Outdoor Disconnectors type ONIII (ONI) 20, 30...

for 24 and 36 kV

Service Manual 1YMR611131-en

....................................................2 STORAGE.......................................................................14 10 ADDITIONAL INFORMATION...................................................11 7 COMMISSIONING AND TAKING OUT OF USAGE.8 6........................................1 MAINTENANCE OF CONTACT SURFACES AND MACHINE-TOOLED SURFACES.....................................................Contents 1 INTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................................................................................................11 8 MAINTENACE AND SERVICE...................................3 INTERLOCKING.8 6 INSTALLING................5 6....................4 3...........................................................................5 Basic dimensions of disconnectors type ONIII...............................................................1 6.....................8 ADJUSTING MECHANICAL INTERLOCKING.......................................................................................................................2 COMMISSIONING OF DISCONNECTOR OPERATING MECHANISM.................................................1 DISCONNECTING SWITCH.................................................................4 6........................................................................2 EARTHING SWITCH.........................3 TAKING OUT OF USAGE....................................................................................1 COPYRIGHTS............................4 3 CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION........11 7....................2 BUILT-ON EARTHING SWITCH......................................................8 5.........6 4 TECHNICAL DATA............9 Coupling disconnecting switch with its operating mechanism..................................9 COUPLING DISCONNECTING SWITCH WITH OPERATING MECHANISM......................................................2 EARTHING SWITCH................................................................................................................................ 1: Drg.................................................................................................................................8 5..................................................................3 1.........................6 4..... 2: Drg....................................10 Coupling disconnector ONIII (ONI) with motor operating mechanism type UEMC50...............................................................................................................................................7 Mechanical interlocking disconnecting switch earthing switch....... 3: Drg............................................................................. 5: Disconnector with lower earthing switch.....................................................................................1 COMMISSIONING OF DISCONNECTOR.................................. i ONI.............6 4..............................................................3 6.................................................................................... 4: Drg......................6 GENERAL INFORMATION..................................................................................................................4 3.................8 VISUAL INSPECTION AND PREPARATION FOR INSTALLATION........................ ................................................................2 6...........11 7...........................................................4 3...........................................................................3 2 FUNCTIONS..3 1.............1 DISCONNECTING SWITCH..................3 2.....13 8..15 List of drawings: Drg................................1 GENERAL ELECTRICAL PARAMETERS..............2 ADAPTED CONVENTIONS.......................................................9 SUPPORTING STRUCTURE................7 5 DESPATCH / STORAGE..............2 BASIC DIMENSIONS............................................3 2..............................................................15 2 ABB ..........................1 DESPATCH............................11 7...........................................................................................................................................................12 8.........................................9 CONNECTINGTHE BUSBARS OR LINE CONDUITSTO DISCONNECTOR TERMINALS..............................................................................13 9 SPARE PARTS.......................................................................

that sections of text emphasised in the above described ways contain directives. The manufacturer do not bear responsibility for any direct or indirect loses or damages caused by improper usage of these apparatuses.1 Introduction The subject of this Manual is installation and usage of 3-pole and 1 pole outdoor disconnectors type ONIII and ONI. which must be followed in any conditions.2 Adapted conventions Important information The particularly important sections of the Manual have been specially emphasised as follows: The text emphasised in that way always contains particularly important information.o. Disconnecting switches type ONIII (ONI) 20. On the drawings contained in this Manual appear item numbers which are to identify the individual components and parts. The text emphasised in that way always contains information about hazards regarding health and life of the personnel. made available to the third parties. 30.1Copyrights We reserve all the rights regarding this document and the apparatuses. 2 Functions 2.1Disconnecting switch Galvanic separation of circuits and sections of network Medium voltage disconnecting switches are designed for galvanic separation of electrical circuits and sections of medium voltage networks. © ABB Sp.. Item numbers Here we want to emphasise the fact. fulfil the requirements of following standards: – IEC 129: 1984 and IEC 694 : 1996 – PN-93 / E06107 Outdoor disconnectors Standards ABB 3 . 1. or used in any other way.. 30. safe isolating break. description of construction and principles of operation and also directives and recommendations on their servicing and maintenance. The Manual is intended to be a help in the process of installation... The text emphasised in that way always contains information about risks to which are exposed apparatuses and devices. In open position they create visible.. The part numbers are given in the following manner: [item number on the drawing / drawing number]. 2001 1. maintenance and usage of these apparatuses. to which it refers to. described in this Manual are 3-pole (1-pole) disconnecting switches for outdoor installation. Outdoor disconnecting switches type ONIII (ONI) 20. The contents of this Manual is can be changed without notice. It contains information about these disconnectors such as technical data. Opening and closing of medium voltage disconnecting switches is done in loadless state. z o. Without our express permission Without the contents of the Manual must not be copied..

type are equipped with separate operating mechanism for the disconnecting switch and another for built-on earthing switch. On the supporting base are mounted supporting insulators [4/1]. 3 Construction and operation 3. On the supporting base are located the earthing terminals with screws M12 x 25.like for the disconnector switch is 102 degrees.. In end positions (open-closed) the bumpers welded to the shaft rest on the limiters [10/1] located on the bracket [3/1].2 Earthing switch At each disconnecting switch it is possible to install an earthing switch necessary for earthing and used as the connecting short-circuiting link for the section of the system. and on insulators is built on the current path made of (for which pole) one movable contact [6/1] and two fixed contacts [5/1]. are of secant construction. Disconnector bearings [11/1]. 30. 30. 4 ABB . which are simultaneously the rotation limiters are fixed to the supporting base of the disconnector. Transfer of current from movable contacts of the earthing switch to the supporting base is ensured by using flexible earthing stranded conductor. Fixed contacts and ends of movable contacts are silver plated. The angle of the shaft full turn is 102 degrees. The operation of disconnectors is done through transferring the rotation of the lever [8/1] to the shaft [2/1].. Supported in the bearings is the driving shaft of the disconnector [12/1] together with welded to it movable contacts [13/1] . The supporting base of the disconnector is made of steel frame [1/1] which together with shaft [2/1] and bracket [3/1] consist a complete sub-assembly. Disconnectors of ONIII (ONI) 20. driving insulator [9/1] and then to movable contact [6/1]. Disconnectors can operate installed in vertical or horizontal position. reaching the fixed end position open or closed. The full angle of rotation for earthing knifes shaft .. which are simultaneously connecting terminals of the disconnector. 3. Earthing switches can be located from the fixed non-disconnectible contact side (lower earthing switches) or from disconnectible fixed contact side (upper earthing switches). Earthing switches can be located from the fixed non-disconnectible contact side (lower earthing switches) or from disconnectible fixed contact side (upper earthing switches). In fixed open position the distance between movable contact and fixed contact guarantees the proper voltage strength in accordance with the relevant standard.1 Disconnecting switch Disconnecting switches type ONIII (ONI) 20.2 Earthing switch Construction of earthing switches enables building-on the earthing switches without making any changes even when the disconnector is already installed at site. silver-plated contact welts which together with the earthing contact [14/1] creates sure connection (in electrical terms). Shaft [2/1] of the disconnector ends at both sides with the multi-notch. They are equipped with clamps enabling connecting flat busbars or network conductors using flat station-type terminals and CU-Al separators. The correct contact pressure for contacts is ensured by springs [7/1] located at the ends of movable contacts. They can be operated by means of manual operating mechanism NN1 or NN2 type. The correct contact pressure for contacts is ensured by springs [15/1] hold down by the cups and stoppers located at the ends of movable contacts.Earthing and short circuits 2. which performs the turn in the plane perpendicular to the supporting base of the disconnector. This distance is the safe insulating distance of the disconnector (table 3). on the ends of these contacts are fixed copper. which enables easy coupling of disconnector with operating mechanism through lever [8/1] put onto the shaft end...

Drg. 12-Earthing switch shaft. 13-Earthing switch knife.Disconnecting switch shaft. 7. 10-Rotation limiters. 1: Disconnector with lower earthing switch 1-Supporting base. 3-Bracket. 4-Supporting insulator. 6-Movable contact. 14-Earthing contact. 17-Lock ABB 5 . 16-Locking disc.15-Pressure springs. 2. 5-Fixed contact. 9-Driving insulator. 11-Bearing / rotation limiter. 8-Lever.

kV kV kV kV kV mm A kA kA kA kA Hz kg mm mm 400 24 55 75 125 145 460 800 40 16 40 16 40 16 400 610 800 36 75 100 170 195 900 400 50 20 50 20 50 or 60 800 1600 400 24 55 75 125 145 460 800 40 16 400 36 75 100 170 195 610 800 50 20 80 90 620 105 120 800 125 140 130 150 27 620 310 35 800 400 6 ABB . distance to nearest bracked. In Table 1 are given only the basic electrical parameters. Rated lighting impulse withstand voltage to earth end between phases.3 Interlocking Disconnecting switch and earthing switch can be interlocked with one another in the following manner: • Disconnecting switch can be CLOSED only when earthing switch is OPEN • Earthing switch can be CLOSED only when disconnecting switch is OPEN The interlocking can be realised in mechanical way. 4 Technical data 4.3.1 General electrical parameters Full specification of electrical parameters is given in the sheet of technical data for the given order. Rated lighting impuls withstand voltage across the isolating distance Creepage distance Rated current Rated peak withstand current of disconnector Rated short-time withstand current of earthing switch Rated peak withstand current of earthing switch Rated short-time withstand current 1 s of earthing switch Rated frequency Without earthing switch Weight with earthing switch Max. Minimum distance between axes of disconnector andnearest bus bar. Mechanical interlocking between the disconnecting switch and the earthing switch is installed in the factory. Table 1: General parameters of disconnectors (basic data) Characteristics Unit Rated voltage Rated power frequency withstand voltage across the isolating distance Rated power frequency withstand voltage in wet conditions to earth and between phases.

1600 485 694 1020 626 725 1480 360 190 ONI 20. (standard dimensions) Type Rated continous current A Distance between insulators B Length of supporting base frame C Height of disconnector (open) D Height of disconnector (closed) E Overall disconnector length F Overall disconnector width G Pole isolating distance H Width with built-on earthing switch ABB ONIII 20... 2: Basic dimensions of disconnectors type ONIII. Lower earthing switch Upper earthing switch Drg... A mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm 400/800 355 515 783 497 595 1200 250 165 ONIII 30...4. Table 2: Basic dimensions of disconnectors type ONIII...... 400/800 485 694 1000 602 725 670 360 190 7 . 400/800 355 515 783 497 595 580 250 165 ONI 30.2 Basic dimensions Full specification of dimensions is given in dimensional technical drawings for the given order...... and ONI. In Table 2 are given only the standard dimensions.. and ONI.. 400/800 485 694 1000 602 725 1480 360 190 ONIII 30.

their special packing shall be immediately removed and their electrical heating system shall be connected to the supply.2 Visual inspection and preparation for installation Before installing the disconnector one shall check the following: • Contents of rating plate and compare it with the requirements from the order. 8 ABB .5 Despatch / storage 5. In case of need for prolonged storage and/or damp environment there can occur undesirable condensation of water vapour in the operating mechanisms. In case of finding damages occurred during transportation which make impossible normal usage of the disconnector one shall immediately inform about it the insurer and the supplier. The contact parts of the disconnector shall be thoroughly cleaned and covered with the layer of grease (approximately 1 mm thick). Special remark Operating mechanisms Operating mechanisms are delivered in special packing. one must remove from it the desiccant packages put there in the factory. greasing also the connecting screws. This packing protects them for some period of storage in dray environment against corrosion.1 General information Disconnectors type ONIII (ONI) 20. Therefore it is not recommended to open these original packing earlier then immediately before starting installation these operating mechanisms at site. 30 can be installed in two optional positions: • Horizontal • Vertical Internal components of an operating mechanism (e. that the delivery do not include the connecting elements necessary for fixing the disconnector base to the supporting structure.g. auxiliary connecting links or contractors) are not resistant to the effects of adverse climatic factors. • State of grease on the disconnector contacts. Due to that components of disconnector and operating mechanisms shall be always stored in the position of their normal operation. Before supplying heating system of operating mechanism. Directly after unpacking one shall check all the delivered equipment regarding possible damages occurred during transportation. 6 Installing 6. In order to protect the stored semi-assemblies against getting dirty or damaged it is recommended to leave them in their original packages until the moment when they are to be installed at site. • General state of parts and components and particularly the insulators. 6. If the joint time of transportation and storage exceeds 6 months or if operating mechanisms are stored in damp environment. Then one shall screw together surfaces prepared in above described way. one shall immediately inform about it the supplier. 5. Due to that reason access of dampness inside the operating mechanism during its installation shall not be permitted. If such damages have been found.1 Despatch Apparatuses are despatched on pallets (for clients in Poland) or in cases (abroad). • State of protective coatings.2 Storage In case of improper storage of disconnector components there is a danger that they can get dump. One shall remember.

The contact parts of the disconnector shall be thoroughly cleaned and covered with the layer of grease (approximately 1 mm thick). 3: Mechanical interlocking disconnecting switch earthing switch 1-Lock.. 4-Movable contacts of earthing switch 6. 4.In case of finding damages occurred during transportation which make impossible normal usage of the disconnector one shall immediately inform about it the insurer and the supplier.. 3-Locking disc on earthing switch shaft. 6. handle of manual operating mechanism in closed state is in lower position.4 Supporting structure Supporting structure on which the disconnector is to be installed shall be appropriately rigid and its points were it comes into contact with the supporting base of the disconnector must lay in the same plane.3 Adjusting mechanical interlocking Disconnectors equipped with earthing switches are transported with closed movable contacts both of disconnecting switch and of earthing switch. When installing the disconnector onto the supporting structure one shall first of all pay attention in order not to warp its supporting base. Then one shall screw together surfaces prepared in above described way.5 Coupling disconnecting switch with operating mechanism Coupling the disconnecting switch with its operating mechanism is done after the disconnector has been fixed to the supporting structure according to the procedure as below: • In closed position of disconnecting switch the lever [1/1] set on the shaft [2/1] shall be put into position as shown on Drg. ABB 9 . If this is not compensated with the equalising pads. 6. • Install the operating mechanism. greasing also the connecting screws. it may lead to incorrect co-operation of contacts and to increase in the torque needed on the disconnecting switch shaft. for disconnector ONIII (ONI) 30 . This may occur when points were supporting structure comes into contact with the supporting base of the disconnector do not lay in the same plane. handle of manual operating mechanism in closed state is in upper position. 2-Locking disc on disconnecting switch shaft. Therefore before installing the apparatus onto the supporting structure one shall adjust mechanical interlocking between the disconnecting switch shaft and the earthing switch shaft by opening movable contacts of the earthing switch [4/3] and then setting the locking disc [3/3] located on the earthing switch shaft in accordance with Drg.. For disconnector ONIII (ONI) 20 . Drg. The disconnector shall be fixed to the supporting structure with M16 bolts through 4 holes 18 in the disconnector base. 3 and fixing it in this position using screws located on the disc.. The operating mechanism shall be set in state „closed”.

The end of the pull rod set in clamp [4/4] of the operating mechanism and tighten the nuts of the clamping rings [5/4]. 6. 1). The same procedure shall be carried out before connecting the lead of protective earthing to the earthing terminal located on the supporting base of the disconnector. these terminals have to be thoroughly cleaned from the oxidation and covered with the layer of grease.3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Prepare the connecting pull rod (consisting of pipe [2/4] and connecting elements [3/4]). 3-Connecting element. 4: Coupling disconnecting switch with its operating mechanism 1-Lever. The front surface of pull rod after cutting shall be protected against corrosion with the anti-corrosion paint or the zinc spray. It shall be as in Table 3: Table 3 Rated voltage of disconnector [kV] 24 36 Minimum required distance between contacts in open position „a” [mm] 250 360 10 In case when the disconnecting switch contacts do not reach in correct way their end positions one shall adjust the disconnecting switch by changing the position of the lever [1/1] set on the disconnecting switch shaft or by changing the position of the pull rod in the clamp [4/4] of the operating mechanism. 11 Carry out manually several test operations of opening and closing the disconnecting switch (it is recommended to carry out 3 opening and 3 closing operations). Carry out opening and closing of the disconnecting switch in order to check the correctness of the coupling. If the disconnector is mounted at the height exceeding 2 m: mount the guide bars for pulling rods using the clamps. Connect the upper part of the pull rod with the lever [1/1] set on the disconnecting switch shaft using the pin. 6-Handle for manual operation Principles for coupling earthing switch with its operating mechanism are the same as these described above for disconnecting switch. Cut the lower part of the pull rod to the required length. After opening the disconnector check the distance „a” between the contacts (Drg. 10 ABB . 5-Clamping ring. 4-Clamp. Drg. 2-Pipe.6 Connecting the busbars or line conduits to disconnector terminals Before connecting the busbars or station terminals of line conduits to the terminals of disconnector.

The apparatus is manufactured from the following materials: • Steel • Copper • Aluminium • Cast iron • Plastics • Rubber (all kind of seals) • Porcelain (insulators) • Greases It can be seen then . remove from inside of the operating mechanism housing the bag with desiccant and connect the supply to the heating system (if operating mechanism is equipped with it).. manually test opening and closing of the earthing switch. it means that all parts and components of the disconnector can be utilised in the way which is not harmful for natural environment. 4.2 Commissioning of disconnector operating mechanism Steps of operating mechanism commissioning 1. are the apparatuses which have no harmful effects for natural environment..7 Commissioning and taking out of usage 7. Check disconnector operating mechanism in the way described in the relevant Service Manual delivered together with the apparatus. One of the ways to utilise to mixed materials is the recycling.3 Taking out of usage Outdoor disconnectors type ONIII (ONI) 20 . fall under definition of special materials which require special utilising procedures. If the operating mechanism has got the housing. 2. following all relevant currently binding low regulations. 7. all kinds of materials used for its manufacture can undergo the recycling. that there are no materials which.. Carry out manually test opening and closing of the disconnector.. If the apparatus described in this Manual is taken out of usage. The manufacturer can advice the user in all kind of matters related with utilisation and removal of materials which are used in manufacturing the disconnectors. ABB 11 . In other words. 3. 2.1 Commissioning of disconnector Steps of disconnector commissioning 1. in the letter of currently binding regulations. one shall once more carry out adjustment procedure for the earthing switch.. checking whether the main contacts of the disconnecting switch correctly reach their end positions in open and closed state. 7. If it turns out necessary. If it turns out necessary. one shall once more carry out the adjustment regarding the moment of coming together the main contacts of disconnecting switch.30 . checking whether movable contacts of the earthing switch enter in correct way its fixed contacts and whether the end positions are reached correctly.

as given in the Table 5 below: Table 5: Allowed tightening torque for screw connections and joints (standard values) Tightening torque in Nm Thread size Threads in steel. during tightening all screw connections and joints one shall apply standard values of tightening torque.8 42 72 174 A2-70. • Steel wire brush for cleaning aluminium surfaces. A4-70 7 16 33 56 122 5. salt. • Contact grease Mobil 28. Service intervals Table 4: Service intervals for normal ambient conditions and for particularly heavy ambient conditions Ambient conditions Normal Service interval After each 5 years of usage or after 1000 operations „open” / „close”. Year of commissioning Heavy Heavy ambient conditions Listed below examples of heavy ambient conditions are based on the experience coming from usage . Servicing disconnectors in accordance with below given recommendations is the condition of correct and failure-free operation of these apparatuses. For all kind of repairs. • Cleaning agent for silver plated surfaces (Rivolta MTX forte). apart from standard tool set. During carrying out all kind of works nearby live high voltage apparatuses one must strictly follow all relevant safety regulations.8 Maintenace and service In Table 4 are given service intervals both for normal working conditions and for particularly heavy working conditions. After each 30 months of usage or after 50 operations „open” / „close”. galvanised Threads in stainless steel Threads in aluminium Special tools and materials Allowed tightening torque Strength M6 M8 M10 M12 M16 8.5 14 26 45 100 12 ABB . Not following these regulations may lead to serious injuries or death. all necessary the following special tools and materials: • Brass wire brush for cleaning copper surfaces. sulphur compounds or other corrosive factors). • Special climatic conditions (arctic or tropical climate). • Heavy air pollution (dust. • Fluff-free cloths If in this Manual has not been stated differently.

2 Built-on earthing switch During carrying out all kind of works nearby live high voltage apparatuses one must strictly follow all relevant safety regulations. The regulations refereed to include also five safety principles in accordance with the standard DIN/VDE 0105 part 1. 8. 5. Shielding or separating nearby live apparatuses and system parts. Regarding the maintenance of contact surfaces and machine tooled surfaces one shall follow principles listed below: Screwed contact surfaces Aluminium contact surfaces 1. greasing also the connecting screw. Galvanised contact surfaces. Clean using the cleaning agent for silver surfaces (do not damage the silver layer). 4.1 Maintenance of contact surfaces and machine-tooled surfaces Screwed or sliding contact surfaces conducting current effect the electrical resistance of the disconnector current path. 3. Screw together contact surfaces prepared in the above described way. Next cover the contact surfaces with fresh grease layer (approximately 1 mm thick). Silver plated contact surfaces 1. 5. 3. 4. 2. Protect against corrosion with the layer of zinc spray. which may lead to irreparable damage of the apparatus. Immediately after cleaning the oxidation remove the residue of grease using fluff-free cloth. Immediately after cleaning cover the contact surfaces with grease layer (approximately 1 mm thick). Sliding contact surfaces Machine tooled surfaces Steel parts 1. 1. greasing also the connecting screw. Clean using the cleaning agent for silver surfaces (do not damage the silver layer). Disconnecting the supply voltage 2. Earthing and short-circuiting. Taking steps to safeguard against accidental switching on the supply voltage. Cover the contact surfaces with grease layer (approximately 1 mm thick). Screw together contact surfaces prepared in the above described way. 2. Not following these regulations may lead to serious injuries or death. Cover the contact surfaces with grease layer (approximately 1 mm thick). Silver plated contact surfaces 1. 2. greasing also the connecting screw. Using steel wire brush remove the oxidation so that the surface become dullgrey (do not use abrasive paper). Using steel wire brush clean the surfaces.8. Screw together contact surfaces prepared in the above described way. Soiled or oxidised contact surfaces result in increase of electrical resistance. 3. 3. Five safety principles in accordance with the DIN/VDE standard 1. Installation of potential insulation. Lightly grease. ABB 13 . 2.

replace the damaged insulator with the new one. 2. replace the damaged contact element with the new one. Check all screwed joints and connections.The actions described below must be carried out during each periodical service inspection. Grease the contact elements. Maintenance and periodical service inspection of disconnector operating mechanism shall be carried out in accordance with relevant Service Manual. tighten them. Carry out several manual test opening and closing operations (it is recommended to carry out three of each). Clean contact elements / surfaces and check whether there is no damage to the silver layer on these surfaces. disconnect the control voltage and take steps to safeguard the site of work against accidental switching on the supply voltage. In the order must be given the type of disconnector. Clean the supporting insulators and check whether they are not damaged. where the pulling rods and coupling levers are jointed or supported. 8. if necessary. Carry out visual inspection of points which do not require maintenance. Switch off the electrical supply. Procedure for periodical service inspection 1. 5. 4. they shall be described and ordered at the manufacturer of the disconnector. However if any parts of the disconnectors are damaged. its factory number and the year of manufacture and other data given on the rating plate of the apparatus. 9 Spare parts In normal usage no spare parts are needed. 6. 14 ABB . if necessary. delivered together with the operating mechanism. Follow relevant safety regulations when working nearby live high voltage equipment and carry out the required preparatory actions (including given earlier five safety principles in accordance with DIN/VDE standard). 3. 9. if necessary. 7.

5). 5: Coupling disconnector ONIII (ONI) with motor operating mechanism type UEMC50 ABB 15 . its coupling is carried out in the similar way as that described earlier for manual operating mechanism type NN1. using the hole on R126 mm (see Drg. Drg. The coupling pulling rod with the fixing element shall be mounted with the lever coming out from the operating mechanism.10 Additional information Coupling disconnector with motor operating mechanism type UEMC50 In case of using motor operating mechanism type UEMC50 as the disconnector drive.

com 1YMR611131-en Edition 02. 51 52 831 (+48 29) 75 33 233. Leszno 59 06-300 Przasnysz. 75 33 240 Fax: +48 22 51 52 659.2003 . z o.ABB Sp.o. Poland Phone: (+48 22) 51 52 838. +48 29 75 33 327 e-mail: export.plzwa@pl.abb. Power Technology Division ul.abb.com www.