CARIGALI-HESS OPERATION COPMANY

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PROJECT TITLE PROJECT NUMBER CLIENT CONTRACTOR

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BUMI, BULAN & SURYA GAS FILED DEVELOPMENT PROJECT PR023 CARIGALI-HESS OPERATING COMPANY SDN BHD KENCANA HL SDN BHD

DOCUMENT TITLE

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PIPELINE THERMOHYDRAULIC REPORT (STEADY STATE)

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:

BBS_SLT/PPL/RP/0014

A D0 REV

26/12/06 29/11/06 DATE

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MB MB APPROVED APPROVED CLIENT DATE

CONTRACTOR

ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI, BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT
SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd

DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO.

PIPELINE THERMOHYDRAULIC REPORT (STEADY-STATE) PROJ. BBS-SLT DIS. PPL DOC. RP SEQ. 0014 S-SEQ. 0 REV A PAGE 2 OF 33

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DO A

29/11/06 26/12/06

V.N V.N

29/11/06 28/12/06

ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI, BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT
SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd

DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO.

PIPELINE THERMOHYDRAULIC REPORT (STEADY-STATE) PROJ. BBS-SLT DIS. PPL DOC. RP SEQ. 0014 S-SEQ. 0 REV A PAGE 3 OF 33

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.0 1.1. 1.2. 1.3. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 4.0 5.0 5.1 6.0 6.1 6.2 7.0 INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................................................... 4 PROJECT SERVICES BY SLT ENGINEERING .................................................................................................. 4 PURPOSE .................................................................................................................................................. 5 ABBREVIATIONS AND DEFINITIONS ............................................................................................................... 5 SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ....................................................................... 7 SUMMARY RESULTS ................................................................................................................................... 7 CONCLUSIONS ........................................................................................................................................... 8 RECOMMENDATIONS................................................................................................................................... 8 DESIGN DATA ............................................................................................................................................ 9 MODEL SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 9 PRODUCTION DETAILS .............................................................................................................................. 14 ENVIRONMENT CONDITIONS ...................................................................................................................... 17 THERMOHYDRAULIC ASSUMPTIONS ................................................................................................... 19 THERMOHYDRAULIC RESULTS............................................................................................................. 20 HYDRAULIC RESULTS ............................................................................................................................... 20 DISSCUSSION .......................................................................................................................................... 24 THERMO-HYDRAULIC EVALUATION............................................................................................................. 24 OPERATIONAL ISSUES .............................................................................................................................. 25 REFERENCES .......................................................................................................................................... 28

APPENDIX A: SAMPLE OUTPUT RESULTS ...................................................................................................... 29 APPENDIX A1: BMA-CKR (HIGH PRESSURE-UNBURIED-MAX AMBIENT)............................................................... 30 APPENDIX A2: BLA-CKR (HIGH PRESSURE-UNBURIED-MAX AMBIENT)................................................................ 31 APPENDIX A3: SYA-CKR (HIGH PRESSURE-UNBURIED-MAX AMBIENT) ............................................................... 32 APPENDIX B: ELEVATION PROFILE.................................................................................................................. 33

20-inch CRA (316L) gas pipeline from BLA to CKR One 12. 0 REV A PAGE 4 OF 33 The Bumi. BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO. BBS-SLT DIS.1.8 km. PPL DOC. 0014 S-SEQ. 20-inch CRA (316L) gas pipeline from SYA to CKR Including the associated risers on BMA.0 km. RP SEQ. .6 km. Bulan and Suriya gas Field is planned to supply an additional 400 mmscfd sales gas for export. 3 Infra-field field pipelines to deliver the production to the existing Riser Platform (CKR) installed at the Cakerawala Gas Field. Bhd (CHOC) has awarded the EPIC contract for Bumi. 1. gas from these field will be delivered via sub-sea pipeline to Cakerawala Riser Platform (CKR) . 26 inch CRA (316L) gas pipeline from BMA to CKR One 8. has awarded SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd (SLTE) to perform the detail engineering design and to verify/optimise the FEED and detailed design worked of the following pipeline systems: One 16. 1. These pipelines shall include pig launching/receiving facilities. Development of Bumi. located in the Malaysia-Thailand Joint Development Area (JDA). A 3rd Sales Gas Compression module to compress the Sales Gas for export via a third party 42" pipeline. Any other facilities required to meet the requirements and intent of the scope of WORKS and Design Basis Memorandum.ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI.0 INTRODUCTION PIPELINE THERMOHYDRAULIC REPORT (STEADY-STATE) PROJ. is to be developed by Carigali-Hess Operating Company Sdn Bhd (COMPANY) on behalf of its Shareholders and the Malaysia Thailand Joint Authority (MTJA). BLA. The field is to be developed to provide the following facilities: 3 Wellhead platforms to support drilling operations and production facilities at COMPANY prescribed locations. SYA and CRA. Bulan and Suriya Gas Fields. Kencana HL Sdn Bhd (KHL) in turn. Project Services by SLT Engineering Carigali-Hess Operating Company Sdn. Additional gas treatment facilities will be installed on Cakerawala Processing Platform (CKP). Bulan & Suriya Gas Field Development to Kencana HL Sdn Bhd.

PIPELINE THERMOHYDRAULIC REPORT (STEADY-STATE) PROJ.2 B&BR DTM FWKO HAT - Carigali-Hess Operating Company Sdn Bhd herein refereed to as the Company Kencana HL Sdn Bhd herein referred to as the EPC Contractor SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd herein referred to as the Consulting Engineer American Gas Association American Petroleum Institute Significant Height Peak Period Indicates mandatory requirement Indicates preferred course of action Indicates optional course of action To be advised To be confirmed With Respect To All pipeline Length except Zone 2 From pig trap down to the riser bottom bend of pipe and 500 m of Pipeline beyond the bottom bend or fitting Beggs and Brill revised multiphase flow correlation digital terrain model free water knock-out highest astronomical tide - . RP SEQ. Detail the basis for transient operational conditions.3. Abbreviations and Definitions CHOC KHL SLT AGA APP Hs Tp Shall Should May TBA TBC WRT Zone .ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI. Prediction of liquid holdup in the each flowline Velocity Evaluation through each flowline. Purpose The purpose of this hydraulic and thermal analysis is defined below: Evaluate pressure drop. 0014 S-SEQ. BBS-SLT DIS.2.1 Zone . Thermal profile for input into mechanical design of pipeline. 0 REV A PAGE 5 OF 33 1. PPL DOC. 1. BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO.

RP SEQ. 0014 S-SEQ. KP LAT MEG PE PP PLEM SI SPM SRK PENG SWL - PIPELINE THERMOHYDRAULIC REPORT (STEADY-STATE) PROJ.ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI. BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO. BBS-SLT kilometre point lowest astronomical tide monoethylene glycol polyethylene polypropylene pipeline end manifold System Internationale single point mooring soave redlich kwong equation of state Peng Robinson equation of state still water level DIS. PPL DOC. 0 REV A PAGE 6 OF 33 .

72 10.2: Summary Results for 20-Inch SYA to CKR For all Cases Item No.1 Summary Results A steady state analysis was carried out. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 2.372 145.27 68. BBS-SLT DIS.55 74.4 CASE Low Pressure & Max Flow Temperature High Pressure & Min Ambient Temp (Unburied) Low Pressure & Max Flowing Temperature High Pressure & Minimum Flowing Temperature Table 2. 1 2 3 4 PARAMETER Maximum Pressure Drop Maximum Temperature Drop Highest Exit Velocity Largest Liquid Hold Up Unit bar DegC m/s m3 VALUE 3.0: Summary Results for 26-Inch BMA to CKR For all Cases Item No. 0 REV A PAGE 7 OF 33 SUMMARY.0 PIPELINE THERMOHYDRAULIC REPORT (STEADY-STATE) PROJ. 0014 S-SEQ. 2.0 to 2.56 94. based Beggs and Brill Revised.1: Summary Results for 20-Inch BLA to CKR For all Cases Item No.3 CASE Max Production and Flowing Temp Max Production & Min Ambient (Unburied) Min Production & Low Pressure (Unburied) Max Production Min Flowing Temperature Table 2. BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO. PPL DOC.27 28. 1 2 3 4 PARAMETER Maximum Pressure Drop Maximum Temperature Drop Highest Exit Velocity Largest Liquid Hold Up Unit bar DegC m/s m3 VALUE 20.52 16. 1 2 3 4 PARAMETER Maximum Pressure Drop Maximum Temperature Drop Highest Exit Velocity Largest Liquid Hold Up Unit bar DegC m/s m3 VALUE 8. The summary results for the thermo-hydraulics are presented in Table 2.2 below: Table 2. RP SEQ.98 107.20 236.5 CASE Low Pressure & Max Flow Temperature High Pressure & Min Ambient Temp (Unburied) Low Pressure & Max Flowing Temperature High Pressure & Minimum Flowing Temperature .ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI.

BBS-SLT DIS. The limitations to production ramp-up rates. o Transient analysis to be conducted for each pipeline to assess the operational scenarios to develop the pipeline operational and pigging manual and to determine the slug characteristics of each pipeline. o Maximum Thermal case for each pipeline to be used for expansion analysis and cathodic protection of each pipeline. 2. PPL DOC. where the induced velocity along the pipeline is below the maximum allowable. BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO. hydrates do not form. the size for each pipeline selected in satisfactory with respect to the production rates and landing pressures required. 0 REV A PAGE 8 OF 33 The following bullet points summaries the conclusions drawn from the Thermo-hydraulic analysis conducted in this document: o Based on steady state analysis.3 Recommendations The following bullet points summaries the recommendations drawn from the analysis conducted for this report: The transient simulations will be performed for this project under different operating modes to determine: o The liquid inventory in the line which would impact the downstream liquid handling capability during transient operations. o o o o o o o o The pressure profiles along the line. The induced high fluid velocities along the pipeline are also acceptable. The maximum pressure drop to achieve the landing pressures for the BMA and BLA pipelines are acceptable. However. 2. o Based on the steady state cases analysed in this document for each pipeline. Velocity ranges under various operational conditions The temperature profiles along the line. Confirmation of Hydrate formation scenarios . The consequences of pigging. The limitations to production restart rates. The potential for slugging (unstable flow).ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI. 0014 S-SEQ. the SYA pipeline has a considerably large max pressure drop as result of the low landing pressure and a relatively high flow rate. RP SEQ.2 Conclusions PIPELINE THERMOHYDRAULIC REPORT (STEADY-STATE) PROJ.

BBS-SLT DIS. 0 REV A PAGE 9 OF 33 3. OLGAS).1. 3. . however variable parameters are changed to suit the case studies developed.ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI.e. RP SEQ.1. The Beggs and Brill method is based on work done with an airwater mixture at many different conditions. 0014 S-SEQ. and is applicable for inclined flow. Pig traps are modeled to specify the limits of the system with respect to flow.1 Model Scope 3. BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO. which is an extension to Hysys process simulator where Pipsys has features specific to modeling pipeline systems effectively under steady state conditions. therefore correlations that are derived from field data would achieve a higher level of accuracy (i. flow regime and liquid volumes in the pipeline are based on Beggs and Brill revised (1977). PPL DOC.2.2 Calculation Method Process simulations of the pipeline under steady-state conditions where modeled in Pipesys. When two liquid phases are present. The equations of state used in the analysis are based on Peng-Robinson. temperature profile. where prediction of the pressure drop.0 DESIGN DATA PIPELINE THERMOHYDRAULIC REPORT (STEADY-STATE) PROJ. Therefore for pressure drops for three-phase systems require empirical mixing rules available in OLGAS as actual pressure drops can vary dramatically for different flow regimes.1 System Geometry & Components The steady state model includes from PC4 to B11 the topside piping section up to the pig traps. The variation in properties at each section in the system is compiled in table 3. 3. Pressure losses as a result of fittings are considered negligent for gas based systems and are not considered for hydraulic analysis. Spool Pipe and Subsea pipeline. Riser Pipe. appropriate volume based empirical mixing rules are implemented to calculate a single pseudo liquid phase.0 – 3. It should be noted that multi-phase pressure loss and liquid hold-up for the mentioned correlations are derived from curve fitting and scaled models.

Wavy. From the holdup. The flow map used is based on horizontal flow and has four regimes: segregated. distributed. annular. The types of flow in the first three regime are listed as follows: Segregated Flow: Stratified.0 above. Once the flow regime has been determined. the flow regime is determined using the Froude number and inlet liquid content as shown in Fig 3. OLGAS employs mechanistic models for each of the four major flow regimes: stratified. 0014 S-SEQ. intermittent. PPL DOC. BBS-SLT DIS.0: Beggs & Brill Flow Regimes In the Beggs and Brill correlation. the liquid holdup for a horizontal pipe is calculated. . a two-phase friction factor is calculated and the pressure gradient determined. and dispersed bubble flow. A factor is applied to this holdup to account for pipe inclination. slug. 0 REV A PAGE 10 OF 33 Fig 3. using the correlation applicable to that regime. RP SEQ. Distributed Flow: Bubble and Mist.ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI. and transition. BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO. and Annular. It is based in large part on data from the SINTEF multiphase flow laboratory in Norway. Intermittent Flow: Plug and Slug. PIPELINE THERMOHYDRAULIC REPORT (STEADY-STATE) PROJ.

4 DEFAULT 660.22 18.59 8.4 DEFAULT 660.35 1.018 0.0 15121.35 - 45.1 PPP SS 316L 3 11.35 1.04572 0.7 1025 0.20 24.35 - 1025 0.562 0.134 1025 - 45.04572 0.4 13.3 4.22 CONC - 3 0.3 4.5 633.7 1025 0.1 3 0.018 0.59 8. Length Of Section Ambient Temperature PIPE DIMENSIONS Outside Diameter Wall Thickness Inside Diameter Default Roughness Absolute Roughness Relative Roughness HEAT TRANSFER Carbon Steel Thermal Conductivity Air Density Air Viscosity Air Conductivity Wind Velocity Seawater Density Seawater Conductivity Seawater Velocity Seawater Heat Capacity Buried Fraction Soil Type Soil Conductivity PIPE COATINGS Clad Coating Type Clad Coating Thickness Clad Coating Conductivity Corrosion Coating Type Corrosion Coating Thickness Corrosion Coating Conductivity Weight Coating Type Weight Coating Thickness Weight Coating Conductivity BM C C O M M BMA to CKR PIPE PARAMETERS Sl ug -C EN TS m DegC 18.4 13.7 1025 0.5 1.000072 0.59 8.22 CONC - 3 0.22 CONC - 3 0.134 1025 - W/mK mm W/mK mm W/mK SS 316L 3 11.0 500.00 24.000072 0.35 1.026 2.1 PPP 3 0.1 PPP SS 316L 3 11.5 633.4 DEFAULT 0.1 PPP SS 316L 3 11.04572 0.5 1.4 13.1 PPP SS 316L 3 11.018 0.5 633.1 3 0.35 - 45.4 13.000072 0.22 CONC 70 2.4 DEFAULT 660.0 18.04572 0.01 18.0 55.92 28. PROJ.4 DEFAULT 660.000072 0.04572 0.22 CONC - 3 0.026 2.5 1.1 PPP SS 316L 3 11.0 58.47 4.35 - 45.0 500.000072 0.4 13.217 0.3 4.0 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 SECTION DETAILS Approx.70 24.217 0. BBS-SLT DIS.187 0.134 1025 - 45. PPL PIPELINE THERMOHYDRAULIC REPORT (STEADY-STATE) DOC.22 CONC 70 2.140 m Inch mm mm mm mm - 660.00 24.5 633.00 24. & Ai Ri r se r La un ch er at ch er UNIT To ps id e Pi g A KR BM A 1 2 3.5 633.22 CONC 90 2.026 2.026 2.59 8.000072 0.187 - 1025 0.5 633.5 633.ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI.4 DEFAULT 660.1 PPP SS 316L 3 11.187 0.1 PPP SS 316L 3 11.187 0.4 DEFAULT 660.7 1025 0.22 CONC - 3 0.187 - 45.3 4.187 0.3 4.4 13.35 - 45.04572 0.4 13.000072 0.000072 0.59 8.4 13.35 - 45.0 54.59 8.7 1025 0.1 3 0.0 24.04572 0.04572 0.1 PPP SS 316L 3 11.3 4.09 28.0 12.59 8.3 4. RP SEQ.0 Total Distance = 16313.5 633.35 - 45.5 1.0 6.000072 0.000072 0.0 BMA to CKR pipeline system properties for thermo-hydraulic analysis PIPELINE SYSTEM PROPERTIES INPUT DATASHEET FOR STEADY STATE THERMO-HYDRAULIC ANALYSIS in Su bm Se er gm ged en R t @ ise BM r A Su b Se m ct e r io ge n Zo d S ne po II ol @ Su BM bm Zo e A r ne ge d II Fr Pip om el i C BM ne KR A Su to bm Zo er ne ge IF dP ro ipe m li C BM ne KR A Su to bm Zo er ne ge IF dP ro ipe m li C BM ne KR A Su to bm Zo e ne reg II d P Fr ip om el i C BM ne KR A to Su Se bm ct e r io eg n Zo d S ne po II ol @ Su C bm KR er eg d R @ ise C rS KR e ct io n C KR To ps id e & Ai Ri r se ri n ITEM No.5 633.5 633.4 DEFAULT 660. 0014 S-SEQ.1 PPP SS 316L 3 11.134 1025 - 45.4 DEFAULT 660.4 13.4 DEFAULT 660.4 DEFAULT 660.7 1025 0.000072 W/mK kg/m3 cP W/mK m/s kg/m3 W/mK m/s kJ/kgK W/mK 45.217 0.22 CONC - 3 0. BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO.4 DEFAULT 660.04572 0.4 13.4 13.22 CONC 90 2.5 1.1 PPP SS 316L 3 11.22 CONC - 3 0.4 13.04572 0.5 1.018 0. 0 REV A PAGE 11 OF 33 Table 3.35 1.5 633.04572 0.22 CONC - .187 0.35 - 45.000072 0.1 3 0.5 633.217 0.0 5.1 PPP SS 316L 3 11.04572 0.187 0.

35 - 45.520 m Inch mm mm mm mm - 508 10.187 0.1 BLA to CKR pipeline system properties for thermo-hydraulic analysis PIPELINE SYSTEM PROPERTIES INPUT DATASHEET FOR STEADY STATE THERMO-HYDRAULIC ANALYSIS Su bm Se er gm ged en R t @ ise r BL A Su Se bm ct e r io ge n Zo d S ne po II ol @ Su BL bm A Zo er ne ge d II Fr Pip om el i C B ne KR L A to Su b Zo m ne er I F ged ro P m ip BL elin A e to C Su KR Zo bm ne er I F ged ro P m ip BL elin A e Su to bm C KR Zo er ne eg II d P Fr ip om el i C B ne KR L A to Su Se bm ct e r io eg n Zo d S ne po II ol @ Su C bm KR er eg d R @ ise C rS KR e ct io n C KR To ps id e & Ai Ri r se ri n ITEM No.2 DEFAULT 508 10.04572 0.187 0.22 CONC 50 2.0 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 SECTION DETAILS Approx.0 500.92 28.35 - 45.4 487.2 DEFAULT 508 10.2 DEFAULT 508 10.217 0.4 487.35 - 45.0 6.217 0.20 24.59 8.187 - 1025 0.00 24.59 8.134 1025 - W/mK mm W/mK mm W/mK PPP PPP PPP PPP PPP PPP PPP PPP PPP PPP PPP PPP 3 0.00 24. 0014 S-SEQ.22 CONC - 3 0.187 0.4 487.22 CONC 70 2.35 - 45.04572 0.000094 0.000094 0.0 5. RP SEQ.59 8.000094 0.35 1.5 1.562 0.ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI.000094 0.2 DEFAULT 508 10.187 0.187 0.2 DEFAULT 508 10. BBS-SLT DIS.4 487.4 487.018 0.22 CONC - .134 1025 - 45.04572 0.35 - 45.000094 W/mK kg/m3 cP W/mK m/s kg/m3 W/mK m/s kJ/kgK W/mK 45.04572 0.5 1.0 7736.22 CONC - 3 0.59 8.59 8.22 CONC - 3 0.0 71.04572 0.026 2.000094 0.35 1.04572 0.0 18.1 3 0.1 3 0.1 3 0.04572 0.000094 0.3 4.4 487.3 4.026 2.0 52.2 DEFAULT 0.35 1.22 CONC 50 2.97 28.47 4. 0 REV A PAGE 12 OF 33 Table 3.3 4. BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO.2 DEFAULT 508 10.026 2.01 18.000094 0.22 CONC - 3 0.7 1025 0.026 2.35 - 45. PROJ.7 1025 0.000094 0.7 1025 0. Length Of Section Ambient Temperature PIPE DIMENSIONS Outside Diameter Wall Thickness Inside Diameter Default Roughness Absolute Roughness Relative Roughness HEAT TRANSFER Carbon Steel Thermal Conductivity Air Density Air Viscosity Air Conductivity Wind Velocity Seawater Density Seawater Conductivity Seawater Velocity Seawater Heat Capacity Buried Fraction Soil Type Soil Conductivity PIPE COATINGS Clad Coating Type Clad Coating Thickness Clad Coating Conductivity Corrosion Coating Type Corrosion Coating Thickness Corrosion Coating Conductivity Weight Coating Type Weight Coating Thickness Weight Coating Conductivity C C O M M BLA to CKR PIPE PARAMETERS Sl ug -C EN TS m DegC 18.00 24.0 Total Distance = 8979.0 53.4 487.35 - 45.04572 0. & Ai Ri se r ri n La un ch er at ch er UNIT To ps id e Pi g BL A KR BL A 1 2 3.3 4.59 8.000094 0.2 DEFAULT 508 10.04572 0.7 1025 0.018 0.35 - 1025 0.2 DEFAULT 508 10.7 1025 0.2 DEFAULT 508 10.0 54.5 1.3 4.4 487.2 DEFAULT 508 10.04572 0.5 1.22 CONC - 3 0.4 487.7 1025 0.22 CONC - 3 0.22 18.1 3 0.0 500.04572 0.22 CONC - 3 0.20 24.000094 0.0 24.217 0.35 1.187 - 45.4 487.217 0.22 CONC 70 2. PPL PIPELINE THERMOHYDRAULIC REPORT (STEADY-STATE) DOC.134 1025 - 45.018 0.5 1.134 1025 - 45.04572 0.3 4.4 487.018 0.3 4.187 0.5 1.2 DEFAULT 508 10.59 8.000094 0.4 487.

220 18.000094 0.013 18.000094 0.000094 0.5 1. To ps id e & Ai Ri se r ri La un ch er at ch er UNIT Pi g 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 SECTION DETAILS Approx.0 10.0 0.59 8.0 10.0 0.3 4.2 DEFAULT 508.134 1025 - 45.4 487.0 10.4 487.0 0.2 DEFAULT 508.000094 W/mK kg/m3 cP W/mK m/s kg/m3 W/mK m/s kJ/kgK W/mK 45.134 1025 - W/mK mm W/mK mm PPP PPP PPP PPP PPP PPP PPP PPP PPP PPP PPP PPP 3.04572 0.22 CONC - .04572 0.22 CONC - 3.2 DEFAULT 508.04572 0.187 - 45.22 CONC 70 3.134 1025 - 45.4 487.59 8.180 28. RP SEQ.7 1025 0.018 0.187 - 1025 0.35 - 45.000 24.7 1025 0.026 2.04572 0.5 1.0 0.2 SYA to CKR pipeline system properties for thermo-hydraulic analysis PIPELINE SYSTEM PROPERTIES INPUT DATASHEET FOR STEADY STATE THERMO-HYDRAULIC ANALYSIS n Su bm Se er gm ged en R t @ ise r SY A Su Se bm ct e r io ge n Zo d S ne po II ol @ Su SY bm A Zo er ne ge d II Fr Pip om el i C SY ne KR A to Su b Zo m ne er I F ged ro P m ip SY elin A e to Su C KR Zo bm ne er I F ged ro P m ip SY elin A e Su to bm C KR Zo er ne eg II d P Fr ip om el i C S ne KR YA to Su Se bm ct e r io eg n Zo d S ne po II ol @ Su C bm KR er eg d R @ ise C rS KR e ct io n C KR To ps id e & Ai Ri r se ri n ITEM No.0 0.ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI. 0 REV A PAGE 13 OF 33 Table 3.2 DEFAULT 508.0 0.217 0.2 DEFAULT 508.0 10.22 CONC - 3.5 1.018 0.35 - 1025 0.35 - 45.0 10.35 - 45.0 10.217 0.3 4.562 0.187 0. 0014 S-SEQ.200 24.2 DEFAULT 508.2 DEFAULT 508.4 487.7 1025 0.3 4.22 CONC 50 3.0 500.0 6.47 4.187 0.35 - 45.3 4.018 0.0 11867.000094 0.4 487.733 m Inch mm mm mm mm - 508.0 0.0 10.0 0.04572 0.4 487.0 0.0 10.000094 0.3 4.026 2.000094 0.5 1.59 8.35 1.0 56. PROJ.217 0.0 500.000 24.0 12.187 0.59 8.000094 0.35 1.7 1025 0.04572 0.026 2. BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO.22 CONC - 3.35 1.3 4.4 487.0 0.0 Total Distance = 13053.187 0.35 - 45.026 2.35 1.4 487.22 CONC - 3.5 1.4 487.0 10.018 0.4 487.04572 0.04572 0.0 0.2 DEFAULT 508.3 4.187 0.200 24.22 CONC - 3.4 487.2 DEFAULT 508.59 8.4 487.22 CONC 70 3.0 10.0 10.35 - 45.000094 0.2 DEFAULT 508.0 0. Length Of Section Ambient Temperature PIPE DIMENSIONS Outside Diameter Wall Thickness Inside Diameter Default Roughness Absolute Roughness Relative Roughness HEAT TRANSFER Carbon Steel Thermal Conductivity Air Density Air Viscosity Air Conductivity Wind Velocity Seawater Density Seawater Conductivity Seawater Velocity Seawater Heat Capacity Buried Fraction Soil Type Soil Conductivity PIPE COATINGS Clad Coating Type Clad Coating Thickness Clad Coating Conductivity Corrosion Coating Type Corrosion Coating Thickness Corrosion Coating Conductivity Weight Coating Type Weight Coating Thickness SY A C KR SY A C O M M SYA to CKR PIPE PARAMETERS Sl ug -C EN TS m DegC 18.0 18.0 54.0 52.22 CONC 50 3.000094 0.2 DEFAULT 0.04572 0.920 28.000 24.187 0.134 1025 - 45.59 8.0 5.2 DEFAULT 508.22 CONC - 3.22 CONC - 3.7 1025 0.35 - 45. PPL PIPELINE THERMOHYDRAULIC REPORT (STEADY-STATE) DOC.217 0.0 24.04572 0.000094 0.0 10.000094 0. BBS-SLT DIS.7 1025 0.04572 0.04572 0.59 8.5 1.

It has been tested in one degree increments for all angles from horizontal to vertical. and hydrates. 0 REV A PAGE 14 OF 33 OLGAS 2000 can handle 2-phase and 3-phase flow. gas.1 Flow Rates The flow rates considered are for high and low landing pressures and are presented in Table 3. OLGAS2000 predicts the pressure gradient.3 below. For instance. Table 3. 0014 S-SEQ. wax. PIPELINE THERMOHYDRAULIC REPORT (STEADY-STATE) PROJ. sand.2. RP SEQ.2 Fluid Composition The fluid compositions for each pipeline are shown in Table 3.2. . BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO. PPL DOC. Beggs and Brill calculate the hydrostatic recovery as a function of the flow parameters and pipe angle. 3. and flow regime.4 and 3.3: Flow Rate Variables Pipelines 26-inch BMA to CKR 20-inch BLA to CKR 20-inch SYA to CKR Maximum Flow Rate HP Case (mmscfd) 550 120 300 Maximum Flow Rate LP Case (mmscfd) 300 120 300 3. All methods account for static head losses. liquid holdup. the elements involved can consist of water droplets.5 for high and low landing pressure. oil. OLGAS2000 gives one of the best overall predictions of pressure drop and liquid holdup of any currently available method. BBS-SLT DIS.2 Production Details 3.SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI. while Beggs and Brill and OLGAS methods account for hydrostatic recovery.

RP SEQ.0051 1.0834 0.0023 0.0026 0.1610 0. 0014 S-SEQ.0367 0.0144 0.0013 0.0011 0.0029 0.0008 0.3384 0.0011 1.0010 0.0000 BLB fluid data assumed for BLA data [Ref.0021 0.0008 0.5240 0.0137 0. BMA 0.28] .0023 0.0100 0.0013 1.0813 0.0011 0.0836 0.0020 0.4908 0.0034 0.0010 0.0242 0.SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI.0026 0. BBS-SLT DIS.0134 0. PPL DOC.0007 0.0014 0.0005 0.0095 0.0370 0.0000 0.0111 0.3388 0.0000 0.0000 BLA (1) 0.0039 0.0006 0.6804 0. BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO.0028 0.0000 SYA 0.0000 0.0014 0.0012 0.4: HP FLUID COMPOSITION FLUID COMPOSITION Components CO2 H2S (2) H2O Nitrogen Methane Ethane Propane i-Butane n-Butane i-Pentane n-Pentane Hexanes* Heptanes* Octanes* Nonanes* Decanes+* Total Notes: 1. 0 REV A PAGE 15 OF 33 Table 3. PIPELINE THERMOHYDRAULIC REPORT (STEADY-STATE) PROJ.0007 0.

0009 0.0009 0. PPL DOC.SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI.3249 0.0009 0.4707 0.1209 0.2.6.000 3.0009 0.0000 0. BBS-SLT DIS.0009 0. 0 REV A PAGE 16 OF 33 Table 3.0026 0.0352 0.0106 0.0035 0.0000 0.0018 0.0009 0. BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO.1191 0.7.0009 0.0228 0. PIPELINE THERMOHYDRAULIC REPORT (STEADY-STATE) PROJ. The maximum and minimum fluid arrival pressure at the CKR topside facilities is shown in Table 3.0018 0.0026 0.0009 0.0026 0.1542 0.5: LP FLUID COMPOSITION FLUID COMPOSITION Components CO2 H2S (2) H2O Nitrogen Methane Ethane Propane i-Butane n-Butane i-Pentane n-Pentane Hexanes* Heptanes* Octanes* Nonanes* Decanes+* Total Notes: 1. RP SEQ.0000 0. .0141 0.0000 BLA (1) 0.3240 0.0018 0. for BMA.0088 0.0035 0.28] BMA 0.0132 0.0009 1.0351 0.1210 0. BLA and SYA pipeline. 0014 S-SEQ. BLB fluid data assumed for BLA data [Ref.0009 0.0132 0.5023 0.0009 0.0026 0.0018 0.0026 0.0009 0.3 Pressure and Temperatures The fluid will enter the pipeline with the assumed maximum and minimum temperatures shown in Table 3.0053 1.0009 0.6527 0.0026 0.0000 SYA 0.0097 0.0009 1.

mean and maximum temperatures are shown in Table 3.4 Seabed Profile The pipeline route profile used in the steady state analysis for each pipeline is displayed in Appendix B of this document 3.6: Inlet Temperatures PARAMETER Maximum Operating Temperature Maximum Design Temperature Minimum Design Temperature BMA to CKR 26-inch 121 °C 121 °C 0 °C BLA to CKR 20-inch 121 °C 121 °C 0 °C SYA to CKR 20-inch 121 °C 121 °C 0 °C Table 3. the minimum. . 0 REV A PAGE 17 OF 33 Table 3.7: Landing Pressure Parameter Minimum Maximum Landing Pressure (Barg) 18. BBS-SLT DIS.8. PIPELINE THERMOHYDRAULIC REPORT (STEADY-STATE) PROJ. 0014 S-SEQ.2. BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO.3 Environment Conditions 3. PPL DOC.SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI.3.3 51 3. RP SEQ.1 Seabed Temperatures The seabed temperatures vary during the seasons of the year.

BBS-SLT DIS. RP SEQ. 0014 S-SEQ.3 Seawater Current The seawater current based on a 100-year return period at the seabed is 0. Minimum Seabed temperature is specified by Client Seabed Temperatures (°C) 24 26 28 3.3.8: Seabed Temperatures All Year Data Minimum Mean Maximum Note: 1.4 Burial The Hydraulic analysis by Pipesys process simulation is carried out based on 0% and 50% burial case. PPL DOC. PIPELINE THERMOHYDRAULIC REPORT (STEADY-STATE) PROJ.2 Air Temperatures The air temperatures offshore vary during the seasons of the year.SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI.3.9: Air Temperatures All Year Data Minimum Mean Maximum Air Temperatures (°C) 18 28 38 3. . BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO.3.58 m/s. the minimum. 0 REV A PAGE 18 OF 33 Table 3. mean and maximum temperatures are shown in Table 3-9 Table 3. 3.

7 w/mK Concrete coating Thermal Conductivity k = 2. . RP SEQ. 0 REV A PAGE 19 OF 33 4. BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO. PPL DOC. BBS-SLT DIS.22 w/mK Soil Thermal Conductivity k = 1.1 w/mK Seabed profile accuracy to be sufficient Also it is assumed that pressure loss through fitting such as the flanges of valves between the pig traps are considered negligent. PIPELINE THERMOHYDRAULIC REPORT (STEADY-STATE) PROJ. 0014 S-SEQ.SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI.0 THERMOHYDRAULIC ASSUMPTIONS In the absence of available or actual data the following information has been used to perform the thermohydraulic analysis: Overall 3LPP Thermal Conductivity k = 0.

97 15.9 217.0 THERMOHYDRAULIC RESULTS 5.3499 Wavy to Elongated Bubble BMA-MIN-26 .24 46.53 15.56 13. PPL DOC.51 60. 0014 S-SEQ.52 13.3499 Wavy to Elongated Bubble BMA-MIN-26 HALF BURIED CASE 550 51 121 59.3 8.125 Elongated Bubble BMA-MIN-26 300 18.47 5. BBS-SLT DIS. 0 REV A PAGE 20 OF 33 5. RP SEQ. Maximum and minimum Landing Pressure 2. Landing Pressure Inlet Temperature Inlet Pressure Arrival Temperature Exit Flow Velocity Liquid Hold Up Pressure Drop Temperature Drop Outlet Hydrate Formation Temperature Outlet Hydrate Formation Pressure Predominant Flow Pattern File Name UNIT MMSCFD bar DegC bar DegC m/s m3 bar DegC DegC bar - UNBURIED CASE 550 51 121 59. which are as follows: 1.125 Elongated Bubble BMA-MIN-26 300 18.3 6.2 236.0: BMA to CKR (Min Ambient Temperature) Item No. Variable Flow Rate associated with landing pressure 4.1 BMA to CKR Results Table 5.48 10. BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO.51 60.3 7.33 44.03 76.1 8. PIPELINE THERMOHYDRAULIC REPORT (STEADY-STATE) PROJ.SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI.03 5. Maximum and minimum Ambient Temperatures 3.24 74. Buried and Unburied cases 5.2 164.3 121 25.1 HYDRAULIC RESULTS The thermo-hydraulic analysis is based on four scenarios for each pipeline.3 121 25.9 148.1.04 31. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 PARAMETER Production Flow Rate Max.74 89.44 10.

6 91.9925 452.33 93. Landing Pressure Inlet Temperature Inlet Pressure Arrival Temperature Exit Flow Velocity Liquid Hold Up Pressure Drop Temperature Drop Outlet Hydrate Formation Temperature Outlet Hydrate Formation Pressure Predominant Flow Pattern File Name UNIT MMSCFD bar DegC bar DegC m/s m3 bar DegC DegC bar - UNBURIED CASE 550 51 121 59.3 121 25.3 232.7 3.46 88.125 Elongated Bubble BMA-MAX-26 300 18.3 121 21.3499 Wavy to Elongated Bubble BMA-MAX-26 HALF BURIED CASE 550 51 121 59.4 161 6. Landing Pressure Inlet Temperature Inlet Pressure Arrival Temperature Exit Flow Velocity Liquid Hold Up Pressure Drop Temperature Drop Outlet Hydrate Formation Temperature Outlet Hydrate Formation Pressure Predominant Flow Pattern File Name UNIT MMSCFD bar DegC bar DegC m/s m3 bar DegC DegC bar - UNBURIED CASE 120 51 121 52. PPL DOC.08 72. RP SEQ.55 57.29 49. PIPELINE THERMOHYDRAULIC REPORT (STEADY-STATE) PROJ.79 70.1 36.1 15.76 32. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 PARAMETER Production Flow Rate Max.38 48.2 1.18 145.8 84.2 145.82 13.59 12.28 3.56 94.16 13.4 3.9925 Wavy to Elongated Bubble BLA-MIN-20 .3 121 25.69 5.2 BLA to CKR Results Table 5. 0 REV A PAGE 21 OF 33 Table 5. BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO.3 9.0: BMA to CKR (Max Ambient Temperature) Item No.8713 451.4 7.2 3.26 10 63.55 63.8713 Elongated Bubble BLA-MIN-20 120 18.3499 Wavy to Elongated Bubble BMA-MAX-26 Note: Refer Appendix A1 for sample output result for unburied case at highest production rate 5.84 10.3385 Elongated Bubble BLA-MIN-20 120 18.125 Elongated Bubble BMA-MAX-26 300 18.41 3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 PARAMETER Production Flow Rate Max. 0014 S-SEQ.9079 Wavy to Elongated Bubble BLA-MIN-20 HALF BURIED CASE 120 51 121 52.29 71.3 8.72 12.SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI.1.9 5.25 134.63 27.18 11 214.56 26.74 3.6 29.3 121 21.4 1. BBS-SLT DIS.0: BLA to CKR (Min Ambient Temperature) Item No.3 8.31 16.

56 80.16 57.77 3.56 83.86 37.96 3.58 31.37 56.6186 Elongated Bubble SYA-MIN-20 300 18.022 75.9925 Wavy SYA-MIN-20 HALF BURIED CASE 300 51 121 60. BBS-SLT DIS.3 121 21.8 19.3 20.37 9.26 3. PPL DOC.04 12.72 3.7 8.86 40.74 10.23 27.3 121 38.11 63.7 1.31 35.3 121 37.88 50.75 10.58 89. Landing Pressure Inlet Temperature Inlet Pressure Arrival Temperature Exit Flow Velocity Liquid Hold Up Pressure Drop Temperature Drop Outlet Hydrate Formation Temperature Outlet Hydrate Formation Pressure Predominant Flow Pattern File Name UNIT MMSCFD bar DegC bar DegC m/s m3 bar DegC DegC bar - UNBURIED CASE 300 51 121 59.0: BLA to CKR (Max Ambient Temperature) Item No.31 85.63 12.18 69.7 3.76 12.1 3.0: SYA to CKR (Min Ambient Temperature) Item No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 PARAMETER Production Flow Rate Max.25 3.24 9. RP SEQ.46 86. Landing Pressure Inlet Temperature Inlet Pressure Arrival Temperature Exit Flow Velocity Liquid Hold Up Pressure Drop Temperature Drop Outlet Hydrate Formation Temperature Outlet Hydrate Formation Pressure Predominant Flow Pattern File Name UNIT MMSCFD bar DegC bar DegC m/s m3 bar DegC DegC bar - UNBURIED CASE 120 51 121 52.6 9.SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI.9925 Wavy to Elongated Bubble BLA-MAX-20 HALF BURIED CASE 120 51 121 52.372 108.1.84 25.9925 Wavy SYA-MIN-20 .9925 Wavy to Elongated Bubble BLA-MAX-20 Note: Refer Appendix A2 for sample output result for unburied case at highest production rate 5.48 51.3 SYA to CKR Results Table 5.37 123. PIPELINE THERMOHYDRAULIC REPORT (STEADY-STATE) PROJ.16 3.6186 Elongated Bubble SYA-MIN-20 300 18.8 1. 0 REV A PAGE 22 OF 33 Table 5.8713 Elongated Bubble BLA-MAX-20 120 18.76 34. 0014 S-SEQ.16 63.968 102.3 133.8713 Elongated Bubble BLA-MAX-20 120 18. BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO.3 121 21.28 12.54 82. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 PARAMETER Production Flow Rate Max.88 70.

54 3.6186 Elongated Bubble SYA-MAX-20 300 18.9925 Wavy SYA-MAX-20 HALF BURIED CASE 300 51 121 60.5 8.26 57.6 9. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 PARAMETER Production Flow Rate Max.15 53. PIPELINE THERMOHYDRAULIC REPORT (STEADY-STATE) PROJ.27 12.5 107.76 12. PPL DOC.45 3. 0 REV A PAGE 23 OF 33 Table 5.93 68.73 9.16 57. RP SEQ. 0014 S-SEQ.7 20.9925 FALSE Wavy SYA-MAX-20 Note: Refer Appendix A3 for sample output result for unburied case at highest production rate .6186 Elongated Bubble SYA-MAX-20 300 18. Landing Pressure Inlet Temperature Inlet Pressure Arrival Temperature Exit Flow Velocity Liquid Hold Up Pressure Drop Temperature Drop Outlet Hydrate Formation Temperature Outlet Hydrate Formation Pressure Predominant Flow Pattern File Name UNIT MMSCFD bar DegC bar DegC m/s m3 bar DegC DegC bar - UNBURIED CASE 300 51 121 59.56 63.24 10 102.46 27. BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO.SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI.55 28.16 63.3 121 38.3 121 38.75 56 19.0: SYA to CKR (Max Ambient Temperature) Item No. BBS-SLT DIS.93 52.85 67.92 53.

3. Based on the thermodynamics at the outlet stream. At maximum production the flow regime is elongated bubble. Based on the thermodynamics at the outlet stream. Hydrates will not form 20” BLA to CKR Flowline 1.e. where the effective C-value is below 100 for all cases. Hydrates will not form . 5.SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI. 0 REV A PAGE 24 OF 33 6.0 DISSCUSSION This section will discuss the results attained for the Thermo-hydraulic analysis performed within this document. Highest pressure drop associated with maximum production and at highest outlet temperature (i. 5. The fluid velocity is stable throughout the pipeline. Also a brief discussion on operational parameters will be presented for the Transient analysis. At minimum production the flow regime transits from wavy to elongated bubble approximately 2km from BMA. 6. PPL DOC. BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO. The fluid velocity is stable throughout the pipeline. At high flowing pressure the flow regime is elongated bubble. RP SEQ. Largest liquid hold-up associated with minimum flowing temperatures 2. max at flowing temperature). 6. 4. Maximum flowing temperature associated with half buried and maximum ambient temperature at low pressure. where the effective C-value is below 100 for all cases. 6. Maximum flowing temperature associated is with maximum production and maximum ambient temperature. BBS-SLT DIS. 2. 3. 4. PIPELINE THERMOHYDRAULIC REPORT (STEADY-STATE) PROJ. Highest pressure drop associated with maximum flowing temperatures.1 THERMO-HYDRAULIC EVALUATION 26” BMA to CKR Flowline 1. 0014 S-SEQ. At low flowing pressure the flow regime transit from wavy to elongated bubble approximately 500m from BLA at minimum ambient temperature and 600m from BLA at maximum ambient temperature. Largest liquid hold-up is associated with maximum production rate where the pipeline is unburied at minimum ambient temperatures.

Largest liquid hold-up associated with minimum flowing temperatures 2. PIPELINE THERMOHYDRAULIC REPORT (STEADY-STATE) PROJ. Highest pressure drop associated with maximum flowing temperatures. . Maximum flowing temperature associated with half buried and maximum ambient temperature at low pressure. The temperature profiles along the line. The liquid inventory in the line which would impact the downstream liquid handling capability during transient operations. values of C = 150 to 200. 0 REV A PAGE 25 OF 33 20” SYA to CKR Flowline 1.SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI. RP SEQ. 6. At high landing pressures. In accordance with API RP 14E. 4. The limitations to production restart rates. the fluid velocity is stable throughout the pipeline. The limitations to production ramp-up rates. At low flowing pressure. The proceeding sub-section will summaries different scenarios to be considered for the transient analysis. However for low landing pressures the pressure drop is considerably greater which progressively increases the fluid velocity in the pipeline where the maximum effective C-Value is approximately 200. Hydrates will not form 6. flow regime is wavy. At high pressure the flow regime is elongated bubble. 3. BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO. this is acceptable where it is stated that where corrosion resistant alloys are employed.2 OPERATIONAL ISSUES The transient simulations will be performed for this project under different operating modes to determine: The pressure profiles along the line. The consequences of pigging. 0014 S-SEQ. where the effective C-value is below 100. Based on the thermodynamics at the outlet stream. PPL DOC. 5. BBS-SLT DIS. The potential for slugging (unstable flow).

Most of these fluctuations will be accommodated through changes to inlet pressure. until operational pressure is achieved. 0 REV A PAGE 26 OF 33 6. the pipeline will be restarted up to 100% design flow by starting the feed at the inlet and opening the valve at the outlet. PPL DOC. Pipeline inlet pressure will be set by controlling wellhead pressure. BBS-SLT DIS.4 Controlled Flow Rate Changes .2 Operating Pressure and Flow Fluctuations It is envisaged that well head chokes will be set to control the gas inflow into the main line.2. 6. 6.1 Pipeline Start-Up and Shut-In At initial start-up of each pipeline. Following an unplanned shutdown the pipeline has a period of time.2. excess gas may be flared for a short period of time until the main pressure control valve on the pipeline adjusts the incoming gas rate. 6. known as “Survival Time” before hydrate formation occurs. In the event of a sudden decrease in B11 demand. A transient analysis would be required to determine the behavior of the unplanned shutdown to ensure pipeline plugging does not occur. it is envisaged that the pipeline will be filled with the well fluid. line pack and flaring.3 Pipeline Blowdown and Line Packing It is envisaged that pipeline blowdown and flaring will be controlled at B11. PIPELINE THERMOHYDRAULIC REPORT (STEADY-STATE) PROJ.There will be fluctuations between the well flow rates into the pipeline.2. From the shutdown condition. A transient analysis would be required to determine the effects these operational changes will have on the production and pressure changes in the pipeline. Once the survival time has elapsed or prior to.2. 0014 S-SEQ. pipeline blowdown to a pressure below the hydrate formation pressure at ambient temperature must be achieved.SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI. BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO. From the 100% design flow. From the shut-in conditions established above the depressurization of the line will be based on the Maximum Vent System Flow Rate. This will be done by shutting down the feed into the pipeline and the outlet valve. The analysis related to this operation shall be performed in the transient analysis. the flowline will be shutdown. RP SEQ. which will affect pressure conditions in the line. The shutdown simulation will be performed to establish the initial condition for the restart-up simulation.

SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI. RP SEQ. BBS-SLT DIS. 5% flow at steady state. the flow will be ramped up to 100% design flow. . PPL DOC.g. PIPELINE THERMOHYDRAULIC REPORT (STEADY-STATE) PROJ. 0 REV A PAGE 27 OF 33 An increase in flow rate will result in excess liquid in the line being evacuated while conditions again reach steady state. BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO. Ramp-up scenarios from the lowest turndown rate e. Turndown scenarios shall be considered from the 100% design flow which shall be turned down incrementally until the liquid inventory is constant. as found in the turndown cases. Transient analysis is required to evaluate the total amount of liquid produced into the slug catcher during the operational life of the pipeline and in turn evaluate the slug sizes produced under various conditions. 0014 S-SEQ.5 Miscellaneous Operational Activities Pipeline pigging will be simulated for the case with the highest liquid inventory in the pipeline. 6.2. Based on this the slug catcher can be adequately sized and slug forces around bends can be evaluated and for the mechanical design of the risers and spools. Sweeping involves increasing the velocity in the line to reduce the liquid inventory prior to shutdown or pigging operations.

SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI. Design Basis – Basis of Design for Subsea Pipelines 2. PIPELINE THERMOHYDRAULIC REPORT (STEADY-STATE) PROJ.0 REFERENCES 1. “Fluid Flow for Chemical Engineers” F. RP SEQ. PPL DOC. 0 REV A PAGE 28 OF 33 7. A. 0014 S-SEQ. 2nd Edition . BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO. Holland & R. BBS-SLT DIS. Bragg.

ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI. BBS-SLT PIPELINE CATHODIC PROTECTION DESIGN REPORT DIS. PROJ. PPL DOC. BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO. 0 REV A PAGE 29 OF 33 APPENDIX A: SAMPLE OUTPUT RESULTS . RP SEQ. 0014 S-SEQ.

PROJ. 0 REV A PAGE 30 OF 33 APPENDIX A1: BMA-CKR (HIGH PRESSURE-UNBURIED-MAX AMBIENT) . RP SEQ. BBS-SLT PIPELINE CATHODIC PROTECTION DESIGN REPORT DIS. PPL DOC.ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI. BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO. 0014 S-SEQ.

PROJ. PPL DOC. 0014 S-SEQ.ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI. RP SEQ. BBS-SLT PIPELINE CATHODIC PROTECTION DESIGN REPORT DIS. BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO. 0 REV A PAGE 31 OF 33 APPENDIX A2: BLA-CKR (HIGH PRESSURE-UNBURIED-MAX AMBIENT) .

BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO. BBS-SLT PIPELINE CATHODIC PROTECTION DESIGN REPORT DIS. 0 REV A PAGE 32 OF 33 APPENDIX A3: SYA-CKR (HIGH PRESSURE-UNBURIED-MAX AMBIENT) . RP SEQ. PROJ. PPL DOC. 0014 S-SEQ.ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI.

PROJ.ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR BUMI. PPL DOC. BULAN AND SURIYA GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT SLT Engineering Sdn Bhd DOCUMENT TITLE DOCUMENT NO. RP SEQ. 0014 S-SEQ. 0 REV A PAGE 33 OF 33 APPENDIX B: ELEVATION PROFILE . BBS-SLT PIPELINE CATHODIC PROTECTION DESIGN REPORT DIS.