Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud were two influential minds of the “unconscious” world with two very

differing philosophies. One believed that the unconscious had two layers, a personal unconscious which was located right under the conscious mind and a collective unconscious right under that which held the e periences of all humanity, while the other believed that the unconscious was a part of the mind under the conscious containing repressed se ual feelings and re!ected thoughts, events and e periences of the resenting conscious mind. "he first was Carl Jung, the latter was Sigmund Freud.

"he ironic thing about the two is that the student somewhat surpassed the teacher. Carl Jung was actually a student of Sigmund Freud at one time before he branched off and created his own theories, especially when it came to dream interpretation. Freud usually focuses on the ob!ect of a dream while Jung focuses on the sub!ect or sub!ective level. Jung believed that dreams reveal in a symbolic way a patient#s person transformation and individual growth $individualism%. Freud#s dream is retrospective, meaning that it mainly deals with past events from childhood $usually psychological trauma or se ual fi ations%, while Jung#s dreams were more prospective, again showing what the dreamer can grow into. Freud#s dreams usually were regarded as a manifestation of the repressed se ual urges of the unconscious. For e ample, if a patient dreamt about a long ob!ect, Freud would most li&ely say that it represents the phallus and ultimately se , while Jung may say that it has nothing to do with the desire to have se at all but rather the phallic ob!ect could refer to strength or fertility. "his is where Jung and Freud had their greatest disconnect. Jung didn#t believe that everything was based so much on se uality while Freud did. 'owever, this disconnect is not surprising as ultimately, all of

Freud#s students and most of his fellow peers didn#t agree with his strong emphasis on se uality ruling everything. originally an )ustrian doctor. made the observation that when he tal&ed with a woman who seemed to have hysteria. Jung and Freud especially differ in that Jung ma&es humans seem li&e beings that can advance and grow together. "he woman was e periencing e tensive hysterical symptoms after the death of her father $faintness. shortness of breath. and to this end he enrolled at the medical school at the +niversity of . Freud. muscle spasm. and as she .7 and later set up a private practice in the treatment of psychological disorders which gave him much of the clinical material on which he based his theories and his “pioneering techni8ues”. 'e got his degree in -. insomnia. Josef 3reuer. and a 9tendency to cause trouble9%. the symptoms went away. and after hypnosis didn#t wor& long:term for her./0. while Freud ma&es human seem largely li&e barbaric beings whose only(main motivation is se .ienna in -. She reminisced about various events from the past and about her daydreams. and later speciali6ed in neurology. irritability. nervousness. Freud#s colleague and friend. 3reuer decided to tal& to her. fluid retention. heaviness in abdomen. is &nown as the “father of psychoanalysis”. who was director of the 4hysiology 5aboratory at the +niversity.. loss of appetite for food or se . 'e initially studied biology and did research in physiology for si years under the great 1erman scientist 2rnst 3run&e. *t is said that Freud always considered himself first and foremost a scientist “endeavoring to e tend the compass of human &nowledge”.

. boo& “Studies in Hysteria” and it was then that Freud#s philosophy of psychoanalysis was reali6ed.% were deeply rooted in traumatic e periences that the patient went through in the past. Freud went on to hypothesi6e that symptoms of hysteria were most li&ely to occur if the repressed feelings are related to traumatic childhood se ual e periences.. hysterical pains.revisited moments from her past. the patient can finally cry or yell or whatever it is they need to do to discharge their feelings and thus. the patient must recall the e perience so much so that it comes up to the surface and the patient can then consciously confront their feelings and thoughts and etc. for awhile. Freud stated that many neuroses $phobias. some forms of paranoia. a time in which society shunned open se uality and especially didn#t li&e the idea of childhood se uality. who continued to wor& on the development of psychoanalysis on his own. which were associated with the onset of a particular symptom. etc. "his theory was very unconventional at the time $early -<==s%. the underlying cause of the neurotic symptom is removed. and society labeled Freud as controversial and. each symptom seemed to disappear with each emotional outburst. ostraci6ed him. Freud#s colleague. *n order to “cure” the patient. Freud and 3reuer published the case and others in their -. 3y confronting their repressed(forgotten feelings. didn#t agree with his e cessive emphasis on se and neurosis and later left Freud. . "hese e periences were forgotten and hidden from consciousness. 3reuer.

let#s ta&e the id#s biggest want> se . Jung thought that there was more to humans than !ust libido or se drive. or shouldn?t be fulfilled. but he too was put off by the e cessive emphasis on se . where you ta&e a want that can?t be fulfilled. memories. such as playing a sport or wor&ing on a pro!ect for school.*t is after Freud is somewhat already established that Carl Jung comes into the picture. For e ample. Jung was attracted to the theory of the unconscious mind and psychoanalytic theory. we subliminate most of our desires for se ual pleasure and channel that energy into something else. 'ere is where Jung and Freud start to branch off from the same path> Freud concluded that the human mind is made up of the id. . "he ego serves our reality principle. "he id is our unconscious drives $mostly se %. and &nows nothing of morality or reality. anal and phallic stages. "he super ego. *t e ists only to serve our pleasure principle. Since humans can#t have se all the time as that would definitely interfere with our wor& schedules. then Oedipus Comple by age five% and that humans go through sublimation. and turn the energy into something useful and productive. the ego and the super ego. "his is our super ego partially fulfilling id drives through socially acceptable behaviors. which is our conscious perceptions. and thoughts that enable a person to deal effectively with reality. is always in conflict with the id and tries to partially fulfill id drives through socially acceptable behaviors. or conscious. Freud believed that se ual pleasure began in early infancy $oral. Following the id is the ego.

for e ample. the personal unconscious and the collective unconscious. "he second principle is the principle of e8uivalence which states that the energy created from the opposition is 9given9 to both sides $good and bad% e8ually. there#s also a bad thought inside of you. if a person decides to return the lost wallet they found instead of &eeping it and ac&nowledges that they did thin& about &eeping it and that they do have the capacity to lie. 'owever. cheat. multiple personalities. an e tremity.Jung also divides the psyche into three parts> the ego. &nowledge that we are born with(everyone !ust &nows such as love at first sight or d@!A vu. ) person chooses which side they want $good or bad% and. For every good thought you have. "o Jung the ego is the conscious. and the collective unconscious includes our e perience as a species. if a person denies that they do have the capacity to do anything that is not good and thin&s that they are good all the time. steal. etc. Jung also developed his own principles which varied greatly from Freudian principles. Be &now what#s happening indirectly. however Jung#s interpretations are more “positive” and he draws a lot from 2astern philosophy(religion such as 3uddhism and 'induism. *n order to have a concept of good. you have to have a concept of bad. "he principle of opposites states that “every wish suggests the opposite”. the personal unconscious includes both memories that are brought to mind and memories that have been suppressed for some reason. but we can never be fully conscious of it. "his is how a person who is “innocent” and thin&s they can do wrong can end up turning into a party animal who does .. then they may end up developing a comple and a “shadow” of your dar& side will develop and could lead to “evil” on your conscience or. but do not contain the instincts that Freud spo&e of. then the person#s psyche will be o&ay and they#ll grow from it.

the male and female aspects that each person possess. the third and final principle is the principle of entropy. an unlearned tendency to e perience things in the same way $part of the collective unconscious%. can be wild and cra6y one moment and then finding themselves the ne t%. as before we were born. how everyone wants(relates to a mother figure. society depicts how . but settle down and become more balanced. *f the evil within is never ac&nowledged. 'owever. the father archetype. girls try to be feminine. it is &ind of similar to Freud#s instincts as they are both unlearned things we feel. but more spiritual things. and the anima and animus.illegal drugs. and as newborns we didn#t &now how to actC 'owever. what we put out there $whether it be the real us or not%. we were neither male nor female. energy will decrease and everything will even out. +sually our roles are chosen by our gender. )nother big difference between Jung and Freud is that Jung believed that everyone had archetypes. the persona. then eventually the repressed evil will want to be not only ac&nowledged but put into effectC )nyway. "his e plains why children have so much energy and adolescents live at the e tremes $boys try to be macho. which represents our public image. not trying to be super “macho” or “feminine# or anything. when we were fetuses. but differ in that they are not biological li&e Freud. "he anima is the female aspect present in the collective unconscious of men and the animus is the male aspect present in the collective unconscious of women and together they are referred as sy6ygy. which is shaped by society. and why older adults are more centered. that over time oppositions will come together. Jung says that there is no set number of archetypes. but some include the mother archetype. a guide or authoritative figure. the shadow which is the “dar& side” of the ego or rather more animalistic side where se and life instincts are.

and the unconscious mind is still one that cannot be mastered.women should act and how men should act. and Jung thin&s that because of this. . "he psychoanalytic branch of psychology is one that is filled with different ideas and theories. they both agree on one thing in regards to our anima and animus> we are all really bise ual in nature. we will only develop half of our potential. )lthough Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud had very differing approaches to psychoanalysis and the unconscious.

thoughts e"perience and frustrations of resulting unfulfilled se"ual desires$ hence the unconscious is a bag full of pathology and in fact. )ne may sometimes refer to psychoanalysis as *materialistic* and reductive. JUNG • Though Jung's analytical psychology derives from Freud's psychoanalysis. #lthough there is much divergence between the (aster %Freud& and his e"!devotee %Jung&. there is much in common too. Some key differences are presented below: JUNG postulated two layers of the unconscious ! a personal unconscious. which is but a part of a greater wholeness. FREUD depicted the unconscious as a receptacle underlying the conscious mind. • For JUNG it is not necessarily a pathology. "a&en fromD httpD((www. disagreement and disappointment shared between these two great thinkers. containing the accumulating e"perience of all humanity. #ccording to FREUD the force of life is driven by sexuality and the underlying unconscious contains nothing but feelings. which underlies the process of Individuation and constant search for meaning.htm . taking in personal psychic contents and down below the collective unconscious. The unconscious has a compensatory regulating function. a disturbance to the psychic balance is a pathology stemming from an unresolved se"ual conflict. resulting in a rift between once great friends. whose task is to contain re ected and un! encountered events. There is much more to life than se"uality. aiming at healing. so is life in For FREUD. while taking Jung to be the *spiritualistic* and holistic. growth and individuation. feelings. according to JUNG.u&(freud:!ung.hypno!ung. a complex surrounding the person's se"ual energy %libido&. thoughts and e"periences of the resenting conscious mind. but rather a compensatory and regulatory inclination of the unconscious to strive and resolve the unbalanced e'uilibrium of the psyche as a whole. there was strife.FREUD vs. right under the conscious mind.

FreudD ) 5oo& at the Clashing "heories of Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud of the 4sychoanalytical School of 4sychology 3y Eoberta O. 4resswood )4) Style Citations -.Jung . . Eoberts 4eriod F )4 4sychology Final 4ro!ect Gr.s.!ungpage.html httpD((encarta.utm.hypno!<JL(SigmundJFreud.htm httpD((www.phpH optionIcomJcontentKtas&IviewKidI/F0K*temidI.httpD((www.carl:!ung.html httpD(( httpD(( httpD(( .html .iep.u&(depth:psyc.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful