(passives, causatives and get

)
4
Match parts 1 – 3 with A – C in each set.

5

set a
1

Have him report to me

___

A because I was his line manager.

2

I had him reported

___

B when you see him later.

3

I had him report to me

___

C to his commanding officer.

set b
1

We got the computer repaired

___

A or you'll be in trouble.

2

Get the computer repaired

___

B after he had fixed the printer.

3

We got the engineer to repair the
computer

___

C because it had broken down.

A passive verb would be more appropriate for ten of the sentences (1 – 15). Tick the five sentences
which should not be changed. If you think a sentence should be changed, choose the correct
reason(s) (A – D) from the list in the box then rewrite the sentence. The first two have been done as
examples (0 and 00).
The passive form is more appropriate because:
A the agent is unknown or unimportant
B

the agent is obvious from the context or general knowledge

C

we are describing rules, processes or procedures

D we prefer to put new information or a long subject clause at the end of a sentence
0

You must dry clean this garment.

A/B

This garment should be dry cleaned.

00

That baby really resembles her mother.

1

The stunning vista of long white beaches backed by verdant hills entranced her.

________________________________________________________________________
2

Our sales manager has decided to leave.

_____________________________________________

3

The executioner executed the prisoner at dawn.

4

A man who had never known that he had rich relations inherited the estate.

_______________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________
5

My parents are staying with us over the weekend. _______________________________________

6

The New York flight leaves at six thirty.

7

They collect the information from various retail outlets and they enter it onto the database.

____________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________
8

An unknown person has vandalised the
lift in our block.

______________________________________________

9

The ancient Egyptians were superb stonemasons.

10

People hardly ever see foxes in daylight.

______________________________________________

11

People must complete this form in
black ink and they must sign it.

______________________________________________

12

Several members of the international press corps interviewed the terrorists.

________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________
13

This house used to belong to my aunt.

______________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________ F The dry cleaners cleaned my leather coat specially. 1 They are delivering Daphne's new car this afternoon. ______________________________________________________________________ E A surgeon altered Tom's nose last year. being The matter is being looked into. ______________________________________________________________________ D An optician is going to examine my eyes this afternoon. using a causative have construction. Make any other necessary changes. We have had the outside of our house painted. allowed ________________________________________________________________________ 4 Having completed the project.14 The jury convicted the man and the judge sentenced him to fifteen years in jail. ______________________________________________________________________ C Some plumbers are installing a new central heating system at our house tomorrow. write a new sentence as similar as possible in meaning to the original sentence using the word given. _________________________________________________________________________ 6 For each of the sentences below. have ________________________________________________________________________ 7 They believe the suspect is hiding somewhere across the border. 0 The accountants are looking into the matter. not having ________________________________________________________________________ 6 I'll instruct the caretaker to open the gates early for you. having _______________________________________________________________________ 2 The athletes will have to pass a series of rigorous drug tests. _________________________________________________________________________ 15 They heat milk to 110°C and then they rapidly cool it to produce the final pasteurised product. ______________________________________________________________________ . we were able to leave early. be _______________________________________________________________________ 3 The parish council let us use the village hall for our meeting. got ________________________________________________________________________ Rewrite each sentence without the words underlined. been ________________________________________________________________________ 5 We resented the fact that the new manager didn't consult us over the expansion plans. A Some painters have painted the outside of the house. believed ________________________________________________________________________ 8 They sacked her for being late so often. ______________________________________________________________________ G An art specialist has valued our paintings. B A hairdresser cut Martin's hair yesterday.

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