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SCRUBBER DESIGN (Coluna de enchimento)

Elaborado por: Verificado por: Data:

Column Tag No. Job No. Client Project Stream = Anel Pall = = = = =

: : : : :

CL2 Scrubber

Entrada de dados Tipo de embalagem Tamanho da embalagem Packing MOC Gas pr. Drop / m bed Altura total de embalagens Altura Coluna Propriedade do Gas Vazo

50 mm PP 30 mmWC / m packing height 3.54 m (including all packed beds) 6.04

2 294.2 (N/m )/m

= =

8964.59 kg/h 2.4902 kg/s 1.00 atm o 30.00 C 70

OR =

3 10000.00 m /h 3 2.77778 m /s

Presso de entrada do Gas = Temperatura de entrada Gas = Taxa fluxo ar / gs = Componente a ser lavado Nome = Taxa de fluxo do compente = % comp. ar/gas = Peso molecular do componente =

303.00 K

Cl2 1038.16 Kg/h 8.64 % (v/v) 70.906

(presumed) / (given by client) / (by process cal.)

Propriedades da Soluo de lavagem Soluo mdia = 20% NaOH Taxa de fluxo de liquido = 15600 kg/h = 4.3333 kg/s 3 Densidade do liquido = 1200 kg/m 2 Viscosidade do liquido = 0.1 Ns/m Fator de empacotamento, Fp =
-1 203 m

= Conversion : 80 Cp

13.00 m/h

Ns/m2

Caracteristicas do fator de empacotamento,C = Ref. Table 6.3, Characterstics of Random packings f 102 Fator de converso, J = 0.92 factor for adequate liquid distribution & irrigation across the bed

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Para calcular dimetro da coluna Uma vez que grandes quantidades de fluxo esto no fundo de um amortecedor, o dimetro sero escolhidos para acomodar as condies de fundo Para calcular a densidade do gas Avg. Peso molecular = Se a taxa de fluxo de gs de dado por kg/h Gas in = 0.035122199 Kmol/s kmol = mass / mol wt = (kmol/s) x T in kelvin x 1.0 atm x 22.4 273 pr. In atm 1 3 = 0.873192 m /s

70.9 Kg / Kmol Se a taxa de fluxo dado em m3/h Gas in = (m /s) x


3

273 x pr. in atm x T in kelvin 1.0 atm

1 22.4

= =

0.11173 Kmol/s 7.92165 Kg/s mass = mol wt x kmol

Selecione vol. de taxa de fluxo e taxa de fluxo de massa por cima Selecionados taxa de fluxo de = massa 2.4902 Kg/s 3 Selecionados taxa de fluxo de = volume 0.873192 m /s Selecionados Vazo molar = 0.035122199 Kmol/s Portanto densidade do gas = 2.8518 Kg/m
3

(mass flow rate / vol. Flow rate)

Para encontrar L', G' e rea da Torre c/s Assumindo a absorso completa Componente removido = 0.2150 Kg/s Liquido deixando = 4.5484 Kg/s L' G'
G L 0.5

(molar flow rate x % comp. x mol. Wt.) (Inlet liquid flow rate + comp. Removed)

0.08904

Utilizao

0.08904

as ordinate, =

(N/m2)/m Refer fig.6.34 usando uma queda de presso 294.2 de gas de 0.039 (from graph)

G' 2 Cf L0.1 J
G( L

--

G)

gc = 0.039
G( L

Portanto, G'

--

G)

gc

0.5

Cf L0.1 J = rea de torre c/s Dimetro da Torre = = =


2 1.3515 Kg / m .s 2 1.8425 m

( c/s area = mass flow rate / G' ) = 1531.7 mm

1.5317 m 2000 mm
2 3.1416 m

Area correspondente c/s =

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REQUISITO PARA ESTIMAR PERDA DE POTNCIA eficincia do ventilador = 60 % assumed / given

Para calcular a queda de presso Queda de presso de irrigao = embalagem Para embalagens local seco O/L Gas flow rate, G' = O/L Gas pressure = Densidade do Gas, = G 1040.52 N/m
2

(pressure drop per m packing x total ht. of packing)

0.7242 Kg / m .s (Gas inlet flow rate - Component removed) / c/s area 2 100284.4821 N/m (subtracting pressure drop across packing) gas mol wt. x 273 x gas o/l pr. 22.41m3/Kmol T in kelvin 101330 3 = 2.7853 Kg/m = = CD = G'
2 G

CD Delta P Z

47.5

Ref. Table 6.3, Characterstics of Random packings

8.94 N/m

Perda de pressao por enchimento = Perda de pressao por internos = = Velocidade do Gas Inlet expansion & outlet contraction losses

2 1049.46 N/m

(irrigated packing + dry packing) (packing supports and liquid distributors)

30 mmWC 2 294.20 N/m

= 0.884194 m/s = 1.5 x Velocity heads = 0.59 N m / Kg 2 = 1.67 N/m =


2 1345.33 N/m

1.5 x (V / 2g) (divide by density)

Perda total de presso

(packing + internals + losses)

Perda total de presso

137.28 Kgf/m

0.01

atm

Fan power output

2 = pressure drop,N/m x (gas in - component removed) Kg/s O/L gas density, Kg/m3 = 1098.91 N .m / s = 1.10 kW

Power for fan motor

= =

1.83 kW 2.46 hp

(fan power output / motor efficiency)

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COLUMN DIAMETER / HYDRAULIC CHECK Liq.-Vap. Flow factor, FLV = (L / V) x ( =


V

L)

0.0848 35 7.00 0.85 mm H2O /m packing

Design for an initial pressure drop of From K4 v/s FLV, K4 K4 at flooding Trial % flooding = = = ( = =

(K4 / K4 at flooding) 286.9720 K4 .


V( L

) x 100

Gas mass flow rate, Vm

-L)

13.1 Fp (L / = Trial column c/s area (Trial As) = = Trial column dia., D =

V) 0.1

(1/2)

2 4.8485 kg/m .s

V / Vm
2 0.5136 m

0.8087 m

D = (4/pi) x Trial As

Round off 'D' to nearest standard size Therefore, D =

1.8 m
2 2.5447 m 2 As = (pi/4) x D

Column C/S area, As

% flooding

57.9201

% flooding = Trial % flooding x (Trial As / As)

Conclusion Generally packed towers are designed for 50% -- 85% flooding. If flooding is to be reduced, (i) Select larger packing size and repeat the above steps. OR (ii) Increase the column diameter and repeat the above steps.

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Table 6.2 Constant for HETP Correlation

Ref.:: Random Packings and Packed Towers ---- Strigle

Ref. : : Chemical Engineering, Volume-6 , COULSON & RICHARDSON'S

Ref. : : Mass Transfer Operation : : Treybal

Massa em gramas / metro cubico * 24.45 / peso molecular 183.662 mg/M = PPM * PESO MOLECULAR / 24.45 533.3333 m/h L/mol composio ar m 10000 24.4 L Mol g mg/m g/4100m oxigenio nitrogenio% 0.21 28 2100000 86065.57 2409836 240.98 2409800 nitrogenio% 0.78 16 7800000 319672.1 5114754 511.47 5114700 Total 0.99 Cloro 24kg 71 494873.2 20281.69 1440000 533.33 5333300 Vazao massica Total kg 8964.59 12857.8 kg/10000m 1 35286.89 x 114 Taxa Ar/Gas20.20719 Torre Fabricada vazio 0.15 camada elimiunador 0.15 bico ate eliminador otas 0.3 bico ate encimento 0.3 entrada ar+ recheio 1.7 total 2.45 m m m m m m 28 V/V: 0.000645 4.99872

ppm=

so molecular

/10000m