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The Ministry Gifts

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jcif.HkMunfolwdkif. ay.? tcsd KUwdkYudk oif.wdkYonf bk&m.rGefaom tBuHtpnf&SdcJhygonf/ olonf xm0& bk&m.wyfMuyfBuD.rsm.HkMunfow l dkif. @ .cs./ .us.udk olwdkYudk.ü wlnDaom yef.fcE¨mudk ac:aqmifvmjcif.rsm.HkMunfolrsm.udk vkyfaqmif&ef bk&m.? tcsdKUudk ya&mzuft&mü4if.HkMunfjcif. ponfwdkY jzpfygonf/ {zuf 4 .? wnDwñG wfwnf.odkY4if.½Ic&pfawmftm. @ ocifa. cefYxm.ocif\ ppfwyfxJwGif tpGrf.ygonf/ omoemhrIig.axmifay. @ c&pfawmf\ jynfhpHkawmfrljcif.ocif\ trIawmf aqmifjzpfxdkufonf[k rdrdwdkY\ ½dk.ocifac:awmfrlaom olwdkYrSm a.aqmifrsm.tkyfrsm.[laom BuD.tk yf q&m? q&mt&mü4if. omoemhrI ig.fcE¨mtm.ppfrsufESmrS ppfom.xufaom ppfom. jzpfMuonfh taMumif.f wdkif vkyfaqmifzdkY&ef r[kwfbJ xdktrIrsm. 12-13 oefY&Sif .ocif\ ppfol&Jrsm.jcif.ay.tyfawmfrlcJhygonf/ omoemh trI&Sd orQtm.rSm – @ trIawmfvkyfief.aom ]]oifwef.rm.ocif \ om.HkMunf olwdkif.rsm.tkyfq&mESifh "r®q&m rsm. @ .fjcif.udk avhusifhysdK. awmf rl\ igwdkY&SdorQonf .jzifh avmuDom.HkMunfjcif .yrmP t&yfwnf.udk bk&mocif\ EIwfuywfawmfü azmfjyxm.}} jzpfMuygonf/ wrefawmf? ya&mzuf? {0Ha*vdomoemjyKq&m? oif.fjyefYaom tBuHtpnfawmfESifh 8 .½Iüomíaumif.udk rjyKbJ . a&mufíc&pfawmf\ jynfhpHkjcif. (vlrsdK.vTmü bk&m.fcE¨mudk wnfaqmufjcif.ocif\ vlwdkYudk avhusifhysdK.ü tapcH&ef bk&m.udk rdrdudk.? tcsdKUwdkYudk omoemjyKt&mü4if.&efjzpfygonf/ . yrmP t&yfodkY ydkYaqmifay.? bk&m.&Sd&efudk. @ c&pfawmf\ udk.? oif.aom a&SUwef.awmf udk oduRrf.qD.ü wnDwñGwfwnf.HkMunfolrsm.vTmrS "r®acgif.tm.udk &ifhusufaom toufwmodkY ydkYaqmifay.u omoemhtrI&SdorQtm.jzpfay: vmap&ef .wdkif&Sdygonf/ xdkt&mrsm.ESifh "r®q&mrsm.@ omoemhqkaus.\ tavhtvmudk qef.jcif.½Ic&pfawmf\ {0Ha*vd w&m.tvdkiS g? xdkocifonf vltcsd KUwdkYudk wrefawmft&mü4if.axmifay.wdkYudk zrf.xHodkY <uawmfrlaomcg wrefawmfrsm.Zl. odaomynmudk oGefoifay.tm.&ifhaomvl\tjzpfodk Y a&mufMuonf wdkifatmifjzpf ownf.ocif\ BuD. rnfodkYyifqdkap a.aygif.&mtpOftvmt& a&G.pHk)bk&m.ocif\ vlwdkYudk jyifqifjcif.r[kwf Muyg/ xdkolwdkYrSm bk&m.ppfMunfhaomf rnfolonfom bk&m.rsm. olwdkYudk jyifqifjcif.jcif.vHk.? {0Ha*vdq&mrsm.vHk.odkY4if.? ya&mzufrsm.

ocifonf wpfpHkwpf&mjyKawmfrlaMumif.tqifhtwef.zGJUvsuf? toD.pmüygaom omoemhrIig.aomqkaus.f vHkonf aphpyf xHk.jzpfonf/ bGJUemrrsm.f ES ifhtjypfodkY aemufwzefcyfodrf. cGJjcm.xkwfMu onf/ þonfrSm vltcsdKUwdkYonf wpfae&mrS wpfae&modkY 9 .cH&aom txl./ xdkOD.wnf .udk a[majymojzifh? OD. wpfckpD ESifhwuG bk&m.rsm.iS g Mo0g' avwdkufí z½dkz&JvG ifhoGm.acgif.r&SdcJhyg/ bk&m.tm.omjzpfonf/ ]]wrefawmfBuD.&mwGif rMumcPqdkovdk ]]wref awmfjzpfaom igaygvk}} " Paul an Apostle" [lí tpjyKavh&Sdí qdkvdkonfrSm wref awmfwpfyg.pGmyif udk.ajymqdkjcif.vmí cdkifcefYaomol? cspfjcif.jzpfí vlwdkY\ a&G.jzpfjcif.ü bGJUxl.Zl.ajymqd kojzifh? igwdkYonf olwyg.fwmtwdkif .rIomjzpfonf/ c&pfawmf udk.Zl.aygif. udk.yG m.muf ulnDaxmufyHhaomol rsm.apwwf \/ þoifcef.rsm.u@tvdkuf yl.pm.rS ? tqpftydkif.ü tav.t*F grsm.onf &ifhusufaom omoemrIig.iSg BuD .jzpfvmMuvdrhfrnf/ {zuf 4 .csif.? vSnfhjzm.aumufawmfrlaom a.ocif csrSwfxm.Murnf taMumif .fcGJcefYrI tm.udk a&.m.aomyHkpHESifhtnD a'oEÅ&toif.ESifh t&GwfwdkYonf (Ligaments)onf vl\udk.rl um.aom tcef.HkMunfolrsm.awmfrlcJhonf omoemqkaus.rsm.oD.t"dur[kwf – vkyfaqmifrIomt"du wrefawmf? ya&mzuf? {0Ha*vdomoemjyKq&m? oif.jynfhpHk&ef wnfaqmuf&mü xdkomoem wpfckcsif.jznfh ojzifh? wudk.ESifh &mxl.ESifh rdef.awmftwGuf aumif.mufudkwpfa.fcsufü yg0ifap&ef Ministry)wdkYudk uREfkyfwdkYu oGefoifjcif.arwåmüusifvnfaomol? tcsif.frjzpfbJvsuf? arwåmpdwfES ifh or®mw&m.aygif.jzifh c&pfawmf\ cE¨mawmf[laom toif.awmfrljcif.aomoli.rrsm.udk az:jyjcif.rsm. udk.rQifrsm.fudk arwåmüwnfaqmufjcif .aMumifh xdkqkaus.aom aoG.wdkYonf vly&d.vTm (Five Fold Ministry) \qkaus. taeESifh a&G.[laomtoif.ocifonf uREfkyfwdkY toif.jzpfvmMuvdrfhrnf/ tom.&nf&G.BuD.fcE¨mwnf.BuD.tkyfq&mESifh "r®q&mwdkYrSm toif.fawmftm.ocifcefYxm.*kPfxl.ocif cefYxm.rSm bk&m.&efr[kwfyg/ trSefrSm olwdkY\u@tvdkuf yl.vsuf yg0ifvkyfaqmifMu&efjzpfonf/ Oyrm &Sifaygvkonf Mo0g'pmrsm.pDwdkYu toD. jyKjyifonfES ifhtnD? rdrdudk. wpfa.awmftwGif.rSm vkyfaqmifrItay: bk&m.wnf .cs.musfm.Zl.awmfü yg0ifaqmif&Gufjcif. ulnD&ef uREfkyfwdkY BudK. rdrw d dkY\ ta&.wdkYonftm.yGm.&Sif aygvk}} "The Apostle Paul" [líol\bGJUemrudk t"du&nfñTef.awmfrsm.rsm.fief.[laom c&pfawmfrS m t&m&mwdkYü BuD.rsm. uREfkyfwdkY0dnmOfxJü od&SdMu aomtcg Budrfzefrsm.teuftm½HkjyK&ef vdktyfonf/ 4if.aqmifjcif.Zl.vkyfaqmifrI? zGJUpnf.awmfudk cefYnm.Zl.*½kpdkuf tm½HkjyK&efvdktyfonf/ .jzifhr[kwfyg/ bk&m.HkMunfolrsm.vTm(Fivefold .acgif . 14-16 taMumif.wdkY wpfckpD\ þqkaus.toD .fcE¨mudk taxmuftrjzpfapouJhodkY xdkolwdkYonf cGeftm.

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tkyfBuD.wdkYü oif.axmufrsm.ol wpfOD. (Elders) toufBuD.olrsm. 2-4ç 6 igwdkYonf xdktcg wusdyf ESpfyg.aom wrefawmf wdkYonf wynfh awmf taygif.aumufí wrefawmf rsm.udk oif. wdkYudk Mum.vdkufyg\/ toufBuD.0ifolwdkY .HkMunfaomocifbk&m.½Ic&pf \ oefY&Sif.tkyfwdkYudkcefYxm.Mu\/ wrefawmfwdkYonfvnf.í? tpm a&Smifvsufqkawmif.yXemjyKjcif. (Deacons) oif.&mig.aumufí wrefawmfrsm.Xme ed'gef.rsm.wdkYudk ac:NyD .udk a[majymjcif.jzpf \/ oif.ocifa&G.\ vufawmf odkY xdktoif.aom trIt&m udk awmifhwonf[laom pum.awmfü bk&m. 10 olwdkY onfvnf.u twnfjyKcefYtyfMuygonf/ 1wdarmao 3 . 23 toif.? ynmESifh4if . (2) oif.\wm0efrSm tapcH&efjzpfonf/ xdkolwdkYudk . 1 oif.u cefYtyfMuygonf/ wref 14 .rIudk xdkaMumifhnDtpfudkwdkY? 0dnmOfawmf ESifh4if.tkyfwdkYESifh oif.awmfwdkYudk tyfESHMu\/ 1wdarmao 3 .aom&mxl.awmf rsm.tcef.vG wfvQif oif. qkawmif.awmfudkxm.ocif wnfaxmifjyXmef.ay:ü vufudkwif Mu\/ 16 . (wm0ef) ESpfrsdK.í pm.\&mxl.ocif\ EIwf uywf w&m.vQif ? bk&m. a'oEÅ& toif.tk yft&mudk awmifhwaomolonf aumif.tkyf (bishop) [lívnf.udkcHMuap/ aemuf rS tjypfwifcG ifhESifh uif.HkMunfolrsm.yGJüvkyfauR. trIwdkYudktNrJjyKí aernf [kqdkMu\/ wrefawmfwdkYa&SUüxm. a&SUrqGu pHkprf.? EI wfuywfawmf w&m.axmufwdkYrSpí a.axmufrsm.NyD .vQif xdkol wdkY\ acgif. jynfhpHkvsuf? toa&&Sdaomol raqmif oifh/ ckepfa.jcif.oltaygif.muf wdkYudkoifwdkYwGif&SmMuavmh/ þtrIu dkaqmif&Gufapjcif.? qkawmif.u a&G.ESifh omoemrIa&.vQif? oif.axmufvk yfMuap/ wref 6 .iSg xdkolwdkYudk igwdkY onfcefYxm.½Ic&pf \uRefjzpfaom aygvkES ifhwdarmaoonf? zdvdydÜNrdKU ü&Sdaomoif. 1 a.yXemjyKNyD. &Sdygonf/ zdvdydÜ 1 . ac:qdkí wm0ef rSm tkyfcsKyf&ef wm0efjzpfonf/ xdkolwdkYudk bk&m.onf rSefaom pum.Murnf/ igwdkY rlum.

? cspfjcif.wdkYonf or® mowd&Sdaomol? wnfMunfaomol? £a`E´apmifhaomol? .? xdkenf.? tBuD.jcif.tuJ? usrf .aqmf í? oawzefxHodkY vmojzif h brf.wwfaomol? aumif. toHk.jyKq&mwdkYudk4if.fawmf udk jrifvQif? ajcawmf &if.f wkdif jzpfí? xdkYtjyif touftm.wdkYü oif.udk ac:qdk&mwGifvnf. odkYr[kwf rdef.? wD. 25 om.umv a&S.vif.tkyfwdkYudkcefYxm.&ifhaoma.jyKonf/ a[NAJ 11 .jyKonf/ wref 14 .HkMunfjcif.i. 22 xdktcg.aomoljzpf&MurnftaMumif.cH jcif .aomtwwfudk oifay.frSm &ifhusufol? omítoufBuD.cH&aom acgif.qHk.aqmif rsm.udk&Sif.í? tpma&Smif vsufqkawmif.r[líjzpfonf/ wdwk 2 .awmfwdkYudk tyfESHMu\/ 17 .wwf aomol? pyspf&nfü rvGefMuL.aqmifrsm.udk ac:qdk&mwGif vnf.0ifolwdkY.tBuD.*&da0g[m&t"dyÜg.frsm.f aovkygNyD.&mwGifvnf.cefYtyfxm.rIwfjcif.(Elder)onf awmif.frnfayonf/ vkum 15 .jcif.udk &nfñTef. toHk. 2 xdkyg&rDaMumifh? a&SUvla[mif. 12 vlrsm.udk cH&Mu\/ a.rGrf .onfvmí udk .? onf.ol odkYr[kwf t&ifus aomol[laom t"dyÜg.qD .jyK ygonf/ wref 6 .udk4if.½k&SvifNrdKU Adrmefawmfü&Sdaom qm[D'&if (sanmhedrin) t&m&Sdacgif. EdI. toufBuD.f&Sd\/ qdkvdkonfrSm touftm.r wdkY vnf. 2 ç3 toufBuD.vQif? "r®a[mif.Z&yfacgif.musfm.wkdYonf csD. 23 toif.wl? toufBuD.awmfrsm.&ifhaom rdef.oefY&Sif.awmfrl jcif .Hk Munfaom ocifbk&m.olrsm.p&yfrI.musfm.jzifh t&ifhqHk.odkY a&mufaomtcg? ujcif.ESifh a'oEÅ&qdkif&m w&m. t"dyÜg.awmf rsm.[lívnf.vQif? oif. wwfaomol udk.yXemjyKNyD.\ vuf awmfodkY xdktoif.? tBuD. toHk. usifhBuHjyKrl&mrSm "r®trIESifh xdkufwef aomol? racsmpm.í vT wfawmf odkYydkYMu\/ rmuk 5 .ol ( Elder ) @ Presbuteros "Presbuteros" (y&uf(p)AsLwJa&mh(p)) "dyÜg.ü jyyf0yfvsuf? tuREfkyf\orD.jzifh ydkí BuD.toHudkMum.muvmí td rfteD.aqmifrsm.aom? tdkaom a.ü pdwfoef.m£½ktrnf & Sdaom w&m./ a'oEÅ&toif.

pD&ifqHk.yef yg\/ tkyfcsKyfBuD. wdkYudk awmif.ü rpHkviforQwdkYudk jyifqifí? NrdKU&Gmrsm.frSm toufBuD.tkyf wdkYonf tvSL ESpfqudk cHxdkufaomoljzpfonf [lí4if.? c&pf awmf\ qif.iSg xdkuRef.Muap// @ presbuterion "presbuterion" y&uf(pf)AsLwJ&D.üoifhudk igxm. twlwuG pka0.a[mjcif.rSm BuD.aom qkaus.udk ac:qdkonf/ 1wdarmao 4 .? w&m.1wdarmao 5 .udk "r®opfusrf.tkyfwdkY\ vufaxmuf oif.üoif. 17 aumif.tm.tky"f [lí bmom jyefqdkxm.tkyfcsif.mukyf 5 .ygonf/ New King James Version wrefawmf 20 .ol[lí jzpfonf/ þpum.cJh ownf. 28 rSwyg. trIudk BudK.apjcif.jcif .&J 'ku©a0'emudk odjrif aom oufaot&mü4if.wdkY\ tpkta0.ESifhonftwdkif.BudrftoHk.pm.apawmfrlvwHhaom bkef.tkyfrsm.aomol? xif &Sm.rMo0g'ay.[lí jzpfygonf/ 1ay 5 .tkyfwdkYudk cefY xm.\ emrawmfudk trSDjyKvsuf? vlemudk qDESifh vl.ygonf/ 18 .Muyfol ( Overseer ) @ Episkopos "Episkopos" tufyD(p)udkaygh(p)\qdkvdk&if.ta0. rSwf&rnf/ wdwk 1 .Zl.í oltay:rSm qk awmif.olrsm.udk rjyKpkbJ raeESifh/ oif./ .udk "presbytery" ]]y&uf(p) bDw.ESifhtoufBuD.ydk'fwdkYü "Bishop oif.ES ifh wuG? oifütyfay.? ua&awuRef.tpnf.f&D}}[líbmomjyefqdkxm.tkyft&mü4if.onfudkawGY&onf/ @ Sumpresbuteros "Sumpresbuteros" (qrfy&uf(p)AsLwJ&Da&m(p))t"dyÜg.taoa&awmfudk quf qHaomoljzpfaom igayw½konf ? oifwdkYwGif&Sd aom oif.ojzifh cH xdkuf aomoljzpfonf[lí 4if.jyKxm.olrsm.wdkY onf vufwifjcif.ol (odkY) toif.Gef qdkonfrSm oif.usefaom usrf.Muyfol tkyfcsKyfpDrHol (odkYr[kwf) tkyfxdef. 5 igonfoifhudkrSmxm.í w&m. 1 oif.? qHk. 14 Asm'd wfawmf udkcHí? oif.toufBuD.tk yfrsm.tkyf wdkYudk ac:í olwdkYonf ocifbk&m.tkyfrsm.rG efpGm tkyfaom oif.jzwfonhf ½kH. 14 emaomol &SdvQif? oif. cefYxm.xkwfaomolwkdYonf? tvSLES pfqudk txl.ü ig.tkyfcsif.

aMumif.fudkowdESifh Munfh½IMuavmh/ bk&m.tkyfESifh tkyfcsKyfpDrHBuD.½Ic&pf\ oefY&Sif.aom0d nmOfawmf onf oifwdkYudk ttkyftcsKyf cefYxm.tkyf onf tjypfwifcGifhESifh uif.jzpf\/ @ Episkopeo "Episkopeo" tufyD(p)udkyDtdk onf Episkope ac: tkyfcsKyfBuD..jcif .MuyftkyfcsKyfjcif.? odk. vdkuf yg\/ 1wdarmao 3 .oloif.wm0efudk &nfñTef.udk½dkufyk wfaomol ? rpifMu.faompD.&aomaMumifhr[kwf? rpifMu.tk yft&mudkawmif hwaomolonf aumif.ygonf wref 1 .xdef.iS g? oefY&Sif./ 1wdarmao 3 .ocif\odk.uJhodkY? tjypf wif cGifhESifh uif. Muavmh / toufBuD.jzpfonf/ 1ay 5 .Munfh½I a wmf rl aom t&Sif xHodkY jyef a&mufMuNyD/ @ Episkope "Episkope" tufyD(p)udkayonf Episkopos \aemufqufwGJ emrfjzpfí toufBuD. owdESifhMunfh½IMuavmh/ zdvdydÜ 1 .onf rSefaompum.tkyfonf bk&m. 20 qmvH usrf. 2(u) xdkaMumifh oif . 19 .udk vnf. tjcm.tkyfwdkY\ &mxl.? oif .awmf rl aom odk.MuyfolwdkYudk EdIif.ol? BuD.ol taygif . 1 a.udk wyfruf aomolrjzpf&bJ? 1ay 2 . trIrSm? tEdkifxdef.pkwpkvHk.yG m.wref 20 .tk yfwdkYESifh oif.fawmf rlaom toif .ftvdkodkY vdkufwwfaomol? pdwfwdkaom ol? ol wyg.udk wyf rufaom aMumifhr[kwfbJ? tvdkvdkapwempd wf½Sdí Munfh½Itk yfxdef.axmufwdkYrSpí a.rMo0g' ay.Muyfol\ wm0ef t& vkyfaqmifcsuf Bud.rSwfownf. 1 oif .rlum. New King James Version üaz:jyxm.½Ic&pf\ uRefjzpfaom aygvkESifh wdarmaoonf? zdvdydÜNrdKU ü&Sdaom toif .vGJí aysmufaom odk.ESifh0.faompD.awmfpkudkxdef.wwfaomol jzpf&rnf/ wdwk 1 .vG wfaomoljzpf &rnf / udk. 28 xdkYaMumifh oif wdkYonf udk .ck rlum.? ol\ae&mt&yfonf vlqdwf nH&m t&yf jzpf ygap/ aeaomol r&SdygapESifh/ ol \t&mudkvnf.SOfjcif. 25 oifwdkYonf txuf uvrf.ap jcif.uJhodkY jzpfMu\/ .yGm.aomtrI t&mudk awmifwonf[laom pum.pmüvmonfum.Muyfol? oif.awmf udk vkyfauR.wdkYudk Mum.ocif \ b@mpdk.ol&ygap[k a&. 7 taMumif .ocifonf rdrdtaoG. 2 oifwdkYESifhtwl&Sdaom bk&m.vGwfaomol or®mowd&Sdapaomol? £a`E´apmifhaomol? avsmuf ywfpGm usifhaomol? {nfhonf0wfudk jyKwwfaomol? qHk.wnf.[laom oifwdkY\ 0dnmOfwdkYudk tkyfpdk.myk'fjzpfonf/ BuD.

udk jyñTefjcif.\ wm0efydkif.fodkY usifh aeonfudk oifwdkYodMu\/ wref 20 .ckwdkifatmif oifwdkYa&SUrSm tb. iSg? oefY &Sif.uJhodkYr[kwf toif. cH&aomolrsm.awmfwpfyg. .aqmifrsm. 17 rdvufNrdKUodkYa&mufrS aygvk onf{zufNrd KUodk Y apvTwfíoif .Mum.MuyftkyfcsKyfol overseers rsm.&Sd&rnf/ tzGJUtpnf.olrsm.em.xdef.frIudk uREfkyfwdkY jrif&onfh a[NAJ.tkyfrsm.jyKaMumif.awmftwGuf bk&m.ü or®musrf. (Elders) wdkYudk {zufNrdKUodkY apvTwfcJhygonf/ odkYaomf xdkolwdkYa&mufvmaomtcg &Sifaygvku xdkolwdkYtm.fydkiftkyfcsKyfaom tcGifhtmPmudk. tkyfcsKyfolrsm. aom0dnmOfawmfonf oifwdkYudkttkyf tcsKyf (Elders) cefYxm. ]]toufBuD. 28 xdkYaMumifh oifwdkYonf udk.&rnf/ wrefawmfaygvk\ pHerlem &Sifaygvkonf toif.ocif csrSwfxm.tkyf bishop }} [lí bmomjyefqdk &mü *&dvlrsdK.tkyf ]] overseer or bishop }}u 4if.wdkY onf odk.qufoG.jcm.awmfwpfyg. ajymqdkaomtcg rMumcP toHk.oefYpD&Sdí udk.awmfrS toufBuD.[laom omoemqkaus. New King Jamgs Version ü az:jyygonf/ þtajccHa0g[m& pum.Zl.awmfBuD.0jcm. acgif.\ oif.\ qifhuJtkyfcsKyfrI pepfESifh vHk.fqufoG.BuD.fpDtoD.jzpfMuonf/ 20 .jzpfonf[k ajymqdkMuygonf/ bkef.f&mwGif w&m.ü 4if.ol}} [laom emrnfudk rMumcP toHk. awmfrlaom odk.wdkYESpfckpvHk.EG.awmfwGif.vHk.pkwpkvHk.ESifh BuD.}} odkYr[kwf ]]oif.awmfudk pDrHtkyfcsKyf&ef toufBuD.udk.Muyftkyf csKyfolrsm. owdESifhMunfh½I Muavmh/ oif.(Elders)udkac:av\/ olwdkYonfa&mufMuaomtcg? aygvkuigonf tm&SdjynfodkY a&mufaomaeYrSpí .oD.az:jyyg *&da0g[m&rsm.? 0gBuD.HkMunfolrsm.jcif.pDwdkYü toif.jzpfNyD.jyKxm.ocifonf rd rdtaoG.xHodkY pma&.tcGifhtmPm&Sdol tcsdKUu toufBuD.tqifhtwef. uGJjym.rsm. overseers [lonfh a0g[m&udk ]]oif. tedrfhtjrifhudk a'oEÅ&toif.rIr&Sdyg/ toif.udk txl.tm. ygonf/ *&dvlrsdK.ESifh pyfqdkifaom bkef.pyfaom ESD.xdef.aqmifrsm.Z&yfrsm. jcm.jcif.ESpfvHk.tm.tkyfq&m}}wnf.omjzpfMuí ]]odk.tkyfrsm.tkyfrsm.Muyfol? oif.fpD&Sd&rnf tzGJUtpnf.ol? tkyfcsKyfBuD.olrsm.rsm.wdkY\ wm0ef&mxl. oif.tkyf [lí bmomjyefqdk&m 4if.jzpfonfh ]]BuD.onfudk awGY&onf/ acgif.rsm.em.tkyf rsm.ol Elder }} onf vlyk*d¾Kvfudk jyñTefjcif.oD.pDonf wpfyg.jcif.MuyftkyfcsKyfol? oif.ESifh 0.fawmfrlaomtoif.qdkif&m tqifhtwef.rsm.tyfESif.wdkYü eD.aom owfrSwf yHkpH[lí r&Sdyg/ a'oEÅ&toif. udk vnf. (overseers) [kac:qdkygonf/ wref 20 .HkMunfolrsm.tkyfrsm.aqmifrIwm0efESifh qufpyfvsuf&Sdaom acgif.awmfudk vkyf auR.apjcif. ]]BuD. oD.oif.\ wlnDaom wm0efudk jyñTefxm. (odkY) toufBuD.ESifh qufpyfNyD. wpfckpDwdkYudk toufBuD.ESifhwpfyg.qdkif&m &mxl.fudkowdESifh Munfh½IMuavmh/ bk &m.

tkyf (Elders) wdkYudkcefYxm. .wm0efudk &nfñGef.aqmf xm.\ vufawmfodkY xdktoif.ocif \odk.jcif .udk wyfruf aomaMumifh r[kwfbJ ? tvdkvdkapwempdwf&Sdí Munfh½I tkyfxd ef. (Shepherd)trIrSm? tEdkif xdef. wlnDaom &mxl.apawmfrlvwHhaom bkef .tkyf (blshop)onf bk&m.faom pD. (overseers) Muavmh/ a'oEÅ&toif.tkyfrsm. üoifhudk igxm.cH&onf NrdKUawmfwdkif.tkyfrsm.&aomaMumifhr[kwf ? rpifMu.ol elders [lí&Sifaygvk ac:qdkaomolwdkY\ t&nf taoG.iSg xdkuRef.rsm.&J 'ku©a0'emudk odjrifaom oufaot&mü4if .ocif\ b@mpdk.HkMunfaom ocifbk &m.í olwdkY tm.? ua&awuRef.0ifolwdkY .udk bdodufay.wlnDaomt&nftaoG.awmfwdkYudk tyfESHMu\/ 21 . 5 \oif.Muyfolrsm./ wdwk 1 .awmfwkdif.yef yg\/ oifwdkYESifhtwl &Sdaom bk&m.í? tpma&Smif vsuf qk awmif.tk yfwdkYudkc efYxm.aomol? xif&Sm.tkyfrsm.EdI.toa&awmfudk qufqHaomol jzpfaom igayw½k onf ? oifwkYdwGif&Sdaom oif.? c&pfawmf\qif.awmfpkudk xdef.awmfrsm.rsm. overseers \ trIudkaqmif&GufMuyg&ef wdkufwGef.tk yf (Elder)t&mü4if.jyoonf/ wdwk 1 .ygonf/ 1ay 5 .tkyf (Elder)rsm.onf .? oif.ESifhonftwdkif.üoif.\cefYtyfjcif. 23 toif.udk Munfh½Iaom odk.rl um.ü rpHkvif orQwdkYudk jyifqifí? NrdKU&Gmrsm. apjcif.vQif? oif.wGif &SdorQtoif.yG m.tkyf(Elder)csif. overseer [líac:qdkaom t&nf tcsif.ü wrefawmfrsm.yXemjyKNyD. (Elder) wrefawmfrsm.rsm.wdkYudk awmif.rsm.tjzpf xdkolwdkYtay:ü BuD.xdef. "elders" [lí ac:qdkaomolwdkYxHodkY pma&.ftvdkodkY vdkufwwfa omol? pd wfwdkaomol? olwyg. 7 ü tkyfcsKyfBuD.vG wfaomoljzpf &rnf / udk.f aompD.awmfü&Sdaomoif.ocif\ odk.u oif.toufBuD.cJhMuonf/ wref 14 .uJhodkY ? tjypf wifcG ifhESifh uif.rsm.MuyftkyfcsKyfolrsm.udk wyf ruf aomolrjzpf&bJ ? &Sifayw½k\pHerlem &Sifayw½konf oif. cefYxm. 7 taMumif.udk½dkuf ykwfaomol? rpifMu.wdkYü oif. 1-2 oif. bk&m.um cefYtyfxm.yG m. 5 igonfoifhudkrSmxm.cJh ownf.

½k&S vifNrd KUüae aom wrefawmfwdkYESifh oif.udk qHk.jzwfcsufcs&müulnDjcif.cHkjcif.a0. 22 xdktcg wrefawmfwdkYESifh oif.HkMunfjcif.wdkYonf a'oEÅ&toif.iSg? xdkuRef.? .0ifolrsm.aus.Zl.rsm.tk yfwdkYonf pD&ifaomynwfwdkYudk toif.aqmifrI? rl0g'ESifh Mo0g'rsm.[laom Am&SAtrnfopfudk&aom .tkyf (Elder) wdkYxHodkY oGm.cJhMuonf/ wref 11 .aomol wnf.? ua&awuRef.udkcHí? rd rd wdkYtm.? u½kPm? Nidfrfouf jcif .aom tcg? aygvkES ifhAmeAwdkYonf tjcm.vdkufyg\/ igwdkYudku.wwf EdkifMuonf twdkif.aEG.apjcif.wdwk 1 .jzifh bk&m.wdkYonf? rdrdwd kYtxJü a&G.pOfwGif? a.Mu onf/ wref 15 .awmfa&.ü oifwdkYudk igxm.usifh apmifhbkdY&m tyfay.aom tcef.k 'jynfüaeaom nDtpfudkwdkYtm.tkyfrsm. 4-5 qufqHaom.½k&S vifNrd KUü&Sdaom wrefawmf(apostles)wdkYESifh oif. qHk. 6 xdktcg wrefawmfwdkYESifh oif.jzifh ighom. 2 xdkolwdkYESifhaygvk? AmeAwdkYonf aqG.½Ic&pf ESifh crnf.f wifawmf rlaomt&Sif ocifa. 4 olwdkYonf Nrd KUrsm.awmfü acgif.k 'ESifhodvwdkYudk? tEdÅtkwfNrdKUodkY aygvk? AmeAwdkY ESifhwuG apvT wfrnftaMumif.tkyfwdkY xHodkY ay.tkyf wdkYrSpí oif .pGm yg0ifcJhMuonf/ wref 15 . wrefawmfrsm.cJhMuonf oif.awmf bk &m.a0./ qHk. tultray.tkyf (Elder)wdkYudk cefYxm. 29ç30 xdk tcg wynfhawmfwdkYonf toD.cJhESifhonftwdkif.\ jyóemtcuftcJrsm.aomwynfhawmftcsdKUwdkY ESifhwuG? jyóem \taMumif.wdkYwGif vufcHjcif.&rnf taMumif.tkyfwdkYonf xdktrIudkMunfh½I qifjcif jcif.tm.aMumifh a.Zl.ü oif.&mrsm.vdkufrnf[k? pD&ifMuonf ESifhtnD AmeAES ifh a&S mvkwdkYwGif oif .rsm.oD .udk pD&if Mu\/ wref 15 .0ifol taygif .cJhownf.u@rS ay:vGifxif&mS .iSg pnf.ü rpHk viforQwdkYudk jyifqifí? NrdKU&Gmrsm.tkyfrsm. 4 a.ppfjzpfaom wd wkudk Mum.awmfrsm.jzwf&mwGif oif. oabmnDñG wf Mu\/ wref 16 .wdkYonf wdkifyifnd§EdIif.jiif.ocif jyKawmfrl orQwdkY udk jyefMum.onf ta&.&Sdygapaom/ igonfoifhudkrS mxm.BuD.udk ñTefMum.Mu\/ wref 15 .ESifhtwlwuG pnf.tkyf (Elder)rsm.udk pD&ifñTefMum.tkyfwdkYrS pí oif.vdkufMu\/ 22 .Mu\/ a'oEÅ&toif.Mu\/ toif.ociftxHawmfuaus.odkYa&SmufoG m.jzwfay.aumufí nDtpfudkwdkY udk xif&Sm.½k &SvifNrdKUodkYa&muf vQif? wref awmfwdkYESifh oif .&eftwGuf oif.

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yHkoufaoaumif;jyEkdif&rnf/ &Sifaygvku olonf ocifa,½Iudk jrifcJhNyD[kqdk\/ olonf bk&m;ocifESifh udk,fwkdif
av;eufpGm w&if; wESD;oGm;vmcJh&m ,HkMunfolrsm;tm;vHk;twGuf tqHk;r&Sdaom xm0&yHkoufaojzpf onf/
1 aum 9 ; 1

igaygvk onf uRefr[k wf? vl vGwfjzpfonf r[kwf avm/ wref awmf jzpfonf r[kwfavm/

igwdkYocifa,½I c&pfudk jrif&NyDr[kwfavm/ oifwdkYonf ocif bk&m;ü igvk yftvkyfjzpfMuonfr[kwfavm/
1aum 11 ; 1 ]]igonfc&pfa wmf\ enf;wl usifhouJhodkY oifwdkYvnf; ighenf; wl usifhMuavmh/
2

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6

;

3-10

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t½dkuftyk wfcHjcif;? axmifxJ üaejcif ;? olwyg;½kef;&if;cwfjyKjcif;? trIudk vkyfaqmifjcif? rtd rfbJapmifh aejcif;?
rGwfodyfjcif;udk

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or®mw&m;udk

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taocHaomol uJhodkYjzpfaomf vnf;?
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jzpfaomfvnf ;?
tpOf 0rf;ajrmufol?
rydkifaomoluJhodkY

49

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t&m&mü xif&S m;pGmjy\/

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oifwdkYonf&S ufapjcif;iSg þodkYiga&;onfr[kwf/ oif wdkY udkcspfom;uJh odkYrSwfí

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2

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22

odkYaomfvnf;om;onf

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50

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&SdaeMuonf/ taMumif.HkMunfol 115 .&mig.yg.Zl.wGif? ]]xdkocifonf vltcsdKUwdku Y dk wrefawmft&mü4if.favhvmMu&rnf/ omoemaqmif&GufrIa&.tEIef.pGm &Sd&vdrfhrnf/ þwGif vlonfoif.Zl.udk uREfkyfwkdY tvJtvS.rsm.em.ay.tac:wdkYudk z.csufig.ESifh qkaus.aomaMumifhjzpfonf/ oif.? tcsdKUwdkYudk omoem jyKt&mü4if.tay: oif.toHk.pOfaoGzDNyD.vSonfudk jrif&onf/ þusrf.fpDü rdrd\cGeftm.rsm.vnfoabmayguf&ef twGuf uREfkyfwdkY a&G.BuD.jrwf aom"r®q&m(teacher)rsm.pGm jzpfaponfh taMumif.cH&aom rdrd\uefYowfcsufrsm. awmfwpfyg.om. qefYusib f uftwdkuftcH jyKjcif.jzpfvmcJhonf/ uREfkyfwdkYonf vkyfaqmifrIudkomvdktyfNyD.ay.þvIyf&Sm. rdo[m.tkyfq&m\ yg&rD&Sifq&mjzpfaomfvnf.ydk'frS uGJjym.rsdK. toHk.Zl.oefYaz:jyrxm.vif.faMumifhqdkfaomf xdkESpfrsdK.rsm.av.f zvS.rIonf tpGef.tkyfq&mqdkif&m qufEG.tkyfq&mESifh "r®q&mESpfrsdK.pmqdkif&m pum. þodkYjzpf&jcif.om&Sdonf[k xifrSwfMuonf/ (rcGJjcm.jyKEdkifygonf/ tb.taMumif. c&pfawmf\cE¨mudk.awmfwGif.tkyfq&m – "r®q&m (pastor – teacher) vlwcsdKU\pdwfwGif oif.av.? trIawmfaqmif qkaus.fí toHk.trIawmf (teaching Ministry) omjzpfcJhvsif þodkYaz:jycsuftay: jzpf&yfrSefoufaoajrmufrsm.tkyft&m? q&mt&m?}}[ktwlwuGaz:jyxm.}}[laom toHk.Zl.NyD. xdr&d Sif.fxm.rS . ac:jcif.jzifh c&pfawmf\cE¨mudk.?}}[kqdkxm.aom tawG.&Sd\/ BuD.tkyfq&m\ trIaqmifjcif.Xme trIawmfaqmifig.ay/ .cs.twm&Sdonfh oGefoifjcif.udk em.tkyf}} ESifh ]]odk.rS oif.udk rvdkvm.Edkifaom olwdkYonf aomoif.jcm.udk þodkY ]]tcsKdU wdkYudkoif.f (toif.rm.XmetwGif.tkyfq&m(pastor)uJhodkY ESvHk.om.aeY"r®opfw&m.ftwGif.rSm {zuftcef. vnf.awmfwGif.NyD.fjyefYaom twdkif.rsdK.&SdMuaomfvnf.XmepvHk.xm.us.enf. rdrdoifMum.em.EIwfuygwfawmf\ zGifhjycsuftay: uREfkyfwdkY vdkufemvkyfaqmif&efvdktyfonf/ uREfkyfwdkY oifMum.wGifrwlnD uGJjym.tkyfESifh"r®q&mwdkYonf twlwljzpfaomaMumifh wwfaomaMumifh)trIawmfaqmifqkaus.jzpfwwfonf/ pGmoifMum.jzpfonf/ toif. olwdkYonf þwGifEIwfuywfawmfudk oif.jzpfygonf/ @ oif.&if.wpfcku vkyfaqmifolwdkYf þtrIawmfaqmif udk.pvHk.? tcsdKUwdkYudk ya&mzuft&mü4if.jcm.onf a'oEÅ&toif.í ]]tcsdKUq&mt&m}} "Some teacher" [lí oD.pvHk.fjcif. (The ministry of the pastor) onf tvGef BuD.pD twGif.ig.xdef. (toif.ig.aom "r®y&wfowfrsm.rSm or®musrf.tEIef.rsdK.avhvmcJhNyDonfhtavQmuf ]]oif.awmf)udk jyefvnfwnfaponfESifhtrQ bk&m.wpfbufa&mufí nDñGwfrQwrIrS vrf.) emMuifrIrsm.tkyfESvHk.r&Sdol xda&mufpGmvkyfaqmifí tvGefnHhzsif.jyKoifhonfh qkaus.

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m 7 .½Ic&pfudk atmifjrifaom crnf.Zl.onf taumif. 16 a.udkpm. Oyrmwpfckjzpfonf/ a. a. 16 t0wfa[mif.aom tb.½Ionf OyrmyHkaqmifcsuf yHkjyif? 0w¬KESifh &Sif. toufa&udkay.ay.í taygufus.? onfudkvmí a&cyfjcif. 15 rdef.ESifh yHkaz:um Oyrmom"ursm.rSm vufcH&.awmfxHrS q&mwyg.vif.bk&m.rsm.vif.udk igonfudk.orD.jyKawmfrlonf/ róJ 9 . 10 a. ocifbk&m.vufawm&GmtESHU avQmufoGm.½Iu? igonfþrnfaomoljzpfonf udk4if.m 4 .udkcH.lawmfrljcif. vlrsm.½Iuvnf.vdrfhrnf [k jyef í rdefYawmfrl aomf? a.onf aus.ü&Sdaom &Srm&dtrsdK.? ocif? tuREfkyfonf a&iwf jcif.fawmf 0dnmOfawmf\ oGefoifawmfrlorQonf bdodufESifh wefcdk.aom udk. xdka&udkay.&Sd&mae&mwGif a.vdrfhrnf/ xdk olonfvnf.? uif.lawmfrljcif.½Iuvnf.f wwf\/ yHkjyif0w¬Kjzifh&Sif.&if.toHk.jzpfaponftaMumif. 28 xdkaMumifh a.? iga[maoma'oemonf ig\a'oemr[kwf igh udkapvTwf awmf rlaom ol\a'oemjzpf\/ Oyrmom"ursm.ocifaus.az:jyawmfrlj cif.ruvnf.awmfrlí xifomjrifom atmif pum.fawmf\ tvdkawmf&Sd&m qDodkY olwdkYudk ydkYaqmifawmfrlonf/ a&wGif.í vlwdkY\ toufwmESifh pyfqdkifaom or®mw&m.ftvdktavsmuf ajr§ mufxm.½Ipwifí oGefoifawmfrlNyD.? oifwdkYo nf odMuvdrfhrnf / a.? igaomuf bdkYa&ay. tb.qHk.yg[k qdkaomolum.udk toHk. iga[majymonfudk4if.udk txnfopf ESifh zmavhr&Sd/ xdkodkYzmvQif zmaomtxnf onf t0wfa[mif.&Sd&mütpjyKjcif.vQif?}} 139 .wmfudk 4if.udk oGefoifay.jyKawmfrljcif.aom0dnmOfawmf\ bdodufjcif.m 8 .awmfü oGefoifawmfrljcif.? oifwdkYonfvl om.ESifh oefY&Sif. a. udk.f tcg? trIudkrQrjyKbJ? ighcrnf.ES ifh4if.ES ifh4if.vHk.ocif\xHawmfrS oefY&Sif.vG wfrnf taMumif .awmfrlonf/ vlrsm.fol jzpf onfudk4if.yg[k awmif. oifonfodvQif xdkoludkawmif. bk&m.m 4 .awmf rlonfh twdkif.aMumifhomjzpfonf/ a. enf .awmfonfightm.

pGm jyKawmfrlcJhaomaMumifh jzpfonf/ a.? wyg.trsdK.? ighudkcefYxm.½IxH awmf odkYvmí? t&S ifbk&m.udk a[majymaomolt&mü4if.f&mrsm.ajymaomigonf ar&Sdyifjzpf onf[k rdefYawmfrl\/ owif.awmfonf xif &Sm.f&m edrw d fvu©Pmrsm.½k&SvifNrdKUrSpaom .faMumifhqdkaomf udk.fawmf onf qHk.\ wefcdk.? oifESifhpum.? c&pfawmf[k qdkvdkownf.fawmfonf jyawmfrlaom þedrdwfvu© PmwdkYudk bk&m.aumifpDtzGJU0if a&mufvmcsdef? wOD.? .q&mwdkYonf xdkifvsuf&SdMuí tema&m*gudk Nidrf.fawmfa[majymawmfrlonfh vltaygif. a[majymaom q&mt&mü4if . 26 ]]a.pHkwdkYud kabmfjyawmfrlrnf [k avQmufjyef\/ ar&Sdteufum.½Ic&pfxHawmfodkY . onf/ olwdkYvufcH twnfjyKcJhMuonf/ vkum 5 .wdkYudk owif. tvHk.k 'vlwdkYwG if t&m&Sdjzpfaom edaum'iftrnf&Sdaom zm&d&SJwa. ajymcJhonf/ tb.k'tkyfcsKyfa&.w&m.a.m 4 .awmfrlpOf? a.awmf rlaomoljzpfonf [k igqdkaomf? rkompum.awmf\tHhMobG.m 3 .ocif\ xHawmf ac:aqmifcJh rSjzpfaMumif. 7 igonf xdk oufaocHaomol t&mü4if.u udk.? cefYxm.ruvnf.awmfrlNyD? 140 .ocif txHawmfrS <uvmawmfrlaom q&mjzpfaMumif. jzpfovdk q&m("r®q&m) vnf.wdkYu a&mufvm aomzm&d&SJwdkYESifh edó&nf.½Irnfoljzpfonfudk odaMumif.iS g ocifbk &m.folrQ rjyEdkifonf udk tuREfkyfwdk Yonf axmufí? udk.wdkY\ q&mt&mü4if.wdkYtm.jzpfovdk q&mwpfOD.om.udk od Muyg\[kavQmufaomf ?}} q&mt&m ("r®q&m) rsm. 17 waeY oü udk.? wrefawmft&mü4if.vnf.om.udkqdk\/}} 2wd 1 . 25 rd ef.muf onf? nOfhtcg a.ESifh? or®mw&m./ a.foufao edrdwfvu©PmESifh tHhMobG.k 'jynf? *gvdvJ jynf NrdKU&Gmrsm.½IxHodkY bk&m.fawmf onf tHhMobG.awmfonf a.? wrefawmft&mü 4if.jzpfonf/ 1wd 2 . udk.\/ edaum'if a.fawmf onf bk&m.HkMunfjcif .apjcif. 1-2 .trsdK.½Iuvnf.rMo0g'ay.jzpfonf/ xdkYtjyif a.ocif \ tcGifh r&SdvQif tb.? ar&Sd<uvmawmfrlonf [k tuREfkyf odyg\/ a&mufawmf rlaomtcg tuREfkyfwdkYtm.? {0Ha*vdq&mwpfOD.udk wyg.jzpfonf/ olonf edaum'ifonf zg&d&SJwOD.\Oyrm &Sifaygvk &Sifaygvkonf wrefawmfwpfOD.m 4 . 11 xdkw&m.udk rqdk? rSefaompum.

. 1 tEdÅtk wfNrdKUwGif&Sdaomtoif.Zl .jzifh ? vlrsm.jzpfMuonf/ wref 13 .a&SmifrIaMumifh tEdÅtkwfNrdKUodkYa&mufvmaom .om.ü toif.jcif.taygif.pvHk.ocif\ aus.Muonf/ @ ya&mzuf – q&m &SifaygvkESifh AmeA ESpfOD.a[½k'f \ oli.awmf opfwpfyg.rMo0g'ay.pmoifMum. wdk ufwGef.vQif? ajymif.aMumifh AmeAESifh awGUqHkMuNyD. wrefawmfrsm.HkMunfolvlopfrsm.udk xGufajy. a.wdkYonf ocif bk&m.cH&Mu\/ @ .awmfudkjrif vQif 0rf .tjzpf txl.wdkYonf .aMumifh xdkNrdKUwGif. omjcif.taMumif.ESifh 4if.wdrf.Mu\/ wynfhawmfwdkY onfvnf .awmfESifhtwl pnf.yrf.uyf rnftaMumif.HkMunfolrsm.EdI.&GufcJhonf/ 141 .\ vufawmfonf xdkolwdkYESifhwuG &Sdawmf rlojzifh? vl taygif.Mu\/ AmeAonf vnf . tEdÅtkwfNrdKUodkY tEdÅtkwfNrdKUodkYac:aqmifum .a0.udk oufaocHjcif.xH odkY toif.HkMunfaompdwfESifh ocif bk&m.HkMunfoltcsdKU\ *&dtrsdK.awmfü AmeArSpí ed*g[kac: a0:aom½Iarmif? uka&aejynfom. í? vlrsm.taygif.awmfonfMum. aygvkonfvnf.wdkYtm.pwifay:vmcJhonf/ wref 11 .t&mudk tEdÅtkwfNrdKUwdkifatmifoGm. c&pf.ESdyfpufcH&í xGufajy.\/ awGYvQif tEdÅtkwf Nrd KUodkYac:cJh\/ xdkolwdkYonf wESpfywfvHk.rsm. qHk.xHodkY0ifpm.? .tjzpf apvTwfjcif. 21-26 ocifbk &m.ESdyfpufjcif. xdktoif.a&muf&Sdvmonf aemufydkif.aqmfav\/ xdkolonf olawmf aumif. t&if.[laom ya&mzuf jyKol? q&mjyKol &SdMu\/ @ wrefawmf – "r®q&m &Sifaygvkonf wrefawmft&mESifh "r®q&mt&m(teacher) tjzpfESifh qufvufí trIawmf xrf.ay.mef [l aom ac:a0:orkwf jcif.AmeAESifhaygvk n§if.rwdkifrSD ya&mzuf jyKol? q&mjyKolrsm.jzpfí? oefY&Sif. a&S mvkudk &S mvsufwm½INrd KUodkYoGm.yrf.jzpfaom rmeifES ifh a&Smvkwnf.wGif tvGefn§if.udk usrf.½k&SvifüNrdKU&Sdaom AmeAudk apvTwfav\/ xdkolonfa&mufí bk&m.wdkYonf .udkoifMum.udk rSD0J qnf .aprnf taMumif.ay.HkMunfjcif.vJMu\/ xdktaMumif .? jynhfpHk aomtm.HkMunfí ocifbk &m.&Sdí xdkol taygif.vkud ? apmf bG m.ajrmuf 0rf.aom0d nmOf awmfES ifh4if.HkMunfolvlopfrsm.vkyfaqmifMuolrsm.udk tEdÅtk wfNrKd Uü tOD.fcsif.

Mu\/ oifMum. 11 xdkw&m.? tmaygvkum.mufonf {zufNrdKUodkYa&mufvm\/ xdkolonf EI wfowdå ESifhjynfhpHkí usrf.? wrefawmft&mü 4if.? ighudkcefYxm. tcG ifhay.udk aphapha[majymí qHk.ocif\ aus. 7 igonf xdk oufaocHaomol t&mü4if .aomolonf wvHk.ojzifh? ocifbk&m.&&Sd &ef jzpfoifhonf/ 1aum 3 . rwwfEdkif / BuD .\ bmomüavhvmí pdwftm.onf c&pfawmf\ udk.ESifh or®mw&m.ocif\ bk &m.jzpfí? toD.udk a[majymaomolt&mü4if.? wrefawmft&mü4if.folenf.rMo0g'ay.pmü tm.? .wdkYtm.p&yfü &J&ifhpGm a[majympjyKojzifh tmukvESifh jypfudvwdkYonf ol\pum.jcif.ocif\ bmomw&m.\taMumif.? .awmfwdkuf vnf.aomolr[kwf ? xm0&bk&m.udkcH&vd rfhrnf/ igwdkYonf bk&m.jcif.yGm. tjcm.wdkYtm.odkY a&mufapaom "r®q&may wnf. tb.BuD.? pdkufysdK.trsdK.aomtcg? olYudk. owdjyKygap/ taMumif .fcE¨mudk uGJjym.HkMunfjcif .[laom? csvsuf&Sdaom wdkufjrpfrS wyg.jzpfMu\/ oifwdkYonf bk&m.w&m.½I c&pf wnf./ pdkufysd K.rlum.smOfawmfjzpf Mu\/ tvkyfvkyf bk &m.udkqdk\/ 2wd 1 .ocifhxHü O.aomol rwwfEdkif/ a&avmif. a.jzpfMu\/ ausmif.wdkY\ q&mt&mü4if.? cefYxm.oem.? a.1wd 2 .m[ef\ AwdåZHudkomod\/ xdkolonf w&m. 5-11 aygvkum.apaomolum.tb.aomoljzpf \/ tyifudkBuD.aomoljzpf\/ ocifbk &m.jzpfonf/ wref 18 . aomol onf xyf qifh í wnfaqmufav\/ odkY&mwGif? tb.ocif\ aomol csif.awmf rlaomoljzpfonf [k igqdkaomf? rkompum.apawmfrlaom bk &m.rsm./ igonf pdk ufysdK.aomoljzpf\/ tmaygvk onf a&avmif.ocifomvsif wwf Edkifawmf rl\/ odkYaomfvnf.aomol ESifh a&avmif .aomolvnf.xG m. rdrdvkyfonf twdkif.awmf udkigcH&onfES ifhtnD vdrfrmaom AdokumuJhodkY wdkufjrpfudkcsNyD/ tjcm.udk wyg.k'vl wa.f odkY xyfqifh í wnf aqmufonfudk vlwdkif.onf nDnGwfjcif.Zl .? bk&m.toD .udk rqdk? rSefaompum. awmfrlonfES i fhtnD? oifwdkYudk .udk Mum.om.folenf.? tjcm. BuD.? wyg.HkMunfjcif. a[majymaom q&mt&mü4if .ap&efr[kwf? nDñGwfjcif.toD.ocifaywnf.trsdK.aomwdkufjrpf udk tb. 24-26 tmaygvktrnf&Sdaom tmavZ`Ed´NrdKUom.udk omíaocsmpGm oifMum.fol rQ rcsEdkif/ 142 .w0wnf.udk&&Sdaponf/ oifMum.onf toD.lí bk&m. \/ odkYaomfvnf.om. rdrdtusdK.awmfrlNyD? tmaygvk tmaygvkonf "r®q&m (teacher)wpfOD.

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