The Trial of the Believer al-Ra"m#niyyah Publishing

The Trial of the Believer
From the Noble Scholar of Isl!m ‘Abd al-‘Az"z ibn B!z
Translated by Ab# al-$asan M!lik %dam al-Akh&ar

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Questioner: If a person is befallen with a sickness or is trialled in his person or wealth, how does he know whether that trial is a test or All!h’s Anger? Shaykh Ibn B!z: All!h trials His slaves with good and bad, di!culty and ease. He may test them to elevate their rank, to exalt their mention and to multiply their good deeds, as He does with the Prophets and Messengers and the righteous from His worshippers. The Messenger of All!h ! stated: "The most severely tested of the people are the Prophets, then the righteous and then those closest to them." 2 And sometimes He does this as a recompense for sins and wrongdoing; thus, the punishment is hastened as All!h states: “And whatever of misfortune befalls you, it is because of what your hands have earned. And He pardons much.” [al-Sh!r" 42:30] So predominately, the human being falls short [in his duty] and does not fulfill what is obligatory upon him; therefore, whatever befalls him, it is a result of his sins and failings in his duty to All!h. But when one of the righteous worshippers of All!h is tested with sickness and the like, then indeed this is from the test of the Prophets and Messengers, elevating them

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See Majmu’ al-Fat!w! (4/370-371) of Shaykh Ibn B#z—may All#h bestow His Mercy upon him.

This "ad$th is collected by al-Tirmidh$ in his al-J!mi’ (no. 2390), and he grades it "asan #a"i"; it is also collected Ibn M#jah in his al-Sunan (no. 4005) both on the authority of Sa’d ibn Ab% Waqq#s who said: “I asked the Messenger of All#h ! who are the most severely tested from the people? He replied: ‘The most severely trialed of the people are the Prophets and then those closest to them. So a person will be tested in accordance to his religion. If there is firmness in his religion, his test will be more severe; and if there is weakness in his religion, he will be tested accordingly; and the slave’s trial will continue until it leaves him walking the earth free from his sins.” This narration has been authenticated by al-Alb#n$ in Silsilah al-$a"i"ah (no. 143). al-Mu"addith Mu"ammad ibn Abd al-Ra"man al-Mub#rakf%ri—may All#h bestow His Mercy upon him—says regarding the last phrase of this "ad$th: “(until it leaves him walking the earth free from his sins) means his salvation from sins; so, it is as if he was incarcerated and then released, walking freely without concern." [See Tu"fah al-A"wadh$ 7/79] al-Ra"m#niyyah Publishing !"#$%&' !"()*+,&' !-./0'

even being pricked by a thorn. the test may be to elevate a person in rank and magnify their reward. He a&icts him with trials. magnifying their rewards and making them examples for others in patience and contentedness. The narration is collected by al-Tirmidh$ in his al-Jami’ (no.The Trial of the Believer al-Ra"m#niyyah Publishing in rank.” 4 Perhaps this may be a hastened punishment due to sins and delay of repentance as found in the 'ad"th of the Prophet: “When All!h wants good for His worshiper. nor sadness. He hastens his punishment in this world.&' !-.” This narration is collected by alTirmidh". He withholds (his punishment) until He fulfills it on the Day of Resurrection. 5334) on the authority of Ab% Hurayrah. except that All!h expiates some of his sins due to it. nor harm befalls a Muslim. as All!h does with the Prophets and those from the people of good.$a"i"ah (no.” [al-Nis" 4:123] And the statement of the Messenger of All!h !: "No a&iction. 1220) al-Ra"m#niyyah Publishing !"#$%&' !"()*+.$a"i" (no. 2381) on the authority of Anas ibn M#lik. In short. and he grades it #asan. Shaykh al-Alb#ni grades it "asan in Silsilah al. nor grief. or it may be to expiate sins as All!h says: “Whosoever works evil. will have the recompense thereof. and if He wants evil for him.5 3 4 5 This "ad$th is collected by al-Bukhari in his al-$a"i" (no. This narration is collected by al-Bukhari in his al. 5331) on the authority of Ab% Hurayrah." 3 And his statement: “If All!h wants good for a person./0' . nor hardship.