Tunneling technologies for construction of underpass beneath railway or road intersection in Japan

Purpose of construction of underpass beneath railway or road intersection
Decrease of (1) Traffic jam (2) Traffic accidents (3) Carbon dioxide emission

Yukinori

KOYAMA

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Replacing Manners to two-level crossing (1)Overpass (2) Underpass

Requirement for construction method of underpass

Overpass → the worse of a town view → long approach section to the crossing (in the case of road over railway) Most selection : Underpass manner

(1) shallow level of formation of underpass → rectangular tunnel section → small thickness of overburden
(2) little disturbance of operation of railway → most construction methods = tunneling methods

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Tunneling methods for construction of underpass in Japan
1.Box section tunnel structure jacking methods (1) Front Jacking Method (2) R & C Method (3) SFT Method (4) ESA Method 2. Structure elements jacking methods constructing through girder type tunnel (1) URT Method (2) PCR Method 3. Structure elements jacking methods constructing rigid frame box section tunnel (1) URT Method (Pre-stress) (2) HEP & JES Method 4.EPB shield tunneling methods (1) Harmonica Method (2) URUP Method

Tunneling methods for construction of underpass in Japan
1.Box section tunnel structure jacking methods (1) Front Jacking Method (2) R & C Method (3) SFT Method (4) ESA Method 2. Structure elements jacking methods constructing through girder type tunnel (1) URT Method (2) PCR Method 3. Structure elements jacking methods constructing rigid frame box section tunnel (1) URT Method (Pre-stress) (2) HEP & JES Method 4.EPB shield tunneling methods (1) Harmonica Method (2) URUP Method

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Tunneling methods for construction of underpass in Japan
1.Box section tunnel structure jacking methods (1) Front Jacking Method (2) R & C Method (3) SFT Method (4) ESA Method 2. Structure elements jacking methods constructing through girder type tunnel (1) URT Method (2) PCR Method 3. Structure elements jacking methods constructing rigid frame box section tunnel (1) URT Method (Pre-stress) (2) HEP & JES Method 4.EPB shield tunneling methods (1) Harmonica Method (2) URUP Method

FRONT JACKING Method
Pipe roof

1.Pipes jacking for ground stability
Hood

2.Boring holes and excavating pilot tunnels 3.Producting RC box structures
Traction jack

4.Preparating traction of box structures (Underpass Technical Association) (Underpass Technical Association)

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FRONT JACKING Method

Tunneling methods for construction of underpass in Japan
1.Box section tunnel structure jacking methods (1) Front Jacking Method (2) R & C Method (3) SFT Method (4) ESA Method 2. Structure elements jacking methods constructing through girder type tunnel (1) URT Method (2) PCR Method

5.Excavating ground at tunnel face 6.Pulling No.1 box structure by traction jacks

7.Pulling No.2 box structure by traction jacks 8.Docking two box structures 9.Casting concrete in space between two box structures

3. Structure elements jacking methods constructing rigid frame box section tunnel (1) URT Method (Pre-stress) (2) HEP & JES Method 4.EPB shield tunneling methods (1) Harmonica Method (2) URUP Method

(Underpass Technical Association)

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Tunneling methods for construction of underpass in Japan
1.Box section tunnel structure jacking methods (1) Front Jacking Method (2) R & C Method (3) SFT Method Endless Self Advancing (4) ESA Method
Traction jack PC steel wire Driving jack Anchor device for PC steel wire

ESA Method

Method
No.3 box No.2 box No.1 box

2. Structure elements jacking methods constructing through girder type tunnel (1) URT Method (2) PCR Method 3. Structure elements jacking methods constructing rigid frame box section tunnel (1) URT Method (Pre-stress) (2) HEP & JES Method 4.EPB shield tunneling methods (1) Harmonica Method (2) URUP Method

Hood

(Underpass Technical Association)

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Tunneling methods for construction of underpass in Japan
1.Box section tunnel structure jacking methods (1) Front Jacking Method (2) R & C Method (3) SFT Method (4) ESA Method 2. Structure elements jacking methods constructing through girder type tunnel (1) URT Method (2) PCR Method 3. Structure elements jacking methods constructing rigid frame box section tunnel (1) URT Method (Pre-stress) (2) HEP & JES Method 4.EPB shield tunneling methods (1) Harmonica Method (2) URUP Method

Tunneling methods for construction of underpass in Japan
1.Box section tunnel structure jacking methods (1) Front Jacking Method (2) R & C Method (3) SFT Method (4) ESA Method 2. Structure elements jacking methods constructing through girder type tunnel (1) URT Method (2) PCR Method Under Railway Tunneling Method 3. Structure elements jacking methods constructing rigid frame box section tunnel (1) URT Method (Pre-stress) (2) HEP & JES Method 4.EPB shield tunneling methods (1) Harmonica Method (2) URUP Method
(URT Association)

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URT Method (Through girder)

URT Method (Through girder)

(URT Association)

(URT Association)

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URT Method (Through girder)

Tunneling methods for construction of underpass in Japan
1.Box section tunnel structure jacking methods (1) Front Jacking Method (2) R & C Method (3) SFT Method (4) ESA Method

1.Jacking structure elements

2. Structure elements jacking methods constructing through girder type tunnel (1) URT Method (2) PCR Method Pre-stressed Concrete Roof Method 3. Structure elements jacking methods constructing rigid frame box section tunnel (1) URT Method (Pre-stress) (2) HEP & JES Method 4.EPB shield tunneling methods (1) Harmonica Method (2) URUP Method
(URT Association)

2.Casting concrete in elements 3.Producting main through girders 4.Excavating

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PCR Method (Through girder)

Tunneling methods for construction of underpass in Japan
1.Box section tunnel structure jacking methods (1) Front Jacking Method (2) R & C Method (3) SFT Method (4) ESA Method 2. Structure elements jacking methods constructing through girder type tunnel (1) URT Method (2) PCR Method 3. Structure elements jacking methods constructing rigid frame box section tunnel (1) URT Method (Pre-stress) (2) HEP & JES Method 4.EPB shield tunneling methods (1) Harmonica Method (2) URUP Method

(URT Association)

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Tunneling methods for construction of underpass in Japan
1.Box section tunnel structure jacking methods (1) Front Jacking Method (2) R & C Method Roof and Culvert (3) SFT Method (4) ESA Method

R & C Method
Friction cut plate

Method
Friction cut plate

1.Pipes(box section) jacking for ground stability

Pipe (box section)

2. Structure elements jacking methods constructing through girder type tunnel (1) URT Method (2) PCR Method 3. Structure elements jacking methods constructing rigid frame box section tunnel (1) URT Method (Pre-stress) Box-shaped (2) HEP & JES Method 4.EPB shield tunneling methods (1) Harmonica Method (2) URUP Method
Front Jacks pipe roof Hood

2.Producting RC box structures

3.Preparating thrust of box structures (Underpass Technical Association)

(Underpass Technical Association)

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R & C Method
Removing pipes

Tunneling methods for construction of underpass in Japan
1.Box section tunnel structure jacking methods (1) Front Jacking Method (2) R & C Method (3) SFT Method (4) ESA Method 2. Structure elements jacking methods constructing through girder type tunnel (1) URT Method (2) PCR Method

4. Excavating ground at tunnel face 5.Pushing No.1 box structure with pipes by thrust 6.Removing pipes in arriving shaft

7.Finshing excavation and push 8.Sealing joint

3. Structure elements jacking methods constructing rigid frame box section tunnel (1) URT Method (Pre-stress) (2) HEP & JES Method 4.EPB shield tunneling methods (1) Harmonica Method (2) URUP Method

(Underpass Technical Association)

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URT Method (Pre-stress)

Tunneling methods for construction of underpass in Japan
1.Box section tunnel structure jacking methods (1) Front Jacking Method (2) R & C Method (3) SFT Method (4) ESA Method 2. Structure elements jacking methods constructing through girder type tunnel (1) URT Method (2) PCR Method 3. Structure elements jacking methods constructing rigid frame box section tunnel (1) URT Method (Pre-stress ) (2) HEP & JES Method 4.EPB shield tunneling methods (1) Harmonica Method (2) URUP Method

Element of upper slab

Element of side wall Element of lower slab

Element for pre-stressing operation

PC steel wire

(URT Association)

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Tunneling methods for construction of underpass in Japan
1.Box section tunnel structure jacking methods (1) Front Jacking Method (2) R & C Method (3) SFT Method (4) ESA Method 2. Structure elements jacking methods constructing through girder type tunnel (1) URT Method (2) PCR Method 3. Structure elements jacking methods constructing rigid frame box section tunnel High Speed Element Pull Method (1) URT Method (Pre-stress) (2) HEP & JES Method and Jointed Element Structure 4.EPB shield tunneling methods (1) Harmonica Method (2) URUP Method

HEP & JES Method

Joint of JES

HEP mothod

(JR East Structure)
(JR East Consultants Company) (JR East Consultants Company)

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HEP & JES Method
1)Shaft excavating 2)Horizontal boring

Tunneling methods for construction of underpass in Japan
1.Box section tunnel structure jacking methods (1) Front Jacking Method (2) R & C Method (3) SFT Method (4) ESA Method

Shaft excavating

2. Structure elements jacking methods constructing through girder type tunnel (1) URT Method (2) PCR Method 3. Structure elements jacking methods constructing rigid frame box section tunnel (1) URT Method (Pre-stress) (2) HEP & JES Method 4.EPB shield tunneling methods (1) Harmonica Method (2) URUP Method

(JR East Consultants Company)

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Tunneling methods for construction of underpass in Japan
1.Box section tunnel structure jacking methods (1) Front Jacking Method (2) R & C Method Simple and Face-less (3) SFT Method (4) ESA Method Construction Tunnel

SFT Method
Friction cut plate

Method

1.Pipes(box section) jacking for ground stability

2. Structure elements jacking methods constructing through girder type tunnel Friction Box-shaped (1) URT Method cut plate pipe roof (2) PCR Method 3. Structure elements jacking methods constructing rigid frame box section tunnel (1) URT Method (Pre-stress) (2) HEP & JES Method
Soil

2.Producting RC box structures

4.EPB shield tunneling methods (1) Harmonica Method (2) URUP Method

Tunnel structure Earth retaining wall

3.Pushing No.1 box structure with pipes and soil by thrust 4.Excavating soil and removing pipes in arriving shaft (Underpass Technical Association)

(Underpass Technical Association)

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SFT Method

Tunneling methods for construction of underpass in Japan
1.Box section tunnel structure jacking methods (1) Front Jacking Method (2) R & C Method (3) SFT Method (4) ESA Method 2. Structure elements jacking methods constructing through girder type tunnel (1) URT Method (2) PCR Method 3. Structure elements jacking methods constructing rigid frame box section tunnel (1) URT Method (Pre-stress) (2) HEP & JES Method 4.EPB shield tunneling methods (1) Harmonica Method (2) URUP Method

5.Producting No.2 box structure 6.Pushing No.1 and No.2 box structure with pipes and soil by thrust 7.Excavating soil and removing pipes in arriving shaft

8.Finshing excavation and push 9.Sealing joint

(Underpass Technical Association)

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Tunneling methods for construction of underpass in Japan
1.Box section tunnel structure jacking methods (1) Front Jacking Method (2) R & C Method (3) SFT Method (4) ESA Method 2. Structure elements jacking methods constructing through girder type tunnel (1) URT Method (2) PCR Method 3. Structure elements jacking methods constructing rigid frame box section tunnel (1) URT Method (Pre-stress) (2) HEP & JES Method 4.EPB shield tunneling methods (1) Harmonica Method (2) URUP Method

Tunneling methods for construction of underpass in Japan
1.Box section tunnel structure jacking methods (1) Front Jacking Method (2) R & C Method (3) SFT Method (4) ESA Method 2. Structure elements jacking methods constructing through girder type tunnel (1) URT Method (2) PCR Method 3. Structure elements jacking methods constructing rigid frame box section tunnel (1) URT Method (Pre-stress) (2) HEP & JES Method 4.EPB shield tunneling methods (1) Harmonica Method (2) URUP Method

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Harmonica Method

Harmonica Method

(Taisei Corp.)

(Taisei Corp.)

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Tunneling methods for construction of underpass in Japan
1.Box section tunnel structure jacking methods (1) Front Jacking Method (2) R & C Method (3) SFT Method (4) ESA Method 2. Structure elements jacking methods constructing through girder type tunnel (1) URT Method (2) PCR Method 3. Structure elements jacking methods constructing rigid frame box section tunnel (1) URT Method (Pre-stress) (2) HEP & JES Method 4.EPB shield tunneling methods (1) Harmonica Method (2) URUP Method

Tunneling methods for construction of underpass in Japan
1.Box section tunnel structure jacking methods (1) Front Jacking Method (2) R & C Method (3) SFT Method (4) ESA Method 2. Structure elements jacking methods constructing through girder type tunnel (1) URT Method (2) PCR Method 3. Structure elements jacking methods constructing rigid frame box section tunnel (1) URT Method (Pre-stress) (2) HEP & JES Method 4.EPB shield tunneling methods (1) Harmonica Method Ultra (2) URUP Method

Rapid Under Pass Method

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URUP Method

Launch from ground level

Intersection

Arrival at ground level

Thank you for your kind attention

Tunneling in small depth

Side cutter

(Obayashi Corp.)

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