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The CanterburyToles- Geoffrey Choucet

TheCanterbury Tales
byGeoffi'ey Chaucer

you describe A pen-picture isa detailed description andaccurate of a person in words, Firstly, the person physically, andthenyougivedetails about hisor herpersonality, andabilities. interests Choose you knowpersonally, person you knowa lot about, someone or a famous andwritea pen-picture as follows: - Fillin thefollowing STEF ONE notes:

4 Face: nose, mouth, hair, eyes, ears....,...........

I Likes anddislikes:

., . ... ,. . ,,. .,....,.,.

in Step coverpoints1-5, Paragraph oneshould $TEFTWO - Using the information One,writea pen-picture. whileparagraph points two should cover 6-8.

InrRooucnon @ Goingon pilgrimages religionwith in Medieval wasa way of cornbining England and pleasure. a group, travel by cart on foot to a People from many differentwalksof life would form holy shrine,'stay Therewasa holidayatmosphere therefor a while andthen go backhometogether. aboutpilgrimages because for 14nigbt mostpeople it wasthe only time [Danof [awc from the they could gdt aWay Sbipman f{cvc drudgery of their dailyroutine. InThe CanterburyTales a groupof pilgrimsis on its way to visit one mostfamous catheof England's drals in the southerncity of Canterbury. It is a variedgroup representing a goodcross-section of the day. of English society

Tunpnotocun
a penpilgrims antlChnucer writes to the intlividuttlly In'ThePrologue' wenreintrotluced group. partof the In picture members of religious orders of each Severnl one of them. form withthe charncters whonreconnected to twofemale Texts 84 anrlBSwearemtroduced anda wenlthy rumin n converft world of religion: a Prioress, whl is thehead lpriory), very religious. wlmnrlwhois apparently tourder: which isdifficult funnttrthttic ofl:nglish lales were tyritten Note: TheCanterbury form sho+vs [J5 wriften by' Nevill Coghill.'['r:xt Chnucer's tt.xts t+,ure The modern vcrsiotrs of sttrttd. followmg versiun. the nlon,{sicle mudern Chmrcer's oiithnlversiutt

- MedievolPoetry TOTHEMIDDLEAGES FROM THEORIGINS

ThePrioress
alsowas a Nun,a Prioress, There veLy andcoyl. simple Herwayof smiling 'By StLoy!^, wasonly Hergreatest oathz Eglantyne, And shewasknownasMadam a service3, with a fine And wellshesang aswas mostseemly{, Intoningthroughhernose, daintilys in French, extremely, spoke Andshe the school of Stratford-atte-Boweb; After6 in the Pads styleshedid not know. Irench withale; were welltaughts At meatT hermanners let fall, fromheLlipsdid she No morselr0 toodeep; in thesauce Nordipped herfingers up andkeep Butshecouldcarrya morsel Thesmallest dropfiom fallingon herbreast. zest11, hada special Forcourtliness she lip soclean Andshewouldwipehet upper of grease wasto be seen Thatnot a trace Uponthe cupwhenshehaddlunkito eat, to the meat. She reached a handsedatelyl2 was veryenteftaining, She certainly andstrainingr3 in herways, antlfiienclly Pleasant a corutlykind of grace, To countetfeitra fitting to herplace, A stately beaiingls in all herdealingsr6. dignified Andto seem feelings, andtender Asfor hersympathies solicitouslT wassochadtably She to weep if shesaw but a mouse She used were dead or bleeding. if it in a rrap, Caught she would befeeding Andshehadlittledogs flesh, or milk, or finewhitebread. With roasted dead Andbitterlysheweptif onewere it smartl8; Or someone tooka stickandmade andgentle heaft. She wasall sentiment way, wascarried in a seemly HerveiL glass-grey; hereyes Hernose was elegant, but softandted, verysmall, Hermouthwas was fairof spreadre, certainly, Herforehead,

> Visual Link87 GLOSSARY r StLoy:A saint who was rather controversial oecause ne became richby collecting retgious relics, b Stradord-atte" Bowei Thesiteof a near monasterY the London where monks andnuns a fom of spoke lrench Norman thatwas very differentfrom lrelch. ciassical 1. coy (Middle English)iquiet 2. oathrswearword a servicel 3. shesang shesang religious songs 4, seemlyiptopet, correct 5. daintily:delicately of 6. AJterh thestyle 7. meatr table polite 8. well taughtr well as 9. withal: piece of [ood 10.morsel: 11, zestr inter(st l2,sedatelyicalmly very trying l3,straininS: hard imitate 14,counterfeiti lS.stately bcaringl po5ture aristocratic behaviour l6.dealings: to lT.solicitousrlind others 18. made it smart. caused it pain rvide 19, fair of spreadi

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From lhe of theP oless Portrail -ce pt esmer enonuscti I 5Lh ntury Ell Tales. otThe Canlerbury

- Geoffrey Chaucer TheConterbury Tales

Almost a span2o across the brows21, I own22; wasindeed She by no means undergrownz:i. Hercloakza, I noticed, hada grace.ful charm. She worea coraltrinket2s on her arm, A setof beads, thegaudies26 tricked2T in green, Whence2s hunga brooch2e of brightest sheen30, On whichtheLe firstwasgravensla crowned A, Andlower, Anror vitrcit onnio3z.
zO.span: thewidthof a hand 21,browsr eyebrows 22,own]say 23,undergrown: short 24.cloak: witlrout coat sleeves 25,trinket kind of rosary braceLct

26.gaudies: theeleventh bead on a string of 27.tricked: decorated 2S.whencei ftomwhich piece 29.brooch: of jewellery 30.ofbrlghtest sheeni very snlny 31,graven: cngraved, cut viflcit omnial 32.Amor Love conquers all

COMPREH EN'ION

1 What didpeople call thePrioress? 2 What language didshe speak? 3 How didshe behave attable? 4 What didshe tryto imitate? 5 Find information in thetextabout thefollowing physical traits of her appearance: nose: ...........,.......................

6 How does thePrioress show thatshe loved animals? 7 ltwas againstconvent rulesfor nuns to uncover their forehead, DidthePrioress respect therule? Cive a line reference. 8 Describe therosary beads which thePrioress wore on herarm. What hung intheplace of a crucifix?

height:

ANATY9I'

I The narrator's description of thePrioresst table manners isvery detailed, Underline theexpressions which suggest isvery refined thatthePrioress attable. 2 Thenarrator to thefactthatthe draws attention particle Prioress does notdroo offood thetiniest or grease glass. sauFe andleaves notrace of onher In youiopinion does this suggest thatheadmhes the Prioress's refinement orishemaking funof her preoccuDation withtable manners?
on the lines whichrefer to thePrioress's love 3 Focus of small animals.

4 ThePrioress does notrespect therule which stated forehead. What does thk thatnuns should cover their howshe about attitude towards looks? suggest her golden which hangs fromthePrioress's 5 The brooch rules. Focus rosary beads was also against convenL on Arnor vincit omnia. Considering what theinscription youknow doyouthinkAmor refers about thePrioress or spiritual love? to sensual thatthe in thetextto suggest 6 Find evidence bytheupper social classes and Prioress was attracted to imitate them. wished 'Eglantyne'was forheroines in 7 a popular name people Why doyouthink called medieval romances. Isit anappropriate name thePrioress bythisname? ofa priory of nuns? forthehead favourite is'By5tLoy'. Prioress's exclamation 8 The worldly inappropriate Loy was accused of having Saint the interests. thePrioress beaccused of having Could answer. weakness? Refer to thetextinyour same

in a react if she sees a mouse caught a. How does she fitting or is trap? lnyour opinion, isherreaction thenarrator funof her? making rule, nuns could notkeep b. According to monastic pets. Does thePrioress obey thisrule? c. What does thePrioress feed her small dogs? people Considering died of thefact thatmany period, isit fair to say that thePrioress hunger inthis ismore about animals than men? concerned

- MedievolPoetry To THEMIDDLEAGES FROM THEORIGINS

lt is whileyou Leally mean something else. assaying something Irony canbe.defined 'that wasa clevelthing (for example, whenwe say dayqteech verycommon in eveLy widely used in literaturc. Writels andit is also was veryfoolish') to do'meaning'that ptetend to sylnpathise indirectly, Theyoften generally useironyto criticise a subiect whentheyare,in fact,exposing theil weaknesses. with a character manners gives thathe is chanled by theladylike theinrpression Chaucer, for example, praises her he also whilehe appealance of the Plioress. However, andsophisticated will find unfittingfor a womanof her includes details whichhe knowsthe reader a superficial levelat which of meaning: position. Thetext,therefore, hastwo levels levelat whichhe anda deeper his admiration for the Prioress expresses Chaucer playfully makes fun of het. be 'accused' of way.ThewLitet cannot in an indirect a writerto criticise Ironyallows for this in the text. Chaucer, evidence of attacking the subiect asthere is no clear - he leaves to find it entilelyup to the reader to praise the Prioless example, seems to criticise her, reasons thePrioressthatChaucer admires suggest words orphrases in thetextthat I Underline fora nun thatyoufindinappropriate of thePrioress 2 Make a list oftheaspects i.e. classmates, a famous whoisfamiliar to your someone Write a short ironic textabout person, a student. a teacher, - Write in theperson knows to betrueabout offive things thateverybody a list STEP ONE ouestron, alwoys lote forcloss Example: 1.Heisalmost 2.... in Step Oneofthestatements of each TWO- Write theopposite STEP Example: l. HeIsnevet loteforclass 2.... - Write aloud Twoandread them in Step thepoints text thatincludes sTEP THREE a sholt in class.

of others. way when inthecompany perfect behaves in anappropriate manners andalways The Prioress has of reveal whatkind weactin public automatically Does individual? theway Does this mean she isa perfect person with of class. wereallv are? Discuss therest the

- Geoffrey Choucer fhe eanteftury Toles

TheWifeof Bathlffi
A worthywomanfrombeside Bathcity with us,somewhat Was deafz, whichwas a pity. In making clothsheshowed sogreat a bent3 bettered those She of Ypres andof Ghent{. In all theparish not a dame dared stirs Towards the altarsteps in front of her. Andif indeed theydid,sowath6 wasshe Asto bequiteput out of chalityT. were Herkerchie[s8 of finelywoven grounde, I dared have swornlo theyweighed a goodten pound Theones sheworeon Sunday, on herhead. Herhosetr were of thefinest scarlet red Andgartered12 tight; hershoes were softand new. Bold13 was herface, handsome andiedin huela, A worthywomanall herlife,what's more Shethadfivehusbands, all at the chutchdoor; Apartfiom othercompany in youth; No needjustnow to speak of that,forsoothls. And shehadthdcebeento Jerusalem, Seen manystrange rivers andpassed ovetthem; She'd beento Rome andalsoto Boulogner6, StJames of CompostellalT andColognel8, Andshewasskilled in wandeiing by the wayle. She hadgap-teeth2o, setwidely, truth to say. '.horse tasilyon anambling. shesat Wellwimpled22 up, andon herheada hat

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A good wif was therof biside bathe, Butshe was somdel deef, andthatwas scathe. 0f clooth-makyng she hadde swich an haunl, passed She hemof'?resandof gaunt. wif newas thernoon In al theparisshe goonl to theoft)ngebifore That hiresholde Andif therdide,certelnsowroothwas she, That she was outof allecharitee. Hir coverchiefs ful fyneweren of ground; I dorste swere theyweyeden tenpound That weren uponhh heed, on a sonday Hh hosen weren of fynscarlet reed, yteyd, andshoes Fulstreite ful moyste and newe. Boold was hir face, andfair,andreed of hewe. She was a worthy womman alhir live: Housbondes at chirche dore she hadde f1ve, compaignye in youthe, Withouten oother B t therof nedeth natto speke asnowthe. Andthries hadde she been at jerusalem; passed a straunge stfem; She hadde many andatboloign, Atrome she hadde been, In Salice atseint-jame, andatco)oigne. koude muchel of wandrynge by theweye, She was she, soothly for to seye, Gat-tothed esily she sat, Upon anamblere andon hir heed anhat Yv'ympled-wel, Asbrood or a targe; asis a bokeler aborteht hipeslarge, A foot-mantel a paire of spores sharpe, Andonhir feet andcarpe, welkoude she laughe In felaweshipe perchaunce, knew Ofremedies of loveshe daunc. koud of thatarttheolde lor she

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Asbroad asisabuckler2s or a shield; hada flowing mantle She thatconcealed


Large hips, herheels spurred2a sharply under that, In company shelikedto laughandchat Andknewtheremedies for love's mischances, An art in whichsheknewthe oldest dances.
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7. charity;In theMiddle people Ages wentupto thealtar in order of social GLOSSARY importalrce with gifts l. Bathi important centr for whichtheynlade theclothtrade in medieval plays theuuelves. Chaucer 'outof England on theexpression whichmeans very charity' 2, somewhat will deaf; she angry and also thatthc thatthiswas later explain Wife of Ilath would no received dueto a blowshe longer offer hergift to fromherfifth husband thechurch 3. bent: naturaltaLcnt 8. kcrchiefs: hcad-coverings 4, Ypres andGhent: nlaterial IlenishweaviDg 9. ground: impoftani centrcs dared have slvorn: I am 10,1 almost sure 5, stir:move stockings 6. wmth:angry 11, hose; > Visual Link87

12.gartredi tied proud 13.Boldr 14.h{e; coloul lS.forsooth: to tell thetruth pilgrims went to 16,Bonlogne: prayto theimage of thc Virgin lvlary of Compostella: lT.StJames ofstJames in Galicia shrine Spain in wcstcrn In Germanv. l8.ColoSDe: theshrinc of thc It housed lvise meoandSt. three Ursula 19.lvandering by theway: thatrhcdid thisluggests

not always stay on the 'straight andnarrow way'of thechurch widespaces 20.gap-tceth: between herffont teeth, It waibelieved to bea sign ot Low moralstaldards 21.amblingr walking 22,wimplcdr wearing a covering forthehead anonecx a srhall 23.buckler: circular shiel<l withsharp 24:spuired: points

- Medievql Poetrv FROM THE ORIGINSTO THE MIDDLE AGES

CO'\PREHEN'ION

andwayof dressing. physical thev\4fe of Bath's appearance fromthetextabout I Fillin the tablewith details Headkerchief:
JLv!\" rYJi

-.................. Shoes:

of Bath's 2 What was theWife orofession? times hadshe been manied? 3 How many she had visited onpilgrimages, of places 4 Underline thenames

ANAIY9I9

t0 suggest information in thetextseems I Certain person. devout thattheWife of Bath was a religiously does thenarrator say thatshe: Inwhich lines - attended |ines.,.......,,... andcommunion: mass - was married in church: - went pilgrimages: on many thereader The ddds details thatmake narrator anddevotion, question sincerity the\Mfeof Bath's ofthe the information thatcontradicts image Find Complete christian. asa holyanddevout Wfeof Bath sentences: thefollowing - she but... attended mass andcommunion - she ... in church. However was married - she ... pilgrimages because went on many

gapped-teeth were considered Ages 4 IntheMiddle be a sign of: to E falseness * boldness I lasciviousness * gluttony does theWifeof Bath of these characteristics Which have? theWife isused twice to describe 5 Which adjective ironically? or lsit used straightforwardly of Bath?

to imply thattheWife seems 6 Although thenarratoi do yougetthe impression defects of Bath has many may be her? Which of thefollowing thathedislikes your graces? to behersaving considered iustify to thetext. choices by refening is: She women to cover ordered 2 Themedieval church d extrovert I independent men during the notdistract their hair sothatit would E generous * sociable herheadwear choose DidtheWfeof Bath services. * sincere E attractive of her Find other examples of modesty? outof a sense ! wealthy x sulcesful of attention. vanity anddesire to beat thecentre f strong-willed 4 selually active n vivacious 18,23and32thenarratormakesindirect s modest 3 Inlines Wfe Bath led an of to thefactthatthe references in each of what isimplied life. Explain active sex these sentences.

fhe Canterbury lales - Geoffrey Chaucer

Thetermrhymerefers to the effect that is created whena poetrepeats the same sounds at the endof two or morelines. Rhyme hasseveral importantfunctions: . it adds quality a musical to the poem; ..it shows the poet's abilityto manipulate the language; . in poems suchasIhe Canterbury Tnles, whichwascomposed before for performance an audience, it serves the importantfunctionof indicatingwhereone line endsand another begins andit makes the poemeasier to renember for both the performer and the audience, {r ! Listen Middle English version to therecording of theoriginal ot The Wife ofBath and read scheme bywriting thesame letter of thealphabet thetert.Work outtherhyming beside words thatrhyme. lstherhyming scheme regular throughout? Rhyme in a poem orsong ismost when it isoriginal andstriking. effective Rhymes thatare 'mylady/my ('love/above', are anduninteresting. Read worn or predictable baby') tiring the youthinktherhymes arewornor effective: song lyrics andpoem below andsay whether in the There was something a[ thatnight The stars were bright, Fernando They shining there foryou and me were For liberty, Fernando (Feftntkto , by Abba\ lie Here lies mywifer here lether Now she's atrest, and soamI (John Dryden)

parade. Canyou thinkof other it is asif sheis takingpart in a fashion Whenthe Wfe of Bathgoesto church andtell your people? Thinkof an example when peopleoverdress because they want to impress occasions cra55mate5.