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FINAL PROJECT COMMUNICATION SKILLS TOPIC:
PROBLEMS OF WORKING CLASS( CHILD LAB0UR)

GROUP MEMBERS: ZAIN-UL-ABIDEEN AHSAN KHALEEQ ADNAN HAMEED ABDUR REHMAN SUBMITTED TO: MISS FAREEHA ZAHEER MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT (12-ME-52) (12-ME-184) (12-ME-37) (12-ME-43)

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and all those child labourers who provided us information about their daily life YOURS TRULY ZAIN UL ABIDIN AHSAN ADNAN ABDUL REHMAN . Haji sharif aaraen (Chairman President Bait-u-Maal UC-O4 RWP ). Zumard Khan (Ex-Managing Director-Pakistan Bait-u-Maal). Latif Zara Khan (President Bait-u-Mail UC-37. Mr.3 LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL TO: MISS FAREEHA ZAHEER FROM: ZAIN UL ABIDIN. They provided us in-depth knowledge about our report. We also express gratitude to all those people who took out time and filled our questionnaires.E. .T Taxila.She is the lecturer of English at U. Basically she is from Basic sciences department. We would specially like to mention about Mr. seniors and many friends who were extremely generous and gave us their time to help in our research. AHSAN. We would like to mention about Miss Fareeha Zaheer who gave us an opportunity to work on this project.RWP) who helped us in several stages of making this report. ADNAN & ABDUL REHMAN UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY TAXILA We were fortunate enough to receive assistance from our parents. We also appreciate Mr.

4 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Work done by children under the age of 18. Moreover the interviews of presidents of various charity and social welfare organizations provided us a lot of information regarding child labour. However many common factors supplying child labour including poverty. The research report points out poverty and illiteracy as the two major fundamental factors responsible for supplying child labour. poor education. Work that prevents children from attending school. such as unlimited or unrestricted domestic work. The research work concludes that child labour and working condition of children are different in various localities. mental or emotional health. Child labour is a common and a complicated issue that mostly exists in the third world countries. Beside that the questionnaires assisted in compiling solid facts regarding child labour. high . While preparing the report different people were interviewed in Rawalpindi. Work that is dangerous for children and that is hazardous to their physical.

out dated social customs. INTRODUCTION Child labour is the employment of children in any work which deprive them from education and exploits them physically. but also badly affects the human capital accumulation and life time earnings.Face to Face interviews of children and other organizations assisted in collecting detailed information about child labour and their working conditions especially the questionnaires that were distributed among people in various locations provided hard facts regarding child labour. The aforementioned characteristics cannot be developed if he or she is pushed to labour. Child labour not only takes out children from schooling. Children are not for work but to get quality education. It will create awareness among the people against child labour and will make them realize that child labour exploitation of child labour infact the destruction of nation‟s future.The report reveals that parent‟s illiteracy and poverty are the major causes of child labour. Despite the fact that international laws regarding child labour have been enacted. mentally and morally.Child labour is a complex and global issue. It is considered as exploitation of children by human right commission and other international organization. social and intellectual development.5 population growth. However socioeconomic problem and certain cultural norms compel children to work to support their family income. It will inform the public especially in Pakistan that child labour is inhumane. Concerning to child labour. Children require education and a healthy personal. . It will help the policy makers to eliminate the child labour effectively. unemployment. uneven distribution of wealth and class based education. a detailed study has been made to analyze the determinant of child labour. Through this report we will create awareness among the people about child labour. these laws remain ineffective and child labour continues to rise. a violation of human rights and a destruction of children‟s future in the long run. sound personal and social development. Report compiled rich information about child labour that may become a cause of campaign against child labour in Pakistan deploring the practice of child labour and exhorting the poor parents on the need to make their children educated even if it required a certain amount of sacrifice.

A questionnaire k gwas imperative to conduct so that we could know what people think about child labour. as it was an unusual thing for them. Most of the positive information we gathered was from different child labourers in workshops of Taxila and Rawalpindi. it discusses the continuous rise in child labour in Pakistan inspite of national and international legislation regarding child labour. It analyzes the overall issue in a comprehensive methodology that will help the government and other policy makers to tackle down child labour. . We also conducted a questionnaire which was very useful regarding our survey. and different forms of child abuse. The sample was chosen mainly to be adults because teenagers have no knowledge about different forms of child abuse. and workshops. But some of them did not agree to give us interview. RESEARCH WORK: The places we decided to go to were different markets. bus stops. and we took easiest path by going to those workshops. markets and bus stops and took interviews from child labourers working in different places. Our main area of research was workshops.6 The report identifies all the basic reasons behind child labour. Usually middle-aged people and adolescents know about this. its evil effects and recommends possible solution to the elimination of child labour. which were close to our homes. In particular. We visited different workshops.

Pakistan has a large number of child domestic workers. The main analysis came from people belonging to middle class families and salaried employees. and the bulk of Pakistani child labour is in the 10–14 years age group. However. which was not very informative. Most of the research work is based on case studies covering a few villages. The sample of teenagers was chosen. The lack of information is major cause of not having thorough analysis of incidence and nature of child domestic workers in many areas of Pakistan. especially in Pakistan. We got to know a lot about Child labour in Pakistan. gardeners and general house-helps. The experience was great. outstanding debt. Two main characteristics of Pakistani child labour that distinguish it from child labour elsewhere is that a large part of Pakistani child labour is in the form of child domestic workers. Low wages. However. because several of them have observed these unkind things. Poverty is considered the most important causal factor for child labour in all these studies and provides valuable insights into the supply of child labour. a city. probably because of lack of systematic data collection and availability of micro-based data on child labour. high cost of living and lack of adequate social security systems are the main causes of the prevalence of child labour in Pakistan. a gap in employment due to job switching that causes temporary unemployment are the main causes of being sending children to work. Poor households are more probably to use child labour and schooling reduction as strategies to mitigate with socioeconomic shocks.7 We also took sample of teenagers and aged-people. a subnational area and at best a province. The rest of the sampling was done at our homes. cleaners. within the university. Our family members gave us a survey. Low household incomes are linked with high rates of both child income generation and housework. cooks. wish to start own business in future. These include children working as child minders. Child labour contributes to further poverty by pushing down the wage rate in the labour market. which was easy to compile and helpful in our analysis. maids. High dependency ratio and many others reason that include illness of family head. state or an equivalent region. Child labour phenomenon is common in developing countries and there is growing literature on this issue and empirical evidences as well. poverty alone is not responsible for the practice. we need to go further and ask the next question: What specific characteristics of poverty at the household level cause child labour? The proposed study will investigate the nature of child labour prevailing in Pakistan and will . there is not a significant reduction in child labour participation. However. different forms of child abuse in our society and about the daily life of a child laboure REVIEW OF LITERATURE: The basic cause of child labour in developing countries is considered to be poverty. Less household income. and they had very less knowledge about it. A number of other factors also affect the supply of child labour in developing countries including Pakistan.

As child labour has a number of economic consequences. brick manufacturing industry. automobile workshops and rag picking places where we found children doing different kinds of work They were in pathetic conditions. . METHOD The method include several steps that we took. We organized an interview of the children with age ranging from 6 to 18 years.8 explore the causes of child labour in Pakistan by focusing on its supply side determinants. this problem needs to be analyze in detail. We made a survey and made people of different eras fill this form. who shared a lot of useful information regarding child labour. We visited different places including leather industry. We also consulted some prominent personalities.

However. Work can help children learn about responsibility and develop particular skills that will benefit them and the rest of society. Education can be expensive and some parents feel that what their children will learn is irrelevant to the realities of their everyday lives and futures. Often. Many . • For many children. or both. • Children are often employed and exploited because. • Subjection to psychological. verbal. work is a source of income that helps to sustain children and their families. Now a question arises here that why do children work? • Most children work because their families are poor and their labour is necessary for their survival. education. child labour also perpetuates poverty. personal and social development. United Nations International Children‟s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) defines “child” as anyone below the age of 15.no access to education. • Limited or no pay. • As well as being a result of poverty. These are some of the circumstances they face: • Full time work at a very early age. and “child Labour” is some type of work performed by children below age 18. race or religion also plays its part in why some children work. • Dangerous workplaces. school is not an option. positive contributions to a child's development. • Excessive working hours. and even their lives at risk.9 Discussions and findings “Child Labour” is generally speaking work for children that harms them or exploits them in some way (physically. they are more vulnerable. millions of children do extremely hazardous work in harmful conditions. school is also physically inaccessible or lessons are not taught in the child's mother tongue. compared to adults. morally or blocking access to education). Some employers falsely argue that children are particularly suited to certain types of work because of their small size and "nimble fingers". across the world. Some types of work make useful. Inability to escape from the poverty cycle . putting their health. • Work and life on the streets in bad conditions. mentally. In many cases. Discrimination on grounds including gender. • Obliged to work by circumstances or individuals. physical and sexual abuse. cheaper to hire and are less likely to demand higher wages or better working conditions.

The average house hold size of working children was found to be eight members. lack of opportunities. dollars a day.7 million were claimed to be working in the agriculture sector. The survey indicates that the most cogent reasons given by parents/guardians for letting their child work are to assist in house enterprise (69 per cent). the Federal Bureau of Statistics released the results of its survey funded by ILO‟s IPEC (International Program on the Elimination of Child Labour).S. the major factors responsible for child labour were: Large population with high population growth rate.8 million economically active children. The former is pronounced in rural households.8 million children age group of 5-14 years are working in Pakistan out of total 40 million children in this age group. Almost three-fourths (70 per cent) of the total population living in rural areas. It is an outcome of a multitude of socio-economic factors and has its roots in poverty. unemployment. whereas the Social Policy Development Centre (SDPC) Karachi has stated in one of its reports that the ratio of poverty in Pakistan was 33% during 1999 that increased in 2001 and reached 38%. especially in agricultural activities. Even out of these 3. According to the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) the daily income of 65. 47 million people in Pakistan are leading lines below the line of poverty. Inadequate educational facilities. During the last year. Discriminating social attitude towards girls and women. According to the Asian Development Bank (ADB) Report. whereas the latter is more significant in urban families.5% people of Pakistan is below 2 U. which is higher than the national average. Low productivity and prevalence of poverty. In Pakistan children aged 5-14 are above 40 million. high rate of population growth. and in turn will look to their own children to supplement the family's income. A higher proportion of economically active girls falls under households with nine plus members. uneven distribution of wealth and resources. Lack of education and many other factors have resulted inspiring child labour as poor families cannot afford to cope with multiple economic crunch and use their . fifty percent of these economically active children are in age group of 5 to 9 years. Two million and four hundred thousand (73%) of them were said to be boys. The findings were that 3. 2. withsubsistence agricultural activities. According to survey findings. and to supplement the household income (28 per cent). Working children come from large families in the low-income bracket.10 working children do not have the opportunity to go to school and often grow up to skilled adults trapped in poorly paid jobs. outdated social customs and norms and plethora of other factors. Unpaid family helpers. The ratio of poverty in the current year is around 30%.

”Children‟s like as flowers. Pakistan has enacted many laws for eradicating child labour. Two million and four hundred thousand(73%) of them were said to be boys Pakistan are leading lines below the line of poverty. if we force on these then their souls was broken. The Constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan states that. Class-based education system is another reason for increasing child Labour.Employersafterexploiting child Labour. with the passage of time. whereas child Labour. Education is the foremost fundamental right of the children which must be protected and given to each and every child. Children are our only hope for a better future and if we desire a better and prosperous Pakistan then we must give them their right of education. Child labour. If anyone living in that country it means they are not in own safe country but in like as jail. whereas the Social Policy Development Centre (SPDC) Karachi has stated in one of its reports that the ratio of poverty in Pakistan was 33% during1999 that increased in 2001 and reached 38%. Pakistan always helpless. shelter.11 children as a pawn to earn some extra rupees. The government has not put its laws into practice to stop child Labour in our country. The ratio of poverty in the current year is around 30%. Consider the point that if 30% of our country‟s Total population is leading life below the poverty-line wherein the people are deprived of basic necessities of life like clothing. food. so we discuss on child labour in Pakistan. it also impedes their emotional growth. Successive governments tried to hush up this huge issue. The issue of child labour and the economic exploitation of children of a lesser God has always been a burning issue in Pakistan. has emerged as the biggest challenge to the society and the government in ensuring conductive atmosphere for the children with poor economic background. education and medication. villages lack standardized education systems and as a result. while civil society and the media attempts to draw out kaleidoscopic view of the spiraling problem. but . the children of these people will be forced to become Labourers or workers in order to survive. unemployment and other problems. Although a number of protecting laws contain provisions prohibiting child labour or regulating the working conditions of children and adolescent workers but the issue still remain unresolved. having multiple implications. While child labour has serious impact on the children‟s mental and social development. “All forms of forced labour and traffic in human beings are prohibited. child Labour is on increase in rural areas. child labour is deepening engraved in the social culture of Pakistan.“No child below the age of fourteen shall be engaged in any factory or mine or in any other hazardous employment. Another reason of child Labour in Pakistan is that our people don‟t have the security of social life. There is no aid plan or allowance for children in our country. not poor from starting but because of our government policies are not right for any institution of our country.despite increasing poverty. extract a large surplus. Unfortunately. Pakistan is poor country.” And also. are pressed to do anything and everything for their livelihood and the survival of their families. it is the major issue of any type of country where no any way to help poor peoples and their children. Pakistan's government never do for own country what they do for poor peoples.

Means society of middleclass family they give education to their children but any poor people‟s can't do this. Pakistan government never thinks about poor people how they survive in life and how get money. Pakistan Labour force Graph and Data: .12 others countries jail also good from this countries people living. but our government always quite on this issue. how give education to our children. because a lot of money need for any education for children. only government of Pakistan is begging money from others countries from 61 years not for own country but only for own aims it means from 61 years no one good leader who think about their peoples and their children but here allot of corruption in any government department. So we need to think about child labour and those children‟s also use drugs because they don‟t know about these things and they are away from their parents so they do as they like and allot of children died because of using drugs and many children died because of abusing. If any country wants progress then education is must.

Work with live electrical wires over 50V. Sheep casing and wool industry 25. ( Thrashers. benzidene dyes. shears. Work with exposure to cement dust (cement industry) 10. resins. ammonia. Stone crushing 17. Working 2 meter above the floor 21. asbestos. also marbles) 4. Ship breaking 26. 13. Surgical instrument manufacturing specially in vendors workshop 27. formaldehyde. Work at the sites where Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG) and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) are filled in cylinders. dyeing and finishing sections 15. 5. Work with exposure to coal dust 11. Sandblasting and other work involving exposure to free silica. All scavenging including hospital waste 22. lead. Nature of occupation-category of work 2. 7. Deep fishing ( commercial fishing/ sea food and fish processing 24. furnaces . mercury chromium. soaking. liming chrome tanning. pits. sulphuric acid. Manufacture and sale of fireworks explosives 12. carbon disulphide. epoxy. fiber glass. fodder cutting machines. hydrochloric acid. explosive and carcinogenic chemicals e. Work with exposure to ALL toxic. and 9. caustic soda. arsenic. storage tanks 16.g. 8. Work on glass and metal furnaces 14. Work inside under ground mines over ground quarries. carbon tetrachloride. 6. chlorine. including blasting and assisting in blasting 3. and guillotines. Carpet waving 20. Work in the clothe printing. pickling defleshing. Work between 10 pm to 8 am ( Hotel Industry) 19. sulphur dioxide. tobacco process ( including Niswar) and Manufacturing 23. Work inside sewer pipelines.g.13 List of occupations and categories of work: 1. phosphorus. dehairing. Bangles glass. and ink application. metal fumes. heavy metals like nickel. benzene. All operation related to leather tanning process e. Work with power driven cutting machinery like saws. deliming. Mixing or application or pesticides insecticide/fumigation. beryllium. nitric acid. Lifting and carrying of heavy weight specially in transport industry ( 15 kg and above) 18. isocyanides. hydrogen sulphide.

duration and conditions of work etc. Peshawar and Islamabad.500-106.500 children engaged in scavenging in five major cities of the country i. There is thus a pressing need for introducing socio-economic and legal measures to safeguard/protect the rights/interests of children and improve their status/condition in society. In this respect the criterion suggested by the Executive Board of the UNICEF might be followed which furnishes normative principles and provides useful guidelines for drafting an appropriate . Quetta. Lahore.14 Child Labour in Rag Picking Business: A study conducted by the Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) on Rag Pickers/scavenger in 2003 reveals that there are roughly 89.e. Karachi. The Government is required to take steps for bringing its laws/rules/procedures relating to child care/protection/development in accord with the principles of the Convention and further to ensure their effective enforcement/implementation. RECOMMENDATIONS AND SUGGESTIONS With the ratification of the UN Convention on the Rights of Child 1989. roaming scavengers and site based scavengers. recommends the following measures:  Based on realistic assessment of the nature. children are exposed to abuse/exploitation. a distinction must be drawn between child work and child labour. The Pakistan Law Commission. The survey identifies three types of scavengers: migratory scavengers. therefore. judicial. kind. the Government of Pakistan has committed itself to initiate appropriate legislative. Due to gaps/anomalies/ambiguities in our laws pertaining to child employment as well as their inadequate enforcement. administrative and social welfare measures for improving the status and conditions of children in the society.

The Convention on the Rights of the Child. However. the Shops and Establishments Ordinance 1969. the Merchant Shipping Act 1923. ILO conventions and the Constitution of Pakistan provide for an absolute prohibition of child employment in any factory or mine and any other hazardous employment/occupation. are not included in the Schedule. In situations when the parents happen to be greedy or callous or ignorant or negligent or not themselves incharge of the business. The Constitution and some statutes prohibit the employment of children below 14 years of age in a factory or mine or any other hazardous occupation. It may also deprive children of their right to complete school education. The purpose is to save children from being employed on jobs that might be injurious to their health or detrimental to their moral or psychological development. Accordingly. There also exist clear and categorical injunctions of Islam. in keeping with the latest developments and expanding scientific knowledge on the subject. sanitary work and work on farm where child might be exposed to chemical/toxic materials. the Factories Act 1934. such as employment in a brick-kiln industry. The age of 14 is too early a stage to let the tender mussels of children being exposed to the rigors and hardships of labour. The constitutional limit prescribes a minimum standard and by no means prohibits the fixation of a higher limit. make such an exception.15 definition of child labour. The Employment of Children Act 1991 . etc) prohibit the employment of children below a specified age limit in hazardous/harmful occupations/professions.the latest statute in the area of child employment. necessary safeguards must be provided to workers in such establishments. the Constitution and other statutes may be suitably amended so that the minimum age limit for employment is raised to 15 years. The Merchant Shipping Act 1923 and the Employment of Children Act 1991. Furthermore.   The list of hazardous occupations and other processes (mentioned in the Schedule to the Employment of Children Act 1991) should be periodically reviewed and updated.in its Schedule lists certain occupations/processes in which the employment of children below 14 years of age is prohibited. making no exception for such work being undertaken under a family surrounding. Measures must then be directed towards eliminating child labour. which provide for the protection of children against physical harm and abuse or exploitation. the Employment of Children Act 1991. also be added to the Schedule. and enacted particularly in the context of enforcing the principles of the Convention . such an exception might be exploited to the detriment of working  . certain other equally harmful/injurious occupations/processes. however.  The Convention as well as the Constitution and domestic legislation (Mines Act 1923. These occupations may. The prescribed 14 years age limit is also incongruous with the international conventions. therefore.

constitutional provisions and other related legislation pertaining to the rights of children. Thus. Regulatory framework should follow once a favorable climate is created. and the pressing need of the family to supplement its income in order to survive.16 children. Similarly. devise effective steps with a view to prohibit the employment of children in professions/occupations regarded unsafe for or injurious to health or harmful to the physical/mental/social/spiritual development of children. are a preferred commodity for domestic service. Besides suffering in health. Accordingly. where they may be exposed to chemical/toxic material. the local government institutions. The Commission however. further consideration of the proposed draft legislation for regulating domestic servants is differed.  A vast number of children are engaged in domestic service. would emphasize on socio-economic measures to improve the conditions of children including appropriate incentives for the family to send their children to schools. therefore. therefore. varying from poverty to income-disparity and high rate of unemployment in the society. the Commission recommends that to start with. The Convention as well as the Constitution of Pakistan prohibits the employment of children in hazardous/harmful occupations. no paid holidays. The Commission takes the view that due to the prevailing unsatisfactory situation in respect of law enforcement. social/cultural/educational/religious institutions. small wages. The Government may. At present the services of domestic servants are totally unregulated. take appropriate measures aimed at resolving these problems so that reliance on child labour is minimized. The Government should. Many children in the urban setting are self-employed. due to their manifest vulnerability to exploitation (long working hours. this is an area where law enforcement would be difficult. many children in the rural setting are employed in agriculture sector. injurious to health. There is a need for disseminating information regarding the Convention. However.    . Children. a media campaign may be launched for educating parents and others about the negative/adverse affect on child labour. etc should be associated in the task of mobilizing support for the rights and welfare of the children. authorities/officials designated and procedure devised for entertaining complaints. Chances of abuse/exploitation of children in such service are therefore ever present. The underlying causes for this state of affairs are numerous. doing odd jobs under extremely difficult conditions. indeed. such children are also deprived of their right to acquire education. NGOs and mass media. For this purpose appropriate enforcement/monitoring mechanism should be created/strengthened. etc).

incentives for parents who send children to school rather to market. Proposed paper identifies key determinants that has relation with child labour and provides comparative results quantitatively and econometrically as it can better help in policy implications for all provinces of Pakistan. They think today about unemployment of their child in future. it may be because of seeing existing job market structure or might any member from family have experienced no gain from education. are some of the motivational factors that can reduce child labour and will make a child from labourer to only school going student. Making efficient job market by creating employment opportunities especially for poor but it should be necessary after certain level of education. It is universally acceptable that child labour is undesirable phenomenon but main concern is to tackle this problem. Such law should be duly enforced. Legislative measures in order to be effective must be accompanied by a full-fledged mechanism for their enforcement/implementation. Sindh and Baluchistan to consider enacting legislation (on the pattern of Punjab Compulsory Elementary Education Act 1995) for introducing compulsory elementary education in their respective jurisdiction. it means employer is also responsible in shaping culture of child labour. health care. is perception of parents regarding unstable job market. . probation officers. nutrition. subsidized education. etc are fulfilled. judicial officers. quality education schools with facilities. education. the Government should establish/strengthen institutions for the enforcement of relevant laws/rules such as Employment of Children Act 1991 and the Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act 1992. social welfare staff. trained and qualitative teachers in schools as they could not waste time of child for their personal work.    CONCLUSION Nowadays it has become a growing interest for every academics. It is clear that country‟s current job market structure not just affect graduates but poor household decision as well. The Government may also consider giving appropriate directions to the provincial governments of KPK. and media to consider an issue of child labour. The present allocation of resources towards child welfare should be enhanced so that their basic needs such as food. etc) having a role in the enforcement of laws/rules relating to children. labour officers.17  An essential component of such campaign must be the impartation of training to professionals/officials (police. Accordingly. as they do not want to send child to school. but efficient action plan regarding policy can reduce child labour in Pakistan. quality assurance authorities for schools. credit facility for poor. Legislative sanction like banning child labour cannot be a final solution it could have opportunity cost for society. professionals. One of the interesting result study discovers.

Manzooruddin. No. Moazam. G. R. Pakistan and Govt. of Baluchistan. 1991 “Child Labour . 1994 “Why Do Children not go to School in Pakistan– Some Estimates and A Theoretical Framework” The Pakistan Development Review (Islamabad).A Time to Reflect” UNICEF.wikipedia.google. Vol.com .com/doc/28347999/Child-Labour-Long-Report http://en. and Lancaster.scribd. Pakistan. R. (2001) ―Simultaneous Analysis of Child Labour and Child Schooling: Comparative Evidence from Nepal and Pakistan‖ Pakistan Development Review.org/wiki/Child_labour_in_Pakistan http://www. Ahmed. 144 (2005).18 REFERENCES Ray.com. 2 Ray. (2005) ―The impact of children„s work on schooling: Multi-country evidence‖ International Labour Review. Mahmood.pk/Child labour. http://www.

19 APPENDIX .

if you are given a chance?  Yes  No  No comments Q. Which social evil are children most vulnerable to in child labor?     Drugs Sexual abuse Violence/Crime Various diseases such as AIDS/HIV Gender: ____________________________ .20 Interview Name:______________________________ Age: _______________________________ Family monthly income: ______________________ Do you have any other financial supporting source? ____________________ What is the reason due to which you are working? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Have you ever gone to school? _________________ What is your salary? __________________________ What are the problems that you are facing due to low income? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Q: Do you want to continue your study.

Is there any existing act in Pakistan’s constitution which protects child labor?     Yes and efficient Yes and in-efficient No but would be efficient if existed Do not know/unaware of any Q. Why does child labor still exist in Pakistan after all the laws and reforms? . In which sector is child labor mostly found?     Automobile Industry Agriculture Manufacturing Leather industry If others please specify____________ Q. please specify __________ Q. Is the poor education a cause of child labor?  Yes  No Q. With the development in science and technology. what do you think is the growth in child labor?  Decrease  Increase  No change Q.21 If other. Do you know any NGO working for the rights of child labor? If yes then how many of them you know?  1  2  3 or more None Q.

What do you know about child labor?______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Q. Is child labor totally harmful or is it useful as well? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Q. Will child labor decrease as poor countries develop? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Q. Who is responsible for child labor? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Q. In which sector is child labor mostly found? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ . Does child labor really affect us? How or how not? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Q.22 Signature: _________________________________ Survey: Q.

Is it possible to finish child labor? If yes then how? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Designation:______________________________ . Which social evil are children most vulnerable to in child labor? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Q.23 Q. How it harms a child? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Q. What an individual can do to stop it? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Q.

24 Organization:_____________________________ Signature:________________________________ .