CSC-103 Line Protection IED Product Guide

CSC-103 Line Protection IED Product Guide
Compiled: Jin Rui Checked: Hou Changsong
Standardized: Li Lianchang

Inspected: Cui Chenfan

Version: V1.10 Doc.Code: 0SF.492.051 (E) Issued Date:2012.8.20

Version:V1.10 Doc. Code: 0SF.492.051(E) Issued Date:2012.8 Copyright owner: Beijing Sifang Automation Co., Ltd

Note: The company keeps the right to perfect the instruction. If equipments do not agree with the instruction at anywhere, please contact our company in time. We will provide you with corresponding service.
® is registered trademark of Beijing Sifang Automation Co., Ltd. We reserve all rights to this document, even in the event that a patent is issued and a different commercial proprietary right is registered. Improper use, in particular reproduction and dissemination to third parties, is not permitted. This document has been carefully checked. If the user nevertheless detects any errors, he is asked to notify us as soon as possible. The data contained in this manual is intended solely for the IED description and is not to be deemed to be a statement of guaranteed properties. In the interests of our customers, we constantly seek to ensure that our products are developed to the latest technological standards as a result; it is possible that there may be some differences between the hardware/software product and this information product. Manufacturer: Beijing Sifang Automation Co., Ltd. Tel: +86 10 62962554, +86 10 62961515 ext. 8998 Fax: +86 10 82783625 Email: sf_sales@sf-auto.com Website: http://www.sf-auto.com Add: No.9, Shangdi 4th Street, Haidian District, Beijing, P.R.C.100085

Extremely long lines The wide application flexibility makes the Short lines IED an excellent choice for both new Heavily loaded lines installations and retrofitting of the existing stations Satisfy the requirement for single and /or three pole tripping . etc. double bus protection for all types of lines. functions are also employed to provide a complete backup protection library.5 breakers arrangement. Many other arrangement. Five distance zones have Two and three-end lines fully independent measuring and setting All type of station arrangement. cables or combination of them. 1 . such as which provides high flexibility of the 1. reliable and high speed comprehensive transmission line protection IED (Intelligent Electronic Device) for overhead lines. The full Overhead lines and cables up to 1000kV scheme distance protection is also provided voltage level with innovative and proven quadrilateral characteristic.Overview CSC-103 is selective. It is a proper solution for following applications:   Communication with station automation system       The IED provides line differential protection functions based on phase-segregated measurement with high sensitivity for faults and reliable phase selection.

user configuration possibility and expandable hardware design to meet with user’s special requirements Redundant A/D sampling channels and interlocked dual CPU modules guarantee the high security and reliability of the IED Single and/or three tripping/reclosing Highly sensitive startup elements. which enhance the IED sensitivity in all disturbance conditions and avoid maloperation   Negative sequence component directional element Impedance directional element   Line differential protection (87L):   Phase-segregated measurement with high sensitivity Charging current compensation High reliability against external fault with CT saturation detection Automatic conversion of CT ratios Time synchronization of sampling Redundant communication channels without channel switching delay        Current sudden-change startup element Zero sequence current startup element Overcurrent startup element Undervoltage startup element for weak-infeed end of line     Full scheme phase-to-phase and phase-to-earth distance protection with five quadrilateral protection zones and additional extension zone characteristic (21. 21N) Power swing function (68)    Three kinds of faulty phase selectors are combined to guarantee the correction of phase selection:  Proven and reliable principle of power swing logic Unblock elements during power swing of tele-protection Current sudden-change phase selector Zero sequence and negative sequence phase selector Undervoltage phase selector    All useful types scheme (85)    Permissive Underreach Transfer Trip (PUTT) scheme Permissive Overreach Transfer Trip (POTT) scheme Blocking scheme Inter-tripping scheme logic for tele-protection Four kinds of directional elements cooperate each other so as to determine the fault direction correctly and promptly:    Memory voltage directional element Zero sequence component directional element    Particular scheme 2 .Feature  Protection and monitoring IED with extensive functional library.

include:    Line differential protection (87L) Distance protection with quadrilateral characteristic (21.Feature      Current reversal Weak-infeed end Evolving fault logic Sequence tripping logic   STUB protection (50STUB) Synchro-check check (25) and energizing  Auto-reclosing function for singleand/or three-phase reclosing (79) Voltage transformer secondary circuit supervision (97FF) Current transformer circuit supervision secondary A complete protection functions library. 67) Earth fault protection (50N. 51N) Switch-onto-fault (50SOTF) fault  protection      Overload protection (50OL) Overvoltage protection (59) Undervoltage protection (27) Circuit breaker failure protection (50BF) Poles discordance protection (50PD) Dead zone protection (50DZ)   Up to three electric /optical Ethernet ports can be selected to communicate with substation automation system by IEC61850 or IEC60870-5-103 protocols Up to two electric RS-485 ports can be selected to communicate with substation automation system by IEC60870-5-103   3 . 51) overcurrent    Self-supervision to all modules in the IED Complete IED information recording: tripping reports. 51N.703E1 (2048kbit/s)    Emergency/backup earth protection (50N. which support communication through SDH or PCM. startup reports and general operation reports. like differential protection.21N) Tele-protection scheme based on dedicated earth fault protection (85-67N) Overcurrent protection (50. distance and EF tele-protection. for G. Any kinds of reports can be stored up to 2000 and be memorized in case of power disconnection Remote communication        Tele-protection contacts for power line carrier protection interface Up to two fiber optical remote communication ports for protection function. used up to 100kM single–mode optical fiber cable External optical/electrical converter. 51.21N) Power swing function (68) Tele-protection scheme based on distance protection (85-21. alarm reports. 67N) Emergency/backup protection (50.703 (64kbit/s) and G.

configuration.  4 . fault recording analysis. monitoring. pulse and IRIG-B mode Configurable LEDs (Light Emitting Diodes) and output relays satisfied users’ Versatile human-machine interface Multifunctional software tool for setting.Feature protocol  requirement   Time synchronization via network (SNTP). etc.

51N.51.51 PTOC 3IINV> 3I > I0INV> I0 > 3I >SOTF I0>SOTF 3I >OL PSCH PDIS RPSB Z< Zpsb PDIF IEC 60617 graphical symbol PSCH Emergency/backup earth fault protection 50N.67 PTOC 3I >> 3I >>> I0INV> Earth fault protection 50N.51N PTEF Switch-onto-fault protection Overload protection 50SOTF 50OL Voltage protection PSOF PTOC Overvoltage protection 59 PTOV 3U> 3U>> 3U< 3U<< Undervoltage protection 27 PTUV Breaker protection and control function Circuit breaker failure protection 50BF RBRF 3I> BF 5 . 67N PTEF I0>> I0>>> Emergency/backup overcurrent protection 50.21N 85–67N Current protection 3IINV> Overcurrent protection 50. 21N 68 Tele-protection Communication scheme for distance protection Communication scheme for earth fault protection 85–21.Function Protection functions IEC 61850 Description ANSI Code Logical Node Name Differential protection Line differential protection 87L Distance protection Distance protection Power-swing function 21.

Function I0>BF I2>BF 3I> DZ Dead zone protection 50DZ I0>DZ I2>DZ STUB protection 50STUB PTOC 3I>STUB 3I< PD Poles discordance protection 50PD RPLD I0>PD I2>PD Synchro-check and energizing check Auto-reclosing Single.and/or three-pole tripping 25 79 94-1/3 RSYN RREC PTRC O→I Secondary system supervision CT secondary circuit supervision VT secondary circuit supervision 97FF Monitoring functions Description Redundant A/D sampling data self-check Phase-sequence of voltage and current supervision 3I0 polarity supervision The third harmonic of voltage supervision Synchro-check reference voltage supervision Auxiliary contacts of circuit breaker supervision Broken conductor check Self-supervision Logicality of setting self-check Fault locator Fault recorder 6 .

support IEC 61850 protocol or IEC 60870-5-103 protocol Time synchronization port. support GPS pulse or IRIG-B code Remote communication Description Communication port Contact(s) interface for power line carrier for tele-protection 0– 2 fiber optical communication port(s) for line differential protection or tele-protection Connection mode Direction fiber cable connection Digital communication network through converter IED software tools Functions Reading measuring value. IED report Setting IED testing Disturbance recording analysis IED configuration Printing 7 . support IEC 60870-5-103 protocol 0-3 Ethernet electrical/optical communication ports.Function Station communication Description Front communication port Isolated RS232 port for maintaining Rear communication port 0-2 isolated electrical RS485 communication ports.

RJ45/FO .I0> PTEF MONITORING 50STUB 3I>STUB PTOC 59 3U> PTOV STATION COMMUNICATION .IEC60870-5-103 50PD PD RPLD 27 3U< PTUV 25 RSYN Fault recording 79 O→I RREC 94 PTRC 8 .RS232/485 .IEC61850 .Function Remote Communication Ports FO CONNECTION 87L PDIF 21 PDIS 21N PDIS 50 3I >>> Z< Z< 85-21 PSCH 85-67N PSCH 68 Zpsb FO CONNECTION PLC Protection interface 1 PLC Protection interface 2 PIOC 50N PIEF 50SOTF RPSB FL RFLO 51/67 3I>>.3I> I0>>> MEASUREMENT PSOF 50BF 3I>BF RBRF 50DZ PTOC 51N/67N I0>>.

iAB= iA-iB K: The present sample T: The sample quantity of one power cycle Sudden-change current phase selector It operates as soon as the sudden. which are used to enhance the sensitivity.i (K-T) | . overcurrent startup element is used to improve the fault detection sensitivity. The control circuit of tripping relays is controlled by the startup elements. and the fault sudden-change phase to phase current is too low to startup the IED. it operates with a short time delay. the maloperation. due to fatal internal hardware fault.g. Δ3i0: Sudden-change zero sequence current I_Abrupt: The setting value of current sudden-change elements Zero sequence current startup element Zero sequence current startup element is applied to improve the fault detection sensitivity at the high resistance earth faults. Thus. It makes a phase selection for fast tripping by 9 . it operates with short time delay. is avoided in this way. low-voltage startup element can be in service to startup the tele-protection scheme with weak-echo logic. or where: Δi=|| i (K) . As an auxiliary startup element. and to guarantee the security in case of IED’s internal hardware faults. The criteria are as follows: Phase selector The IED applies different phase selectors to determine the faulty phase to make tripping or Auto-reclosing initiation correctly. the highly sensitive startup elements will operate immediately and initiate all necessary protection functions for selective clearance of the fault. Sudden-change current startup element Sudden-change phase to phase or zero sequence current elements are the main startup element that can sensitively detect most of faults. Only when one of the startup elements is triggered. there are four kinds of startup elements listed below. As soon as fault or disturbance happens. e.i (K-2T) || : AB.change current startup element starts up.|i (K-T) . There are three kinds of phase selectors based on different principle for different fault stages.BC or CA. Overcurrent startup element If overcurrent protection function is enabled. Based on different principle. Low-voltage startup element When one end of the protected line is a weak-source system.Protection Startup elements The startup elements basically work as sensitive detector to all types of fault. the tripping relays can be energized to trip. As an auxiliary startup element.

Zero sequence component directional element Zero-sequence directional element has efficient features in the solidly grounded system. it improves the direction detection sensitivity for symmetrical or asymmetrical close-in faults with extremely low voltage. when one. Additionally. regardless of the quantity of load current and/or fault resistance throughout the fault. Therefore. The characteristic of the zero sequence directional element is illustrated in Figure 1 3I 0 90° Low voltage phase selector Both current sudden-change phase and symmetric component phase selector are not applicable for weak-infeed end of protected line. tele-protection schemes and overcurrent and earth fault protections. iBC and iCA. 0° 3 U 0_Ref Φ0_Char Forward -3 I 0 Bisector Figure 1 Characteristic of zero sequence directional element where: Ф0_Char: The settable characteristic angle Memory voltage directional element The IED uses the memory voltage and fault current to determine the direction of Negative sequence component directional element 10 . phase to phase faults will be discriminated through impedance characteristic. the following directional elements work as supplement to detect direction correctly. All the following directional elements cooperate with the mentioned protection functions. two or three phase voltages reduce. such as distance protection. Therefore transient voltage of short circuit conditions doesn’t influence the direction detection. iAB.Protection comparison amongst changes of phase-phase currents. the fault. But it should be noted that the memory voltage cannot be effective for a long time. Symmetrical component phase selector During the whole period of fault. the relevant phase(s) is selected as faulty phase. Directional elements Four kinds of directional elements are employed for reliable determination of various faults direction. so low-voltage phase selector is employed in this condition without VT failure. The directional characteristic only relates to zero sequence impedance angle of the zero sequence network of power system. the phase selector checks the angle between negative sequence current and zero sequence current vectors to determine faulty phases. Theoretically. utilize the output of the directional elements as one of their operating condition. In addition. The related protection modules.

regardless the quantity of load current and/or fault resistance throughout the fault. The characteristic of the negative sequence directional element is illustrated in Figure 2. These three functions are associated to achieve high sensitivity and reliability with capacitive charge current compensation and reliable phase selection during various system disturbances. The directional characteristic only relates to negative sequence impedance angle of the negative sequence network of power system. sudden change current differential protection function and zero sequence current differential protection function. phase segregated differential protection function. which make the reverse directional element more sensitive than forward one Figure 2 Characteristic of negative sequence directional element where: Ф2_Char: The settable characteristic angle Impedance directional elements The characteristic of the impedance directional element (shown in Figure 3) is same with that of distance protection. 3I2 90° X_Set X Forward -n∙R_Set R_Set R Reverse -n∙X_Set Figure 3 Direction detection characteristic of impedance directional element 0° 3 U 2_ Ref Φ2_Char where: RSET: The resistance setting of relevant zone of distance protection XSET: The reactance setting of relevant zone Forward of distance protection -3 I 2 Bisector n: Multiplier for reverse directional element. Line differential protection (87L) The line differential protection consists of three protection functions. The precise time synchronization of sampling ensures the 11 .Protection Negative sequence directional element can make an accurate directional discrimination in any asymmetric fault.

according to following formula: where: IMC and INC: The capacitive charging current in each phase of the protected line. IDiff operating area The differential current IDiff and the restraining current IRes are calculated in the IED using the measured current flowing through both ends of the protected feeder (end M and end N). the variable will fade out quickly in short time.6 K2 = 0. for the sudden change current. Without influence of load current. as shown in Figure 4.Protection differential protection of both end IEDs to operate reliably. the sudden change variable part of whole current. especially. calculated separately in each phase IRes : Restraining currents calculated separately in each phase K1 = 0. Phase-segregated current differential protection The protection provides two-slope percent differential characteristic. the protection function has high sensitivity. the different current high setting 12 .8 I_1Diff= 1 I_Set I_2Diff= 3 I_Set I_1Res= 3 I_Set I_2Res= 5 I_Set I_Set= I_LDiff High. Figure 4 Characteristic of phase-segregated current differential protection where: IDiff : Differential currents. However. Thus the whole current differential protection presented above is still needed to cover entire fault detection and clearance period. to fault through arc resistance on heavy load line. which are calculated from the measured voltage in each end of the line K2 I_2Diff The characteristics can be described with following formula: I_1Diff K1 I_1Res I_2Res IRes Sudden-change current differential protection The sudden-change current differential protection calculates the fault current only. The differential characteristic is shown in Figure 5.

8 ΔI_1Diff= 1 I_Set ΔI_2Diff= 3 I_Set As a complement to phase segregated differential protection.Protection ΔIDiff The characteristics can be described with following formula: operating area K2 ΔI_2Diff Zero-sequence current differential protection K1 ΔI_1Diff ΔI_1Res ΔI_2Res ΔIRes Figure 5 Characteristic of sudden-change current differential protection where: ΔIDiff : Sudden-change of differential currents ΔIRes : Sudden-change of restraining currents K1 = 0. It always clears the fault after a delay time.6 K2 = 0. I0Diff Operating area K ΔI_1Res= 3 I_Set ΔI_2Res= 5 I_Set I_Set: I_LDiff High. the different current high setting I_0Diff I0Res ΔIDiff and ΔIRes are calculated by using the calculated change in current flowing through both ends of the protected feeder (end M and end N) in each phase according to the following formula. The protection provides one slope percent differential characteristic. the zero sequence differential current setting 13 . Figure 6 Characteristic of zero-sequence current differential protection where: I0Diff: Zero sequence differential currents I0Res : Zero sequence restraining currents ΔIM : Variable of current flowing toward the protected feeder from end M ΔIN : Variable of current flowing toward the protected feeder from end N K=0.75 I_0Diff: I_LDiffZeroSeq. the zero sequence current differential protection is used to enhance the sensitivity on the earth fault through high arc resistance. as shown in Figure 6.

one binary input is provided for remote trip to ensure the remote IED fast tripping when fault occurs between CT and circuit breaker. the protection will use a new 14 . the protection can discriminate the CT saturation condition. CT saturation discrimination Based on current waveform principle. differential and restraint characteristic shown in Figure 7 to guarantee the security of the protection. IDiff Operating area K I_LDiffCT IRes where: IMx and INx: the measured currents of phase x flowing toward the protected object in ends M and N. respectively IMxC and INxC: the capacitive charging currents calculated for phase x in ends M and N. or in case of a breaker failure. relevant operation will be performed. Direct transfer trip In the IED. When the remote IED receives the signals. Once under this condition. both ends voltages are employed to compensate capacitive current accurately to enhance the sensitivity of current differential protection using the well-known half compensation method. Capacitive current compensation In the IED. B or C Figure 7 Characteristic of phase segregated differential protection at CT saturation where: ILDiffCT= Max (I_LDiff. two binary signals can be transmitted to the remote end of the line in the binary bits of each data frame. It is used to transmit the trip command of dead zone protection or circuit breaker failure protection to trip the opposite end circuit breaker.9 The characteristics can be described with following formula: Tele-transmission binary signals In the IED. respectively x: represents Phase A.Protection The differential current I0Diff and the restraining current I0Res are calculated in the IED using the measured current flowing through both sides of the protected feeder (End M and N) according to following formula. which are tele-transmission command 1 and tele-transmission command 2.5Ir) Ir: The CT secondary rated current K=0. 0.

Protection
Time synchronization of Sampling
The differential protection of both end IEDs can be set as master or slave mode. If one IED is set as master, the IED at the other end should be set as slave. To ensure sampling synchronization between both IEDs, the salve IED sends a frame of synchronization request to master IED. After the master IED receives the frame, it returns a frame of data including its local time. Then the slave IED can calculate both the communication delay time and the sampling time difference with the master IED. Thus, the slave IED adjusts its sampling time and the IEDs of both ends come to complete sampling synchronization. and phase to earth fault loops independently for each zones. Zone arrangement illustrated in Figure 8. Additionally, one extension zone is employed to co-operate with Auto-reclosing and tele-protection schemes.
X Zone 5 Zone 4 Zone 3 Zone 2 Zone Ext. Zone 1 R

Zone 4 Reverse (optional)

Zone 5 Reverse (optional)

Redundant remote communication channels
The differential protection is able to receive data from the redundant remote communication channels in parallel. When one of the channels is broken, there is no time delay for primary channel switching.

Figure 8 Distance protection zones

Switch onto fault protection function
Under either auto reclosing or manual closing process, the protection function is able to discriminate these conditions to give an instantaneous tripping once closing on permanent faulty line.

Individual settings of resistive and reactive reach for phase to phase and phase to earth fault of each zone give flexibility for application on overhead lines and cables of different types and lengths, considering different fault resistance for phase to phase and phase to ground short circuits.

Characteristic of distance protection
The IED utilizes quadrilateral characteristic as shown in Figure 9.

Distance protection (21, 21N)
The transmission line distance protection provides a five zones full scheme protection with all phase to phase faults

15

Protection
operate reliably for close-in faults with arc
X X_ZSet Φ_ZTop

resistance Φ_ZRight: The right boundary angle of characteristic in the first quadrant is used to deal with load encroachment problems Φ_ZLeft: The left boundary angle of the characteristic in the second quadrant

Φ_ZLeft Φ_ZRight R_ZSet Φ_ZBottom R

considers the line impedance angle which generally is not larger than 90° . Thus this angle guarantees the correct operation of the relay

Figure 9 Characteristics of distance protection where: R_ZSet: R_ZnPP or R_ZnPE; X_ZSet: X_ZnPP or X_ZnPE; R_ZnPP: Resistance reach setting for phase to phase fault. Subscript n means the number of protection zone. Subscript PP means phase to phase fault R_ZnPE: Resistance reach setting for phase to earth fault. Subscript X means the number of protection zone. Subscript PE means phase to earth fault X_ZnPP: Reactance reach setting for phase to phase fault X_ZnPE: Reactance reach setting for phase to earth fault Φ_ZTop: The upper boundary angle of the characteristic in the first quadrant is designed to avoid distance protection overreaching when a close-in fault

Extended operating characteristic
To ensure the correct operation at close-in faults, a rectangle zone covering the original point is added to the quadrilateral characteristic. The rectangular offset characteristic (illustrated in Figure 10) is calculated automatically according to the related distance zones settings. Furthermore, the memory voltage direction element, the zero sequence directional element, and the negative sequence direction element are applied to determine the direction together.
X XSet ΦTop

ΦLeft XOffset ROffset ΦBottom RSet

ΦRight R

happens on the adjacent line Φ_ZBottom: The bottom boundary angle of the characteristic in the fourth quadrant improves the reliability of the relay to

Figure 10 Extended polygonal distance protection zone characteristic

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Protection
Reverse zone characteristic
In addition to the forward characteristic zones mentioned above, the IED provides two optional reverse zone characteristics to protect connected busbar as a backup protection. The reverse zone characteristic can be set for zones 4 and 5 individually. This reverse characteristic has been shown in Figure 11. According to the slow behavior of power swing phenomenon, once one of the two following conditions is met, the protection program will switch to power swing logic process:

Without operation of sudden-change current startup element, all phase-to-phase impedances, ZAB, ZBC and ZCA enter into the largest zone of distance protection Without operation of sudden-change current startup element, all phase currents are bigger than the power swing current setting

X -R_ZSet R

-X_ZSet

Figure 11 Characteristic distance protection reverse zone

Switch-onto- fault protection function
Under either auto reclosing or manual closing process, the protection function is able to discriminate these conditions to give an instantaneous tripping once the circuit breaker is closed on permanent faulty line.

In addition, according to the experimental results of power swing, it is not possible for impedance vector to come into protected zones in 150 ms after triggering of the current sudden- -change startup element. After 150 ms, the protection program will be switched to power swing logic process if no tripping is issued. Therefore, according to the above condition, the IED program enters the power swing logic process and the distance protection is blocked until removing of the mentioned conditions or until a fault occurrence in the protected line.

Power swing unblocking logic
The unblocking logic provides possibility for selective tripping of faults on transmission lines during system oscillations, when the distance protection function is normally blocked. In order to unblock distance protection and therefore, fast clearing of the faults, the following elements are in service to discriminate between an internal fault and power swing conditions.

Power swing (68)
The IED provides a high reliable power swing detector which discriminates between fault and power swing with different algorithm.

Power swing blocking logic

17

Tele-protection scheme for distance protection (85-21) To achieve non-delayed and selective tripping on 100 % of the line length for all faults.. Permissive transfer trip communication scheme is applied. to trip the opposite end circuit breaker. the element distinguishes the asymmetric fault from power swing. The protection provides dedicated current and time elements independent of the earth fault protection. the change rate of measuring resistance and the change vector of measuring impedance are combined to detect the three phase fault during the power swing. negative and zero sequence component of phase current.Protection  Asymmetric faults detection element The zero and negative sequence current are always the key features of the asymmetric fault.  Sequence tripping logic Direct Transfer Trip The function is provided to cooperate with related local protection IED. such as busbar protection. the communication scheme logic is provided for distance protection.  Three phase fault detection element Based on the experimental results and practical proof. especially at the high resistance earth faults. By comparison amongst the positive.   Permissive Overreach Transfer Trip (POTT) Permissive Underreach Transfer Trip (PUTT) Blocking scheme   Following protection logic are used to ensure correct operation under some special fault conditions:    Current reversal logic Weak-infeed end and echo logic Evolving fault logic Current reversal logic Weak-infeed end logic 18 . Following protection logic are used to ensure correct operation under some special fault conditions. It always works as complement to tele-protection for distance protection with a short time delay. The communication schemes are as follows:  Tele-protection scheme for earth fault protection (85-67N) To achieve highly sensitive and selective tripping on 100 % of the line length for all faults. etc. breaker failure protection. Phase segregated communication scheme To guarantee correct phase selection at all times for simultaneous faults on the parallel lines. the phase segregated communication scheme logic can be employed to support single-pole tripping for faults occurring anywhere at all times on entire length of the parallel lines.

Phase segregated communication scheme To guarantee correct phase selection at all times for simultaneous faults on the parallel lines.Protection  Sequence tripping logic   Settable maximum inrush current VT secondary circuit supervision for directional protection. Inrush restraint function The protection relay may detect large magnetizing inrush currents during transformer energizing. the overcurrent protection will not be blocked any longer.. the phase segregated communication scheme logic can be employed to support single-pole tripping for faults occurring anywhere at all times on entire length of the parallel lines. phase angle  19 . but also the other phases of the overcurrent protection are blocked for a certain time. inrush restraint logic is provided to prevent overcurrent protection from maloperation. 51. inrush current comprises large second harmonic current which does not appear in short circuit current. breaker failure protection. it is done by comparing performed by current vector In other word. such as busbar protection. to trip the remote end circuit breaker. 67) The protection provides following features:    Two definite time stages One inverse time stage 11 kinds of IEC and ANSI inverse time characteristic curves as well as optional user defined characteristic Settable directional element characteristic angle. Overcurrent protection (50. to satisfy the different network conditions and applications Each stage can be set individually as directional/non-directional Each stage can be set individually for inrush restraint Cross blocking function for inrush detection    Characteristic of direction element The direction detection is determining the position of in directional characteristic. it is possible to set the protection in a way that not only the phase with the considerable inrush current. Therefore. etc. Furthermore. In addition to considerable unbalance fundamental current. This is achieved by cross-blocking feature integrated in the IED. the inrush current may affect the protection functions which operate based on the fundamental component of the measured current. Once the measuring current exceeds the setting. Accordingly. The inrush restraint function has a maximum inrush current setting. the directional stage can be set to be blocked Direct Transfer Trip The function is provided to cooperate with related local protection IED. Once VT failure happens. by recognition of the inrush current in one phase.

Table 1 Assignment of applied current and reference voltage for directional element Phase A B C Current Voltage    Ia U bc U ca   Ib Ic U ab For three-phase short-circuit fault. 51N. 67N) The earth fault protection can be used to clear phase to earth faults as system back-up protection. Forward cycles. the directional stage can be set to be blocked CT secondary circuit supervision for earth fault protection. Figure 12 illustrates the direction detection characteristic for phase A element. It can be enabled/disabled by setting Each stage can be set individually as directional/non-directional Settable directional element characteristic angle.Protection between the fault current and the reference voltage. Once VT failure happens. all stages will be blocked -IA  Figure 12 Direction detection characteristic of overcurrent protection directional element where: ФPh_Char: The settable characteristic angle  The assignment of the applied measuring values used in direction determination has been shown in Table 1 for different types of faults. memory voltage values are used to determine direction clearly if the measured voltage values are not sufficient. to satisfy the different network conditions and applications Each stage can be set individually for inrush restraint Settable maximum inrush current VT secondary circuit supervision for directional protection function. 90° IA Bisector ΦPh_Char Earth fault protection (50N. Once CT failure happens. without any healthy phase. The detected direction is based on the memory voltage of previous power  20 . The protection provides following features:    0° U BC_Ref Two definite time stages One inverse time stage 11 kinds of the IEC and ANSI inverse time characteristic curves as well as optional user defined characteristic Zero sequence directional element Negative sequence directional element is applied as a complement to zero sequence directional element.

the unfavorable zero-sequence voltage. the inrush restraint provides an upper current limit in which blocking does not occur. Forward -3 I 0 Bisector Figure 13 Direction detection characteristic of zero sequence directional element where: Ф0_Char: The settable characteristic angle For earth fault protection.Protection  Zero-sequence current is measured from earth phase CT 3I2 90° Directional element The earth fault protection adopts zero sequence directional element which compares the zero sequence system quantities:  0° 3 U 2_ Ref Φ2_Char 3I0. the inrush current may affect the protection functions which operate based on the fundamental component of the measured current. Therefore. Accordingly. It is calculated from the sum of the three phase voltages 90°  Forward -3 I 2 Bisector Figure 14 Direction detection characteristic of negative sequence directional element 3I 0 where: Ф2_Char: The settable characteristic angle 0° 3 U 0_Ref Φ0_Char Furthermore. the voltage is used as reference voltage. inrush restraint logic is provided to prevent earth fault protection from mis-tripping. Since inrush current cannot be more than a specified value. it can be set to block directional earth fault protection. It can be used in case of too low zero sequence voltage due to some fault condition e. The negative sequence directional element characteristic is shown in Figure 14. 21 . current is measured from earth phase CT 3U0. users can choose negative sequence directional element as the complement of zero sequence directional element. In addition to considerable unbalance fundamental current.g. Inrush restraint function The protection relay may detect large magnetizing inrush currents during transformer energizing. Inrush current comprises large second harmonic current which doesn’t appear in short circuit current. under the VT failure situation.

all distance zones and protection functions related with voltage input are out of service. 51) In the case of VT fail condition. Additionally. all distance zones and protection functions related with voltage input are out of operation. the protection can be set as backup non directional earth fault protection according to the user ’s One definite time overcurrent stage One definite time earth fault protection stage Inrush restraint can be selected Cross blocking for inrush detection Settable maximum inrush current Manual closing binary input detection     22 . an emergency overcurrent protection comes into operation. 51N) In the case of VT fail condition. Additionally. all stages will be blocked Zero-sequence current is measured from 3-phase currents summation One definite time stage One inverse time stage 11 kinds of IEC and ANSI inverse characteristics curve as well as optional user defined characteristic Inrush restraint function can be set for each stage separately Cross blocking of inrush detection Settable maximum inrush current  Switch-onto-fault protection (50SOTF) The protection gives a trip when the circuit breaker is closed manually onto a short circuited line. the protection can be set as backup non directional overcurrent protection according to the user ’s requirement. In this case. The protection provide following features:      Emergency/backup earth fault protection (50N. The protection provides following features:    requirement. Once CT failure happens.Protection Emergency/backup overcurrent protection (50. The protection provides following features:    One definite time stage One inverse time stage 11 kinds of IEC and ANSI inverse characteristics curve as well as optional user defined characteristic Inrush restraint can be individually for each stage selected    Settable maximum inrush current CT secondary circuit supervision for earth fault protection. An emergency earth fault protection comes into operation.

The protection can be used as open line end detector or as system voltage supervision normally. It ensures fast back-up tripping of surrounding breakers by tripping relevant bus sections.  Measuring voltage between phase-earth voltage and phase-phase selectable Current criteria supervision Circuit breaker supervision aux. If each phase current is greater than the dedicated setting for a set delay time. In addition a transfer trip signal is issued to trip the opposite end circuit breaker of the feeder.Protection Overload protection (50OL) The IED supervises load flow in real time. zero and negative sequence current to achieve a higher security. the Undervoltage function will be blocked when VT failure happens Settable dropout ratio The overvoltage protection detects abnormally network high voltage conditions. lightly load. The protection provides following features:   Two definite time stages Each stage can be set to alarm or trip 23 . Once a circuit breaker operating failure occurs on a feeder/transformer. The current criteria are in combination with three phase current. Two definite time stages Each stage can be set to alarm or trip Measuring voltage between phase-earth voltage and phase-phase (selectable) Settable dropout ratio  Undervoltage protection (27) One voltage reduction can occur in the power system during faults or abnormal conditions. or open line end on long line. the protection will issue alarm. The protection can be single. the bus section which the feeder/transformer is connected with can be selectively isolated by the protection. a transfer trip signal is issued to trip the remote end circuit breaker of the feeder.or three-phase started to allow use with single or three-phase tripping applications. Overvoltage conditions may occur possibly in the power system during abnormal conditions such as no-load. The protection provides following features:    Breaker failure protection (50BF) The circuit breaker failure protection is designed to detect failure of the circuit breaker during a fault clearance. In the event of a circuit breaker failure with a busbar fault. contact    Overvoltage protection (59)  VT secondary circuit supervision.

Dead zone protection (50DZ) Inter trip Bus The IED provides this protection function to protect dead zone. protection relay sends a transfer trip to remote end relay to isolate the fault. the IED trips the relevant busbar zone. during single pole tripping.or three phase re-tripping of the local breaker to avoid unnecessary tripping of surrounding breakers in the case of the circuit breaker with two available trip coils. Tripping logic is illustrated in Figure 16. applying bus side CT When one line side CT is applied. the short circuit current is measured by protection relay while CB auxiliary contacts indicate the CB is open. when a fault occurs in the dead zone. once a fault occurs in the dead zone. Therefore. by occurrence of a fault in dead zone. Trip Bus IFAULT Two trip stages (local and surrounding breaker tripping) Transfer trip command to the remote line end in second stage Internal/ external initiation Single/three phase CBF initiation Selectable CB Aux contacts checking Current criteria checking (including phase current.   IFAULT Line1 Line2 LineN Internal/external initiation Self-adaptive for bus side CT or line side CT Trip Relay When one bus side CT of feeder is applied. Additionally. namely the area between circuit breaker and CT in the case that CB is open. applying line side CT 24 . Opened CB Closed CB Figure 16 Tripping logic.  Tripping logic is illustrated in Figure 15.Protection The function can be set to give single. zero and negative sequence current) Line1 Line2 LineN      Opened CB Closed CB Figure 15 Tripping logic. stage 1 is able to re-tripping three phase with settable delay time after single phase re-tripping failure.

To do this. breakers can be in different positions (close-open) due to electrical or mechanical failures during the system normal operation. zero and negative sequence current) Synchro-check and energizing check (25) The synchro-check function checks the both side voltages of the circuit breaker for synchronism conditions. The STUB protection is enabled when the open position of the disconnector is connected to IED binary input. The protection operates based on information from auxiliary contacts of the circuit breaker with additional criteria. and synch-check if energizing check failure  Override Poles discordance protection (50PD) The phase segregated operating circuit 25 . closing can be done safely in conditions that at least one side of the CB has dead voltage. The function supports one definite stage which related concept is shown in Figure 17.  Line A Line B Available for automatic (internally or externally) reclosing Closed CB  Figure 17 Tripping logic of STUB protection  Based on voltage/ angle/ frequency difference Synchro-check modes:  Synch-check  Energizing check. phase angle and frequency differences.Protection STUB protection (50STUB) The VT is mostly installed at line side of transmission lines. for the cases that transmission line is taken out of service and the line disconnector is opened. the two side voltages of the circuit breaker are compared in terms of magnitude. Additionally. the distance protection will not be able to operate and must be blocked. Therefore. The STUB protection protects the zone between the CTs and the open dis-connector. Bus A Delay trip Bus B IFAULT IFAULT The synchronization function ensures the stability of the network in three phase reclosing condition. The protection performs following features:   3 phase CB Aux contacts supervision Current criteria checking (including phase current.

when the zero-sequence current is always lager than the setting value of “3I0_CT Fail” for 12s while one phase current is less than a low current threshold.Protection  Modes of energizing check:  Dead V4 and dead V3Ph  Dead V4 and live V3Ph  Live V4 and dead V3Ph   CB Aux. may result in unwanted operation of the protection functions which work based on voltage criteria. This means that the line can be re-energized in a short period. or the calculated differential current of both sides is always lager than a threshold for 12s while one phase current is less than the low current threshold. The reconnection is accomplished after a dead time via the automatic reclosing function. Blocking current differential protection or not can be set in this condition. Experiences show that about 85% of faults have transient nature and will disappear after an auto reclosing attempt is performed. Furthermore. earth fault current and negative sequence current functions. it can be decided further to blocking three phases or only blocking the faulty phase. Auto-reclosing (79) For restoration of the normal service after a fault an auto reclosing attempt is mostly made for overhead lines. the synchronization condition of the voltages between both sides of CB cannot be met. the protection will re-trip the breaker. during the automatic reclosing period. each stage of earth fault protection is blocked. Once CT failure happens. Interruption of the CT secondary circuit is detected based on zero-sequence current. Secondary system supervision Current transformer secondary circuit supervision Open or short circuited CT cores can cause unwanted operation of some protection functions such as differential. VT failure supervision    26 . If blocking is selected. If the fault is permanent or short circuit arc has not been extinguished. due to a broken conductor or a short circuit fault in the secondary circuit of voltage transformer. Main features of the Auto-reclosing are as follows:   Up to 4 shots (selectable) Individually settable dead time for three phase and single phase fault and for each shot Internal/external AR initiation Single/three phase AR operation CB status supervision Voltage transformer secondary circuit supervision A measured voltage failure. an alarm will be issued after default time delay. contact supervision Cooperation with internal synch-check function for reclosing command Synchro-check reference voltage supervision If the automatic reclosing is set for synchronization check or energizing check. an alarm will be reported.

Protection function is provided to block these protection functions and enable the backup protection functions. compensated or isolated networks Symmetrical/asymmetrical VT failure detection  27 . The features of the function are as follows:     3-phase AC voltage MCB monitoring 1-phase AC voltage MCB monitoring Zero and negative sequence current monitoring Applicable in solid grounded.

etc. the conflict condition is reported as alarm.Monitoring Phase-sequence of voltage and current supervision The phase-sequence of three phase voltage and current are monitored in the normal condition to determine that the secondary circuit of CT or VT is connected with IED correctly.  Auxiliary contacts of circuit breaker supervision Current flowing through the transmission line and connected CB aux. All internal faults or abnormal conditions will initiate an alarm. Detection can initiate an alarm or tripping. and cables. the alarm without blocking protection will be given with delay time for checking of the secondary circuit of voltage transformer.  The third harmonic of voltage supervision If the third harmonic voltage is excessive. as soon as energizing. related alarm is reported. The IED reports fault location after the IED tripping. Therefore. Therefore communication interruption between them is detected and related alarm will be given CRC checks for the setting. contacts are monitored in phase segregated. Self-supervision  3I0 polarity supervision The IED compare the magnitude and phase angle of the calculated zero sequence current with the measured one to determine that the polarity is connected in a right way.  Fault locator The built-in fault locator is an impedance measuring function giving the distance from the IED measuring location to the fault position in km. program and configuration. All modules can perform selfsupervision to its key hardware components and program. For example. it will be considered as analog input channel fault and the protection will be blocked immediately CPU module and communication module perform real time inter-supervision. If the difference exceeds the specified threshold. The fatal faults among them will result in the whole IED blocked The sampled data from the redundant A/D sampling channels compare with each other in real time. If CB aux. Parts of the modules are self-supervised in real time. contacts indicate that CB is open in phase A and at the same time flowing current is measured in this phase. Broken conductor detection The main purpose of the broken conductor detection function is to detect the broken conductors on protected transmission lines 28 .

testing. By means of IEC61850. These two ports can work in parallel for IEC60870-5-103. RS485 Port B Net 3: IEC103. These two out of three ports can work in parallel for protocol. Ethernet communication ports Up to 3 electrical or optical Ethernet communication ports are provided to connect with substation automation system.Communication Station communication Overview The IED is able to connect to one or more substation level systems or equipments simultaneously.Ethernet Port A Switch Net 2: IEC61850/IEC103. and a simple master-less system can be set up for bay and system interlocking and other interactive function.Ethernet Port B Switch Switch Switch Gateway or converter Switch Gateway or converter Net 4: IEC103. Front communication port There is a serial RS232 port on the front plate of all the IEDs. GOOSE peer-to-peer communication make it possible that bay IEDs can exchange information to each other directly. Through this port. through the communication ports with communica-tion protocols supported. the IED can be connected to the personal computer for setting. and configuration using the dedicated Server or Work Station 1 Server or Work Station 2 Work Station 3 Switch Work Station 4 Net 1: IEC61850/IEC103. RS485 Port A Figure 18 Connection example for multi-networks of station automation system Note: All four ports can work in parallel Communication protocol The IED supports station communication with IEC 61850-8 and IED60870-5-103 protocols. RS485 communication ports Up to 2 isolated electrical RS485 communication ports are provided to connect with substation automation system. IEC61850 or IEC60870-5-103. (Shown in Figure 18) Sifang software tool. Time synchronization port 29 .

SNTP network time synchro-nization can be applied. The IED can adapt the second or minute pulse in the pulse mode automatically.g.703 or G. Figure 23 and Figure 24). with advantage of no time-delay channel switch in case of the primary channel broken (Figure 21. blocking scheme and inter trip and so on. POTT or PUTT schemes. Remote communication channel The IEDs are able to communicate with each other in two types:  Directly fiber-optical cable connection mode at distances up to 100 km (see Figure 20 and Figure 21) Through the communication converter with G. The binary signals can be exchanged through remote communication channels between the two IEDs on the two end of the transmission line or cable respectively. It can be used to feed timing telegrams in IRIG-B or pulse format into the IEDs via time synchronization receivers.Communication All IEDs feature a permanently integrated electrical time synchronization port. Overhead Line or Cable Single-mode FO Length: <60kM or 60~100kM Channel A IED IED 30 . e. The Figure 19 illustrates the optional time synchronization modes.703E1 interface through the public digital communica-tion network (see Figure 22 and Figure 23)  SNTP IRIG-B Pulse Ethernet port IRIG-B port Binary input Figure 19 Time synchronizing modes Remote communication Binary signal transfer Because there are up to two selectable fiber-optical remote communication ports. the IED can work in the redundant communication channel mode. This functionality is mainly used for the line Tele-protection schemes.. Meanwhile.

1(64kbit/s) o e IED Communication converter Digital communication network e o Communication converter IED Figure 22 Single Channel. communication through dedicated fiber optical cable Overhead Line or Cable Single-mode FO Length: <60kM or 60~100kM Channel A Channel B IED IED Figure 21 Double channels. according the require-ment of the multiplexed communication network. communication through dedicated fiber optical cable Communication converter The link between the IED and a multiplexed communication network is made by dedicated communication converters (CSC186). They have a fiber-optic interface with 1310 nm and 2 FC connectors to the protection IED.5(E1: 2048kbit/s) G703. The converter can be set to support an electrical G703-64 kbit/s or G703-E1 2Mbit/s interface. communication through digital communication network 31 . Overhead Line or Cable G703.Communication Figure 20 Single channel.

Communication Overhead Line or Cable G703. G703.1(64kbit/s) Figure 24 Double channels. communication through digital communication network Overhead Line or Cable Single-mode FO Length: <60kM or 60~100kM Channel A o IED e Digital communication network Channel B e o IED G703.5(E1: 2048kbit/s) G703. one channel through digital communication network. one channel through dedicated fiber optical cables 32 .5(E1: 2048kbit/s).1(64kbit/s) Channel A o e o e Digital communication network Digital communication network Channel B e o e o Communication converter IED Communication converter IED Figure 23 Double channels.

circle   33 . Its features are as follows:  diagrams. Device administration in projects with freely configurable hierarchies for any substation and electrical power station topology  Intelligent plausibility checks rule out incorrect input Graphical visualization of charac-teristics and zone diagrams with direct manipulation of the curves Password-protected access for different jobs such as parameter setting. bar charts and data sheet. commissioning and controlling (authorized staff only) Testing and diagnostic functions –decisive support in the commissioning phase    Modification. setting. with setting logicality check Precise fault analysis with visualization of fault records in curves. It provides versatile functionalities required throughout the life cycle of protection IEDs. vector diagrams.Software Tools A user-friendly software tool is offered for engineering. import and export of parameter sets sorted by protection functions. disturbance analysis and monitoring.

each of them with a well-defined functionality: 1 5 4 CSC-103 2 3 8 6 7 Figure 25 Front plate 1 2 3 4 Liquid crystal display (LCD) LEDs Shortcut function keys Arrow keys 5 6 7 Reset key Quit key Set key RS232 communication port 8 Rear plate Test port For BIM and BOM Ethernet ports Fiber Optical ports X2 CPU1 X11 PSM X10 X9 X8 X7 X6 X5 X4 COM X3 CPU2 X1 AIM Figure 26 Rear plate of the protection IED 34 .Hardware Front plate The whole front plate is divided into zones.

Each output relay can be configured to satisfy the demands of users. The CPU1 provides compatible data ports with 64kbps and 2Mbps used for differential protection. Power Supply Module (PSM) The power supply module is used to provide the correct internal voltages and full isolation between the terminal and the battery system. They work in parallel and interlock each other to prevent maloperation due to the internal faults of one CPU modules. CPU1 and CPU2 with the same software and different hardware. By comparing the data from redundant sampling channels. SNTP mode can be applied through communication port. There are two CPU modules in the IED.. etc. CPU Module (CPU) The CPU module handles all protection functions and logic. 35 . SOE. Up to 3 channels isolated electrical or optical Ethernet ports and up to 2 channels RS485 serial communication ports can be provided in communication module to meet the communication demands of different substation automation system and RTU at the same time. Moreover. RTU. initiating output contacts and signaling output contacts. to transmit remote metering. engineering workstation. any sampling data errors and the channel hardware faults can be detected immediately and the proper alarm and blocking is initiated in time. All the tripping output relays have contacts with a high switching capacity and are blocked by protection startup elements. event reports and record data. etc. The time synchronization port is equipped. Communication Module (COM) The communication module performs communication between the internal protection system and external equipments such as HMI. which can work in pulse mode or IRIG-B mode. Binary Output Module (BOM) The binary output modules mainly provide tripping output contacts. substation automation system. which can be configured 1or 2 data ports according to requirement. the redundant A/D sampling channels are equipped. The double channel CPU1 is compatible completely with single channel CPU1. a series printer port is also reserved. Binary Input Module (BIM) The binary input module is used to connect the input signals and alarm signals such as the auxiliary contacts of the circuit breaker (CB). There are two versions for CPU1 with single channel or double channel. In addition.Hardware Modules Analogue Input Module (AIM) The analogue input module is used to galvanically separate and transform the secondary currents and voltages generated by the measuring transformers. remote signaling.

6 D 178 36 D E 6.6 C 265 D 320 E 437.5 . 19” case with rear cover Table 2 Dimension of the IED case Legend Dimension (mm) A 177 B 482.Hardware Dimension C E A D B Figure 27 4U.2 E C A B Figure 28 Cut-out on the panel Table 3 Dimension of the cutout for IED mounting Legend Dimension (mm) A 450 B 465 C 103.

shown as following.2B RS485 .1B RS485 .RJ45 37 . 2) Alternative Ethernet ports for station communication are 2 ST optical fiber ports.RJ45 Output relay 05 Output relay 06 Output relay 07 Output relay 08 Output relay 09 Output relay 10 Output relay 11 Output relay 12 Output relay 13 Output relay 14 Output relay 15 Output relay 16 Note: 1) The optical fiber port is optional for redundant communi-cation channels requirement.1A GPS GPS . Ethernet Port 1 .ST Ethernet Port 2 .Connection A.ST Ethernet Port 2 .2A RS485 .GND Null Null Null Null Null Null 2) Ethernet Port 1 . Typical rear terminal diagram X1 a01 b01 a02 b02 a03 b03 a04 b04 a05 b05 a06 b06 a07 b07 a08 b08 a09 b09 a10 b10 a11 b11 a12 b12 IA IB IC I0 I4 Null Null Null Null Null Null Null Null U4 UB UC UA UN X5 CSC-103 X2 RX connector of optical fiber port 1 BI01 BI02 BI03 BI04 BI05 BI06 BI07 BI08 BI09 BI10 BI11 BI12 BI13 BI14 BI15 BI16 BI17 BI18 BI19 BI20 BI21 BI22 BI23 BI24 BI25 BI26 BI27 BI28 BI29 BI30 BI-COM1(-) BI-COM2(-) a02 c02 a04 c04 a06 c06 a08 c08 a10 c10 a12 c12 a14 c14 a16 c16 a18 c18 a20 c20 a22 c22 a24 c24 a26 c26 a28 c28 a30 c30 a32 c32 TX connector of optical fiber port 1 X6 RX connector of optical fiber port 2 1) Output relay 01 Output relay 02 TX connector of optical fiber port 2 Output relay 03 Output relay 04 a02 c02 a04 c04 a06 c06 a08 c08 a10 c10 a12 c12 a14 c14 a16 c16 a18 c18 a20 c20 a22 c22 a24 c24 a26 c26 a28 c28 a30 c30 a32 c32 X4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Null Null Null Null RS485 .

38 .Connection CSC-103 X7 a02 c02 a04 c04 a06 c06 a08 c08 a10 c10 a12 c12 a14 c14 a16 c16 a18 c18 a20 c20 a22 c22 a24 c24 a26 c26 a28 c28 a30 c30 a32 c32 Output relay 01 Output relay 01 Output relay 02 Output relay 02 Output relay 03 Output relay 04 Output relay 05 Output relay 06 Output relay 07 Output relay 08 Output relay 09 Output relay 10 Output relay 11 Output relay 12 Output relay 13 Output relay 14 Output relay 15 Output relay 16 Output relay 04 Output relay 05 Output relay 06 Output relay 07 Output relay 08 Output relay 09 Output relay 10 Output relay 11 Output relay 12 Output relay 13 Output relay 14 Output relay 15 Output relay 16 Output relay 03 X9 a02 c02 a04 c04 a06 c06 a08 c08 a10 c10 a12 c12 a14 c14 a16 c16 a18 c18 a20 c20 a22 c22 a24 c24 a26 c26 a28 c28 a30 c30 a32 c32 X8 a02 c02 a04 c04 a06 c06 a08 c08 a10 c10 a12 c12 a14 c14 a16 c16 a18 c18 a20 c20 a22 c22 a24 c24 a26 c26 a28 c28 a30 c30 a32 c32 1) Output relay 01 Output relay 02 Output relay 03 X10 a02 c02 a04 c04 a06 c06 a08 c08 a10 c10 a12 c12 a14 c14 a16 c16 a18 c18 a20 c20 a22 c22 a24 c24 a26 c26 a28 c28 a30 c30 a32 c32 Output relay 04 Output relay 05 Output relay 06 Output relay 07 Output relay 08 Output relay 09 Output relay 10 Output relay 11 Output relay 12 Output relay 13 Output relay 14 Output relay 15 Output relay 16 Note : 1) X10 is optional terminal set. for additional binary output module ordered by user.

Connection CSC-103 X11 DC 24V + output Null Null a02 c02 a04 c04 a06 c06 a08 c08 a10 c10 a12 c12 a14 c14 a16 c16 a18 c18 a20 c20 a22 c22 a24 c24 a26 c26 a28 c28 a30 c30 a32 c32 DC 24V .input Null Null Terminal for earthing Terminal for earthing 39 .output Power failure alarm relay 1 Power failure alarm relay 2 Null Null AUX DC + input Null Null AUX DC .

Connection B. Typical analogue inputs connection for one breaker of single or double busbar arrangement A B C Protection IED a01 b01 a02 b02 IA IB IC IN UA UB UC UN U4 * * * a03 b03 a04 b04 a12 a11 b11 b12 a10 b10 40 .

Typical analogue inputs connection for one and half breaker arrangement A B C * * * Protection IED * * * a01 b01 a02 b02 a03 b03 a04 b04 a12 a11 b11 b12 IA IB IC IN UA UB UC UN U4 a10 b10 A B C 41 .Connection C.

continuous Standard IEC 60255-1 100 V /110 V 0.5 VA at Ir = 5 A ≤ 0.05 Ir to 30 Ir 0. for 10s 1.005 to 1 A Data Internal voltage transformer Item Rated voltage Vr (ph-ph) Nominal range (ph-e) Power consumption at Vr = 110 V IEC 60255-27 DL/T 478-2001 Thermal overload capability IEC 60255-27 DL/T 478-2001 2 Vr.5 VA for sensitive CT Thermal overload capability IEC 60255-1 IEC 60255-27 100 Ir for 1 s 4 Ir continuous Standard IEC 60255-1 1 or 5 A 0.1 VA per phase Data (phase-neutral voltage) Auxiliary voltage Item Rated auxiliary voltage Uaux Permissible tolerance Power consumption at quiescent state Power consumption at maximum load IEC60255-1 ≤ 60 W per power supply module Standard IEC60255-1 IEC60255-1 IEC60255-1 110 to 250V ± %20 Uaux Data ≤ 50 W per power supply module 42 .5 Vr. ≤ 0.1 VA at Ir = 1 A.Technical data Frequency Item Rated system frequency Standard IEC 60255-1 Data 50 Hz or 60Hz Internal current transformer Item Rated current Ir Nominal current range Nominal current range of sensitive CT Power consumption (per phase) ≤ 0.4 V to 120 V ≤ 0.

0. for 110V/125V .15A. system voltage Current carrying capacity Standard IEC60255-1 IEC60255-1 250V /~ Data 5 A continuous. Unloaded IEC60255-1 . Response time/reset time IEC60255-1 Software time provides de-bounce Power consumption.000. making IEC60255-1 ≥1000 cycles Mechanical endurance. at L/R≤40 ms . energized IEC60255-1 Max. for 220/250V 77V. 30A,200ms ON. 110V Max. for 110V/125V IEC60255-1 132V. 0.30A.000 cycles (3 Hz switching frequency) Mechanical endurance. 220V Binary outputs Item Max.Technical data Inrush Current IEC60255-1 T ≤ 10 ms/I≤ 25 A per power supply module. Binary inputs Item Input voltage range Standard IEC60255-1 110/125 V 220/250 V Data Threshold1: guarantee operation Threshold2: uncertain operation IEC60255-1 154V. breaking IEC60255-1 ≥1000 cycles Specification state verification IEC60255-1 IEC60255-23 IEC61810-1 UL/CSA、TŰV 43 . at L/R≤40 ms 50. for 220/250V 66V. 15s OFF Making capacity IEC60255-1 1100 W( L/R>40 ms ) at inductive load with 1000 VA(AC) Breaking capacity IEC60255-1 220V 110V Mechanical endurance. 0.5 W/input. 1 W/input.

length of communication cable 9600 baud 15 m Data RS485 communication port Item Number Connection 0 to 2 2-wire connector Rear port in communication module Max. 1200 baud. length of communication cable For IEC 61850 protocol 100m Data 44 .0 km 500 V AC against earth Data Ethernet communication port Item Electrical communication port Number Connection 0 to 3 RJ45 connector Rear port in communication module Max. front panel.Technical data Contact circuit resistance measurement IEC60255-1 IEC60255-23 IEC61810-1 Open Contact insulation test (AC Dielectric strength) Maximum temperature of parts and materials IEC60255-1 IEC60255-27 IEC60255-1 55℃ AC1000V 1min 30mΩ Front communication port Item Number Connection 1 Isolated. for software tools Communication speed Max. Max. RS232. 19200 baud 1. Min. 9-pin subminiature connector. length of communication cable Test voltage For IEC 60870-5-103 protocol Communication speed Factory setting 9600 baud.

1550nm. length of communication cable IEC 61850 protocol Communication speed IEC 60870-5-103 protocol Communication speed 100 Mbit/s 100 Mbit/s Multi-mode 2.048 kbit/s. when the transmission distance <60km) SC. (the transmission distance <40km) >-4dBm. when the transmission distance >60km Data transmission rate 64 kbit/s. G703-E1 Max. (the transmission distance 40~60km) >-3dBm. G703. when the transmission distance <60km. when the transmission distance >60km Optic received sensitivity Emitter electric level -38dBm >-8dBm.Technical data Communication speed For IEC 60870-5-103 protocol Communication speed 100 Mbit/s Optical communication port ( optional ) Number Connection 0 to 2 SC connector Rear port in communication module Optical cable type Max. 2. (the transmission distance >60km) Fiber optic connector type FC.0km 100 Mbit/s Time synchronization Item Mode IRIG-B signal format Connection Pulse mode IRIG-B000 2-wire connector Rear port in communication module Voltage levels differential input Data Fiber optic communication ports for remote communication Item Number Fiber optic cable type Optic wavelength 1 to 2 Single-mode 1310nm. transmission distance 100kM Data 45 .

Technical data Environmental influence Item Recommended permanent operating temperature -10 ° C to +55° C (Legibility of display may be impaired above +55 ° C /+131 ° F) Storage and transport temperature limit Permissible humidity -25° C to +70° C 95 % of relative humidity Data IED design Item Case size Weight 4U×19inch ≤ 10kg Data 46 .

top and bottom: IP 30 2KV.5J) If Ui≥63V 1kV if Ui<63V Tested between the following circuits:  auxiliary power supply  CT / VT inputs  binary inputs  binary outputs  case earth Note: Ui: Rated voltage Insulation resistance IEC60255-5 IEC 60255-27 EN 60255-5 ANSI C37. side.8kV between the following circuits:  auxiliary power supply  CT / VT inputs  binary inputs  binary outputs  case earth 500V.90 GB/T 15145-2001 DL/T 478-2001 Category III Degree 2 Basic insulation Front plate: IP40 Rear. 0.90 GB/T 15145-2001 DL/T 478-2001 5kV (1. 50Hz between the following circuits:  Communication ports to case earth  time synchronization terminals to case earth Impulse voltage test IEC60255-5 IEC 60255-27 EN 60255-5 ANSI C37.2/50μs.90 GB/T 15145-2001 ≥ 100 MΩ at 500 V Data withstand test 47 . 50Hz 2.Technical Data Product safety-related Tests Item Over voltage category Pollution degree Insulation Degree of protection (IP) Standard IEC60255-27 IEC60255-27 IEC60255-27 IEC60255-27 IEC 60529 Power frequency high voltage IEC 60255-5 EN 60255-5 ANSI C37.

900 MHz.4 GHz – 2. 160 MHz. 1 kV DM Tested on the following circuits:  auxiliary power supply  CT / VT inputs  binary inputs  binary outputs 1 kV CM . Ri = 330 Ω Radiated electromagnetic field disturbance test IEC 60255-22-3 EN 60255-22-3 Frequency sweep: 80 MHz – 1 GHz. 15 kV air gap discharge. 1 kHz Radiated electromagnetic field disturbance test IEC 60255-22-3 EN 60255-22-3 Pulse-modulated 10 V/m. 1850 MHz.1 Class III 2. 4KV Tested on the following circuits:  auxiliary power supply  CT / VT inputs  binary inputs  binary outputs Data 48 . repetition rate 200 Hz.90.1Ω Class V2 Electromagnetic immunity tests Item 1 MHz burst immunity test Standard IEC60255-22-1 IEC60255-26 IEC61000-4-18 EN 60255-22-1 ANSI/IEEE C37.Technical Data DL/T 478-2001 Protective bonding resistance Fire withstand/flammability IEC60255-27 IEC60255-27 ≤ 0. 450 MHz.7 GHz spot frequencies: 80 MHz. 1. on duration 50 % Electric fast transient/burst immunity test IEC 60255-22-4. 80%.1 Class A. 0 kV DM Tested on the following circuits:  communication ports Electrostatic discharge IEC 60255-22-2 IEC 61000-4-2 EN 60255-22-2 Level 4 8 kV contact discharge. both polarities.5 kV CM .90. 380 MHz. 900 MHz. IEC 61000-4-4 EN 60255-22-4 ANSI/IEEE C37. 2150 MHz 10 V/m AM. 150 pF.

1 kHz Power frequency immunity test IEC60255-22-7 Class A 300 V CM 150 V DM Power frequency magnetic field test IEC 61000-4-8 Level 4 30 A/m cont.5 kV CM . 1 kV DM Tested on the following circuits:  auxiliary power supply  CT / VT inputs  binary inputs  binary outputs 1 kV CM .Technical Data Class A. 80%. / 300 A/m 1 s to 3 s 100 kHz burst immunity test IEC61000-4-18 2.0kV L-E 2.0kV L-L Tested on the following circuits:  auxiliary power supply  CT / VT inputs  binary inputs  binary outputs 500V L-E Tested on the following circuits:  communication ports Conduct immunity test IEC 60255-22-6 IEC 61000-4-6 Frequency sweep: 150 kHz – 80 MHz spot frequencies: 27 MHz and 68 MHz 10 V AM. 1KV Tested on the following circuits:  communication ports Surge immunity test IEC 60255-22-5 IEC 61000-4-5 4. 0 kV DM Tested on the following circuits:  communication ports DC voltage interruption test Item DC voltage dips Standard IEC 60255-11 Data 100% reduction 20 ms 49 .

11 ms duration 3 shocks in both directions of 3 axes Data 50 .15MHz to 30MHz Data 30MHz to 1GHz ( IT device may up to 5 GHz) Mechanical tests Item Sinusoidal test Vibration response Standard IEC60255-21-1 EN 60255-21-1 Class 1 10 Hz to 60 Hz: 0. twice rated frequency 60 s shut down ramp 5 min power off 60 s start-up ramp DC voltage reverse polarity IEC 60255-11 1 min Electromagnetic emission test Item Radiated emission Standard IEC60255-25 EN60255-25 CISPR22 Conducted emission IEC60255-25 EN60255-25 CISPR22 0.075 mm 60 Hz to 150 Hz: 1 g 1 sweep cycle in each axis Relay energized Sinusoidal Vibration endurance test IEC60255-21-1 EN 60255-21-1 Class 1 10 Hz to 150 Hz: 1 g 20 sweep cycle in each axis Relay non-energized Shock response test IEC60255-21-2 EN 60255-21-2 Class 1 5 g. 11 ms duration 3 shocks in both directions of 3 axes Relay energized Shock withstand test IEC60255-21-2 EN 60255-21-2 Class 1 15 g.Technical Data 60% reduction 200 ms 30% reduction 500 ms DC voltage interruptions DC voltage ripple DC voltage gradual shut–down /start-up IEC 60255-11 IEC 60255-11 IEC 60255-11 100% reduction 5 s 15%.

16 hours +55° C. Relay energized Climatic tests Item Cold test .Operation Cold test – Storage Dry heat test – Operation Dry heat test – Storage Standard IEC60255-27 IEC60068-2-1 IEC60255-27 IEC60068-2-1 [IEC60255-27 IEC60068-2-2 IEC60255-27 IEC60068-2-2 Change of temperature IEC60255-27 IEC60068-2-14 Damp heat static test IEC60255-27 IEC60068-2-78 Damp heat cyclic test IEC60255-27 IEC60068-2-30 +55° C. 16 hours. rated load CE Certificate Item EMC Directive Low voltage directive Data EN 61000-6-2 and EN61000-6-4 (EMC Council Directive 2004/108/EC) EN 60255-27 (Low-voltage directive 2006/95 EC). 93% r. 16 ms duration 1000 shocks in both directions of 3 axes Relay non-energized Seismic test IEC60255-21-3 Class 1 X-axis 1 Hz to 8/9 Hz: 7. 10 days.h. 16 hours. 6 cycles.Technical Data Relay non-energized Bump test IEC60255-21-2 Class 1 10 g.h. 51 .5 mm X-axis 8/9 Hz to 35 Hz :2 g Y-axis 1 Hz to 8/9 Hz: 3. rated load Data -10° C. rated load Test Nb. rated load +70° C.75 mm Y-axis 8/9 Hz to 35 Hz :1 g 1 sweep cycle in each axis. 5 cycles -10° C / +55° C +40° C. 93% r. 16 hours -25° C. figure 2.

67N) Item Operating time Rang or Value 25ms typically in permission Tolerance 52 .0% static accuracy Conditions: Voltage range: 0. Reactance setting range 0. at 0. when Ir=5A. at 70% operating setting and setting time > 60ms Operation time 22ms typically at 70% setting of zone 1 Dynamic overreaching for zone 1 ≤±5%.02Ir Distance protection (ANSI 21.05Ω~600Ω.5<SIR<30 ≤± 5.01Ω.Technical Data Functions NOTE: Ir: CT rated secondary current. 0. 21N) Item Number of settable zone 5 Rang or Value zones , with additional Tolerance extended zone Distance characteristic Resistance setting range Polygonal 0.01Ω~120Ω.01Ω.01Ω.01s ≤±1% or +20 ms.00s.01Ω. Line differential protection (ANSI 87L) Setting range Differential current pickup 0. when fault current is 2 times setting value Tolerance Differential current pickup ≤± 3% of setting value or ± 0. when Ir=1A. Time delay of distance zones 0.00 to 60.12 Ir to 20 Ir Tele-protection (ANSI 85 – 21. 1A or 5A. step 0. when Ir=5A. step 0.01 Ur to 1. step 0. when Ir=1A. 0. 21N.2 Ur Current range: 0. step 0.01Ω~120Ω. step 0.05Ω~600Ω.1Ir~2Ir Time Operating time ≤ 20 ms.

67) Item Rang or Value Definite time characteristics Current Time delay 0. step 0.0. Short inverse. at 70% setting Overcurrent protection (ANSI 50. A Delay of inverse time. step 0. 51N. Extremely inverse.0s.Technical Data mode for 21/21N. step 0. in accordance with IEC60255-151 Time factor of inverse time. at 2 <I/ISETTING < 20. 67N) Item Rang or value Definite time characteristic Tolerance 53 . Long inverse ANSI Inverse.005 to 200.00 Ir 0. Moderately inverse.01s 0.00. Extremely inverse.000 to 60.08 Ir to 20.08 Ir to 20. at 200% operating setting Tolerance Earth fault protection (ANSI 50N.112. step 0.00s. at phase to phase voltage >1V ≤ ±5% setting + 40ms. in accordance with IEC60255-151 ≤ ±3% setting or ±0. 51.02Ir ≤ ±1% setting or +40ms. ≤ ±3% setting or ±0.001s 0.00 Ir Normal inverse. Very inverse.005 to 10.00 to 60. Long inverse.00s. Definite inverse user-defined characteristic T= ≤ ±5% setting + 40ms.01s Inverse time characteristics Current IEC standard 0. B Index of inverse time. at 2 <I/ISETTING < 20. at 2 <I/ISETTING < 20. in accordance with ANSI/IEEE C37.01 20ms 100s instantaneous Directional element Operating area range Characteristic angle 0°to 90° .005 0.05 to 999. step 1° ≤ ±3°. P set time Multiplier for step n: k Minimum operating time Maximum operating time Reset mode 0. Very inverse.02Ir ≤ ±5% setting + 40ms. step 0.

Long inverse.00.02Ir ≤ ±1% setting or +40ms. step 0. Moderately inverse. step 0. Very inverse.00s. Very inverse.08 Ir to 20. ≤ ±3% setting or ± 0.00 Ir ≤ ±3% setting or ±0. at 2 <I/ISETTING < 20 Time factor of inverse time. Extremely inverse. Short inverse. step 0.112.01 20ms 100s instantaneous Directional element Operating area range of zero sequence directional element Characteristic angle Operating area range of negative sequence directional element Characteristic angle 50°to 90° .001s Delay of inverse time.02Ir IEC60255-151 ≤ ±5% setting + 40ms.005 0. Extremely inverse.005 to 200. step 0.0.005 to 10. step 0.Technical Data Current Time delay 0.00 Ir 0. Long inverse ANSI Inverse.01s Inverse time characteristics Current IEC standard 0.000 to 60.00 Ir Normal inverse. A 0.08 Ir to 20.08 Ir to 20. 51) Item Rang or Value Definite time characteristics Current 0.0s. at 2 <I/ISETTING < 20 Emergency/backup overcurrent protection (ANSI 50. P set time Multiplier for step n: k Minimum operating time Maximum operating time Reset mode 0. at 200% operating setting ≤ ±3% setting or ±0.01s 0.00 to 60.00s. B Index of inverse time. at 3U2≥2V ≤ ±3°.05 to 999. at 2 <I/ISETTING < 20 ≤ ±5% setting + 40ms. step 1° ≤ ±3°. at 3U0≥1V ANSI/IEEE C37. step 1° 0°to 90° . Definite inverse user-defined characteristic T= IEC60255-151 ≤ ±5% setting + 40ms.02Ir Tolerance 54 .

02Ir ≤ ±5% setting + 40ms.001s 0. at 2 <I/ISETTING < 20.005 to 200.05 to 999.Technical Data Time delay 0. Long inverse ANSI Inverse. P set time Multiplier for step n: k Minimum operating time Maximum operating time Reset mode 0. at 2 <I/ISETTING < 20. Very inverse. step 0.08 Ir to 20.0s.02Ir ≤ ±1% setting or +40ms. Short inverse. ≤ ±3% setting or ± 0.08 Ir to 20. in accordance with IEC60255-151 ≤ ±3% setting or ±0. in accordance with ANSI/IEEE C37. Very inverse.005 to 10. step 0.00 Ir 0. Moderately inverse. at 200% operating setting Emergency/backup earth fault protection (ANSI 50N. Extremely inverse.00. A Delay of inverse time. step 0. Definite inverse user-defined characteristic T= ≤ ±5% setting + 40ms.01s Inverse time characteristics Current IEC standard 0.112. Long inverse ANSI Inverse.08 Ir to 20. step 0. step 0.00 to 60. B Index of inverse time.00s. at 2 ≤ ±3% setting or ±0.01s Inverse time characteristics Current IEC standard 0. in accordance with IEC60255-151 ≤ ±1% setting or +40ms. at 200% operating setting Tolerance 55 .005 0.00 Ir Normal inverse. Extremely inverse.0. Long inverse.00s.00s. step 0. Extremely inverse.01s 0.00 to 60.000 to 60. at 2 <I/ISETTING < 20.00 Ir Normal inverse. Very inverse.02Ir ≤ ±5% setting + 40ms. at 2 <I/ISETTING < 20.01 20ms 100s instantaneous ≤ ±5% setting + 40ms. in accordance with IEC60255-151 Time factor of inverse time. 51N) Item Rang or value Definite time characteristic Current Time delay 0. ≤ ±5% setting + 40ms.

0s.00s to 60.08 Ir to 20.001s Delay of inverse time.02Ir ≤ ±1% setting or +40ms. P set time Multiplier for step n: k Minimum operating time Maximum operating time Reset mode 0.02Ir harmonic current to 0.00 Ir 0. in accordance with IEC60255-151 Time factor of inverse time. IL2. step 0. step 0. step 0. Very inverse. IL3) (settable time) 0.00s.00s to 60.00 Ir 0.00s to 60. at 2 <I/ISETTING < 20.01 20ms 100s instantaneous to 200.00 Ir Tolerance ≤ ±3% setting value or ±0.005 0.00. step 0. in accordance with ANSI/IEEE C37. B Index of inverse time.00s. step 0.0.000 to 60. Inrush restraint function Item Upper function limit Max current for inrush restraint Ratio of 2 nd Range or value 0. Long inverse.02Ir ≤ ±3% setting or ±0. Moderately inverse. step <I/ISETTING < 20.08 Ir to 20.Technical Data Short inverse.01s Tolerance ≤ ±3% setting or ±0.01 fundamental component current Cross-block (IL1.005 0. Extremely inverse. step 0.01s ≤ ±1% setting or +40ms. step 0.05 to 999.005 to 10.00s. at 200% operating setting 56 . at 200% operating setting Time delay of zero sequence current 0.01s ≤ ±1% setting or +40ms Switch-onto-fault protection (ANSI 50SOTF) Item Phase current Zero-sequence current Time delay of phase overcurrent Rang or Value 0.45.10 to 0.00 s.25 Ir to 20.112.01s 0. Definite inverse user-defined characteristic T= ≤ ±5% setting + 40ms. A 0.

08 Ir to 20. step 0.01s 0.08 Ir to 20.02Ir ≤± 1% setting or +40 ms.02Ir ≤± 1% setting or +40 ms.00s.01s Tolerance ≤ ±3% setting or ±0.02Ir Dead zone protection (ANSI 50DZ) Item Current Time delay Rang or Value 0.00s to 32. step 0. at 200% operating setting STUB protection (ANSI 50STUB) Item Current Time delay Rang or Value 0.01s Tolerance ≤ ±3% setting or ±0. step 1 V ≤ ±3 % setting or ±1 V ≤ ±3 % setting or ±1 V Tolerance ≤ ±3 % setting or ±1 V 57 .00 Ir 0. step 0.00 s.00 Ir Tolerance ≤ ±3% setting or ±0.00s.00 Ir 0.00s to 32.00s to 60.08 Ir to 20.00 Ir 0.00s to 32.01s < 20ms ≤± 1% setting or +25 ms.00 s. step 0. step 1 V 10 to 150 V.01s Tolerance ≤ ±3% setting or ±0.02Ir ≤± 1% setting or +40 ms.00s.08 Ir to 20. at 200% operating setting Rang or Value 0.Technical Data Breaker failure protection (ANSI 50 BF) Item phase current Negative sequence current zero sequence current Time delay of stage 1 Time delay of stage 2 Reset time of stage 1 0. at 200% operating setting Pole discordance protection (ANSI 50PD) Item Current Time delay Rang or Value 0. step 0. at 200% operating setting Undervoltage protection (ANSI 27) Item Voltage connection Rang or Value Phase-to-phase voltages or phase-to-earth voltages Phase to earth voltage Phase to phase voltage 5 to 75 V .00s to 60.

at 120% operating setting Reset time <40ms Tolerance ≤ ±3 % setting or ±1 V Synchro-check and voltage check (ANSI 25) Item Operating mode   Rang or Value Synchronization check: Synch-check Energizing check. step. step.01 Hz. steps 1V 0.00 Ir ≤ 50 ms ≤ ±3% setting or ±0. step 1 V 80 to 200 V.02Ir Overvoltage protection (ANSI 59) Item Voltage connection Rang or Value Phase-to-phase voltages or phase-to-earth voltages Phase to earth voltage Phase to phase voltage Reset ratio Time delay 40 to 100 V.00 Hz.00 to 60.00 s.00 to 120. f2<f1) Voltage Dead V4 and dead V3Ph Dead V4 and live V3Ph Live V4 and dead V3Ph ≤ ± 3 % setting or 1 V 10 to 50 V (phase to earth).01 0. step 0. 1 ° ≤ ± 3 % setting or 1 V ≤ ± 1V ≤ ± 20 mHz ≤ ± 3° Δα-measurement (α2>α1. step 0.00 s. step 0.Technical Data Reset ratio Time delay 1.01 to 2. step 1 V 0.00. 0. step 1V 1 to 40 V (phase-to-earth). 58 .02 to 2. step 1V 30 to 65 V (phase to earth).01s ≤ ±3 % setting or ±1 V ≤ ±3 % setting or ±1 V ≤ ±3 % setting ≤ ±1 % setting or +50 ms.99.90 to 0. at 80% operating setting Current criteria Reset time 0. 1 °to 80 ° . step 0. and synch-check if energizing check failure Override Tolerance  Energizing check:    Voltage threshold of dead line or bus Voltage threshold of live line or bus ∆V-measurement difference Δf-measurement (f2>f1.01 0.01 s ≤ ±3 % setting ≤ ±1 % setting or +50 ms.08 to 2.

0V to 20.20Ir. step 0.05 s to 60.01 s 0.0V to 30.08Ir to 0.0V.5 % setting value or +60 ms Maximum synch-check extension time 0.50 s to 60.00 s. step 0. step 0.01 s ≤ ± 1 % setting value or +50 ms Rang or Value Tolerance VT secondary circuit supervision (97FF) Item Minimum current Minimum zero or negative sequence current Maximum phase to earth voltage Maximum phase to phase voltage Normal phase to earth voltage 40.01 s. step 0. step 0. SYNT EXT) 0.02Ir 59 .01V ≤ ±3% setting or ± 1V ≤ ±3% setting or ± 1V Range or value 0.01 s.05 to 60.0V.00 s.0.Technical Data α2<α1) Minimum measuring time 0.20Ir.05 to 60. step 0.0V.01 s 0. step 0.05 s to 60.01V 10. separated setting for shots 1 to 4 Reclaim time Blocking duration time (AR reset time) Circuit breaker ready supervision time Dead time extension for synch-check (Max.50 s to 60. step 0.02Ir ≤ ±5% setting or ±0.0V to 65. step 0.01A Tolerances ≤ ±3% setting or ±0.01V ≤ ±3% setting or ± 1V 7. step.00 s.01 s 0. ≤ ± 1. step 0. ≤ ± 1 % setting value or +50 ms Auto-Reclosing (ANSI 79) Item Number of reclosing shots Up to 4 Shot 1 to 4 is individually selectable AR initiating functions Internal protection functions External binary input Dead time.08Ir to 0. step.00s.00 s.01A 0.00 s.0.00s.01 s 0.05 s to 60.

51. 1 or 3 Pole Tripping Mode (21.Ordering Pre-configure schemes Table 4 Function and hardware of pre-configure scheme for transmission network Pre-configure version Application Breaker arrangement Voltage level(kV) Line differential protection (87L) Distance protection. 51N. 51) Emergency/backup overcurrent protection (50N. 1 or 3 Pole closing Mode (79) Single and/or three pole tripping (94) M01 Full. 67) Earth-fault protection (50N. 67N) Emergency/backup overcurrent protection (50.2 ends A or B or C ≥ 230 1 1 1 1 M02 2 ends A or B or C ≥ 230 1 1 1 M03 2 ends A or C ≥ 230 1 M04 2 ends B ≥ 230 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 60 . 51N) Switch-onto-fault protection (50HS) Overload protection (50OL) Overvoltage protection (59) Under voltage protection (27) Breaker failure protection (50BF) Dead zone protection (50SH-Z) STUB protection (50STUB) Poles discordance protection (50PD) Synchro-check and energizing check (25) Auto-reclosing.21N) Communication scheme for directional earth fault protection (85–67N) Overcurrent protection (50. 21N) Power-swing logic (68) Communication scheme for distance protection (85–21.

.. n= 1. RS485 interfaces and time synchronizing interface) Binary input module (30 BI) Binary output modules (16 relays for tripping 2 and initiation) Binary output modules (16 relays for signal) Power supply module Programmable LEDs Case. …. …. n= 1. 2. A: Single busbar arrangement B: breaker arrangement 2 1 18 1 2 1 18 1 2 1 18 1 2 1 18 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 C: Double busbar arrangement 61 . 2. (n) : Quantity of optional function or optional hardware. 4U.19” NOTE: n : Quantity of standard function or standard hardware.Ordering CT secondary circuit supervision VT secondary circuit supervision (97FF) Fault locator Analogue input module (5I + 4U) CPU modules Communication module(with Ethernet interfaces.

67) Earth-fault protection (50N. 51N. 51) Emergency/backup overcurrent protection (50N. 21N) Power-swing logic (68) Communication scheme for distance protection (85–21. 51N) Switch-onto-fault protection (50HS) Overload protection (50OL) Overvoltage protection (59) Under voltage protection (27) Breaker failure protection (50BF) Dead zone protection (50SH-Z) STUB protection (50STUB) Poles discordance protection (50PD) Synchro-check and energizing check (25) Auto-reclosing. 3 Pole Tripping Mode (21. 51. 3 Pole closing Mode (79) Three pole tripping (94) CT secondary circuit supervision VT secondary circuit supervision (97FF) 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 N01 3 ends A or B or C ≤ 132 1 1 1 1 N02 2 ends A or B or C ≤ 132 1 N03 2 ends B ≤ 132 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 62 .Ordering Table 5 Function and hardware of pre-configure scheme for sub-transmission network Pre-configure version Application Breaker arrangement Voltage level(kV) Line differential protection (87L) Distance protection. 1 or 3 Pole closing Mode (79) Auto-reclosing.21N) Communication scheme for directional earth fault protection (85–67N) Overcurrent protection (50. 67N) Emergency/backup overcurrent protection (50.

4U. (n) : Quantity of optional function or optional hardware. n= 1. …. A: Single busbar arrangement B: breaker arrangement 2 1 18 1 2 1 18 1 2 1 18 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 C: Double busbar arrangement 63 . n= 1. 2. ….. 1 RS485 interfaces and time synchronizing interface) Binary input module (30 BI) Binary output modules (16 relays for tripping and 2 initiation) Binary output modules (16 relays for signal) Power supply module Programmable LEDs Case.Ordering Fault locator Analogue input module (5I + 4U) CPU modules Communication module(with Ethernet interfaces.19” NOTE: n : Quantity of standard function or standard hardware.. 2.

64 .Ordering Ordering code No. RS485 interface: IEC60870-5-103 1 2 Note: Chinese is always offered as default HMI language. RS485 interface: IEC60870-5-103 Ethernet interface:IEC60870-5-103.17~37 C S C 1 0 3 - L F T Pre-configure scheme For transmission network For sub-transmission network Pre-configure scheme number 1 Pre-configure scheme number 2 M N 0~9 0~9 HMI Language (L) note English Russian French Portuguese Spanish 1 2 3 4 5 Rated Frequency (F) 50 Hz 60 Hz 5 6 Station Communication Protocols (T) Ethernet interface:IEC61850-8.1~16 No.

2Mbps. 2Mbps.24~37 C S C 1 0 3 - A M C Slot 1 Analogue Input Module (A) 5I (1A)+4U 5I (5A)+4U 5 6 Slot 2 CPU Module 1 (M) 1 FDDI. Pulse 2 electrical Ethernet ports.1~16 No. Pulse 2 optical Ethernet ports. 2 RS485 ports. SC type. transmission distance 40~60kM 1 FDDI. SC type. Pulse 1 2 3 4 5 6 65 . transmission distance <40 kM 1 FDDI. Channel B: transmission distance <40 kM 2 FDDIs. IRIG-B 3 electrical Ethernet ports. Channel A: transmission distance 40~60 kM. single mode. 2Mbps. Channel B: transmission distance <40 kM 2 FDDIs. 2Mbps. 2Mbps. Channel B: transmission distance <40 kM 2 FDDIs. SC type. Channel B: transmission distance 60~100 kM 5 6 7 8 9 e f Slot 3 CPU Module 2 (M) without FDDI 4 Slot 4 Communication module (C) 3 electrical Ethernet ports.17~23 No. IRIG-B 2 electrical Ethernet ports. 2Mbps. Channel A: transmission distance <40 kM. SC type. 2 RS485 ports. Channel A: transmission distance 60~100 kM. single mode.Ordering No. IRIG-B 2 optical Ethernet ports. SC type. 1 RS485 ports. 2 RS485 ports. 1 RS485 ports. transmission distance 60~100kM 2 FDDIs. 2Mbps. single mode. SC type. 2 RS485 ports. SC type. Channel A: transmission distance 60~100 kM.

1~23 No.Ordering No. with startup blocking relay 30BI (110V DC). with startup blocking relay 1 2 Slot 6 Binary Output Module (O) 16 relays for tripping 1 Slot 7 Binary Output Module (O) 16 relays for tripping 16 relays (with 19 contacts) for signalling Null 1 3 x Slot 8 Binary Output Module (O) 16 relays for tripping 16 relays (with 19 contacts) for signalling Null 1 3 x Slot 9 Binary Output Module (O) 16 relays for tripping 16 relays (with 19 contacts) for signalling Null 1 3 x Slot 10 Binary Output Module (O) 16 relays for tripping 16 relays (with 19 contacts) for signalling Null 1 3 x 66 .32~37 C S C 1 0 3 - I O Slot 5 Binary Input Module (I) 30BI (220V DC).24~31 No.

20 LEDs 3 Accessories (Z) Null x 67 .Ordering No.1~31 No.32~37 C S C 1 0 3 - P K Z Slot 11 Power Supply Module (P) 110V . 19' Front plate: Medium size LCD.250V DC 1 Case and Front Plate (K) Case: 4U.

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