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Air Pollution Lab Riley White 12/11/13 Purpose/Objectives: 1.

Explain the relationship between air pollution and the combustion of various materials. 2. Better understand how society and industry add potentially harmful pollutants to the air. 3. See the difference between the air pollutants given off from the combustion of natural and of synthetic materials. 4. More fully understand that the individual is a source of air pollution. Hypothesis: If we burn the cotton with turpentine then it will give off the most air pollution. Introduction: Primary air pollutants or given off directly from human activity. Secondary air pollutants form in the air when primary air pollutants react. Sources of air pollutants include: Household products, motor vehicles, and power plants. The difference between photochemical and industrial smog is Materials: 2 pieces of Cotton 1 piece of wool 1 piece of Styrofoam Dropper bottle of turpentine 600 mL beaker Jar lid Matches/lighter 2 pieces of white paper (cut into 4 half sheet)-label each cotton, cotton with turpentine, wool, and Styrofoam. Procedure: 1. Place a small wad of cotton on a jar lid and place the lid on a clean half-sheet of paper. Label the paper cotton. 2. Using a lighter, light the cotton and cover the lid with a 600-mL beaker. If the flame begins to go out before the cotton is fully burned, lift the edge of the beaker slightly, to let in more air. Observe the products of combustion.

3. When the flame goes out, study the beaker and its contents for several minutes. Create a data date and record observations. 4. Use a fresh wad of cotton, clean paper, and a clean beaker. With a medicine dropper, place two drops of turpentine on the cotton. Repeat the procedures for burning and observation discussed in steps 1-3. Enter your observations on your air-pollution data sheet. 5. Repeat the same procedures for the burning of wool and Styrofoam and enter the data in the table.

Analysis: The material that gave off the most air pollution was the cotton with turpentine and my answer is based on the black smoke it gave off when burned. When the Styrofoam burned it produced liquid inside the beaker and the color of the liquid was white. No evidence of a solid pollutant was found. Synthetic materials gave off more pollutants. I have added CO2 to the air today. SOx and CO are added. Wind mills and riding bikes. Synergism has an effect on the organisms exposed to it. Conclusion: In conclusion after testing what will happen when we burn certain materials we found that the cotton and turpentine gave off the most air pollution. This is because when you burn 2 things it is called a synergism which is a type of pollution that has effects on organisms. We saw by just burning the cotton alone it did not give off the same amount of pollution.