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1N53 Series 5 Watt Surmetict 40 Zener Voltage Regulators

This is a complete series of 5 Watt Zener diodes with tight limits and better operating characteristics that reflect the superior capabilities of siliconoxide passivated junctions. All this in an axial lead, transfermolded plastic package that offers protection in all common environmental conditions.
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Cathode

Anode

Zener Voltage Range 3.3 V to 200 V ESD Rating of Class 3 (>16 kV) per Human Body Model Surge Rating of up to 180 W @ 8.3 ms Maximum Limits Guaranteed on up to Six Electrical Parameters PbFree Packages are Available*

Mechanical Characteristics CASE: Void free, transfermolded, thermosetting plastic FINISH: All external surfaces are corrosion resistant and leads are

AXIAL LEAD CASE 017AA PLASTIC

readily solderable
MAXIMUM LEAD TEMPERATURE FOR SOLDERING PURPOSES: MARKING DIAGRAM
A 1N 53xxB YYWWG G A = Assembly Location 1N53xxB = Device Number (Refer to Tables on Pages 3 & 4) YY = Year WW = Work Week G = PbFree Package (Note: Microdot may be in either location)

260C, 1/16 in. from the case for 10 seconds POLARITY: Cathode indicated by polarity band MOUNTING POSITION: Any

MAXIMUM RATINGS
Rating Max. Steady State Power Dissipation @ TL = 25C, Lead Length = 3/8 in Derate above 25C JunctiontoLead Thermal Resistance Operating and Storage Temperature Range Symbol PD Value 5 40 qJL TJ, Tstg 25 65 to +200 (Note 1) Unit W mW/C C/W C

Stresses exceeding Maximum Ratings may damage the device. Maximum Ratings are stress ratings only. Functional operation above the Recommended Operating Conditions is not implied. Extended exposure to stresses above the Recommended Operating Conditions may affect device reliability. 1. Max operating temperature for DC conditions is 150C, but not to exceed 200C for pulsed conditions with low duty cycle or nonrepetitive.

ORDERING INFORMATION
Device 1N53xxB, G 1N53xxBRL, G Package Axial Lead (PbFree) Axial Lead (PbFree) Shipping 1000 Units/Box 4000/Tape & Reel

For information on tape and reel specifications, including part orientation and tape sizes, please refer to our Tape and Reel Packaging Specifications Brochure, BRD8011/D.

*For additional information on our PbFree strategy and soldering details, please download the ON Semiconductor Soldering and Mounting Techniques Reference Manual, SOLDERRM/D.

Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC, 2013

November, 2013 Rev. 15

Publication Order Number: 1N5333B/D

1N53 Series
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (TA = 25C unless
otherwise noted, VF = 1.2 V Max @ IF = 1.0 A for all types) Symbol VZ IZT ZZT IZK ZZK IR VR IF VF IR DVZ IZM Parameter Reverse Zener Voltage @ IZT Reverse Current Maximum Zener Impedance @ IZT Reverse Current Maximum Zener Impedance @ IZK Reverse Leakage Current @ VR Breakdown Voltage Forward Current Forward Voltage @ IF Maximum Surge Current @ TA = 25C Reverse Zener Voltage Change Maximum DC Zener Current VZ VR V IR VF IZT IF I

Zener Voltage Regulator

ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (TA = 25C unless otherwise noted, VF = 1.2 V Max @ IF = 1.0 A for all types)
Zener Voltage (Note 3) Device (Note 2) 1N5333B 1N5334B 1N5335B 1N5336B 1N5337B 1N5338B 1N5339B 1N5340B 1N5341B 1N5342B 1N5343B 1N5344B 1N5345B 1N5346B 1N5347B Device Marking 1N5333B 1N5334B 1N5335B 1N5336B 1N5337B 1N5338B 1N5339B 1N5340B 1N5341B 1N5342B 1N5343B 1N5344B 1N5345B 1N5346B 1N5347B VZ (Volts) Min 3.14 3.42 3.71 4.09 4.47 4.85 5.32 5.70 5.89 6.46 7.13 7.79 8.27 8.65 9.50 Nom 3.3 3.6 3.9 4.3 4.7 5.1 5.6 6.0 6.2 6.8 7.5 8.2 8.7 9.1 10 Max 3.47 3.78 4.10 4.52 4.94 5.36 5.88 6.30 6.51 7.14 7.88 8.61 9.14 9.56 10.5 @ IZT mA 380 350 320 290 260 240 220 200 200 175 175 150 150 150 125 Zener Impedance (Note 3) ZZT @ IZT W 3 2.5 2 2 2 1.5 1 1 1 1 1.5 1.5 2 2 2 ZZK @ IZK W 400 500 500 500 450 400 400 300 200 200 200 200 200 150 125 IZK mA 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Leakage Current IR @ VR mA Max 300 150 50 10 5 1 1 1 1 10 10 10 10 7.5 5 Volts 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 3 5.2 5.7 6.2 6.6 6.9 7.6

IR (Note 4) A 20 18.7 17.6 16.4 15.3 14.4 13.4 12.7 12.4 11.5 10.7 10 9.5 9.2 8.6

DVZ (Note 5) Volts 0.85 0.8 0.54 0.49 0.44 0.39 0.25 0.19 0.1 0.15 0.15 0.2 0.2 0.22 0.22

IZM (Note 6) mA 1440 1320 1220 1100 1010 930 865 790 765 700 630 580 545 520 475

Devices listed in bold, italic are ON Semiconductor Preferred devices. Preferred devices are recommended choices for future use and best overall value.

2. TOLERANCE AND TYPE NUMBER DESIGNATION: The JEDEC type numbers shown indicate a tolerance of 5%. 3. ZENER VOLTAGE (VZ) and IMPEDANCE (IZT and IZK): Test conditions for zener voltage and impedance are as follows: IZ is applied 40 10 ms prior to reading. Mounting contacts are located 3/8 to 1/2 from the inside edge of mounting clips to the body of the diode (TA = 25C +8C, 2C). 4. SURGE CURRENT (IR): Surge current is specified as the maximum allowable peak, nonrecurrent squarewave current with a pulse width, PW, of 8.3 ms. The data given in Figure 5 may be used to find the maximum surge current for a square wave of any pulse width between 1 ms and 1000 ms by plotting the applicable points on logarithmic paper. Examples of this, using the 3.3 V and 200 V zener are shown in Figure 6. Mounting contact located as specified in Note 2 (TA = 25C +8C, 2C). 5. VOLTAGE REGULATION (DVZ): The conditions for voltage regulation are as follows: VZ measurements are made at 10% and then at 50% of the IZ max value listed in the electrical characteristics table. The test current time duration for each VZ measurement is 40 10 ms. Mounting contact located as specified in Note 2 (TA = 25C +8C, 2C). 6. MAXIMUM REGULATOR CURRENT (IZM): The maximum current shown is based on the maximum voltage of a 5% type unit, therefore, it applies only to the Bsuffix device. The actual IZM for any device may not exceed the value of 5 watts divided by the actual VZ of the device. TL = 25C at 3/8 maximum from the device body. The G suffix indicates PbFree package or PbFree packages are available.

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1N53 Series
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (TA = 25C unless otherwise noted, VF = 1.2 V Max @ IF = 1.0 A for all types)
Zener Voltage (Note 8) Device (Note 7) 1N5348B 1N5349B 1N5350B 1N5351B 1N5352B 1N5353B 1N5354B 1N5355B 1N5356B 1N5357B 1N5358B 1N5359B 1N5360B 1N5361B 1N5362B 1N5363B 1N5364B 1N5365B 1N5366B 1N5367B 1N5368B 1N5369B 1N5370B 1N5371B 1N5372B 1N5373B 1N5374B 1N5375B 1N5377B 1N5378B 1N5380B 1N5381B 1N5383B 1N5384B 1N5386B 1N5387B 1N5388B Device Marking 1N5348B 1N5349B 1N5350B 1N5351B 1N5352B 1N5353B 1N5354B 1N5355B 1N5356B 1N5357B 1N5358B 1N5359B 1N5360B 1N5361B 1N5362B 1N5363B 1N5364B 1N5365B 1N5366B 1N5367B 1N5368B 1N5369B 1N5370B 1N5371B 1N5372B 1N5373B 1N5374B 1N5375B 1N5377B 1N5378B 1N5380B 1N5381B 1N5383B 1N5384B 1N5386B 1N5387B 1N5388B VZ (Volts) Min 10.45 11.4 12.35 13.3 14.25 15.2 16.15 17.1 18.05 19 20.9 22.8 23.75 25.65 26.6 28.5 31.35 34.2 37.05 40.85 44.65 48.45 53.2 57 58.9 64.6 71.25 77.9 86.45 95 114 123.5 142.5 152 171 180.5 190 Nom 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 22 24 25 27 28 30 33 36 39 43 47 51 56 60 62 68 75 82 91 100 120 130 150 160 180 190 200 Max 11.55 12.6 13.65 14.7 15.75 16.8 17.85 18.9 19.95 21 23.1 25.2 26.25 28.35 29.4 31.5 34.65 37.8 40.95 45.15 49.35 53.55 58.8 63 65.1 71.4 78.75 86.1 95.55 105 126 136.5 157.5 168 189 199.5 210 @ IZT mA 125 100 100 100 75 75 70 65 65 65 50 50 50 50 50 40 40 30 30 30 25 25 20 20 20 20 20 15 15 12 10 10 8 8 5 5 5 Zener Impedance (Note 8) ZZT @ IZT W 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 3 3 3.5 3.5 4 5 6 8 10 11 14 20 25 27 35 40 42 44 45 65 75 90 170 190 330 350 430 450 480 ZZK @ IZK W 125 125 100 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 190 210 230 280 350 400 500 620 720 760 800 1150 1250 1500 1650 1750 1850 1850 IZK mA 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Leakage Current IR @ VR mA Max 5 2 1 1 1 1 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 Volts 8.4 9.1 9.9 10.6 11.5 12.2 12.9 13.7 14.4 15.2 16.7 18.2 19 20.6 21.2 22.8 25.1 27.4 29.7 32.7 35.8 38.8 42.6 45.5 47.1 51.7 56 62.2 69.2 76 91.2 98.8 114 122 137 144 152 DVZ (Note 10) Volts 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.3 0.35 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.45 0.55 0.55 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.65 0.65 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.2 1.35 1.52 1.6 1.8 2.2 2.5 2.5 2.5 3.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 5.0

IR (Note 9) A 8.0 7.5 7.0 6.7 6.3 6.0 5.8 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.7 4.4 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.1 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9

IZM (Note 11) mA 430 395 365 340 315 295 280 264 250 237 216 198 190 176 170 158 144 132 122 110 100 93 86 79 76 70 63 58 52.5 47.5 39.5 36.6 31.6 29.4 26.4 25 23.6

Devices listed in bold, italic are ON Semiconductor Preferred devices. Preferred devices are recommended choices for future use and best overall value.

7. TOLERANCE AND TYPE NUMBER DESIGNATION: The JEDEC type numbers shown indicate a tolerance of 5%. 8. ZENER VOLTAGE (VZ) and IMPEDANCE (IZT and IZK): Test conditions for zener voltage and impedance are as follows: IZ is applied 40 10 ms prior to reading. Mounting contacts are located 3/8 to 1/2 from the inside edge of mounting clips to the body of the diode (TA = 25C +8C, 2C). 9. SURGE CURRENT (IR): Surge current is specified as the maximum allowable peak, nonrecurrent squarewave current with a pulse width, PW, of 8.3 ms. The data given in Figure 5 may be used to find the maximum surge current for a square wave of any pulse width between 1 ms and 1000 ms by plotting the applicable points on logarithmic paper. Examples of this, using the 3.3 V and 200 V zener are shown in Figure 6. Mounting contact located as specified in Note 7 (TA = 25C +8C, 2C). 10. VOLTAGE REGULATION (DVZ): The conditions for voltage regulation are as follows: VZ measurements are made at 10% and then at 50% of the IZ max value listed in the electrical characteristics table. The test current time duration for each VZ measurement is 40 10 ms. Mounting contact located as specified in Note 7 (TA = 25C +8C, 2C). 11. MAXIMUM REGULATOR CURRENT (IZM): The maximum current shown is based on the maximum voltage of a 5% type unit, therefore, it applies only to the Bsuffix device. The actual IZM for any device may not exceed the value of 5 watts divided by the actual VZ of the device. TL = 25C at 3/8 maximum from the device body. The G suffix indicates PbFree package or PbFree packages are available.

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1N53 Series
JL, JUNCTIONTOLEAD THERMAL RESISTANCE (C/W) 40

30

20 L 10 EQUAL CONDUCTION THROUGH EACH LEAD 0 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 L, LEAD LENGTH TO HEATSINK (INCH) 1 L

Figure 1. Typical Thermal Resistance

TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENTS

VZ , TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT (mV/C) @ I ZT

10 8 6 4 2 RANGE 0 -2 3 4 7 5 6 8 VZ, ZENER VOLTAGE @ IZT (VOLTS) 9 10

Figure 2. Temperature Coefficient-Range for Units 3 to 10 Volts

VZ , TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT (mV/C) @ I ZT

300 200 100 50 30 20 10 5 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 VZ, ZENER VOLTAGE @ IZT (VOLTS) 200 220 RANGE

Figure 3. Temperature Coefficient-Range for Units 10 to 220 Volts

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1N53 Series
100 JL (t, D), TRANSIENT THERMAL RESISTANCE JUNCTIONTOLEAD ( C/W) 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.05 0.02 0.01 PPK D=0 0.0000001 0.000001 0.00001 0.0001 0.001 t, TIME (SECONDS) DUTY CYCLE, D = t1/t2 SINGLE PULSE D TJL = qJL(t)PPK REPETITIVE PULSES D TJL = qJL(t,D)PPK qJL(t,D) = D * qJL ()+(1D) * qJL(t) [where qJL(t) is D = 0 curve] 0.01 0.1 1 10 100

10

0.1 t1 t2

0.01

Figure 4. Typical Thermal Response L, Lead Length = 3/8 Inch

40 I r , PEAK SURGE CURRENT (AMPS) 20 PW=1ms* 10 PW=8.3ms* 4 2 1 0.4 0.2 0.1 3 4 6 8 10 20 30 *SQUARE WAVE PW=100ms* PW=1000ms* 40 60 80 100 200 NOMINAL VZ (V) I r , PEAK SURGE CURRENT (AMPS)

30 20 10 5 2 1 0.5 0.2 0.1 1 10 100 PW, PULSE WIDTH (ms) 1000 PLOTTED FROM INFORMATION GIVEN IN FIGURE 5 VZ=200V VZ=3.3V

Figure 5. Maximum Non-Repetitive Surge Current versus Nominal Zener Voltage (See Note 4)

Figure 6. Peak Surge Current versus Pulse Width (See Note 4)

1000 T=25C I Z , ZENER CURRENT (mA) 1000 I Z , ZENER CURRENT (mA) TC=25C 100 T=25C

100

10

10

1 0.1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 VZ, ZENER VOLTAGE (VOLTS) 9 10

0.1 10 20 30 40 50 60 VZ, ZENER VOLTAGE (VOLTS) 70 80

Figure 7. Zener Voltage versus Zener Current VZ = 3.3 thru 10 Volts

Figure 8. Zener Voltage versus Zener Current VZ = 11 thru 75 Volts

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1N53 Series

I Z , ZENER CURRENT (mA)

100

10

0.1 80 100 120 140 160 180 VZ, ZENER VOLTAGE (VOLTS) 200 220

Figure 9. Zener Voltage versus Zener Current VZ = 82 thru 200 Volts

APPLICATION NOTE Since the actual voltage available from a given Zener diode is temperature dependent, it is necessary to determine junction temperature under any set of operating conditions in order to calculate its value. The following procedure is recommended: Lead Temperature, TL, should be determined from:
TL = qLA PD + TA

For worst-case design, using expected limits of IZ, limits of PD and the extremes of TJ (DTJ) may be estimated. Changes in voltage, VZ, can then be found from:
DV = qVZ DTJ

qLA is the lead-to-ambient thermal resistance and PD is the power dissipation. Junction Temperature, TJ, may be found from:
TJ = TL + DTJL

DTJL is the increase in junction temperature above the lead temperature and may be found from Figure 4 for a train of power pulses or from Figure 1 for dc power.
DTJL = qJL PD

qVZ, the Zener voltage temperature coefficient, is found from Figures 2 and 3. Under high power-pulse operation, the Zener voltage will vary with time and may also be affected significantly by the zener resistance. For best regulation, keep current excursions as low as possible. Data of Figure 4 should not be used to compute surge capability. Surge limitations are given in Figure 5. They are lower than would be expected by considering only junction temperature, as current crowding effects cause temperatures to be extremely high in small spots resulting in device degradation should the limits of Figure 5 be exceeded.

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1N53 Series
PACKAGE DIMENSIONS
SURMETIC 40, AXIAL LEAD CASE 017AA ISSUE O

B D F K

NOTES: 1. CONTROLLING DIMENSION: INCH 2. LEAD DIAMETER AND FINISH NOT CONTROLLED WITHIN DIMENSION F. 3. CATHODE BAND INDICATES POLARITY DIM A B D F K INCHES MIN MAX 0.330 0.350 0.130 0.145 0.037 0.043 --0.050 1.000 1.250 MILLIMETERS MIN MAX 8.38 8.89 3.30 3.68 0.94 1.09 --1.27 25.40 31.75

SURMETIC is a trademark of Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC (SCILLC).


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1N5333B/D