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MSE 616 Practice Problem Set 1

1. A plain carbon steel is an alloy of carbon in iron. In order to increase the carbon content on the surface of the steel, carbon is allowed to diffuse in steel by keeping a carbon rich atmosphere on the surface of the steel. Carburizing of steel is usually carried out at a high temperature at which carbon exists in FCC form and in this form, up to 2 wt% carbon can be dissolved in steel. A homogeneous gas mixture of methane and carbon monoxide is continuously flown over the steel to keep the carbon-rich atmosphere in the furnace. The maximum carbon concentration on the given plain carbon steel surface is 0.8 wt%. The carburizing reaction that occurs at the steel surface is given below. CH4 + 2CO ! 3C + 2H2O Determine: a. If the system under consideration is open system or closed system b. What are the components of the system? c. What are the phases present in the system? (Ignore the furnace material) 2. An insulated and rigid container of 1 m3 volume contains helium at 20C and 100kPa pressure. A paddle wheel is rotated inside the container raising the temperature of helium to 60C. Assuming that the He obeys the ideal gas equation of state, determine the work done by the paddle wheel and the final pressure of the He gas. The molar heat capacity of He at constant volume is 12.4717 kJ/mol-K. 3. The density of water at 0C is 999.8kg/m3, while that of ice at the same temperature is 916.23kg/m3. One kg of ice at 0C is melted to water at 0C at a pressure of 100kPa increasing its internal energy by 334.98 kJ. Calculate the work done by/on the ice and the amount of energy transferred as heat during the melting process. 4. At the start of the compression stroke in an engine, the fuel-air mixture is at a pressure of 100kPa and a ta temperature of 300K. The fuel-air mixture is compresses to a pressure of 2MPa by an adiabetic reversible process. Assuming the fuel-air mixture to behave as an ideal gas with ! = 1.4, calculate the following: a. The final temperature b. The compression ratio (ratio of initial volume to the fianal volume) c. Work done per mole of the fuel-air mixture 5. Ten moles of an ideal gas with ! = 1.4, is compressed reversibly and adiabatically from 100kPa and 27C to 1 MPa. Determine the work done on the gas, the change in the internal energy of the gas and the final temperature of the gas. 6. Gaskell Problem 2.1 7. Gaskell Problem 2.2 (Take Cv = 1.5R J/mol-K and pressure for process c is given in atm) 8. Gaskell Problem 2.3 9. Gaskell Problem 2.5