# CHAPTER 5

MACHINE DESIGN

YEAR 2012 MCQ 5.1

TWO MARKS

A fillet welded joint is subjected to transverse loading F as shown in the figure. Both legs of the fillets are of 10 mm size and the weld length is 30 mm. If the allowable shear stress of the weld is 94 MPa, considering the minimum throat area of the weld, the maximum allowable transverse load in kN is

(A) 14.44 (C) 19.93
MCQ 5.2

(B) 17.92 (D) 22.16

A force of 400 N is applied to the brake drum of 0.5 m diameter in a bandbrake system as shown in the figure, where the wrapping angle is 180c. If the coefficient of friction between the drum and the band is 0.25, the braking torque applied, in Nm is

(A) 100.6 (C) 22.1
MCQ 5.3

(B) 54.4 (D) 15.7

A solid circular shaft needs to be designed to transmit a torque of 50 Nm. If the allowable shear stress of the material is 140 MPa, assuming a factor of safety of 2, the minimum allowable design diameter is mm is (A) 8 (B) 16 GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering

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PAGE 214

MACHINE DESIGN

CHAP 5

(C) 24

(D) 32

YEAR 2011 MCQ 5.4

TWO MARKS

Two identical ball bearings P and Q are operating at loads 30 kN and 45 kN respectively. The ratio of the life of bearing P to the life of bearing Q is (B) 27 (A) 81 16 8 (C) 9 4
YEAR 2010

(D) 3 2
TWO MARKS

MCQ 5.5

A band brake having band-width of 80 mm, drum diameter of 250 mm, coefficient of friction of 0.25 and angle of wrap of 270 degrees is required to exert a friction torque of 1000 Nm. The maximum tension (in kN) developed in the band is (A) 1.88 (B) 3.56 (C) 6.12 (D) 11.56

MCQ 5.6

A bracket (shown in figure) is rigidly mounted on wall using four rivets. Each rivet is 6 mm in diameter and has an effective length of 12 mm.

Direct shear stress (in MPa) in the most heavily loaded rivet is (A) 4.4 (B) 8.8 (C) 17.6
MCQ 5.7

(D) 35.2

A lightly loaded full journal bearing has journal diameter of 50 mm, bush bore of 50.05 mm and bush length of 20 mm. If rotational speed of journal is 1200 rpm and average viscosity of liquid lubricant is 0.03 Pa s, the power loss (in W) will be GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering

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CHAP 5

MACHINE DESIGN

PAGE 215

(A) 37 (C) 118

(B) 74 (D) 237

YEAR 2009 MCQ 5.8

TWO MARKS

A forged steel link with uniform diameter of 30 mm at the centre is subjected to an axial force that varies from 40 kN in compression to 160 kN in tension. The tensile (Su), yield (Sy) and corrected endurance (Se) strengths of the steel material are 600 MPa, 420 MPa and 240 MPa respectively. The factor of safety against fatigue endurance as per Soderberg’s criterion is (A) 1.26 (B) 1.37 (C) 1.45 (D) 2.00

• Common Data For Q.9 and Q.10
A 20c full depth involute spur pinion of 4 mm module and 21 teeth is to transmit 15 kW at 960 rpm. Its face width is 25 mm.
MCQ 5.9

The tangential force transmitted (in N) is (A) 3552 (B) 2611 (C) 1776 (D) 1305

MCQ 5.10

Given that the tooth geometry factor is 0.32 and the combined effect of dynamic load and allied factors intensifying the stress is 1.5; the minimum allowable stress (in MPa) for the gear material is (A) 242.0 (B) 166.5 (C) 121.0 (D) 74.0

YEAR 2008 MCQ 5.11

TWO MARKS

A journal bearing has a shaft diameter of 40 mm and a length of 40 mm. The shaft is rotating at 20 rad/s and the viscosity of the lubricant is 20 mPa−s . The clearance is 0.020 mm. The loss of torque due to the viscosity of the lubricant is approximately. (A) 0.040 N−m (B) 0.252 N−m (C) 0.400 N−m (D) 0.652 N−m

MCQ 5.12

A clutch has outer and inner diameters 100 mm and 40 mm respectively. Assuming a uniform pressure of 2 MPa and coefficient of friction of liner material is 0.4, the torque carrying capacity of the clutch is (A) 148 N−m (B) 196 N−m GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering

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gatehelp.5 and a form factor of 0. R-1. the stress in the gear tooth is about.3. 4.08 mm.nodia. Taking a velocity factor of 1.28 mm.3 mm MCQ 5. 4. Rack and pinion Description 1. Type of gear P. Spiral Bevel C. 3. S-6 (D) P-6. 4. and teeth are inclined to the axis. 4 mm (C) 6.1 mm Match the type of gears with their most appropriate description. Axes parallel and teeth are inclined to the axis Axes parallel and teeth are parallel to the axis Axes are perpendicular and intersecting. Q-6. are closest to (A) 6.com PAGE 216 MACHINE DESIGN CHAP 5 (C) 372 N−m MCQ 5.14 One tooth of a gear having 4 module and 32 teeth is shown in the figure.28 mm. Q-4. 6.2 mm (D) 6. Q-3. S-6 (C) P-2.www. R-5.48 mm. Axes non parallel and non intersecting 2.15 (B) 6. It is transmitting a power of 3 kW at 20 rev/s. The dimensions ‘a ’ and ‘b ’. R-1. number of teeth 16. R-4. (A) 32 MPa (B) 46 MPa (C) 58 MPa (D) 70 MPa MCQ 5. Hypoid S. Axes are perpendicular and used for large speed reduction Axes parallel and one of the gears has infinite radius (B) P-1. Assume that the gear tooth and the corresponding tooth space make equal intercepts on the pitch circumference. Q-4. S-5 (A) P-2.in . 5. 4.13 (D) 490 N−m A spur gear has a module of 3 mm. S-2 GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering Published by: NODIA and COMPANY ISBN: 9788192276250 Visit us at: www.co. respectively. a face width of 36 mm and a pressure angle of 20c. Helical Q.

gatehelp. are (A) 2 kN.17 A steel bar of 10 # 50 mm is cantilevered with two M 12 bolts (P and Q) to support a static load of 4 kN as shown in the figure.18 ONE MARK A ball bearing operating at a load F has 8000 hours of life. 20 kN (B) 20 kN.16 and Q. ultimate and endurance strength of material are 600. 800 and 400 MPa respectively. 0 kN (D) 0 kN. in hours.www. The radial clearance is50 µm . 2 kN (C) 20 kN.nodia.6 (C) 1. 20 kN MCQ 5.17 The resultant shear stress on bolt P is closest to (A) 132 MPa (B) 159 MPa (C) 178 MPa (D) 195 MPa YEAR 2007 MCQ 5.4 (D) 1. The life of the bearing.125 GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering Published by: NODIA and COMPANY ISBN: 9788192276250 Visit us at: www.062 (B) 0.19 TWO MARKS A thin spherical pressure vessel of 200 mm diameter and 1 mm thickness is subjected to an internal pressure varying form 4 to 8 MPa.0 (B) 1. MCQ 5. The Sommerfeld number for the bearing is (A) 0.20 A natural feed journal bearing of diameter 50 mm and length 50 mm operating at 20 revolution/ second carries a load of 2 kN.com CHAP 5 MACHINE DESIGN PAGE 217 • Common Data For Q.2 MCQ 5. respectively. The factor of safety as per Goodman’s relation is (A) 2.co.16 The primary and secondary shear loads on bolt P. Assume that the yield. when the load is doubled to 2F is (A) 8000 (B) 6000 (C) 4000 (D) 1000 YEAR 2007 MCQ 5. The lubricant used has a viscosity of 20 mPas.in .

co.6 (D) 18. For an activating force of 400 N.5. The factor GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering Published by: NODIA and COMPANY ISBN: 9788192276250 Visit us at: www.gatehelp. The maximum shear stress.23 (B) 40 (D) 60 The piston rod of diameter 20 mm and length 700 mm in a hydraulic cylinder is subjected to a compressive force of 10 kN due to the internal pressure. The Young’s modulus is 200 GPa.22 (B) 42.21 (D) 0.5 (C) 42. the braking torque in Nm is (A) 30 (C) 45 MCQ 5.64 A block-brake shown below has a face width of 300 mm and a mean coefficient of friction of 0. 343.250 MCQ 5.5.75. 42. in MPa in the bolts at A and B . 42.6.in . The end conditions for the rod may be assumed as guided at the piston end and hinged at the other end.5 MCQ 5.com PAGE 218 MACHINE DESIGN CHAP 5 (C) 0.785 A bolted joint is shown below.nodia. 242. respectively are (A) 242.25.www.

43 YEAR 2006 MCQ 5.0 • Common Data For Q.9 mm (D) 142.26 The resultant force on the contacting gear tooth in N is (A) 77.com CHAP 5 MACHINE DESIGN PAGE 219 of safety for the piston rod is (A) 0.21 (B) 1.23 (B) 212. The pinion runs at 30 rev/s and transmits a power of 20 kW. Fatigue strength to sustain 1000 cycles is 490 MPa. The disk has a friction lining with coefficient of friction equal to 0.75 (D) 11.29 A cylindrical shaft is subjected to an alternating stress of 100 MPa.29 (D) 1.20 (C) 2258.26 A gear set has a pinion with 20 teeth and a gear with 40 teeth. Bore radius of friction lining is equal to 25 mm. the centre distance between the gear pair will be (A) 140 mm (B) 150 mm (C) 280 mm (D) 300 mm MCQ 5. MCQ 5.nodia.in .24 and Q.25 The contact ratio of the contacting tooth is (A) 1. Assume uniform contact pressure of 1 MPa.62 (B) 2.4 mm (B) 49.27 TWO MARKS A disc clutch is required to transmit 5 kW at 2000 rpm.25 (C) 1.68 (C) 5. If the corrected endurance strength is 70 MPa.www. The length of the line of action is 19 mm.33 MCQ 5.5 mm (C) 97. If the module is 5 mm.co. estimated shaft life will be (A) 1071 cycles (B) 15000 cycles GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering Published by: NODIA and COMPANY ISBN: 9788192276250 Visit us at: www.24 The center distance for the above gear set in mm is (A) 140 (B) 150 (C) 160 (D) 170 MCQ 5.9 mm MCQ 5. The value of outside radius of the friction lining is (A) 39.28 Twenty degree full depth involute profiled 19 tooth pinion and 37 tooth gear are in mesh.25.gatehelp.1 (D) 289. The teeth are on the 20c full-depth system and have a module of 5 mm.

www.in .32 and Q.31 Which one of the following is criterion in the design of hydrodynamic journal bearings ? (A) Sommerfeld number (B) Rating life (C) Specific dynamic capacity YEAR 2005 (D) Rotation factor TWO MARKS • Common Data For Q.com PAGE 220 MACHINE DESIGN CHAP 5 (C) 281914 cycles MCQ 5. The factor of safety is (A) 2.33 The maximum wheel torque that can be completely braked is (A) 200 Nm (B) 382 Nm (C) 604 Nm (D) 844 Nm GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering Published by: NODIA and COMPANY ISBN: 9788192276250 Visit us at: www. MCQ 5.co. No other information is given. The shear strength of the weld material is equal to 200 MPa .5.4 (B) 3.32 The maximum tension that can be generated in the band during braking is (A) 1200 N (B) 2110 N (C) 3224 N (D) 4420 N MCQ 5. The braking force applied to the lever is limited to 100 N and the coefficient of friction between the band and the wheel is 0.nodia.4 (C) 4.30 (D) 928643 cycles A 60 mm long and 6 mm thick fillet weld carries a steady load of 15 kN along the weld. The wheel has a radius of 200 mm and the wrap angle of the band is 270c.8 ONE MARK MCQ 5. The other end of the band is fixed to the ground.gatehelp.8 YEAR 2005 (D) 6.33 A band brake consists of a lever attached to one end of the band.

gatehelp.35 In terms of theoretical stress concentration factor (Kt) and fatigue stress concentration factor (K f ). If the bolt used has metric threads of 4 mm pitch.38 (B) 1. Q.34 ONE MARK Two mating spur gears have 40 and 120 teeth respectively.nodia.6 Nm (B) 20 Nm (C) 40 Nm (D) 60 Nm MCQ 5. The pinion rotates at 1200 rpm and transmits a torque of 20 Nm.7 Nm (C) 1.37 TWO MARKS In a bolted joint two members are connected with an axial tightening force of 2200 N. 4. the notch sensitivity ‘q ’ is expressed as (K f − 1) (Kt − 1) (Kt − 1) (C) (K f − 1) (A) (K f − 1) (Kt + 1) (K f + 1) (D) (Kt + 1) (B) MCQ 5.co.0 Nm (D) 2. Arrangement of shafts Non-parallel off-set shafts Non-parallel intersecting shafts Non-parallel.in . The torque transmitted by the gear is (A) 6. 3. the torque required for achieving the tightening force is (A) 0.com CHAP 5 MACHINE DESIGN PAGE 221 YEAR 2004 MCQ 5. R. non-intersecting shafts Parallel shafts GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering Published by: NODIA and COMPANY ISBN: 9788192276250 Visit us at: www.8 Nm Match the following Type of gears P. (A) (B) (C) Bevel gears Worm gears Herringbone gears Hypoid gears P-4 P-2 P-3 Q-2 Q-3 Q-2 R-1 R-4 R-1 S-3 S-1 S-4 1. S.36 The S-N curve for steel becomes asymptotic nearly at (A) 103 cycles (B) 10 4 cycles (C) 106 cycles (D) 109 cycles YEAR 2004 MCQ 5.4 Nm MCQ 5.www. 2.

in .gatehelp.30 (D) 0. Assuming the length of the key to be equal to the thickness of pulley.42 Z2 and Z 4 are (A) 64 and 45 (C) 48 and 60 (B) 45 and 64 (D) 60 and 48 GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering Published by: NODIA and COMPANY ISBN: 9788192276250 Visit us at: www.www. the average shear stress developed in the key is given by (B) 16T (A) 4T ld ld 2 (C) 8T (D) 16T ld 2 πd 3 In a band brake the ratio of tight side band tension to the tension on the slack side is 3. The numbers 6 # 19 represent (A) diameter in millimeter # length in meter (B) diameter in centimeter # length in meter (C) number of strands # numbers of wires in each strand (D) number of wires in each strand # number of strands YEAR 2003 MCQ 5.35 • Common Data For Q. It was decided to use a gear ratio of 4 with 3 module in the first stage and 4 module in the second stage. the coefficient of friction required between drum and the band is (A) 0.41 Square key of side “d/4 ” each and length ‘l ’ is used to transmit torque “T ” from the shaft of diameter “d ” to the hub of a pulley. The input and output shafts of the gear box are collinear.nodia.co.43 The overall gear ratio in a 2 stage speed reduction gear box (with all spur gears) is 12. If the angle of overlap of band on the drum is 180c.20 (B) 0. The counter shaft which is parallel to the input and output shafts has a gear ( Z2 teeth) and pinion (Z 3 = 15 teeth) to mesh with pinion (Z1 = 16 teeth) on the input shaft and gear (Z 4 teeth) on the output shaft respectively.40 TWO MARKS MCQ 5.25 (C) 0. MCQ 5.39 A wire rope is designated as 6 # 19 standard hoisting.com PAGE 222 MACHINE DESIGN CHAP 5 (D) P-1 Q-3 R-4 S-2 ONE MARK YEAR 2003 MCQ 5.42 and Q.

com CHAP 5 MACHINE DESIGN PAGE 223 MCQ 5.45 TWO MARKS The coupling used to connect two shafts with large angular misalignment is (A) a flange coupling (B) an Oldham’s coupling (C) a flexible bush coupling (D) a Hooke’s joint MCQ 5.www.gatehelp.in .48 If the wire diameter of a closed coil helical spring subjected to compressive load is increased from 1 cm to 2 cm.46 A static load is mounted at the centre of a shaft rotating at uniform angular velocity.44 ONE MARK The minimum number of teeth on the pinion to operate without interference in standard full height involute teeth gear mechanism with 20c pressure angle is (A) 14 (B) 12 (C) 18 (D) 32 YEAR 2002 MCQ 5.co.47 Large speed reductions (greater than 20) in one stage of a gear train are possible through (A) spur gearing (B) worm gearing (C) bevel gearing (D) helical gearing MCQ 5.43 The centre distance in the second stage is (A) 90 mm (B) 120 mm (C) 160 mm (D) 240 mm YEAR 2002 MCQ 5.nodia. This shaft will be designed for (A) the maximum compressive stress (static) (B) the maximum tensile (static) (C) the maximum bending moment (static) (D) fatigue loading MCQ 5. other parameters remaining same. the deflection will decrease by a factor of (A) 16 (B) 8 GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering Published by: NODIA and COMPANY ISBN: 9788192276250 Visit us at: www.

in .49 ONE MARK Bars AB and BC . In this arrangement.gatehelp. have wire diameters d and d/2.nodia. each of negligible mass. YEAR 2001 MCQ 5. (A) bar AB is subjected to bending but bar BC is not subjected to bending. (C) neither bar AB nor bar BC is subjected to bending.50 TWO MARKS Two helical tensile springs of the same material and also having identical mean coil diameter and weight. (D) both bars AB and BC are subjected to bending. The ratio of their stiffness is (A) 1 (B) 4 (C) 64 (D) 128 ********* GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering Published by: NODIA and COMPANY ISBN: 9788192276250 Visit us at: www.www. (B) bar AB is not subjected to bending but bar BC is subjected to bending. support load P as shown in the figure.co.com PAGE 224 MACHINE DESIGN CHAP 5 (C) 4 (D) 2 YEAR 2001 MCQ 5.

707 s P = 0.com CHAP 5 MACHINE DESIGN PAGE 225 SOLUTION SOL 5.www.25 = 54. 54.S = Allowable shear stress Design shear stress Design shear stress for solid circular shaft GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering Published by: NODIA and COMPANY ISBN: 9788192276250 Visit us at: www. the limiting ratio of the tension is given by the relation.68) # 0. T1 = 400 N.gatehelp.68 N 2. θ = 180c = 180c # π = π rad. 180c D = 0.nodia. τ = 94 MPa The shear strength of the joint for single parallel fillet weld is. Braking Torque is Given : TB = (T1 − T2) # r = (400 − 182. T1 = eµθ T2 400 = e0.19 T2 T2 = 400 = 182.25.1 Option (C) is correct.5 m. l = 30 mm .in .O.01) # (0.co.25 m 2 For the band brake. µ = 0.03) # (94 # 106) = 19937 N or 19.707 # (0. F.3 Option (B) is correct.33 Nm .93 kN SOL 5.4 Nm SOL 5.2 From figure Option (B) is correct. P = Throat Area # Allowable stress = t#l#τ t = s sin 45c = 0.707 # s # l # τ = 0.19 For Band-drum brake. r = D = 0.25 # π = 2. Given : Width of fillets s = 10 mm .

246T1 = 25968 & T1 = 25968 = 11.gatehelp. π T1 = eµθ = ea0.38 mm . So for the Life of P and Q. # 10 τ = 16T = 16 # 50 3 πd 3 πd 3 F. TB = (T1 − T2) r T1 − T2 = TB = 1000 = 8000 N r 0.4 Option (B) is correct.246 2. we get & 3.O.25 .www.co. θ = 270c. k = 3 L = b C l # 106 revolutions W These are the identical bearings..com PAGE 226 MACHINE DESIGN CHAP 5 Therefore or.246 T2 T2 = T1 3. d = 250 mm .S = 140 # πd 3 16 # 50 # 10 3 2 = 140 # πd 3 16 # 50 # 10 3 d 3 = 2 # 16 # 50 # 10 140 # π d = 15.246 Substitute T2 in equation (i).125 We know that limiting ratio of the tension is given by. 3 SOL 5.nodia. TB = 1000 N−m Let. L = b C l # 106 revolutions W C = Basic dynamic load rating = Constant For ball bearing.(i) Visit us at: www.5 Option (D) is correct. LP = WQ 3 = 45 3 = 3 3 = 27 b 30 l b2l c LQ m cWP m 8 So. 16 mm 3 From T = τ r J SOL 5.. Given : b = 80 mm . Given : WP = 30 kN .246T1 − T1 = 25968 T1 − T1 = 8000 3.25 # 180 # 270k = 3. WQ = 45 kN k Life of bearing.246 GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering Published by: NODIA and COMPANY ISBN: 9788192276250 .in .56 kN 2. T1 " Tension in the tight side of the band (Maximum Tension) T2 " Tension in the slack side of the band (Minimum Tension) Braking torque on the drum. µ = 0.

03 Pa s Tangential velocity of shaft.26 # 10−6 mm2 4 Direct shear stress on each rivet. σmin = Fmin =− 40 # 10 =− 56.in . Given : Su or σu = 600 MPa .83 N T = F # d = 11.8.7 SOL 5. −3 u = πdN = 3. Given : d = 6 mm . σmax = Fmax = 160 # 10 = 226. d = 30 mm Fmax = 160 kN (Tension). 3. l = 20 mm .www.14 # 50 # 10−3 # 20 # 10−3 = 11.83 # 50 # 10−3 = 0. So equal Load is carried by each rivet. F = P = 1000 = 250 N 4 4 Shear area of each rivet is.8 MPa A 28. F = τ # A = 3768 # (π # d # l) = 3768 # 3.03 # = 3768 N/m2 y 0. N = 1200 rpm .05 − 50 = 0.13 W .025 mm 2 2 Shear stress from the Newton’s law of viscosity.2957 60 60 Torque. µ = 0.8 Option (A) is correct. Primary or direct force on each rivet.nodia.14 # 50 # 10 # 1200 = 3.05 mm .14 τ = µ # u = 0.37 W SOL 5.14 # 1200 # 0.2957 N−m 2 2 We know that power loss.025 # 10−3 Shear force on the shaft.26 # 10−6 Option (A) is correct. P = 1000 N Each rivets have same diameter.14 m/ sec 60 60 And Radial clearance.com CHAP 5 MACHINE DESIGN PAGE 227 SOL 5. = 37.62 MPa π A (30) 2 4# GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering Published by: NODIA and COMPANY ISBN: 9788192276250 Visit us at: www.6 Option (B) is correct. D = 50.84 # 106 . Fmin =− 40 kN (Compression) 3 Maximum stress. Given : d = 50 mm . Sy or σy = 420 MPa .co. 250 τ =F = = 8. l = 12 mm . A = π ^6 # 10−3h2 = 28. y = D − d = 50. Se or σe = 240 MPa .gatehelp.47 MPa π (30) 2 A 4 3 Minimum stress. P = 2πNT = 2 # 3.

Given : m = 4 mm . So. F. φ = 20c Pitch circle diameter..47 − 56.3552 N SOL 5. 1 = 84.545 MPa From the Soderberg’s criterion. Z = 21.589 = 0.545 = 0..5 MPa SOL 5.www.S. Variable stress.S.62 = 84.in . = 1 = 1.10 Option (B) is correct.791 SOL 5.62) σv = σmax − σmin = 2 2 = 141.gatehelp.47 − (− 56.(i) = 3554.S.26 0.32 # 4 # 10−3 σb = 111 MPa Minimum allowable (working stress) pd = π = π = 1 pc πm m σW = σb # Cv = 111 # 1. c (y) = 0.36 N .14 # 960 42 # 10−3 . ω = 20 rad/ sec Z (µ) = 20 mPa − s = 20 # 10−3 Pa − s . From Lewis equation F p FT σb = T d = by b#y#m 3552 = 25 # 10−3 # 0.791 420 240 F . 1 = σm + σv σy σe F .925 MPa 2 2 226.11 Option (A) is correct.co.com PAGE 228 MACHINE DESIGN CHAP 5 Mean stress. Given : d = 40 mm . l = 40 mm .5 = 166.925 + 141. σm = σmax + σmin = 226.nodia. & T = 60P P = 2πNT 60 2πN Then FT = 60P # 1 r = Pitch circle radius r 2πN 3 1 = 60 # 15 # 10 # 2 # 3.202 + 0.020 mm GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering Published by: NODIA and COMPANY ISBN: 9788192276250 Visit us at: www.9 Option (A) is correct. FT = T r Power transmitted. P = 15 kW = 15 # 103 W N = 960 rpm b = 25 mm . D = mZ = 4 # 21 = 84 mm Tangential Force is given by.

020 = 0.040 N−m Loss of torque.com CHAP 5 MACHINE DESIGN PAGE 229 Shear stress.gatehelp.4 = 400 N/m2 τ = 20 # 10 # − 0. Cv = 1. then total frictional torque acting on the friction surface or on the clutch is given by.0. y = 0.020 # 20 = 0.040 = 2.14 # 0. Given : m = 3 mm . φ = 20c. (r ) 3 − (r2) 3 T = 2πµp .3 Module. SOL 5. d2 = 40 mm & r1 = 20 mm p = 2 MPa = 2 # 106 Pa . F = τ A = τ # πdl A = πdl = Area of shaft = 400 # 3.5 .040 # 0. WT = T = 2T = 2 # 23.www.39 N−m . Given : d1 = 100 mm & r1 = 50 mm .040192 N−m . P = 3 kW N = 20 rev/ sec = 20 # 60 rpm = 1200 rpm . m =D Z D = m # Z = 3 # 16 = 48 mm P = 2πNT 60 3 T = 60P = 60 # 3 # 10 2 # 3.14 # 1200 2πN Power.196 N−m SOL 5.. τ = µu y From the Newton’s law of viscosity.nodia.(i) u = rω = 0.88 N−m = 23. = 23.0096 N T = F # r = 2.4 # 2 # 106 6(50) 3 − (20) 3@ # 10−9 3 = 195. n = 0. Z = 16 . b = 36 mm .13 Option (B) is correct.020 # 10 3 Shear force is generated due to this shear stress.4 m/ sec −3 0.in .4 When the pressure is uniformly distributed over the entire area of the friction faces. 1 E 3 = 2 # 3.88 # 10 = 995 N 48 R D From the lewis equation Bending stress (Beam strength of Gear teeth) π π 1 σb = WT Pd = WT :Pd = PC = πm = m D by bym 995 = 36 # 10−3 # 0.12 Option (B) is correct.3 # 3 # 10−3 GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering Published by: NODIA and COMPANY ISBN: 9788192276250 Visit us at: www.co.88 # 103 N−mm 3 Tangential load.0096 # 0..14 # 0.

Tooth space = Tooth thickness = a We know that.56 = 6.nodia.9 mm PR = OR − OP = 64 − 63.70 # 1.28 mm and b = 4.co.70 MPa 3.70 # 106 Pa = 30.5 = 46.in . Pc = πm = 3.14 # 4 = 12.com PAGE 230 MACHINE DESIGN CHAP 5 995 = 30.81c = 63.1 mm SOL 5. Given : m = 4 .1 = 4.14 Option (D) is correct. Axes parallel and teeth are inclined to the axis 4. D = mZ = 4 # 32 = 128 mm And for circular pitch.15 Option (A) is correct.1 mm OR = Pitch circle radius And b = m + PR = 4 + 0. 46 MPa SOL 5. Pc = Tooth space + Tooth thickness = a + a = 2a a = Pc = 12.www.049) = 2.06 MPa . a = 6.9 = 0. m =D Z Pitch circle diameter. Z = 32 . Axes are perpendicular and intersecting. and teeth are inclined to the axis ISBN: 9788192276250 GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering Published by: NODIA and COMPANY Visit us at: www.1 mm Therefore.81c OP = 64 cos 2. Types of Gear P. or b = addendum + PR PQ a/2 3.28 mm 2 2 From the figure.gatehelp.56 mm We also know that circular pitch.14 = = sin φ = 64 64 OQ φ = sin−1 (0. Helical Q.24 # 10−5 Permissible working stress σb = σW = σb # Cv = 30. Spiral Bevel Description 2.

com CHAP 5 MACHINE DESIGN PAGE 231 R. n = 2 .2 + 0.1) = 4 # 103 # 2 3 Ws1 = 8 # 10 = 20 # 103 = 20 kN 2 # 0.2 SOL 5.2 # Ws1 = W#e = r2 and Ws1 = Ws2 So. For secondary shear load.159 MPa π −3 2 Area ( 12 10 ) # 4# GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering Published by: NODIA and COMPANY ISBN: 9788192276250 Visit us at: www. Ws = W = 4 kN = 2 kN 2 n Since both the bolts are at equal distances from the centre of gravity G of the two bolts. = 4 # 103 # (1. resultant Force on bolt P is F = Ws2 − Ws = 20 − 2 = 18 kN Shear stress on bolt P is.7 + 0.17 Option (B) is correct. correct pairs are P-2.co. 18 # 103 τ = F = = 159. Ws1 # r1 + Ws2 # r2 r1 2r1 Ws1 2 # 0. Axes non parallel and non-intersecting Rack and pinion 6. From the figure. R-1.23 MPa . Hypoid S.16 Option (A) is correct. taking the moment about point G . Given : A = 10 # 50 mm2 .gatehelp. 1.www.nodia. therefore the secondary shear load on each bolt is same.in . Axes are parallel and one of the gear has infinite radius So. In this figure WS represent the primary shear load whereas WS1 and WS2 represent the secondary shear loads. Q-4. S-6 SOL 5. W = 4 kN = 4 # 103 N We know that primary shear load on each bolt acting vertically downwards.

t = 1 mm . σm = σmin + σmax = 200 + 400 = 300 MPa 2 2 Variable stress.(i) 3 3 L2 = b C l # 106 = 1 # bC l # 106 8 2F F From equation (i) = 1 (8000 hr) = 1000 hr 8 SOL 5. pressure vessel is subject to an internal pressure varying from 4 to 8 MPa. 1 = σm + σv = 300 + 100 = 3 + 1 = 5 & F. k = 3 . σu = 800 MPa . Given : d = 200 mm .20 GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering Published by: NODIA and COMPANY Visit us at: www. life of bearing is given by k L = b C l # 106 revolution W For ball bearing.S.S.www. σmin = 50 # 4 = 200 MPa σmax = 50 # 8 = 400 MPa Mean stress. L = b C l # 106 revolution W For initial condition life is. Option (B) is correct. 3 3 . σv = σmax − σmin = 400 − 200 = 100 MPa 2 2 From the Goodman method.com PAGE 232 MACHINE DESIGN CHAP 5 SOL 5.in .gatehelp.. p = Bearing Pressure on the projected bearing area = Load on the journal l#d ISBN: 9788192276250 SOL 5. Load = 2 kN We know that. = 8 = 1. σe = 400 MPa Circumferential stress induced in spherical pressure vessel is. 3 L1 = bC l # 106 F 8000 hr = bC l # 106 F For final load. l = 50 mm .19 Option (B) is correct..18 Option (D) is correct.nodia.co. Z = 20 mPa − sec = 20 # 10−3 Pa − sec Radial clearance = 50 µm = 50 # 10−3 mm . Given : W1 = F . So. Given : d = 50 mm . L1 = 8000 hr We know that.6 5 σu σe 800 400 8 4 8 F . W2 = 2F . p r p 100 σ = # = # = 50p MPa 2t 2#1 Given that. N = 20 rps .

in . = 20 # 10 # #b 6 −3 l 0.33 N The centre of gravity of the bolt group lies at O (due to symmetry of figure).8 # 10 SOL 5.8 # 106 N/m2 50 # 50 2 c = diameteral clearance Sommerfeld Number = ZN b d l p c = 2 # radial clearance −3 2 20 50 S. rA = rC = 40 mm and rB = 0 We know that F # e = FA [(rA) 2 + (rB) 2 + (rC ) 2] rA (rA = rC and rB = 0 ) = FA # [2 (rA) 2] rA 1500 # 103 = FA # [2 (40) 2] = 80FA 40 FA = 1500 # 10 = 18750 N 80 GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering Published by: NODIA and COMPANY ISBN: 9788192276250 3 Visit us at: www.www.N. F = 10 kN .21 Option (A) is correct.nodia.gatehelp. e = 150 mm (eccentricity given) Turning moment produced by the load F due to eccentricity = F # e = 10 # 103 # 150 = 1500 # 103 N−mm Secondary shear load on bolts from fig.com CHAP 5 MACHINE DESIGN PAGE 233 3 = 2 # 10 = 0.co. Given : Diameter of bolt d = 10 mm .8 N/mm2 = 0. of bolts n = 3 Direct or Primary shear load of each rivet 3 FP = F = 10 # 10 N n 3 FP = 3333.8 # 10 100 # 10 −3 20 1 2 6 = 20 # 10 # # b 2 l # 10 = 0.125 6 0. No.

GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering Published by: NODIA and COMPANY ISBN: 9788192276250 Visit us at: www.33 N Maximum shear stress at B .www.33 = 42.25 and 2θ = 45c Let. r = 300 mm = 150 mm . Given : P = 400 N . l = 600 mm 2 x = 200 mm .6 MPa π (d) 2 π (10) 2 4 4 Resultant load on Bolt B .22 (FB = 0) Option (C) is correct. RB = FP = 3333. µ = 0.com PAGE 234 MACHINE DESIGN CHAP 5 FB = 0 FC = FA # rC = 18750 # 40 rA 40 = 18750 N From fig we find that angle between FA and FP = θA = 90c FB and FP = θB = 90c FC and FP = θC = 90c Resultant load on bolt A .gatehelp.nodia. τB = RB = 3333.5 MPa π (d) 2 π (10) 2 4 4# SOL 5.in . RN " Normal force pressing the brake block on the wheel Ft "Tangential braking force or the frictional force acting at the contact surface of the block & the wheel. RA = (FP ) 2 + (FA) 2 + 2FP # FA cos θA (rB = 0) = (3333.co.33 # 18750 # cos 90c RA = 19044 N Maximum shear stress at A τA = RA = 19044 = 242.33) 2 + (18750) 2 + 2 # 3333.

m = 5 mm Module.864 = 6. Braking Torque.in .nodia. Ft = µRN TB = Ft # r = µRN # r = 0. Given : ZP = 20 . E = 200 GPa = 200 # 109 N/m2 = 200 # 103 N/mm2 Compressive or working Load = 10 kN According to Euler’s theory. the crippling or buckling load (Wcr ) under various end conditions is given by the general equation..www. So. c =2 From equation (i).25 # 1200 # 0. RN # x = P # l RN = P # l = 400 # 0.24 Option (B) is correct. factor of safety (FOS) Crippling Load FOS = = 62.(i) Wcr = cπ 2 l Given that one end is guided at the piston end and hinged at the other end.gatehelp. DG = m # ZG = 5 # 40 = 200 mm Centre distance for the gear set. GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering Published by: NODIA and COMPANY ISBN: 9788192276250 Visit us at: www. Taking the moment about the fulcrum O .2 Tangential braking force on the wheel.14 # (20) 4 = 2 # 9.81 # 200 64 (700) 2 = 62864.co. NP = 30 rev/ sec . 2 EI = 2π2 E π 4 Wcr = 2π 2 I = π d4 # 64 d 64 l l2 3 # 10 # 3. ZG = 40 .com CHAP 5 MACHINE DESIGN PAGE 235 Here the line of action of tangential braking force Ft passes through the fulcrum O of the lever and brake wheel rotates clockwise.28 10 Working Load The most appropriate option is (C). l = 700 mm .23 Option (C) is correct. m = D = DP = DG Z ZP ZG DP = m # ZP = 5 # 20 = 100 mm or. 2 EI .15 = 45 N−m SOL 5.864 kN We know that.6 = 1200 N x 0. SOL 5.08 N = 62. Given : d = 20 mm .. Then for equilibrium. P = 20 kW = 20 # 103 W .

L = 19 mm Pressure angle.gatehelp. total load due to power transmitted. GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering Published by: NODIA and COMPANY ISBN: 9788192276250 Visit us at: www.21 = 20. P = Tω = T # 2πN 60 3 T = 60P = 60 # 20 # 10 = 106.co. Given : Length of line of action.26 Let.1 N cos φ cos 20c SOL 5.nodia.29 πm 3. φ = 20c Length of path of contact (L) Length of arc of contact = cos φ = 19 = 20.in . Length of arc of contact = circular pitch = 20.27 Option (A) is correct. F = FT = 2123.25 Option (C) is correct.14 . T " Torque transmitted in N − m We know that power transmitted is.14 # 1800 2πN Tangential load on the pinion FT = T RP = 106.14 # 5 Option (C) is correct.com PAGE 236 MACHINE DESIGN CHAP 5 L = DP + DG = 100 + 200 = 150 mm 2 2 SOL 5.157 = 2123.www.21 mm cos 20c Contact ratio or number of pairs of teeth in contact.157 N−m 2 # 3. SOL 5.21 = 1.05 From the geometry.14 N 0.2258.

94 # 10−2 m = 39.14 # 2000 2πN When pressure is uniformly distributed over the entire area of the friction faces. Given : ZP = 19 .co.025 m .25 # 106 r 13 − 1.64 # 10−6 = 4.885 # 3 = 2 # 3. N = 2000 rpm .885 # 3 r 13 − (0. then total frictional torque acting on the friction surface or on the clutch. GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering Published by: NODIA and COMPANY ISBN: 9788192276250 Visit us at: www. µ = 0. L = DP + DG = 95 + 185 = 140 mm 2 2 2 SOL 5.564 # 10−5 r 13 = (4. 1 E 3 Torque.www.25 # 1 # 106 # [r 13 − (0. 23. m = 5 mm Also.28 Option (A) is correct.25 . DP = m # ZP = 5 # 19 = 95 mm And pitch circle diameter of the gear. DG = m # ZG = 5 # 37 = 185 mm Now.in .885 N−m 2 # 3. m =D Z For pinion. p = 1 MPa Power transmitted. ZG = 37 . (r ) 3 − (r2) 3 T = 2πµp .4 mm SOL 5.14 # 0. pitch circle diameter is.564 + 1.29 Option (C) is correct.124 # 10−5 r1 = (6.025) 3 = 2 # 3.124 # 10−5) 1/3 = 3.56 # 10−5 = 45.nodia.14 # 0.gatehelp. r 2 = 25 mm = 0.025) 3] 23. P = 2πNT 60 3 T = 60P = 60 # 5 # 10 = 23.com CHAP 5 MACHINE DESIGN PAGE 237 Given : P = 5 kW .56) # 10−5 = 6. centre distance between the gear pair (shafts).

s = 6 mm = 0.com PAGE 238 MACHINE DESIGN CHAP 5 We know that in S-N curve the failure occurs at 106 cycles (at endurance strength) We have to make the S-N curve from the given data.281 (x − 3) − 0.455 − 0. P = 15 kN = 15 # 103 N Shear strength = 200 MPa We know that.69 = 5.30 .69 =− 0.281x + 0.281 log 10 N = 5.69 =− 0.06 m . log 10 490h and ^6.co.281 (x − 3) Given.69 =− 0. we get 2 − 2. P = Throat Area # Allowable shear stress = t#l#τ GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering Published by: NODIA and COMPANY ISBN: 9788192276250 Visit us at: www.in . y − log 10 490 log 10 70 − log 10 490 = x−3 6−3 y − 2. if τ is the allowable shear stress for the weld metal.. then the shear strength of the joint for single parallel fillet weld. log 10 70h or ^3.gatehelp. log 10 70h.(i) Option (B) is correct.006 m . on the scale of log 10 .69 3 x−3 y − y1 y 2 − y1 b x − x1 = x 2 − x1 l y − 2. y = log 10 100 = 2 Substitute this value in equation (i).843 x = − 0. Now equation of line whose end point co-ordinates are 6 ^log 10 1000. Given : l = 60 mm = 0.845 − 2. log 10 490h and ^log 10 10 .455 = 285101 The nearest shaft life is 281914 cycles..nodia.455 N = 105.69 = 1.www. the shaft is subject to an alternating stress of 100 MPa So. And SOL 5.843 − 0.

FOS = SOL 5. µ = 0. =Bearing characteristic Number.gatehelp.707s P 15 # 103 τ = = 58.2 m . maximum tension is generated at the fixed end of band near the wheel.3.4 58. sommerfeld number is also function of b ZN .06 0.e.93 MPa Allowable shear stress Option (A) is correct. d . T2 " Tension in the slack side of band T1 "Tension in the tight side of band at the fixed end Taking the moment about the point O . & T2 = 200 N T2 # 1 = 100 # 2 For the band brake.in . l l p c d ZN Here. d =Diameter of the bearing p l =Length of the bearing. Let. µ = φ b ZN . the limiting ratio of the tension is given by the relation T1 = eµθ & T1 = T2 # eµθ T2 GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering Published by: NODIA and COMPANY ISBN: 9788192276250 Visit us at: www.707 # s # l Factor of Safety. Therefore p c option (A) is correct.32 Option (B) is correct. SOL 5.5 180 2 At the time of braking.93 MPa = 0. Given : r = 200 mm = 0.e. d l.707s # l # τ t = s sin 45c = 0.co.006 # 0.com CHAP 5 MACHINE DESIGN PAGE 239 P = 0. The coefficient of friction for a full lubricated journal bearing is a function of three variables. c =Diameteral clearance 2 Sommerfeld Number = ZN b d l p c It is a dimensionless parameter used extensively in the design of journal bearing. i.nodia.707 # 0. θ = 270c = 270 # π = 3π radian .31 Shear strength = 200 MPa = 3.39 . i.www.

54 = 2108 N . NP = 1200 rpm .nodia. ZG = 120 teeth .co.5 # 2 = 200 # 10.36 Option (C) is correct. TP = 20 N−m ZP = NG ZG NP NG = ZP # NP = 40 # 1200 = 400 rpm 120 ZG Power transmitted is same for both pinion & Gear.in .com PAGE 240 MACHINE DESIGN CHAP 5 T1 = 200 # e0. K f = 1 + q (Kt − 1) K f − 1 = q (Kt − 1) K −1 q = f Kt − 1 SOL 5.2110 N So. the torque transmitted by the Gear is 60 N−m SOL 5.www.gatehelp. The S-N curve for the steel is shown below : GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering Published by: NODIA and COMPANY ISBN: 9788192276250 Visit us at: www.35 Option (A) is correct. NP TP = NG TG TG = NP TP = 1200 # 20 = 60 N−m 400 NG So. P = 2πNP TP = 2πNG TG 60 60 Velocity Ratio.34 Option (D) is correct.2 = 382 N−m SOL 5. then fatigue stress concentration factor may be obtained from the following relation. Given : ZP = 40 teeth . TW = (T1 − T2) r = (2110 − 200) # 0. Maximum wheel torque or braking torque is given by. When the notch sensitivity factor q is used in cyclic loading.33 3π Option (B) is correct. maximum tension that can be generated in the band during braking is equal to 2110 N SOL 5.

T = Ft # r = Ft # Pitch = 2200 # 0. width and thickness of a square key are equal. SOL 5.39 Option (C) is correct. Q. Q-3. The wire ropes are designated by the number of strands multiplied by the number of wires in each strand.004 = 1.40 Visit us at: www. Given : Ft = 2200 N . Type of Gears P. GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering Published by: NODIA and COMPANY ISBN: 9788192276250 SOL 5. p = 4 mm = 0.com CHAP 5 MACHINE DESIGN PAGE 241 We can easily see from the S-N curve that. 4.38 So.14 Option (B) is correct. S. correct pairs are P-2. 3.www.in . Arrangement of shafts Non-parallel intersecting shafts Non-parallel. 1.gatehelp. Bevel gears Worm gears Herringbone gears Hypoid gears 2. R. Option (C) is correct. 6 # 19 = Number of strands # Number of wires in each strand. S-1. R-4.nodia. SOL 5.004 m Torque required for achieving the tightening force is.4 N−m 2π 2 # 3.co. Therefore. Given : Diameter of shaft = d Torque transmitted = T Length of the key = l We know that. steel becomes asymptotic nearly at 106 cycles . non-intersecting shafts Parallel shafts Non-parallel off-set shafts SOL 5.37 Option (C) is correct.

gear 2.www.com PAGE 242 MACHINE DESIGN CHAP 5 w =t=d 4 Force acting on circumference of shaft F = T = 2T r d i.gatehelp.co. N2 . pinion 3 and gear 4 respectively.0.3 # log (3) = µ # π 2.in .09733 = 0. T1 " Tension in the tight side of the band.nodia. GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering Published by: NODIA and COMPANY ISBN: 9788192276250 Visit us at: www. θ = 180c = π # 180 = π radian 180 T2 For band brake.14 SOL 5.e. Let. T1 = eµθ or 2.4771 = µ # 3.14 µ = 1. A = width # length = d # l = dl 4 4 2T/d Force Average shear stress. T2 " Tension in the slack side of the band θ "Angle of lap of the band on the drum Given : T1 = 3 .3 # 0. SOL 5.3 log T1 = µθ bT2 l T2 2. Let N1 .41 (r = d/2) Option (D) is correct. the limiting ratio of the tension is given by the relation. τ = = = 8T shearing Area dl/4 ld 2 Shearing Area.42 Option (A) is correct. N 3 and N 4 are the speeds of pinion 1.349 .35 3.

gatehelp.25 . we get r tan φ = 2πr Z Z = 2π = 2π = 17.44 Option (C) is correct.nodia.. D 4 = 4 # Z 4 = 4 # 45 = 180 D 3 = 4 # Z 3 = 4 # 15 = 60 D = 180 + 60 = 120 mm 2 m = D/Z module SOL 5... length of the path of approach = cos φ r sin φ = = r tan φ cos φ Circular pitch.18 teeth tan φ tan 20c GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering Published by: NODIA and COMPANY ISBN: 9788192276250 Visit us at: www.. PC = πm = 2πr m = 2r Z Z Hence.com CHAP 5 MACHINE DESIGN PAGE 243 Given : Z1 = 16 teeth .(ii) N2 Z1 from eq. therefore Maximum length of arc of approach = Circular pitch .(i) where Maximum length of the arc of approach Max.co.www. In standard full height involute teeth gear mechanism the arc of approach is not be less than the circular pitch. 4 # Z 4 = 12 Z3 Z4 = 3.(i) = Z2 # Z 4 = 12 Z1 Z3 N1 = Z 2 = 4 But for stage 1... Z4 Z3 Or. . SOL 5. So. Z2 = ? N1 = Z2 /Z1 Velocity ratio N \ 1/Z N4 Z 3 /Z 4 .in . Z 3 = 15 teeth and Z 4 = ? . Let centre distance in the second stage is D . D = R4 + R3 = D4 + D3 2 D4 = D3 = 4 But.43 Z2 = 4 # Z1 = 4 # 16 = 64 teeth Option (B) is correct. (i) So. from equation (i). & Z 4 = 3 # 15 = 45 teeth Z3 From equation (ii).

So.46 Option (D) is correct.It is used to join two shafts which have lateral misalignment. P = Compressive load d = Wire diameter R = Coil diameter GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering Published by: NODIA and COMPANY ISBN: 9788192276250 SOL 5. For Helical spring. When the shaft rotates. When shaft is subjected to repeated stress. SOL 5. then it will be designed for fatigue loading. (B) Oldham’s coupling :. The specimen subjected to a completely reversed stress cycle.47 Option (B) is correct. Large speed reductions (greater than 20) in one stage of a gear train are possible through worm gearing. SOL 5. Option (A) is correct.It is used to connect two shafts with large angular misalignment.com PAGE 244 MACHINE DESIGN CHAP 5 SOL 5.co. 3 n = 8PD3 n δ = 64PR 4 Gd Gd 4 where.www.It is used to connect two shaft having perfect coaxial alignment and no misalignment is allowed between them. (C) Flexible bush coupling :.48 Visit us at: www.in . For a worm gear the velocity ratio ranges between 10 : 1 to 100 : 1.gatehelp. (A) Flange coupling :. (D) Hook’s joint :.nodia.45 Option (D) is correct. deflection is given by. This is shown in the figure.It is used to join the abutting ends of shafts when they are not in exact alignment. the bending stress at the upper fibre varies from maximum compressive to maximum tensile while the bending stress at the lower fibres varies from maximum tensile to maximum compressive.

However. Option (C) is correct. Let L1 & L2 are lengths of the springs and n1 & n2 are the number of coils in both the springs. none of these bars will be subjected to bending because there is no couple acting on the bars. SOL 5. The support load P acting at the free end of bars AB and BC .www. n1 = n 2 4 The deflection of helical spring is given by.nodia. Bars AB and BC have negligible mass.49 Option (C) is correct.com CHAP 5 MACHINE DESIGN PAGE 245 G = Modulus of rigidity From the given conditions δ \ 14 d Given d1 = 1 cm and d2 = 2 cm δ2 = d1 4 δ1 b d2 l δ2 = 1 4 = 1 16 δ1 b 2 l δ2 = δ1 16 So.50 Given : 2 2 d1 # n1 = d 2 # n 2 d1 = d & d 2 = d 2 2 d 2 # n1 = d # n 2 4 or.co.gatehelp. 3 δ = 8PD4 n Gd 4 Spring stiffness. Due to this load P . In bar AB compressive stress and in bar BC tensile stress are induced. k = P = Gd δ 8D3 n GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering Published by: NODIA and COMPANY ISBN: 9788192276250 Visit us at: www. Given : W1 = W2 m1 g ρν1 g A 1 # L 1 # ρg π d 2 πD n 1 1 4 1# = m2 g = ρν2 g = A 2 # L 2 # ρg 2 = π d2 πD 2 n 2 4 # m = ρν L = πDn D1 = D 2 SOL 5.in . deflection will decrease by a factor of 16.

we get 4 k\d n So.co.www. k 1 = d1 4 n2 k 2 b d 2 l # a n1 k k1 = d 4 n2 k2 c d/2 m # n2 /4 k1 = 16 4 = 64 # k2 ******* GATE Previous Year Solved Paper For Mechanical Engineering Published by: NODIA and COMPANY ISBN: 9788192276250 Visit us at: www.in .gatehelp.com PAGE 246 MACHINE DESIGN CHAP 5 From the given conditions.nodia.