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. / i

















Sam-|oN .12-.§_


1 1*

1 I _ -<-

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92§ -_ H. -, "=:_ v&#39; .."~ &#39; , __ ,;V-_-.r,",.! .~/. -E:1 .:":&#39; , T-&#39; &#39;1" &#39;:. 5.1-"&#39; F5.~ - FEt-1"» ___ &#39;. y_925_>, .. »_--.._ 1,. -_q9292-&#39;.$. 92 .=_1 &#39;». -_-111: 3




JAN 31 1977


Federal Bureau of Investigation
Michael E.

Office of Professional Responsibility

Shaheen, Jr.,


Excised Report on FBI[s Martin Luther King


"""""""""""&#39;-. 5&#39;. _

report of this Office&#39;s Martin Luther King Task Force. Excisions were made to protect the privacy rights of persons, toprotect sensitiveFBI sources and methods, and to delete classified material: Inaddition, changes were made to correct factual errors which were in the
original version of the report. will be released to the public.

Attachedis a copy of the excised versionof the

No decision has been made on whether this report

/ *L.


J" .&#39;. 92. R]


92 "S

W 3-

Kgg? ..
.-3+ -=" -

. Sf: -I -Q. R R2...

"A Ju§ .1 III!






naporcr cm

um nr-:1=Am:-1n~rr

cs ausrzcs

, SEX2URI&#39;I&#39;Y AND ASSPESJZNATICN mvzsnsnrzcns


r 1.

Januaxy 11¢


;_.-92 .____,_ _ ___

____ __



lN1 RODUCI . ..ICN .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. A. The Mission ofthe Task Force . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .... 1. The . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .... The Attorney Gmei-al&#39;s Directive . .. .. .. .. . Review up to April 26, 1976 . .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
TaskForce and its

Method of Review . .. .. ... .
14 14

THE ASSASSINATIQ1 INVEBTIGATIQI . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . A. Events Surrounding April 4, 1968 . .. .. .. .. .. .. ... 1. Poor Peoples Campaign . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ... . 2. Memphis Sanitation Worker&#39;s Strike . .. .. .. .... 3. Dr. King&#39;s Activities on April 4, 1968 . .. .. ...
4. FBI Intelligence and local Police &#39; Activities . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ... a. FBI Informants . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ...

15 21

b. MPD Inf:i.ltration of Invaders . .. .. .. .. ... .
c. MPDSurveillance Detail and Removal


d. Details

Detective Redditt from Duty

of Dan Black I- irernen

. .. .. .. .. .. .

24 25
26 33


e. MPD Tactical Units- Their Deployment and
April 4.

FranFire Station

No. 2 . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ...
. . . ... . . . . . .. . . . . ...

Activities on the

B.1. The FBI Investigation of the Assassination . and . ... . Department0 Justice Response
FBI Performance . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .

1968 .. . . . .

Evening of

b. TopPriority InvestigationOrdered. ... ...
c. Progressof the Investigation . . .. .. .. .... ! Bessie Brewer&#39;s Rocming House . .. .. ... ! Ganipe Amusement Company . .. .. .. . . .. . ! Inform-ation and Physical , S!

a. The Murder

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . ...

37 47

2. Alleged Conspiracies. . .. ... .. .. ... .. .. .. .. ... .

! Passport Search. ... .. ... . .. .. .. .. ... . 8! RayApprehended . .. ... .. .. .. .. .. .. ... .

! Celt IdentifiedasJames Earl Ray.... .

! Los Angeles . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . Atlanta . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ... .

Evidence Tracked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .

48 48 50
S8 60 61 62
52 54 S7

47 47 47


C. rteStory of Jarres Earl Ray ....................

D. Critical Evaluation of the

4| Family contacts and assistance IIIIQUIIOIIIOQ

ft r w @

Chronology of Ray Activities :


on and

A. FBI Surveillance and arassment of Dr. King ....

.H-IESEURITYIIWESTIGATICN . . . . . .................. Initiation of

Technical Surveillance and

Kifq-HDCVEI ooncaaoinconcoonccqnoceoo Technical Surveillance Type DINTELPRJ and Other Illegal

Predicatefor the Security Investigation ....

B. Critical Ewaluaticn of the Security


the Security Investigaticn ...............



it No.
Map showing

u 0 Descrigicn

location of Tact Units

Diagmm of Crime scene. Autopsy Report
J -I&#39;£ 8|

JamesEarl Ray, some known elcpmditures: April 23, 1967


5 6 7

Jarres Earl Ray, known


April 23. 1967 to June 8. 1968.

Reading Bibliography . Memo frcmScatterday to Ibsen,
May 22.. 1961.


V. AppendixA

cI:1t&#39;d] .-..................................


9 10 11

Pi I&#39;92n::r-r- in-I-irn .....,...-=.......
ht-zm frcrn Sullivan tn Behrnnt,

12 13

August 30, 1963. Memo frcm Baungardner to Septarber 16. 1963
Memo for Mam from the Director Sullivan to


frrn Tolsrn, Behrnnt,

Septerrber 18, 1963
September 25, 1963 Classifier} {Deleted}
Memo frcrn October 17, Behront to 1973 Tolson,


16 17 18

170 l?5

Letter from Task Force
Decanber 15,

Martin Luther King, Jr. to James Earl Ray,
1976 -

Letter frcm
James H.

James Earl
resar, Decarber

Ray to
20, 1976


Transcript of
Classified ifaeletedi Classified Deleted!

Plea Hearing . . .. . . .. ...........

Append.i.xB-InterviewMenr:>randa .

178 19!; 200 201




1. Hie Probl &#39;

Task 1- orgce

h November 1, 1975, William C. Assistant Director, Domestic Intelligence

Sullivm, fonmr Division,

Femal Bureau of Investigation,

testified before


Senate Select Committee to Study GovernmentalOperations with Respect to Intelligence £r@ lete 1963 Activities. He related that

md¢92.g =.nti.1. the assessi1:~.etion of Jr., Ringwas the target ofan
neutralize him stated that as an in

Dr. I rtinliztl-aerKing,
intensive carrpaigl effective civil

by the F.B.I. to I i§92t$ leader. Sullivm

the war against King "No holds were barred."
Report N0. 94-755, Final Report of the Select

Committee to

to Study Goverrxtental qaeraticns

with Respect

Intelligence Activities, testimny describing

Book II, p. ll!. This this F.B.I. comterintelligence

and other

c.....,..._=m=*g".. e,,.....==* Kirgg reached .st

news media. As a oonsequmce there was a regeneration of the widespread speculation on the possibility that the

Bureau may have hadsome responsibility in Dr. King&#39;s.
deathandnnynothave donean
investigation of

impartial andthorcrugm

the assassination.


§ttorn.ey _Ge.j-&#39;:era1&#39;s Piwregtix-5 _
ey C-e:92.erel oi the


I 92
1. I 0

lhited States directed the Civil Rights Divisim ofthe I
1_Je_pa__rt_tent oi Justiceto mdertakea reviewof the les of the Depertmem: endits FederalBureau of Investigation
to determine whetherthe investigation of the assassinaticn of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. shouldbe reopened. Mare


particularly it wassought to be determined: ! whether


my acticn

inrelation toDr. King by the FBI before

the assassinaticn had, or my havehad, on effect, direct
92 I: . 1 I

or indirect, on that event, and ! whether any action was

takenhy thers: which had,or my have had,any other
&#39;adve:rse effect tn Dr. King. Recommendations for criminal,

disciplinaryor other appropriate actionwererequested.

3- 9@s=_?~<-?-92*_1e&#39;:&#39; 12$<1 4>="11.?5-._.l?7§

vtwoservedasanedviseroobr. King,portionsoftheFBI
headquarterssecurity file on
of the FBI headquarters file on

Dr. King himself, porticns
the assassinatida investi&#39;

gation, lome

Dq_>ar&#39;tmnt as opposed to

I"BD 1es relating "

to Dr. King, and other Bureaudocmmts including everything cnMa.rtinLutherKing, Jr., heldinthelate official, om dmtial md personal files. J. EdgarHoover&#39;s

Bya memorandum to the Attorney Gaieraldated_April 9, 1976,the Assistant Attorney General in charge of the
Civil Rights Division submitteda 51 page report of the Chief of the Civil Rights Division : Criminal Secticn dated
March 31, 1976, adaody-lngthe results of the three-ten study,
Anna!-r TLBL on


! 0

by electronic surveillance witha view to determining

i. 4 1

which of such mterials
destroyed. The

shculd be and could be legally
General felt that

Assistant Attorney

the 1-should BI assess the culpability of its agents
involved in the wrongdoing by the principals tamed in the report.
ccncluded that barred, that civil

1 l

His 1::-zmorandun to the Attorney General
probably crinzinal remedies tight redress was timbe available to

the King family
I |92

but might also be note enban&#39;assing md hence that consideration be given
process or by or

than helpful,
to a direct a private

Y 92

payment by the settlement bill to


coupensate the King survivors,

with the survivors concmrmce,
Lfthis last issuewereleft

the King Fomdation;

tothetask forceoran

Advisory Oomnissicn, it should
consandrecomm.-ndasitsees t. &#39;

cmsider the pros and

The Attorney General forwarded Division memoranda
A 1 1 1

the Civil Rigmts

md oommnts thereon from the Deputy the Solicitor General, md r.-cm staff of the Crinrlinal

Attorney Gmeral, nmbers and Divisicn! to

the Assistant the Comsel,

Attorney General Office of

Pr-ofessicnal Respon-


sibility. Rae

Attorney General charged the Of ce of with the work of cazpleting

Professional Responsibility

randun states:

begm by

Civil Rights

Division. His unm-

involved four


untters. I- irst, a assess


ltmking dgatimingign D:&#39;t1-urcngh &#39;

in light of the first two questions, whether there is any new evidence which has cometo the attention of the Department concerning the assassination of Dr. Kingwhich shouldbe dealtwithby the appropriate authorities; fourth, whether the nature of the relationship between the Bureau and Dr. King cells for criminal prosecution, disciplirnary proceedings, or other appropriate action. As tte fourth point, I agm note that fromthe partial reviewwhichhas been made, Hr. Pottinger concludes we

and ha-zest; second, whether there was any evidence that the FBI was involved in the assessinaticn of Dr. King; third,

King, -by means both legal and illegal,
order todiscredithimandharmbothhim

havefoundthattheFBIt.nc1ertook atic program of harassment of Martin Luther
and the movement he led. Assiming that the uejor statutory violations relevant
m this @d».:ct so-old w 18 U.S.C. $ec&#39;~:io-c.

241 and Section 242, Mr. Pottinger&#39;s mmrandun concludesthat any prosecution eontemplated under those acts would now be barred by the five-year statute of limitations with the possible exception which would exist if there were proof of a omtinuing conspiracy.
As 1-netterofrnewevidence

with respect to the assassination my waderstanding is t:hat the Department has nevu-

closed the Martin luther King file and
that nunerous allegations of the possible involvement of co-conspirators are promptly investigated. The thrust of the review which I requested, however, was to determine

whether: new look at what was donebythe
Bureau in investigating the assassinatim

or in the relationship between the Bmreau.


and Dr. King Ili lt give a ctiffermt emphasis ornewclues inmywayto


the qeestim of invol92»m...=-at m thet
crime. At

as I

po .

%d up relevant m this latter
Ihe review is not couplete.

reed the

this point

memrands, nothing has

in the


Hr. Pottinger and all those who have commented uponhis namrandun reccnmend thet the review M e~_*,nlet@. Hr. Pottinger also has made other reccm:endaticns upon which there is scme difference of opinion. In my view, it is essential that the review be ccupleted as soon as possible and in as thorough a nnnner as is required to answer the basic qmstions. In view of that has already beam done, and the tentative @.e11_1.1.=iens reer.:hed., special -etph is call tpon to youthe

should betgven toreview the fourth questicn. In conduc g this you should
the Department to furnish staff you need. thef revie-r Divisicn

My cmclusicn as to conducted by the Civil Rights
is that ithesnowshownthatthis

eehlplete Q neeesse-y, p=1_1&#39;ti_eulsrly in view of the ccnclusion as to the systematic program of harassment. If your review turns up setters for speci c acticn, we should discuss the best way to proceed cn each such case."
s. 111: task Force And The Method of Review

The Comsel of the

Office of

Professicnal Res-ponsi

bility selected
&#39; Joseph F. Gross, me attorney

three attorneys
Jr., Jmes

frtm the Civil Ri§1ts
R. Kieckhefer md William

D Waite

from the Criminal Section

of the

Tax Division,



Jms F.

Walker, and s retired

attorney Fred G. 1- olsun,

who is currently a consultant to the Tax Division with
37 years of experimce in Civil Rigmts Division which included hcnocidecases!, Criminal Divisicn and Tax
Division prosecutions. As the senior mm the letter

xqas designated

to bead the task force. This


or task force bepm its work cn May la, 1976. Ihe committee
was further staffed by the addition of two research analysts, secretaries,

Ms. Hope Byrne md Mr. Geoffrey

Covert, two

Ms. Veronica Keith and Hrs. Renee Holmes, and two clerktypists, Mrs. ieroylyne Mzrray md Ms. Dana Boyd.
for an eventual

Consideration of

a~tentative outline

report based

on the chronology of

events in

the relationship

between Dr. Martin Luther

King and the_Federal Bureau of

Il&#39;_1192.est_ l.gatiQ the ts...-=1<. broughtiorce 1.1,:against the feet

that the eld of cm history before the assassination ma
just been plowed twice:
nemranda of

once by the Civil

Pignts Division
1976 and once

March 31, 1976, and April 9,

among other kindred subjects!

by the Senate Select Committee

to Study qaerations
Activities Smate
Sessim, Books By way
B. vf 1 U.

with Respect: to Intelligence

Report, No. 94-155 94th Congress, 2d
III!. however, the matter of

II and

of contrast,
15? Qvine: W W

the assasW

nu! PR5 31$ anan nun




Judged by

the Civil

Rights D:Lvisicn&#39;s Assistant Attorney

General md his tm assistants primarily on their familiarity with the Dqaartnaxt file on the investigation as it had progressedsince 1968. The Civil Rights Division : Martin Im werKing, &#39;Jr. , review memoranda re that ected
1 study had been mde of cnly the first 10 sections of the

FBI heackquarters file on the assassinationinvestigation

andonlyarandcminspectionwas rbne ofsomeoftheren~ain21% I4 eeeév-&#39;.:92.s= Hare wasre factv-=1d&#39;1sc=1==sion or analysis &#39;Ihe conclusionwas reached by the Civil Rights Division staff

that "the Bureau&#39;s investigationwasccnprehensive, thorough

anprofessicnal" Qixrphy n:elm&#39;randum ofMarch 31, 1976. p. 6! .i
It was determinedtherefore to begin the task force&#39;s study with a completereview of the files on the FBI&#39;s investigation
of the assassination. It was the consensusof the review

team that by

approaching the whole task by



the character md carpletenessof the uzurder investigation
-_ Bl 4-.__._... E-BWGL ___.&#39;l.1 I... __.IGI-Ll-LLL UH HHUB ¢._ ..1__ e._.e______ LU I-HE H-CCUITIBY J-v___-_92l_ _ ___A __ uazerai S IILQSG-.CI&#39;1

as to the Bureau&#39;s performance in that regardandalso m
answercould be

indicated to his question going to the Bureau&#39;s
if any, direct or indirect, for

possible responsibility,

Dr. King : death.

After the examination of the FBI&#39;s investigationof the uurderof Dr. King, the reviewteamproceeded to go




back and complete the ir.qui.."y into the Bureau&#39;s preassassination relationship included again in this with Dr. King. Necessarily

second stage of our review was

the oonsideration of whether the FBIwas in mfway
inplicated in the sander directly or force rade a particular indirectly. point of looking

Ihe task
at all the

material in

the FBI headquarters and

office files

on the Assassination Immstigation, being

the so-

11 A .e.. "M &#39; :.....= ...1: k_in File

en eeronym i"er l 5._l.r-ier

of King! ll; the

Fartin Luther King Security File Z]; the
Ca:&#39; ,n.fi1 being en acrcmym for Ccxzrrunist the initials

Ccminfil-SCZLC File infiltration; S.C.L.C.,

for the

Southern Christian

leadership Conference! 1! ;the file on

Comnmist Ir1_¬11;ence

in Racial Fatters f+_/ and the adviser to King File 5/.
The "M.1:rki.n file was solely concerned with the xzurder investi-

gation. &#39;.Une other four files provided a mslti-focal view
_____ __ _iV_ii_

y ma:

uq. 44-ssaal

2/ FBI HQ. 100406670 -

gl -FBI HQ. 100-438794 &#39;
_l_:_I FBI HQ. 100-M2529 and thepredecessor file
&#39;ent1t1ed Cr.::rm:nist Party, U.S.A. Negro Questim;

FBI HQ. 100-

§_/ FBIHQ. 100-392452


of theBureauintelligence : and oo.mterintellige.-nee
The scheme of

with respect to Dr. Martin Luther Kirg, Jr.
citation hereinafter used will be to

Im&#39;.nin:i.ze footnotes, place the source citation

in the

body of

the writing, and designateheadquartersfiles

by "HQ" and murber and serial and Field Office

by city andnumber and serial, e.g.= 153!.


Exceptionsto this scheme will be explained when

The more voluninous of the pertinent files addition to the FBI headquarters files


and the Washington

Field Office files were located in Memphis, Atlanta,

Baltimore, Charlotte, Birmingham, Orleans, losAngeles
San Francisco, Kansas City, St. Innis , Omaha,Chicago, Spring eld Ill.!, Milwaukee and NewYork. by task force These were The

examinedin place by visits


ranainirg files were xeroxedand forwardedfor review in
Washington. Pertinent newspaperclipping files maintained by the Department and by the Bureau and its field offices

were scanned.
In terms of

papers examined, mre than 200,000 concerning both the

entries, nnny with mmerous pages

nnrder investigation and the security investigation were covered. &#39;I five heattorneys sitting together originally


and later,

as the work progressed,

Splitting up


perscnnel. considered
ccxnpiling notes,

separate sections
or reading

of each file
aloud, or itansof

carmenting m,

noting forreadingbyalloftheocxrmittee. significance. Notes were taken,

when pertinent items

were encountered,
being each

on a serial by-serial basis
entry of one or

more pages

separate document


for accuracy against the tapes of those sur.-veillences. A canvass of other investigative agencies was madeto
determine whether their files re ected that intelligence

or ommterintelligence by the FBI in relaticn
Defense Departnnit, Informatzim Agmcy, Postal Inspection

requests had been made upon them to Dr. I<:I.ng_ -Ihis included tlm

the State tlm C.I.A., Service, the

Department, the U.S. the Secret Service, the Service&#39;s I

Internal Revenue

Intelligence Division

and the Treasury Department&#39;s Bureau

of Alcohol,Tobacco and Firearms. {the rhaterial turned up
by these agencies was e>ta:n. I.ned, albeit little of consequence

was discovered.Relevant portions of the investigatim reports
of the Memphis I&#39;olice Deparumnt cn the
zeroxed and tudied. "



In additicn

to official

files, the

task force


ccnsidered published material from the public sector dealing

with Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr!
Included in this

,and his assassination.

category were a viewing of the

Broadcasting Systan s program on the death of King in its "The Assassins," a National
program of April 1+,


Broadcasting Ganpany ".l cmorrow"
of books and articles

1974, and perusal

tn the

Southern Christian Leadership Conference and the role King see to acme valuable

oftheFBIinrelationtot:hen:urderofDr. Bibliography, App. A,Eh¢. 6!. Ihis lead


evidentiery mterlal -

principallythe oral andwritten
ects of the mnrdermd of the

ctatenrmts of James Earl Ray whichwas used to buttress
the reconstructicn of the
I- RT -I&#39;hl in-user ! i-I cn rn Q-1 .

Slime30 intervi.ews were ccnducted, principally in the assassination phase of the task force study. They were

helpful in supplementing the results of interviews done
during the mrder imrestigaticn. the review of the PhxphisField Office


m on-site inspection of the crime scenewas conducted and
the exhibits in the office of the Clerk of the County Court

for Shelby County, Tennessee, were e.xan::Lned.


11. mt ASSAS§_INATICN AI:-Events APIE} 4._1968

1. 1he_Poor Peop1e&#39;s_C_anpaiQ
To understand the movements of Dr. King during this

critical period,

it is

necessary to brie y discuss


Poor People&#39;s Campaign PDCAM! ,originally
Washington Spring Project in which

called the

he and the SCLC were involved first week of April 1968,

PCOXM was scheduled to begin the

and involved recruiting
fran jl6 localities in the

scme 3.000

poor unemployedblacks
for the purpose of

United States

going to Washingtcn, D.C.,and petitioning the
improve their ecornnic status HQ 157-8428-51!.

goverrmmt to

Theplanwas to
Lincoln Memorial

campon tl&#39;1eWashingtmPbrn.ment or
the first

grounds HQ 157-8428-132!. During

and second weeks, demands would be made of congressmen and
heads of departments, such as the Secretary of danands were not met, nonviolent danonstrations conducted HQ 157-8426--109!. Dr. King&#39;s planned travel March included trips to 9 major schedule for cities and February and various labor. If the were to be

visits to

points in Mississippi,Alabama, sddrh Carolina,
and Virginia HQ 157 e428-75!. By

North Carolina

mid February Dr. King had

become disoomraged with the lack of progress in recruit ig





point in

demonstrators HQ157-81:28-206!. Daring this low
1ePOCAMDr. Kirgwas pursuaded toalter his plats involving

and to go to Phrphis, support of s strike

the city : sanitation workers.



2. Man-nphis Ssnitatio_Q*j§orkerY_s;Sl:r <e
0n February 12. 1968, approximately workers enployed by the city strike. The strikers 1,000 sanitation

of Phnphis called a wildcat Local 1733 of the

were represented by

American Federaticn of State, County and Mmicipal Employees "
who demandedexclusive recognition agent, setting payroll of the union as bargaining

up grievance procedures, wage improvements, pr@tion systm es 1.-sell

r_1._-1.uet14>n of 92_r.n.icr= dU.P.5, and e and life

as a pension, hospitalization HQ 157-9146-X1.!.
The NAACP intervened

-inmrance program.

in the





the sanitation militant young

workers, excluding drivers, black power group

were black.


known as the Invaders was

similarly interested in the strike. Thegroup consistedof
about 15 members,mostly high school dropouts, and was a cell
of a larger group lcnom as Black Organizing Power BOP! headed
LI QIJLI-92-ll

Ihe strikers
ministers, connected

were also
with the

supported by a group of black
Memphis I.nte.rdencminationa1r

Ministerial Alliance,who adopted the name cm: odmmcy on
the Hove for I-Jquality!. It was members of this group that

were instrunental
1968, the

in bringing

Dr. King to Mezphis. On March3,
f the

Pevererd Jo


Centenary Phtfrodist Chmch,- Phmphis, member and onus, of stated
on a television program HHBQ- NJ that he wanted to bring

1!:. King and other heads civil of rights organizations! to
Harphis in an
behind the

effort to

unify the entire black


denands of the strikers

HQ 157-9146-X23!.

intervention of

these various black ccrmnnity organizations Msnphis to be concerned about the racial
and the possibility of violence

caused the city of
overtones of

the strike

R. King of the strike on

made his first the night

visit to

Memphis in support On that occasion,

of I-hrch 18, 1968.

in addressing

an estimated

crowd of 9,000 to 12,000 people at


&#39; H

the night of March 18, 1968 and left I&#39;Bnp&#39;n.i.s before shortly
noon on Yexch 19, 1968, ostensibly to go to the State of
connection with the POCAM -K1 157-91166-I39!.

Mississippi in

le City of
16-inch snowfall

Memphis was virtually paralyzed by I
the post-


on March 22, 1968, resulting in

ponement of the planned mass marchto March 28, 1968. Dr. King

returned =0 Phrphis on the 28:11, arrivingat the airportat

approximately 10:22a.m. By that tine apprmdmately 5,000 =0
6,000 people, congregated at about half of whom were of school age. at 280 had the Clayborn Te:-ple located Hernando St.!

£0: the sta_.1.&#39;t the nice, oi
the sanitation workers were

Atoordirmg to the plan oi the 1.nerr;h=
in front with the remainder of the

people following
I-iernando to

behind. The

march was to proceed north on
on Beale Street to

Beale Street,

thence west

2-bin Street

and north on Main Street to

City Hall. ll:00a.m. and

lhe march got underway at approximately had proceeded to Hernando and Beale before Dr. King. when the front of the march

it was joined by led by Dr. King! rear &#39;

reached Main Street, teenagers

and young adults at the

-12 ____..!_ .1... DI CHE IEICH

____ 0|-||_.!_. DEE-I 1

.__ __

_ .h_


_ __.

.. __....

of the

march! ripped

the signs

off.their poles

and began

disruptim of

the march caused Dr. King&#39;s aides to coomandeer

an automobile,and Dr. King andhis partywere escorted by police to the Rivenmnt Hotel operatedby Holiday
America. HQ 157-9ll»6-AS!. hr.
11:l5a.m. and checked into

Inns of

King left

the march at
Hotel at ll:2l|a.m.

the Riverzmnt

where he stayed until l-hrch 29, 1968. Dr. King and his party
were scheduled to return to Atlanta on March 28, 1968, at

9:O5p.m. via Eastern Airlines Atlanta the unrning of

and were scheduladtn leave Baltinnre

March 29, 1968, for

HQ 157-9156-45!. &#39;Ihus, remain:Lng in I-hnphis on the night ofthe28thwa.sachangeinplans. &#39;

&#39;Ihe ordered city L 7:OOp.m. curfew and approximately
3,500 members of the Tennessee Naticnal Guard were called out

to erui the violence. During the disturbance four blacks were
shot, one fatally; approximately 150 fires were set; and over

300 persons were arrested. Approximately percent one of the
marchers engaged in looting people who were criminally

and violence inclined and

and many of these were who had been in previous the Phnphis "Carmercial

trouble. &#39;1he March 29, 1968, issue of

Appeal" reported that many of the looters and window breakers
were black power advocatesand that several wore jackets of

the "Invaders". However, other sources, including Lieutenant
E.H. Arkin

of the Memphis Police Department, indicated




many high school age students had put the word "lrwa.ders" on

their jackets for effect and were not necessarily?affiliated
with the BOP movement HQ 157-9146-AS!. The violence and

disruption of

the u-arch was of great concern to Dr. King might have on the planned
to Memphis and

because of the possible effect it

POGAM. Therefore, he vowed to return
demonstrate that he had not lost

his effectiveness

leading nomriolmt

marches. with his stéf, reo_._1r:1.e.¢1 to

LL , King, togethe&#39;

onApril 3,
conference at

1968, atl0:33a.m. After a press
the group proceeded to the Inrraine

the airport,

Hotel, arriving

there at

approximately 11:20a.m. At about

l2:05p.m. King Dr. left the iorraine Pbtel for a meeting at
the Centenary Metlndist Church of G.P. Tines, Inspector, Security and Surveillance Rept Memphis Police Department, dated

July 17, 1968!. Dr.

King announcedat this

meeting that his

purposeinre to

Merphiswas to

leadamass marchon

However, on April 3,

1968, United

States District

Court Judge Bailey Brown issued a temporary restraining order
against further marches in Memphis HQ 157-9146-9, p.l!. Dr. King returned to the Lorraine Motel at 2:25p.m. and sometime
that afternoon Federal Phrshals served him and his aides with

0 &#39;92


the restrairdng

order. Security

and Surveillance Rept. of

G.P. Tines, Inspector, Merphis Police Department,dated
July 17, 1968!. -

At approximately 4=oop.m. Dr. King and the SCLCstaff met with the BOP group at which time Charles Cabbage requested
plans to start a "Liberation School"

nnney to institute BOP

and a "Black .. to

G:-op . r.

King agreed to use his influmce

secure funds for BOP and Rev. Andrew Young agreed to help
write up a plan. It is believed these eencessiens were eede


following a violent

pattern. HQ 157-9146-9, p.9.!

&#39; On the

night of April 3, 1968, Dr, King spoketo
persons at the Mason Tanple. He emphasized

approximately 2,000

that the scheduled massmarch umst

be held on April 8, 1968,

to re-focus attention on the eight week old sz-mitation workers strike. __ After the speech, SolounnJones, Jr., serving as

Liz. Ki_ng s¢l1-wffel-I1 hm hack to the T_or1:a.ine tbtel.
Dr. King told Jones to report back on &#39;I1&#39;ursday morning,

April 4,

1968, at 8:30a.m. because he had
with a restraining

to appear in court

in ccnnection p.51.!

order. thnphis


4 I

3. Dr. King&#39;s gctivitiesdon Apri1_§rL1968
According to Mrs. Georgia I4. Ihv-is of Louisville,

Kentucky nu interview: uqFile44-saaa1-2634, p.26! =1»,
Rev. A.D. Willians King, Ward arrived in Dr. King : brother! and Mrs. Lucie 4, 1968, frcm Florida and I-Iemphis on April

registered at the Lorraine Motel at approximately 1:00a.m. Upon irquiring about Dr. King, they were told that he was

attendin,_g a strateg meetirg at a c. nurch.&#39;Ihe three then
went to the church, but Dr. King was not there.

Returning to the tmtel, Dr. King&#39;s brother,
Mrs. Davis and Mrs. Ward conversed in rocm 207 until they

observed 11:.King, along with Reverends Ralph Abernathy
and Bernard Lee, getting out of a taxicab in the motel courtyard at about 4:30a.m. 11:. King was &#39;:Lmri.ted to rocm 207
where he until visited with his brother, Hrs. Davis and Mrs. Ward

about 5:00a.m.

He then went to room 306 where he and

were registered.

e helf hour later

m-. Kingwentto room 201where he visited
for approximately one Pour.

with Mrs. Davis

Afterwards he returned to roan

306 for a strategy meeting scheduled for 8:00a.m.

Solcmon Jcnes, Jr., Dr. King&#39;s chauffer, returned
to the Lorraine Pbtel at about 8:30a.m. to take him to court





However, Rev. Andrew
rwmrrr inefaa @-vuQ.-Q-ww-p rs? w-- Dr.

Yomg advised Jones that hewas going to
Rina Ha il t 921" F In - -uu=gee .--,_;.921.-.1 YHBE LEG wag--v nu-r T&#39;Ql&#39;HlDE? Qbviltwttt an-I

to remainat the
returning to

mtel. H2 44-38861-2322, p.51!. &#39;
mtel the entire day,

Dr. King raneined at the

room 201 at about

1:30p.m. to visit Mrs.


He was later joined in roan 201 by his brother, l*Irs. Ward,
Abernathy, Lee, Young,
The group conversed mtil announced they were

and Attorney Chauncey Eslcridge.
about 5:45p.m. when Dr. dimer at the hcme of King

going to

Rev. Billy Kyles onM-38861-2631», p.23!. 1/ Brrouteto
roan 306 to dress, Dr. King saw Solomon Jones, Jr. start thecaras in the theywere motel courtyardandtoldhimto

preparirng =0 go to dinneran 44-38861-2322,p.52!.


There is

a discrepancy in the exact time Dr. King returned

to room 306. Mrs. Davis places the time at 5 in an FBI interview, Rev. Abernathy stated the i1

of the day in room 3 6. He further: stated that had been gone from their room for approximately cm less when they returned to the room at about 5:30p.m dressed for dimer at the home of Rev. Billy Kyles. 2322, p.48!.

1968, he and Dr.

did not leave the motel mast

However, 4,


At approximately

6:0Op.m. Dr. King and Rev. Abernathy

3|-iauid to leave ram 3%. Rev.

Abe-math"; no

for a

unnmt and11&#39;. walked King out onto the balcony just outside
the door to the roan HQ M-38861-2322, p.l»6!. He saw Jones

standing beside the car cn theground level and
oorrversatim about that he the weather. should put on a topcoat conversation, Dr. east and looking up as it was

began a

Jones advised Dr. King oool outside. and Jones

Dating this was facing

King was facing west at Dr.

King frcm the ground

level. As
L.-I-_ --___-.9IIL5 LU -I -L d»L|

It. King

acknowledged Jones ccncern about getting -.
__-_.L~ -_-_ tlvugx I-L UH-5 _ I-!_H .L-I-LG

1&#39;___- I.-_---A _ -_uJ92JIlC5 IICQIU B bU&#39;LI1

cracker and tr. King
of room 306. Jones

fell to

the floor of

the balcony in front
for help and a number

inmerliately called

of Dr. King&#39;s aides, who were either in their rocns or standing

in thecourtyard, rushed to hisside no 44-38861-2322, p.52!. 3/

*l Sane

critics of

the FBI imrestigation have

speculated that

§olomon Jones, Jr. set

11&#39;. up King for the assassination by

mduly detaining him on the balcony. Nothing in the evidence reviewed by the task force lends my credence to such speculation



{Bl Intelligence
F151 Info-:T92ants.

and.Lo¢al Police Activities
G. Jensen, the Special

Agent in Charge of thelField rphis
Hester, case agent for MJRKIN,
the task

Office,and Joseph
assured _
surveillance of

have unequivocally

force that there was no electronic

Dr. King in Penphis.

It was explained that Merrphiswas not in

the mainstream of Dr. King&#39;s SCIC activities

of Special Agent Joe Hester, June 23, 1975,
However, FBI agents did


observe the sanitation

strike activities

for intelligence
Iqi;92 ___92 __ I-1

purposes and the Memphis


.&#39; ___4___ -

wen; and oonrioential to the field office

pain inrormants aid of former

_ O3 !


__ I


supply information


SACRobert Jensen, July Our investigation disclosed
confidential racial

7, 1976, App.B!. that "there were five


informants providing

regarding the on a continuing


to the tnnphis Field Office


The intelligence
to the activities

coverage pxovickd by these individuals
of the Nation of Islan, Black Students


of PSU, Students for a Democratic Society,



Power, Black
and the sanitaticn

Front, Afro-American Brothere
workers strike. There is




no evidmce.

that the

activities of

these informants


d.i_rectly to that would

Dr. King. suggest that

M_oreov|1&#39;. there 2 no these informants


were connected in

any way with the assassination Dr. of King.I-Q 134-11867;
170-1841; 170-1922; 170-2530 and 137-A885.!

Ib. l~_IPD Infiltration of the
to the paid FBI informants, an officer of

In addition
the MPD infiltrated

the Invaders in an
later exposed by the

undercover operation.

The officer who was
MPD, was interviewed

and is no longer with the The mdercover

task force.

assigrment began in

Main Street.

c. {PE _Sm:y_ei1]_._a;1ce ans Detail Rerm&#39;va1_of Detective

Redditt from Duty. 3&#39; Fran tlrm tine ofDr. King&#39;s return
tohhlaphis cnApri13, assassination. he 1968, until thetiumofhis by the was under physical surveillance

MPD. Upon leaming of

Dr. King&#39;s flight schedule,
Bureau instructed


6.1 . Pines of the MID Inspectional black plainclothes officers, Detective

Bchard E. Redditt md

Patrohzarx B. Willie Richmnd, to go to the airport to observe
the arrival 0fDr. Kingandtokeep himunda cont:&#39;.nuom

szrnreillance in order to

see withwhan he came in ocntact.


In addition Cnief of

to the

surveillmoe detai1._

Assistant of four men,

Police W.P. Huston ordered a detail

ccumandedby Inspector Ibn . Qnith,

tog: to


all I

L92: II

waiting for

Dr. King

to arrive,

Hrs. Thomas Matthews she had come to the

advised Lieutenmt

George K. mvis that

a.irporttopickupDr. Kingandthatnoonehadeskedfor

police to

be assigned to him.

Inspector S.-nith also asked were going when they left have not fully made up our left the
to the

Reverend James Izwson where they the airport and he replied: "We

minds." Nevertheless,
airport, Inspector

when Dr. King and his party
followed them

Smith and his men

at approximately

5=05p.m. Inspector

G.P. Tines stated in

his report that he was not conferred with andl-|as_no idea

whythe securitydetailvasremved frcmDr. K:|.nga.ft_er
5:tTI5p.m. Former Ci1:i.ef Phcdonald has no present recollection
of the security detail Interview of James C. Macdonald,

.fors=er ZED, Q1_i§ Deeei92e_r 22, 1976. app. B.! lhe seeerity
detail wasnot resuned on April 4, 1968, Reports of
Inspectors Don H. Snith and J.S. Gagliano as imzorporated

in Report of Inspector G.P. Tines, g.!
As a separate Detective Fedditt activity from the security detail, airport King

and Patrolman Richmond went to the

m April3rd and observed Dr. King&#39;s arrival. Wnen tr.
left the airport they followed him to the ion-aine Yiotel

and learned that he was registered in room306. Pedditt

telepbened héd_o,1_1.-arters .8111 i_-n£ora1.ed LL_=§.3§Qt_9 £&#39; &#39;l i_1:1

Dr. King was approximately l2:D5p.m. Redditt
and Richmond followed Dr. Centenary Methodist approximately 30 again called
location. Redditt

King and his party

to the

Crmrch where a closed

meeting of Redditt his

black ministers

was scheduled.

headquarters and advised his
was instructed to leave

superiors of
Richmond at


Pbtel for

the purpose of finding

a suitable

place where

elose s1_sr92.»eill@_oe could be kept on the motel. remained at the Centenary Methodist Church until the


meeting was over at approximately went to Clayborn Texple where he sanitation workers

2:l.5p.m. Richmnd thought Dr. prior


King would 3:0Op.m.

address the

to a scheduled

mrch. However, Dr. King did not make an appearance there.

Richmnd telephoned headquuters at about 3:30p.m. and was
hr UL!

scheduled to address a mass meeting. Shortly_a.fterthey
arrived at

the tezple,

Redditt was approached by Reverend
and told that the word was but that

D. Blackburn





home ina squad car. but refused

to move his family because

of a sick relative. _ At about thetime the squad car arrived
in front of radio that Dr. Redditt did Interview Redditt&#39;s residence, it was King had not hear of Edward bee; shot. site: announced&#39;cn the a couple of days, his life.

any more about the threat on E. Redditt, trace the July 8,

1976, App. B.! threat, we

In our

efforts to

source of the

have found that Pnilip
Senate Investigating

R. Manuel, an investigator
Committee, chaired 1968. While call

with the

by Senator McClellan at the to his MPD Fennel office in :i.n.forrnation

was in Memphis on April 4,

advised them based on a telephone Washington, that the
1nFn-nnnnr -

Se.-ate Committee Staff had

Freedom Damcratic Party had made plans to kill
lieutenant" in Mmphis. Manuel left Phnphis

a "Negro
on a 5:50p.m.

oonfirmed that the time

he was in Memphis and visited office did

the MP1! at

stated and that his

have 1 Mississippi sounded familar and of

source. Pbreover, he believed Philip R.

he said the events

the MPD records were correct. Interview Manuel, September 28, 1976, App. B.! was relieved
remained there

Although Redditt
Station No. 2, Richmond

f-rcm duty at


and continued

observe who entered and left the
6:00p.m. Richmond sawbr. King to the handrail on the balcony.

leave his

At approximately
room and walk

The Reverend Billy Kyles

was standing off to Dr. King&#39;s right. An instant later
Richrond heard e loud sound similar to a shot and saw


to his head. At approximately 6:0lp.m. Richmond telephoned
headquarters and rep-orted__that Dr. King had been shat.
He was instructed to remain at the fire station. Richmond

then yelled

to members of a MPD tactical

squad which had that he to the
south on

stopped at the station believed Dr.
of the

a few moments earlier! shot. He thenran

Kinghad been


fire station

and looked

north and

South Main

Street, but
the ten

did not see anyonerunning or walking, except
tactical squad who left the fire station

in the

running in different directions.

Shortly thereafter.



Captain J .

Ray arrived at the fire station md instructed

Richxond to go

to headquarters andmake a detailedreport
lntenriew of Patrolman W.B. Rid-nond. &#39;

of what he had seen.

April 9, 1968, a.!
d. Details of Black I- irgemen frqnfire Station

No.2-11Asof April 3, 1968, Norvell 2. Wallace and Floyd t.
Newsun were th.e only black firemen assigned to Fire Station lb. 2 of the rhrphis Fire D8P8J.&#39;E1 MFD!. 1&#39;E&#39;lt Wallace was

working the night shift on April 3rd and Newsucn $25 scheduled &#39; to report for the day shift on April lrth. Both of these
individuals actively s~:.;1po&#39;rted the smitation attending their rallies and making financial workers strike, contributions.

In our interview of Wallace Interview July 8, 1976

App. B.! he stated that at about l0=00

or l0;30 on the night

of April 3rd his captain-told him that a call had come in

requesting that a man be detailedto Fire StationNo. 33.
He was immediately detailed to No. 33 although it was raining and he was preparing to go

to bed. Wallace further stated
No. 33 was understaffed as a whole.

that while Fire

there was no shortage of personnel for the pmp tmck on which he worked. Otherwise, he does not knowwhy he was detailed.

F second reason cited as a

*,/ -me details of thelelatzk fire-.r_.-=n 1=».m.... I-"ire St-?.&#39;.ZL".".. 2 is
to investigate the assassination of Martin Luther King,
basis for the House Select Qmnittee





Also, cn the night of April

3rd I- irenarr Newsun, in

a vholly personal capacity, attended a rally at the Mason

Temple whereDr. King made his last speech._ I-Ihm he returned
home about 10:30p.m.! there was a messagefor him to
Lt. J. &uith at the fire
Lt J- Srnith __- . we _ -- nrdarad w-__-ww



Whenhe called,
- I--e ire sgagign

him rn -v__ tn - rnnn-rr |_ rw--e I-w



on the mrning

of April lsth rather

than Fire Station No. 2.

Newsun claims that Fire Station No. 31 was ave:-strength at the time and his detail madehis company short. I-brewer.

he says he never has received a satisfactory why he was detailed.


However, he did say that Lt. Barnett

at onetime told himhewasdetailedat the request of the
police. Interview of Floyd E. Newsun, July 8, 1976,

APP-B-! &#39;
Y__- -.-.J__¢_ JIILCIVJ-Ewb UL -g ,__A- -_J -ea.- -. _.e- -__._92_-a.-q J pd-5; ERG PIESE.-IL § D1 A-L- 92IET92 L-.L-fl: PRU [EVE

failed to


the ihdividual

who initiated

the order


the reason for detailing

Wallace and Ne-wsun. According to between

former Lt. Jack Smith, he received a telephone call

3:O0p.m.and 5:O0p.m. on April 3, 1968, from either Captain James T. Baity or former Assistant Chief Arthur J. Rivaltoh
in the perscnnel department specifically requesting that

Newsun be


No reason was given for the detail.

Smith said he immediately called Newsun,but Newsun was not


the fire

Therefore, Smith left
staticm. Newsun the detail

a messagefor Newsun to


called about l0:30p.m. and nith of Intervied Jack nith, dated

advised him of

September 27, l976!.


Wallace&#39;s ommanding officer, then CaptainR.&#39;1 .
stated that he received a telephone

Jolmson, likewise call

frcm someonein the personnel department requesting

him to

detail Wallace. However, Johnsonhas no present
who the individual was that made the

recollection of


of Interview

R.&#39;I Johnson, . Deputy C1-def, Memphis

Fire Department, December 21, 1976, App. B.!
Neither Captain Baity nor former Assistant Rivalto Wallace or has any present recollection of the detail of that any Chief

Newsun. Captain Baity indicated

district chiefcould have ordered men moved Inte tiew
of JamesT. Baity, September27, 1976, App.
former Assistant Chief shifted Rivalto said the fire

B!. Also,

people around a .Llthe time wten a ccmpany became because of sickness, etc. of Interview


ArthurJ. Rivalto, Septanber 21, 1915, App. B!.
Similarly, the former Chief of the MFD,Edward A.
He speculated
in" to

Hamilton, has no recollection of
that the men could

the details.
a "fill

have been detailed for

bring a company up to strength
Hamilton, September 27. 1976,

of Interview
App. B!.



me HI- D Strenth Report-Firefighting

Personnel for

S-&#39;h1.fBattalions t "A", Che and Eight, dated Apr l&#39; 3, 1963 -1

attached to Reinterview of Janes R. BO< i.CV£&#39;1ght, 20. bctober
1976, App. B! stow that Wallace&#39;s Ca-npany No. 2 at Fire

Station No. 2 was operating at minimum strengh five men! after he was detailed; whereas Ccmpany No. 33 to which
was detailed operated at one over the mininun strength


four men! after the
for Shift "B" for

detail. Likewise,

the Strength Report

Battalions Che

and Two, dated April

1968 Also attached to the Boatwright interview of October 20, "

1976! show that News:.m&#39;s No. 55 at Fire Station No. 2
was operating at minimum strength five men! after the detail,

but Otmpamy 31 to which he was
the minium strength four

detailed operated at one over
the detail.

men! after

I-bt.=evI=-.1, fl: Deput&#39;y Chief J s 0.
that the the fire people on the security station probably felt

Barnett stated
out of Wallace and 27,

detail operating better without

Newsun around Interviea of

James 0. Barnett, September

1976.! 0&#39;1 the other hand, Assistant Chief JaznesR. Boatwright
explained that the time;
received at

they were having a very tense number of threatening calls
No. 2; and that

situation at had been

that a

Fire Station

the consensus

opinion 1-as that

Wallace and Newsxm weredetailed for
I__I 1 QQ 92 E: _.!___!


Gal ! PIOTZBCTZIOH, S1-1168 t y YE? Cl- E DL8-CK

Ilr l l 3SS1.g BC1

to that

station Interview

of James R. Boatwright, September 23

1916!. &#39;

In this ootmecticnMPD Patrolman Willie n. Richnond
and former Detective Eduard E. Redditt. who conducted the

surveillance of Dr.King and hisassociates frun =15; fire
station, were reoorntacted and specifically they had requested that Both asked whether detailed. Wallace and Newsun be

and Bedddtc denied that they

gee su_o_h a

request or had knowledgeof any one else in the police

department making such

a request Reinterviews of Richmnd

and Redditt, September 28,1976, App. B!.


Oar investigation has not disclosed any evidenoe that the detail of Wallace and Newsun was in any way

ccnnected with the assassiriationof Dr. King. However,
the circumtances surrociding the details strongly suggest that both manwere detailed because they supported the

mesa units which other

were organized cities, such

for the as Detroit,

purpose of qvoiding riots had experienced Interview the

of Frank Hollcman, former City of

Director of

Fire and Police for lbcunents

Phnphis, September 15, 1976, App. B!.

obtained from the State&#39;s Attorney General Itan 9 Eran MPD
Miscellaneous Records! show that on the evening of April 4,

1968, at the
units in service

time Dr.

King was shot,

there were nine
as follows:


at various

Tact:I,h:i.t No.
6 B 99 10

St:-leer Imatims

Ihcxms and North Parkway
Jackson and


Chelsea and

thin and


Georgia and orzems
-mg; and Latham

12 13 17 18

Bellevue and Effie
lhion and Bellevue

FOtIL&#39;!Ggyggg .&#39;11 and
to the tactical units, the documents

In additim

obtained from

the State&#39;s Attorney General

show that there

were ten

regular police cars with 3 to 4
area of the Lorraine

men percar! in
cars were

the general

Motel. Ihese

at the

following locations

at the

time Dr. King was shot:





Street locations
Phin and Beale

232 230 236

Third md

and Butler

Lhion and Front Third and Belz

245 6

_Seccnd and Gayqso
hnp and Barton
Lamar md Bellevue

&#39; 369

Poplar and Cleveland
Linden and East

&#39;1 mp he Part of Iten 9 from PPDMiscellaneous Records, see App. A, Ex. 1! showsthat Tact lhits 10 and 18

were within a radius of one mile


crim scene


block of Mzlberry Street! at the time of the shooting; and

mu Lhits6,11and 12we within a radius of two miles
of the scene. Tact lhits 7,l4,l5 and 16 were located outside the boundaries of the map and are not shown. Cars runber 224,230,232,2h5 and 247 were within a radius of one mile
the scene and cars number 228 and 369 were within


a radius

of two miles.

However, cars nunbez 736,365 and 367 were

outside the boundaries of the map.

Particular ezphasis is given to Tact lhit l0
the activities


of its men, as this unit was located at

Fire Station No. 2 S. Main and Butler! at the time of the


shooting. On the afternoon of April lo, 1968, &#39;_I&#39;act 10, lhit
consisting of three ca-s and 12 men stopped at Fire Station

No. 2 for a rest break approxioaately at 5:50pm. "the unit
was ccnmandedby Lt. Sheriff : Department. Judson E. Ghormley of the Shelby Comty included Baker The other members of the unit Dollahite, RN.

Deputies 92J.A. D.:Four, W.J. Berry, Vernon and Ronald Haley of the sheriff

&#39;s department; and Patrolman

Carroll Dunn, William Gross, Jason Pbrris, Barney Wright,
Enmett Douglass and Torrance lenders of
Interviaws of the above

the HPD.

named men indicate tlmt

the unit
on the

arrived at
north side

the fire
of the

station, the

cars were parked
the lead

fire station

entrance with

car actually parked directly

obstructing the

sidewalk. The

second car was was

behind the lead car

and the third car

double parked alongside these

two cars.

MPD Statements,

State v. .Iames Earl Ray,--DuFour p.lM9; Bary p.l450;
Ghormley pp.145l and 1532; Dollahite pp.l&55 Dunn p.l457; Gross p.l460; Morris p.ll+63; and 1505; Wright p.ll+66;

Baker p.l468; Douglass 10.1469; Lenders 12.1471 and Fhley

llhile Patrolman Douglass remained with the lead car
to mnitor
station to

the radio,
take a

all of

tlm other
the shot

men wmt
was fired

into the
that killed


break. when

Dr. King

at approximately


these men were

at various




locations in the fire station drinking coffee, maldzvg telephone

alls, etc. Patro&#39;.Lran Pietro:-.d, 1.-to eesme"-.L;&#39;92g the s92_eveillan.c
post in the rear of the station, yelled throughoutthe station thatDr. Kinghadbemshot.
of the fire station

shot, allranoutthenorthside

and then east toward the rear of the fire

station and the lorraine Pbtel. App. A. Ex. 2!.

See diagran of crime scene,

Patrolman Douglass, who had remained in the lead car tommitortheradio, heardthe shotwhenitwas fired. He -.

imnediately got out of the car and ran toward the rear of the

fire station with the other men. After Patrolman Ibuglass
realized what had happ-z:ed, he returned to the lead car, along
with Patrolman Wright, and radioed the dispatcher that Dr. King

had been shot. Douglass and Wright thm drove
and north on mlberry

theleadcar _

south onS. Mainto E. Bntler, east onE. Butlerto Mulberry
to the entrance of the Lorraine rbtel. Douglass and Wright later drove the car, accompanied by one or two other un.identi.fied officers, north on Mzlbezry to

Huling, west on Huling to S. Main and south on S. Main to the

front of

the buildingslocated just north of the fire station. 1/


and hormley. Douglass stated that Ghormleyand other unidentified officers got in the car with him at the fire station and they drove to the lorraine Pbtel. According to Wright&#39;s version. he and

Thereare conflicts in the statements of Douglass, Wright

Douglassleft the fire station together and picked up
other unidentified officers at the Lorraine to the front 1*-btel. rear of the fire station and ran then north on S. Main Street.

one or two

Q1 the other

hand, Ghormleyclaims he turned around at the concrete 1.-all at the
of the station



Theothermeninthe tactunit

continuedto therear

of the fire station to a concrete retaining 1-all _abutting
Ihlberry Street. Du!- our, Dollahite, Pbrris, Baker, landers, Haley and Dunn climbed down the concrete wall Phlberry Street to the Lorraine Pbtel. and ran across

DuFom&#39; Marris and ran

up the stairs to

the balcony where Dr. King s body lay.
the shot had come frcm a red brick fte et.ation ax S. Street. !-Jhile

The people there said b-_1ildi_ g north. of the

DuFou:r remained with Dr. rbrris rannorthonhslberry

King&#39;s body Lmtil the

ambulance came, to Another

to ulingandweston nling

the north side of the buildings facing S. Main Street.

officer probably Haley 5: mm! was already at that point,
and Harris stoppedthere to assist him in securing that area.

Baker ran to the Fbtel balcony when-e DuFour was standing
beside Dr. i¬ing s body. i-Te thenran hack to §t. and

ran north for a distance to an alley. Baker ran into the
L112}? looking ior anything s=_spiei.=;-92e=. nor.-iced He that other me-nbers
probably the

of the tact unit
building with

were securing a building
end on Huling! .

its north

Therefore, Baker went to the
ani took up a position there.
After Lenders

corner of Mzlberry and E. Butler

learned the


the shot


frcm, he

found a 55-gallon drun

and climbed back up the

concrete retaining

wail on §t.

into the lot on


which the buiJ.ding where the sl-nt was fired is

"located. landers

observed that the bathrocm window was partially


He ordered him to get back frcm the window. Ianders also saw
an elderly white female looking out a window directly south

4- In

A41 Q Q 410.

rte Q-n an-non. In-I CIA


window. lzmdersalsocheckedthebushesonthelotfor

evidence md other officers arrived, climbed onto

checked the entire area landers and the roof of a one

for footprints. another MPD officer


story building which backs

up to Malberry St.

This building

runs along the north side

of the building whence we shot was fired. 1-"mam; not.h. !.ng
on the roof, they came clown and started up an alley leading

to a basement. About 10 feet up

the alleythey found two



mrth end of

the b...ldirzg.

..te mntizued r&#39;.&#39



Ibllahite noticed a mmbmr of
S. Main. He ran into the cafe

patrons in Jim : @111 at A18
and ordered everyone to remain

seated and not to leave. Ibllahiteem stopped nmentarily
at Canipe&#39;s Anusarnmt bmpanylocated at £24 S. Main where

he observeda green bed spreadlyirg in the doorway partially
covering a blue suitcase and a box containing a ri As e.
continued down S. Main a short distance near a fenced-in


I92nuun1J:IInIo manna F-L

1&#39; an J92 n-on-nqun--e 92J&#39;U§=L

.411-1AuI ammo an-uanlnlnnunn @l92JLUl-Lg, llul EIJL-ll=L

officer coming north on

Main. Ibllahite turned around

at that point and walked back to Can1pe store sahead of

92 -92 1

Gnnnley and Gross also returned to

the front


the fire

station after

first ruming

to the wall.

&#39; &#39;:eybothu1medmrthonS.!&#39;!ainandra:1tonardHuJ.
G-nrmley stopped at Canipe s
what appeared to be a blanket suitcase and a Broming barrel of a rifle

Amsement Go.where he
partially covering with about a foot

a blue of the

rifle box

acposed. the statements of

ue apparent discrepancies in Gnrmley and Ibllahite car.

be accounted for only

by the

mass confusion vhich mst have occurred immediately after
the -shooting. However. it appears that Dollahite first

observedbundle the wl"i.1enrn1:!.1:92g south on s. ram with
his gun drawn. But, he continued past Canipe s Amusement

Company and after he saw Ghormley and the other officer
ooningnorthheturnedaroundand tookupapositiononthe

opposite side of the street from Canipe&#39;s.

According to the transcript
HPD James Earl Ray

of the MPD radio tapes
General : copy,

Supplements, Attorney

Supplement 79, p.17ll+! Tact Lhit 10 advised the dispatcher t1&#39;a.t Fing Dr. had been shot at
By 6:06p.m. ,the dispatcher had

the !.orrai=.e Motel at é:D3p.a.
ordered a circle formed

around the lnrraine Motel md the buildings westof the
untel on {hits had S. Main. Pbreover, patrol cars and other Tact At 6:07p.m. Tact begun to arrive on the scene.

Unit 10 advised the

dispatcher that the subject

the weapon was in front ran south m S. Main. .

of 424 S. Main and that At 6:6Sp.m. white male. the subject At 6:l0p.1:n.

was described as a well-dressed,young. the dispatcher séject bad . relayed information lei; the org in a

from Tact lhit 1Q. late mdel

that tte

white mstang.

area sealed off, directed traffic, and checked out suspicious

individuals while

detectives from

the Homicide Squad investi-

gated the scene. Inspector Homicide Squad arrived at

Nevelyn E. Zachary of the MPD the Iorraine Pbtel at approximately

6:l5p.m., and hy 6:3t Jp.m.he had taken custody of the bundle
of articles found in the doorway of C.anipe s knusanent. &#39;

Zachary turned the bridle,
of shorts, tee shirt the laundry over to

except ior a tee

shia-t glllll pair

the FBI at about

9:30 or 10=O0p.m. The

and shorts were also turned over: to the FBI after marks were checked with local laundries Interview

of fonner Inspector Nevelyn E. Zachary, September 15, 1976,
APP- B!-45-



Investigation Of The Assassination 1. &#39;1he Department oiJustice Re§pon§e and&#39;FBI Performance 0 0 *Z

_ a.Ihe Murder. At approximately 6:00 p.m.on

April a, ma, Dr. rm-=s.n Int-Her King, Jr.,was standing
on the balcony outside of his roan at the in Ibnphis, by a high

lorraine Hbtel

&#39;I&#39;en.nessee. later, Mxnents Dr. King was shot power rifle
At 7:05

and then

rushed to St. Joseph :

p.m. he was prcmounced dead. The wound which tore the the spinal major

cause of death was a bullet neck blood vessels and severed root of the neck

cord at the

I-iecnphis 44-1987 Sub Sec. 1-1.3, and see App. A Ex. 3!.

autopsy report,

b. Top Priority Investigation

Ordered. The Memphis

Police Department was immediately a&#39;-are the of King assault

and prcmptly notified theFBI Memphis Field Office heeded by
SAC Robert G. Jmsen. SACJensen telephonically relayed the

information to Washington where Director
General Clark were infonned.

Hoover and Attorney

The Memphis Field Office

directed cm the evening of April a full investigation of

lo, 1968 to immediately conduct violation

the matter as a possible
rights conspiracy

of 18 U.S.C. 241,

the civil

statute HQ

38861-109! _.

_ 0

Ibis directive

soon becamenational in scope


SAC&#39;s all in 1- BI Field Offices A on April 7, 1968, to participate
investigation mder

being ordered

by teletype n A

and conduct a top priority
supervision. Ibis meant

their personal

.11 leads were to be afforded immediate, thorough and

imaginative 3.&#39;|IE1and |.&#39;|Ii92."&#39;Ii"s all possi " from s@ 1*"
exhausted. Also, of a lead 24 hcurs was set as the period after the investigation and reporting receipt rmst

within which

be ccnzpleted. for my failure

All SAC&#39;s were to bear personal to handle the investigation

responsibility HQ 4!»-38861-153!.

c. Progress of the Investigation. The
this top priority investigaticn is

breadth of

repeatedly evidenced

the Murkin files. All

in.formant: sources - racial,


and criminal -were immediately alerted and contacted for
if1f6i:TnE ticT1. The i and individuals The files known to other hate group- s as well as checked. Luther have violent proclivities were

were checked for prior threats

against Martin

King, Jr. being made

HQ 44-38861-2649!. Nam checks were cmtinuously on Selective Service records, city and telephone
license bureaus, credit records, motor vehicle criminal and divisions, civil

directories, drivers financial institutions,

the shot was fired.

Bessie Brewer,

Charles A, Stephens

and William C. Anchutz were interviewed

md a physical


description of a suspect was obtained.


recalls believlng that he had seen this

perscn earlier

that a.ftemoon_with Mrs. Brewer. Stephens described him
as a white male of average build, in his 30&#39;s, 5&#39;10ll." to
tell, weighing 165 pounds and wearing a dark suit presenting

a meat clean appearance M-1987
houseandinhis rocmat like Stephens, the timeofthe

Sub Asec. l!.
shooting. Also "John

Like Stephens,Anchutz was a resident of the rooming

Anchutz occupied a room adjacent to

Willard." He

recalls vatching

television in

his roan that -

afternoon when he heard a gm shot.

Inmediately, he went


Ihisman coveredhis faceasheranand carriedablanket
wrapped bundle. Anchutz addressed the my saying: "I thouglnt I heard a shot." The n-ma responded: "Yeh, it was e

amt. Anchutz described the man as 6&#39; tall with
build and in his 30&#39;s Memphis 44-1987 Sub A sec. 1!.

a slim

Company is located at short distance South thin a blanket

The CanipeAmusement
424 South Main Street and is just a

frat Bessie

Brewer&#39;s Roaming Ibuse at 42235 Cenipe Company

Street. In

the recessed entrance to

wrapped bundle

presumably the bundle Stqahens

and Anchutz saw! containing

valuable pieces of physical
after the shooting.

evidence was recovered shortly



The store or-ner, Guy W. Canipe, and-two oastcmers, Berrell Finley and Julius 1.. Grahm, were in the store at the

time of the assassination. Each interviewed was by the
FBI and described hearing and as they looked a "thud" which drew their attention, to see what had happened, they observed

the blew

&#39; "-" -


the er-ltrmce.

At the


time, they saw

amen dressed in a dark

suit walking


south cm the sidewalk away frcm the bundle.

A fee


later, they said, a white compact autcmobile -possibly a _
Mustang - proceeded north on South rate of speed. The mle was Main Street at a high described as white, approximately

so years of age with Anzediun build, 5&#39;10" 6&#39; to and an
weighing 160 to 180 pounds. thlphis 44-1987 SubA sec 1!.

Ihe bundle, after being
by a of a

discoveredat C-mipe&#39;s doorway

Police &#39;Depa.rune1&#39;1 tTactica.|."&#39; squad,

first came into the
lhrnphis Police evening of April 4, Inspector Zachary

custody ofInspector Zachary of the
in the 1968, between 9:00 p.m. and 10:00 p.m., delivered the by agent bundle to SACJensen who Washington for

Department&#39;s Hcmicide Bureau. Late :

immediately had it flown laboratory examination

courier to

Memphis la-4-1987-610!. The bundle

contained a Model 760 RendrgtonGamemaster ri e, 30-06 springfield caliber, various toilet and a blue zipper bag. with a pair The bag contained

articles along

of serfs mderwear

with 1.aund.t&#39;y tags, apairof

binoculars, twcfcsns

of 7

beer,u1dapaperbagbearing:nadvertisenentforXoxk Arm Company,Fbaphis, Tennessee, with a York Ams Canpany cash salesreceipt
SJ: A sec l!.

dated April lo, 1968 Memphis Ur-1987

! Information
investigation continued

and Physicslggxriidencg &#39;Ir§cked. The
with emphasis on tracing
4 .1

all physical


a laboratory examinat:Lon this of retumed rifle revealed
that it was clogged with ooline a heavy grease firearm preservative! and could mt be loaded and readied to fire
HQ 144-38861-1:32!. Ihe salesman also provided a physical

descriptim of

"Lawyer" which matched those previously

The paper bag Ccmpany led agents to

and the sales receipt from

York Arms

the Memphis store where the binoculars

sold the April A, pair of

The York Arm salesman explained that he
binoculars at approadmately 4:00 p.m. matching the descriptions 1968, to a white male

previously obtained Memphis 44-1981 Sub A sec. 1!. By
Cheddng the manufacturer&#39;s can codes and distribution records

thetwobeercanswere tracedtoSouthhaver>MirmowSt~np,
D-_.A-92...1-,1-;a 92.I-&#39;-_-_-I-_-,1-e-a: &#39; l&#39;lLbbJ-58-I-PPL 92 &#39;

&#39;Ihe center of the investigation shifted from Memphis
toBirn:i.ngha:nmApril9, when the searchofldenphis inns

Ihe possibility

of a link between Eric Starve

Ge1tandthe1m1<nowns92. :jectwasp92:rsuedinAJabanabythe

Bi:m:Lngham and Pbbile offics.

In their pursuit


_1ea:med that on August 29, 1967,Galt purchased a 1966
white Mustang autmnbile. &#39;1he Bureau agents also learned that the lioense in State of Alabama issued a motor vehicle operator&#39;s Starvo Galt, 2608
Ilnkuoni Q0! kill ;-I-L5

October 1967 to Eric


.l92na||_nn492 Q-:dIIII|I|I:c92|Iu nn|_ l1l92 -an-nn In DVGIHJB; D.L.l-Ll-I-I-UEHQHI, | I:

obtained frcm

this license

matched those previously received:

white mle,

born July 20, 1931, 5&#39;11" tall, 175 poundswith
44-38861-1180! .

blue eyes and brown hair I-I2

When the investigation mved

to Ga1t&#39;s Bir:::i.n,gha:n

address 1: as learned that Galtlived there in late August
mtil early October 1967. Because of the length of this

ocntact, emphasis was placedon developinginformation on
Gait : backgroumi.

Significantly, it

was learned that during

I 92 2


serviced twiceinthelosmgeles


No, alsoincidmt to
frayat of

the search of the ibstmwg a
Klemex box was found.

cardboard torn from a

Q1 it were thenames and Los Angeles addresses of Anita _
Katz:-rinkel and Ginger Nance HQM-38861-989!.
Tnree, lamdry were tracked to markings frcm the recovered underwear

Hcnn Service laundry and Dry Cleaning,

Hollywood, California

HQ44-38861-885!. The following

day agmts learned that the nameEric Starvo Galt appeared


1aundry&#39;s records.
Lastly, a pair of pliers recoveredfrcm the blue
the Rampage Hardware Store

zipper bag were traced to
iswithin Cleaning fiveblocks


HQ 1+4-38861-1174!.

Since it was Iénom that while in Binninghan Galt

pursued an interest

in dancing, all

dance schools in the

Ins Angeles area were checked. Galt&#39;s nameappeared in
the records of . M-38861-1293! the National Dance Studio, Ios Angeles.

Eventually, the dance studio oontact proved to


most important because it was through an interview with the
dance studio owner that a nally obtained. photograph of Eric Starvo Galt was m interest

&#39;1he owner keyed the agents to


Galt had expressed in attmding

I. bartending school

HQ M-38861-1066!. Checking the area, the

SchoolBarteudingl of located was it and provided G-alt :
graduation photograph. able to 1- or the first photo of time, agents their subject. were To be annng see and distribute a

sure of maximxn dissemination,

the photo was circulated

the news media HQ 44-38861-967!. Hbitle 1.41Los sngeles git rst Apartmmts and
contacted at

1_:Lved atthe Serrano Persons

later at
these locations

the St.

Francis Hotel.
a "loner"

called him

described him as a personwho kept to himself. A departure
from this characterization, however, to himself, was reported by Charles rode with Galt in the Stein who, at no acpense

Mustang Ins frcm Angeles to New Orleans return. and
Stein mcplained that he and his sister Rita Stein met

Galt t11rougJ&#39;1theirca:s1.n}iarieMart5n a
bar maid at the Sultan Bar located in the St. Francis Hotel.

Galthad1:e.nt1onedtoMarti.n thathewas toNa¢Or1eans endsheaskedifhewouldbewillirlg her cousin a ride there in order to pick

planning to

drive togive

up her children.

He agreed, but it
__l-0 q_I_ w1t.n ualt nan u-1Q

was Charles and not Rita who went along


ms scoured for clues and although Galt&#39;s hotel and roan

were located the effortwas fruitlessI-Q 44-3886_l-1197!.
Stein also stated Galt made
pay telephones along the

several telephone cells frcm
way but an exhaustive search of

countless telephone

records, l&#39;lLI1 and bEI.&#39;S subscribers






explained that

Galt conditioned Stein and

the ride

to Na-I Orleans joining

cn Charles

Stein, Rita

Marie Martin

George Wallace : American IndependentParty. Each joined
but again the ensuing investigation of this lead learned

nothing HQ 44-38861-1003! .

! il;_a:lt£. OnApril ll, 1968, a citizen call came
through to the Atlanta Police Departmmt reporting the missing

white Mustang.According tothis caller and another person.



in his rocm were e booklet,

"Your Opportunities in Lock-

snithing" md a collection
% of the eity of rlslaate

of maps.
with the

Oneof these


reside.-.c.e of !4L". . 11".

Luther King, Jr. ,and the headquarters of SCUZ circled
HQ 44-38861-967! . Other evidence of Ga1t&#39;s presence in Atlanta was received frcm the Piedmnt Landry where records showed

he picked up laundry April 5.

1968 H1 44-38861-3627!.

alt returned

Identified as
to Atlanta.

James Earl Ray, Knowing that
assassination all eon-

after the

ceivable modes of transportation

in, around

and out of


= ""



."rare- er,


trail was
from Atlanta.

cold; there

was no evidence-as to

where he fled

The Bureau becarre worried because with each passing

hour Ga1t&#39;s chancesof avoiding
better. Therefore,

capture becamebetter and
emphasis shifted frcm

the investigative

following Gale&#39;s trail. to to acccuplish this the

identifying Galt. Bureau initiated

In an effort a comparative search

of three

identical latent

fingerprints believed

to be Galt&#39;s

ll: L1-|l%¢LPLJnlIL

*@§ lu= JJV=L=92J

ibwever, the speculation paid off whenon April 19,
Jares Lari Bay&#39;s nngerprmi:
1 E Q 1 I Q! IQ I 1! __j____


card cmpareo msnucairy

sq an-3sae1-1515!.




Attorney General

dated May 13, 1968 in which he explains

that extensive investigation has not resulted any new
developments beyond Atlanta, April Director requested phone surveillance
however, was

5. Therefore,


authorization for

telephone and microme request,

on Pay family members.
never acted upon

T-YO 44--33361-3509! .

! Pas;-Err.
oellmate of

Search. From an interview with a former
Prison it was learned

Ray&#39;s Missouri at State

that Bay appreciated the

ease with which a perscr.


in Canada could obtain a false passport 44-38861-3889! I&#39;D .
Though it is not
cipitated a

clear that

the cel1mate&#39;s ocmrents preissued since Ray&#39;s

search of

Canadian passports

April 23,

1967 escape,

it is

knom that

on the request of
the also

theFBI Legatintianada Royal Canadian

suchasearchwas oonductedby A passport search was

ivbunted Polioe.

conducted in Mexico an the UnitedStates HQ 44-38861-4445!.
&#39;Ihough the search went through a staggering number

of applications and was based on the ourparison of Ray&#39;s
photograph to to be
9:30 p.m.

those sub-nitted

with the piddng

application, it up Ray&#39;s trail. At
Ottawa, after reviewing


the necessary break in
June 1, 1968, The

Legal attache, to advise that

Canada, called

the Bureau

acme 175,000 applications the

RCMP located a passport



April 24,

1968 under the nane Pemon George Sneyd which
definitely similar to Ray &#39; was filed by the Kennedy &#39;l92:a&#39;ve1

contained a photograph very -I2 M-38861-4190!. Ihe passport Agency in Toronto, gation, the travel agmcy concerning his

Canada. Incident

to their investicontacted the from Sneyd with the

Royal Canadian

Pbunted Police

and obtained a hand printed note application. The note together

passport photo and a latent palm print were forwarded to
the Bureau for laboratory examinatrlon which ooncluded that

Ray and Sneyd were the sane person HQ 44-38861-A262, 4263!.

8! lax gpprehended. The Kennedy Travel Agency also
provided informatima ticket from Toronto to that aeyd purchased e romd trip air

Iondon departing

May 6 and retmning

May 21, 196$.mt new Scotland Yard determined that Sneyd
um-medin the return portion to Lisbon, of the fare and received a a $14.60 voucher May 7, 1968 ticket Portugal plus

HQ 41¢»-38361-4319!. Inmigration authorities contacted. It May 7 but
1 &#39;3 -i

in Lisbon

were immediately

was learred

that Ray had entered Lisbon

had exited

for London May 17, 1963 HQ 44-38861-

Stops were issued by New Scotland Yard for 11:15 a.m. ,June

Sneyd. At

8, 1968, Ray was apprehended by officers of



-s.rd*-..=b. he ees 1_le passing t.hro92..1gh L-ritish
immigration o in fices the LondonAirport. At the due

he was planning a flight to Brussels, Belgium HQ M488614616! .

2. EtllegedGonspiracies
oumunicated to


scores of alleged conspiracies were
the Bureau. Fran the date of the assas-

sination in


1968, even

up to

this date, the FBI

has been approachedby mmerous persons with stories


which purport to identify a conspiracy to kill King.


is previously sponsible for

stated, each SAC was held personally an expedited and thorough review.

Based on our
is satisfied that the

review of the the les,
FBI 7 *7 did

tasll force

a credible thoroueh 7 &#39;7 _ _&#39;and &#39;7" i&#39;i7"_T"

job in attempting to identify any

possible conspiracy
the mrder.

or persons who could have been involved in

In each of the allegations received,

the Bureau immediately

interviewed the person whowas the source of the allegation
where this was possible i.e. where the source was not

monymus!. In

situations where the complaint was not an

hoax the Bureau then attazpted immediately

identify the

alleged participants

and interview them. e-_x_plan.at2n to dispel
as whereabouts or

Where there was not a sa.$£actory
the allegation
associations, the

concerning such matters
Bureau thm

would check f1.n&#39;tha&#39;. Ihis

does not mean that every allegation ultimate degree.

was pursued to the dictated

Judgment basedon experience

many of the decisions.

Ihese judgrents were also tempered by a critical factor. fifteen days after the murder, the HI
same person,

was convinced that Galt that this

and Ray were the

purchased the rifle, rented and fired the shot

room across from the lorraine Motel,

that killed

Dr. King.

While there were many

other people


whowere antagonistic toward Dr.King and
had qaparently discussed killing conspiracywouldhave tohave evidence at hmd. sination, the In all the him, any successful irrvolvedhybasedcnthe years following failed to the assas~

irwatigation has

reveal my

connection between any alleged

con.spirator s! and

Earl Ray including those alleged by Ray hitrself. lacked,

tile totally alone
Missouri State

ep during the


-_- year after

4. nuw

--,-5 Q11-n-.5: a

his escape from the

We have not addressed here the Bureau&#39;s of handling

C. The Story of Ja:1es*pE§arl_,_Bay
l. Chronology of Ray&#39;s Activities On

and _

After April

23. 1967 _


after he had April 23, 1

Ch Sunday, the 23rd of April 1967, served seven years of robbery in the a twmty

year sentence Penitentiary at

for armed Jefferson appeared at box K25

Missouri State

City, James Earl Ray escaped. When a truck the prison bakery where Ray worked, a bread

carried onto the truck to be delivered to a nearby prism .
farm. Bay had concealed himself inside the bread box,

and later

ed fran

the prison truck at a stop

prior to


reaching the Renz prison farm. 503; Huie, pp.24-27.! :1
Ray allegedly Huie, p.27!. trailer sitting and food headed first Q1 the third day toward Kansas City -April he burglarized a taking a blanket nights he made


by the Misscmri River

Huie, p.27!.

For the next three

his my

along the

railroad in

the direction

of Kansas City

_&#39;f&#39;_/ has provided Ray varying accounts of his escape from
prison and
The task

of his

subsequent activities
of his

prior to

apprehension. He Slew

force&#39;s most credible view

statements has

been used here. &#39;1hese admissions of

Ray are found in

serials in the Bureau&#39;s MJRICIN file, HQ 44-38861. The task force has obtained xerox copies of Ray&#39;s corresponda-ace with Mr. Huie which reflect the admissions cited by Huie.

the Dreamer, Huie, Willim Bradford, Delacorte Press, New York, H53 Hereinafter, Huie!; All other citations herein are for




tookatraintoSt. 1ouis._I-Iethenoookata:-cicabto. East St. Louis, called a friend who drove him to Edwards-

ville whence he caught a bus for Chicago Huie, p.28!. Q1 Hay3rd, Ray secured work for the next eight
as a dishwasher and oook s helper at Illinois, and May 3 me" &#39;.I.nd.1.m1" resided at

Trail Restaurant

in Winnetka,

2731 North Sheffield in Chicago under the name L. John J 5
Rayns. He purchased a 1959 Chrysler automobile from a private June 9th, omer on June Sth he failed
&#39; ~

for $200

548!. Ch

a driver&#39;stest, but 394!. Ray
to 1648 Lunt Street

passed the
June 12

test on June 12th
Sheffield address

moved fr.-an his
on June 17th
-J1me 17

where he paid one week&#39;s_rent 118! .Pay a driver&#39;s permit in the State of Illinois

was issued
June 21

name of John L. Rayns for the 394!. During the week

on June 21st

of June 19th Ray left his job,
final paycheck
which 1: was snag.

and requestedthat his
Lunt Street address,

be forwarded to the

Thereafter, on Julyll», Ray purchased a 1962 July 14
Plymouth autambile
St. Louis,

from a oonmercial
transferred the

dealer in East

Illinois, and

plates from

the Chrysler

to the

Plymouth 413;


p_.39!. Leaving East St.louis on July

15, Ray proceeded


to Montreal, Canada, via Indianapolis, Detroit
Windsor Huie, p.40!. His prime objective was

and July


allegedly to secure

a Canadian passport idem p.41! .

_ _

____ |__


___.¢ ____ ___1 :___


__ ____.r_1_._

stay at the

Bourgard Fbtel

in Dorian,

just west


Montreal idan, p.43; 54371:!.
Nut, Ray first used the alias Eric S. Galt an apartment July 19 when he signed a six in the mnth lease for

Harkay Apartments, Huie, p.43!.

2589 Nocre Dame Fast, in Ray then allegedly

Mzntreal 192;

held up a food store stealing $1700Huie, p.47!.
The following day he spent~ $300 for new clothes at t. atherine the Tip Top Tailors, 588 mt and p.48!. He suit at West, had his hair

a manJ&#39;.cu&#39;re at the Queen Elizabeth I-btel Huie, also ordered the English on July 21st a $75 tailor-made

and Scotch Woolen Canpany 692!.

A unnth and a half

later, by

a letter
this tailoring the finished

from Birmingham
ccmpany was garment to @ days later Inc., in Fay July 25+ &#39;

dated September 6, 1967, instructed by at his ordered three Ray to send

then Birmingham address.! Ihree sex books frcxn Future Books,

Inglewood, California,
enrolled in

192!, and

on July 23th,

he July


a correspondence Falls, New

course at

the I.ocl<sm:|&#39;.thing Both nntters

Institute, Little

Jersey 068!.

were paid by Canadian mney orders.

-67- _

Ray vacationed, beginning 30th, July the at July 30;
Gtaylbcks Innon1.ake0uirmet inthe Iaurentian hagust

Alu A

l9292I -1-92O-an | n92JlI-G-L

a respectable uounanvouch to for himona passport

application. He "picked by up" a female Canadian &#39;
Government anployee and her girlfriend and spent the

next few days with than before
Pbntreal on August 7th, ttawa

leaving on August 7th;

The two women followed, stayed overnight with Ray in August
and them returned to their pp.5l-53; Huie, SW2!. Ch for August

reside-xces in August 9th, he glass ior August 19th, Ottawa, but

purchased by money&#39; order a fonmJ.a a two-may mirror 192!. Fay visited did not on


Ammsr 19 -i¢_-- _-

the goverrment employee in him on his

importune her to assist Huie, p.54 !. approximately tun

passport application During the

and one-half


truth of

the story,

Ray left ibntreel, met


brother at Horthbrooke, Illinois,
oer to his brother fran Northbrooke Jerry or Chicago

gave his Plymuth
413! ,proeeeded

to Birmingham, stayed

August 26th at the

.h&#39;a.nad.a Hotel, 2230 Fourth and that S. Galt

Avenue as John L. Rayns SQOO;Huie, p.61!, samedayalso tookarocminthen-meEric at the

Economy Rocrns,2608 Highland Avenue 324!. as Galt, giving the Highland lie. 5517 August 26

&#39;l92-no later Pay, days

Avenue address, rented safety at the
323 -

deposit box

Main Office,

Birmingham Trust National Bank
eoeess record on this

623 Ihe

box shows entries at 1:52p.m. to

2:32p.m. on August 28; frcm August 28

1:S6p.m. on September S; from 11:05

=5 11:08a.m. on September 21; andfrcm 1O:16a.m.
to 1O:19a..m. on September 28 323!. The purchase of e white 1966 Ford Phstang was

accornplishedattheendofAugustbyansweri:nge .
éw ji fiéf E0 GT1 L

August 29-30 august cash tp William D. checks with
himself aclnitted

and pay ag 28!. All

.e__ Ln

Paisley on car
to author

the 30th

p92;:¢_:hese ¢;&#39;h;:om1og"v Fay
William Bradford Huie

Bey as Eric Starve Galt, applied for and was issued Alabama driver&#39;s license No.28l>89l+7#143!. September 6

&#39; sig-uaturre 1é matches the otf

hiT 1uwI"&#39; -it .u s o


same name M43!.

At some point ducting his stay


Birminghau, Raypurchased a .38 revolve: which was
found on his person on his arrest in Heath;-ow Airport,

London, England 422!. 0-1 Sept er
dance classes at

12th, Ray enrolled for 5 weekly
the Continental Dance Club Studios



B12 Pbdern Photographic Book Publishing couponorder letter September26

Go. Inc. , of NewYork City received a frcm Eric S. Gait for a

photo Book 33! and a

by Ray as Galt written September 26, asking

that. the

sent as hewasmovingandwouldgive 143!.

changedaddress later

&#39;Ihe-handw&#39; was

identical with Ray&#39;s £»llo3! . Ray purchased a bank draft from the Exchange
I 5


Security Bank, 5

points SouthBranch, Bimingham

payable to the Superior Bulk Film Co. of Chicagoand this ecccmpanied an order tn that company for a Kodak splicer and a 20 Then

Super 8 zmvie camera, a projector, a

foot rerrote control cable; price $337.24 135!.





later m which he acknowledged receipt of the items
he had ordered but returned the tovie camera as the .

wrong one; he stated he was
October 7, and would

leaving for

Mexico on
to which

send a new

the correct

movie camera could be forwarded 186!.

Lt: September30th, Ray paid only for his
Ray, as Galt, was No.1-38993 for l968. He

room 118! .
October 6

issued Alabama license tags left Binrdngham for Mexico

cn October 6Huie, Ray purchased a 30

p.66!. On

the Bth of October, policy



day Mexican auto insurance


October 904!. He reached Acapulco _On October 10th. proceeded

l 5

to Guadalajara

cm October 15th and left there


the 18th for Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco,
arriving in Puerto Vallarta on the 19th

l+96! .He

18 19


registered in Room 212 of the Hotel Rio
on this date; his "Galt" signature

at I-brelos 86

and writings


his other Galt writings

A143!. Galt

typed a letter

Valletta address which had in lieu of the Kodak to his movie camera vacated

been mailed meanwhile

Birmingham address 116!. Again on this note matched the string 1143!. For

the written of "Galt"


signatures. November 6-13

sane reason Huie says Ray said he wanted


aweekinaunre expensive


beach.! Huie,
fran the Rio to

p.81!, Ray switched hotels, going
the Hotel Tropicana 219!. He

spent mast of his time in the
19 to lbvember 13, 1967, with Morales, whose true 219!, and possibly

period Eran October
a girlfriend, Irma

name is l &#39;anue1a Aguirre Medrano another female named Nina

Huie, p.8!. Ray left Puerto Vallarta and drove to Los

Angeles where he rentedan apartment at 1535North
Serrano Avenue on the 19th of November. 68; Huie,

p.85!. He

then wrote a typed letter to

the Superior

Bulk Film Ccupany, Chicago, to forward to his
address the refund due him for the undelivered Kodak

nmrie camera; the signature the other "G-alt" signatures. second week of six

rm this 143!. of his visits to

letter matches

In this

stay in Los a clinical of

Novarber 14

Ray began a series psychologist, Dr.

Mark 0. Freeman, in hopes



Novazber December


Apparently, in a
Ray enrolled

further self-improvementstep,
Decanber 5

in a course of dancing instmctions
Dance Studio, 143!.

the omer of the National Avenue, long

2026 Pacific Q1 December
December 13

Beach, California

13th, Ray wrote his Birmingham bank safety deposit box dancing lesson contract &#39; at the Avalon 323!.

to close his
December 14

He paid $100 on the of December, left

en the lloth

le-i&#39;1ers E: I IJT1 fY, Ihc. ,
December 15

5662, lbllyuood day-ticket No.3l053

Blvd. , Los Angeles, on the following and laundry mark "20R-3" mde 143!; and also

by a Iheron Seal marking machine

on December 15th Bay, as Galt still, began a romd
trip drive with Charles J. Stein, 5666 Prarnklin

Avenue, los Amgeles, to New Orleans in liay white s
Imstang to pick up Stein&#39;s sister&#39;s two small children
December 17

143!. Stein and Pay arrived in New Orleans onthe
* the latt fé§i§f.e1&#39;1r|g at the "&#39;_ wm-" -tie]. Hotel, Room126 399!. The "Galt"

1021+Chartes Street,


card si2:nature matched

the striruz of

such signatures in Bay&#39;s odyssey and he further
recorded that he was driving a Mistang with Alabama

license No.1-38993 and gave his address as 2608 1-lighland Avenue, Birrningham 143!.




. Ray time on the

checked out before 19t- 1 end, with the

the l:00p.m. two children to Ins

checkout and Angeles

Decenber 19

Charles Stein,

made the return trip

first of the series of dancing lessons he had

December 21 December 22

signed up for. Tne
laundry. Four more

next day he picked up his
dancing lessons are recorded
December 25 , 26 .27628

next 1143!. I1 December 28, 1967, Pay first his interest particularly toe letter of inquiry in zhzmigratlng to Africa, white ruled to Hr. indicated and mre a

area, ~by writing

John Acord, Chairman,
Council, 800 Fourth St. ,

American-Southern African

S.W., Washington, D.C.; the signature of Galt

batched up with the other Gait
Day. Huie, p.96!. Dance
on the 2nd and

writings. 143!.
lessons are cbcunented
325!. Gelt

Pay said he visited Las Vegas on New Year&#39;s

1968 January 1 ,2&3

3rd days of 1968

bought Bank
in the

of America
amunt of $15

moneyorder No.0799
frcm the Hollywood Western


Breath peyeble to
sigwture lh3!
for dance

Lee!-:s1nit_l1ir;g lnstitute 32.5!


.Meanwhile Ray sl-owed up regularly
Q1 January 19th Ray signed January 9,11 ,15

lessons 325!.



up for

a bartmding

course at

the International


of Bartending 2125 Sunset Boulevard 325!; his _
application signature
143!. He left his

fits his
laundry at

other Galt signatures
the Home Service Pollywood Boulevard name

laundry and Dry Cleaning Co. at 5280 325, cites with Thernn Seal laundry list

290.3065 in E. G-alt :

sticker 023-6,

the marking cm the

&#39;1 -shirt shorts and in the

bag abandoned at the


door of G1-mipe&#39;s nusenent Go. in lhrphis,
1968!. -Ch

April 4,

January 21, 1968, Ray changed his lodgings

to Roan 403 of the St. Boulevard 325!. 29th, 30th, On the

Francis Hotel, 5533 22nd and 1, 5, on the

Hollywood 23rd, 25th,

31st, February

6, 8 and 12, Ray

regularly attended

dance lessms 325!. He


bartending school through to March 2, 1968. He bought
two Bank of Imerica mney orders on the 29th of January,

January 29

one to place anadin the Free Press soliciting a 0
fenalepenpal andthe forwarding service second topay 500!. Each foramail transaction created

a handwriting

match as did e Bank of America rmney order

No.0799 17281 payable to the locksmithing Institute, January
Little Fall, New Jersey 325!.





lie;-"s l9é6 14_Jst_o-rg
bb.l-38993 registered
Galt was serviced cn

1.-rith Jlebae liege-e

in Alabama under the alias
the 13th at a Chevron Statim,

1506 North hbrmndic at 34,185.

Avenue, Los Angeles with mileage some 200 miles

Another undated servicing at Cbrt

later occurred Boulevard in

Fox Ford Co. ,4531 Hollywood 325!. his social life by February l7

Ins Angeles

Ray attempted to increase writing and sending his

photograph to

a wcman listed

by "The local winger"
$1.00; Ray in fact
_-|11- ndu-new-n-wn W W ibik nuns: n:-1|-lav! iii ml


was secured for
#116! . me Feb :-..=_=.ry 26

wrote 5 such letters

&#39;F&#39;R&#39;|"e n92:|Pn1-n1v92c an! Q U6 mi ? M

Ray&#39;s photograph secured. For Pay ordered books frcm Future

reading material, Books paying by .500!. The

__ money

order 110.0799 l9l>30 on the 26th.

signature matchup was made A163!. Ch this Ray made a money order
Incl-csmitlding Institute

sane day

payment 510.0799 19701 to the
325!. He sent another.

No.0799 19704, for the "LocI<smith&#39;s Ledger" with
matching sig92atm-e
Nos.0799 19702


he sent

two money orders,
a Letter order to

and U799 19103, and

Tiffany Enterprises,
Q an-rI&#39;1.nw-Ag»-w 1-sauna; Q LL BLUE-L IIIHBE.

8512 Whitworth Drive in Ios Angel ES
Faun nan £95 91$ n? 15 -:11-92ac:_92 1&#39;92:HAlIn&#39;F&#39;FG FLA: 92-Id» 92|IGlkf2|l»iEII92- otasulq-92.l-0-low

500! , with sig1atu:res
docmzats #143! .

matchable on two of the three


At intervals in his stay in nos Angeles,Qay
hadpLu&#39;>ti.c surge:ydo:1etod1angehisag=earance author uieputsi-J1.i.s1:reat1nentasmMard13, land 11, 1968, Huie, pp.107-B!: he visited a psych:>1ogist-

hypnotist, Reverend Huie, p.102!,

Vbn Koss an January 4, 1968 acme seven othe.r

and allegedly

psych:i.atr.i.st5| hypnotists

or scientologists.

Accordingtoauthor uie, hefrequentedabarlomcwm
asthenabbi srbotclubandama-:enightbecz|:ne

involved m a racial argurent followedty admugginq in
which he ma hiswallet stolen and 105: his suit jacket,
ax keys and driver&#39;s license 0-Iuie, p.96-98!. According

toauthorHuieci1:LngRayash.i.s source, Raytelephoned
Alabamaandhadaduaplicaue 1_icenseissued:thiswas

and Iemivedthere aboutMarch 10, 1968 H1-lie,
"Gait" was graduated frtln the bartending

p.98!_. _

cnthe2ndofMa.rch. H.i.spic:&#39;!:urewast.akenwiththe school operator and Ray closed his eyes to make recogni-

ticn nnre difficult 143;
A postal to the

Huie, &#39;p.1o4!.

money order No.1,916,211,07B wassent as a pen&#39;.od:|&#39;.c payrrent cn 428! .The

Iocksmithing Institute

the correspondence course Ray was taking
signature matchup was mack. M143.!


» .N.

Ray listed

a change of address on Fhrch 17

with the st. Francis iiotei, giving
address as Gmeral Atlanta, Georgia Ins Angeles in his Delivery, Phin

Post Office

143!. Presu::§b1y&#39;he*1e.£t white Mxstang on this date,


of clothing

for Phria Martin&#39;s little daughter,
at Charles Stein&#39;s cousin

Marian de Grassee,

Ilheresa Stone&#39;s residence, 4019 Royal Streetam;
1-luie, p. 108!.

Fkcm Newmleans, Ray droveto Selma, Alabama
502! , where Ray began to stalk Dr. King according

March 22

to Huie&#39;s statement of after an cvemight

Pay&#39;a&#39; adrnissinn on this! and, he went an to

Phrch 23

stay there,

Mmtgomery, March 24

1:12 Bimi ghm and fin-ally tr! Atlanta,
112!. -

Ceergi I- Hie, p.

In Atlanta, house at 113-14th Jimry Dalton

Ray rented roam No.2 in a Street, NJ-2. "the x-cm


March 24

operator, there until he
March 28

Gamer 033!.

He stayed

March 28 on which day,

while still

in Atlanta,

pu:n:hased U.S. Postal mney

ordm: Ho.5.615,057,923 pay-

able to the Ioclucnithing Institute 428!
signature was a matchup A1153! .

. the



ii "92



Q4-U-.-.-4..- I -0- 0-1--. AA----.--Iq-nu E.-51.0 y-PGQLEU CL» L-LE IIBLKJ-ll n-Ll-LIB

Company, 5701Airport Higfmayin Birmingham, Alabaml
azmdusirngtheelias arveyloo-lnyerp92.:rcl1asedaRani.x1gtcm .243 caliber telescopic rifle, Model 700 with a 2x-7x Redfield 32!. Allmst certainly
March 30

sight Imunted on it

because the breech

of the .243 caliber weaponwas caked coline! and could not

with a hardened preservative
be loaded, Ray returned it

the following

day not having

fired it!.

Fe mcplained that his "brother" didn&#39;t like
for a Pbdel 760, 30-06 to the

and exchanged the .243 rifle Remington.


Ihe scope was transferred

latter rifle.

Throughout thesetransactions the package shotgun cartonwhichwas

for eitherriflewas

large enoughto l1old the scope-equippedRezningtons 32!
me Atlanta rocming house operator, Garnerstatedhehadkayprinthisname an old envelope at Garner&#39;s reqmst ntansfer the name properly JimmyDelton EricS. Ga1t!on
March 31

so that Garner could records; the.

to his official

handprinting samples 033!.

is a untchup with other Galt Ray printing .

-79- .


Using the name Eric

Salt, Ray left

his laundr;

Apr".l 1

anddrycleaning at thePiedm&#39;mtIa1mdrypic1<:.1p &#39;
staclcn, 1168 Peachtree, HM. in Atlanta days later, as Eric 153!. 1&0 April 3

S. Galt, Pay cn April 3 registered

i_m:_o Bogs 34 at the Rebel Motor Hotel, 346-51_an._.=i&#39;_&#39;

Avenue, Memphis, Tennessee thedistance between


and rhzphis by the most convenient route is 398 miles!;

he gave 2608High1andAva&#39;me,Birn1i.nghama.shis address

and he noted ontheregistration card
signature was a mtch to tures 116!. Q1 this the other

hewas driving
identified Galt signasafety

a Mlstang with Alabama license No. 1-38993 143!.

smaeday, Ray purchased a

razor and shaving supplies at the Rexall Store in
_ a--1-.--_. --1--._-L -. .-

1 !

rmted the

room using the

alias John

Willard Puie,


30!. Ray want out to the York Anus Company Store then

located162 at South ram Street and purchased a pair
of Buslnell binoculars for a total of $41.55 143!; Ray was identi ed by the salesnan at York Arm and


having made
115!. By

the purchase of the binoculars Huie,
5p.m. at the latest, Ray had remrned to


theroominghouse, parléedhisrhstazmgaxmdhadtakam

his zipper bag md bedspreadRoom .-.0 5-B mm, 13.115!;
by necessaryin:Eerence,_ because it was achittedly
brought down from there and dropped on the sidewalk,
the 30-O riflehadbeentakenup time or just before toRoom5-B at York Arms Co. this

Ray&#39;s trip to the

Store See 1-hie, p.114 and p.131; 4143!.
Ls detailed in the discussicn of the course of

the FBI investigation E

at pp. 48-50, the assassin fled

franthecormnnbathroomattherearof themqning

house after firing the
assassin could have
the corridor seconds. In and the

shot that killed Dr.

King. The

cleared and undoubtedly did
stairs to the street in about


another 15

seconds at

the outside

he could

have reached and undoubtedly did reach Ray&#39;s white



I-hstang after dropping

Ray&#39;s bag, the rifle

Bay bought

and bearing only his fingerprints and the bedspread which
Fay admits taking up Huie, p.115!. to Room 5-3 Staff reenactma-mt; statement by According to Agent in a post-conviction

Ray to then Special Office, Robert

Charge of the Memphis Field

Jensen, rocmer Charles Stephens had a

good look at Pay

in the rooming house 622; Interview
1976, App. B!.


Robert Jensen, July 7, . Q1 the

street G.1yWa.1-ren Canipe, Jr., Canipe masemmt 00. , at £24

in his


of business,

South Main Street

he.ardathudnearthefrontdoorofhisstore,1ookedup to see a white male walk rapidly past his store going

south right

to left

to someoneinside t&#39;he store! and,

with the two customers in

store, went to the front
a Mzstang 6:0l>p.m

door where they observed a small white car,

according to the two customers, pull away going left to right! frun a urrb side parking place just

north south

of C -anipe s store Memphis
Huie, p.131!.

44-1987 SubA-Sec.1; cf.

According to Ray : admissionto author I-Iuie, Ray April 4

drove south into

Mississippi and then turned east through

Birmingham reaching Atlanta about 6a.m. onApril 5th
-Iuie, p.132!. He abandoned the white Mustang. Ch the

April 5.



table &#39;41 the ~::c::~. at the Ark.-1&#39;.:.a rocx::&#39;:.g I-ouse, he left

a letter about South Africa frcrnthe John
in California mgeles to
while he fled

Birch Society
Avril 5.

and a copy of

the Free

Press Eran

divert the

FBI : attention

to California
Ray picked up .

to Canada -luie, p.133!.

his laundry at the Piedmont Laundrypick-up station
1168 Peachtree N.E. in He thentookabus Atlanta on the Sth of April


departingAt1ant.a_1ust afternoonon

the 5th

and arrived in Cincinnati at about l:30a.m. on
ina tavernnear bus to Detroit p.135!. He thebus depot, Pay at about Canada

betw 9:00 102
approx .

the6thofApril. Afteraonehourlayoverwhichhe atatedhe spent continued by 8a.m. -hie, 1:UOpJn.

where he arrived

crossed by taxi into

Avril 6.

arriving in indsor

an hour or so before noon and
Toronto by train arriving He rented a roan at at

proceeded frcm there to about 5:00p.m.

-luie, p.135!.

1:30a 2 :30a
between 1
and lla.

102 Ossingtcn Avenue without giving his name 502;
Huie, p.135!. On the 8th of securing a Canadian April Ray passport. He began the process of picked two names,

Paul Edward Bridgman Ramn and George Sneyd, frcm the
announcements of births in 1932 at the public newspapers for the year mde an library Huie, p.l37!. He

approx 5p.m.

appro 6p.m.
April 8.

-sa- n

April 10,



_--1 8-&#39; &#39; 1 J appiitattm tor a wmjricata


in each of

thesenamesonApri110andonthefol1owin3dayhed &#39;

a passport picture taken in the name of Bridgman and then to provide a separate mailing address for the
as to Sneyd, he rented a roan at 16th _

expected replies

962 Dundas Street in 502; Huie, p.141!.

the name of Sneyd on April

Q1 the same day he executed an

application in

the name Paul Bridgmanwith his,
to be


102 Ossington Avenue address as the person


L.-:L::l= Cu. uJ..l:L5::uu_y 92n.u-Le,P




Kennedy Travel Agmcy of Toronto handled the processing of the application for Ray 502! .On the 19th Ray

moved to

the Dundas Street address

502!. ,

me fingerprints
be a nntch with tlnse

of "Eric
of Jarnesjarl

S. Gelt" were found to
Ray after a search

of the print file
Accordhg to

on Fugitive Felons.
author Huie he gleaned from Ray that

Ray visited four bars on the 21st in order to watch the

92 l

On April 2!» the passport i.-1 the rain of

Iiamon George Sney_a_was issued to Pay I-tu:I.e, p.148!. Bay
purchased a round trip
on May 6, 1968

ticket to

london and departed
Frcm London Ray took a

Huie, p.149!.

plane to Lisbon where he SPEFLC 10 days

looking for


.-92.;.1ri.Z. 2l~

passageto Angola

Huie, p.150! .When he was unable


so hereturned to London after first getting
at the Canadian Embassy in Lisbm to


passport replaced

May 6 ,

correct the Spelling of the name Sneyd insteadof Sneyg!

May 16.

lhlnLI=| F.

Rayretm-ned tolzmdonandspenthis to find a lb this end way to join he bought a mercenary force Huie, a plane ticket to

time trying p.150!.

Fay 17 ,

Brussels and was

in the

process ofmeeting hisplane at the Heathrow Airport June_8,
from Huie, p.150-151!. The arrest

when he was apprehended on June 8, 1968, by detectives New Scotland Yard 346,4368; was made on the basis of carrying a

use of a fradulent

passport and caliber

concealed weapon, i.e., the

loaded .38

Japanese-make revolver found on his person

at Heathrow

346,l»368: Huie, p.151!.
This chronology reports and has been ccmpiled frcxn data in FBI William Bradford we would have an Huie.

Ray&#39;s letters to author force that

It was hoped by the task


oppor:.&#39;..r.i:&#39;; to go over the facts with Janes ml Bay himself. Accordingly, after the United States Supreme for a writ of certiorari, on

Court denied his petition

December 13, 1976, Jl.ttoi11_ey, J s

a verbal request wasmadeto Ray : Lesa, £01:an},r to

Ray. lesar stated that he was writing Ray a letter day and would

advise him of our desire to interview him to him Interview of JamesH. App. B!. Also, the task force

and leave the cntter up Lesar, Decemberll», 1976, sent Ray a letter

on Decenber 15, 1976,

via his attorrey

requesting aninterview letter See
December15, 1976, our letter e letter

toJanes Earl Ray,

App. A, Eh-:.1&!. While no answer to

was received, Ray sent the task force a copy of addressed to his attorrzejr. Fay attached e copy action and

of a couplaint he recently filed stated in the letter

in a civil

to his attorney that: "I agree with

your advice opposing the interview. this wouldonly be

It wouldappear that

in the interest of the J.D. and their
e.g. , Gerold Frank, George to JamesH. lesar, Decembetr 20,

book writing collaborators, M:Mil1ian, et al."

See letter

1976. App. A, 51.15!. Absent a statement to us frcm Ray, four existing Pay

exrplanations were ccmpared and are here briefly noted.




no one,

ct!-er ti-an

his attor:~.e;:s".:.=.. ..I-cec -.-1:1 . -.

Ray before the plea bargaining resultedin his ecrwicticn
of the First Degree murder of Martin lather King, Jr. ,and

sentencing in open oourton Phrch 10, 1969, before Judge
W. Preston Battle, Criminal Oourt of Shelby County.

Tennessee SeeTranscript App. A, Ex.l6!. on lo_:L_&#39;g_ Q5, Judge
guilty to Murder in

At that


Battle asked Ray: "Are you pleading
the First Degree in this ease because

you killed

Dr. Fax.-tin Luther King under such circumstances of Harder in the First to you by your lawyers?"

that would make youlegally guilty Degree under the law as explained

Ray answered: "Yes."
Ray then acknowledged that he was pleading guilty

freely, voluntarily and undastandirgly. He md his
attorney, Percy Foreman, initialed the copy of these

qmstions and answers. hay also signed a detailed
stipulation confessing that he fired the fatal shot 506! The task force observes that the only way one can

Inn f-1|" .... ....

.....-.., ....

n&#39;F Fire? Jae-|-pa Inn-Hp? nna .... .....g...... ............. -.. in !.:i-nan ....... .......

accomplishes, or the wrongful

aids or assists

in the accomplisl-ment, premeditation


killing of

a human being with

and malice aforethought. Thus,
thathe intended to anddid kill

Ray has judicially confessed
Ix. King.

/ .4 l 1


Secmci, Ray related inwrit":.g toaizthot Hui: a story ofhisodyssey Eran Missouri State Prison to!-lanphis
which acknowledged that he bought the mrder weapon, mde
hiswaytobia-nphis, rentedtl1erocmthereat422So.1th Main on April 1+, 1968, using the alias "John Willard,"

waited in the white Mustang, and drove "Raoul" away from
the crime scene after the murder wholly unaware of the

killing of
is the

Dr. King.

In this

version "Raoul", or "Focal",
Ray thought to be an

mysterious killer whom

international gun-runner;

Pay bought the murder weapon for

"Raoul" thinldng it was be displayed to prospective
Mexican buyers in Room 5-B of the "flop house" on South

Phin Street l-hie, p.130-131!.

Third, in a statement read on a program of Station
RMJX- IV St. Louis, Misscnnri, in August of 1969 by his

brother Jerry, James Ray was quotedalleging as that
he was the imocent victim, "the
the FBI
the crime

fall guy"

of a scheme by
This description of

Menpl s 44-1987 Sub M 665!.
contains no reference to Raoul.

Fourth, the task force

most recent

story available a four

to the hour interview

is reported

as the result of , for is to the Pacific t1&#39;m effect

by Wayne Cnastain, Jr. October 20, 1974. It

News Service, that Ray was "set up



as 1 patsy"

for "Raoul."

It proceeds

along the

same lines


heameeting therooninghzruse at 6p.m. withan at
international gun runner. Ray was instructed by Raoul to

have the white Mistang at the wrb for "Raou1 s use that
Q11 IQ Iq &#39; 92-I Z7 1

6:00p.m. to get
all over could not

air in a low
be tried

tire and f police
to return


the place when park, ms

at 7:05p.m.

tlxmed back by police Mississippi that

and learned only he had been

after driving

100 miles into

7 1



P 92

Ray : stipulated judicial confession cargo;-ue in
detailwiththefactsdtsclosedlzytlae investigaticnand

the feuure of the se1.f serving stories persuasively
undennines the lilcelitnod of any cacnspiracy.


_ 3

2. Motive

James Earl difficult circunstances.
cated and

Ray, born 1928, was His parents
in areas

raised under were poor, unedhr
surrounded by

generally resided

criminal activity.

Ray did not

achieve a high


education, nor did he

attend any vocaticmal instituti.on .*
Raydidnotmeetthe 1948 for lack ~

Afterenlistinginthe am5ri.nl946,

mi1.itary&#39;s standards and was discharged in

of adaptability. &#39;0-no 44-38861-3333, 3981!.
mus, attheageoftwenty-one, education, was and was a reject not trained of the or skilled 1-ehadaverylimited at any particular job, lhereafter,

military atablishment.

number of criminal act-icns for which he would be incarcerated

the Missouri

of the next eighteen years untilhis escape frcm
State Pamitentiary in April 1967. Ray&#39;s criminal robbery, forgery and burglary HQ 44-38861-

activities included

4l43!. Hewasnotknowntohavebeeninvolvedincrizneswhere

victins or

witnesses were physically harmed. James Earl Ray has an IQ of 105

*1- BI files disclosed that H2 41+-38861-3503!.



-92 92



In March 1968. James Earl Ray was for-ty&#39; years
oldandwas w-*er*kr:1r~t-1 toha*v e ase.&#39;:.&#39;.| .o&#39;os relationi


aman orwunan

during his

adult life.


hewasabouttooc:rmitaveryinfamouscrineofassassination, neither adult life his childhood, of crime his military years nor his action.

and imprisonment

signaled such


aoottrplished premeditated

rmnrderer. Why then would James

Earlliaynurdernr. Marti.nLutherKing,

An analysis with his
respect 1:: cerated in

of Fey&#39;s prison records

and interviews with

prison : |. "nates reveals sore
a motive. the federal For example, penitentiary at

p tiv-e facts
in 1955

Ray was incarKansas


for forgery

of post

office money for the

orders. On

September 12,

1957, Pay was approved

honor farm at Leavenmorth,

butwasnevertza.nsfen&#39;edtherebecauseherefusedtolive in the Thus, he integrated dormitory was supposedly at the to farm OD 44-38861-1678! benefit

sacrifice this

and its

acocmpanying privileges

to avoid

association with

An innate with Ray at Missouri

State Penitentiary

for approximately three years, stated that Ray hated
Negroes. I-lefur-therstatedthatRayhadsaidthat
all the Negro prisoners inside the penitentiary should





Rayhadsaidhewou].dkil1Dr.Ma:.-tinIutherl<ir|g,Jr., iftheprioeuereright. Inl966,t1-uerewasariotat

thepehitentiary. Three blacks were killed. The inmate
no can 4--:u92- luau: um bknln LEI-$1 Jill I-1%





§ IQ

i r




the prisoners.

He also




pn&#39;.sone.rwhowasac1&#39;ef atPEPandRay&#39;sbossforsixyears,
statedthatthisinrlatewasagoodfrieradofkayandhealso hated Negroes. HQ 44-38861-4443! . &#39;

that in.

1963 Ray made 1:2-e ::ena:I< 1:. -zat he was going to


an 44-38861-2678, 2791!.
A third innate at HEP tun 1962 until 1965, &scribedRayasa&#39;1cnewo1£"w!&#39;nnevertrusted anycne. I-Iestated thatliaywas aracistandwm heard

many times discussing

his dislike

of Negroes.


prisonerbecane aquaintedwith ayin

1965 and said that

myommentedifheevergotoutofjailhewasgoingto makeh.iJnsel£a&#39;bxmchofm::ney, andBayfurthersaida
"Businessmen&#39;s Association" had offered $100,000 for

killing Martin
Ray did not

Luther King.

This prisoner

said that

know what the B&#39;usinessmen Association" s

was, but he intended to findout.
AoelJmatewithRayin 1955 later served prison time

44--38861-4143! .
atKa.nsasCitywho Kansas, that

with Ray at Leavenworth, Ray at PEP. E stated

was also incarcerated with during the period when

President Kennedy was assassinated

the !!!I1 92.:_1I!&#39;I£"!i&#39;-= e.£ Dr, Martin L-1_>1:he_r Q29 m.cem.e the aple

of ocnversation

at the




that b92_Jsinessnen had raised a considerable arrount of money, aboutonen::i.11ion dollars, as abounty onI<ing&#39;s head. _He
fur-therstatedthatnaynentionedadozentines thathadhe known about the bomtyonifohn
had he been free he would

F. Kennedy&#39;s head and
it: and, if he

have collected


got out

in time

and EL .-:5 were still a. -_i&#39;:e, he would get

the bounty on King HQ 44-38861-4143! .A prisoner

who was at IE? f:uni1958 through 1965 stated Ray did
Luther King, Jr. -ID 44-38861-4143!. also a very

Bay&#39;s psychological background is

inportantavenueofreview. Asaresultofavolmtary
pqchiatric in 1966, Ray was described as

having a sociopathic
anxiety and

personality, antisocial

type with
In ._

depressive features

an 44-32361-3505!.

1954, a prison sociologist stated that Ray&#39;s delinquencies
seem due to impulsive behavior, especially when drinking
ID 44-38861-3335! . Its-se charactez-istics and ccnments

about Pay support the
of Dr. Freeman. Dr.

opinion of psythologist Dr. Mark
Freeman believes that Ray was potentially

Freanan. WhileRaywasinI.osAngeleshewasapatient

capable was of
could act important. alone, and

a self n~otiv-ated person who
likely fantasized on being scmecne

mere were two matters while outside hatred of prism which

involving Ray

and blacks whether his profit could

shed some light on inportance and

blacks and need for

havenotivatedhimtomurder. WhileinHa>ci.ooi.r1thefall


of 1967, Ray associated with a

Me.~c:&#39;.-can woman, -Ema


in the City

of Puer.-toVallarta.

Morales admitted

spending considerable time

with him and recalls an incident

that took place or: Siinday, uctccer "&#39; She " and Ray WEir e
seatedatatableinabarmdweredrix cingwhexmfqr

blacks and several white at another table.

gersons arrived and were seated She stated that Ray kept goading the
&#39;I&#39;hereafter, Ray left his table

blacks for sure reason. togotohiscar, feel his pocket.

andwhenhereturnedhe Morales did and felt

askedherto a pistol in his


Ray stated to Morales that he wanted to



blacks. He &#39;me:1ccr92tin921edtobeinsultingar1dwhe


discussion with

Pat Goodsell, a frequent fznele czszccaer, rights movement.Ray beeme

omcerning blacks and time civil

very involved andbegan dragging Goodsell towards the cbor
saying, "I&#39;ll drop you off in Watts and we&#39;ll see how you
like it there" HQ M-38861-3557!. Ray then supposedlywmt

outside and had to
pp. 96-98!.

fight two persom, one being black Huie,

thus, it seems clear that Ray openly displayed a
strong racist attitude towards blacks. H1112 in prison,

Ray stated hewould kill
and Bay was prepared to

Dr. King if

given the qaportunity

or attack black persons

in Poerto Vallarta, a racial reason.

Itaclco, with a weaponfor apparently lhese events and occurrences leading to

the assassination of Dr. Kingandthe assassination itself





a single, conclusive mtive.

Yet, Ray&#39;s apparent nettedfor the civil rights n:oveme=nt,
his possible yearning for reeoguition, and a desire for a potential quick profit may have, as e whole, provided

uu 92.


to mrra .-. liv&#39;.r~.g expenses, Ray had made several sab-

stantial purchases, e.g., cars, photo equipu:nent,
lessons See, List of known expenditures, App. A, Ex. ls!. Ihese expenditures suggested that he had financial assistance and lwnce possible co-conspirators. Therefore,
particularly interested sources of inccme. Ch April 23, in determining his


1968, the Director advised

all field

divisions to

cxzunsider Ray as a suspect in any
or armed robberies

unsolved bank robberies, burglaries

occun&#39;ing after April 23, _0nApril 29,

1967. I112 results were negative.

1968, the Director :Ln a teletype to

all SAC&#39;s ordered that all la:
mintained unidentified

enforcement agencies which
be contacted

latent fingerprints

and requested that fingerprintsof Ray ccuupared in order

todete :u&#39;.ruehispast whereaboutsiiidpos


his source of funds. Again, negative resdlts were obtained.
The Director, m May 14, 1968, razdnded all eld divisions

that Ray had spent a considerable mount of money April
23, 1967 until
these mcmies

April ls,
had not

1968, and advised that
been determined.

a source for

&#39;Ihe Director ordered

that photographs of Ray be displayed to appropriate witnesses
in unsolved and others ell bank robberies to date, and bark burglaries. These exception, have proved efforts

with one

As e result of one of 1-luie&#39;s look articles. the
id asm":.ain
restaurant in

that Pay

tad been =:-ploya at
for app-roudmtely

ei :

Ytinnetka, Illinois,

weeks. As a dishwasher and cook&#39;s helper, Ray had received checks totaling $664 frun May 7, 1967 thrtmgh June 25, 1967
See, List o£lcnoun:I.nccme, App. A, Ex. 5!. Ibis is the

only knom source of inocme for Ray following his prism
escape. Reports indicated no omnected with fron the Royal Canadian Haunted Police or burglaries which could be

knonn robberies

Ray, nor did Mexican authorities notzlfy

the Bureau of my criminal activity which could
ated with
LL-b B-on BL W

be associ-

Ray. Ihe
Q--at-I J-ll

Bureau investigated

the possibility

4 1-10 u-||92&#39;L _nu-Q115:1 -0Q 92JlJU= -J L flil-n92ILl|

in 1967,

but it

was established

thathe was

not a partici-


Ray related to author Huie that he robbed
store in Canada, and that an individual named

a food

furnishedhimfunds onaoontinuousbasis forvarious
s. &#39;I. nese matters were actively pursued by the mreaubutbaveraewerbeenoorroboratedbyttzen. Norhave
they been corroborated by private inquiries of writers md

journalists. It

is the Bureau&#39;s opinion that Ray

uost likely

oonmitted on a periodic

basis several robberies or burglaries

during this period in order to support htnself. Ray&#39;s criminal


bacl<.grU92.n&#39;1d lead does credence to this


&#39;11-we force task interviewed Ray : brother; Bay %,

Jerry ,

L&#39;1tg92.rie~.-.v Jerry Ray, oi Qe@>e_l&#39; l9?§ Z9, -

B!. Be

stated that James with

to his

knowledge family Jerry admitted he net

not provide with his
at the

any funds. or three

brother two

times dning

his employment
not James,

winnetka restaurant

and advised

that he,

paid for their eating
when Jerry again saw his in August,

and drinking expenses. However,
brother on his return from Canada was

1967, Jmes did have some money because it

he whopaid for their expenseswhich incltded e mtel
92v____- __1.I__&#39;| L92__... &#39;r___.. _&#39;|-.. _____1...!.. 1.3JETIY I-CICIBU tnat JHEIS H-.L5U EHVE {DID IIU-5


__... -..i_._...:.._ C-HI CI-].LllI;&#39;Ill-.L-I15

that he would purchase a more expensive car in Alabama. &#39;
Jerry stated he ms unaware of where his brother had

obtained his unney asawell
at this time.

as the mount of money hehad

Accordingly, the sources for Ray&#39;s funds still
remain a mystery today.


A. Est-:&#39;_l;r_Ccn&#39;:etts _ar-5 Assistagce Q2. review oi the files indicated that the FBI

hadrnhardevidence1ir dngJa:nesRaytoar1yoonspiracy
to kill Dr. King. Absent such evidence, the Bureau

spparmtly discounted the significance of any contact
between Ray and his family. M the Chicago case agent

told us, it is not unusual for a fugitive or aperson
whohas ooumittedagivencrimetobeintouchwith

family members. While such contact may render the actions of the family member criminally liable, it is not generally " in the

pursued absent someevidence of direct participation
crime. &#39;

However, inlig-at ofthefact thatagooddeal
of mystery still sun-rounds JamesRay m-mi the assassination,

particularly the unansby which he financed his life style
and travels, we concluded that on the basis of the infot-

mtion which was moovered, the Bureaushould hsve pursued
this line of the investigation more Chofwghl! .


Dr. King may have hem nonexistent.

This doesnot alter the

fact, however, that the FBI discovered that the subject of

the largest manhunt in history had beam aided in his fugitive status by at least one family merber. Ibis and other facts

suggestive of family assistance became clear as the Bureau&#39;s
investigation progressed.


1 1*


John and ;E..."fj Ray had significant


with James while he was in Missouri State Penitentiary

0159! at Jeffersm City, Missouri. Jerry

Ray visited

Janesthreeorfourtinesandhadbozrowedrroneyfzczm Jameson at least one occasion during his mzfinanent Chicago 4+-1144 Sub G 17!. to visit Ihe last visit John Ray visited or attenpted cn at least nine occasions. 22, 1967, the day before The Bureau also discovered

JamesRay while at MSP took place on April

Ray escaped I-D 44-338861-4503! .
-" 92

that while in prison at I6? JamesRay had a fellow irmate

ser anntieyordertoafictitious

companyAlbe:ctJ. Pepper
The moneywas sent
and business partner

Stationary Co.! in St. Louis, Missouri.
to the address of Carol Pepper sister

of JohnRay! where she resided with het husband Albert.
JamesRayhadtoldthe imatewhosentthemmey that itwas

a way of getting money out of the prison HQ44-38861-2614! .
Seocnd, JamesEarlRaywassee.nbyseveralpeoplein both the St. Louis and Chicago areas during the period

immediately after his escape. In St. Louis where John Ray was living! two former inmates at MSP, stated that they

had seen JamesRay on separate occasions. Cne stated that hehadseenkaythreetinesbetweennayloand ,

l96&#39;1&#39; Kansa

City, 44-760-786!. Theother sawRayentering a bankwith
Jittmie Owens and spoke briefly

with Pay as

they entered

.&#39; I

-IQ 41>-38861-31:83!. In the Chicago area where Jere ; Ray

was living, the Bureaudiscovered that James Ray had

purchased on : ear June s, 1961 Chicago. 49-1i1a so» n J
Ex. 85! and had worked in Wirmetlca, Illinois. Ray : employers also told Bureau age-zts that Janes Rayhad received several calls fra a Cw "&#39;* to be* Ray&#39;s

brother immediately prior to James job. lbsy
effect on

departure £1-cmhis

stats that

these sells had a vLsibly disttmbing

James Ray Chicago 46+-11.14Sub G-37! .Jerry

Raynes, father of theRay brothers, told theFBIthat he
overheard John and Jerry mention that James hadbeen in


Ihi.C8gO duringthe sunner of 1967 Chicago 44-111.4-508!.
&#39;I11ird, in California, which pointed
and his

the FBI discovered two


toward possible

contact between James Ray

brothers. Richard

Gonzales who was a fellow

student with Ray


bartending school in Los Angeles
Ray had told him upon completion wasgoingtovisitabrother FBI

told Bureau agmts that oftheooursethathe Ray!

m B5....~1.&#39;J.:~,g1~..e for t .-re &#39;.-.ee1*_e. .. 44-38861-1233!; HQ lhe
also interviewed She stated that for

Marie Martin,

cousin of

Charles Stein.

sane time before

March 17, 1968, the

date when Ray left Los Angeles! James Ray had been stating thathewas inneed
to send

of funds andwas waiting forhis brother

him some money.





! ourt.. 92, through an informant the Bureau discovered

that Jerry Ray may not have been entirely candid with the

disclosed to

ll nus-dunno Q3!-eral 1:92lbQqIIvIi-$.05
Bureau agents cn June 7, 1968, that Jerry Ray

stated he had seen hisbrother James! at least once at na
pre-arranged meeting place escape. Jerry also in St. Louis shortly after his the informant that allegedly stated to

hehadreoogni2edthephotographofEricStarvoGaltas being identical with his brother James prior to the time

Wheeling, IlJ.:Lnois

4-1-11-I Chicago

Sub G-26! .

Finally, in November, 1968
James Rayhadbeen
motor vehicle

it becme clear that
25, 1967 James

in touchwithhishrotherJeny.
showed that on August


Ray using

the name of John L. Ra1m5!t.ransfen&#39;ed his 1962

Plyrrouth to Jerry HO 44-38861-5413! . &#39;1? wasduringthe
period when James Ray was making his way from Canada to
Binoinghan, Alabama. It has cuitinued to be a mystery

as towhyRaywe.nttoAlabama,

howhe traveledthere,


he arrived.

mm, at least one family

member, Jerry,

had lied

tothe1= BIandhadbeccmesubjecttofedera1crimina1c}"arges for aiding a fugitive. fa<:tsbytheBureau. He was never confronted with these Inthetaskforoe i.nterviewofJerry to the Bureau and

Ray, he zxnfinned the__fact that

he had lied

had seen his brother Jamescn several occ:asions._f/ Jerry
denied1mcw:i.nganythinqaboutJanes&#39; travelsorhis of funds lntervieu of Jerry Ray, December 20, 1976, source App. B!.

However, the task force found the credibility

of Jerry&#39;s





denials to be suspect. and critical

In light of

this low cre-Jibilirj allowed the statute

passage of time which has

of limitationsto rm, e concluded that theI- BI abandoned
a. significant opportunity to obtain answers frcm family

members cmcerning some ofthe inportant questions about
James Earl Ray which still remain.

D. Qritical

Evaluation Of The Assassination Investigation
re ects, there files ckzveloped was a wealth of by the FBI unrder dig up some additional

As this report information in the

investigation. We

have beam able to

data. Q-zly a small part

of any of this information


been made a atter of any official
it was embodied in the stipulation agreed

record. Sane of
to by James Earl

Ray and judicially aclmowledged in open
a stated reservation as to agreeing to

court by him with
the wording indicating

o i

a Lad: of a conspiracy!.
efforts to get a nae trial.

$c:ne emerged
A quantity

in Ray s
of the

pcst cor:viction
"unofficial" was

evidentiary data

and a great deal

of mis-information

gleanedthe by news media and by trrofessional writers. 1:
is understandable therefore that many suspicims have been

t Z


generated and, because of Justice Department rules against
disclosures of
First, the

raw investigative
task force

files, have

gone unmswered.
that the investi-

has concluded

gation by the FBI to ascertain md capture the uurderer of

Dr. Phi&#39;t:.&#39;..n hither ltlng, Jr. , wast1-oroughly. nonestly
and mccessfully con-hated. We submit that the fnirute

details ecupactedin this report amplysupport this eonclusion.

At the very cutset of the investigaticm telegrams went to all eld offices of the Bureau instructing the

Special Agentsin Chargeto take personal supervision of
the investigation, to check out all leads in 24 hours, and

noting that they wouldbe held personally responsible.
HQ lalv-38861-153! . The files we reviewed show that this me Bureau sought

directive was oonscientiously followed. first to identify

and locate the murderer using the obvious

leads. They checked out aliases, tracked the trees
mder the Gait alias, and used the knom fingerprints


them.:r:dm:weaponend the contents oftheblue leit

zipperbag Ibis

on South Main Street to eliminate suspects.

backtracking ended in Atlanta.

At this point the Bureau

initiated a checkof the crime site fingerprints against the white male "wmted fugitive" print file. This produced

the alzmst "instant" discovery that the wanted man, Galt,

was Jenes Earl

Ray, an escapeefrom Missouri State Prison.

In fact the "instant" discoverywas a tedious hand search
started in a file of sane 20.000 prints. mt it took only


saidbythe ureauexpertsto




be largely

sheer luck;

it could

have taken chys. We

accept the explanation that the fingerprint nor-ml next resort after
exhausted. V

tench was a

normal lead procedures were

_ Seccnd,

the task foroe views the evidence pointing
Barlliay as themanwhopurchased shot to be force to conclusive.

totheguilt o£James

the murder gm and who fired

the fatal the task

It was possible for

create a well

documented history of James Earl Ray frcm the moment of

his escape to his captureland, in using the investigation
reports in the FBI files and to corroborate and fill in essential details in his letters to with Ray&#39;s own statements author William admissions! From this

Bradford I-Iuie.

chronology, frcm the laboratory proof, and rm: Ray&#39;s
judicial adztlssions it was concluded that he was the assassin pro-

and that he acted alone. We

saw no credible evidence

bative of were together

the possibility at the

that Ray and any co-oonspirator u assassination. the trigger Ray&#39;s are so

scene of

assertions that

someoneelse pulled and so varied

patently self-serving

as to be wholly unbeliev-

able. &#39;Ihey become, in fact, a part guilt by self-refutation.

of the evidence of his

lhird, we found
versions! had
F 5

that conspiracy leads §_1__i_1Ee_ Ray&#39;s
run down by the I- Bl even

been conscientiously


though theyhad nopossible relationto Ray&#39;s stories
or to the knownfacts. The results were negative.

He£ourxinoevidenceo£anyoouplieity¢r 92d1ep
A *5 92I§- HGII

sterile by

supervening events.

By hindsizht the task

force believes Jerry and JohnRay could effectively interrogated further to

have been learn their knowledge,

i:|:&#39; any, ofJames Earl Pay&#39;s plans, his finances and whether
they helped him afterKing&#39;s death.
Finally, headquarter&#39;s reluctance to Division and the Attorney


the task force observed instances of FBI provide the Civil Rights General with timely reports tn For example, press report

the course of the mrrder investigation.

early L1 the Lm:-=-_stigati.r.e1 in e reaetion. to e

of Attorney General Clark&#39;s_ex-pectation of makinga progress
report to the nation, FBI Director Hoover wrote: "We are

not going to

ueke any progress reports" _ l-Q 1:4-38861-1061!. a significant degree of

The Bureau files reflect

disdain for the supervisoryresponsibilities of the Attorney
General and the operating Divisions of the Department. For

example,the Attorney General authorized the institution of
prosecutive acticn

against the suspect "Galt"


t further

cnd Wxauld lose control The Bureau scenario

of the

situation" G-I2-44-38861-l555!. then advising the Attorney

called for

General "that circumstanceshave required the action taken"

We submit that in

this sensitive

case the Departmental

officials in

Washington should have been consulted.
the extradition stage of the

As another exanple, at

case, marked discourtesy was exhibited to the Attorney
General and to Assistant Attorney a telephone discussion with complained of being "kept General Fred Vinson. In the Attorney in the dark", an General who Assistant to

the Director accused the Attorrrey General of falsifications
and "hung up the phone". Again, when Assistant Attorney

Division, nnreover,

should have sufficient control

of the

Bureau : investigations

to insure that the legal necessities

of pleading and proof are mt.
Infaimess tothe ureauithas tobeobserved

l92&#39;l4&#39;u-:11-&#39;Inn f92&#39;F 9-n n W. ZL W&#39;l-1&4: aw mi T92|:|r92nv+r|-unrnr h mi &#39;fr92l:&#39;|ci&#39; &#39;3"- a o U

these perogatives.
in the

We donot think

it effectively

did so

King murder case.

III. I1-E.

S"t.G. RIT&#39;i DN&#39;F..S&#39;1&#39;IGk&#39;i&#39;IUN -

A. 1- BI Surveillance And I-lara_ssme:nt Of Dr. King -


1. Ini_ tiation of ffefctruical 3i.ff_V ¬i1:1. 1&#39;1C_:"¬7 a
EEPE A°J=1"i5i°§
h weer to the gtions taken by


mariners of the FBI toward Dr. King. the task force
scrutinized the basis for the initiation by the Bureau

of any action with respect to Dr. King. wring the revie:
it was revealed Issistmt Director
2 3

that on May 22. 1961,

Hr. Alex Rosen, then Division

of the General Investigative

Division 6!, advised Director Hoover in an information memorandun, per his request on Dr. King and four other
individuals in connection with the "Freedom Riders,"

that "King has not been investigated by the

&#39; r1arIJ&#39;

frun Scatterday to Boson,Hay 22,

19e1, App. A, Ex.


F v .&#39;3&#39;

Dr. King had only beamgleaned from sporadic reports. and this particular report to the Director was provided by Division 6 which had responsibility for civil rights

In the beginningof 1962, the FBI started mad
rapidly continued to gravitate toward Dr. King. ne

sequmceof events has already been reported in sane
detail by the Senate Select Cunnittee as well as in the

Robert Plzrphy Report which you received in March, 1976.

Kmnedysuggested consideration of technical surveillance on King md the SCH! l-Q 1 !-1.06670-3631!. Previously,
the bulk of

FBI intelligence
sun-eill.a-.ce of me

on Dr. King was securedby
of his edvisors end free

informants close tohis associates. However, when Attorney
General Kermedywas confronted shortly thereafter with the Director&#39;s request for such surveillances, he reconsidered

his suggestion and denied therequest HQ 100-106670-165,
171!. Attorney General Kennedyas well as several other

Department officials were sincerely concerned with King&#39;s
association with alleged ccxmzunist members since proposed

civil rights legislationweeC1151 veryvulnerable to the



-_a-- ---.-_ J_:92-._--8..-. 5L J-3..--5-J-._ .Bl-5 W :-[E JILLJ-U¬lLLLl&#39;l$ I-[E U-I-IEUL-LUII U: ~1LLLIB

civil riglts movement.Yet, an affirmative programto
gather intelligence with King as the subject was still

events within the circles of

However,a significant turn of
the FBI hierarchy would soon

reverse the Attorney General&#39;s decision, and without his

knowledge the FBI would also launch an illegal counterintelligence the civil program directed to discredit and neutralize

rights leader. irector i-ioov-er s demeanortoward W. Kinghas been

well publicized and is slmerized below. Certainly, as
the task force determined, this played a vital role in


FBI affairs,

as did

tne Director&#39;s attitude toward


Oommnist Party.
N ||n|92|92_ ll :-L=92-|

Ch August 23, 1963, then Assistant

C. Sullivan,

pursuant to the Director&#39;s request, presented influence by

a seventy-page analysis of exploitation md the Oommnist Party onthe

American Negropopulation since
report and Mr. Sullivan&#39;s

1919 HQ 100-3-116-253K!. This

writiag about oounnism and the American bbgro, we had better


1-ansnber this and profit by the
30, 1963. App. A,

lesson it should teach us. &#39; Hem
fron Sullivan to Belmont, August &#39;

Ex. 8!.

Even more irrportantly. Mr. Sullivan also said in response to the action that he now believed was


necessitated in determining ocommist influence in the
civil rights nnvesnent:
"&#39;1 here.fore, it my be unrealistic
to limit ourselves as we have hem

doing to legalistic

stand up in testimony in court or before Congressional ocmnittees that the Coummist Party, USA, does wield

ly oonclusiveevidence that would

proof or definite-

substantial influence over Negroes

which one day could heccmedecisive." iri.-41.} Ihe FBI hierarchy had no written ccm&#39;m?.nt:s on this memorandumeither supporting or negating the Assistant Director : proposed line of action. lhen, in September, 1963, Mt. Sullivan recumamded

"increased oovetage of ocnmmist in uenceon the Negro"
Ohm frun Baurgardner to Sullivan, September 16, 1963,
App. A, Ex. 9!. The Director refused and ocmnented:

I can&#39;t understand how you can so agilely switch your think-

_ ing and evaluation. Just 8 few
weeks ago you oontended that the
Dammist influmce in the racial
and infinmovement was ineffective


This -


of specuiiic instances
the field downlwith more
age in spite of
mam depreciating
in racial movement. I

your recent
don&#39;t intmd

C? influmce

towaste time andtnneyuntilyou can make up your minds what the situation really is" idem!

&#39;I_ _i_.L.|___ __. .. ___._ ___ 1.- _92__ J~l&#39;lUI}lI1E&#39;lClIlgq1BCUVBI lIHIIClCD CUBE-XVE

_1_____ n__11.|._i DIILLJ-VII

request, Director hem misled

Hoover also stated, "I memos which of the

have certainly

by previous

clearly showed The We are wasting

cmnunist paietzation attached i.s

racial movement. all that.

contradictory of

manpower and money investigating CP effect in racial
mvanent if the attached is correct" Mam for the Director

frcxn Tolscm, Septarber 18,

1963, App. A, Ex.


By now the Dcmestic Intelligence Division was
feeling full weight of the Director&#39;s dissatisfaction

with their work product: Mr. Sullivan again replied on
Septeiber 25, 1963, in a hmble manner that Divisirm 5

had failed

in its

:I.nterpretation of otmmnist infiltratim
Mam£rcmSu1livant.oBe1nnnt, Assistant Director oppor-

in theNegrom:rvement

Septacber 25, 1963, App. A, ER. 11!. The asked the Director&#39;s forgiveness and

requested the


that cmmmist

infiltraticn "has

not reached

the point

of control or dtn:d.natiq1." Ihe Director curtly ooumented

that "Certainly this isnot truewithrespectto the
King comection" idem!. One could now foresee that Dr. King would be closely watched by I- BI personnel.

In October, l963, theDirector forwarded a request
to the Attorney General for technical surveillance of

W. |<.i&#39;.ng&#39;a resic |T1ce BT15 the Su.~""office in lie;
This time the FBI received authorization




for technical

surveillance and

it was

instituted almost


In addition. the FBI had prepareda new analysis cn
ocmmanist involvement in the Negro movement Comunism

and the Negro

Movement, October16, 1963, App. A, Ex. l2!
written by Assistant

A cover memrandun of this analysis

to the Director
A. Tolson reads:

A.H. Belurmt to Associate Director Clyde

li-1e attached aha1ysi.s of Cc:T: 1 :1.f1i5T1 and the Negro l*bve:nent is highly acplosive. It can be regarded as a personal attack on Martin Iuther There is no doubt it will have a heavy impact on the Attorney

General and anyone else to
dissenrinate it .

whom we

. . &#39; &#39;1is EID 1 &I&#39;92dLIIl

may startle


the Attorney

association with King, and the act that we are disseminating this out-

in View

of his past


To the latter part, the Director wrote, "Weamt do duty." Hr. Belmnt further said:
"Nevertheless, the memarandzmis 1

oz: -

pg.-.ve_r@ it Qanmnist influence in the Negrounvenent..."
The Director issued his feeling to this position and

added, "I amglad that you recognize at Last that there
exists such influence."


2. Predicate? for the Sec92zityl .1j:yes_tigatim_
1 I

Ina security


mvestigatim 01:


a II

_.l! I;

uf. nai&#39;1:1n Liiuler lung,

92.l _;_.I_ I4_L___


Jr., and the Southern Christian Izadership Conference sctc! 2-as preigted
influence of

on the beliei that


under the
States of America King relied

the Gcmn.1nistParty, ihited this belief

CPUSA!. The basis for

was that Dr.

upononeparticuJ.aradvisorwhowastabbedbyt11eFBIasa Ooummist Party member
This characterization

HQ 100-392452-133!.
of the adviser was provided by

sources the Bureau ccnsidered reliable. &#39;1he task force was
privy to this characterization both our file review
and our September 2, 1976, conference with representatives sf the Bureau&#39;s mtelligeng I.!ivi._sioni For seszgity purposes the sources were not fully task force. identified to the

Therefore, the veracity of

the sources and the

characterization are remaining questicns.
The advisor&#39;s relationship to King and the S618

is amply evidenced

in the files and

the task force

concludes that he was a mosttrusted adviser. &#39;Ihe les
are repiete with instances of his comseiing King and his organizatim m matters pertaining to organiraticn,


finance, political

strategy and

speech writing.


examplesfollow: &#39;11:: eéziso-.-: organiza, in raising society

&#39; F. !.ng&#39;s e pa, .f=.a92.c! organization

-Q 100-106670-47, 48!. Ruiz

undtheSCI£werei.n1argeneasure financedbyooncerts

arranged by this person

HQ 100-106670-30!. He also

1a1tcounse1tol<ingandtheSCLCa1thetaxoonsequences of charitable gifts. strategy, he suggested King take a

Q1 political

public statement

calling for the

appointment of a black

to tbe

Suprem Court cm~1oo-106510-32, 33!. This person
offer from a nude
Kennedy against approaching Attorney General

advised against accept:i.nga tmvie
director and on behalf

of a labor leader

H1 100-106670-21¢!. In each

instance his

advice was. accepted. before the AFL-CIO National Convention

King : speech

in December, 1961 waswritten by 131!. He also prepared

this advisor

2 IQ 100-39245

King&#39;s 1962 May speechbefore the

lhited Packing House Workers Convention HQ 100-106670-119! In 1965 he prepared respcmsesto press questions to Dr. King frcm a Ins mgeles radio station directed regarding

the los Angelesracial riots and
regarding the Vietnam War.

from the "NewYork &#39;1 imes"


Hm relationship between King and his advison

as indicated, 1, clearto thetask force. Fhat 1; not
ciear is whether this relationship oughtto have hem
ocnsidecred either PLEA directed. a possible national security threat or y have We conclude that justification

existed for but its

the opening of King&#39;s security investigation was unwarranted.

protracted continuation

Oar conclusion that the investigat.itn&#39;s opening

tray have been justifiedis primarily based on uamranda,
summarized below, written during the first six unnths of

19a2.&#39; is pointed 1: out that in October, 1962 the Bureau
ordered the CCMINFI1. SCLC investigation I-Q the Director wrote the 100-438794-9! In January md told him that Attorney General

one of King&#39;s advisers was a Ctxmlmist.

At t.hi_.s time he hlsp pointed

out that the

advisor wrote

article critical

of the administration&#39;s handling of

civil rights.
lhrtin Luther another advisor

me article I-as ostensibly written by
King but in feet the t_r92.~e Q -._1111..&#39;llJ ! 1-.I=_.e " c1uracterizedbytheFBIas cranking

member of the Camunist Party I-Q 100-106670-30, 31!. In May the Attorney General learned that the CPUSA
ccnsidered King and the SCU3 its most important work because

the KennedyAdninistration was politically dependent King -Q 100-106670-58!.


lastly, in
aware that

June, 1962the Attorney General became
had recommended

King&#39;s alleged Columnist adviser

&#39;meBuxeauprovideduswithnodocunentationthattheSCI.Cu1derDr.I ingw.sanythix1,gothertl&#39;nna
legitiamte organization

devoted to

the civil

rights mve-





in theNegro rrovenent. King countered by acmsirg the
Director Of lhetting racists and right wingezrs H1 100-73
1.16-1291!. DuringNovenber of1964, the Director told a group of
most mtorious liar in

reporters that King

was the

the ex:-1.ntry." A week later, Director

Hoover referred to "SEJQJB1 degenerates in pressure groups"

in e speech at Loyola Q; King end
with Director

University -Q 162-7827-16! . hi.-9 immediate staff requested a meeting

Hoover to clear up the misunderstanding.

meeting held wason IJece::ber~1, Hoover 1964. claimed that
"he had taken the ball away rcm King at the beginning,"

eaqslaining the Bureau : function and aamg most
talldng. Ch the other

of the

hand. King apologized for remarks

attributed to him and pmsiga the work of the mm. Thus.
an measy truce
607.! However, the controversy flared again when a ietter

was momentarily reached. G-I2 100-106670663

was circulated by the Southern
SCEZF! which referred to

Qaristian I-Jducational Fund
of Dr. King by the

the criticism

Director md urged
or =.-r&#39; the Praidexv: memo frcm Sullivm to

the recipients of the letter to write
rst o iee; Ln e

Belmont on December 16, 1964, Sullivan



-135° /


makes it mandatorythat we take every prudentstep thatwecantaketoeaerge "wwletely vizctcriocsly in this w..f.1.ict, _ to the realities of the situation." uq 100-106610-921.! We believe tzhepersistent ccntroversy between Dr.
we should not take any ine fective halfway measures, nor blind ourselves or

"L1 vies

of this

citation, realisn

King and Director
determination to
his leadership

Hoover was a mjor factor in the Bureau&#39;s
discredit Dr.
role in the civil

King and

ultimately destroy

rights movement.

4. Tecl-mfical Su:vei_11ance_
Out review of FBI files and interviews with Bureau

personnel substantially confirms with a few additions the ndings which have already been reported by Mr. Mirphy

and theSenate Select Ccmurittee on Intelligence with respect
to the electronic surveillance
We fcund that some

of Dr. King and his associates.

microphone surveillances

installed in
which have not

New YorkCity against Dr. King and his
thus far been reported.


These installatims

wereas follows :D
Hotel rig 4/2-3/65 symbol! 1/21-24/as no


a/3-3/es symbol! ?ni:o1!
12/1o-11/es syniaol!



e u 1

Sheraton emu; my 100-meshes Sub~F:L1es 7-a!
New York Hilton NY


10/25-27/65 synbvl!

100-1.36585 Sub Files 1.1-12!

1 -&#39;


All of these installations withtheecception of

the placenentat rmkrericana Hotel m Jenn-=y;&#39; 1966
appear;|producti&#39;ve eitherbeom.:seDr. King did not reside at the hotel as plannedor the recordirgs madedid not pick up any sig-di- icantinformaticn. The installation by the NewYork Field Office
ttm Imericana Hotel


on January 21, to 24, 1966, caused FBI hierarchy and is

someconsternation within the illustrative of how the

Bureau apparatus could. cmrare

occasion, continue to function even contrary to the wishes
of the Director. The installation was made at the Americana

on January21, 1966,
in New York.

pursuant to the request of SAC Rooney
Director William Sullivem authorized


the coverage. Bureaufiles indicate that Associate

Director Clvde

Tolson, upon being informed of the coverage
rather perturbed fashion to Tolsonadvised the

wmote&#39;back on the sameday in,a

have the microphone renoved"at once."

Director that "no one here" approved the coverage and that

he had again instructed Sullivan to have no microphone
installations without the Director&#39;s approval. Hoover

confirmed &#39;1 o1son&#39;s directive.

-IQ 100-l06670 222£>X! .

No symbol number ever attached to this coverage
as wasthe standard practice. This-was apparently dueto
the strong disapprovalvoiced by Headquarters. Yet, despite



Hoover : orders,

the coverage was maintained and a good

deal of intelligence on
obtained and

King&#39;s personal activities was

transcribed. These

activities are

re ected

in a six

page menorandun. K1 100-106670-4048.!
Irrespective of the level of Burau approval installa-

which nas required for

electronic surveillmce

tions during
conclusions of behind this

the Ring years, our review reinforced
the Smate Select Ooumittee that the

purposes Several

intelligence gathering

became twisted.

instances of Bureau correspondenceare instructive.


Chief Bamgardnerin recommending coverage ofKing in
Honolulu urged an exposure of King&#39;s "moral weakness"

so that he could be "for the securityof
pletely discredited"

the nation, cemMemo Baurrgardner

HQ 100-106670 Jme File,

to Sullivan, January 28, 1961+!. In a similar memo from
Sullivan to Belmont reocrrmending coverage in Milwaukee at expressed purpose was to gather which King might be engaging HQ 100the Schroeder Hotel, the information on similar to

"entertairrnent" in

that "uncovered

at the Willard Hotel"

106670 JuneFile, Phno Sullivan to Belnnnt, January 17, 1964! . Director Hoover, upon being informed of the results
of the surveillance, ordered that they all be inmediately

transcribed despite

DeIoach&#39;s reccnmendation that the tranHQ 100-106670-1024!. As each of the_

scribing be done later

-129_ J

file reviews

has sham, portions of

sumeries of die

transcripts were widely disseminated mung
officials. These disseminations included 1 rather

comprehensive six volune transmittal

by the Bureau in

June, 1968. Ibis wasat the
information concerning

apparent request of the
including the instructions

President through Special Counsel la:-ry Tenple for all
Dr. King,

md approval of formerAttomey Gmeral Kennedy regarding
the electronic William Sullivan, su:|:&#39;veillance King of Mam R. W. Snith to June 2, 1968, referring to memo Deloach

to Tolsan, May 21+, 1963, setting forth the President&#39;s
mquest!. Included with the transcripts were several

summaries, previously disseminated, andseveral hundred
pages of Bureau cczmunicaticns to the White House frcm &#39;111e it

1962 to 1968 regarding King and his associates. purpose of the Waite House request was not was the ticn on most carplete the electronic accumulation of surveillance of

stated, but

transmitted informaKing which we me task House request

encountered during force noted

our reviewof of the

Bureau files. alleged White

the timing

and subsequenttransmittal particularly

in light



Director Hoover&#39;s ccmmnication to the White lbuse on &#39; March 26, 1968 included in the
advised that

transmittal! which

Robert Kmnedy had attempted to contact

Dr. King before amounting his candidacy for the
o &#39;1- residency 100-106670-32 &#39;1-TQ .

The task force reviewed oi the transcripts in

selected portions well as

of all selected

King rile as

portions of were obtained.
set forth

several tapes

from which the transcripts of the tapes reviewed is

An inventory
below: i

2! Atlanta Tape syrrbol! one reel! &#39;
3! Qarposite l ape__l2_/l5/64 _ __

===° "~&#39;e
we reviewed


the tapes by listening

to the

beginning, middle, the corresponding transcriptions

and end of each nape and compared it to transcript. Ihey were basically accurate transcripts

in the

sense that what was in the

was also on the tapes. However,

some material on the tapes

ms net pg on
that portion it was

e !;_re_nsc_ripteeppaereztly became either
recording was garbled or unclear or &#39;

of the

considered unicportant.


Out review of the otmposite tape, the Atlanta tape and the a,gmts&#39;handwri_tte1 notes included in the boxwith the from tI~.e&#39;!~H&#39;.l1ard gave an Hotel
of where the B|.n&#39;ez1&#39;s interest &#39;_ &#39;

additional indication

lay with respect to Dr. King. The ccmposite tape contained
"highligxts" of tin fteen reels of tape frcm the Willard Hotel end appeared toconsist of little u-ore than episodes
of Privat conversations and activities which the Bureau

chose to extract frcm

the original

recordings. The

conversations. Tnese
Fa ca-g-up.-.12.. 1-nee-|-dine Inn-cg

King residence and consisted oésevetal of M . -"&#39;s
included conversations
11-is um-scma&#39;l Q-:1- &#39;-._-. life and -i_ i__

of Dr.


had ___._ ___ nothine _e__.¬

tn do with his political or rights
handwritten notes £1-cm theoriginal Willard
n | i

activities. The
tapes contained

notations as to what point in the
activity or

tape a particular PE -Ismal

conversation took place.

5. _mINI&#39;EI.J?ROZ&#39;I. Illegal gpe lctifzities
me t_ask iotce has an extensive program

within the

FBI during the years 1964 to 1968 to discredit

Dr. King. Pursuant to a Bureau meeting on December 23, 1963

program of dissaninating was heavily fraught with tions of King,

derogatory information,


the Bureau&#39;s own characterizaorgmiratiais
civil rights those already

to various indivichals and
vis-a-vis the

who were in critical positions leader. Our

review has essentially confined

performed by the Civil Rights
Committee and we, therefore, which they have already additional proposed

Division and the Senate Select
do not dwell on did find, Dr. King, those areas

codi ed. We

&#39;r I&#39;92ai&#39;v some of

activities against

which were approved by the Director.

They are instructive

not onlyinrevealing willing to carry its

the extent towhichthehureauwas efforts but of the also in showing the this

atu-nsphereanong same
program against

rank and file which

King created.

In November, l96l_+_, the hxreau discovered that
Dr. King was desirous of meeting with high British officials

while in

England during liing s planned trip to
Baungardner recommendeda briefing

for the

Section thief

purpose of informing
purported coununist

British officials
affiliations and

ccncerning King&#39;s
private life

lD_ 100-106670-522, 523!. Within

three days the briefings

had been completed HQ 100-106670-S25, 534, 535!.




he particular dissenination, the omtents of which ms mt revealed in the les, was apparently initiated
Ch January 22.


and carried out personally by the Director.

1965, the SACin Atlanta advised Mr. Sullivan that, pursuant to their electronic surveillance,
~|_______92 ._1___ u.|__ 1__.s _1___ _ _

the Bureau

______._-|__ ___1 ___1_.r___1

tl1atHooverhadhadau2etin,gwithaparticularAt1anta official while in Washingtal attewding the Ina:uguratia1.

According to King, when this official returnedto

Atlanta he contacted Dr.

senior md passed m a
Sullivan :

"gooddeal" of information. According to

mam to Belmont, Dr.Ring, Jr. was
106670-768!. me files

upset HQ 100-

did not reveal any formal proposal

forumbriefing but Section Chief Bamtgardner later speculated
that the Atlanta official was Qmief of Police Jenk:Lns

since the Director had net with him am Januaxy 18, 1965
HQ 100-106670-780!. &#39;Il1e files do not indicate whether

the Director suggested that

the infonnation be passed on

to Dr.King&#39;s father. &#39;


In cmnecticn with the
efforts to declare a national
Dr. King

post-assassimticn &#39;
holiday in umory
has outlined


the Senate Select Cunnittee

in its

report the attempts by the Bureau
by briefing

to prevent

such a declaration

various members of

Congress m King&#39;s background H2 100-l06670-3586!.

We discovered that the
on Ring to the

Bureau alsosent a nnnograph
Attorney General

President md the

in 1969 for this same ptrtpose an 100-10667041559!.
The Bu-.reau&#39;s efforts to discredit Dr. King&#39;s

nnvamnt also included attempts to dattnge the
reputation of King&#39;s family and friends. &#39;Ihe Bureau

looked very closely atCoretta King although a
security irwestigatlcn was never opmed. Ibis

included scrutinizing

her travels

in an attempt

to uncover possible facts

arbarrassing to

These atteirpts

also included a plan,



by Assistant to the Director Deloach and
by Hoover to leak information to the press that Coretta

King andRalph Abernathy were deliberately plotting to


for their benefit HQ M-38861-5654!.

Ralph Abernathy and AndrewYoung also became Bureau targets. Shortly
instructed to

after the

assassination the field was
possible "im:oral

report any

information on

activities" of
serial, Atlanta

King : two associates I-Q 62-108052-Unreeorded
to Director, April 29, 1968!. Presunably

there were CDDIIELPRO typepurposes behind this request. The Atlanta the initiative and proposed additional Field Office in attazpting to demonstrate

imagination dananded by Headquarters measures against Ralph Abernathy. lhe

Bureau learned that after
my have

Dr. King&#39;s death, Rev. Abernathy

voiced sane concern over possible assassination his own life. The Atlanta office proposed that

attarpts on

the Bareau begin notifying only informing the police!
order to

Abernathy directly of all

instead of

threats against him in
HQ 62-108052-Unrecorded activity

confuse and worry him to Director,

serial, Atlanta

March 28, 1969!. This

was not approved by Headquarters.

Bureau files attenpted to to deal help the


that the

FBI may have also in its efforts In a mm

executive branch

with Abernathy

after King&#39;s death.

to Associate a telephcne Agnew in which

Director Iolsen, conversation with Mr. Agnew expressed

Director He-:.92ve&#39; relet former Vice President

concern over the

"inflarrnetory" statements

which Abernathy had made.
frcm Hoover of

&#39;l11e Vice President was seeking information which could be useful in destroying

the credibility

Rev. Abernathy. Hoover agreed to therequest I-Q 100l06670 Uru:eoorded serial, Hoover to Tolson, May 18, 1970!

We did not find what information,if shy, was forwarded
n I-1-92 uu nu.

The agents began

to retrieve

informaticn about of photo-

Dr. King during these entries through the use graphs. field office

In one instance a supervisor in the appropriate requested authority to conduct an entry

for the expresspzpose of
Dr. King.

obtaining mfor::==..tim a1&#39;..=:ut

&#39;Ihe proposed entry was approved at Headan Inspector

quarters pursuant to a telephone call by
and was later conducted.

Ch four

subsequentoccasions the Bureau


conducted entries and obtained information concerning

KingandtheSCU&#39;J. Chonesuchoccasionaspecimmof King&#39;s handwritingwas obtained. The purpose of

gathering thispiece of intelligence was notrevealed.

an the the Bureauwas

field office advised of

meme indicate the entries ineach

that case.

We also raise the

issue of

these illegal


because aside fran being violative of
rights the relationship. entries ran the risk

Fourth Amendment
a privileged

of invading

We note in passing that the FBI continued to enploy an informant in the SCLCdespite the fact that
the informant conceded toagents that the informant had


July 24, 1950 and Deoenber l5, 1953, designating
the Federal Bureau and related of Investigation to take

The FBI shall:} carry out the Presidential directive of Septerrber 6, 1939, as reaffirmed by Presidential directives of January 8, 1943,

charge of investigative work in matters relating to espionage, sabotage, subversive activities,
matters 8 CTR 0.85 d!! .

Giventhischarterandthehisboryoftheeoretines overpowering influence of the views of the late Director

J. Edgar Hoover on his subordinates Attorneys General, it was e that

and cn suooesive a security

investigaticn should be initiated into the possible
influence of the Ccrrmunist Party, U.S.A., an Dr. Martin

Luther King, Jr. moof King&#39;s close advisor.s, at the
outset ofthe security netter, were reported to be
Ccxmunist Partymenbexsbysouroes Bureau. &#39;The security relieduponbythe

investigaticn cnntinued

for almost

six yearsuntil Dr. m§&#39;= death. It verified, in our

view, that one alleged Cclmumist was very a influential
adviser to Dr. King hence and the Southern Christin

leadership Conference! cn the and
King&#39;s leadership of the black civil

tactics of
rights movement of

the early and mid-sixties.

Another had no such weight

altlrJughheseenedtoheofusetoKing- Butthis very lengthy investigative concentration cn King and cn



the principal adviser established, in our opinion, &#39;
that he did not "sell" Dr. King any course of coriduct




"Party line". King, himself never varied publicly or
privately from his ccnndtmant to non violence and did notadvocatetheovertI&#39;crowoft192egoverrrnentoftl&#39;92e lhited States by violence or subversion. To t1~e contrary,


he advocated anend to
chisement of minority groups

the discrimination anddisenfranwhich the Constitution We dorrestic security


thecou:rtsdenouncedintermsasstrcnga.shis. concluded that Dr. King was no
And the

threat to

lIu:ea1..;&#39;s QQLLLIII.-121.1 intense

and investigation of he had disassociated

the advisor clearly himself

developed that

from the Ccmmnist Party

in 1963 becausehe felt it
the civil security

failed adequately to
mus the linch-pin of




investigation of

Dr. King had pulled himself

We think

the security


which included

both physical and technical surveillance, should have been
_-. J

-. 51u UH. IL-[E

&#39;L_-.I--I -.I__-m -...__ 1st,.-..-j I-IE5-L5 U1. W d-L was Led-ITIICU

3 ... -Ll


mat it was intensified

and augmented by a COINlE1.PRD type

campaign against Dr. King was unwarranted; the COINIELPRO

type &#39;=e=1Paisn. mrewen We
in violation of 1s u.s.c.


md W1? Probably

241 and 2&2!, i.e.

The cmtinnng

security i.mresciga:ion_

reflects also

192LL4._ __-_ n______&#39;| __l ..|__ JUZCDIRBY UEH-EIHL SI]. UTE

responsibility for

internal security tters failed


in what; should have been firm supervision of internal security activities.

the I- BI :






A. gs

To &#39;Ihe_M.rr§1eriInvestigaticg92
The task force does not fmlt the teclnical

ccmpetence. the of investigation conducted the into
death of
calls for

Dr. King.
action by

We found no new evidence which
State or Federal Authorities.

Our concern has developed over administrative ooncomitants of the detection tactics.
the development 1. The progress of such sensitive cases as the King murder investigation and of legally
are properly

sufficient evidence
the ultimate

to sustain prosecution
the Division

responsibility of

of the Inpartment having supervisicm of the kind of criminal prosecution involved. The Division head should

delineate what progress reports he wishes. The Bureau should not be permitted to manipulate its submission of reports to of its serve its purposes, such as the protection . efforts, or the prevention of the

public relation

responsible Division

of the Department from causing the

Bureautopursuea 1ineofiru;|J5ryuhicht11eBurea1.1d
not approve. the officers me Attorney General and his Assistants to the electorate ami are they, most accountable


2. As a corollary of our espousalof tighter

Departmenta1.1thorityovertheFBl, werecoummdthatthe

Bureau public : relations activities and press relations
be controlled by the Attorney General Office : of Public Information. Clear directives to prevent the development of personality cults
and officials be cleared

aroundparticular BureauDirectors
drawn._ Bureau press releases should Information.

should be

through the Office of Public
&#39;I.&#39;ne task force

recommendsthat in sensitive

cases no criminal action be

instituted by

the E.1rea;u without

the closest coordinaticn and ccnsultation with the supervising Divisim of the Departlmrxt. This supervision by the Depart-

ment should

be as tight

as the control andconsultation the

Bureau had with its Field Offices as exhibited in our review of the assassination imrestigaticn. 4. 1: was obserired that almost no blacks were in

theFBIspecial agent&#39;s coros m the1960&#39;s and ncne m
the Bureau&#39;s hierarchy. This xmdoubtedly had the effect of limiting not only the outlook and understanding of the

problemsof race relations, but also oust have hindered the ability of investigators to ccnnunicatefully with blacks By way of illustration

during the nurder investigation.

hadthere been black

agentsin the Phsphis Field Office

pe_rticipet@g fvgly in the investigationof Dr. Kings
mrder, it is unlikely that the interviews with


at least

three black

members of the Pezphis Police and Fire

Department wouldhave been overlooked. It

is also vary

probable we black citizeri "lead" input would have been
greater. -.

B- §=&#39;-_I<> lll¬§E5£H1&#39;iH ¥1&#39;e$5ise=_i@ The task force was charged to address itself

particularly to

the question of whetlur the nature of the

relationship between the Bureau and tr. King called for criminal prosecution, appropriate action. disciplinary proceedings, On responses follow. or other


Because the five year statute of limitations
erisdral prosecution

long since rm we ea-root for-rd

of any Bureau personnel, past or preserat, responsiblefor
the possible criminal harrassmimt of Dr. King. 8 U.S.C.

3282!. No evidence of scontimaing conspiracy was found.

_ 2.
the security
of the
are also

me responsibility for initiating and prolonging
imrestigation rested on the deceased Director
liaatmants, some of whom Bureau and his immediate
deceased and

the reminder

of when are retired.

They are beyond the reach of disciplinary action.

The few


investigation and who are still in
make command decisions and

active service, did not
orders. We do not

merely followed


think they are the subjects
technical electronic
the then Attorney dealt with

of any disciplinary

action. Some of the activities conducted, such es_the
surveillance, had the approval of .
Courts had not adequately executive branch General. The

what authority

rested in the




remaining subordinate agentswould seem
to be inappropriate in
very late date.
-@._.-&#39;I an --__-

to the task force

these circumstances and at this


Senate Select Otumittee

on Intelligence

is on appro-

priate agency of the legislative arm to oversee the performance ofthe Bureau. Both the Office of Pro-

fessicnal Responsihility and the Senate Select Ccnmittee
should be expressly designated in their respective

mahling regulations

and resolutions to be a place to

which Bureau subordinates may complain, confidentially and with impunity, of orders which they believe to

threatenviolation a of the civilrights md liberties
of citizens
5. It

and inhabitarzts of the lhited States.
seans to us that the unauthorized malicious

dissemination of


data from

FBI files misdemeanor

should USC

be more than the presently prescribed

552a i! !!.

A felony

penalty should be added.

Pare~.t1&#39;~.etic.a.l1y, s1&#39;92.o~.1lc! itnoted h-.ez&#39;e tin-=_t it
should be made clear that it is improper but not criminal!


directly with 6. The the White House. mm: ici e i: euIrrl 1u§ ""

_m:thcnritytoengageinO31I~1&#39;I£2PRJtypeact.ivi which

involve af a ve



Chamber cisicns with respect to citizens

or inhabitants

__ ....

242}. 1%

1-n1ie92_Ig_>1;_he mg; guide-

...rn the 1 Bl&#39;§ d_1;; eecurit.Y investigatimw

effectively preclude these activities. Those guidelines l!__Q_1&#39;gg92_Ig_.I;, to us to permit ggpear cnly strictly 169*!-


APP.=.192n51x A


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form $83





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£1:cn1:*?§92&#39;rao;.o§;?1_c,92L alga:-:03;§


A. fracture of right mandible
i. Luccration of vertebral


gunshot wound to body and face


jugular vein one subclavian





Lacoration of spinal cord lower cervical, upper thoracic ! Intrapulmonary honatone, apex right upper lobo
as escribe

Fracture of spine T-1,



hemorrhage, larynx

szcor-zomr szezas:

1. Z.

Remote scars
Pleural ?eneus

adhesion: out-éewne

3. 4. 5; 6.


Fatty change liver,






Exn:1tB rr4

92 ~1.>- _-"92. n - o 0--n 0* cu H..| Jcul


1961 3 sq.-== 9. 513:5. 2 5? = a;>m_z3. §s e K,-&#39;1<=" E°¬P&#39;;&#39;. <21?- -1&#39;."
11--s oi

Serial Item 5246 Rent or 5448

. lncunt


11 74 &#39;
74 ,

one week

at 2731

N. Sheffield: 1959 Chrysler:

Chicago Chicago



1962 Plymouth: East St.
19 S4372


Bourgarde Motel:


19 4692
.Notre .54QGB Dawe 5 f Date



$7S hD:!hmtIE l


Suit at English Scotch Woolen Cbnpany; Fbntzeai
74 2068 $75.06 Book ordered Itnmreal 5402

6/ 5 /67

ficnafutura. $9.00

Books in Inglewood, Cal.i.f.:

Oofresponcence course at
Incksnithing Institute
No-I Jersey: mntreal




21 6

Grey Rocks Inn from 7/30
to 8/5:
5400 2324 628



Etummula for venting glass

pm.-¢:1.a_. by =-e moneyorder to
8.2. Formula: Montreal Granada Hotel: Biz.minghI192


:1 21

$4.50 $22.50

2324 2324 2324



1956 White Ford >1».-.=-ans:$1-995-°° Bim xzghm
$22.50 Room and board: Bi::n.i..&#39;1ql&#39;m



21 21 9

2324 2324 1135



than and boax : Biminghan
Roan and hoard; Binningham

$22.50 $22.50

camera equipment, Superior $337-24
Bulk Fi1n92CO.; Birminghmn

10 55

2118 1422

.38 Caliber,


$17.50 $65.00

9/ 24/ 67

Revolver San Francisco -





75 5496




Pancho Villa






Pancho Villa - 10/18: Guadalajara." Hotel Rio at $4.80/Bay10/19-ll/6:





10/16/67 10/19/61

A so


a..l..."- :.r@1..m.-"




Puerto Valhrta


mm n-qiicam at $1.20
day ~ 11/7-11/13: Puerto






Rent at 1535 N. Serrano;
52 4143

$127.50 11/19/$7
$10-00 $25.00

Utilities Serrano:

at 1535 N. ms Angeles with Dr. Hark





Ereenan: Beverly Hills
52 4143

AppOi.nUna&#39;92t with Dr. Mark

$25.00 11/30/51 $25.00 12/4/61


4143 4143

Appointment.with Dr.
fteemanl . Dance lessens at




Dance Studio; Loo

Angeles $25.00


Appointxre.-1t.with Freeman



Item Anton:


S2 4143 S2 4143

Appointment with
Dance lessons



12/ll/61 12/12/67

$29. 00

s _
22 2:25 52 14 5399

, 745
Dance lessons 4143


Appointment with



Provincial Rbtel -12/171.2/19; New Orleans

. $24.00

6&#39; 145
22 2325 22 2325

12/1 12/
12/2l/6 J/B/£8 1/12/as


Locksmithing Institute:
nos Angeles
International School of

22 2325


Bartendingz Ics
22 2325 International

School of $105.00

Bartending; Los
. 22 232$

F $35.00


at St.

Francis Hotel

1/2&0 1/21/I

ms Angeles
12 1500

Free Press of Ios Izx m xhing Institute


$4.25 $7.50

&#39;22 2:25
12 1500

1/29/1 C.M. Hedgpeth, mail fo:wan:!ing service
Rent at st.
Putura _ 1500 Books

1/31/ $85.00 $6.44 2/21./

6 660

Francis Hotel


12 1500

Tiffany Enterprises Iocksmithinq Institute Locksnith Ledger lccksmithing Institute


1; 2325

$7.50 &#39;$5.25

&#39;2; 2:25
1; 1420
8 1033

at 113

14th St.


2/2 2/2
3/B/I 3/2i



E5 .

Sezial ssoz

Flaningo Fbtel




Iocksnithing Institute:

A.-n:u*.1: $8.00


$7.50 $8.48
B-----Luna A Illul-92§l §§ J Q Q IQQ In J/ J/O

1033 530

BiIE JE Y n 321 _


in Atlanta


Rexall Drugstore: Whitehaven,

3/29/as I
1/70/AB qr, u-4; ww


Running house on.Main St.:
$10. 00

T4454; Memphis _
Rent/week at 962 Dmdas Sta

$1. 83

3/21/68 4/ 3/ 68


Round trip airplane ticket:

4/ 4/ 63
$41.55 $9. 00




92 92


Q an uni.


Ifro-fn E19: iA;:;.&#39;i*&#39;.-. 1967 -J&#39;.::-.e B. 19558 23,}



. &#39;0

Payroll checks fncm Indian mall Restaurant
Wirmetka, Illinois Hay 7 May 14 May 21 May 28
June 4 June 11
June 18

$ 57.69


June 25


. .


84.89 84.89 84.89 89.63 89.63 95.19



L r ?


ma ézrs


Bishop, Jim. Frank, Gerald.

Sons, New York, 1911.

The Days of Magtin


Lqther King;


Jr. G.P. & Company,

Putnam : New York,

An American
and Scott,

Death. Doubleday
Stetter, Russell.

197 20 &#39;

Roch, Paul,

Peter, and

The Asssssinetions,

Dallas and Beyond. Random House, 19T6.
Huie, William Bradford. gg Rev York, 1963. McMillan, George. Slew;thg;preeger, Delecorte Assassin. Little Press, Brown B Co.,

1916. 1

The Making of en


Seigentheler, John.

Hashville, 1971.

A Search


for Justice.

Aurore Publ.,




3.I , -I, ¢.Q92 IO _i: _ 92 . I "92 . - .. 92_ . &#39; M. Lb -_ : 92 . cl: »&#39; &#39; xv _ um-ran s&#39;r-was covI1.-In--1&#39; _ ,_ 7,-_. __ r __ 1 I 0 -J_1 "0 {Ii &#39 !" " "&#39;1 .1 __ __


Me2n0ra22dz»m_ _

_ -ro


non : MIR. G. H. ; &#39;ITE12 D |:,.
. _

1435Rust-Y-&#39;7;m mm-.: !~1ay&#39; 1961 .

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0 &#39;-&#39; --

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_ MARTIN w1&#39;1:r-..&#39;: aims, .m,;

1|. &#39;



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won a-I It-vv &#3 &#3



_ 92,-::u92

." v:92


Memorandum to2&#39;-Ir. Rosen

,, -0






Eartin_T.uther Ling, Jr,_


__ -


&#39;m Reverend


who led bus boycott in Montgomery Aiabama and sit-in demonstra-

Martin Luther Kin", Jr., prominent integrationist

AdvancementCo1ored~Peo of and 1e §ongress of Racial Equa1ity._§i53_

tions, has been associated with ational Association the for

_ by cited Genci&#39;a1 I_92_ttorney ofboycot bus .;
&#39; 375
. _ . meetings or Progressive Party cited by Subcommittee ena o t c_

has not inves.t_jga;c_e_; been /
-35 &#39;v &#39; &#39; 1° Qarty Bureau ilcs /&#39; i=eveai__. hing anaed Socia ist Workers attecdcn
s ..

Judiciary Committee!; and was honorary chairman df Young Socialist
League campaign on behalf of victims of ragist terror.

&#39; &#39;King in 19§0 mentioned s as potential victim of assassin ntion plot and 1g_1?aZ_gttpnd2d_C0mmnni§t Party training"iChppl_

%isM1M.s¢.mac _ _ $ . -163-.

§__=e::ii1923_i___andrep<1rtedIy c1osing_spee&#39;c1_§."& Fave of



Q." "|

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InQ o


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Memorandum toMr. Rosen&#39;
-0 an . V &#39; 0 I

giving blood when he_ was in a hosgital following assault. King in 1960 indicate his sup ort for omnittee to SecureJustice_for MortonSobell cited 92]by ouse Committee Un-American on in The natien Activities HCUA! commu as front! and in 1961 wrote article which celled
for integration of FBI to help speed integration. King attended 1 meetings with integration leaders in Montgomery, Alabama, 5~21-6
.. In -

.un$ess we go out and makeuse of it. King

Southern Christian Leadershig Conference to further negro vo reeistration! and advised T e Civil Rights meaningless
Davis, Jr., Communist Party official; for
thanked Benjamin





&#39;-.--&#39; 4-In

I I 0





&#39;IOI ug- &#39; &#39; . 9|-ZIln_a| .u C_i gull! 0

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1 _ 92


&#39; __.. __-I.-__ -- 1.&#39;m~.GCVERNMF 1=D STATES &#39;


.&#39; "

._ Memorandum
new ll &#39; r



&#39;.... &#39; /_ &#39;51:-I--I _ -8 at -&#39;-&#39;:_.
C:-an ii

re i =. eLe,

&#39; &#39;

n. - Belmont e . I &#39;. c s11 &#39; .541-n mu-_.._.
mnrr, usn

um: August 30, {sea ....,...-F &#39; .
-° &#39;

- L¢L.n:::ni...


mm.-r: _con.-nmxs-r

&#39; _liE5R9_9l!I5$&#39;1 .lQ3§...

Reference is

made to.the Communists and _ et

enclosed material&#39;on not influenced nl es.having only an

which the

.Director has received when
his cohorts

written: "This Castro took
were not

memo reminds me vividly over Cuba: You contended one can&#39;t ignore the

of those then that

I Castro and

by Communists.

"clone proved


memos re King,

fffect on the efforts to exploit the American Negro the by Commun Q The Director is correct. We were completely wrong about elieving the evidence was not sufficient to determine some years ngo
knvestigating and writing_nbout communism and the American Negro, we
dad hetter
that Fidel Castro was not n cohmuhist

or under

communist influence.


remember this and profit by the lesson it should tesch us. "

_2 I

.dum rightly

questioned by

do think that much of the difficulty relating to the memo
the Director is to be found centered in the

izb this particular context, evenuuhen know we does it exist such as in
&#39; he case of the obvious influence of

word "influence," ;6?Ei iiition has,

We do not have, and no any yardstick which can

Government agency accurately measure

or private "influence"

over Martin Luther King and King E&#39;Ihfluence 6ver&#39;3thé?rFEET }ie:ders.&#39; Personally, Ibelieve in the light of King&#39;s powerful
demqgogic speech
Negro lenders

yesterday he

stands head

and shoulders not done so

over all

other the

;Hegroes. We

,ee§J._=.!nnaer.ous_1Le.z£9._*?!_Fh° in this K==ti2n_;ro.n.sne_s 1&#39;e ;Qf;communismL_the hggrQ_nnH_n§£i9nnlm§ecuritv. ,=1

must mark him

put together

when it

now, if

we have

comes to

influencing great

before, as

masses of

Iv &#39; &#39; On determining membership Negroes of the in Communist Fnrty,
i e are-not confronted with the some problem.&#39; He do have here accurate
Of course, must not our standards ignore. The old are yardsticks for but do not qualify establishing membership. as members. These we

wary exacting. This means there are many hegroes who are fe1lewtravellers, sympathizers or who aid the Party, knowingly or unknowingly,

icommunist hangs " Therefore,

pommunist prin


still holds:

we have been poing legnlisticeproof to or definitely conclusive &#39;-I-. ,., rm! 350/ ,EnC1OS92I.?G i --&#39; "&#39; &#39; --_ _ U

it may

"Communism must be,built with

be unrealistic-to

limit ourso v=S




-. .



E 92



0&#39;. &#39;
Memorandum for £5; CCQNBNIS2
.NEGRO 100-3-75
0 e

92 Q
Hr. Belmont PABIZ, ECA &#39;1 1



CR8 WOHLG Stlnq an up _l:E_b_k.I._lI1l..llli _1..u_§:ui.ig92. u92::.ul c :C§L" uz commitiegs that the Communist Party, USA, does wield substantial
4.L_t __-_1.a _.n._..A .._ 4- 4. --51....-..1- -.-. -.0 -._ Lat -

Influence over

Negroes which_one

day could

become decisive.


-The memorandum which the Director penetratively questioned, _iwhile showing in the details communist the onimpact Negroes, did suffer from such limitations. -These limitations we will make every
effort to Division lift in is giving the future. to communist

The great amount of attention this activities directed toward the Negro C

should enable


to do

communist question takes up as e whole the time -during the past few weeks four meh have been so
{1} specialized instructions are regularly given

_ For

example, here

at the

Seat of Government,

of one supervisor and occupied. Additionally
the field en communist

the Negro -


infiltration of the Negro; ! monographs have been written on the . subject and widely disseminated; ! regularly disseminated are menorand: and reports; Z! August 21, 1963, we devoted the entire Current Intcl1i~

gence Analysis
1963, 49


to the

of this-Analysis

communist plans
material on

were disseminated
the issue

for the

Negro March

to 44 agencies
to Agents

of August


the Governmenth

In-Service; and ! an SAC Letter is under preparation in this Division now giving the field the benefit of what we learned from the Negro March on Hashington and issuing instructions for increased coverage of

! much

is given


I -,_ As memorandum the out, "this Nation pointed involved is a.
e§gl9i;atiQn_g£_the Negroes_by_communist propagandists." Nineteen millior Negroes constitute tEe&#39;E¥eatest singlericial target of the Communist Party, USA. ihis is a sombre reality we must never lose sight of. We _Iill do everything possihlelin the trou51ed*?uture*to develop for the

communist influence on the Negro._ form of {acial_;eYQlytipn


and the time hgs neve;_been_§o"rightufor

io! communistorganizations andofficials over
Negroes. W
Ihet the

jParty, plus

,Director all

the more complex and difficult to


facts relating

to Negro membership in the cOm$HniST
ascertain influence

_ &#39; ~ &#39;
that the

the leaders and masses of
not measure up to


regret greatly
Director has a right

memorandum did
from our

to expect


2 re:

the information

of the


_3 _
-113 . 1 .. &#39; I .

-1ss- .
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-- 1-




&#39; 0.
&#39; 01



J &#39;


_ A/Iem0ranc!um
tO 3"/&#39;1

t;a&#39;r1&#39;r-.n sr.-92&#39;u~;s cc n.92&#39;.92n;.92":&#39; -

..&#39;, &#39; &#39; &#39;

" i,/ ff7f&#39;


T" =Ur.U.C.Sulliv n *
YIOM =-hr.F. J. Baungardner" &#39; 4/92/ 1&#39;A _a
=vI=Jr¢1= 00:1:-nm1.s&#39;r mnrr, qsi.

uArn=September 15,196 ::§;;f
_ I.

~~ -

- 2:1f:III 5ll&#39;|!-_i,

1rneae_.quns&#39;r:o:z epnnmztsr 11:1-wr-..92&#39;c:: n:mam. wnrrsns
1m~r.m<.u. stcunrrr cozsnmzsr
. _... __, I&#39;



, inilgengg_9n the Negro. Thehistoryor the Communist Party, U31"
exam§IE&#39;6T 3 ¢ Ub:nunist activity as Party leaders early put into

} motion efforts to accrue gains tor the CPUSA from the Mar W ~
The presence at the March oi around 200 Party Hall, to many rank-and-tile
All unrest indications

i This memorandum geconnendswincrengg "e [l&#39;C&#39;l-T153 is_ren with !_c.-te itsatte-mts !, to _e>:n&#39;!oit iniluence and recruitthe 1&#39;-:é~_;r&#39;<T. me iziie ¬i{*92vEs r¬}1;t<>i{, :3 -l&#39;z é-&#39;62
documented information concerning the Party&#39;s influence on a principal March leader, Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr., is but an example.

several national functionaries headed byQ§PUSA GeneralSecretary Gus
ncnbers, is clear indication
that the

members, ranging tron

oi the Party&#3
the to



the Rezro! today.
are March was not the credit for itself

"end of relating

line" and that the Party will
and in every possible

step up its eI£orts"&#39;HS&#39; exphit racial
way elain

any "gains" achieved by the Segre. A clear-cut indication oi the Party&#39;s designs is revealed in its plans to hold a highly secretive leadership meeting in November, 1963, which will deal prinnrdly_witn

Ipepple and thus

"harnstorning" trip

the Negro situation. This neeting isto bepreceded by ai us Hail? through key areas 0! the country to neet Party
I betterprepare hisselr tor the November;peeting¥ _ - " K

lprOpOSBd SAC Letter attached!. The iield isbeing instructed to intensity our coverageof eonsunist influence on the Ne§ro 5§ giving

The entire tield is being alerted to this si§uatio a Yin


coverage oi thosecommunist fronts through whichthe Party channels I
members and dunesshe_s=Ja;: in activzttes en_hehilt of the Fart?
in the Negro field. its influence and to inzenstfy its investi ations of the many Party

tallest consideration to the use of all possible investiga ive techniques. In addition, lhe field in beinaIIold to intensify




imaginative and n:3


disrupt the Part!":

1n§¢111cc1;¢.,,92 1&#39;1 _f.&#39;;:-&#39;1--ll ; :1-&#39;:-I|j2292"92l .-&#39;:u&#39; {U 29292.t0!!!|1|I, to nggtgalize

"*92"vl¢*921¢ In he utilised through our

iv are =tressing"the urgent need for


4 L

::npllil.S17.Cl,. : ._&#39;. ,_.f &#39; &#39; &#39; / &#39; "_f--"re" L!:__I 100-3-nu !Q.I 1.J;;-&#39;:= tern ;&#39;:=.-&#39;-92_&#39;.t .13 JCT H;- -gm
" 1/.-A _ :__&#39;!:. IV" &#39;_"&#39; "

prompthandling9! all Iaeets or than cantor to insure timely diSSCm1 nation to the D¢P=K = *" °§ f&#39;4§"92v;¢sted-agoncios-in-also being

ac".:vit|.t-:; in the :.-3;;-0 [1°1d_ Necessity for

&#39; "_ -1s1- "
&#39;-&#39;1".7 I.-

- --





&#39; :


92- -&#39;

|&#39;- }Qi . 0


llemornndura to m-. Sullivan
as: co:u.&#39;1m1sr man-, usn
e rzcao qvzsnon -


mrwxzz-zcn [ioo-3-115}

comm. ms:

IN nncm.


The proposed SAC Letter requires key security offices to submit to the Bureau, within 30 days, en analysis of their current coverage of communist activities in the Negro field plus

details of

regular basis
letters due activities in

offices participating

their plans

are being

in the

for intensification, required to
plans to field .

Counterintelligence Program

Also, those

include in

their next

on a



10-15-63 their the Negro

neutralize or

disrupt Party

the field

full implementation
_ &#39;.


desired results may be achieved. Also attached for __necessary Manual changes. ._;_ =._ _ l~ &#39;--_,__ u-_ __ ..____-I- __ --n __. .~q_

as above

approved, attached SAC Letter go forwardapprising
and urging so that

approval are &#39;- - _
I &#39; _ .


o &#39; 92 92

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9/1,8, ~==*» -&#39;:.;::-.r--__ . . &#39; can .._i
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MEMORAb;DUM THE 1-"on p:&#39;nsc&#39;ros &#39;
c ~ .


5 -_ bearst e initials of I-Ir.Baumgzzrdner,
to him by Mr. Sullivan. . .

&#39; While

the aunched memorandum

it was prepared from a rough-draft furnished
u ,00 .1

A It

, -- &#39; ""


. read

should be undei-sto::&#39;.l that Sullivan, Baumgardncr, Sizoo and Belmont

; prior toits submission. &#39; /J J_ L-_. _ 1;. I. i__ Q5 5

the memorandum and agreedwith It




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&#39; /1-"»&#39;92»;&#39; &#39; &#39; - gin !

__ _ &#39; X-., ,_~;, c."&#39;92-{-1.-Q9 _ __.,

Clyde Tolson

&#39; ,4 _

T _ Wm-.-1&#39;..&#39;.a-.: 11: -. . 3-92 ¢":92 . wgcpu &#39; .&#39; k 92,&#39;-Q I Ir -92&#39;. I. -I» P92.-9292IL&# df gr Q -.I . Eb-L" 92 --¢"&#39;92IP92|l-I" .- L ./1/Ms/Il 92! ¥.&#39;£. .&#39;-:"I-£3. Ji, &#39;. ~ In. _92 _ _ &#39;m* ._.,_.92_p "-p-Ii! _!.4¢&#39; -I0 :_92&#39;._-¢} Q I... ._._ .. . _. ;<.:=;¢£ :.:--.;.-?:»;:.&#39;-&#3

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-92 ,

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&#39; __ /:1:
Q &#39; |_ , 40} f |

0 -| .-* . In ,a

I. :~:&#39




_, Sir. C&#39;_ .


_ Iron Hr. I. C. Sullz ~6/ 6} -3*
Re: c0::.:nm1s1&#39; PARTY, use
Jars:-zzm. SECURITY -

To: Ir.A. H. Belmont _ &#39;September Date: 1963! 25, &#39; K ,_; r. R--9|

___ _._.-I

II :.n-. 1»-&#3


NEG?-0 Qvssrxon ce:.:::u:::sr II¬l LU2lZCE In nAc:nL
c --- -&#39;-

_ :5 ,

>n.sw unstai

,&#39; [/ &#39;

L u C::;J;&

mt; I!-


Predication: ._ "1
and_to the
p .On

Reference is made to the enclosed memorandum dated 9/16/63
attached proposed
returning from

SAC Letter.
a few days leave Ihave been advised
manner in with the

which I

92 nemoranda on t ethose same subject matter. This situation is very disturbing to of us in the Domestic Intelligence Division
responsible for this area of work, and we certainly want to do

we prepared

the Director&#39;s

a Brief

continued dissatisfaction

on the above-captioned matter

and subsequent»


not be stubborn about admitting any mistakes we have made or he stiff necked and unhending concerning our analysis of this matter. The Director indicated he would not approve our last SAC Letter until there was e clarification and e meeting of minds relative to

everything to correct_our possible shortcomings. absolu
_ .

. &

the question
their leaders.

or the

extent of
this memorandum

communist influence
I will seriously

over Negroes
and sincerely

and on

try to clarify ofiicial office this discussion
1- &#39;- -

a most regretable situation. memorandum but rather on need not be made a matter

It is plain bond of official

prepared not believing that record-

which was in both
- Negroes
spent enormous

T &#39;



memorandum and the detailed brief attached: for l! the past 44 years the Communist Party, US ha
and to make communists
sums of money and

3- &#39;*&#39; First, I am sure

the cover

we all are in agreement.on the following
out of
ceaseless efforts

then; !

the 19

to influence


Negroes in

&#39; adviser are right
and the

I K1"8-

target of

the Communist new in
tine has

the country

today constitute

&#39; _& ! this nation

_w,&#39; _ _does

Pnrty, USA;

! Negro

the greatest

have as an extreme ?
a form.of
exploitation of of our

lender Martin

single racial



engaged in
so right for


&#39; the American Negro In addition to the

- could

F Negroes by communist propngnndists; and
in the future make

never been

_Enc1osuresf-a/1 -I5_92&
dab .

of specific examples of communist Ealicies. Dzoqram -and-activiti . 92 L. " 4.
-IWF -

to the serious detriment above, the material furnished

prodigious stridcs&#39;ind great successes

1-Jthe Communist


national securit! contained many



l I II

enorandun fer


E 1






conanmzsr saarr,
nneno Qu:-:sr1o::

nan uxrrnns . .


COLIHUNIST 1rn"mn:::¢.&#39;-: IN nacm.
to which we can all agree.

showing communist involvement in Negro racialmatters in this nation,

§ssenco of_the Situationa &#39; presented what facts there are in our files
The essence of the situation seems to be this:


and I know that the Director certainly would not want us to do other than this. -The position taken at the time the Brie; was written was that, while there is communist influence being exerted on Negroes

in the Brief

in question


,and Negro leaders,

dominationax Thishistoricallf&#39;has&#39;hEEH of the thc"p6sition Bureau
7"-1 7 $IE this mat-er in light of file reviews going back ten to twenty _h


the point_gf_eentrglmer

"1- tJ&#39;92-u_lC tu-ii-Qt .&#39;1.iva»&#39;.



0 U


Memorandum tor

Ur. Belmont


&#39; _

Interpretation: .
for they

like stones tossed in

as contrasted

l As


to the same stones put in the torn oi a sound edifice. It is obvious to which s new that we did_not put the proper interpretation we gavezto the uirector* *Iwfii
the facts

are somewhat

we know, facts by themselves are not toomeaningful,
a heap

I upo j

§;!Fini§uther King:


&#39; "Communist

Io have been aware oi the communist influence tor nearly two years on Martin Luther King, Jr., head or the Southern Christin Leadership Conference, and in the comprehensive memorandum entitled

Party, USA,

Negro Question,"

dated S/23/63

we set _


information to country have

tbat&#39;Hartin Luther Kine. Jr..
_stated, we are in communist influence and that King is In addition,

the efiect had subversive

that a number connections in

complete agreement with the is being exerted on Martin the_strongest oi the Negro
memorandum, we and effective


ha: been

dealing with

of Negro leaders in their backarounds

this and

&#39; _ Asprevious
Director that Luther King, Jr., leaders. As we have
Luther King to in the country.

stated before in a be the most dangerous

regard Martin Negro leader

we know

the Party
plans to

is directing
intensity its

a najor
efforts to

effort toward

_ strengthening

its position

among the Negroes the purpose of gaining

inasmuch as

we have

information the

the racial situation for the Negroes.

influence among &#39;&#39; """



&#39; -112-

;-;-:-!-:--92_&#39;!1r*. &#39; &#39;7&#39;-.f "..&#39;.&#39;.T&#39; ..&#39;;." " . """&#39;.&#39; TI "





0 -








.§*°" I-e1=1=§5";1==>e theeE1919
the enclosed SAC Letter,
should he sent to the field We need to renew our efforts

which was returned to us by the Director,
offices. My first reason is this: and keep the pressure on agg_leare

I would like to set North here briefly whyI think that

1..=_9_=.t<>ne _un.tut§e_s1_iu.1e.1a<.=_19P_¢v==:r .."!! 1.. all ..f=<=t= ..92f1h1.¢l1 an st ia_jhis matter. Some of thesé"?acts may not yet have been
nearthed b§ 3ur field offices, and will not he unless we follow up this matter evermore closely with them. My second
why I think the SAC Letter should he sent is related reason

to the present changing situation inthe&#39;Conmunist Party relations area. During the past two weeks in particular

- Negro there

Washington on August 28 communist officials

have been sharp stepped-up activities on the part of communist officials to infiltrate and to dominate Negro developments in this country. Further, they are meeting with successes. This should be no surprise to us because since the Negro march on

to exploit

the very troubled
the end of Negroes


have been doing all
situation. As on their part to


weeks ago, and influence

the Negro march would be the

beginning of

evermore systematic force acting

and Negro

new in full

upon this



or theirs

They are


weeks ago. The field should he alerted to this fact and given instructions to investigate exhaustively new communist - Negro activities. The SAC Letter in question will he a great help toward this end, and it should result in our developing important relating to the current changes and pertinent activities n tactc

going on during the past few weeks in this



§uh1ect of

peep Concern
. II _


Division. wear§_Qisturbed by_thi§_§£§~ought to_he. I vant hi;

isasubject of gggg_deep_eoncern tous in the Domestic Intelliaence

ay I repeat expected of

that our failure us in the area of

to measure up to what the communist - Negro relation



-1230 1


&#39; o

Q ,9&#39; U






. Q

.II_ 0 I &#39; 0

Memorandum forMr. Belmont
RE: connnnxsr PARTY, usa.


to know

that we

will do over Negro

everything that

is huuanly their organizations.

possible to

develop all
and influence

facts nationwide

relative to
leaders and

the conzunist



IS T te at
the enclosed

Director reconsider
SAC Letter to the iield.

giving approval

ior sending


Party to exploit the racial sitdation, if the Director approves we will prepare a concise document setting iorth clearly those nttempts these Iacts forth, succinctly and clearly, the render cannot help but he impressed with the seriousness oi tho coenunist activities.
. ..1_____ _ _ Z,_i_._._..-.---Z...-1-.

oiticials will

! In

order that

be aware

other agencies
oi the

and preninent
or the

determined eiiorts



to penetrate

influence, and

control the

Negro novenant.

By setting



an I

,. ----n

. -q-I_0 &#39;t.&#39;_&#39;e"



. 0 .

l -114-

. _ 5 ,

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":r:&#39; 1¢=" &#39;*"&#39; &#39;"" f













&#39; 92


L.! &#39; It-Q Ilek ll &#39; Q1 ud-



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_ .


10/1145 " f,;1&#39;1 &#39;
. . Q

92 92
D | , -

151-T01-$°=i= &#39;


i" 1

929292*17.2. _..___ 1111 .&#39;L.."::.
lIclln.._......-_.._ -I-_"

I There is no doubt it willhave a eavy

ihighly explosive. can be Luthe regarded/£s_ apersonal attack on ItMartin ywing.
limpact on the Attorney General and anyone else to whom we disseminate it. It is
labeled it will TOP SECRET. However, even such a add fuel to
in the seems to and should cards as a high classiiication today_to a leak, already be

=&#39;The attached analysis of ,- °""-Communism and the Negro Movementis


a matter which may

be no bar this leak out

issue during the forthcoming


1 0

_ _

__ _


V 0., p

-Ex .


, llis based on


The zeaoiandum

We may well be charged, however, with expressing opinions and conclusions,&#39;parti-. cularly with reference to some oi the

informationirom reliable sources.

makes good_reading


Q :-

" qt£%his memorandum ma;L:§:%tle&# _;;
- -__ General, particularly in view fQhis past "_

statements about King. mi»% J-v e-vvv
King, this


He may resent this.
memorandumis a

association with are disseminating



and the outside

fact that we the Department.

warninggggaiggj responsibility ndicated

_ by

&#39; inthe&#39;httache memorandum! -,J j._
in &#39;


Communist~influ§;;g ingthei cgro
We:niIT&#39;be carrying out our isseminating it to the people


-y 92 -b


k - $1-;-1-.~&#39; A "" , !/
I!&#39;92 vb &#39;

lir-IQ ! n



nan If- L/E - PL!-J
UCT 23 1953

11$} |~=n92; _-1


-_ Q


-176&#39; -



1 E ,.

9&81:s 19;-5
F51.- :&#39;ZJE"I:VE-k


Hr. James Earl my

BoatOitioe Box

Bruuahy lb-mtain Penite.ntJ.a.ry
Petros, .&#39;.Da::nass-as 37845 mar Hr. Ray: .

States c::-outeda task farm for t."r-.purpose of revievdng the FBI : invaatigation or the of Dr. !&#39;a.rt.i.n Iuth-:11: King, Jr. iimetasktoroeiarawintlmepmocezsofviradia-agxzgw its :l.nqu.i.ry before Iubnitting a final. report to the Attorney Genaral. Howevarg, we feel that our irquiry will
mt be cu.-plate unless wa give you an opqrrz-tmity to




your pen-tisipattm, mrdar of Dr. King.
Mnm mly,

or lack of
we herwy


in I-he

JamesH. Lesar. Esquire, your conscnt to an interview by mesrbers of the task force. If you should agree 1:: talk to us, our tire achad~.:1c__roc_rui.rv:s us to arrange for the

re-quest, through your attonae,-,

1nterv:Lew to

take place not later

than December 31, 197:3.


Plume let us km»: irazndintely whether you desire
be intandewed.



___ _ ____ __ . J1--. 1 w_w; Task I-brag -_-1-1 -__--w

-| 92









__ _~,-:5-_

qsinfnég &#39;3 $2?

.1}, 5&#39;; ,,,92 0&#39;-,_


&#39; &#39;
Hr. Jane!


gruslpg 3:1-=&#39;mh1 1§21-ziicxriizzrg H
Fstrns, Eennzsanc 37845 oeceshor 20, 1975
0 Ra; Y. Tenn. cr. rs. e I

H. Leaar


at Law Street,

I231 tourth


no. 166h5.

Dear Jim:


Tennossee. 963!

In respectto your letter sayingthat a Justicedepartnent attorney, Hr.
Janes F. Inlker, would like to interview ne concerning the shove indict-

aent, I

agree with your advice opposing the interview. It

would appear

that this Iould only he in the interest of the J.D. andtheir hook Iriting
collahorstors,e.5., Geroli Frank, George Mc illion, et nl. If they had ranted to interview the defendant, under oath, Justice had anple opportunity in the 197k H.C. hearing in henphis, Tennessee, through
their surrogate,


Henry Hails;
at only

and I understand
the hearing. should

no representative


At the

appeared as n witness
present I believe the

body I




n Jury.

I understand you to any Justice hearings to Justice L suits. Therefore I&#39;ll clthoe

has not rand any of the trs. include justice speaks to the ELK Jr. or their

of prior
letter with setter

in the cc copy of this

n copy of n Complaint that I doubt it




ho interested

in the Conplnint contents. Sincerely: Jenes e. Rey #65h77
P.O. BOX--73

cc: Jones F. nlker, Esq. J.D.L////// Patron, Tenn. 5?3h



_ NR ,"..E.lS I33&#39;1"E.R.."l DISTZICT3! TZIZIZSJES

I3 THE UNITED $1.&#39;.92&#39;.&#39;£3 &#39;}I3T§.ICT CCU="1&#39;

ESTER? ztvxsxo

Plllltifl I5 TI. r _

nus Inc.
oz-mos m:11.1.1.u1
IILLIAM mmroan


_&#39;. &#39;
7 _


I. Hana! mans:&#39; 7" ciinAction No. C" 7 6"9 7? .
5111:: _ 92

canon mu &#39; non. mam 2-1. mam &#39;
0 Detecdantl



l Q

I A I &#39; -I



!!.!e &#39;

&#39; 92


Z &#39;Ge


I 1

e .

; i


J .

t. u.1.m.~::1o:: or Juazsnxcuou:




! Jurisdiction cl thepartialio.theherein subject aatteria heedupon
1 e e 1 .92

diversity of

citizenahip and the amount in recovery-

Plaintiff, actingpro lo, 1| a citizen of

the State of

&#39;l&#39;en.neaaee under "operKc!-lilliaohere-is»

ation of

Law" in the aubject aatter; defendant TLH3 Inc. here-in-after, TIME!
the Stateoi the Io:-kg detendant George

Ie f i 4 a .

ia a citizen or

e.Iter,__ u=_&#39;.-_I._;1:|_1=_a!_j 1.:_a_ citizen astheState or Maaaachueette; defendant -.1.


yliere-iize-alter, Kaila! in a citizen or theState oi Tenneaaee;

~ e .3 ..g_

detemlant Ii11i_a.:92 Bratlord Iuie here-in-after, Euie! ia a citizen ot the _$tate ct Alabama; detendant Gen.-oI|_.:l Prank here-in-atter, It-ant! 1ea citizen

of the State ct Ree Io:-kg detendant ion. Robert I4. Bckae here-in-atter, lludge
. ..1|"u_Lr-..

Ilclael ie a citizen o! theState oi Tenneeaee; defendant Brenda Pellicciotti
here-in-alter,hllicciotti! ia a citizeq ot the State ct
_ .

tenneaaee. The

1 i

latter in controversy ezceeqle, excludve atintereat aad coata, the can at
tea thousand dollars. _

incont:-overayz 179- 92

D!Jurisdiction tounced in thejezieteoce ct a tedez-_i1 q;1eaticn_a.nd theamount





the action

arieeo under the

titth, sixth,

and tourteenth,

aaendnenta to

the Untied itatoe conatitution; I|.S.C. tle Z8iI53! a!, aa here-in-i
interest and coato, the nun oi ton thouaend dollars. _ 4--


atter noteno.1; oppearot the latter in controversy exceedo, encluaioe or .r Coi Juriodiction founded on the eaiatance of a queation if-icing under particuier otatute:
. .

-- I&#39; 1 5&#39;
.~5 fr-

&#39; 4. -


n. lt l

I-:1... Id&#39;r lti I52 U.S.Cele g U.-LC.
appoaro. &#39;



Lo here-in-atter m-8 lull;


On April Iqth I968,Rev. MartinLuther ling Jrt, Iao ahot . -d kil1ed;io,

|!oIphio Tenneoooe; in Hay I968 the plaintitt orao indicted by the Shelby
count; grand jury cr. indictnent no.
allegedly through entered a

16655! tor
coercion guilty plea

oaid ahooting;
by hie to laid cr.

on March


10th 1969-Plaintitt, Iorenan 8|

attorney, Percy indictment; on

the prooocution,

Tehruar; Znd

1971; the 11.5. Eh into the


court of of oaid plea,

appoala ordered Ba; It

an evident-

iarp hearing


Rose £91 I- Zd 285

$4.6, 1971;: on Feb:-an:-1 Z7?-111975 otter hearing laid otidontiary

Hcilao, pro-

the L8.

Diotrict court

tor the

I.D. of

Tonnooooo, Boa.

Robert H.

liding ruled
o 92I 3 n I o 0% I

againot plaintiff,

Ra; 1&#39;. Bone, 0-71¢»-I66; on Ma; 10th IS?6


17.8. 6thcircuit court of appoalauphold Judge !!cRao&#39;o in rulin; laid ovidentiar; hearing. Plaintiff, mess Roy It c. an, loco, O-75- I795. ouoo &#39; ~ -&#39; -

nezinmte, mann|c.; omnuz xcumzm; I. an-mt ants; nuam anrrsonn H1112; BEZRDLD FRANK; DEER! ll. HGRAI; 3.12131 PH-LICCIOTII, and allogolt _

2. an

ohile awaiting u-1-1&#39;1» etoronezrtionod the =1-. indictment the plaincopied don tron recollection intonation which ioad to
&#39;- "
&#39; , e ,0 . -


he had gained in his piaintiff ieing charged

196? under

aoaociationo, aoaociationa
nu indictnontt
> a

J. at

a brie!

aunaary of oeid re=co11ectiono and their

ouhaoquent diopoei-

tion by piaintitt are ea toilooee
. ~ -mo&#39; 1I

&#39; .p


a! during one pe.-_cd of plai:ti£Z&#39;I continesent in 19c. he wrote down

on a. none; receipt issued forth tron the Sheritrs county, Tennessee,Jail intornation which plaintiff

oitice of the Qzelby believed bad a direct

bearing onsaidcr. indictnent. See,is--A.


&#39; _.

b! the inforsation consisted telephone o!
nosbers were written do

&#39;.&#39; s F

nunbersI. one aaae § ad_dreaa; all

In backaards,-including theaddress. ._
next to the word "Sister", the

c! the tao telepbona nunberawere listed
first being listed in,

New Orleans, Louisiana; the second being

in, Baton

Rouge, Louisiana.

d! the address is listed e! the telephone tn plaintit s
0 Q

under the nane, Vera C.



nusber listed attorney,

under the Baton Rouge address was turniehed plaintiff in

Percy Foreaan, who was representing

said cr.


£1 the address was not investigated



was incarcerated


planing to said indiotsent; a conpendius or the post and investigation would indicate: the into:-nation cited
. .

.abowe was given

to a St. Louis, Mise-

onri,labor leader, and interned it pertained to theELK Jr. case, who apparently in turn furnished said information to a llsehville, Tennessee, es-

lttornay to investigate; said lttorne; had sources i.n&#39;tbe State or Louisiana
listed ¢. e . the llew a aideaet

mo setter
resident listed

end thereatter

said Attorney


the Baton Rouge

number Orleans

wasunderthe influence ot the leaastern union; and
nusber resident disturbed was asong other things an agent of torthconing, because ot Dr. King&#39;s reported


betore his death, public support ct the Palestine
the address it

Arab cause.

Heserencea to

&#39; any was unclear.!

g! the plaintitt

had said naae 5 address shortly before crossing tron Tijuana, lesion, into the United States; Florida;

1967 theborder in llovesbar
- -v e

the sane was Rudolph E:-sin Roses, 1.180 I.&#39;l.. River Drive, Riasi,

otherreterence Isa nade to s L211:a check through the Itiani directoryin
11970 igdicted so Roren

._ ff,



on attornoy

in Ohlahona city,




tho ilooonnaao and a oo it ho could {ind any intonation
in, loo Orloana, and into:-zoo tho ouhgoct night havo n or.

to tho nnhjoct
rocord; tho itt-


ornofroportoo hack that tho ouhjoct&#39;o lnot nano noot 1i.ko17_oan, Rooohaon
and that ho had. a cr. conviction in Ion Orlonno, Louiaiona, o. nrcotico
Q -

todoral court tor grocuroul



a Ionnonooo Iiconood lttorno;

tho tr.

ot noii



chock ona nndo through

lliani, tolophono diroctory whichdid 13-: a "Randy Ilooonoon" hut nith on
niirona dincronnncv-&#39; i _ &#39; -_ 92

ho that plaintiff

intondod tho ahovoihtorgotion for oxcluaivo uoo, nttor
o jar; trial undo: onid. or. indictnont---rnthor conooquonco o

n through invootiiation, in than £0! connorcialzing

in tho conlnuiicntionn

ihduatry--nan! in

oithholdpartothorootIron piaiauz a =1-.4==.r..,., who ooro ohnonhocl -.
dotondnnt Ionturoo: tot! nooolint! lttorno; I i11Lia.n Brnttord Arthur Iuio in conaorciil puhlinhing tho Hanan ax-., oho inaociiotoiy upon ontoring

Unit contractod oith lotondnnt,_I921io andZnd.!_ LttornoyPorcyIoronnn, oho ohilo
not ontorinr into Iitorar;
nonthn ottcc titt

contracts with 5r. Euio until
tho ouit, Hr. Ihronaa

January 1969,. too

l&#39;orona.n&#39;a onto:-in;

did not qnoation

ahoot onid information l» orona:n&#39;n! ndaittod Fohruary Iith 1969,

or othor trial nttor Iuio,

napoctn ot tho cr.

indictnont--bocnuao Iohruar; litorary Foronan nith to invootigoto I963."

of hio
n 920 92

grogoration Po:-cg Ibronan plaintiff

nothoda-until. had ontorod into lttorhoy

5.. in hat I &#39;5




tho ahovo nontionod,

Baton Iougo,

phono nunhor and aakod his

in concoction with tho IL! Jr. honicido. hhortly thoroattor "rt For-ona.n1


in otfoct



thoro noro

to ho any tolophono

nunhoro roforoi

toifin court ho Fox-onnn!.oou1d turninh-.thon through contacto in intorntato
! I --. ,-

Io:-onan nontionod oquontli, nfior

n, Hr.


Lannky, iii Foi-of

no hio oourco. r-oinn had in ouioroi


tho iuroioctitioi





into ontorin; n ploa to oaid indictnont, tho plaintiti on




coanissioner, Harry
the property

Avery. encent

for a thin

line circling
&#39; .

sons writings

aeened in

ii Tha


to i aintiffis the late


to the

eforeaentioned ieniieitiarf, Hon. mtord Ellington,

Coudsaioner Avery,

Governor of tenneasse,

and Governor EL1.ington&#39;s ndninistrative assistant, Hr.~Ii1:1ienL. Barry,
had decided and
ell, 11.8.

5_:3_n_=;i_£§_s£l_1:g__rLi_t_1_.g_g Avery testimony see, in, Rn; vs.
11.13. Tn. C-iv. Action no. 5590, 19?O!P1aintiff&#39;n


Die. Ct.

aent upon entering neid penitentie.rJ&#39;,io, arbitrary lodging of Plaintiff
nolitary confinenont innodiatelj upon hie entering prison.


.6. an
the trial

thereafter on

Hatch 13, 19$! Ihan
trial under said

ylaintiff connenced
indictnont, Connisaioner


for a new

attenptad to jporauada Plaintiff against

cooking a trial
ho Ionld

under said indictment
hover he releasted

and after


that inforned

Plaintiff that


fron eolitary uconfinensnt shiie he lverh wan corrections conninaioner.
9- hat in the succeeding years until the present Plaintiff ha: been arbi-

trsrily locked
years, during anns of the
U 1

in solitary
vhich tine hnrnhnant of the

confinonent/segregation for
their hae been several

spgroxinntely five
prinonora hoca who burned then-

auicides by too !

confinenont including

sci- te éenth=

2-en, LY- !=
;. &#39; .


IO. &#39;l hat aftar the

sforenentioned plea

by Plaintiff

the trial

Judge, Hon.

Preston Battle,
on laid

departed fron

enphia, Tennessee,
of Tenneaase,

for a vacation
Hon. mford

and while

vacation the

then Govornor


upon learning

of Plaintiff&#39;s Stnte ofticiaia

effort to

receive to located if the

a Jury Judge Battle

trial under

said in-

dictnent, dispatched 5- the next Appellate

to offer hin deny Plaintiff a

Judgnhip vacancy

Judge would


under the

petition refer_ed to in paragraph-5 above. uztn 1969 in.the_ prison eepegntiol nu11a1n; &#39; &#39;-_&#39;._I_ Te-_&#39;,192-&#39;#
fedsrai bureau _of investsgation office. he cooperation of Plaintiff

1!-. mt

on or about March

Plaintiff vas confronted through ame_e it _a&#39;p_e&#39;cis1 agent, Robert Jensen .__
of the llolghin, Tonnescse, thnet of &#39;1&#39;. Jenaen&#39;a convereation Isl seeking

in furthsreing the HI investigation of
refined the

¬I&#39;e indictnent. Ihoa Plaintiff
said Plaintiff could
or Iorde
1 I J

cooperation ofterfllr. Jansenup&#39;on departing thereafter: -133-

expect rieinufr

Brothers John I. Jorry nay! to loin nu.-. in prilon,

to that effect,

&#39; e

Ca! 3la:.ntitI&#39;e brother, Jerry lay, that he had to reeign hie Job in

eae intinidated to the the Chicago, lllinoia, area;

extent lub-

eeqoently after
hie tor

torcing hie tron hie Job the !&#39;BI_atteapted Irene to _
other brother,
hie car in the

nuneroue criaee.

h! plaintit e
while driving

John Ray, eae arreeted
St. Louie, ier-I-:1, area

by police robbery. Tried


and euheequentw alleged actually

1: charged
and convicted

by the
Iith e

I&#39;ll tor aiding and
defendant ehoa


a bank

tho goeernnent

robbed eaid
yearn; upon

hank, John
appeal the

eaa given

I8 yeare and the alleged robber
reeereed hy


alleged rohhei-&#39;e conviction eae

Bth L8. eearnh I
I e 8 i 92|.

circuit court eeinure one

of appeal: need againet

hecauee the fr-uita of hia; however, the Bth

an illegal; circuit ruled

the? the truite o!_the
taken tron hin; upon

i.llego.1 nan:-ch one not ground tor reversing
re-trial the alleged robber the robbery eae acquited; laba

John lay ! caee hecaeue the alleged efidence stolen none!! eae not
eeqnently another defendant in eaa charged nnd entered

plea tor
by the

three 1

Ieare which

eae later
-n .

reduced to

eighteen eonthe

1 .

I2. That

in. Jone

I959 Plaintiff

tiled a

civil action

in thellnited



Dietrict court tor the ml!. of Tenneaeee eeeking to void contracte heteeen
plaintiff, the aforementioned 1m-1:; Foreman, and defendant, Huie. In att-

I: E

eapting to have eaidcivil action
ing the refilling by Plaintiff in J. Hooker Attorney the late, John

Complaint!, dininaed,thue nacoeeitat»
the i.D. of nu, or the &#39;1&#39;enneeaee, detendante the Davidson count; Tenneeeee

§&#39;|&#39; bar, illegally =2 intornatihn, Iron
,. I-.

procured Plaintii t&#39;e entire prieon the atorenentioned

record, including


correctione conniecioner,

Harry Avery,


5 .92 e.e 92

? P


oloroaontionod Pore;

Foranan I.

dofoadaat 3u.1.0,

would not

havo to


11.10 tootiaany, g3.§I_g3_=g3:_L_§_§g3_§. Judgotho accccpliahod this 1030.1 :0.n0uQ: by ruling tho

P1ainti£1."0 ouhpoona

powora qoro linitod to arbitrary actiono

0 100 silo -&#39;

todiuo oi lhat Judgo lloto bolow

llonphio, ronnoaooo. Hcnao tux-thor projuiicial t

Ir inaction tho Unitod

olfoctivoly diliniahod

tho Plairzt-it£&#39;0 right undo:

Statoo Supronocourt and-ato for a roll and qquitabio ovidoatiary touring: .! tho
tho prooo I03

court ruiod
urging tho

in ottoct
Stato to


at tho

oclicitation of


8tat0&#39;0 Attcrnoy, dotondant Bailo-_-who

had cocplainad

to tho

court that Haintiff-that ho p1ai.utcul;0-

uh cortain

quoationo or oiiogod information

Gonorai Kaila
irt! ilrovido

couii inqu.&#39;i.r0

of i oiatiffiz

Pore; u-ooan

ccncorning otho;-o

poroono 0.1105061;


Dlo undo:

laid tr.

iniictaont. Ihoroottor,

althoo Plaiqtitt

did rotor


intonation doicribod

atcvo ao toing gin:

to Hr. Foreman by Plaintitr, and dotondont, Hailo,

within tho
Or, -Iudjo

continoo 0! tho
Hcilao quootioaod

abovo court ruling, noithor
Piointitt 1.9 tho nattor.

Judgo Ia!

Hcliao in ccncort with dotandant; Poliicciotti,
tron Plaintit o to tho at tho

hao conH. I-ooa.r rolovant h

Iiotontly-dospito potitiono

counool, Jaaoo or appoolo

- dociinod

to forward.

ll.8- 6th transcript in

circuit court


. I

nocouary pcrtiono

laid ovidoatiary

hearing: uncir-

ically, tho

dotinitivo portions

ct laid tranacript ovidonoing, Pore; For-0:an,
in tho tr. nattor contri-

- liio invntotinn,
- in ;
§ ;

roruaod to ottor 1110 toatiucuy in oaid ovidoatiary hoardolotoricuo inaction

and thuo through thoir

hutod oahotaatially

to tho 6th circuit

docioioh against

Plaintiff thoroin.

{A c!
now, tilod



hing 0 principai .r 5&#39;
15. at oaptad to
oarioo ct

1|:-icr to niolood




16. lhat

their have

been ;ublicized

allegations that,

Judge Hciae,


aore concernedwith the political effects

lee. See, 22--C.

&#39; "

of his decisions than the

. &#39;


I2. Ihat

the clerk

of the

court defendant,

Pellicciotti, therein


eeidentiary hearing was conducted acted in concert&#39;Ii&#39;t-h, Ziclee, Judge
in declining
11$-b above,

to prepare and forward tr. naterial,
to the 0,8. sixth circuit thus

described in paragraph

contributing substantially

to the sixth circuit

denying Plaintiff

relief under said evidentinry

hearing. 2
18- int defendant, Eaile, who was

- .-w
_e I .

92 &#39;

the State&#39;s chief couneel in the nowin private practice, has

aentioned ewidentiary

hearing, but is

ed_ Plaintiffby aiding I1 abetting defendant, Hcliillian, i.n Bic!-til1ian&#39;
preparing ll authoring theaforenentiones artilce for defendant, 1&#39;11-ll.
I e ,e a I , ,ea v .-.

I9. hat

defendant, c illian,

inforned Plaintiff&#39;s brother, Jerry Rag,

of :1 ;

H8Mil. Lian&#39;s! rolationahig nan defendant, Bails. ;.,


20. that I975
at the Tennessee State

defendant, Paile, appeared with defendant, Hc!-lillian,
penitentiary-ilaahville Branch-wherein Mc illian

requested warden,
Plaintiff and

Jones I.

Rose, a personal
to an

friend ofiaile,
interview by,

to contact
I-lc illian.

aak if

he would conaent

Ierden iose did forward said interview request to Plaintiff &#39;#..
building wherein Plaintiff was housedwhile asst. criticised att. gen. court decisions for the

which Plaintiff

declined and, thereafter, Haile _|| lichillian viewed the solitary confinenent _

.¢ -:


Zt. That

defendant, Hails, tines publicly

State of unfavorable

fennto hin

F es-see seweral in a
e I

sunner Iuggeating

he wae atteupting diaaiaied fron

to intinidate

Judges, acts by the

for att-

which he
ye e

aubeequently was

the a.G.&#39;s office

orney General for the

State of Tennessie. " I975, issue of PINE nagazine !--D!
Revisited", defendant,

22- That in the January 26,
the title
Ir &#39; 1 &#39;0 be


of " .l&#39;he ling Assassination

Hc illinn,

anthored a aalicious
and alleged laid article
. a Q

article subtitled

"1&#39;a gonna ll

that nigger


said nbtitle is littered

a statenent

aade by Plaintiff. fabricationa, and while of a

with deliberate

hollywoodish character they are delivered with malice
-JI. III Q &#39;

intent, begining 435&


&#39;1»-In I963 and I968; ttartiz dofiantly





W alnoat thoir

oworyday, ri;hto...Ra;


about how Hack. poo;lo woro


to got

watchad it all avidly on tho coll-hlock
if-lingo rooaria
ooao on tho tuba-

&#39;1"l_&#39;at Joff City.
poroonally. Martin Ho

H_o roactod ao
whoa Kin;

woro diroctod
I o hogan to

at hia call his


&#39;I.ucifor&#39; King and Martin




got II

that tho var;

aight of

King would galvanizo

4 1! article=

| au 92


tho facto aro
Jofforoon throud:

that thoir woro
and, that oith City;

no W aoLo_ in tho collhlocko or, collo,
oojoura in tho lliaaouri
dofondant Hiaoouri I-!cl4iJ_1.1.anio corroctiona

during ?la.intiff"a

Stato ponitontiary
cognizant of officialo thio



whoa ho hao


for information

ouoorouo tinao.

Soo, EX-j.
with aalicioua intont in


mat ooworal

o&#39;aE.u.=r doliborato

oaid articlo aro:




_-_ &#39;

o O 1-

ofton . prioon Atlantic

a! "Ray and hio folloo convict Raymond! Cortio would oot_around, a fora of narcotic. 9- I8. high on opood..." Spood hoinf


"On April

Z14, 1967, dity, ho not


ona dag artor Hc illian,

Ra! oacopod from Jack and Jarry diocuoaing in tho ourdor of


at Jofforoon Hotel..."

hia -Brothara





3a_.rtin Luthor King.

9. 18-

I !

c! um llcH.1.l.lian allogod &#39;i>:.-inurzva Brothoro, John 1. am-1 Ray,
had, froa conwaroationa with Plaintiff,




fact of




Pl . I8 I1 23. Fisooori donartnont of corroctiooo conaiaoionor

21» That tho Stato of

Hciiillian lo a fraud l_!r. Goo:-go II. Coop,allogoa in offoctvthat dofondant
win coanoction with l!cH.illia.n&#39;a aforoncntionod




.-"&#39; ->

tiff&#39;o conduct whilo in laid llioconri 25. mat tho Hiaooori

Hcr llian

saa, xx-1&#39;.
princigall; rolioo on



1|:-iaonor dofondaot

to Ilhotantiato

his allogationo,

allogationo that


not only

Qlotod tho aurdor of o
wi o _ QQQ= a¢t__ wv--I

KL! Jr. ht wooaln _anarcotic addict, narcotic
ll1-a&#39;Ia&#39;la:l -wv -

sea thereafter


in his prison

e .

to his oen type.

26. that shortly after
indictnent defendant

Plaintiff&#39;s arast
I-lcliillian stated &#39; s at a

in 1968 to

sneer for said cr.
that since he

conference _.Q


hnes Plaintiff

sas guilty of

the isdictasnt charge he McMillthusit follows a fortiori
of other novelist to s&#39;nb-

inn! sould not have to investigate the case.
that iiciiillion has relied on the tori: product

stantiate aiceable portions of his allegations in said H143 artccle.
Z7. That defendant Hcllillian

has posted Plaintiff
. .

numerous letters,


threatening, thencaioling, in seeking interviews for use in saidarticle
and his alleged forthcoming book re Plaintiff.

ZB7 Thatdefendant TIRE ssgasine has vested financial! interest in
Je -1 Q 92 &#39;92 e G I In

said nrtilce

by Hc.HiJ.lisn--thus

in promoting

}!cMil1inn&#39;s forth-

toning book re Plaintiffis s
v -1 . .

in that llc!-1il1ia.n&#39;s publisher, Little
>_ -" ,


subeidary of

1&#39;11-L inc. -J


&#39; _

That defsndst TIME deceived their

own agent Richard C. Ioodbury! in

their iicego, iliinois,office intothinking iii eoulno anobjective
story re th_e natter. See,


a .1. &#39;_ the

JO. _&#39;Ihst defendant E-IE
United States sixth

III consciously endeavoring to in uence
of appeals in, Ray v. Rose,

Circuit court

no. 73-

15103» which
as J 92&#39;1 J in nee tie trial shots


a :l&#39;eI days subsequent to said article
Qse cr. slit to Iletcr _1ns ohsger

heard aggunsnts
Pluntif! n

!- Lt: != said

to oz-oer







TIME inc.

has a history of by publishing,

conspiring tinely,

to mbtert sslicions

the judicial articles prior

and political


to judicial decisions or election of

public ofticials._


32¢» at because defendant, 1&#39;D!.._&#39; i ,.he.s&#39;sade a fresh investigation Tp.I ?

said article! being perlotlsd

into the "case"-their


investigation is 1968--rm:
is tales

evidently is copizant

by &#39;1&#39;.Lse inc. LIFE IIQIJ-ll!
portion of said article


a substantial

L aalicious.


at substantial portions of saidsrtilce byHcH.i1lian seresupplied
by defendants, Frank i Iiuie-Defenf-ant, luis, published

to Kr. llcfillian

s novel re Plaintiff

in I970 titled

"Re Slee the Dresser"; defemhant, -1881

J &#39;?





allogatinno England,







a holdup

in London,

and that

Goorgo C. iallace

would pa;-don

jlaintiffp pp.
I7 oofennant

17 ll 23&#39;:-oopectivoly, oore anppliod ta defendant :1cMi1J.ien
nuie ao ovidonnod. ny eutenenza nane nirocuy to nunuxx

by tho above nenticnec! Porn; Poznan quoatingHuie to P1aintiffl alien;
with oral I. written doclaratiano by Defendat, Euie. Soe, -2:1 &#39;1.---.t. a
_ . 1 .I-




Huio in hio


media campaign



libolod Plaintiff

in a

CBS- N intorrior

hustodoby, DanRathor, on or
92 .

iamua.-1 2, i9&#39;76, by foioeiy

a.i1e;i.n3 in eifoct that



mu.-daredEmitJr. and, ranted a

loan conpany in London, hgland.

36. not tho talea allogationl in refoi-once to Adolph Eitlor

p. 23 said.

I&#39;ll anpplied
by otatonontl

to defendant&#39;.Hc! J.J. by lan Defendant,
nod-a iiroctly to plaintiff

Fr.-..-2:, an or-

by Plaintiff !

itturnoy .3


Ill intorviooed ezteneiooly I
Hnie hao a oaid, Iith

opdorendant, P1-anii Honori: Iliii

of the;Ghottnnooga Tonno ooooxbar. &#39;
biota:-1, Got . Wallace.
. . 5

&#39; __
w _a&#39;
for coanez-ciai



that defondent



$8. That dofendant Prankhao a hiotoz-1 of dofendin; Zinnia: evenI-nan
it includee nnrder, eg, ooo P1-anlr.&#39;o novol, puhliahor in 196}, titlod

"HE DEED", and if allogaticno

in count 2-f abovo aro oubltantiatoi
into ail! er. indictment


proceoding I42. I1-e.nk&#39;o int:-union
adwoato in

ao I.


road-111 oxplicahlo.

J9. hot an articlo in tho BILALIAII IBIS puhlilhod March 12, I975 page I5





Iao lhifting

hie political


m=e&#39;e..:&#39;m-. Kin; Iao mxzmg hie political allinncoo andum. ngnu o
app:-each. to npport thio 1-ieo oboe:-were point to Dr. inure viooe on Dr. Kin; the Viot rrao oar and hie growing oupport of tho labor novooent. oao aloe chain; under the infineneo
_¢.__J B i OII"&#39; -I

o -a t.

of the Teaching of tho Honnrablo
I Q _


releivea by the Court ae a defendant in eaid Iuit i;

taleel: alleging
tornal I transitory.



I21-8. p. I! a_proceee dericiencyg {Irh~anlr.&#39;a effect infaleei;
he I Doubleday Coapa.Iu!&#39;e atliliation vac
.&#39; _ .

alleged that

&#39;01-. the record That Iill contira that not one of the P]-a:l.nt1!!&#39;I aoculerl
in the of lav comnnication indnetr; but on the contrary, have ever ottered live they have utilized nuneroue teatinoru in rueee to a court avoid




5 e e




pr-oceie and the iuhpoena

vhile the




-- --


Iuditn the

publicity, appellate

courte are

reluctant to

teeerae becauae it eoold bring doe-na heap or criticiaa
of ma a Judge or a group of Judgee with enought


the public tho are not taniliar with the rule and regulation courage Iouid on experience, be unez;;ected".See, E1-I.

52. that the detendante, TIRE inc.,George Mo!- llian, I: lent; Haiie,
Ii.&#39;L1. I.el Brattord Huie, and
ea ionoeez

Gerold Frank

ere guilty

of the


" ta!

or libeling

plaintiff in

laid rm:

article with

nalicioa intent.

kl. That the detendante, TIES inc., George Hc iliian, I. Henry Haile, are guilty or the violation as rolioeez
II oi acting in collusion, by the nature 0! eaid article and


publiehing date, to influence the ILS. 6th circuit court or appeal-e in, Ia; Y. Qoae, Ho.7}-1543, ndveraely to herein Piaintizt, thua obatr-noting

inane. andyiuauag pla. .ntiI!"l =1.»-11 righte.
I . _ t &#39;


. .1 a 1."

&#39; z

lib-That defendant,Hc}2i11ia.n,ie in addition guilty or the violation

ll_IO1lOI&#39;lt _
: a!
aateriai thue

"&#39; - "&#39; tron de!endantl,
or ralaity or eaid diarogard tor the truth

of receving I: publishing nalicioue narerial
a reckleee
compounding Hc:4iJ.1ian&#39;e libel-

luie In hank, Iith
v -3 a 1 b I 92

92Ȥ-. That deiendant, Huie, in

in addition

guilty of

the violation

an tollone:

" _a!of libeling eitn aaiicioua intent by Ialeely
loan conpany

charging on a
&#39; .

. !

I e

CB5-&#39;1"! special dated JanuaryZ, I976, and hosted by Dan Rather,that *"1aintin had in ettect aurdered, Rev.Martin Luther King Jr., and, rotted a
in, London,


_ &#39;

I | q I 5

92§v that defendant, Keile, is guilty oi theadditional violation-faI"£o11cn:a:

I! oi violating P1ai:Lti££&#39;e civil rights. with nalicious intent
laid article,
H it

by ai ng 8| abetting detendant, Ho illian, in hie lIEoiJ.&#39;1.1nn&#39;l! punl

throu turniahing

Hc iilianr information tron the tilee of
he Bane! nae aeat. Ltt. Gen.

the hnneeaee

Attorney GeneraJ.&#39;e ottice 1-mile

ID otluring direct knoeiedge reeuiting tron hietenure in the
Ienneeeee 1.0. otiice and hie aaeociatioa eitn the atoreneutioned, Percy Iorenan 81 Iinian L. Barry, ot the tm ulneee ot allegation nade in count-3

lerein abo:e, thua violating Plaintif e civil
_ --191-

right :-


&#39; a -



1,7. nu: defeudente, JudgeHcliaea Brenda?el1icciotti, the civil rights violation as follows: &#39; _

are guilty of _

a! of deliberately vithholding relevnnt portions of Plaintiff&#39;s

transcript fro: anappellate court,refered to in count-15 b above, and
thus contributedlubetnntially to that court--11.5.6th circuit court of
L 4

Judge HcRae&#39;e earlier
I &#39;

ruling therein

egcinat Plaintiff.

£8. that defendant, Judge HcRae, is is additionguilt; of the civil
violation as follove:
92 s




of a! refusing to act onta notion to take perpetuating testinony from defendant, Huie, in the aforencntioned evidentiary hearing, refered

to in


c above.


£9. ihet the Plaintiff

ie entitled

to exemplary danagea because defendants should be taught that the culpabil-

excluding Judge KcRae & Pellicciotti,
U Q I r


of defendants in cr. indictnenta
to be decided

were intended under the United States
than through fraudulent


in courts of lav rather

misrepresentations in the connercial connunicutions industry;
ten defendants that legal requirenente precede political

and the othe:


or binsnessagainst a particular litigant.
92 I 92 _

_ _

herein the Plaintiff

5°. 4-.

That as a result

of the defendants



has not only been ligeled

in a naligant

fashion but thoea tho have the
rights have by their

n .92 e U - an r 3.

of upholding


e I _.


acts indirectly


to and encouraged the libel.


IHEREFORE, Plaintiff

demandsjudgment fro: defendants, ex-

ftluding Judge Hc ae, nunitive damages of Five hundred thousand dollars
respectively. -&#39; &#39;

_ .


3-=8;E. Ray
I§n§ l nee.-._l new-waves-tee


P3-aintiff_ 4 Q1 ___ __
O 92






. . I



--.4"-v &#39;92

0 ~&#39; 1 1 _. _ 1 &#39; 1 I . __ 111». 1 . _ . 1 -

Q " . I


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_ _",

&#39;*?l<?? >&#39;r"?"&#39; "- - - &#39; **f&# _ "_ Rccc1Vt:d&#39;0£_Shc&#39;ri.£f_!!:l111am N1!-lo:&#39;;r_is_,. gho - Jr_.
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. ... =-. -.;---a.~&#39;: -~ -:.-&#39;»-----_,. -*

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&#39;_ 1&#39; &#39; &#39; mes Earl F311 County Jail &#39; &#39; &#39; &#39; &#39;
. _ _ 1 _1 _ , . 1 1 1 &#39; . &#39;1 &#39; 5


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R? is



State of Tennessee } -_
nun coma-2 -. &#39;

LJ.LIIACKWEI-LOuhd92heCrlnhelCawudnHCOIlb&#39;.5992II5Ill&#39;5&#39;I*5l ?5l¢IP


§!eFT92 5e_ __ _

1 Th


jrrrrm Qyum ormm.mummw_m
NH Nm kllll gihtv0!=:_1f|;p921. k ma.92cc1:m:~a: PLEA orcur_L11J§&#39;3p_ W i_e -

WIR DIRE OF_!&#39;A;_1 92lQ7_ANO BIKER - OF -IRES §A_.RLjAY_;
utbeeuueaglparenlreeel-ilscvrmlllehllsye ien

PIIWEP. B_-16645

&#39; H&#39;I Itllmn1Wl92ereoIIhvel||n|mtneetIqle|:dlndlI :edtbeeeeI



15 dud
i f




F. Z

suu, 0;]-,n_n,,,,, }
mm.-1count! _



F . L

m -rm-: cnmmu. count or sunmr oourmr, nzsu.
Ilsnphle, rm_M_

OemtyDivbinn_1___ar IyIhetJ.LILACKwZ|LIbnw u!wqob|eu&#39; Bah,hmw,nd

Heerheh aniehdufwnmdhhoi d uhunehunm dhlu hi andcl t

.1 -


"_&#39;I&#39;RleI|n,yhnn ,ti|.h,_,!*6,<,_ -1


State of Tennessee }
Inn onus-n

*II .0 .0

I,J.LHI.AgWEIJ~UCieItheCrinlan1Cowh0InHCmn ,en&#39; .b&#39;tbn



ot dsl lignstun eppeuitolheebove

md_lsm_|§ounusedOerti enh,hea|lvuaHI:etlnsoI|iga.ia¢ anme,|ohudpruidin¢J
u.¢am=.nm¢u1=an¢u,unu,m-smaummia-=a=-m &#39;

h&#39;l&#39;q1h?nn1W&#39;l|eree|IhlvehItunbItI7hdlnllI!i.x.d leennl

"- -3-"*&#39; &#39; "_-I


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L3! -.-1.---=; ..
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II T113 CF11!-c»92""|92L C6331 Q? Siiil-5&#39;! CC&#39;UI&#39;I&#39;c&#39;Z-&#39;1-7.5323 Tl , DIYISI03 II I e I a I ? if

star: or raxmzssz-:2 &#39; 75"

_ _ &#39;°l§§.Li__.; &#39;
_ a


%[_E_§_E.;92l§L__RAY ___ &#39; s.hD|&#39;92Dil&#39;


i. -eO
__ a 0 J _ E





* I all proceedings cgsinst as should he hed in the namewhich I hereby declare_ to he ry

Thatly true 0-1.1.1 neneis U true none. _ ~

M1155 £531 &#39;3,

and I assert that


e .

--_ _aa.____._a_ ee._ _.____ a_


Ia in this cause.

looted and retained by ne,lvho vas appointc r.
and Hugh Stanton, __ - ,


t_ atzmxxeg-post, torepresent ic Defcn er,
beforebeing celled upon to plead,
and believe and feel
each case listed


. -.92_____ __ | ITIO VIE II


I have received a eoyy of the indictnent
the accusation nade against are in this

and I have read and discussed it with any attorney, hereby waive the rornal ! _-I &#39; a I a

that I


ease and in


reading or the indictnent. the facts and surrounding circuastanees as known

I have told ny attorney

;- to he concerning the matters ncntioned in the indietnents, and believe and feel that



Iy attorney is f92 _ Ly inforned as to all such nettcrs. My attorney has inforned no It to the nature and cause of each accusation against Ia, and as to any and all _ possible defenses I night have in this cause.


IQ attorney

has advised no as to the punishncnt provided

bylav for the

offenses charged and e.-ahroccd in the indictment against ne. My attorney has further advised that punishmentwhich the lav provides for the crina with which I an char;ed in the indictment is as follows: &#39; _

B L Q &#39; -

Q_j=;;h_h;_;1;;;;g;u;jgg_Q; cqgjjnenent inthe State_genitentiary fori _
&#39; _tim9
and if

W91: 1"="*Y P ! YE" i_e
will he:



accepted by the Court and Jury say sentence on a ylea of guilty

_$fi=¢ EL
I t -

P¢I!1!=n$!*1 5&#39;1! Y "i"F Y "1"°Y*?"§e99!-

Guilty the Constitution guarantees andthis Courtwill grovide ne the right to a speedy

plead lot Guilty" to any offense charged against ne, and that if I choose to plead "Hot

It hashsen&#39;fulJ.y explained to laeandI understand that I

nay, if I so choose,

l tance of counsel in my defense at 1 .

andpublic trial by Jury; the right to see andhear all witnesses -againstno; the right to use the powerendprocessof the Court to coapell the productionof any evidence, lmluding the attendance of any witness, in myfavor; and the right to have the assisall stages of the proceedings.

&#39; 1 3&#39;-1- .31 -,-&#39;;_s&#39;:&#39;.J.&#39;,&#39;-a.92ga&#39;|&#39;a of theaction I antaking, I dohereby in open Court request theCourt to

p&#39;as_s-urs of anykind or promises of gain or favor fron any sourcewhatsoever, andhein3

_:n the exercise of anyovn free viJ.. |. and choice and without iny threat: or

-.&#39; _;#",_ f h may or couldhave toaNotion for e lieutrial, and/2 an appeal. " . a

accept q glee of guilty to the charges outlinedherein. I herehy vaiveanyright I

QI -_&#39; ~.- &#39; L &#39;&#39;
_ &#39;


&#39;5 __ -"

. 92


HE CRIEGIAL C¬J&#39;-ZR? OF Z221-BYCGLWFI, l&#39;5;&#39;il&#39;38Si".!

ITNIE e Q! 0? ERR?-l&#39;~S£E

-DIVISISEI H1 _ 1. --0 1141! Hun . &#39; &#39;

DI-&#39;l&#39;iBI92l|&#39;l&#39; &#39; IIIIEII Anmuzizlmi

&#39; &#39; &#39;-&#39;a1r5|| or mun IL -A 0! 6111111 ! mu

. |u.1.&#39;:;rr.|.n =:i &#39;


11:1: eeuee eene onfor hearing before theIonoretleH,
_gg551&#39;gg4 gg1[1j,g_ 7____ _7__,lodgeof Division I11
Crlninel Court of Shelby County, teeneesee, on the petition

Weoi the
of the

arm.-.m., e was egg; RAY,7 - . forYei&#39;92 or £1-1-1 tr: er gm end
_-----L I Il Ih e 0 O-4---5..--n awe In-birhilllei O Q eJ-we I ILII Q0 -"I10" --I we eta-nee}; Ila-

e-&#39; 0 e .


-L Me


e L

hereto end in-zorporeted by reference


upon etetenente n.ede in

open Courtby the defendant herein;hie ettorneysof record;/the Assistant
I r J.


the District

Attorney General

Attorneystenerelrepresentingthe Stete or Tennessee; endfrom questioning
tr tie Court of detendent end hie counsel in
IT AIWEARIIIS N TEE 6635"! after

open Court; end
eerehal eonelderetinn that the &#39;

defendant herein hes been full; trial

edvieed end underetende hie right

to e

by jury on the |:e:-its of the indictment egeinst him, end that the

defendent herein doee notelectto have e jurydeternine hieguiltor
lnnoeence under e plea oi the indictment, 1 ! Nlfnitl MID: of lot Guilty; end hen vnived the torn]. reading "

A PI=?J.BI $0 THE CCIIRI thet the defendant intelligent-17

end nnderetendingly waives hisrightto e trial end of hison free will

end -

92ll , a I.


ya . L

$..s T. U-r


"James Earl Ray,




Have your lawyers explained
you understand

all your

rights to

you and do

then?" "



"Do you know that you have a right to
charge of Murder in the First

a trial by jury on the
you, the punish

Degree against

lent for proof is cision of

Murder in the First Degree ranging from on the State of Tennessee to prove you doubt and to a noral the Jury oust be

Death by guilty bethe deand

Electrocution to any tine over twenty
yond e reasonable
punishment? F

years? The burden of
certainty and


unanimous both&#39;as to guilt

In the event of

a jury verdict against
a Motion for a

you, you would
addressed to

ti DIt

have the


to file

New Trial


the trial

judge? In

the event of an adverse ruling
for a New Trial, you would have

the right

you on your Motion

-ii. F
I 92.

to successive appeals to the TennesseeCourt of Criminal Appeals and the Supreme Court of tition for &#39;"tes "You are entering a plea of Guilty to Murder in the First Tennessee and to file a pereview by the Supreme Court of the United States?

Do you understand that you haveall these rights?"






Dire I



on waiver

and order

_ Iy

your plea of guilty
Motion for

you are also waiving your rights



! Petition


SuccessiveAppeals to &#39;
for Review by the Supreme 1


of Criminal Appeals and the Supreme

Court of Tennessee;
Court of the United

States. &#39;

by your plea

of guilty

you are also abandoning and

waiving your objections
and Petitions in which

and exceptions to all
the Court has heretofore

the Hotions
ruled atainst

you in whole or in
Q -D 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. D PENDANT 8. 9. 10. "Yes" DEFENDANT Notion "AD IAva! JaIa rawIn Motion Motion *D to for to


amongthen being:

withdraw plea and quash indictment
en-Ila.-at§ LCQ¢ QllZl"92I E _ Q92I I L92I$lI§@

renovelights andcameras from jail___







Motion Motion Motion

to permit to permit

conference photographs

with Huie

to designate court


Notion to stipulate


of proper nane" i
years in

"Has anything besides this sentence of ninety-nine

the penitentiary been promised to you to get you to plead
DEFENDANT llnull "Has used "so" na_; nae _yuu _1--4a__ yacnuang

Has anything else been premised you by anyone?"

any pressure of any kind, by anyonein any way been
on you to get you to plead guilty?"


iurder in the First

vofr Dire

Pl 0


of Defendant

on Waiver

and Order

?Is this

Plea of Guilty

to urdei

In the


Degree with

lgreed punishment of ninety-nine
&#39; tentilry,freely, eoluntarily
entered by

years in the State-Penland understandingly lad: and


IIY s|Q -

Is this

Plea cf


en your

pert the

free :c:

cf yen:

free will,

made with

your full

knowledge and understanding

of its
EFE§ A T JUDGE ?? fesi;

meaning and consequences?" I
be seated.

"You may

Q 3/ ,,,..,__,=:,v¢ ¥&#39;lr4"**° I 92 fa--..=-

J 5&#39;I w






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