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Outdoor Disconnectors type ONIII (ONI) 20, 30...

for 24 and 36 kV

Service Manual 1YMR611131-en

Contents
1 INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................3
1.1 COPYRIGHTS......................................................................................................................................3 1.2 ADAPTED CONVENTIONS...................................................................................................................3

2 FUNCTIONS..........................................................................................................3
2.1 DISCONNECTING SWITCH.................................................................................................................3 2.2 EARTHING SWITCH.............................................................................................................................4

3 CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION.....................................................................4


3.1 DISCONNECTING SWITCH.................................................................................................................4 3.2 EARTHING SWITCH.............................................................................................................................4 3.3 INTERLOCKING.................................................................................................................................6

4 TECHNICAL DATA....................................................................................................6
4.1 GENERAL ELECTRICAL PARAMETERS..............................................................................................6 4.2 BASIC DIMENSIONS............................................................................................................................7

5 DESPATCH / STORAGE...........................................................................................8
5.1 DESPATCH.........................................................................................................................................8 5.2 STORAGE..........................................................................................................................................8

6 INSTALLING...........................................................................................................8
6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 GENERAL INFORMATION...................................................................................................................8 VISUAL INSPECTION AND PREPARATION FOR INSTALLATION......................................................8 ADJUSTING MECHANICAL INTERLOCKING......................................................................................9 SUPPORTING STRUCTURE................................................................................................................9 COUPLING DISCONNECTING SWITCH WITH OPERATING MECHANISM.......................................9 CONNECTINGTHE BUSBARS OR LINE CONDUITSTO DISCONNECTOR TERMINALS..................11

7 COMMISSIONING AND TAKING OUT OF USAGE..............................................11


7.1 COMMISSIONING OF DISCONNECTOR............................................................................................11 7.2 COMMISSIONING OF DISCONNECTOR OPERATING MECHANISM..............................................11 7.3 TAKING OUT OF USAGE.....................................................................................................................11

8 MAINTENACE AND SERVICE...............................................................................12


8.1 MAINTENANCE OF CONTACT SURFACES AND MACHINE-TOOLED SURFACES...........................13 8.2 BUILT-ON EARTHING SWITCH...........................................................................................................13

9 SPARE PARTS........................................................................................................14 10 ADDITIONAL INFORMATION................................................................................15

List of drawings:
Drg. 1: Drg. 2: Drg. 3: Drg. 4: Drg. 5: Disconnector with lower earthing switch..........................................................5 Basic dimensions of disconnectors type ONIII... i ONI... ..................................7 Mechanical interlocking disconnecting switch earthing switch.....................9 Coupling disconnecting switch with its operating mechanism........................10 Coupling disconnector ONIII (ONI) with motor operating mechanism type UEMC50..............................................................................15

ABB

1 Introduction
The subject of this Manual is installation and usage of 3-pole and 1 pole outdoor disconnectors type ONIII and ONI. It contains information about these disconnectors such as technical data, description of construction and principles of operation and also directives and recommendations on their servicing and maintenance. The Manual is intended to be a help in the process of installation, maintenance and usage of these apparatuses. The manufacturer do not bear responsibility for any direct or indirect loses or damages caused by improper usage of these apparatuses. The contents of this Manual is can be changed without notice.

1.1Copyrights
We reserve all the rights regarding this document and the apparatuses, to which it refers to. Without our express permission Without the contents of the Manual must not be copied, made available to the third parties, or used in any other way. ABB Sp. z o.o. 2001

1.2 Adapted conventions


Important information

The particularly important sections of the Manual have been specially emphasised as follows: The text emphasised in that way always contains particularly important information.
The text emphasised in that way always contains information about risks to which are exposed apparatuses and devices.

The text emphasised in that way always contains information about hazards regarding health and life of the personnel.
Item numbers

Here we want to emphasise the fact, that sections of text emphasised in the above described ways contain directives, which must be followed in any conditions. On the drawings contained in this Manual appear item numbers which are to identify the individual components and parts. The part numbers are given in the following manner: [item number on the drawing / drawing number].

2 Functions
2.1Disconnecting switch
Galvanic separation of circuits and sections of network

Medium voltage disconnecting switches are designed for galvanic separation of electrical circuits and sections of medium voltage networks. In open position they create visible, safe isolating break. Opening and closing of medium voltage disconnecting switches is done in loadless state. Outdoor disconnecting switches type ONIII (ONI) 20, 30..., described in this Manual are 3-pole (1-pole) disconnecting switches for outdoor installation. Disconnecting switches type ONIII (ONI) 20, 30..., fulfil the requirements of following standards: IEC 129: 1984 and IEC 694 : 1996 PN-93 / E06107

Outdoor disconnectors Standards

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Earthing and short circuits

2.2 Earthing switch


At each disconnecting switch it is possible to install an earthing switch necessary for earthing and used as the connecting short-circuiting link for the section of the system. Earthing switches can be located from the fixed non-disconnectible contact side (lower earthing switches) or from disconnectible fixed contact side (upper earthing switches).

Construction and operation

3.1 Disconnecting switch


Disconnecting switches type ONIII (ONI) 20, 30..., are of secant construction. The supporting base of the disconnector is made of steel frame [1/1] which together with shaft [2/1] and bracket [3/1] consist a complete sub-assembly. On the supporting base are mounted supporting insulators [4/1], and on insulators is built on the current path made of (for which pole) one movable contact [6/1] and two fixed contacts [5/1], which are simultaneously connecting terminals of the disconnector. Fixed contacts and ends of movable contacts are silver plated. The correct contact pressure for contacts is ensured by springs [7/1] located at the ends of movable contacts. Shaft [2/1] of the disconnector ends at both sides with the multi-notch, which enables easy coupling of disconnector with operating mechanism through lever [8/1] put onto the shaft end. The operation of disconnectors is done through transferring the rotation of the lever [8/1] to the shaft [2/1], driving insulator [9/1] and then to movable contact [6/1], which performs the turn in the plane perpendicular to the supporting base of the disconnector, reaching the fixed end position open or closed. In fixed open position the distance between movable contact and fixed contact guarantees the proper voltage strength in accordance with the relevant standard. This distance is the safe insulating distance of the disconnector (table 3). In end positions (open-closed) the bumpers welded to the shaft rest on the limiters [10/1] located on the bracket [3/1]. The angle of the shaft full turn is 102 degrees. Disconnectors can operate installed in vertical or horizontal position. They are equipped with clamps enabling connecting flat busbars or network conductors using flat station-type terminals and CU-Al separators. Disconnectors of ONIII (ONI) 20, 30... type are equipped with separate operating mechanism for the disconnecting switch and another for built-on earthing switch. They can be operated by means of manual operating mechanism NN1 or NN2 type.

3.2 Earthing switch


Construction of earthing switches enables building-on the earthing switches without making any changes even when the disconnector is already installed at site. Earthing switches can be located from the fixed non-disconnectible contact side (lower earthing switches) or from disconnectible fixed contact side (upper earthing switches). Disconnector bearings [11/1], which are simultaneously the rotation limiters are fixed to the supporting base of the disconnector. Supported in the bearings is the driving shaft of the disconnector [12/1] together with welded to it movable contacts [13/1] ; on the ends of these contacts are fixed copper, silver-plated contact welts which together with the earthing contact [14/1] creates sure connection (in electrical terms). The correct contact pressure for contacts is ensured by springs [15/1] hold down by the cups and stoppers located at the ends of movable contacts. The full angle of rotation for earthing knifes shaft - like for the disconnector switch is 102 degrees. Transfer of current from movable contacts of the earthing switch to the supporting base is ensured by using flexible earthing stranded conductor. On the supporting base are located the earthing terminals with screws M12 x 25.

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Drg. 1: Disconnector with lower earthing switch 1-Supporting base, 2- Disconnecting switch shaft, 3-Bracket, 4-Supporting insulator, 5-Fixed contact, 6-Movable contact, 7,15-Pressure springs, 8-Lever, 9-Driving insulator, 10-Rotation limiters, 11-Bearing / rotation limiter, 12-Earthing switch shaft, 13-Earthing switch knife, 14-Earthing contact, 16-Locking disc, 17-Lock

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3.3 Interlocking
Disconnecting switch and earthing switch can be interlocked with one another in the following manner: Disconnecting switch can be CLOSED only when earthing switch is OPEN Earthing switch can be CLOSED only when disconnecting switch is OPEN The interlocking can be realised in mechanical way.

Mechanical interlocking between the disconnecting switch and the earthing switch is installed in the factory.

Technical data

4.1 General electrical parameters


Full specification of electrical parameters is given in the sheet of technical data for the given order. In Table 1 are given only the basic electrical parameters.
Table 1: General parameters of disconnectors (basic data)

Characteristics
Unit

Rated voltage Rated power frequency withstand voltage across the isolating distance Rated power frequency withstand voltage in wet conditions to earth and between phases. Rated lighting impulse withstand voltage to earth end between phases. Rated lighting impuls withstand voltage across the isolating distance Creepage distance Rated current Rated peak withstand current of disconnector Rated short-time withstand current of earthing switch Rated peak withstand current of earthing switch Rated short-time withstand current 1 s of earthing switch Rated frequency Without earthing switch Weight with earthing switch Max. distance to nearest bracked. Minimum distance between axes of disconnector andnearest bus bar.

kV kV kV kV kV mm A kA kA kA kA Hz kg mm mm 400

24 55 75 125 145 460 800 40 16 40 16 40 16 400 610 800

36 75 100 170 195 900 400 50 20 50 20 50 or 60 800 1600 400

24 55 75 125 145 460 800 40 16 400

36 75 100 170 195 610 800 50 20

80 90 620

105 120

800

125 140

130 150

27 620 310

35 800 400

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4.2 Basic dimensions


Full specification of dimensions is given in dimensional technical drawings for the given order. In Table 2 are given only the standard dimensions.

Lower earthing switch

Upper earthing switch

Drg. 2: Basic dimensions of disconnectors type ONIII... and ONI...

Table 2: Basic dimensions of disconnectors type ONIII... and ONI... (standard dimensions) Type Rated continous current A Distance between insulators B Length of supporting base frame C Height of disconnector (open) D Height of disconnector (closed) E Overall disconnector length F Overall disconnector width G Pole isolating distance H Width with built-on earthing switch
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ONIII 20... A mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm 400/800 355 515 783 497 595 1200 250 165

ONIII 30... 400/800 485 694 1000 602 725 1480 360 190

ONIII 30... 1600 485 694 1020 626 725 1480 360 190

ONI 20... 400/800 355 515 783 497 595 580 250 165

ONI 30... 400/800 485 694 1000 602 725 670 360 190
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5 Despatch / storage
5.1 Despatch
Apparatuses are despatched on pallets (for clients in Poland) or in cases (abroad). Directly after unpacking one shall check all the delivered equipment regarding possible damages occurred during transportation. If such damages have been found, one shall immediately inform about it the supplier.

5.2 Storage
In case of improper storage of disconnector components there is a danger that they can get dump. Due to that components of disconnector and operating mechanisms shall be always stored in the position of their normal operation. In order to protect the stored semi-assemblies against getting dirty or damaged it is recommended to leave them in their original packages until the moment when they are to be installed at site.

Special remark Operating mechanisms

Operating mechanisms are delivered in special packing. This packing protects them for some period of storage in dray environment against corrosion. Therefore it is not recommended to open these original packing earlier then immediately before starting installation these operating mechanisms at site. In case of need for prolonged storage and/or damp environment there can occur undesirable condensation of water vapour in the operating mechanisms. If the joint time of transportation and storage exceeds 6 months or if operating mechanisms are stored in damp environment, their special packing shall be immediately removed and their electrical heating system shall be connected to the supply. Before supplying heating system of operating mechanism, one must remove from it the desiccant packages put there in the factory.

6 Installing
6.1 General information
Disconnectors type ONIII (ONI) 20, 30 can be installed in two optional positions: Horizontal Vertical

Internal components of an operating mechanism (e.g. auxiliary connecting links or contractors) are not resistant to the effects of adverse climatic factors. Due to that reason access of dampness inside the operating mechanism during its installation shall not be permitted. One shall remember, that the delivery do not include the connecting elements necessary for fixing the disconnector base to the supporting structure.

6.2 Visual inspection and preparation for installation


Before installing the disconnector one shall check the following: Contents of rating plate and compare it with the requirements from the order. General state of parts and components and particularly the insulators. State of protective coatings. State of grease on the disconnector contacts. In case of finding damages occurred during transportation which make impossible normal usage of the disconnector one shall immediately inform about it the insurer and the supplier. The contact parts of the disconnector shall be thoroughly cleaned and covered with the layer of grease (approximately 1 mm thick). Then one shall screw together surfaces prepared in above described way, greasing also the connecting screws.

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In case of finding damages occurred during transportation which make impossible normal usage of the disconnector one shall immediately inform about it the insurer and the supplier. The contact parts of the disconnector shall be thoroughly cleaned and covered with the layer of grease (approximately 1 mm thick). Then one shall screw together surfaces prepared in above described way, greasing also the connecting screws.

6.3 Adjusting mechanical interlocking


Disconnectors equipped with earthing switches are transported with closed movable contacts both of disconnecting switch and of earthing switch. Therefore before installing the apparatus onto the supporting structure one shall adjust mechanical interlocking between the disconnecting switch shaft and the earthing switch shaft by opening movable contacts of the earthing switch [4/3] and then setting the locking disc [3/3] located on the earthing switch shaft in accordance with Drg. 3 and fixing it in this position using screws located on the disc.

Drg. 3: Mechanical interlocking disconnecting switch earthing switch 1-Lock, 2-Locking disc on disconnecting switch shaft, 3-Locking disc on earthing switch shaft, 4-Movable contacts of earthing switch

6.4 Supporting structure


Supporting structure on which the disconnector is to be installed shall be appropriately rigid and its points were it comes into contact with the supporting base of the disconnector must lay in the same plane. The disconnector shall be fixed to the supporting structure with M16 bolts through 4 holes 18 in the disconnector base. When installing the disconnector onto the supporting structure one shall first of all pay attention in order not to warp its supporting base. This may occur when points were supporting structure comes into contact with the supporting base of the disconnector do not lay in the same plane. If this is not compensated with the equalising pads, it may lead to incorrect co-operation of contacts and to increase in the torque needed on the disconnecting switch shaft.

6.5 Coupling disconnecting switch with operating mechanism


Coupling the disconnecting switch with its operating mechanism is done after the disconnector has been fixed to the supporting structure according to the procedure as below: In closed position of disconnecting switch the lever [1/1] set on the shaft [2/1] shall be put into position as shown on Drg. 4. Install the operating mechanism. The operating mechanism shall be set in state closed.

For disconnector ONIII (ONI) 20 ... handle of manual operating mechanism in closed state is in upper position; for disconnector ONIII (ONI) 30 ... handle of manual operating mechanism in closed state is in lower position.
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3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Prepare the connecting pull rod (consisting of pipe [2/4] and connecting elements [3/4]). Connect the upper part of the pull rod with the lever [1/1] set on the disconnecting switch shaft using the pin. If the disconnector is mounted at the height exceeding 2 m: mount the guide bars for pulling rods using the clamps. Cut the lower part of the pull rod to the required length. The front surface of pull rod after cutting shall be protected against corrosion with the anti-corrosion paint or the zinc spray. The end of the pull rod set in clamp [4/4] of the operating mechanism and tighten the nuts of the clamping rings [5/4]. Carry out opening and closing of the disconnecting switch in order to check the correctness of the coupling. After opening the disconnector check the distance a between the contacts (Drg. 1). It shall be as in Table 3:

Table 3 Rated voltage of disconnector [kV] 24 36 Minimum required distance between contacts in open position a [mm] 250 360

10 In case when the disconnecting switch contacts do not reach in correct way their end positions one shall adjust the disconnecting switch by changing the position of the lever [1/1] set on the disconnecting switch shaft or by changing the position of the pull rod in the clamp [4/4] of the operating mechanism. 11 Carry out manually several test operations of opening and closing the disconnecting switch (it is recommended to carry out 3 opening and 3 closing operations).

Drg. 4: Coupling disconnecting switch with its operating mechanism 1-Lever, 2-Pipe, 3-Connecting element, 4-Clamp, 5-Clamping ring, 6-Handle for manual operation

Principles for coupling earthing switch with its operating mechanism are the same as these described above for disconnecting switch.

6.6 Connecting the busbars or line conduits to disconnector terminals


Before connecting the busbars or station terminals of line conduits to the terminals of disconnector, these terminals have to be thoroughly cleaned from the oxidation and covered with the layer of grease. The same procedure shall be carried out before connecting the lead of protective earthing to the earthing terminal located on the supporting base of the disconnector.
10 ABB

Commissioning and taking out of usage

7.1 Commissioning of disconnector


Steps of disconnector commissioning 1. Carry out manually test opening and closing of the disconnector, checking whether the main contacts of the disconnecting switch correctly reach their end positions in open and closed state. 2. If it turns out necessary, one shall once more carry out the adjustment regarding the moment of coming together the main contacts of disconnecting switch. 3. manually test opening and closing of the earthing switch, checking whether movable contacts of the earthing switch enter in correct way its fixed contacts and whether the end positions are reached correctly. 4. If it turns out necessary, one shall once more carry out adjustment procedure for the earthing switch.

7.2 Commissioning of disconnector operating mechanism


Steps of operating mechanism commissioning 1. Check disconnector operating mechanism in the way described in the relevant Service Manual delivered together with the apparatus. 2. If the operating mechanism has got the housing, remove from inside of the operating mechanism housing the bag with desiccant and connect the supply to the heating system (if operating mechanism is equipped with it).

7.3 Taking out of usage


Outdoor disconnectors type ONIII (ONI) 20 ...30 .... are the apparatuses which have no harmful effects for natural environment. If the apparatus described in this Manual is taken out of usage, all kinds of materials used for its manufacture can undergo the recycling. In other words, it means that all parts and components of the disconnector can be utilised in the way which is not harmful for natural environment, following all relevant currently binding low regulations. One of the ways to utilise to mixed materials is the recycling. The apparatus is manufactured from the following materials: Steel Copper Aluminium Cast iron Plastics Rubber (all kind of seals) Porcelain (insulators) Greases It can be seen then , that there are no materials which, in the letter of currently binding regulations, fall under definition of special materials which require special utilising procedures. The manufacturer can advice the user in all kind of matters related with utilisation and removal of materials which are used in manufacturing the disconnectors.

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8 Maintenace and service


In Table 4 are given service intervals both for normal working conditions and for particularly heavy working conditions. Servicing disconnectors in accordance with below given recommendations is the condition of correct and failure-free operation of these apparatuses.
During carrying out all kind of works nearby live high voltage apparatuses one must strictly follow all relevant safety regulations. Not following these regulations may lead to serious injuries or death.

Service intervals

Table 4: Service intervals for normal ambient conditions and for particularly heavy ambient conditions Ambient conditions Normal Service interval After each 5 years of usage or after 1000 operations open / close. After each 30 months of usage or after 50 operations open / close. Year of commissioning

Heavy

Heavy ambient conditions

Listed below examples of heavy ambient conditions are based on the experience coming from usage ; Special climatic conditions (arctic or tropical climate). Heavy air pollution (dust, salt, sulphur compounds or other corrosive factors). For all kind of repairs, apart from standard tool set, all necessary the following special tools and materials: Brass wire brush for cleaning copper surfaces. Steel wire brush for cleaning aluminium surfaces. Contact grease Mobil 28. Cleaning agent for silver plated surfaces (Rivolta MTX forte). Fluff-free cloths If in this Manual has not been stated differently, during tightening all screw connections and joints one shall apply standard values of tightening torque, as given in the Table 5 below: Table 5: Allowed tightening torque for screw connections and joints (standard values)
Tightening torque in Nm Thread size Threads in steel, galvanised Threads in stainless steel Threads in aluminium

Special tools and materials

Allowed tightening torque

Strength M6 M8 M10 M12 M16

8,8 42 72 174

A2-70, A4-70 7 16 33 56 122

5,5 14 26 45 100

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8.1 Maintenance of contact surfaces and machine-tooled surfaces


Screwed or sliding contact surfaces conducting current effect the electrical resistance of the disconnector current path. Soiled or oxidised contact surfaces result in increase of electrical resistance, which may lead to irreparable damage of the apparatus. Regarding the maintenance of contact surfaces and machine tooled surfaces one shall follow principles listed below:

Screwed contact surfaces

Aluminium contact surfaces 1. Lightly grease. 2. Using steel wire brush remove the oxidation so that the surface become dullgrey (do not use abrasive paper). 3. Immediately after cleaning the oxidation remove the residue of grease using fluff-free cloth. 4. Next cover the contact surfaces with fresh grease layer (approximately 1 mm thick). 5. Screw together contact surfaces prepared in the above described way, greasing also the connecting screw. Silver plated contact surfaces 1. Clean using the cleaning agent for silver surfaces (do not damage the silver layer). 2. Cover the contact surfaces with grease layer (approximately 1 mm thick). 3. Screw together contact surfaces prepared in the above described way, greasing also the connecting screw. Galvanised contact surfaces. 1. Using steel wire brush clean the surfaces. 2. Immediately after cleaning cover the contact surfaces with grease layer (approximately 1 mm thick). 3. Screw together contact surfaces prepared in the above described way, greasing also the connecting screw. Silver plated contact surfaces 1. Clean using the cleaning agent for silver surfaces (do not damage the silver layer). 2. Cover the contact surfaces with grease layer (approximately 1 mm thick).

Sliding contact surfaces

Machine tooled surfaces

Steel parts 1. Protect against corrosion with the layer of zinc spray.

8.2 Built-on earthing switch


During carrying out all kind of works nearby live high voltage apparatuses one must strictly follow all relevant safety regulations. Not following these regulations may lead to serious injuries or death. The regulations refereed to include also five safety principles in accordance with the standard DIN/VDE 0105 part 1. Five safety principles in accordance with the DIN/VDE standard 1. Disconnecting the supply voltage 2. Taking steps to safeguard against accidental switching on the supply voltage. 3. Installation of potential insulation. 4. Earthing and short-circuiting. 5. Shielding or separating nearby live apparatuses and system parts.
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The actions described below must be carried out during each periodical service inspection.
Procedure for periodical service inspection 1. Follow relevant safety regulations when working nearby live high voltage equipment and carry out the required preparatory actions (including given earlier five safety principles in accordance with DIN/VDE standard). 2. Switch off the electrical supply, disconnect the control voltage and take steps to safeguard the site of work against accidental switching on the supply voltage. 3. Clean contact elements / surfaces and check whether there is no damage to the silver layer on these surfaces; if necessary, replace the damaged contact element with the new one. 4. Grease the contact elements. 5. Clean the supporting insulators and check whether they are not damaged; if necessary, replace the damaged insulator with the new one. 6. Carry out visual inspection of points which do not require maintenance, where the pulling rods and coupling levers are jointed or supported. 7. Check all screwed joints and connections; if necessary, tighten them. 8. Carry out several manual test opening and closing operations (it is recommended to carry out three of each). 9. Maintenance and periodical service inspection of disconnector operating mechanism shall be carried out in accordance with relevant Service Manual, delivered together with the operating mechanism.

9 Spare parts
In normal usage no spare parts are needed. However if any parts of the disconnectors are damaged, they shall be described and ordered at the manufacturer of the disconnector. In the order must be given the type of disconnector, its factory number and the year of manufacture and other data given on the rating plate of the apparatus.

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10 Additional information
Coupling disconnector with motor operating mechanism type UEMC50 In case of using motor operating mechanism type UEMC50 as the disconnector drive, its coupling is carried out in the similar way as that described earlier for manual operating mechanism type NN1. The coupling pulling rod with the fixing element shall be mounted with the lever coming out from the operating mechanism, using the hole on R126 mm (see Drg. 5).

Drg. 5: Coupling disconnector ONIII (ONI) with motor operating mechanism type UEMC50

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ABB Sp. z o.o. Power Technology Division ul. Leszno 59 06-300 Przasnysz, Poland Phone: (+48 22) 51 52 838, 51 52 831 (+48 29) 75 33 233, 75 33 240 Fax: +48 22 51 52 659, +48 29 75 33 327 e-mail: export.plzwa@pl.abb.com www.abb.com

1YMR611131-en Edition 02.2003