You are on page 1of 6

SCIENTIFIC SESSION “MENER 2006”

CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF FISHERIES RESOURCES: METHODS OF STOCK ESTIMATION FROM BLACK SEA TO CARPATHIAN MOUNTAINS
Ion NĂVODARU 1 , Georgel Petrişor RĂZLOG 2 , Klaus Werner BATTES 3 , Ionel STAICU 4 , Valentin IORGA 5

Abstract: Open access to fisheries resources has conducted to catch declining and loosing of the biodiversity due to overfishing. Anthropical impact through damming, hydrotechnical works and pollution has conducted to habitat loosing and degradation. Sustainable use of biologic resources has become a prioritary objective for environment protection all over the world, especially after ratification in 1992 of Convention of Biological Diversity from Rio de Janeiro, adopted also by Romania. Sustainable use of fishery resources consist in biological regulations on fishing, input control (fishing effort quota) and output control (catch quota). Overall objective of project is “Establishment of a excellence network for estimation, conservation and sustainable and responsible management of fisheries resources through attaining a critical integrated mass of research resources, for assisting and fundament of decision in sustainable use of fisheries resources, public property administrated by state, in order of sustainable development of poor regions depending by natural resources exploitation in harmony with conservation of biodiversity and habitats”. Specific objective of project is” Elaboration, development and validation of methodologies and tools for research, preservation and sustainable use of fisheries resources”. Project objectives is included in research aria (6) Environment, (6.2) Sustainable use of resources – Sustainable conservation and management of natural and man-made resources, research are included in CEEX Program of MEdC, Romania and FP6 program of EC, which will be developed future in FP7.

1. Introduction
Sustainable use of natural biological resources has become a prioritary objective for environment protection all over the world, especially after ratification in 1992 of Convention of Biological Diversity from Rio de Janeiro, adopted also by Romania. Sustainable use of fishery resources consist in biological regulations on fishing, input control (fishing effort quota) and output control (catch quota). Fish stock estimation, exploitation status, yield per

1. Danube Delta National Institute for Research & Development 2. University “Dunarea de Jos“ from Galati 3. Bacau University 4. National Institute for Marine Research “Grigore Antipa” 5. Institute for Research-Develoment for Aquatic Ecology, Fishing and Aquaculture

Pope (1972).1972). 1916. Jones (1984). (1958) Nalbant. using software recommended by FAO. poaching and illegal trading.1975). mean exploitable biomass and sustainable yield in Razim-Sinoie lake. Development of software has conducted to increasing efficiency of mathematic models. Vibert and Lagler (1961). Grigore Antipa (1895. 1938). Sparre (1989). Fishery management through ecosystem models are performed by ECOSIM. 1905. determining exploitation parameters. In condition in which anthropogenetic impact had less influence. Fish stock estimation program was developed by ICLARM as LFSA and COMPLEAT ELEFAN. Some further research study has tried to evaluate population status on basis of catch and age structure. A research team from INCDDD-Tulcea has been estimated freshwater fish stocks since 1984. Results from 1996 had a great uncertainty due to lacking of monitoring of fish effort and catch statistic quality due to underreported catch. dynamics and choice in quantitative fisheries stock assessment was discussed by Hilborn and Walters (1992). who has noticed that fishery yields are direct related with level and duration of Danube flooding. Pauly (1983. Ricker (1954. Uncertainty. Thompson and Bell (1934). The computer program RAPFISH gives a rapid estimation of fishery status and option for political indexes. The ecological study of Lower Danube River was done first time by Antipa (1910). and other that was included in a pack software called FISAT (FAO/ICLARM Stock Assessment Tools) (Sparre & Venema 1992). research was oriented for knowing role of hydrologic and hydrobiologic factors for evolution of fish population. Bertalanffy (1934. taking in consideration recruitment for freshwater and migratory species Leonte T. Papadopol & Mester (1980).recruit (Y/R). Tiurin (1962. The objectives of the project are as follow: . The estimation has a local application in Danube delta. Schaefer (1954). expanding after in whole Danube Delta. using FAO models. Bio-economical analysis of fisheries is performed by BEAM1 and BEAM2 program (Copola. Garcia and Willmann 1992).General objectives: . In elaboration of mathematical theory in fish stock evaluation a great contribution was done by research of: Baranov (1918). New research proposed to improve estimation and will deliver to administrators the necessary tools (methodologies and data base) for planning the sustainable use of Romanian fisheries. 1935) in his publications treats biological. ECOPATH and ATLANTIS. Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY) are estimated through different models for exploitment simulation.(1965) Niculescu-Duvăz (1970). ECOSPACE. 1984). Beverton and Holt (1957).R. economical and social issues in administration of fisheries in valorisation and protection of fisheries resources.

both technical and socio economic: . Project innovation consists in adaptation of methodologies developed for marine fisheries for research of inland and costal fisheries. conservation.“Establishment of a excellence network for estimation. . Project objectives is included in research aria (6) Environment. for each category of aquatic basin has been made an identification of fish stock following their value: commercial (plus biodiversity). public property administrated by state. preservation and sustainable use of fisheries resources”. The project has an important impact on Romanian fisheries. through improvement of conservation and management of fisheries resources. commercial and recreative (plus biodiversity). 2.socio-economic impact consists in sustainable development of rural communities dependent of fisheries resources from poor regions of Romania. sustainable and responsible management of fisheries resources through attaining a critical integrated mass of research resources.Specific objective: “Elaboration. . development and validation of methodologies and tools for research. exploitation in harmony with conservation of biodiversity and habitats”.technical impact consists in elaboration of methodologies and tools of research and sustainable management of fisheries. Danube River – DR and Inland lakes and rivers – LRI). Further. GIS data base design and software. (6. biodiversity. fishery estimation (validation of methodologies). development of methodologies. Romania and FP6 program of EC. research are included in CEEX Program of MEdC.2) Sustainable use of resources – Sustainable conservation and management of natural and man-made resources. Black Sea – BS. Result and discussion The project include 6 phases (Work Packages): evaluation of knowledge and gaps. recreative (plus biodiversity). which will be developed future in FP7. elaboration of strategy and action plan for sustainable use of fisheries resources. for a sustainable development of poor regions depending by natural resources. dissemination of results. for assisting and fundament of decision in sustainable use of fisheries resources. Complexity of project consists in elaboration of methodologies for fisheries estimation on four categories of aquatic basins (Danube delta – DD. .

this species needs more research to obtain informations necessary for regulation of fishing in a sustainable manner. The Black Sea: marine fish species like spratt. sturgeons (Huso huso. regulation). now under restriction of fishing over 10 years period. with attribution in conservation and sustainable use of natural resources from Danube delta. like rainbow trout. cat fish. perch. bream. methodologies. Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve Authority (ARBDD). exploited to the upper limits. etc. - 3. Local species mainly belong Cyprinidae and Percidae. like common carp. GIS data base design for fisheries monitoring. stellatus and A. are poor as number of species and abundance. polution and of course fishing. are species with great importance for aquaculture and in natural waters for angling. Elaboration of strategy and action plan for conservation and sustainable management of fisheries resources. pike perch. strategies. This species need more attention through fishing regulation and restocking. - b. High commercial value. overexploited. Establishment of Virtual research network of excellence for conservation and sustainable use of fisheries resources. shark. and under the presure of human activities such navigation. brown trout. urban development. Some of them have a commercial and recreative value and the rest are important for biodiversity. Fish stock assessment of DD. Acipenser guldenstaedti. Internet web page for dissemination and link with GIS data base for fishery monitoring. Potential users of the project outputs are: National Agency for Fishing and Aquaculture (ANPA). Elaboration of Romanian Code of Conduct for responsible fisheries. They need more attention through fishing regulation and protection of habitats c. that has legal responsibilities for sustainable use of Romanian fisheries (politics. ruthenus). turbot. . partially protected within migration period. The Danube tributories and lakes: Local species. DR and LRI. etc. mainly belong Salmonidae family. harbour activities. A.As a summary of observations we can mention the fishery resources of romanian waters noted by commercial value and level of exploation: a. Expected result and users The expected outputs of the project Elaboration of methodologies for fish stock assessment (Manual for fish stock assessment). horse mackrel and other smaal pelagics. Danube river and Danube Delta basin: Danube shad (Alosa pontica). The local species are affected by the loss of habitats and need more atention from the fishery managers. High commercial value. BS.

Antipa G. Untersuchungen iiber die Gesetzlichkeiten des Wachstums. No XLVI.C.E. Antipa.R. Ikhtiol. and S. FAO Fish. Assessing the effects of changes in exploitation pattern using length composition data (with notes on VPA and cohort analysis). Can. p.- National Companies for Administration of Fishery Found (CNAFP). and C. Fond. Akad. Consideratii asupra starii rezervelor si pescuitului scrumbiei de Dunare si sturionilor marini in anul 1969. Nauchn.Inst..J.Pap. 1934. 75 tab.Res. Issued also in French and Spanish. Bertalanffy. Antipa G. 1: 58 Pages. J. Consideratii asupra sistematicii scrumbiei de Dunare (Alosa pontica Eichwald) si asupra unor fenomene specifice legate de migratia si prognoza acestei specii in apele Dunarii. Fish. G.J.). I. 1984. 1910 Reguinea inundabila a Dunarii. 1983. References Antipa G.Food G..Org. 794p. D..Issled.. Coppola. . Simple bioeconomic analytical simulation models for sequential fisheries on tropical shrimps using age groups or commercial categories.. 1-56. Baranov.M. Fish. Garcia and R. 1992. von. Bucharest. 1:81-128 (in Russian). I. Inc.. 81p. Fish population dynamics in tropical waters: a manual for use with programmable calculators. 1958. Bucuresti. vol.ICNAF.. 10:181-213. L. Bul. J.. 131:613-653. Tomul VIII. Pescăria şi pescuitul în România.C. Studii asupra pescariilor din Romania. G.. Acad. Publ. BEAM 1 and BEAM 2... Wien... S... 1935. (256): 118 p. 1905. Jones. Wiss.Agric. Willmann.Tech. 1972. R. R. Niculescu-Duvaz.H. 1895. Masurile si lucrarile necesare pentru intensificarea productiei pescariilor si pentru valorificarea produselor lor. Antipa G. 1965. Hidrobiologia. which together with state authorities are responsible for conservation and sustainable management of fisheries. FAO Computerized Information Series.Fish. (8):325p. 1938. 29 (1-2): 96-100. D. Roux'Arch.. 1992. L. I: 329-337. 31p.. Holt.-naturw.Izv.. 318 p. with attribution in sustainable administration of Romanian fisheries (others then Danube delta and mountain zone) ROMSILVA. Bul. R. Some simple methods for the assessment of tropical fish stocks. On the question of the biological basis of fisheries. Rom. Human Biology. (9): 65-74. ICLARM Stud. Beverton.J.Ent\vicklungsmech.Tech. that is responsible for administration of fishery resources from mountain zone Private fishers. 2 diskettes Hilborn. Pope..Pap.. 1984. New York: 570 p. 1957. 11:559-623. Denkschr. Allgemeine Grundlagen der Theorie. marh. A quantitative theory of organic growth. Quantitative fisheries stock assessment.Rev.Board. Stock and recruitment.P. Die Clupeinen des Westlichen Teiles des Schwatzen Meeres der Donaumündungen.I. 1916. Bucuresti. 24 (1):15-25..Invest. London. Leonte T. 1954. 1. Chapman and Hall. Walters.(2 Sea Fish. von. 4. 1918. F.Minist. Kl.P..B. dynamics and uncertainty. On the dynamics of exploited fish populations.Bull. Ricker W.. R.28. Pauly. Choice.. Bertalanffy. An investigation of the accuracy of virtual population analysis using cohort analysis.. Adamachi. Nalbant T.. 1970. (with programs on a diskette). FAO Fish. (234):52 p. Starea ei actuala si mijloacele de a o pue in valoare. Association & Organization of fish producers. Res. Aspectul ihtiologic al Deltei Dunarii. 3 pl. 19: 533 p.. Pauly.

306. Computation and interpretation of biological statistics of fish populations... biologie et amenagement. Bulletin of the Inter-American tropical tuna commission 1.. Rev.Fish. 1992. (8):49 p.. Tech. Part 1-Manual. Rome. Fish. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 306/1. Bell. 1934. Introduction to tropical fish stock assessment. Fish.Fiat Panis Rev. B. Sparre P. Ed. (191):382p. Bull. Effect of changing in intensity upon total yield and yield per unit of gear.V. 71 : 71–128. (Pacific halibut) Comm. 16:283–290 . 1954.Cos. 25-56. W.Mester. M. Venema C. Pap.NIORKH. FAO. 376p.. P. C. 2. P.V.Board Can. 1998 . Peches continentales. Lagler. 2 . Papadopol. Rep. Tiurin. 3 (24) : 403–421.. Problème de l'Ichthologie 2. 1975. Hidrobiologia. Paris: 248-273. Sparre P. Thompson W.. and L. Schaefer. M-43 ISBN 92-5-103996-8. S. Int.Res. 1961. Venema. Biological statistics of the Pacific halibut fishery. Dunod. F.Introduction to tropical fish stock assessment. H. and F. FAO . Some aspects of the dynamics of populations important to the management of commercial marine fisheries. M. 2.E. 1980: Cercetari privind structura populatiilor si biologia cresterii principalelor specii de pesti din complexul Pardina (Delta Dunarii). Tiurin. and S. 1972 Courbes “normales” de survivance et taux de mortalité naturelle des poissons comme base théorique de la régulation des pêches. 1962 Le facteur de mortalité naturelle des poissons et son importance pour la régulation des pêches.Ricker. Vibert R. Review 1. Nouv.