JUAN NOVICIO LUNA (b. Ilocos Norte, Oct. 24, 1857 d. Dec. 7, 1899) THE GREAT ONE.

Juan Luna is considered one of the greatest Filipino artists in Philippine history with masterpieces such as Spolarium, The Death of Cleopatra and Blood Compact. Not only did he excel in artistry, but he was also a political activist during the time of the Philippine Revolution during the late 19thcentury. His close friendship with National Hero Jose Rizal has sparked Philippine nationalism and pride. Juan Luna was mostly known for his works as being dramatic and dynamic, focusing on romanticism and realism styles of art Juan Luna y Novicio (October 23, 1857 – December 7, 1899) was a Filipino painter, sculptor and a political activist of the Philippine Revolutionduring the late 19th century. He became one of the first recognized Philippine artists. Born on October 23, 1857 in the town of Badoc in Ilocos Norte, Juan was the son of Don Joaquin Luna de San Pedro y Posadas and Doña Laureana Novicio y Ancheta. Juan’s early interest in art was due to the influence of his brother, Manuel, who was also a painter. He received his degree in Bachelor of Arts at Ateneo de Manila and enrolled later at Escuela Nautica de Manila((now Philippine Merchant Marine Academy) where he became a sailor(where after five years of theoretical courses and practical sailing to Asian ports like Hongkong, Amoy, Singapore, Colombo, and Batavia, he obtained the certificate of piloto de altos mares tercer clase (pilot of the high seass third class). This did not stop Luna from his pursuit in developing his artistic skills. He took lessons under the famous painting teacher Lorenzo GuerreroErmita, Manila and also enrolled at Academia de Dibujo y Pintura under the Spanish artist Agustin Saez. In Manila where he was influenced and taught how to draw by the Spanish artist Agustin Saez. Unfortunately, Luna's vigorous brush strokes displeased his teacher and Luna was discharged from the Academy. However, Guerrero was impressed by his skill and urged Luna to travel to Spain to further pursue his studies.

In 1877, Juan Luna traveled to Europe to continue his studies and enrolled at Escuela de Bellas Artes de San Fernando. It was in 1881 when he received his first major achievement as an artist and this is through winning a silver medal at the Exposición Nacional de Bellas Artes (National Demonstration of Fine Arts) with his work The Death of Cleopatra. From there, he continued to gain recognition and respect as an artist. Juan Luna kept on impressing the European and Filipino society through the Exposición Nacional

1864. several of his works can be found in esteemed museums in the Philippines such as the Lopez Museum and National. as the court had deemed the murders a crime of passion. he was arrested under suspicion of sedition(pagbawal sa pangangampanya para sa kalayaan: Parusa: Kamatayan o mahabang pagkakakulong(Act. In 1898. Tampuhan. He was later pardoned. On December 7. Andres Luna San Pedro.de Bellas Artes with outstanding works such as the Spolarium which won gold in 1884 and Battle at Lepanto in 1887. after the United states defeated Spain in the Spanish . after absence of almost 20 years. in addition to the interest of damages. congressman. Joaquin Damoso. Juan married Paz (Chiching) Pardo de Tavera y Gorricho with whom he had two children. the "unwritten law" at the time forgave men for killing unfaithful wives. 2. In a rife over his suspicion of infidelity on the part of his wife. and an additional twenty five francs for postage. Both died at early ages. He died in 1899 at the age of 42 after he suffered from a heart attack. Luna was acquitted of charges on February 8. the fledgling Phillipines . Tried by french court and subsequently convicted in 1893. In 1894. he was sentenced to pay the victims immediate kin but one franc each their loss. he mercilessly shot her and her mother to death in SEPTEMBER 1892. His brother. and Maria de la Paz. Jose 1861. 1893. 1901). 4. His most Famous pieces SPOLIARIUM for which he won the top prize at the Madrid Exposition hangs in the National Museum in Manila. Juan Luna’s other popular works include The Happy Beauty and the Blind Slave. Luna returned to his mother land. on grounds of temporary insanity. Today. He had four brothers: Manuel 1855(violin virtuoso).American War.[He was ordered to pay the Pardo de Taveras a sum of one thousand six hundred fifty one francs and eighty three cents. writer and general of the Philippine Revolution Army. 1886. HIGHLIGTHS IN THE LIFE OF JUAN LUNA 1. governor. 3. Two years after his return to the Philippines. Mestiza Lady at her Dresser and Roman Ladies. and Senator and Antonio I866. (a physician). Genaral ANTONIO LUNA was an active participant in the insurgent KATIPUNAN movement.

and his son. Luna developed a friendly relationship with the King of Spain and was later commissioned by the Spanish Senate to paint a large canvas which was called the La Batalla de Lepanto (The Battle of . He was rushing home from Europe after hearing of his Brother's assassination by members of the Katipunan . Antonio Luna. 1899 at the age of 42 after he suffered from a heart attack. In 1881. addressing the two significant things of his art work. Luna executed two worker themed paintings: "La Colada" (The Strainer) and a genre scene entitled "Interior de los Talleres del Acero Robert" (Interior of the Robert Steel Foundy). in addition To the interest of damages. Juan returned to Manila with his son and his brother Antonio. That evening." Back in Spain. 1893. Luna was acquitted of charges on February 8. In the summer of 1896. after an odyssey Of 17 years." and genre scenes like "Tampuhan (Sulking). There he obtained an award for outstanding color. composition and antique studies but did not stay long. Instead he apprenticed himself with Alejo Vera. 6. He was ordered to pay the Pardo de Taveras a sum of one Thousand six hundred fifty one francs and eighty three cents. 11. Andrés. Luna went to Madrid with his brother. 10. Luna died in Hong Kong on December &. to help gain recognition of the Philippines sovereignty and independence." "Marikina. his La Muerte de Cleopatra (The Death of Cleopatra)[1][2] won him a silver medal and came in second place. Luna enrolled at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in Madrid. In August 1896. 8.Republic appointed him has delegate to the paris convetion and to Washington D. 12. He painted landscapes like "Taal Volcano. .. and an additional twenty five francs for postage.C. Five days later. which included the glorification of genius and the grandeur of his artistic skills. 7. In May 1894. Lin Spain. Juan did as many as 20 paintings in Japan. Rizal prepared a speech for his friend. 5. he was arrested Together with his brothers by the Spanish constabulary for complicity in the Katipunan Rebellion. he traveled to Japan with his student Gaston O'Farrell. 9. The condition was that he was obliged to develop a painting which captured the essence of Philippine history which would then become the Ayuntamiento's property. Luna's growing reputation as an artist led to a pensionado (pension) scholarship at 600 pesos annually through the Ayuntamiento of Manila.

Unfortunately some of his paintings were destroyed by fire in World War II. JUAN LUNA *his last major work. He also sent two other paintings in addition to the one required. On the left side are spectators. the word spoliarium referred to the Coliseum's morgue. It is arguably the most internationally renowned piece of modern Filipino art. The painting depicts the bodies of dead gladiators being dragged from a Roman arena. A year after. he finished the piece El Pacto de Sangre (The Blood Compact) in accordance with the agreement he had with the Ayuntamiento of Manila. The Municipality of Barcelona purchased this chef dʼoeuvre for the City Hall. while on the far right is a woman with her back turned to the scene. the second canvas sent to Manila was a portrait of López de Legazpi reconstructed by Luna from his recollection of a similar portrait he saw in the hall of the Cabildo. In ancient Rome. her back partially uncovered. winning the second prize at the Madrid Academy Exhibition of Oil Paintings. and the third was of Governorgeneral Ramón Blanco y Erenas. the Spoliarium was painted by Juan Luna in Rome in 1884.[4] It is now displayed in the Malacañan Palace. and the Spanish conquistadormiguel López de Legazpi.Lepanto). The painting's title is often misspelled as Spolarium. measuring four meters in height and seven meters in width. it can be viewed in the main gallery located on the ground floor of the National Museum of the Philippines. one of the lords in Bohol island.[3] He moved to Paris in 1885 where he opened his own studio and befriended Hidalgo. The Spoliarium is very large. WORKS OF JUAN LUNA Spoliarium Painting by Juan Luna 1884 An oil painting on poplar. Depicted in this piece was the blood compact ceremony between the Datu Sikatuna. Today. Artist Year Type Dimensions Juan Luna Circa 1884 Oil on poplar 400 cm × 700 cm (160 in × 280 in) . was acclaimed the best entry to the Saint Louis World's Fair in the United States. He won peace by his art and love for his country.

also known simply as Cleopatra. The famous painting was a silver medalist or second prize winner during the 1881 National Exposition of Fine Arts in Madrid. is an 1881 painting made by the Filipino painter Juan Luna. is an oil on canvas painting by Juan Luna.1882 Artist: Juan Luna Dimensions: 1. meaning “Spain and the Philippines” in translation. ilustrado. is an 1886 oil on wood by Filipino painter.0 m Created: 1886 Genre: History painting Subject: Datu Sikatuna . Juan Luna Juan Luna Year Type Location 1886 Oil on canvas Lopez Memorial Museum -winning 1886 “historic and historical' painting by Filipino painter Juan Luna Location: Malacañang Palace Dimensions: 2. 1881 Ladies. one of the most important Filipino painters of the Spanish period in the Philippines. propagandist.Location National Museum of the Philippines The Death of Cleopatra. and paladin.70 m Created: 1882 Media: Oil paint 1886.00 m x 1.00 m x 3.

7 cm × 32. a 1972 Filipino film starring Joseph Estrada.4 cm (10 1⁄2 in × 12 3⁄4 in) . Blood compact (film).  Sandugo. Las Damas Romanas Artist Year Type Dimensions Location Juan Luna 1882 Oil on canvas 100 cm × 170 cm (39 in × 67 in) Unknown La Bulaqueña The Parisian Life Juan Luna Year Dimensions Location 1892 57 cm × 79 cm (22 in × 31 in) National Museum of the Philippines Ensueños de Amor Artist Year Dimensions Juan Luna Circa 1890s 26. the blood compact performed between the Spanish explorer Miguel López de Legazpi and Datu Sikatuna of Bohol in 1565 in the Philippines.

Location Lopez Museum Odalisque Artist Year Juan Luna 1885 Location Don Luis Araneta Collection (Philippines) .