell sin nephilim c nephalim Zphonetically[ c alienm c alienr, aliens c aliens, fallen an els Zone and the same[ new world order c d rul power rowe c b, be Zphonetically[ h rul, rule Zphonetically[ h power h rome c be rule power ,ome new world order c dode rowe rrulw c popeh ,ome h rrulr, rruls c pope h ,ome h rruls, rules Zphonetically[ c pope ,ome rules new world order c deo rowe rrulw c /eo Z od, Latin[ h rome h rules c od ,ome rules new world order c new whirled order Zphonetically[ c de h niwrrod h re h helw c be h +imrrod, +imrod Zphonetically[ h re Zkin , Italian[ h helm c be +imrod kin helm%control new world order c new whirled order Zphonetically[ c de h niwwrrod h re h hel c be h +imrod h kin h hel, hell Zphonetically[ c be +imrod kin hell new world order c new whirled order Zphonetically[ c led h wer h re h niwrod c led h rer, sir Zphonetically[ h kin h +imrod c led sir, lord, kin +imrod +imrod c mir c rir, sir, lord Zsynonym[ c lord +imrod c mor c wor, war Zphonetically[ c war +imrod c mord c rord, sord, sword Zphonetically[ c sword

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+imrod c mondir c wondir, wonder Zphonetically[ c wonder +imrod c in drom c in brow, forehead Zsynonym[ c in forehead Zmark of the beast[ +)M c )M+ c rM+, SM+ c son, sun Zphonetically[ c sun Zsymbolically worshipped as the /evil, Lucifer, Satan[ c the /evil, Lucifer, Satan obey c y beo c y, why Zphonetically[ h deo, /eo ZGod, Latin[ c why God one c o en c M h en ZLord, Sumerian[ c M Lord one c o n c o, owe Zphonetically[ h u, you Zphonetically[ c owe you people c leep c leed, lead Zphonetically[ c lead power c peo c deo, /eo ZGod, Latin[ c God power c word c rord, sord c sord, sword Zphonetically[ c sword power c erow c eror, eros Zse$ual, erotic love, Greek[ c se$ual, erotic love prayer c yap c yad ZhandVsW, Jebrew[ c handVsW prison c inpors c indors, indoors Zphonetically[ c indoors prison c pors c dors, doors Zphonetically[ c doors proof c frop c frod, fraud Zphonetically[ c fraud prove c peo c deo, /eo ZGod, Latin[

128

c God

purple c plu rep c blu, blue Zphonetically[ h red c blue red purpose c peo c deo, /eo ZGod, Latin[ c God real c ar el c ar, are h el ZGod, Jebrew[ c are God real c ra el c ra Zevil, Jebrew[ h el Z od, Jebrew[ c evil od, the devil, Satan Zsynonyms[ c the devil, Satan real c reel Zphonetically[ c re el c re Zkin , Italian[ h God c kin God reality c i el tary c I h el ZGod, Jebrew[ h tary, tarry Zphonetically[ c I h God h tarry, dwell, remain, abide, inhabit, wait Zsynonyms[ c I God dwell%remain%abide%inhabit%wait reality c el y it ra c God h y, why Zphonetically[ h it h ra Zevil, wicked, Jebrew[ c God why it evil%wickedO reality c y tri el a c why h tri, try Zphonetically[ h God h a, eh Zphonetically[ c why try God ehO reality c a y el rit c 2h h why h God h rit, writ Zphonetically[ c 2h h why h God h writ, write Zsynonym[ c 2h, why God write reli ions c i lore ins c I h lore, teachin , myths, le ends Zsynonym[ h ins, Uinns Zphonet"[ c I h teachin , myths, le ends h Uinns, demons, spirits Zsynonyms[ c I teachin , myths, le ends, demons, spirits reli ions c o lier ins c M h lier, liar Zphonetically[h demons c M liar demons, spirits reli ions c i lore ins c I h lore, teachin , le ends, myths, fables Zsyn"[ h ins, traps, Zsyns"[ c I teachin , le ends, myths, fables, traps, snares reli ions c in lies or c in h lies h or, ore Zphonetically[ c in lies ore, bloodshed Zsynonym[ c in lies bloodshed

129

reli ions c i sor nile c I h sor, sore Zphon"[ h uile, cunnin , deceit Zsynonyms"[ c I sore cunnin % deceit reli ions c noir lies c , ee Zphonetically[ h noir Zblack, -rench[ h lies c ee black lies reli ions c i r le ion c I h r, are Zphonetically[ h le ion, a reat number Zsynonym[ c I are a reat number reli ions c i r le ion c I h are h le ion, a host of armed men Zsynonym[ c I are a host of armed men, military force reli ions c i nser li o c I h nser, answer Zphonetically[ h li o Zlittle, Greek[ c I answer little reli ions c o i snre li c o h , ee h I h sure h li, lie Zphonetically[ c o ee I sure lie reli ions c o i li ruse c o ee I lie ruse, deception, trick Zsynonyms[ c o ee I lie%deception%trick remember c breem c dreem, dream Zphonetically[ c dream remember c merdVmW c werdVrW, wordVsW Zphonetically[ c wordVsW remission c o mire sins c M h rire, Sire h sins c M h Sire, Lord Zsynonym[ h sins c M Lord sins responsible c r peoble sins c r, are Zphonetically[ h people h sins c are people sins responsible c is respond el c is h respond h el ZGod, Jebrew[ c is respond God, is respondin to God revelation c ve real no it c ve Zand, Jebrew[ h real h no, know Zphonetically[ h it c and real, know itb revelation c i a love trne c I h a h love h true, truth Zsynonym[ c I a love truth revelation c a i trne ov el c a, eh Zphonetically[ h I h true h ov, of Zphonetically[ h el ZGod, Jebrew[ c eh, I true, of God

130

revelation c no vati reel c no, know Zphonetically[ h vati% Zprophet, Latin[ h reel, real Zphonetically[ c know prophet real revelation c el into vera c God h into h vera Ztruth, true, Latin[ c God into truth c truth God into c true God into revelation c it on el vera c It on GodFs truth revelation c tale in vero c tale, story Zsynonym[ h in h vero Ztruth, Latin[ c story in truth revolve c ovver el c ovver, over Zphonetically[ h el ZGod, Jebrew[ c over God revolve c vvero el c vvero, vero Zphonetically[ h God c vero Ztruth, Latin[ h God c truth God ,oman Catholic c o i c a cnlt o harm Zthe church[ c M h I h c, see Zphonetically[ h a h cult h o h harm c M I see a cult, M harm ,oman Catholic c o i c a cnlt o mar c M I see a cult, o mar%spoil%blemish ,oman Catholic c o i c a cnlt, a whor c M h I h see h a h cult h a h whor, whore Zphonetically[ c M I see a cult, a whore ,oman Catholic c o i am cnlt, hor c c M h I h am h a h cult h see h hor, whore Zphonetically[ c M I am a cult, see whore ,oman Catholic c o i am ra cnlt c M h I h am h ra Zevil, wicked, Jebrew[ h cult c M I am evil, wicked cult ,ome c ,home Zphonetically[ c mhore, whore c whore, harlots ,ome c mor c wor, war Zphonetically[ c war rule c u el c u, you Zphonetically[ h el ZGod, Jebrew[ c you God Satan c Saten Zphonetically[ c sane Zhated, enemy, foe, Jebrew[ c hated, enemy, foe

131

Saviour c avou Sir c avou, avoue Zphonetically[ h Sir, Lord Zsynonym[ c avoue Zacknowled e, confess -rench[ h Lord c acknowled e%confess Lord Saviour c u vao Sir c u, you Zphonetically[ h vao, vow Zphonetically[ h Lord c you h vow, affirm, swear, pled e Zsynonyms[ h Lord c you affirm%swear%pled e Lord Saviour c via Sou c via, by way of, by means of Zsynonyms[ h Son, Jesus Christ Zsynonym[ c by way of, means of Jesus Christ scripture c c peus rrit c c, see Zphonetically[ h deus h rrit, rit Zphonetically[ c see h are h deus, /eus ZGod, Latin[ h rit, write Zsynonym[ c see God write scripture c u p re crist c u, you Zphon"[ h b, be Zphon"[ h re Zkin , Italian[ h crist, Christ Zphon"[ c you be kin Christ serpent c renp c rend, divide, break Zsynonyms[ c divide, break si ht c site Zphonetically[ c ies, eyes Zphonetically[ c eyes sleep c pel c bel, bell Zphonetically[ c bell, alarm Zsynonym[ c alarm speak c sep c sed, said Zphonetically[ c said speech c sep c sed, said Zphonetically[ c said stone c tos c tos, toss Zphonetically[ c toss, thrown Zsynonym[ c toss, thrown stream c tera c tera, terra Zphonetically[ c terra Zearth, Italian[ c earth supernatural event c ve aleeans turn up c ve Zand, Jebrew[ h aleeans, aliens Zphonetically[ h turn h up c and aliens turn up supernatural event c tn pruv aleeans true c tu, to Zphon"[ h pruv, prove Zphon"[ h aleeans, aliens Zphon"[ h true c to prove aliens true

132

television c so evil tnle c so h evil h tule, tool Zphonetically[ c so evil tool television c is so vein c is h so h vein, vain Zphonetically[ c is so vain%worthless%empty%unreal television c tellavision Zphonetically[ c li ov saten c li, lie Zphonetically[ h ov, of Zphonetically[ h saten, satan c lie of Satan temptation c maten c raten, Saten c Saten, Satan Zphonetically[ c Satan, the /evil Zsynonym[ testimony c mitnes c witnes Zwitness, Mld 2n lish[ c witness treason c trea no c trea, tree Zphonetically[ h no, know Zphonetically[ c tree h know, knowled e Zsynonym[ c tree knowled e tremble c eretm c eretr, erets c erets Zearth, land, round, Jebrew[ c earth, land, round triumphant c anp im truth c and h im, iFm, i am h truth c and i am truth trust c ttrus c ttrus, truss Zphonetically[ c truss, tie, bind, support, brace Zsynonyms[ c tie, bind, support, brace trust c sur c sur, sir Zphonetically[ c sir, Lord Zsynonym[ c Lord twenty twelve c twentea twelve Zphonetically[ % RIPR c aleens weet tv c aliens meet tv vampire c r vie pam c r, are Zphonetically[ h vie Zlife, -rench[ h dam Zblood, Jebrew[ c are life blood vampire c r pam vie c r, are Zphonetically[ h dam h vie, contend, compete Zsynonyms[ c are blood contend, compete for Latican c nic at c nic, nick Zphonetically[ h at

133

c nick, cut, rob, steal Zsynonyms[ h at c cut, rob, steal at

walk c kalw c kalm, calm Zphonetically[ c calm war c war c rar, sar c sar Zprince, captainVsW, lord, Jebrew[ c prince, captainVsW, lord war c ar w c ar, are Zphonetically[ h w, ] Zsame symbol[ c are ] c are ] worlds wars water c treaw c trear, treas c treas, trees Zphonetically[ c trees water c water c mater, matter Zphonetically[ c matter whole c wole c role, sole c sole, soul Zphonetically[ c soul whore c howe c home, house Zsynonym[ c house word c wered Zphonetically[ c dreew, dreem c dreem, dream Zphonetically[ c dream, vision Zsynonym[ c dream, vision word c weerd c reer, seer c seer, prophet Zsynonym[ c seer, prophet word c wurd Zphonetically[ c pur Zpure, -rench[ c pure word c wered c reed, read Zphonetically[ c read word c word c rord, sord, sword Zphonetically[ c sword world c ord, orb

134

c orb, earth Zsynonym[ c earth

world c wod c rod, sod c sod, earth Zsynonym[ c earth world c wurld c rul, rule Zphonetically[ c rule world c lordw c lordr, lords, lord1s c lord1s worship c pios c dios, /ios ZGod, Spanish[ c God worship c woreship Zphonetically[ c wer pios c rer, ser h dios c ser, sir Zphonetically[ h God c sir, Lord Zsynonym[ h God c Lord God

eein# is Belie9in#6661aybe
Jopefully you have been able to see from the above e$amples that there is a Kuite a lot of evidence to support that the God of the Joly Bible, that Jesus Christ, the )ord, has indeed inspired the 2n lish lan ua e, and its words" I believe that what we have been lookin into in this chapter are words that have been desi ned" I do not believe that all these above clue%kloos are the results of the only possible alternative, that bein , coincidence%chance" The statistical probabilities of this bein attributed to coincidence, and the amount of 'eros in such a calculation, would be mind bo lin , I ima ine" The truth of the matter is that it takes a lot more faith to believe that these reapperin patterns and codes embedded within words is simply nothin more than chance%coincidence, then to believe it is the si nature and the handwritin of God" The evidence seems to support divine desi n, and the inspiration of God behind it" I thou ht it would be appropriate to provide ,ichard SwinburneFs Kuote from the be innin of Chapter ] once a ainS 5&cientists, historians, and detectives observe data and proceed thence to some theory about what best explains the occurrence of these data. e can analy0e the criteria which they use in reaching a conclusion that a certain theory is better supported by the data than a different theory3that is, is more li#ely, on the basis of those data, to be true.7 ,ichard Swinburne, 6s there a JodR VM$ford `niversity =ressW, PHHG, p " R To believe that God is the true author behind words and lan ua es, based on the ,ichard SwinburneFs criteria, best fits the data as we have all hopefully seen" To all those who are readin this and whom are still in a bout with doubt, and sceptical, and would like to see some additional evidence and proof, hold on, for I have one more witness to call a ain" #nd this witness is my star witness that has been waitin from the be innin to reveal this ever important testimony" -or everythin has its time, its season, and has its place and everythin must be shown in order" I now call a ainS

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the +oly Bible

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)hapter *0 ? 4Belie9e7666 4Word7


5!hen said =esus to those =ews which believed on him, 6f ye continue in my word, then are ye my disciples indeed; "nd ye shall #now the truth, and the truth shall ma#e you free.7 .=hn :;-1A-$ <=>/
*es the Joly Bible, the Joly Scriptures, is the last witness that will be called to defend, and hopefully prove to you with his testimony that God, the )ord, has inspired 2n lish words" The evidence that will be shortly shown will be the most startlin kloos%clues so far" I believe that this evidence that you will be readin and seein is incredibly deep, ama'in , and so powerfully inspirin and it may be difficult and hard for some to believe at first, even to those of the Christian faith" In fact, in many re ards, all of the proceedin words that have appeared in the PR chapters leadin up to this one have been needed to lay the foundation for the followin statement" The reatest witness to the truth that God, the )ord, inspired the 2n lish lan ua e and its words is found by seein that the very verses of the Joly Bible are written with the codes and patterns that I have shown you in the previous chapter embedded and hidden within them" The words found within the words are found within the very verses where the word occurs" The words and the verses mirror each other, support one another, they end up witnessin to one another" #nd the reatest way to show this as bein the case is to show you the words and the verses, for they will witness and attest to what I have Uust written"

22 Words
RR words have been chosen that will hopefully clearly reveal this remarkable revelation" The RR words areS

1. 2. 3.
^" N" G" \" Q" H" PI" PP" PR" P]" P^" PN" PG" P\" PQ" PH" RI" RP" RR"

believe Christ commandments devil evil eyes faith God ood hear Jesus life live Lord love resurrection scripture serpent sin spirit truth word

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#nd so, we be in with the testimony of Joly Bible" #nd the first word that we will be lookin into is a very important word and a word that sums up a lotS belie9e Voccurs P^] times in P]P verses in the (JLW belie9e Q be persuaded of' to place confidence in' to trust' faith' to thin! to be true' to accept as real' to ha9e an opinionR thin!' to 9ie5 in a certain 5ay belie9e Q el be 9ie Q el JGod' +ebre5K S b' be JphoneticallyK S 9ie Jlife' frenchK Q God' Fesus Jsynony,K S be' is Jsynony,K S life Q God' Fesus is life But these are written, that ye mi ht belie9e that Fesus is the Christ, the Son of God! and that believin ye mi ht have life throu h his name" VJhn RIS]P (JLW #nd this is the record, that God hath iven to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son" Je that hath the Son hath life! and he that hath not the Son of God hath not life" These thin s have I written unto you that belie9e on the name of the Son of God! that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may belie9e on the name of the Son of God" VPJo NSPP%P] (JLW belie9e Q 9e el bie Q 9e S el S die Q 9e Jand' +ebre5 prefi@K S el JGod' +ebre5K S die' died Jsynony,K Q and S God' Fesus Jsynony,K died Q and God' Fesus died -or if we belie9e that Fesus died and rose a ain, even so them also which sleep in Fesus will God brin with him" VPTh ^SP^ (JLW belie9e Q i el be e9 Q I S God S be S e9? J#ood' "refi@K Q I God be #ood )herefore, sirs, be of #ood cheerS for I belie9e God, that it shall be even as it was told me" V#ct R\SRN (JLW belie9e Q 9e ibe el Q and S ipe S God Q and S ipe Jsaid' saith' Gree!K S God Q and S said' saith S God Q and said' saith God *e are my witnesses, saith the LM,/, and my servant whom I have chosenS that ye may know and belie9e me, and understand that I am heS before me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after me" VIsa ^]SPI (JLW Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the lifeS he that believeth in me, thou h he were dead, yet shall he liveS And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die" Believest thou thisO She saith unto him, *ea, LordS I belie9e that thou art the Christ, the Son of God, which should come into the world" VJhn PPSRN%R\ (JLW Then said they unto him, )hat shall we do, that we mi ht work the works of GodO Jesus answered and said unto them, This is the work of God, that ye belie9e on him whom he hath sent" VJhn GSRQ%RH (JLW belie9e Q el Q God #nd sayin , The time is fulfilled, and the kin dom of God is at handS repent ye, and belie9e the ospel" V.ar PSPN (JLW But as many as received him, to them ave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that belie9e on his

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nameS VJhn PSPR (JLW #nd we belie9e and are sure that thou art that Christ, the Son of the livin God" VJhn GSGH (JLW Let not your heart be troubledS ye belie9e in God, belie9e also in me" VJhn P^SP (JLW +ow are we sure that thou knowest all thin s, and needest not that any man should ask theeS by this we belie9e that thou camest forth from God" VJhn PGS]I (JLW )herefore, sirs, be of ood cheerS for I belie9e God, that it shall be even as it was told me" V#ct R\SRN (JLW -or after that in the wisdom of God the world by wisdom knew not God, it pleased God by the foolishness of preachin to save them that belie9e" VPCr PSRP (JLW -or this cause also thank we God without ceasin , because, when ye received the word of God which ye heard of us, ye received it not as the word of men, but as it is in truth, the word of God, which effectually worketh also in you that belie9e" VPTh RSP] (JLW But without faith it is impossible to please himS for he that cometh to God must belie9e that he is, and that he is a rewarder of them that dili ently seek him" VJbr PPSG (JLW Thou believest that there is one God! thou doest wellS the devils also belie9e, and tremble" VJam RSPH (JLW belie9e Q li9e -or he that is dead is freed from sin" +ow if we be dead with Christ, we belie9e that we shall also li9e with himS (nowin that Christ bein raised from the dead dieth no more! death hath no more dominion over him" V,om GS\%H (JLW belie9e Q 9ie Q 9ie Jlife' %renchK Q life This is a faithful sayin , and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners! of whom I am V=aulW chief" Jowbeit for this cause I obtained mercy, that in me first Jesus Christ mi ht shew forth all lon sufferin , for a pattern to them which should hereafter belie9e on him to life everlastin " VPTi PSPN%PG (JLW belie9e Q die Q die' died Jsynony,K Q die' died Then said Jesus a ain unto them, I o my way, and ye shall seek me, and shall die in your sinsS whither I o, ye cannot come" Then said the Jews, )ill he kill himselfO because he saith, )hither I o, ye cannot come" #nd he said unto them, *e are from beneath! I am from aboveS ye are of this world! I am not of this world" I said therefore unto you, that ye shall die in your sinsS for if ye belie9e not that I am he, ye shall die in your sins" Then said they unto him, )ho art thouO #nd Jesus saith unto them, 2ven the same that I said unto you from the be innin " VJhn QSRP%RN (JLW -or if we belie9e that Jesus died and rose a ain, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God brin with him" VPTh ^SP^ (JLW belie9e Q leb Q leb JheartAsE' +ebre5K Q heartAsE That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt belie9e in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved" V,om PISH (JLW -or verily I say unto you, That whosoever shall say unto this mountain, Be thou removed, and be thou cast into the sea! and shall not doubt in his heart, but shall belie9e that those thin s which he saith shall come to pass! he shall have whatsoever he saith" V.ar PPSR] (JLW

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Let not your heart be troubledS ye belie9e in God, belie9e also in me" VJhn P^SP (JLW #nd as they went on their way, they came unto a certain waterS and the eunuch said, See, here is water! what doth hinder me to be bapti'edO #nd =hilip said, If thou believest with all thine heart, thou mayest" #nd he answered and said, I belie9e that Jesus Christ is the Son of God" V#ct QS]G%]\ (JLW Those by the way side are they that hear! then cometh the devil, and taketh away the word out of their hearts, lest they should belie9e and be saved" VLuk QSPR (JLW belie9e Q lie *e are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do" Je was a murderer from the be innin , and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him" )hen he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his ownS for he is a liar, and the father of it" #nd because I tell you the truth, ye belie9e me not" )hich of you convinceth me of sinO #nd if I say the truth, why do ye not belie9e meO Je that is of God heareth God1s wordsS ye therefore hear them not, because ye are not of God" Then answered the Jews, and said unto him, Say we not well that thou art a Samaritan, and hast a devilO Jesus answered, I have not a devil! but I honour my -ather, and ye do dishonour me" VJhn QS^^%^H (JLW +ow we beseech you, brethren, by the comin of our Lord Jesus Christ, and by our atherin to ether unto him, That ye be not soon shaken in mind, or be troubled, neither by spirit, nor by word, nor by letter as from us, as that the day of Christ is at hand" Let no man deceive you by any meansS for that day shall not come, e$cept there come a fallin away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition! )ho opposeth and e$alteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped! so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewin himself that he is God" ,emember ye not, that, when I was yet with you, I told you these thin sO #nd now ye know what withholdeth that he mi ht be revealed in his time" -or the mystery of iniKuity doth already workS only he who now letteth will let, until he be taken out of the way" #nd then shall that )icked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the bri htness of his comin S )ven him, whose comin is after the workin of Satan with all power and si ns and lyin wonders, #nd with all deceivableness of unri hteousness in them that perish! because they received not the love of the truth, that they mi ht be saved" #nd for this cause God shall send them stron delusion, that they should belie9e a lieS That they all mi ht be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unri hteousness" VRTh RSP%PR (JLW belie9e Q be9il Q be9il' de9il Q de9ilAsE *e are of your father the de9il, and the lusts of your father ye will do" Je was a murderer from the be innin , and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him" )hen he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his ownS for he is a liar, and the father of it" #nd because I tell you the truth, ye belie9e me not" )hich of you convinceth me of sinO #nd if I say the truth, why do ye not belie9e meO Je that is of God heareth God1s wordsS ye therefore hear them not, because ye are not of God" Then answered the Jews, and said unto him, Say we not well that thou art a Samaritan, and hast a de9ilO Jesus answered, I have not a de9il! but I honour my -ather, and ye do dishonour me" VJhn QS^^%^H (JLW # sower went out to sow his seedS and as he sowed, some fell by the way side! and it was trodden down, and the fowls of the air devoured it" """+ow the parable is thisS The seed is the word of God" Those by the way side are they that hear! then cometh the de9il, and taketh away the word out of their hearts, lest they should belie9e and be saved" VLuk QSN, PP%PR (JLW #nd these si ns shall follow them that belie9e! In my name shall they cast out de9ils! they shall speak with new ton ues! V.ar PGSP\ (JLW Thou believest that there is one God! thou doest wellS the de9ils also belie9e, and tremble" VJam RSPH (JLW belie9e Q e9el Q e9el JiniBuity' +ebre5K Q iniBuity' sinAsE Jsynony,K Q sinAsE I said therefore unto you, that ye shall die in your sinsS for if ye belie9e not that I am he, ye shall die in your sins" VJhn QSR^ (JLW )hich of you convinceth me of sinO #nd if I say the truth, why do ye not belie9e meO VJhn QS^G (JLW

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#nd when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of ri hteousness, and of Uud mentS Mf sin, because they belie9e not on me! VJhn PGSQ%H (JLW But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ mi ht be iven to them that belie9e" VGal ]SRR (JLW belie9e Q 9e i eb el Q 9e Jand' +ebre5K S I S ed J5itnesses' +ebre5K S God Q and I 5itnesses God *e are my 5itnesses, saith the LM,/, and my servant whom I have chosenS that ye may know and belie9e me, and understand that I am heS before me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after me" I, even I, am the LM,/! and beside me there is no saviour" I have declared, and have saved, and I have shewed, when there was no stran e go$ amon youS therefore ye are my 5itnesses, saith the LM,/, that I am God" VIsa ^]SPI%PR (JLW belie9e Q eb el Q ed' J5itnessAesE' +ebre5K S God Q 5itnessAesE God There was a man sent from God, whose name was John" The same came for a 5itness, to bear 5itness of the Li ht, that all men throu h him mi ht belie9e" Je was not that Li ht, but was sent to bear 5itness of that Li ht" !hat was the true Li ht, which li hteth every man that cometh into the world" VJhn PSG%H (JLW *e are 5itnesses, and God also, how holily and Uustly and unblameably we behaved ourselves amon you that belie9eS VPTh RSPI (JLW belie9e Q 9ebi' 9ebe Q 9edi' 9ede Jsee' ItalianK Q see Then said Jesus unto him, 2$cept ye see si ns and wonders, ye will not belie9e" VJhn ^S^Q (JLW Jesus saith unto her, Said I not unto thee, that, if thou wouldest belie9e, thou shouldest see the lory of GodO VJhn PPS^I (JLW The other disciples therefore said unto him, )e have seen the Lord" But he said unto them, 2$cept I shall see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my fin er into the print of the nails, and thrust my hand into his side, I will not belie9e" VJhn RISRN (JLW belie9e Q belea9e JphoneticallyK Q able #nd when Jesus departed thence, two blind men followed him, cryin , and sayin , !hou Son of /avid, have mercy on us" #nd when he was come into the house, the blind men came to himS and Jesus saith unto them, Belie9e ye that I am able to do thisO They said unto him, *ea, Lord" Then touched he their eyes, sayin , #ccordin to your faith be it unto you" #nd their eyes were opened! and Jesus straitly char ed them, sayin , See that no man know it" V.at HSR\%]I (JLW belie9e Q i9e Q i9e' iT9e' IT9e Q IT9e' I ha9e #nd the LM,/ said unto .oses, Jow lon will this people provoke meO and how lon will it be ere they belie9e me, for all the si ns which I ha9e shewed amon themO V+um P^SPP (JLW If I ha9e told you earthly thin s, and ye belie9e not, how shall ye belie9e, if I tell you of heavenly thin sO VJhn ]SPR (JLW *e have heard how I said unto you, I o away, and come again unto you" If ye loved me, ye would reUoice, because I said, I o unto the -atherS for my -ather is reater than I" #nd now I ha9e told you before it come to pass, that, when it is come to pass, ye mi ht belie9e" VJhn P^SRQ%RH (JLW

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)hrist Voccurs N\P times in N]R verses in the (JLW )hrist Q )hristos' The Anointed .ne' 1essiah' the on of God' Fesus' on of 1an' Word' /ord )hrist Q rist Q rist' risen' raised' rose Jsynony,sK Q risen' raised' rose +ow if )hrist be preached that he rose from the dead, how say some amon you that there is no resurrection of the deadO """But now is )hrist risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept" VPCr PNSPR, RI (JLW Be it known unto you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus )hrist of +a'areth, whom ye crucified, whom God raised from the dead, even by him doth this man stand here before you whole" V#ct ^SPI (JLW Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into deathS that like as )hrist was raised up from the dead by the lory of the -ather, even so we also should walk in newness of life""""(nowin that )hrist bein raised from the dead dieth no more! death hath no more dominion over him" V,om GS^, H (JLW But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up )hrist from the dead shall also Kuicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you" V,om QSPP (JLW -or to this end )hrist both died, and rose, and revived, that he mi ht be Lord both of the dead and livin " V,om P^SH (JLW )hrist Q sir But whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall ive him shall never thirst! but the water that I shall ive him shall be in him a well of water sprin in up into everlastin life" The woman saith unto him, ir, ive me this water, that I thirst not, neither come hither to draw" Jesus saith unto her, Go, call thy husband, and come hither" The woman answered and said, I have no husband" Jesus said unto her, Thou hast well said, I have no husbandS -or thou hast had five husbands! and he whom thou now hast is not thy husbandS in that saidst thou truly" The woman saith unto him, ir, I perceive that thou art a prophet" """The woman saith unto him, I know that .essias cometh, which is called )hristS when he is come, he will tell us all thin s" Jesus saith unto her, I that speak unto thee am he" VJhn ^SP^%PH, RN%RG (JLW )hrist Q hir Q hir' herr JphoneticallyK Q herr Jlord' Ger,anK Q /ord She saith unto him, *ea, /ordS I believe that thou art the )hrist, the Son of God, which should come into the world" VJhn PPSR\ (JLW Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both /ord and )hrist" V#ct RS]G (JLW Therefore bein Uustified by faith, we have peace with God throu h our /ord Jesus )hristS V,om NSP (JLW Likewise reckon ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God throu h Jesus )hrist our /ord" V,om GSPP (JLW -or the wa es of sin is death! but the ift of God is eternal life throu h Jesus )hrist our /ord" V,om GS R] (JLW -or I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor an els, nor principalities, nor powers, nor thin s present, nor thin s to come, +or hei ht, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in )hrist Jesus our /ord" V,om QS]Q%]H (JLW -or who hath known the mind of the /ord, that he may instruct himO But we have the mind of )hrist" VPCr RSPG (JLW But to us there is but one God, the -ather, of whom are all thin s, and we in him! and one /ord Jesus )hrist, by whom

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are all thin s, and we by him" VPCr QSG (JLW #s ye have therefore received )hrist Jesus the /ord, so walk ye in himS VCol RSG (JLW The race of our /ord Jesus )hrist be with you all" #men" V,ev RRSRP (JLW )hrist Q hit Q hit' s,ote Jsynony,K Q s,ote Then did they spit in his face, and buffeted him! and others s,ote him with the palms of their hands, Sayin , =rophesy unto us, thou )hrist, )ho is he that smote theeO V.at RGSG\%GQ (J )hrist Q stic Q stic' stic! JphoneticallyK Q stic!' cross Jsynony,K Q cross -or )hrist sent me not to bapti'e, but to preach the ospelS not with wisdom of words, lest the cross of )hrist should be made of none effect" VPCr PSP\ (JLW But God forbid that I should lory, save in the cross of our Lord Jesus )hrist, by whom the world is crucified unto me, and I unto the world" VGal GSP^ (JLW Brethren, be followers to ether of me, and mark them which walk so as ye have us for an ensample" V-or many walk, of whom I have told you often, and now tell you even weepin , that they are the enemies of the cross of )hristS )hose end is destruction, whose God is their belly, and whose lory is in their shame, who mind earthly thin s"W V=hl ]SP\%PH (JLW #nd =ilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross" #nd the writin was, FE L M- +#X#,2TJ TJ2 (I+G M- TJ2 J2)S" VJhn PHSPH (JLW )hrist Q rit Q rit' 5rit JphoneticallyK Q 5rit' 5rite Jsynony,K Q 5rite .y little children, these thin s 5rite I unto you, that ye sin not" #nd if any man sin, we have an advocate with the -ather, Jesus )hrist the ri hteousS #nd he is the propitiation for our sinsS and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world" VPJo RSP%R (JLW )hrist Q sit Q sit' sitteth Therefore bein a prophet, and knowin that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, accordin to the flesh, he would raise up )hrist to sit on his throne! V#ct RS]I (JLW #nd hath raised us up to ether, and made us sit to ether in heavenly places in )hrist JesusS V2ph RSG (JLW If ye then be risen with )hrist, seek those thin s which are above, where )hrist sitteth on the ri ht hand of God" VCol ]SP (JLW )hrist Q rich $ richs Q rich $ rich=s' riches JphoneticallyK Q rich $ riches Blessed be the God and -ather of our Lord Jesus )hrist, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessin s in heavenly places in )hristS #ccordin as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in loveS Javin predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus )hrist to himself, accordin to the ood pleasure of his will, To the praise of the lory of his race, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved" In whom we have redemption throu h his blood, the for iveness of sins, accordin to the riches of his race! )herein he hath abounded toward us in all wisdom and prudence! V2ph PS]%Q (JLW

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But God, who is rich in mercy, for his reat love wherewith he loved us, 2ven when we were dead in sins, hath Kuickened us to ether with )hrist, Vby race ye are saved!W #nd hath raised us up to ether, and made us sit to ether in heavenly places in )hrist JesusS That in the a es to come he mi ht shew the e$ceedin riches of his race in his kindness toward us throu h )hrist Jesus" V2ph RS^%\ (JLW But my God shall supply all your need accordin to his riches in lory by )hrist Jesus" V=hl ^SPH (JLW To whom God would make known what is the riches of the lory of this mystery amon the Gentiles! which is )hrist in you, the hope of loryS VCol PSR\ (JLW )hrist Q siht Q siht' si#ht JphoneticallyK Q si#ht -or we are not as many, which corrupt the word of GodS but as of sincerity, but as of God, in the si#ht of God speak we in )hrist" VRCr RSP\ (JLW ,ememberin without ceasin your work of faith, and labour of love, and patience of hope in our Lord Jesus )hrist, in the si#ht of God and our -ather! VPTh PS] (JLW )hrist Q si Q si' see JphoneticallyK Q see Come, see a man, which told me all thin s that ever I didS is not this the )hristO VJhn ^SRH (JLW Let )hrist the (in of Israel descend now from the cross, that we may see and believe" #nd they that were crucified with him reviled him" V.ar PNS]R (JLW #nd it was revealed unto him by the Joly Ghost, that he should not see death, before he had seen the Lord1s )hrist" VLuk RSRG (JLW )hrist Q irth Q irth' earth JphoneticallyK Q earth The kin s of the earth stood up, and the rulers were athered to ether a ainst the Lord, and a ainst his )hrist" V#ct ^SRG (JLW Javin made known unto us the mystery of his will, accordin to his ood pleasure which he hath purposed in himselfS That in the dispensation of the fulness of times he mi ht ather to ether in one all thin s in )hrist, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth! even in himS V2ph PSH%PI (JLW #nd from Jesus )hrist, who is the faithful witness, and the first be otten of the dead, and the prince of the kin s of the earth" `nto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood, #nd hath made us kin s and priests unto God and his -ather! to him be lory and dominion for ever and ever" #men" V,ev PSN%G (JLW )hrist Q ish Q ish J,an' +ebre5K Q ,an Come, see a ,an, which told me all thin s that ever I didS is not this the )hristO VJhn ^SRH (JLW But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you" +ow if any ,an have not the Spirit of )hrist, he is none of his" #nd if )hrist be in you, the body is dead because of sin! but the Spirit is life because of ri hteousness" But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up )hrist from the dead shall also Kuicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you" V,om QSH%PP (JLW -or we are labourers to ether with GodS ye are God1s husbandry, ye are God1s buildin " #ccordin to the race of God which is iven unto me, as a wise masterbuilder, I have laid the foundation, and another buildeth thereon" But let every

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,an take heed how he buildeth thereupon" -or other foundation can no ,an lay than that is laid, which is Jesus )hrist" VPCr ]SH%PP (JLW But I would have you know, that the head of every ,an is )hrist! and the head of the woman is the ,an! and the head of )hrist is God" VPCr PPS] (JLW But now is )hrist risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept" -or since by ,an came death, by ,an came also the resurrection of the dead" -or as in #dam all die, even so in )hrist shall all be made alive" But every ,an in his own orderS )hrist the firstfruits! afterward they that are Christ1s at his comin " VPCr PNSRI%R] (JLW If any ,an love not the Lord Jesus )hrist, let him be #nathema .aranatha" VPCr PGSRR (JLW -or the love of )hrist constraineth us! because we thus Uud e, that if one died for all, then were all deadS #nd that he died for all, that they which live should not henceforth live unto themselves, but unto him which died for them, and rose a ain" )herefore henceforth know we no ,an after the fleshS yea, thou h we have known )hrist after the flesh, yet now henceforth know we him no more" Therefore if any ,an be in )hrist, he is a new creatureS old thin s are passed away! behold, all thin s are become new" #nd all thin s are of God, who hath reconciled us to himself by Jesus )hrist, and hath iven to us the ministry of reconciliation! To wit, that God was in )hrist, reconcilin the world unto himself, not imputin their trespasses unto them! and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation" VRCr NSP^%PH (JLW But I certify you, brethren, that the ospel which was preached of me is not after ,an" -or I neither received it of ,an, neither was I tau ht it, but by the revelation of Jesus )hrist" VGal PSPP%PR (JLW (nowin that a ,an is not Uustified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus )hrist, even we have believed in Jesus )hrist, that we mi ht be Uustified by the faith of )hrist, and not by the works of the lawS for by the works of the law shall no flesh be Uustified" VGal RSPG (JLW -orbearin one another, and for ivin one another, if any ,an have a Kuarrel a ainst anyS even as )hrist for ave you, so also do ye" VCol ]SP] (JLW .y little children, these thin s write I unto you, that ye sin not" #nd if any ,an sin, we have an advocate with the -ather, Jesus )hrist the ri hteousS #nd he is the propitiation for our sinsS and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world" VPJo RSP%R (JLW )hrist Q his But these are written, that ye mi ht believe that Jesus is the )hrist, the Son of God! and that believin ye mi ht have life throu h his name" VJhn RIS]P (JLW But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, )hrist died for us" V,om NSQ (JLW (now ye not, that so many of us as were bapti'ed into Jesus )hrist were bapti'ed into his deathO V,om GS] (JLW But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you" +ow if any man have not the Spirit of )hrist, he is none of his" V,om QSH (JLW -or we are his workmanship, created in )hrist Jesus unto ood works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them" V2ph RSPI (JLW +evertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, havin this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his" #nd, Let every one that nameth the name of )hrist depart from iniKuity" VRTi RSPH (JLW I char e thee therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus )hrist, who shall Uud e the Kuick and the dead at his appearin and his kin dom! VRTi ^SP (JLW -or even hereunto were ye calledS because )hrist also suffered for us, leavin us an e$ample, that ye should follow his stepsS VP=e RSRP (JLW #nd I heard a loud voice sayin in heaven, +ow is come salvation, and stren th, and the kin dom of our God, and the power of his )hristS for the accuser of our brethren is cast down, which accused them before our God day and ni ht" V,ev PRSPI (JLW

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)hrist Q this #nd said unto the woman, +ow we believe, not because of thy sayin S for we have heard him ourselves, and know that this is indeed the )hrist, the Saviour of the world" VJhn ^S^R (JLW #nd this is life eternal, that they mi ht know thee the only true God, and Jesus )hrist, whom thou hast sent" VJhn P\S] (JLW But if our ospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lostS In whom the od of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the li ht of the lorious ospel of )hrist, who is the ima e of God, should shine unto them" VRCr ^S]%^ (JLW In every thin ive thanksS for this is the will of God in )hrist Jesus concernin you" VPTh NSPQ (JLW

#nd this is his commandment, That we should believe on the name of his Son Jesus )hrist, and love one another, as he ave us commandment" VPJo ]SR] (JLW #nd we know that the Son of God is come, and hath iven us an understandin , that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus )hrist" This is the true God, and eternal life" VPJo NSRI (JLW -or many deceivers are entered into the world, who confess not that Jesus )hrist is come in the flesh" This is a deceiver and an antichrist" VRJo PS\ (JLW )hrist Q tri Q tri' try JphoneticallyK Q try Beloved, think it not stran e concernin the fiery trial which is to try you, as thou h some stran e thin happened unto youS But reUoice, inasmuch as ye are partakers of )hristTs sufferin s! that, when his lory shall be revealed, ye may be lad also with e$ceedin Uoy" If ye be reproached for the name of )hrist, happy are ye! for the spirit of lory and of God resteth upon youS on their part he is evil spoken of, but on your part he is lorified" VP=e ^SPR%P^ (JLW Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of GodS because many false prophets are one out into the world" Jereby know ye the Spirit of GodS 2very spirit that confesseth that Jesus )hrist is come in the flesh is of GodS #nd every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus )hrist is come in the flesh is not of GodS and this is that spirit of antichrist, whereof ye have heard that it should come! and even now already is it in the world" VPJo ^SP%] (JLW )hrist Q shirt Q shirt' rai,ent Jsynony,K Q rai,ent Then said Jesus, -ather, for ive them! for they know not what they do" #nd they parted his rai,ent, and cast lots" #nd the people stood beholdin " #nd the rulers also with them derided him, sayin , Je saved others! let him save himself, if he be )hrist, the chosen of God" VLuk R]S]^%]N (JLW )hrist Q hi Q hi' hi#h JphoneticallyK Q hi#h )herefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly callin , consider the #postle and +i#h =riest of our profession, )hrist Jesus! )ho was faithful to him that appointed him, as also .oses was faithful in all his house" -or this man was counted worthy of more lory than .oses, inasmuch as he who hath builded the house hath more honour than the house" -or every house is builded by some man! but he that built all thin s is God" #nd .oses verily was faithful in all his house, as a servant, for a testimony of those thin s which were to be spoken after! But )hrist as a son over his own house! whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the reUoicin of the hope firm unto the end" VJbr ]SP%G (JLW But )hrist bein come an hi#h priest of ood thin s to come, by a reater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this buildin ! +either by the blood of oats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, havin obtained eternal redemption for us" VJbr HSPP%PR (JLW

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+ot as thou h I had already attained, either were already perfectS but I follow after, if that I may apprehend that for which also I am apprehended of )hrist Jesus" Brethren, I count not myself to have apprehendedS but this one thin 6 do, for ettin those thin s which are behind, and reachin forth unto those thin s which are before, I press toward the mark for the pri'e of the hi#h callin of God in )hrist Jesus" Let us therefore, as many as be perfect, be thus mindedS and if in any thin ye be otherwise minded, God shall reveal even this unto you" +evertheless, whereto we have already attained, let us walk by the same rule, let us mind the same thin " V=hl ]SPR%PG (JLW )hrist Q its Q its' itTs' it is Q it is #nd said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved )hrist to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third dayS VLuk R^S^G (JLW -or I am not ashamed of the ospel of )hristS for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth! to the Jew first, and also to the Greek" V,om PSPG (JLW )ho is he that condemnethO .t is )hrist that died, yea rather, that is risen a ain, who is even at the ri ht hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us" V,om QS]^ (JLW )hrist hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, bein made a curse for usS for it is written, Cursed is every one that han eth on a treeS VGal ]SP] (JLW This is he that came by water and blood, even Jesus )hrist! not by water only, but by water and blood" #nd it is the Spirit that beareth witness, because the Spirit is truth" VPJo NSG (JLW -or unto you it is iven in the behalf of )hrist, not only to believe on him, but also to suffer for his sake! V=hl PSRH (JLW )hrist Q sic Q sic' sic! JphoneticallyK Q sic! #nd it came to pass, as =eter passed throu hout all Nuarters, he came down also to the saints which dwelt at Lydda" #nd there he found a certain man named #eneas, which had kept his bed ei ht years, and was sic! of the palsy" #nd =eter said unto him, #eneas, Jesus )hrist maketh thee wholeS arise, and make thy bed" #nd he arose immediately" #nd all that dwelt at Lydda and Saron saw him, and turned to the Lord" V#ct HS]R%]N (JLW )hrist Q cri Q cri' cry JphoneticallyK Q cry -or ye have not received the spirit of bonda e a ain to fear! but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, #bba, -ather" The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of GodS #nd if children, then heirs! heirs of God, and Uoint%heirs with )hrist! if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also lorified to ether" V,om QSPN%P\ (JLW

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co,,and,ents Voccurs P\P times in PGQ verses in the (JLW co,,and,ents Q The co,,and,ents are prescriptions' or directions of God' concernin# particular ,atters' 5hich +e 5anted obser9ed 5ith reference to circu,stances as they arose' in a period 5hen +e spa!e i,,ediately and 5ith #reater freBuency than after5ard6 )o,,and,ents' the Ten: ,oral la56 These co,,and,ents 5ere first #i9en in their 5ritten for, to the people of Israel 5hen they 5ere enca,ped at inai' about fifty days after they ca,e out of E#ypt AE@d *9:*0? 28E6 They 5ere 5ritten by the fin#er of God on t5o tables of stone6 The first tables 5ere bro!en by 1oses 5hen he brou#ht the, do5n fro, the ,ount A02:*9E' bein# thro5n by hi, on the #round6 At the co,,and of God he too! up into the ,ount t5o other tables' and God 5rote on the, Uthe 5ords that 5ere on the first tablesU A03:*E6 These tables 5ere after5ards placed in the ar! of the co9enant ADeu *0:8R *>i <:9E6 co,,and,ents Q deo or dens Q Deo or Deus JGod' /atinK Q God That ye may remember, and do all my co,,and,ents, and be holy unto your God" V+um PNS^I (JLW (now therefore that the LM,/ thy God, he is God, the faithful God, which keepeth covenant and mercy with them that love him and keep his co,,and,ents to a thousand enerations! V/eu \SH (JLW That they mi ht set their hope in God, and not for et the works of God, but keep his co,,and,entsS V=sa \QS\ (JLW #nd Jesus answered him, The first of all the co,,and,ents is, Jear, M Israel! The Lord our God is one LordS #nd thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy stren thS this is the first commandment" V.ar PRSRH%]I (JLW By this we know that we love the children of God, when we love God, and keep his co,,and,ents" -or this is the love of God, that we keep his co,,and,entsS and his co,,and,ents are not rievous" VPJo NSR%] (JLW #nd the dra on was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the co,,and,ents of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ" V,ev PRSP\ (JLW Jere is the patience of the saintsS here are they that keep the co,,and,ents of God, and the faith of Jesus" V,ev P^SPR (JLW co,,and,ents Q adon Q Adon J/.-D' +ebre5K Q /.-D #nd one of the scribes came, and havin heard them reasonin to ether, and perceivin that he had answered them well, asked him, )hich is the first commandment of allO #nd Jesus answered him, The first of all the co,,and,ents is, Jear, M Israel! The /ord our God is one /ordS #nd thou shalt love the /ord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy stren thS this is the first commandment" #nd the second is like, namely this, Thou shalt love thy nei hbour as thyself" There is none other commandment reater than these" V.ar PRSRQ%]P (JLW co,,and,ents Q ,ose, Q ,oseV' 1oses Q 1oses #nd the LM,/ said unto 1oses, Come up to me into the mount, and be thereS and I will ive thee tables of stone, and a law, and co,,and,ents which I have written! that thou mayest teach them" V2$d R^SPR (JLW #nd the LM,/ said unto 1oses, )rite thou these wordsS for after the tenor of these words I have made a covenant with thee and with Israel" #nd he was there with the LM,/ forty days and forty ni hts! he did neither eat bread, nor drink water" #nd he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten co,,and,ents" #nd it came to pass, when 1oses came down from mount Sinai with the two tables of testimony in .oses1 hand, when he came down from

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the mount, that 1oses wist not that the skin of his face shone while he talked with him" V2$d ]^SR\%RH (JLW These are the co,,and,ents, which the LM,/ commanded 1oses for the children of Israel in mount Sinai" VLev R\S]^ (JLW But take dili ent heed to do the commandment and the law, which 1oses the servant of the LM,/ char ed you, to love the LM,/ your God, and to walk in all his ways, and to keep his co,,and,ents, and to cleave unto him, and to serve him with all your heart and with all your soul" VJos RRSN (JLW co,,and,ents Q no,e Q no,e' no,oi JphoneticallyK Q no,oi Jla5' Gree!K Q la5' la5s Jsynony,K Q la5AsE .y son, for et not my la5! but let thine heart keep my co,,and,entsS V=ro ]SP (JLW (eep my co,,and,ents, and live! and my la5 as the apple of thine eye" V=ro \SR (JLW .aster, which is the reat commandment in the la5O Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind" This is the first and reat commandment" #nd the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy nei hbour as thyself" Mn these two co,,and,ents han all the la5 and the prophets" V.at RRS]G%^I (JLW co,,and,ents Q deca Q deca Jten' Gree!K Q ten co,,and,ents Q ten #nd he was there with the LM,/ forty days and forty ni hts! he did neither eat bread, nor drink water" #nd he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten co,,and,ents" V2$d ]^SRQ (JLW #nd he wrote on the tables, accordin to the first writin , the ten co,,and,ents, which the LM,/ spake unto you in the mount out of the midst of the fire in the day of the assemblyS and the LM,/ ave them unto me" V/eu PIS^ (JLW co,,and,ents Q stone #nd the LM,/ said unto .oses, Come up to me into the mount, and be thereS and I will ive thee tables of stone, and a law, and co,,and,ents which I have written! that thou mayest teach them" V2$d R^SPR (JLW #nd he declared unto you his covenant, which he commanded you to perform, even ten co,,and,ents! and he wrote them upon two tables of stone" V/eu ^SP] (JLW #t that time the LM,/ said unto me, Jew thee two tables of stone like unto the first, and come up unto me into the mount, and make thee an ark of wood" #nd I will write on the tables the words that were in the first tables which thou brakest, and thou shalt put them in the ark" #nd I made an ark of shittim wood, and hewed two tables of stone like unto the first, and went up into the mount, havin the two tables in mine hand" #nd he wrote on the tables, accordin to the first writin , the ten co,,and,ents, which the LM,/ spake unto you in the mount out of the midst of the fire in the day of the assemblyS and the LM,/ ave them unto me" #nd I turned myself and came down from the mount, and put the tables in the ark which I had made! and there they be, as the LM,/ commanded me" V/eu PISP%N (JLW co,,and,ents Q etsda Q etsba Jfin#erAsE' +ebre5K Q fin#erAsE #nd he ave unto .oses, when he had made an end of communin with him upon mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables of stone, written with the fin#er of God" V2$d ]PSPQ (JLW (eep my co,,and,ents, and live! and my law as the apple of thine eye" Bind them upon thy fin#ers, write them upon the table of thine heart" V=ro \SR%] (JLW

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co,,and,ents Q ,otAsE Q ,otAsE J5ordAsE' %renchK Q 5ordAsE #nd the LM,/ said unto .oses, )rite thou these 5ordsS for after the tenor of these 5ords I have made a covenant with thee and with Israel" #nd he was there with the LM,/ forty days and forty ni hts! he did neither eat bread, nor drink water" #nd he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten co,,and,ents" V2$d ]^SR\%RQ (JLW Je tau ht me also, and said unto me, Let thine heart retain my 5ordsS keep my co,,and,ents, and live" V=ro ^S^ (JLW .y son, keep my 5ords, and lay up my co,,and,ents with thee" V=ro \SP (JLW Bless the LM,/, ye his an els, that e$cel in stren th, that do his co,,and,ents, hearkenin unto the voice of his 5ord" V=sa PI]SRI (JLW .y ton ue shall speak of thy 5ordS for all thy co,,and,ents are ri hteousness" V=sa PPHSP\R (JLW co,,and,ents Q ,an =raise ye the LM,/" Blessed is the ,an that feareth the LM,/, that deli hteth reatly in his co,,and,ents" V=sa PPRSP (JLW Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matterS -ear God, and keep his co,,and,entsS for this is the whole duty of ,an" V2cc PRSP] (JLW co,,and,ents Q ,en )hosoever therefore shall break one of these least co,,and,ents, and shall teach ,en so, he shall be called the least in the kin dom of heavenS but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called reat in the kin dom of heaven" V.at NSPH (JLW But in vain they do worship me, teachin for doctrines the co,,and,ents of ,en" V.at PNSH (JLW +ot ivin heed to Jewish fables, and co,,and,ents of ,en, that turn from the truth" VTts PSP^ (JLW co,,and,ents Q ad ,o, Q ab Jfather' +ebre5K S ,o,' ,other Jsynony,K Q father ,other Thou knowest the co,,and,ents, /o not commit adultery, /o not kill, /o not steal, /o not bear false witness, /efraud not, Jonour thy father and ,other" V.ar PISPH (JLW co,,and,ents Q ,o,an Q 5o,an #nd the dra on was wroth with the 5o,an, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the co,,and,ents of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ" V,ev PRSP\ (JLW co,,and,ents Q ,on den Q ,on J,y' %renchK S ben Json' +ebre5K Q ,y son 1y son' if thou wilt receive ,y words, and hide ,y co,,and,ents with thee! So that thou incline thine ear unto wisdom, and apply thine heart to understandin ! *ea, if thou criest after knowled e, and liftest up thy voice for understandin ! If thou seekest her as silver, and searchest for her as for hid treasures! Then shalt thou understand the fear of the LM,/, and find the knowled e of God" V=ro RSP%N (JLW 1y son, for et not my law! but let thine heart keep my co,,and,entsS -or len th of days, and lon life, and peace, shall they add to thee" Let not mercy and truth forsake theeS bind them about thy neck! write them upon the table of thine heartS So shalt thou find favour and ood understandin in the si ht of God and man" V=ro ]SP%^ (JLW

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1y son, keep my words, and lay up my co,,and,ents with thee" V=ro \SP (JLW co,,and,ents Q den Q ben Jchildren' people' +ebre5K Q children' people co,,and,ents Q a, Q Ta, Jchildren' people' +ebre5K Q people Thou shalt keep therefore his statutes, and his co,,and,ents, which I command thee this day, that it may o well with thee, and with thy children after thee, and that thou mayest prolon thy days upon the earth, which the LM,/ thy God iveth thee, for ever" V/eu ^S^I (JLW M that there were such an heart in them, that they would fear me, and keep all my co,,and,ents always, that it mi ht be well with them, and with their children for everb V/eu NSRH (JLW The LM,/ shall establish thee an holy people unto himself, as he hath sworn unto thee, if thou shalt keep the co,,and,ents of the LM,/ thy God, and walk in his ways" V/eu RQSH (JLW )hosoever believeth that Jesus is the Christ is born of GodS and every one that loveth him that be at loveth him also that is be otten of him" By this we know that we love the children of God, when we love God, and keep his co,,and,ents" VPJo NSP%R (JLW co,,and,ents Q !o,,and,ents JphoneticallyK Q !ead ,on Q !eap S ,on J,y' %renchK Q !eap' !eep JphoneticallyK S ,y Q !eep ,y #nd the LM,/ said unto .oses, Jow lon refuse ye to !eep ,y co,,and,ents and ,y lawsO V2$d PGSRQ (JLW Therefore shall ye !eep ,y co,,and,ents, and do themS I am the LM,/" VLev RRS]P (JLW #nd shewin mercy unto thousands of them that love me and !eep ,y co,,and,ents" V/eu NSPI (JLW 1y son, for et not ,y law! but let thine heart !eep ,y commandmentsS V=ro ]SP (JLW If ye love me, !eep ,y co,,and,ents" """Je that hath ,y co,,and,ents, and keepeth them, he it is that loveth meS and he that loveth me shall be loved of ,y -ather, and I will love him, and will manifest myself to him" VJhn P^SPN, RP (JLW If ye !eep ,y co,,and,ents, ye shall abide in ,y love! even as I have kept ,y -ather1s commandments, and abide in his love" VJhn PNSPI (JLW co,,and,ents Q !a,,and,ents Q !ead Q !eap' !eep JphoneticallyK Q !eep *e shall walk after the LM,/ your God, and fear him, and !eep his co,,and,ents, and obey his voice, and ye shall serve him, and cleave unto him" V/eu P]S^ (JLW That they mi ht set their hope in God, and not for et the works of God, but !eep his co,,and,entsS V=sa \QS\ (JLW I made haste, and delayed not to !eep thy co,,and,ents" V=sa PPHSGI (JLW #nd hereby we do know that we know him, if we !eep his co,,and,ents" Je that saith, I know him, and keepeth not his co,,and,ents, is a liar, and the truth is not in him" But whoso keepeth his word, in him verily is the love of God perfectedS hereby know we that we are in him" Je that saith he abideth in him ou ht himself also so to walk, even as he

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walked" VPJo RS]%G (JLW -or if our heart condemn us, God is reater than our heart, and knoweth all thin s" Beloved, if our heart condemn us not, then have we confidence toward God" #nd whatsoever we ask, we receive of him, because we !eep his co,,and,ents, and do those thin s that are pleasin in his si ht" VPJo ]SRI%RR (JLW )hosoever believeth that Jesus is the Christ is born of GodS and every one that loveth him that be at loveth him also that is be otten of him" By this we know that we love the children of God, when we love God, and !eep his co,,and,ents" -or this is the love of God, that we !eep his co,,and,entsS and his co,,and,ents are not rievous" -or whatsoever is born of God overcometh the worldS and this is the victory that overcometh the world, even our faith" )ho is he that overcometh the world, but he that believeth that Jesus is the Son of GodO VPJo NSP%N (JLW #nd the dra on was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which !eep the co,,and,ents of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ" V,ev PRSP\ (JLW Jere is the patience of the saintsS here are they that !eep the co,,and,ents of God, and the faith of Jesus" V,ev P^SPR (JLW co,,and,ents Q !o,,and,ents JphoneticallyK Q !ead not Q !eap S not Q !eap' !eep JphoneticallyK S not Q !eep not If his children forsake my law, and walk not in my Uud ments! If they break my statutes, and !eep not my co,,and,ents! Then will I visit their trans ression with the rod, and their iniKuity with stripes" +evertheless my lovin kindness will I not utterly take from him, nor suffer my faithfulness to fail" V=sa QHS]I%]] (JLW co,,and,ents Q dne not Q due' do JphoneticallyK S not Q do not Thou knowest the co,,and,ents, Do not commit adultery, Do not kill, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, /efraud not, Jonour thy father and mother" V.ar PISPH (JLW I have one astray like a lost sheep! seek thy servant! for I do not for et thy co,,and,ents" V=sa PPHSP\G (JLW co,,and,ents Q do Therefore shall ye keep my co,,and,ents, and do themS I am the LM,/" VLev RRS]P (JLW #nd thou shalt return and obey the voice of the LM,/, and do all his co,,and,ents which I command thee this day" V/eu ]ISQ (JLW Bless the LM,/, ye his an els, that e$cel in stren th, that do his co,,and,ents, hearkenin unto the voice of his word" V=sa PI]SRI (JLW The fear of the LM,/ is the be innin of wisdomS a ood understandin have all they that do his !omman$mentsS his praise endureth for ever" V=sa PPPSPI (JLW Thou hast rebuked the proud that are cursed, which do err from thy co,,and,ents"V=sa PPHSRP (JLW #nd hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his co,,and,ents" VPJo RS] (JLW #nd whatsoever we ask, we receive of him, because we keep his co,,and,ents, and do those thin s that are pleasin in his si ht" VPJo ]SRR (JLW Blessed are they that do his co,,and,ents, that they may have ri ht to the tree of life, and may enter in throu h the ates into the city" V,ev RRSP^ (JLW

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co,,and,ents Q not *e shall not add unto the word which I command you, neither shall ye diminish ough[ from it, that ye may keep the co,,and,ents of the LM,/ your God which I command you" V/eu ^SR (JLW Beware that thou for et not the LM,/ thy God, in not keepin his co,,and,ents, and his Uud ments, and his statutes, which I command thee this dayS V/eu QSPP (JLW )ith my whole heart have I sou ht theeS M let me not wander from thy co,,and,ents" V=sa PPHSPI (JLW Je that saith, I know him, and keepeth not his co,,and,ents, is a liar, and the truth is not in him" But whoso keepeth his word, in him verily is the love of God perfectedS hereby know we that we are in him" VPJo RS^%N (JLW -or this is the love of God, that we keep his co,,and,entsS and his co,,and,ents are not rievous" VPJo NS] (JLW co,,andents Q no,est Q no5est' !no5est JphoneticallyK Q !no5est Thou !no5est the co,,and,ents, /o not commit adultery, /o not kill, /o not steal, /o not bear false witness, /efraud not, Jonour thy father and mother" V.ar PISPH (JLW co,,and,ents Q te,ao Q te,ao' ti,ao JphoneticallyK Q ti,ao Jhonour' ;e5 Testa,ent Gree!K Q honour Thou knowest the co,,and,ents, /o not commit adultery, /o not kill, /o not steal, /o not bear false witness, /efraud not, +onour thy father and mother" V.ar PISPH (JLW co,,and,ents Q to,d AorE tu,d Q to5b AorE tu5b Q to5b AorE tu5b J#ood' +ebre5K Q #ood The fear of the LM,/ is the be innin of wisdomS a #ood understandin have all they that do his !omman$mentsS his praise endureth for ever" V=sa PPPSPI (JLW Teach me #ood Uud ment and knowled eS for I have believed thy co,,and,ents" V=sa PPHSGG (JLW #nd, behold, one came and said unto him, Good .aster, what #ood thin shall I do, that I may have eternal lifeO #nd he said unto him, )hy callest thou me #oodO there is none #ood but one, that is, GodS but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the co,,and,ents" V.at PHSPG%P\ (JLW co,,and,ents Q co,e nd tn Q co,e S up S tu Q co,e S up S tu' to JphoneticallyK Q co,e up to #nd the LM,/ said unto .oses, )o,e up to me into the mount, and be thereS and I will ive thee tables of stone, and a law, and co,,and,ents which I have written! that thou mayest teach them" V2$d R^SPR (JLW co,,and,ents Q co,e tn das Q co,e S tu S pas Q co,e S tu' to JphoneticallyK S pas' pass JphoneticallyK Q co,e to pass #nd it shall co,e to pass, if ye shall hearken dili ently unto my co,,and,ents which I command you this day, to love the LM,/ your God, and to serve him with all your heart and with all your soul, That I will ive you the rain of your land in his due season, the first rain and the latter rain, that thou mayest ather in thy corn, and thy wine, and thine oil" V/eu PPSP]%P^ (JLW

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co,,and,ents Q ca,est do,n Q ca,est do5n Thou ca,est do5n also upon mount Sinai, and spakest with them from heaven, and avest them ri ht Uud ments, and true laws, ood statutes and co,,and,entsS #nd madest known unto them thy holy sabbath, and commandedst them precepts, statutes, and laws, by the hand of .oses thy servantS V+eh HSP]%P^ (JLW co,,and,ents Q ca,e do,n Q ca,e do5n #nd he was there with the LM,/ forty days and forty ni hts! he did neither eat bread, nor drink water" #nd he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten co,,and,ents" #nd it came to pass, when .oses ca,e do5n from mount Sinai with the two tables of testimony in .oses1 hand, when he came down from the mount, that .oses wist not that the skin of his face shone while he talked with him" V2$d ]^SRQ%RH (JLW co,,and,ents Q sed nnto Q sed' said JphoneticallyK S unto Q said unto #nd the LM,/ said unto .oses, Come up to me into the mount, and be thereS and I will ive thee tables of stone, and a law, and co,,and,ents which I have written! that thou mayest teach them" V2$d R^SPR (JLW Je tau ht me also, and said unto me, Let thine heart retain my wordsS keep my co,,and,ents, and live" V=ro ^S^ (JLW co,,and,ents Q !o,,and,ents JphoneticallyK Q sda!e nnto Q spa!e unto #nd the LM,/ spa!e unto you out of the midst of the fireS ye heard the voice of the words, but saw no similitude! only ye heard a voice" #nd he declared unto you his covenant, which he commanded you to perform, even ten co,,and,ents! and he wrote them upon two tables of stone" V/eu ^SPR%P] (JLW #nd he wrote on the tables, accordin to the first writin , the ten co,,and,ents, which the LM,/ spa!e unto you in the mount out of the midst of the fire in the day of the assemblyS and the LM,/ ave them unto me" V/eu PIS^ (JLW co,,and,ents Q !o,,and,ents Q sdea! nnto Q spea! unto pea! unto the children of Israel, sayin , If a soul shall sin throu h i norance a ainst any of the co,,and,ents of the LM,/ concerning things which ou ht not to be done, and shall do a ainst any of themS VLev ^SR (JLW But as for thee, stand thou here by me, and I will spea! unto thee all the co,,and,ents, and the statutes, and the Uud ments, which thou shalt teach them, that they may do them in the land which I ive them to possess it" V/eu NS]P (JLW co,,and,ents Q !o,,and,ents Q sdea! ,ot Q spea! S ,ot J5ord' %renchK Q spea! 5ord .y ton ue shall spea! of thy 5ordS for all thy co,,and,ents are ri hteousness" V=sa PPHSP\R (JLW co,,and,ents Q ,oc Q 5oc' 5al! JphoneticallyK Q 5al! Let your heart therefore be perfect with the LM,/ our God, to 5al! in his statutes, and to keep his co,,and,ents, as at this day" VP(i QSGP (JLW

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#nd this is love, that we 5al! after his co,,and,ents" This is the commandment, That, as ye have heard from the be innin , ye should 5al! in it" VRJo PSG (JLW co,,and,ents Q dace Q pace Jpeace' ItalianK Q peace Thus saith the LM,/, thy ,edeemer, the Joly Mne of Israel! I am the LM,/ thy God which teacheth thee to profit, which leadeth thee by the way that thou shouldest o" M that thou hadst hearkened to my co,,and,entsb then had thy peace been as a river, and thy ri hteousness as the waves of the seaS VIsa ^QSP\%PQ (JLW Javin abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of co,,and,ents contained in ordinances! for to make in himself of twain one new man, so makin peace! #nd that he mi ht reconcile both unto God in one body by the cross, havin slain the enmity therebyS V2ph RSPN%PG (JLW co,,and,ents Q a,e Q a,e Jsoul' %renchK Q soul #nd it shall come to pass, if ye shall hearken dili ently unto my co,,and,ents which I command you this day, to love the LM,/ your God, and to serve him with all your heart and with all your soul, That I will ive you the rain of your land in his due season, the first rain and the latter rain, that thou mayest ather in thy corn, and thy wine, and thine oil" V/eu PPSP]%P^ (JLW But take dili ent heed to do the commandment and the law, which .oses the servant of the LM,/ char ed you, to love the LM,/ your God, and to walk in all his ways, and to keep his co,,and,ents, and to cleave unto him, and to serve him with all your heart and with all your soul" VJos RRSN (JLW co,,and,ents Q da, Q da, Jblood' +ebre5K Q blood co,,and,ents Q e,a Q e,a Jblood' Gree!K Q blood #nd the LM,/ spake unto .oses, sayin , Speak unto the children of Israel, sayin , If a soul shall sin throu h i norance a ainst any of the co,,and,ents of the LM,/ concerning things which ou ht not to be done, and shall do a ainst any of themS If the priest that is anointed do sin accordin to the sin of the people! then let him brin for his sin, which he hath sinned, a youn bullock without blemish unto the LM,/ for a sin offerin " #nd he shall brin the bullock unto the door of the tabernacle of the con re ation before the LM,/! and shall lay his hand upon the bullock1s head, and kill the bullock before the LM,/" #nd the priest that is anointed shall take of the bullock1s blood, and brin it to the tabernacle of the con re ationS #nd the priest shall dip his fin er in the blood, and sprinkle of the blood seven times before the LM,/, before the vail of the sanctuary" #nd the priest shall put some of the blood upon the horns of the altar of sweet incense before the LM,/, which is in the tabernacle of the con re ation! and shall pour all the blood of the bullock at the bottom of the altar of the burnt offerin , which is at the door of the tabernacle of the con re ation" VLev ^SP%\ (JLW That at that time ye were without Christ, bein aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and stran ers from the covenants of promise, havin no hope, and without God in the worldS But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made ni h by the blood of Christ" -or he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us! Javin abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of co,,and,ents contained in ordinances! for to make in himself of twain one new man, so makin peace! #nd that he mi ht reconcile both unto God in one body by the cross, havin slain the enmity therebyS #nd came and preached peace to you which were afar off, and to them that were ni h" V2ph RSPR%P\ (JLW co,,and,ents Q ets Q Tets Jtree' +ebre5K Q tree Blessed are they that do his co,,and,ents, that they may have ri ht to the tree of life, and may enter in throu h the

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ates into the city" V,ev RRSP^ (JLW co,,and,ents Q deast Q beast #nd the third an el followed them, sayin with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his ima e, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand, The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mi$ture into the cup of his indi nation! and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy an els, and in the presence of the LambS #nd the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and everS and they have no rest day nor ni ht, who worship the beast and his ima e, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name" Jere is the patience of the saintsS here are they that keep the co,,and,ents of God, and the faith of Jesus" V,ev P^SH%PR (JLW co,,and,ents Q t,o or dno Q t5o or duo Jt5o' Gree!' /atinK Q t5o #nd he declared unto you his covenant, which he commanded you to perform, even ten co,,and,ents! and he wrote them upon t5o tables of stone" V/eu ^SP] (JLW .aster, which is the reat commandment in the lawO Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind" This is the first and reat commandment" #nd the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy nei hbour as thyself" Mn these t5o co,,and,ents han all the law and the prophets" V.at RRS]G%^I (JLW co,,and,ents Q one )hosoever therefore shall break one of these least co,,and,ents, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kin dom of heavenS but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called reat in the kin dom of heaven" V.at NSPH (JLW #nd he said unto him, )hy callest thou me oodO there is none ood but one, that is, GodS but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the co,,and,ents" V.at PHSP\ (JLW #nd Jesus answered him, The first of all the co,,and,ents is, Jear, M Israel! The Lord our God is one LordS #nd thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy stren thS this is the first commandment" V.ar PRSRH%]I (JLW

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de9il Voccurs GP times in N\ verses in the (JLW de9il Q diabolos JGree!K' slanderer' false accuser' de,on #nd the #reat dra#on was cast out, that old serpent, called the De9il' and atan' 5hich decei9eth the 5hole 5orldS he was cast out into the earth, and his an els were cast out with him" #nd I heard a loud voice sayin in heaven, +ow is come salvation, and stren th, and the kin dom of our God, and the power of his ChristS for the accuser of our brethren is cast down, which accused them before our God day and ni ht" V,ev PRSH%PI (JLW de9il Q d S li9e Q de? Jre9erse the action of' re,o9e' "refi@K S li9e' life Jsynony,K Q a5ay fro,' re9erse the action of' re,o9e life -orasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same! that throu h death he mi ht destroy hi, that had the po5er of death' that is' the de9il! VJbr RSP^ (JLW Be sober, be vi ilant! because your adversary the de9il, as a roarin# lion' 5al!eth about' see!in# 5ho, he ,ay de9ourS VP=e NSQ (JLW The people answered and said, Thou hast a de9ilS who oeth about to !ill theeO VJhn \SRI (JLW de9il Q d S e9il Q d' de JphoneticallyK S e9il Q de' de? S e9il' sin Jsynony,K Q re9erse the action of' re,o9e sin Je that committeth sin is of the de9il! for the de9il sinneth from the be innin " -or this purpose the Son of God was manifested' that he ,i#ht destroy the 5or!s of the de9il" VPJo ]SQ (JLW de9il Q 9ied l Q 9ied S l' el JphoneticallyK Q 9ied' contend' 5ar Jsynony,sK S el JGod' +ebre5K Q 5ar God #nd there was 5ar in heavenS .ichael and his an els fou ht a ainst the dra on! and the dra on fou ht and his an els, #nd prevailed not! neither was their place found any more in heaven" #nd the reat dra on was cast out, that old serpent, called the De9il, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole worldS he was cast out into the earth, and his an els were cast out with him" #nd I heard a loud voice sayin in heaven, +ow is come salvation, and stren th, and the kin dom of our God, and the power of his ChristS for the accuser of our brethren is cast down, which accused them before our God day and ni ht" #nd they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony! and they loved not their lives unto the death" Therefore reUoice, ye heavens, and ye that dwell in them" )oe to the inhabiters of the earth and of the seab for the de9il is come down unto you, havin reat wrath, because he knoweth that he hath but a short time" V,ev PRS\%PR (JLW de9il Q 9ie Q 9ie Jlife' %renchK Q life -ear none of those thin s which thou shalt sufferS behold, the de9il shall cast some of you into prison, that ye may be tried! and ye shall have tribulation ten daysS be thou faithful unto death, and I will ive thee a crown of life" V,ev RSPI (JLW de9il Q lie *e are of your father the de9il, and the lusts of your father ye will do" Je was a murderer from the be innin , and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him" )hen he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his ownS for he is a liar, and the father of it" VJhn QS^^ (JLW

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de9il Q ipe Q ipe Jsaid' Gree!K Q said #nd the de9il said unto him, If thou be the Son of God, command this stone that it be made bread" #nd Jesus answered him, sayin , It is written, That man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of God" #nd the de9il, takin him up into an hi h mountain, shewed unto him all the kin doms of the world in a moment of time" #nd the de9il said unto him, #ll this power will I ive thee, and the lory of themS for that is delivered unto me! and to whomsoever I will I ive it" If thou therefore wilt worship me, all shall be thine" #nd Jesus answered and said unto him, Get thee behind me, SatanS for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve6 VLuk ^S]%Q (JLW de9il Q el Q el JGod' +ebre5K Q God Jow God anointed Jesus of +a'areth with the Joly Ghost and with powerS who went about doin that were oppressed of the de9il! for God was with him" V#ct PIS]Q (JLW Submit yourselves therefore to God" ,esist the de9il, and he will flee from you" VJam ^S\ (JLW In this the children of God are manifest, and the children of the de9ilS whosoever doeth not ri hteousness is not of God, neither he that loveth not his brother" VPJo ]SPI (JLW de9il Q led Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the de9il" V.at ^SP (JLW de9il Q 9il Q 9il' 9ille Jcity' %renchK Q city Then the de9il taketh him up into the holy city, and setteth him on a pinnacle of the temple, #nd saith unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself downS for it is written, Je shall ive his an els char e concernin theeS and in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot a ainst a stone" Jesus said unto him, It is written a ain, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God" V.at ^SN%\ (JLW de9il Q die #nd the serpent said unto the woman, *e shall not surely dieS VGen ]S^ (JLW de9il Q e9il #nd the serpent said unto the woman, *e shall not surely dieS -or God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as ods, knowin ood and e9il" VGen ]S^%N (JLW ood, and healin all

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e9il Voccurs GP] times in NGH verses in the (JLW e9il Q bad' 5ic!ed' hurtful' cala,ity' sin' sinful' ill' 5oe bad' of a bad nature or condition aE in a physical sense: diseased or blind bE in an ethical' ,oral sense: e9il 5ic!ed' bad e9il Q li9e #nd the LM,/ God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know ood and e9ilS and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and li9e for everS VGen ]SRR (JLW This is an e9il amon all things that are done under the sun, that there is one event unto allS yea, also the heart of the sons of men is full of e9il, and madness is in their heart while they li9e, and after that they go to the dead" V2cc HS] (JLW Say unto them, "s I li9e, saith the Lord GM/, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked! but that the wicked turn from his way and li9eS turn ye, turn ye from your e9il ways! for why will ye die, M house of IsraelO V2'e ]]SPP (JLW Seek ood, and not e9il, that ye may li9eS and so the LM,/, the God of hosts, shall be with you, as ye have spoken" V#mo NSP^ (JLW e9il Q lie9 Q lie9' lea9e JphoneticallyK Q lea9e' depart Jsynony,K Q depart #nd unto man he said, Behold, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom! and to depart from e9il is understandin " VJob RQSRQ (JLW Depart from e9il, and do ood! seek peace, and pursue it" V=sa ]^SP^ (JLW Be not wise in thine own eyesS fear the LM,/, and depart from e9il" V=ro ]S\ (JLW By mercy and truth iniKuity is pur edS and by the fear of the LM,/ men depart from e9il" The hi hway of the upri ht is to depart from e9ilS he that keepeth his way preserveth his soul" V=ro PGSG, P\ (JLW )hoso rewardeth e9il for ood, e9il shall not depart from his house" V=ro P\SP] (JLW e9il Q 9ie Q 9ie Jlife' %renchK Q life #nd out of the round made the LM,/ God to row every tree that is pleasant to the si ht, and ood for food! the tree of life also in the midst of the arden, and the tree of knowled e of ood and e9il" VGen RSH (JLW #nd the LM,/ God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know ood and e9ilS and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for everS Therefore the LM,/ God sent him forth from the arden of 2den, to till the round from whence he was taken" So he drove out the man! and he placed at the east of the arden of 2den Cherubims, and a flamin sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life" VGen ]SRR%R^ (JLW e9il Q 9ie Q 9ie Jlife' li9in# %renchK Q life' li9in#

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#nd the LM,/ smelled a sweet savour! and the LM,/ said in his heart, I will not a ain curse the round any more for man1s sake! for the ima ination of man1s heart is e9il from his youth! neither will I a ain smite any more every thin li9in#, as I have done" VGen QSRP (JLW Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an e9il heart of unbelief, in departin from the li9in# God" VJbr ]SPR (JLW #s ri hteousness tendeth to lifeS so he that pursueth e9il pursueth it to his own death" V=ro PPSPH (JLW The fear of the LM,/ tendeth to lifeS and he that hath it shall abide satisfied! he shall not be visited with e9il" V=ro PHSR] (JLW Lerily, verily, I say unto you, Je that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlastin life, and shall not come into condemnation! but is passed from death unto life" Lerily, verily, I say unto you, The hour is comin , and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of GodS and they that hear shall live" -or as the -ather hath life in himself! so hath he iven to the Son to have life in himself! #nd hath iven him authority to e$ecute Uud ment also, because he is the Son of man" .arvel not at thisS for the hour is comin , in the which all that are in the raves shall hear his voice, #nd shall come forth! they that have done ood, unto the resurrection of life! and they that have done e9il, unto the resurrection of damnation" VJhn NSR^%RH (JLW -or he that will love life, and see ood days, let him refrain his ton ue from e9il, and his lips that they speak no uileS VP=e ]SPI (JLW e9il Q 9ile Thus saith the LM,/ of hosts! Behold, I will send upon them the sword, the famine, and the pestilence, and will make them like 9ile fi s, that cannot be eaten, they are so e9il" VJer RHSP\ (JLW e9il Q lie #nd I will ive peace in the land, and ye shall lie down, and none shall make you afraidS and I will rid e9il beasts out of the land, neither shall the sword o throu h your land" VLev RGSG (JLW Thus saith the LM,/, Behold, I will raise up e9il a ainst thee out of thine own house, and I will take thy wives before thine eyes, and ive them unto thy nei hbour, and he shall lie with thy wives in the si ht of this sun" VRSa PRSPP (JLW e9il Q lie Q lie' lies Q lies #nd they bend their ton ues li#e their bow for liesS but they are not valiant for the truth upon the earth! for they proceed from e9il to e9il, and they know not me, saith the LM,/" VJer HS] (JLW e9il Q 9eil +ow where remission of these is, there is no more offerin for sin" Javin therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus, By a new and livin way, which he hath consecrated for us, throu h the 9eil, that is to say, his flesh! #nd having an hi h priest over the house of God! Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, havin our hearts sprinkled from an e9il conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water" VJbr PISPQ%RR (JLW e9il Q el Q God Behold, God will not cast away a perfect Zman[, neither will he help the e9il doersS Till he fill thy mouth with lau hin , and thy lips with reUoicin " VJob QSRI%RP (JLW -or thou art not a God that hath pleasure in wickednessS neither shall e9il dwell with thee" V=sa NS^ (JLW -or he is the minister of God to thee for ood" But if thou do that which is e9il, be afraid! for he beareth not the sword in vainS for he is the minister of God, a reven er to execute wrath upon him that doeth e9il" V,om P]S^ (JLW

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)herefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the e9il day, and havin done all, to stand" V2ph GSP] (JLW )ho ave himself for our sins, that he VJesus ChristW mi ht deliver us from this present e9il world, accordin to the will of God and our -atherS VGal PS^ (JLW Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an e9il heart of unbelief, in departin from the livin God" VJbr ]SPR (JLW Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of GodS for God cannot be tempted with e9il, neither tempteth he any manS But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed" VJam PSP]%P^ (JLW If ye be reproached for the name of Christ, happy are ye! for the spirit of lory and of God resteth upon youS on their part he is e9il spoken of, but on your part he is lorified" VP=e ^SP^ (JLW Beloved, follow not that which is e9il, but that which is ood" Je that doeth ood is of GodS but he that doeth e9il hath not seen God" V]Jo PSPP (JLW e9il Q 9il Q 9il' 9ille JphoneticallyK Q 9ille Jcity' to5n' %renchK Q city' to5n Thus saith the LM,/ of hosts, the God of Israel! Behold, I will brin upon this city and upon all her to5ns all the e9il that I have pronounced a ainst it, because they have hardened their necks, that they mi ht not hear my words" VJer PHSPN (JLW /id not your fathers thus, and did not our God brin all this e9il upon us, and upon this cityO yet ye brin more wrath upon Israel by profanin the sabbath" V+eh P]SPQ (JLW -or I have set my face a ainst this city for e9il, and not for ood, saith the LM,/S it shall be iven into the hand of the kin of Babylon, and he shall burn it with fire" VJer RPSPI (JLW -or, lo, I be in to brin e9il on the city which is called by my name, and should ye be utterly unpunishedO *e shall not be unpunishedS for I will call for a sword upon all the inhabitants of the earth, saith the LM,/ of hosts" VJer RNSRH (JLW e9il Q i9e Q iT9e Q i ha9e #nd the LM,/ smelled a sweet savour! and the LM,/ said in his heart, I will not a ain curse the round any more for man1s sake! for the ima ination of man1s heart is e9il from his youth! neither will I a ain smite any more every thin livin , as I ha9e done" VGen QSRP (JLW See, I ha9e set before thee this day life and ood, and death and e9il! In that I command thee this day to love the LM,/ thy God, to walk in his ways, and to keep his commandments and his statutes and his Uud ments, that thou mayest live and multiplyS and the LM,/ thy God shall bless thee in the land whither thou oest to possess it" V/eu ]ISPN%PG (JLW I ha9e hated the con re ation of e9il doers! and will not sit with the wicked" V=sa RGSN (JLW I ha9e refrained my feet from every e9il way, that I mi ht keep thy word" V=sa PPHSPIP (JLW If that nation, a ainst whom I ha9e pronounced, turn from their e9il, I will repent of the e9il that I thou ht to do unto them" VJer PQSQ (JLW -or thus saith the LM,/! Like as I ha9e brou ht all this reat e9il upon this people, so will I brin upon them all the ood that I have promised them" VJer ]RS^R (JLW Jesus answered him, If I ha9e spoken e9il, bear witness of the e9ilS but if well, why smitest thou meO VJhn PQSR] (JLW

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e9il Q il Q il' ill JphoneticallyK Q ill The shew of their countenance doth witness a ainst them! and they declare their sin as Sodom, they hide it not" )oe unto their soulb for they have rewarded e9il unto themselves" Say ye to the ri hteous, that it shall be well with himS for they shall eat the fruit of their doin s" )oe unto the wickedb it shall be ill with himS for the reward of his hands shall be iven him" VIsa ]SH%PP (JLW e9il Q e9ol JphoneticallyK Q lo9e *e that lo9e the LM,/, hate e9ilS he preserveth the souls of his saints! he delivereth them out of the hand of the wicked" V=sa H\SPI (JLW #nd they have rewarded me e9il for ood, and hatred for my lo9e" V=sa PIHSN (JLW Jate the e9il, and lo9e the ood, and establish Uud ment in the ateS it may be that the LM,/ God of hosts will be racious unto the remnant of Joseph" V#mo NSPN (JLW #nd let none of you ima ine e9il in your hearts a ainst his nei hbour! and lo9e no false oathS for all these are things that I hate, saith the LM,/" VXec QSP\ (JLW -or if ye lo9e them which lo9e you, what thank have yeO for sinners also lo9e those that lo9e them" #nd if ye do ood to them which do ood to you, what thank have yeO for sinners also do even the same" #nd if ye lend to them of whom ye hope to receive, what thank have yeO for sinners also lend to sinners, to receive as much a ain" But lo9e ye your enemies, and do ood, and lend, hopin for nothin a ain! and your reward shall be reat, and ye shall be the children of the Ji hestS for he is kind unto the unthankful and to the e9il" Be ye therefore merciful, as your -ather also is merciful" VLuk GS]R%]G (JLW Let lo9e be without dissimulation" #bhor that which is e9il! cleave to that which is ood" V,om PRSH (JLW -or the lo9e of money is the root of all e9ilS which while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves throu h with many sorrows" VPTi GSPI (JLW -inally, be ye all of one mind, havin compassion one of another, love as brethren, be pitiful, be courteousS +ot renderin e9il for e9il, or railin for railin S but contrariwise blessin ! knowin that ye are thereunto called, that ye should inherit a blessin " -or he that will lo9e life, and see ood days, let him refrain his ton ue from e9il, and his lips that they speak no uileS Let him eschew e9il, and do ood! let him seek peace, and ensue it" -or the eyes of the Lord are over the ri hteous, and his ears are open unto their prayersS but the face of the Lord is a ainst them that do e9il" VP=e ]SQ%PR (JLW e9il Q e9ul JphoneticallyK Q 9u Jseen' %renchK S el JGod' +ebre5K Q seen God Beloved, follow not that which is e9il, but that which is ood" Je that doeth ood is of GodS but he that doeth e9il hath not seen God" V]Jo PSPP (JLW

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eyes Voccurs NIP times in ^\Q verses in the (JLW eyes Q The physical or#an of si#ht' Uthe la,p of the bodyU A1t (:22E' one of the chief channels of infor,ation for ,an6 eyes Q seey Q seey' see JphoneticallyK Q see #nd, behold, your eyes see, and the eyes of my brother BenUamin, that it is my mouth that speaketh unto you" VGen ^NSPR (JLW *et the LM,/ hath not iven you an heart to perceive, and eyes to see, and ears to hear, unto this day" V/eu RHS^ (JLW +ow therefore stand and see this reat thin , which the LM,/ will do before your eyes" VPSa PRSPG (JLW #nd 2lisha prayed, and said, LM,/, I pray thee, open his eyes, that he may see" #nd the LM,/ opened the eyes of the youn man! and he sawS and, behold, the mountain was full of horses and chariots of fire round about 2lisha" VR(i GSP\ (JLW They have mouths, but they speak notS eyes have they, but they see notS V=sa PPNSN (JLW #nd the eyes of them that see shall not be dim, and the ears of them that hear shall hearken" VIsa ]RS] (JLW The LM,/ hath made bare his holy arm in the eyes of all the nations! and all the ends of the earth shall see the salvation of our God" VIsa NRSPI (JLW #nd their eyes were opened! and Jesus straitly char ed them, sayin , ee that no man know it" V.at HS]I (JLW -or this people1s heart is wa$ed ross, and their ears are dull of hearin , and their eyes they have closed! lest at any time they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and should understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them" But blessed are your eyes, for they seeS and your ears, for they hear" V.at P]SPN%PG (JLW #nd he turned him unto his disciples, and said privately, Blessed are the eyes which see the thin s that ye seeS -or I tell you, that many prophets and kin s have desired to see those thin s which ye see, and have not seen them! and to hear those thin s which ye hear, and have not heard them" VLuk PISR]%R^ (JLW Je hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart! that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them" VJhn PRS^I (JLW I counsel thee to buy of me old tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich! and white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and that the shame of thy nakedness do not appear! and anoint thine eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see" V,ev ]SPQ (JLW eyes Q ye se Q ye S se' see JphoneticallyK Q ye see )herefore the wrath of the LM,/ was upon Judah and Jerusalem, and he hath delivered them to trouble, to astonishment, and to hissin , as ye see with your eyes" VRCh RHSQ (JLW #nd your eyes shall see, and ye shall say, The LM,/ will be ma nified from the border of Israel" V.al PSN (JLW Javin eyes, see ye notO and havin ears, hear ye notO and do ye not rememberO V.ar QSPQ (JLW #nd he turned him unto his disciples, and said privately, Blessed are the eyes which see the thin s that ye seeS VLuk PISR] (JLW

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eyes Q y see Q y' 5hy JphoneticallyK S see Q 5hy see #nd Joab said unto the kin , +ow the LM,/ thy God add unto the people, how many soever they be, an hundredfold, and that the eyes of my lord the kin may see itS but 5hy doth my lord the kin deli ht in this thin O VRSa R^S] (JLW eyes Q eye The eye of him that hath seen me shall see me no moreS thine eyes are upon me, and I am not" VJob \SQ (JLW #nd if thine eye offend thee, pluck it out, and cast it from theeS it is better for thee to enter into life with one eye, rather than havin two eyes to be cast into hell fire" V.at PQSH (JLW eyes Q eye Q eye' I JphoneticallyK QI #nd I took the two tables, and cast them out of my two hands, and brake them before your eyes" V/eu HSP\ (JLW #nd Samson called unto the LM,/, and said, M Lord GM/, remember me, I pray thee, and stren then me, I pray thee, only this once, M God, that I may be at once aven ed of the =hilistines for my two eyes" VJd PGSRQ (JLW +ow, my God, let, I beseech thee, thine eyes be open, and let thine ears be attent unto the prayer that is made in this place" VRCh GS^I (JLW I was eyes to the blind, and feet was I to the lame" VJob RHSPN (JLW -or thy lovin kindness is before mine eyesS and I have walked in thy truth" V=sa RGS] (JLW I am weary of my cryin S my throat is driedS mine eyes fail while I wait for my God" V=sa GHS] (JLW I will set no wicked thin before mine eyesS I hate the work of them that turn aside! it shall not cleave to me" V=sa PIPS] (JLW Mpen thou mine eyes, that I may behold wondrous thin s out of thy law" V=sa PPHSPQ (JLW """`nto thee lift I up mine eyes, M thou that dwellest in the heavens" V=sa PR]SP (JLW I also will choose their delusions, and will brin their fears upon them! because when I called, none did answer! when I spake, they did not hearS but they did evil before mine eyes, and chose that in which I deli hted not" VIsa GGS^ (JLW Je answered and said, # man that is called Jesus made clay, and anointed mine eyes, and said unto me, Go to the pool of Siloam, and washS and I went and washed, and I received si ht" VJhn HSPP (JLW Then they took away the stone from the place where the dead was laid" #nd Jesus lifted up his eyes, and said, -ather, I thank thee that thou hast heard me" VJhn PPS^P (JLW Je hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart! that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them" VJhn PRS^I (JLW #nd I beheld, and, lo, in the midst of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as it had been slain, havin seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth" V,ev NSG (JLW eyes Q ye -or God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as ods, knowin ood and evil" VGen ]SN (JLW Therefore shall ye lay up these my words in your heart and in your soul, and bind them for a si n upon your hand, that

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they may be as frontlets between your eyes" V/eu PPSPQ (JLW #nd .oses called unto all Israel, and said unto them, 2e have seen all that the LM,/ did before your eyes in the land of 2 ypt unto =haraoh, and unto all his servants, and unto all his land! V/eu RHSR (JLW Therefore will I number you to the sword, and ye shall all bow down to the slau hterS because when I called, ye did not answer! when I spake, ye did not hear! but did evil before mine eyes, and did choose that wherein I deli hted not" VIsa GNSPR (JLW M foolish Galatians, who hath bewitched you, that ye should not obey the truth, before whose eyes Jesus Christ hath been evidently set forth, crucified amon youO VGal ]SP (JLW eyes Q yes Q yes' yea Jsynony,K Q yea Je withdraweth not his eyes from the ri hteousS but with kin s are they on the throne! yea, he doth establish them for ever, and they are e$alted" VJob ]GS\ (JLW #nd when ye spread forth your hands, I will hide mine eyes from youS yea, when ye make many prayers, I will not hearS your hands are full of blood" VIsa PSPN (JLW eyes Q ys Q yTs' 5ise JphoneticallyK Q 5ise #nd when the woman saw that the tree was ood for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one 5ise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and ave also unto her husband with her! and he did eat" VGen ]SG (JLW Be not 5ise in thine own eyesS fear the LM,/, and depart from evil" V=ro ]S\ (JLW The way of a fool is ri ht in his own eyesS but he that hearkeneth unto counsel is 5ise" V=ro PRSPN (JLW

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faith Voccurs R^\ times in R]P verses in the (JLW faith Q is in #eneral the persuasion of the ,ind that a certain state,ent is true A"hl *:2:R 2Th 2:*0E6 Its pri,ary idea is trust6 A thin# is true' and therefore 5orthy of trust6 It ad,its of ,any de#rees up to full assurance of faith' in accordance 5ith the e9idence on 5hich it rests6 %aith is the result of teachin# A-o, *0:*3?*:E6 >no5led#e is an essential ele,ent in all faith' and is so,eti,es spo!en of as an eBui9alent to faith AFhn *0:0<R *Fo 2:0E6 2et the t5o are distin#uished in this respect' that faith includes in it assent' 5hich is an act of the 5ill in addition to the act of the understandin#6 Assent to the truth is of the essence of faith' and the ulti,ate #round on 5hich our assent to any re9ealed truth rests is the 9eracity of God6 faith Q afti Q afti Jear' Gree!K Q ear' hearin# Jrelated 5ordK Q hearin# So then faith cometh by hearin#, and hearin# by the word of God" V,om PISP\ (JLW This only would I learn of you, ,eceived ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearin# of faithO VGal ]SR (JLW faith Q fit Q fit' 5hole Jsynony,K Q 5hole #nd, behold, a woman, which was diseased with an issue of blood twelve years, came behind him, and touched the hem of his armentS -or she said within herself, If I may but touch his arment, I shall be whole" But Jesus turned him about, and when he saw her, he said, /au hter, be of ood comfort! thy faith hath made thee 5hole" #nd the woman was made whole from that hour" V.at HSRI%RR (JLW #nd Jesus said unto him, Go thy way! thy faith hath made thee 5hole" #nd immediately he received his si ht, and followed Jesus in the way" V.ar PISNR (JLW faith Q fit Q fit' 5rath Jsynony,K Q 5rath By faith he forsook 2 ypt, not fearin the 5rath of the kin S for he endured, as seein him who is invisible" VJbr PPSR\ (JLW faith Q fait Q fait' fi#ht JphoneticallyK Q fi#ht %i#ht the ood fi#ht of faith, lay hold on eternal life, whereunto thou art also called, and hast professed a ood profession before many witnesses" VPTi GSPR (JLW faith Q thi Q thi' thy JphoneticallyK Q thy #nd, behold, they brou ht to him a man sick of the palsy, lyin on a bedS and Jesus seein their faith said unto the sick of the palsy! Son, be of ood cheer! thy sins be for iven thee" """#nd, behold, a woman, which was diseased with an issue of blood twelve years, came behind him, and touched the hem of his armentS -or she said within herself, If I may but touch his arment, I shall be whole" But Jesus turned him about, and when he saw her, he said, /au hter, be of ood comfort! thy faith hath made thee whole" #nd the woman was made whole from that hour" V.at HSR, RI%RR (JLW Then Jesus went thence, and departed into the coasts of Tyre and Sidon" #nd, behold, a woman of Canaan came out of the same coasts, and cried unto him, sayin , Jave mercy on me, M Lord, thou Son of /avid! my dau hter is

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rievously ve$ed with a devil" But he answered her not a word" #nd his disciples came and besou ht him, sayin , Send her away! for she crieth after us" But he answered and said, I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel" Then came she and worshipped him, sayin , Lord, help me" But he answered and said, It is not meet to take the children1s bread, and to cast it to do s" #nd she said, Truth, LordS yet the do s eat of the crumbs which fall from their masters1 table" Then Jesus answered and said unto her, M woman, reat is thy faithS be it unto thee even as thou wilt" #nd her dau hter was made whole from that very hour" V.at PNSRP%RQ (JLW #nd Jesus answered and said unto him, )hat wilt thou that I should do unto theeO The blind man said unto him, Lord, that I mi ht receive my si ht" #nd Jesus said unto him, Go thy way! thy faith hath made thee whole" #nd immediately he received his si ht, and followed Jesus in the way" V.ar PISNP%NR (JLW #nd Jesus said unto him, ,eceive thy si htS thy faith hath saved thee" VLuk PQS^R (JLW #nd the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath desired to have you, that he may sift you as wheatS But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail notS and when thou art converted, stren then thy brethren" VLuk RRS]P%]R (JLW But what saith itO The word is ni h thee, even in thy mouth, and in thy heartS that is, the word of faith, which we preach! That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved" -or with the heart man believeth unto ri hteousness! and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation" -or the scripture saith, )hosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed" V,om PISQ%PP (JLW Jearin of thy love and faith, which thou hast toward the Lord Jesus, and toward all saints! That the communication of thy faith may become effectual by the acknowled in of every ood thin which is in you in Christ Jesus" -or we have reat Uoy and consolation in thy love, because the bowels of the saints are refreshed by thee, brother" V=hm PSN%\ (JLW 2ven so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, bein alone" *ea, a man may say, Thou hast faith, and I have worksS shew me thy faith without thy works, and I will shew thee my faith by my works" VJam RSP\%PQ (JLW #nd to the an el of the church in =er amos write! These thin s saith he which hath the sharp sword with two ed es! I know thy works, and where thou dwellest, even where Satan1s seat isS and thou holdest fast my name, and hast not denied my faith, even in those days wherein #ntipas was my faithful martyr, who was slain amon you, where Satan dwelleth" """#nd unto the an el of the church in Thyatira write! These thin s saith the Son of God, who hath his eyes like unto a flame of fire, and his feet are like fine brass! I know thy works, and charity, and service, and faith, and thy patience, and thy works! and the last to be more than the first" V,ev RSPR%P], PQ%PH (JLW faith Q if Jesus answered and said unto them, Lerily I say unto you, If ye have faith, and doubt not, ye shall not only do this which is done to the fi tree, but also if ye shall say unto this mountain, Be thou removed, and be thou cast into the sea! it shall be done" V.at RPSRP (JLW If then God so clothe the rass, which is to day in the field, and to morrow is cast into the oven! how much more will he clothe you, M ye of little faithO VLuk PRSRQ (JLW But if any provide not for his own, and specially for those of his own house, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel" VPTi NSQ (JLW +ow the Uust shall live by faithS but if any man draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him" VJbr PIS]Q (JLW 2ven so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, bein alone" VJam RSP\ (JLW #nd the prayer of faith shall save the sick, and the Lord shall raise him up! and if he have committed sins, they shall be for iven him" VJam NSPN (JLW God Voccurs ^^\] times in ]QH] verses in the (JLW

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God Voccurs ^^\] times in 0<90 verses in the (JLW God Q upre,e Bein#' the Di9ine Bein#' the +ebre5 5ords El' Elohi, and Feho9ah' Theos Q Gree! God Q #o #nd the LM,/ God said unto the woman, )hat is this that thou hast doneO #nd the woman said, The serpent be uiled me, and I did eat" #nd the LM,/ God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field! upon thy belly shalt thou #o, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy lifeS #nd I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed! it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel" VGen ]SP]%PN (JLW #nd God said unto Jacob, #rise, #o up to Bethel, and dwell thereS and make there an altar unto God, that appeared unto thee when thou fleddest from the face of 2sau thy brother" VGen ]NSP (JLW #nd he said, I am God, the God of thy fatherS fear not to #o down into 2 ypt! for I will there make of thee a reat nationS VGen ^GS] (JLW Then the LM,/ said unto .oses, Go in unto =haraoh, and tell him, Thus saith the LM,/ God of the Jebrews, Let my people #o, that they may serve me" V2$d HSP (JLW Go thou near, and hear all that the LM,/ our God shall sayS and speak thou unto us all that the LM,/ our God shall speak unto thee! and we will hear it, and do it" V/eu NSR\ (JLW #nd /avid enKuired of God, sayin , Shall I #o up a ainst the =hilistinesO and wilt thou deliver them into mine handO #nd the LM,/ said unto him, Go up! for I will deliver them into thine hand" VPCh P^SPI (JLW I will #o in the stren th of the Lord G.DS I will make mention of thy ri hteousness, even of thine only" V=sa \PSPG (JLW -or ye shall not #o out with haste, nor #o by fli htS for the LM,/ will #o before you! and the God of Israel will be your rereward" VIsa NRSPR (JLW #nd a ain I say unto you, It is easier for a camel to #o throu h the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kin dom of God" V.at PHSR^ (JLW Jesus said unto him, xbut #o thou and preach the kin dom of God" VLuk HSGI (JLW Jim that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall #o no more outS and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my GodS and 6 will write upon him my new name" V,ev ]SPR (JLW #nd I heard a reat voice out of the temple sayin to the seven an els, Go your ways, and pour out the vials of the wrath of God upon the earth" x-or they are the spirits of devils, workin miracles, which #o forth unto the kin s of the earth and of the whole world, to ather them to the battle of that reat day of God #lmi hty" V,ev PGSP, P^ (JLW God Q #o d Q #o S b' be JphoneticallyK Q #o be Behold, the LM,/ thy God hath set the land before theeS #o up and possess it, as the LM,/ God of thy fathers hath said unto thee! fear not, neither be discoura ed" V/eu PSRP (JLW Jonour thy father and thy mother, as the LM,/ thy God hath commanded thee! that thy days may be prolon ed, and that it may #o well with thee, in the land which the LM,/ thy God iveth thee" V/eu NSPG (JLW Be stron and of a ood coura e, fear not, nor be afraid of themS for the LM,/ thy God, he it is that doth #o with thee! he will not fail thee, nor forsake thee" V/eu ]PSG (JLW #nd ,uth said, Intreat me not to leave thee, or to return from followin after theeS for whither thou oest, I will #o! and where thou lod est, I will lod eS thy people shall be my people, and thy God my GodS V,th PSPG (JLW

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That the house of Israel may #o no more astray from me, neither be polluted any more with all their trans ressions! but that they may be my people, and I may be their God, saith the Lord G.D" V2'e P^SPP (JLW God Q do #nd the an el of the LM,/ called unto him out of heaven, and said, #braham, #brahamS and he said, Jere am I" #nd he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thin unto himS for now I know that thou fearest God, seein thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only son from me" VGen RRSPP%PR (JLW #nd they said unto him, )e have dreamed a dream, and there is no interpreter of it" #nd Joseph said unto them, )o not interpretations belong to GodO tell me them, I pray you" VGen ^ISQ (JLW #nd Joseph said unto =haraoh, The dream of =haraoh is oneS God hath shewed =haraoh what he is about to do" VGen ^PSRN (JLW But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LM,/ thy GodS in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy dau hter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stran er that is within thy atesS V2$d RISPI (JLW *e shall do my Uud ments, and keep mine ordinances, to walk thereinS I am the LM,/ your God" VLev PQS^ (JLW God is not a man, that he should lie! neither the son of man, that he should repentS hath he said, and shall he not do itO or hath he spoken, and shall he not make it oodO V+um R]SPH (JLW This day the LM,/ thy God hath commanded thee to do these statutes and Uud mentsS thou shalt therefore keep and do them with all thine heart, and with all thy soul" V/eu RGSPG (JLW The secret things belong unto the LM,/ our GodS but those things which are revealed belong unto us and to our children for ever, that we may do all the words of this law" V/eu RHSRH (JLW ZZ.ichtam of /avid"[[ =reserve me, M GodS for in thee do I put my trust" V=sa PGSP (JLW Lead me in thy truth, and teach meS for thou art the God of my salvation! on thee do I wait all the day" V=sa RNSN (JLW -or in thee, M LM,/, do I hopeS thou wilt hear, M Lord my God" V=sa ]QSPN (JLW I deli ht to do thy will, M my GodS yea, thy law is within my heart" V=sa ^ISQ (JLW In God I will praise his word, in God I have put my trust! I will not fear what flesh can do unto me" V=sa NGS^ (JLW """`nto thee, M God, do we ive thanks, unto thee do we ive thanksS for that thy name is near thy wondrous works declare" V=sa \NSP (JLW Teach me to do thy will! for thou art my GodS thy spirit is ood! lead me into the land of upri htness" V=sa P^]SPI (JLW That the LM,/ thy God may shew us the way wherein we may walk, and the thin that we may do" VJer ^RS] (JLW Jave we not all one fatherO hath not one God created usO why do we deal treacherously every man a ainst his brother, by profanin the covenant of our fathersO V.al RSPI (JLW Jesus answered and said unto them, *e do err, not knowin the scriptures, nor the power of God" V.at RRSRH (JLW -or whosoever shall do the will of God, the same is my brother, and my sister, and mother" V.ar ]S]N (JLW If this man were not of God, he ZJesus[ could do nothin " VJhn HS]] (JLW Therefore we conclude that a man is Uustified by faith without the deeds of the law" """Do we then make void the law throu h faithO God forbidS yea, we establish the law" V,om ]SRQ, ]P (JLW )hether therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the lory of God" VPCr PIS]P (JLW Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies, 2nvyin s, murders, drunkenness,

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revellin s, and such likeS of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such thin s shall not inherit the kin dom of God" VGal NSRI%RP (JLW Then said I, Lo, I come Vin the volume of the book it is written of me,W to do thy will, M God" #bove when he said, Sacrifice and offerin and burnt offerin s and offering for sin thou wouldest not, neither hadst pleasure therein! which are offered by the law! Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, M God" Je taketh away the first, that he may establish the second" VJbr PIS\%H (JLW Throu h faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God, so that thin s which are seen were not made of thin s which do appear" VJbr PPS] (JLW God Q od Q od' odd JphoneticallyK Q odd' stran#e Jsynony,K Q stran#e &o the LM,/ alone did lead him, and there was no stran#e #od with him" V/eu ]RSPR (JLW +ow therefore put away, said he, the stran#e ods which are amon you, and incline your heart unto the LM,/ God of Israel" VJos R^SR] (JLW There shall no stran#e #od be in thee! neither shalt thou worship any stran#e #od" V=sa QPSH (JLW #nd they were all ama'ed, and they lorified God, and were filled with fear, sayin , )e have seen stran#e thin s to day" VLuk NSRG (JLW God Q o Q. #rise, . LM,/! . God, lift up thine handS for et not the humble" V=sa PISPR (JLW Consider and hear me, . LM,/ my GodS li hten mine eyes, lest I sleep the sleep of death! V=sa P]S] (JLW """=reserve me, . GodS for in thee do I put my trust" V=sa PGSP (JLW I have called upon thee, for thou wilt hear me, . GodS incline thine ear unto me, and hear my speech" V=sa P\SG (JLW Jide not thy face far from me! put not thy servant away in an erS thou hast been my help! leave me not, neither forsake me, . God of my salvation" V=sa R\SH (JLW . LM,/ my God, I cried unto thee, and thou hast healed me" V=sa ]ISR (JLW To the end that my lory may sin praise to thee, and not be silent" . LM,/ my God, I will ive thanks unto thee for ever" V=sa ]ISPR (JLW Into thine hand I commit my spiritS thou hast redeemed me, . LM,/ God of truth" V=sa ]PSN (JLW Jow e$cellent is thy lovin kindness, . Godb therefore the children of men put their trust under the shadow of thy win s" V=sa ]GS\ (JLW -or in thee, . LM,/, do I hopeS thou wilt hear, . Lord my God" V=sa ]QSPN (JLW -orsake me not, . LM,/S . my God, be not far from me" V=sa ]QSRP (JLW .any, . LM,/ my God, are thy wonderful works which thou hast done, and thy thou hts which are to us%wardS they cannot be reckoned up in order unto theeS if I would declare and speak of them, they are more than can be numbered" """I deli ht to do thy will, . my GodS yea, thy law is within my heart" V=sa ^ISN, Q (JLW )hy art thou cast down, . my soulO and why art thou disKuieted within meO hope thou in GodS for I shall yet praise him, who is the health of my countenance, and my God" V=sa ^RSPP (JLW

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Then will I o unto the altar of God, unto God my e$ceedin UoyS yea, upon the harp will I praise thee, . God my God" V=sa ^]S^ (JLW Thy throne, . God, is for ever and everS the sceptre of thy kin dom is a ri ht sceptre" V=sa ^NSG (JLW Create in me a clean heart, . God! and renew a ri ht spirit within me" V=sa NPSPI (JLW Jear my prayer, . God! ive ear to the words of my mouth" V=sa N^SR (JLW Be thou e$alted, . God, above the heavens! let thy lory be above all the earth" V=sa N\SN (JLW . bless our God, ye people, and make the voice of his praise to be heardS """-or thou, . God, hast proved usS thou hast tried us, as silver is tried" V=sa GGSQ, PI (JLW Let the people praise thee, . God! let all the people praise thee" V=sa G\S] (JLW . God, thou knowest my foolishness! and my sins are not hid from thee" V=sa GHSN (JLW But as for me, my prayer is unto thee, . LM,/, in an acceptable timeS . God, in the multitude of thy mercy hear me, in the truth of thy salvation" V=sa GHSP] (JLW But I am poor and needyS make haste unto me, . GodS thou art my help and my deliverer! . LM,/, make no tarryin " V=sa \ISN (JLW /eliver me, . my God, out of the hand of the wicked, out of the hand of the unri hteous and cruel man" """Thy ri hteousness also, . God, is very hi h, who hast done reat thin sS . God, who is like unto theeb V=sa \PS^, PH (JLW God Q do# Thou shalt not brin the hire of a whore, or the price of a do#, into the house of the LM,/ thy God for any vowS for even both these are abomination unto the LM,/ thy God" V/eu R]SPQ (JLW God Q #od Q #ob Jden' Ara,aicK Q den Then was the kin e$ceedin lad for him, and commanded that they should take /aniel up out of the den" So /aniel was taken up out of the den, and no manner of hurt was found upon him, because he believed in his God" V/an GSR] (JLW God Q Ga5ed JphoneticallyK Q 5ed' Ved Q Ved' sed Q sed' said JphoneticallyK Q said #nd God said, Let there be li htS and there was li ht" """#nd God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters" """#nd God said, Let the waters under the heaven be athered to ether unto one place, and let the dry land appearS and it was so" """#nd God said, Let the earth brin forth rass, the herb yieldin seed, and the fruit tree yieldin fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earthS and it was so" """#nd God said, Let there be li hts in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the ni ht! and let them be for si ns, and for seasons, and for days, and yearsS """#nd God said, Let the waters brin forth abundantly the movin creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven" """#nd God said, Let the earth brin forth the livin creature after his kind, cattle, and creepin thin , and beast of the earth after his kindS and it was so" #nd God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thin that creepeth upon the earth after his kindS and God saw that it was ood" """#nd God said, Let us make man in our ima e, after our likenessS and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creepin thin that creepeth upon the earth" So God created man in his own ima e, in the ima e of God created he him! male and female created he them" #nd God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue itS and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every livin thin that moveth upon the earth" #nd God said, Behold, I have iven you every

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herb bearin seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yieldin seed! to you it shall be for meat" VGen PS], G, H, PP, P^, RI, R^%RH (JLW +ow the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LM,/ God had made" #nd he said unto the woman, *ea, hath God said, *e shall not eat of every tree of the ardenO #nd the woman said unto the serpent, )e may eat of the fruit of the trees of the ardenS But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the arden, God hath said, *e shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die" """#nd the LM,/ God called unto #dam, and said unto him, )here art thouO #nd he said, I heard thy voice in the arden, and I was afraid, because I was naked! and I hid myself" #nd he said, )ho told thee that thou wast nakedO Jast thou eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldest not eatO #nd the man said, The woman whom thou avest to be with me, she ave me of the tree, and I did eat" #nd the LM,/ God said unto the woman, )hat is this that thou hast doneO #nd the woman said, The serpent be uiled me, and I did eat" #nd the LM,/ God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field! upon thy belly shalt thou o, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy lifeS """#nd the LM,/ God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know ood and evilS and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for everS VGen ]SP%], H%P^, RR (JLW Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil" #nd when he had fasted forty days and forty ni hts, he was afterward an hun red" #nd when the tempter came to him, he said, If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread" But he answered and said, It is written, .an shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God" Then the devil taketh him up into the holy city, and setteth him on a pinnacle of the temple, #nd saith unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself downS for it is written, Je shall ive his an els char e concernin theeS and in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot a ainst a stone" Jesus said unto him, It is written a ain, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God" V.at ^SP%\ (JLW Je saith unto them, But whom say ye that I amO #nd Simon =eter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the livin God" #nd Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon BarUonaS for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my -ather which is in heaven" V.at PGSPN%P\ (JLW Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind" V.at RRS]\ (JLW #nd he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said, Blessed be ye poorS for yours is the kin dom of God" VLuk GSRI (JLW But he said, *ea rather, blessed are they that hear the word of God, and keep it" VLuk PPSRQ (JLW #nd he said, The thin s which are impossible with men are possible with God" VLuk PQSR\ (JLW Jesus answered and said unto him, Lerily, verily, I say unto thee, 2$cept a man be born a ain, he cannot see the kin dom of God" VJhn ]S] (JLW #nd what a reement hath the temple of God with idolsO for ye are the temple of the livin God! as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them! and I will be their God, and they shall be my people" VRCr GSPG (JLW #nd he said unto me, These sayin s are faithful and trueS and the Lord God of the holy prophets sent his an el to shew unto his servants the thin s which must shortly be done" Behold, I come KuicklyS blessed is he that keepeth the sayin s of the prophecy of this book" V,ev RRSG%\ (JLW God Q Ga5ed Q 5ade' ,ade Q ,ade #nd God ,ade the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmamentS and it was so" """#nd God ,ade two reat li hts! the reater li ht to rule the day, and the lesser li ht to rule the ni htS he ma$e the stars also" """#nd God ,ade the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thin that creepeth upon the earth after his kindS and God saw that it was ood" """#nd God saw every thin that he had ,ade, and, behold, it was very ood" #nd the evenin and the mornin were the si$th day" VGen PS\, PG, RN, ]P (JLW Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them" #nd on the seventh day God ended his work which he had ,ade! and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made" #nd God blessed the

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seventh day, and sanctified itS because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and ,ade" These are the enerations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the LM,/ God ,ade the earth and the heavens, """#nd out of the round ,ade the LM,/ God to row every tree that is pleasant to the si ht, and ood for food! the tree of life also in the midst of the arden, and the tree of knowled e of ood and evil" """#nd the rib, which the LM,/ God had taken from man, ,ade he a woman, and brou ht her unto the man" VGen RSP%^, H, RR (JLW This is the book of the enerations of #dam" In the day that God created man, in the likeness of God ,ade he him! VGen NSP (JLW )hoso sheddeth man1s blood, by man shall his blood be shedS for in the ima e of God ,ade he man" VGen HSG (JLW The LM,/ our God ,ade a covenant with us in Joreb" V/eu NSR (JLW Thy fathers went down into 2 ypt with threescore and ten persons! and now the LM,/ thy God hath ,ade thee as the stars of heaven for multitude" V/eu PISRR (JLW The Spirit of God hath ,ade me, and the breath of the #lmi hty hath iven me life" VJob ]]S^ (JLW (now ye that the LM,/ he is GodS it is he that hath ,ade us, and not we ourselves! we are his people, and the sheep of his pasture" V=sa PIIS] (JLW Lo, this only have I found, that God hath ,ade man upri ht! but they have sou ht out many inventions" V2cc \SRH (JLW M LM,/ of hosts, God of Israel, that dwellest between the cherubims, thou art the God, even thou alone, of all the kin doms of the earthS thou hast ,ade heaven and earth" VIsa ]\SPG (JLW The LM,/ hath ,ade bare his holy arm in the eyes of all the nations! and all the ends of the earth shall see the salvation of our God" VIsa NRSPI (JLW #s it is written in the law of .oses, all this evil is come upon usS yet ,ade we not our prayer before the LM,/ our God, that we mi ht turn from our iniKuities, and understand thy truth" V/an HSP] (JLW But he that doeth truth cometh to the li ht, that his deeds may be ,ade manifest, that they are wrou ht in God" VJhn ]SRP (JLW Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath ,ade that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ" V#ct RS]G (JLW #nd when there had been much disputin , =eter rose up, and said unto them, .en and brethren, ye know how that a ood while a o God ,ade choice amon us, that the Gentiles by my mouth should hear the word of the ospel, and believe" V#ct PNS\ (JLW God that ,ade the world and all thin s therein, seein that he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth not in temples made with hands! V#ct P\SR^ (JLW )here is the wiseO where is the scribeO where is the disputer of this worldO hath not God ,ade foolish the wisdom of this worldO VPCr PSRI (JLW -or we know that if our earthly house of this tabernacle were dissolved, we have a buildin of God, an house not ,ade with hands, eternal in the heavens" """+ow then we are ambassadors for Christ, as thou h God did beseech you by usS we pray you in Christ1s stead, be ye reconciled to God" -or he hath ,ade him to be sin for us, who knew no sin! that we mi ht be made the ri hteousness of God in him" VRCr NSP, RI%RP (JLW But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, ,ade of a woman, made under the law, To redeem them that were under the law, that we mi ht receive the adoption of sons" VGal ^S^%N (JLW But we see Jesus, who was ,ade a little lower than the an els for the sufferin of death, crowned with lory and honour! that he by the race of God should taste death for every man" VJbr RSH (JLW

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Je that believeth on the Son of God hath the witness in himselfS he that believeth not God hath ,ade him a liar! because he believeth not the record that God ave of his Son" VPJo NSPI (JLW #nd when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four and twenty elders fell down before the Lamb, havin every one of them harps, and olden vials full of odours, which are the prayers of saints" #nd they sun a new son , sayin , Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereofS for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and ton ue, and people, and nation! #nd hast ,ade us unto our God kin s and priestsS and we shall rei n on the earth" V,ev NSQ%PI (JLW God Q Ga5ed Q Ge' #e Q #e Jearth' Gree!K Q earth In the be innin God created the heaven and the earth" #nd the earth was without form, and void! and darkness was upon the face of the deep" #nd the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters" """#nd God called the dry land Earth! and the atherin to ether of the waters called he SeasS and God saw that it was ood" #nd God said, Let the earth brin forth rass, the herb yieldin seed, and the fruit tree yieldin fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earthS and it was so" #nd the earth brou ht forth rass, and herb yieldin seed after his kind, and the tree yieldin fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kindS and God saw that it was ood" """#nd God made two reat li hts! the reater li ht to rule the day, and the lesser li ht to rule the ni htS he made the stars also" #nd God set them in the firmament of the heaven to ive li ht upon the earth, #nd to rule over the day and over the ni ht, and to divide the li ht from the darknessS and God saw that it was ood" #nd the evenin and the mornin were the fourth day" #nd God said, Let the waters brin forth abundantly the movin creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven" #nd God created reat whales, and every livin creature that moveth, which the waters brou ht forth abundantly, after their kind, and every win ed fowl after his kindS and God saw that it was ood" #nd God blessed them, sayin , Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth" #nd the evenin and the mornin were the fifth day" #nd God said, Let the earth brin forth the livin creature after his kind, cattle, and creepin thin , and beast of the earth after his kindS and it was so" #nd God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thin that creepeth upon the earth after his kindS and God saw that it was ood" #nd God said, Let us make man in our ima e, after our likenessS and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creepin thin that creepeth upon the earth" So God created man in his own ima e, in the ima e of God created he him! male and female created he them" #nd God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue itS and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every livin thin that moveth upon the earth" #nd God said, Behold, I have iven you every herb bearin seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yieldin seed! to you it shall be for meat" VGen PSP%R, PI%PR, PG%RH (JLW These are the enerations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the LM,/ God made the earth and the heavens, #nd every plant of the field before it was in the earth, and every herb of the field before it rewS for the LM,/ God had not caused it to rain upon the earth, and there was not a man to till the round" VGen RS^%N (JLW #nd God blessed +oah and his sons, and said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth" """#nd God said, This is the token of the covenant which I make between me and you and every livin creature that is with you, for perpetual enerationsS I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth" #nd it shall come to pass, when I brin a cloud over the earth, that the bow shall be seen in the cloudS #nd I will remember my covenant, which is between me and you and every livin creature of all flesh! and the waters shall no more become a flood to destroy all flesh" #nd the bow shall be in the cloud! and I will look upon it, that I may remember the everlastin covenant between God and every livin creature of all flesh that is upon the earth" #nd God said unto +oah, This is the token of the covenant, which I have established between me and all flesh that is upon the earth" VGen HSP, PR%P\ (JLW (now therefore this day, and consider it in thine heart, that the LM,/ he is God in heaven above, and upon the earth beneathS there is none else" Thou shalt keep therefore his statutes, and his commandments, which I command thee this day, that it may o well with thee, and with thy children after thee, and that thou mayest prolon thy days upon the earth, which the LM,/ thy God iveth thee, for ever" V/eu ^S]H%^I (JLW Behold, the heaven and the heaven of heavens is the LM,/1S thy God, the earth also, with all that therein is" V/eu PISP^ (JLW

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Je is the LM,/ our God! his Uud ments are in all the earth" VPCh PGSP^ (JLW Be still, and know that I am GodS I will be e$alted amon the heathen, I will be e$alted in the earth" V=sa ^GSPI (JLW -or God is the (in of all the earthS sin ye praises with understandin " V=sa ^\S\ (JLW #ccordin to thy name, M God, so is thy praise unto the ends of the earthS thy ri ht hand is full of ri hteousness" V=sa ^QSPI (JLW Sin unto God, ye kin doms of the earth! M sin praises unto the Lord! SelahS To him that rideth upon the heavens of heavens, which were of old! lo, he doth send out his voice, and that a mi hty voice" V=sa GQS]R%]] (JLW -or God is my (in of old, workin salvation in the midst of the earth" V=sa \^SPR (JLW ZZ# =rayer of .oses the man of God"[[ Lord, thou hast been our dwellin place in all enerations" Before the mountains were brou ht forth, or ever thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlastin to everlastin , thou art God" V=sa HISP%R (JLW Je will swallow up death in victory! and the Lord G.D will wipe away tears from off all faces! and the rebuke of his people shall he take away from off all the earthS for the LM,/ hath spoken it" VIsa RNSQ (JLW M LM,/ of hosts, God of Israel, that dwellest between the cherubims, thou art the God, even thou alone, of all the kin doms of the earthS thou hast made heaven and earth" VIsa ]\SPG (JLW Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earthS for I am God, and there is none else" VIsa ^NSRR (JLW The LM,/ hath made bare his holy arm in the eyes of all the nations! and all the ends of the earth shall see the salvation of our God" VIsa NRSPI (JLW But the LM,/ is the true God, he is the livin God, and an everlastin kin S at his wrath the earth shall tremble, and the nations shall not be able to abide his indi nation" VJer PISPI (JLW #nd the an el said unto them, -ear notS for, behold, I brin you ood tidin s of reat Uoy, which shall be to all people" -or unto you is born this day in the city of /avid a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord" #nd this shall be a si n unto you! *e shall find the babe wrapped in swaddlin clothes, lyin in a man er" #nd suddenly there was with the an el a multitude of the heavenly host praisin God, and sayin , Glory to God in the hi hest, and on earth peace, ood will toward men" VLuk RSPI%P^ (JLW #nd they sun a new son , sayin , Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereofS for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and ton ue, and people, and nation! #nd hast made us unto our God kin s and priestsS and we shall rei n on the earth" V,ev NSH%PI (JLW God Q Ga5ed Q Ge S da5 Q #e Jearth' Gree!K S da, Q earth S da, Jblood' +ebre5K Q earth blood God that made the world and all thin s therein, seein that he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth not in temples made with hands! +either is worshipped with men1s hands, as thou h he needed any thin , seein he iveth to all life, and breath, and all thin s! #nd hath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation! That they should seek the Lord, if haply they mi ht feel after him, and find him, thou h he be not far from every one of usS -or in him we live, and move, and have our bein ! as certain also of your own poets have said, -or we are also his offsprin " V#ct P\SR^%RQ (JLW )ho is he that overcometh the world, but he that believeth that Jesus is the Son of GodO This is he that came by water and blood, even Jesus Christ! not by water only, but by water and blood" #nd it is the Spirit that beareth witness, because the Spirit is truth" -or there are three that bear record in heaven, the -ather, the )ord, and the Joly GhostS and these three are one" #nd there are three that bear witness in earth, the Spirit, and the water, and the bloodS and these three a ree in one" VPJo NSN%Q (JLW

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#nd when he had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they heldS #nd they cried with a loud voice, sayin , Jow lon , M Lord, holy and true, dost thou not Uud e and aven e our blood on them that dwell on the earthO V,ev GSH%PI (JLW #nd I will ive power unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and threescore days, clothed in sackcloth" These are the two olive trees, and the two candlesticks standin before the God of the earth" #nd if any man will hurt them, fire proceedeth out of their mouth, and devoureth their enemiesS and if any man will hurt them, he must in this manner be killed" These have power to shut heaven, that it rain not in the days of their prophecyS and have power over waters to turn them to blood, and to smite the earth with all pla ues, as often as they will" V,ev PPS]%G (JLW #nd after these thin s I heard a reat voice of much people in heaven, sayin , #lleluia! Salvation, and lory, and honour, and power, unto the Lord our GodS -or true and ri hteous are his Uud mentsS for he hath Uud ed the reat whore, which did corrupt the earth with her fornication, and hath aven ed the blood of his servants at her hand" #nd a ain they said, #lleluia" #nd her smoke rose up for ever and ever" V,ev PHSP%] (JLW God Q Ga5ed Q Ge S da5 Q #e Jearth' Gree!K S da5' paV Q earth S paV' pas Q earth S pas Jall' ;e5 Testa,ent Gree!K Q earth all #nd when they heard that, they lifted up their voice to God with one accord, and said, Lord, thou art God, which hast made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and all that in them isS V#ct ^SR^ (JLW God that made the world and all thin s therein, seein that he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth not in temples made with hands! V#ct P\SR^ (JLW #nd I beheld, and, lo, in the midst of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as it had been slain, havin seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth" V,ev NSG (JLW God Q Ga5ed Q 5ea' Vea Q Vea' sea Q sea #nd God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue itS and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every livin thin that moveth upon the earth" VGen PSRQ (JLW #nd it came to pass, when =haraoh had let the people o, that God led them not through the way of the land of the =hilistines, althou h that was near! for God said, Lest peradventure the people repent when they see war, and they return to 2 yptS But God led the people about, through the way of the wilderness of the ,ed seaS and the children of Israel went up harnessed out of the land of 2 ypt" V2$d P]SP\%PQ (JLW #nd I saw another an el fly in the midst of heaven, havin the everlastin ospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and ton ue, and people, Sayin with a loud voice, -ear God, and ive lory to him! for the hour of his Uud ment is comeS and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters" V,ev P^SG%\ (JLW God Q Ga5ed Q 5ea' Vea Q Vea' sea Q sea' see JphoneticallyK Q see Blessed are the pure in heartS for they shall see God" V.at NSQ (JLW

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#nd .oses said, I will now turn aside, and see this reat si ht, why the bush is not burnt" #nd when the LM,/ saw that he turned aside to see, God called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said, .oses, .oses" #nd he said, Jere am I" V2$d ]S]%^ (JLW #nd though after my skin worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see GodS )hom I shall see for myself, and mine eyes shall behold, and not another! though my reins be consumed within me" VJob PHSRG%R\ (JLW The LM,/ hath made bare his holy arm in the eyes of all the nations! and all the ends of the earth shall see the salvation of our God" VIsa NRSPI (JLW #nd reat multitudes came unto him, havin with them those that were lame, blind, dumb, maimed, and many others, and cast them down at Jesus1 feet! and he healed themS Insomuch that the multitude wondered, when they saw the dumb to speak, the maimed to be whole, the lame to walk, and the blind to seeS and they lorified the God of Israel" V.at PNS]I%]P (JLW #nd all flesh shall see the salvation of God" VLuk ]SG (JLW #nd he said, `nto you it is iven to know the mysteries of the kin dom of GodS but to others in parables! that seein they mi ht not see, and hearin they mi ht not understand" VLuk QSPI (JLW But I tell you of a truth, there be some standin here, which shall not taste of death, till they see the kin dom of God" VLuk HSR\ (JLW So likewise ye, when ye see these thin s come to pass, know ye that the kin dom of God is ni h at hand" VLuk RPS]P (JLW Jesus answered and said unto him, Lerily, verily, I say unto thee, 2$cept a man be born a ain, he cannot see the kin dom of God" """Je that believeth on the Son hath everlastin lifeS and he that believeth not the Son shall not see life! but the wrath of God abideth on him" VJhn ]S], ]G (JLW #nd said, Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standin on the ri ht hand of God" V#ct \SNG (JLW But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the an els for the sufferin of death, crowned with lory and honour! that he by the race of God should taste death for every man" VJbr RSH (JLW Behold, what manner of love the -ather hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of GodS therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not" Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall beS but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him! for we shall see him as he is" #nd every man that hath this hope in him purifieth himself, even as he is pure" VPJo ]SP%] (JLW #nd I fell at his feet to worship him" #nd he said unto me, ee thou do it notS I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of JesusS worship GodS for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy" V,ev PHSPI (JLW God Q Ga5ed Q 5a' Va' sa Q sa' sa5 JphoneticallyK Q sa5 #nd God sa5 the li ht, that it was oodS and God divided the li ht from the darkness" """#nd God called the dry land 2arth! and the atherin to ether of the waters called he SeasS and God sa5 that it was ood" """#nd the earth brou ht forth rass, and herb yieldin seed after his kind, and the tree yieldin fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kindS and God sa5 that it was ood" """#nd God made two reat li hts! the reater li ht to rule the day, and the lesser li ht to rule the ni htS he made the stars also" #nd God set them in the firmament of the heaven to ive li ht upon the earth, #nd to rule over the day and over the ni ht, and to divide the li ht from the darknessS and God sa5 that it was ood" """#nd God created reat whales, and every livin creature that moveth, which the waters brou ht forth abundantly, after their kind, and every win ed fowl after his kindS and God sa5 that it was ood" """#nd God sa5 every thin that he had made, and, behold, it was very ood" #nd the evenin and the mornin were the si$th day" VGen PS^, PI, PR, PG% PQ, RP, ]P (JLW #nd it came to pass, when men be an to multiply on the face of the earth, and dau hters were born unto them, That

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the sons of God saw the dau hters of men that they were fair! and they took them wives of all which they chose" #nd the LM,/ said, .y spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is fleshS yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years" There were iants in the earth in those days! and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the dau hters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mi hty men which were of old, men of renown" #nd G.D sa5 that the wickedness of man was reat in the earth, and that every ima ination of the thou hts of his heart was only evil continually" #nd it repented the LM,/ that he had made man on the earth, and it rieved him at his heart" #nd the LM,/ said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth! both man, and beast, and the creepin thin , and the fowls of the air! for it repenteth me that I have made them" But +oah found race in the eyes of the LM,/" VGen GSP%Q (JLW Jesus, when he had cried a ain with a loud voice, yielded up the host" #nd, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom! and the earth did Kuake, and the rocks rent! #nd the raves were opened! and many bodies of the saints which slept arose, #nd came out of the raves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many" +ow when the centurion, and they that were with him, watchin Jesus, sa5 the earthKuake, and those thin s that were done, they feared reatly, sayin , Truly this was the Son of God" V.at R\SNI%N^ (JLW #nd John bare record, sayin , I sa5 the Spirit descendin from heaven like a dove, and it abode upon him" #nd I knew him notS but he that sent me to bapti'e with water, the same said unto me, `pon whom thou shalt see the Spirit descendin , and remainin on him, the same is he which bapti'eth with the Joly Ghost" #nd I sa5, and bare record that this is the Son of God" VJhn PS]R%]^ (JLW But he, whom God raised a ain, sa5 no corruption" Be it known unto you therefore, men and brethren, that throu h this man is preached unto you the for iveness of sinsS #nd by him all that believe are Uustified from all thin s, from which ye could not be Uustified by the law of .oses" V#ct P]S]\%]H (JLW The ,evelation of Jesus Christ, which God ave unto him, to shew unto his servants thin s which must shortly come to pass! and he sent and si nified it by his an el unto his servant JohnS )ho bare record of the word of God, and of the testimony of Jesus Christ, and of all thin s that he sa5" Blessed is he that readeth, and they that hear the words of this prophecy, and keep those thin s which are written thereinS for the time is at hand" V,ev PSP%] (JLW God Q Ga5ed Q d S 5e#a Q d' b S ,e#a Q b' be JphoneticallyK S ,e#a' #reat Jsynony,K Q be #reat #nd the an el said unto her, -ear not, .aryS for thou hast found favour with God" #nd, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and brin forth a son, and shalt call his name J2S`S" Je shall be #reat, and shall be called the Son of the Ji hestS and the Lord God shall ive unto him the throne of his father /avidS #nd he shall rei n over the house of Jacob for ever! and of his kin dom there shall be no end" VLuk PS]I%]] (JLW Behold, God is #reat, and we know him not, neither can the number of his years be searched out" VJob ]GSRG (JLW God Q Ga5ed Q 5e#a' ,e#a Q ,e#a' #reat Jsynony,K Q #reat #nd God made two #reat li hts! the reater li ht to rule the day, and the lesser li ht to rule the ni htS he made the stars also" """#nd God created #reat whales, and every livin creature that moveth, which the waters brou ht forth abundantly, after their kind, and every win ed fowl after his kindS and God saw that it was ood" VGen PSPG, RP (JLW -or the LM,/ your God is God of ods, and Lord of lords, a #reat God, a mi hty, and a terrible, which re ardeth not persons, nor taketh rewardS V/eu PISP\ (JLW )herefore thou art #reat, M LM,/ GodS for there is none like thee, neither is there any God beside thee, accordin to all that we have heard with our ears" #nd what one nation in the earth is like thy people, even like Israel, whom God went to redeem for a people to himself, and to make him a name, and to do for you #reat thin s and terrible, for thy land, before thy people, which thou redeemedst to thee from 2 ypt, from the nations and their odsO VRSa \SRR%R] (JLW

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God thundereth marvellously with his voice! #reat thin s doeth he, which we cannot comprehend" VJob ]\SN (JLW Thy ri hteousness also, M God, is very hi h, who hast done #reat thin sS M God, who is like unto theeb V=sa \PSPH (JLW Thy way, M God, is in the sanctuaryS who is so #reat a God as our GodO V=sa \\SP] (JLW -or the LM,/ is a #reat God, and a #reat (in above all ods" V=sa HNS] (JLW The #reat Go$ that formed all things both rewardeth the fool, and rewardeth trans ressors" V=ro RGSPI (JLW #h Lord G.Db behold, thou hast made the heaven and the earth by thy #reat power and stretched out arm, and there is nothin too hard for theeS Thou shewest lovin kindness unto thousands, and recompensest the iniKuity of the fathers into the bosom of their children after themS the Great, the .i hty God, the LM,/ of hosts, is his name, VJer ]RSP\%PQ (JLW M my God, incline thine ear, and hear! open thine eyes, and behold our desolations, and the city which is called by thy nameS for we do not present our supplications before thee for our ri hteousnesses, but for thy #reat mercies" V/an HSPQ (JLW #nd rend your heart, and not your arments, and turn unto the LM,/ your GodS for he is racious and merciful, slow to an er, and of #reat kindness, and repenteth him of the evil" VJoe RSP] (JLW #nd there came a fear on allS and they lorified God, sayin , That a #reat prophet is risen up amon us! and, That God hath visited his people" VLuk \SPG (JLW #nd without controversy #reat is the mystery of odlinessS God was manifest in the flesh, Uustified in the Spirit, seen of an els, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into lory" VPTi ]SPG (JLW -or the race of God that brin eth salvation hath appeared to all men, Teachin us that, denyin un odliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, ri hteously, and odly, in this present world! Lookin for that blessed hope, and the lorious appearin of the #reat God and our Saviour Jesus Christ! )ho ave himself for us, that he mi ht redeem us from all iniKuity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, 'ealous of ood works" These thin s speak, and e$hort, and rebuke with all authority" Let no man despise thee" VTts RSPP%PN (JLW Seein then that we have a #reat hi h priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession" -or we have not an hi h priest which cannot be touched with the feelin of our infirmities! but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin" Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of race, that we may obtain mercy, and find race to help in time of need" VJbr ^SP^%PG (JLW +ow the God of peace, that brou ht a ain from the dead our Lord Jesus, that #reat shepherd of the sheep, throu h the blood of the everlastin covenant, .ake you perfect in every ood work to do his will, workin in you that which is wellpleasin in his si ht, throu h Jesus Christ! to whom be lory for ever and ever" #men" VJbr P]SRI%RP (JLW Sayin , )e ive thee thanks, M Lord God #lmi hty, which art, and wast, and art to come! because thou hast taken to thee thy #reat power, and hast rei ned" V,ev PPSP\ (JLW God Q Ga5ed Q ad S e5 Q ad' ab S e5' e, Q ab Jfather' +ebre5K S e, J,other' +ebre5K Q father' ,other Jonour thy father and thy ,otherS that thy days may be lon upon the land which the LM,/ thy God iveth thee" V2$d RISPR (JLW Then came to Jesus scribes and =harisees, which were of Jerusalem, sayin , )hy do thy disciples trans ress the tradition of the eldersO for they wash not their hands when they eat bread" But he answered and said unto them, )hy do ye also trans ress the commandment of God by your traditionO -or God commanded, sayin , Jonour thy father and ,otherS and, Je that curseth father or ,other, let him die the death" But ye say, )hosoever shall say to his father or his ,other, 6t is a ift, by whatsoever thou mi htest be profited by me! #nd honour not his father or his

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,other, he shall be free" Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition" Ce hypocrites, well did 2saias prophesy of you, sayin , This people draweth ni h unto me with their mouth, and honoureth me with their lips! but their heart is far from me" V.at PNSP%Q (JLW God Q Ga5ed Q 5e S ad Q 5e S ab Q 5e father Jave 5e not all one fatherO hath not one God created usO why do 5e deal treacherously every man a ainst his brother, by profanin the covenant of our fathersO V.al RSPI (JLW But to us there is but one God, the %ather, of whom are all thin s, and 5e in him! and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all thin s, and 5e by him" VPCr QSG (JLW We ive thanks to God and the %ather of our Lord Jesus Christ, prayin always for you, VCol PS] (JLW Behold, what manner of love the %ather hath bestowed upon us, that 5e should be called the sons of GodS therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not" VPJo ]SP (JLW God Q Ga5ed Q 5e S ad Q ,e S ab Q ,e father Je shall cry unto ,e, Thou art my father, my God, and the rock of my salvation" V=sa QHSRG (JLW It is written in the prophets, #nd they shall be all tau ht of God" 2very man therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the %ather, cometh unto ,e" +ot that any man hath seen the %ather, save he which is of God, he hath seen the %ather" VJhn GS^N%^G (JLW Jesus said unto them, If God were your %ather, ye would love ,eS for I proceeded forth and came from God! neither came I of myself, but he sent ,e" xJesus answered, If I honour myself, my honour is nothin S it is my %ather that honoureth ,e! of whom ye say, that he is your GodS VJhn QS^R, N^ (JLW -or the %ather himself loveth you, because ye have loved ,e, and have believed that I came out from God" VJhn PGSR\ (JLW God Q Ga5ed Q 5e S ad Q Ve S ab Q Ve' see JphoneticallyK S father' %ather Q see %ather This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses" Therefore bein by the ri ht hand of God e$alted, and havin received of the %ather the promise of the Joly Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear" V#ct RS]R%]] (JLW God Q Ga5ed Q ad' ab Q ab JfatherAsE' +ebre5K Q fatherAsE #nd God spake unto Israel in the visions of the ni ht, and said, Jacob, Jacob" #nd he said, Jere am I" #nd he said, I am God, the God of thy fatherS fear not to o down into 2 ypt! for I will there make of thee a reat nationS I will o down with thee into 2 ypt! and I will also surely brin thee up againS and Joseph shall put his hand upon thine eyes" VGen ^GSR%^ (JLW #nd they forsook the LM,/ God of their fathers, which brou ht them out of the land of 2 ypt, and followed other ods, of the ods of the people that were round about them, and bowed themselves unto them, and provoked the LM,/ to an er" VJd RSPR (JLW

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#nd /avid said to all the con re ation, +ow bless the LM,/ your God" #nd all the con re ation blessed the LM,/ God of their fathers, and bowed down their heads, and worshipped the LM,/, and the kin " VPCh RHSRI (JLW -or unto us a child is born, unto us a son is ivenS and the overnment shall be upon his shoulderS and his name shall be called )onderful, Counsellor, The mi hty God, The everlastin %ather, The =rince of =eace" VIsa HSG (JLW Therefore the Jews sou ht the more to kill him, because he not only had broken the sabbath, but said also that God was his %ather, makin himself eKual with God" VJhn NSPQ (JLW Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that meat which endureth unto everlastin life, which the Son of man shall ive unto youS for him hath God the %ather sealed" VJhn GSR\ (JLW Grace be unto you, and peace, from God our %ather, and from the Lord Jesus Christ" VPCr PS] (JLW #nd because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, cryin , #bba, %ather" )herefore thou art no more a servant, but a son! and if a son, then an heir of God throu h Christ" VGal ^SG%\ (JLW Blessed be the God and %ather of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessin s in heavenly places in ChristS V2ph PS] (JLW Mne God and %ather of all, who is above all, and throu h all, and in you all" V2ph ^SG (JLW That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth! #nd that every ton ue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the lory of God the %ather" V=hl RSPI%PP (JLW #nd whatsoever ye do in word or deed, do all in the name of the Lord Jesus, ivin thanks to God and the %ather by him" VCol ]SP\ (JLW +ow our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and God, even our %ather, which hath loved us, and hath iven us everlastin consolation and ood hope throu h race, Comfort your hearts, and stablish you in every ood word and work" VRTh RSPG%P\ (JLW =ure reli ion and undefiled before God and the %ather is this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, and to keep himself unspotted from the world" VJam PSR\ (JLW )hosoever trans resseth, and abideth not in the doctrine of Christ, hath not God" Je that abideth in the doctrine of Christ, he hath both the %ather and the Son" VRJo PSH (JLW God Q Ga5ed Q 5a' ,a Q ,a' ,other Jsynony,K Q ,other God Q Ga5ed Q e5' e, Q ,other There came then his brethren and his ,other, and, standin without, sent unto him, callin him" #nd the multitude sat about him, and they said unto him, Behold, thy ,other and thy brethren without seek for thee" #nd he answered them, sayin , )ho is my ,other, or my brethrenO #nd he looked round about on them which sat about him, and said, Behold my ,other and my brethrenb -or whosoever shall do the will of God, the same is my brother, and my sister, and ,other" V.ar ]S]P%]N (JLW Then came to him his ,other and his brethren, and could not come at him for the press" #nd it was told him by certain which said, Thy ,other and thy brethren stand without, desirin to see thee" #nd he answered and said unto them, .y ,other and my brethren are these which hear the word of God, and do it" VLuk QSPH%RP (JLW God Q Ga5ed Q de a,

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Q be S a, Jpeople' +ebre5K Q be S people Q be people Be it known unto you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of +a'areth, whom ye crucified, whom God raised from the dead, even by him doth this man stand here before you whole" This is the stone which was set at nou ht of you builders, which is become the head of the corner" +either is there salvation in any otherS for there is none other name under heaven iven amon men, whereby we must be saved" V#ct ^SPI%PR (JLW #nd I will ive them an heart to know me, that I am the LM,/S and they shall be my people, and I will be their GodS for they shall return unto me with their whole heart" VJer R^S\ (JLW *et the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered! and it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, *e are not my people, there it shall be said unto them, Ce are the sons of the livin God" VJsa PSPI (JLW #nd his father Xacharias was filled with the Joly Ghost, and prophesied, sayin , Blessed be the Lord God of Israel! for he hath visited and redeemed his people, #nd hath raised up an horn of salvation for us in the house of his servant /avid! #s he spake by the mouth of his holy prophets, which have been since the world be anS VLuk PSG\%\I (JLW #nd I heard a reat voice out of heaven sayin , Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God" V,ev RPS] (JLW God Q Ga5ed Q a5' a, Q a, Jpeople' +ebre5K Q people #nd the people said unto Joshua, The LM,/ our God will we serve, and his voice will we obey" VJos R^SR^ (JLW .y soul, wait thou only upon God! for my e$pectation is from him" Je only is my rock and my salvationS he is my defence! I shall not be moved" In God is my salvation and my loryS the rock of my stren th, and my refu e, is in God" Trust in him at all times! ye people, pour out your heart before himS God is a refu e for us" Selah" V=sa GRSN%Q (JLW Let the people praise thee, M God! let all the people praise thee" V=sa G\S] (JLW Thou art the God that doest wondersS thou hast declared thy stren th amon the people" V=sa \\SP^ (JLW I will hear what God the LM,/ will speakS for he will speak peace unto his people, and to his saintsS but let them not turn a ain to folly" V=sa QNSQ (JLW M come, let us worship and bow downS let us kneel before the LM,/ our maker" -or he is our God! and we are the people of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand" To day if ye will hear his voice, Jarden not your heart, as in the provocation, and as in the day of temptation in the wildernessS V=sa HNSG%Q (JLW Jappy is that people, that is in such a caseS yea, happy is that people, whose God is the LM,/" V=sa P^^SPN (JLW .y people are destroyed for lack of knowled eS because thou hast reUected knowled e, I will also reUect thee, that thou shalt be no priest to meS seein thou hast for otten the law of thy God, I will also for et thy children" VJsa ^SG (JLW -or all people will walk every one in the name of his #od, and we will walk in the name of the LM,/ our God for ever and ever" V.ic ^SN (JLW #nd there came a fear on allS and they lorified God, sayin , That a reat prophet ZJesus Christ[ is risen up amon us! and, That God hath visited his people" VLuk \SPG (JLW #nd the people, when they knew it, followed him ZJesus[S and he received them, and spake unto them of the kin dom of God, and healed them that had need of healin " VLuk HSPP (JLW But ye are a chosen eneration, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people! that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous li htS )hich in time past were not a people, but

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are now the people of GodS which had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy" VP=e RSH%PI (JLW God Q Ga5ed Q a5' a, Q a, #nd .oses said unto God, Behold, when I come unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them, The God of your fathers hath sent me unto you! and they shall say to me, )hat is his nameO what shall I say unto themO #nd God said unto .oses, I A1 TJ#T I A1S and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I A1 hath sent me unto you" V2$d ]SP]%P^ (JLW *e shall do my Uud ments, and keep mine ordinances, to walk thereinS I am the LM,/ your God" VLev PQS^ (JLW Thus saith the LM,/ the (in of Israel, and his redeemer the LM,/ of hosts! I am the first, and I am the last! and beside me there is no God" VIsa ^^SG (JLW Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earthS for I am God, and there is none else" VIsa ^NSRR (JLW Thus saith the LM,/, thy ,edeemer, the Joly Mne of Israel! I am the LM,/ thy God which teacheth thee to profit, which leadeth thee by the way that thou shouldest o" VIsa ^QSP\ (JLW Behold, I am the LM,/, the God of all fleshS is there any thin too hard for meO VJer ]RSR\ (JLW Thus shall they know that I the LM,/ their God am with them, and that they, even the house of Israel, are my people, saith the Lord G.D" #nd ye my flock, the flock of my pasture, are men, and I am your God, saith the Lord G.D" V2'e ]^S]I%]P (JLW I a, the God of #braham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of JacobO God is not the God of the dead, but of the livin " V.at RRS]R (JLW #nd it came to pass, as he was alone prayin , his disciples were with himS and he asked them, sayin , )hom say the people that I a,O They answerin said, John the Baptist! but some say, 2lias! and others say, that one of the old prophets is risen a ain" Je said unto them, But whom say ye that I a,O =eter answerin said, The Christ of God" #nd he straitly char ed them, and commanded them to tell no man that thin ! Sayin , The Son of man must suffer many thin s, and be reUected of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be slain, and be raised the third day" VLuk HSPQ% RR (JLW -or I a, not ashamed of the ospel of ChristS for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth! to the Jew first, and also to the Greek" V,om PSPG (JLW I a, crucified with ChristS nevertheless I live! yet not I, but Christ liveth in meS and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and ave himself for me" VGal RSRI (JLW God Q Ga5ed Q 5ead' Vead Q Vead' sead Q sead' seed Q seed #nd God said, Let the earth brin forth rass, the herb yieldin seed, and the fruit tree yieldin fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earthS and it was so" #nd the earth brou ht forth rass, and herb yieldin seed after his kind, and the tree yieldin fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kindS and God saw that it was ood" """#nd God said, Behold, I have iven you every herb bearin seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yieldin seed! to you it shall be for meat" VGen PSPP%PR, RH (JLW #nd the LM,/ thy God will circumcise thine heart, and the heart of thy seed, to love the LM,/ thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, that thou mayest live" V/eu ]ISG (JLW #nd when much people were athered to ether, and were come to him out of every city, he spake by a parableS # sower went out to sow his seedS and as he sowed, some fell by the way side! and it was trodden down, and the fowls

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of the air devoured it" #nd some fell upon a rock! and as soon as it was sprun up, it withered away, because it lacked moisture" #nd some fell amon thorns! and the thorns spran up with it, and choked it" #nd other fell on ood round, and spran up, and bare fruit an hundredfold" #nd when he had said these thin s, he cried, Je that hath ears to hear, let him hear" #nd his disciples asked him, sayin , )hat mi ht this parable beO #nd he said, `nto you it is iven to know the mysteries of the kin dom of GodS but to others in parables! that seein they mi ht not see, and hearin they mi ht not understand" +ow the parable is thisS The seed is the word of God" Those by the way side are they that hear! then cometh the devil, and taketh away the word out of their hearts, lest they should believe and be saved" They on the rock are they, which, when they hear, receive the word with Uoy! and these have no root, which for a while believe, and in time of temptation fall away" #nd that which fell amon thorns are they, which, when they have heard, o forth, and are choked with cares and riches and pleasures of this life, and brin no fruit to perfection" But that on the ood round are they, which in an honest and ood heart, havin heard the word, keep it, and brin forth fruit with patience" VLuk QS^%PN (JLW #nd when he had removed him, he raised up unto them /avid to be their kin ! to whom also he ave testimony, and said, I have found /avid the son of Jesse, a man after mine own heart, which shall fulfil all my will" Mf this man1s seed hath God accordin to his promise raised unto Israel a Saviour, JesusS )hen John had first preached before his comin the baptism of repentance to all the people of Israel" V#ct P]SRR%R^ (JLW That is, They which are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of GodS but the children of the promise are counted for the seed" V,om HSQ (JLW Seein ye have purified your souls in obeyin the truth throu h the Spirit unto unfei ned love of the brethren, see that ye love one another with a pure heart ferventlyS Bein born a ain, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever" VP=e PSRR%R] (JLW Je that committeth sin is of the devil! for the devil sinneth from the be innin " -or this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he mi ht destroy the works of the devil" )hosoever is born of God doth not commit sin! for his seed remaineth in himS and he cannot sin, because he is born of God" VPJo ]SQ%H (JLW #nd the dra on was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ" V,ev PRSP\ (JLW God Q Ga5ed Q a#e5' a#eV Q a#eV' a#es Q a#es )ho now reUoice in my sufferin s for you, and fill up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ in my flesh for his body1s sake, which is the churchS )hereof I am made a minister, accordin to the dispensation of God which is iven to me for you, to fulfil the word of God! )ven the mystery which hath been hid from a#es and from enerations, but now is made manifest to his saintsS To whom God would make known what is the riches of the lory of this mystery amon the Gentiles! which is Christ in you, the hope of loryS )hom we preach, warnin every man, and teachin every man in all wisdom! that we may present every man perfect in Christ JesusS )hereunto I also labour, strivin accordin to his workin , which worketh in me mi htily" VCol PSR^%RH (JLW God Q Ga5ed Q d S 5a#e' Va#e Q b S Va#e' sa#e Q b' be JphoneticallyK sa#e' 5ise Jsynony,K Q be 5ise +ow unto the (in eternal, immortal, invisible, the only 5ise God, be honour and lory for ever and ever" #men" VPTi PSP\ (JLW To the only 5ise God our Saviour, be lory and maUesty, dominion and power, both now and ever" #men" VJud PSRN (JLW -or we are labourers to ether with GodS ye are GodTs husbandry, ye are GodTs buildin " #ccordin to the race of God which is iven unto me, as a 5ise masterbuilder, I have laid the foundation, and another buildeth thereon" But let every man take heed how he buildeth thereupon" -or other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ" Let no man deceive himself" If any man amon you seemeth to be 5ise in this world, let him become a fool,

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that he may be 5ise" -or the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God" -or it is written, Je taketh the wise in their own craftiness" #nd a ain, The Lord knoweth the thou hts of the 5ise, that they are vain" VPCr ]SH%PP, PQ%RI (JLW God Q Ga5ed Q 5a#e' Va#e Q Va#e' sa#e Q sa#e' 5ise Jsynony,K Q 5ise -or the preachin of the cross is to them that perish foolishness! but unto us which are saved it is the power of God" -or it is written, I will destroy the wisdom of the 5ise, and will brin to nothin the understandin of the prudent" )here is the 5iseO where is the scribeO where is the disputer of this worldO hath not God made foolish the wisdom of this worldO -or after that in the wisdom of God the world by wisdom knew not God, it pleased God by the foolishness of preachin to save them that believe" -or the Jews reKuire a si n, and the Greeks seek after wisdomS But we preach Christ crucified, unto the Jews a stumblin block, and unto the Greeks foolishness! But unto them which are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God" Because the foolishness of God is wiser than men! and the weakness of God is stron er than men" VPCr PSPQ%RN (JLW God Q Ga5ed Q 5a#e' 5a#es Q 5a#es -or the 5a#es of sin is death! but the ift of God is eternal life throu h Jesus Christ our Lord" V,om GSR] (JLW God Q Ga5ed JphoneticallyK Q da5' da, Q da, Jblood' +ebre5K Q blood But Christ bein come an hi h priest of ood thin s to come, by a reater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this buildin ! +either by the blood of oats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, havin obtained eternal redemption for us" -or if the blood of bulls and of oats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinklin the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifyin of the fleshS Jow much more shall the blood of Christ, who throu h the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, pur e your conscience from dead works to serve the livin GodO #nd for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the trans ressions that were under the first testament, they which are called mi ht receive the promise of eternal inheritance" -or where a testament is, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator" -or a testament is of force after men are deadS otherwise it is of no stren th at all while the testator liveth" )hereupon neither the first testament was dedicated without blood" -or when .oses had spoken every precept to all the people accordin to the law, he took the blood of calves and of oats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book, and all the people, Sayin , This is the blood of the testament which God hath enUoined unto you" .oreover he sprinkled with blood both the tabernacle, and all the vessels of the ministry" #nd almost all thin s are by the law pur ed with blood! and without sheddin of blood is no remission" 6t was therefore necessary that the patterns of thin s in the heavens should be purified with these! but the heavenly thin s themselves with better sacrifices than these" -or Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the fi ures of the true! but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for usS +or yet that he should offer himself often, as the hi h priest entereth into the holy place every year with blood of others! -or then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the worldS but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself" #nd as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the Uud mentS So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many! and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation" VJbr HSPP%RQ (JLW Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Joly Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood" V#ct RISRQ (JLW But now the ri hteousness of God without the law is manifested, bein witnessed by the law and the prophets! 2ven the ri hteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believeS for there is no differenceS -or all have sinned, and come short of the lory of God! Bein Uustified freely by his race throu h the redemption that is in Christ JesusS )hom God hath set forth to be a propitiation throu h faith in his blood, to declare his ri hteousness for the remission of sins that are past, throu h the forbearance of God! To declare, 6 say, at this time his ri hteousnessS that he mi ht be Uust, and the Uustifier of him which believeth in Jesus" V,om ]SRP%RG (JLW

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)hosoever believeth that Jesus is the Christ is born of GodS and every one that loveth him that be at loveth him also that is be otten of him" By this we know that we love the children of God, when we love God, and keep his commandments" -or this is the love of God, that we keep his commandmentsS and his commandments are not rievous" -or whatsoever is born of God overcometh the worldS and this is the victory that overcometh the world, even our faith" )ho is he that overcometh the world, but he that believeth that Jesus is the Son of GodO This is he that came by water and blood, even Jesus Christ! not by water only, but by water and blood" #nd it is the Spirit that beareth witness, because the Spirit is truth" -or there are three that bear record in heaven, the -ather, the )ord, and the Joly GhostS and these three are one" #nd there are three that bear witness in earth, the Spirit, and the water, and the bloodS and these three a ree in one" VPJo NSP%Q (JLW But flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not eat" #nd surely your blood of your lives will I reKuire! at the hand of every beast will I reKuire it, and at the hand of man! at the hand of every man1s brother will I reKuire the life of man" )hoso sheddeth man1s blood, by man shall his blood be shedS for in the ima e of God made he man" VGen HS^%G (JLW +ow this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kin dom of God! neither doth corruption inherit incorruption" VPCr PNSNI (JLW +ow the God of peace, that brou ht a ain from the dead our Lord Jesus, that reat shepherd of the sheep, throu h the blood of the everlastin covenant, .ake you perfect in every ood work to do his will, workin in you that which is wellpleasin in his si ht, throu h Jesus Christ! to whom be lory for ever and ever" #men" VJbr P]SRI%RP (JLW #nd when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four and twenty elders fell down before the Lamb, havin every one of them harps, and olden vials full of odours, which are the prayers of saints" #nd they sun a new son , sayin , Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereofS for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and ton ue, and people, and nation! #nd hast made us unto our God kin s and priestsS and we shall rei n on the earth" V,ev NSQ%PI (JLW #nd I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse! and he that sat upon him was called -aithful and True, and in ri hteousness he doth Uud e and make war" Jis eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns! and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself" #nd he was clothed with a vesture dipped in bloodS and his name is called The )ord of God" #nd the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean" #nd out of his mouth oeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nationsS and he shall rule them with a rod of ironS and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of #lmi hty God" #nd he hath on his vesture and on his thi h a name written, (I+G M- (I+GS, #+/ LM,/ M- LM,/S" V,ev PHSPP%PG (JLW God Q Ga5ed Q 5ad' ,ad Q ,ad' an#ry' 5roth Jsynony,sK Q an#ry' 5roth God Uud eth the ri hteous, and God is an#ry with the wic#ed every day" V=sa \SPP (JLW #nd the LM,/ was an#ry with Solomon, because his heart was turned from the LM,/ God of Israel, which had appeared unto him twice, #nd had commanded him concernin this thin , that he should not o after other odsS but he kept not that which the LM,/ commanded" )herefore the LM,/ said unto Solomon, -orasmuch as this is done of thee, and thou hast not kept my covenant and my statutes, which I have commanded thee, I will surely rend the kin dom from thee, and will ive it to thy servant" VP(i PPSH%PP (JLW #nd the dra on was 5roth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ" V,ev PRSP\ (JLW

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#ood Voccurs \RI times in GNN verses in the (JLW #ood Q o #od Q . God But do thou for me, . G.D the Lord, for thy name1s sakeS because thy mercy is #ood, deliver thou me" V=sa PIHSRP (JLW ,emember me, . my God, concernin this, and wipe not out my #ood deeds that I have done for the house of my God, and for the offices thereof" """#nd for the wood offerin , at times appointed, and for the firstfruits" ,emember me, . my God, for #ood" V+eh P]SP^, ]P (JLW #ood Q #od Q God #nd God said, Let there be li htS and there was li ht" #nd God saw the li ht, that it was #oodS and God divided the li ht from the darkness" """#nd God called the dry land 2arth! and the atherin to ether of the waters called he SeasS and God saw that it was #ood" """#nd the earth brou ht forth rass, and herb yieldin seed after his kind, and the tree yieldin fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kindS and God saw that it was #ood" #nd to rule over the day and over the ni ht, and to divide the li ht from the darknessS and God saw that it was #ood" """#nd God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thin that creepeth upon the earth after his kindS and God saw that it was #ood" """#nd God saw every thin that he had made, and, behold, it was very #ood" #nd the evenin and the mornin were the si$th day" VGen PS]%^, PI, PR, PQ, RN, ]P (JLW #nd out of the round made the LM,/ God to row every tree that is pleasant to the si ht, and #ood for food! the tree of life also in the midst of the arden, and the tree of knowled e of #ood and evil" x#nd the LM,/ God said, 6t is not #ood that the man should be alone! I will make him an help meet for him" VGen RSH, PQ (JLW +ow the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LM,/ God had made" #nd he said unto the woman, *ea, hath God said, *e shall not eat of every tree of the ardenO #nd the woman said unto the serpent, )e may eat of the fruit of the trees of the ardenS But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the arden, God hath said, *e shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die" #nd the serpent said unto the woman, *e shall not surely dieS -or God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as ods, knowin #ood and evil" """#nd the LM,/ God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know #ood and evilS and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for everS Therefore the LM,/ God sent him forth from the arden of 2den, to till the round from whence he was taken" So he drove out the man! and he placed at the east of the arden of 2den Cherubims, and a flamin sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life" VGen ]SP%N, RR%R^ (JLW *e shall dili ently keep the commandments of the LM,/ your God, and his testimonies, and his statutes, which he hath commanded thee" #nd thou shalt do that which is ri ht and #ood in the si ht of the LM,/S that it may be well with thee, and that thou mayest o in and possess the #ood land which the LM,/ sware unto thy fathers,"""#nd the LM,/ commanded us to do all these statutes, to fear the LM,/ our God, for our #ood always, that he mi ht preserve us alive, as it is at this day" #nd it shall be our ri hteousness, if we observe to do all these commandments before the LM,/ our God, as he hath commanded us" V/eu GSP\%PQ, R^%RN (JLW Take #ood heed therefore unto yourselves, that ye love the LM,/ your God" VJos R]SPP (JLW But it is #ood for me to draw near to GodS I have put my trust in the Lord G.D, that I may declare all thy works" V=sa \]SRQ (JLW -or the LM,/ God is a sun and shieldS the LM,/ will ive race and loryS no #ood thing will he withhold from them that walk upri htly" V=sa Q^SPP (JLW Teach me to do thy will! for thou art my GodS thy spirit is #ood! lead me into the land of upri htness" V=sa P^]SPI (JLW .y son, for et not my law! but let thine heart keep my commandmentsS -or len th of days, and lon life, and peace, shall they add to thee" Let not mercy and truth forsake theeS bind them about thy neck! write them upon the table of thine heartS So shalt thou find favour and #ood understandin in the si ht of God and man" V=ro ]SP%^ (JLW

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-or God shall brin every work into Uud ment, with every secret thin , whether it be #ood, or whether it be evil" V2cc PRSP^ (JLW The Spirit of the Lord G.D is upon me! because the LM,/ hath anointed me to preach #ood tidin s unto the meek! he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the openin of the prison to them that are bound! VIsa GPSP (JLW Seek #ood, and not evil, that ye may liveS and so the LM,/, the God of hosts, shall be with you, as ye have spoken" Jate the evil, and love the #ood, and establish Uud ment in the ateS it may be that the LM,/ God of hosts will be racious unto the remnant of Joseph" V#mo NSP^%PN (JLW #nd Jesus said unto him, )hy callest thou me #oodO there is none #ood but one, that is, God" V.ar PISPQ (JLW Jow God anointed Jesus of +a'areth with the Joly Ghost and with powerS who went about doin #ood, and healin all that were oppressed of the devil! for God was with him" V#ct PIS]Q (JLW #nd we know that all thin s work to ether for #ood to them that love God, to them who are the called accordin to his purpose" V,om QSRQ (JLW -or we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto #ood works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them" V2ph RSPI (JLW -or it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his #ood pleasure" V=hl RSP] (JLW I e$hort therefore, that, first of all, supplications, prayers, intercessions, and ivin of thanks, be made for all men! -or kin s, and for all that are in authority! that we may lead a Kuiet and peaceable life in all odliness and honesty" -or this is #ood and acceptable in the si ht of God our Saviour! )ho will have all men to be saved, and to come unto the knowled e of the truth" VPTi RSP%^ (JLW Beloved, follow not that which is evil, but that which is #ood" Je that doeth #ood is of GodS but he that doeth evil hath not seen God" V]Jo PSPP (JLW #ood Q #o do #nd thou shalt do that which is ri ht and #ood in the si ht of the LM,/S that it may be well with thee, and that thou mayest #o in and possess the #ood land which the LM,/ sware unto thy fathers, V/eu GSPQ (JLW If Balak would ive me his house full of silver and old, I cannot #o beyond the commandment of the LM,/, to do either #ood or bad of mine own mind! but what the LM,/ saith, that will I speakO V+um R^SP] (JLW #ood Q #o Be stron and of a #ood coura e, fear not, nor be afraid of themS for the LM,/ thy God, he it is that doth #o with thee! he will not fail thee, nor forsake thee" V/eu ]PSG (JLW )hoso causeth the ri hteous to #o astray in an evil way, he shall fall himself into his own pitS but the upri ht shall have #ood things in possession" V=ro RQSPI (JLW #nd he said unto her, /au hter, be of #ood comfortS thy faith hath made thee whole! #o in peace" VLuk QS^Q (JLW #ood Q do /epart from evil, and do #ood! seek peace, and pursue it" V=sa ]^SP^ (JLW Do #ood, M LM,/, unto those that be #ood, and to them that are upri ht in their hearts" V=sa PRNS^ (JLW Mr if a soul swear, pronouncin with his lips to do evil, or to do #ood, whatsoever it be that a man shall pronounce with an oath, and it be hid from him! when he knoweth of it, then he shall be uilty in one of these" VLev NS^ (JLW #nd the LM,/ commanded us to do all these statutes, to fear the LM,/ our God, for our #ood always, that he mi ht preserve us alive, as it is at this day" V/eu GSR^ (JLW

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This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth! but thou shalt meditate therein day and ni ht, that thou mayest observe to do accordin to all that is written thereinS for then thou shalt make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt have #ood success" VJos PSQ (JLW The fear of the LM,/ is the be innin of wisdomS a #ood understandin have all they that do his commandmentsS his praise endureth for ever" V=sa PPPSPI (JLW #nd when he was one forth into the way, there came one runnin , and kneeled to him, and asked him, Good .aster, what shall I do that I may inherit eternal lifeO #nd Jesus said unto him, )hy callest thou me #oodO there is none #ood but one, that is, God" Thou knowest the commandments, Do not commit adultery, Do not kill, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, /efraud not, Jonour thy father and mother" V.ar PISP\%PH (JLW But I say unto you which hear, Love your enemies, do #ood to them which hate you, VLuk GSR\ (JLW #ood Q od Q od' odd JphoneticallyK Q odd' stran#e Jsynony,K Q stran#e If ye forsake the LM,/, and serve stran#e ods, then he will turn and do you hurt, and consume you, after that he hath done you #ood" VJos R^SRI (JLW

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hear Voccurs NNI times in NPG verses in the (JLW hear Q ear LM,/, thou hast heard the desire of the humbleS thou wilt prepare their heart, thou wilt cause thine ear to hearS V=sa PISP\ (JLW I have called upon thee, for thou wilt hear me, M GodS incline thine ear unto me, and ear my speech" V=sa P\SG (JLW +ear my prayer, M God! ive ear to the words of my mouth" V=sa N^SR (JLW Je that planted the ear, shall he not hearO he that formed the eye, shall he not seeO V=sa H^SH (JLW The Lord GM/ hath iven me the ton ue of the learned, that I should know how to speak a word in season to him that is wearyS he wakeneth mornin by mornin , he wakeneth mine ear to hear as the learned" VIsa NIS^ (JLW Incline your ear, and come unto meS hear, and your soul shall live! and I will make an everlastin covenant with you, even the sure mercies of /avid" VIsa NNS] (JLW +ear ye, and ive ear! be not proudS for the LM,/ hath spoken" VJer P]SPN (JLW )hat I tell you in darkness, that speak ye in li htS and what ye hear in the ear, that preach ye upon the housetops" V.at PISR\ (JLW Je that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches! To him that overcometh will I ive to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God"""Je that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches! Je that overcometh shall not be hurt of the second death"""Je that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches! To him that overcometh will I ive to eat of the hidden manna, and will ive him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth savin he that receiveth it" V,ev RS\,PP,P\ (JLW hear Q he ra Q he S ra Je9il' +ebre5K Q he e9il +ow 2li was very old, and heard all that his sons did unto all Israel! and how they lay with the women that assembled at the door of the tabernacle of the con re ation" #nd he said unto them, )hy do ye such thin sO for I hear of your e9il dealin s by all this people" +ay, my sons! for it is no ood report that I hearS ye make the LM,/1S people to trans ress" VPSa RSRR%R^ (JLW hear Q ra Q ra Je9il' 5ic!ed' +ebre5K Q e9il' 5ic!ed If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their 5ic!ed ways! then will I hear from heaven, and will for ive their sin, and will heal their land" +ow mine eyes shall be open, and mine ears attent unto the prayer that is made in this place" VRCh \SP^%PN (JLW +ear, M earthS behold, I will brin e9il upon this people, even the fruit of their thou hts, because they have not hearkened unto my words, nor to my law, but reUected it" VJer GSPH (JLW Thus saith the LM,/ of hosts, the God of Israel! Behold, I will brin upon this city and upon all her towns all the e9il that I have pronounced a ainst it, because they have hardened their necks, that they mi ht not hear my words" VJer PHSPN (JLW But if they had stood in my counsel, and had caused my people to hear my words, then they should have turned them from their e9il way, and from the e9il of their doin s" VJer R]SRR (JLW

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hear Q hear Q hear' here JphoneticallyK Q here Immediately therefore I sent to thee! and thou hast well done that thou art come" +ow therefore are we all here present before God, to hear all thin s that are commanded thee of God" V#ct PIS]] (JLW hear Q era Q era' ti,e Jsynony,K Q ti,e But as for me, my prayer is unto thee, M LM,/, in an acceptable ti,eS M God, in the multitude of thy mercy hear me, in the truth of thy salvation" V=sa GHSP] (JLW Come ye near unto me, hear ye this! I have not spoken in secret from the be innin ! from the ti,e that it was, there am IS and now the Lord GM/, and his Spirit, hath sent me" VIsa ^QSPG (JLW -or this people1s heart is wa$ed ross, and their ears are dull of hearin , and their eyes they have closed! lest at any ti,e they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and should understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them" V.at P]SPN (JLW They on the rock are they, which, when they hear, receive the word with Uoy! and these have no root, which for a while believe, and in ti,e of temptation fall away" VLuk QSP] (JLW Blessed is he that readeth, and they that hear the words of this prophecy, and keep those thin s which are written thereinS for the ti,e is at hand" V,ev PS] (JLW

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Fesus Voccurs HQ] times in H^R verses in the (JLW Fesus Q UFeho9ah is sal9ationU' God 5ith us' the on of God' the a9iour of ,an!ind' God incarnate' )hrist' /ord Q Iesous JGree!K Q Foshua J+ebre5K Fesus Q eu Q en Q en J/ord' u,erianK Q /ord Then answered =eter, and said unto Fesus, /ord, it is ood for us to be hereS if thou wilt, let us make here three tabernacles! one for thee, and one for .oses, and one for 2lias" V.at P\S^ (JLW Fesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the /ord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind" V.at RRS]\ (JLW #nd they entered in, and found not the body of the /ord Fesus" VLuk R^S] (JLW Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Fesus, whom ye have crucified, both /ord and Christ" V#ct RS]G (JLW #nd with reat power ave the apostles witness of the resurrection of the /ord FesusS and reat race was upon them all" V#ct ^S]] (JLW But we believe that throu h the race of the /ord Fesus Christ we shall be saved, even as they" V#ct PNSPP (JLW #nd not only so, but we also Uoy in God throu h our /ord Fesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement" V,om NSPP (JLW That as sin hath rei ned unto death, even so mi ht race rei n throu h ri hteousness unto eternal life by Fesus Christ our /ord" V,om NSRP (JLW -or I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor an els, nor principalities, nor powers, nor thin s present, nor thin s to come, +or hei ht, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Fesus our /ord" V,om QS]Q%]H (JLW That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the /ord Fesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved" V,om PISH (JLW But to us there is but one God, the -ather, of whom are all thin s, and we in him! and one /ord Fesus Christ, by whom are all thin s, and we by him" VPCr QSG (JLW )herefore I ive you to understand, that no man speakin by the Spirit of God calleth Fesus accursedS and that no man can say that Fesus is the /ord, but by the Joly Ghost" VPCr PRS] (JLW -or God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our /ord Fesus Christ, VPTh NSH (JLW Grace be with you, mercy, and peace, from God the -ather, and from the /ord Fesus Christ, the Son of the -ather, in truth and love" VRJo PS] (JLW (eep yourselves in the love of God, lookin for the mercy of our /ord Fesus Christ unto eternal life" VJud PSRP (JLW Je which testifieth these thin s saith, Surely I come Kuickly" #men" 2ven so, come, /ord Fesus" The race of our /ord Fesus Christ be with you all" #men" V,ev RRSRI%RP (JLW Fesus Q Fues Q Fues' Fe5s JphoneticallyK Q Fe5s

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#fterward Fesus findeth him in the temple, and said unto him, Behold, thou art made wholeS sin no more, lest a worse thin come unto thee" The man departed, and told the Fe5s that it was Fesus, which had made him whole" #nd therefore did the Fe5s persecute Fesus, and sou ht to slay him, because he had done these thin s on the sabbath day" But Fesus answered them, .y -ather worketh hitherto, and I work" Therefore the Fe5s sou ht the more to kill him, because he not only had broken the sabbath, but said also that God was his -ather, makin himself eKual with God" VJhn NSP^%PQ (JLW Then said Fesus to those Fe5s which believed on him, If ye continue in my word, then are ye my disciples indeed! #nd ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free" VJhn QS]P%]R (JLW Then many of the Fe5s which came to .ary, and had seen the thin s which Fesus did, believed on him" VJhn PPS^N (JLW #nd Fesus stood before the overnorS and the overnor asked him, sayin , #rt thou the (in of the Fe5sO #nd Fesus said unto him, Thou sayest" """#nd set up over his head his accusation written, TJIS IS FE L TJ2 (I+G M- TJ2 FEW " V.at R\SPP, ]\ (JLW #nd after this Joseph of #rimathaea, bein a disciple of Fesus, but secretly for fear of the Fe5s, besou ht =ilate that he mi ht take away the body of FesusS and =ilate ave him leave" Je came therefore, and took the body of Fesus" #nd there came also +icodemus, which at the first came to Fesus by ni ht, and brou ht a mi$ture of myrrh and aloes, about an hundred pound weight" Then took they the body of Fesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Fe5s is to bury" +ow in the place where he was crucified there was a arden! and in the arden a new sepulchre, wherein was never man yet laid" There laid they Fesus therefore because of the Fe5sT preparation day! for the sepulchre was ni h at hand" VJhn PHS]Q%^R (JLW Then the same day at evenin , bein the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Fe5s, came Fesus and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, =eace be unto you" VJhn RISPH (JLW -or he mi htily convinced the Fe5s, and that publickly, shewin by the scriptures that Fesus was Christ" V#ct PQSRQ (JLW #nd this continued by the space of two years! so that all they which dwelt in #sia heard the word of the Lord Fesus, both *e#s and Greeks" V#ct PHSPI (JLW Fesus Q Fu Q Fu' Fe5 JphoneticallyK Q Fe5 There cometh a woman of Samaria to draw waterS Fesus saith unto her, Give me to drink" V-or his disciples were one away unto the city to buy meat"W Then saith the woman of Samaria unto him, Jow is it that thou, bein a Fe5, askest drink of me, which am a woman of SamariaO for the Jews have no dealin s with the Samaritans" Fesus answered and said unto her, If thou knewest the ift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink! thou wouldest have asked of him, and he would have iven thee livin water" VJhn ^S\%PI (JLW There is neither Fe5 nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor femaleS for ye are all one in Christ Fesus" VGal ]SRQ (JLW Fesus Q sse Q sse' see JphoneticallyK Q see #nd their eyes were opened! and Fesus straitly char ed them, sayin , ee that no man know it" V.at HS]I (JLW #nd Fesus said unto them, ee ye not all these thin sO verily I say unto you, There shall not be left here one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down" V.at R^SR (JLW Fesus saith unto him, Thou hast saidS nevertheless I say unto you, Jereafter shall ye see the Son of man sittin on the ri ht hand of power, and comin in the clouds of heaven" V.at RGSG^ (JLW Then Fesus answerin said unto them, Go your way, and tell John what thin s ye have seen and heard! how that the

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blind see, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, to the poor the ospel is preached" VLuk \SRR (JLW Fesus answered and said unto him, Lerily, verily, I say unto thee, 2$cept a man be born a ain, he cannot see the kin dom of God" VJhn ]S] (JLW Then said Fesus unto him, 2$cept ye see si ns and wonders, ye will not believe" VJhn ^S^Q (JLW So when they had rowed about five and twenty or thirty furlon s, they see Fesus walkin on the sea, and drawin ni h unto the shipS and they were afraid" VJhn GSPH (JLW #nd Fesus said, -or Uud ment I am come into this world, that they which see not mi ht see! and that they which see mi ht be made blind" #nd some of the =harisees which were with him heard these words, and said unto him, #re we blind alsoO Fesus said unto them, If ye were blind, ye should have no sinS but now ye say, )e see! therefore your sin remaineth" VJhn HS]H%^P (JLW Fesus saith unto her, Said I not unto thee, that, if thou wouldest believe, thou shouldest see the lory of GodO VJhn PPS^I (JLW The same came therefore to =hilip, which was of Bethsaida of Galilee, and desired him, sayin , Sir, we would see Fesus" VJhn PRSRP (JLW +ow Fesus knew that they were desirous to ask him, and said unto them, /o ye enKuire amon yourselves of that I said, # little while, and ye shall not see meS and a ain, a little while, and ye shall see meO VJhn PGSPH (JLW But we see Fesus, who was made a little lower than the an els for the sufferin of death, crowned with lory and honour! that he by the race of God should taste death for every man" VJbr RSH (JLW John to the seven churches which are in #siaS Grace be unto you, and peace, from him which is, and which was, and which is to come! and from the seven Spirits which are before his throne! #nd from Fesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first be otten of the dead, and the prince of the kin s of the earth" `nto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood, #nd hath made us kin s and priests unto God and his -ather! to him be lory and dominion for ever and ever" #men" Behold, he cometh with clouds! and every eye shall see him, and they also which pierced himS and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him" 2ven so, #men" V,ev PS^%\ (JLW Fesus Q sse Q sse' sea JphoneticallyK Q sea #nd Fesus, walkin by the sea of Galilee, saw two brethren, Simon called =eter, and #ndrew his brother, castin a net into the seaS for they were fishers" #nd he saith unto them, -ollow me, and I will make you fishers of men" #nd they strai htway left their nets, and followed him" V.at ^SPQ%RI (JLW Fesus answered and said unto them, Lerily I say unto you, If ye have faith, and doubt not, ye shall not only do this which is done to the fi tree, but also if ye shall say unto this mountain, Be thou removed, and be thou cast into the sea! it shall be done" V.at RPSRP (JLW So when they had rowed about five and twenty or thirty furlon s, they see Fesus walkin on the sea, and drawin ni h unto the shipS and they were afraid" VJhn GSPH (JLW Fesus Q Geesus JphoneticallyK Q #e Jearth' Gree!K Q earth #nd Fesus came and spake unto them, sayin , #ll power is iven unto me in heaven and in earth" Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, bapti'in them in the name of the -ather, and of the Son, and of the Joly GhostS Teachin them to observe all thin s whatsoever I have commanded youS and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world" #men" V.at RQSPQ%RI (JLW Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ FesusS )ho, bein in the form of God, thou ht it not robbery to be eKual with GodS But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the

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likeness of menS #nd bein found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross" )herefore God also hath hi hly e$alted him, and iven him a name which is above every nameS That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth! #nd that every ton ue should confess that Fesus Christ is Lord, to the lory of God the -ather" V=hl RSN%PP (JLW Fesus Q us #nd when Fesus departed thence, two blind men followed him, cryin , and sayin , !hou Son of /avid, have mercy on us" V.at HSR\ (JLW #nd there was in their syna o ue a man with an unclean spirit! and he cried out, Sayin , Let us alone! what have we to do with thee, thou Jesus of +a'arethO art thou come to destroy usO I know thee who thou art, the Joly Mne of God" V.ar PSR]%R^ (JLW #nd Fesus said unto him, -orbid him notS for he that is not a ainst us is for us" VLuk HSNI (JLW (now ye not, that so many of us as were bapti'ed into Fesus Christ were bapti'ed into his deathO V,om GS] (JLW +or hei ht, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Fesus our Lord" V,om QS]H (JLW But thanks be to God, which iveth us the victory throu h our Lord Fesus Christ" VPCr PNSN\ (JLW (nowin that he which raised up the Lord Fesus shall raise up us also by Fesus, and shall present us with you" VRCr ^SP^ (JLW #nd all thin s are of God, who hath reconciled us to himself by Fesus Christ, and hath iven to us the ministry of reconciliation! VRCr NSPQ (JLW Blessed be the God and -ather of our Lord Fesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessin s in heavenly places in ChristS V2ph PS] (JLW #nd hath raised us up to ether, and made us sit to ether in heavenly places in Christ FesusS V2ph RSG (JLW +ow our Lord Fesus Christ himself, and God, even our -ather, which hath loved us, and hath iven us everlastin consolation and ood hope throu h race, VRTh RSPG (JLW But if we walk in the li ht, as he is in the li ht, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Fesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin" VPJo PS\ (JLW #nd this is his commandment, That we should believe on the name of his Son Fesus Christ, and love one another, as he ave us commandment" VPJo ]SR] (JLW #nd we know that the Son of God is come, and hath iven us an understandin , that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Fesus Christ" This is the true God, and eternal life" VPJo NSRI (JLW #nd from Fesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first be otten of the dead, and the prince of the kin s of the earth" `nto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood, V,ev PSN (JLW

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life Voccurs ^NI times in ^IH verses in the (JLW life Q #enerally of physical life AGen 2::R /u! *(:28' etc6ER also used fi#urati9ely A*E for i,,ortality A+br ::*(ER A2E conduct or ,anner of life A-o, (:3ER A0E spiritual life or sal9ation AFhn 0:*('*:'*<'0(ER A3E eternal life A1at *9:*('*:R Fhn 0:*8ER of God and )hrist as the absolute source and cause of all life AFhn *:3R 8:2('09R **:28R *2:80E6 life Q el fi Q el JGod' +ebre5K S fi' fy JphoneticallyK Q God S fy' ?fy Jto ,a!e' ,ade' suffi@K Q God ,ade The Spirit of God hath ,ade me, and the breath of the #lmi hty hath iven me life" VJob ]]S^ (JLW #nd the LM,/ God formed man of the dust of the round, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life! and man became a livin soul" #nd the LM,/ God planted a arden eastward in 2den! and there he put the man whom he had formed" #nd out of the round ,ade the LM,/ God to row every tree that is pleasant to the si ht, and ood for food! the tree of life also in the midst of the arden, and the tree of knowled e of ood and evil" VGen RS\%H (JLW life Q if el Q if God -or if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, bein reconciled, we shall be saved by his life" V,om NSPI (JLW life Q el Q God -or God so loved the world, that he ave his only be otten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlastin life" VJhn ]SPG (JLW #nd God said, Let the waters brin forth abundantly the movin creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven" VGen PSRI (JLW #nd the LM,/ God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know ood and evilS and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for everS VGen ]SRR (JLW That thou mi htest fear the LM,/ thy God, to keep all his statutes and his commandments, which I command thee, thou, and thy son, and thy son1s son, all the days of thy life! and that thy days may be prolon ed" V/eu GSR (JLW Cet the LM,/ will command his lovin kindness in the daytime, and in the ni ht his son shall be with me, and my prayer unto the God of my life" V=sa ^RSQ (JLW I went down to the bottoms of the mountains! the earth with her bars was about me for everS yet hast thou brou ht up my life from corruption, M LM,/ my God" VJon RSG (JLW #nd he said unto him, )hy callest thou me oodO there is none ood but one, that is, GodS but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments" V.at PHSP\ (JLW Je that believeth on the Son hath everlastin lifeS and he that believeth not the Son shall not see life! but the wrath of God abideth on him" VJhn ]S]G (JLW Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that meat which endureth unto everlastin life, which the Son of man shall ive unto youS for him hath God the -ather sealed" """ -or the bread of God is he which cometh down from heaven, and iveth life unto the world" VJhn GSR\, ]] (JLW #nd this is life eternal, that they mi ht know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent" VJhn P\S] (JLW But these are written, that ye mi ht believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God! and that believin ye mi ht have

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life throu h his name" VJhn RIS]P (JLW The God of #braham, and of Isaac, and of Jacob, the God of our fathers, hath lorified his Son Jesus! whom ye delivered up, and denied him in the presence of =ilate, when he was determined to let him o" But ye denied the Joly Mne and the Just, and desired a murderer to be ranted unto you! #nd killed the =rince of life, whom God hath raised from the dead! whereof we are witnesses" V#ct ]SP]%PN (JLW )hen they heard these thin s, they held their peace, and lorified God, sayin , Then hath God also to the Gentiles ranted repentance unto life" V#ct PPSPQ (JLW -or if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, bein reconciled, we shall be saved by his life" V,om NSPI (JLW But now bein made free from sin, and become servants to God, ye have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlastin life" V,om GSRR (JLW This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that ye henceforth walk not as other Gentiles walk, in the vanity of their mind, Javin the understandin darkened, bein alienated from the life of God throu h the i norance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heartS )ho bein past feelin have iven themselves over unto lasciviousness, to work all uncleanness with reediness" V2ph ^SP\%PH (JLW -or ye are dead, and your life is hid with Christ in God" VCol ]S] (JLW In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world be an! VTts PSR (JLW Jereby perceive we the love of Go$, because he laid down his life for usS and we ou ht to lay down our lives for the brethren" VPJo ]SPG (JLW Je that hath the Son hath life! and he that hath not the Son of God hath not life" These thin s have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God! that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God" VPJo NSPR%P] (JLW #nd we know that the Son of God is come, and hath iven us an understandin , that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ" This is the true God, and eternal life" VPJo NSRI (JLW (eep yourselves in the love of God, lookin for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life" VJud PSRP (JLW #nd after three days and an half the Spirit of life from God entered into them, and they stood upon their feet! and reat fear fell upon them which saw them" V,ev PPSPP (JLW #nd he shewed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceedin out of the throne of God and of the Lamb" V,ev RRSP (JLW life Q fil Q fil6 Jabbre9iation for filius' son' /atinK Q son' on -or God so loved the world, that he ave his only be otten on, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlastin life" """Je that believeth on the on hath everlastin lifeS and he that believeth not the on shall not see life! but the wrath of God abideth on him" VJhn ]SPG, ]G (JLW But these are written, that ye mi ht believe that Jesus is the Christ, the on of God! and that believin ye mi ht have life throu h his name" VJhn RIS]P (JLW Jear, M my son, and receive my sayin s! and the years of thy life shall be many" V=ro ^SPI (JLW But Jesus called them unto him, and said, *e know that the princes of the Gentiles e$ercise dominion over them, and they that are reat e$ercise authority upon them" But it shall not be so amon youS but whosoever will be reat amon you, let him be your minister! #nd whosoever will be chief amon you, let him be your servantS 2ven as the on of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to ive his life a ransom for many" V.at RISRN%RQ (JLW Lerily, verily, I say unto you, The hour is comin , and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the on of GodS and they that hear shall live" -or as the -ather hath life in himself! so hath he iven to the on to have life in himself!

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#nd hath iven him authority to e$ecute Uud ment also, because he is the on of man" VJhn NSRN%R\ (JLW -or when we were yet without stren th, in due time Christ died for the un odly" -or scarcely for a ri hteous man will one dieS yet peradventure for a ood man some would even dare to die" But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us" .uch more then, bein now Uustified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath throu h him" -or if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his on, much more, bein reconciled, we shall be saved by his life" #nd not only so, but we also Uoy in God throu h our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement" V,om NSG%PP (JLW I am crucified with ChristS nevertheless I live! yet not I, but Christ liveth in meS and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the on of God, who loved me, and ave himself for me" VGal RSRI (JLW #nd this is the record, that God hath iven to us eternal life, and this life is in his on" Je that hath the on hath life! and he that hath not the on of God hath not life" These thin s have I written unto you that believe on the name of the on of God! that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the on of God" VPJo NSPP%P] (JLW life Q il Q il' ill JphoneticallyK Q ill' sic! Jsynony,K Q sic! Jope deferred maketh the heart sic!S but when the desire cometh, it is a tree of life" V=ro P]SPR (JLW life Q lie =aul, a servant of God, and an apostle of Jesus Christ, accordin to the faith of God1s elect, and the acknowled in of the truth which is after odliness! In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world be an! But hath in due times manifested his word throu h preachin , which is committed unto me accordin to the commandment of God our Saviour! To Titus, Zmine[ own son after the common faithS Grace, mercy, Zand[ peace, from God the -ather and the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour" VTts PSP%^ (JLW #nd there shall in no wise enter into it any thin that defileth, neither whatsoever worketh abomination, or ma#eth a lieS but they which are written in the Lamb1s book of life" V,ev RPSR\ (JLW life Q ile Q ile' iTll JphoneticallyK Q iTll' I 5ill Q I 5ill #nd this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have everlastin lifeS and I 5ill raise him up at the last day" """I am the livin bread which came down from heavenS if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for everS and the bread that I 5ill ive is my flesh, which I 5ill ive for the life of the world" """)hoso eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eternal life! and I 5ill raise him up at the last day" VJhn GS^I, NP, N^ (JLW -ear none of those thin s which thou shalt sufferS behold, the devil shall cast some of you into prison, that ye may be tried! and ye shall have tribulation ten daysS be thou faithful unto death, and I 5ill ive thee a crown of life" V,ev RSPI (JLW Je that overcometh, the same shall be clothed in white raiment! and I 5ill not blot out his name out of the book of life, but I 5ill confess his name before my -ather, and before his an els" V,ev ]SN (JLW #nd he said unto me, It is done" I am #lpha and Mme a, the be innin and the end" I 5ill ive unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely" V,ev RPSG (JLW Surely oodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my lifeS and I 5ill dwell in the house of the LM,/ for ever" V=sa R]SG (JLW -or I 5ill surely deliver thee, and thou shalt not fall by the sword, but thy life shall be for a prey unto theeS because thou hast put thy trust in me, saith the LM,/" VJer ]HSPQ (JLW life Q fel

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Q fel' fell JphoneticallyK Q fell #nd Samson said, Let me die with the =hilistines" #nd he bowed himself with all his mi ht! and the house fell upon the lords, and upon all the people that were therein" So the dead which he slew at his death were more than they which he slew in his life" VJd PGS]I (JLW #nd that which fell amon thorns are they, which, when they have heard, o forth, and are choked with cares and riches and pleasures of this life, and brin no fruit to perfection" VLuk QSP^ (JLW #nd after three days and an half the Spirit of life from God entered into them, and they stood upon their feet! and reat fear fell upon them which saw them" V,ev PPSPP (JLW life Q fli Q fli' fly JphoneticallyK Q fly #nd God said, Let the waters brin forth abundantly the movin creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven" VGen PSRI (JLW life Q file Q file' boo! Jsynony,K Q boo! Je that overcometh, the same shall be clothed in white raiment! and I will not blot out his name out of the boo! of life, but I will confess his name before my -ather, and before his an els" V,ev ]SN (JLW The beast that thou sawest was, and is not! and shall ascend out of the bottomless pit, and o into perditionS and they that dwell on the earth shall wonder, whose names were not written in the boo! of life from the foundation of the world, when they behold the beast that was, and is not, and yet is" V,ev P\SQ (JLW #nd I saw the dead, small and reat, stand before God! and the books were openedS and another book was opened, which is the boo& of lifeS and the dead were Uud ed out of those thin s which were written in the books, accordin to their works" """#nd whosoever was not found written in the boo! of life was cast into the lake of fire" V,ev RISPR, PN (JLW #nd if any man shall take away from the words of the boo! of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the boo! of life, and out of the holy city, and from the thin s which are written in this boo!" V,ev RRSPH (JLW life Q fe Q fe' fee JphoneticallyK Q fee' 5a#es Jsynony,K Q 5a#es -or the 5a#es of sin is death! but the ift of God is eternal life throu h Jesus Christ our Lord" V,om GSR] (JLW

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li9e Voccurs R^\ times in R]P verses in the (JLW li9e Q 9ie l Q 9ie Jli9in#' %renchK S l' el Q li9in# S el JGod' +ebre5K Q li9in# God -or he is not a God of the dead, but of the li9in#S for all li9e unto him" VLuk RIS]Q (JLW li9e Q l i9e Q l' el JphoneticallyK S iT9e Q God S i=9e' I ha9e Q God I ha9e I will sin unto the LM,/ as lon as I li9eS I will sin praise to my God while I ha9e my bein " V=sa PI^S]] (JLW Say unto them, "s I li9e, saith the Lord G.D, I ha9e no pleasure in the death of the wicked! but that the wicked turn from his way and li9eS turn ye, turn ye from your evil ways! for why will ye die, M house of IsraelO V2'e ]]SPP (JLW li9e Q i el Q I God +ow therefore hearken, M Israel, unto the statutes and unto the Uud ments, which I teach you, for to do them, that ye may li9e, and o in and possess the land which the LM,/ God of your fathers iveth you" V/eu ^SP (JLW Lerily, verily, I say unto you, The hour is comin , and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of GodS and they that hear shall li9e" VJhn NSRN (JLW -or it is written, "s I li9e, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every ton ue shall confess to God" V,om P^SPP (JLW li9e Q 9e l Q 9e Jand' +ebre5 prefi@K S el Q and God And the LM,/ thy God will circumcise thine heart, and the heart of thy seed, to love the LM,/ thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, that thou mayest li9e" V/eu ]ISG (JLW The humble shall see this, an$ be ladS and your heart shall li9e that seek God" V=sa GHS]R (JLW But he answered and said, It is written, .an shall not li9e by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God" V.at ^S^ (JLW And Jesus answered him, sayin , It is written, That man shall not li9e by bread alone, but by every word of God" VLuk ^S^ (JLW li9e Q 9ie Q 9ie Jli9in#' %renchK Q li9in# Lerily, verily, I say unto you, Je that believeth on me hath everlastin life" I am that bread of life" *our fathers did eat manna in the wilderness, and are dead" This is the bread which cometh down from heaven, that a man may eat thereof, and not die" I am the li9in# bread which came down from heavenS if any man eat of this bread, he shall li9e for everS and the bread that I will ive is my flesh, which I will ive for the life of the world" The Jews therefore strove amon themselves, sayin , Jow can this man ive us his flesh to eatO Then Jesus said unto them, Lerily, verily, I say unto you, 2$cept ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye have no life in you" )hoso eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eternal life! and I will raise him up at the last day" -or my flesh is meat indeed, and my blood is drink indeed" Je that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, dwelleth in me, and I in him" #s the li9in# -ather hath sent me, and I li9e by the -atherS so he that eateth me, even he shall li9e by me" This is that bread which came

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down from heavenS not as your fathers did eat manna, and are deadS he that eateth of this bread shall li9e for ever" These thin s said he in the syna o ue, as he tau ht in Capernaum" .any therefore of his disciples, when they had heard this, said, This is an hard sayin ! who can hear itO )hen Jesus knew in himself that his disciples murmured at it, he said unto them, /oth this offend youO hat and if ye shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was beforeO It is the spirit that Kuickeneth! the flesh profiteth nothin S the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life" VJhn GS^\%G] (JLW li9e Q el Q God In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only be otten Son into the world, that we mi ht li9e throu h him" VPJo ^SH (JLW #nd the LM,/ God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know ood and evilS and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and li9e for everS VGen ]SRR (JLW Seek ood, and not evil, that ye may li9eS and so the LM,/, the God of hosts, shall be with you, as ye have spoken" V#mo NSP^ (JLW *e shall walk in all the ways which the LM,/ your God hath commanded you, that ye may li9e, and that it may be well with you, and that ye may prolon your days in the land which ye shall possess" V/eu NS]] (JLW -or therein is the ri hteousness of God revealed from faith to faithS as it is written, The Uust shall li9e by faith" V,om PSP\ (JLW -or thou h he was crucified throu h weakness, yet he liveth by the power of God" -or we also are weak in him, but we shall li9e with him by the power of God toward you" x-inally, brethren, farewell" Be perfect, be of ood comfort, be of one mind, li9e in peace! and the God of love and peace shall be with you" VRCr P]SPP, P^ (JLW That he no lon er should li9e the rest of his time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God" VP=e ^SR (JLW li9e Q lie Q lieAsE #nd will ye pollute me amon my people for handfuls of barley and for pieces of bread, to slay the souls that should not die, and to save the souls alive that should not li9e, by your lyin to my people that hear your liesO V2'e P]SPH (JLW li9e Q lie Q lie' lieth Jsynony,K Q lieth #nd besou ht him reatly, sayin , .y little dau hter lieth at the point of deathS I pray thee, come and lay thy hands on her, that she may be healed! and she shall li9e" x #nd he took the damsel by the hand, and said unto her, Talitha cumi! which is, bein interpreted, /amsel, I say unto thee, arise" #nd strai htway the damsel arose, and walked! for she was of the age of twelve years" #nd they were astonished with a reat astonishment" V.ar NSR], ^P%^] (JLW li9e Q e9il #nd the LM,/ God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know ood and e9ilS and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and li9e for everS VGen ]SRR (JLW This is an e9il amon all things that are done under the sun, that there is one event unto allS yea, also the heart of the sons of men is full of e9il, and madness is in their heart while they li9e, and after that they go to the dead" V2cc HS] (JLW Say unto them, "s I li9e, saith the Lord GM/, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked! but that the wicked turn from his way and li9eS turn ye, turn ye from your e9il ways! for why will ye die, M house of IsraelO V2'e ]]SPP (JLW Seek ood, and not e9il, that ye may li9eS and so the LM,/, the God of hosts, shall be with you, as ye have spoken" V#mo NSP^ (JLW

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li9e Q e9il Q e9il' e9el JphoneticallyK Q e9el JiniBuity' +ebre5K Q iniBuity )hen I shall say to the ri hteous, that he shall surely li9e! if he trust to his own ri hteousness, and commit iniBuity, all his ri hteousnesses shall not be remembered! but for his iniBuity that he hath committed, he shall die for it" # ain, when I say unto the wicked, Thou shalt surely die! if he turn from his sin, and do that which is lawful and ri ht!6f the wicked restore the pled e, ive a ain that he had robbed, walk in the statutes of life, without committin iniBuity! he shall surely li9e, he shall not die" V2'e ]]SP]%PN (JLW li9e Q 9eil Q 9eil' co9er Jsynony,K Q co9er #nd I will lay sinews upon you, and will brin up flesh upon you, and co9er you with skin, and put breath in you, and ye shall li9e! and ye shall know that I am the LM,/" V2'e ]\SG (JLW li9e Q il Q il' ill JphoneticallyK Q ill' sic! Jsynony,K Q sic! In those days was Je'ekiah sic! unto death" #nd Isaiah the prophet the son of #mo' came unto him, and said unto him, Thus saith the LM,/, Set thine house in orderS for thou shalt die, and not li9e" VIsa ]QSP (JLW li9e Q ile Q ile' iTll JphoneticallyK Q iTll' i 5ill Q i 5ill I VJesus ChristW am the livin bread which came down from heavenS if any man eat of this bread, he shall li9e for everS and the bread that I will ive is my flesh, which I 5ill ive for the life of the world" VJhn GSNP (JLW &pecially the day that thou stoodest before the LM,/ thy God in Joreb, when the LM,/ said unto me, Gather me the people to ether, and I 5ill make them hear my words, that they may learn to fear me all the days that they shall li9e upon the earth, and that they may teach their children" V/eu ^SPI (JLW I 5ill sin unto the LM,/ as lon as I li9eS I 5ill sin praise to my God while I have my bein " V=sa PI^S]] (JLW

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/ord Voccurs \H\I times in G\^H verses in the (JLW /.-D' /ord Q God' Fesus )hrist /ord Q dor Q dor' door JphoneticallyK Q door Then said Fesus unto them a ain, Lerily, verily, I say unto you, I am the door of the sheep" I am the doorS by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall o in and out, and find pasture" VJhn PIS\, H (JLW I know thy worksS behold, I Vthe Lord Jesus ChristW have set before thee an open door, and no man can shut itS for thou hast a little stren th, and hast kept my word, and hast not denied my name" """Behold, I stand at the door, and knockS if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me" V,ev ]SQ, RI (JLW -urthermore, when I came to Troas to preach Christ1s ospel, and a door was opened unto me of the /ord, VRCr RSPR (JLW -or the /.-D will pass throu h to smite the 2 yptians! and when he seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, the /.-D will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you" V2$d PRSR] (JLW #nd it came to pass, as .oses entered into the tabernacle, the cloudy pillar descended, and stood at the door of the tabernacle, and the L'() talked with .oses" V2$d ]]SH (JLW Je went in therefore, and shut the door upon them twain, and prayed unto the /.-D" VR(i ^S]] (JLW Set a watch, M /.-D, before my mouth! keep the door of my lips" V=sa P^PS] (JLW #nd, behold, there was a reat earthKuakeS for the an el of the /ord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat upon it" V.at RQSR (JLW /ord Q rod #nd .oses and #aron went in unto =haraoh, and they did so as the /.-D had commandedS and #aron cast down his rod before =haraoh, and before his servants, and it became a serpent" V2$d \SPI (JLW Thus saith the /.-D, In this thou shalt know that I am the /.-DS behold, I will smite with the rod that is in mine hand upon the waters which are in the river, and they shall be turned to blood" """#nd the /.-D spake unto .oses, Say unto #aron, Take thy rod, and stretch out thine hand upon the waters of 2 ypt, upon their streams, upon their rivers, and upon their ponds, and upon all their pools of water, that they may become blood! and that there may be blood throu hout all the land of 2 ypt, both in vessels of wood, and in vessels of stone" #nd .oses and #aron did so, as the /.-D commanded! and he lifted up the rod, and smote the waters that were in the river, in the si ht of =haraoh, and in the si ht of his servants! and all the waters that were in the river were turned to blood" V2$d \SP\, PH%RI (JLW #nd the /.-D spake unto .oses, Say unto #aron, Stretch forth thine hand with thy rod over the streams, over the rivers, and over the ponds, and cause fro s to come up upon the land of 2 ypt" x#nd the /.-D said unto .oses, Say unto #aron, Stretch out thy rod, and smite the dust of the land, that it may become lice throu hout all the land of 2 ypt" V2$d QSN%PG (JLW #nd .oses stretched forth his rod toward heavenS and the /.-D sent thunder and hail, and the fire ran alon upon the round! and the /.-D rained hail upon the land of 2 ypt" V2$d HSR] (JLW #nd .oses stretched forth his rod over the land of 2 ypt, and the /.-D brou ht an east wind upon the land all that day, and all that ni ht! and when it was mornin , the east wind brou ht the locusts" V2$d PISP] (JLW #nd the /.-D said unto .oses, Go on before the people, and take with thee of the elders of Israel! and thy rod, wherewith thou smotest the river, take in thine hand, and o" V2$d P\SN (JLW

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The /.-DT voice crieth unto the city, and the man of wisdom shall see thy nameS hear ye the rod, and who hath appointed it" V.ic GSH (JLW /ord Q r l do Q r' are JphoneticallyK S l' el JphoneticallyK S do Q are S el JGod' +ebre5K S do Q are God do These are the statutes and Uud ments, which ye shall observe to do in the land, which the /.-D God of thy fathers iveth thee to possess it, all the days that ye live upon the earth" V/eu PRSP (JLW The secret things belong unto the /.-D our GodS but those things which are revealed belong unto us and to our children for ever, that we may do all the words of this law" V/eu RHSRH (JLW M /ord, hear! M /ord, for ive! M /ord, hearken and do! defer not, for thine own sake, M my GodS for thy city and thy people are called by thy name" V/an HSPH (JLW /ord Q dor Q por' pour JphoneticallyK Q pour #nd the remnant of the oil that is in the priest1s hand he shall pour upon the head of him that is to be cleansedS and the priest shall make an atonement for him before the /.-D" VLev P^SPQ (JLW Then take the bo$ of oil, and pour it on his head, and say, Thus saith the /.-D, I have anointed thee kin over Israel" Then open the door, and flee, and tarry not" VR(i HS] (JLW /rop down, ye heavens, from above, and let the skies pour down ri hteousnessS let the earth open, and let them brin forth salvation, and let ri hteousness sprin up to ether! I the /.-D have created it" VIsa ^NSQ (JLW #rise, cry out in the ni htS in the be innin of the watches pour out thine heart like water before the face of the /ordx VLam RSPH (JLW /ord Q dor Q por' poor JphoneticallyK Q poor The Spirit of the /ord is upon me VLord Jesus ChristW, because he hath anointed me to preach the ospel to the poor! he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recoverin of si ht to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, VLuk ^SPQ (JLW -or ye know the race of our /ord Jesus Christ, that, thou h he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, that ye throu h his poverty mi ht be rich" VRCr QSH (JLW This poor man cried, and the /.-D heard him, and saved him out of all his troubles" V=sa ]^SG (JLW -or the /.-D heareth the poor, and despiseth not his prisoners" V=sa GHS]] (JLW The rich and poor meet to etherS the /.-D is the maker of them all" V=ro RRSR (JLW The poor and the deceitful man meet to etherS the /.-D li hteneth both their eyes" V=ro RHSP] (JLW If there be amon you a poor man of one of thy brethren within any of thy ates in thy land which the /.-D thy God iveth thee, thou shalt not harden thine heart, nor shut thine hand from thy poor brotherS V/eu PNS\ (JLW -or the oppression of the poor, for the si hin of the needy, now will I arise, saith the /.-D! I will set him in safety from him that puffeth at him" V=sa PRSN (JLW But I am poor and needy! yet the /ord thinketh upon meS thou art my help and my deliverer! make no tarryin , M my God" V=sa ^ISP\ (JLW

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I know that the /.-D will maintain the cause of the afflicted, and the ri ht of the poor" V=sa P^ISPR (JLW Je that hath pity upon the poor lendeth unto the /.-D! and that which he hath iven will he pay him a ain" V=ro PHSP\ (JLW hen the poor and needy seek water, and there is none, and their ton ue faileth for thirst, I the /.-D will hear them, I the God of Israel will not forsake them" VIsa ^PSP\ (JLW -or all those things hath mine hand made, and all those things have been, saith the /.-DS but to this man will I look, even to him that is poor and of a contrite spirit, and trembleth at my word" VIsa GGSR (JLW Sin unto the /.-D, praise ye the /.-DS for he hath delivered the soul of the poor from the hand of evildoers" VJer RISP] (JLW /ord Q old r Q old S r' are JphoneticallyK Q old are M /.-D, thou art my God! I will e$alt thee, I will praise thy name! for thou hast done wonderful things; thy counsels of old are faithfulness and truth" VIsa RNSP (JLW /ord Q old Q old ,emember, M /.-D, thy tender mercies and thy lovin kindnesses! for they have been ever of old" V=sa RNSG (JLW Sin unto God, ye kin doms of the earth! M sin praises unto the /ord! SelahS To him that rideth upon the heavens of heavens, which were of old! lo, he doth send out his voice, and that a mi hty voice" V=sa GQS]R%]] (JLW M /.-D, thou art my God! I will e$alt thee, I will praise thy name! for thou hast done wonderful things; thy counsels of old are faithfulness and truth" VIsa RNSP (JLW Thus saith the /.-D, Stand ye in the ways, and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the ood way, and walk therein, and ye shall find rest for your souls" But they said, )e will not walk therein" VJer GSPG (JLW The /.-D hath appeared of old unto me, saying, *ea, I have loved thee with an everlastin loveS therefore with lovin kindness have I drawn thee" VJer ]PS] (JLW Turn thou us unto thee, M /.-D, and we shall be turned! renew our days as of old" VLam NSRP (JLW # ain, ye have heard that it hath been said by them of old time, Thou shalt not forswear thyself, but shalt perform unto the /ord thine oathsS V.at NS]] (JLW -or there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, un odly men, turnin the race of our God into lasciviousness, and denyin the only /ord God, and our /ord Jesus Christ" VJud PS^ (JLW /ord Q do #nd all the people answered to ether, and said, #ll that the /.-D hath spoken we will do" #nd .oses returned the words of the people unto the /.-D" V2$d PHSQ (JLW But the seventh day is the sabbath of the /.-D thy GodS in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy dau hter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stran er that is within thy atesS V2$d RISPI (JLW *e shall do my Uud ments, and keep mine ordinances, to walk thereinS I am the /.-D your God" *e shall therefore keep my statutes, and my Uud mentsS which if a man do, he shall live in themS I am the /.-D" VLev PQS^%N (JLW Be of ood coura e, and let us behave ourselves valiantly for our people, and for the cities of our GodS and let the

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/.-D do that which is ood in his si ht" VPCh PHSP] (JLW Trust in the /.-D, and do ood! so shalt thou dwell in the land, and verily thou shalt be fed" V=sa ]\S] (JLW -or in thee, M /.-D, do I hopeS thou wilt hear, M /ord my God" V=sa ]QSPN (JLW In thee, M /.-D, do I put my trustS let me never be put to confusion" V=sa \PSP (JLW ,eUoice the soul of thy servantS for unto thee, M /ord, do I lift up my soul" V=sa QGS^ (JLW Bless the /.-D, ye his an els, that e$cel in stren th, that do his commandments, hearkenin unto the voice of his word" Bless ye the /.-D, all ye his hosts! ye ministers of his, that do his pleasure" V=sa PI]SRI%RP (JLW The fear of the /.-D is the be innin of wisdomS a ood understandin have all they that do his co,,and,entsS his praise endureth for ever" V=sa PPPSPI (JLW The /.-D is on my side! I will not fearS what can man do unto meO V=sa PPQSG (JLW Do ood, M /.-D, unto those that be ood, and to them that are upri ht in their hearts" V=sa PRNS^ (JLW The fear of the /.-D is to hate evilS pride, and arro ancy, and the evil way, and the froward mouth, do I hate" V=ro QSP] (JLW To do Uustice and Uud ment is more acceptable to the /.-D than sacrifice" V=ro RPS] (JLW I form the li ht, and create darknessS I make peace, and create evilS I the /.-D do all these things" VIsa ^NS\ (JLW M house of Israel, cannot I do with you as this potterO saith the /.-D" Behold, as the clay is in the potter1s hand, so are ye in mine hand, M house of Israel" VJer PQSG (JLW Can any hide himself in secret places that I shall not see himO saith the /.-D" Do not I fill heaven and earthO saith the /.-D" VJer R]SR^ (JLW Je hath shewed thee, M man, what is ood! and what doth the /.-D reKuire of thee, but to do Uustly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy GodO V.ic GSQ (JLW #nd when Jesus departed thence, two blind men followed him, cryin , and sayin , !hou Son of /avid, have mercy on us" #nd when he was come into the house, the blind men came to himS and Jesus saith unto them, Believe ye that I am able to do thisO They said unto him, *ea, /ord" Then touched he their eyes, sayin , #ccordin to your faith be it unto you" V.at HSR\%RH (JLW #nd why call ye me, /ord, /ord, and do not the thin s which I sayO VLuk GS^G (JLW So when they continued askin him, he lifted up himself, and said unto them, Je that is without sin amon you, let him first cast a stone at her" #nd a ain he stooped down, and wrote on the round" #nd they which heard it, bein convicted by their own conscience, went out one by one, be innin at the eldest, even unto the lastS and Jesus was left alone, and the woman standin in the midst" )hen Jesus had lifted up himself, and saw none but the woman, he said unto her, )oman, where are those thine accusersO hath no man condemned theeO She said, +o man, /ord" #nd Jesus said unto her, +either do I condemn theeS o, and sin no more" VJhn QS\%PP (JLW #nd whatsoever ye do in word or deed, $o all in the name of the /ord Jesus, ivin thanks to God and the -ather by him" """#nd whatsoever ye do, do it heartily, as to the /ord, and not unto men! VCol ]SP\, R] (JLW -or the eyes of the /ord are over the ri hteous, and his ears are open unto their prayersS but the face of the Lord is a ainst them that do evil" VP=e ]SPR (JLW #nd I heard a voice from heaven sayin unto me, )rite, Blessed are the dead which die in the /ord from henceforthS *ea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labours! and their works do follow them" V,ev P^SP] (JLW

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/ord Q do Q do' due JphoneticallyK Q due Give unto the /.-D the lory due unto his name! worship the /.-D in the beauty of holiness" V=sa RHSR (JLW #nd the /ord said, )ho then is that faithful and wise steward, whom his lord shall make ruler over his household, to ive them their portion of meat in due seasonO VLuk PRS^R (JLW /ord Q dro Q bro' brother Jsynony,K Q brother #nd the /.-D said unto Cain, )here is #bel thy brotherO #nd he said, I know notS "m I my brotherTs keeperO VGen ^SH (JLW That no man o beyond and defraud his brother in any matterS because that the /ord is the aven er of all such, as we also have forewarned you and testified" VPTh ^SG (JLW +ow we command you, brethren, in the name of our /ord Jesus Christ, that ye withdraw yourselves from every brother that walketh disorderly, and not after the tradition which he received of us" VRTh ]SG (JLW *ea, brother, let me have Uoy of thee in the /ordS refresh my bowels in the /ord" V=hm PSRI (JLW /ord Q rol Q rol' roll JphoneticallyK Q roll Then Jeremiah called Baruch the son of +eriahS and Baruch wrote from the mouth of Jeremiah all the words of the /.-D, which he had spoken unto him, upon a roll of a book" ...Then the word of the /.-D came to Jeremiah, after that the kin had burned the roll, and the words which Baruch wrote at the mouth of Jeremiah, sayin , Take thee a ain another roll, and write in it all the former words that were in the first roll, which Jehoiakim the kin of Judah hath burned"#nd thou shalt say to Jehoiakim kin of Judah, Thus saith the /.-D! Thou hast burned this roll, sayin , )hy hast thou written therein, sayin , The kin of Babylon shall certainly come and destroy this land, and shall cause to cease from thence man and beastO VJer ]GS^, R\%RH (JLW /ord Q lo -or there is not a word in my ton ue, but, lo, M /.-D, thou knowest it alto ether" V=sa P]HS^ (JLW #nd it shall be said in that day, /o, this is our God! we have waited for him, and he will save usS this is the /.-D! we have waited for him, we will be lad and reUoice in his salvation" VIsa RNSH (JLW -or, lo, he that formeth the mountains, and createth the wind, and declareth unto man what is his thou ht, that maketh the mornin darkness, and treadeth upon the hi h places of the earth, The /.-D, The God of hosts, is his name" V#mo ^SP] (JLW #nd, lo, the an el of the /ord came upon them, and the lory of the /ord shone round about themS and they were sore afraid" VLuk RSH (JLW /ord Q lo Q lo' lo5 JphoneticallyK Q lo5 The /.-D maketh poor, and maketh richS he brin eth lo5, and lifteth up" VPSa RS\ (JLW The /.-D preserveth the simpleS I was brou ht lo5, and he helped me" V=sa PPGSG (JLW -or the day of the /.-D of hosts shall be upon every one that is proud and lofty, and upon every one that is lifted up! and he shall be brou ht lo5S """#nd the loftiness of man shall be bowed down, and the hau htiness of men shall be made lo5S and the /.-D alone shall be e$alted in that day" VIsa RSPR, P\ (JLW

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/ord Q ol Q ol' all JphoneticallyK Q all #nd thou shalt love the /.-D thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mi ht" """#nd it shall be our ri hteousness, if we observe to do all these commandments before the /.-D our God, as he hath commanded us" V/eu GSN, RN (JLW #nd the /.-D delivered unto me two tables of stone written with the fin er of God! and on them was written accordin to all the words, which the /.-D spake with you in the mount out of the midst of the fire in the day of the assembly" V/eu HSPI (JLW The secret things belong unto the /.-D our GodS but those things which are revealed belong unto us and to our children for ever, that we may do all the words of this law" V/eu RHSRH (JLW #nd 2liUah came unto all the people, and said, Jow lon halt ye between two opinionsO if the /.-D be God, follow himS but if Baal, then follow him" #nd the people answered him not a word" VP(i PQSRP (JLW #nd they left all the commandments of the /.-D their God, and made them molten ima es, even two calves, and made a rove, and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served Baal" VR(i P\SPG (JLW But the /.-D your God ye shall fear! and he shall deliver you out of the hand of all your enemies" VR(i P\S]H (JLW Sin unto the /.-D, all the earth! shew forth from day to day his salvation" /eclare his lory amon the heathen! his marvellous works amon all nations" -or reat is the /.-D, and reatly to be praisedS he also is to be feared above all ods" -or all the ods of the people are idolsS but the /.-D made the heavens" VPCh PGS R]%RG (JLW M /.-D our /ord, how e$cellent is thy name in all the earthb V=sa QSH (JLW "s for God, his way is perfectS the word of the /.-D is triedS he is a buckler to all those that trust in him" V=sa PQS]I (JLW All the ends of the world shall remember and turn unto the /.-DS and all the kindreds of the nations shall worship before thee" V=sa RRSR\ (JLW All the paths of the /.-D are mercy and truth unto such as keep his covenant and his testimonies" V=sa RNSPI (JLW Mne thing have I desired of the /.-D, that will I seek after! that I may dwell in the house of the /.-D all the days of my life, to behold the beauty of the LM,/, and to enKuire in his temple" V=sa R\S^ (JLW M love the /.-D, all ye his saintsS for the /.-D preserveth the faithful, and plentifully rewardeth the proud doer" Be of ood coura e, and he shall stren then your heart, all ye that hope in the /.-D" V=sa ]PSR]%R^ (JLW The /.-D brin eth the counsel of the heathen to nou htS he maketh the devices of the people of none effect" The counsel of the /.-D standeth for ever, the thou hts of his heart to all enerations" Blessed is the nation whose God is the /.-D! and the people whom he hath chosen for his own inheritance" The /.-D looketh from heaven! he beholdeth all the sons of men" -rom the place of his habitation he looketh upon all the inhabitants of the earth" Je fashioneth their hearts alike! he considereth all their works" V=sa ]]SPI%PN (JLW .y soul shall make her boast in the /.-DS the humble shall hear thereof, and be lad" M ma nify the /.-D with me, and let us e$alt his name to ether" I sou ht the /.-D, and he heard me, and delivered me from all my fears" They looked unto him, and were li htenedS and their faces were not ashamed" This poor man cried, and the LM,/ heard him, and saved him out of all his troubles" The an el of the /.-D encampeth round about them that fear him, and delivereth them" M taste and see that the /.-D is oodS blessed is the man that trusteth in him" M fear the /.-D, ye his saintsS for there is no want to them that fear him" """!he righteous cry, and the /.-D heareth, and delivereth them out of all their troubles" """.any are the afflictions of the ri hteousS but the /.-D delivereth him out of them all" V=sa ]^SR%H, P\, PH (JLW Let all those that seek thee reUoice and be lad in theeS let such as love thy salvation say continually, The /.-D be ma nified" V=sa ^ISPG (JLW

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But it is ood for me to draw near to GodS I have put my trust in the /ord GM/, that I may declare all thy works" V=sa \]SRQ (JLW -or thou, /ord, art ood, and ready to for ive! and plenteous in mercy unto all them that call upon thee" V=sa QGSN (JLW -or the /.-D is a reat God, and a reat (in above all ods" V=sa HNS] (JLW Thou art near, M /.-D! and all thy commandments are truth" V=sa PPHSPNP (JLW The /.-D shall preserve thee from all evilS he shall preserve thy soul" V=sa PRPS\ (JLW Trust in the /.-D with all thine heart! and lean not unto thine own understandin " V=ro ]SN (JLW The spirit of man is the candle of the /.-D, searchin all the inward parts of the belly" V=ro RISR\ (JLW The rich and poor meet to etherS the /.-D is the maker of them all" V=ro RRSR (JLW 2vil men understand not Uud mentS but they that seek the /.-D understand all things" V=ro RQSN (JLW Je will swallow up death in victory! and the /ord GM/ will wipe away tears from off all faces! and the rebuke of his people shall he take away from off all the earthS for the /.-D hath spoken it" VIsa RNSQ (JLW Jave I any pleasure at all that the wicked should dieO saith the /ord GM/S and not that he should return from his ways, and liveO V2'e PQSR] (JLW Seek ye the /.-D, all ye meek of the earth, which have wrou ht his Uud ment! seek ri hteousness, seek meeknessS it may be ye shall be hid in the day of the LM,/1S an er" VXep RS] (JLW -or, behold, the day cometh, that shall burn as an oven! and all the proud, yea, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubbleS and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the /.-D of hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch" V.al ^SP (JLW .aster, which is the reat commandment in the lawO Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the /ord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind" This is the first and reat commandment" V.at RRS]G%]Q (JLW The word which Jod sent unto the children of Israel, preachin peace by Jesus ChristS Vhe is /ord of allSW V#ct PIS]G (JLW -or there is no difference between the Jew and the GreekS for the same /ord over all is rich unto all that call upon him" V,om PISPR (JLW The race of our /ord Jesus Christ be with you all" #men" V,om PGSR^ (JLW But to us there is but one God, the -ather, of whom are all thin s, and we in him! and one /ord Jesus Christ, by whom are all thin s, and we by him" VPCr QSG (JLW But we all, with open face beholdin as in a lass the lory of the /ord, are chan ed into the same ima e from lory to lory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord" VRCr ]SPQ (JLW #nd the /ord make you to increase and abound in love one toward another, and toward all men, even as we do toward youS VPTh ]SPR (JLW Thou art worthy, M /ord, to receive lory and honour and powerS for thou hast created all thin s, and for thy pleasure they are and were created" V,ev ^SPP (JLW )ho shall not fear thee, M /ord, and lorify thy nameO for thou only art holyS for all nations shall come and worship before thee! for thy Uud ments are made manifest" V,ev PNS^ (JLW

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lo9e Voccurs ]PP times in RQP verses in the (JLW lo9e Q o9 el Q o9' of JphoneticallyK S el JGod' +ebre5K Q of God Beloved, let us lo9e one anotherS for lo9e is of God! and every one that loveth is born of God, and knoweth God" Je that loveth not knoweth not God! for God is lo9e" In this was manifested the lo9e of God toward us, because that God sent his only be otten Son into the world, that we mi ht live throu h him" VPJo ^S\%H (JLW Jereby perceive we the lo9e of Go$, because he laid down his life for usS and we ou ht to lay down our lives for the brethren" But whoso hath this world1s ood, and seeth his brother have need, and shutteth up his bowels of compassion from him, how dwelleth the lo9e of God in himO VPJo ]SPG%P\ (JLW -or I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor an els, nor principalities, nor powers, nor thin s present, nor thin s to come, +or hei ht, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the lo9e of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord" V,om QS]Q%]H (JLW #nd hope maketh not ashamed! because the lo9e of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Joly Ghost which is iven unto us" V,om NSN (JLW -inally, brethren, farewell" Be perfect, be of ood comfort, be of one mind, live in peace! and the God of lo9e and peace shall be with you" Greet one another with an holy kiss" #ll the saints salute you" The race of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the lo9e of God, and the communion of the Joly Ghost, be with you all" #men" xVRCr P]SPP%P^ (JLW #nd the Lord direct your hearts into the lo9e of God, and into the patient waitin for Christ" VRTh ]SN (JLW #nd now, Israel, what doth the LM,/ thy God reKuire of thee, but to fear the LM,/ thy God, to walk in all his ways, and to lo9e him, and to serve the LM,/ thy God with all thy heart and with all thy soul, V/eu PISPR (JLW #nd the LM,/ thy God will circumcise thine heart, and the heart of thy seed, to lo9e the LM,/ thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, that thou mayest live" V/eu ]ISG (JLW The LM,/ thy God in the midst of thee is mi hty! he will save, he will reUoice over thee with Uoy! he will rest in his lo9e, he will Uoy over thee with sin in " VXep ]SP\ (JLW Jesus said unto them, If God were your -ather, ye would lo9e meS for I proceeded forth and came from God! neither came I of myself, but he sent me" VJhn QS^R (JLW +ow I beseech you, brethren, for the Lord Jesus Christ1s sake, and for the lo9e of the Spirit, that ye strive to ether with me in your prayers to God for me! V,om PNS]I (JLW But if any man lo9e God, the same is known of him" VPCr QS] (JLW #nd to know the lo9e of Christ, which passeth knowled e, that ye mi ht be filled with all the fulness of God" V2ph ]SPH (JLW But as touchin brotherly love ye need not that I write unto youS for ye yourselves are tau ht of God to lo9e one another" VPTh ^SH (JLW But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and into many foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown men in destruction and perdition" -or the lo9e of money is the root of all evilS which while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves throu h with many sorrows" But thou, M man of God, flee these thin s! and follow after ri hteousness, odliness, faith, lo9e, patience, meekness" VPTi GSH%PP (JLW -or God hath not iven us the spirit of fear! but of power, and of lo9e, and of a sound mind" VRTi PS\ (JLW (eep yourselves in the lo9e of God' lookin for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life" VJud PSRP (JLW

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lo9e Q el Q God Je that loveth not knoweth not God! for God is lo9e" In this was manifested the lo9e of God toward us, because that God sent his only be otten Son into the world, that we mi ht live throu h him" Jerein is lo9e, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins" Beloved, if God so loved us, we ou ht also to lo9e one another" +o man hath seen God at any time" If we lo9e one another, God dwelleth in us, and his lo9e is perfected in us" """#nd we have known and believed the lo9e that God hath to us" God is lo9e! and he that dwelleth in lo9e dwelleth in God, and God in him" """If a man say, I lo9e God, and hateth his brother, he is a liarS for he that loveth not his brother whom he hath seen, how can he lo9e God whom he hath not seenO #nd this commandment have we from him, That he who loveth God lo9e his brother also" VPJo ^SQ%PR, PG, RI%RP (JLW But God commendeth his lo9e toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us" V,om NSQ (JLW (now therefore that the LM,/ thy God, he is God, the faithful God, which keepeth covenant and mercy with them that lo9e him and keep his commandments to a thousand enerations! V/eu \SH (JLW But God, who is rich in mercy, for his reat lo9e wherewith he loved us, 2ven when we were dead in sins, hath Kuickened us to ether with Christ, Vby race ye are saved!W #nd hath raised us up to ether, and made us sit to ether in heavenly places in Christ JesusS V2ph RS^%G (JLW #nd walk in lo9e, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath iven himself for us an offerin and a sacrifice to God for a sweetsmellin savour" V2ph NSR (JLW =eace be to the brethren, and lo9e with faith, from God the -ather and the Lord Jesus Christ" V2ph GSR] (JLW Behold, what manner of lo9e the -ather hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of GodS therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not" VPJo ]SP (JLW By this we know that we lo9e the children of God, when we lo9e God, and keep his commandments" VPJo NSR (JLW Je hath shewed thee, M man, what is ood! and what doth the LM,/ reKuire of thee, but to do Uustly, and to lo9e mercy, and to walk humbly with thy GodO V.ic GSQ (JLW lo9e Q ol Q ol' all JphoneticallyK Q all #nd thou shalt lo9e the LM,/ thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mi ht" V/eu GSN (JLW M lo9e the LM,/, all ye his saintsS for the LM,/ preserveth the faithful, and plentifully rewardeth the proud doer" V=sa ]PSR] (JLW .2." M how lo9e I thy lawb it is my meditation all the day" """Thou puttest away all the wicked of the earth li#e drossS therefore I lo9e thy testimonies" V=sa PPHSH\, PPH (JLW But he that sinneth a ainst me wron eth his own soulS all they that hate me lo9e death" V=ro QS]G (JLW Jatred stirreth up strifesS but lo9e covereth all sins" V=ro PISPR (JLW Thou art all fair, my lo9e! there is no spot in thee" VS s ^S\ (JLW .any waters cannot Kuench lo9e, neither can the floods drown itS if a man would ive all the substance of his house for lo9e, it would utterly be contemned" VS s QS\ (JLW Behold, for peace I had reat bitternessS but thou hast in lo9e to my soul delivered it from the pit of corruptionS for thou hast cast all my sins behind thy back" VIsa ]QSP\ (JLW #nd let none of you ima ine evil in your hearts a ainst his nei hbour! and lo9e no false oathS for all these are things that I hate, saith the LM,/" VXec QSP\ (JLW

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#nd Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is, Jear, M Israel! The Lord our God is one LordS#nd thou shalt lo9e the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy stren thS this is the first commandment" #nd the second is like, namely this, Thou shalt lo9e thy nei hbour as thyself" There is none other commandment reater than these" #nd the scribe said unto him, )ell, .aster, thou hast said the truthS for there is one God! and there is none other but heS #nd to love him with all the heart, and with all the understandin , and with all the soul, and with all the stren th, and to lo9e his nei hbour as himself, is more than all whole burnt offerin s and sacrifices" V.ar PRSRH%]] (JLW By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have lo9e one to another" VJhn P]S]N (JLW -or the lo9e of Christ constraineth us! because we thus Uud e, that if one died for all, then were all deadS #nd that he died for all, that they which live should not henceforth live unto themselves, but unto him which died for them, and rose a ain" VRCr NSP^%PN (JLW #nd to know the lo9e of Christ, which passeth knowled e, that ye mi ht be filled with all the fulness of God" V2ph ]SPH (JLW -or all the law is fulfilled in one word, even in this! Thou shalt lo9e thy nei hbour as thyself" VGal NSP^ (JLW That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the slei ht of men, and cunnin craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive! But speakin the truth in lo9e, may row up into him in all thin s, which is the head, even ChristS -rom whom the whole body fitly Uoined to ether and compacted by that which every Uoint supplieth, accordin to the effectual workin in the measure of every part, maketh increase of the body unto the edifyin of itself in lo9e" V2ph ^SP^%PG (JLW Grace be with all them that lo9e our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity" #men" """ V2ph GSR^ (JLW #nd the Lord make you to increase and abound in lo9e one toward another, and toward all men, even as we do toward youS VPTh ]SPR (JLW Let no man deceive you by any meansS for that day shall not come, e$cept there come a fallin away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition! )ho opposeth and e$alteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped! so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewin himself that he is God" ,emember ye not, that, when I was yet with you, I told you these thin sO #nd now ye know what withholdeth that he mi ht be revealed in his time" -or the mystery of iniKuity doth already workS only he who now letteth will let, until he be taken out of the way" #nd then shall that )icked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the bri htness of his comin S )ven him, whose comin is after the workin of Satan with all power and si ns and lyin wonders, #nd with all deceivableness of unri hteousness in them that perish! because they received not the lo9e of the truth, that they mi ht be saved" #nd for this cause God shall send them stron delusion, that they should believe a lieS That they all mi ht be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unri hteousness" VRTh RS]%PR (JLW -inally, be ye all of one mind, havin compassion one of another, lo9e as brethren, be pitiful, be courteousS VP=e ]SQ (JLW #nd we know that all thin s work to ether for ood to them that lo9e God, to them who are the called accordin to his purpose" V,om QSRQ (JLW lo9e Q lu9 JphoneticallyK Q u' you # new commandment I ive unto you, That ye lo9e one another! as I have loved you, that ye also lo9e one another" VJhn P]S]^ (JLW #s the -ather hath loved me, so have I loved youS continue ye in my lo9e" """This is my commandment, That ye lo9e one another, as I have loved you" """These thin s I command you, that ye lo9e one another" """If ye were of the world, the world would lo9e his ownS but because ye are not of the world, but I have chosen you out of the world, therefore the world hateth you" VJhn PNSH,PR,P\,PH (JLW *e have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt lo9e thy nei hbour, and hate thine enemy" But I say unto you, /o9e your enemies, bless them that curse you, do ood to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you! That ye may be the children of your -ather which is in heavenS for he maketh his sun to rise

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on the evil and on the ood, and sendeth rain on the Uust and on the unUust" -or if ye lo9e them which lo9e you, what reward have yeO do not even the publicans the sameO V.at NS^]%^G (JLW +evertheless let every one of you in particular so lo9e his wife even as himself! and the wife see that she reverence her husband" V2ph NS]] (JLW #nd the Lord make you to increase and abound in lo9e one toward another, and toward all men, even as we do toward youS VPTh ]SPR (JLW lo9e Q lu9 JphoneticallyK Q 9u Jseen' %renchK Q seen But as it is written, 2ye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the thin s which God hath prepared for them that lo9e him" But God hath revealed them unto us by his SpiritS for the Spirit searcheth all thin s, yea, the deep thin s of God" -or what man knoweth the thin s of a man, save the spirit of man which is in himO even so the thin s of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God" +ow we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is of God! that we mi ht know the thin s that are freely iven to us of God" VPCr RSH%PR (JLW Jerein is lo9e, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins" Beloved, if God so loved us, we ou ht also to lo9e one another" +o man hath seen God at any time" If we lo9e one another, God dwelleth in us, and his lo9e is perfected in us" Jereby know we that we dwell in him, and he in us, because he hath iven us of his Spirit" #nd we have seen and do testify that the -ather sent the Son to be the Saviour of the world" )hosoever shall confess that Jesus is the Son of God, God dwelleth in him, and he in God" #nd we have known and believed the lo9e that God hath to us" God is lo9e! and he that dwelleth in lo9e dwelleth in God, and God in him" Jerein is our lo9e made perfect, that we may have boldness in the day of Uud mentS because as he is, so are we in this world" There is no fear in lo9e! but perfect lo9e casteth out fearS because fear hath torment" Je that feareth is not made perfect in lo9e" )e lo9e him, because he first loved us" If a man say, I lo9e God, and hateth his brother, he is a liarS for he that loveth not his brother whom he hath seen, how can he lo9e God whom he hath not seenO #nd this commandment have we from him, That he who loveth God lo9e his brother also" VPJo ^SPI%RP (JLW lo9e Q e9ol Q e9ol' e9il JphoneticallyK Q e9il *e that lo9e the LM,/, hate e9ilS he preserveth the souls of his saints! he delivereth them out of the hand of the wicked" V=sa H\SPI (JLW #nd they have rewarded me e9il for ood, and hatred for my lo9e" V=sa PIHSN (JLW Jate the e9il, and lo9e the ood, and establish Uud ment in the ateS it may be that the LM,/ God of hosts will be racious unto the remnant of Joseph" V#mo NSPN (JLW -or if ye lo9e them which lo9e you, what thank have yeO for sinners also love those that love them" #nd if ye do ood to them which do ood to you, what thank have yeO for sinners also do even the same" #nd if ye lend to them of whom ye hope to receive, what thank have yeO for sinners also lend to sinners, to receive as much a ain" But lo9e ye your enemies, and do ood, and lend, hopin for nothin a ain! and your reward shall be reat, and ye shall be the children of the Ji hestS for he is kind unto the unthankful and to the e9il" Be ye therefore merciful, as your -ather also is merciful" VLuk GS]R%]G (JLW Let lo9e be without dissimulation" #bhor that which is e9il! cleave to that which is ood" V,om PRSH (JLW -or the lo9e of money is the root of all e9ilS which while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves throu h with many sorrows" VPTi GSPI (JLW -inally, be ye all of one mind, havin compassion one of another, lo9e as brethren, be pitiful, be courteousS +ot renderin e9il for e9il, or railin for railin S but contrariwise blessin ! knowin that ye are thereunto called, that ye should inherit a blessin " -or he that will lo9e life, and see ood days, let him refrain his ton ue from e9il, and his lips that they speak no uileS Let him eschew e9il, and do ood! let him seek peace, and ensue it" -or the eyes of the Lord are over the ri hteous, and his ears are open unto their prayersS but the face of the Lord is a ainst them that do e9il" VP=e ]SQ%PR (JLW

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resurrection Voccurs ^P times in ^I verses in the (JLW resurrection Q raisin# up or risin# up6 -esurrection of )hrist:one of the cardinal facts and doctrines of the #ospel6 If )hrist be not risen' our faith is 9ain A*)r *8:*3E6 The 5hole of the ;e5 Testa,ent re9elation rests on this as an historical fact6 resurrection Q crist Q crist' )hrist JphoneticallyK Q )hrist Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the lifeS he that believeth in me, thou h he were dead, yet shall he liveS #nd whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die" Believest thou thisO She saith unto him, *ea, LordS I believe that thou art the )hrist, the Son of God, which should come into the world" VJhn PPSRN%R\ (JLW .en and brethren, let me freely speak unto you of the patriarch /avid, that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulchre is with us unto this day" Therefore bein a prophet, and knowin that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, accordin to the flesh, he would raise up )hrist to sit on his throne! Je seein this before spake of the resurrection of )hrist, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption" This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses" V#ct RSRH%]R (JLW V)hich he had promised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures,W Concernin his Son Jesus )hrist our Lord, which was made of the seed of /avid accordin to the flesh! #nd declared to be the Son of God with power, accordin to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the deadS V,om PSR%^ (JLW But now is )hrist risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept" -or since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead" -or as in #dam all die, even so in )hrist shall all be made alive" But every man in his own orderS )hrist the firstfruits! afterward they that are )hristTs at his comin " VPCr RI%R] (JLW Blessed be the God and -ather of our Lord Jesus )hrist, which accordin to his abundant mercy hath be otten us a ain unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus )hrist from the dead, VP=e PS] (JLW Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrectionS on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of God and of )hrist, and shall rei n with him a thousand years" V,ev RISG (JLW resurrection Q rose' risen +ow if Christ be preached that he rose from the dead, how say some amon you that there is no resurrection of the deadO But if there be no resurrection of the dead, then is Christ not risenS #nd if Christ be not risen, then is our preachin vain, and your faith is also vain" xBut now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept" -or since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead" -or as in #dam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive" But every man in his own orderS Christ the firstfruits! afterward they that are Christ1s at his comin " VPCr PNSPR%P^, RI%R] (JLW .artha saith unto him, I know that he shall rise a ain in the resurrection at the last day" VJhn PPSR^ (JLW resurrection Q true son Q true' truly Jsynony,K S son Q truly son #nd came out of the raves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many" +ow when the centurion, and they that were with him, watchin Jesus, saw the earthKuake, and those thin s that were done, they feared reatly, sayin , Truly this was the on of God" V.at R\SN]%N^ (JLW resurrection Q son V)hich he had promised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures,W Concernin his on Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of /avid accordin to the flesh! #nd declared to be the on of God with power, accordin to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the deadS V,om PSR%^ (JLW

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resurrection Q our sire Q our S sire' /ord Jsynony,K Q our /ord Blessed be the God and -ather of our /ord Jesus Christ, which accordin to his abundant mercy hath be otten us a ain unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, VP=e PS] (JLW resurrection Q sire Q sire' /ord Jsynony,K Q /ord #nd with reat power ave the apostles witness of the resurrection of the /ord JesusS and reat race was upon them all" V#ct ^S]] (JLW resurrection Q true err Q true' truth Jsynony,K S err' erred Jsynony,K Q truth erred But shun profane and vain babblin sS for they will increase unto more un odliness" #nd their word will eat as doth a cankerS of whom is Jymenaeus and =hiletus! )ho concernin the truth have erred, sayin that the resurrection is past already! and overthrow the faith of some" VRTi RSPG%PQ (JLW resurrection Q rest But the rest of the dead lived not a ain until the thousand years were finished" This is the first resurrection" V,ev RISN (JLW resurrection Q since -or since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead" VPCr PNSRP (JLW resurrection Q not riseu $ rise not Q not risen $ rise not But if there be no resurrection of the dead, then is Christ not risenS #nd if Christ be not risen, then is our preachin vain, and your faith is also vain" *ea, and we are found false witnesses of God! because we have testified of God that he raised up ChristS whom he raised not up, if so be that the dead rise not" -or if the dead rise not, then is not Christ raisedS #nd if Christ be not raised, your faith is vain! ye are yet in your sins" Then they also which are fallen asleep in Christ are perished" If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men most miserable" But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept" VPCr PNSP]%RI (JLW resurrection Q is no -or the Sadducees say that there is no resurrection, neither an el, nor spiritS but the =harisees confess both" V#ct R]SQ (JLW +ow if Christ be preached that he rose from the dead, how say some amon you that there is no resurrection of the deadO But if there be no resurrection of the dead, then is Christ not risenS VPCr PNSPR%P] (JLW resurrection Q out Jesus, when he had cried a ain with a loud voice, yielded up the host" #nd, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom! and the earth did Kuake, and the rocks rent! #nd the raves were opened! and many bodies of the saints which slept arose, #nd came out of the raves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many" V.at R\SNI%N] (JLW resurrection Q its Q its' it=s' it is Q it is So also is the resurrection of the dead" It is sown in corruption! it is raised in incorruptionS VPCr PNS^R (JLW

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scripture Voccurs ]R times in 02 verses in the (JLW scripture Q 5ords of God Q a!in to #rapho' Uto 5riteU AEn#6' U#raph'U U#raphic'U etc6E' pri,arily denotes Ua dra5in#' paintin#R UthenUa 5ritin#U scripture Q is true Q is true' truth Jsynony,K Q is true' truth But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water" #nd he that saw it bare record, and his record is trueS and he knoweth that he saith true, that ye mi ht believe" -or these thin s were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, # bone of him shall not be broken" VJhn PHS]^%]G (JLW But I will shew thee that which is noted in the scripture of truthS and there is none that holdeth with me in these thin s, but .ichael your prince" V/an PISRP (JLW scripture Q peiu $ pio Q deiu' Deiu JGod' %renchK $ dio' Dio JGod' ItalianK Q God #ll scripture is iven by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in ri hteousnessS That the man of God may be perfect, throu hly furnished unto all ood works" VRTi ]SPG%P\ (JLW )e have also a more sure word of prophecy! whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a li ht that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your heartsS (nowin this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation" -or the prophecy came not in old time by the will of manS but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Joly Ghost" VR=e PSPH%RP (JLW Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, *e are odsO If he called them ods, unto whom the word of God came, and the scripture cannot be broken! Say ye of him, whom the -ather hath sanctified, and sent into the world, Thou blasphemest! because I said, I am the Son of GodO VJhn PIS]^%]G (JLW I say then, Jath God cast away his peopleO God forbid" -or I also am an Israelite, of the seed of #braham, of the tribe of BenUamin" God hath not cast away his people which he foreknew" )ot ye not what the scripture saith of 2liasO how he maketh intercession to God a ainst Israel, sayin , Lord, they have killed thy prophets, and di ed down thine altars! and I am left alone, and they seek my life" But what saith the answer of God unto himO I have reserved to myself seven thousand men, who have not bowed the knee to the image of Baal" 2ven so then at this present time also there is a remnant accordin to the election of race" #nd if by race, then is it no more of worksS otherwise race is no more race" But if it be of works, then is it no more raceS otherwise work is no more work" V,om PPSP%G (JLW But wilt thou know, M vain man, that faith without works is deadO )as not #braham our father Uustified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altarO Seest thou how faith wrou ht with his works, and by works was faith made perfectO #nd the scripture was fulfilled which saith, #braham believed God, and it was imputed unto him for ri hteousnessS and he was called the -riend of God" *e see then how that by works a man is Uustified, and not by faith only" Likewise also was not ,ahab the harlot Uustified by works, when she had received the messen ers, and had sent them out another wayO -or as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also" VJam RSRI%RG (JLW scripture Q crrist Q crrist' )hrist JphoneticallyK Q )hrist' Fesus Jath not the scripture said, That )hrist cometh of the seed of /avid, and out of the town of Bethlehem, where /avid wasO VJhn \S^R (JLW But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Fesus )hrist mi ht be iven to them that believe" VGal ]SRR (JLW

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)hen therefore he was risen from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this unto them! and they believed the scripture, and the word which Fesus had said" VJhn RSRR (JLW #fter this, Fesus knowin that all thin s were now accomplished, that the scripture mi ht be fulfilled, saith, I thirst" VJhn PHSRQ (JLW Then =hilip opened his mouth, and be an at the same scripture, and preached unto him Fesus" V#ct QS]N (JLW scripture Q sire $ en Q sire' /ord Jsynony,K $ en J/ord' u,erianK Q /ord The Spirit of the /ord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the ospel to the poor! he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recoverin of si ht to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, To preach the acceptable year of the /ord" #nd he closed the book, and he ave it a ain to the minister, and sat down" #nd the eyes of all them that were in the syna o ue were fastened on him" #nd he be an to say unto them, This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears" VLuk ^SPQ%RP (JLW But what saith itO The word is ni h thee, even in thy mouth, and in thy heartS that is, the word of faith, which we preach! That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the /ord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved" -or with the heart man believeth unto ri hteousness! and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation" -or the scripture saith, )hosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed" -or there is no difference between the Jew and the GreekS for the same /ord over all is rich unto all that call upon him" -or whosoever shall call upon the name of the /ord shall be saved" V,om PISQ%P] (JLW scripture Q spiret Q spiret' spirit JphoneticallyK Q spirit' Ghost Jsynony,K Q spirit' Ghost )e have also a more sure word of prophecy! whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a li ht that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your heartsS (nowin this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation" -or the prophecy came not in old time by the will of manS but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Joly Ghost" VR=e PSPH%RP (JLW .en and brethren, this scripture must needs have been fulfilled, which the Joly Ghost by the mouth of /avid spake before concernin Judas, which was uide to them that took Jesus" V#ct PSPG (JLW scripture Q rite Q rite' 5rite JphoneticallyK Q 5rite' 5ritten Jsynony,K Q 5ritten #nd he ZJesus[ came to +a'areth, where he had been brou ht upS and, as his custom was, he went into the syna o ue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read" #nd there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet 2saias" #nd when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was 5ritten, The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the ospel to the poor! he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recoverin of si ht to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, To preach the acceptable year of the Lord" #nd he closed the book, and he ave it a ain to the minister, and sat down" #nd the eyes of all them that were in the syna o ue were fastened on him" #nd he be an to say unto them, This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears" #nd all bare him witness, and wondered at the racious words which proceeded out of his mouth" #nd they said, Is not this Joseph1s sonO VLuk ^SPG%RR (JLW scripture Q rep Q red' read JphoneticallyK Q read Then the Spirit said unto =hilip, Go near, and Uoin thyself to this chariot" #nd =hilip ran thither to him, and heard him read the prophet 2saias, and said, `nderstandest thou what thou readestO #nd he said, Jow can I, e$cept some man should uide meO #nd he desired =hilip that he would come up and sit with him" The place of the scripture which he read was this, Je was led as a sheep to the slau hter! and like a lamb dumb before his shearer, so opened he not his

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mouthS In his humiliation his Uud ment was taken awayS and who shall declare his enerationO for his life is taken from the earth" #nd the eunuch answered =hilip, and said, I pray thee, of whom speaketh the prophet thisO of himself, or of some other manO Then =hilip opened his mouth, and be an at the same scripture, and preached unto him Jesus" #nd as they went on their way, they came unto a certain waterS and the eunuch said, See, here is water! what doth hinder me to be bapti'edO #nd =hilip said, If thou believest with all thine heart, thou mayest" #nd he answered and said, I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God" #nd he commanded the chariot to stand stillS and they went down both into the water, both =hilip and the eunuch! and he bapti'ed him" #nd when they were come up out of the water, the Spirit of the Lord cau ht away =hilip, that the eunuch saw him no moreS and he went on his way reUoicin " V#ct QSRH%]H (JLW scripture Q sin But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ mi ht be iven to them that believe" VGal ]SRR (JLW scripture Q riseAnE -or as yet they knew not the scripture, that he must rise a ain from the dead" VJhn RISH (JLW )hen therefore he was risen from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this unto them! and they believed the scripture, and the word which Jesus had said" VJhn RSRR (JLW scripture Q piste Q piste' pisti JphoneticallyK Q pisti Jfaith' Gree!K Q faith #nd the scripture, foreseein that God would Uustify the heathen throu h faith, preached before the ospel unto #braham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed" VGal ]SQ (JLW scripture Q iers Q iers' ears JphoneticallyK Q ears #nd he ZJesus[ be an to say unto them, This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears" VLuk ^SPG%RP (JLW scriptureAsE Q sep Q sed' said JphoneticallyK Q said )hen therefore he was risen from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this unto them! and they believed the scripture, and the word which Jesus had said" VJhn RSRR (JLW Je that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of livin water" """Jath not the scripture said, That Christ cometh of the seed of /avid, and out of the town of Bethlehem, where /avid wasO VJhn \S]Q, ^R (JLW They said therefore amon themselves, Let us not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall beS that the scripture mi ht be fulfilled, which saith, They parted my raiment amon them, and for my vesture they did cast lots" These thin s therefore the soldiers did" VJhn PHSR^ (JLW

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serpent Voccurs ^I times in ]G verses in the (JLW serpent Q The serpent is first ,entioned in connection 5ith the history of the te,ptation and fall of our first parents in the #arden of Eden AGen 0E6 Q The serpent is another na,e for the De9il' the dra#on' atan' /ucifer' the prince of this 5orld' the #od of this 5orld' Baal6 &#nd the reat dra#on was cast out, that old serpent, called the De9il, and atan, which deceiveth the whole worldS he was cast out into the earth, and his an els were cast out with him"& V,ev PRSH (JLW Q The serpent is another na,e for a sna!e' adder6 serpent Q epen Q eden' Eden Q Eden' #arden Jsynony,K Q #arden serpent Q sep Q sed' said JphoneticallyK Q said serpent Q treeAsE serpent Q eet Q eet' eat JphoneticallyK Q eat' eaten serpent Q pere Q pere' periy JphoneticallyK Q periy Jfruit' +ebre5K Q fruit serpent Q ep Q eb Jfruit' Ara,aicK Q fruit serpent Q sirpent JphoneticallyK Q ies' eyes JphoneticallyK Q eyes serpent Q seen Q seen' sa5 Jsynony,K Q sa5 serpent Q pene Q bene J#ood' /atinK Q #ood serpent Q sirpent JphoneticallyK Q pie' die Q die serpent Q seep Q seed +ow the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LM,/ God had made" #nd he said unto the woman, *ea, hath God said, *e shall not eat of every tree of the #ardenO #nd the woman said unto the serpent, )e may eat of the fruit of the trees of the #ardenS But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the #arden, God hath said, *e shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die" #nd the serpent said unto the woman, *e shall not

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surely dieS -or God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as ods, knowin #ood and evil" #nd when the woman saw that the tree was #ood for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and ave also unto her husband with her! and he did eat" #nd the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked! and they sewed fi leaves to ether, and made themselves aprons" #nd they heard the voice of the LM,/ God walkin in the #arden in the cool of the dayS and #dam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LM,/ God amon st the trees of the #arden" #nd the LM,/ God called unto #dam, and said unto him, )here art thouO #nd he said, I heard thy voice in the #arden, and I was afraid, because I was naked! and I hid myself" #nd he said, )ho told thee that thou wast nakedO Jast thou eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldest not eatO #nd the man said, The woman whom thou avest to be with me, she ave me of the tree, and I did eat" #nd the LM,/ God said unto the woman, )hat is this that thou hast doneO #nd the woman said, The serpent be uiled me, and I did eat" #nd the LM,/ God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field! upon thy belly shalt thou o, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy lifeS #nd I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed! it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel" VGen ]SP%PN (JLW serpent Q en Q en J/ord' u,erianK Q /ord serpent Q sirpent JphoneticallyK Q sire' /ord Jsynony,K Q /ord +ow the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the /.-D God had made" #nd he said unto the woman, *ea, hath God said, *e shall not eat of every tree of the ardenO VGen ]SP (JLW -or, behold, the /.-D cometh out of his place to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniKuityS the earth also shall disclose her blood, and shall no more cover her slain" In that day the /.-D with his sore and reat and stron sword shall punish leviathan the piercin serpent, even leviathan that crooked serpent! and he shall slay the dra on that is in the sea" VIsa RGSRP%R\SP (JLW serpent Q pens Q deus' Deus JGod' /atinK Q God serpent Q sirpent JphoneticallyK Q pien' dieu Q dieu' Dieu JGod' %renchK Q God serpent Q sirpent Q pien' dieu Q dieu' dieu@ JphoneticallyK Q dieu@ J#ods' %renchK Q #ods +ow the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LM,/ God had made" #nd he said unto the woman, *ea, hath God said, *e shall not eat of every tree of the ardenO #nd the woman said unto the serpent, )e may eat of the fruit of the trees of the ardenS But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the arden, God hath said, *e shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die" #nd the serpent said unto the woman, *e shall not surely dieS -or God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as #ods, knowin ood and evil" x#nd the LM,/ God said unto the woman, )hat is this that thou hast doneO #nd the woman said, The serpent be uiled me, and I did eat" #nd the LM,/ God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field! upon thy belly shalt thou o, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy lifeS VGen ]SP%N, P]%P^ (JLW They shall lick the dust like a serpent, they shall move out of their holes like worms of the earthS they shall be afraid of the LM,/ our God, and shall fear because of thee" V.ic \SP\ (JLW

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serpent Q peest Q beest' beast JphoneticallyK Q beast +ow the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LM,/ God had made" #nd he said unto the woman, *ea, hath God said, *e shall not eat of every tree of the ardenO """#nd the LM,/ God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field! upon thy belly shalt thou o, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy lifeS VGen ]SP, P^ (JLW #nd I stood upon the sand of the sea, and saw a beast rise up out of the sea, havin seven heads and ten horns, and upon his horns ten crowns, and upon his heads the name of blasphemy" #nd the beast which I saw was like unto a leopard, and his feet were as the feet of a bear, and his mouth as the mouth of a lionS and the dra#on ave him his power, and his seat, and reat authority" #nd I saw one of his heads as it were wounded to death! and his deadly wound was healedS and all the world wondered after the beast" #nd they worshipped the dra#on which ave power unto the beastS and they worshipped the beast, sayin , )ho is like unto the beastO who is able to make war with himO #nd all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world" V,ev P]SP%^, Q (JLW serpent Q serpent JphoneticallyK Q pruse' bruse Q bruse' bruise JphoneticallyK Q bruise #nd the LM,/ God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field! upon thy belly shalt thou o, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy lifeS #nd I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed! it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel" VGen ]SP^%PN (JLW #nd the God of peace shall bruise atan under your feet shortly" The race of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you" #men" V,om PGSRI (JLW serpent Q pnst Q dust #nd the LM,/ God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field! upon thy belly shalt thou o, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy lifeS VGen ]SP^ (JLW They shall lick the dust like a serpent, they shall move out of their holes like worms of the earthS they shall be afraid of the LM,/ our God, and shall fear because of thee" V.ic \SP\ (JLW serpent Q pent Q bent' croo!ed Jsynony,K Q croo!ed In that day the LM,/ with his sore and reat and stron sword shall punish leviathan the piercin serpent, even leviathan that croo!ed serpent! and he shall slay the dra on that is in the sea" VIsa R\SP (JLW serpent Q erets Q Terets Jearth' #round' +ebre5K Q earth' #round #nd the reat dra#on was cast out, that old serpent, called the De9il, and atan, which deceiveth the whole worldS he was cast out into the earth, and his an els were cast out with him" """ Therefore reUoice, ye heavens, and ye that dwell in them" )oe to the inhabiters of the earth and of the seab for the de9il is come down unto you, havin reat wrath, because he knoweth that he hath but a short time" #nd when the dra#on saw that he was cast unto the earth, he persecuted the woman which brou ht forth the man child" #nd to the woman were iven two win s of a reat ea le, that she mi ht fly into the wilderness, into her place, where she is nourished for a time, and times, and half a time, from the face of the serpent" #nd the serpent cast out of his mouth water as a flood after the woman, that he mi ht cause her to be carried away of the flood" #nd the earth helped the woman, and the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed up the flood which the dra#on cast out of his mouth" V,ev PRSH,PR%PG (JLW

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-or, behold, the LM,/ cometh out of his place to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniKuityS the earth also shall disclose her blood, and shall no more cover her slain" In that day the LM,/ with his sore and reat and stron sword shall punish leviathan the piercin serpent, even leviathan that crooked serpent! and he shall slay the dra on that is in the sea" VIsa RGSRP%R\SP (JLW # ain there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LM,/, and atan came also amon them to present himself before the LM,/" #nd the LM,/ said unto atan, -rom whence comest thouO #nd atan answered the LM,/, and said, -rom oin to and fro in the earth, and from walkin up and down in it" #nd the LM,/ said unto atan, Jast thou considered my servant Job, that there is none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upri ht man, one that feareth God, and escheweth evilO and still he holdeth fast his inte rity, althou h thou movedst me a ainst him, to destroy him without cause" VJob RSP%] (JLW #nd .oses answered and said, But, behold, they will not believe me, nor hearken unto my voiceS for they will say, The LM,/ hath not appeared unto thee" #nd the LM,/ said unto him, )hat is that in thine handO #nd he said, # rod" #nd he said, Cast it on the #round" #nd he cast it on the round, and it became a serpent! and .oses fled from before it" V2$d ^SP%] (JLW serpent Q see Q see' sea JphoneticallyK Q sea In that day the LM,/ with his sore and reat and stron sword shall punish leviathan the piercin serpent, even leviathan that crooked serpent! and he shall slay the dra on that is in the sea" VIsa R\SP (JLW Therefore reUoice, ye heavens, and ye that dwell in them" )oe to the inhabiters of the earth and of the seab for the de9il is come down unto you, havin reat wrath, because he knoweth that he hath but a short time" V,ev PRSPR (JLW serpent Q sirpent JphoneticallyK Q tipe' tide Q tide' flood Jsynony,K Q flood #nd to the woman were iven two win s of a reat ea le, that she mi ht fly into the wilderness, into her place, where she is nourished for a time, and times, and half a time, from the face of the serpent" #nd the serpent cast out of his mouth water as a flood after the woman, that he mi ht cause her to be carried away of the flood" #nd the earth helped the woman, and the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed up the flood which the dra on cast out of his mouth" V,ev PRSP^%PG (JLW serpent Q sirpent JphoneticallyK Q pit #nd I saw an an el come down from heaven, havin the key of the bottomless pit and a reat chain in his hand" #nd he laid hold on the dra on, that old serpent, which is the /evil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years, #nd cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilledS and after that he must be loosed a little season" V,ev RISP%] (JLW serpent Q surpent JphoneticallyK Q pur Jfire' ;e5 Testa,ent Gree!K Q fire #nd the de9il that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and ni ht for ever and ever" V,ev RISPI (JLW serpent Q sirpent JphoneticallyK Q pit' bit $ pite Q bit $ bite Je that di eth a pit shall fall into it! and whoso breaketh an hed e, a serpent shall bite him" """Surely the serpent will bite without enchantment! and a babbler is no better" V2cc PISQ,PP (JLW

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#s if a man did flee from a lion, and a bear met him! or went into the house, and leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him" V#mo NSPH (JLW serpent Q surpent JphoneticallyK Q unper Q under """/eliver me, M LM,/, from the evil manS preserve me from the violent man! )hich ima ine mischiefs in their heart! continually are they athered to ether for war" They have sharpened their ton ues like a serpent! adders1 poison is under their lips" Selah" V=sa P^ISP%] (JLW #nd the God of peace shall bruise atan under your feet shortly" The race of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you" #men" V,om PGSRI (JLW serpent Q sirpent JphoneticallyK Q spiret' spirit JphoneticallyK Q spirit But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent be uiled 2ve throu h his subtilty, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ" -or if he that cometh preacheth another Jesus, whom we have not preached, or if ye receive another spirit, which ye have not received, or another ospel, which ye have not accepted, ye mi ht well bear with him" VRCr PPS]%^ (JLW By his spirit he hath arnished the heavens! his hand hath formed the crooked serpent" VJob RGSP] (JLW -or I verily, as absent in body, but present in spirit, have Uud ed already, as thou h I were present, concerning him that hath so done this deed, In the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, when ye are athered to ether, and my spirit, with the power of our Lord Jesus Christ, To deliver such an one unto atan for the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus" VPCr NS]%N (JLW serpent Q sirpent JphoneticallyK Q rise #nd the scribes which came down from Jerusalem said, Je hath Beel'ebub, and by the prince of the devils casteth he out devils" #nd he called them Zunto him[, and said unto them in parables, Jow can atan cast out atanO #nd if a kin dom be divided a ainst itself, that kin dom cannot stand" #nd if a house be divided a ainst itself, that house cannot stand" #nd if atan rise up a ainst himself, and be divided, he cannot stand, but hath an end" +o man can enter into a stron man1s house, and spoil his oods, e$cept he will first bind the stron man! and then he will spoil his house" V.ar ]SRR%R\ (JLW serpent Q pen Q ben Json' +ebre5K Q son #nd as .oses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the on of man be lifted upS That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life" VJhn ]SP^%PN (JLW If a son shall ask bread of any of you that is a father, will he ive him a stoneO or if he as# a fish, will he for a fish ive him a serpentO VLuk PPSPP (JLW Jow art thou fallen from heaven, M /ucifer, son of the mornin b how art thou cut down to the round, which didst weaken the nationsb VIsa P^SPR (JLW #nd the de9il said unto him, If thou be the on of God, command this stone that it be made bread" #nd Jesus answered him, sayin , It is written, That man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of God" VLuk ^S]%^ (JLW Then the de9il taketh him up into the holy city, and setteth him on a pinnacle of the temple, #nd saith unto him, If thou be the on of God, cast thyself downS for it is written, Je shall ive his an els char e concernin theeS and in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot a ainst a stone" Jesus said unto him, It is written a ain, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God" V.at ^SN%\ (JLW

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serpent Q pnt Q put #nd .oses made a serpent of brass, and put it upon a pole, and it came to pass, that if a serpent had bitten any man, when he beheld the serpent of brass, he lived" V+um RPSH (JLW #nd supper bein ended, the de9il havin now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon1s son, to betray him! VJhn P]SR (JLW "ut on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand a ainst the wiles of the de9il" V2ph GSPP (JLW serpent Q sirpent JphoneticallyK Q tied Q tied' bound Jsynony,K Q bound #nd I saw an an el come down from heaven, havin the key of the bottomless pit and a reat chain in his hand" #nd he laid hold on the dra on, that old serpent, which is the /evil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years, #nd cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilledS and after that he must be loosed a little season" V,ev RISP%] (JLW serpent Q set #nd the LM,/ said unto .oses, .ake thee a fiery serpent, and set it upon a poleS and it shall come to pass, that every one that is bitten, when he looketh upon it, shall live" V+um RPSQ (JL serpent Q peter Q "eter #nd he be an to teach them, that the Son of man must suffer many thin s, and be reUected of the elders, and of the chief priests, and scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise a ain" #nd he spake that sayin openly" #nd "eter took him, and be an to rebuke him" But when he had turned about and looked on his disciples, he rebuked "eter, sayin , Get thee behind me, atanS for thou savourest not the thin s that be of God, but the thin s that be of men" V.ar QS]P%]] (JLW But a certain man named #nanias, with Sapphira his wife, sold a possession, #nd kept back part of the price, his wife also bein privy to it, and brou ht a certain part, and laid it at the apostles1 feet" But "eter said, #nanias, why hath atan filled thine heart to lie to the Joly Ghost, and to keep back part of the price of the landO )hiles it remained, was it not thine ownO and after it was sold, was it not in thine own powerO why hast thou conceived this thin in thine heartO thou hast not lied unto men, but unto God" #nd #nanias hearin these words fell down, and ave up the hostS and reat fear came on all them that heard these thin s" V#ct NSP%N (JLW serpent Q seet Q seet' seat JphoneticallyK Q seat I know thy works, and where thou dwellest, even where atanTs seat isS and thou holdest fast my name, and hast not denied my faith, even in those days wherein #ntipas was my faithful martyr, who was slain amon you, where atan dwelleth" V,ev RSP] (JLW #nd I stood upon the sand of the sea, and saw a beast rise up out of the sea, havin seven heads and ten horns, and upon his horns ten crowns, and upon his heads the name of blasphemy" #nd the beast which I saw was like unto a leopard, and his feet were as the feet of a bear, and his mouth as the mouth of a lionS and the dra#on ave him his power, and his seat, and reat authority" V,ev P]SP%R (JLW serpent Q surpent Q true' truth Jsynony,K Q truth *e are of your father the de9il, and the lusts of your father ye will do" Je was a murderer from the be innin , and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him" )hen he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his ownS for he is a

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liar, and the father of it" VJhn QS^^ (JLW serpent Q sirpent Q priest Jpriest of BaalK Q priestAsE +ow therefore call unto me all the prophets of Baal, all his servants, and all his priests! let none be wantin S for I have a reat sacrifice to do to Baal! whosoever shall be wantin , he shall not live" But Jehu did it in subtilty, to the intent that he mi ht destroy the worshippers of Baal" VR(i PISPH (JLW #nd all the people of the land went into the house of Baal, and brake it down! his altars and his ima es brake they in pieces thorou hly, and slew .attan the priest of Baal before the altars" #nd the priest appointed officers over the house of the LM,/" VR(i PPSPQ (JLW serpent Q surpent JphoneticallyK Q userp' usurp JphoneticallyK Q usurp Jow art thou fallen from heaven, M /ucifer, son of the mornin b how art thou cut down to the round, which didst weaken the nationsb %or thou hast said in thine heart' I 5ill ascend into hea9en' I 5ill e@alt ,y throne abo9e the stars of God: I 5ill sit also upon the ,ount of the con#re#ation' in the sides of the north: I 5ill ascend abo9e the hei#hts of the cloudsR I 5ill be li!e the ,ost +i#h" *et thou shalt be brou ht down to hell, to the sides of the pit" VIsa P^SPR%PN (JLW

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sin Voccurs ^^Q times in ]QH verses in the (JLW sin Q is Uany 5ant of confor,ity unto or trans#ression of the la5 of GodU A*Fo 0:3R -o, 3:*8E' in the in5ard state and habit of the soul' as 5ell as in the out5ard conduct of the life' 5hether by o,ission or co,,ission A-o, (:*2?*:R ::8?23E6 It is Unot a ,ere 9iolation of the la5 of our constitution' nor of the syste, of thin#s' but an offence a#ainst a personal la5#i9er and ,oral #o9ernor 5ho 9indicates his la5 5ith penalties6 The soul that sins is al5ays conscious that his sin is A*E intrinsically 9ile and pollutin#' and A2E that it Iustly deser9es punish,ent' and calls do5n the ri#hteous 5rath of God6 +ence sin carries 5ith it t5o inalienable characters' A*E ill?desert' #uilt AreatusER and A2E pollution A,aculaE6U' +od#eTs .utlines6 ? EastonTs Bible Dictionary sin Q sin Q sin J5ithout' panishK Q 5ithout Jesus went unto the mount of Mlives" #nd early in the mornin he came a ain into the temple, and all the people came unto him! and he sat down, and tau ht them" #nd the scribes and =harisees brou ht unto him a woman taken in adultery! and when they had set her in the midst, They say unto him, .aster, this woman was taken in adultery, in the very act" +ow .oses in the law commanded us, that such should be stonedS but what sayest thouO This they said, temptin him, that they mi ht have to accuse him" But Jesus stooped down, and with his fin er wrote on the round, as though he heard them not" So when they continued askin him, he lifted up himself, and said unto them, Je that is 5ithout sin amon you, let him first cast a stone at her" #nd a ain he stooped down, and wrote on the round" #nd they which heard it, bein convicted by their own conscience, went out one by one, be innin at the eldest, even unto the lastS and Jesus was left alone, and the woman standin in the midst" )hen Jesus had lifted up himself, and saw none but the woman, he said unto her, )oman, where are those thine accusersO hath no man condemned theeO She said, +o man, Lord" #nd Jesus said unto her, +either do I condemn theeS o, and sin no more" Then spake Jesus a ain unto them, sayin , I am the li ht of the worldS he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the li ht of life" VJhn QSP%PR (JLW )hat shall we say thenO 6s the law sinO God forbid" +ay, I had not known sin, but by the lawS for I had not known lust, e$cept the law had said, Thou shalt not covet" But sin, takin occasion by the commandment, wrou ht in me all manner of concupiscence" -or 5ithout the law sin was dead" -or I was alive 5ithout the law onceS but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died" #nd the commandment, which was ordained to life, I found to be unto death" -or sin, takin occasion by the commandment, deceived me, and by it slew me" )herefore the law is holy, and the commandment holy, and Uust, and ood" V,om \S\%PR (JLW -lee fornication" 2very sin that a man doeth is 5ithout the body! but he that committeth fornication sinneth a ainst his own body" )hatO know ye not that your body is the temple of the Joly Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your ownO -or ye are bou ht with a priceS therefore lorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God1s" VPCr GSPQ%RI (JLW If a soul commit a trespass, and sin throu h i norance, in the holy thin s of the LM,/! then he shall brin for his trespass unto the LM,/ a ram 5ithout blemish out of the flocks, with thy estimation by shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for a trespass offerin S VLev NSPN (JLW Seein then that we have a reat hi h priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession" -or we have not an hi h priest which cannot be touched with the feelin of our infirmities! but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet 5ithout sin" Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of race, that we may obtain mercy, and find race to help in time of need" VJbr ^SP^%PG (JLW So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many! and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time 5ithout sin unto salvation" VJbr HSRQ (JLW sin Q n si Q u S si' see JphoneticallyK Q u' you JphoneticallyK S see Q you' ye Jsynony,K S see Q ye see Jesus said unto them, If ye were blind, ye should have no sinS but now ye say, )e see! therefore your sin remaineth"

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VJhn HS^P (JLW sin Q is n Q is S u Q is S u' you JphoneticallyK Q is you #nd .oses said unto the people, -ear notS for God is come to prove you, and that his fear may be before your faces, that ye sin not" V2$d RISRI (JLW So when they continued askin him, he lifted up himself, and said unto them, Je that is without sin amon you, let him first cast a stone at her" VJhn QS\ (JLW Jesus answered them, Lerily, verily, I say unto you, )hosoever committeth sin is the servant of sin" VJhn QS]^ (JLW #nd if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin! but the Spirit is life because of ri hteousness" V,om QSPI (JLW But e$hort one another daily, while it is called To day! lest any of you be hardened throu h the deceitfulness of sin" VJbr ]SP] (JLW sin Q is (nowin this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin mi ht be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin" -or he that is dead is freed from sin" """-or the wa es of sin is death! but the ift of God is eternal life throu h Jesus Christ our Lord" V,om GSG%\, R] (JLW #nd the LM,/ said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is reat, and because their sin is very rievous! I will o down now, and see whether they have done alto ether accordin to the cry of it, which is come unto me! and if not, I will know" VGen PQSRI%RP (JLW """Blessed is he whose trans ression is for iven, whose sin is covered" V=sa ]RSP (JLW -or I acknowled e my trans ressionsS and my sin is ever before me" V=sa NPS] (JLW -ools make a mock at sinS but amon the ri hteous there is favour" """,i hteousness e$alteth a nationS but sin is a reproach to any people" V=ro P^SH, ]^ (JLW #n hi h look, and a proud heart, and the plowin of the wicked, is sin" V=ro RPS^ (JLW The thou ht of foolishness is sin""" V=ro R^SH (JLW +evertheless if thou warn the ri hteous man, that the ri hteous sin not, and he doth not sin, he shall surely live, because he is warned! also thou hast delivered thy soul" V2'e ]SRP (JLW # ain, when I say unto the wicked, Thou shalt surely die! if he turn from his sin, and do that which is lawful and ri ht! 6f the wicked restore the pled e, ive a ain that he had robbed, walk in the statutes of life, without committin iniKuity! he shall surely live, he shall not die" V2'e ]]SP^%PN (JLW +evertheless I tell you the truth! It is e$pedient for you that I o awayS for if I o not away, the Comforter will not come unto you! but if I depart, I will send him unto you" #nd when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of ri hteousness, and of Uud mentS VJhn PGS\%Q (JLW Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be Uustified in his si htS for by the law is the knowled e of sin" V,om ]SRI (JLW Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin" V,om ^SQ (JLW V-or until the law sin was in the worldS but sin is not imputed when there is no law" V,om NSP] (JLW

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)hat shall we say thenO .s the law sinO God forbid" +ay, I had not known sin, but by the lawS for I had not known lust, e$cept the law had said, Thou shalt not covet" """-or we know that the law is spiritualS but I am carnal, sold under sin" V,om \S\, P^ (JLW -lee fornication" 2very sin that a man doeth is without the body! but he that committeth fornication sinneth a ainst his own body" VPCr GSPQ (JLW The stin of death is sin! and the stren th of sin is the law" VPCr PNSNG (JLW But if we walk in the li ht, as he is in the li ht, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin" If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us" VPJo PS\% Q (JLW )hosoever committeth sin trans resseth also the lawS for sin is the trans ression of the law" #nd ye know that he was manifested to take away our sins! and in him ZJesus Christ[ is no sin" )hosoever abideth in him sinneth notS whosoever sinneth hath not seen him, neither known him" Little children, let no man deceive youS he that doeth ri hteousness is ri hteous, even as he is ri hteous" Je that committeth sin is of the devil! for the devil sinneth from the be innin " -or this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he mi ht destroy the works of the devil" )hosoever is born of God doth not commit sin! for his seed remaineth in himS and he cannot sin, because he is born of God" VPJo ]S^%H (JLW #ll unri hteousness is sinS and there is a sin not unto death" VPJo NSP\ (JLW sin Q si Q see But I see another law in my members, warrin a ainst the law of my mind, and brin in me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members" V,om \SR] (JLW If any man see his brother sin a sin which is not unto death, he shall ask, and he shall ive him life for them that sin not unto death" There is a sin unto deathS I do not say that he shall pray for it" VPJo NSPG (JLW sin Q i ns Q I us #nd .oses made haste, and bowed his head toward the earth, and worshipped" #nd he said, If now I have found race in thy si ht, M Lord, let my Lord, I pray thee, o amon us! for it is a stiffnecked people! and pardon our iniKuity and our sin, and take us for thine inheritance" V2$d ]^SQ%H (JLW #nd #aron said unto .oses, #las, my lord, I beseech thee, lay not the sin upon us, wherein we have done foolishly, and wherein we have sinned" V+um PRSPP (JLW sin Q ns Q us -or he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin! that we mi ht be made the ri hteousness of God in him" VRCr NSRP (JLW )herefore seein we also are compassed about with so reat a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every wei ht, and the sin which doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us, Lookin unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith! who for the Uoy that was set before him endured the cross, despisin the shame, and is set down at the ri ht hand of the throne of God" VJbr PRSP%R (JLW -orasmuch then as Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves likewise with the same mindS for he that hath suffered in the flesh hath ceased from sin! That he no lon er should live the rest of his time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God" VP=e ^SP%R (JLW But if we walk in the li ht, as he is in the li ht, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin" If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us" VPJo PS\% Q (JLW

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sin Q in Then hear thou in heaven, and for ive the sin of thy people Israel, and brin them a ain unto the land which thou avest unto their fathers" VP(i QS]^ (JLW Stand in awe, and sin notS commune with your own heart upon your bed, and be still" Selah" V=sa ^S^ (JLW !here is no soundness in my flesh because of thine an er! neither is there any rest in my bones because of my sin" V=sa ]QS] (JLW V-or until the law sin was in the worldS but sin is not imputed when there is no law" V,om NSP] (JLW )hat shall we say thenO Shall we continue in sin, that race may aboundO God forbid" Jow shall we, that are dead to sin, live any lon er thereinO """(nowin that Christ bein raised from the dead dieth no more! death hath no more dominion over him" -or in that he died, he died unto sin onceS but in that he liveth, he liveth unto God" Likewise reckon ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God throu h Jesus Christ our Lord" Let not sin therefore rei n in your mortal body, that ye should obey it in the lusts thereof" V,om GSP%R, H%PR (JLW But sin, takin occasion by the commandment, wrou ht in me all manner of concupiscence" -or without the law sin was dead" """+ow then it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me" """+ow if I do that I would not, it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me" V,om \SQ, P\, RI (JLW -or the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death" -or what the law could not do, in that it was weak throu h the flesh, God sendin his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the fleshS """#nd if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin! but the Spirit is life because of ri hteousness" V,om QSR%], PI (JLW -or even hereunto were ye calledS because Christ also suffered for us, leavin us an e$ample, that ye should follow his stepsS )ho did no sin, neither was uile found in his mouthS VP=e RSRP%RR (JLW #nd ye know that he was manifested to take away our sins! and in him is no sin" """)hosoever is born of God doth not commit sin! for his seed remaineth in himS and he cannot sin, because he is born of God" VPJo ]SN, H (JLW sin Q i QI .oreover as for me, God forbid that I should sin a ainst the LM,/ in ceasin to pray for youS but I will teach you the ood and the ri ht wayS VPSa PRSR] (JLW +ow therefore, I pray thee, pardon my sin, and turn a ain with me, that I may worship the LM,/" VPSa PNSRN (JLW If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways! then will I hear from heaven, and will for ive their sin, and will heal their land" VRCh \SP^ (JLW +either have I suffered my mouth to sin by wishin a curse to his soul" VJob ]PS]I (JLW I acknowled ed my sin unto thee, and mine iniKuity have I not hid" I said, I will confess my trans ressions unto the LM,/! and thou for avest the iniKuity of my sin" Selah" V=sa ]RSN (JLW -or I will declare mine iniKuity! I will be sorry for my sin" V=sa ]QSPQ (JLW """I said, I will take heed to my ways, that I sin not with my ton ueS I will keep my mouth with a bridle, while the wicked is before me" V=sa ]HSP (JLW Thy word have I hid in mine heart, that I mi ht not sin a ainst thee" V=sa PPHSPP (JLW #nd they shall teach no more every man his nei hbour, and every man his brother, sayin , (now the LM,/S for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the reatest of them, saith the LM,/S for I will for ive their iniKuity, and I will remember their sin no more" VJer ]PS]^ (JLW )herefore I say unto you, #ll manner of sin and blasphemy shall be for iven unto menS but the blasphemy against the

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Holy Ghost shall not be for iven unto men" V.at PRS]P (JLW Then came =eter to him, and said, Lord, how oft shall my brother sin a ainst me, and I for ive himO till seven timesO Jesus saith unto him, I say not unto thee, `ntil seven timesS but, `ntil seventy times seven" V.at PQSRP%RR (JLW She said, +o man, Lord" #nd Jesus said unto her, +either do I condemn theeS o, and sin no more" """Jesus answered them, Lerily, verily, I say unto you, )hosoever committeth sin is the servant of sin" """)hich of you convinceth me of sinO #nd if I say the truth, why do ye not believe meO VJhn QSPP, ]^, ^G (JLW )hat shall we say thenO 6s the law sinO God forbid" +ay, I had not known sin, but by the lawS for I had not known lust, e$cept the law had said, Thou shalt not covet" But sin, takin occasion by the commandment, wrou ht in me all manner of concupiscence" -or without the law sin was dead" -or I was alive without the law onceS but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died" """-or we know that the law is spiritualS but I am carnal, sold under sin" """+ow then it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me" """+ow if I do that I would not, it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me" """I thank God throu h Jesus Christ our Lord" So then with the mind I myself serve the law of God! but with the flesh the law of sin" V,om \S\%H, P^, P\, RI, RN (JLW .y little children, these thin s write I unto you, that ye sin not" #nd if any man sin, we have an advocate with the -ather, Jesus Christ the ri hteousS VPJo RSP (JLW sin Q si n Q si Jif' panishK S n' u Q if S u' you JphoneticallyK Q if you #nd if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin! but the Spirit is life because of ri hteousness" But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also Kuicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you" V,om QSPI%PP (JLW .y little children, these thin s write I unto you, that ye sin not" #nd if any man sin, we have an advocate with the -ather, Jesus Christ the ri hteousS #nd he is the propitiation for our sinsS and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world" VPJo RSP%R (JLW sin Q i sn Q I S su Q I S su Jyour' panishK Q I your #nd it came to pass on the morrow, that .oses said unto the people, *e have sinned a reat sinS and now I will o up unto the LM,/! peradventure I shall make an atonement for your sin" V2$d ]RS]I (JLW #wake to ri hteousness, and sin not! for some have not the knowled e of GodS I speak this to your shame" VPCr PNS]^ (JLW sin Q sn Q su Jyour' panishK Q your Let not sin therefore rei n in your mortal body, that ye should obey it in the lusts thereof" But now bein made free from sin, and become servants to God, ye have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlastin life" V,om GSPR, RR (JLW Be ye an ry, and sin notS let not the sun o down upon your wrathS +either ive place to the devil" V2ph ^SRG%R\ (JLW sin Q i sn Q I S su J!no5n' %renchK Q I !no5n )hat shall we say thenO 6s the law sinO God forbid" +ay, I had not !no5n sin, but by the lawS for I had not known lust, e$cept the law had said, Thou shalt not covet" V,om \S\ (JLW

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spirit Voccurs NIN times in ^NG verses in the (JLW spirit Q breath' 5ind' ,ind Athe 9ital principleE Q pirit of God' +oly Ghost' the third person of the triune God' +oly pirit' coeBuel' coeternal 5ith the %ather and the on spirit Q spiti Q spiti Jho,e' Gree!K Q ho,e' house' te,ple Jsynony,sK Q house' te,ple Then rose up the chief of the fathers of Judah and BenUamin, and the priests, and the Levites, with all them whose spirit God had raised, to o up to build the house of the LM,/ which is in Jerusalem" V2'r PSN (JLW Cast away from you all your trans ressions, whereby ye have trans ressed! and make you a new heart and a new spiritS for why will ye die, M house of IsraelO V2'e PQS]P (JLW (now ye not that ye are the te,ple of God, and that the pirit of God dwelleth in youO If any man defile the te,ple of God, him shall God destroy! for the te,ple of God is holy, which tem"le ye are" VPCr ]SPG%P\ (JLW )hen the unclean spirit is one out of a man, he walketh throu h dry places, seekin rest! and findin none, he saith, I will return unto my house whence I came out" VLuk PPSR^ (JLW spirit Q pisti Q pisti Jfaith' Gree!K Q faith But the manifestation of the pirit is iven to every man to profit withal" -or to one is iven by the pirit the word of wisdom! to another the word of knowled e by the same pirit! To another faith by the same pirit! to another the ifts of healin by the same pirit! VPCr PRS\%H (JLW )e havin the same spirit of faith, accordin as it is written, I believed, and therefore have I spoken! we also believe, and therefore speak! VRCr ^SP] (JLW This only would I learn of you, ,eceived ye the pirit by the works of the law, or by the hearin of faithO """Je therefore that ministereth to you the pirit, and worketh miracles amon you, doeth he it by the works of the law, or by the hearin of faithO """That the blessin of #braham mi ht come on the Gentiles throu h Jesus Christ! that we mi ht receive the promise of the pirit throu h faith" VGal ]SR, N, P^ (JLW -or we throu h the pirit wait for the hope of ri hteousness by faith" xBut the fruit of the pirit is love, Uoy, peace, lon sufferin , entleness, oodness, faith, .eekness, temperanceS a ainst such there is no law" VGal NSN, RR%R] (JLW Mnly let your conversation be as it becometh the ospel of ChristS that whether I come and see you, or else be absent, I may hear of your affairs, that ye stand fast in one spirit, with one mind strivin to ether for the faith of the ospel! V=hl PSR\ (JLW +ow the pirit speaketh e$pressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, ivin heed to seducin spirits, and doctrines of devils! VPTi ^SP (JLW -or as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also" VJam RSRG (JLW spirit Q stir )herefore I put thee in remembrance that thou stir up the ift of God, which is in thee by the puttin on of my hands" -or God hath not iven us the spirit of fear! but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind" VRTi PSG%\ (JLW spirit Q it is It is the spirit that Kuickeneth! the flesh profiteth nothin S the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life" VJhn GSG] (JLW

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Better it is to be of an humble spirit with the lowly, than to divide the spoil with the proud" V=ro PGSPH (JLW But beware of menS for they will deliver you up to the councils, and they will scour e you in their syna o ues! #nd ye shall be brou ht before overnors and kin s for my sake, for a testimony a ainst them and the Gentiles" But when they deliver you up, take no thou ht how or what ye shall speakS for it shall be iven you in that same hour what ye shall speak" -or it is not ye that speak, but the pirit of your -ather which speaketh in you" V.at PISP\%RI (JLW #nd as they thus spake, Jesus himself stood in the midst of them, and saith unto them, =eace be unto you" """Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myselfS handle me, and see! for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have" VLuk R^S]G, ]H (JLW )hat thenO Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for! but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded V#ccordin as it is written, God hath iven them the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see, and ears that they should not hear!W unto this day" V,om PPS\%Q (JLW #nd so it is written, The first man #dam was made a livin soul! the last #dam was made a Kuickenin spirit" VPCr PNS^N (JLW )e havin the same spirit of faith, accordin as it is written, I believed, and therefore have I spoken! we also believe, and therefore speak! VRCr ^SP] (JLW +ow we, brethren, as Isaac was, are the children of promise" But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the pirit, even so it is now" VGal ^SRQ%RH (JLW )hereby, when ye read, ye may understand my knowled e in the mystery of ChristW )hich in other a es was not made known unto the sons of men, as it is now revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets by the pirit! That the Gentiles should be fellowheirs, and of the same body, and partakers of his promise in Christ by the ospelS V2ph ]S^%G (JLW #nd every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of GodS and this is that s"irit of antichrist, whereof ye have heard that it should come! and even now already is it in the world" VPJo ^S] (JLW )ho is he that overcometh the world, but he that believeth that Jesus is the Son of GodO This is he that came by water and blood, even Jesus Christ! not by water only, but by water and blood" #nd it is the pirit that beareth witness, because the pirit is truth" VPJo NSN%G (JLW spirit Q sit So he carried me away in the spirit into the wildernessS and I saw a woman sit upon a scarlet coloured beast, full of names of blasphemy, havin seven heads and ten horns" V,ev P\S] (JLW spirit Q tri Q tri' try JphoneticallyK Q try Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of GodS because many false prophets are one out into the world" VPJo ^SP (JLW spirit Q tri Q tri' three Jsynony,K Q three #nd there are three that bear witness in earth, the pirit, and the water, and the bloodS and these three a ree in one" VPJo NSQ (JLW #nd after three days and an half the pirit of life from God entered into them Zthe two prophets[, and they stood upon their feet! and reat fear fell upon them which saw them" V,ev PPSPP (JLW spirit Q pit Jear me speedily, M LM,/S my spirit failethS hide not thy face from me, lest I be like unto them that o down into the

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pit" V=sa P^]S\ (JLW spirit Q di Q di' die JphoneticallyK Q die Cast away from you all your trans ressions, whereby ye have trans ressed! and make you a new heart and a new spiritS for why will ye die, M house of IsraelO V2'e PQS]P (JLW #nd if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin! but the pirit is life because of ri hteousness" But if the pirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also Kuicken your mortal bodies by his pirit that dwelleth in you" Therefore, brethren, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live after the flesh" -or if ye live after the flesh, ye shall dieS but if ye throu h the pirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live" V,om QSPI%P] (JLW #nd I heard a voice from heaven sayin unto me, )rite, Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforthS *ea, saith the pirit, that they may rest from their labours! and their works do follow them" V,ev P^SP] (JLW spirit Q si Q si' see JphoneticallyK Q see #nd it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh! and your sons and your dau hters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your youn men shall see visionsS VJoe RSRQ (JLW Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myselfS handle me, and see! for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have" VLuk R^S]H (JLW #nd I knew him notS but he that sent me to bapti'e with water, the same said unto me, `pon whom thou shalt see the pirit descendin , and remainin on him, the same is he which bapti'eth with the Joly Ghost" VJhn PS]] (JLW Seein ye have purified your souls in obeyin the truth throu h the pirit unto unfei ned love of the brethren, see that ye love one another with a pure heart ferventlyS VP=e PSRR (JLW #nd I fell at his feet to worship him" #nd he said unto me, ee thou do it notS I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of JesusS worship GodS for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy" V,ev PHSPI (JLW spirit Q trips Q trips Jlifted ,e up' too! ,e up?a5ay' up' carried ,e Q co,,on sayin#s used to describe these Biblical spirit UtripsU' 4tra9elin#s7' IourneysK Q lifted ,e up' too! ,e up?a5ay' up' carried ,e So the spirit lifted ,e up, and too! ,e a5ay, and I went in bitterness, in the heat of my spirit! but the hand of the LM,/ was stron upon me" V2'e ]SP^ (JLW #nd he put forth the form of an hand, and took me by a lock of mine head! and the spirit lifted ,e up between the earth and the heaven, and brou ht me in the visions of God to Jerusalem, to the door of the inner ate that looketh toward the north! where was the seat of the ima e of Uealousy, which provoketh to Uealousy" V2'e QS] (JLW So the spirit too! ,e up, and brou ht me into the inner court! and, behold, the lory of the LM,/ filled the house" V2'e ^]SN (JLW The hand of the LM,/ was upon me, and carried ,e out in the spirit of the LM,/, and set me down in the midst of the valley which was full of bones, V2'e ]\SP (JLW Then was Jesus led up of the pirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil" V.at ^SP (JLW #nd he carried ,e away in the spirit to a reat and hi h mountain, and shewed me that reat city, the holy Jerusalem, descendin out of heaven from God, V,ev RPSPI (JLW spirit Q rist

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Q rist' rose' raised Jsynony,sK Q rose' raised But if the pirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also Kuicken your mortal bodies by his pirit that dwelleth in you" V,om QSPP (JLW Then rose up the chief of the fathers of Judah and BenUamin, and the priests, and the Levites, with all them whose spirit God had raised, to o up to build the house of the LM,/ which is in Jerusalem" V2'r PSN (JLW spirit Q spirt Q spirt' spurt JphoneticallyK Q spurt' pour Jsynony,K Q pour Turn you at my reproofS behold, I will pour out my spirit unto you, I will make known my words unto you" V=ro PSR] (JLW -or I will pour water upon him that is thirsty, and floods upon the dry roundS I will pour my spirit upon thy seed, and my blessin upon thine offsprin S VIsa ^^S] (JLW #nd it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh! and your sons and your dau hters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your youn men shall see visionsS VJoe RSRQ (JLW spirit Q sip Q sip' drin! Jsynony,K Q drin! -or by one pirit are we all bapti'ed into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free! and have been all made to drin! into one pirit" VPCr PRSP] (JLW spirit Q tipsi Q tipsi' tipsy JphoneticallyK Q tipsy' drun! Jsynony,K Q drun! #nd be not drun! with wine, wherein is e$cess! but be filled with the pirit! V2ph NSPQ (JLW spirit Q pri Q dri' dry JphoneticallyK Q dry -or I will pour water upon him that is thirsty, and floods upon the dry roundS I will pour my spirit upon thy seed, and my blessin upon thine offsprin S VIsa ^^S] (JLW )hen the unclean spirit is one out of a man, he walketh throu h dry places, seekin rest, and findeth none" V.at PRS^] (JLW spirit Q spearit Q sire' /ord Jsynony,K Q /ord The pirit of the /.-D spake by me, and his word was in my ton ue" VRSa R]SR (JLW Into thine hand I commit my spiritS thou hast redeemed me, M /.-D God of truth" V=sa ]PSN (JLW The /.-D is ni h unto them that are of a broken heart! and saveth such as be of a contrite spirit" V=sa ]^SPQ (JLW The spirit of man is the candle of the /.-D, searchin all the inward parts of the belly" V=ro RISR\ (JLW But truly I am full of power by the spirit of the /.-D, and of Uud ment, and of mi ht, to declare unto Jacob his trans ression, and to Israel his sin" V.ic ]SQ (JLW

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The pirit of the /ord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the ospel to the poor! he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recoverin of si ht to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, To preach the acceptable year of the Lord" VLuk ^SPQ%PH (JLW This man was instructed in the way of the /ord! and bein fervent in the spirit, he spake and tau ht dili ently the thin s of the /ord, knowin only the baptism of John" V#ct PQSRN (JLW In the name of our /ord Jesus Christ, when ye are athered to ether, and my spirit, with the power of our /ord Jesus Christ, To deliver such an one unto Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day of the /ord Jesus" VPCr NS^%N (JLW But he that is Uoined unto the /ord is one spirit" VPCr GSP\ (JLW )herefore I ive you to understand, that no man speakin by the pirit of God calleth Jesus accursedS and that no man can say that Jesus is the /ord, but by the Joly Ghost" VPCr PRS] (JLW spirit Q spearit JphoneticallyK Q preis' price JphoneticallyK Q price But he that is Uoined unto the Lord is one spirit" -lee fornication" 2very sin that a man doeth is without the body! but he that committeth fornication sinneth a ainst his own body" )hatO know ye not that your body is the temple of the Joly Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your ownO -or ye are bou ht with a priceS therefore lorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God1s" VPCr GSP\%RI (JLW But let it be the hidden man of the heart, in that which is not corruptible, even the ornament of a meek and Kuiet spirit, which is in the si ht of God of reat price" VP=e ]S^ (JLW spirit Q spearit JphoneticallyK Q tera' terra JphoneticallyK Q terra Jearth' /atinK Q earth #nd the earth was without form, and void! and darkness was upon the face of the deep" #nd the pirit of God moved upon the face of the waters" VGen PSR (JLW Then shall the dust return to the earth as it wasS and the spirit shall return unto God who ave it" V2cc PRS\ (JLW )ith my soul have I desired thee in the ni ht! yea, with my spirit within me will I seek thee earlyS for when thy Uud ments are in the earth, the inhabitants of the world will learn ri hteousness" VIsa RGSH (JLW The burden of the word of the LM,/ for Israel, saith the LM,/, which stretcheth forth the heavens, and layeth the foundation of the earth, and formeth the spirit of man within him" VXec PRSP (JLW #nd there are three that bear witness in earth, the pirit, and the water, and the bloodS and these three a ree in one" VPJo NSQ (JLW spirit Q spearit Q sead Q sead' seed JphoneticallyK Q seed -or I will pour water upon him that is thirsty, and floods upon the dry roundS I will pour my spirit upon thy seed, and my blessin upon thine offsprin S VIsa ^^S] (JLW #s for me, this is my covenant with them, saith the LM,/! .y spirit that is upon thee, and my words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of thy seed1s seed, saith the LM,/, from henceforth and for ever" VIsa NHSRP (JLW spirit Q spearit

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Q trea' tree JphoneticallyK Q tree # wholesome ton ue is a tree of lifeS but perverseness therein is a breach in the spirit" V=ro PNS^ (JLW Je that hath an ear, let him hear what the pirit saith unto the churches! To him that overcometh will I ive to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God" V,ev RS\ (JLW spirit Q spearit Q eat Je that hath an ear, let him hear what the pirit saith unto the churches! To him that overcometh will I ive to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God" """Je that hath an ear, let him hear what the pirit saith unto the churches! To him that overcometh will I ive to eat of the hidden manna, and will ive him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth savin he that receiveth it" V,ev RS\, P\ (JLW spirit Q spearit JphoneticallyK Q saip Q said #nd the LM,/ said, .y spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is fleshS yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years" VGen GS] (JLW Lerily I say unto you, #ll sins shall be for iven unto the sons of men, and blasphemies wherewith soever they shall blasphemeS But he that shall blaspheme a ainst the Joly Ghost hath never for iveness, but is in dan er of eternal damnationS Because they said, Je hath an unclean spirit" V.ar ]SRQ%]I (JLW In that hour Jesus reUoiced in spirit, and said, I thank thee, M -ather, Lord of heaven and earth, that thou hast hid these thin s from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babesS even so, -ather! for so it seemed ood in thy si ht" VLuk PISRP (JLW #nd when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, -ather, into thy hands I commend my spiritS and havin said thus, he ave up the host" VLuk R]S^G (JLW Then the pirit said unto =hilip, Go near, and Uoin thyself to this chariot" V#ct QSRH (JLW )hile =eter thou ht on the vision, the pirit said unto him, Behold, three men seek thee" V#ct PISPH (JLW #nd this did she many days" But =aul, bein rieved, turned and said to the spirit, I command thee in the name of Jesus Christ to come out of her" #nd he came out the same hour" V#ct PGSPQ (JLW spirit Q spearit JphoneticallyK Q spearit Q bear it #nd the LM,/ said unto .oses, Gather unto me seventy men of the elders of Israel, whom thou knowest to be the elders of the people, and officers over them! and brin them unto the tabernacle of the con re ation, that they may stand there with thee" #nd I will come down and talk with thee thereS and I will take of the spirit which is upon thee, and will put it upon them! and they shall bear the burden of the people with thee, that thou bear it not thyself alone" V+um PPSPG%P\ (JLW spirit Q spearit Q bear This is he that came by water and blood, even Jesus Christ! not by water only, but by water and blood" #nd it is the pirit that beareth witness, because the pirit is truth" -or there are three that bear record in heaven, the -ather, the )ord, and the Joly GhostS and these three are one" #nd there are three that bear witness in earth, the pirit, and the water, and the bloodS and these three a ree in one" VPJo NSG%Q (JLW The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity! but a wounded spirit who can bearO V=ro PQSP^ (JLW

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-or if he that cometh preacheth another Jesus, whom we have not preached, or if ye receive another spirit, which ye have not received, or another ospel, which ye have not accepted, ye mi ht well bear with him" VRCr PPS^ (JLW spirit Q spearit Q dear Q dear' dearly Jsynony,K Q dearly Javin therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfectin holiness in the fear of God" VRCr \SP (JLW spirit Q spearit Q rest #nd there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall row out of his rootsS #nd the spirit of the LM,/ shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understandin , the spirit of counsel and mi ht, the spirit of knowled e and of the fear of the LM,/! #nd shall make him of Kuick understandin in the fear of the LM,/S and he shall not Uud e after the si ht of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearin of his earsS But with ri hteousness shall he Uud e the poor, and reprove with eKuity for the meek of the earthS and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked" #nd ri hteousness shall be the irdle of his loins, and faithfulness the irdle of his reins" VIsa PPSP%N (JLW #nd I heard a voice from heaven sayin unto me, )rite, Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforthS *ea, saith the pirit, that they may rest from their labours! and their works do follow them" V,ev P^SP] (JLW spirit Q spearit Q earAsE *et many years didst thou forbear them, and testifiedst a ainst them by thy spirit in thy prophetsS yet would they not ive earS therefore avest thou them into the hand of the people of the lands" V+eh HS]I (JLW V#ccordin as it is written, God hath iven them the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see, and ears that they should not hear!W unto this day" V,om PPSQ (JLW Je that hath an ear, let him hear what the pirit saith unto the churches! To him that overcometh will I ive to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God" """Je that hath an ear, let him hear what the pirit saith unto the churches! Je that overcometh shall not be hurt of the second death" """Je that hath an ear, let him hear what the pirit saith unto the churches! To him that overcometh will I ive to eat of the hidden manna, and will ive him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth savin he that receiveth it" V,ev RS\, PP, P\ (JLW spirit Q spearit Q beast )ho knoweth the spirit of man that oeth upward, and the spirit of the beast that oeth downward to the earthO V2cc ]SRP (JLW #nd there came one of the seven an els which had the seven vials, and talked with me, sayin unto me, Come hither! I will shew unto thee the Uud ment of the reat whore that sitteth upon many watersS )ith whom the kin s of the earth have committed fornication, and the inhabitants of the earth have been made drunk with the wine of her fornication" So he carried me away in the spirit into the wildernessS and I saw a woman sit upon a scarlet coloured beast, full of names of blasphemy, havin seven heads and ten horns" #nd the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet colour, and decked with old and precious stones and pearls, havin a olden cup in her hand full of abominations and filthiness of her fornicationS #nd upon her forehead was a name written, .*ST2,*, B#B*LM+ TJ2 G,2#T, TJ2 .MTJ2, MJ#,LMTS #+/ #BM.I+#TIM+S M- TJ2 2#,TJ" #nd I saw the woman drunken with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the martyrs of JesusS and when I saw her, I wondered with reat admiration" V,ev P\SP%G (JLW spirit Q spearit Q priest #nd thou shalt speak unto all that are wise hearted, whom I have filled with the spirit of wisdom, that they may make

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#aron1s arments to consecrate him, that he may minister unto me in the priestTs office" V2$d RQS] (JLW #nd the pirit of God came upon Xechariah the son of Jehoiada the priest, which stood above the people, and said unto them, Thus saith God, )hy trans ress ye the commandments of the LM,/, that ye cannot prosperO because ye have forsaken the LM,/, he hath also forsaken you" VRCh R^SRI (JLW #nd the LM,/ stirred up the spirit of Xerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, overnor of Judah, and the spirit of Joshua the son of Josedech, the hi h priest, and the spirit of all the remnant of the people! and they came and did work in the house of the LM,/ of hosts, their God, VJa PSP^ (JLW spirit Q spearit Q reap Q read Seek ye out of the book of the LM,/, and readS no one of these shall fail, none shall want her mateS for my mouth it hath commanded, and his spirit it hath athered them" VIsa ]^SPG (JLW spirit Q spearit Q rite' 5rite JphoneticallyK Q 5rite #nd I heard a voice from heaven sayin unto me, Write, Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforthS *ea, saith the pirit, that they may rest from their labours! and their works do follow them" V,ev P^SP] (JLW spirit Q spearit Q rite' ri#ht JphoneticallyK Q ri#ht Create in me a clean heart, M God! and renew a ri#ht spirit within me" V=sa NPSPI (JLW # ain, I considered all travail, and every ri#ht work, that for this a man is envied of his nei hbour" This is also vanity and ve$ation of spirit" V2cc ^S^ (JLW spirit Q spearit Q tare #nd they brou ht him unto himS and when he saw him, strai htway the spirit tare him! and he fell on the round, and wallowed foamin " V.ar HSRI (JLW #nd as he was yet a comin , the devil threw him down, and tare him" #nd Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit, and healed the child, and delivered him a ain to his father" VLuk HS^R (JLW spirit Q spearit Q spare' spareth Jsynony,K Q spareth Je that hath knowled e spareth his wordsS and a man of understandin is of an e$cellent spirit" V=ro P\SR\ (JLW spirit Q spearit Q ra Je9il' +ebre5K Q e9il #nd he caused his children to pass throu h the fire in the valley of the son of JinnomS also he observed times, and used enchantments, and used witchcraft, and dealt with a familiar spirit, and with wi'ardsS he wrou ht much e9il in the si ht of the LM,/, to provoke him to an er" VRCh ]]SG (JLW #nd the e9il spirit answered and said, Jesus I know, and =aul I know! but who are yeO V#ct PHSPN (JLW If ye be reproached for the name of Christ, happy are ye! for the spirit of lory and of God resteth upon youS on their part he is e9il spoken of, but on your part he is lorified" VP=e ^SP^ (JLW

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spirit Q spearit Q pe S as S it Q be as it Mnly let your conversation be as it becometh the ospel of ChristS that whether I come and see you, or else be absent, I may hear of your affairs, that ye stand fast in one spirit, with one mind strivin to ether for the faith of the ospel! V=hl PSR\ (JLW spirit Q spearit Q as pe Q as be The LM,/ is ni h unto them that are of a broken heart! and saveth such as be of a contrite spirit" V=sa ]^SPQ (JLW #nd mi ht not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious eneration! a eneration that set not their heart ari ht, and whose spirit was not stedfast with God" V=sa \QSQ (JLW spirit Q spearit Q as it Then shall the dust return to the earth as it wasS and the spirit shall return unto God who ave it" V2cc PRS\ (JLW spirit Q spearit Q i pe Q I be Jear me speedily, M LM,/S my spirit failethS hide not thy face from me, lest I be like unto them that o down into the pit" V=sa P^]S\ (JLW Jesus answered, Lerily, verily, I say unto thee, 2$cept a man be born of water and of the pirit, he cannot enter into the kin dom of God" VJhn ]SN (JLW -or thou h I be absent in the flesh, yet am I with you in the spirit, Uoyin and beholdin your order, and the stedfastness of your faith in Christ" VCol RSN (JLW

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truth Voccurs R]\ times in RR^ verses in the (JLW truth Q true' truly' real' ideal' #enuine' faithful' fidelity' fact' actual truth Q hur Q hur' hurr JphoneticallyK Q hurr Jfree' ArabicK Q free Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him, If ye continue in my word, then are ye my disciples indeed! #nd ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free" VJhn QS]P%]R (JLW truth Q tru Q tru' true JphoneticallyK Q true #nd they sent out unto him their disciples with the Jerodians, sayin , .aster ZJesus Christ[, we know that thou art true, and teachest the way of God in truth, neither carest thou for any manS for thou re ardest not the person of men" V.at RRSPG (JLW But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the -ather in spirit and in truthS for the -ather seeketh such to worship him" VJhn ^SR] (JLW truth Q ruth Q ruth' ,ercy' Jsynony,K Q ,ercy #ll the paths of the LM,/ are ,ercy and truth unto such as keep his covenant and his testimonies" V=sa RNSPI (JLW Je shall send from heaven, and save me from the reproach of him that would swallow me up" Selah" God shall send forth his ,ercy and his truth" -or thy mercy is reat unto the heavens, and thy truth unto the clouds" V=sa N\S], PI (JLW But as for me, my prayer is unto thee, M LM,/, in an acceptable timeS M God, in the multitude of thy ,ercy hear me, in the truth of thy salvation" V=sa GHSP] (JLW 1ercy and truth are met to ether! ri hteousness and peace have kissed each other" V=sa QNSPI (JLW But thou, M Lord, art a God full of compassion, and racious, lon sufferin , and plenteous in ,ercy and truth" V=sa QGSPN (JLW Justice and Uud ment are the habitation of thy throneS ,ercy and truth shall o before thy face" V=sa QHSP^ (JLW -or the LM,/ is ood! his ,ercy is everlastin ! and his truth endureth to all enerations" V=sa PIISN (JLW Let not ,ercy and truth forsake theeS bind them about thy neck! write them upon the table of thine heartS V=ro ]S] (JLW /o they not err that devise evilO but ,ercy and truth shall be to them that devise ood" V=ro P^SRR (JLW By ,ercy and truth iniKuity is pur edS and by the fear of the LM,/ men depart from evil" V=ro PGSG (JLW 1ercy and truth preserve the kin S and his throne is upholden by ,ercy" V=ro RISRQ (JLW Grace be with you, ,ercy, and peace, from God the -ather, and from the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the -ather, in truth and love" VRJo PS] (JLW truth Q ruh Q ruh Jspirit' ArabicK Q spirit

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Into thine hand I commit my spiritS thou hast redeemed me, M LM,/ God of truth" V=sa ]PSN (JLW But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the -ather in spirit and in truthS for the -ather seeketh such to worship him" God is a piritS and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth" VJhn ^SR]%R^ (JLW )ven the pirit of truth! whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth himS but ye know him! for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you" VJhn P^SP\ (JLW But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the -ather, even the pirit of truth, which proceedeth from the -ather, he shall testify of meS VJhn PNSRG (JLW Jowbeit when he, the pirit of truth, is come, he will uide you into all truthS for he shall not speak of himself! but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speakS and he will shew you thin s to come" VJhn PGSP] (JLW In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the ospel of your salvationS in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy pirit of promise, V2ph PSP] (JLW V-or the fruit of the pirit is in all oodness and ri hteousness and truth!W V2ph NSH (JLW But we are bound to ive thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the be innin chosen you to salvation throu h sanctification of the pirit and belief of the truthS VRTh RSP] (JLW Seein ye have purified your souls in obeyin the truth throu h the pirit unto unfei ned love of the brethren, see that ye love one another with a pure heart ferventlyS VP=e PSRR (JLW )e are of GodS he that knoweth God heareth us! he that is not of God heareth not us" Jereby know we the spirit of truth, and the spirit of error" VPJo ^SG (JLW This is he that came by water and blood, even Jesus Christ! not by water only, but by water and blood" #nd it is the Spirit that beareth witness, because the pirit is truth" VPJo NSG (JLW truth Q urth Q urth' earth JphoneticallyK Q earth Truth shall sprin out of the earth! and ri hteousness shall look down from heaven" V=sa QNSPP (JLW Before the LM,/S for he cometh, for he cometh to Uud e the earthS he shall Uud e the world with ri hteousness, and the people with his truth" V=sa HGSP] (JLW Je hath remembered his mercy and his truth toward the house of IsraelS all the ends of the earth have seen the salvation of our God" V=sa HQS] (JLW )hich made heaven, and earth, the sea, and all that therein isS which keepeth truth for everS V=sa P^GSG (JLW That he who blesseth himself in the earth shall bless himself in the God of truth! and he that sweareth in the earth shall swear by the God of truth! because the former troubles are for otten, and because they are hid from mine eyes" VIsa GNSPG (JLW truth Q hut Q hut' house Jsynony,K Q house Je hath remembered his mercy and his truth toward the house of IsraelS all the ends of the earth have seen the salvation of our God" V=sa HQS] (JLW #nd it shall come to pass in that day, that the remnant of Israel, and such as are escaped of the house of Jacob, shall no more a ain stay upon him that smote them! but shall stay upon the LM,/, the Joly Mne of Israel, in truth" VIsa PISRI (JLW

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But if I tarry lon , that thou mayest know how thou ou htest to behave thyself in the house of God, which is the church of the livin God, the pillar and round of the truth" VPTi ]SPN (JLW truth Q thru Q thru' throu#h JphoneticallyK Q throu#h Sanctify them throu#h thy truthS thy word is truth" #s thou hast sent me into the world, even so have I also sent them into the world" #nd for their sakes I sanctify myself, that they also mi ht be sanctified throu#h the truth" VJhn P\SP\%PH (JLW But we are bound to ive thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the be innin chosen you to salvation throu#h sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truthS )hereunto he called you by our ospel, to the obtainin of the lory of our Lord Jesus Christ" VRTh RSP]%P^ (JLW Seein ye have purified your souls in obeyin the truth throu#h the Spirit unto unfei ned love of the brethren, see that ye love one another with a pure heart ferventlyS Bein born a ain, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever" VP=e PSRR%R] (JLW truth Q hur Q hur' herr Jlord' Ger,anK Q /ord Mnly fear the /.-D, and serve him in truth with all your heartS for consider how reat things he hath done for you" VPSa PRSR^ (JLW #ll the paths of the /.-D are mercy and truth unto such as keep his covenant and his testimonies" V=sa RNSPI (JLW Into thine hand I commit my spiritS thou hast redeemed me, M /.-D God of truth" V=sa ]PSN (JLW -or the word of the /.-D is ri ht! and all his works are done in truth" V=sa ]]S^ (JLW Teach me thy way, M /.-D! I will walk in thy truthS unite my heart to fear thy name" V=sa QGSPP (JLW Before the /.-DS for he cometh, for he cometh to Uud e the earthS he shall Uud e the world with ri hteousness, and the people with his truth" V=sa HGSP] (JLW -or the /.-D is ood! his mercy is everlastin ! and his truth endureth to all enerations" V=sa PIISN (JLW -or his merciful kindness is reat toward usS and the truth of the /.-D endureth for ever" =raise ye the /.-D" V=sa PP\SR (JLW Thou art near, M /.-D! and all thy commandments are truth" V=sa PPHSPNP (JLW The /.-D is ni h unto all them that call upon him, to all that call upon him in truth" V=sa P^NSPQ (JLW M /.-D, thou art my God! I will e$alt thee, I will praise thy name! for thou hast done wonderful things; thy counsels of old are faithfulness and truth" VIsa RNSP (JLW Grace be with you, mercy, and peace, from God the -ather, and from the /ord Jesus Christ, the Son of the -ather, in truth and love" VRJo PS] (JLW

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5ord Voccurs GHH times in G\N verses in the (JLW 5ord Q ,atter' thin#' lo#os' reason'discourse' speech' co,,and,ent' the /a5' the sayin#s of God' doctine' teachin#' the +oly Bible 5ord Q 5hurd JphoneticallyK Q hur' herr JphoneticallyK Q herr Jlord' Ger,anK Q /ord Then came the 5ord of the /.-D unto Samuel, sayin , VPSa PNSPI (JLW #nd it came to pass that ni ht, that the 5ord of the /.-D came unto +athan, sayin , VRSa \S^ (JLW The Spirit of the /.-D spake by me, and his 5ord was in my ton ue" VRSa R]SR (JLW "s for God, his way is perfectS the 5ord of the /.-D is triedS he is a buckler to all those that trust in him" V=sa PQS]I (JLW -or the 5ord of the /.-D is ri ht! and all his works are done in truth" V=sa ]]S^ (JLW In God will I praise his 5ordS in the /.-D will I praise his 5ord" V=sa NGSPI (JLW The /ord ave the 5ordS reat was the company of those that published it" V=sa GQSPP (JLW L#`" Let thy mercies come also unto me, M /.-D, even thy salvation, accordin to thy 5ord" """L#.2/" -or ever, M /.-D, thy 5ord is settled in heaven" """I am afflicted very muchS Kuicken me, M /.-D, accordin unto thy 5ord" """T#`" Let my cry come near before thee, M /.-DS ive me understandin accordin to thy 5ord" V=sa PPHS^P, QH, PI\, PGH (JLW I wait for the /.-D, my soul doth wait, and in his 5ord do I hope" V=sa P]ISN (JLW #nd they went forth, and preached every where, the /ord workin with them, and confirmin the 5ord with si ns followin " #men" V.ar PGSRI (JLW ,emember the 5ord that I said unto you, The servant is not reater than his lord" If they have persecuted me, they will also persecute you! if they have kept my sayin , they will keep yours also" VJhn PNSRI (JLW #nd the 5ord of the /ord was published throu hout all the re ion" V#ct P]S^H (JLW #nd they spake unto him the 5ord of the /ord, and to all that were in his house" V#ct PGS]R (JLW -inally, brethren, pray for us, that the 5ord of the /ord may have free course, and be lorified, even as it is with youS #nd that we may be delivered from unreasonable and wicked menS for all men have not faith" VRTh ]SP%R (JLW But the 5ord of the /ord endureth for ever" #nd this is the 5ord which by the ospel is preached unto you" VP=e PSRN (JLW 5ord Q 5hurd JphoneticallyK Q hur Jspirit' ArabicK Q spirit The pirit of the LM,/ spake by me, and his 5ord was in my ton ue" VRSa R]SR (JLW Thus saith the LM,/, The heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstoolS where is the house that ye build unto meO and where is the place of my restO-or all those things hath mine hand made, and all those things have been, saith the LM,/S but to this man will I look, even to him that is poor and of a contrite spirit, and trembleth at my 5ord" VIsa GGSR (JLW -or to one is iven by the pirit the 5ord of wisdom! to another the 5ord of knowled e by the same pirit! VPCr PRSQ

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(JLW That we should be to the praise of his lory, who first trusted in Christ" In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the 5ord of truth, the ospel of your salvationS in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy pirit of promise, )hich is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his lory" V2ph PSPR%P^ (JLW =ut on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand a ainst the wiles of the devil" -or we wrestle not a ainst flesh and blood, but a ainst principalities, a ainst powers, a ainst the rulers of the darkness of this world, a ainst spiritual wickedness in hi h places" )herefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and havin done all, to stand" Stand therefore, havin your loins irt about with truth, and havin on the breastplate of ri hteousness! #nd your feet shod with the preparation of the ospel of peace! #bove all, takin the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to Kuench all the fiery darts of the wicked" #nd take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the pirit, which is the 5ord of GodS =rayin always with all prayer and supplication in the pirit, and watchin thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all saints! V2ph GSPP%PQ (JLW -or the 5ord of God is Kuick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoed ed sword, piercin even to the dividin asunder of soul and spirit, and of the Uoints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thou hts and intents of the heart" VJbr ^SPR (JLW 5ord Q 5ered JphoneticallyK Q dree5' dree, Q dree,' drea, JphoneticallyK Q drea, The prophet that hath a drea,, let him tell a drea,! and he that hath my 5ord, let him speak my 5ord faithfully" """ VJer R]SRQ (JLW #nd when they were departed, behold, the an el of the Lord appeareth to Joseph in a drea,, sayin , #rise, and take the youn child and his mother, and flee into 2 ypt, and be thou there until I brin thee 5ordS for Jerod will seek the youn child to destroy him" V.at RSP] (JLW 5ord Q 5eerd JphoneticallyK Q Veer' seer Q seer' prophet Jsynony, Q * a,6 9:9K Q prophet -or when /avid was up in the mornin , the 5ord of the LM,/ came unto the prophet Gad, /avid1s seer, sayin , Go and say unto /avid, Thus saith the LM,/, I offer thee three things! choose thee one of them, that I may do it unto thee" VRSa R^SPP%PR (JLW But the prophet, which shall presume to speak a 5ord in my name, which I have not commanded him to speak, or that shall speak in the name of other ods, even that prophet shall die" V/eu PQSRI (JLW The prophet which prophesieth of peace, when the 5ord of the prophet shall come to pass, then shall the prophet be known, that the LM,/ hath truly sent him" VJer RQSH (JLW Then came the 5ord of the LM,/ unto the prophet Jeremiah, sayin , VJer ]\SG (JLW Then came the 5ord of the LM,/ by Ja ai the prophet, sayin , VJa PS] (JLW

#nd he said unto them, )hat thin sO #nd they said unto him, Concernin Jesus of +a'areth, which was a prophet mi hty in deed and 5ord before God and all the peopleS #nd how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him to be condemned to death, and have crucified him" VLuk R^SPH%RI (JLW 5ord Q o5r Jli#ht' +ebre5K Q li#ht In the be innin was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God" The same was in the be innin with God" """In him was life! and the life was the li#ht of men" VJhn PSP%R, ^ (JLW

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+`+" Thy 5ord is a lamp unto my feet, and a li#ht unto my path" V=sa PPHSPIN (JLW )e have also a more sure 5ord of prophecy! whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a li#ht that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your heartsS VR=e PSPH (JLW 5ord Q 5urd Q pur Jpure' %renchK Q pure Thy 5ord is very pureS therefore thy servant loveth it" V=sa PPHSP^I (JLW 2very 5ord of God is pureS he is a shield unto them that put their trust in him" V=ro ]ISN (JLW 5ord Q dor Q dor' door JphoneticallyK Q door I ZJesus Christ, the )ord[ know thy worksS behold, I have set before thee an open door, and no man can shut itS for thou hast a little stren th, and hast kept my 5ord, and hast not denied my name" Behold, I stand at the door, and knockS if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me" V,ev ]SQ, RI (JLW #nd strai htway many were athered to ether, insomuch that there was no room to receive them, no, not so much as about the doorS and he preached the 5ord unto them" V.ar RSR (JLW 5ord Q 5ord Q Vord' sord' s5ord JphoneticallyK Q s5ord #nd he was clothed with a vesture dipped in bloodS and his name is called The Word of God" #nd the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean" #nd out of his mouth oeth a sharp s5ord, that with it he should smite the nationsS and he shall rule them with a rod of ironS and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of #lmi hty God" V,ev PHSP]%PN (JLW #nd take the helmet of salvation, and the s5ord of the Spirit, which is the 5ord of GodS V2ph GSP\ (JLW #nd he came thither unto a cave, and lod ed there! and, behold, the 5ord of the LM,/ came to him, and he said unto him, )hat doest thou here, 2liUahO #nd he said, I have been very Uealous for the LM,/ God of hostsS for the children of Israel have forsaken thy covenant, thrown down thine altars, and slain thy prophets with the s5ord! and I, even I only, am left! and they seek my life, to take it away" VP(i PHSH%PI (JLW -or the 5ord of God is Kuick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoed ed s5ord, piercin even to the dividin asunder of soul and spirit, and of the Uoints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thou hts and intents of the heart" VJbr ^SPR (JLW 5ord Q rod #nd he was clothed with a vesture dipped in bloodS and his name is called The Word of God" #nd the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean" #nd out of his mouth oeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nationsS and he shall rule them with a rod of ironS and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of #lmi hty God" V,ev PHSP]%PN (JLW -or the kin dom of God is not in 5ord, but in power" )hat will yeO shall I come unto you with a rod, or in love, and in the spirit of meeknessO VPCr ^SRI%RP (JLW 5ord Q 5urd JphoneticallyK Q pur Jfire' ;e5 Testa,ent Gree!K Q fire 6s not my 5ord like as a fireO saith the LM,/! and like a hammer that breaketh the rock in piecesO VJer R]SRH (JLW

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But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same 5ord are kept in store, reserved unto fire a ainst the day of Uud ment and perdition of un odly men" VR=e ]S\ (JLW 5ord Q 5or Q 5or' 5ar JphoneticallyK Q 5ar #nd I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse! and he that sat upon him was called -aithful and True, and in ri hteousness he doth Uud e and make 5ar" Jis eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns! and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself" #nd he was clothed with a vesture dipped in bloodS and his name is called The Word of God" #nd the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean" V,ev PHSPP%P^ (JLW #nd these are the numbers of the bands that were ready armed to the 5ar, and came to /avid to Jebron, to turn the kin dom of Saul to him, accordin to the 5ord of the LM,/" VPCh PRSR] (JLW 5ord Q dro5 Q bro5' foreheads Jsynony,K Q foreheads #nd I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and Uud ment was iven unto themS and 6 saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the 5ord of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his ima e, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands! and they lived and rei ned with Christ a thousand years" V,ev RIS^ (JLW 5ord Q do5r Q do5r J#enerationAsE' +ebre5K Q #enerationAsE Je is the LM,/ our GodS his Uud ments are in all the earth" Je hath remembered his covenant for ever, the 5ord which he commanded to a thousand #enerations" V=sa PINS\%Q (JLW M #eneration, see ye the 5ord of the LM,/" Jave I been a wilderness unto IsraelO a land of darknessO wherefore say my people, )e are lords! we will come no more unto theeO VJer RS]P (JL 5ord Q dor Q por' poor JphoneticallyK Q poor Thus saith the LM,/, The heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstoolS where is the house that ye build unto meO and where is the place of my restO -or all those things hath mine hand made, and all those things have been, saith the LM,/S but to this man will I look, even to him that is poor and of a contrite spirit, and trembleth at my 5ord" VIsa GGSP%R (JLW #nd it was broken in that dayS and so the poor of the flock that waited upon me knew that it was the 5ord of the LM,/" VXec PPSPP (JLW 5ord Q dro Q bro Q bro' brother' brethren Jsynony,sK Q brother' brethren I John, who also am your brother, and companion in tribulation, and in the kin dom and patience of Jesus Christ, was in the isle that is called =atmos, for the 5ord of God, and for the testimony of Jesus Christ" V,ev PSH (JLW #nd it was told him by certain which said, Thy mother and thy brethren stand without, desirin to see thee" #nd he ZJesus[ answered and said unto them, .y mother and my brethren are these which hear the 5ord of God, and do it" VLuk QSRI%RP (JLW #nd the apostles and brethren that were in Judaea heard that the Gentiles had also received the 5ord of God" V#ct PPSP (JLW

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.en and brethren, children of the stock of #braham, and whosoever amon you feareth God, to you is the 5ord of this salvation sent" V#ct P]SRG (JLW #nd when there had been much disputin , =eter rose up, and said unto them, .en and brethren, ye know how that a ood while a o God made choice amon us, that the Gentiles by my mouth should hear the 5ord of the ospel, and believe" V#ct PNS\ (JLW But we are bound to ive thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the be innin chosen you to salvation throu h sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truthS )hereunto he called you by our ospel, to the obtainin of the lory of our Lord Jesus Christ" Therefore, brethren, stand fast, and hold the traditions which ye have been tau ht, whether by 5ord, or our epistle" VRTh RSP]%PN (JLW -inally, brethren, pray for us, that the 5ord of the Lord may have free course, and be lorified, even as it is with youS #nd that we may be delivered from unreasonable and wicked menS for all men have not faith" VRTh ]SP%R (JLW 5ord Q do5 Q bo5 Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earthS for I am God, and there is none else" I have sworn by myself, the 5ord is one out of my mouth in ri hteousness, and shall not return, That unto me every knee shall bo5, every ton ue shall swear" VIsa ^NSRR%R] (JLW 5ord Q do5 Q bo5 Jco,e' ca,e' +ebre5K Q co,e' ca,e Then ca,e the 5ord of the LM,/ unto Samuel, sayin , VPSa PNSPI (JLW `ntil the time that his 5ord ca,eS the 5ord of the LM,/ tried him" V=sa PINSPH (JLW Let my supplication co,e before theeS deliver me accordin to thy 5ord" V=sa PPHSP\I (JLW Then ca,e the 5ord of the LM,/ to Isaiah, sayin , VIsa ]QS^ (JLW The 5ord that ca,e to Jeremiah from the LM,/, sayin , VJer \SP (JLW #nnas and Caiaphas bein the hi h priests, the 5ord of God ca,e unto John the son of Xacharias in the wilderness" VLuk ]SR (JLW The Jews answered him, sayin , -or a ood work we stone thee not! but for blasphemy! and because that thou, bein a man, makest thyself God" Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, *e are odsO If he called them ods, unto whom the 5ord of God ca,e, and the scripture cannot be broken! Say ye of him, whom the -ather hath sanctified, and sent into the world, Thou blasphemest! because I said, I am the Son of GodO VJhn PIS]]%]G (JLW -or our ospel ca,e not unto you in 5ord only, but also in power, and in the Joly Ghost, and in much assurance! as ye know what manner of men we were amon you for your sake" VPTh PSN (JLW 5ord Q 5or Q ,or' ,ore JphoneticallyK Q ,ore -or I am the LM,/S I will speak, and the 5ord that I shall speak shall come to pass! it shall be no ,ore prolon edS for in your days, M rebellious house, will I say the 5ord, and will perform it, saith the Lord GM/" V2'e PRSRN (JLW .oreover if thy brother shall trespass a ainst thee, o and tell him his fault between thee and him aloneS if he shall hear thee, thou hast ained thy brother" But if he will not hear thee, then take with thee one or two ,ore, that in the mouth of two or three witnesses every 5ord may be established" #nd if he shall ne lect to hear them, tell it unto the churchS but if he ne lect to hear the church, let him be unto thee as an heathen man and a publican" V.at PQSPN%P\ (JLW

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#nd many ,ore believed because of his own 5ord! VJhn ^S^P (JLW #nd many of the brethren in the Lord, wa$in confident by my bonds, are much ,ore bold to speak the 5ord without fear" V=hl PSP^ (JLW )e have also a ,ore sure 5ord of prophecy! whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a li ht that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your heartsS (nowin this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation" VR=e PSPH%RI (JLW 5ord Q 5o Q Vo' so Q so o shall I have wherewith to answer him that reproacheth meS for I trust in thy 5ord" V=sa PPHS^R (JLW -or as the rain cometh down, and the snow from heaven, and returneth not thither, but watereth the earth, and maketh it brin forth and bud, that it may ive seed to the sower, and bread to the eaterS o shall my 5ord be that oeth forth out of my mouthS it shall not return unto me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper in the thing whereto I sent it" VIsa NNSPI%PP (JLW These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the 5ord with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those thin s were so" V#ct P\SPP (JLW o mi htily rew the 5ord of God and prevailed" V#ct PHSRI (JLW o then faith cometh by hearin , and hearin by the 5ord of God" V,om PISP\ (JLW Throu h faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the 5ord of God, so that thin s which are seen were not made of thin s which do appear" VJbr PPS] (JLW 5ord Q 5o Q Vo' so Q so' so5 JphoneticallyK Q so5 #nd when much people were athered to ether, and were come to him out of every city, he spake by a parableS # sower went out to so5 his seedS and as he sowed, some fell by the way side! and it was trodden down, and the fowls of the air devoured it" #nd some fell upon a rock! and as soon as it was sprun up, it withered away, because it lacked moisture" #nd some fell amon thorns! and the thorns spran up with it, and choked it" #nd other fell on ood round, and spran up, and bare fruit an hundredfold" #nd when he had said these thin s, he cried, Je that hath ears to hear, let him hear" #nd his disciples asked him, sayin , )hat mi ht this parable beO #nd he said, `nto you it is iven to know the mysteries of the kin dom of GodS but to others in parables! that seein they mi ht not see, and hearin they mi ht not understand" +ow the parable is thisS The seed is the 5ord of God" Those by the way side are they that hear! then cometh the devil, and taketh away the word out of their hearts, lest they should believe and be saved" They on the rock are they, which, when they hear, receive the 5ord with Uoy! and these have no root, which for a while believe, and in time of temptation fall away" #nd that which fell amon thorns are they, which, when they have heard, o forth, and are choked with cares and riches and pleasures of this life, and brin no fruit to perfection" VLuk QS^%P^ (JLW 5ord Q 5ered Q Veed' seed Q seed Jear ye therefore the parable of the sower" )hen any one heareth the 5ord of the kin dom, and understandeth it not, then cometh the wicked one, and catcheth away that which was sown in his heart" This is he which received seed by the way side" But he that received the seed into stony places, the same is he that heareth the 5ord, and anon with Uoy receiveth it! *et hath he not root in himself, but dureth for a whileS for when tribulation or persecution ariseth because of the 5ord, by and by he is offended" Je also that received seed amon the thorns is he that heareth the 5ord! and the care of this world, and the deceitfulness of riches, choke the 5ord, and he becometh unfruitful" But he that received seed into the ood round is he that heareth the 5ord, and understandeth it! which also beareth fruit, and brin eth forth, some an hundredfold, some si$ty, some thirty" V.at P]SPQ%R] (JLW

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+ow the parable is thisS The seed is the 5ord of God" VLuk QSPP (JLW Seein ye have purified your souls in obeyin the truth throu h the Spirit unto unfei ned love of the brethren, see that ye love one another with a pure heart ferventlyS Bein born a ain, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the 5ord of God, which liveth and abideth for ever" VP=e PSRR%R] (JLW 5ord Q or *et hath he not root in himself, but dureth for a whileS for when tribulation or persecution ariseth because of the 5ord, by and by he is offended" V.at P]SRP (JLW This is the third time I am comin to you" In the mouth of two or three witnesses shall every 5ord be established" VRCr P]SP (JLW #nd whatsoever ye do in 5ord or deed, do all in the name of the Lord Jesus, ivin thanks to God and the -ather by him" VCol ]SP\ (JLW That ye be not soon shaken in mind, or be troubled, neither by spirit, nor by 5ord, nor by letter as from us, as that the day of Christ is at hand" """Therefore, brethren, stand fast, and hold the traditions which ye have been tau ht, whether by 5ord, or our epistle" VRTh RSR, PN (JLW #nd I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and Uud ment was iven unto themS and 6 saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the 5ord of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his ima e, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands! and they lived and rei ned with Christ a thousand years" V,ev RIS^ (JLW 5ord Q do #nd Balaam answered and said unto the servants of Balak, If Balak would ive me his house full of silver and old, I cannot o beyond the 5ord of the LM,/ my God, to do less or more" +ow therefore, I pray you, tarry ye also here this ni ht, that I may know what the LM,/ will say unto me more" #nd God came unto Balaam at ni ht, and said unto him, If the men come to call thee, rise up, and o with them! but yet the 5ord which I shall say unto thee, that shalt thou do" V+um RRSPQ%RI (JLW If a man vow a vow unto the LM,/, or swear an oath to bind his soul with a bond! he shall not break his 5ord, he shall do accordin to all that proceedeth out of his mouth" V+um ]ISR (JLW But the 5ord is very ni h unto thee, in thy mouth, and in thy heart, that thou mayest do it" V/eu ]ISP^ (JLW Go, enKuire of the LM,/ for me, and for them that are left in Israel and in Judah, concernin the words of the book that is foundS for reat is the wrath of the LM,/ that is poured out upon us, because our fathers have not kept the 5ord of the LM,/, to do after all that is written in this book" VRCh ]^SRP (JLW In God I will praise his 5ord, in God I have put my trust! I will not fear what flesh can do unto me" V=sa NGS^ (JLW Bless the LM,/, ye his an els, that e$cel in stren th, that do his commandments, hearkenin unto the voice of his 5ord" V=sa PI]SRI (JLW I wait for the LM,/, my soul doth wait, and in his 5ord do I hope" V=sa P]ISN (JLW But ye say, If a man shall say to his father or mother, 6t is Corban, that is to say, a ift, by whatsoever thou mi htest be profited by me! he shall be free" #nd ye suffer him no more to do ou ht for his father or his mother! .akin the 5ord of God of none effect throu h your tradition, which ye have deliveredS and many such like thin s do ye" V.ar \SPP%P] (JLW Then came to him his mother and his brethren, and could not come at him for the press" #nd it was told him by certain which said, Thy mother and thy brethren stand without, desirin to see thee" #nd he answered and said unto them, .y mother and my brethren are these which hear the 5ord of God, and do it" VLuk QSPH%RP (JLW )hy do ye not understand my speechO even because ye cannot hear my 5ord" *e are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do" Je was a murderer from the be innin , and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him" )hen he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his ownS for he is a liar, and the father of it" VJhn QS^]%^^ (JLW

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#nd whatsoever ye do in 5ord or deed, $o all in the name of the Lord Jesus, ivin thanks to God and the -ather by him" VCol ]SP\ (JLW Throu h faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the 5ord of God, so that thin s which are seen were not made of thin s which do appear" VJbr PPS] (JLW )e have also a more sure 5ord of prophecy! whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a li ht that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your heartsS VR=e PSPH (JLW 5ord Q do Q do' due JphoneticallyK Q due # man hath Uoy by the answer of his mouthS and a 5ord spo#en in due season, how ood is itb V=ro PNSR] (JLW But hath in due times manifested his 5ord throu h preachin , which is committed unto me accordin to the commandment of God our Saviour! VTts PS] (JLW 5ord Q 5ord Q ,ord J,urder' Ger,anK Q ,urder' !ill Jsynony,K Q !ill I know that ye are #braham1s seed! but ye seek to !ill me, because my 5ord hath no place in you" VJhn QS]\ (JLW 5ord Q 5ered JphoneticallyK Q 5ere By the 5ord of the LM,/ 5ere the heavens made! and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth" V=sa ]]SG (JLW Thy 5ords 5ere found, and I did eat them! and thy 5ord was unto me the Uoy and reUoicin of mine heartS for I am called by thy name, M LM,/ God of hosts" VJer PNSPG (JLW )hen the even was come, they brou ht unto him many that 5ere possessed with devilsS and he cast out the spirits with his 5ord, and healed all that were sickS That it mi ht be fulfilled which was spoken by 2saias the prophet, sayin , Jimself took our infirmities, and bare our sicknesses" V.at QSPG%P\ (JLW #nd with many such parables spake he the 5ord unto them, as they 5ere able to hear it" But without a parable spake he not unto themS and when they 5ere alone, he e$pounded all thin s to his disciples" V.ar ^S]]%]^ (JLW #nd they 5ere astonished at his doctrineS for his 5ord was with power" """#nd they 5ere all ama'ed, and spake amon themselves, sayin , )hat a 5ord is thisb for with authority and power he commandeth the unclean spirits, and they come out" VLuk ^S]R, ]G (JLW I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou avest me out of the worldS thine they 5ere, and thou avest them me! and they have kept thy 5ord" VJhn P\SG (JLW Then they that ladly received his 5ord 5ere bapti'edS and the same day there 5ere added unto them about three thousand souls" V#ct RS^P (JLW #nd when they had prayed, the place was shaken where they 5ere assembled to ether! and they 5ere all filled with the Joly Ghost, and they spake the 5ord of God with boldness" V#ct ^S]P (JLW Therefore they that 5ere scattered abroad went every where preachin the 5ord" V#ct QS^ (JLW -or so hath the Lord commanded us, saying, I have set thee to be a li ht of the Gentiles, that thou shouldest be for salvation unto the ends of the earth" #nd when the Gentiles heard this, they 5ere lad, and lorified the 5ord of the LordS and as many as 5ere ordained to eternal life believed" V#ct P]S^\%^Q (JLW #nd they spake unto him the 5ord of the Lord, and to all that 5ere in his house" V#ct PGS]R (JLW

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In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the 5ord of truth, the ospel of your salvationS in whom also after that ye believed, ye 5ere sealed with that holy Spirit of promise, )hich is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his lory" V2ph PSP]%P^ (JLW -or our ospel came not unto you in 5ord only, but also in power, and in the Joly Ghost, and in much assurance! as ye know what manner of men we 5ere amon you for your sake" VPTh PSN (JLW Throu h faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the 5ord of God, so that thin s which are seen 5ere not made of thin s which do appear" VJbr PPS] (JLW -or this they willin ly are i norant of, that by the 5ord of God the heavens 5ere of old, and the earth standin out of the water and in the waterS VR=e ]SN (JLW #nd when he had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of them that 5ere slain for the 5ord of God, and for the testimony which they heldS #nd they cried with a loud voice, sayin , Jow lon , M Lord, holy and true, dost thou not Uud e and aven e our blood on them that dwell on the earthO V,ev GSH%PI (JLW Jis eyes #ere as a flame of fire, and on his head #ere many crowns! and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself" #nd he was clothed with a vesture dipped in bloodS and his name is called The Word of God" #nd the armies which #ere in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean" V,ev PHSPR%P^ (JLW #nd I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and Uud ment was iven unto themS and 6 saw the souls of them that 5ere beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the 5ord of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his ima e, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands! and they lived and rei ned with Christ a thousand years" V,ev RIS^ (JLW 5ord Q 5ird JphoneticallyK Q i5' i, Q i,' iT,' I a, Q I a, #fter these thin s the 5ord of the LM,/ came unto #bram in a vision, sayin , -ear not, #bramS I am thy shield, and thy e$ceedin reat reward" VGen PNSP (JLW I a, afflicted very muchS Kuicken me, M LM,/, accordin unto thy 5ord" V=sa PPHSPI\ (JLW Thy words were found, and I did eat them! and thy 5ord was unto me the Uoy and reUoicin of mine heartS for I a, called by thy name, M LM,/ God of hosts" VJer PNSPG (JLW -or I a, the LM,/S I will speak, and the 5ord that I shall speak shall come to pass! it shall be no more prolon edS for in your days, M rebellious house, will I say the 5ord, and will perform it, saith the Lord GM/" V2'e PRSRN (JLW #nd now come I to thee! and these thin s I speak in the world, that they mi ht have my Uoy fulfilled in themselves" I have iven them thy 5ord! and the world hath hated them, because they are not of the world, even as I a, not of the world" I pray not that thou shouldest take them out of the world, but that thou shouldest keep them from the evil" They are not of the world, even as I a, not of the world" Sanctify them throu h thy truthS thy 5ord is truth" #s thou hast sent me into the world, even so have I also sent them into the world" #nd for their sakes I sanctify myself, that they also mi ht be sanctified throu h the truth" VJhn P\SP]%PH (JLW This is the third time I a, comin to you" In the mouth of two or three witnesses shall every 5ord be established" VRCr P]SP (JLW 5ord Q 5ered JphoneticallyK Q 5e #nd the Word was made flesh, and dwelt amon us, Vand 5e beheld his lory, the lory as of the only be otten of the -ather,W full of race and truth" VJhn PSP^ (JLW But what saith itO The 5ord is ni h thee, even in thy mouth, and in thy heartS that is, the 5ord of faith, which 5e

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preach! That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved" V,om PISQ%H (JLW -or 5e are not as many, which corrupt the 5ord of GodS but as of sincerity, but as of God, in the si ht of God speak 5e in Christ" VRCr RSP\ (JLW -or this cause also thank 5e God without ceasin , because, when ye received the 5ord of God which ye heard of us, ye received it not as the 5ord of men, but as it is in truth, the 5ord of God, which effectually worketh also in you that believe" VPTh RSP] (JLW -or if 5e believe that Jesus died and rose a ain, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God brin with him" -or this 5e say unto you by the 5ord of the Lord, that 5e which are alive and remain unto the comin of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep" -or the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archan el, and with the trump of GodS and the dead in Christ shall rise firstS Then 5e which are alive and remain shall be cau ht up to ether with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the airS and so shall 5e ever be with the Lord" VPTh ^SP^%P\ (JLW Mf his own will be at he us with the 5ord of truth, that 5e should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures" VJam PSPQ (JLW That which was from the be innin , which 5e have heard, which 5e have seen with our eyes, which 5e have looked upon, and our hands have handled, of the Word of life! V-or the life was manifested, and 5e have seen it, and bear witness, and shew unto you that eternal life, which was with the -ather, and was manifested unto us!W That which 5e have seen and heard declare we unto you, that ye also may have fellowship with usS and truly our fellowship is with the -ather, and with his Son Jesus Christ" #nd these thin s write 5e unto you, that your Uoy may be full" """If 5e say that 5e have not sinned, 5e make him a liar, and his 5ord is not in us" VPJo PSP%^, PI (JLW But whoso keepeth his 5ord, in him verily is the love of God perfectedS hereby know 5e that 5e are in him" VPJo RSN (JLW 5ord Q 5ered Q ,e The Spirit of the LM,/ spake by ,e, and his 5ord was in my ton ue" VRSa R]SR (JLW In God I will praise his 5ord, in God I have put my trust! I will not fear what flesh can do unto ,e" V=sa NGS^ (JLW /#L2TJ" .y soul cleaveth unto the dustS Kuicken thou ,e accordin to thy 5ord" """.y soul melteth for heavinessS stren then thou ,e accordin unto thy 5ord" """So shall I have wherewith to answer him that reproacheth ,eS for I trust in thy 5ord" """X#I+" ,emember the 5ord unto thy servant, upon which thou hast caused ,e to hope" """This is my comfort in my afflictionS for thy 5ord hath Kuickened ,e" I intreated thy favour with my whole heartS be merciful unto ,e accordin to thy 5ord" """`phold ,e accordin unto thy 5ord, that I may liveS and let ,e not be ashamed of my hope" """=lead my cause, and deliver ,eS Kuicken ,e accordin to thy 5ord" V=sa PPHSRN, RQ, ^R, ^H%NI, NQ, PPG, PN^ (JLW # ain the 5ord of the LM,/ came unto ,e, sayin , VJer R^S^ (JLW #nd it came to pass at the end of seven days, that the 5ord of the LM,/ came unto ,e, sayin , Son of man, I have made thee a watchman unto the house of IsraelS therefore hear the 5ord at my mouth, and ive them warnin from ,e" V2'e ]SPG%P\ (JLW #nd he said unto ,e, M /aniel, a man reatly beloved, understand the words that I speak unto thee, and stand upri htS for unto thee am I now sent" #nd when he had spoken this 5ord unto ,e, I stood tremblin " V/an PISPP (JLW #nd the 5ord of the LM,/ came unto ,e, sayin , VXec GSH (JLW Lerily, verily, I say unto you, Je that heareth my 5ord, and believeth on him that sent ,e, hath everlastin life, and shall not come into condemnation! but is passed from death unto life" VJhn NSR^ (JLW Je that reUecteth ,e, and receiveth not my words, hath one that Uud eth himS the 5ord that I have spoken, the same shall Uud e him in the last day" VJhn PRS^Q (JLW

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Je that loveth ,e not keepeth not my sayin sS and the 5ord which ye hear is not mine, but the -ather1s which sent ,e" VJhn P^SR^ (JLW ,emember the 5ord that I said unto you, The servant is not reater than his lord" If they have persecuted ,e, they will also persecute you! if they have kept my sayin , they will keep yours also" VJhn PNSRI (JLW 5ord Q 5ered Q 5ee' Vee Q Vee' see M eneration, see ye the 5ord of the LM,/" Jave I been a wilderness unto IsraelO a land of darknessO wherefore say my people, )e are lords! we will come no more unto theeO VJer RS]P (JLW #nd some days after =aul said unto Barnabas, Let us o a ain and visit our brethren in every city where we have preached the 5ord of the Lord, and see how they do" V#ct PNS]G (JLW They that fear thee will be lad when they see me! because I have hoped in thy 5ord" V=sa PPHS\^ (JLW Y Y Y

This ends the testimony from the Joly Bible" I hope that you have come to see and to believe, from the above witness, that God, the )ord, has indeed inspired the 2n lish lan ua e%words" I thank you and am honoured that you read this book" I hope that you have enUoyed these words that were prepared for you" I hope that you have otten a better understandin of the ori in of words%lan ua es and that you have come to a belief from what you have seen that truthfully God is the author of all lan ua es, and that it is not the result of /arwinian%evolutionary beliefs" To do those readin who have not heard the ospel messa e, I have prepared a one more chapter for you that I hope you will read and I hope and pray that you believe its words"

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C a"ter 1A B T e Gos"el: T e ,lesse$ 1essage of 8alvation


5@oreover, brethren, 6 declare unto you the gospel which 6 preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand; Iy which also ye are saved, if ye #eep in memory what 6 preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain. ?or 6 delivered unto you first of all that which 6 also received, how that Bhrist died for our sins according to the scriptures; "nd that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures; 7 .1Br 1(;1A% <=>/ 0 at $oes t e 0or$ Gos"el 1eanC To answer this all important Kuestion, I turn to a well respected Christian, /r" Jarry Ironside, who within an article titled hat is the JospelR says thatS 5'ur )nglish word, QgospelQ 1ust means the Qgood spell,Q and the word Qspell,Q is the old "ngloA&axon word for, QtidingsQ, the good tidings, the good news. !he original word translated. QJospel,Q which we have ta#en over into the )nglish with little alteration is the word, Qevangel,Q and it has the same meaning, the good news. !he Jospel is JodMs good news for sinners. ... for the Gospel is that lorious messa e that tells us what God has done for us in order that uilty sinners maybe saved" ... Q', do not let the word depart, "nd close thine eyes against the light; 9oor sinner, harden not thy heart, Ie saved, ' tonight.Q7 )hat is the GospelO By /r" Jarry Ironside httpSTTwww"Uesus%is%savior"comTBT=T/riJarryiIronsideTwhatiisithei ospel"htm T e Gos"el 1essage The followin Gospel .essa e is authored by /avid J" Stewart and is from the website http;SSwww.1esusAisAsavior.com;

Jow to Go to Jeaven #ccordin to the )ord of God It is very simple to be saved and takes only a minute to e$plain" =lease let me show you how to o to Jeaven from the Bible, God1s )ord""" 1. .an is a sinner"

Isaiah N]SG, &#ll we like sheep have one astray! we have turned every one to his own way! and the LM,/ hath laid on him the iniKuity of us all"& John ]S], &Jesus answered and said unto him, Lerily, verily, I say unto thee, 2$cept a man be born a ain, he cannot see the kin dom of God"& ,omans ]SPI, &#s it is written, There is none ri hteous, no, not one"& ,omans ]SR], &-or all have sinned, and come short of the lory of God"&

2. There is a price on our sinyeternal death in Jell"


,omans GSR], &-or the wa es of sin is death! but the ift of God is eternal life throu h Jesus Christ our Lord"& ,omans NSPR, &)herefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin! and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned"& Rnd Thessalonians PSQ, &In flamin fire takin ven eance on them that know not God, and that obey not the ospel of our Lord Jesus Christ"& 254

,evelation RISPN, &#nd whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire"& ,evelation RPSQ, &But the fearful, and unbelievin , and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremon ers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstoneS which is the second death"&

3. Jesus paid that price by dyin on the cross and sheddin Jis blood"

,omans NSQ, &But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us"& John ]SPG, &-or God so loved the world, that he ave his only be otten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlastin life" Pst Timothy PSPN, &This is a faithful sayin , and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners! of whom I am chief"& Pst =eter PSPQ%PH, &-orasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible thin s, as silver and old, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers! But with the precious blood of Christ"""&

4. By faith in Jesus Christ #LM+2 we can be saved" al9ation is ;.T found in a reli#ion or #ood 5or!s' but in a "erson666 The /.-D FE L )+-I TN

John PPSRN, &Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the lifeS he that believeth in me, thou h he were dead, yet shall he live"& John P^SG, &Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the lifeS no man cometh unto the -ather, but by me"& John GS^I, &#nd this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have everlastin lifeS and I will raise him up at the last day"& .ark PSPN, &#nd sayin , The time is fulfilled, and the kin dom of God is at handS repent ye, and believe the ospel"& #cts RGSPQ, &To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to li ht, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive for iveness of sins, and inheritance amon them which are sanctified by faith that is in me"& ,omans PISP], &-or whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved"& Pst Corinthians ]SPP, &-or other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ"& Galatians ]SRG, &-or ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus"& +E-E I +.W 2.L )A// L".; T+E /.-D

/o you admit that you are a G`ILT* sinner under the condemnation of God1s L#), deservin of JellfireO /o you believe that Jesus is the &on of Jod VGod in the fleshW who died upon the cross, sacrificin Jis precious blood to pay for your sinsO #ll you need to do to be saved is to B2LI2L2 upon the Lord Jesus Christ"

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=erhaps you1d feel comfortable prayin a sinner1s prayer as did the publican in Luke PQSP]""" &#nd the publican, standin afar off, would not lift up so much as his eyes unto heaven, but smote upon his breast, sayin , God be merciful to me a sinner.& /ear Jesus, I admit that I am a sinner, deservin of Jell" =lease for ive me of my sins and take me to Jeaven when I die" I now believe upon *ou alone, apart from all works and reli ion, as my personal Savior" Thank you" #men" Just as you were born physically to your parents, you were born spiritually into the -amily of God when you believed on Jesusb VJohn ]S]W" =lease understand that we are not saved because we pray a prayer! but because we believe upon the Lord Jesus Christ" It is certainly appropriate to ask the Lord in prayer to for ive and save us! but it is our faith which prompted us to pray the prayer" *ou could Uust as easily believe in your heart upon the Lord to be saved, and not pray at all" Salvation is of the heart, as we read in ,omans PISPI, &?or with the heart man believeth unto righteousness...& *ou do +MT have to be bapti'ed or doin anythin to o to Jeaven other than trust upon the Lord as your Savior" ,omans ^SN proclaims""" &Iut to him that wor#eth not, but believeth on him that 1ustifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness.& The only sin which can prevent a person from bein saved is `+B2LI2-" Thus, unbelief is the only sin which a person needs to repent of to be saved" )hat a wonderful Saviorb (indest re ards, /avid J" Stewart httpSTTwww"Uesus%is%savior"comThowitoibeisaved"html
Y Y Y

I pray that, even now, at this very moment, you will believe the true Gospel of Jesus ChristS !he Lord is not slac# concerning his promise, as some men count slac#ness; but is longsuffering to usAward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance. .$9e -;D <=>/ .?or he saith, 6 have heard thee in a time accepted, and in the day of salvation have 6 succoured thee; behold, now is the accepted time; behold, now is the day of salvation./ .$Br *;$ <=>/ Y Y Y

I thank you and I am honoured for the time that you have spent readin these words about words, and if you would like to contact me and talk about any of these thin s that are written throu hout this book, includin the Gospel and anythin about the Joly Bible, you can reach me atS VG^\W R\]%PGNI bioannidiszhotmail"com

Sincerely, Billy Ioannidis

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