# VFR Navigation The Standard Closing Angle Technique

Richard Champion

avoiding airspace busts • Agenda – – – – – Background Advantages/Disadvantages How to use it Examples Summary . • Objective – By the end of this briefing.The Standard Closing Angle Technique • Aim – To learn how to get back on to your planned course during a cross country flight. you should be able to use the Standard Closing Angle technique to return to your planned course when your map reading indicates you have deviated. • Airmanship – Good navigation.

3 1. A table can be prepared:TAS 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 Miles / Minute 1. 2 x the number of miles off track .0 1.0 Basic SCA 60 51 45 40 36 33 30 Modified SCA 30 26 23 20 18 16 15 Background • Angles of more than 30° are undesirable.• The Standard Closing Angle is a heading change that will bring you back onto your planned course in the same number of minutes as you are miles off course.7 1. the Modified SCA is used and the new heading is flown for twice the time – i. • Mathematically.e.2 1.8 2. it is calculated by dividing 60 by the aircraft’s True Air Speed (TAS) expressed in nautical miles per minute. so for speeds of less than 120 kts.5 1.

. • Quick – Gets you back onto your planned track as soon as possible • No mental maths required – Leaves you free to fly the aircraft • It Works! – It is a proven technique. approved by examiners. not groundspeed). – Does not work for very large drift errors. so some purists object.Advantages/Disadvantages Advantages • Simple – all you need to remember is the modified SCA for your normal cruise TAS Disadvantages • Not perfect – The calculations are not 100% correct (because based on TAS.