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IGCSE Biology (4325) Paper 2H
Edexcel Limited. Registered in England and Wales No. 4496750 Registered Office: One90 High Holborn, London WC1V 7BH
4325_2H Nov 2009
com. Through a network of UK and overseas offices. or visit our website at www. our GCSE team on 0844 576 0027. please call our GCE line on 0844 576 0025. you can speak directly to a subject specialist at Edexcel on our dedicated Science telephone line: 0844 576 0037 (If you are calling from outside the UK please dial + 44 1204 770 696 and state that you would like to speak to the Science subject specialist).edexcel. If you have any subject specific questions about the content of this Mark Scheme that require the help of a subject specialist. Ask The Expert can be accessed online at the following link: http://www. We provide a wide range of qualifications including academic. November 2009 Publications Code UG022280 All the material in this publication is copyright © Edexcel Ltd 2009 4325_2H Nov 2009 ii . Edexcel’s centres receive the support they need to help them deliver their education and training programmes to learners.com/Aboutus/contact-us/ Alternately.edexcel.Edexcel is one of the leading examining and awarding bodies in the UK and throughout the world. For further information. occupational and specific programmes for employers. vocational. you may find our Ask The Expert email service helpful.
cytoplasm.Question Number 1(a) Answer nutrition / feeding / eq. Mark (2) Mark (2) Question Number 1(b) (Total 4 marks) Question Number 2(a)(i) Question Number 2(a)(ii) Answer haemoglobin. diffusion. Mark (2) Question Number 2(b)(i) Mark (3) Question Number 2(b)(ii) Mark (2) (Total 8 marks) 4325_2H Nov 2009 1 . I thin/permeable/small/lack nucleus Answer shape of cell. more surface / large SA:VOL / eq. Answer remove. Accept wavy outline cell membrane. Mark (1) Answer biconcave / biconcave described. digest / enzymes / breakdown / eq. Accept any nucleus not ball shaped Answer ingest / ingestion described / engulf / eq. nucleus. reproduction / eq. waste / toxins / poisons / harmful substances / eq.
spine / disc / vertebra. diaphragm. moves down / flattens / eq. I gas exchange respiration. Answer surface area (of alveoli) reduced / smaller alveoli. Mark (3) Question Number 3(b) Mark (2) Mark (3) Question Number 3(c) (Total 8 marks) 4325_2H Nov 2009 2 . less energy released. less oxygen (into blood/body).Question Number 3(a) Answer A B C Answer contracts. less aerobic (respiration) / anaerobic respiration / lactic acid. rib(s) / ribcage.
(1) Question Number 5(b)(ii) Answer maintain uterus (lining) / stop menstruation / avoid miscarriage / eq. fallopian tube / oviduct. Question Number 4(c)(iii) Answer Mark (2) chlorophyll. Mark (1) Mark (1) Mark Mark (2) Question Number 5(b)(i) Question Number 5(c)(i) 4325_2H Nov 2009 3 . (Total 7 marks) Question Number 5(a) Answer ovary. energy / ATP. amino acids / enzymes / protein / DNA / nucleic acid / eq. Mark (1) Answer arrow labelled Q to cell membrane. Mark (1) Answer Mark (2) against concentration gradient / more ions inside than outside / eq. Answer C. Answer A. Mark (1) Answer osmosis.Question Number 4(a) Question Number 4(b) Question Number 4(c)(i) Question Number 4(c)(ii) Answer arrow labelled P to nucleus.
Mark max (2) Question Number 5(c)(iii) Mark (1) (Total 8 marks) 4325_2H Nov 2009 4 . glucose / nutrients / food / eq.Question Number 5(c)(ii) Answer oxygen. Answer 46 / 23 pairs. Allow avoid mixing blood. urea / waste. carbon dioxide / waste ONCE.
control carbon dioxide / burning / eq. extinction. food chain disruption / eq. I cell wall Answer respiration. control light / light bulbs / eq.Question Number 6(a)(i) Answer starch / cellulose / glucose / sucrose / protein / amino acids / fat / carbohydrate / eq. harms/kills organisms. Answer ice caps melt / flooding. control water supply /eq. climate change / hurricanes / desertification / drought /eq. control temperature heating / eq. photosynthesis. water / cloud. soil erosion. decomposition / decay / rotting / eq. acid (rain). I harm to humans Mark Max (3) (Total 10 marks) Question Number 7 Answer named crop. Mark (2) Question Number 6(a)(ii) Mark Max (2) Mark Max (3) Question Number 6(a)(iii) Question Number 6(b) Answer dissolves. control humidity / mineral ions / pest. habitat destruction. growth for longer time / growth in cold season. Mark max (5) (Total 5 marks) 4325_2H Nov 2009 5 . combustion / burning.
Answer (adult) nucleus / adult cell fused. Allow shock mitosis. electricity. empty egg cell / eq. less reproduction / eq. Answer 0. Answer uterus / womb.. Petri dish / culture / nutrients / eq. accept range of 0. (fine) pipette / microscope. no food / no prey.79 to 0. disease / eq. Mark max (3) Question Number 8(b)(i) Mark Max (3) Question Number 8(b)(ii) Mark (2) Mark (2) Mark (1) Question Number 8(b)(iii) Question Number 8(b)(iv) (Total 11 marks) 4325_2H Nov 2009 6 . nourish / feed / incubate / protect / placenta / allow development / allow growth / eq.8. deforestation / pollution / climate change / eq. hunted (by man) / predation / eq.8 allow one for working if dividing by 251 Answer none.Question Number 8(a) Answer loss of habitat.
attack cornea cells / eq.Question Number 9(a) Question Number 9(b) Question Number 9(c)(i) Answer D. Answer 950 / 95%. I pathogen antigen. Mark (3) Question Number 9(c)(ii) Question Number 9(c)(iii) Mark (1) Mark (1) (Total 7 marks) 4325_2H Nov 2009 7 . Answer homozygous recessive. I infection Answer stop immune system working / stop rejection / stop reaction to foreign tissue / eq. white blood cells / named white blood cell. antibody. Accept if circled Mark (1) Mark (1) Answer foreign / genetic differences / not same tissue/self / eq.
Question Number 10(a)(i) Question Number 10(a)(ii) Answer no effect / stays low / stays level / eq. decreases / eq. same water. enzymes denature / eq. carbon dioxide limiting / chlorophyll molecules limiting. levels / eq. I same oxygen Mark Max (2) (Total 8 marks) 4325_2H Nov 2009 8 . molecular movement / KE / eq. Mark (2) Mark max (4) Question Number 10(b) Answer same carbon dioxide / pH. same mass of plant / eq. Answer increases / eq. same plant / species / eq. light limiting / not enough light / needs light / eq.
uneaten / eaten by other organisms. death. Allow one mark in working for 14 000 or 87 000 Answer only 300 (from insects) / too much lost by respiration (of insects) / not enough energy / needs 500.1. Mark (1) Answer movement.09 / 16 / 16. Mark (1) Answer tertiary consumer / top carnivore. Mark max (2) Question Number 11(b)(ii) Mark (2) Mark (1) Question Number 11(b)(iii) (Total 7 marks) 4325_2H Nov 2009 9 . egestion / indigestible / faeces / eq..Question Number 11(a)(i) Question Number 11(a)(ii) Question Number 11(b)(i) Answer 4. excretion / eq. I heat Answer 16.
respiration. sucrose / sugars / carbohydrate / products of p. stop microbes / eq. Mark (1) Answer transport / carry / eq. reduce deforestation. Answer air / oxygen. Answer quick / eq. Answer glucose / carbohydrate / named carbohydrate. clones / genetically identical / eq.Question Number 12(a)(i) Question Number 12(a)(ii) Answer risk of extinction / low in number / eq. large numbers. Mark max(2) Question Number 12(b)(i) Mark max (2) Question Number 12(b)(ii) Question Number 12(c) Mark (1) Mark (2) (Total 8 marks) 4325_2H Nov 2009 10 .syn / amino acids. I food respiration. photosynthesis. carbon dioxide.
A and D: less water/osmosis into chip A. higher for chip A / more kinetic energy for chip A. Allow one mark in working for 22 or 5 Answer water in. Answer A and B: water/osmosis into chip A. Accept converse Mark (2) Mark Max (2) Mark Max (5) Question Number 13(b)(ii) (Total 9 marks) Question Number 14 Answer restriction. (of water). high conc. vector. DNA / plasmid. / eq. in water for chip A / A in dilute solution / cell contents more concentrated /eq.4 / 22:5. less surface area in chip A. fermenter. (of water) to low conc. Mark (5) (Total 5 marks) 4325_2H Nov 2009 11 . A and C: more water/osmosis into chip A / more movement into chip A. ligase.Question Number 13(a) Question Number 13(b)(i) Answer 4. temp. osmosis..
no camouflage. predators / easy prey / eq. Mark Max (5) (Total 5 marks) PAPER TOTAL: 120 MARKS 4325_2H Nov 2009 12 . larger (in small shrews). idea of longer term changes / thicker fur / subcutaneous fat / eq. Mark (1) (Total 10 marks) Question Number 16 Answer easily seen / eq. Mark (1) Answer arrow towards muscle. not well adapted / not well suited / adaptation / eq.. less reproduction. surface area to volume. less passing on of genes/characteristic / eq. Answer 1920. Allow one mark in working for 20 / 4 / 80 / 96 Answer vasoconstriction / eq. Answer sensory / afferent. struggle to survive / eq.Question Number 15(a)(i) Answer small use more oxygen. less sweat. respiration. Mark Max (3) Question Number 15(a)(ii) Question Number 15(b) Mark (2) Mark max (2) Question Number 15(c)(i) Question Number 15(c)(ii) Question Number 15(c)(iii) Mark (1) Answer synapse. hair erect / eq. (more) heat loss.
4325_2H Nov 2009 13 .
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