Procedural Text: Manuals and Instructions

Basic Competence for SMA: Working with procedural texts and monolog: • Listening: Understanding simple transactional and interpersonal monologs in the form of procedures. • Speaking: Expressing various meanings in transactional and interpersonal monologs in the form of procedures.

Reading: Understanding various meanings and rhetorical steps in procedural texts. Writing: Expressing various meanings by developing rhetorical steps in procedural texts.

Basic Competence for SM :

3.4 Understanding and retelling manuals procedural texts!.

A! W"at is a procedural text#
" procedural text is a text which is intended to tell the reader how to do# operate# or make something. $he information in a procedural text is usually written in the present tense and is arranged in a logical se%uence of events which is broken up into several se%uenced steps. &ased on its purpose# a procedural text may explain how things work or how to operate things how to use the scanner# the computer# the camera# etc.!# give instrucions on how to do an activity cooking recipes# rules for games# science experiments# road safety rules# etc!# or give advice concerning human behavior how to be a good secretary# how to live healthily# etc!.

B! W"at is t"e format of a procedural text#
• • •

'ecipes usually consist of two groups of information( ingredients and method. )ame instructions usually include how to play# game rules# scoring method# and the number of players. *cientific experiments usually include the purpose of the experiment# e%uipment# procedure# observations and conclusion.

C! $o% to Write a Procedural Text
• • • • •

*tate your goals clearly at the beginning. +ist all materials and e%uipment in order of use. +ist the steps in chronological order. ,ocus on general people by using sub-ect ./ou. or .We. instead of individuals. Use action verbs imperative verbs!# such as cut# peel# plug# turn on# etc.

5oodles 6. )ive detailed factual description shape# si0e# color# amount!.g. 3ere is a recipe to cook noodles.. *pices .lavoring powder .irst ly!# second ly!# third ly!# next# then# etc. *alt to taste 4. Ingredients: 4. E.: . 9egetables :. *easoning sauce <. 2ts delicious taste and simple preparation have made noodles very popular especially in some "sian countries. Water 3. *tock cube 7. )ive detailed information on how carefully# with the knife!( where into the oven!( when after the water boils!.• • • Use se%uencing words to connect the steps. . &! 'xample of a procedural text $o% to Cook (oodles 1any people like noodles for their daily meals. 5oodle packet 8.

>heck the package of the noodles to be sure. 3. *trainer 3. +et the noodles soak the water for some time after they have been cooked. *ave the stock for soups and sauces by draining it into a pan. Where does the talk take place@ a. 7. +et the noodles simmer or soak for the re%uired number of minutes. &oil the water in a cooking pan. >hoose chicken if you want to add chicken# beef if you want to add meat etc. Water T"ings )ou need: 4.4=. . 4.ollow directions on the package. >ooking pan 6. $hen choose the best answer to the %uestions below. $ake care to add the right %uantity of water. 3. ?rain off the fluids in a strainer. $he noodles are ready for further preparation. '! 'xercises: +isten to the following short talk explaining a procedure. An a plane . 4. $he flavor of the stock depends on the ingredients you wish to add later. $his is different for different kinds of noodles. *ome -ust need to be soaked# others re%uire simmering. $his varies too. "dd the stock cube or salt if desired. 6. Tips: 4. "dd the noodles and turn the heat to low or off. *erving plates Steps: 4. 6. 1ake sure the stock cube is completely dissolved before adding the noodles. 4.

"ccessed 5ov 8# 6. . We should buy a rose. Until 47:36 b. 7. 2nstruction. Until we hear our row call c. c. Until the pilots are ready 'eference: 4. b. 2n an airpost c. "ccessed 5ov 46# 6=44. We should wait in the waiting area. &order security officers 4.wikihow. 3ow $o >ook 5oodles.eaturesDofDtextDformsC2nstructions.n0CEnglishDAnlineC$eacherD needsC'eviewedDresourcesC'eadingC. http:CCwww.or half an hour d. We should show our boarding pass. English Anline. $o explain an identification process b. Bilots c. $o explain a boarding procedure 3. What is the purpose of the announcement@ a. What should we do if we are in the main cabin@ a.b. http:CCenglishonline.light attendants b. "t a bus station d. $o explain how to book a flight c. We should board by rows. Who should listen to this announcement@ a.tki. 3ow long should we remain in the waiting area@ a. . . .light passengers d.comC>ookD5oodles. $o explain how to get to &angkok d. d. Wikihow. "t a flight club 6.