Student:______________________ Date:______________________ Teacher:XXXXXXXXX Marijana Nikolic XXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXX

EOLIAN EROSION
By: TIJANA SEKULIC Source: http://geography.about.com/od/physicalgeography/a/erosion.htm

Vocabulary
Directions: Study the following keywords and definintions.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. accumulate -(v) - To gather more and more, little by little.* drainage -(n) - the act of removing water from below the surface of an area. extinct -(adj) - No longer exist. heterogeneous -(adj) - Made up of different kinds or types. masterpieces -(n) - A great work of art.* material -(n) - What something is made of.* prominent -(adj) - Noticeable or important. transverse -(adj) - Lying or being across or in a crosswise direction. vegetation -(n) - Plant life. perforated -(v) - To make a hole or holes through. barren -(adj) - Unable to give or support life.* vast -(adj) - Very large. elongated -(v) - Make longer. configuration -(n) - The shape or position of one or more things. clay -(n) - Mud that hardens when cooked and is used to make dishes and pots. accumulations -(n) - The act of gathering and piling up something. precipitation -(n) - The quantity of water fall (rain, snow, etc.) within a period of time. dried out -(pv) - all the water is removed from something fossil -(n) - The remains of dead organisms that have be preserved by natural processes. diameter -(n) - A line that divides a circle into two equal halves.

Which words are the hardest? Focus on the tough ones!

Reading
Directions: Read the following passage carefully.
http://geography.about.com/od/physicalgeography/a/erosion.htm

Fill out the 'K' and the 'W' columns before you read, and then use the 'L' column to take notes while you read. K What do you KNOW about this subject? W What do you WANT to know about this subject? L What did you LEARN about this subject?

and can also form near bigger plain rivers. in Asia. constant winds and land mass. clay and salt deserts. like in the case of trade winds. while the larger material is only rolled by the wind. especially prominent in softer rocks and called jardang in China. This is why the sand from the Sahara desert often reaches the Canary Islands in the Atlantic. cold sea currents and some other factors. The strong desert winds lift huge amounts of sand and dust. The first person to have studied and described them was the Swedish travel writer Sven Hedin in the Taklamakan desert (go in but you will never come out ). The loamy less layers are a few tens of metres thick and in the relief they make vast plateaus: Banat. Put a check mark (✓ ) next to statements that you agree with. Put a question mark (?) next to statements you have a question about. By blowing out the river sand accumulated by the Danube on its banks. They can be over 100 m high. the Sun and frost. with the parts of rocks further cracking and crumbling until they turn into sand. Eolian erosion Eolian erosion and eolian forms of relief were named after Eol. Circle words or phrases in the text that you don’t know. i. The dunes and barchans move around constantly in the direction of the wind. Due to this the desert inhabitants have huge losses. The erosive and transportation force of the wind depends mostly on its speed. They cover vast areas and are hardly passable. Since the air in deserts is dry. desert honeycomb. In younger Pleistocene. they are conditioned by global division of air pressure. elongated in the direction of the wind. Most of the deserts on Earth can be found around the Tropic of Cancer. mushrooms. the wind created multiple dune fields or sands around Kladovo. gardens and date palm plantations. while the rain can bring the finest desert dust to Belgrade. Although winds blow in all parts of the world. Tamis. Veliko Gradiste I Rama in South Banat. The evidence of a wetter climate are dry river beds or wadies. which look like wavy sea of sand. thus creating various accumulative eolian formations. Ergs are created when a large number of dunes come together and create dune fields. By constantly being heated during the day and cooling down at night. the Sun is very intense on the bare rocky surfaces. 400 km in diameter. which is 60 km long and 15-20 km wide. The accumulative eolian formations can also be found outside real deserts – everywhere where there are huge amounts of sand and dust and strong winds. Parallel wrinkles. we can see certain regularities in them. The desert settlements or oases can most frequently be found next to great wadies. The greatest accumulations of loess can be found in China in the drainage basin of the Yellow River (the Huang He). there are almost always winds of various intensity. as much as a man in a desert needs to satisfy his need for water. and are even able to roll parts of rocks of over 1 kg. The loess layers also accumulated in larger river valleys. They are more frequently landlocked than coastal and can be found both in lowlands and on plateaus. The wind then picks up even the tiniest particles carrying them and thus contributing to their further weathering. whereas the other side is steep and short. In the rocks of heterogeneous mineral composition. windows and deep desert wrinkles in the direction of the most frequent wind are created. In deserts. The sand covers and destroys their farming land. the strong winds in the Pannonian plain accumulated huge amounts of fine dust which formed loamy loess soil. In this way. The particles lifted and carried by the wind further erode the prominent rocky surfaces. Titel and Backa. they can only create both erosive and accumulative forms in the relief in deserts and semi-deserts. some of which are over several hundred kilometers long. whereas the clay and salt deserts form in places of dried out lakes. and often even whole settlements and oases. Under the influence of eolian erosion smaller rocky surfaces become aerodynamic in shape. the god of winds in ancient Greece. The forces that shape the relief of the deserts are the wind. They can be hot or cold. and some of the skerries look like mushrooms. A third of the desert regions have even less than 10 mm of rain a year. the dunes are up to 200 m high. thus creating unusual shapes. are the largest eolian erosive formations. some of them being true natural masterpieces. polished surfaces. Depending on the composition of the grounds. the travelers in the deserts have difficulty orienteering and sometimes get lost.e. which got its name after the loess as well as the sea that it runs into. Such perforated rocky surfaces look like honeycomb. Such landscapes of barren rocks are called rock deserts or hamadas. as the water can be obtained underground by digging wells. the dunes are over 40 m high. the rocks crack and crumble. The sand dunes can be found along the coastline. In the Issaouane Erg of Algeria. Where the force of wind becomes weaker the sand and dust accumulate. but most importantly they are always very dry. 3. where due to scarce precipitation. First. there are no rivers and river erosion. Although we can find deserts in all the continents. Barchans or transverse dunes are smaller dunes crescentic in shape and stretch across the direction of the wind. Due to constant changes in configuration. The dunes are larger sandy elevations. Deserts are areas where the average annual precipitation is less than 100 mm of rain. 4. Golubac. 2. The satellite shots of the Sahara show that some of the jordans can be over several hundred metres long. Syrmia. which is 10 l/m2. many dents of various size are created. deserts can also be stony. besides rocky and sandy. The wind can create the most unusual formations in rocks. Without vegetation. The side turned towards the wind is gentle and elongated. there are hardly ever any clouds above them. In Deliblatska sands. sometimes at a pace of over 1 m a day. the finer is lifted and carried to great distances. often blowing in the same direction for months. Underline important parts of the text. whereas locally it can be conditioned by the relief. .1. This is the largest ‘desert’ in Europe. The stony deserts are huge fossil accumulations of river stones.

In the sentence(s) below. For example. 3. the silence is disturbed only by the wind and it seems that the time has stopped. The evidence of a wetter climate are dry river beds or wadies. 2. Sometimes a relative clause gives extra information that does not identify the subject. some of which are over several hundred kilometers long. Deserts are areas where the average annual precipitation is less than 100 mm of rain. 2) 3) Identify 2 details that are not very important to the main idea of the passage. plants. in the sentence "Canada is the country which is north of the United States. some of which are over several hundred kilometers long." the relative clause "which is north of the United States" identifies Canada. 1) Identify 3 important supporting details that contribute to the main idea of the passage. 1) 2) Write 1 brief paragraph summarizing the main idea of the passage." the subject is "Miguel" and the relative clause "which is south of the United States" tells more about Mexico. are the relative clauses needed to identify the subject? Directions: Identify how the relative_clauses is used in the sentence(s) below 1. In the sentence "Miguel is from Mexico. .Deserts are areas full of surprises and hidden dangers as well as beauty. cultures and states. Focus on Grammar Relative Clauses give information about a subject. It is extra information that does NOT identify Miguel. NOT about Miguel. All is calm. The evidence of a wetter climate are dry river beds or wadies. When you enter a desert it is like you have taken a step back in time as they are really graveyards of long extinct animals. which is south of the United States. Sometimes the information identifies the subject. Use the important details to support your discussion of the main idea.

place holder 4. often causing their basement to flood. 6. Directions: Fill in the blanks below. The diameter of a pie is the line that will give you and your friend each 1/2 of the pie. 7. but an accumulation of ear wax only takes a few days. Many people consider "The White Album" to be the greatest masterpiece in rock-and-roll history. They elongated the train by adding more cars. place holder 11. 5. tranplant ____________ ________________________________________________ transcontinental ____________ ________________________________________________ transport trans + port How will we transport all these boxes? transsexual ____________ ________________________________________________ transform trans + form The caterpillar will transform into a butterfly. The ocean is _______________. 1. 13. . The _______________ garden had many types and colors of flowers. 9. The erosive and transportation force of the wind depends mostly on its speed. 10.Word Roots & Stems Rule: The prefix trans adds "across" to the meaning of a word. Dinosaurs are _______________. transact ____________ ________________________________________________ Vocabulary Practice FILL IN THE BLANK Directions: Use the word bank to identify the word that best completes the sentence. 2. The accumulation of wisdom takes many years. He molded the _______________ into a beautiful flower pot. just as in the models. 3.in each sentence and write it on the line. 8. The _______________ of her dress scratched her skin. Their house had a problem with _______________. accumulate prominent elongated fossil drainage transverse configuration diameter extinct vegetation clay heterogeneous perforated accumulations masterpieces barren precipitation material vast dried out 1. Directions: Identify the word that ends with trans. The erosive and transportation force of the wind depends mostly on its speed. After grapes are _______________ they become raisins. 12. 2. so transatlantic means across the Atlantic.

Circle the vocabulary word in each sentence. _______ What something is made of.) within a period of time. O. 24. _______ The quantity of water fall (rain. etc. snow. 40. J. _______ No longer exist.14. . 17. F. 19. _______ all the water is removed from something 29. little by little.* 26. _______ Plant life. 31. 28. The _______________ house on the hill can be seen from everywhere in town. 16. C. it is a _______________ place. 34. N. _______ Mud that hardens when cooked and is used to make dishes and pots. L. He only bought one book a week but. 21. The rocks slowly replaced the bones over millions of years. 18. _______ Make longer. feel free to also draw a line between the definition and the matching word. 15. Dinosaur bones _______________ are actually rocks in the form of dinosaur bones. 20. There is a lot _______________ in the jungle. he _______________ many. _______ Lying or being across or in a crosswise direction. K. preserving their shape. If it helps. There are no plants. P. animals or other living things on the moon. _______ The act of gathering and piling up something. _______ the act of removing water from below the surface of an area. 36. 32. A. S. Q. Be sure to write a sentence that would help the reader better understand the meaning of the word. D. R. 23. _______ Made up of different kinds or types. E. _______ A line that divides a circle into two equal halves. _______ To make a hole or holes through. _______ To gather more and more. G.* 37. over the years. accumulate drainage extinct heterogeneous masterpieces material prominent transverse vegetation perforated barren vast elongated configuration clay accumulations precipitation dried out fossil diameter WRITE YOUR OWN SENTENCES Directions: For each of the words in the box. T.* 35. _______ The shape or position of one or more things. 33. _______ A great work of art. 27. write an original sentence using the word. I. _______ Noticeable or important. _______ Unable to give or support life. 30. M. The _______________ of chairs allowed everyone to see the show. B. _______ Very large. The storm brought several inches of precipitation MATCHING Directions: Write the letter of word that matches the definition on the line.* 22. _______ The remains of dead organisms that have be preserved by natural processes. 38. 25. 39. H.

51. 46. . 54. 49. 56. 58. 55. 43. 47. 53. 42. 48.accumulate prominent elongated fossil drainage transverse configuration diameter extinct vegetation clay heterogeneous perforated accumulations masterpieces barren precipitation material vast dried out 41. 59. 45. 57. 44. 50. 52.

60. .

prominent 13. Who can think of a time when this word might be used? Can you use this word in a sentence? What’s the antonym (opposite) of this word? When appropriate. elongated 19.SOME Students will be asked to orally demonstrate knowledge of new words. Review defintions Sample Questioning: In your own words. Depending on the population: Read the entire passage aloud. material 12. Share ALL Students will read the passage or follow along as the passage is read. or develop a physical action to increase the student’s ability to remember the new words. give different types of learners an opportunity to write down the new words. precipitation 6. ALL Students will strive to demonstrate comprehension of the passage by answering the questions. Pause at key moments and model good reading strategies through a think aloud. ALL Students will be able to demonstrate an increased mastery of the grammar structure by independently writing sentences that correctly employ simple_present. ALL Students will be able to increase their understanding and awareness of the new words. perforated 16. Pair. associate a visual image to cue to understanding of the word. dried out Activity Description Differentiation Guide Assessment Introduction of vocabulary Introduce the new words from the vocabulary list in above (see Objectives) by modeling pronunciation. diameter 3. extinct 9. vegetation 15. while working with students who need more literacy help. masterpieces 11. vast 18. Students will write 5 original sentences using simple_present. accumulations 5. accumulate 7. explain the definition. but also include the vocabulary from the lesson in their sentences. Invite early finishers to put their sentences on the board or challenge them to not only use the grammar structure. Grammar Students will review the usage of and then identify simple_present in sentences from the reading. Students will be able to demonstrate comprehension of the passage by answering questions which require basic understanding and interpretation of the content. heterogeneous 10.LESSON: Aim: Grade: 9 Subject: Prepared by: Marijana Nikolic Objectives: Students will be able to understand. Give students need time to work on completing their own practice sentences for the grammatical structure. clay 4. . and use the words in the vocabulary list below. drainage 8. SOME students will be given an opportunity to share their answer aloud. Instruct students to read the passage silently and complete the questions independently. Standards addressed: Vocabulary: 1. barren 17. configuration 20. transverse 14. Ask students to complete the questions by doing Think. fossil 2. pronounce. Ask students to volunteer to read parts of the passage aloud. Reading & Comprehension Questions Students will read the passages of and demonstrate comprehension of the content by question. to model phrasing and fluency. individual and choral repitition.

-9 N. -12 Q. The summary can be completed as quick discussion or by asking student to summarize in their notes. -10 K. Students who get more than two of the cloze sentences wrong should be asked do other reinforcement (i. -2 . 1 question about what they learned. -13 E. -18 O. like dirty. Students complete this section of worksheet independently prior to group review of the answers. -7 P. -14 B. -15 J. -4 C. ALL students will be able to recognize the suffix -y and understand The suffix y changes a noun into an adjective. Fill-in-the-blank Answer Key: 1) material 2) diameter 4) drainage 6) extinct 7) clay 8) dried out 9) elongated 11) vast 12) accumulation 13) heterogeneous 14) accumulated 15) vegetation 16) barren 17) fossils 18) configuration 19) prominent 20) precipitation Matching Answer Key: A. -5 F. 2 new words. -16 L. ALL Students will increase their familiarity with the new vocabulary and their ability to successfully use these new words in context. -6 D.e. flash cards). -11 M. -19 H. -20 R. Example quick assess: 3 new pieces of information from text. When appropriate. -3 I. Summary Instructor will review the objectives of the lesson with the class a whole. which was used in the reading. -8 S.. -17 T. Students may benefit from having time to complete this portion of the worksheet individually or in pairs. -1 G.Word Building: Roots and Stems Students will be encouraged to take away a word-attack strategy from this lesson by reviewing -y. have students work in pairs or small groups. Practicing New Vocabulary Students will be given a chance to practice applying new vocabulary by completing cloze sentences.

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