You are on page 1of 10

Lab 2.5.

3: Troubleshooting PPP Configuration (Instructor Version)


Topology iagra!

"##ressing Table e$ice Interface


,a-.+ *+ %-.-.%-.-.+ Lo*2 *3 %-.-.%-.-.+ ,a-.+

IP "##ress
10.0.0.1 172.16.0.1 172.16.0.9 209.165.200.161 172.16.0.2 172.16.0.5 10.0.0.129

%ubnet &as'
255.255.255.128 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.224 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.128

efault (ate)ay
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

All contents are Copyright 19922007 Cisco yste!s" #nc. All rights reser$e%. &his %oc'!ent is Cisco (')lic #n*or!ation.

(age 1 o* 10

CCNA +,ploration Accessing the -AN. (((

/a) 2.5.0. &ro')leshooting ((( Con*ig'ration

%-.-.%-.-.+ PC+ PC3 /IC /IC

172.16.0.10 172.16.0.6 10.0.0.10 10.0.0.109

255.255.255.252 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.128 255.255.255.128

N/A N/A 10.0.0.1 10.0.0.129

Learning 0b1ecti$es
&o co!plete this la). Ca)le a net1or2 accor%ing to the topology %iagra!. +rase the start'p con*ig'ration an% reloa% a ro'ter to the %e*a'lt state. /oa% ro'ters 1ith scripts. 3in% an% correct net1or2 errors. 4oc'!ent the correcte% net1or2.

%cenario
&he ro'ters at yo'r co!pany 1ere con*ig're% )y an ine,perience% net1or2 engineer. e$eral errors in the con*ig'ration ha$e res'lte% in connecti$ity iss'es. 5o'r )oss has as2e% yo' to tro')leshoot an% correct the con*ig'ration errors an% %oc'!ent yo'r 1or2. 6sing yo'r 2no1le%ge o* ((( an% stan%ar% testing !etho%s" *in% an% correct the errors. 7a2e s're that all o* the serial lin2s 'se ((( C8A( a'thentication" an% that all o* the net1or2s are reacha)le.

Tas' +: Loa# *outers )ith the %upplie# %cripts


9#nstr'ctor Note. 7issing or !iscon*ig're% co!!an%s are sho1n in re%.: ;1 enable configure terminal ! hostname R1 ! ! enable secret class ! ! ! no ip domain lookup ! username R2 password 0 cisco username R3 password 0 cisco !This command was left out ! ! ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 10 0 0 1 2!! 2!! 2!! 12"

All contents are Copyright 19922007 Cisco yste!s" #nc. All rights reser$e%. &his %oc'!ent is Cisco (')lic #n*or!ation.

(age 2 o* 10

CCNA +,ploration Accessing the -AN. (((

/a) 2.5.0. &ro')leshooting ((( Con*ig'ration

!# common error in configuring networks is to place the correct configuration in the wrong place $n this case% a close e&amination of the diagram re'eals that FastEthernet0/1 is supposed to ha'e this $( address shutdown duple& auto speed auto ! interface FastEthernet0/1 ip address 10 0 0 1 2!! 2!! 2!! 12" duple& auto speed auto ! interface )erial0/0/0 ip address 1*2 1+ 0 1 2!! 2!! 2!! 2," !incorrect subnet mask The correct subnet mask is 2!! 2!! 2!! 2!2 no fair-.ueue clockrate +,000 ! interface )erial0/0/1 ip address 1*2 1+ 0 / 2!! 2!! 2!! 2!2 encapsulation ppp ppp authentication pap ppp authentication chap !((( (#( authentication was mistakenl0 configured rather than 12#( ! router ospf 1 log-ad3acenc0-changes network 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 12* area 0 network 1*2 1+ 0 , 0 0 0 3 area 0 network 1*2 1+ 0 " 0 0 0 3 area 0 network 1*2 1+ 0 0 0 0 0 3 area 0 !#n incorrect subnet was being announced in 4)(F ! ip classless ! ip http ser'er ! ! control-plane ! banner motd 516nauthori7ed access strictl0 prohibited and prosecuted to the full e&tent of the law51 ! line con 0 e&ec-timeout 0 0 password cisco logging s0nchronous login line au& 0 line 't0 0 , password cisco login ! end ;2

All contents are Copyright 19922007 Cisco yste!s" #nc. All rights reser$e%. &his %oc'!ent is Cisco (')lic #n*or!ation.

(age 0 o* 10

CCNA +,ploration Accessing the -AN. (((

/a) 2.5.0. &ro')leshooting ((( Con*ig'ration

enable configure terminal ! hostname R2 ! ! enable secret class ! ! no ip domain lookup ! username R11 password 0 cisco !R1 was t0ped as R11 This is a common mistake in configuration username R1 password 0 cisco username R3 password 0 class ! ! ! interface 8oopback0 no ip address ip address 20/ 1+! 200 1+1 2!! 2!! 2!! 22, !The correct $( address was placed on the wrong interface 9FastEthernet0/1: ! interface FastEthernet0/0 no ip address shutdown duple& auto speed auto ! interface FastEthernet0/1 ip address 20/ 1+! 200 1+1 2!! 2!! 2!! 22, no ip address !# close e&amination of the topolog0 diagram re'eals that the correct $( address was placed on the wrong interface This $( address belongs on interface 8oopback0 shutdown duple& auto speed auto ! interface )erial0/0/0 ip address 1*2 1+ 0 2 2!! 2!! 2!! 2!2 encapsulation ppp no fair-.ueue ppp authentication chap ! interface )erial0/0/1 ip address 1*2 1+ 0 ! 2!! 2!! 2!! 2!2 !The default serial encapsulation of 2;81 was left in place The following commands were omitted< encapsulation ppp clockrate +,000 ppp authentication chap ! router ospf 1 log-ad3acenc0-changes network 1*2 1+ 0 0 0 0 0 3 area 0
All contents are Copyright 19922007 Cisco yste!s" #nc. All rights reser$e%. &his %oc'!ent is Cisco (')lic #n*or!ation. (age 4 o* 10

CCNA +,ploration Accessing the -AN. (((

/a) 2.5.0. &ro')leshooting ((( Con*ig'ration

network 1*2 1+ 0 , 0 0 0 3 area 0 network 20/ 1+! 200 12" 0 0 0 31 area 0 network 20/ 1+! 200 1+0 0 0 0 31 area 0 !The incorrect subnet was announced in 4)(F for the 20/ network ip classless ! ip http ser'er ! ! control-plane ! banner motd 516nauthori7ed access strictl0 prohibited and prosecuted to the full e&tent of the law51 ! line con 0 e&ec-timeout 0 0 password cisco logging s0nchronous login line au& 0 line 't0 0 , password cisco login ! end ;0 enable configure terminal ! hostname R3 ! ! enable secret class ! ! no ip domain lookup ! username R1 password 0 cisco username R3 password 0 ciscco username R3 password 0 cisco !#nother t0po This time the password is breaking this configuration ! ! interface FastEthernet0/0 no ip address shutdown duple& auto speed auto ! interface FastEthernet0/1 ip address 10 0 0 12/ 2!! 2!! 2!! 0 ip address 10 0 0 12/ 2!! 2!! 2!! 12" !=ecause so man0 labs use the /2, subnet% it is eas0 to get in the habit of t0ping this subnet without checking the diagram and without thinking duple& auto
All contents are Copyright 19922007 Cisco yste!s" #nc. All rights reser$e%. &his %oc'!ent is Cisco (')lic #n*or!ation. (age 5 o* 10

CCNA +,ploration Accessing the -AN. (((

/a) 2.5.0. &ro')leshooting ((( Con*ig'ration

speed auto ! interface )erial0/0/0 ip address 1*2 1+ 0 10 2!! 2!! 2!! 2!2 no fair-.ueue clockrate +,000 !=oth ((( and 12#( ha'e >4T been configured on this interface The following commands are missing< encapsulation ppp ppp authentication chap ! interface )erial0/0/1 no ip address ip address 1*2 1+ 0 + 2!! 2!! 2!! 2!2 encapsulation ppp ppp authentication pap ppp authentication chap ! router ospf 1 log-ad3acenc0-changes network 10 0 0 12" 0 0 0 12* area 0 network 1/2 1+ 0 , 0 0 0 3 area 0 network 1*2 1+ 0 , 0 0 0 3 area 0 network 1/2 1+ 0 " 0 0 0 3 area 0 network 1*2 1+ 0 " 0 0 0 3 area 0 ! ip classless ! ip http ser'er ! ! control-plane ! banner motd 516nauthori7ed access strictl0 prohibited and prosecuted to the full e&tent of the law51 ! line con 0 e&ec-timeout 0 0 password cisco logging s0nchronous login line au& 0 line 't0 0 , password cisco login ! end

Tas' 2: ,in# an# Correct /et)or' 2rrors


6sing stan%ar% tro')leshooting !etho%s" *in%" %oc'!ent" an% correct each error. /ote: #* # 1ere tro')leshooting a pro%'ction net1or2 an% the con*ig'ration tas2 1as to con*ig're ((( C8A(" an% i* it 1as not 1or2ing" the *irst ite! # 1o'l% chec2 is the ((( C8A( con*ig'ration. 8o1e$er" in the )ro2en net1or2 con*ig'rations in this la)" that 1o'l% only get yo' part o* the 1ay to1ar% restoring the net1or2. # *re<'ently enco'nter $ery a%$ance% net1or2 engineers 1ho *oc's only on the !ain
All contents are Copyright 19922007 Cisco yste!s" #nc. All rights reser$e%. &his %oc'!ent is Cisco (')lic #n*or!ation. (age 6 o* 10

CCNA +,ploration Accessing the -AN. (((

/a) 2.5.0. &ro')leshooting ((( Con*ig'ration

con*ig'ration tas2 1hile tro')leshooting 1itho't chec2ing the )asics. Are the net1or2 a%%resses correctly type%= Are the s')nets correctly type%= #s )asic ro'ting 1or2ing= #* *oc'sing on the !ain tro')leshooting tas2 sol$es the pro)le!" great. #* not" yo' sho'l% go )ac2 to )asics. &his is a so'n% tro')leshooting !etho%ology.

Tas' 3:

ocu!ent the Correcte# /et)or'

No1 that yo' ha$e correcte% all errors an% teste% connecti$ity thro'gho't the net1or2" %oc'!ent the *inal con*ig'ration *or each %e$ice. ;1 R1?show run !@output omittedA ! hostname R1 ! ! enable secret class ! ! no ip domain lookup ! username R3 password 0 cisco username R2 password 0 cisco ! ! interface FastEthernet0/1 ip address 10 0 0 1 2!! 2!! 2!! 12" no shutdown ! interface )erial0/0/0 ip address 1*2 1+ 0 1 2!! 2!! 2!! 2!2 encapsulation ppp clockrate +,000 ppp authentication chap no shutdown ! interface )erial0/0/1 ip address 1*2 1+ 0 / 2!! 2!! 2!! 2!2 encapsulation ppp ppp authentication chap no shutdown ! ! router ospf 1 network 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 12* area 0 network 1*2 1+ 0 0 0 0 0 3 area 0 network 1*2 1+ 0 " 0 0 0 3 area 0 ! ! banner motd 516nauthori7ed access strictl0 prohibited and prosecuted to the full e&tent of the law51 ! line con 0 e&ec-timeout 0 0
All contents are Copyright 19922007 Cisco yste!s" #nc. All rights reser$e%. &his %oc'!ent is Cisco (')lic #n*or!ation. (age 7 o* 10

CCNA +,ploration Accessing the -AN. (((

/a) 2.5.0. &ro')leshooting ((( Con*ig'ration

password cisco logging s0nchronous login line au& 0 line 't0 0 , password cisco login ! end ;2 R2?show run !@output omittedA ! hostname R2 ! ! enable secret class ! ! no ip domain lookup ! username R1 password 0 cisco username R3 password 0 cisco ! ! ! interface 8oopback0 ip address 20/ 1+! 200 1+1 2!! 2!! 2!! 22, ! ! interface )erial0/0/0 ip address 1*2 1+ 0 2 2!! 2!! 2!! 2!2 encapsulation ppp ppp authentication chap no shutdown ! interface )erial0/0/1 ip address 1*2 1+ 0 ! 2!! 2!! 2!! 2!2 encapsulation ppp clockrate +,000 ppp authentication chap no shutdown ! ! router ospf 1 network 1*2 1+ 0 0 0 0 0 3 area 0 network 1*2 1+ 0 , 0 0 0 3 area 0 network 20/ 1+! 200 1+0 0 0 0 31 area 0 ! ! banner motd 516nauthori7ed access strictl0 prohibited and prosecuted to the full e&tent of the law51 ! line con 0
All contents are Copyright 19922007 Cisco yste!s" #nc. All rights reser$e%. &his %oc'!ent is Cisco (')lic #n*or!ation. (age 8 o* 10

CCNA +,ploration Accessing the -AN. (((

/a) 2.5.0. &ro')leshooting ((( Con*ig'ration

e&ec-timeout 0 0 password cisco logging s0nchronous login line au& 0 line 't0 0 , password cisco login ! end ;0 R3?show run !@output omittedA ! hostname R3 ! ! enable secret class ! ! no ip domain lookup ! username R1 password 0 cisco username R2 password 0 cisco ! ! interface FastEthernet0/1 ip address 10 0 0 12/ 2!! 2!! 2!! 12" no shutdown ! interface )erial0/0/0 ip address 1*2 1+ 0 10 2!! 2!! 2!! 2!2 encapsulation ppp clockrate +,000 ppp authentication chap no shutdown ! interface )erial0/0/1 ip address 1*2 1+ 0 + 2!! 2!! 2!! 2!2 encapsulation ppp ppp authentication chap no shutdown ! router ospf 1 network 10 0 0 12" 0 0 0 12* area 0 network 1*2 1+ 0 , 0 0 0 3 area 0 network 1*2 1+ 0 " 0 0 0 3 area 0 ! ! banner motd 516nauthori7ed access strictl0 prohibited and prosecuted to the full e&tent of the law51 ! line con 0 e&ec-timeout 0 0 password cisco
All contents are Copyright 19922007 Cisco yste!s" #nc. All rights reser$e%. &his %oc'!ent is Cisco (')lic #n*or!ation. (age 9 o* 10

CCNA +,ploration Accessing the -AN. (((

/a) 2.5.0. &ro')leshooting ((( Con*ig'ration

logging s0nchronous login line au& 0 line 't0 0 , password cisco login ! end

Tas' 3: Clean 4p
+rase the con*ig'rations an% reloa% the ro'ters. 4isconnect an% store the ca)ling. 3or (C hosts that are nor!ally connecte% to other net1or2s" s'ch as the school /AN or the #nternet" reconnect the appropriate ca)ling an% restore the &C(/#( settings.

All contents are Copyright 19922007 Cisco yste!s" #nc. All rights reser$e%. &his %oc'!ent is Cisco (')lic #n*or!ation.

(age 10 o* 10